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Normal Distribution

m =Mean 5 6 7
s= 2 2 2

m - 3s -1 0 1
m + 3s 11 12 13

x f1 f2 f3
-1 0.0022159242 0.0004363413 6.69151128824427E-05
0 0.0087641502 0.0022159242 0.0004363413
1 0.0269954833 0.0087641502 0.0022159242
2 0.0647587978 0.0269954833 0.0087641502
3 0.1209853623 0.0647587978 0.0269954833

Axis Title
4 0.1760326634 0.1209853623 0.0647587978
5 0.1994711402 0.1760326634 0.1209853623
6 0.1760326634 0.1994711402 0.1760326634
7 0.1209853623 0.1760326634 0.1994711402
8 0.0647587978 0.1209853623 0.1760326634
9 0.0269954833 0.0647587978 0.1209853623
10 0.0087641502 0.0269954833 0.0647587978
11 0.0022159242 0.0087641502 0.0269954833
12 0.0004363413 0.0022159242 0.0087641502
13 6.69151128824427E-05 0.0004363413 0.0022159242
-2
Chart Title
0.25

0.2

0.15
Axis Title

0.1

0.05

0
-2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

Axis Title

f1 f2 f3
10 12 14
Normal Distribution

m= 5 5 5
s= 1 2 3
0.45
m - 3s 2 -1 -4
m + 3s 8 11 14
0.4

x f1 f2 f3
-4 1.0279773572E-18 7.99187055E-06 0.0014772828 0.35
-3 5.0522710835E-15 6.69151129E-05 0.003798662
-2 9.1347204084E-12 0.0004363413 0.0087406297 0.3
-1 6.0758828498E-09 0.0022159242 0.0179969888
0 1.4867195147E-06 0.0087641502 0.0331590463
0.25
1 0.0001338302 0.0269954833 0.0546700249

Axis Title
2 0.0044318484 0.0647587978 0.0806569082
3 0.0539909665 0.1209853623 0.1064826685 0.2
4 0.2419707245 0.1760326634 0.1257944092
5 0.3989422804 0.1994711402 0.1329807601 0.15
6 0.2419707245 0.1760326634 0.1257944092
7 0.0539909665 0.1209853623 0.1064826685
0.1
8 0.0044318484 0.0647587978 0.0806569082
9 0.0001338302 0.0269954833 0.0546700249
10 1.4867195147E-06 0.0087641502 0.0331590463 0.05
11 6.0758828498E-09 0.0022159242 0.0179969888
12 9.1347204084E-12 0.0004363413 0.0087406297 0
13 5.0522710835E-15 6.69151129E-05 0.003798662 -4 -3
14 1.0279773572E-18 7.99187055E-06 0.0014772828
Chart Title
0.45

0.4

0.35

0.3

0.25
Axis Title

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Axis Title

f1 f2 f3
9 10 11 12 13 14
Normal Distribution

Distribution of Women's Height


0.04
m= 170 cm
s= 10 cm 0.035

3s rule (99.7%) 0.03


m - 3s 140 cm MIN
m + 3s 200 cm MAX 0.025

0.02
X f(X) Z f(Z)
140 0.0004431848 -3 0.004431848 0.015
145 0.00175283 -2.5 0.0175283
150 0.0053990967 -2 0.053990967 0.01
155 0.0129517596 -1.5 0.129517596
160 0.0241970725 -1 0.241970725 0.005
165 0.0352065327 -0.5 0.352065327
9.54097911787244E-18
170 0.039894228 0 0.39894228 140 145 150 155 1
175 0.0352065327 0.5 0.352065327
-0.005
180 0.0241970725 1 0.241970725
185 0.0129517596 1.5 0.129517596
190 0.0053990967 2 0.053990967
195 0.00175283 2.5 0.0175283
200 0.0004431848 3 0.004431848

mju-sigma 160 cm
mju+sigma 180 cm
P(x1<X<x2) 0.6826894921

mju-2*sigma 150 cm
mju+2*sigma 190 cm
P(x1<X<x2) 0.9544997361

mju-3*sigma 140 cm
mju+3*sigma 200 cm
P(x1<X<x2) 0.9973002039

-4 -3 -2 -1
f(X)
04

35

03

25

02

15

01

05

18
140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200
05

f(Z)
0.4

0.35

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4
Example:
P(Z < 2.00) = 0.9772

Z= 2
P(Z) = 0.97725
Let X represent the time it takes
(in seconds) to download an
image file from the internet.
Suppose X is normal with a mean
of 18.0 seconds and a standard
deviation of 5.0 seconds. Find
P(X < 18.6)

m= 18 s
s= 5s

X= 18.6
P(X < 18.6) = 0.547758426

Z= 0.12
Suppose X is normal with
mean 18.0 and standard
deviation 5.0.
Now Find P(X > 18.6).
m= 18 s
s= 5s

X= 18.6
P(X > 18.6) = 0.45224157

Z= 0.12
Suppose X is normal with mean 18.0 and
standard deviation 5.0.
Find P(18 < X < 18.6).

m= 18 s
s= 5s

X1 = 18
X2 = 18.6
P(X1 < 18) = 0.5 0.5
P(X2 < 18.6) = 0.547758426 0.54775843
P(18 < X < 18.6) = 0.047758426 0.04775843

Z1 0
Z2 0.120000000000000
Suppose X is normal with
mean 18.0 and standard
deviation 5.0.
Now Find P(17.4 < X < 18).
m= 18 s
s= 5s

X1 = 17.4
X2 = 18
P(X1 < 17.4) = 0.45224157
P(X2 < 18) = 0.5
P(17.4 < X < 18) = 0.04775843
Let X represent the time it takes
(in seconds) to download an image
file from the internet.
Suppose X is normal with mean
18.0 and standard deviation 5.0.
Find X such that 20% of download
times are less than X.

m= 18 s
s= 5s

P(X < 0.2) = 0.2


X= 13.7918938321
Toby’s Trucking Company determined that the distance traveled per truck per year is normally
distributed, with a mean of 50.0 thousand miles and a standard deviation of 12.0 thousand miles.
a. What proportion of trucks can be expected to travel between 34.0 and 50.0 thousand miles in the
year?
b. What percentage of trucks can be expected to travel either below 30.0 or above 60.0 thousand
miles in the year?
c. How many miles will be traveled by at least 80% of the trucks?

d. What are your answers to (a) through (c) if the standard deviation is 10.0 thousand miles?

m= 50 thousand miles 50 thousand miles


s= 12 thousand miles 10 thousand miles

a.
X1 = 34 34
X2 = 50 50
P(X1 < 34) = 0.0912112197 0.0547992917
P(X2 < 50) = 0.5 0.5
P(34 < X < 50) = 0.4087887803 0.4452007083

b.
X1 = 30 30
X2 = 60 60
P(X1 < 30) = 0.0477903523 0.0227501319
P(X2 > 60) = 0.202328381 0.1586552539
P(30< X <60)=P(X1<30)+P(X2>60) 0.2501187332 0.1814053859

c.
P(X = ?) = 0.8 0.8
X= 60.0994548029 58.4162123357
A set of final examination grades in an introductory statistics course is
normally distributed, with a mean of 73 and a standard deviation of 8.
a. What is the probability of getting a grade below 91 on this exam?
b. What is the probability that a student scored between 65 and 89?
c. The probability is 5% that a student taking the test scores higher than
what grade?

d. If the professor grades on a curve (that is, gives as to the top 10% of the
class, regardless of the score), are you better off with a grade of 81 on this
exam or a grade of 68 on a different exam, where the mean is 62 and the
standard deviation is 3? Show your answer statistically and explain.

m= 73 thousand miles
s= 8 thousand miles

A.
X 91
P(x<91) 0.9877755273

B.
X1 = 65
X2 = 89
P(X1 < 65) = 0.1586552539
P(X2 < 89) = 0.9772498681
P(65 < X < 89) = 0.8185946141

c.
P(X = ?) = 0.05
X= 59.8411709844
A study of the time spent shopping in a supermarket for a
market basket of 20 specific items showed an approximately
uniform distribution between 20 minutes and 40 minutes.
What is the probability that the shopping time will be
a. between 25 and 30 minutes?
b. less than 35 minutes?
c. What are the mean and standard deviation of the shopping
time?
a= 20 min
b= 40 min

a. b.
x1 = 25 min x1 = 20 min
x2 = 30 min x2 = 35 min
P(x1 £ X £ x2) = 0.25 P(x1 £ X £ x2) = 0.75

c.
m= 30 min
s= 5.7735 min
Exponential Probability

Data
Mean 20 15
X Value 0.1 0.05

Results
P(£ X) = 0.8646647 0.5276334473
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.1

A.
Z 1.57
P(Z<1.57) 0.941792

B.
Z 1.57
P(Z>1.84) 0.941792

C.
Z1 1.57
Z2 1.84
P(Z<1.57) 0.941792
P(Z<1.84) 0.967116
P(1.57>

D.
Z1 1.57
Z2 1.84
P(Z<1.57) 0.941792
P(Z<1.84) 0.967116

P(1.57<Z>1.84)=P(Z<1.57)+(Z.1.84) 0.974677
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.7

MEAN 45.16
STANDARED DEVIATION 10

A.
X 25
P(X<25) 0.0219

B.
X 50
P(X>50) 0.314193

C.
X1 30
X2 40
P(X<30) 0.06476
P(X>40) 0.302927
P(30<X>40) 0.238168

D.
P(X<?) 0.99
X 68.42348
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.9

Mean 5
Standard Devation 1.5

A.
X 3.17
P(X<1.37) 0.111232

B.
X 3.6
P(X><3.6) 0.824676

C.
X1 5
X2 5.5
P(X<5) 0.5
P(X>5.5) 0.630559
P(5<X>5.5) 0.130559

D.
P 0.95
P MIN 0.025
P MAX 0.975
X MIN 2.060054
X MAX 7.939946
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.24

a 0
b 120

A.
X1 20
P(X<20) 0.166667

B.
X1 10
X2 30
P(10<X>30) 0.166667

C.
X1 35
P(X>35) 0.708333

D.
Mean 60
Standard Deviation 34.64102
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.27

a 64
b 74

A.
X1 70
P(X<70) 0.6

B.
X1 65
X2 70
P(65<X>70) 0.5

C.
X 65
P(X>65) 0.9

D.
Mean 69
Standard Deviation 2.88675
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.32

l 2 1

A.
X 1 1
P(X>1) 0.864665 0.632121

B.
X 5 5
P(X<5) 0.999955 0.993262
PROBLEMS FOR SECTION 6.33

l 15

A.
X 0.05
P(X<0.05)

B
X 0.25
P(X>0.25)