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Reference Calculation Output

Design of Rectanguler elevated water tank foundation


for Proposed Housing Scheme,LVPS-Phase II

Load calculation for Foundation

Dead Loads
Roof Slab (El- 28.875 m)
Weight of roof slab = 0.125x24 = 3.0 kN/m2
slab thk=125mm
Area of Slab = 3.95x9.35 = 36.93 m2
total load = 3.0x36.93 = 110.8 kN

Water (El- 25.45 m)


Weight of Water = 10x3.675 = 36.75 kN/m2

Area of Slab = 3.95x9.35 = 36.93 m2


total load = 36.75x36.93 = 1537.2 kN

Beams (El- 25.45 m)

Total length of beams = 3.95x3+9.35x2 = 30.6 m


Thk of beams = 0.55 m
Width of beams = 0.35 m
weight of beams = 24x.55x.35x30.6= 141kN

Concrete Walls (El- 25.45 m)


Height of concrete walls = 3.675 m
T Length of concrete walls = 26.6 m
Width of concrete walls = 0.225 m
Weight of concrete walls = 24x.225x3.675x26.6=528 kN

Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.


Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output

Slab (El- 25.45 m)


Weight of slab = 0.250x24 = 6.0 kN/m2
slab thk=250mm
Area of Slab = 3.95x9.35 = 36.93 m2
Total load = 6.0x36.93 = 221.6 kN

Beams (El- 21.05 m)

Total length of beams = 3.95x3+9.35x2 = 30.6 m


Thk of beams = 0.4 m
Width of beams = 0.35 m
weight of beams = 24x.4x.35x30.6= 103 kN

Columns (El- 21.05 m)

Total length of Columns = 4.15x6 = 24.9 m


Bredth of columns = 0.35 m
Width of columns = 0.35 m
weight of columns = 24x.35x.35x24.9 = 73.2 kN

Slab (El- 21.05 m)


Weight of slab = 0.125x24 = 3.0 kN/m2
slab thk=125mm
Area of Slab = 4.675x3.95 = 18.5 m2
Total load = 3.0x18.5 = 55.5 kN

Beams (El- 21.05 m to 0.3 m )

Total length of beams = 3.95x3+9.35x2 = 30.6 m


Depth of beams = 0.35 m
Width of beams = 0.35 m
weight of beams = 24x.35x.35x30.6= 90 kN
No of floors = 5 nos
Total weight of Beams = 90x5 = 450 kN

Columns (El- 21.05 m to 0.3 m )

Total length of Columns = 4.15x6 = 24.9 m


Bredth of columns = 0.35 m
Width of columns = 0.35 m
weight of columns = 24x.35x.35x24.9 = 73.2 kN
No of floors = 5 nos
Total weight of columns = 73.2x5 = 366 kN

Weight of flatforms

Area of a flatform = 1.0x1.0 = 1.0 m2


Thickness of a flatform = 0.125 m
weight of a flatform = 24x.125x1.0 = 3.0 kN
No of flatform = 6 nos
Total weight = 6x3 = 18 kN

Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.


Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output

Weight of Ladders

Weight of a ladder = 77x.05x.006x16x4.15 = 1.5 kN


No of ladders = 6 nos
Total weight = 6x1.5 = 9.0 kN
Act on 3 columns
Live Loads

Roof Slabs & Flatform Slab(El- 28.875 m , E1-21.05 m)


Live load on roof slab = 1.5 kN/m2
Live load on flatform slab = 2.5 kN/m3
Area of Slab = 3.95x9.35 + 36.93 m2
Area of flatfor slab = 5.02x4.3 = 21.61 m2
Total load = 1.5x36.93+2.5x21.61
= 109.5 kN
Wind Loads
Wind zone is 3
Basic wind speed of zone ,V = 38 m/s
structure is considered as a post disaster structure

Design wind speed Vs = VxS1xS2xS3


S1 = 1.0
S2 = 1.03
Height of the structure is < 30m
S3 = 1.00

Dynamic pressure of the wi = k. Vs2


(q) = 0.613x Vs2

q = 0.613x1.03x382 = 0.911kN/m2

wind is normal to the longer dimention


b/d = 9.35/3.95 = 2.37
l/w > 2
H/b = 29/9.35 = 3.1
force coeficient, Cf = 1.2

wind force normal to the longer dimention


Effective front area , Ae = 9.7x3.675= 35.65 m2
The total wind load , F = Cf.q.Ae
= 1.2x.911x35.65
= 39 kN

wind is normal to the lesser dimention

d/b = 3.95/9.35 = 0.42


l/w >2
force coeficient, Cf = 0.8

wind force normal to the shorter dimention


Effective front area , Ae = 4.3x3.675= 15.8 m2
The total wind load , F = Cf.q.Ae
= 0.8x.911x15.8
= 11.52 kN

Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.


Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output

Total Loads

Dead Loads at EL-28.875 m = 110.8 kN


(roof slab)
Dead Loads at EL-25.45 m = 1537+141+528+222
( water+beams+concreet wall = 2428 kN
+ slab )
Dead Loads at EL-21.05 m = 103+73.2+55.5
( beams+columns+slab) = 232 kN

Dead Loads from = 450+366


EL-21.05 to 0.3 m = 816 kN
(beams+columns)

Weight of flatforms = 18 kN

Weight of ladders = 9.0 kN

Total Dead Load on Columns = 3614 kN


Total Live Load on Columns = 109.5 kN
Wind Load on long wall = 39 kN
Wind Load on short wall = 12 kN

Calculation of Loads on a middle column

Dead Loads
Roof Slab (El- 28.875 m)
Total load = 111 kN
Weight on middle column = 111 /4 = 28 kN

Water (El- 25.45 m)


Total load = 1537.2 /4 = 384 kN

Beams
Total weight of Beams = 141+103+450 = 694 kN
Weight on middle column = 0.22x694 = 153 kN

Weight from slab at EL 25.45 m


Total Weight = 221.6 kN
Weight on middle column = 221.6 /4 =55.4 kN

Columns
Weight of a column = 73.2 kN

Concrete Walls (El- 25.45 m)


Weight of all concrete walls = 24x.225x3.675x26.6=528 kN
Weight of concrete wall = 528/26.6x4.675
= 93 kN

Weight from slab at EL 21.05 m


Total Weight = 65 kN
Weight on middle column = 65 /4 =17 kN
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output

Load from flatform+Ladders


= (18+9)/6 = 4.5 kN

Dead Load on middle colum = 28+384+153+55.4+73.2+


93+17+4.5
= 808 kN
Dead Load on Edge Collumn= (3614-808x2) /4
= 500 kN

Live Load on middle column = 109.5 /4


= 28 kN

Live Load on Edge Collumn = 55.51/4 +54/8


max = 21 kN
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electriity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety Designed
Checked
Environmental Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Job Code Page
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety, Designed
Environmental & Checked Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output

Design of pad Foundation with Axial load and Moment


for Proposed Housing Scheme,LVPS-Phase II

Characteristic axial load on Column = 600 kN


Characteristic Bending Moment on Column = 300 kN
Characteristic Concrete Strength = 40 kN
Allowable Ground Bearing Pressure = 300 kN

Column Dimension
Bredth = 375 mm
Width = 375 mm

Footing Dimention
Length D = 2700 mm
Width B = 1750 mm
Hight h = 225 mm

Characteristic Design Axial load = 600 kN


Characteristic Design Bending Moment = 300 kN.m

The equivalent eccentricity e = M/N


= 500 mm
D/6 = 450 < 500
Hence ok

P max = 2N/{3B.(D/2-e)}
= 269 kN/mm2
269 < 300 kN/mm2
Ground Bearing pressure Satisfactory
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety, Designed
Environmental & Checked Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No.
Date
Dam Safety, Designed
Environmental & Checked Date
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output

Design of Strip Foundation with Axial loads


for Proposed Housing Scheme,LVPS-Phase II

Inverted T Dimensions

Length D (Calculated ) = 12.56 m w1

Width w1 = 0.30 m
w2 = 1.00 m

h1
Hight h1 = 0.75 m

h2
w2
h2 = 0.25 m

Covering for reinforcement = 50 mm


Main bar diameter = 16 mm
Distribution bar diam = 12 mm
Stirrups diameter = 10 mm

Characteristic Concrete Strength = 25 kN


Allowable Ground Bearing Pressure = 100 kN /m2

FA FB FC FD FE
w KN/m
A B C D E
X a b c d

Column Loads (SLS) FA = 97.5 kN


FB = 216.4 kN
FC = 180.0 kN
FD = 144.3 kN
FE = 114.3 kN
UDL on Inverted T beam-SLS w = 15.0 kN/m
Total length of UDL = 12 m

SLS to ULS Factor = 1.4

Column Loads (SLS) FA = 136.5 kN


FB = 303.0 kN
FC = 252.0 kN
FD = 202.0 kN
FE = 160.0 kN
UDL on Inverted T beam-ULS w = 21.0 kN/m
Total length of UDL = 12 m

Total service Load = 933 kN


Total Ultimate Load = 1306 kN

Span Lengths A-B a = 3.0 m 3.0


B-C b = 3.0 m 6.0
C-D c = 2.0 m 8.0
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
D-E d = 4.0 m 12.0

Centre of gravity of Strip = 5.72 m


Distance from A

Base Area
Total Service load = 933 kN

Mimimum Area Required = 9.3 m2


Length of the Base = 12.56 m
x = 0.557 m

Width of the Base = 0.74 m

Assumed Base Width = 1.00 m

Bearing Pressure under the base-ULS = 104.0 kN

FA FB FC FD FE

A B C D E
q1 KN/m q2 KN/m
X a b c d

Applied Loading
Effective Bearing Pressure under
the Strip q1 = 104.0 kN/m
q2 = 83.0 kN/m

B.M.D

S.F.D

Maximum Mid span moment = 154.4 kN.m


Maximum Support moment = 153.9 kN.m

R.F at Mid Span D-E (Top R.F)

Assume distribution bars to be 12mm

d = 1000 - 50 - 10 - 8
= 932 mm
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
M = 154.4 kN.m/m

K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.007 < 0.156=K'


Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 924.58 mm > 0.95d = 885.4 mm

So z = 885.4 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 16.5 mm
As = M/(0.87.fy.Z) As =
= 435.74 mm x/d = 0.018 <0.5 780.0 mm2
ok at support
As provided
R.F at Support B (Bottom R.F) = 804.0 mm2
= 4 T16
d = 1000 - 50 - 10 - 8
= 932 mm
M = 153.9 kN.m/m

K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.024 < 0.156=K'


Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 906.86 mm > 0.95d = 885.4 mm

So z = 885.4 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 55.9 mm
As = M/(0.87.fy.Z)
= 434.33 mm x/d = 0.060 <0.5
ok

Table 3.25 Minimum area of steel = 100.As/(bw.h)


= 0.26%
As = 780 mm2 > 434 mm2 As
= 780.0 mm2
at support
As provided
Transvers R.F. = 804.0 mm2
= 4 T16
The R.F required to resist transverse BM can be determined ina similler
manner
consider 1.0 m strip

Assume 12 mm diameter bars

d = 250 - 50 - 6
= 194 mm

M = q.L /2
2
q = 104 kN/m

M = 6.37 kN.m/m
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.007 < 0.156=K'
Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 192.53 mm > 0.95d = 184.3 mm

z = 184.3 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 3.3 mm

As = M/(0.87.fy.Z)
= 86.4 mm2 x/d = 0.017 <0.5
ok
Table 3.25 Minimum area of steel = 100.As/(bw.h)
= 0.15%
As >= 375 mm2 > 86.4 mm2 As =
375 mm2
at support
As provided
Shear resistance of the T beam = 452.0 mm2
T12 @
250 mm
Cl 3.4.5. Maximum Shear force at point = 181.8 kN
Maximum Shear force at the face
of column E = 181.8 - 104 x 0.15 col face dimensi
= 166.2 kN similler to
web dimension
Table 3.8 100As/bd = 100x 804.0
300 x 932
= 0.2876

Check for Shear

V = 166 KN d = 932 mm
v = V/bd As prov = 804.0 mm2
= 0.1783 N/mm2

100As/bd = 0.2876 400/d = 0.43

vc = 0.79 {100As/bd}1/3 {400/d}1/4 {1/ϒm} {35/25}1/3

vc = 0.3777 N/mm2 > 0.1783


0.5 xVc = 0.1889 N/mm2
Nominal links should be provided
Assume two legs of T10 links

Asv = 157 mm2


R10 @
Sv < Asv.0.87fy./(0.4bv) 250 mm
< 284.56 0.75d = 699

Shear resistance of the Flange


Consider shear at the face of rib (w2-w1)/2
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation (w2-w1)/2 Output

Check for Shear q1 KN/m

V = 36 KN d = 194 mm
v = V/bd As prov = 452.0 mm2
= 0.1876 N/mm2 < 0.8(fu)0.5 = 4.0 N/mm2

Table 3.8 Critical Shear stress


100As/bd = 0.233 400/d = 2.06

vc = 0.79 {100As/bd}1/3 {400/d}1/4 {1/ϒm}

vc = 0.466 N/mm2 > 0.1876


0.5 xVc = 0.233 N/mm2

Shear RF is not needed


Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output

Design of Strip Foundation with Axial loads


for Proposed Housing Scheme,LVPS-Phase II

Inverted T Dimensions

Length D (Calculated ) = 12.56 m w1

Width w1 = 0.30 m
w2 = 1.00 m

h1
Hight h1 = 0.75 m

h2
w2
h2 = 0.25 m

Covering for reinforcement = 50 mm


Main bar diameter = 16 mm
Distribution bar diam = 12 mm
Stirrups diameter = 10 mm

Characteristic Concrete Strength = 25 kN


Allowable Ground Bearing Pressure = 100 kN /m2

FA FB FC FD FE
w KN/m
A B C D E
X a b c d

Column Loads (SLS) FA = 97.5 kN


FB = 216.4 kN
FC = 180.0 kN
FD = 144.3 kN
FE = 114.3 kN
UDL on Inverted T beam-SLS w = 15.0 kN/m
Total length of UDL = 12 m

SLS to ULS Factor = 1.4

Column Loads (ULS) FA = 136.5 kN


FB = 303.0 kN
FC = 252.0 kN
FD = 202.0 kN
FE = 160.0 kN
UDL on Inverted T beam-ULS w = 21.0 kN/m
Total length of UDL = 12 m

Total service Load = 933 kN


Total Ultimate Load = 1306 kN

Span Lengths A-B a = 3.0 m 3.0


B-C b = 3.0 m 6.0
C-D c = 2.0 m 8.0
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
D-E d = 4.0 m 12.0

Centre of gravity of Strip = 5.72 m


Distance from A

Base Area
Total Service load = 933 kN

Mimimum Area Required = 9.3 m2


Length of the Base = 12.56 m
x = 0.557 m

Width of the Base = 0.74 m

Assumed Base Width = 1.00 m

Bearing Pressure under the base-ULS = 104.0 kN

FA FB FC FD FE

A B C D E
q1 KN/m q2 KN/m
X a b c d

Applied Loading
Effective Bearing Pressure under
the Strip q1 = 104.0 kN/m
q2 = 83.0 kN/m

B.M.D

S.F.D

Maximum Mid span moment = 154.4 kN.m


Maximum Support moment = 153.9 kN.m

R.F at Mid Span D-E (Top R.F)

Assume distribution bars to be 12mm

d = 1000 - 50 - 10 - 8
= 932 mm
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
M = 154.4 kN.m/m

K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.007 < 0.156=K'


Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 924.58 mm > 0.95d = 885.4 mm

So z = 885.4 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 16.5 mm
As = M/(0.87.fy.Z) As =
= 435.74 mm x/d = 0.018 <0.5 780.0 mm2
ok at support
As provided
R.F at Support B (Bottom R.F) = 804.0 mm2
= 4 T16
d = 1000 - 50 - 10 - 8
= 932 mm
M = 153.9 kN.m/m

K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.024 < 0.156=K'


Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 906.86 mm > 0.95d = 885.4 mm

So z = 885.4 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 55.9 mm
As = M/(0.87.fy.Z)
= 434.33 mm x/d = 0.060 <0.5
ok

Table 3.25 Minimum area of steel = 100.As/(bw.h)


= 0.26%
As = 780 mm2 > 434 mm2 As
= 780.0 mm2
at support
As provided
Transvers R.F. = 804.0 mm2
= 4 T16
The R.F required to resist transverse BM can be determined ina similler
manner
consider 1.0 m strip

Assume 12 mm diameter bars

d = 250 - 50 - 6
= 194 mm

M = q.L /2
2
q = 104 kN/m

M = 6.37 kN.m/m
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output
K = M/(bd2.fcu) = 0.007 < 0.156=K'
Hence no Compression R/F reqd

z = d{0.5+(√0.25-K/0.9)
z = 192.53 mm > 0.95d = 184.3 mm

z = 184.3 mm x = (d-z)/0.45
= 3.3 mm

As = M/(0.87.fy.Z)
= 86.4 mm2 x/d = 0.017 <0.5
ok
Table 3.25 Minimum area of steel = 100.As/(bw.h)
= 0.15%
As >= 375 mm2 > 86.4 mm2 As =
375 mm2
at support
As provided
Shear resistance of the T beam = 452.0 mm2
T12 @
250 mm
Cl 3.4.5. Maximum Shear force at point = 181.8 kN
Maximum Shear force at the face
of column E = 181.8 - 104 x 0.15 col face dimensi
= 166.2 kN similler to
web dimension
Table 3.8 100As/bd = 100x 804.0
300 x 932
= 0.2876

Check for Shear

V = 166 KN d = 932 mm
v = V/bd As prov = 804.0 mm2
= 0.1783 N/mm2

100As/bd = 0.2876 400/d = 0.43

vc = 0.79 {100As/bd}1/3 {400/d}1/4 {1/ϒm} {35/25}1/3

vc = 0.3777 N/mm2 > 0.1783


0.5 xVc = 0.1889 N/mm2
Nominal links should be provided
Assume two legs of T10 links

Asv = 157 mm2


R10 @
Sv < Asv.0.87fy./(0.4bv) 250 mm
< 284.56 0.75d = 699

Shear resistance of the Flange


Consider shear at the face of rib (w2-w1)/2
Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation (w2-w1)/2 Output

Check for Shear q1 KN/m

V = 36 KN d = 194 mm
v = V/bd As prov = 452.0 mm2
= 0.1876 N/mm2 < 0.8(fu)0.5 = 4.0 N/mm2

Table 3.8 Critical Shear stress


100As/bd = 0.233 400/d = 2.06

vc = 0.79 {100As/bd}1/3 {400/d}1/4 {1/ϒm}

vc = 0.466 N/mm2 > 0.1876


0.5 xVc = 0.233 N/mm2

Shear RF is not needed


Ceylon Electricity Board Doc. No. …………………..
Date
Dam Safety, Designed S.M.P. 03.06.2013
Environmental & Checked S.M.P. Date 03.06.2013
Civil Structure Maintanance Branch Job Code Page 1
Reference Calculation Output