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Teacher: Mohammed Hamdi Senhaji option: humanities

Level: 2nd level of Baccalaureate


Dropping out of school is a serious problem in Morocco. Each year, nearly 200, 000 children leave
school before completing their primary education. A new government initiative in Morocco offers some
measures to reduce the number of students who withdraw from school. This initiative is part of an
awareness campaign targeting parents.
Researchers and government officials largely attribute the phenomenon to the ignorance of poor
parents who do not realize the importance of education. Some parents, for example, withdraw their
children from school due to the competing demands for household income which often push children to
work. Drop-out rates are higher among children of illiterate parents. These rates can be reduced if we
sensitise parents about the importance of sending their children to school. In 2006, Morocco launched a
number of awareness campaigns to address this growing problem. These campaigns aim at introducing a
national programme which encourages school children to make a list of non-registered children and
children who have dropped out. More than 14,000 teachers and headmasters will also be responsible for
implementing this plan.
The initiative is considered a logical one because it will get children who have dropped out back into
the school system, and it will act as a preventive measure because it raises students’ awareness to the
negative consequences of dropping out. The initiative was tested last year in a few regions. Fatima Lharti,
a twelve-year-old schoolgirl from Tangiers, says she managed to stop approximately one dozen children
from dropping out and persuaded a number of others who had already dropped out to come back to
school. “The most difficult part of work is convincing parents.” However, “when they hear children – the
same age as their own – talking about the consequences of taking their children out of school, most of
them come around within a few minutes,” Fatima proudly told Magharebia website reporter.
Samir El Garoumi missed a year of school to work for his family. He is now back in school and has
struck a healthy balance between work and studies. In the morning, he goes to school and in the evening,
he helps his father in his workshop. This year, he is taking part in, the initiative to make a list of children
who are not in school. He also advises parents in his family circle to allow their children to finish their
education.
(adopted from: www.magharebia.com)
I. Comprehension (15 points) Base your answers on the text
A. Choose the right answer from the list given. (1 pt) Tick(√) the right answer
The text is taken from
ð A magazine
ð The internet
ð A newspaper
B. Answer the following questions. (3 pts)
1. How many students drop out of primary school in Morocco every year?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Why do poor parents withdraw their children from school?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. How can drop-out rates be reduced?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
C. Are these sentences true or false? Justify. (3 pts)
1. The programme encourages parents to make lists of children who have dropped out of school.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Fatima Lharti convinced nearly one dozen children to stay at school.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Samir studies and helps his father as well.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
D. Complete the following sentences. (2 pts)
1. As a preventive measure, the initiative aims at…………………………………………………………
2. Fatima Lharti found it difficult to ………………………………………………………………………
E. Find in the text words that mean almost the same as: (3 pts)
1. Minimize (parag 1): ……………………………………………………………………..
2. Money we get from work or investment (parag 2): ……………………………
3. Participating (parag 4): …………………………………………………………
F. What do the underlined words or expressions in the text refer to? (3 pts)
1. the phenomenon: …………………………………………………………………
2. they: ………………………………………………………………………….
3. he: …………………………………………………………………………..

II. language : (15 points)


A. Put the verbs between brackets in the correct tense. (3 pts)
Najib Sidqi (get)……………………………………………………..his degree in marketing before he
started work at the bank. In 2007, he (conduct)……………………………………………….a piece of
research on developing customer services. Now, he (be)………………………………………………the
manager of a bank agency.
B. Rewrite the following sentences as suggested. (3 pts)
1. The government launched an educational programme in 2006.
An educational programme …………………………………………………………………………..
2. “The film has attracted a lot of viewers,” the film director said.
The film director said that ………………………………………………………………………………
3. Saida left school at an early age
The teacher wishes ………………………………………………………………………………………
C. Give the correct form of the words between brackets. (3 pts)
1. Reducing the rates of drop-outs in Morocco will be an important (achieve) …………………………
2. Fatima will be (promotion) …………………………………………
3. Many NGO contribute to the (develop) …………………………………………of citizenship values.
D. Fill in the gaps with the right phrasal verbs from the list. (1.5 pts)
Stand for – fill in – bring about – look up – get off – apply for
1. The father encouraged his son to ………………………………………………………….another job.
2. The letters VIP ……………………………………………………………Very Important Person.
3. The new initiative tries to …………………………………………….change in education.
E. Join the following sentences using the words given. (3 pts)
1. Hamid did a great job. He was not offered a better position. (though)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Souad did not come to the show. She was sick. (because of)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. We were unable to get financial support. We had to abandon the project. (therefore)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
F. Match the words that go together to make appropriate collocation. (1.5 pts)
1. Natural a. priority
2. Formal b. disaster
3. brain c. gain
d. education
e. opportunity

1:…………………………………………2:……………………………………….3:…………………………
III. Writing: (10 points)
A lot of people in developing countries suffer from illiteracy. Write a short essay about the causes and
consequences of this phenomenon and suggest some solutions. (Approximately 250)
Here are some suggestions to help you:
- Poverty/parents’ ignorance,
- Lack of awareness to the importance of education,
- Remote schools in rural areas,
- Role of youth organisations, NGO, government, etc.
THE CORRECTION
Teacher: Mohammed Hamdi Senhaji option: letters
Level: 2nd level of Baccalaureate
Dropping out of school is a serious problem in Morocco. Each year, nearly 200, 000 children leave
school before completing their primary education. A new government initiative in Morocco offers some
measures to reduce the number of students who withdraw from school. This initiative is part of an
awareness campaign targeting parents.
Researchers and government officials largely attribute the phenomenon to the ignorance of poor
parents who do not realize the importance of education. Some parents, for example, withdraw their
children from school due to the competing demands for household income which often push children to
work. Drop-out rates are higher among children of illiterate parents. These rates can be reduced if we
sensitise parents about the importance of sending their children to school. In 2006, Morocco launched a
number of awareness campaigns to address this growing problem. These campaigns aim at introducing a
national programme which encourages school children to make a list of non-registered children and
children who have dropped out. More than 14,000 teachers and headmasters will also be responsible for
implementing this plan.
The initiative is considered a logical one because it will get children who have dropped out back into
the school system, and it will act as a preventive measure because it raises students’ awareness to the
negative consequences of dropping out. The initiative was tested last year in a few regions. Fatima Lharti,
a twelve-year-old schoolgirl from Tangiers, says she managed to stop approximately one dozen children
from dropping out and persuaded a number of others who had already dropped out to come back to
school. “The most difficult part of work is convincing parents.” However, “when they hear children – the
same age as their own – talking about the consequences of taking their children out of school, most of
them come around within a few minutes,” Fatima proudly told Magharebia website reporter.
Samir El Garoumi missed a year of school to work for his family. He is now back in school and has
struck a healthy balance between work and studies. In the morning, he goes to school and in the evening,
he helps his father in his workshop. This year, he is taking part in, the initiative to make a list of children
who are not in school. He also advises parents in his family circle to allow their children to finish their
education.
(adopted from: www.magharebia.com)
I. Comprehension (15 points) Base your answers on the
text
A. Choose the right answer from the list given. (1 pt) Tick (√) the right answer
The text is taken from
ð A magazine
(√) The internet
ð A newspaper
B. Answer the following questions. (3 pts)
1. How many students drop out of primary school in Morocco every year?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Why do poor parents withdraw their children from school?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. How can drop-out rates be reduced?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
C. Are these sentences true or false? Justify. (3 pts)
1. The programme encourages parents to make lists of children who have dropped out of school.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Fatima Lharti convinced nearly one dozen children to stay at school.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Samir studies and helps his father as well.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
D. Complete the following sentences. (2 pts)
1. As a preventive measure, the initiative aims at…………………………………………………………
2. Fatima Lharti found it difficult to ………………………………………………………………………
E. Find in the text words that mean almost the same as: (3 pts)
1. Minimize (parag 1): ……………………………………………………………………..
2. Money we get from work or investment (parag 2): ……………………………………………………
3. Participating (parag 4): ………………………………………………………………………
F. What do the underlined words or expressions in the text refer to? (3 pts)
1. the phenomenon: ……………………………………………………………………
2. they: ………………………………………………………………………….
3. he: …………………………………………………………………………..
II. language : (15 points)
A. Put the verbs between brackets in the correct tense. (3 pts)
Najib Sidqi (get)……………………………………………………..his degree in marketing before he
started work at the bank. In 2007, he (conduct)……………………………………………….a piece of
research on developing customer services. Now, he
(be)………………………………………………………………the manager of a bank agency.
B. Rewrite the following sentences as suggested. (3 pts)
1. The government launched an educational programme in 2006.
An educational programme ……………………
2. “The film has attracted a lot of viewers,” the film director said.
The film director said that ………………………………………………………………………………
3. Saida left school at an early age.
The teacher wishes ……………………………………………………………………………………
C. Give the correct form of the words between brackets. (3 pts)
1. Reducing the rates of drop-outs in Morocco will be an important (achieve) …………………………
2. Fatima will be (promotion) ………………………………………
3. Many NGO contribute to the (develop) …………………………………………of citizenship values.
D. Fill in the gaps with the right phrasal verbs from the list. (1.5 pts)
Stand for – fill in – bring about – look up – get off – apply for
1. The father encouraged his son to …………………………………………………….another job.
2. The letters VIP ……………………………………………………………Very Important Person.
3. The new initiative tries to …………………………………………….change in education.
E. Join the following sentences using the words given. (3 pts)
1. Hamid did a great job. He was not offered a better position. (though)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Souad did not come to the show. She was sick. (because of)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. We were unable to get financial support. We had to abandon the project. (therefore)
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
F. Match the words that go together to make appropriate collocation. (1.5 pts)
4. Natural f. priority
5. Formal g. disaster
6. brain h. gain
i. education
j. opportunity

1:…………………………………………2:…………………………………….3:……………………………
III. Writing: (10 points)
A lot of people in developing countries suffer from illiteracy. Write a short essay about the causes and
consequences of this phenomenon and suggest some solutions. (Approximately 250)
Here are some suggestions to help you:
- Poverty/parents’ ignorance,
- Lack of awareness to the importance of education,
- Remote schools in rural areas,
- Role of youth organisations, NGO, government, etc.
Teacher: Mohammed Hamdi Senhaji option: Sciences
Level: 2nd level of Baccalaureate
Morocco’s street children live In a difficult life, filled with harmful drugs and crime. Efforts to
reintegrate them into families and schools are somewhat successful but experts say the problem is large and
its root lies in poverty and difficult social circumstances.
Othmane left his home and school at the age of fourteen to live on the street. He no longer wanted to see
his mother fight the daily battle to get bread for his five little siblings and pay for his school expenses. “The
street is not a better place to live in,” Othmane says, “but at least she will not have to think about my daily
living. In the meantime, I may be able to help her.” Othmane carries bags of vegetables and other purchases
for customers at a nearby market. In this way, he earns a few dirhams a day, enough to bring a little money
back home.
Othmane is one of the growing numbers of street children in Morocco. These are the homeless and
marginalized youths without identity or family. The sidewalks, public gardens, and the buildings doorsteps
are their beds.
In Casablanca, these children’s main residences are alleys in the old city, the port, the train station, and
the fruits and vegetables wholesale market. The port provides them with an opportunity to emigrate
illegally. The wholesale market gives them the chance to work as porters. At the train station, they can earn
little money from helping passengers or by begging from tourists.
According to the most recent statistics, 7,000 street children live in Casablanca Wilaya alone. 8,800 more
live in other major cities such as Marrakesh, Fez, and Meknes. The government and many non-governmental
organisations have adopted a strategy of building centers to shelter some of these street children and
reintegrate them into school and families, but the challenge is enormous. The number of children usually
exceeds the centers’ capacities; there are not enough beds for all of them, and urgent is the need to act at
once to save those children!
I. Comprehension (15 points)
Base your answers on the text
A. Answer these questions: (3 pts)
1. Why did Othmane become one of the street children?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. What does he do to earn money?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. What has been done to solve the problem of street children?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
B. Pick out from the text expressions or phrases which show that: (2 pts)
1. Othmane doesn’t like living in the street. (parag 2): ……………………………………………………
2. There is a need to build more centers for street children. (parag 5):…………………………………………
C. Fill in the chart with the right information from the text: (3 pts)
Place of residence for street The opportunity it offers
children
↓ ↓
1. The port ……………………………………………………………………..
2. The wholesale market ………………………………………………………………………..
3. The train station ………………………………………………………………………………..

D. Fin in the text words or expressions which mean the same as: (4 pts)
1. Origin (parag 1) ……………………………………………………………………………………
2. Clients (parag 2) ……………………………………………………………………………………..
3. Without a place to live in (parag 3) …………………………………………………………..
4. A plan (parag 5) ………………………………………………………………………….
E. What do the underlined words in the text refer to? (4 pts)
1. Its: ……………………………………………………………………………
2. She: …………………………………………………………………………………
3. Them: ……………………………………………………………………………………………
II. Language (15 points)
A. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate words from the list: (2 pts)
Non-formal / cooperation / labour / non-profit / conference
UNESCO is a ………………………………………………organisation which contributes to peace and
security by promoting international ……………………………………through education, science and
culture.
B. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs: (2 pts)
Put on – set up – turn down – write down – make up
1. How could you ……………………………..such an interesting job offer?
2. ……………………………………………………. your coat; it’s cold inhere.
C. Match the words that go together to make appropriate collocations (2 pts)
1. Equal a. opportunities
2. problem b. diversity
c. mistake
d. solving
1. …………………………………………………… 2. ………………………………………
D. Rewrite these sentences beginning with the words given: (3 pts)
1. The government should take measures to reintegrate street children into society.
Measures …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
2. “I will take her suggestions into consideration,” Jack said.
Jack promised …………………………………………………………………………………………….
3. Youness said: “ I regret having accepted my first cigarette
“If only I ………………………………………………………………………………….,” Youness said.
E. Put the verbs between brackets in the correct tense: (3 pts)
“Our son (run away) ………………………………………from home last week. We (still/look
for)………………………….……………him. His best friend says that he (not see)
…………………………………..him for two weeks,” the father said.

F. Match each sentence with its appropriate function: (3 pts)


1. Mrs. Simpson took her medicine. Yet, she didn’t feel a. Cause and effect
better. b. Concession
2. My friend Tarik is saving money so as to buy a computer. c. Defining
3. Because of poverty, children’s schooling is still a problem d. Purpose
in many African countries.
1: …………………………………… 2: ……………………. 3: ……………………………
III. Writing: (10 points)
Taking drugs is dangerous. Write a short article to you school magazine about the consequences of drug-
taking on youth’s health and education
These questions may help you: (Approximately 150 words)
- Why do you think young people take drugs?
- What effects do these drugs have on their health and education?
- What solutions do you suggest for them?