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GRAPHIC ERA UNIVERSITY, DEHRADUN

Seventh Semester 2016-2017

Model Course Handout

Date: 23-08-2016

Course No. : TEE-702

Course Title : Switchgear & Protection System

Instructor-in-Charge : NITIN SUNDRIYAL

Instructor(s) : 1. NITIN SUNDRIYAL

Course Description:

Introduction to protection system and its elements, basic terminologies, objectives of protective
relaying, protective zones, primary and backup protection, desirable qualities of protective relaying.
Relays and their application in protection system. Transmission Line Protection: Over current
protection, distance protection, pilot wire protection, carrier current protection, Protection of Bus

Circuit Breakers: Selection and operating modes. Properties of arc, arc extinction theories, restriking
voltage transient, current chopping, resistance switching, capacitive current interruption, short line
interruption, circuit breaker ratings.

Constructional features and operation of Bulk Oil, Minimum Oil, Air Blast, SF6, Vacuum and D.C.
circuit breakers, Isolators, lightening arrester

Scope & Objective:

This subject deals with protection of power system and its reliable operation during faulty
condition. Different circuit breakers and their operation in different scenario are discussed so
as to make the system completely understable.

Text Book(s):

1.S. S. Rao, “Switchgear and Protection”, Khanna Publishers.


2. B. Ravindranath and M. Chander, “Power system Protection and Switchgear”, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
3. C.L Wadhwa, “Electrical Power Systems”, Wiley Eastern Ltd.
4. B. Ram and D. N. Vishwakarma, “Power System Protection and Switchgear”, Tata Mc. Graw Hill
5. Y. G. Paithankar and S R Bhide, “Fundamentals of Power System Protection”, Prentice Hall of
India.

Reference Books:

1. T.S.M. Rao, “Power System Protection: Static Relays with Microprocessor Applications” Tata
McGraw Hill.
2. A.R. Van C. Warringtaon, “Protective Relays- Their Theory and Practice, Vol. I & II”, John Wiley
& Sons.
Course Plan:

Lecture No Learning objective Topic to be Reference .


covered
1-6 Introduction to basic terminologies,
protection system and objectives of
its elements protective relaying,
protective zones,
primary and backup
protection, desirable
qualities of protective
relaying.

7-12 Different relays Electromagnetic relay


and schemes of and their design
protection considerations,
Attracted armature
and Induction type
relays, Thermal relay,
Gas-actuated relay
13-18 Working of Static relays and their
different relays classification,
and their working Amplitude and Phase
operations comparators relay.
Principles and
characteristics of
overcurrent relays:
time setting, plug
setting, IDMT relays.
Directional relays,
Distance relays-
Resistance , reactance
and MHO, differential
relay.
19-25 Transmission line Over current
protection protection, distance
protection, pilot wire
protection, carrier
current protection,
Protection of Bus,
auto reclosing,
Protection of
transformer, generator
and motor
26-32 Circuit Breakers Selection and
operating modes.
Properties of arc, arc
extinction theories,
restriking voltage
transient, current
chopping, resistance
switching, capacitive
current interruption,
short line interruption,
circuit breaker ratings
33-40 Constructional Bulk Oil, Minimum
features and operation Oil, Air Blast, SF6,
Vacuum and D.C.
circuit breakers,
Isolators, lightening
arrester.
Fuses and its types.

Evaluation Scheme:

EC NO Component Duration Marks Weightage Date & Nature


(%) Time
1. Mid term 2hr 30 30
2. End term 3hr 60 60
3. Class asses. 10 10

Chamber Consultation Hour: To be announced in the class