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Mistake of Facts vs. Mistake of Identity vs. Mistake in the Blow vs.

Mistake of Facts vs. Mistake of Identity vs. Mistake in the Blow vs. Injurious result is greater than that intended
Injurious result is greater than that intended Injurious result is
Injurious result is Mistake of Mistake in the
Mistake of Mistake in the Mistake of Facts greater than that
Mistake of Facts greater than that Identity Blow
Identity Blow intended
intended Ignorantia facti Error in personae Aberratio ictus Praeter intentionem
Ignorantia facti Error in personae Aberratio ictus Praeter intentionem Latin Name excusat
Latin Name excusat
-is an absolutory injuring one person When offender injurious result is
-is an absolutory injuring one person When offender injurious result is cause for had the mistaken for intending to do an greater than
cause for had the mistaken for intending to do an greater than Meaning facts been true to the another injury to one person that intended
Meaning facts been true to the another injury to one person that intended belief of the offender actually inflicts it on
belief of the offender actually inflicts it on another
another Negative criminal Penalty for lesser penalty for graver Mitigating circumstance
Negative criminal Penalty for lesser penalty for graver Mitigating circumstance Circumstance Liability crime in its offense in its Art. 13
Circumstance Liability crime in its offense in its Art. 13 s Affecting maximum period maximum period Art.
s Affecting maximum period maximum period Art. Criminal Art. 49 48
Criminal Art. 49 48 Liability (Extenuating
Liability (Extenuating Circumstance)
Circumstance) There was a crime Single Crime Complex crimes Single Crime
There was a crime Single Crime Complex crimes Single Crime As to Count but no criminal Art. 48
As to Count but no criminal Art. 48
Persons One subject One subject At least two subjects one subject
Persons One subject One subject At least two subjects one subject Involve
Involve No criminal intent A has intent to kill The intended subject Lack of intent to commit
No criminal intent A has intent to kill The intended subject Lack of intent to commit B, but kills C is a different subject, so grave a wrong
B, but kills C is a different subject, so grave a wrong Intent but the felony is still
Intent but the felony is still the same.
the same.
Criminal No criminal liability Has criminal Has criminal liability Has criminal liability
Criminal No criminal liability Has criminal Has criminal liability Has criminal liability Liability liability
Liability liability Landmark U.S. vs. Ah Chong People vs. Oannis People vs. Mabugat People vs. Cagoco
Landmark U.S. vs. Ah Chong People vs. Oannis People vs. Mabugat People vs. Cagoco Case
Case Mistake of fact is Of the same gravity May result to a Mitigating
Mistake of fact is Of the same gravity May result to a Mitigating relevant ONLY in dolo or severity, the greater criminal only if there is a notable
relevant ONLY in dolo or severity, the greater criminal only if there is a notable Exceptions /
Exceptions / penalty is not liability disparity between the
penalty is not liability disparity between the Notes
Notes mitigated. means employed and the
mitigated. means employed and the resulting felony.
resulting felony.