Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Review Questions on Elastic Materials

1 (a) Define the density of a material.


................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................
(1 mark)

(b) Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, consists of 70% by volume of copper and 30% by
volume of zinc.

(i) Determine the mass of copper and the mass of zinc required to make a rod of brass of
volume 0.80 × 10-3m3
.
...............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................

(ii) Calculate the density of brass.


...............................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................
(4 marks)

2 (a) When determining the Young modulus for the material of a wire, a tensile stress is
applied to the wire and the tensile strain is measured.

(i) State the meaning of

tensile stress...........................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................

tensile strain...........................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................
(ii) Define the Young
modulus ....................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................
(3 marks)

(iii)
the Young modulus for steel = 2.0 × 1011Pa
the Young modulus for brass = 1.0 × 1011Pa.

a) Calculate the tensile strain produced in a steel wire when a tensile stress of
when a stress of 3.0 x 109Nm-2 is applied to the wire.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………........

...........................................................................................................................................
(2)

b) If the original unloaded length of the steel wire is 200.0 cm. What is the
length of the wire under this load?

................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................
(2)

c) A similar 200.0 cm length of brass wire is subject to the same stress. It


stretches to a length of 205.0cm.

Calculate the cross sectional area of the brass wire.

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
(3)