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Exercise 9.

2 (Solutions)
MathCity.org Page 301
Textbook of Algebra and Trigonometry for Class XI
Merging man and maths Available online @ http://www.mathcity.org, Version: 3.0

Question # 1 & 2
Do yourself
Question # 3
In which quadrant are the terminal arms of the angle lie when
(i) sin θ < 0 and cosθ > 0
(ii) cot θ > 0 and cos ecθ > 0
Solutions
(i) Since sin θ < 0 so θ lies in IIIrd or IVth quadrant.
Also cosθ > 0 so θ lies in Ist or IVth quadrant.
⇒ θ lies in IVth quadrant

(ii) Since cot θ > 0 so θ lies in Ist or IIIrd quadrant.


Also cscθ > 0 so θ lies in Ist or IInd quadrant
⇒ θ lies in Ist quadrant.
Question # 3 (iii), (iv) and ……
Do yourself as above
Question # 4
Find the values of the remaining trigonometric functions:
12
(i) sin θ = and the terminal arm of the angle is in quad. I.
13
9
(ii) cosθ = and the terminal arm of the angle is in quad. IV.
41
1
(iv) tan θ = − and the terminal arm of the angle is in quad. II.
3
Solutions
(i) Since sin 2θ + cos 2θ = 1
⇒ cos 2θ = 1 − sin 2θ
⇒ cosθ = ± 1 − sin 2θ
As terminal ray lies in Ist quadrant so cosθ is +ive.
cosθ = 1 − sin 2θ
2
 12  12
⇒ cosθ = 1 −   ∵ sin θ =
 13  13
144 25 5
= 1− = ⇒ cosθ =
169 169 13
Now
sin θ 1213 12 13 12
tan θ = = = ⋅ ⇒ tan θ =
cosθ 513 13 5 5
FSc-I / 9.2 - 2

1 1 13 13
cscθ = = = ⇒ cscθ =
sin θ 12 12 12
13
1 1 13 13
secθ = = = ⇒ secθ =
cosθ 5 13 5 5
1 1 5 5
cot θ = = = ⇒ cot θ =
tan θ 12 5 12 12

(ii) Since sin 2θ + cos 2θ = 1


⇒ sin 2θ = 1 − cos 2θ
⇒ sin θ = ± 1 − cos 2θ
As terminal ray lies in IVth quadrant so sin θ is –ive .
sin θ = − 1 − cos 2θ
2
 9
⇒ sin θ = − 1 −  
 41 
81 1600 40 40
= − 1− =− =− ⇒ sin θ = −
1681 1681 41 41
Now
sin θ − 40
tan θ = = 41 = − 40 ⋅ 41 = − 40 ⇒ tan θ = −
40
cosθ 9 41 9 9 9
41
1 1 41 40
cscθ = = =− ⇒ cscθ = −
sin θ − 40 41 40 41
1 1 41 41
secθ = = = ⇒ secθ =
cosθ 9 9 9
11
1 1 9 9
cot θ = = =− ⇒ cot θ = −
tan θ − 409 40 40

(iv) Since sec 2θ = 1 + tan 2θ


⇒ secθ = ± 1 + tan 2θ
As terminal ray is in IInd quadrant so secθ is –ive.
⇒ secθ = − 1 − tan 2θ
2
 1 1 10
⇒ secθ = − 1 +  −  = − 1 + = −
 3 9 9
10
⇒ secθ = −
3
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FSc-I / 9.2 - 3

1 1 3 3
Now cosθ = = =− ⇒ cosθ = −
secθ − 10 10 10
3
sin θ
Also = tan θ
cosθ
 1  3  1
⇒ sin θ = ( tan θ )( cosθ ) =  −   −  ⇒ sin θ =
 3   10  10
1 1
cscθ = = ⇒ cscθ = 10
sin θ 1
10
1 1
cot θ = = ⇒ cot θ = −3
tan θ − 13

Question # 4 (iii) and (v) Do yourself as above.


Question # 5
15
If cot θ = and terminal arm of the angle is not in quad. I, find the values of cosθ and
8
cosecθ .
Solution
As cot θ is +ive and it is not in Ist quadrant so it is in IIIrd quadrant
( cot θ +ive in Ist and IIIrd quadrant)
Now csc2 θ = 1 + cot 2 θ ⇒ cscθ = ± 1 + cot 2 θ
As terminal ray is in IIIrd quadrant so cscθ is –ive.
cscθ = − 1 + cot 2 θ
2
 15  225 15
⇒ cscθ = − 1 +   = − 1 + ∵ cot θ =
8 64 8
289 17
=− ⇒ cscθ = −
64 8
1 1 8
sin θ = = ⇒ sin θ = −
cscθ −178 17
cosθ
Now = cot θ
sin θ
 15  8  15
⇒ cosθ = cot θ sin θ =   −  ⇒ cosθ = −
 8  17  17
Question # 6
m2 + 1  π
If cosecθ = and  0 < θ <  , find the values of the remaining trigonometric
2m  2
function.

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FSc-I / 9.2 - 4

Solution
π
Since 0 < θ < therefore terminal ray lies in Ist quadrant.
2
Now 1 + cot 2 θ = csc 2 θ
⇒ cot 2 θ = csc2 θ − 1
⇒ cot θ = ± csc 2 θ − 1
As terminal ray of θ is in Ist quadrant so cot θ is +ive.
cot θ = csc 2 θ − 1
2
 m2 + 1  (m 2 + 1) 2 2
m +1
⇒ cot θ =   −1 = −1 ∵ cscθ =
 2m  (2m) 2 2m

m 4 + 2m 2 + 1 m 4 + 2m 2 + 1 − 4m 2 m 4 − 2m 2 + 1
= −1 = =
4m 2 4m 2 4m 2
(m 2 − 1)2 m 2 − 1 m2 − 1
= = ⇒ cot θ =
(2m) 2 2m 2m
1 1 2m 2m
sin θ = = 2 = 2 ⇒ sin θ =
cscθ (
m +1
2m
( m + 1)
) m2 + 1

cosθ
Now = cot θ ⇒ cosθ = ( cot θ )( sin θ )
sin θ
 m 2 − 1   2m   m2 − 1 
⇒ cosθ =   2  ⇒ cosθ =  2 
 2m   m + 1   m +1
1 1  m2 + 1 
secθ = = 2 ⇒ secθ =  2 
cosθ m2 −1  m −1
m +1
1 1  2m 
tan θ = = 2 ⇒ tan θ =  2 
cot θ m −1  m −1
2m
Question # 7
1
If tan θ = and the terminal arm of the angle is not is the II quad. Find the value of
7
csc2 θ − sec2 θ
csc2 θ + sec2 θ
Solution
tan θ is +ive and terminal arm is not in the IIIrd quadrant, therefore terminal arm lies in
Ist quadrant.
Now sec2 θ = 1 + tan 2 θ
⇒ secθ = ± 1 + tan 2 θ
as terminal arm is in the first quadrant so secθ is +ive.
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FSc-I / 9.2 - 5

secθ = 1 + tan 2 θ
2
 1  1 8 2 2
secθ = 1 +   = 1+ 7 = 7 ⇒ secθ =
 7 7
1 1 7
Now cosθ = = ⇒ cosθ =
secθ 2 2 2 2
7
sin θ
Now = tan θ ⇒ sin θ = ( tan θ )( cosθ )
cosθ
 1  7  1
⇒ sin θ =     ⇒ sin θ =
 7  2 2  2 2
1 1
cscθ = = ⇒ cscθ = 2 2
sin θ 1
2 2
2
2
  8
2
csc θ − sec θ 2 (
2 2 −

2 2
7) 
 =
8−
7
Now = 2
2
csc θ + sec θ 2 8
2 2 +  2 2 
2
( 
)
7
8+
7
48
48 7 4
= 7 = ⋅ = Answer
64 7 64 3
7
Question # 8
5
If cot θ = and the terminal arm of the angle is in the I quad., find the value of
2
3sin θ + 4cosθ
cosθ − sin θ
Solution
Since csc 2 θ = 1 + cot 2 θ
⇒ cscθ = ± 1 + cot 2 θ
As terminal ray is in Ird quadrant so cscθ is +ive.
2
25 25 29 29
cscθ = 1 + cot θ = 1 +   = 1 + = =
2 4 4 2
1 1 2
Now sin θ = = ⇒ sin θ =
cscθ 29 29
2
cosθ
Now = cot θ ⇒ cosθ = ( cot θ )( sin θ )
sin θ
 5  2  5
⇒ cosθ =     ⇒ cosθ =
 2   29  29

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FSc-I / 9.2 - 6

3  2  + 4 5
 
 6
 + 20
= 
3sin θ + 4cosθ 29   29  29 29
Now =
cosθ − sin θ 5 − 2 5 − 2
29 29 29 29
6 + 20 26
= 29 = 29 = 26 ⋅ 2 = 26 Answer
5−2 3 29 3 3
29 29

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Book: Exercise 9.2 (Page #301)


Text Book of Algebra and Trigonometry Class XI
Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore.

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