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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL............................................................................... i
HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ................................................................ ii
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ................................................................. iii
PERNYATAAN ORISINALITAS DAN HAK PUBLIKASI ................ iv
KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................ v
ABSTRAK .............................................................................................. vii
ABSTRACT .............................................................................................. viii
MOTTO .................................................................................................. ix
HALAMAN PERSEMBAHAN ............................................................. x
DAFTAR ISI ........................................................................................... xi
DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................... xv
DAFTAR GAMBAR .............................................................................. xvi
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ........................................................................... xvii
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang .................................................................... 1
B. Rumusan Masalah ................................................................ 9
C. Tujuan Penelitian.................................................................. 9
D. Spesifikasi Modul ................................................................ 9
E. Asumsi dan Keterbatasan ..................................................... 10
F. Definisi Istilah ...................................................................... 11
G. Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................... 12

BAB II. KAJIAN PUSTAKA


A. Teori Belajar ........................................................................ 14
1. Teori Belajar Kognitif Piaget ........................................... 14
2. Teori Belajar Jerome Bruner ............................................ 14
3. Teori Konstruktivisme...................................................... 15
4. Teori Belajar David Ausubel............................................ 15
B. Pembelajaran IPA Terpadu .................................................. 16

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1. Definisi Pembelajaran IPA Terpadu ................................ 16
2. Hakikat IPA Terpadu ....................................................... 16
3. Karakteristik IPA Terpadu ............................................... 17
C. Problem Based Learning ...................................................... 18
1. Pengertian Problem Based Learning (PBL)..................... 18
2. Karakteristik PBL............................................................. 19
3. Manfaat PBL .................................................................... 20
4. Sintaks PBL ...................................................................... 20
D. Model Keterpaduan IPA ...................................................... 21
E. Media Pembelajaran ............................................................. 23
F. Modul Pembelajaran IPA ..................................................... 27
1. Pengertian Modul Pembelajaran IPA ............................... 27
2. Karakteristik Modul Pembelajaran IPA ........................... 27
3. Komponen Modul ............................................................ 28
4. Penyusunan Modul ........................................................... 29
5. Kelebihan dan Kelemahan Modul .................................... 32
6. Modul IPA Terpadu Berbasis PBL ................................. 32
G. Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis ................................................. 33
H. Kompetensi Dasar dan Air Limbah Tetes Tebu................... 35
1. Kompetensi Dasar ............................................................ 35
2. Air Limbah Tetes Tebu .................................................... 36
3. Asam, Basa, dan Garam ................................................... 38
4. Metode Pemisahan Campuran .......................................... 39
5. Pencemaran Air ................................................................ 40
6. Dampak yang ditimbulkan oleh pencemaran air .............. 41
I. Penelitian yang Relevan ........................................................ 42
J. Kerangka Berpikir ................................................................. 46
BAB III. METODE PENELITIAN
A. Jenis Penelitian..................................................................... 49
B. Prosedur Penelitian ............................................................... 49
1. Define (Pendefinisian) ...................................................... 51

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2. Design (Perancangan) ...................................................... 53
3. Develop (Pengembangan) ................................................ 56
4. Dissiminate (Penyebaran) ............................................... 64
C. Uji Produk ............................................................................ 64
D. Instrumen Penelitian ............................................................ 65
1. Jenis Data dan Instrumen Pengambilan Data ................... 65
2. Instrumen Pembelajaran ................................................... 66
E. Teknik Analisis Data ............................................................ 66
BAB IV. HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN
A. Hasil Study Pendahuluan ..................................................... 71
1. Pendefinisian .................................................................... 71
2. Perancangan (Design) ...................................................... 78
B. Pengembangan Produk ......................................................... 85
C. Data Uji Coba ....................................................................... 94
1. Uji Coba Terbatas............................................................. 89
2. Uji Coba Luas................................................................... 96
D. Pembahasan .......................................................................... 97
1. Pendefinisian (Define)...................................................... 98
2. Perancangan (Design) ...................................................... 101
3. Pengembangan (Develop) ................................................ 103
4. Penyebaran (Disseminate) ................................................ 113
BAB V. KESIMPULAN, IMPLIKASI, DAN SARAN
A. Kesimpulan .......................................................................... 115
B. Implikasi ............................................................................... 115
C. Saran ..................................................................................... 117

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Fase-fase Sintaks Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah ................. 20


Tabel 2.2 Empat Model Pembelajaran IPA Terpadu yang Potensial ...... 22
Tabel 2.3 Aspek-aspek Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis .............................. 34
Tabel 3.1 Validitas Soal Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis ............................ 58
Tabel 3.2 Hasil Uji Daya Pembeda Instrumen Penelitian ....................... 61
Tabel 3.3 Tingkat Kesukaran Uji Coba Soal .......................................... 62
Tabel 3.4 Hasil Perhitungan Soal Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa ... 63
Tabel 3.5 Instrumen Penelitian ............................................................... 66
Tabel 3.6 Kriteria Nilai Rerata Validasi Kelayakan Modul.................... 67
Tabel 3.7 Kriteria Nilai Rerata Uji Coba Terbatas ................................. 67
Tabel 3.8 Kriteria Nilai Rerata Uji Coba Lapangan ............................... 69
Tabel 3.9 Kriteria N-Gain Score ............................................................. 70
Tabel 3.10 Kriteria Nilai Rerata Penilaian Sikap .................................... 70

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Kerucut Pengalaman ........................................................... 24


Gambar 3.1 Model Pengembanga 4-D (Four-D Model)......................... 50
Gambar 3.2 Model Keterpaduan Connected Pada Air Limbah Tetes ..... 52
Gambar 4.1 Tampilan Sampul Modul..................................................... 79
Gambar 4.2.(a) Peta Kedudukan Modul ................................................. 81
Gambar 4.2.(b) Peta Konsep ................................................................... 81
Gambar 4.3 Peta Isi Modul ..................................................................... 82
Gambar 4.4.(a) Indikator Pembelajaran .................................................. 83
Gambar 4.4.(b) Ayo Mengamati ............................................................. 83
Gambar 4.5 “Mari Kita Analisis Masalah” dan
“Ayo Kita Berkelompok”................................................... 83
Gambar 4.6.(a) “Mari Kita Bereksperimen” ........................................... 84
Gambar 4.6.(b) “Bagaimana Solusi Kalian” ........................................... 84

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Hasil Analisis Uji Coba Soal............................................. .. 121


Lampiran 2 Hasil Angket Kebutuhan Guru ............................................ 122
Lampiran 3 Hasil Angket Kebutuhan Siswa ........................................... 123
Lampiran 4 Hasil Analisis Bahan Ajar.................................................. . 124
Lampiran 5 Angket Kelayakan Isi Modul ............................................... 125
Lampiran 6 Hasil Penilaian Kelayakan Isi Modul .................................. 127
Lampiran 7 Angket Kelayakan Bahasa ................................................... 128
Lampiran 8 Hasil Penilaian Kelayakan Bahasa ...................................... 130
Lampiran 9 Angket Penilaian Kelayakan Penyajian............................... 131
Lampiran 10 Hasil Penilaian Kelayakan Penyajian ................................ 133
Lampiran 11 Angket Penilaian Kelayakan Kegrafikan .......................... 134
Lampiran 12 Hasil Penilaian Kelayakan Kegrafikan .............................. 136
Lampiran 13 Angket Penilaian Kelayakan RPP ..................................... 137
Lampiran 14 Hasil Penilaian Kelayakan RPP ......................................... 138
Lampiran 16 Kisi-kisi dan Soal Uji Coba ............................................... 140
Lampiran 17 Hasil Analisis Posttest ....................................................... 151

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