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Radhapati Das

Nectar of Instruction Part 2 Q&A – Test Time: 2 Hrs


Text 2

1. Three energies of the Supreme Lord (sanskrit names)


Answer: The 3 energies of supreme lord are:
1. Antaranga sakti or Internal potency – Jiva, who are under the control of internal potency,
they display their natural constitutional activity which is constant engagement in devotional
service of lord. Their only engagement is only the satisfaction of Krishna.
2. Bahiranga sakti or External potency – Jiva who are under the control of external potency
suffers from three fold of miseries.
3. Tatastha sakti or Marginal potency – The living entities constitute the marginal potency and
they remain under the control of either internal or external potencies.

2. Threefold miseries
Answer: The threefold miseries are:
1. Adhidaivika klesa – Sufferings caused by demigods like earthquake, storm, flood,
2. Adhibhautika klesa – Sufferings caused by other living entities like enemies, insects etc
3. Adhyatmika klesa – Sufferings caused by own body & mind.

3. Sanskrit and translation of text 2


Sanskrit:
Atyahara prayasas cha
Prajalpo niyamagrahah
Jana-sangas ca laulyam ca
Sadbhir bhaktir vinasyati

Translation:
One’s devotional service is spoiled when he becomes too entangled in the following six activities:
(1) Eating more than necessary or collecting more funds than required.
(2) Over-endeavoring for mundane things that are very difficult to obtain
(3) Talking unnecessarily about mundane subject matters
(4) Practicing the scriptural rules and regulations only for the sake of following them and not for the
sake of spiritual advancement, or rejecting the rules and regulations of the scriptures and working
independently or whimsically
(5) Associating with worldly-minded persons who are not interested in Kṛishna consciousness and
(6) Being greedy for mundane achievements.
4. Srila BSST's Anuvrti comments on Atyahara
Answer: Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Sarasvati thakura writes in his Anuvrtti commentary that endeavor to
gain the knowledge based on mental speculators or dry philosophy, this falls within the category of
Atyahara. Writing the volumes of books by dry philosophers are useless as they are being written
without the knowledge of Krishna Consciousness, that is also atyahara. Similarly, one who simply
interested in processing more & more in the form of knowledge or material gains, they are all under the
control of atyahara.

5. Three types of people one should avoid associating with.


Answer: Association of these people is not desirable:
1. Bhukti kamis – Who are interested in material happiness. The one who are not interested in
Krishna consciousness.
2. Mukti kamis – Who desire liberation by merging in the existence of the formless absolute i.e.
mayavadi’s. We should avoid association with mayavadi’s.
3. Siddhi kamis – Who desire the perfection of mystic yoga practice, are classified as atyahari’s.

6. Briefly explain 6 unfavorable activities- give one example for each


Answer:
1. Atyahara – Overeating or too much collecting. Prabhupada gave an example that if a bag of rice
is placed in a public place, birds will come to eat few grains and go away. However, human being
will take away the whole bag. This Atyahara (collection of more than necessary is prohibited).
2. Prayasa – Unnecessary endeavor. Prabhupada says, there is no need for a man to move from
one place to another to live. He can live happily if he has some land a milk cow. He can produce
food grains and get milk from cow. This is enough.
3. Prajalpa – Unnecessary talking. Prabhupada says, when meeting with friends, we immediately
start talking like croaking toads. We should only talk about Krishna consciousness movement.
4. Niyamagraha – Accept rules & regulations. One in KC, does not accept rules & regulations for
economic advancement and always follow regulative principles by voiding illicit connections,
meat eating, gambling & intoxication.
5. Jana-Sanga – Association. Srila Narottam das thakura advised us to leave only in association of
Krishna devotees. One should engage in service of lord in association of devotees.
6. Laulya – Greed. Prabhupada says, all attempts to acquire the material benefits are the
impediments on the path of Krishna Consciousness.

7. What does Srila Prabhupada on the world suffering from atyahara


Answer:
Prabhupada says, entire worls is suffering from the collection of more than necessary
(atyahara). People use their intelligence to produce many unnecessary and unwanted things.
Therefore factories, slaughter houses, liquor shops are opened.
8. Purpose of all occupational duties
Answer:
Purpose of all occupation engagements is to understand our dharma. To understand without
religion, human society is not better than animal society. Religion helps us to understand laws of God
and leads one out of material entanglements.

Text 3:

1. Names of 6 goswamis
Answer:
Rupa Goswami
Sanatan Goswami
Raghunath Bhatt Goswami
Jiva Goswami
Gopal Bhatt Goswami
Raghunath Das Goswami

2. Name the nine processes of devotional service


Answer:
Sravanam (Hearing) – Hearing the name and glories of the Supreme Personality of Godhead
Kirtanam (Chanting) – Chanting lord’s glories
Vishnu Smaranam (Remembering) – Remembering the lord
Pad Sevanam (Serving the lord’s lotus feet) – Serving the lord’s feet
Archanam (Deity worship) – Worshipping the deity
Vandanam (Praying) – Offering obeisances to lord
Dasyam (Executing orders) – Acting as the lord’s servant
Sakhyam (Serving as a friend) – Making friendship with the lord
Atma Nivedanam (Complete surrender) – Surrendering oneself fully to the lord

3. Sanskrit and translation - text 3


Answer:
utsahan niscayad dhairyat
tat-tat-karma-pravartanat
sanga-tyagat sato vrtten
sadbhir bhaktih prasidhyati

There are six principles favorable to the execution of pure devotional service: (1) being enthusiastic, (2)
endeavoring with confidence, (3) being patient, (4) acting according to regulative principles (such as
sravaṇam kirtanam viṣṇoḥ smaraṇam – hearing, chanting and remembering Kṛṣṇa), (5) abandoning the
association of nondevotees, and (6) following in the footsteps of the previous acaryas. These six
principles undoubtedly assure the complete success of pure devotional service.

4. Srila BSST's annuvriti comments on this verse


Answer:
SBBT comment that gaining the knowledge by philosophical speculation, collecting the opulence
by the advancement of fruitive activities, desire for yoga siddhis and material perfections, are all
contrary to the principles of devotional service. One has to become thoroughly heartless to such
nonpermanent activities and turn his intention instead to the regulative principles of devotional
service.

5. Briefly explain the 6 favorable activites


Answer:
1. Being enthusiastic – This is called as Utsaah. To become success in material life or spiritual
life Utsaah is necessary. Perform the devotional service to lord with full energy. Enthusiastic
means action and this action need to be performed for Krishna.
2. Endeavoring with confidence – One to perform the devotional service with full confidence
that Krishna protects his devotees. Krsna says ‘avasya raksibe krsna’ i.e Krishna will protect
me in any situation and help me in successful execution of devotional service. This is called
confidence. In verse 9.31 krishna says, my devotees never perish. Get confidence that any
other activity except devotional service will not get any benefit.
3. Being patient – One should be very patient in executing the devotional services, take the
instructions from guru and execute them with patience.
4. Acting according to regulative principles – One should always follow 4 regulative principles,
no meat eating, no illicit sex, no gambling, no intoxication. Not following the regulative
principles destroy the spiritual path. These are 4 dont’s in krishna consciousness. There are
4 do’s as well to follow i.e. chant 16 rounds, read sastras, go to temple, visit the dham’s.
5. Abandoning the association of non-devotees – In order to be successful in devotional
service, one has to give up association of undesirable people that includes karmi’s, jnani’s,
yogi’s and nondevotees.
6. Following the footsteps of previous acharyas - Devotional service is success when we follow
the path of previous acharyas who have seen the truth. Wake up early before sunrise,
attend mangala aarti, hear Bhagavatam class, guru puja, perform services in temple etc all
are the services to follow with Acharyas for full engagement of senses in Krishna
consciousness.

6. Mahatamas and Duratamas - know who they are, define


Answer:
Mahatma means broad minded and Duratma means cripple minded.
Mahatma, whose atma is attached to supreme, Krishna & Duratma, dura whose atma is far away from
Krishna.
Mahatma, who is not interested in any material activity and remain situated on platform of
transcendental life. Duratma, who remain engages in mundane activity and so called jnana, yogi, karmi
etc.

Text 4

1. Srila BSST's concern and why this concern- explain in detail.


Answer:
Srila BSST’s concern is to not associate with Mayavadi’s & atheists. He said to not to speak to the
impersonalist mayavadi’s, who are always determined to oppose such theistic movements. They do not
want growth of Krishna Consciousness because it educates people in god consciousness.
This concern was there because this world is full of mayavadi’s, atheists and political parties to take
advantage and use other atheistic philosophies to promote materialism.

2. Sanskrit and translation - text 4


Answer:
dadati pratigrhnati
guhyam akhyati prcchati
bhunkte bhojayate caiva
sad-vidham priti-laksanam

Offering gifts in charity, accepting charitable gifts, revealing one’s mind in confidence, inquiring
confidentially, accepting prasada and offering prasada are the six symptoms of love shared by one
devotee and another.

3. Reasons for formation of ISKCON


Answer:
The ISKCON was established to facilitate these 6 kinds of loving exchanges between devotees. Under
ISKCON, when ordinary men associate with devotee, they can able to develop dormant love Krishna, the
supreme personality of godhead. As soon as people do so, their minds will immediately be filled with
peace & tranquility.

4. Briefly explain the 6 loving exchanges


Answer:
1. Dadati – Giving charity. According to dadati principle, an advanced devotee supposed to spend
atleast 50% of his income in the service of the lord and his devotees. Srila Rupa Goswami gave
such an example in his life. He gave 50% for Krishna’s service, 25% for his relatives and rest 25%
for his personal emergencies.
2. Pratigrahnati – Accept in return. When one spent his 50% of income for Krishna’s and devotees
service, one should accept from devotees whatever they may offer in exchange.
3. Guhyam – Confidential topics. There are times when supporters inquire about the methods to
perform devotional service and we explain that. This way we are spreading Krishna
consciousness and activities.
4. Akhyati – Explains i.e. opening one’s mind to the devotees. In association of devotees, one
develops their dormant love for Krishna. With these 6 activities, experienced devotee explains
and inexperienced devotee learn from him.
5. Bhunkte – Honor prasad. Devotee honor the prasad offered by other devotees as God’s grace
received through the pure devotees.
6. Bhojayate - Offer prasad. After offering to Krishna, we should invite pure devotees to our home
and offer Krishna’s remnants as prasad to please them in all respects.

Text 5:

1. Prakrta Sahajiya- explain


Answer:
The Prakrta Sahajiyas generally chant the Hare Krishna maha mantra yet they are attached to women,
money and intoxication. Although such persons may chant the holy name of the lord, they are not yet
properly purified. Such people should be respected with one’s mind but their association should be
avoided.

2. Jiva Goswami's explanation of diksha


Answer:
Diksa or spiritual initiation is explained in the Bhakti Sandarbha by Srila Jiva Goswami:

divyam jnanam yato dadyat


kuryat papasya sanksayam
tasmad dikseti sa prokta
desikais tattva-kovidaih

By diksha one gradually becomes disinterested in material enjoyment and gradually becomes interested
in spiritual life.

3. Describe 3 types of devotees and how to interact with them


Answer:
1. Kanistha Adhikari – The Kanistha Adhikari is a neophyte who has received the hari-naam
initiation from the spiritual master and is trying to chant the holy name of Krsna. He is situated
on the lowest platform of devotional service and interested only in worshipping the Deity in the
temple. Kanistha Adhikari cannot distinguish between devotee & nondevotee. He is simply
concerned with worshipping the deity in the temple.
How to interact with Kanistha Adhikari - He should be accepted as bonafide Vaisnava and
obeisance’s should be offered to him.
2. Madhyama Adhikari – He has received initiation from spiritual master and has been fully
engaged by him in the loving transcendental service of the lord. He is the devotee, who worship
the supreme personality of godhead as the highest object of love, make friends with the lord’s
devotees, merciful to the ignorant and avoids those who are envious by nature. Madhyama
Adhikari can distinguish between a devotee and nondevotee, as well as the devotee and the
lord. Thus he treats the supreme personality of godhead, devotee and nondevotee in different
way.
How to interact with Madhyama Adhikari - He should be very much respected by neophyte
devotees.
3. Uttama Adhikari – One who is very advanced in devotional service. Uttama Adhikari is not
interested in blaspheming others, his heart is completely clean and he has attained the realized
state of unalloyed Krishna consciousness. He is seriously engaged in the service of the lord and
strictly following all the regulative principles, chanting the prescribed number of round on japa
beads and always thinking of how to expand the Krishna consciousness movement.
How to interact with Madhyama Adhikari - He is highly advanced devotee and his association
should always be sought and he should be accepted as spiritual master.

Text 6:
1. Caste Goswamis - what Srila Prabhupada says about them
Answer:
As per Srila Prabhupada, there cannot be a family of Goswami’s based on caste, actions or heredity.
There shouldn’t be a difference between goswami from acharya family and American goswami as he is
fully engaged in devotional service of lord. Goswami means one who control the senses, whereas
devotee is not controlled by senses and he controls the senses, thereby he is a Goswami. Goswami title
is actually a monopoly of pure devotees. Rupa goswami & Sanatan goswami practically became
Mohammedans but Chaitnya Mahaprabhu made them goswamis. Therefore, goswami title is not
hereditary.

2. Comparison of Ganges to a pure devotee by Rupa Goswami- why? Why bodily defects should not be
considered of a pure devotee?
Answer:
Srila Rupa Goswami compared pure devotee with Ganges. Just like water of Ganges, which sometimes
during the rainy season are full of bubbles, foam & mud but the Ganges water never become polluted.
Similarly, for an ordinary vision, some bodily imperfections may seem prominent in the body of a pure
devotee but despite that body of that pure devotee can never be polluted.
If we consider bodily defects of a pure devotee, we are making offense in the lotus feet of that pure
devotee. It is very serious. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu named this offense as Hati-mata, like the mad
elephant offense. Just like mad elephant can create disaster similarly one should be very careful in
making offense to Krishna’s devotee. One should not view the activities of pure devotee from material
point of view. Krishna’s devotee is not subjected to material condition even though his bodily feature
may appear materially conditioned. One should therefore avoid observing a pure devotee externally but
try to see the internal features and understand how he is engaged in transcendental loving service of
lord.