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VPN Ports & Port Forwarding: TCP/UDP


443, 80, 53, 25, 22, 21
OCT 10, 2018 by CRYPTMODE in VPN & PRIVACY GUIDES

Note: List of the best VPN providers that support custom ports is included below.

In computer networking, a port serves as a


communication endpoint for each specific application or
process. Only one process may bind to a specific IP
address and port combination using the same transport
protocol. Typical application failures, sometimes called
port conflicts, occur when multiple programs attempt to
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port conflicts, occur when multiple programs attempt to
bind to the same port numbers on the same IP address
using the same protocol.

Common applications/processes often use specifically reserved port numbers for receiving service requests from
clients:

HTTPS (TLS/SSL) – 443 TCP/UDP


HTTP – 80 UDP/TCP
OpenVPN – 1194 TCP/UDP
PPTP – 1723 TCP/UDP
L2TP – 1701 UDP
SSTP – 443 TCP
Cisco IPsec – 1293 TCP/UDP, 500 TCP/UDP
IKEv2 (Internet Key Exchange) – 500 TCP/UDP
IPsec Nat Traversal – 4500 UDP
SSH tunnel – port 22
SOCKS proxy – 1080 TCP
Obfsproxy – dynamic (custom setup)
BitTorrent – 6881-6889 TCP
SMTP – 25 TCP/UDP
DNS – 53 UDP

Since default configurations for specific processes are well known, network admins can easily block certain ports
to restrict a particular traffic. For instance, when 1194 port is blocked, OpenVPN doesn’t work unless VPN
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software can forward OpenVPN traffic via a port that is open.

So in order to bypass restrictive firewalls that block ports (college and corporate networks, for instance), VPN
providers offer port forwarding typically to 443, 80, 53, 22 ports:

21: FTP (File Transfer Protocol)


22: SSH (Secure Shell)
53: DNS
80: HTTP
433: HTTPS
1194: OpenVPN

PORT FORWARDING TO PORT 443


Forwarding VPN traffic to port 443 is the best way to bypass firewall restrictions since port 443 is used for
encrypted TLS/SSL traffic by default. In other words, web browsers establish secure HTTPS connections using
port 443. So as long as access to https:// websites is not restricted, port 443 is open. Additionally, since port 443
is used for encrypted communication, VPN traffic sent over 443 will sort of “blend in” with the rest (deep packet
inspection can still detect it, of course).

PORT FORWARDING TO PORT 22


Port 22 is reserved for SSH (Secure Shell) traffic. SSH is an encrypted network protocol that allows network
services to operate securely over an unsecured network. Since SSH traffic is secure traffic, port 22 is a good
alternative to port 443. However, port 22 may be blocked on restrictive networks as it is not necessary for regular
browsing activities.
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PORT FORWARDING TO PORT 80
Port 80 is used for unencrypted communication – HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol). In other words, HTTP port
80 is used to access http:// websites. For this reason, just like port 443, port 80 is never blocked. Since HTTP
traffic is not secure, however, VPN traffic going through port 80 will stand out. This is generally not an issue, but
forwarding encrypted OpenVPN data over port 80 may draw attention on networks that are being monitored.

PORT FORWARDING TO PORT 53


Port 53 is used by DNS servers to translate domain names into corresponding IP addresses. For example, when
accessing Facebook, DNS converts https://www.facebook.com into 69.171.239.12. DNS servers have data set
restrictions (upped and lower case letters, numbers and hyphens only) that need to be converted before
transmission along with other limitations that lead to inefficient data transfers. So even if ISP overlooked filtering
DNS traffic, enabling port forwarding on a DNS server makes no sense. Sending atypically heavy VPN traffic over
DNS will draw attention. Since port 443 and port 80 are always open, they are a much better alternative
comparing to port 53.

TCP vs UDP
Long story short: TCP is heavier and slower than UDP. UDP is a preferred choice for speed, TCP is preferred
when Internet connection is unstable.

TCP provides highly reliable, ordered, and checked for error delivery of information between applications. TCP is
a connection based protocol which means that TCP first establishes a connection between two devices and only
then sends data. Additionally, TCP performs flow control, error detection and correction to ensure that all packets
are delivered. All data transferred via TCP is guaranteed to be delivered in the same order it was sent. TCP is
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heavier, its header size is 20 bytes while UDP is only 8 bytes. All of the above causes network overhead and
makes TCP much slower. TCP is an excellent choice on unreliable networks, however, since TCP will check for
lost packets and automatically resend them.

UDP is a more efficient protocol since it doesn’t establish a direct channel between two devices, it provides a
connectionless datagram service that emphasizes reduced latency over reliability. UDP only sends information,
but does not care if it ever reaches the intended destination or gets lost in the process, avoiding the overhead of
error processing at the network interface level. Since UDP does not take time to establish connection, never
checks for errors and does not track the packets, time-sensitive applications (gaming, streaming, VoIP) often use
UDP because dropping packets is preferable to waiting for delayed packets. Sounds bad, right? Not really since
the packets are virtually never lost in real life unless the Internet connection is unreliable.

Get 58% off PIA VPN

MONTHLY PRICE: 6.95 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 2.91 USD/mo

PIA is a leading no logs VPN provider with a massive amount of servers (over 3,000) that deliver excellent
speeds and a very reliable service. PIA VPN does a great job protecting users’ privacy from surveillance, cyber
attacks and other online threats. PIA network is protected behind NAT Firewall. Native apps offer a built-in Kill
Switch and DNS leak protection features to secure connection from unexpected data leaks. PIA software also
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offers switching between UDP and TCP connections types, port forwarding to 443, 80, 110, 53, 8080, 9201. For
faster streaming and torrenting, PIA allows using 128-bit or 256-bit encryption levels. To read a full PIA review
click HERE.

Go to ExpressVPN Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 12.95 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 6.67 USD/mo

ExpressVPN has one of the largest and fastest infrastructures with over 2,000 servers in
94 countries. Ultra fast ExpressVPN network supports gigabit Internet connection which makes it a perfect choice
for ultra high speed streaming and torrenting. ExpressVPN default configuration for OpenVPN is port 443.
ExpressVPN app does not support custom ports other than port 443. ExpressVPN aligns itself as one of the
Internet’s leading advocates for net neutrality, for a democratic and open internet. Considering they have a no
logs policy, accept Bitcoin and are located on the Caribbean Island, they are a great choice for privacy oriented
customers who want to protect their data from surveillance, bypass censorship and access restricted materials.
To read a full ExpressVPN review click HERE.

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Get 50% off TorGuard VPN

MONTHLY PRICE: 4.99 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 2.49 USD/mo [promocode]

Offering over 3,000 servers in 50 countries, all mainstream protocols and 5 simultaneous connections, TorGuard
rightfully earned its place as a top VPN provider. No logs TorGuard offers a reliable, fast and secure VPN
connection. Their SOCKS5 proxy is an excellent feature for high speed multimedia streaming and torrenting as it
integrates with the main BitTorrent applications. TorGuard native apps offer advanced security features like Kill
Switch to ensure no data leaks, even when the connection drops, and port forwarding to custom TCP/UDP ports.
TorGuard’s StealthVPN protocol is an effective tool to bypass strict firewalls and VPN blocking. To read a full
TorGuard review click HERE.

Go to Hide.Me Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 9.95 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 4.99 USD/mo

Based in Malaysia, Hide.me is one the most secure and fastest VPN providers offering ultra fast VPN servers that
provide gigabit Internet connection. Hide.Me VPN is extremely reliable and very fast which makes it a perfect
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choice for security oriented users who would like to enjoy uninterrupted streaming and browsing experience.
Hide.Me offers incredibly convenient custom apps for all devices with a number of advanced security features for
maximum protection. Hide.me is a no logs company that has custom software with a built-in protection against IP
and data leaks, obfuscation tools to bypass strict firewalls. Dynamic port-forwarding (UPnP) allows Hide.Me users
forward up to 10 TCP/UDP ports. Hide.Me provides in-house uPnP server implementation which handles original
protocol security deficiencies to ensure the data is securely authenticated and handled by the server. To read a
full Hide.me review click HERE.

Go to Perfect Privacy Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 12.99 Euro


ANNUAL PRICE: 9.99 Euro/mo

Perfect Privacy is an ultra fast (gigabit servers) VPN provider with a heavy focus on advanced online security.
Perfect Privacy integrated firewall enforces all traffic to be sent through secure tunnels thereby protecting their
users from all known IP leaks when the app is running, it even prevents unencrypted online access after OS
reboot. In addition, Perfect Privacy offers a unique Multi-Hop VPN feature that allows cascading over up to 4
OpenVPN servers at the same time along with SOCKS5 and Squid proxies. Perfect Privacy can bypass strict
firewalls by obfuscating OpenVPN to look like normal HTTPS traffic with OpenVPN over SSH feature. For
additional firewall penetration Perfect Privacy allows 5 custom port forwardings or 3 default random ports. What
really separates them, though, is their ability to resolve .onion (TOR) addresses without the need for the Tor
B T d f ll P f t P i i li k HERE
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Browser. To read a full Perfect Privacy review click HERE.

Go to AirVPN Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 7 Euro


ANNUAL PRICE: 4.50 Euro/mo

AirVPN is an Italian VPN provider created by privacy activists whose main goal is data protection. AirVPN has
over 200 servers in 23 countries that have Perfect Forward Secrecy through Diffie-Hellman key exchange DHE.
Essentially key negotiation is performed every 60 minutes to avoid data breach if the key is compromised. AirVPN
offers OpenVPN dynamic port forwarding on 80 TCP/UDP, 443 TCP/UDP and 53 TCP/UDP. Additionally, AirVPN
offers OpenVPN over SSH and OpenVPN over SSL that mask OpenVPN and make the use of encryption tools
invisible to some of the most advanced firewalls. To read a full AirVPN review click HERE.

Go to StrongVPN Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 10 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 69.95 USD
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ANNUAL PRICE: 69.95 USD

StrongVPN is a no logs VPN provider offering OpenVPN, IPsec, PPTP and L2TP protocols along with OpenVPN
obfuscation tools in order to bypass restrictions in countries like China, Iran, Syria. With almost 500 servers in 21
countries StrongVPN offers an impeccable speed for streaming Netflix, Hulu, HBO, Pandora, Amazon Video and
many other services as well as torrenting. To read a full StrongVPN review click HERE.

Go to Trust.Zone Website

MONTHLY PRICE: 7.99 USD


ANNUAL PRICE: 47.88 USD

No logs Trust.Zone is a Seychelles based VPN provider with user privacy as their foremost priority. Since
Trust.Zone is a VPN service launched by one of the largest torrenting websites ExtraTorrent, it’s no wonder they
are one of the best providers for p2p file sharing. Their apps have DNS, WebRTC leaks protection, Kill Switch
and port-forwarding features. To read a full Trust.Zone review click HERE.

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In "Bypass Firewall" In "Bypass Firewall" In "Bypass Firewall"

      

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O NE T HO UG HT ON

“VPN Ports & Port Forwarding: TCP/UDP 443, 80, 53, 25, 22, 21”

latson says: MAY 03, 2016

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atso says

It’s actually a nice and helpful piece of information. Thank you for sharing.

R EP LY

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R E L AT E D

Most Secure VPN


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Best VPN for Middle East
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VPN FILTER
USA Servers (40)
Americas Servers (38)
Europe Servers (41)
Middle East/Africa Servers (26)
Asia Servers (36)
Australia/New Zealand Servers (30)
Windows (41)
Mac (41)
Linux (37)
Android (41)
iPhone (41)
Windows Phone (15)
BlackBerry (6)
Desktop custom apps (32)
Mobile custom apps (23)
Routers (32)
OpenVPN (40)
IPsec (4)
IPsec/IKEv2 (12)

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L2TP/IPsec (32)
SSTP (11)
PPTP (32)
Dedicated IP (12)
Shared Static (7)
Shared Dynamic (37)
Zero Logs (28)
Torrents Allowed (36)
Jurisdiction: not US/UK/EU/AU (20)
Bitcoin (35)
Kill Switch (22)
DNS Leak Protection (19)
Port Forward (443, 80 TCP/UDP) (19)
VPN Obfuscation (SSL/SSH..) (13)
Multi-hop (cascading) (4)
Automatic IP change (2)
Tor --> VPN (2)
Tor Integration (4)
SOCKS5 Proxy (7)
Free VPN (17)

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