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Thickness of slab = 65 cm

(assumed)

Thickness of w.c = 75 mm

Clear cover = 4.00 cm

(as per clause 304.3.1 and table 10 of IRC bridge code 21-2000

section III )

Main reinforcement = 20 mm dia. HYSD bars conforming to IS-1786

(Deformed bars)

Concrete Mix is M 20 grade

Bearing(assumed) = 49 cm

= 60 cm

Effective Span

As per clause 305.1.2 of IRC code 21-2000

Effective span shall be the least of the following

= 7.45 m

d = effective depth

= 0.6 m

Effective span = 7.45 + 0.6000

= 8.050 m

ii) l = distance from centre of supports

= 7.45 + 2x 0.490

2

= 7.940 m

Effective span shall be least of (i) and (ii)

Effective span = 7.940 m

Carriage way width = 4.25 m

(clause 113.1 of IRC 5-1985)

Width of slab = 4.25 + 0.225 x 2

= 4.700 m

Loading IRC class 'A'

As per clause 303.1 and Table 6 of IRC code 21-2000, for M 20 grade RCC

Permissible flexural compressive stresses 66.67

c allowable = 6.667 M.Pa

= 66.67 kg/cm2

Modular ratio = Es = 10.00

Ec

As per clause 303.2.1 of IRC code 21-2000

Permissible tensile stress in steel for combined bending

For steel S 415 t = 200 M.Pa

m = 10.00

n = mc / (mc+t)

n = 10.00 x 66.67

66.67 x 10.00 + 2000

= 0.250

j = 1 - n/3

= 1 - 0.25 /3 Q = 1/2*c*n*j

= 0.917 = 7.640

As per clause 211.2 of IRC code 6

Impact factor fraction = 4.5

6+L

where L is Effective span= 7.940 m

Impact factor fraction = 4.5

6 + 7.940

= 0.323

Weight of w.c = 0.075 * 2400 = 180 kg/m

Total dead load 1805 kg/m

due to dead load 8 8

= 14224.21225 kg-m

= 1422421.225 kg-cm

Live Load Bending Moment

As per clause 305.13.2.1 of IRC code 21-2000

Ratio b / lo

where b = width of slab = 4.70 m

lo = Effective span = 7.940 m

7.94

0.5 1.72

0.6 1.96

0.1

= 1.941

Solid slabs spanning in one direction

For a single concentrated load, the effective width may be calculated

in accordance with the following equation

where bef = The effective width of slab on which the load acts.

lo = The effective span as indicated in clause 305.1

a = The distance of the centre of gravity of the concentrated load

from the nearer support

b1 = The breadth of concentration area of the load, i.e the dimension

of the tyre or track contact area over the road surface of the slab

in a direction at right angles to the span plus twice the thickness

of the wearing coat or surface finish above the structural slab.

= a constant depending upon the ratio

b/lo where b is the width of the slab

For maximum bending moment, the two loads of 11.40 t should be kept such that the resultant of

the load system and the load under consideration should be equidistant from the centre of span.

Position of Loads

2.7 11.4 11.4

3.2 1.2

A C D E B

7.940

CG of the load sytem from C

= (11.4 x 3.2)+(11.4 x 4.4) = 86.64 = 3.398

(2.7 + 11.4 + 11.4) 25.5

CG from D = 0.198

2.7 11.4 R 11.4

0.099 0.099 1.002

0.671 3.2 1.2 2.869

A C D E B

3.970 3.970

7.940

bef = a( 1 - a/lo) + b1

= 1.941 a from A = 0.671

a = 0.671 a from B = 7.269

lo = 7.94

b1 = 0.35 m

bef = 1.543 m < 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths do not overlap

0.2 0.2

4.70

Left Dispersion calculated (bef/2) = 0.7713

left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle.= kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

= 0.225 + 0.15 + 0.2/2 0.475 < 0.7713

here left is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited to 0.48

= 0.475 + 1.543 /2 + 0 = 1.246 m

Intensity of load under 'C' = 1.35 (1.00 + 0.323 )

1.246

= 1.433 t

Dispersion Width Under D 11.4 t load

bef = a (1 - a/lo) +b1

= 1.941 a from A = 3.871

a = 3.871 a from B = 4.069

lo = 7.94

b1 = 0.65 m

bef = 4.500 m > 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths overlap

0.225 0.2 0.25 1.8

0.5 0.5

4.70

Left Dispersion calculated (bef/2) = 2.250

here left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle. = kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

= 0.225 + 0.15 + 0.5/2 0.625 < 2.250

here left is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited to 0.6250

Combined dispersion width = 0.6250 + 4.500 /2 + 1.8

= 4.675 m

Intensity of load under 'D' = 11.4 ( 1.00 + 0.323 )

4.675

= 3.226 t

Dispersion Width Under 'E' 11.4 t load

bef = a (1 - a/lo) +b1

= 1.941 a from A = 5.071

a = 2.869 a from B = 2.869

lo = 7.940

b1 = 0.65 m

bef = 4.206 m > 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths overlap

0.5 0.5

4.70

Left Dispersion calculated (bef/2) = 2.103

left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle. = kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

0.225 + 0.15 + 0.5/2 0.625 < 2.103

here left dispersion is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited 0.6250

Combined dispersion width = 0.625 + 4.206 /2 + 1.8

= 4.528 m

Intensity of load under 'E' = 11.4 ( 1.00 + 0.323 )

4.528

= 3.330 t

0.099 0.099 1.002

0.671 3.2 1.2 2.869

C D E

3.97 3.970

A 7.94 B

Taking moments about 'B'

Ra x 7.9 = 3.330 * 2.869 + 3.226 * 4.07

1.433 * 7.269

Ra x 7.9 = 33.219

Ra = 4.184 t

Rb = 1.433 + 3.226 + 3.330 - 4.184

Rb = 3.805 t

Maximum live load Bending Moment

= ( 4.184 * 3.871 ) - ( 1.433 * ### )

= 16.196 - 4.585

= 11.61078 t-m

= 1161078 kg-cm

Total B.M = Dead load B.M + Live Load B.M

= 1422421.2 + 1161077.5

= 2583499 kg-cm

required Q*b 7.640 x100

= 58.153 cm < 60 cm

Steel OK

steel at bottom

Main steel reinforcement required = M = 2583499

tjd 2000 x 0.917 x 60

2

= 23.486 cm

As per clause 305.19 of IRC code 21-2000

Minimum area of tension

reinforcement = 0.12 % of total cross sectional area

On each face = 0.12 * 100 * 65

* 100

2

= 7.80 cm < 23.486 cm2

provide 20 mm dia. HYSD bars at 130 mm c/c

2

Ast provided = 24.15 cm OK

Distribution Steel

As per clause 305.18.1 of IRC code 21-2000

Resisting moment

= 0.3 times the moment due to concentrated live loads plus 0.2 times the moment

due to other loads such as dead load, shrinkage, temperature etc.

= 0.3 * L.L B. Mom. + 0.2*D.L B. Mom.

= 0.3x 1161077.5 + 0.2x 1422421.23

= 632807.4993 kg-cm

Assuming the dia. Of distribution 12 mm HYSD

Effective depth = 58.40 cm

Ast required = M = 632807.50

tjd 2000 x 0.917 x 58.4

2

= 5.910 cm

As per clause 305.19 of IRC code 21-2000

Minimum distribution reinforcem = 0.12 % of total cross section area

= 0.12 x 100 x 58.40

100

2 2

= 7.008 cm > 5.910 cm

2

Hence provide minimun distribution reinforceme 7.008 cm

provide 12 mm dia. HYSD bars at 130 mm c/c

2

Ast provided = 8.695 cm OK

Top Reinforcement

2

Min. Reinforcement = 7.008 cm

Provide 12 mm dia. HYSD bars at 130 mm c/c

Also provide distribution steel of 12 mm dia. HYSD bars at 130 mm c/c

As per clause 305.13.3 of IRC code 21-2000

Dispersion of loads along the span

Longitudinal dispersion =

The effect of contact of wheel or track load in the direction of span

length shall be taken as equal to the dimension of the tyre contact

area over the wearing surface of the slab in the direction of the span

plus twice the overall depth of the slab inclusive of the thickness of

the wearing surface.

Longitudinal dispersion = 0.25 + 2 ( 0.65 + 0.075 )

= 1.70 m

so 11 t load may be k 0.85 m from the support to get max. shear

11.4 11.4 6.8 t

C D E

3.970 3.970

A 7.940 B

The load of 11.40 t may be kept at 1.70 /2 = 0.85 m from the support to

Dispersion Width Under 'C' 11.4 t get max. shear

bef = a (1 - a/lo) +b1

= 1.941 a from A = 0.850

a = 0.850 a from B = 7.090

lo = 7.940

b1 = 0.65 m

bef = 2.123 m > 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths overlap

0.5 0.5

4.70

left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle. = kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

= 0.225 + 0.15 + 0.5/2 = 0.625 < 1.0616

here left is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited to 0.625

Combined dispersion widt= 0.625 + 2.123 /2 + 1.8

= 3.487 m

Intensity of load under 'C' = 11.4 ( 1.00 + 0.323 )

3.487

= 4.325 t

Dispersion Width Under 'D' 11.4 t

bef = a (1 - a/lo) +b1

= 1.94 a from A = 2.05

a = 2.050 a from B = 5.890

lo = 7.94

b1 = 0.65 m

bef = 3.602 m > 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths overlap

Left calculated Dispersion (bef/2) = 1.8009

left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle. = kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

= 0.225 + 0.15 + 0.5/2 0.625 < 1.8009

here left is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited to 0.6250

Combined dispersion width 0.6250 + 3.602 /2 + 1.80

= 4.226 m

Intensity of load under 'D' = 11.4 ( 1.0 + 0.323 )

4.226

= 3.569 t

Dispersion Width Under 'E' 6.8 t

bef = a (1 - a/lo) +b1

= 1.941 a from A = 6.350

a = 1.590 a from B = 1.590

lo = 7.940

b1 = 0.53 m

bef = 2.998 m > 1.8 m

Dispersion Widths overlap

0.38 0.5

4.70

left dispersion means the possible dispersion on the left side from the centre

of the left wheel of the vehicle. = kerb width + kerb to wheel gap + tyre width / 2 =

0.225 + 0.15 + 0.38/2 = 0.565 < 1.4991

here left is going beyond the slab edge, hence the left dispersion is limited to 0.565

Combined dispersion width = 0.565 + 2.998 /2 + 1.8

= 3.864 m

Intensity of load under 'E' = 6.8 ( 1.00 + 0.323 )

3.864

= 2.328 t

C D E

3.970 3.970

A 7.940 B

Taking moments about 'B'

Ra x 7.94 = 4.325 * 7.09 + 3.569 * 5.89

+ 2.328 * 1.59

Ra x 7.94 = 55.385

Ra = 6.975 t

Rb = 3.246 t

Shear due to dead load = wl

2

= 1805 x 7.940

2

= 7165.9 kgs

Total shear due to dead load & live loa = 6975.45 + 7165.850

14141.301 kgs

As per clause 304.7.1 of IRC 21-2000

Design shear stress τc = V

bd

where V = The design shear across the section

d = The depth of the section

b = The breadth of the rectangular beam or slab, or

the breadth of the rib in the case of flanged beam

here V = 14141 kgs

b = 100 cms

d = 60 cms

= 14141

100x 60

= 2.36 kg/cm2

As per clause 304.7.1.1 of IRC 21-2000 Max. permissible shear s 20 grade concrete

τcmax = 1.8 N/mm2

for solid slabs the permissible shear stress shall not exceed half the value of

τcmax given in Table 12 A

Hence τcmax = 0.5 x 1.8

= 0.9 N/mm2

Hence max. permissible stress = 9.0 kg/cm2

2

Ast provided = 24.154 cm

from Table 12B of IRC:21-2000

τc = 0.269 N/mm2

2

= 2.690 kg/cm

For solid slabs the permissible shear in concrete k * τc

(vide cl. 304.7.1.3.2 of IRC:21-2000)

k for solid slab of 65 cm thick = 1.00 (Table 12C of IRC:21-2000)

2 2

k* τc= 1.0 x 2.690 = 2.690 Kg/cm > 2.36 kg/cm

Hence safe against shear.

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