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'' • AFFIX SEAL HERE t
I Trinidad and Tobago
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.i TESTCODE22112010
FORM TP2008166 ~~'t'.;f ~..;;i::i:;;;.,;.,...
MAY/JUNE2008
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
ADVANCEDPROFICIENCYEXAMINATION
CHEMISTRY-UNIT 1

PaperOl
90minutes

( 04JULY2008(a.m.) )

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.


l. Thi~ test consists of45 items. You will have 90 minutes to answer them.
2. In a4dition to this test booklet, you should have an answer sheet. '
3. ' Do not be concerned that the answer sheet provides spaces for more answers than there are items in
this fest.
'
4. · Each item in this test has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D). Read each item you are
abol!lt to answer and decide which choice is best.

5. Onyouranswcrsheet,fmdthenumbcrwhichcorrespondstOyouritemandshadethespacehavingthe
samb lettcr as the answer you have chosen. Look at the sample item below.
Sarnple Item
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WhjchofthefollowingistheHIGHESTenergytransitioninanorganiccompound?

-
(A)' ntocr• SarnpleAnswer
(B) • nto7t•
I
(C) I cr to cr• @@•@
(D): 7t to 1t*
j

Tuel best answer to this item is "cr to cr•", so answer space (C) has been shaded.
6. • Ifyqu wantto change your answer, erase it completely and fill in your new choice.
7. Whenyouaretoldtobegin,turnthepageandworkasquicklyandascarefullyasyoucan. Ifyoucannot
!IDSWcranitem,omititandgoontothenextone. Yourscorewillbethetotalnumberofcorrectanswers.
8. Yo'tmaydoanyroughworkinthisbooklet.
9. Fi~es are not necessarily drawn to scale.
ASJA GIRLS COLLEGE
10. The~ofnon-programmablecalculators is allowed.

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LIBRARY
Ir I DO NOT TURN T!IJS PAGE .UNTJL YOU All TOLD TO DO so.

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.. , '>'>lit 'lnlt\A"IA Pr:l'>nnll


CqJyriihtC2008CmibbeenBxpnjm!ionsQJlmciJ.
· Allriabt111 r nr..S.
-2-

WJiich of th~ following postulates concerning S. Which of.the following pairs of elements
Dalton's A~omic Theory is known to be would be expected to form the compound
correct by modem theory? with the MOST ionic character?

(A) At~s are small. (A) LiandF


(B) At~s of an element are identical. (B) Li and I
(C) Atolns of one element have the same (C) RbandF
~ass. (D) Rb and I
(D) Atdms are indivisible particles of
elements.
6. The van der Waals' forces consist of
2. What is theiaverage relative atomic mass of
(A) permanent dipole - permanent dipole
bromine, gi~en the following isotopic masses
interactions
and relative\abundance?
(B) induced dipole - induced dipole
interactions
,.Br - 50.5% "Br - 49.5%
(C) permanent dipole - induced dipole
covalent interactions
(A) 78.'9
(D) dipole-dipole; dipole- induced dipole
(B) 79.9<>
ionic interactions
(C) 79.99
(D) so.in I

~
7. The bond angles in the PH, molecule are the
3. When an i$otope, X, is bombarded with a same as that of NCI,. Its shape would
therefore be
i
neutron the jisotope Li and an alpha particle
are produc~. The equation is as follows: (A) linear
(B) octahedral
(C) pyramidal
(D) tetrahedral
Isotope X is MOST likely
: !

8. The following equation shows the production


(A) of ammonia.
1
(B) ~B
N 2(g) + 3H,(g) ~ 2NH,(g)
(C) i~c

(D) ~Li If 10 cm' of nitrogen reacts with 30 cm' of


hydrogen at s.t.p., what volume ofNH, is
produced?
4. . Which of 1ihe following characteristics of
oxygen BE$T explains why the first ionisation (A) IOcm'
energy of !oxygen is lower than that of (B) 15 cm'
1
nitrogen? (C) 20cm'
(D) 40cm'
(A) A f1aller atomic radius

~·~··:db>&
(B)

:~
effec:tive by
nuclar c;harge
""'.relectrons
Ilion betWeen the paired 2p

; . ..
-3-

9. Sodi~m azide, NaN, is used in air bags for 12. Which ofthe following diagrams correctly
cars.I On heating, it decomposes into sodium represents the behaviour of a fixed mass of
and rlitrogen. an ideal gas at a constant temperature?
I

;
. What volume of nitrogen, at room
II temitrature, would be produced by heating PV
' one qiole of sodium azide? {A)
j
' '·

{A) 24dm 3
I
I
(B) 36dm'
I {C)
{D)
48dm'
. 72dm3 p
I
I
PV
{B)
The~implest formula for a compound that
'
. 10. '
I con ins 50 % S and 50 % 0 by mass is
I
I !'
II i
{A) I s,o.
II
(B) s,o v
{C) so, p
{C)
{D) so

11. ; Whi;h ofthe following conversions require a


redu ing agent? v
I. NO,--+ N,022• p
II. Fe,.-+fe>+ {D)
III. H,0,-+02
IY. N,-+NH,

{A) land II only


(B) I and IV only v
{C) : II and III only
{D) II, III and IV only

,.
-4-

Which of the following is NOT an 15. What is the standard heat of reaction
endothennib process? (~H _.,.,)at 101.325 kPa of pressure and
298 K, for the equation given below?
(A) Iceimelting
(B) Water boiling Zn (s) +Cu"' (aq) ~ Zn2+ (aq) +Cu (s)
(C) wa:ter .
' evaporating
(D) W~tervapourcondensing ~H·.....,,..,., =+64.4kJmol·' for Cui+
~·.....,,..,., = -152.4 kJ moJ- for Zn2•
1

~H·,..,....,., = 0 for both Zn and Cu


14. The equati<im which represents the enthalpy
ofatomisation ofbromine is
(A) +217kJmol· 1
(A) z
I •
~c,(I) ~ Br (g)
(B)
(C)
+88~0 kJ mol-1
-88.0 kJ mol- 1
(D) -217 kJ mol- 1
I .
(B) 2 ~r2(g) ~ Br (g)
(C) BrJ<g) ~ 2Br (g)
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(D) Br~(I) ~ 2Br (g)
1
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Item 16 refers to the following reaction which occurs in the presence ofdilute acid.
I
CH,d:OCH, (aq) + 12(aq) ~ CH.J COCH, (aq) + H•(aq) + l"(aq)

16. Ifthejrate equation for the reaction is

F
Rate k[CH,COCH, (aq)] [H•(aq)], which of the following BEST illustrates the slow
step?,
' 0 OH
11 I
(A) CH3 - C - CH3 + tt• ~CH3 - C - CH3
Ell

0 I
II I
(B) i CH,-c-cH, + 12 ~CH,-c -CH,+1-
, Ell

0 I
II I
(C) CH3- C -CH3 + 1- ~ CH 3 - C- CH ]
Ell

0 OH
11 I
(D) CH,- C- CH, + '2 +ff+~ CH,- f-CH,
. I
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-5-
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17. The tertiary halogenoalkane, 2-chloro-2- 18. Which ofthe followj.ng statements about a
methylpropane undergoes hydrolysis with an catalyst is or are true?
alkali as shown below.
I. It increases the equilibrium constant
1
CH3 CH3 forthe forward reaction only.
! I I
Slow II. It increases the equilibrium constant
CH3-k;-CI CH3 - c Ell +er
I for both the forward and backward
'I
.CH3 CH3 reactions.
III. It has no effect on the position of
fH3 TH3 equilibrium.
. CH3-(/;Ell+OH- Fast > CH3-C-OH
. ! I (A) !only
CH3 . CH3 (B) Ill only
(C) I and III only
The Jnergy profile diagram for the reaction is (p) JI and III only
'

Energy
19. Which ofthe following statements does NOT
(A)
refer to a system in dynamic equilibrium?

(A) The reaction is reversible.


\ (B) The amounts of all the species in the
! Reaction padt system remain constant

I (C)

(D)
The concentrations of all reactants
and products are equal.
The rate of the forward reaction is
Energy
equal to the rate of the backward
reaction.

20. For the reversible reaction


Reaction path
CaCO,(s) ~ CaO (s) + CO,(g)

Energy the equilibrium constant K, may be expressed


(C) as

(A) [CO, (g)]

Reaction path [cao (s)]


(B) [caC03(s))

Energy
[caCCJi(s)]
(D) (C)

co> ·
·· [cao <s>l[fof1
[CllCo3 <•>
I'
-6-
0

21. : W/tich oftile following statements are correct 23. Which of the following statements are true
based on tile equation below? for the titration between a strong acid and a
strong base?
, 2S02 (g)+p 2 (g)~2SO,(g)
M,i' = -98 kµI mot·' I. There is no significant change in pH
' at the beginning ofthe titration.
L II. There is a large change in pH close
In4reasingthetemperaturedecreases
to the neutralisation point
~e rate of the forward reaction.
In9reasing the pressure increases the
III. The neutralisation point and the
~uilibriwn yield ofSO,(g).
equivalence point are the same.
lit Th~ maximum mass of sulphur
*"ioxide that can be made from
(A) I and II only
(B) I and III only
~4 g ofS02 is 80 g.
(C) II IU)d III only
(A) I mild II only (D) I, II and Ill
(B) I 8*d III only
(C) II ilnd III only
Item 24 refers to the figure below which
(D) II
I, and III
shows the pH change as propanoic acid is
'

titrated with sodium hydroxide.


22. A weak aci\i, HX, dissociates as follows:
12
pH
10
Ttje dissocl' ation contant, K•• for the above
8
' reaction is .Ox 10- 12 mol dm·'. What will be
! ' •
the approximate pH of 1.0 x IO" mol dm·' 6
I-IX? i

4
(A) 5
2
(B) 6
(C) 7
(D) 8 3
Volwne of sodium hydroxide added (cm )

24. Which indicator is MOST suitable for this


reaction?

Indicator pH range

(A) Thymolblue 1.2-2.8


(B) Methyl orange 2.9-4.6
(C) Methyl red 4.2-6.3
(D) Phenolphthalein 8.3-10.0

l
I r J
~i

I I I
.,l
-7-

Th~ pH of an acid buffer can be calculated 27. Silver chromate(VI), Ag,CrO4 , is sparingly
usirg the Henderson - Hasselbalch equation. soluble in water. The units for the solubility
product (K.,,) for silver chromate(VI) are
i [salt]
p~ = pK, +log (acid] (A) moldm·'
(B) mol'dm..
(C) mol'dm·•
W~ich ofthe following are assumptions made (D) mol4 dm· 12
w~en using the equation?
I.[ The acid remains undissociated. Item 28 refers to the electrochemical cell
II; · All the H• ions come from the acid. below.
mi pK, is constant at a given
temperature. Zn(s) I Zn,. (aq) II Ag•(aq) /Ag(s)

(A) land II only 28. From which half-cell do electrons originate?


(B) I and III only
(c) II and Ill only (A) Ag•(aq) I Ag(s)
CD) I, II and III
(B) Zn(s)/ Zn,.(aq)

2~.
I
~ fullowing equation is often used to explain (C) Ag'(aq)/Ag( s) II Zn(s) /Zn,.(aq)
wtly hydrogen carbonate ions.can act as a
bu!fer. (D) Zn( s) /Zn2+(aq) II Ag• (aq) IAg( s)

H¢. 0
1 )
-+ H 20 _..i.
~
H
3
o• + CO) 2-
Item 29 refers to the Daniell cell illustrated
W~ich ofthe following explain the buffering below.
a~ion of hydrogen carbonate? (',
I Imulated wire
I; Carbonate ions can combine with
,
hydroxonium ions to increase pH.
· ' - - Colourless ZnS04 (aq)
n; Hydrogen carbonate ions can
combine with water to form Zn electrode

111:
hydroxonium ions and carbonate
ions.
Hydroxonium ions combine with
Porous
medium
- ~

I
-- Blue CuS04 (aq)
Cu electrode
hydrogen carbonate ions to form
carbon dioxide end water.
29. Which of the following statements is NOT
) (A) land II only true about what happens in the cell after it

\ (B)
(Q
I and III only
II and III only
·has been running for some time?

(A) The blue colour of the CuSO.(aq)


(D~ I, II and III
fades.
(B) Ions in solution cross the porous
medium.
(C) Tho l.nelocUudo rod1al iame.
(D) The Cu eleelaodi ;e1lliN 1111 • I d
-8-
' I
30. The hydrogt fuel cell shows much potential 31. Which ofthe following graphs BEST illustrates
as an envir nmentally friendly source of the variation in melting points.ofthe elements
eneigy. Whifh ofthe following are properties Na to Ar?
of~e hydro$en fuel cell?
I Melting
I. It d<i>es not produce any pollutants (A) point/°C
white discharging.
II.; It i~ easily recharged by energy
so~s such as the sun.
Ill.. En conversions are very efficient
I

(A)! I j II only
(B)I I an III only
0
(C)I II i d III only Na Mg Al Si p s
(D), I, III and Ill
Melting
pointl"C
(B)

. Melting
(C) point/°C

0-+~~r-~~~~~~~
NaMgAI Si P S Cl Ar

Melting
point/°C
(D)

1
i
-9-

32; Wtiich of the following BEST describes the 36. The. high melting point of graphite can be
reaction ofaluminium with oxygen? attributed to the

(A)I, No reaction (A) delocalised electrons


(B)i' Slow reaction (B) van der Waals' forces between the
(C} Veiy slow, then no reaction layers
(D)1 Vigorous initially, then slows down (C) strong covalent bonds within the
'
layers
(D) hexagonal arrangement ofthe carbon
331 Wth ofthe following is true for an acidic, atoms
an photeric and a basic oxide?

Acidic Amphoteric Basic 37. As one descends Group IV, the stability of
(A), MgO
the+2 oxidation state
so, cao
I
(B)i co, Al,0 3 CuO (A) increases
(C)i so, co Na,O (B) decreases
(D) so, P,0 10 so, (C) remains the same
(D) steadily decreases then increases

34. Th~ thermal decomposition ofcalcium nitrate


results in the formation of 38. Which statements concerning the Group VII
elements, chlorine, fluorine and bromine are
(A) calcium nitride and oxygen correct?
(B): calcium oxide and ritrogen
(C) calcium oxide, nitrogen and oxygen [. Their reactivity decreases with
(D); calcium oxide, nitrogen dioxide and increasing relative atomic mass.
oxygen II. They all react reversibly with
hydrogen to form the hydrogen
halide.
35.' On tlescending Group II ofthe periodic table, III. The intermolecular forces become
which of the following statements are true stronger with increasing relative
a~t the elements? atomic mass.
IV. The ionisation energy ofthe elements
I.: They lose electrons more easily. increases with increasing atomic
II.! Their atomic radill$ increases. mass.
I
Ill. i Their first ionisation energy
_,:
decreases. (A) I and III only
,,
J;
!I IV. I Their electronegativity decreases. (B) II and IV only
l (C) I, II and Ill only
I (A)! I and III only (D) I, III and IV only
(B)I I, II and Ill only
.I cql II, III and IV only
A sample ofhydrogen bromide and Br2 can
I (D)i
'
I, II, Ill and IV 39.
bepreparedbyreactingsodium bromide with

(A) dilute phosphoric acid


(B) dilute llllpluic ICkl
(C) conc:oimltld sulphuric: ICkl
(D)' coocaltilflDd ~ a:id
- 10 -

Iterµs 40-41 refer to the following options. 43. The Cr20,Z-(aq) I Cr'•(aq) system is often
used to illustrate redox systems because
(A) Li..mvt
(B)! ~lex (A) Cr20,'-ion isadifferentcolourfrom
(C)' Cau)Jyst the Cr'+ ion
(D) Coop:lination number (B) Cr, O,'- and Cr'• are abundant in
nature
Maitch eac~ item below with one of the (C) Cr20,Z.. ion is more stable than the
options abo~e, each of which may be used Cr'+ ion
on¢e, more than once or not at all. (D) Cr,07"" is a good reducing agent
!

40. Tutt species<jontaining ions or molecules linked


to a'. central l!lc>m by coordinate bonds Item 44 refers to the fo !lowing information. i
i

41. Th~ species! that donate electron pairs to the
central atoiri
ItelJ! 42 ref~rs to the graph below showing
White precipitate White precipitate
fi~ ionisation energy of some elements.
soluble in imolublein
excess excess
1000
\100
~00 44. Which of the following reagents does NOT
?00 aid in the identification ofX>+?
600
~00 .(A) Aqueous Kl
~00
300 (B) Dilute HCl
~00 (C) Dilute HNO,
100 (D) Dilute H,S04
, o~~~~~~~~~~~~-""
iea Sc 1) v a- MnFe Co Ni ai Zn

42. Th~ first i~nisation energy of tt:ansition 45. An excess of aqueous silver nitrate is added
elqnents inbreases gently from scapdium to to aqueous barium chloride and the precipitate
copper witll a sharp increase from copper to is removed by filtration. The main ions in the
zinc. The s'1arl> increase is caused by filtrate are

(A) filled 4s-orbitals (A) Ba>+ NO - and CJ-


(B) fill~ d-orbitals (B) Ag• and ' only
' NO,-
(C) fil!M 4s and d-orbitals (C) Ba,. and No,- only
(D) fillbd 4s-orbitals and half-filled (D) Ag• Ba>+ and NO -
d-orbitals
' '

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