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Name Renu

2. Designation Professor

3. Contact details

Department of Mathematics, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Contact No. 9878061016

E-mail rbajaj@pu.ac.in

4. Qualification: B.Sc. , M.Sc., M.Phil, PhD.

5. Area of Specialization : Applied Mathematics, Fluid dynamics,

Instabilities, Magnetic fluids
6. Award/ Honours/ Fellowship etc.
• National Scholarship during B.SC., 1983-86.
• NBHM Scholarship during M.SC., 1986-88.
• College and University Medals for 1st position in B.Sc. (I,
II, III) in the Panjab University.
• Campus and and University Medals for 1st position in
M.Sc. I and M.Sc. II in the Panjab University.
• CSIR fellowship during PhD. 1991-95.
• Young Scientist Award of Indian Science Congress, 1998.

7. Selected publications

• Renu Bajaj and S.K. Malik, Pattern formation in ferrofluids, Journal of

Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 1409, (1995), 158-161.
• Renu Bajaj and S.K. Malik, Convective instability and pattern formation in
magnetic fluids, Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 207, (1997),
• Renu Bajaj, Thermodiffusive magneto convection in ferrofluids with two-
frequency gravity modulation. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials,
494, (2004), 288-483.
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Couette flow in ferrofluids with magnetic field,
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 294, (2005), 53-62.
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Stability of nonaxisymmetric ferrofluid flow in
rotating cylinders with magnetic field, Int. J. Math. Math. Sci., 23, (2005), 3727-
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Nonaxisymmetric modes of Couette-Taylor
instability in ferrofluids with radial flow, Magnetohydrodynamics, 42, (2006), 57-
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Parametric Modulation in the Taylor-Couette
Ferrofluid flow, Fluid Dyn. Res., 40, (2008), 737-752.
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Temperature Modulation in Ferrofluid
Convection, Physics of Fluids, 21, 0641015 (2009).
• Renu Bajaj, The effect of periodically moving boundaries on Thermo-magnetic
Convection in Ferrofluids, Physics of Fluids, 22, 114106 (2010)
• Jitender Singh and Renu Bajaj, Convective instability in a ferrofluid layer with
temperature-modulated rigid boundaries, Fluid Dyn. Res. 43 (2011) 025502
8. Highlight of Research work
The Stability of a system depends upon whether a small disturbance imposed on it in its
primary state will grow or be damped. A variety of instabilities occur in a fluid flow
system, leading to the formation of geometric patterns, turbulence or even chaos.
Hydrodynamic stability is concerned with the response of laminar flow to a small
disturbance that may be caused by buoyancy in a fluid of variable density, surface
tension, some mechanical force or an electromagnetic force. As a result of some
disturbance of the equilibrium of external forces, inertia etc. the instability manifests
itself in the form of a new flow.
Ferrofluids (also called magnetic fluids) are colloidal suspension of subdomain magnetic
particles, coated with a layer of surfactant in liquid carrier. In the presence of magnetic
field a magnetic gradient is set up which affects the flow field. In certain cases the
magnetization and the intensity of the field prevent instability, resulting in the increases
in operating range of equilibrium flow field while in some other cases magnetization and
intensity favor instability and thus change the fluid configuration. The knowledge of the
effect of magnetic field and the response of the magnetic fluid is very much beneficial to
the experimentalists.
We have worked on the study of various types of instabilities arising in the flow of
ferrofluids :
• Surface instability
• Themo-magnetic convection
• Taylor Couette flow instability
• Heated Plane Couette flow
• Heated Poiseuille flow instability
• Parametric instability due to modulation of the driving force

We have analytically and numerically investigated the effect of magnetic field on the
onset of instabilities and the resulting patterns appeared.