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Metering panels are a kind of control panels which are very much required for the
domestic as well as industrial purposes for the measurement of amount of power
used up and the rate of power consumption. These metering panels are the best
equipments which can easily be installed and can conveniently be used for the
processes of power consumption.

Energy Meter MT860
Powerful metering system for most demanding applications. Accurate, reliable and
robust electricity meter that meets the needs of power generation companies,
transmission networks, sub-stations and grid-connected commercial and industrial
consumers. This device is available in rack mount or wall mount housing and was
built to deliver maximum performance in most demanding environments where
there is no room for error.


 "No power reading" option via optical port

 Anti-tampering features
 Voltage cut, sag and swell detection
 Power quality monitoring
 Photovoltaic friendly design
 Recyclable casing material
 Exchangeable communication modules
 Exchangeable input/output modules
Advantages :

 Multi range, four quadrant measurement system for various applications

 Increased measurement resolution (10-3 Wh) for detailed monitoring of
delivered energy
 Power quality monitoring for effective network management
 Simple SCADA interface for improved connectivity to industrial processes
 Fully isolated AC/DC external power supply
 Exchangeable plug & play communication modules
 Interoperable communication protocols enable easy integration in AMI
 Up to four different users can access their independent communication
 Additional latching relays enable local load control
 Multiple event logs for registering a wide range of events
 Provides independent customer-specific, time- based profiles
 Fulfills actual and future requirements in harsh environments

Paperless Recorder :
A paperless recorder is a data logger or data acquisition device used to record
measurement data over time. Many paperless recorder devices are integrated into
industrial control systems for process monitoring applications. Paperless recorder
products typically offer flexibility in the customization of inputs and channels. A
paperless recorder can feature an internal memory allowing for stored data to be
transferred to a PC via a USB stick or flash drive. Alternatively, the data collected
by a paperless recorder can be downloaded directly to a PC using an RS-485

 Hardware
 Three sizes including 4.3, 5.6 and 12.1
 PR10 with a 4.3 display, with 3 or 6 universal analog inputs and 24 Optional
External Channels
 PR20 with a 5.6 display, with 6, 12, 18 or 24 universal analog inputs and 48
Optional External Channels
 PR30 with a 12.1 display, with 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42 or 48 universal
analog inputs and 96 Optional External Channels
 TFT Color LCD, Touch screen & high resolution
 100 millisecond sample rate and data logging
 High accuracy 24-bit A-D Analog Input
 16-bit D-A Analog Output
 Digital input, maximum 100 Hz
 Plug & play I/O cards (AI, AO, DI, DO) for easy expansion
 On-board SD card slot for Internal memory
 USB slot for external storage
 171 mm short depth
 Ethernet as standard with optional RS-232 or RS422/RS485 communication
 Two USB Host ports for downloading the data or connect to Printer
 IP65 / NEMA 4X water-resistant
Comparison of PR series Recorders :

Description PR10 PR20 PR30

Display Size 4.3” 5.6” 12.1”
Analog Inputs 6 44 48
Math Channels 15 40 60
External Channels 24 48 96
(Other devices)
Batches 1 1 1

Watt Transducer:-
Watt transducers accept ac voltages and currents to produce a conditioned dc
process signal output representing wattage. A watt or power transducer measures
true electrical power delivered to a load and converts that measurement to a DC
voltage or current signal proportional to the power measured. To measure power,
the watt transducer must monitor both the voltage and current in a circuit. Further,
it must be able to accurately determine the phase relationship between the voltage
and current. This is the angle by which the current leads or lags the voltage. This
measurement is very important to determine true power.
 Accuracy (23_5_) 0.2% ro
 Stability Maximum 100ppm/_, less 0.2% drift per year typically
 Input burden Current 0.3VA typically; voltage 0.2VA typically
 Frequency 50_2Hz, 60_2Hz
 Maximum input over Current related input : 2 x rated continuous, 10 x rated
10 sec, 25 x rated 2 sec, 50 x rated 1 sec
 Voltage related input : maximum 2 x rated continuous ( 120V / 240V ),
maximum 1.5 x rated continuous ( 415V )
 Output load DC current mode : maximum 10V drop
 DC voltage mode : maximum 5mA drive
 Response & ripple < 400ms for step change 0-95%, ripple less 0.5% ro
 Magnetic effect < 0.05% change 1M center 100 ampere-turn, synchronized
with line frequency
 Aux. power effect < 0.005% for per voltage change
 Dielectric strength 4KV AC rms 1 minute between terminals to case IEC
 2KV AC rms 1 minute between input / output / power IEC 688
 Impulse / SWC IEC 255-4, 5KV 1.2x50us, IEC255-22-1, 2.5KV ( 1MHz /
400Hz )
 Operating condition -5 to 60_, 20 to 99% RH non condensing
 Storage condition -20 to 70_, 20 to 99% RH non condensing
 Radio screening RFI degree N complies with VDE 0875
 Enclosure code Case IP 50 / terminals IP 30, complies with IEC 529, BS
5490 DIN 40050
 Power supply AC 120V / 240V _15%, 50 / 60Hz, < 3.5VA
Terminals Connection:

Legrand 6A SP 6kA Type B MCB (Miniature Circuit

All fuses need to be replaced with MCB for better safety and control when they
have done their job in the past. Unlike a fuse, an MCB operates as automatic
switch that opens in the event of excessive current flowing through the circuit and
once the circuit returns to normal, it can be reclosed without any manual
replacement. MCBs are used primarily as an alternative to the fuse switch in most
of the circuits.
The main function of an MCB is to switch the circuit, i.e., to open the circuit
(which has been connected to it) automatically when the current passing through it
(MCB) exceeds the value for which it is set. It can be manually switched ON and
OFF as similar to normal switch if necessary. MCBs are of time delay tripping
devices, to which the magnitude of overcurrent controls the operating time. This
means, these get operated whenever overload exist long enough to create a danger
to the circuit being protected. Therefore, MCBs doesn’t respond to transient loads
such as switches surges and motor starting currents. Generally, these are designed
to operate at less than 2.5 milliseconds during short circuit faults and 2 seconds to
2 minutes in case of overloads (depending on the level of current).
Features :

 Single Pole MCB

 Breaking capacity: 6kA to BS EN 60898
 Terminal capacity: rigid capacity
35mm, flexible conductor 25mm


Why we use MCB instead of fuse?

Nowadays we use more commonly

miniature circuit breaker or MCB in low
voltage electrical network instead of fuse.
The MCB has some advantages compared to fuse. It automatically switches off the
electrical circuit during abnormal condition of the network means in over load
condition as well as faulty condition.

MCB has several advantages over fuse:

 MCB is more sensitive to current than fuse. It detects any abnormality in the
current flow and automatically switches off the electrical circuit.
 In case of MCB, the faulty zone of electrical circuit can be easily identified.
Faulty circuit trips to the off position. On the other hand in case of fuse, the
complete fuse wire needs to be checked by opening fuse grip for confirming
the faulty zone.
With MCB it is very simple to resume to the supply. You just need to push
the knob of MCB back to on position. But in case of fuse, the entire fuse
wire needs to be replaced.
 MCB provides a better interface with the help of knob than a fuse. In case of
fuse the compete handle needs to be taken care out.
 Handling MCB is electrically safer than handling a fuse.
 MCB is reusable and hence has less maintenance and replacement cost.
Whereas a fuse needs to be replaced whenever it goes faulty.

Auxiliary relay AC & DC:

An auxiliary relay is a relay that assists another relay or device in

performing an action. It does this when its operating circuit is opened or
closed. These relays are used in nearly all electronic devices to assist them in
functioning correctly. Essentially, it is as simple as an action done to the
relay causing a circuit to be opened or closed and not allow power to travel
through it.

What happens if an AC supply is given to the relay

instead of DC in power systems?
AC and DC relays are constructed differently. An AC relay usually has a
split pole - the iron core where it comes out of the coil is slotted, and half the
pole is surrounded by a thick copper D-ring known as a shield. The purpose
of that is to create a lag - the shorted turn has a current induced in it as the
AC voltage rises, which delays the rise of the magnetic field on that side.
Then as the AC voltage falls, along with the magnetic field in the unshielded
pole, the current in the D ring gives back its energy to magnetize the
shielded pole. That means the armature is always attracted to the core, even
during the drops and reversals of the current, so it doesn't buzz. If you apply
AC to a relay designed for DC, it won't have that continuity of field and will
buzz and possibly not close.
Examples :

 One example of an auxiliary relay in action can be seen when a light is

turned on in a home. The auxiliary relay is the switch on the wall. Once the
relay is opened by flipping the switch to turn the light on, a signal is sent to
tell the light to turn on. When the relay is closed, or the light switch is turned
in the opposite direction, a separate signal is sent to kill the power to the
 Another example of such a relay is a television power button. When a
viewer presses the power button to turn the television on, he is opening the
relay. A signal is then sent to the main power to turn the television on. When
he presses the power button again, he is closing the relay and the power will
shut off.

Door limit switch for tube light :

A limit switch is an electromechanical device that consists of an actuator
mechanically linked to a set of contacts. When an object comes into contact with
the actuator, the device operates the contacts to make or break an electrical
What is the function of limit switch?

The limit switch then regulates the electrical circuit that controls the machine and
its moving parts. These switches can be used as pilot devices for magnetic starter
control circuits, allowing them to start, stop, slow down, or accelerate the functions
of an electric motor.


 Rugged design
 Maintenance free
 Fine finish

Double pole mcb :

Double-pole breakers have two hot wires that are connected by a single neutral
wire. That means if there's a short circuit on either of the poles' hot wires, both trip.
These breakers can be used to serve two separate 120-volt circuits or they can
serve a single 240-volt circuit, such as your central AC's circuit.

What is the difference between a single pole and a

double pole MCB?
Single Pole MCB is used to break ‘single phase’ and Double pole is used to break
‘phase and neutral’. In other words, single pole controls 1 live wire and it trips the
respective line when the fault current exceeds the pickup setting and double pole
can control 2 live wires/ one live & one neutral. Single pole MCBs are used in
normal low power devices. Low power devices have one phase and one neutral
wire and the MCB is places in series with the phase. Double pole and Triple pole
MCBs are used in high power devices. High power devices have two or three
phase and one neutral so two and three pole MCB are place in series with the
phases respectively. If any one of the live wire gets short circuited, the other one or
two wires which are connected to MCB also gets tripped with that.

A refrigerator is connected to your power supply of 230 V (Rated) by means of

Double pole MCB. If any one of the live wire gets short circuited, the other one
which is connected to MCB also gets tripped with that. In other case, if you
connect two single pole circuits, and if one live wire gets short circuited, it will be