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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.

Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

1D Thermal Static Analysis of Composite Wall


Problem: A wall of an industrial oven consists of three different materials as shown in Figure
below. The first layer is composed of 5 cm of insulating cement with a clay binder that has a
thermal conductivity of 0.08 W/mK. The second layer is made from 15 cm of 6-ply asbestos
board with a thermal conductivity of 0.074 W/mK. The exterior wall consists of 10 cm common
brick with a thermal conductivity of 0.72 W/mK. The inside wall temperature of the oven is
200°C and the outside air is at 30°C with a convection coefficient of 40 W/m2K. Determine the
temperature distribution along the composite wall. Solve the problem using ANSYS.

GUI Solution:

1. Starting:
Click → start → ANSYS → ANSYS product launcher:
Launch – ANSYS Multiphysics
File management → browse the directory for saving and retrieving the files.
Click → run

2. Preferences → tick → thermal → select h-method → ok

3. Title:
Utility menu → File → Change title → “Composite Wall” → ok.

4. Utility menu → plot → replot

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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

5. Elements:
Main menu → Preprocessor → element type → add → add → thermal → 2D thermal
conduction 32 (LINK32) → apply → convection 34 (LINK34) → ok

6. Real Constants:
Main menu → Preprocessor → real constant → add → add → select type 1 → ok → enter
the c/s area 1 → ok → add → select type 2 → enter c/s area for convection as 1 → ok →
close

7. Material Properties:
Main menu → Preprocessor → material properties → material models → material model 1
→ thermal → conductivity → isotropic → enter KXX1 = 0.08 → ok
Material → new model → material ID 2 → material model 2 → thermal → conductivity →
isotropic → enter KXX2 = 0.074 → ok
Material → new model → material ID 3 → material model 3 → thermal → conductivity →
isotropic → enter KXX3 = 0.72 → ok
Material → new model → material ID 4 → material model 4 → thermal → convection →
enter HF = 40 → ok

8. Modeling:
Main menu → Preprocessor → Modeling → create → nodes → in active CS → enter node
number as 1 and its location (x,y,z values) → apply & continue for other nodes → ok
N1 → 0,0 ; N2 → 0.05,0 ; N3 → 0.2,0 ; N4 → 0.3,0; N5 → 0.3,0
Note: ensure that no duplicate of node numbers are entered

Utility menu → plot ctrls→ numbering → tick node numbers → ok.


Utility menu → plot → nodes

Main menu → Preprocessor → meshing → mesh attributes → default attributes → select


element 1 ; material 1 ; real const 1 → ok
Main menu → Preprocessor → Modeling → create → elements → auto numbered →
through nodes → select by cursor node 1 & 2 → ok

Main menu → Preprocessor → meshing → mesh attributes → default attributes → select


element 1 ; material 2 ; real const 1 → ok
Main menu → Preprocessor → Modeling → create → elements → auto numbered →
through nodes → select by cursor node 2 & 3 → ok

Main menu → Preprocessor → meshing → mesh attributes → default attributes → select


element 1 ; material 3 ; real const 1 → ok
Main menu → Preprocessor → Modeling → create → elements → auto numbered →
through nodes → select by cursor node 3 & 4 → ok

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CEP Short Term Course on “Finite Elements in Analysis and Design Using ANSYS”, Dr.J.M.Mallikarjuna,
Department of Mechanical Engineering; Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Main menu → Preprocessor → meshing → mesh attributes → default attributes → select


element 2 ; material 4 ; real const 2 → ok
Main menu → Preprocessor → Modeling → create → elements → auto numbered →
through nodes → select by cursor node 4 & 5 → ok.

Utility menu → plotctrls→ numbering → element numbers → ok.


Utility menu → plot → elements

9. Boundary Conditions:
Main menu → solution → define loads → apply → thermal → temperature → on nodes →
select by mouse node 1 → select temp → enter VALUE = 200 → ok

Main menu → solution → define loads → apply → thermal → temperature → on nodes →


select by mouse node 5 → select temp → enter VALUE = 30 → ok

10. Solution:
Main menu → Solution → solve → current LS.

11. Post Processing:


Gen. post processor → plot results → nodal solu → DOF solu → temperature → ok (to plot
temperature distribution)

Gen. post processor → list results → nodal solu → DOF solu → temperature → ok (to list
temperature distribution.

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