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Bituminous road constructions steps:
The Constructor- Complete Civil
1. Preparation of the existing base course layer Engineering Website
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The existing surface is prepared by removing the pot holes or rust if any. The irregularities
are filled in with premix chippings at least a week before laying surface course. If the 70,964 people like The Constructor- Complete Civil
Engineering Website.
existing pavement is extremely way, a bituminous leveling course of adequate thickness is
provided to lay a bituminous concrete surface course on a binder course instead of directly
laying it on a WBM.

2. Application of Tuck Coat Facebook social plugin

It is desirable to lay AC layer over a bituminous base or binder course. A tack coat of
bitumen is applied at 6.0 to 7.5 kg per 10 sq.m area, this quantity may be increased to 7.5
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to 10 kg for non-bituminous base.

3. Preparation and placing of Premix CIVIL ENGINEERING JOBS

The premix is prepared in a hot mix plant of a required capacity with the desired quality REMODELING CONTRACTORS
control. The bitumen may be heated upto 150 – 177 deg C and the aggregate temperature
should not differ by over 14 deg C from the binder temperature. The hot mixed material is
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collected from the mixture by the transporters, carried to the location is spread by a
mechanical paver at a temperature of 121 to 163 deg C. the camber and the thickness of
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the layer are accurately verified. The control of the temperatures during the mixing and the
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compaction are of great significance in the strength of the resulting pavement structure.

4. Rolling
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A mix after it is placed on the base course is thoroughly compacted by rolling at a speed not
more than 5km per hour. Concrete Technology How To Guide

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The initial or break down rolling is done by 8 to 12 tonnes roller and the intermediate rolling
is done with a fixed wheel pneumatic roller of 15 to 30 tonnes having a tyre pressure of 7kg Structural Design Material Testing Guide
per sq.cm. the wheels of the roller are kept damp with water.
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The number of passes required depends on the thickness of the layer. In warm weather
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rolling on the next day, helps to increase the density if the initial rolling was not adequate.
The final rolling or finishing is done by 8 to 10 tonne tandem roller. Design Structural Analysis Water Resources

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http://theconstructor.org/transportation/processes-in-bituminous-road-construction/53... 24-05-2013
PROCESSES IN BITUMINOUS ROAD CONSTRUCTION Page 2 of 3

Fig: Tandem Roller

5. Quality control of bituminous concrete construction

The routine checks are carried out at site to ensure the quality of the resulting pavement
mixture and the pavement surface.

Periodical checks are made for

a) Aggregate grading

b) Grade of bitumen

c) Temperature of aggregate

d) Temperature of paving mix during mixing and compaction.

At least one sample for every 100 tonnes of the mix discharged by the hot mix plant is
collected and tested for above requirements. Marshall tests are also conducted. For every
100 sq.m of the compacted surface, one test of the field density is conducted to check
whether it is atleast 95% of the density obtained in the laboratory. The variation in the
thickness allowed is 6mm per 4.5m length of construction.

6. Finished surface:

The AC surface should be checked by a 3.0 m straight edge. The longitudinal undulations
should not exceed 8.0 mm and the number of undulations higher than 6.0 mm should not
exceed 10 in a length of 300 m. The cross-traffic profile should not have undulations
exceeding 4.0mm.

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Dennis Mwaba · Structural Engineer at Kansanshi Minin Plc. Under FQML


cool stuff constructing roads, can u give me the videos for the road tests.
Reply · Like · April 2 at 4:13am

Girija Shankar Dhidhee · R.I.T.M.Raipur


I want to know about bitumenus grade.
Reply · Like · March 20 at 8:57pm

Modestus Sanga · MBEYA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


engieers work up to build our country.
Reply · Like · December 30, 2012 at 9:06pm

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http://theconstructor.org/transportation/processes-in-bituminous-road-construction/53... 24-05-2013