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11 STEM – J


The province of Romblon was formerly called Lomlon (an act of a hen nesting to warm her eggs,
based on the fact that when a Spanish soldier was ordered to ask the natives the name of the
island and accidentally pointed to a place where a hen is nesting, the native answered lomlom,
hence the misinterpretation) and later corrupted to the word Domblon. It was organized by the
Spanish into a politico-military district in 1853 and made a sub-province of Capiz. In 1917, it
was converted into a separate province. In October 1, 1946, Romblon was made into a special
province with four municipalities, namely Tablas, Romblon, Sibuyan and Maghali. On January
1, 1947, the regular provincial status of Romblon was restored. Romblon's early inhabitants were
the Negritos from Panay and Mangyan tribes from Mindoro. Ancient hanging coffins and
aboriginal artwork was discovered in caves of Banton Island signify a rich ancient civilization
and culture.

Major Industries
1. Tourism
2. marble quarrying
3. fishing
4. farming
5. crop production
Source of Livelihood
1. Farming
2. Quarrying
3. Fishing
Living Wage

Import/Export Products

 ·Import products – rice, beverages, petroleum products, groceries

 Export products – finished products of marble, copra, crops, fish and seaweeds

1. Romblomanon, a Visayan language spoken, along with the Asi and Onhan languages, in
the province of Romblon in the Philippines. The language is also called Ini, Basi,
Sibuyan, and Bisaya.
2. The Asi language is a Visayan language spoken, along with the Romblomanon and
Onhan languages, in the province of Romblon, Philippines. The language is also known
as Bantoanon, Calatravanhon, Odionganon, Sibalenhon, Simaranhon, and Bisaya.
3. The Onhan language is a Visayan language spoken, along with the Romblomanon and
Asi languages, in the province of Romblon, Philippines. The language is also known as
Inunhan and Loocnon.
4. Hiligaynon (or "Ilonggo") is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the
Philippines. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo and Negros Occidental.
5. Tagalog is one of the major languages used in the Philippines.
6. English is a West Germanic language originating in England are also used depending on
the situation.
Traditions and Beliefs

 Romblomanon celebrate their nine-day town fiesta every January, in honor of the Santo
Niño, Patron, Saint of Romblon town. With Loarca's expedition came the image of the
Santo Niño, a replica of the one in Cebu. Legend has it that when the expedition was
ready to depart, strong typhoons prevented it from getting out of Romblon Bay. The
Spaniards attempted seven times to leave and each time they had to turn back. It was
believed that the Santo Niño wanted to stay in Romblon. When the Spaniards decided to
leave it on shore, it stuck to its present place and the expedition sailed safely out to sea.
This even resulted in the conversion of many natives to the Catholic faith. During the
"Biniray Festival" in January, people decorate themselves with flowers and vines, paint
their faces, and dance in the streets. A fluvial procession honoring the image of the Holy
Child circles the bay seven times to reenact the Spaniards' futile attempt to leave the bay.
 The people of the province are mostly Christians- 75% belongs to the: Roman Catholic,
25% to the Philippine Independent Church, Iglesiani Cristo, Baptists, Seventh-day
Adventist Church, Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines and other
Christian denominations.
1. Biniray Festival(Romblon) – held every 2nd week of January. This festival features a
fluvial parade with the image of Sto. Niño on the the lead boat, gaily decorated with
colorful buntings. The festivities usually lasted for a week celebration filled with ethnic
dances and music. Various fun-filled activities are lined up to show case the rich culture
and Christian faith of Romblomanons. The festival is held in the honor of Sto. Niño de
2. Marble Festival(Romblon) – held every 1st Friday of January. This festival is the actual
curving of raw marble stone to an astonishing work of art that show case the artistic
works of our local marble artisans. Romblon marble is comparable to Italy’s Carrara.
3. Pagdayaw Festival(Cajidiocan) – held every 4th Sunday of January. Pagdayaw festival is
held for thanks giving and worship through colorful and festive dancing.
4. Kanrila Festival(Odiongan) – held every 1st day of February. Kanrila festival is a unique
festivity in honor of NuestraSeñora De Candelaria. Unlike other festival it is held at night
to appreciate the glittering beauty of candles while people of Libertad is dancing in
worship and thanks giving.
5. Romblon Liberation/Foundation Day– celebrated every March 18. This is the celebration
of the liberation of the province. The event show case a variety of cultural presentation
and public service to the Romblomanons.
6. Panramunag Festivalin Corcuera, held every February 3
7. Carabao Festivalin San Jose, held every March 19
8. Saginyogan Festival(Alcantara) - held every March 19 – 21. The festival aims to show
case Alcantara’s main produce which is banana (saging) and coconut (niyog). This is a
two days colorful and joyful street dancing celebration and where dancers are wearing a
colorful costumes using indigenous materials of banana and coconut.
9. Parpaguha Festival(San Andres) held every March 27 – 29. This is an event inspired by
the mythical bird Parpaguha in which the river between Bgy. Pag-alad and Mari Sur was
named after.he event is an array of colorful and fun-filled activities such that of street
dancing that portrays the Parpaguha mythical bird, colorful fluvial parade and other
10. Kanidugan Festival(Odiongan) - held every April 5. It is Odiongan’s coconut themed
festival featuring colorful and fun filled activities of street dancing, coco based food
festival and paraw regatta.
11. Bugsayan Festivalin Santa Fe, held every April 19
12. Kalipayan Festival(San Agustin) - held every April 26. Kalipayan is the natural tongue of
the people of San Agustin means festivity or merry making. It is held every last Saturday
of April to promote and highlight the cultural and eco-tourism sites of the municipality.
13. Atis Festival(Romblon) – held every August. This is in celebration of the bounty harvest
of the sweetest sugar apple (Atis) in the country. The festivity offers a tour package to the
atis capital of the island – Cobador to experience the actual sugar apple picking in the
island plantation as well as to show case the beautiful and untouched ecotourism site of
the island.
14. Indigenous People’s Day(Cajidiocan and San Fernando) – held every August 8. This is an
event when all the IP’s in Sibuyan island get together to celebrate and show case their
culture and traditions.
15. Sabwagan Festival- is held every month of February and July at Barangay Carmen, San
16. Talabukon Festivalin Looc, held every April 25
17. Pangisraan Festivalin Calatrava, held every May 1-10
18. Kasadyahan Festivalin Magdiwang, held every May 10-15
19. Kuron Festivalin Ferrol, held every June 11
20. Sanrokan Festival(Banton)- showcases the local tradition of sharing food, especially
viand, among neighbors and starts from Holy Saturday up to Easter Sunday. The festival
has two phases: the Sanrokansa Barangay (sharing of food in the villages) and the
SanrokansaPoblacion (sharing of food at the town proper). 21.Rungawan Festivalin
Concepcion, held every December 8 22.Pag-alad Festival(San Fernando) - held every
December 8. This festival is being held to honor their patron Saint Mary Immaculate
Conception, a fiesta being held every 8th of December. The devotee Catholic give praise
and thanks for each years’ bountiful blessings and good health. This annual fiesta
celebration usually starts from 4th until 8th of the month, it showcases the talent of san
Fernandohanon in street dancing followed by a dance performance on the town’s
Auditorium. The town was banged by the sound of music as participants from the
different tribes in theis colorful costumes performed their respective routines.
23.Hinugyawan Festival(Sta. Maria) - held every December 8. The municipality of Sta.
Maria celebrates their feast in honor of Immaculada Concepcion with merry-making and
street dancing. Hinugyawan by itself means “to be joyous or to be festive mood” or in
local terms “magkinasadyakagmagkinalipay.” They celebrate it with street dancing and
ground demonstration. 24.Daigon Festival(Odiongan) – held every December 23. Daigon
in local dialect means caroling. This event is participated by different barangays in the
municipality by colorful parade of floats. The town is being serenaded by chorales from
different religious groups in their own rendition of Christmas Carols. The event is also
highlighted with display of uniquely designed glittering Christmas trees and lanterns.
Idioc Festivalin Cajidiocan, held every December 27
1. St. Joseph's Cathedral and Belfry:One of the oldest Roman Catholic Church is located in
barrio Poblacion. It was constructed for the Recollect Fathers between 1640 and 1726 by
talented local artisans using coral blocks and bricks.
2. Fuente de Belen:Located across the municipal hall, Fuente de Belen is a water fountain
erected in 1864 by Eduardo Asuero. It is the source of fresh water for Romblon during
the Spanish colonial period. Atop the fountain is an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
3. Old Municipal Building:Built out of coral limestone during the Spanish colonial era, it
housed the cuartel or headquarters of the local Guardia Civil. Retaining the old
architecture of the building, the municipal hall is still used to house government offices
and the municipal jail.
4. Ipot Cave in Banton:where the earliest known warp ikat textile in Southeast Asia was
found in 1936.It is estimated to be 400 years old, making it the earliest known warp ikat
(tie-resist dyeing) textile in the Philippines and Southeast Asia. These artifacts are now
preserved at the National Museum of the Philippines in Manila.
5. Fuerza de San Jose, Banton's Spanish colonial era fort: the limestone fort called Fuerza
de San Jose and the San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church was constructed under the
leadership of Father Agustin de San Pedro, also known as El Padre Capitan, who was the
parish priest of Banton at that time. The construction was completed in 1644, and in
1648,San Nicolas de Tolentino was installed as the town's patron saint. The fort
effectively protected the town against further Moro raids.
6. Guyangan Cave System: situated at the boundary of Barangay Toctoc and Togbongan in
Banton, has seven caves, some of which were inhabited during pre-colonial times, and is
now an Important Cultural Treasure as declared by the National Museum. Guyangan Hill,
where the caves are situated, also has a natural view deck called Manamyaw overlooking
Barangay Poblacion and the Sibuyan Sea.
7. Cawa-cawa Falls(Cajidiocan): A kettle-shaped pool carved from solid rock by the
cascading waters is and teems with native river shrimp. It is located deep within the forest
of Lumbang Este.
8. Little Baguio Falls: Take a break from outside pressure and feel the crash of the crystal
clear, cool water from the waterfalls, surrounded by boulders and trees which provides
shades to visitors. It is about four kilometers from Poblacion of Cajidiocan.
9. Lambingan Falls(Magdiwang): A romantic hideaway marked by huge boulders that
deflect the cascade from the heights. The falls has a natural pool with cool surroundings,
ideal for swimming and picnics. The park is complimented by other tourist potentials that
is constantly developed for town beautification because of its lush greenery.
10. Mount Banderahan(Concepcion): American soldiers in the early 20th century climbed the
island's mountain and planted an American flag. The flagpole, hewed in a big stone, is a
landmark sought out by mountain climbers.
11. Bishop's Palace or Villa del Mar:Located in barangay Lonos, it serves as the official
residence of the Bishop of Romblon. It was constructed out of clay bricks by the first
bishop of Romblon, Msgr. Nicolas Mondejar.
12. Aglicay Beach Resort: This beach has a fantastic, scenic view. With palm-fringed white
sand and clear blue waters.
13. Tinigban Falls(Concepcion): The fall site is an exotic rock formation amid lush greenery.
An Old Spanish encomendero once built a mansion here, embedding a mirror into a huge
rock so he could have a full view of the waterfalls from his bathroom.
14. Cotta Tower(Corcuera): This tower is what remains of a Spanish fort constructed
between 1860 and 1865 by Fr. Agustin de San Pedro, also known as El Padre Capitan, to
ward off Muslim pirates. It is situated on a hill overlooking Brgy. Poblacion and is an
easy 150-meter hike from the town plaza.
15. Tanro-aw Hill: Located in Brgy. Vicente, Corcuera, Romblon, it is the site of a Japanese
garrison during World War II.
16. Mangansag Beach:A beautiful white sand beach in Brgy. Mangansag, Corcuera, dotted
with tall palm trees and volcanic boulders along pristine waters.
17. Colong-Colong Beach:A beautiful sandy beach with pristine waters which is a popular
picnic destination for local folks and returning residents of Corcuera.
18. Guin-iwagan Cave:This cave in Brgy. Mahaba, Corcuera features a dome-like structure
that abounds in stalagmites and stalactites. There is a pool of cool water where one can
19. Sunken Spanish Galleon(Carmen, San Agustin): This site is highly recommended for sea
explorers. This Spanish Galleon can be found in the deep waters of Carmen Bay, ideal for
scuba diving.
20. Punta Gorda Stairways(Bgy. Cawayan, San Agustin): a concrete steps from the shoreline
to the hilltop. Constructed by the national government in 1950, it is one of the most
beautiful tourist spot in the area.
21. Mablaran Falls:Located at Barangay Linawan, San Andres, four and a half kilometers
from the town proper. Mablaran falls, lies amidst lush greenery and wild foliage. The
falls empties into a pool of cool, blue-green waters with a depth of about 20 feet.
22. Bangko-Bangko Point:Located at Barangay Agpudlos, San Andres. It is called Bangko-
bangko because of the rare carving of the stones as if chairs. An exciting and thrilling
place to relax while feeling the cool breeze of the sea.
23. Cantingas River:The pride of Barangay Taclob, San Fernando is a natural swimming pool
with a crystal water. The river is odorless, tasteless, and ever-flowing cold where one
could quench his thirst while swimming. It has a cottage with a conference hall.
24. Cresta de Gallo:A five-hectare kidney-shaped islet with verdant terrain sloping down to
the powdery white sand beach and surrounded by beautiful coral reefs. The beach is rich
with different species of marine life and an ideal place for swimming and scuba diving.
25. Lagting Falls:This scenic hideaway with a basin-like natural pool is located in Barangay
Taclobo, San Fernando some 3 kilometers away from Poblacion. This falls is a refreshing
place to immerse during this hot summer. It has two natural swimming pools with clean
water and has several cottages available around the area.
26. Busay Falls:A scenic spot with a natural pool located some 2.5 kilometers from
Poblacion at Barangay Panangcalan. The upper portion is the water reservoir serving the
Poblacion of San Fernando.
27. Marble quarries and factories: Anyone interested in how Romblon marble is made can
take a tricycle from the town proper to the marble quarries and factories. Romblon's
marble can be compared to Italy's carara. It comes in a spectrum of shades ranging from
white to black with a gamut of in-between tints like mottled white, tiger white, onyx and
28. Forts San Andres and Santiago: Twin Spanish forts constructed out of coral blocks and
bricks between 1644 and 1573, which overlook the whole town and harbor at 156 feet
above sea level. These served as a bastion to protect the people against Muslim raiders
and Dutch pirates.
29. Bonbon Beach: Located five kilometers away from town proper this shoreline in
Barangay Lonos is covered with fine white sand and features a gradually sloping ocean
floor free of sea grass and sharp stones.
30. Tiamban Beach:Located some 5 kilometers from the town proper, this fine white sand
beach in barangay Lonos stretches to about 50 meters.
31. Japar Islet:Located off coast of Barangay Guinbirayan, Santa Fe. It is a small islet dotted
with golden-hued sandy beaches. An excellent place to rest because the sea is generally
calm the whole year and considered the richest ground in the province.
32. Talipasak Beach Resort:It is located 13 kilometers from town in barangay Ginablan and
offers a quiet and restful place for tourists. Activities include swimming, snorkeling,
beach combing, and island hopping.
33. Marble Beach Resort:Located in Barangay Ginablan, it is a perfect spot for nature lovers.
34. Nagoso Cave:Located in barangay Cobrador, it is the largest natural cave in the islands
and believed to be an ancient burial ground as manifested by pottery and ancient works of
arts found inside.
35. Cobrador Beach:Barangay Cobrador's treasure is its beaches. This is located in the
eastern side of the islet and has fine white sand and crushed corals.
36. Romblon Harbor:It offers a perfect shelter for sea vessels since Spanish colonial period.
Lying off the bay is a sunken galleon and the wreck of a Japanese battleship.
Popular Food
1. SarsanaUyang (mixed young coconut and shrimps with sili)
2. Bibingkangkanin Balitsaw (bagoongnanilutosagata ng niyog)
Location of Romblon, Philippines

 12.5500° N, 122.2833° E - Romblon, Coordinates

 Romblon province could be found at the center of the Philippine Archipelago. It is a
cluster of 20 islands and islets (3 major and 17 small islands). It is surrounded by deep
waters and lies on the Sibuyan Sea, north of Panay Island, southeast of Mindoro and west
of Masbate. It is approximately 187 nautical miles and 169 air miles from Manila.
Getting There

 Romblon is accessible via RORO vessels that ply the Batangas City-Romblon, Batangas
City-Odiongan, or the Roxas-Odiongan route. From Odiongan, Romblon can be reached
by jeepney and motorized boat via San Agustin, Romblon. There are also direct RORO
routes from Manila to Romblon as well as Batangas City and Romblon. The closest
airport with active airline service is Tugdan Airport in Alcantara, Romblon. As of 2015,
Philippine Airlines offers three weekly flights to Romblon from Manila every
Wednesday, Friday and Sunday. From Alcantara, Romblon can be reached in 3–4 hours
by jeepney and an hour by motorized boats from San Agustin.
Seaports and Airports

 The major seaports in the province are: Odiongan port, San Agustin port, Romblon port,
Cajidiocan port, Ambulong port in Magdiwang, Azagra port in San Fernando and Malbog
port in Looc Small seaport is accessible in the municipalities of Corcuera, Banton,
Concepcion, Santa Fe, San Jose, Calatrava and Carmen, San Agustin.