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NUTRIENT DEFISIENCY

NUTRIENT DEFISIENCY

Plant Nutrients

Plants require 16 essential elements for plant growth.

Macronutrients :

a. C, H, O : come from air and water

b. N, P , K : primary macronutrients

c. Ca, Mg, S : Secondary macronutrients

Micronutrients

Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, B, Cl, Mo

-Unsur hara esensial - Unsur hara Fungsional - Unsur hara makro - Unsur hara mikro

-Unsur hara

esensial

-Unsur hara

Fungsional

-Unsur hara makro

- Unsur hara mikro

Nutrient Cycle

Soil And Plant Relations

Uptake of the essential elements is controlled by the availability of the nutrients and by the proximity to the

root surface

Nutrients are supplied to the root surface in 3 ways

Root Interception Mass flow Diffusion

Nutrient Absorb

Root Interception

root moves through the soil and comes into contact with the nutrient on the colloid.

generally not very important because the root only comes into

contact with 1-2% of the total soil volume.

Mass flow

nutrients move to the root with water.

most important with nutrients that will easily flow with the water. N may be taken up by mass flow

Diffusion

concentration gradients are set up around the root surfaces and the soil farther away. In response to this gradient the nutrients move towards the plant root. For most cations this is the most

important form of movement.

for nutrients like P and K this is the most important form of uptake. the addition of fertilizer will increase the gradient and increase uptake.

Carbon (C)

In plant tissue 40 50 %

Carbohydrate essential structure Absorbed as CO 2 (stomata) Principle ring of organic synthesis

Nitrogen (N)
Nitrogen (N)

Plant tissue contains 1 5% N

Absorbed as NO 3 - and NH 4 +

Constituent of protein (DNA and RNA)

The important part of chlorophyle (porphyrine

ring system)

Principle role of Vegetative Growth

Synthesis of carbohydrate

Mobile in soil and plant

Nitrogen (N) Deficiency

Nitrogen (N) Deficiency

Nitrogen (N): 1-5%

Nitrogen (N): 1-5% • Deficiency symptom – Tanaman menjadi kerdil dan/atau menjadi kuning pada daun yang
Nitrogen (N): 1-5% • Deficiency symptom – Tanaman menjadi kerdil dan/atau menjadi kuning pada daun yang

Deficiency symptom Tanaman menjadi

kerdil dan/atau

menjadi kuning pada daun yang tua

N bersifat lincah

( mobile) dalam

tanaman, jadi daun baru dapat tetap hijau

Kelebihan N

dan

menghambat

pemasakan, tanaman sukulen dan mudah terserang hama- penyakit

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Phosphorous (P)
Phosphorous (P)

Plant tissue contains 0,1 0,4 % P

Absorbed as

Constituent of

Energy Supply of Biochemistry process

Root growth

Seed and fruit maturity

Accelerate plant maturity

Seed and fruit quality

H2PO 4 - and HPO 4 2- ADP and ATP

Less Relatively mobile

Kekurangan Phosporus (P)
Kekurangan Phosporus (P)
Kekurangan Phosporus (P)
Fosfor (P) : 0.1-0.5 % P
Fosfor (P) : 0.1-0.5 % P

Deficiency

symptom

Fosfor (P) : 0.1-0.5 % P • Deficiency symptom – Reduksi pertumbuhan, kerdil – Warna hijau

Reduksi pertumbuhan, kerdil Warna hijau tua becak ungu pada daun jagung, Menunda pemasakan Penbentukan biji gagal