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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.

Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas


RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

SENIOR HIGHSCHOOL DEPARTMENT

OFFERING JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE UNEMPLOYED


PEOPLE FROM AGES 25-40 IN SUNNY CREST VILLAGE

In Partial fulfilment of the requirements in


RESEARCH FOR DAILY LIFE I

Submitted by:
Gabiana, Milcah A.
Mejia, Arlene D.
Yudelmo, Janea Mae M.
Unilongo, Bryan Lee C.

Submitted to:
Dr. Jhonie Jeff I. Marquez, PhD

March 2018

“Excellence for God, Self and Society”


Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

I. Background of the study:

The rising level of unemployment in our country could be a great social evil as it

is one of the prime sources of poverty and political instability. The presence of large

numbers of poor and jobless people has depressing impact on tax revenues (Walter

Smith, 2016)

Unemployment are among the greatest challenges. This comes in several forms

and affects millions of people at any given time. Especially those people who have their

own family to support the needs and wants of each member. This may result to the

increasing level of unemployed people. (https:www.enotes.com/research-starters/-

unemployment-underemployment).

The unemployment rate in the Philippines dropped to 5.3 percent in the first

quarter of 2018 from 6.6 percent a year ago. The number of unemployed persons went

down by 441 thousand to 2.3 million while the number of employed increased by 2408

thousand to 41.76 million. Also, the labor force participation rate rose to 62.2 percent

from 60.7 percent. Among employed persons, workers in the services sector made up

55.9 percent of the total, followed by those in the agriculture sector (6.0 percent) and

industry (18.1 percent). Unemployment rate in the Philippines averaged 8.47 percent

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1
from 1994 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 13.90 percent in the first quarter of

2000 and a record low of 4.70 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. (retrieved from:

https://tradingeconomics.com/philippines/unemployment-rate)

There are many reasons that make unemployment grow further. It is considered as

a social malaise as it makes an individual take a route of unlawful activities which not

only put him in danger but also society at large. Unemployment promotes a number of

social crimes. So it is clear that unemployment has widespread social and economic

effects.

More males are employed than females. More than three in every five (62.5%) of

the estimated 40.2 million employed persons in July 2017 were males. Employed females

were reported at 37.5 percent of the total employed persons. The largest number of

employed persons were in the age group 25-34 years with 27 percent of the total

employed. The 35 to 44 age group comprise the second largest group (23.0 %), while the

45-54 age group made up the third largest group (18.7%).

In July 2017, the unemployed persons numbered 2.4 million resulting to an

unemployment rate of 5.6 percent. Among the regions, Ilocos (8.2%), National Capital

Region (7.9%), Central Luzon (7.1%) and CALABARZON (7.0%) were the regions with

the highest unemployment rate. (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2018)

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

There are many factors that can explain why human beings choose to live without

work rather than to help for the better future.

The researcher want to identify the number of unemployed residents in Sunny

Crest Village ages from 25-40 and offers a plan for job opportunities.

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

II. Statement of the problem:

Unemployment is a serious problem that our government faces. Most of the

people nowadays are unemployed. This research aims to know the total number of

unemployed people and their reasons behind. To make it specific, it seeks to find the

answers of the following questions:

 What is the demographic level of unemployed people ages 25-40 in Sunny crest

village?

 What is the educational level of unemployed people in Sunny Crest Village?

 What is the effect of unemployment in daily lives of Sunny Crest residents?

 What are the factors or reasons that may lead people to be unemployed?

 What is the ratio of people who are willing to work and the people who does not?

 What plan of action may be done after this research?

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

III. Significance of the study:

The findings of this research will benefit the society to become knowledgeable

about people without work or about people who are not lucky to have their job because of

some problems or unacceptable reasons. Specifically it will benefit the following:

Small-Scale Businesses. To help those business who are looking for person to

help them improve and to make their business work.

Economy. This study can also help the people to realize the importance of having

good occupation. It will help people to be aware about the status of our society in terms

of jobless people.

Unemployed People. The researcher will benefit those unemployed people to

become knowledgeable about the consequences of being jobless.

ABM (Accountancy and Business Management) Students. This research can help

those ABM students who also plan to study about unemployment. This research will

serve as their guide in making theirs. They can compare their work in this research and

they can collect or get an ideas and information in this study.

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

Family. This study will greatly affect the family of each respondents. They can

grab the opportunities so that they can have additional income that they can use in their

daily lives. Also, this study will also benefit the families that are not related to the

respondents. It can help them to be aware about the status of our country in terms of

unemployment. They can realize that they should guide their children to focus on what

can make their future a fruitful one.

Future Researchers. This research will help the future researcher that will also

study about unemployment. It may not be the same or exact, but they can get some ideas,

information and techniques for them to produce an effective research.

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

IV. Scope and Delimitations:

This study focuses on the unemployed residents in Sunny Crest Village between

25 to 40 years of age. This involves survey for those jobless people. The selection of

respondents are only limited since there are lots of people in Sunny Crest Village who are

unemployed.

The researcher will only suggest some job opportunities. They will not convince

those unemployed people to grab the offers.

This research is designed to have knowledge and information which will provide

answers to problems of people on why they cannot find work.

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter presents the related literature and studies after the thorough search

done by the researchers. This will also present the conceptual framework and hypothesis

to fully understand the research to be done and lastly the definition of terms to fully for

better comprehension of the study.

The issue of labor force under-utilization, i.e. both unemployment and

underemployment, has been a continuing concern of economic research, development

professionals, policy makers and numerous international organizations including funding

agencies. This is indicated by the extensive literature that can be found on the subject.

Most of the work on this subject focus on national or regional level analyses. These

studies are helpful to understand the problem of the increasing level of unemployment.

Despite rapid economic growth in the Philippines in recent years, unemployment

remains a persistent problem for the sprawling Southeast Asian nation of more than 100

million people. Under President Benigno Aquino, in office since 2010, unemployment

has fallen. The latest figures show the rate at 6.4 % in the second quarter of this year,

down from 7% a year earlier. But progress has been uneven and the Philippines still has

one of the highest rates of unemployment in the ASEAN region.

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

One of the reason is that job creation has struggled to keep pace with an ever

expanding population. In three of the past five years, the number of people entering the

job market has been greater than the number of job created.

Benjamin Diokno, an economist at the University of the Philippines and former

budget minister, says this relatively large number of unpaid workers about 4 million

people “bloats” the ranks of the employed and makes unemployment appear less serious

than it is.

The more probable cause of unemployment in the Philippines is the unavailability

of jobs provided. With a growing population of about 8 million, millions needed jobs and

only few can sure provide one. The lack of investors and businesses that could provide

good jobs for the Filipino people is one key factor in the growing unemployment in the

Philippines.

The research study will proceed by reviewing relevant literature into aspects;

measurement and causes/consequences/solutions of unemployment and

underemployment.

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

2.2 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

• Unemployed residents from ages 25-40 in Sunny Crest Village.

INPUT • Questionnaire

•Gathering needed information.

•Making surveys for the people in Sunny Crest.


PROCESS •Input the gathered information to the research papers.

• OFFERING JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE UNEMPLOYED


PEOPLE AGES 25 TO 40 IN SUNNY CREST VILLAGE
OUTPUT

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

2.3. CONCEPTUAL PARADIGM

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT


To make this

research effective, the

researcher will follow

the process indicated in


If they made
The input of conceptual framework.
the process effectively
this research are the They need to they can now come up
residents in Sunny gather the needed and help those
Crest Village that are informations such as: unemployed people
not employed and the population of Sunny around Sunny Crest
data gathering tool Crest Village, Number Village to realize that
which is the of unemployed being an unemployed
questionnaire that is residents, the reasons person is useless and
prepared by the and effect of being they will have their
researchers. unemployed person and chance that they may

many more. In order to grab.

get those informations ,

they created a

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

questionnaire that is

checked by their

adviser. The researcher

will distribute those

questionnaire in 50

random respondents.

After collecting data,

the researcher will also

distribute the list of

suggestions of job

opportunities that the

respondent can grab.

When analyzing and

interpreting the data

gathered using

questionnaire, the

researcher can use this

as their basis for the

statistics, where the

researcher will show

and represent the

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

number of residents that

are still willing to work

and those who are not

willing. The researcher

should ensure that they

follow the process

correctly and orderly

because if they did not

follow those, it can

surely affect the result of

their study.

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

2.4. Hypothesis:

Unemployment refers to the state of a person without any work that is required to earn

money for their living. It is the most challenging social issue faced by most of the

societies. Theoretically the research present the following hypothesis:

To make it specific, it seeks to find the answers of the following questions:

1. There is a significant effect of unemployment in daily lives of Sunny Crest

residents.

2. There are factors that may lead people to be unemployed.

3. Offering Job Opportunities may be beneficial to unemployed Sunny Crest

Residents.

4. The ratio of people that are willing to work is higher than the people who does

not?

2.5. Definition of Terms

For better understanding of the study, the researchers gave several terms that were

defined conceptually and operationally as used in the study.

 Residents – in this research, the people are those men or women in ages 25 to 40 lived

in Sunny Crest Village.

 Social evil – this is the term used by the researcher to represent the struggles or hinder

in the economy of a place; any problem or issue that adversely affects society.

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

 Unemployed – jobless; unemployed; it is used to describe the people who doesn’t have

a job.

 Factors- the reasons; influence that contributes to a result.

 Respondents – a person who replies; especially one supplying information for a survey

 Job opportunities - an opportunity of employment. The researcher aim is to provide

more job opportunities for the unemployed.

 Level of Education – the level of education that a person achieves.

 Wage - The wage is the monetary measure corresponding to the standard units of

working time.

 Laziness - the quality of being unwilling to work; Reason why people decided to be

unemployed.

 Job – work of a person that based on their abilities.

 Knowledge - facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or

education; information about unemployment.

 Poverty - the state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount.

 Political Instability - not being able to establish an effective and productive political

structure because of the large number of unemployed people.

 Impact – the negative effect of being an unemployed person in their family and society.

 Questionnaires – this will be given to 50 random people that are not employed to know

their reasons and some information.

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Great Mercy Academy of Cavite Inc.
Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN

The design of this research is a descriptive one. The researcher comes up to this

research because they will ask using questionnaire from random people who doesn’t have

work. Also, through descriptive research they will know the relationship of people that is

unemployed to their lives. In this research the researcher will use questionnaire to know

the information needed in this study.

3.2 RESEARCH LOCALE

The researcher choose to conduct their research in the village of Sunny Crest,

Salitran II. This is because of researcher’s curiosity behind the increasing level of

unwaged people and their reasons why they still remains until now.

The Sunny Crest Village is located at Salitran II, Dasmariñas City, Cavite. It has

18 streets with two phases. The Street in phase I are labelled with different seasons like

rainforest and summer while in phase II or the Sunny Crest Royale, the streets are labeled

with different countries like Scotland and Greenland.

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

3.3 SAMPLES AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES

The researcher chose random sample of people in a particular place. The total number

of people ages between 25 to 40 in Sunny Crest Village is ______. Once the researcher get

the total population of unemployed people ages 25-40, the selection of the respondents is

only limited to 50 people. As they give and receive the questionnaire that they will

distribute, they will give another paper that holds the suggestions or job opportunities that

they may grab. The researcher will not persuade people to take that offers.

3.4. RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS

This research aims to know the causes, consequences and reasons of being

unemployed person. In order to do that, they will need to use questionnaire to know the

background of the chosen people and their reasons towards their status as one of the

unemployed person.

SURVEY ON UNEMPLOYMENT
Dear Respondent,

Kami ay magsasaliksik tungkol sa mga taong walang trabaho. Ang inyong mga

kasagutan at pakikisama ay makakatulong para amin pong matapos at mapagtagumpayan

ang aming research. Makakaasa po kayo na lahat ng impormasyon at datos na aming

makakalap sa pag aaral na ito ay mananatiling confidential.

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

Pangalan :
Kasarian:
 Babae
 Lalaki

Edad:
 25-29
 30-34
 35-40

Marital Status:

 May Asawa
 Walang Asawa
 Byuda o Byudo
 Hiwalay

Oo Hindi Pwede
1. Gusto mo bang magtrabaho?

2. Nagkaroon kana ba ng trabaho?

3. Gusto mo bang maghanap ulit ng

panibagong trabaho?

4. Naranassan mo na bang tanggihan

and oportunidad sa pagtatrabaho?

5. Sa palagay mo, ang natutunan mo sa

paaralan ay makatutulong sa

paghahanap mo ng trabaho?

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1
6. Kung hindi ka pa nakakapagtapos ng

pag-aaral, Gusto mo bang

ipagpatuloy ang iyong pagaaral?

1. Hanggang saan ang iyong natapos?


 Hindi nakapag-aral  Grade 5
 Pre-school  Grade 6
 Grade 1  1st year High school
 Grade 2  2nd year High school
 Grade 3  3rd year High school
 Grade 4  4th year High school

(Kung nakapag tapos ng pag-aaral magpunta sa no. 4)

2. ANo ang iyong dahilan kung bakit hindi ka nakapagtapos ng pag-aaral?

 Hindi ako interesado  Walang sapat na pera

 May sakit o kapansanan  Ayaw ng magulang

 Mahal ang gastusin sa pag-aaral

 Iba pang dahilan _______________________________________

3. Bilang isang hindi nakapagtapos ng pag-aaral, ano sa palagay mo ang

nagpapahirap at sumasagabal para magkaroon ka ng trababo?

 Kakulangan sa karanasan  Diskriminasyon

 Kakulangan sa kaalaman

 Iba pang dahilan ________________________________

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4. Ano ang iyong dahilan kung bakit wala ang trabaho?

 Katamaran  Kulang sa pinansyal na

 Kulang sa Kaalaman pangangailangan

 Hindi nakapag-aral  Hindi makapaghanap ng trabaho

 Iba pang dahilan _____________________________________

5. Gaano kana katagal walang trabaho?

 Wala pang apat na lingo  Apat na buwan

 Mas mababa sa tatlong buwan  Isang taon pataas

6. Bakit sa palagay mo hindi ka makakuha ng magandang trabaho? (please check all

that apply)

 Walang sapat na oportunidad sa  Dahil sa katamaran

trabaho  Dahil sa takot na hindi

 Walang sapat na kaalaman matanggap

tungkol sa available jobs

 Iba pang dahilan _________________________

7. Kung hindi ka makahanap ng magandang trabaho na may kaugnayan sa natapos

mong kurso o kaya ay gusto mo, susubukan mo parin baa ng ibang trabaho?

 OO, kahit anong trabaho  Hindi

 OO, pero kung mataas ang  OO,_________________

sweldo

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

8. Paano mo nasusuportahan o naibibigay ang iyong pangangailangan?

 Suporta galing sa magulang  Suporta galing sa gobyerno

 Suporta galing sa miyembro ng  Suporta galing sa simbahan o iba

pamilya pang institusyon

 Iba pang pinanggagalingan:__________________________

9. Ano ang nagiging epekto ng pagkawala ng iyong trabaho?

 Walang pinagkukunan ng  Hindi napapalawak ang

pinansyal kaalaman

 Hindi nagagamit ng maayos ang  Napipilitang umalis ng sariling

mga kaalaman at karanasan bansa ang ibang miyembro ng

 Hindi umuunlad ang pamilya pamilya

 Iba pang epekto:__________________________

10. Bakit importante ang pagkakaroon ng trabaho?

 Para may sumusuporta sa  Para makapag-ipon

pamilya  Upang makatulong sa ating bansa

 Para makamit ang na umangat ang ekonomiya

pangangailangan at kagustuhan  Para magamit ng wasto ang lahat

 Para makaahon sa kahirapan ng natutunan sa bawat karanasan

 Iba pang rason__________________________________

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Salitran 2, City of Dasmariñas
RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

How to use questionnaire?

Before the distribution of instruments, the questionnaire was checked by experts

for the revision. Their opinion and suggestions helped the researcher in polishing the

questionnaire.

The research instrument has three parts. Part 1 of the research instrument are item

which contains respondent’s profile such as their names, age, gender and their phase in

Sunny Crest Village. Part 2 of the research instrument consist of question that is

answerable by agree, disagree or neutral. The respondent will answer though putting

check. Part 3 of the research instrument including question with its corresponding answer

below. The respondents will shade the box or put a check in the box beside their answer.

And the last part contains the question that needed your own answer.

3.5. RESEARCH PROCEDURE

The researcher will get the number of people ages 25-40 in the Sunny Crest

Village. After the selection of random sample, the researcher will distribute

questionnaires for the 50 respondents. Then they will give them a list of job opportunities

in the following businesses that are located in Dasmariñas, Cavite:

 1 Master Baker and 2 Helper - Salitran Bakeshop

 4 Sales Lady – Salitran Bakeshop

 Production- Yazaki (EMI) EDS Manufacturing Inc.

 Sales Engineer - DN Steel Marketing Inc. - Cavite Branch

 Accounting Assistant - Gerry's Grill & Restaurants

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 Customer Service Representative - Cherry Mobile

 iQor Philippines Inc. – Call Center Agent

 Costumer Service – SM Department Store

 Selling Supervisor - Robinsons Supermarket Corporation

 Pharmacist - Generika Drugstore

 House Maid - Hocheng Philippines Corporation (HCG)

As the researcher gather the information, they become knowledgeable about being a

person that is not employed they can now surely conclude the total number of

unemployed people in ages between 25 to 40 inside Sunny Crest Village.

3.6 STATISTICAL TOOL

In this research, the researcher uses graph to represent the total number of

unemployed people per phase at Sunny Crest Village.

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1
Chapter 4 : results and discussion

subTitle

Table name

Table

Caption for the table

Figure 1: Demographic Level of Unemployed


People

30

25

20
27
15

10 13
5

0
Sunny Crest Village Sunny Crest Royale

Highest-

Lowest -

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Figure 2: The Educational Level Of


Unemployed People
2 1
2
12
6

2
2
2
10

Hindi nakapagtapos Grade 3 Grade 5


Grade 6 1st year High School 2nd year High School
3rd year High School 4th year High School Nakapagtapos ng pag-aaral

Highest – nakapagtapos ng pag aaral

Lowest- Grade 3

FIGURE 3: EFFECTS OF BEING UNEMPLOYED


Girls Boys

11
9
7
6
4
3 3
2 2 2
1

No source of Experiences Hindi


Family status The members of Other effect
income and umuunlad ang
cannot grow knowledge is the family
knowledge are pamilya limited and work abroad
not properly cannot be
used broaden

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Highest no source of income ( girls) the knowledge is limited and cannot be
broaden(boys)

Lowest members of family work abroad (girls) other effect ( boys)

Figure 4: Factors and reasons of


unemployment
14
12
10
8
13 14
6
10 10 10
4 7 7 8 8
6 6
2 4
0

Highest-lack of knowledge about available jobs

Lowest-incomplete requirements

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Figure 5: Ratio of people that are willing


and not willing to work
Maybe
8%

No
27%

Yes
65%

Yes No Maybe

Highest:

Lowest maybe

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RESEARCH IN DAILY LIFE 1

Chapter 5: conclusion and recommendation

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