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Ernesto Oppen, Inc. (EOI) v. Alberto Compas, substituted by his heirs namely, Clifford m.

Compas and Joan M. Compas, and Philippine Merchant Marine School, Inc. (PMMSI)
G.R. No. 203969, October 21, 2015

Facts:

This case involves two parcels of land owned by PMMSI. On May 21, 1984 the properties
were levied upon by the MeTC-Branch 7, Manila, in Civil Case No. 098646-CV. By virtue of a
compromise agreement between Manufacturers Building, Inc. (MBI) and PMMSI, a Notice of
Levy was issued in favor of MBI annotated at the back of TCT Nos. S-100612 and S-100613 on
August 22, 1986.
On September 28, 2005, Compas filed a petition for cancellation of TCT Nos. S-100612
and S-100613 and issuance of new titles in his name before the RTC-Las Pinas. Upon learning
that TCT No. S-100612 has already been cancelled and that TCT No. T-95712 had been issued in
its place under EOI’s name, Compas filed a Motion to Admit Amended Petition, dated March 3,
2008.
On July 15, 2009, EOI filed a first Motion to Dismiss on the ground of failure to state a
cause of action, which was denied by the RTC-Las Pinas on the ground that Compas could
rightfully enforce its lien on the property under EOI’s name.
On May 21, 2010, EOI filed a second Motion to Dismiss citing Section 108 of PD 1529,
that the court with jurisdiction is the court where the original registration was filed and docketed.
The court should have been filed with the court hearing proceedings for original registration.
On October 7, 2010, the RTC denied EOI’s second Motion to Dismiss on the ground that
Section 108, PD 1529 was inapplicable and that it was vested with jurisdiction under Section 2
thereof. Motion for Reconsideration was likewise denied.
On June 29, 2011, the CA sustained the RTC jurisdiction. Motion for Reconsideration was
likewise denied.
Hence the present petition.

Issue:

Whether or not the RTC has jurisdiction over the subject matter

Held:

Yes, the RTC has jurisdiction over the subject matter.

It is basic in law that the jurisdiction of courts is conferred by law. The jurisdiction of
regional trial courts in land registration cases is conferred by Section 2 of P.D. No. 1529. It
expressly provides:

Section 2. Nature of registration proceedings; jurisdiction of courts. Judicial


proceedings for the registration of lands throughout the Philippines shall be in rem
and shall be based on the generally accepted principles underlying the Torrens
system.
Courts of First Instance (RTC) shall have exclusive jurisdiction over all
applications for original registration of title to lands, including improvements and
interests therein, and over all petitions filed after original registration of title, with
power to hear and determine all questions arising upon such applications or
petitions.
EOI cannot insist that the action should have been filed with the RTC where the original
registration was filed and issued considering that the case involved controversial issues. Even
granting that Section 108 of P.D. No. 1529 was applicable, EOI's second motion to dismiss should
still be denied.
Granting it to be so, the second motion to dismiss was rightfully denied as EOI waived the
ground of improper venue after it had filed its first motion to dismiss pursuant to the Omnibus
Motion Rule. Section 8 of Rule 15 of the Revised Rules of Court provides that a motion attacking
a pleading, order, judgment or proceeding shall include all objections then available, and all
objections not so included shall be deemed waived.
In the case at bench, the petitioners raised the ground of defective verification and
certification of forum shopping only when they filed their second motion to dismiss, despite the
fact that this ground was existent and available at the time of the filing of their first motion to
dismiss. Absent any justifiable reason to explain this fatal omission, the ground of defective
verification and certification of forum shopping was deemed waived and could no longer be
questioned by the petitioners in their second motion to dismiss.