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TECHNICAL

SUBMISSION FILE

Self-Drilling Hollow Rock Bolts

www.dextragroup.com
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Company Profile

2. Quality Assurance
i. ISO 9001 Certificate
ii. CARES Certificate
iii. ASME Certificate

3. System Presentation

4. Product Datasheet

5. Test Reports
1. Company Profile
Solutions for the construction industry
The Company
Established since 1983, Dextra Manufacturing is a
leading manufacturer and distributor of engineered
construction products for the building and civil industries.

Well known for its mechan cal splicing systems for


reinforcing steel bars, Dextra couplers are used
everyday in high-rise buildings and concrete structures
worldwide and have been accredited by major
independent regulatory bodies in all continents.

ISO 9001 certified since 1996 and becoming the first


Southeast Asia manufacturer to be ASME certified
in 2009, the management of Dextra Manufacturing has
Dextra Manufacturing always put quality first. Thanks to its dedicated team of
professionals, Dextra has developed a wide range of
technical construction products throughout the years
which are recognized today as proven and reliable
solutions by contractors & consultants alike.
Main product lines

Mechanical rebar splices


Post-tensioning bars
Rock and soil anchors
Marine tie rods
Glass fibre and carbon fibre bars
Sonic tubes

2
Manufacturing facilities
Splices manufacturing
Dextra factory is strategically located nearby Bangkok’s
new international airport and the expressways leading to
the eastern seaboard and deep-sea port.

Bars processing
With a total land area over 13,000 m2 out of which 7,000
m2 are covered, our facilities are fully equipped with
machining, threading and forging equipment allowing us
to keep full control of our production. Furthermore, we
design and manufacture our own site equipment for our
range of reinforcing bar splices.

Rebar processing equipment

Bartec MBF 40 Rolltec DMR 40 Griptec GP40

3
Repairgrip
Griptec
Bartec

Unitec
Rolltec

Mechanical splices are devices used to connect steel bars in reinforced concrete construction. Compared to the

Bartec ® system is the best “pound for pound” mechanical splice on Griptec ® system is the most accomplished mechanical splice on
the market, with a guaranteed “bar-break” performance under full the market : its patented extrusion process includes a systematic,
tensile load. non-destructive tensile test that performs a 100% check on the bar
end preparation.
Bartec offers the easiest way of connecting two bars that cannot be
rotated thanks to its parallel thread that uses the same coupler for Moreover the extrusion machine automatically adjusts its processing
standard splices and position splices with a simple adjustment in the parameters when switching from one bar size to another, thereby
threading length on the reinforcing bar reas. This product is also sold greatly improving the productivity and reducing the risk of human
under the Fortec trademark in European markets. error.

Repairgrip ™ system is an on-site splicing method using a sleeve that is swaged onto the ribs of the reinforcing
bar by meansof a mobile hydraulic press.

It is ideal in situations where there is no bar end preparation facility to thread the bars.

4
Mechanical rebar splices
Griptec End Anchor

Bartec End Anchor

Groutec

conventional method of lap splicing, they not only save steel, but provide a stronger, faster and safer connection.

GROUTEC
Rolltec ® system is a type 2 rolled-thread splice requiring only
one single machine and one operator for the bar-end preparation Groutec ® system is a half-threaded mechanical splicing
process. system specially designed for the connection of pre-cast concrete
elements.
Rolltec offers the benefit of easily connecting two bars that cannot
be rotated, by adjusting the threading length on the reinforcing bar The continuation bar is inserted into the sleeve, which is then filled
and using the same coupler for standard splices and position splices. with non-shrink grout to create the connection. The thread can be
made to fit either Bartec, Griptec or Roltec couplers.

End Anchors (Headed Bars)


End anchors are anchor plates that are fixed at the end of
reinforcing bars by the same bar end preparation system as used
Unitec ® system is a universal on-site splicing system, that does not for the mechanical splices.
need any hydraulic power tools. A standard compressed air supply
is sufficient to tighten the bolts and achieve the connection. They constitute a mechanical anchorage that is a convenient
alternative to hooks in congested areas. They also save steel
It is ideal in situations where there is no bar end preparation facility and, by avoiding the bending, they remove the risk of rebar
to thread the bars and where it would be too cumbersome to handle embrittlement, especially on large diameters. They are available
a mobile hydraulic press. across Bartec, Griptec, and Rolltec splice ranges.

5
High performance bars

Tension bars
Tension bars are typically used to hold or stiffen the
roofs of large structures. Being most of the time
exposed, they need to be strong but also aesthetic.

Compression struts complement Dextra offer for roof


supporting systems when structural members are
required to take compression loads.

With a wide range of sizes and accessories in


various steel grades both carbon and stainless and
various finishes, Dextra system meets the engineering
and design requirement of consultants and architects
alike.

Post-tensioning, lifting & stressing bars


Post-tensioning of concrete structures is usually done with cables and strands. However, on short distances, bars provide a number
of benefits : Less draw-in loss, superior corrosion resistance, reliable modulus of elasticity and lower relaxation. Moreover they are
easier to extend, to de-tension and to re-stress and need a much smaller recess for their jacking.

Contrary to conventional high-tensile bars, Dextra high-performance bars have guaranteed levels of ductility and impact strengt
that make them the safest choice for seismic protection.

6
Marine tie rods
Tie Rods are used in port and harbour construction
to anchor waterfront structures such as quay walls,
berths and crane runways. Dextra’s unique range
covers various steel grades from 355 to 700 N/mm2
in yield strength, and in diameters from 30 to 160
mm.

Several articulated joints such as swivel plates,


captive nuts and ball cage systems can be used
to accommodate the project requirements and our
anchorages are compatible with any sheet piles
profile, combi walls or concrete diaphragm walls.
Dextra also supplies corrosion protection solutions
and can prefabricate wailing beams and fixing bolts
to provide a complete anchoring system.

Rock and soil anchors


Maintaining a structure on the ground or stabilizing
the soil during excavation are some of the first
concerns of civil engineers when starting a project.

For vertical structures, cantilevered structures,


underground works, tunnelling works or slope
stabilisation, Dextra has an answer to all geotechnical
anchorage challenges, being permanent solutions
with adapted corrosion protection or temporary
alternatives with fibre-polymer products

7
Innovative construction accessories

Glass fibre and Carbon fibre bars


When the properties of the steel become a challenge for the
constructability and durability of a concrete structure, think
of alternative new materials such as fibre-reinforced polymer
products like glass fibre or carbon fibre reinforcing bars.

GFRP bars have similar strength, bonding, and expansion ratio


to steel, but they do not corrode and are non magnetic.

In tunnelling application or for other temporary reinforcement


applications like underground “soft-eyes”, they offer the best
economical and practical alternative to conventional methods.

Sonic tubes
Sonic tubes are specially designed to be encased in foundations
such as bored piles, diaphragm walls and barrettes to allow for
future testing of the concrete integrity by cross-sonic logging
(CSL) method.

Compared to conventional methods, Dextra’s push-fit tubes


are much lighter and faster to assemble, and prevent any
plugging of the tube at the joint location thanks to the use of
rubber gaskets.

8
Quality assurance
Dextra’s Quality Management System complies with the
requirements of :
We aim to supply products that pass the most stringent
• ISO 9001 international technical approvals and provide rebar connections
• ASME NCA-3800 that are designed to be stronger than the actual rebar commonly
• ASME NQA-1 found on worldwide markets.
• 10CFR50 Appendix B

Our manufacturing facility and Quality Management System It is Dextra motto to ensure code compliance and full customer
are regularly audited by the following third-party evaluation satisfaction in accordance with their needs and specified
agencies : requirements.

Quality control
Material Testing

In order to perform our continuous quality control in the most


efficient way, we have set up our own material testing lab fitted
with modern and high performance testing equipment :

• 2000 kN Universal tensile testing machine


• Rockwell Hardness tester
• Ultrasonic tester (UT)
• Dye penetrant test (PT)
• Profile projector

Dextra Material Testing laboratory is accredited to the ISO/IEC


17025 standard.

Product Certifications
Dextra mechanical splices have been tested, evaluated, approved, certified or qualified by many international third-party agencies :

9
Worldwide references
International Finance Centre,
Hong Kong
More than 6000
projects worldwide.
Over 50 million
splices delivered.
Buildings
International Finance Centre, Hong Kong
Marina Bay Sand, Singapore
Baiyoke II tower, Bangkok, Thailand
Macau tower, Hong Kong
CMA tower, Saudi Arabia
CITIC plaza, Guangzhou, China
Shangri La Hotel, Dubai, UAE
Suntec city, Singapore
Sapphire tower, San Diego, USA
Mumbai Kohinoor Square, India
Caprice Gold hotel, Turkey
Barwa Financial District, Qatar
Ministry of Defence at Balard, France
Burj Khalifa Tower, Dubai, UAE

San Francisco Bay bridge, USA

Bridges and viaducts

Industrial ring road, Bangkok, Thailand


Sutong bridge, Shanghai, China
Bouira viaduct, Algeria
Tsing Ma bridge, Hong Kong
Nhat Tan bridge, Vietnam
Chingzhou Mingjiang bridge, Fuzhou, China
Golden Ears bridge, Vancouver, Canada
Bay bridge, San Francisco, USA
Hong kong - Macou - Zhuhai bridge

Subways & Urban railways

Bangkok MRTA & BTS, Thailand


Hong Kong MTR & KCR
Shanghai metro, China
Singapore MRT
Dubai metro, UAE
Cairo metro, Egypt
Delhi metro, India
Vancouver metro, Canada
Vienna underground, Austria
Mexico metro Line 12, Mexico
Panama metro, Panama
Taipei metro, Taiwan
10 Dubai Metro, UAE
Rio Metro Line 4, Brazil
Heathrow Airport Terminal 2, UK

Airports
Dubai international airport T3, U.A.E.
Suvarnabhumi airport, Bangkok
Chek lap kok airport, Hong Kong
Changi airport T3, Singapore
Heathrow airport T5, T2 , London
Doha airport, Qatar
Mumbai international airport, India
Delhi international airport T3, India
Los Angeles Tom Bradley Terminal, U.S.A

Flamanville 3 EPR Power Plant, France


Power generation plants
Flamanville 3 EPR power plant, France
Taishan EPR 1&2, China
Novovoronezh-II nuclear power plant, Russia
Sellafield nuclear plant decommissioning, UK
Rajasthan nuclear power plant 3&4, 7&8, India
Krümmel nuclear storage tanks, Germany
Angra 3 nuclear power plant, Brazil
Kalpakkam nuclear power plant 3&4, India
Kudankulam nuclear power plant, India

Olympic Velodrome, UK
Stadiums
Takao, Taiwan
Green Point, South Africa
Brasilia, Brazil
Olympic Velodrome, London, UK
São Paulo, Brazil
Bangkok Futsal Arena, Thailand
Stade du Havre, France
Sports Hub, Singapore

Fujairah Port, UAE


Harbours
Container terminal 9, Hong Kong
Boubyan seaport, Kuwait
Port de Pointe Noire, Congo
Laem Chabang port, Thailand
Fujairah port, UAE
Shanghai international port, China
Aqaba container terminal, Jordan
Yantian container terminals, China
Al Ruwais industrial harbour, UAE
SLNG Berth 2, Singapore

Santo Antônio Dam, Brazil


Dams
Santo Antônio, Brazil
Nam Theun, Laos
Kol, India
Thadan, Thailand
Chutak, India
Naga Hammadi, Egypt
Baglihar, India
Jirau, Brazil
Kraftwerk Rott, Austria
Teles Pires, Brazil
San Roque, Philippines 11
Paris

Los Angeles
Dubai Guangzhou

Hong Kong

Mumbai
Bangkok

Sao Paulo

International commercial presence in more than 40 countries.

HEADQUARTERS
THAILAND
Dextra Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Tel: (66) 2 726 5731 Fax: (66) 2 328 0374
E-mail: thailand@dextragroup.com

INDIA CHINA & TAIWAN


Dextra India Pvt. Ltd. Dextra Building Products (Guangdong) Co., Ltd.
Tel: (91) 22 2838 6294 / 22 2839 2694 Tel: (86) 20 2261 9901 Fax: (86) 20 2261 9902
Fax: (91) 22 2839 2674 E-mail: china@dextragroup.com
E-mail: india@dextragroup.com

MIDDLE EAST HONG KONG


Dextra Middle-East FZE Dextra Pacific Ltd.
Tel: (971) 4886 5620 Fax: (971) 4886 5621 Tel: (852) 2845 7766 / 2511 8236
E-mail: middleeast@dextragroup.com Fax: (852) 2586 1656 / 2519 0852
E-mail: dplbuilding@dextragroup.com

EUROPE NORTH AMERICA


Dextra Europe Sarl. Dextra America Inc.
Tel: (33) 1 45 53 70 82 Fax: (33) 1 47 04 28 97 Tel: (1) 562 944 0011 Fax: (1) 562 944 1144
E-mail: europe@dextragroup.com E-mail: america@dextragroup.com

SOUTH AMERICA LATIN AMERICA


Dextra do Brasil Dextra Latam
Tel: (55) 11 5505 2475 Fax: (55) 11 5505 2475 Tel: (507) 6454 8100 / (507) 831 1422
E-mail: brasil@dextragroup.com E-mail: latam@dextragroup.com
DM - CAT 011 - Issue 7 - September 2014 - JUS

www.dextragroup.com
2. Quality Assurance

i. ISO 9001 Certificate


ii. CARES Certificate
iii. ASME Certificate
3. System Presentation
Self Drilling Hollow Rock Bolts
STEEL HOLLOW ROCK – BOLT

Typical applications Product features


Tunnelling Fully coarse threaded hollow bar
• Radial bolting • Permanent and temporary applications
• Face stabilization • 3 in 1: drill rod, reinforcement bar & grouting pipe
• Portal preparation • Standard length and couplers for longer anchor
• Optimum bonding and load transfer
Ground engineering • Standard sacrificial drill bits for every ground
• Slope stabilization conditions
• Micro injection pile
• Temporary support anchor
Benefits
Particularly suitable for any ground conditions
Corrosion protection •Flexible installation : core grouting to suit all
For temporary applications, the corrosion ground conditions
protection is achieved through grout cover. •No injection pipe
For permanent Applications, hollow rock bolts can •Visual control of full encapsulation
be hot dip galvanized according to EN-1461; •One step installation with sacrificial drill bits:
epoxy-coated or supplied with a sacrificial drilling, placing, grouting
thickness if accounted for at design stage. •No cased borehole allowing ground preservation

Cross
Length Weight Outer Ø Inner Ø Ultimate Yield
Size section
(m) (kg) (mm) (mm) load (kN) load (kN)
(mm2)
2 5.4
R32 L 3 8.1 32 21.5 304 210 160
4 10.8
2 6.8
R32 N 3 10.2 32 18.5 396 280 230
4 13.6
2 8.2
R32 S 3 12.3 32 15 488 360 280
4 16.4
2 12
R38 N 3 18 38 19 717 500 400
4 24
2 14
3 21
R51 L 51 36 776 550 450
4 28
6 42
2 16.8
3 25.2
R51 N 51 33 939 800 630
4 33.6
6 50.4
2 30
3 45
T76 N 76 51 1835 1600 1200
4 60
6 90
2 39.4
3 59.1
T76 S 76 45 2400 1900 1500
4 78.8
6 118.2
GFRP HOLLOW ROCK – BOLT

Product features Typical applications


Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer hollow bar Tunnelling
• Permanent and temporary applications • Radial bolting
• 3 in 1: drill rod, reinforcement bar & grouting • Face stabilization
pipe • Portal preparation
• Standard length and couplers for longer anchor Ground engineering
• Deformed sand coated surface for optimum • Slope stabilization
bonding and load transfer • Micro injection pile
• Standard sacrificial drill bits for every ground • Temporary support anchor
conditions

Benefits
• Particularly suitable for any ground
conditions
• Flexible installation : core grouting to suit
all ground conditions
• Visual control of full encapsulation
• One step installation with sacrificial drill
bits: drilling, placing, grouting
• No cased borehole allowing ground
preservation

Immune to corrosion – Light weight – cut able


Anchorage
Nominal Bar Tensile Torsional
Product Reference Outside Head Tensile
Diameter Load Strength *
Load *

ASTEC HRBO-32 32/13 ≥ 34 ≥ 480 ≥ 200 ≥0

ASTEC HRB1-32 32/13 ≥ 34 ≥ 480 ≥ 200 ≥ 80

ASTEC HRB2-32 32/13 ≥ 34 ≥ 480 ≥ 200 ≥ 200

Accessories
Sacrificial Drill Bits
• Used for both Steel and GFRP self drilling hollow rock bolts, they vary depending on the geology, length
of anchor and annular space requirements
• Every ground conditions are covered by Dextra range of sacrificial drill bits
International commercial presence in more than 40 countries.

HEADQUARTERS
THAILAND
Dextra Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Tel: (66) 2 726 5731 Fax: (66) 2 328 0374
E-mail: thailand@dextragroup.com

INDIA CHINA & TAIWAN


Dextra India Pvt. Ltd. Dextra Building Products (Guangdong) Co., Ltd.
Tel: (91) 22 2838 6294 / 22 2839 2694 Tel: (86) 20 2261 9901 Fax: (86) 20 2261 9902
Fax: (91) 22 2839 2674 E-mail: china@dextragroup.com
E-mail: india@dextragroup.com

HONG KONG
MIDDLE EAST
Dextra Pacific Ltd.
Dextra Middle-East FZE
Tel: (852) 2845 7766 / 2511 8236
Tel: (971) 4886 5620 Fax: (971) 4886 5621
Fax: (852) 2586 1656 / 2519 0852
E-mail: middleeast@dextragroup.com
E-mail: dplbuilding@dextragroup.com

EUROPE
Dextra Europe Sarl. NORTH AMERICA
DM - CAT 056 - Issue 1 – February 2014 - MNK .

Tel: (33) 1 45 53 70 82 Fax: (33) 1 47 04 28 97 Dextra America Inc.


E-mail: europe@dextragroup.com Tel: (1) 805 915 4734 / 818 261 5166
E-mail: america@dextragroup.com

SOUTH AMERICA LATIN AMERICA


Dextra do Brasil Dextra Latam
Tel: (55) 11 5505 2475 Fax: (55) 11 5505 2475 Tel: (507) 6454 8100 / (507) 831 1442
E-mail: brasil@dextragroup.com E-mail: latam@dextragroup.com
4. Product Datasheet
DEXTRA GROUND SYSTEMS

SELF DRILLING HOLLOW ROCK BOLTS


Contents:

Dextra Ground Engineering Solutions …………………..………………………… 2


Self Drilling Systems Applications ………………………………………………………. 3
Self Drilling Bolts …….…………………………………………………………………………... 4
Thread Profiles ……………………………………………………………………………………... 5
Mechanical Properties……………………………………………………………………………. 6
Anchor Specifications……………………………………………………………………………. 7
Sacrificial Drill bits ……………………………………………………………………………….. 8
Soil Classification ...……..………………..………………….……………………………... 9
Selection of correct Drill bits ……………………………………………………………….. 10
Accessories
Extension Coupling ……………………………………………………………………….. 11
Adapter Coupling …………………………………………………………………………. 11
Grout Coupling …………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Plates ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
Nuts…………..………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
Centralizers..…………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Corrosion Protection ……………………………………………………………………………. 17
Test Reports ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
Quality Assurance & Standards………..………………………..………………………. 24
Dextra ground engineering solutions

Having successfully established itself as a worldwide provider of Mechanical Splices,


High Performance Bars, GFRP Bars and construction accessories, Dextra has expanded
its solutions to geotechnical applications to answer the growing needs in ground
engineering.

The Tunneling Industry works in a variety of ground conditions from Mature and well-
formed grounds to young and still forming conditions. The first thing required for 2
safety underground is strong and reliable rock support of excavated area.

The principle of rock support system design is to let excavated rock support itself. It is
done through Rock Bolting ( SN Bolts, Self Drilling Bolts etc. ) and Rock Support System
( “I” Beams, Lattice Girders, “TH” Profiles, Shotcrete etc. ). While Rock bolts form a
part of the rock mass and restrict any internal movements. The rock support steel
arches / shotcrete restrict the movement of rock mass externally.
The self-drilling hollow rock bolt systems are used underground to produce soil nails,
ground anchors and micro piles with a minimum mobilization of equipment and
manpower, and are thus a reliable, simple and fast rock support solution.
Self Drilling Systems Applications

Self-drilling hollow rock bolts are made of fine grained hollow steel bars or
glass fiber reinforced polymer hollow bars. Since they are all threaded bars, any
design length of such bars is possible by using extension couplers. The coarse
threading allows excellent grout adhesion of full grout column and this hollow bar
thus acts as a drill rod, reinforcement bar and a grouting pipe all at one go. These
properties are very useful for ground support in loose soils and collapsible
conditions.
3
These anchors are also used with or without inflatable packers for injection
grouting in case of water ingress in tunnels and strata consolidation using chemical
grouts.

They are available in cold rolled Rope Thread profile ( For R25, R32, R38 and R51 )
and Trapezoidal Thread Profile for T76 in typically three yield load combinations.
N
TIO
ILI E &
ZA
AB OP
ST SL

TUNNELING
Dextra Ground
System
WI
FO MIC
TH
UN RO
DA PIL
TIO ES
N
Self Drilling Bolts

Anchor bar
Drill bit

Coupling 4
Anchor bar Anchor plate
(GFRP)

Nut

Self-drilling bolts consists of a special fine grain, high alloy, seamless fully threaded
hollow-core steel bar or glass fiber reinforced polymer hollow bar which is designed to
be drilled and grouted into varying strata like loose or collapsing ground without casing.
Self-drilling bolts work as a reinforcing element and has a hollow core for carrying the
air/ water for flushing of debris and keeping the drill grout holes open or grout used for
drilling. Self-drilling bolts can be drilled and post grouted or installed using
simultaneous drilling and grouting.

Self-drilling bolts are manufactured with a continuous left hand thread (Rope or
Trapezoidal thread) and can be extended by the use of extension couplings. Standard
adapters are used to connect to the percussion drilling equipment. The rotation and
impact energy is transferred through the self-drilling bolt down to the drill bit to
advance it through the strata. The grout is injected under pressure through a grout
coupling into the bolt and exits through holes in the sacrificed drill bits
Applications
Tunnelling:
- Radial Roof bolting
- Forepoling
- Face stabilization
- Portal preparation
- Ground Stabilization to counter uplift forces.
- Chemical Grouting to stop water ingress in Tunnels.

Ground engineering:

- Slope stabilization
- Micro injection pile
- Temporary support anchor
- Soil nailing
Thread Profiles

Rope Threads

.4
0 ±0
R6 ±
+0.2
0

R5.5
R3 2
1.5

0.4

5
Ø31.34 -0.2
0

This is the most widely used thread profile in self-drilling hollow rock bolts for
diameters up to 38mm (up to 51mm in some cases). The advantage of this profile is
its coarse thread of 2 threads per inch that provides excellent bonding with grout
and is easy to couple and decouple.

Trapezoidal Threads

29°
P/2

Since coupling and uncoupling of rope threads is cumbersome with large diameters,
trapezoidal threads are best suited for larger diameters (51mm upwards). Trapezoidal
threads also show a better crack resistance in grout as compared to Rope threads due
to its better bond friction properties.
Mechanical Properties

Steel hollow bars

Description R32 L R32 N R32 S R38 N R51 L R51 N T76 N T76 S

Nominal Thread
32 32 32 38 51 51 76 76
Diameter (mm)
Effective External
29.5 29.5 29.5 36.4 48.4 48.4 73.5 73.5
Diameter (mm) 6
Internal Diameter (mm) 21.5 18.5 15.5 19 36 33 51 45

Cross Section Area


304 396 488 717 776 939 1835 2400
(mm 2)
Ultimate Tensile
210 280 360 500 550 800 1600 1900
Strength (kN)

Yield Load (kN) 160 230 280 400 450 630 1200 1500

Steel Grade Yld / Ult


526/691 581/707 574/738 558/697 580/709 671/852 654/872 625/792
(N/mm 2)
Average Section
1.81 2.13 2.32 4.38 7.72 8.72 29.94 33.5
Modulus (cm 3)

Moment of Inertia (cm 4) 2.67 3.14 3.43 7.98 18.7 21.11 110.04 123.13

ASTEC GFRP hollow bars

Description ASTEC HRB0-32 ASTEC HRB1-32 ASTEC HRB2-32

Nominal Outside Diameter (mm) 32 32 32

Norminal Inside Diameter (mm) 13 13 13

Minimum Hole Diameter (mm) ≤34 ≤34 ≤34

Tensile Load (kN) ≥480 ≥480 ≥480

Anchorage Head Tensile Load (kN) ≥0 ≥80 ≥200

Torsional Strength (Nm) ≥200 ≥200 ≥200


Anchor Specifications

Inner Ø
te rØ
Ou
7

Le
ng
th

Cross
Length Weight Outer Ø Inner Ø Ultimate Yield
Size section
(m) (kg) (mm) (mm) load (kN) load (kN)
(mm2)
2 5.4
R32 L 3 8.1 32 21.5 304 210 160
4 10.8
2 6.8
R32 N 3 10.2 32 18.5 396 280 230
4 13.6
2 8.2
R32 S 3 12.3 32 15 488 360 280
4 16.4
2 12
R38 N 3 18 38 19 717 500 400
4 24
2 14
3 21
R51 L 51 36 776 550 450
4 28
6 42
2 16.8
3 25.2
R51 N 51 33 939 800 630
4 33.6
6 50.4
2 30
3 45
T76 N 76 51 1835 1600 1200
4 60
6 90
2 39.4
3 59.1
T76 S 76 45 2400 1900 1500
4 78.8
6 118.2
Sacrificial Drill Bits

Drill bits are a small but most critical component of rock anchoring. Dextra
self-drilling hollow rock bolt systems offer various types of the sacrificial drill
bits suited for various types of soil medium, as shown below. The choice of
drill bit is crucial as a wrong type of drill bit can result in a slow insertion of the
bolt and an impossibility to reach the required depth.
8

The Selection criteria depends upon the following:

1. Geology
2. Length of Anchor
3. Annular Space requirements.

1. The strata usually consist of various proportions of Sand and Gravel with
Clay. It is important to know the local Geology in order to achieve optimum
penetration speeds and cutting abilities.
2. Although these are sacrificial parts, the selection of drill bits have critical
repercussions on the installation process and success of the rock anchoring. Since
sacrificial drill bits require a “burst” performance, i.e. a very high performance for
short duration, they must be adapted to the ground they will be drilling. Besides, the
selection criteria depend also on the length of the anchor bar, which in turn depends
upon the application. Hence for same type of geology, when Soil Nailing, Rock
Anchoring or Micro Piling are required, different types of bits will be used, with a
different life expectancy.
3. Site conditions sometimes require a larger annular volume. It could be due to
very unstable soil conditions and low annular space may be getting blocked due to
design factors or collapse of hole.
Soil Classification

Of the three variables affecting the choice of drill bits listed above, the Geology is
the most challenging parameter for decision makers. A drill bit must be able to
penetrate constantly varying strata at a desired rate, without getting blocked and
without changing its path. It is very important for the consultant and the supplier
to use a benchmark code for referring soil types. BS EN ISO 14688-1 classifies soil
and is used for reference by Dextra self-drilling hollow rock bolts for suggesting
drill bits for its anchors. 9
Selection of correct Drill Bit

Optim um D iam eter


yp e D escription S uitable conditions
XT penetration
A forged cross-cut drill bit . Achievable for SPT -N R32 Ø 51 mm For soft soil types such as sand
values of 0 - 25 N/mm2 and small gravel .

e A two stage cross cut bit. Achievable for SPT -N R38 Ø 110 mm For soft soil types such as sand
Ty p values of 0 - 35 N/mm2 R51 Ø 110 mm and small gravel .
XX T 76 Ø 130 & 75 mm

e A machined or cast hardened Achievable for SPT -N R32 Ø 51 & 76 mm For a majority of applications 10
T yp cross dill bit . values of 0 - 60 N/mm2 R38 Ø 76 & 90 mm including narrow bands of soft
EX T76 Ø 130 mm Rock.

e The tungsten carbide cross bit. Achievable for UCT R32 Ø 51 mm


Ty p
Suitable for gravel with large
EXX
values of 12 - 50 N/mm2 boulders, soft to medium
in the range of 10 - 50% fractured rock formations, hard
seams and concrete footings
without steel reinforcement.

e Hardened tri-cresent drill bit Achievable for SPT -N R32 Ø 51 mm Suitable for a majority of
T yp with a unique curved values of 0 - 60 N/ applications including narrow
EC shape of the blade, which mm2 bands of soft rock.
results in small -sized
cuttings and improves the
flushing capability of the
borehole.

yp e Tungsten Carbids Tri- cresent Achievable for UCT R32 Ø 51 mm Suitable for gravel with large
CT drill bit with a unique values of 12 - 50 N/mm2 boulders, soft to medium
EC curved shape of the blade , in the range of 10 - 50% fractured rock formations, hard
which results in smallsized seams and concrete footings
cuttings and improves the without steel reinforcement
flushing capability
of the boreholes.

e Hardened tri- blade drill bit with Achievable for SPT -N


T yp
R32 Ø 76 mm Offers an increased cutting
EY a drop center button face. values of 0 - 60 N/mm2 R38 Ø 76 mm performance in fills and chalk .

e
Ty p
Hardened tri- blade drill bit Achievable for UCS R32 Ø 76 mm Suitable for soft to medium
EYY with tungsten carbide blades
and a drop center
values of 0 - 25 N/mm2 R38 Ø 76 & 90 mm cemented ground conditions
incl. fills and chalk .
configuration with
hardened button face.

e
T yp R32 Ø 51 mm Silts, sand and gravel:
E S F b it R38 Ø 76 mm Compact or cemented
ES- Cast and hardened Achievable for SPT -N
R51 Ø 100 mm soils or soft rock .
hemispherical button profile values and UCS
e
t f ac drill bit. Suitable for silt , sand values of
a t ion
: F la
T yp e and gravel, but 0 - 60 N/mm2
o nf i
gur ES bi t also for soft rock formations. Silts, sand and
D
ES-
C R51 Ø 115 mm gravel: With small boulders
or soft rock.
r
n te
p ce
D ro e
Ty p t
:
on R32 Ø 51 mm Silts, sand and
r a ti
fi g u SS i Tungsten carbide
E -F b
n R38 Ø 76 mm gravel: Compact
Co hemispherical button profile
ESS drill bit . Suitable for Achievable for SPT -N
R51 Ø 100 mm
T76 Ø 120 mm
or cemented soils
or soft rock.
penetrating a larger range of values and UCS
f ac
e soils and bolders , and also values of
F la t e soft to medium rock
ra ti
o n:
T yp t formations as found
0 - 50 N/mm2
Silts, sand and
Con
f ig u ES b i R38 Ø 115 mm
D commonly along slopes in gravel: With
ES- mountainous regions.
R51 Ø 115 mm
small boulders .

n te r
o p ce
: Dr
ti o n i ng This driving head was Achievable for SPT -N R32 Ø 65 mm Suitable for soft clay
Co
n fi g
ur a D r iv d developed for soft values of 0 - 20 N/mm² applications with
he a clay applications . NB!
Consider a method of
anchor lengths up to 8
meters.
simultaneous driving and
grouting for optimum
grouting results.
Accessories

Extension Coupling
The extension coupling sleeves are intended for connecting the drill rods and are
manufactured from the fine-grained high-grade steel with a machined internal
Thread.

Central thread stop 11

Adapter Coupling

While the self-drilling anchor bars diameter varies as per design, the shanak adapter
of percussive rotary drilling machine remains the same. As it creates a mismatch
between the shanak adapter and Dextra self-drilling hollow bolts, adaptor couplings
are used to connect self-drilling bolts to shanak adaptor. Couplings are used in step
down format as the machine torque requirements will go up otherwise. Adaptor
couplings are heat treated for a longer service life.
Accessories
Extension Coupling Specifications

te rØ
Ou

12

Le n
gth

Length Weight Outer Ø


Size
(mm) (kg) (mm)
R32 L
145 0.8 42
R32 N
R32 S 190 1 42
R38 N 220 1.7 51
R51 L 140 1.2 63
R51 N 220 1.9 63
T76 N / S 220 6.4 95
Accessories
Grout Coupling
Grout adaptors enable grout to be pumped into the hollow bar of a rotating bar
during drilling or after reaching the desired depth, ensuring the hollow bar is
properly grouted without loss of grout. The grout adapter ensures a good
connection between the hammer shank and the hollow bar so that the energy
transfer from hammer head is not lost and is sufficiently strong to endure the
demands of rotary percussive drilling while withstanding any temporary
misalignment should obstructions be encountered during drilling. 13

Plates
Bearing plates are referred as the “unsung heroes” of a ground support system as
they are a critical element in system design. The increasing use of long tendon
support is resulting in greater loads being generated at the collar of the bolts and
hence on the bearing plates. The plates should be designed for the same load
capacity as the bolts they are used with. The plates should have a yielding
character that is provided its domed shape.

A D
C
A

B
Accessories

Anchor Plate Specifications

Dimensions

14

Hole Ø
Dimensions

Thickness

Dimensio Thickness Hole Ø Weight


Size Type
ns (mm) (mm) (mm) (kg)
R32 L 150 x 150 8 35 1.3
R32 L/N 200 x 200 10 35 3.1
R32 S 200 x 200 12 35 3.7
R38 N 200 x 200 12 41 3.6
R51 L 200 x 200 30 60 8.8
R51 N 250 x 250 40 60 18.5
T76 N/S 250 x 250 60 80 27
Accessories

Domed Nut Nut with Convex Seat

15

Self-drilling hollow rock bolts come with high quality machined nuts with chamfered
edges at one end enabling the use of same nut for both domed and flat bearing
plates. Nuts are designed to have at least the same ultimate breaking load as the
Self drilling hollow rock bolts.

Centralizers

The self-drilling hollow rock bolts centralizers are manufactured from rigid PVC with
various diameters matching the inside diameters of extension couplers. Centralizers
are designed to ensure that the bar is centered in the grout column, and provide
effective penetration of grout and uniform grout covering to the Anchor bar.
Accessories
Nut Specifications

16

Ke th
ys g
ize L en

Key size Length Weight


Size Type
(mm) (mm) (kg)
R32/SW46 L/N/S 46 45 0.4
R38/SW50 L/N/S 50 50 0.4
R51/SW75 L/N 75 70 1.6
T76 N / S L/N 100 80 3.6
Corrosion protection

The self-drilling hollow rock bolts are exposed to moisture through cracks
developed in grout cover over a period of time and thus are exposed to corrosion.
The type of corrosion protection required depends upon the end application of the
anchors.

If the anchors are used for temporary applications with a service life below two 17
years, the corrosion protection is achieved through grout cover. The recommend
grout cover should be 10 mm in rocky strata while it should be doubled in soily
strata conditions. The grout cover can be increased when the size of the drill bit
increases. However if the strata is very corrosive even for temporary support,
galvanized anchors should be used.

If the anchors are used for permanent applications with a service life above 50
years, they can be hot dip galvanized according to EN-1461. They can also be
epoxy-coated. Sacrificial corrosion can also be accounted for in design stage of
such members.
5.Test Reports
Test Results

Dextra understands the importance of safety in underground structures and has a


very strict quality control system both at factory level and at product level.

Chemical Composition 18
Table 1: Chemical composition
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni Al Co
Hollow fully 0.403 0.227 0.586 0.0106 0.0005 0.929 0.0024 0.0498 0.0082 0.0076
thread bar
T52/26 Cu Nb Ti V W Pb Sn B N Fe
0.0397 0.001 0.0029 0.0061 0.0041 0.0015 0.0022 0.00031 0.0066 97.6
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni Al Co
Anchor 0.395 0.247 0.562 0.0231 0.0288 0.894 0.0021 0.024 0.0029 0.007
coupler T52
X L160 mm Cu Nb Ti V W Pb Sn B N Fe
0.0285 0.0008 0.002 0.0092 0.0046 0.0012 0.0017 0.00033 0.0045 97.7
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni Al Co
Anchor nut 0.34 0.272 0.607 0.0134 0.0027 0.891 0.0019 0.0338 0.014 0.0299
T52 X L70
mm Cu Nb Ti V W Pb Sn B N Fe
0.0479 0.00095 0.0045 0.0082 0.0042 0.0012 0.0031 0.00025 0.004 97.6

Mechanical Testing
The mechanical testing includes the following types of tests.

Tensile Test

The tensile strength of the anchor bar (T52/26) shall be tested according to BS
EN 10002-1:2001
Table 2: Tensile test results of hollow fully thread bars

Specimen Yield Ultimate


no. load (kN) load (kN)

1 820 987
2 860 1,000
3 872 1,039
Spec Min. 730 Min. 925
Test Results

Table 2: Tensile test results of hollow fully thread bars

Specimen Yield Ultimate


no. load (kN) load (kN)

1 820 987
2 860 1,000
3 872 1,039 19
Spec Min. 730 Min. 925

Figure 1 – Hollow fully thread bars after tensile testing


Test Results
Pull Out Test (Coupler)

The pull-out test shall be carried out for couplers. The coupler shall be tested
while applying the load on couplers and anchor bars.

Table 3 : Pull out test result of hollow fully thread bar assembled with
coupler 20

Specimen Ultimate load


Failure mode
no. (kN)
1 962 Bar break 60 mm away
Spec Min. 925

Figure 2, 3 – Coupler assembled with hollow fully thread bars during the
test and after pull out testing
Test Results

Pull Out Test (Nut)


The pull-out test shall be carried out for nuts. The nut shall be tested while applying
the load on nut and anchor bars.

Table 3: Pull out test result of hollow fully thread bar assembled with
coupler
21
Specimen Ultimate
Failure mode
no. load (kN)

1 1,012 Bar break 320 mm away


Spec Min. 925

Figure 3, 4 – Nut assembled with hollow fully threads bars during the test
and after pull out testing
Test Results
Impact Test

The impact energy of the hollow fully thread bar shall be tested according to ASTM
A370-09a due to thin wall thickness of bars that the specimens shall be
considered as sub-sized specimens
The impact energy of the anchor nut shall be tested according to EN 10045-
1:1990 22

Table 4 : Charpy impact test results

Charpy impact value @ +20oC (J)


Specimen
1 2 3 Avg
1. Hollow Fully Thread bar 31 33 19 28
2. Anchor Nut 81 71 85 79

Hardness Test
The hardness test shall be carried out as per ASTM E10.
Table 5 : Hardness test results

Hardness Value (HB)


Specimen Avg.
1 2 3 4 5
1. Hollow Fully Thread 258 257 264 261 260 260
2. Anchor Coupler 239 235 236 242 240 238
3. Anchor Nut 255 261 256 260 259 258

Figure 5 – Hardness test specimens


Test Results

Fatigue Test

Fatigue test have been made on the hollow fully threaded bar assembled with
coupler and nut. The upper load was 60%Fy, and stress range was 70 MPa.

The sample survived 2 million cycles without failure, and then the specimen was
taken to tensile test until failure whith maximum load at 1002.8 kN. 23

Figure 6 – Hollow fully threaded bar assembled with nut and coupler after
survived 2 million cycles fatigue test and load until failure