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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»


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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ЭНЕРГЕТИКА
В АКРОНИМАХ И СОКРАЩЕНИЯХ
АНГЛО-РУССКИЙ СЛОВАРЬ

POWER INDUSTRY IN ACRONYMS


AND ABBREVIATIONS
English-Russian Dictionary
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

A. S. Goldberg

POWER INDUSTRY IN ACRONYMS


AND ABBREVIATIONS
English-Russian Dictionary

More than 20000 entries

Edited by Prof. G. G. OLKHOVSKIY,


General Director of “All-Russian Thermal Engineering Institute”,
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy
of Sciences, Dr.

Moscow
BINOM. Laboratory of Knowledge
2009
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

2-е издание (электронное)

Москва
БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний
2012
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

УДК 620(38)-111-161.1
ББК 5+81.2Англ.-4
Г60

Гольдберг А. С.
Г60 Энергетика в акронимах и сокращениях [Элек-
тронный ресурс] : англо-русский словарь ; более
20 000 статей / А. С. Гольдберг ; под общ. ред. Г. Г. Оль-
ховского. — 2-е изд. (эл.). — М. : БИНОМ. Лаборатория
знаний, 2012. — 442 с. : ил.
ISBN 978-5-9963-0775-3
Данный словарь содержит свыше 20 000 статей, разъяс-
няющих сокращения терминов по энергетическому обору-
дованию, процессам и технологиям; названий международ-
ных и национальных энергетических агентств, комиссий,
комитетов, институтов, лабораторий, а также программ,
проектов и соглашений, используемых в англоязычной
научно-технической литературе, стандартах и других источ-
никах. В словарь включены также сокращенные наимено-
вания основных энергетических организаций на немецком,
французском, итальянском и испанском языках, наиболее
употребляемые сокращенные наименования энергетических
организаций Японии и Кореи на английском языке, а также
условные обозначения на греческом языке. Большинство
сокращений даны с пояснениями.
Словарь рассчитан на широкий круг переводчиков, ИТР,
студентов и преподавателей учебных заведений технического
профиля.
УДК 620(38)-111-161.1
ББК 5+81.2Англ.-4

По вопросам приобретения обращаться:


«БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний»
Телефон: (499) 157-5272
e-mail: binom@Lbz.ru, http://www.Lbz.ru

c БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний,



ISBN 978-5-9963-0775-3 2009
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

Íàòàëèè Ìèõàéëîâíå Øâàðòèíîé —


äðóãó è ïîìîùíèêó ïðè ñîñòàâëåíèè
«Áîëüøîãî àíãëî-ðóññêîãî ïîëèòåõíè÷å-
ñêîãî ñëîâàðÿ», «Àíãëî-ðóññêîãî ñëîâàðÿ
ïî ýíåðãåòèêå è çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé
ñðåäû», «Àíãëî-ðóññêîãî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî
ñëîâàðÿ» è íàñòîÿùåãî èçäàíèÿ — ñ âåëè-
÷àéøåé áëàãîäàðíîñòüþ

Îò ñîñòàâèòåëÿ

Íàñòîÿùèé ñëîâàðü àêðîíèìîâ, óñëîâíûõ îáîçíà÷åíèé, ñîêðàùåíèé è ãðå÷åñêèõ


ñèìâîëîâ, èñïîëüçóåìûõ â ðàçëè÷íûõ íàó÷íî-òåõíè÷åñêèõ ïóáëèêàöèÿõ ïî ýíåð-
ãåòèêå, ÿâëÿåòñÿ çàâåðøåíèåì ïîïûòîê ñîñòàâèòåëÿ, ïðåäïðèíÿòûõ ñ ñåðåäèíû
90-õ ãã. è ïî íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ («Áîëüøîé àíãëî-ðóññêèé ïîëèòåõíè÷åñêèé ñëî-
âàðü», «Àíãëî-ðóññêèé ñëîâàðü ïî ýíåðãåòèêå è çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû»,
«Àíãëî-ðóññêèé ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèé ñëîâàðü»), ïðåäñòàâèòü ìàòåðèàë ìàêñèìàëüíî
ïîëíî.
Ïîñêîëüêó ñîñòàâèòåëþ ïî ðîäó ñâîåé äåÿòåëüíîñòè ïðèõîäèëîñü îáùàòüñÿ
ñ øèðîêèì êðóãîì ðîññèéñêèõ è çàðóáåæíûõ íàó÷íûõ ñîòðóäíèêîâ, ðàçðàáîò÷è-
êîâ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ äëÿ òåïëîâûõ è àòîìíûõ ýëåêòðîñòàíöèé è
óñòàíîâîê, áûëè ó÷òåíû çàìå÷àíèÿ è ïðåäëîæåíèÿ ïî âêëþ÷åíèþ â ñëîâàðü ñî-
êðàùåíèé, èñïîëüçóåìûõ â ïåðåïèñêå, ñîïðîâîäèòåëüíûõ äîêóìåíòàõ, êîíòðàê-
òàõ è ò. ï.
Âî ìíîãèõ ñôåðàõ ýíåðãåòèêè òåðìèíîëîãèÿ äî ñèõ ïîð íå óñòîÿëàñü, ïîýòîìó
îòáèðàëèñü íàèáîëåå óïîòðåáèòåëüíûå â ëèòåðàòóðå çíà÷åíèÿ. Ñ ó÷åòîì ìíîãî-
÷èñëåííûõ ïîæåëàíèé îñíîâíûå ñîêðàùåíèÿ ñîïðîâîæäàþòñÿ ïîÿñíåíèÿìè ïðè-
ìåíèòåëüíî ê êîíêðåòíûì ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèì òåõíîëîãèÿì, îáîðóäîâàíèþ, îðãàíè-
çàöèÿì è äð.

Ñêîëüêî áû íè óêàçûâàëîñü ôàìèëèé ñïåöèàëèñòîâ, ñïîñîáñòâîâàâøèõ â òîé


èëè èíîé ìåðå ñîñòàâëåíèþ ñëîâàðÿ, âñåõ óïîìÿíóòü ïðîñòî íåâîçìîæíî.
È âñå æå â ïåðâóþ î÷åðåäü õî÷åòñÿ ïîáëàãîäàðèòü àâòîðîâ ïóáëèêàöèé â ïå-
ðèîäè÷åñêèõ æóðíàëàõ Ðîññèè, ÑØÀ, Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè, Êàíàäû è Àâñòðàëèè,
Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ (US Department of Energy), Öåíòðàëüíîãî
ýíåðãîóïðàâëåíèÿ Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè (Central Electricity Generating Board),
Ìåæäóíàðîäíîãî àãåíòñòâà ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè (International Atomic Energy
Agency), Ìèðîâîãî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî ñîâåòà (World Energy Council), Àãåíòñòâà ïî
çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), Àññî-
öèàöèè ïî îáðàùåíèþ ñ îòõîäàìè è ïðîáëåìàì çàùèòû âîçäóøíîãî áàññåéíà (Air
& Waste Management Association), ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ôèëèàëà «Èíñòèòóò “Òåïëî-
ýëåêòðîïðîåêò”» ÎÀÎ «Èíæåíåðíûé öåíòð ÅÝÑ», êîíöåðíà «Ðîñýíåðãîàòîì»,
ÎÀÎ «Òåõíîïðîìýêñïîðò», ÐÍÖ «Êóð÷àòîâñêèé èíñòèòóò», ÔÃÓÏ «Íàó÷íî-
èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé è êîíñòðóêòîðñêèé èíñòèòóò ýíåðãîòåõíèêè (ÍÈÊÈÝÒ)»,
Àòîìýíåðãîïðîåêòà, Èíñòèòóòà áåçîïàñíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ àòîìíîé ýíåðãåòèêè ÐÀÍ
(ÈÁÐÀÝ), Èíñòèòóòà ôèçèêè âûñîêèõ òåìïåðàòóð ÐÀÍ, Ìîñêîâñêîãî ýíåðãåòè÷å-
ñêîãî èíñòèòóòà (òåõíè÷åñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà), ÎÎÎ ÍÏÏ «Ýíåðãîïåðñïåêòèâà»,
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—6—

à òàêæå ñîòðóäíèêîâ Ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî èíñòèòóòà èì. Êðæèæàíîâñêîãî — ïðîô.,


ä.ò.í. Â. À. Áàðèíîâà, ê.ò.í. Â. È. Êàáàêîâà, ñîòðóäíèêîâ ðåäàêöèè «Ýíåðãåòèêà
çà ðóáåæîì» (ïðèëîæåíèå ê æóðíàëó «Ýíåðãåòèê») — Â. À. Ðîäèîíîâà, Ë. À. Êî-
÷åòêîâó, À. Ï. Êóçíåöîâó, Å. Â. Ðîìàøêî, ñîòðóäíèêîâ Âñåðîññèéñêîãî íàó÷íî-
èññëåäîâàòåëüñêîãî òåïëîòåõíè÷åñêîãî èíñòèòóòà — ê.ò.í. Í. Â. Èâàíîâà, ê.ò.í.
Å. È. Èâàíîâà, íàó÷. ñîòð. Ã. Ñ. Ëåâèíà, ê.ò.í. Ë. Ë. Ñèìîþ, ä.ò.í. Þ. Â. Áàëàáàí-
Èðìåíèíà, ê.ò.í. À. Å. Àíîõîâà, ä.ò.í., âåä. íàó÷. ñîòð. Â. È. Ãëàäøòåéíà, ê.ò.í.,
âåä. íàó÷. ñîòð. À.Ì. Êëûïèíó, Â. Â. Ëàðöèíà, Ë. À. Åðìîëàåâó, Ã. Â. Ãîí÷àðåí-
êî, Ñ. À. Ñêîðîáîãàòîâà, ä.ò.í. Þ.Ï. Åíÿêèíà, ê.ò.í. Ï. ß. Êóçíåöîâà, À. Ê. Áîê-
øó, Í. Â. Ãðèçîäóá, ê.ò.í. Ý.À. Äîíà, ä.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé À. Ë. Øâàðöà,
Ý. Õ. Âåðáîâåöêîãî, ê.ò.í. Þ. Ì. Óñìàíà, ê.ò.í., âåä. íàó÷. ñîòð. Ã. Ä. Àâðóöêîãî,
ê.ò.í. È. À. Ñàâåíêîâó, ê.ò.í. Þ. À. Áàëàøîâà, Ñ. Â. Ìàëàõîâà, Â. È. Ëàòóíèíà,
Ì. ß. Ìîòðî, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé Ì. Í. Ãóòíèêà, ê.ò.í., ñò. íàó÷. ñîòð.
Â. Ä. Âàñèëüåâà, Ä. Ñ. Êîæàíîâà, Þ. Ø. Ìàãîìàåâà, Í. Í. Êëþåâó, À. Â. Îðëîâà,
Å. Â. Áåñïàëîâó, Â. À. Ëàáóçèíà, Ì. Ã. Êî÷åëàåâó, Î. Å. Ïåòðóõèíó, Í. À. Ìàãî-
ìàåâó, Ë. Í. Ôåäåøåâó, ðåäàêòîðà æóðíàëà «Ýíåðãåòèêà» ÐÀÍ Ñ. À. Íåäîñïàñî-
âó, ðåäàêòîðà «Èíôîðìýíåðãî» Ë. Â. Ãàëüïåðèíà, ñîòðóäíèêîâ ÇÀÎ «Èíòåðàâòî-
ìàòèêà» Â. À. Áèëåíêî, À. Ä. Ìåëàìåäà, È. Ç. ×åðíîìçàâà, À. Ï. Ñòðóêîâà,
Â. Â. Ìàêñèìîâà, À. À. Àíàíüåâà, Î. Ì. Èäçîíà, Â. Â. Æèãóíîâà, À. Â. Êàìî÷-
êèíà, Â. Â. Ìåçèíà, Ë. Â. Ðûñåâó.

Îñîáàÿ áëàãîäàðíîñòü çà ïðåäñòàâëåíèå èíôîðìàöèè è ïîëåçíûå êîíñóëüòàöèè


ðåäàêòîðàì-êîíñóëüòàíòàì Âàëåðèþ Àíòîíîâè÷ó Òèùåíêî, Àñòåìèðó Àëåêñååâè÷ó
Ñàëàìîâó, ãåíåðàëüíîìó äèðåêòîðó èçäàòåëüñòâà «Ðóññî» Ãàëèíå Âëàäèìèðîâíå
Çàõàðîâîé, ãåíåðàëüíîìó äèðåêòîðó èçäàòåëüñòâà «ÁÈÍÎÌ. Ëàáîðàòîðèÿ çíàíèé»
Ìèõàèëó Íèêîëàåâè÷ó Áîðîäèíó è ñîòðóäíèêó Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýêîíîìè÷åñêîãî ðàç-
âèòèÿ Ðîññèè Àííå Ñòàíèñëàâîâíå Áðûëîâîé çà ïîìîùü â êîìïüþòåðíîì íàáîðå.
Îòäåëüíîå ñïàñèáî Ìèõàèëó Èâàíîâè÷ó Êàìåíùèêîâó.

Áîëüøîå âñåì ñïàñèáî!

Âñå ó÷àñòíèêè ðàáîòû íàä äàííûì èçäàíèåì ñòàðàëèñü ñäåëàòü âñå âîçìîæíîå,
÷òîáû ñëîâàðü îêàçàëñÿ äëÿ ÷èòàòåëÿ ïîëåçíûì.
Ëþáûå çàìå÷àíèÿ è ïðåäëîæåíèÿ áóäóò âñòðå÷åíû ñ áëàãîäàðíîñòüþ.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

Ðåäàêòîðû-êîíñóëüòàíòû:
ÎÀÎ «Âñåðîññèéñêèé òåïëîòåõíè÷åñêèé
íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé èíñòèòóò»:
À. Ã. Òóìàíîâñêèé, ä.ò.í., ïåðâûé çàì. ãåíåðàëüíîãî äèðåêòîðà, íàó÷íûé ðóêî-
âîäèòåëü; Â. Ô. Ðåçèíñêèõ, ä.ò.í., çàì. ãåíåðàëüíîãî äèðåêòîðà ïî íàó÷íîé ðàáî-
òå; À. Ñ. Ñîçàåâ, ê.ò.í., çàì. ãåíåðàëüíîãî äèðåêòîðà ïî íàó÷íî-ïðîèçâîäñòâåííîé
ðàáîòå, ãëàâíûé èíæåíåð; Î. Í. Áðàãèíà, çàâ. îòäåëåíèåì; Å. À. Ãðèíü, ê.ò.í.,
çàâ. îòäåëåíèåì; Â. Ô. Ãóòîðîâ, ä.ò.í., çàâ. îòäåëåíèåì; À. Í. Òóãîâ, ê.ò.í., çàâ.
îòäåëåíèåì; À. Â. Òóðêèí, ê.ò.í., çàâ. îòäåëåíèåì; Á. Ñ. Ôåäîñååâ, ê.ò.í., çàâ. îò-
äåëåíèåì; Â. Ð. Êîòëåð, ê.ò.í., âåäóùèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Þ. Â. Âèõðåâ,
ê.ò.í., ñòàðøèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Ã. À. Ðÿáîâ, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé;
Â. Ï. Òðóøå÷êèí, ê.ò.í., âåäóùèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Ï. À. Áåðåçèíåö, ê.ò.í.,
çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé; À. Â. Êèðèëèíà, ê.ò.í., è.î. çàâ. îòäåëåíèåì; Ñ. Þ. Ñóñëîâ,
çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé; À. Â. Çåëåíñêèé, ñòàðøèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; À. Ç. Çèëå,
ê.ò.í., âåäóùèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; È. Í. Øìèãîëü, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé;
À. Í. ×óãàåâà, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ñåêòîðîì; À. Ì. Çûêîâ, çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé; Ê. È. Êîë-
÷èí, ñòàðøèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Ñ. Í. Àíè÷êîâ, çàâ. ñåêòîðîì; Å. Í. Ìåäèê,
ñòàðøèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Â. È. Òðåìáîâëÿ, ê.ò.í., ñòàðøèé íàó÷íûé ñîòðóä-
íèê; À. Á. Àâòîíîìîâ, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ñåêòîðîì; Þ. Â. Ðæåçíèêîâ, ê.ò.í., âåäóùèé
íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Â. Í. Ãóäêîâ, íà÷. ïðîåêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêîãî îòäåëà;
À. Ã. Ñîðîêèí, íàó÷íûé ñîòðóäíèê; Â. Ä. Êåëëåð, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé;
À. Ã. Âàéíøòåéí, ê.ò.í., çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé; Å. Í. Ìàêååâà, èíæåíåð I êàòåãîðèè;
Þ. Ê. Öåëûêîâñêèé, çàâ. ñåêòîðîì; Â. Ï. Ñèíèöûí, çàâ. ëàáîðàòîðèåé.

ÑÊÁ ÂÒÈ:
Ã. Á. Ñåíèëîâ, çàì. ãåíåðàëüíîãî äèðåêòîðà, ãëàâíûé êîíñòðóêòîð.

ÇÀÎ «Èíòåðàâòîìàòèêà»:
À. Ã. Ñâèäåðñêèé, ê.ò.í., ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð; Â. Â. Ëûñêî,
ê.ò.í., ñîâåòíèê.

ÎÀÎ «Èíæåíåðíûé öåíòð ÅÝÑ», ôèëèàë «Èíñòèòóò “Òåïëîýëåêòðîïðîåêò”»:


È. À. Ìèõàéëîâ, äèðåêòîð; À. Â. Áàòåíêî, ãëàâíûé èíæåíåð;
Å. À. Ãåòìàíîâ, çàì. ãëàâíîãî èíæåíåðà; À. À. Ñàëàìîâ, ãëàâíûé ñïåöèàëèñò.

ÎÀÎ «ÂÎ “Òåõíîïðîìýêñïîðò”»:


Ñ. Â. Ìîëîæàâûé, ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð.

ÔÃÓÏ «Íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé è êîíñòðóêòîðñêèé èíñòèòóò ýíåðãîòåõíèêè»:


Â. À. Òèùåíêî, ê.ò.í., çàâ. îòäåëîì.

Ôåäåðàëüíîå ãîñóäàðñòâåííîå ó÷ðåæäåíèå «Íàó÷íî-òåõíè÷åñêèé öåíòð


ïî ÿäåðíîé è ðàäèàöèîííîé áåçîïàñíîñòè (ÍÒÖ ßÐÁ)»:
Ñ. Í. Áîãäàí, ê.ò.í., çàì. äèðåêòîðà; Á. Ã. Ãîðäîí, ïðîô., ä.ò.í., äèðåêòîð;
Ð. Á. Øàðàôóòäèíîâ, ê.ò.í., çàì. äèðåêòîðà
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—8—

ÎÎÎ ÍÏÏ «Ýíåðãîïåðñïåêòèâà»


È. Â. Ïîñëàâñêèé, äèðåêòîð; Ë. Ñ. Êàïëàíîâè÷, çàìåñòèòåëü äèðåêòîðà.

ÇÀÎ «Êîìïàíèÿ ÑÏÅÊÒÐ-ÝÍÅÐÃλ


À. Â. Êîëáàñíèêîâ, ê.ò.í., ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð.

ÇÀÎ «Êîíäîð-ÝÊλ
Ë. Â. ×åêàëîâ, ä.ò.í., ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð.

ÇÀÎ ÈÍÏÊ «Ðóññêèå ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèå òåõíîëîãèè»


Ä. Å. Êîøìàíîâ, ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð.
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Îðãàíèçàöèè,
ïóáëèêàöèè êîòîðûõ áûëè èñïîëüçîâàíû
ïðè ïîäãîòîâêå íàñòîÿùåãî èçäàíèÿ

• U.S. Department of Energy


• Central Electricity Generating Board
• International Atomic Energy Agency
• Radiation Control Agency
• World Energy Council
• U.S. Environmental Protection Energy
• American Boiler Manufacturers Association
• Association of Electricity Producers
• British Electrical Development Association
• Canadian Electrical Association
• Australian Nuclear Association
• European Safeguards Research and Development Association
• International Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution
• International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurement Electric
Power Research Institute
• International Gas Turbine Institute
• International Institute for Environmental Development
• International District Heating Association
• International Water Supply Association
• European Nuclear Society, è äð.

Êðîìå òîãî, èñïîëüçîâàëèñü ìàòåðèàëû ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ è íàöèîíàëüíûõ


ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ èçäàíèé, à òàêæå ñïåöèàëüíûå ïåðå÷íè ñîêðàùåíèé íà àíãëèé-
ñêîì ÿçûêå («abbreviators»), ïîäãîòîâëåííûå ìåæäóíàðîäíûìè ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèìè
îðãàíèçàöèÿìè, èçäàòåëüñòâàìè ÑØÀ è Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè è äð.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

Ñïèñîê ïðèíÿòûõ ñîêðàùåíèé

ÀÑÒ àòîìíàÿ ñòàíöèÿ òåïëîñíàáæåíèÿ


ÀÝÑ àòîìíàÿ ýëåêòðîñòàíöèÿ
ÁÙÓ áëî÷íûé ùèò óïðàâëåíèÿ
ÃÖÍ ãëàâíûé öèðêóëÿöèîííûé íàñîñ
äîëë. äîëëàð ÑØÀ
èñï. èñïàíñêèé ÿçûê
èò. èòàëüÿíñêèé ÿçûê
ÊÏÄ êîýôôèöèåíò ïîëåçíîãî äåéñòâèÿ
ëàò. ëàòèíñêèé ÿçûê
ë.ñ. ëîøàäèíàÿ ñèëà
ËÝÏ ëèíèÿ ýëåêòðîïåðåäà÷è
ÌÀÃÀÒÝ Ìåæäóíàðîäíîå àãåíòñòâî ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè
ìàò. ìàòåìàòèêà
ìëí. ìèëëèîí
ìëðä. ìèëëèàðä
íàïð. íàïðèìåð
íåì. íåìåöêèé ÿçûê
ÎÝÑÐ Îðãàíèçàöèÿ ýêîíîìè÷åñêîãî ñîòðóäíè÷åñòâà è ðàçâèòèÿ
ñì. ñìîòðè
ÑØÀ Ñîåäèíåííûå Øòàòû Àìåðèêè
ÒÂÑ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà)
ÒÝÑ òåïëîýëåêòðîñòàíöèÿ
ÒÝÖ òåïëîýëåêòðîöåíòðàëü
ôð. ôðàíöóçñêèé ÿçûê
ÖÅÐÍ Åâðîïåéñêàÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ ïî ÿäåðíûì èññëåäîâàíèÿì
ÝÂÌ ýëåêòðîííî-âû÷èñëèòåëüíàÿ ìàøèíà
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A A1 A one âûñîêîãî êëàññà, ïåðâîñîðòíûé, ïåð-


âîêëàññíûé.
A accumulator àêêóìóëÿòîð; ñóììàòîð íàêàï- AA abbreviated analysis ñîêðàùåííûé àíàëèç,
ëèâàþùåãî òèïà, íàêàïëèâàþùèé ñóììàòîð. àíàëèç, ïðîâîäèìûé ïî ñîêðàùåííîé ïðîãðàììå.
A. amplitude àìïëèòóäà. AA access authorization ñàíêöèîíèðîâàíèå äî-
A arbitrary constant ïðîèçâîëüíàÿ ïîñòîÿííàÿ. ñòóïà (íàïð. ê ñåòÿì ËÝÏ, áàçå äàííûõ, íà ÿäåð-
A arbitrary dimension ïðîèçâîëüíàÿ ðàçìåðíîñòü. íûå îáúåêòû è äð.).
A area 1) ïëîùàäü; 2) ïðîñòðàíñòâî; 3) îáëàñòü; AA accident analysis àíàëèç àâàðèé.
ñôåðà; 4) çîíà; 5) ðàéîí; 6) ïîâåðõíîñòü; 7) ñå÷åíèå; AA additional absorber äîïîëíèòåëüíûé ïîãëî-
8) ïðîèçâîäñòâåííîå ïîìåùåíèå; 9) ïðîìûøëåííàÿ òèòåëü (ââîäèìûé â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ïðè àâàðèè
ïëîùàäêà íà ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ; 10) îáëàñòü ïðèìåíå- ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
íèÿ; 11) ó÷àñòîê. AA additional air äîïîëíèòåëüíûé âîçäóõ (íàïð.
A ash 1) çîëà (ñìåñü íåãîðþ÷èõ âåùåñòâ, îñòà- äëÿ ãîðåíèÿ ñ óñòàíîâêîé äîïîëíèòåëüíûõ ñîïë
þùèõñÿ ïîñëå ïîëíîãî ñãîðàíèÿ âñåõ ãîðþ÷èõ ñî- òðåòè÷íîãî âîçäóõà, ââîäèìîãî â ôàêåë òîïêè
ñòàâíûõ ÷àñòåé òîïëèâà ïîä äåéñòâèåì âûñîêèõ êîòëà ïîñëå çîíû âîñïëàìåíåíèÿ).
òåìïåðàòóð â ïðèñóòñòâèè âîçäóõà); 2) øëàê. AA advance angle óãîë îïåðåæåíèÿ.
A atomic mass number ìàññîâîå ÷èñëî àòîìà. AA aero-assisted ïíåâìàòè÷åñêîãî äåéñòâèÿ,
A atomic weight àòîìíûé âåñ. ñ ïíåâìàòè÷åñêèì ïðèâîäîì.
A atto-, àòòî, à, 10–18. AA air-assisted ïíåâìàòè÷åñêîãî äåéñòâèÿ,
A mass number ìàññîâîå ÷èñëî. ñ ïíåâìàòè÷åñêèì ïðèâîäîì.
A stack cross-sectional area ïëîùàäü ïîïåðå÷íî- AA ambient air íàðóæíûé âîçäóõ, îêðóæàþ-
ãî ñå÷åíèÿ äûìîâîé òðóáû ÒÝÑ. ùèé âîçäóõ, îêðóæàþùàÿ àòìîñôåðà, àòìîñôåð-
A surface area ïëîùàäü ïîâåðõíîñòè. íûé âîçäóõ.
Ad on dry basis ash ñîäåðæàíèå çîëû íà ñóõóþ AA analog amplifier àíàëîãîâûé óñèëèòåëü.
ìàññó òîïëèâà. AA Analysis Assistant êîìïüþòåðíàÿ ïðîãðàììà
Af full annealing ïîëíûé îòæèã (íàïð. äåôåê- äëÿ àíàëèçà ñïåêòðîâ âèáðàöèè òóðáèí (ðàçðàáîò-
òîâ, ðàäèàöèîííûõ ïîâðåæäåíèé òîïêè êîòëà). êà êîìïàíèè Universal Technologies Inc.).
AL combustion liner cross-sectional area ïëîùàäü AA angular acceleration óãëîâîå óñêîðåíèå.
ïîïåðå÷íîãî ñå÷åíèÿ ïëàìåííîé òðóáû (òîïêè AA antihunt action ñòàáèëèçèðóþùåå äåéñòâèå.
êîòëà). AA antiproton accumulator (ring) íàêîïèòåëüíîå
An cross-sectional area of nozzle ïîïåðå÷íîå ñå- êîëüöî.
÷åíèå ñîïëà. AA apparent absorption êàæóùååñÿ ïîãëîùåíèå.
AR riser cross-sectional area ïîïåðå÷íîå ñå÷åíèå AA arithmetic average ñðåäíåå àðèôìåòè÷åñêîå.
ïîäúåìíîãî ó÷àñòêà (íàïð. òîïêè êîòëà ñ öèðêóëè- AA assigned amount óñòàíîâëåííîå êîëè÷åñòâî
ðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). (íàïð. îáùåå êîëè÷åñòâî ðàçðåøåííûõ àíòðîïîãåí-
Ar as-mined fuel ash ñîäåðæàíèå çîëû íà ðàáî- íûõ âûáðîñîâ ïàðíèêîâûõ ãàçîâ äëÿ êîíêðåòíîãî
÷óþ ìàññó òîïëèâà. ãîñóäàðñòâà â ðàìêàõ ïðèíÿòûõ îáÿçàòåëüñòâ ïî
Ar total radiation area îáùàÿ ïîâåðõíîñòü îáëó- Êèîòñêîìó ïðîòîêîëó íà ïåðèîä 2008–2012 ãã.).
÷åíèÿ. AA atmospheric absorption 1) àòìîñôåðíîå ïî-
Arc Archimedes number at cyclone ÷èñëî Àðõèìå- ãëîùåíèå; 2) ïîãëîùåíèå çâóêà â àòìîñôåðå.
äà äëÿ öèêëîíà (íàïð. òîïêè êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþ- AA atomic absorption àòîìíàÿ àáñîðáöèÿ.
ùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). AA atomizing air ðàñïûëÿåìûé âîçäóõ, âîçäóõ
a accumulator àêêóìóëÿòîð; ñóììàòîð íàêàï- ðàñïûëà (ñæàòûé âîçäóõ, èñïîëüçóåìûé íàïð. äëÿ
ëèâàþùåãî òèïà, íàêàïëèâàþùèé ñóììàòîð. îáðàçîâàíèÿ ìåëêîäèñïåðñèîííîãî ðàñïûëà æèäêî-
a atto-, àòòî, à, 10–18. ãî òîïëèâà èç ôîðñóíîê â êàìåðó ñãîðàíèÿ ãàçîâîé
a crack size ðàçìåð òðåùèíû. òóðáèíû).
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AA — 12 — AAM

AA author’s alteration èçìåíåíèå, âíîñèìîå àâ- AAC amplitude absorption coefficient àìïëèòóä-
òîðîì. íûé êîýôôèöèåíò àáñîðáöèè, àìïëèòóäíûé êîýô-
AA authorized access ñàíêöèîíèðîâàííûé äîñòóï ôèöèåíò ïîãëîùåíèÿ.
(íàïð. ê áàçå äàííûõ, íà ÿäåðíûå îáúåêòû è äð.). AAC atomizing air compressor âîçäóøíûé êîì-
AA authorized activity ñàíêöèîíèðîâàííàÿ äåÿ- ïðåññîð ïíåâìîðàñïûëà (òîïëèâà â êàìåðå ñãîðà-
òåëüíîñòü (íàïð. â îáëàñòè ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãåòèêè, ñî- íèÿ ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû).
ãëàñíî ÌÀÃÀÒÝ, ýòî ïîëîæåíèå ðàñïðîñòðàíÿåòñÿ AAC automatic amplitude control 1) àâòîìàòè÷å-
íà ïðîèçâîäñòâî, èñïîëüçîâàíèå, èìïîðò è ýêñïîðò ñêîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå âåëè÷èíû ñèãíàëà; 2) àâòîìà-
ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ äëÿ ïðîìûøëåííûõ, òè÷åñêèé ðåãóëÿòîð àìïëèòóäû (ñèãíàëà).
èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèõ è ìåäèöèíñêèõ öåëåé, íà òðàíñ- AACC Advanced Atmosphere Control Corporation
ïîðò ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ, äîáû÷ó è ïåðåðà- Êîðïîðàöèÿ ïî ðàçðàáîòêå ïåðñïåêòèâíûõ ìåòîäîâ
áîòêó ðóäû ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ìåòàëëîâ, çàêðûòèå êîíòðîëÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ).
ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ îáúåêòîâ, î÷èñòêó ðàíåå èñ- AACC American Association for Contamination
ïîëüçóåìûõ ïëîùàäîê, à òàêæå íà äåÿòåëüíîñòü Control Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî êîíòðîëþ çà-
ïî îáðàùåíèþ ñ ðàäèîàêòèâíûìè îòõîäàìè). ãðÿçíåíèÿ îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû.
AA auxiliary air âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé âîçäóõ (íàïð. AADS automated ash disposal system àâòîìàòè-
èç âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî èñòî÷íèêà äëÿ ïîääåðæàíèÿ çèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ãèäðîçîëîóäàëåíèÿ (íà ÒÝÑ).
ìèíèìàëüíîé ñêîðîñòè òîïëèâîâîçäóøíîé ñìåñè AAE atomizing air equipment îáîðóäîâàíèå äëÿ
â ïûëåïðîâîäàõ ãîðåëîê). âîçäóøíîãî ðàñïûëåíèÿ (íàïð. ìîäóëÿ ãàçîâîé òóð-
AA azimuthal angle àçèìóòàëüíûé óãîë. áèíû âêëþ÷àåò îñíîâíîé êîìïðåññîð 100%-é ïðîèç-
A/A atomizing air ðàñïûëÿåìûé âîçäóõ, âîçäóõ âîäèòåëüíîñòè, êîìïðåññîð ïðîäóâêè óìåíüøåí-
ðàñïûëà. íîé ïðîèçâîäèòåëüíîñòè, îõëàäèòåëü, ôèëüòð è
A&A acquision and analysis ñáîð äàííûõ è ïðî- ðåãóëèðóþùèå êëàïàíû; âîçäóõ äëÿ ðàñïûëåíèÿ
âåäåíèå àíàëèçà. ïîäàåòñÿ îò êîìïðåññîðà òóðáèíû).
A&A acronyms and abbreviations àêðîíèìû è ñî- AAEC Australian Atomic Energy Center Íàó÷íî-
êðàùåíèÿ. èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð Êîìèññèè ïî àòîìíîé
A&A adoption and amendment ïðèíÿòèå (íàïð. ýíåðãèè Àâñòðàëèè.
ïðåäëîæåíèé ïî êîíòðàêòó) è âíåñåíèå ñîîòâåòñò- AAEC Australian Atomic Energy Commission Êî-
âóþùèõ èçìåíåíèé. ìèññèÿ ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè Àâñòðàëèè (â íàñòîÿ-
AAA Acid Activity Agency Âåäîìñòâî ïî êîíòðî- ùåå âðåìÿ ANSTO).
ëþ âîçäåéñòâèÿ êèñëîòíûõ äîæäåé íà îêðóæàþ- AAECS auxiliary area environmental control system
ùóþ ñðåäó. ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ àòìîñôåðû âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ
AAA American Arbitration Association Àìåðèêàí- ïîìåùåíèé ÀÝÑ.
ñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî àðáèòðàæó, Àìå- AAEE American Academy of Environmental Engi-
ðèêàíñêàÿ àðáèòðàæíàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ. neers Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àêàäåìèÿ ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî
AAA êàòåãîðèÿ öåííûõ áóìàã, êîòîðûå õàðàê- îõðàíå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû.
òåðèçóþòñÿ íàèáîëåå âûñîêîé íàäåæíîñòüþ ïî âû- AAEGTS auxiliary area gas treatment system ñèñòå-
ïëàòå ïðîöåíòîâ è ïîãàøåíèÿ. ìà î÷èñòêè ãàçà âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ ïîìåùåíèé ÀÝÑ.
AAAA American Association of Advertising AAF additional air for firing äîïîëíèòåëüíûé âîç-
Agencies Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ðåêëàìíûõ äóõ äëÿ ãîðåíèÿ (ñ óñòàíîâêîé äîïîëíèòåëüíûõ
àãåíòñòâ. ñîïë òðåòè÷íîãî âîçäóõà).
AAAC Affirmative Action Advisory Committee Êîí- AAF assessment of additional features îöåíêà äî-
ñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî óòâåðæäåíèþ äåéñòâèé ïîëíèòåëüíûõ âîïðîñîâ (íàïð. ïàðàìåòðîâ, õàðàê-
èëè ìåðîïðèÿòèé (ïðè àâàðèÿõ íà ÀÝÑ). òåðèñòèê, ñòîèìîñòè è äð. ïî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîìó
AAAC all aluminium alloy conductor ïðîâîä èç ïðîåêòó).
àëþìèíèåâîãî ñïëàâà. AAFS atomic absorption flame spectrometer àòîì-
AAAS American Association for the Advancement íî-àáñîðáöèîííûé ïëàìåííûé ñïåêòðîìåòð.
of Science Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ñîäåéñòâèÿ AAHP American Academy of Health Physics Àìå-
ðàçâèòèþ íàóêè. ðèêàíñêàÿ àêàäåìèÿ ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêîé çàùèòû.
AAB Accident Analysis Branch Óïðàâëåíèå ïî AAIC active-addressing integrated circuit àêòèâ-
àíàëèçó àâàðèé íà ÀÝÑ (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó íàÿ èíòåãðàëüíàÿ ñõåìà âûáîðêè àäðåñà.
ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ ÑØÀ). A&M assembly and maintenance ñáîðêà è òåõíè-
AABA American Association for Budget and Pro- ÷åñêîå îáñëóæèâàíèå.
gram Analysis Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëå- AAM airborne activity monitor ìîíèòîð ðàäèîàê-
ìàì àíàëèçà áþäæåòîâ è ïðîãðàìì. òèâíîñòè àýðîçîëåé.
AAC all aluminium conductor àëþìèíèåâûé ïðî- AAM asymmetrical amplitude modulation àñèì-
âîä. ìåòðè÷íàÿ àìïëèòóäíàÿ ìîäóëÿöèÿ.
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AAMA — 13 — ABFS

AAMA American Architectural Manufacturers Asso- AB auxiliary building âñïîìîãàòåëüíîå çäàíèå


ciation Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïðîìûøëåííûõ (ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
êîíñòðóêòîðîâ. ab about îêîëî, ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî.
AAP atmospheric air purification î÷èñòêà àòìî- abb abbreviated ñîêðàùåííûé.
ñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà. abb abbreviation ñîêðàùåíèå.
AAPG American Association of Petroleum Geolo- ABA air blowers area ïëîùàäêà ðàçìåùåíèÿ
gists Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ãåîëîãîâ-íåôòÿíè- âîçäóõîäóâîê íà ÒÝÑ.
êîâ. ABA American Bunkers' Association Àññîöèàöèÿ
AAQS ambient air quality standards ñòàíäàðòû Àìåðèêàíñêèõ áàíêîâ.
êà÷åñòâà îêðóæàþùåé âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû. ABAI American Boiler & Affiliated Industries Àìå-
AARR Argonne Advanced Research Reactor óñî- ðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ êîòëîñòðîèòåëüíûõ è ñìåæ-
âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðå- íûõ ôèðì.
àêòîð Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ABC 1) àëôàâèò; 2) îñíîâû; 3) æåëåçíîäîðîæ-
(ÑØÀ). íûé óêàçàòåëü.
AAS atomic absorption spectrometer àòîìíî- ABC activity based costing îïðåäåëåíèå çàòðàò
àáñîðáöèîííûé ñïåêòðîìåòð. ïî âèäàì äåÿòåëüíîñòè (ðàñõîäîâ ïî òðóäîçàòðà-
AAS atomic absorption spectrometry àòîìíî-àá- òàì).
ñîðáöèîííàÿ ñïåêòðîìåòðèÿ. ABC air-blast cooling îõëàæäåíèå âîçäóøíûì
AAS atomic absorption spectrophotometer àòîìíî- ïîòîêîì.
àáñîðáöèîííûé ñïåêòðîôîòîìåòð. ABC American Bibliography Center Àìåðèêàí-
AAS atomic absorption spectrophotometry àòîìíî- ñêèé áèáëèîãðàôè÷åñêèé öåíòð.
àáñîðáöèîííàÿ ñïåêòðîôîòîìåòðèÿ. ABC armored bushing cable áðîíèðîâàííûé êà-
AAT analysis and assessment team ãðóïïà ïî áåëü ââîäà (íàïð. â ñèñòåìó ýëåêòðîïèòàíèÿ ïðî-
ïðîâåäåíèþ àíàëèçîâ è îöåíêè ðåçóëüòàòîâ. èçâîäñòâåííîãî çäàíèÿ).
A&AT anthracite and anthracite tailings àíòðàöèò ABC assisted biological coagulation êîàãóëÿöèÿ
è îòõîäû åãî îáîãàùåíèÿ. ñ ïîìîùüþ áèîëîãè÷åñêèõ ñðåäñòâ.
AATS automatic antitheft system àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ABC atomic, biological, chemical àòîìíûé, áèî-
îõðàííàÿ ñèñòåìà. ëîãè÷åñêèé, õèìè÷åñêèé.
AAU agreement among underwriters 1) ñîãëàøå- ABC automatic bias control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ðåãó-
íèå, çàêëþ÷àåìîå ñòðàõîâûìè êîìïàíèÿìè; 2) ñî- ëèðîâêà íàïðÿæåíèÿ ñìåùåíèÿ.
ãëàøåíèå ãàðàíòîâ (íàïð. ïðîåêòà, äîãîâîðà è äð.). ABCA American, British, Canadian, Australian àìå-
AAU assigned amount units åäèíèöû óñòàíîâ- ðèêàíî-àíãëî-êàíàäñêî-àâñòðàëèéñêèé (íàïð. â ðàç-
ëåííîãî êîëè÷åñòâà (íàïð. âûáðîñîâ ïàðíèêîâûõ ëè÷íûõ ñî÷åòàíèÿõ ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê ñîâìåñò-
ãàçîâ). íûì êîìïàíèÿì, ïðîåêòàì, ïðîãðàììàì è äð.).
AAUG Argonne Accelerator Users Group ãðóïïà ABCA American Business Communication Associa-
ôèçèêîâ-ÿäåðùèêîâ, ðàáîòàþùèõ íà óñêîðèòåëå tion Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì áèç-
Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ). íåñà.
AAUP American Association of the University ABCB air blast circuit breaker âûêëþ÷àòåëü âîç-
Professors Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïðîôåññîðîâ äóøíîãî äóòüÿ.
óíèâåðñèòåòîâ. ABCC Association of British Chambers of Com-
AB absorption band ïîëîñà ïîãëîùåíèÿ. merce Àññîöèàöèÿ Áðèòàíñêèõ òîðãîâûõ ïàëàò.
AB acid bath êèñëîòíàÿ âàííà. ABC-STD American-British-Canadian Standard
AB actinide burning ñæèãàíèå àêòèíèäîâ (íàïð. Åäèíûé ñòàíäàðò äëÿ ÑØÀ, Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè è
â æèäêîìåòàëëè÷åñêîì ÿäåðíîì ðåàêòîðå). Êàíàäû.
AB air blast âîçäóøíîå äóòüå. ABD aseismic bearing device ïðîòèâîñåéñìè÷å-
AB air blast ñ èñêóññòâåííûì âîçäóøíûì ñêàÿ íåñóùàÿ êîíñòðóêöèÿ.
îõëàæäåíèåì. abd abandonded 1) ëèêâèäèðîâàííûé (íàïð.
AB airborne 1) íàõîäÿùèéñÿ â âîçäóõå; âîç- ýíåðãîáëîê); 2) èñêëþ÷åííûé (íàïð. ïóíêò ïðî-
äóøíûé; 2) ïåðåíîñèìûé ïî âîçäóõó (î ÷àñòèöàõ). ãðàììû); 3) çàêðûòûé (íàïð. ïðîåêò).
AB arbitrary body òåëî ïðîèçâîëüíîé ôîðìû. ABDC after bottom dead center çà íèæíåé ìåðò-
AB Area Board Ðåãèîíàëüíîå ýíåðãîóïðàâëåíèå âîé òî÷êîé.
(íàïð. äî 1990 ã. â ñîñòàâ Öåíòðàëüíîãî óïðàâëå- ABEND [abnormal end] àâàðèéíîå ïðåêðàùå-
íèÿ ïî ïðîèçâîäñòâó è ðàñïðåäåëåíèþ ýëåêòðî- íèå (âûïîëíåíèÿ çàäà÷è).
ýíåðãèè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè âõîäèëè 12 ýíåðãîóïðàâ- ABF activated biofilter àêòèâíûé áèîôèëüòð
ëåíèé, êîòîðûå çàòåì áûëè ïðåîáðàçîâàíû â ðåãèî- (íàïð. î÷èñòíûõ óñòàíîâîê).
íàëüíûå ýíåðãîêîìïàíèè). ABFS auxiliary building filter system ôèëüòðóþ-
AB auxiliary boiler âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé êîòåë. ùàÿ ñèñòåìà âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ ÀÝÑ.
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ABGC — 14 — AC

ABGC air blown gasification cycle öèêë ãàçèôèêà- abs absolute 1) àáñîëþòíûé (íàïð. î âåëè÷èíå,
öèè óãëÿ ñ âîçäóøíûì äóòüåì (ðàçðàáîòêà Clean çíà÷åíèè, âëàæíîñòè, òåìïåðàòóðå, áîëüøèíñòâå
Coal Power Generation Group (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ) íà ïðè ãîëîñîâàíèè è äð.); 2) ÷èñòûé, áåñïðèìåñíûé
îñíîâå óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîãî ãàçèôèêàòîðà óãëÿ (íàïð. î ñïèðòå è äð.); 3) äåéñòâèòåëüíûé, íåñîì-
ñ âîçäóøíûì äóòüåì â ñëîå ïîä äàâëåíèåì äëÿ ïî- íåííûé (íàïð. î ôàêòå è äð.).
ëó÷åíèÿ òîïëèâíîãî ãàçà äëÿ ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû è abs absorber 1) àáñîðáåð (óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ ïî-
ïàðà äëÿ ïàðîòóðáèííîé ýíåðãîóñòàíîâêè). ãëîùåíèÿ âåùåñòâà èç ñìåñè ãàçîâ ñ ïîìîùüþ æèä-
ABGTS auxiliary building gas treatment system êîñòè âî âñåì îáúåìå àáñîðáåíòà); 2) ïîãëîòèòåëü
ñèñòåìà î÷èñòêè ãàçà âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ (âåùåñòâî); 3) ïîãëîùàþùèé ñòåðæåíü (ñèñòåìû
ÀÝÑ. óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); 4) ïî-
ABHX air blast heat exchanger òåïëîîáìåííèê ãëîùàþùèé ôèëüòð.
ñ âîçäóøíûì äóòüåì. abs absorption 1) àáñîðáöèÿ; 2) ïîãëîùåíèå;
ABI automated ball indenter àâòîìàòèçèðîâàí- 3) ïîãëîùàþùàÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü.
íûé øàðèêîâûé èíäåíòîð (íàêîíå÷íèê àïïàðàòà abs abstract 1) àííîòàöèÿ; 2) ðåôåðàò.
äëÿ èñïûòàíèÿ òâåðäîñòè ìåòàëëîâ âäàâëèâà- ABSRV auxiliary building switchgear room ventila-
íèåì). tion âåíòèëÿöèÿ âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî
ABI auxiliary building isolation îòñå÷åíèå âñïîìî- ðåàêòîðà.
ãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ ÀÝÑ ïðè àâàðèè. abs. t absolute temperature àáñîëþòíàÿ òåìïåðà-
ABIH American Board of Industrial Hygiene Ñîâåò òóðà.
ÑØÀ ïî ïðîìûøëåííîé ñàíèòàðèè. ABST auxiliary building sump tank îòñòîéíûé ðå-
ABL atmospheric boundary layer àòìîñôåðíûé çåðâóàð âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ (íàïð. íà ÀÝÑ).
ïîãðàíè÷íûé ñëîé. ABSTI Advisory Board on Science and Technology
ABLE activity balance line evaluation 1) ñáàëàíñè- Information Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé ñîâåò ïî èíôîðìàöèè
ðîâàííàÿ îöåíêà ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè; 2) ñáàëàíñèðî- â ñôåðå íàóêè è òåõíîëîãèé (ÑØÀ).
âàííàÿ îöåíêà äåÿòåëüíîñòè. ABSVS auxilary building special ventilation system
ABM atomic beam method àòîìíî-ëó÷åâîé ìå- ñïåöèàëüíàÿ âåíòèëÿöèîííàÿ ñèñòåìà âñïîìîãà-
òîä. òåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ ÀÝÑ.
ABMA American Boiler Manufacturers Association ABT automatic bus transfer àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ïåðå-
Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèöèÿ êîòëîñòðîèòåëåé. äà÷à äàííûõ ïî øèíàì.
ABMS automated batch mix system àâòîìàòèçè- abt about îêîëî; ïðèìåðíî, ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî.
ðîâàííàÿ áóíêåðíàÿ ñìåñèòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà. ABV auxiliary building ventilation âåíòèëÿöèÿ çäà-
abn abnormal 1) àâàðèéíûé (íàïð. î ñèòóàöèè, íèÿ âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ óñòàíîâîê ÀÝÑ.
îáîðóäîâàíèè è äð.); 2) íåàäåêâàòíûé, íåïðàâèëü- abv above 1) âûøå, íàä; 2) áîëåå, ñâûøå.
íûé (î ðàáîòå, ôóíêöèîíèðîâàíèè); 3) íåïðåäóñ- ABW absorber washer àáñîðáåð-ñêðóááåð.
ìîòðåííûé (íàïð. â ñèñòåìå àâàðèéíîé çàùèòû íà ABWR advanced boiling water reactor óñîâåð-
ÀÝÑ). øåíñòâîâàííûé êèïÿùèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð, óñî-
ABNEO abnormal environmental occurrence âíåø- âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ êèïÿùåé
íåå àâàðèéíîå ñîáûòèå. âîäîé.
ABNV auxiliary building normal ventilation øòàò- AC absorption coefficient êîýôôèöèåíò ïîãëîùå-
íàÿ ñèñòåìà âåíòèëÿöèè âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî çäàíèÿ íèÿ, êîýôôèöèåíò àáñîðáöèè.
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. AC acceptance criteria 1) êðèòåðèè ïðèåìêè
ABR actinide burner reactor ðåàêòîð äëÿ ñæèãà- (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ); 2) àòòåñòàöèîííûå êðèòåðèè
íèÿ àêòèíèäîâ. (íàïð. ñîîòâåòñòâèÿ ñèñòåìû èëè îáîðóäîâàíèÿ
ABRO air-bump-and-rinse operation îáäóâêà èîíè- ïðåäíàçíà÷åííûì ôóíêöèÿì).
òà âîçäóõîì ñ ïîñëåäóþùåé îòìûâêîé (íàïð. â ñèñ- AC access control óïðàâëåíèå äîñòóïîì (íàïð.
òåìå ðåãåíåðàöèè èîíèòà, èñïîëüçóåìîãî ïðè âåäå- ê áàçå äàííûõ, ñåòè è äð.).
íèè âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). AC accuracy check êîíòðîëü òî÷íîñòè (íàïð. èç-
ABS absorption 1) àáñîðáöèÿ (ïðîöåññ, â êîòî- ìåðåíèé è äð.).
ðîì àáñîðáåíò ïîãëîùàåò è óäåðæèâàåò àáñîðáàò AC acid concentrator êîíöåíòðàòîð ðàñòâîðà
è îáðàçóåò ãîìîãåííûé ðàñòâîð); 2) ïîãëîùåíèå; êèñëîòû (íàïð. áîðíîé êèñëîòû â ñèñòåìå áîðíîãî
3) ïîãëîùàþùàÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü. ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ èëè óïðàâëåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ABS acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ñîïîëèìåð AC acid corrosion êèñëîòíàÿ êîððîçèÿ (íàïð.
àêðèëîíèòðèëáóòàäèåíñòèðîëà. õèìè÷åñêîå âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ñåðíîé è ñåðíèñòîé
ABS air break switch âîçäóøíûé âûêëþ÷àòåëü. êèñëîò, îáðàçóþùèõñÿ â çîíàõ ñ íèçêîé òåìïåðà-
ABS ammonium bisulfate ãèäðîñóëüôàò àììî- òóðîé â ðåçóëüòàòå âûäåëåíèÿ âëàãè èç äûìîâûõ
íèÿ. ãàçîâ, ñ ìåòàëëîì ïîâåðõíîñòåé íàãðåâà êîòëà,
abs absent îòñóòñòâóþùèé. çîëîóëîâèòåëåé è ãàçîõîäîâ).
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AC — 15 — ACB

AC action committee êîìèòåò äåéñòâèé. Ac actinium àêòèíèé, Ac (ðàäèîàêòèâíûé õè-


AC activated carbon àêòèâèðîâàííûé óãîëü ìè÷åñêèé ýëåìåíò; â ñìåñè ñ áåðèëëèåì ñëóæèò
(óãîëü ñ âûñîêîðàçâèòîé ïîâåðõíîñòüþ, íàèáîëåå äëÿ ïðèãîòîâëåíèÿ íåéòðîííûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ).
ýôôåêòèâíûé ìàòåðèàë, ïðèìåíÿåìûé â êà÷åñòâå ac account 1) ó÷åò, ïðèíÿòèå âî âíèìàíèå;
ñîðáåíòà ïðè î÷èñòêå âîä). 2) ñ÷åò; 3) ôèíàíñîâûé îò÷åò; 4) ìí. îò÷åòíîñòü;
AC actuation circuitry ñõåìà çàïóñêà, ñõåìà ïðè- 5) îáúÿñíåíèå; 6) ðàñ÷åò; 7) ìí. èçäåðæêè; 8) ïðè-
âåäåíèÿ â äåéñòâèå. ÷èíà, îñíîâàíèå; 9) áàëàíñ; 10) äîêëàä, ñîîáùåíèå;
AC adaptive control 1) àäàïòèâíîå óïðàâëåíèå; 11) âûãîäà; 12) ïîëüçà; 13) âàæíîñòü, çíà÷åíèå;
2) óñòðîéñòâî àäàïòèâíîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ. 14) îöåíêà, ìíåíèå; 15) ñ÷èòàòü; 16) ðàññìàòðè-
AC administrative controls ñðåäñòâà àäìèíèñòðà- âàòü; 17) îáúÿñíÿòü; 18) ó÷èòûâàòü, ïðèíèìàòü âî
òèâíîãî êîíòðîëÿ. âíèìàíèå.
AC advanced computing ïðîäâèíóòûå ñðåäñòâà ac acid êèñëîòà.
âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêè. ac acidizing êèñëîòíàÿ îáðàáîòêà.
AC advisory committee êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò. ac acre àêð (åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ ïëîùàäè,
AC aerodynamic coefficients àýðîäèíàìè÷åñêèå 4046,86 ì2).
êîýôôèöèåíòû (õàðàêòåðèçóþò àýðîäèíàìè÷åñ- ac anticorrosive àíòèêîððîçèîííûé (íàïð. î çà-
êèå ñèëó è ìîìåíò, äåéñòâóþùèå íà òåëî, äâèæó- ùèòå, ïîêðûòèè è äð.).
ùååñÿ â æèäêîñòè èëè ãàçå). A/C air conditioner êîíäèöèîíåð.
AC air conditioning êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèå âîçäóõà. A&C adder and comparator ñóììèðóþùåå è ñðàâ-
AC air-cooled ñ âîçäóøíûì îõëàæäåíèåì. íèâàþùåå óñòðîéñòâî, ñóììàòîð è êîìïàðàòîð.
AC air cooling âîçäóøíîå îõëàæäåíèå. A&C amplifier and computer óñèëèòåëü è âû÷èñ-
AC allegation coordinator êîîðäèíàòîð ðàññìîò- ëèòåëü.
ðåíèÿ çàÿâëåíèé. AC&DS alarm communication and display system
AC alternating component ïåðåìåííàÿ ñîñòàâëÿ- ñèñòåìà àâàðèéíîé ñèãíàëèçàöèè è îïîâåùåíèÿ.
þùàÿ. ACA accident consequence assessment îöåíêà
AC alternating current ïåðåìåííûé òîê. ïîñëåäñòâèé àâàðèè.
AC alternating-current 1) ðàáîòàþùèé íà ïåðå- ACA Associate of the Institute of Chartered Ac-
ìåííîì òîêå; 2) èìïóëüñíîãî òèïà. countants ÷ëåí-êîððåñïîíäåíò Îáùåñòâà äèïëîìè-
AC analog circuit àíàëîãîâàÿ ñõåìà. ðîâàííûõ áóõãàëòåðîâ-ýêñïåðòîâ, äîïóñêàåìûõ ê
AC analytical calculations àíàëèòè÷åñêèå ìåòîäû ðåâèçîðñêîé ðàáîòå.
ðàñ÷åòà. ACA auto-correlation analysis àâòîêîððåëÿöèîí-
AC Appeal Court àïïåëÿöèîííûé ñóä. íûé àíàëèç.
AC application category 1) êàòåãîðèÿ ïðèìåíåíèÿ ACA automatic circuit analyzer àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
(íàïð. îãðàíè÷åííîãî èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ äîêóìåíòîâ); àíàëèçàòîð ñõåì.
2) êàòåãîðèÿ ïðèìåíÿåìûõ èëè èñïîëüçóåìûõ ACAA American Coal Ash Association Àìåðèêàí-
(íàïð. óñòàíîâîê, òåõíîëîãèé è äð.). ñêàÿ Àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ñáîðà, óäàëåíèÿ è
AC arc welder 1) ýëåêòðîñâàðùèê; 2) àïïàðàò óòèëèçàöèè óãîëüíîé çîëû ÒÝÑ.
äëÿ äóãîâîé ñâàðêè. ACAD access control accountability device ðåãó-
AC assigned contractor óòâåðæäåííûé ïîäðÿä- ëÿòîð äîñòóïà ñèñòåìû îòâåòñòâåííîñòè çà ïåðñî-
÷èê. íàë íà ÀÝÑ.
AC assimilative capacity àññèìèëèðóþùàÿ ñïî- ACAD air containment atmosphere dilution ðàçáàâ-
ñîáíîñòü (íàïð. âîäîåìà ïðèíèìàòü ñòî÷íûå ëåíèå âîçäóõà â ñðåäå çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî
âîäû, òîêñè÷íûå ìàòåðèàëû áåç âðåäíîãî âîçäåé- ðåàêòîðà.
ñòâèÿ íà ÷åëîâåêà è ñðåäó åãî îáèòàíèÿ, à òàêæå AC&D alarm communication and display àâàðèé-
áèîëîãè÷åñêîå ïîòðåáëåíèå êèñëîðîäà â óñòàíîâ- íàÿ ñèãíàëèçàöèÿ è îïîâåùåíèå.
ëåííûõ ïðåäåëàõ äëÿ ðàñòâîðåííîãî êèñëîðîäà). ACAP Arctic Council Action Plan Ïëàí äåéñòâèé
AC atmospheric cracking àòìîñôåðíîå ðàñòðåñ- [Ïðîãðàììà] ñòðàí Àðêòèêè (â ðàìêàõ äåÿòåëüíî-
êèâàíèå, ðàñòðåñêèâàíèå ïîä âîçäåéñòâèåì àòìî- ñòè ãðóïïû ïî óïðàâëåíèþ ïðîåêòàìè ñîêðàùåíèÿ
ñôåðíûõ óñëîâèé (íàïð. ïðè äëèòåëüíîì õðàíåíèè âûáðîñîâ ðòóòè â àòìîñôåðó ñ äûìîâûìè ãàçàìè
îáîðóäîâàíèÿ íà îòêðûòûõ ïëîùàäêàõ). ÒÝÑ).
AC augmented citation ðàñøèðåííàÿ ññûëêà. ACARD Advisory Council for Applied Research and
AC automatic checkout àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé êîíòðîëü. Development Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé ñîâåò ïî ïðèêëàäíûì
AC automatic control 1) àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðåãóëè- èññëåäîâàíèÿì è ðàçðàáîòêàì (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
ðîâàíèå; 2) àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå óïðàâëåíèå. ACAST Advisory Committee on the Application of
AC auxiliary controls 1) âñïîìîãàòåëüíûå ñðåä- Science and Technology Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò
ñòâà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ; 2) âñïîìîãàòåëüíûå ñðåäñòâà ïî ïðèìåíåíèþ äîñòèæåíèé íàóêè è òåõíèêè.
óïðàâëåíèÿ. ACB air circuit-breaker âîçäóøíûé âûêëþ÷àòåëü.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ACB — 16 — ACEX

ACB assigned configuration baseline çàäàííàÿ áà- ACCRY accessories âñïîìîãàòåëüíîå îáîðóäî-
çîâàÿ êîíôèãóðàöèÿ (íàïð. ìàãíèòíîãî ïîëÿ òåð- âàíèå.
ìîÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ACCS automatic checkout and control system 1) ñèñ-
ACBU average core burn-up óñðåäíåííàÿ âåëè- òåìà àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ è ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ;
÷èíà âûãîðàíèÿ òîïëèâà â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî 2) ñèñòåìà àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ è óïðàâëåíèÿ.
ðåàêòîðà (îòíîñèòñÿ ê õàðàêòåðèñòèêàì, âàæ- ACCS auxiliary core cooling system âñïîìîãàòåëü-
íûì äëÿ áåçîïàñíîñòè). íàÿ ñèñòåìà îõëàæäåíèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî
ACC accumulator 1) ñáîðíèê; íàêîïèòåëü; 2) àê- ðåàêòîðà.
êóìóëÿòîð; àêêóìóëÿòîðíàÿ áàòàðåÿ; 3) ãèäðîåì- ACCWS auxiliary component cooling water system
êîñòü (íà ÀÝÑ). âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà îõëàæäåíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ
ACC active clearance control êîíòðîëü àêòèâíîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ.
ðàäèàëüíîãî çàçîðà (íàïð. ìåæäó âåðøèíîé ðàáî÷åé ACDA Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
ëîïàòêè è êîðïóñîì òóðáèíû). Àãåíòñòâî ïî êîíòðîëþ çà âîîðóæåíèåì è ðàçîðó-
ACC adaptive control constraint àäàïòèâíîå æåíèåì.
óïðàâëåíèå ñ ïðåäåëüíûì ðåãóëèðîâàíèåì ïàðà- AC/DC alternating current/direct current ïåðåêëþ-
ìåòðîâ. ÷åíèå ýëåêòðîïèòàíèÿ ñ ïåðåìåííîãî íà ïîñòîÿí-
ACC administrative compliance coordinator êîîð- íûé òîê.
äèíàòîð ñîãëàñîâàíèÿ âîïðîñîâ íà àäìèíèñòðàòèâ- ACE acceptance checkout equipment êîíòðîëü-
íîì óðîâíå. íî-ïîâåðî÷íîå îáîðóäîâàíèå äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ ïðèå-
ACC advanced cyclone combustor óñîâåðøåíñò- ìî÷íûõ èñïûòàíèé.
âîâàííàÿ öèêëîííàÿ òîïêà. ACE access control equipment àïïàðàòóðà è îáî-
ACC air cooled condenser êîíäåíñàòîð ñ âîçäóø- ðóäîâàíèå óïðàâëåíèÿ äîñòóïîì (íàïð. íà îñîáî
íûì îõëàæäåíèåì, âîçäóøíûé êîíäåíñàòîð. îõðàíÿåìûå ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèå îáúåêòû, ê áàçàì äàí-
ACC alternating current circuit öåïü ïåðåìåííîãî íûõ è äð.).
òîêà. ACE Advanced Containment Experiment ïðîãðàì-
ACC anticoincidence circuit ñõåìà àíòèñîâïàäå- ìà ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíûõ èññëåäîâàíèé ïî ðàçðàáîò-
íèé. êå óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîé çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåð-
ACC Argonne Code Center Öåíòð ðàçðàáîòêè íîãî ðåàêòîðà.
êîìïüþòåðíûõ ïðîãðàìì Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëü- ACE area control error ïîãðåøíîñòü çîííîãî ðå-
íîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ). ãóëèðîâàíèÿ.
ACC Arizona Corporation Commission Êîìèññèÿ ACE Association for Conservation of Energy Àññî-
ïî êîðïîðàöèÿì øòàòà Àðèçîíà (ÑØÀ). öèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ñáåðåæåíèÿ ýíåðãèè (Âåëè-
ACC auxiliary core cooling âñïîìîãàòåëüíîå êîáðèòàíèÿ).
îõëàæäåíèå àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ACE automatic checkout equipment óñòðîéñòâî
acc acceleration 1) óñêîðåíèå; ðàçãîí; 2) ïðèåìèñ- àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ.
òîñòü (íàïð. ãàçîòóðáèííîãî äâèãàòåëÿ). ACE automatic control engineering òåõíèêà àâòî-
acc acceptance 1) ïðèåìêà, ïðèåì; 2) àòòåñòàöèÿ; ìàòè÷åñêîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ.
3) îäîáðåíèå (íàïð. ðåøåíèÿ, ïðîåêòà); 4) ïðèíÿòèå ACEEE American Council for an Energy Efficient
(íàïð. òåîðèè, ãèïîòåçû); 5) ïðèåìëåìîñòü (íàïð. Economy Ñîâåò ÑØÀ çà ðàçâèòèå ýêîíîìèêè íà áàçå
ïîäõîäà, ðåøåíèÿ). ýíåðãîýôôåêòèâíûõ òåõíîëîãèé.
acc accident 1) àâàðèÿ (íàðóøåíèå óñëîâèé íîð- ACEC American Consulting Engineers Council Ñî-
ìàëüíîé ýêñïëóàòàöèè, õàðàêòåðèçóåòñÿ èñõîäíûì âåò èíæåíåðîâ-êîíñóëüòàíòîâ ÑØÀ.
ñîáûòèåì, ïóòÿìè ïðîòåêàíèÿ è ïîñëåäñòâèÿìè); ACES automatic checkout and evaluation system
2) ïðîèñøåñòâèå, èíöèäåíò; 3) ïîâðåæäåíèå; 4) íå- àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ è îöåíêè ðåçóëü-
ñ÷àñòíûé ñëó÷àé; 5) îáñòîÿòåëüñòâî; 6) ñëó÷àéíîñòü; òàòîâ èñïûòàíèé.
7) îñîáåííîñòü. ACES automtic control evaluation simulator ìîäå-
ACCB alternating current circuit-breaker âûêëþ- ëèðóþùåå óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ îöåíêè ñèñòåì àâòîìàòè-
÷àòåëü ïåðåìåííîãî òîêà. ÷åñêîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ èëè óïðàâëåíèÿ.
accel accelerator 1) óñêîðèòåëü; 2) êàòàëèçàòîð; ACET average cold-end temperature ñðåäíÿÿ
3) äðîññåëüíàÿ çàñëîíêà; 4) äîáàâêà-óñêîðèòåëü òåìïåðàòóðà íà õîëîäíîì êîíöå [íà ñòîðîíå íèçêîé
(èíòåíñèôèêàòîð ïðîöåññà); 5) àêòèâàòîð. òåìïåðàòóðû] âîçäóõîïîäîãðåâàòåëÿ (ñðåäíåå àðèô-
ACCP advanced coal conversion process óñîâåð- ìåòè÷åñêîå òåìïåðàòóð ïîäâîäèìîãî âîçäóõà è
øåíñòâîâàííûé ïðîöåññ ïåðåðàáîòêè íèçêîñîðò- âûõîäÿùèõ äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ).
íûõ âûñîêîâëàæíûõ óãëåé ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì òåð- ACEX advanced containment experiments ïðî-
ìè÷åñêîé êîíâåðñèè è ôèçè÷åñêîé î÷èñòêè äëÿ ãðàììà ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíûõ èññëåäîâàíèé ïî ðàç-
ïîëó÷åíèÿ ìàëîñåðíèñòîãî ñèíòåòè÷åñêîãî ïðîäóê- ðàáîòêå óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîé çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè
òà (âëàãîñîäåðæàíèå 1% è ñîäåðæàíèå ñåðû 0,3 %). ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ACF — 17 — ACOD

ACF acid concentrated feed ïîäà÷à êîíöåíòðè- ACL acceptable quality level ïðèåìëåìûé óðî-
ðîâàííîãî ðàñòâîðà êèñëîòû (íàïð. áîðíîé êèñëî- âåíü êà÷åñòâà.
òû ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ACL access control list ñïèñîê óïðàâëåíèÿ äî-
ACF activated carbon fiber àêòèâèðîâàííîå óãîëü- ñòóïîì (íàïð. ê áàçàì äàííûõ).
íîå âîëîêíî, âîëîêíî èç àêòèâèðîâàííîãî óãëÿ. ACL air conditioning load íàãðóçêà êîíäèöèîíèðî-
ACF actual cubic foot êóáè÷åñêèé ôóò. âàíèÿ âîçäóõà (÷àñòü òåïëîâîé íàãðóçêè ñèñòåìû
ACF autocorrelation function àâòîêîððåëÿöèîí- òåïëîñíàáæåíèÿ, èäóùàÿ íà êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèå
íàÿ ôóíêöèÿ. âîçäóõà).
ACF automatic control feature ñðåäñòâî àâòîìà- ACL armored-cable, lead-sheath áðîíèðîâàííûé
òè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ. êàáåëü â ñâèíöîâîé îáîëî÷êå.
ACFB atmospheric circulating fluidized bed êèïÿ- ACL authorization control list êîíòðîëüíûé ñïè-
ùèé ñëîé òîïêè êîòëà äëÿ ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà â ñîê äëÿ ñàíêöèîíèðîâàíèÿ äîñòóïà (íàïð. ê áàçàì
öèðêóëèðóþùåì êèïÿùåì ñëîå ïðè àòìîñôåðíîì äàííûõ).
äàâëåíèè. ACLP above-core load pad ïëîùàäêà íàä àêòèâ-
ACFER acceleration by coherent field of electron íîé çîíîé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà äëÿ çàãðóçêè òåïëî-
ring óñêîðåíèå êîãåðåíòíûì ïîëåì ýëåêòðîííîãî âûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê.
êîëüöà. ACLS American Council of Learned Societies Àìå-
ACFF activated carbon fiber filter ôèëüòð ñ ôèëü- ðèêàíñêèé ñîâåò íàó÷íûõ îáùåñòâ.
òðóþùèì ìàòåðèàëîì â âèäå âîëîêíà èç àêòèâèðî- ACM advanced composite material óëó÷øåííûé
âàííîãî óãëÿ (ñ âûñîêîé àäñîðáöèîííîé ñïîñîáíî- ïåðñïåêòèâíûé êîìïîçèöèîííûé ìàòåðèàë, óëó÷-
ñòüþ ïî ãàçàì). øåííûé ïåðñïåêòèâíûé êîìïîçèò.
ACFM actual cubic feet per minute êóáè÷åñêèõ ACM alternate cooling mode àëüòåðíàòèâíûé ðå-
ôóòîâ â ìèíóòó. æèì îõëàæäåíèÿ (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ACG alternating current generator ãåíåðàòîð ïå- ACMH Advisory Committee on Major Hazards Êîí-
ðåìåííîãî òîêà. ñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî òÿæåëûì àâàðèÿì íà
ACGIH American Conference of Governmental ÀÝÑ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
Industrial Hygienists Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ êîíôåðåíöèÿ ACMI absorber-cladding mechanical interaction
ðàáîòíèêîâ ïðîìûøëåííîé ñàíèòàðíîé ñëóæáû ìåõàíè÷åñêîå âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ïîãëîòèòåëÿ ñ îáî-
ãîñóäàðñòâåííûõ ïðåäïðèÿòèé. ëî÷êîé òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà ÿäåðíîãî ðå-
ACH autogenous crack healing ñàìîçàòÿãèâàíèå àêòîðà.
òðåùèí (â êîíñòðóêöèÿõ, èñïîëüçóþùèõ öåìåíò). ACMP Advisory Committee on Marine Pollution
ACHE air-cooled heat exchanger òåïëîîáìåííèê Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ïðîáëåìàì çàãðÿçíå-
ñ âîçäóøíûì îõëàæäåíèåì. íèÿ îêåàíîâ (ÑØÀ).
ACHX air-cooled heat exchanger òåïëîîáìåííèê ACMUI Advisory Committee on Medical Use of Iso-
ñ âîçäóøíûì îõëàæäåíèåì. topes Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî èñïîëüçîâàíèþ
ACI activated carbon injection ââîä àêòèâèðîâàí- èçîòîïîâ â ìåäèöèíå (ÑØÀ).
íîãî óãëÿ (íàïð. â ïå÷è äëÿ ñæèãàíèÿ áûòîâûõ îò- ACN advance change notice óâåäîìëåíèå î ïðåä-
õîäîâ ñ öåëüþ èçâëå÷åíèÿ ñâûøå 90% ðòóòè). ñòîÿùåì âíåñåíèè èçìåíåíèé (íàïð. â íîðìàòèâ-
ACI American Concrete Institute Àìåðèêàíñêèé íûå äîêóìåíòû, êîíòðàêò, ïðîåêò è äð.).
èíñòèòóò áåòîíà (îäíèì èç íàïðàâëåíèé èññëåäîâà- ACNS Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety Êîí-
íèé ÿâëÿåòñÿ ðàçðàáîòêà áåòîííûõ çàùèòíûõ ñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè
îáîëî÷åê äëÿ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ). (ÑØÀ).
ACI automatic closure interlock àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ACNW Advisory Committee on Nuclear Wastes
áëîêèðîâêà, äåéñòâóþùàÿ íà îòêëþ÷åíèå. Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ÿäåðíûì îòõîäàì
ACIA asynchronous communications interface (ÑØÀ).
adapter àäàïòåð àñèíõðîííîé ñâÿçè. ACO acceptance and checkout ïðèåìêà îáîðóäî-
ACIT assessment of consequences of irradiation in âàíèÿ è êîíòðîëü.
targets îöåíêà ïîñëåäñòâèé îáëó÷åíèÿ â ìèøåíÿõ. ACO adaptive control optimizatation îïòèìèçàöèÿ
ACK, ack. acknowledge 1) ïîäòâåðäèòå, ïîä- â ðåæèìå àäàïòèâíîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ.
òâåðæäàòü (íàïð. ïîëó÷åíèå ñîîáùåíèÿ); 2) äîïóñ- ACO administrative contracting officer óïîëíîìî-
êàòü; 3) ïðèçíàâàòü; 4) âûðàæàòü ïðèçíàòåëüíîñòü ÷åííûé ïî êîíòðîëþ çà âûïîëíåíèåì êîíòðàêòà.
(íàïð. ðåäàêòîðó, ðåöåíçåíòó è äð.). ACO assembly and checkout ñáîðêà îáîðóäîâà-
ACL above-core load íàãðóçêà íà êîíñòðóêöèè, íèÿ è êîíòðîëü.
ðàñïîëîæåííûå íàä àêòèâíîé çîíîé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- ACO assistant control operator ïîìîùíèê îïåðà-
òîðà. òîðà ùèòà óïðàâëåíèÿ (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ACL acceptable control limit äîïóñòèìûé ïðåäåë ACOD agency for calculation of operating data
ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ. óïðàâëåíèå ïî àíàëèçó ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ äàííûõ.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ACOMR — 18 — ACSS/TW

ACOMR Advisory Committee on Meteorological Re- ACR automatic control rod ñòåðæåíü àâòîìàòè÷å-
search Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ìåòåîðîëîãè- ñêîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ (íàïð. ëîêàëüíîãî ýíåðãîâûäå-
÷åñêèì èññëåäîâàíèÿì (ÑØÀ). ëåíèÿ â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ACORD Advisory Committee on Research and De- ACRDS automatic control rod drive system àâòî-
velopment Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî èññëåäîâà- ìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ïðèâîäà ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæ-
íèÿì è ðàçðàáîòêàì (ÑØÀ). íåé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ACORD American Committee on Radwaste Dispo- ACRE Action Committee for Rural Electrification
sal Àìåðèêàíñêèé êîìèòåò ïî ïðîáëåìàì óäàëåíèÿ Êîìèòåò äåéñòâèé çà ðàçâèòèå ýëåêòðèôèêàöèè
ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ. ñåëüñêîõîçÿéñòâåííûõ ðàéîíîâ (ÑØÀ).
ACORE automtic checkout and recording equip- ACRP Advisory Committee on Radiological Protec-
ment àïïàðàòóðà àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ è ðåãè- tion Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêîé
ñòðàöèè äàííûõ. çàùèòå (Êàíàäà).
ACOS automatic checkout set êîìïëåêò àïïàðà- ACRR annular core research reactor èññëåäîâà-
òóðû àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ. òåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ êîëüöåâîé àêòèâíîé
ACOST Advisory Committee on Science and Tech- çîíîé (Íàöèîíàëüíûå ëàáîðàòîðèè Sandia â Àëüáó-
nology Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ïðîáëåìàì íà- êåðêå, ÑØÀ).
óêè è òåõíèêè (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). ACRS accelerated cost recovery system ñèñòåìà
ACP activated carbon process ïðîöåññ èëè òåõíî- óñêîðåííîãî âîçìåùåíèÿ èçäåðæåê ïðîèçâîäñòâà
ëîãèÿ ïîëó÷åíèÿ àêòèâèðîâàííîãî óãëÿ. (íàïð. òåïëà, ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè è äð.).
ACP alternative compliance payment ñîîòâåòñòâó- ACRS Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards
þùàÿ àëüòåðíàòèâíàÿ âûïëàòà. 1) Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî áåçîïàñíîñòè è ñè-
ACP auxiliary control panel âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ïà- ñòåìàì çàùèòû ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ (Êîìèññèè ïî
íåëü óïðàâëåíèÿ. ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ, ÑØÀ); 2) Êîíñóëüòàòèâ-
ACPDS Advisory Committee on Personnel Dosimetry íûé êîìèòåò ïî ïðèìåíåíèþ ãàðàíòèé íà ÿäåðíûõ
Services Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ñëóæáàì èíäè- ðåàêòîðàõ (ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
âèäóàëüíîãî äîçèìåòðè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ (ÑØÀ). ACS above core structure êîíñòðóêöèÿ, ðàñïîëî-
ACPR advanced core performance reactor âûñî- æåííàÿ íàä àêòèâíîé çîíîé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
êîýêîíîìè÷íûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ óñîâåðøåíñòâî- ACS advanced computer system óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
âàííîé àêòèâíîé çîíîé. âàííàÿ âû÷èñëèòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà.
ACPR advanced core pulsed reactor èìïóëüñíûé ACS alternate core spray ïåðèîäè÷åñêèé âïðûñê
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîé àêòèâíîé òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà
çîíîé. ïðè àâàðèè.
ACPR annular core pulse reactor èìïóëüñíûé ACS American Chemical Society Àìåðèêàíñêîå
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ êîëüöåâîé àêòèâíîé çîíîé (Íàöè- õèìè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî.
îíàëüíûå ëàáîðàòîðèè Sandia â Àëüáóêåðêå, ÑØÀ). ACS automatic control system 1) ñèñòåìà àâòîìà-
ACQ acquisition 1) ïðèîáðåòåíèå (íàïð. çíàíèé, òè÷åñêîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ, ÑÀÓ; 2) ñèñòåìà àâòîìàòè-
îïûòà); 2) ñáîð (íàïð. äàííûõ). ÷åñêîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ, ÑÀÐ.
ACR advanced converter reactor óñîâåðøåíñòâî- ACS autonomous control system 1) àâòîíîìíàÿ
âàííûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð-êîíâåðòåð. ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ; 2) àâòîíîìíàÿ ñèñòåìà ðåãó-
ACR air cooler room âîçäóøíàÿ ëîâóøêà. ëèðîâàíèÿ.
ACR American College of Radiology Àìåðèêàíñêîå ACS auxiliary coolant system 1) ñèñòåìà àâàðèé-
âûñøåå ó÷åáíîå çàâåäåíèå ïî ïðîáëåìàì ðàäèîëîãèè. íîãî òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà; 2) ñèñòåìà
ACR anechoic room áåçýõîâàÿ êàìåðà, íåàêóñòè- äîïîëíèòåëüíîãî èëè âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî îõëàæäå-
÷åñêîå ïîìåùåíèå (íàïð. äëÿ èñïûòàíèé òóðáèí, íèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ïîâåðõíîñòè êîòîðîãî àáñîðáèðóþò â îñíîâíîì ACSA Assistant Chief Scientific Adviser ïîìîùíèê
âñþ ýíåðãèþ ïàäàþùåãî çâóêà â îïðåäåëåííîì äèà- ãëàâíîãî ñîâåòíèêà ïî íàó÷íûì âîïðîñàì (ÑØÀ).
ïàçîíå ÷àñòîò). ACSNI Advisory Committee on the Safety of Nu-
ACR annual capacity report åæåãîäíûé îò÷åò ïî clear Installations Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî áåçî-
ïðîèçâîäñòâåííûì ïîêàçàòåëÿì (íàïð. ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ ïàñíîñòè ÿäåðíûõ óñòàíîâîê (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
è äð.). ACSR aluminium cable steel reinforced ñòàëå-
ACR atmosphere of confidence and respect â äî- àëþìèíèåâûé êàáåëü.
âåðèòåëüíîé è óâàæèòåëüíîé àòìîñôåðå (íàïð. ïðî- ACSS aluminium conductor steel supported ñòàëå-
âåäåíèå âñòðå÷, ïåðåãîâîðîâ è äð.). àëþìèíåâûé ïðîâîä.
ACR automatic character recognition àâòîìàòè÷å- ACSS/TW aluminium conductor steel supported/
ñêîå ðàñïîçíàâàíèå ñèìâîëîâ. trapezoidal wire ñòàëåàëþìèíèåâûé êàáåëü ñ ïðîâî-
ACR automatic circuit restoration àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå äîì òðàïåöåèäàëüíîãî ñå÷åíèÿ (âîçìîæíîñòü ïðè-
âîññòàíîâëåíèå öåïè. ìåíåíèÿ ïðè òåìïåðàòóðàõ äî 250 °Ñ).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ACSTRAM — 19 — ADAPS

ACSTRAM Advisory Committee on the Safe Transport AD active drains ñïåöêàíàëèçàöèÿ (ñèñòåìà
of Radioactive Material Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî òðàíñïîðòèðîâàíèÿ æèäêèõ ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ñáðî-
îáåñïå÷åíèþ áåçîïàñíîñòè ïðè òðàíñïîðòèðîâêå ðà- ñîâ ïî èçîëèðîâàííûì òðóáîïðîâîäàì íà ÀÝÑ äëÿ
äèîàêòèâíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). ïîñëåäóþùåé ïåðåðàáîòêè).
ACT activated 1) ïðèâîäèìûé â äåéñòâèå; 2) àê- AD advanced development 1) ïåðñïåêòèâíàÿ
òèâèðîâàííûé; âîçáóæäåííûé. ðàçðàáîòêà; 2) ðàçðàáîòêà îïûòíîãî îáðàçöà.
ACT advanced combustion technology ïåðñïåê- AD aerodynamic deduster àýðîäèíàìè÷åñêèé
òèâíàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà. îáåñïûëèâàòåëü.
ACT advanced concepts test ïðîâåðêà ïåðåäî- AD aerometric data àýðîìåòðè÷åñêèå äàííûå.
âûõ êîíöåïöèé. AD air damper âîçäóøíàÿ çàñëîíêà.
act action 1) äåéñòâèå; âîçäåéñòâèå; 2) ïðèíöèï AD air director âîçäóõîíàïðàâëÿþùåå óñòðîéñòâî
äåéñòâèÿ; 3) ñðàáàòûâàíèå; 4) ýôôåêò; âëèÿíèå; (íàïð. äëÿ ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ ïåðâè÷íîãî âîçäóõà, òóðáó-
5) ìåðîïðèÿòèå; 6) äåÿòåëüíîñòü; 7) îïåðàöèÿ; ëèçàöèè ïîòîêà, ñòàáèëèçàöèè ïëàìåíè â êàìåðå
8) óäàðíûé ìåõàíèçì. ñãîðàíèÿ ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû), ÂÍÓ.
act active 1) àêòèâíûé (íàïð. îá ýëåìåíòå); AD air-dried âûñóøåííûé íà âîçäóõå; âîçäóø-
2) äåéñòâóþùèé (íàïð. íîðìàòèâû è äð.); 3) ýíåð- íî-ñóõîé (íàïð. îá óãëå).
ãè÷íûé (î äåÿòåëüíîñòè). AD alternate director çàìåùàþùèé äèðåêòîð.
act actuated 1) ñ ïðèâîäîì; 2) ïðèâåäåííûé AD anaerobic digestion áèîëîãè÷åñêèé ïðîöåññ
â äåéñòâèå. ïðåâðàùåíèÿ îðãàíè÷åñêèõ îòõîäîâ â áèîãàç â ïðè-
actg acting 1) èñïîëíÿþùèé îáÿçàííîñòè, è.î.; ñóòñòâèè ïðèðîäíûõ áàêòåðèé (íà îñíîâå 40–75%
2) äåéñòâóþùèé (íàïð. ðóêîâîäèòåëü ïðåäïðèÿ- ìåòàíà è äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà).
òèÿ, Ïðåçèäåíò ÑØÀ è äð.). AD assistant director (ïåðâûé) ïîìîùíèê äèðåê-
ACTINET network for actinide sciences ñõåìà îá- òîðà.
ëàñòåé èññëåäîâàíèÿ àêòèíèèäîâ. AD average deviation ñðåäíåå îòêëîíåíèå.
ACTS automated commitment tracking system àâ- A/D acceptance and delivery ïðèåìêà è ïîñòàâêà
òîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà îáÿçàòåëüíîãî îòñëåæè- (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ).
âàíèÿ (íàïð. ïðîõîæäåíèÿ äîêóìåíòîâ). A/D analog to digital ïðåîáðàçîâàíèå àíàëîãîâî-
acty activity 1) àêòèâíîñòü; 2) ðàáîòà; äåÿòåëü- ãî ñèãíàëà â öèôðîâîé ñèãíàë.
íîñòü; 3) îïåðàöèÿ; 4) ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòü; 5) îðãàíè- A&D assembly and disassembly 1) ñáîðêà è ðàç-
çàöèÿ; ó÷ðåæäåíèå; 6) ñëóæáà (ïîäðàçäåëåíèå). áîðêà; 2) ìîíòàæ è äåìîíòàæ.
ACU air clean-up î÷èñòêà âîçäóõà. ad adapted ïðèñïîñîáëåííûé, àäàïòèðîâàííûé.
ACU air control unit áëîê (óñòðîéñòâî) ðåãóëèðî- ad addenda ïðèëîæåíèÿ, äîïîëíåíèÿ.
âàíèÿ ïîäà÷è âîçäóõà (íàïð. â ãîðåëêè òîïêè êîò- ad addendum ïðèëîæåíèå, äîïîëíåíèå.
ëà, àíàëèçàòîðà ñîñòàâà äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ è äð.). ad administration 1) óïðàâëåíèå; 2) îðãàíèçà-
ACU alarm control unit áëîê àâàðèéíîé ñèãíàëè- öèÿ; 3) ïîñòóïëåíèå â îðãàíèçì ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ
çàöèè. âåùåñòâ; 4) àäìèíèñòðàöèÿ, àäìèíèñòðàòèâíûé
ACUPCC American College and University Presi- îðãàí; âåäîìñòâî; 5) êîîðäèíàöèÿ; 6) îêàçàíèå ïî-
dents Climate Commitment îáÿçàòåëüñòâî 400 Ïðåçè- ìîùè.
äåíòîâ êîëëåäæåé è óíèâåðñèòåòîâ ÑØÀ ïî ðàçðà- ad. advertisement îáúÿâëåíèå.
áîòêå ìåðîïðèÿòèé äëÿ ñîêðàùåíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ad advertizing ðåêëàìà.
äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà â ðàìêàõ ïðåäîñòàâëåííûõ ïðàâ ad average depth ñðåäíÿÿ ãëóáèíà.
è ïîëíîìî÷èé. ad. advice èçâåùåíèå; àâèçî.
ACV air control valve êëàïàí ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ïî- ad val ad valerum ëàò., ïî ñòîèìîñòè.
äà÷è âîçäóõà. a/d after date 1) îò ñåãî ÷èñëà; 2) îò äàòû âåêñåëÿ.
ACW auxiliary cooling water äîáàâî÷íàÿ îõëàæ- a/d alternate days ÷åðåäóþùèåñÿ äíè; ÷åðåç
äàþùàÿ âîäà. äåíü.
ACZ active combustion zone çîíà àêòèâíîãî ãî- a.d. average depth ñðåäíàÿ ãëóáèíà.
ðåíèÿ (íàïð. â òîïêå êîòëà), ÇÀÃ. ADA advanced demonstration assembly óñîâåð-
ACZ advance combustion zone óñîâåðøåíñòâî- øåíñòâîâàííàÿ îïûòíî-ïðîìûøëåííàÿ òåïëîâûäå-
âàííàÿ çîíà ãîðåíèÿ (íàïð. çà ñ÷åò àñèììåòðè÷íî- ëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ãî ðàñïîëîæåíèÿ ýêðàíîâ â íèæíåé ÷àñòè òîïêè ADA automatic data aquisition àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). ñáîð äàííûõ.
AD acquired data äàííûå, ïîñòóïèâøèå â áàçó ADA automatic diagnosis of alarms àâòîìàòè÷å-
äàííûõ. ñêàÿ äèàãíîñòèêà àâàðèéíûõ ñèãíàëîâ.
AD action date ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ (íàïð. ëèöåíçèè, ADAPS automatic display and plotting system
äîãîâîðà èëè êîíòðàêòà, ôàêòè÷åñêîãî èçìåíåíèÿ àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ äàííûõ è
ñòàòóñà ÿäåðíîãî ìàòåðèàëà è äð.). ïîñòðîåíèÿ ãðàôèêîâ.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ADC — 20 — ADP

ADC advice of duration and charge èçâåùåíèå î adj adjust 1) ïîäãîíÿòü; 2) ïðèãîíÿòü; 3) ðåãó-
ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîñòè è ñòîèìîñòè òåëåôîííîãî ðàç- ëèðîâàòü; 4) íàñòðàèâàòü; 5) êîððåêòèðîâàòü, âíî-
ãîâîðà. ñèòü ïîïðàâêè; 6) óñòàíàâëèâàòü; 7) âû÷èñëÿòü (ìå-
ADC analog-to-digital converter óñòðîéñòâî ïðå- òîäîì íàèìåíüøèõ êâàäðàòîâ); 8) óëàæèâàòü
îáðàçîâàíèÿ àíàëîãîâîãî ñèãíàëà â öèôðîâîé, àíà- (íàïð. ñïîðíûå âîïðîñû ïî êîíòðàêòó); 9) ïîäãî-
ëîãîâî-öèôðîâîé ïðåîáðàçîâàòåëü, ÀÖÏ. íÿòü (íàïð. ðàñ÷åò); îêðóãëÿòü (íàïð. ðåçóëüòàòû
ADCC area dispatch control center ðàéîííûé äèñ- ðàñ÷åòà); 10) þñòèðîâàòü.
ïåò÷åðñêèé ïóíêò (ýíåðãîñèñòåìû). adj adjusted ñêîððåêòèðîâàííûé.
Add. addendum ïðèëîæåíèå, äîïîëíåíèå ê adj adjuster 1) ðåãóëÿòîð; 2) êîððåêòèðóþùåå
òåêñòó îñíîâíîãî äîêóìåíòà (íàïð. äîãîâîðà, êîíò- óñòðîéñòâî; 3) ðåãóëèðîâî÷íîå èëè íàñòðîå÷íîå
ðàêòà è äð.). ïðèñïîñîáëåíèå; 4) íàëàä÷èê.
add. addition 1) äîïîëíåíèå; 2) ñóììèðîâàíèå; adj adjustment 1) ðåãóëèðîâêà, íàñòðîéêà;
ïðèáàâëåíèå. 2) íàëàäêà; 3) êîððåêòèðîâêà; 4) ïðèãîíêà; 5) óòî÷-
add. additional äîïîëíèòåëüíûé (íàïð. îá îáîðó- íåíèå; 6) íàñòðîéêà; 7) þñòèðîâêà.
äîâàíèè, ðàñõîäàõ è äð.). ADL acceptable defect level äîïóñòèìûé óðî-
add additive 1) äîáàâêà; 2) ïðèñàäêà. âåíü êà÷åñòâà (íàïð. ïî ÷èñëó èëè ðàçìåðàì îáíàðó-
add. address 1) àäðåñ; 2) àäðåñîâàòü. æåííûõ äåôåêòîâ).
ADD automatic document distribution àâòîìàòè÷å- ADL aerodynamic development laboratory ëàáîðà-
ñêàÿ ðàññûëêà äîêóìåíòîâ. òîðèÿ ðàçðàáîòîê â îáëàñòè àýðîäèíàìèêè (ôèðìû
ADDF amplitude density distribution function «Äæåíåðàë Ýëåêòðèê»).
àìïëèòóäíàÿ ôóíêöèÿ ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ ïëîòíîñòè. ADL analytical detection limit àíàëèòè÷åñêèé
addl additional äîïîëíèòåëüíûé, äîáàâî÷íûé. ïðåäåë îáíàðóæåíèÿ (íàïð. äåôåêòîâ, êîíöåíòðà-
ADDS applied digital data system ïðèêëàäíàÿ ñè- öèè âðåäíûõ âåùåñòâ, òå÷è òðóáîïðîâîäîâ è äð.).
ñòåìà ñáîðà è îáðàáîòêè öèôðîâûõ äàííûõ. ADL annual dose limit ãîäîâîé ïðåäåë äîçû îáëó-
ADE automatic design engineering òåõíîëîãèÿ ÷åíèÿ.
àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííîãî ïðîåêòèðîâàíèÿ. ADL autonomous data logging àâòîíîìíàÿ ðåãè-
ADES automated digital encoding system àâòîìà- ñòðàöèÿ äàííûõ.
òèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà öèôðîâîãî êîäèðîâàíèÿ. ADLWR accelerator driven light water reactor
ADFCER Assistant Director for Fuel Cycle and âîäî-âîäÿíîé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð, èíèöèèðóåìûé
Environmental Research Çàìåñòèòåëü äèðåêòîðà ÀÝÑ óñêîðèòåëåì âûñîêîé ýíåðãèè.
ïî âîïðîñàì ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâíîãî öèêëà (ßÒÖ) è ADM action description memorandum äîêëàäíàÿ
ïðîâåäåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé ïî îõðàíå îêðóæàþùåé çàïèñêà ïî ïðèíÿòèþ ìåð â àâàðèéíîé ñèòóàöèè íà
ñðåäû. ÀÝÑ.
ADG acting Director General èñïîëíÿþùèé îáÿ- ADM Administration, Office of NRC Àäìèíèñòðà-
çàííîñòè Ãåíåðàëüíîãî Äèðåêòîðà. òèâíîå óïðàâëåíèå (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëè-
adh adhesion 1) àäãåçèÿ (ñëèïàíèå ðàçíîðîä- ðîâàíèþ ÑØÀ).
íûõ òâåðäûõ òåë â ðåçóëüòàòå ìåæìîëåêóëÿðíî- ADM atomic demolition munition ÿäåðíûå ïîä-
ãî âçàèìîäåéñòâèÿ); 2) ïðèëèïàíèå; 3) ñöåïëåíèå. ðûâíûå ñðåäñòâà.
ADHRS alternate decay heat removal system äóá- adm. administration 1) àäìèíèñòðàöèÿ; àäìèíè-
ëèðóþùàÿ ñèñòåìà îòâîäà îñòàòî÷íûõ òåïëîâûäå- ñòðàòèâíûé îðãàí; 2) óïðàâëåíèå; 3) âåäîìñòâî;
ëåíèé èç àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà, äóáëè- 4) êîîðäèíàöèÿ.
ðóþùàÿ ñèñòåìà ðàñõîëàæèâàíèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû adm. administrative àäìèíèñòðàòèâíûé.
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. adm. admission äîïóñê.
ADI acceptable daily intake ïðèåìëåìîå ñóòî÷íîå ADMICS analog-digital multiloop integrated control
ïîñòóïëåíèå âðåäíûõ èëè ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ âåùåñòâ system àíàëîãî-öèôðîâàÿ ìíîãîêàíàëüíàÿ èíòåãðè-
â îðãàíèçì. ðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ.
ADI Applied Dynamics International Ìåæäóíàðîä- ADN apparent discrepancy notification óâåäîìëå-
íàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî âîïðîñàì ïðèêëàäíîé äèíàìèêè. íèå îá î÷åâèäíîì [ÿâíîì] íåñîîòâåòñòâèè (íàïð.
ADINA automatic dynamic incremental nonlinear â îòíîøåíèè âûáðîñîâ âðåäíûõ âåùåñòâ, ïðåä-
analysis êîìïüþòåðíàÿ ïðîãðàììà ðàñ÷åòà íåëèíåé- ñòàâëåííîé äîêóìåíòàöèè ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ áåçî-
íîé äèíàìèêè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ïàñíîñòè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà è äð.).
ADIS alternating direction implicit scheme íåÿâ- ADNC automated distribution network control àâòîìà-
íàÿ ñõåìà ïåðåìåííûõ íàïðàâëåíèé äëÿ ðåøåíèÿ òèçèðîâàííîå óïðàâëåíèå ðàñïðåäåëèòåëüíîé ñåòüþ.
íåñòàöèîíàðíûõ äâóõìåðíûõ çàäà÷ òåïëîïðîâîäíî- ADP accident diagnosis and prognosis äèàãíîñòè-
ñòè (â ìàòåðèàëàõ ñ ôàçîâûì ïåðåõîäîì). êà îáîðóäîâàíèÿ è ïðîãíîç àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèé.
adj adjacent ïðèìûêàþùèé, ñìåæíûé; ñîñåä- ADP advanced development plan ïëàí ïåðñïåê-
íèé. òèâíûõ ðàçðàáîòîê.
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ADP — 21 — AE

ADP alternate delivery procedure ïðîöåäóðà îðãà- ADT automatic data translator àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
íèçàöèè àëüòåðíàòèâíûõ ïîñòàâîê (íàïð. â ñëó÷àå ïðåîáðàçîâàòåëü äàííûõ.
ôîðñ-ìàæîðíûõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâ). ADT automatic detection and tracking 1) àâòîìà-
ADP ammonium dihydrophospate äèãèäðîôîñôàò òè÷åñêîå îáíàðóæåíèå è ñîïðîâîæäåíèå; 2) àâòîìà-
àììîíèÿ (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â êà÷åñòâå ñåãíåòî- òè÷åñêîå îáíàðóæåíèå è îòñëåæèâàíèå (íàïð. äå-
ýëåêòðèêà). ôåêòà).
ADP annealing demonstration project äåìîíñòðà- a.d.t. air-dry ton òîííà âîçäóøíî-ñóõîãî âåùåñò-
öèîííûé ïðîåêò ïî ïðîáëåìàì îòæèãà (íàïð. ðàäè- âà (íàïð. óãëÿ).
àöèîííûõ äåôåêòîâ). ADTS accelerator-driven transmutation system
ADP automated data processing àâòîìàòèçèðî- ýëåêòðîÿäåðíàÿ ñèñòåìà òðàíñìóòàöèè (ðàäèîàê-
âàííàÿ îáðàáîòêà äàííûõ. òèâíûõ îòõîäîâ).
ADPC automatic data processing center öåíòð àâ- ADTT accelerator-driven transmutation technology
òîìàòè÷åñêîé îáðàáîòêè äàííûõ. ýëåêòðîÿäåðíàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ òðàíñìóòàöèè (ðàäèî-
ADPF axial dispersed plug flow îñåâîé äèñïåðñ- àêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ).
íûé ñíàðÿäíûé ðåæèì òå÷åíèÿ. ADU ammonium diuranate äèóðàíàò àììîíèÿ
ADPS automatic data processing system ñèñòåìà (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â ïðîöåññå ïîëó÷åíèÿ ïîðîøêî-
àâòîìàòè÷åñêîé îáðàáîòêè äàííûõ. îáðàçíîãî äèîêñèäà óðàíà äëÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ ÿäåð-
adpt adapter 1) ïåðåõîäíèê; 2) ïåðåõîäíîé ïà- íîãî òîïëèâà).
òðóáîê; 3) ïåðåõîäíîå óñòðîéñòâî; óñòðîéñòâî ñî- ADU analog display unit àíàëîãîâûé èíäèêàòîð.
ïðÿæåíèÿ; 4) ïåðåõîäíàÿ ìóôòà. ADV atmospheric dump valve êëàïàí ñáðîñà (ñðå-
ADR American Depository Receipt ðàñïèñêà íà äû) â àòìîñôåðó.
àêöèè, äåïîíèðîâàííûå â àìåðèêàíñêîì áàíêå. adv adverse 1) íåæåëàòåëüíûé (íàïð. ýôôåêò);
ADR annual days revenue ñðåäíåñóòî÷íûé äîõîä 2) ïðîòèâîïîëîæíûé; 3) âðåäíûé, íåáëàãîïðèÿò-
ïðåïðèÿòèÿ â òå÷åíèå ãîäà. íûé (íàïð. î âîçäåéñòâèè); 4) âñòðå÷íûé (íàïð.
ADR audit discrepancy report îò÷åò î íåñîîòâåò- î âåòðå).
ñòâèÿõ ïî ðåçóëüòàòàì ïðîâåðêè èëè ðåâèçèè. adv. advice èçâåùåíèå; àâèçî.
ADR automatic diagnostics and recovery àâòîìà- adv. advise èçâåùàòü, ñîîáùàòü.
òè÷åñêàÿ äèàãíîñòèêà è âîññòàíîâëåíèå îáîðóäîâà- ADW air-dried wood âîçäóøíî-ñóõàÿ äðåâåñèíà
íèÿ (íàïð. ïîñëå îòêàçà). (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â êà÷åñòâå ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ
ADREP accident data reporting ïðåäñòàâëåíèå òîïëèâ).
äàííûõ îá àâàðèÿõ èëè àâàðèéíûõ ïðîèñøåñòâèÿõ ADWT advanced design wind tunnel óñîâåðøåí-
(íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). ñòâîâàííàÿ àýðîäèíàìè÷åñêàÿ òðóáà (íàïð. äëÿ èñ-
ADRS automated data retrieval system àâòîìàòè- ïûòàíèÿ ãàçîòóðáèííîé óñòàíîâêè).
çèðîâàííàÿ èíôîðìàöèîííî-ïîèñêîâàÿ ñèñòåìà. ADX automatic data exchange àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
ADS accelerator-driven system ýëåêòðîÿäåðíàÿ îáìåí äàííûìè.
ñèñòåìà. AE absolute error àáñîëþòíàÿ îøèáêà.
ADS air density separator âîçäóøíûé ñåïàðàòîð AE accidental error ñëó÷àéíàÿ îøèáêà.
äëÿ ðàçäåëåíèÿ (íàïð. òâåðäûõ áûòîâûõ îòõîäîâ) AE acoustic emission àêóñòè÷åñêàÿ [çâóêîâàÿ]
ïî ïëîòíîñòè. ýìèññèÿ.
ADS air dilution system ñèñòåìà ðàçáàâëåíèÿ AE acoustic enclosure àêóñòè÷åñêèé ÷åõîë (íàïð.
âîçäóõîì (íàïð. ãàçîîáðàçíûõ ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îò- äëÿ óìåíüøåíèÿ øóìîâ îò ðàáîòàþùåé ãàçîòóð-
õîäîâ íà ÀÝÑ ïåðåä âûáðîñîì èõ â àòìîñôåðó ÷åðåç áèííîé óñòàíîâêè).
âûñîêóþ âåíòèëÿöèîííóþ òðóáó). AE activation energy ýíåðãèÿ àêòèâàöèè.
ADS ammonia dosing system óñòàíîâêà äîçèðî- AE actual efficiency äåéñòâèòåëüíûé êîýôôèöè-
âàíèÿ àììèàêà (íàïð. ïðè âåäåíèè ãèäðàçèí-àììè- åíò ïîëåçíîãî äåéñòâèÿ, äåéñòâèòåëüíûé ÊÏÄ.
à÷íîãî âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà íà ÒÝÑ). AE adiabatic exponent ïîêàçàòåëü àäèàáàòû (îò-
ADS automated distribution system àâòîìàòèçè- íîøåíèå òåïëîåìêîñòè èäåàëüíîãî ãàçà ïðè ïîñòî-
ðîâàííàÿ ðàñïðåäåëèòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà. ÿííîì äàâëåíèè ê òåïëîåìêîñòè ïðè ïîñòîÿííîì
ADS automatic depressurization system àâòîìàòè- îáúåìå).
÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ñíèæåíèÿ äàâëåíèÿ (â ïîìåùåíèÿõ AE admissible error äîïóñòèìàÿ ïîãðåøíîñòü.
ÀÝÑ ïðè àâàðèè). AE aging evaluation îöåíêà ïðîöåññîâ ñòàðåíèÿ
ADS automatic dispatch system 1) àâòîìàòèçèðî- ìàòåðèàëîâ.
âàííàÿ ñèñòåìà äèñïåò÷åðñêîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ ýíåðãî- AE air ejector âîçäóøíûé ýæåêòîð.
ïîòðåáëåíèåì; 2) àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà îôè- AE air emissions 1) âûáðîñ âîçäóõà (íàïð. íà
öèàëüíûõ ñîîáùåíèé. ãîðîäñêîé ñâàëêå òâåðäûõ îòõîäîâ); 2) âîçäóø-
ADT aerated drain tank âåíòèëèðóåìûé äðåíàæ- íûå âûáðîñû (íàïð. èç êàìåðû ñóïåðïðåññîâàíèÿ
íûé áàê. òâåðäûõ ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ).
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AE — 22 — AEO

AE all-electric ïîëíîñòüþ ýëåêòðîôèöèðîâàí- AEC automatic excitation control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå


íûé (íàïð. ïðîöåññ, îòðàñëü ïðîìûøëåííîñòè ðåãóëèðîâàíèå âîçáóæäåíèÿ, ÀÐÂ.
è äð.). AECB Atomic Energy Control Board Êîíòðîëüíûé
AE anion exchange àíèîííûé îáìåí, àíèîíèðî- ñîâåò ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè (âêëþ÷àåò ïðîåêòíî-
âàíèå (èîíèðîâàíèå ñ öåëüþ çàìåíû àíèîíîâ, íàõî- êîíñòðóêòîðñêèé, õèìè÷åñêèé è ðàäèîõèìè÷åñêèé
äÿùèõñÿ â âîäå, íà àíèîíû, êîòîðûìè àíèîíèò çà- èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèå öåíòðû, Êàíàäà).
ðÿæåí ïðè ðåãåíåðàöèè). AECL Atomic Energy of Canada Limited àêöèîíåð-
AE architect-engineer èíæåíåð-ïðîåêòèðîâùèê; íîå îáùåñòâî ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè Êàíàäû.
èíæåíåð-êîíñòðóêòîð. AECM Atomic Energy Commission Manual ðóêî-
AE available energy ðàñïîëàãàåìàÿ ýíåðãèÿ. âîäñòâî (èíñòðóêöèÿ) Êîìèññèè ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè
AE average emissions ñðåäíÿÿ âåëè÷èíà âûáðî- (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
ñîâ (íàïð. ïî ìåòîäîëîãèè Àãåíòñòâà ïî çàùèòå AED acceptable emergency dose äîïóñòèìàÿ
îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ äëÿ äèîêñèäà ñåðû è îê- äîçà îáëó÷åíèÿ ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ñèäîâ àçîòà îïðåäåëÿåòñÿ ñ ïîìîùüþ ñèñòåìû AED automatic engineering design àâòîìàòè÷å-
íåïðåðûâíîãî ìîíèòîðèíãà â òå÷åíèå ëþáîãî òðåõ- ñêîå ïðîåêòèðîâàíèå.
÷àñîâîãî ïåðèîäà ñóòîê íà îñíîâå ñðåäíåãî àðèôìå- A&ED Audit and Exchequer Department Óïðàâëå-
òè÷åñêîãî òðåõ îäíî÷àñîâûõ ïåðèîäîâ). íèå ïî êîíòðîëþ çà ðàñõîäîâàíèåì ôèíàíñîâ (Âåëè-
A/E architect-engineer èíæåíåð-ïðîåêòèðîâ- êîáðèòàíèÿ).
ùèê; èíæåíåð-êîíñòðóêòîð. AEE Association of Energy Engineers Àññîöèàöèÿ
A&E analysis and evaluation àíàëèç è îöåíêà èíæåíåðîâ-ýíåðãåòèêîâ (ÑØÀ).
(íàïð. ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñïûòàíèé). AEEN Agenzia europea per l’energia nucleare èò.,
A&E assembly and equipment ñáîðêà è îáîðóäî- Åâðîïåéñêîå àãåíòñòâî ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè.
âàíèå. AEF architect-engineering firm ïðîåêòíî-êîíñò-
A&E assembly and erection ñáîðêà è ìîíòàæ. ðóêòîðñêàÿ ôèðìà.
AEA all economic activities âñå âèäû ýêîíîìè÷å- AEF atomic energy facility ÿäåðíàÿ ýíåðãåòè÷å-
ñêîé àêòèâíîñòè (íàïð. íà ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêîé ñêàÿ óñòàíîâêà, ßÝÓ.
áèðæå, â ñôåðå ïðîäâèæåíèÿ íàóêîåìêèõ òåõíîëî- AEFLGR amine-enhanced, fuel-lean gas reburning
ãèé è äð.). òðåõñòóïå÷àòîå ñæèãàíèå ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïðè-
AEA American Economic Association Àìåðèêàí- ðîäíîãî ãàçà â òîïêå êîòëà áåç âîññòàíîâèòåëüíîé
ñêàÿ ýêîíîìè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ. çîíû ñ ïðèìåíåíèåì àìèíîâ â êà÷åñòâå êàòàëèçàòî-
AEA Atomic Energy Act Çàêîí îá àòîìíîé ýíåð- ðà ïðîöåññà.
ãèè (ÑØÀ). AEG automatic expanding grid ñåòêà ðàñ÷åòíîé
AEA Atomic Energy Authority Óïðàâëåíèå ïî ñõåìû ñ àâòîìàòè÷åñêèì èçìåíåíèåì øàãà.
àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). AEGL acute exposure guideline level óðîâåíü îñò-
AEAT advanced experimental and analytical tools ðîãî îáëó÷åíèÿ, îïðåäåëåííûé â ðóêîâîäÿùèõ óêà-
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûå ñðåäñòâà äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ ýê- çàíèÿõ.
ñïåðèìåíòîâ è àíàëèòè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé. AEH analog electrohydraulic àíàëîãîâûé ýëåê-
AEB Accident Evaluation Branch ãðóïïà îöåíêè òðîãèäðàâëè÷åñêèé (íàïð. ðåãóëÿòîð).
àâàðèé (Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ). AEI American Enterprise Institute Àìåðèêàíñêèé
AEB auxiliary equipment building ïîìåùåíèå èíñòèòóò ïðîáëåì ïðåäïðèíèìàòåëüñêîé äåÿòåëü-
âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (íà ÀÝÑ). íîñòè.
AEC active engineered control èíòåíñèâíûé òåõ- AEI Associazione elettrotecnica italiana èò.,
íè÷åñêèé êîíòðîëü. Èòàëüÿíñêàÿ ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ.
AEC Alternative Energy Coalition Îáúåäèíåíèå AEI Atomic Energy Institute Èíñòèòóò àòîìíîé
ñòðàí ïî ïðîáëåìàì ðàçâèòèÿ àëüòåðíàòèâíûõ èñ- ýíåðãèè (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
òî÷íèêîâ ýíåðãèè. AEL achievable emission limit äîñòèæèìûé ïðå-
AEC American Engineering Council Àìåðèêàí- äåë ïî ñîêðàùåíèþ âûáðîñîâ (çàãðÿçíÿþùèõ âå-
ñêèé òåõíè÷åñêèé ñîâåò. ùåñòâ â àòìîñôåðó ñ äûìîâûìè ãàçàìè ÒÝÑ).
AEC architecture, engineering, construction ïðî- AELPC Alaska Electric Light and Power Company
åêòíî-êîíñòðóêòîðñêèå ðàáîòû, ïëàíèðîâêà, ñòðîè- Êîìïàíèÿ ïî âîïðîñàì îñâåùåíèÿ è ýíåðãîñíàáæå-
òåëüñòâî. íèÿ øòàòà Àëÿñêà (ÑØÀ).
AEC area of environmental concern ðàéîí, âàæ- AEMS acoustic emission monitoring system ñèñòå-
íûé ñ òî÷êè çðåíèÿ îõðàíû îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû. ìà àêóñòèêî-ýìèññèîííîãî êîíòðîëÿ.
AEC Atomic Energy Commission Êîìèññèÿ ïî AEMT Association of Electrical Machinery Trade
àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè (ÑØÀ). Àññîöèàöèÿ ïîñòàâùèêîâ ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêîãî
AEC Atomic Energy Corporation Êîðïîðàöèÿ ïî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
AEO abnormal environmental occurrence âíåøíåå
àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè (ÑØÀ).
àâàðèéíîå ñîáûòèå.
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AEO — 23 — AFBC

AEO auxiliary equipment operator îïåðàòîð âñïî- AESC American Engineering Standards Committee
ìîãàòåëüíîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (íà ÀÝÑ). Àìåðèêàíñêèé êîìèòåò ïî òåõíè÷åñêèì ñòàíäàðòàì.
AEOD analysis and evaluation of operational AESJ Atomic Energy Society of Japan ßäåðíî-
data 1) îöåíêà è àíàëèç îïåðàòèâíîé èíôîðìà- ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî ßïîíèè.
öèè; 2) àíàëèç è îöåíêà ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ äàí- AESP Association of Energy Services Professionals
íûõ. Àññîöèàöèÿ ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèþ
AEP American Electric Power Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ (ÑØÀ).
ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêàÿ êîìïàíèÿ. AETF Advanced Equipment Test Facility óñîâåð-
AEP annual energy production ãîäîâîå ïðîèçâîä- øåíñòâîâàííàÿ óñòàíîâêà äëÿ èñïûòàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî
ñòâî ýíåðãèè. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (Îóê-Ðèäæñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáî-
AEP Atomenergoprojekt Àòîìýíåðãîïðîåêò. ðàòîðèè ÑØÀ).
AEPC American Electric Power Company Inc. Àìå- AETR advanced epithermal thorium reactor óñî-
ðèêàíñêàÿ ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêàÿ êîìïàíèÿ, çàðå- âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé òîðèåâûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð íà
ãèñòðèðîâàííàÿ êàê êîðïîðàöèÿ. íàäòåïëîâûõ [ýïèòåïëîâûõ] íåéòðîíàõ.
AEPG advanced electric power generation âûðà- AEU anion-exchange unit àíèîíîîáìåííèê.
áîòêà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïåðåäîâûõ AF accuracy factor ïîêàçàòåëü [ôàêòîð] òî÷íîñòè
èëè óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ òåõíîëîãèé. (íàïð. èçìåðåíèé è äð.).
AEPS American Electric Power System Îáúåäè- AF accuracy figure 1) êëàññ òî÷íîñòè (íàïð. ïðè-
íåííàÿ ýíåðãîñèñòåìà íà òåððèòîðèè ðÿäà âîñòî÷- áîðîâ); 2) ïîêàçàòåëü òî÷íîñòè (íàïð. èçìåðåíèé).
íûõ è öåíòðàëüíûõ øòàòîâ ÑØÀ. AF active failure íåèñïðàâíîñòü, âëèÿþùàÿ íà
AER air equivalent ratio îòíîøåíèå íåîáõîäèìî- ðàáîòó äðóãèõ (çàâèñèìûõ) ýëåìåíòîâ èëè ñèñòåì.
ãî ðàñõîäà âîçäóõà ê ñòåõèîìåòðè÷åñêîìó äëÿ îáåñ- AF adjustable fissometer ðåãóëèðóåìûé èçìåðè-
ïå÷åíèÿ ïîëíîòû ñãîðàíèÿ òîïëèâà. òåëü ÿäåðíûõ äåëåíèé (íàïð. â èçîòîïíîì èñòî÷-
AER annual effluent release ãîäîâîé îáúåì ñòî- íèêå).
êîâ (íàïð. ÀÝÑ, ïî êîòîðûì ïðåäñòàâëÿåòñÿ ñïå- AF aerosol filter àýðîçîëüíûé ôèëüòð.
öèàëüíûé îò÷åò â ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèå ðåãóëèðóþ- AF after failure îòêàç, ïðèâîäÿùèé ê íàðóøå-
ùèå îðãàíû). íèþ ðàáîòû äðóãèõ ýëåìåíòîâ ñèñòåìû.
AER Applicant Environmental Report Îò÷åò çàÿâè- AF air filter âîçäóøíûé ôèëüòð; âîçäóõîî÷èñòè-
òåëÿ íà ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ÀÝÑ ïî îöåíêå âîçäåéñòâèÿ òåëü.
îáúåêòà íà îêðóæàþùóþ ñðåäó. AF annular flow êîëüöåâîé ðåæèì äâóõôàçíîãî
AER Association Européene de Radiologie ôð., ïîòîêà (õàðàêòåðèçóåòñÿ îáðàçîâàíèåì ñëîÿ âîäû
Åâðîïåéñêàÿ ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ (Ôðàí- íà ñòåíêå êàíàëà ïðè íåïðåðûâíîì ïîòîêå ïàðà
öèÿ). â öåíòðå êàíàëà).
AER atmospheric and environmental research èñ- AF automatic fault finding àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé ïîèñê
ñëåäîâàíèå àòìîñôåðû è îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû. íåèñïðàâíîñòåé.
AER auxiliary emergency relay ðåçåðâíîå àâàðèé- AF automatic following àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ñîïðî-
íîå ðåëå. âîæäåíèå.
AERE annual energy-related emissions ãîäîâûå AF auxiliary feed âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ èëè äîïîëíè-
âûáðîñû çàãðÿçíèòåëåé àòìîñôåðû ïðè ãåíåðèðîâà- òåëüíàÿ ïîäà÷à (íàïð. âîäû, ýëåêòðîïèòàíèÿ è äð.).
íèè [ïðîèçâîäñòâå] ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè. AF availability factor 1) êîýôôèöèåíò ãîòîâíîñòè
AERE Atomic Energy Research Establisment Íàó÷- (ýíåðãîáëîêà); 2) êîýôôèöèåíò íàäåæíîñòè (îáîðó-
íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè äîâàíèÿ).
(Õàðóýëë, Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). Af full annealing ïîëíûé îòæèã (íàïð. äåôåê-
AERI Alberta Energy Research Institute Íàó÷íî- òîâ, ðàäèàöèîííûõ ïîâðåæäåíèé òîïêè êîòëà).
èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò ïðî- af ash free âëàæíîå áåççîëüíîå ñîñòîÿíèå òîï-
âèíöèè Àëüáåðòà (Êàíàäà). ëèâà.
AES American Electrochemical Society Àìåðèêàí- a.f. as follows êàê óêàçàíî äàëåå.
ñêîå ýëåêòðîõèìè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî. AFA advanced fuel assembly óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí-
AES atomic emission spectroscopy àòîìíî-ýìèñ- íàÿ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ñèîííàÿ ñïåêòðîñêîïèÿ. AFAS auxiliary feedwater actuating system ñèñòå-
AES Atmospheric Environment Service Ñëóæáà ìà âêëþ÷åíèÿ ïîäà÷è âñïîìîãàòåëüíîé ïèòàòåëü-
êîíòðîëÿ îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (Êàíàäà). íîé âîäû (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AES Auger-electron spectroscopy îæå-ýëåêòðîí- AFB atmospheric fluidized bed êèïÿùèé ñëîé
íàÿ ñïåêòðîñêîïèÿ. òîïêè êîòëà ïðè àòìîñôåðíîì äàâëåíèè.
AES auxiliary engineered safeguards âñïîìîãà- AFBC atmospheric fluidized bed combustion ñæè-
òåëüíûå èíæåíåðíî-òåõíè÷åñêèå ñðåäñòâà áåçîïàñ- ãàíèå òîïëèâà â êèïÿùåì ñëîå òîïêè êîòëà ïðè
íîñòè íà ÀÝÑ. àòìîñôåðíîì äàâëåíèè.
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AFC — 24 — AFW

AFC Advanced Fuel Cycle óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé AFL active fuel length àêòèâíàÿ äëèíà òåïëî-
ÿäåðíûé òîïëèâíûé öèêë, óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé âûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ßÒÖ. AFMR antiferromagnetic resonance àíòèôåððî-
AFC alkaline fuel cell ùåëî÷íîé òîïëèâíûé ýëå- ìàãíèòíûé ðåçîíàíñ.
ìåíò. AFO auxiliary fuel oil ìàçóò âñïîìîãàòåëüíîé
AFC alternative fusion concepts àëüòåðíàòèâíûå ñèñòåìû òîïëèâîïîäà÷è íà ÒÝÑ.
òåðìîÿäåðíûå êîíöåïöèè. AFOS auxiliary fuel oil system âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ
AFC approved for construction óòâåðæäåíî ê ñèñòåìà ïîäà÷è ìàçóòà íà ÒÝÑ.
ñòðîèòåëüñòâó. AFP auxiliary feed pump àâàðèéíûé ïèòàòåëü-
AFC ash fraction composition ôðàêöèîííûé ñî- íûé íàñîñ (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
ñòàâ çîëû (ãðóïïèðîâàíèå çîëû ïî ðàçìåðàì ÷àñ- AFP average flowing pressure ñðåäíåå äèíàìè÷å-
òèö â çàäàííîì èíòåðâàëå çíà÷åíèé â êà÷åñòâå ñêîå äàâëåíèå.
âåðõíåãî è íèæíåãî ïðåäåëîâ, â ïðîöåíòàõ ïî âåñó). AFPP approval for full production program óòâåð-
AFC automatic frequency control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ æäåíèå ïðîãðàììû ïîëíîìàñøòàáíîãî ïðîèçâîä-
ñèñòåìà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ìîùíîñòè ïî ÷àñòîòå (â öåí- ñòâà.
òðàëüíîì äèñïåò÷åðñêîì ïóíêòå ðàññ÷èòûâåòñÿ AFPT auxiliary feed pump turbine òóðáîïðèâîä
èçáûòîê èëè íåäîñòàòîê ìîùíîñòè ïî îòêëîíå- àâàðèéíîãî ïèòàòåëüíîãî íàñîñà (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
íèþ ÷àñòîòû èëè ïåðåòîêó ìîùíîñòè ïî ëèíèè AFR acceptable failure rate äîïóñòèìàÿ èíòåí-
ñâÿçè è ñîîòâåòñòâåííî àâòîìàòè÷åñêè ðåãóëèðó- ñèâíîñòü îòêàçîâ.
åòñÿ âûõîäíàÿ ìîùíîñòü ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè). AFR acceptable fuel range ïðèåìëåìûé äèàïà-
AFC automatic frequency converter àâòîìàòè÷å- çîí òîïëèâ (íàïð. äëÿ ñæèãàíèÿ â òîïêå êîòëà
ñêèé ïðåîáðàçîâàòåëü ÷àñòîòû. ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
AFCI Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative Èíèöèàòèâà AFR acceptance failure rate èíòåíñèâíîñòü îòêà-
ÑØÀ ïî ðàçðàáîòêå óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ ÿäåðíûõ çîâ ïðè ïðèåìêå.
òîïëèâíûõ öèêëîâ (ïðè ó÷àñòèè Ôðàíöèè è Øâåé- AFR away from reactor âíå ïðåäåëîâ ÿäåðíîãî
öàðèè, ñ îïðåäåëåííûìè îãðàíè÷åíèÿìè ïî ýêñïîð- ðåàêòîðà (íàïð. õðàíåíèå îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî
òó ÿäåðíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ è òåõíîëîãèé è êàñàòåëü- òîïëèâà).
íî âîïðîñîâ íàöèîíàëüíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè). AFRP asbestos fiber reinforced plastic ïëàñòèê,
AFD actual fuel density èñòèííàÿ ïëîòíîñòü òîï- àðìèðîâàííûé àñáåñòîâûì âîëîêíîì.
ëèâà (ìàññà åäèíèöû îáúåìà ñóõîãî òîïëèâà áåç AFRRI Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Insti-
âíóòðåííèõ ïîð â âèäå ìîíîëèòà îðãàíè÷åñêîé è tute Íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé èíñòèòóò âîîðóæåí-
ìèíåðàëüíîé ÷àñòåé òîïëèâà, êã/ì3). íûõ ñèë (ÑØÀ) ïî ïðîáëåìàì ðàäèîáèîëîãèè.
AFD Air Framework Directive Ðàìî÷íàÿ äèðåêòè- AFRSI advanced flexible reusable surface insula-
âà ïî êîíòðîëþ âðåäíûõ âûáðîñîâ â àòìîñôåðó tion óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîå òåïëîçàùèòíîå ïîêðûòèå
(ñòðàí Åâðîïåéñêîãî ñîîáùåñòâà äëÿ ÒÝÑ è äðóãèõ ìíîãîðàçîâîãî ïðèìåíåíèÿ.
òîïëèâîèñïîëüçóþùèõ óñòàíîâîê òåïëîâîé ìîù- AFS auxiliary feedwater system âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ
íîñòüþ áîëåå 50 ÌÂò). ñèñòåìà ïèòàòåëüíîé âîäû (íà ÀÝÑ).
AFD apparent fuel density êàæóùàÿñÿ ïëîòíîñòü afsd aforesaid êàê óêàçàíî âûøå, óïîìÿíóòûé
òîïëèâà (ìàññà åäèíèöû îáúåìà òîïëèâà ñ âíóò- âûøå.
ðåííèìè ïîðàìè, çàïîëíåííûìè âëàãîé è âîçäóõîì, AFSR Argonne Fast-Source Reactor èññëåäîâà-
êã/ì3). òåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð íà áûñòðûõ íåéòðîíàõ
AFDIN Association Francaise de Documentation et Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ).
d’Information Nucléaire ôð., Ôðàíöóçñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ AFT acceptance functional test ïðèåìî-ñäàòî÷-
ïî äîêóìåíòàöèè è èíôîðìàöèè â îáëàñòè ÿäåðíîé íûå ôóíêöèîíàëüíûå èñïûòàíèÿ.
ýíåðãèè. AFT advanced fiber technology óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
AFDM advanced field dynamic model óñîâåðøåí- âàííàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ ôèëüòðîâàëüíûõ
ñòâîâàííàÿ äèíàìè÷åñêàÿ ìîäåëü. ìàòåðèàëîâ.
AFF as fired fuel ðàáî÷åå òîïëèâî (òîïëèâî, ïî- AFT ash-fusion temperature òåìïåðàòóðà ïëàâ-
ñòóïàþùåå íà ýëåêòðîñòàíöèþ, ïûëåçàâîä, â êî- ëåíèÿ çîëû.
òåëüíóþ è äð.). AFTD American Foreign Trade Definitions îáúÿñ-
AFG analog function generator àíàëîãîâûé ôóíê- íåíèå òåðìèíîâ, óïîòðåáëÿåìûõ â äîêóìåíòàöèè
öèîíàëüíûé ïðåîáðàçîâàòåëü. ñèñòåìû âíåøíåé òîðãîâëè (ÑØÀ).
AFGD advanced flue gas desulfurization óñîâåð- AFUDC allowance for funds used during construc-
øåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà äåñóëüôóðèçàöèè äûìîâûõ tion íàëîãîâàÿ ñêèäêà íà ôîíäû, èñïîëüçóåìûå â
ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ. ïðîöåññå ñòðîèòåëüñòâà.
AFI Air Filter Institute Èíñòèòóò ïî ðàçðàáîòêå âîç- AFW auxiliary feedwater àâàðèéíàÿ ïèòàòåëüíàÿ
äóøíûõ ôèëüòðîâ è âîçäóõîî÷èñòèòåëåé (ÑØÀ). âîäà (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
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AFWAS — 25 — AGS

AFWAS auxiliary feedwater actuation system ñèñ- agd agreed ñîãëàñîâàíî.


òåìà âêëþ÷åíèÿ ïîäà÷è âñïîìîãàòåëüíîé ïèòàòåëü- AGE advisory group on energy êîíñóëüòàòèâíàÿ
íîé âîäû (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ýíåðãåòèêè.
AFWC auxiliary feedwater control ðåãóëèðîâàíèå AGGG Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases
ïîäà÷è âñïîìîãàòåëüíîé ïèòàòåëüíîé âîäû (íàïð. Êîíñóëüòàòèâíàÿ ãðóïïà ïî ïàðíèêîâûì ãàçàì
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). (Ðàìî÷íîé êîíâåíöèè ïî èçìåíåíèþ êëèìàòà,
AFWP auxiliary feedwater pump âñïîìîãàòåëü- ÐÊÈÊ).
íûé ïèòàòåëüíûé íàñîñ (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). aggr aggregate 1) àãðåãàò (óêðóïíåííûé óíè-
AFWS auxiliary feedwater system ñèñòåìà àâàðèé- ôèöèðîâàííûé óçåë ìàøèíû, îáëàäàþùèé ïîëíîé
íîé ïèòàòåëüíîé âîäû (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). âçàèìîçàìåíÿåìîñòüþ è âûïîëíÿþùèé îïðåäåëåí-
AG above ground íàä óðîâíåì ïîâåðõíîñòè íûå ôóíêöèè â òåõíîëîãè÷åñêîì ïðîöåññå); 2) àãðå-
çåìëè. ãèðîâàòü; 3) ñîâîêóïíîñòü; 4) ìíîæåñòâî; 5) ñîáè-
AG acid gas 1) êèñëûé ãàç (ñìåñü ñåðîâîäîðîäà ðàòü, ñîñòàâëÿòü; 6) ãðóïïèðîâàòü; 7) óêðóïíÿòü;
è äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà; âûäåëÿåòñÿ èç âûñîêîñåðíè- 8) îáùèé; èòîãîâûé; 9) àãðåãàòíûé, ñóììàðíûé.
ñòîãî ïðèðîäíîãî ãàçà íà óñòàíîâêå äåçîäîðèðóþ- AGHCF Alpha-Gamma Hot Cell Facility çàùèòíàÿ
ùåé ñåðîî÷èñòêè); 2) êèñëîòíûé ãàç (íàïð. ãàç, êàìåðà äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà ïîñëå
îáðàçóþùèéñÿ â ïðîöåññå ãàçèôèêàöèè óãëÿ, ñî- îáëó÷åíèÿ (Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè
äåðæàùèé êîìïîíåíòû êèñëîòû). ÑØÀ).
AG activity groups ñïåöèàëüíûå ãðóïïû ýêñïåð- AGI American Geological Institute Àìåðèêàíñêèé
òîâ (íàïð. ïî ðàçðàáîòêå íîðì, ïðàâèë, ñòàíäàð- ãåîëîãè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò.
òîâ è äð.). agit agitator 1) ìåøàëêà; 2) ñìåñèòåëü; 3) ïîáó-
AG advisory group êîíñóëüòàòèâíàÿ ãðóïïà. äèòåëü (íàïð. äîçàòîðà óãîëüíîé ïûëè).
AG alternating-gradient ñèëüíîôîêóñèðóþùèé AGL above-ground level íàçåìíûé óðîâåíü
(íàïð. ñèíõðîòðîí); çíàêîïåðåìåííûé ãðàäèåíò. (íàïð. êîíöåíòðàöèè çàãðÿçíÿþùèõ âåùåñòâ [çà-
AG autogenous ñïîñîáíûé ê ñàìîâîçãîðàíèþ ãðÿçíèòåëåé] îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû).
(âîñïëàìåíåíèå â òå÷åíèå ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîãî âðå- AGM Advisory Group Meeting çàñåäàíèå êîíñóëü-
ìåíè áåç âíåøíåãî âîçäåéñòâèÿ íàïð. óãëÿ ïðè äëè- òàòèâíîãî Ñîâåòà (ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
òåëüíîì õðàíåíèè íà ñêëàäå). AGM Annual General Meeting îáùåå åæåãîäíîå
AG auxiliary generator 1) ýëåêòðè÷åñêèé ãåíåðà- ñîáðàíèå (íàïð. íàó÷íî-òåõíè÷åñêîãî ó÷ðåæäåíèÿ
òîð ñîáñòâåííûõ íóæä (ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè); 2) âñïî- ïî èòîãàì ðàáîòû çà ãîä, àêöèîíåðíîé êîìïàíèè
ìîãàòåëüíûé ýëåêòðè÷åñêèé ãåíåðàòîð. è äð.).
AG available gain íîìèíàëüíûé êîýôôèöèåíò AGMA American Gear Manufacturers Association
óñèëåíèÿ. Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ èçãîòîâèòåëåé ìåõàíèç-
ag air gap 1) âîçäóøíûé çàçîð; 2) èñêðîâîé ìîâ øèðîêîãî ïðîôèëÿ (íàïð. ïðèâîäîâ, ðåäóêòî-
ïðîìåæóòîê; 3) ðàçðÿäíèê. ðîâ äëÿ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîé è äð. îòðàñëåé ïðîìûøëåí-
AGA American Gas Association Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ íîñòè).
ãàçîâàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ. AGNES advanced general and new evaluation of
AGA automatic gas analyzer àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé ãà- safety íîâàÿ ïåðñïåêòèâíàÿ ñóììàðíàÿ îöåíêà áåçî-
çîàíàëèçàòîð. ïàñíîñòè (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AGAP as great as practicable ìàêñèìàëüíî âîç- AGR advanced gas-cooled, graphite-moderated
ìîæíûé. reactor óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ãàçîîõëàæäàåìûé
AGC automatic gage control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðå- ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ ãðàôèòîâûì çàìåäëèòåëåì.
ãóëèðîâàíèå òîëùèíû. AGR advanced gas reburning 1) óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
AGC automatic gain control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðåãó- âàííûé ïðîöåññ òðåõñòóïåí÷àòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëè-
ëèðîâàíèå óñèëåíèÿ, àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ íàñòðîéêà. âà ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïðèðîäíîãî ãàçà â êà÷åñòâå
AGC automatic generation control àâòîìàòè÷å- âîññòàíîâèòåëÿ; 2) óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ðåáåðíèíã-
ñêîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå ïðîöåññà ïðîèçâîäñòâà òåïëî- ïðîöåññ ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïðèðîäíîãî ãàçà â êà-
âîé (íàïð. ïî òåìïåðàòóðå ïàðà èëè âîäû ñèñòåìû ÷åñòâå âîññòàíîâèòåëÿ.
òåïëîñíàáæåíèÿ) èëè ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé (ïî ÷àñòîòå AGR acid gas removal óäàëåíèå êèñëîãî ãàçà
è ìîùíîñòè) ýíåðãèè (íà ÒÝÖ, ÒÝÑ). (íàïð. íà óñòàíîâêå äåñîðáèðóþùåé ñåðîî÷èñòêè).
AGCR advanced gas-cooled reactor óñîâåð- AGRS airborne gamma-ray spectrometry âîçäóø-
øåíñòâîâàííûé ãàçîîõëàæäàåìûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàê- íàÿ ãàììà-ëó÷åâàÿ ñïåêòðîìåòðèÿ.
òîð. AGS abort guidence subsystem àâàðèéíàÿ ïîä-
agcy agency 1) ñðåäà; 2) ôàêòîð; ñðåäñòâî; ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ.
3) äåéñòâèå; 4) äåÿòåëüíîñòü; 5) ïðåäïðèÿòèå; îðãà- AGS Alternating-Gradient Synchrotron ñèëüíîôî-
íèçàöèÿ; 6) àãåíòñòâî; ïðåäñòàâèòåëüñòâî; 7) îðãàí êóñèðóþùèé ñèíõðîòðîí (Áðóêõåéâåíñêîé íàöèî-
(ó÷ðåæäåíèå). íàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ).
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AGSEDE — 26 — AID

AGSEDE Advisory Group on Site Evaluation and De- AHT average holding time ñðåäíåå âðåìÿ âû-
sign of Experiments Êîíñóëüòàòèâíàÿ ãðóïïà ïî âûáî- äåðæêè (íàïð. îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà
ðó ïëîùàäêè äëÿ ÀÝÑ è ðàçðàáîòêå ýêñïåðèìåíòîâ íà ÀÝÑ).
(Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ ÑØÀ). AHTG ad hoc task group ñïåöèàëüíàÿ èññëåäî-
agt agent 1) àãåíò; ñðåäñòâî; âåùåñòâî; äîáàâ- âàòåëüñêàÿ ãðóïïà.
êà; ïðèñàäêà; 2) ðåàãåíò, ðåàêòèâ; 3) äåéñòâóþùàÿ AHU air-handling unit óñòàíîâêà äëÿ îáðàáîòêè
ñèëà; ôàêòîð; 4) àãåíò (ôèçè÷åñêîå èëè þðèäè÷å- ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî âîçäóõà (íà ÀÝÑ).
ñêîå ëèöî, âûïîëíÿþùåå îïðåäåëåííûå ïîðó÷åíèÿ); AHVC automatic high voltage control àâòîìàòè-
5) èñïîëíèòåëü; 6) ïðè÷èíà. ÷åñêîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå âûñîêîãî íàïðÿæåíèÿ.
agt agreement 1) ñîãëàøåíèå; äîãîâîð; 2) ñîâ- AHWG ad hoc working group ñïåöèàëüíàÿ ðàáî-
ïàäåíèå (íàïð. ðåçóëüòàòîâ èçìåðåíèé). ÷àÿ ãðóïïà (íàïð. ïî ïðîâåäåíèþ ðàññëåäîâàíèÿ
AGU American Geophysical Union Àìåðèêàíñêèé ïðè÷èí àâàðèè, ïîäãîòîâêè ðåøåíèé êîíôåðåíöèé
ãåîôèçè÷åñêèé ñîþç. è äð.).
AGVC automatic governing [governor] valve control AI adiabatic index ïîêàçàòåëü àäèàáàòû.
àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå óïðàâëåíèå ðåãóëèðóþùèì êëàïà- AI air inleakage ïðèñîñ âîçäóõà (íàïð. íåîðãàíè-
íîì (íàïð. òóðáèíû). çîâàííûå ïîñòóïëåíèÿ âîçäóõà â ãàçîâûé òðàêò,
AGW accident-generated water âîäà, ïîÿâëÿþ- ïîâûøàþùèå êîýôôèöèåíò èçáûòêà âîçäóõà â äû-
ùàÿñÿ â ïîìåùåíèÿõ ÀÝÑ â ðåçóëüòàòå àâàðèè ìîâûõ ãàçàõ è â âîçäóõå óãëåðàçìîëüíîé ìåëüíèöû
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà èëè ðàçðûâà òðóáîïðîâîäà. ïðè ðàáîòå ïîä ðàçðåæåíèåì).
AGZ actual ground zero èñòèííàÿ íóëåâàÿ îò- AI analog input 1) àíàëîãîâûé âõîä; 2) àíàëîãî-
ìåòêà. âûå âõîäíûå äàííûå.
AH air heater 1) êàëîðèôåð (òåïëîîáìåííèê AI ancillary input âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé èñõîäíûé
äëÿ ïðåäâàðèòåëüíîãî ïîäîãðåâà âîçäóõà ãîðÿ÷åé ìàòåðèàë.
âîäîé èëè ïàðîì íèçêîãî äàâëåíèÿ); 2) âîçäóõî- AI artificial intelligence èñêóññòâåííûé èíòåë-
ïîäîãðåâàòåëü (òåïëîîáìåííèê, â êîòîðîì íåîáõî- ëåêò.
äèìûé äëÿ ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà âîçäóõ ïîäîãðåâàåò- AI automatic input àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé ââîä äàííûõ
ñÿ äûìîâûìè ãàçàìè). (íàïð. â èíôîðìàöèîííóþ ñèñòåìó, áàçó äàííûõ
AH available hours âðåìÿ ýêñïëóàòàöèîííîé ãî- è äð.).
òîâíîñòè (íàïð. äëèòåëüíîñòü íàõîæäåíèÿ ýíåðãî- AI authorized inspector 1) àòòåñòîâàííûé èí-
áëîêà â ñîñòîÿíèè ãîòîâíîñòè). ñïåêòîð ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè; 2) óïîëíîìî÷åí-
A/H air handling 1) îáðàùåíèå ñ ðàäèîàêòèâíûì íûé èíñïåêòîð ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè.
âîçäóõîì; 2) îáðàáîòêà ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî âîçäóõà. AIB adjustable insulation barrier ðåãóëèðóåìûé
AHA American Health Association Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ ýëåêòðîèçîëÿöèîííûé áàðüåð.
àññîöèàöèÿ ïî çäðàâîîõðàíåíèþ. AIB auxiliary input burner ãîðåëêà äëÿ äîïîëíè-
AHB air-heater battery âîçäóõîíàãðåâàòåëüíàÿ òåëüíîãî ââîäà òîïëèâà (íàïð. äëÿ êîòëîâ, ñæèãàþ-
áàòàðåÿ. ùèõ òâåðäîå òîïëèâî).
ahd ahead âïåðåä; âïåðåäè. AIBS American Institute of Biological Sciences
AHFR Argonne High-Flux Reactor ÿäåðíûé ðåàê- Àìåðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò áèîëîãè÷åñêèõ ïðîáëåì
òîð ñ âûñîêîé ïëîòíîñòüþ íåéòðîííîãî ïîòîêà Àð- (íàïð. ïðîâîäÿòñÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ ïî âîçäåéñòâèþ
ãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ. ðàäèàöèè íà æèâûå îðãàíèçìû).
AHGE Ad Hoc Group of Experts Ñïåöèàëüíàÿ AIC advanced industrial country ïðîìûøëåííî
ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ (íàïð. äëÿ ðàññëåäîâàíèÿ ïðè÷èí ðàçâèòàÿ ñòðàíà.
àâàðèè íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ è äð.). AICC adiabatic isochoric complete combustion ïîë-
AHM auxiliary handling machine âñïîìîãàòåëüíîå íîå àäèàáàòè÷åñêîå èçîõîðè÷åñêîå ñãîðàíèå òîï-
óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ ïåðåãðóçêè ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà íà ëèâà.
ÀÝÑ. AICC air infiltration and ventilation center íàó÷íî-
AHR aqueous homogeneous reactor âîäÿíîé èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð ïî ïðîáëåìàì èíôèëüòðà-
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ ãîìîãåííîé àêòèâíîé çîíîé. öèè è âåíòèëèðîâàíèÿ âîçäóõà â ïðîèçâîäñòâåííûõ
AHRR advanced high resolution radiometer óñî- ïîìåùåíèÿõ.
âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ðàäèîìåòð ñ âûñîêîé ðàçðåøà- AICE American Institute of Chemical Engineers
þùåé ñïîñîáíîñòüþ. Àìåðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò èíæåíåðîâ-õèìèêîâ.
AHS air handling system 1) ñèñòåìà îáðàùåíèÿ AID accident identification display äèñïëåé [ìîíè-
ñ ðàäèîàêòèâíûì âîçäóõîì; 2) ñèñòåìà îáðàáîòêè òîð] ñèñòåìû èäåíòèôèêàöèè àâàðèè.
ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî âîçäóõà. AID aerosol ionization detector èîíèçàöèîííûé
AHSB Authority Health and Safety Branch Îòäåëå- äåòåêòîð àýðîçîëåé.
íèå ïî ðàäèàöèîííîé áåçîïàñíîñòè (Óïðàâëåíèÿ ïî AID Agency for International Development Àãåíò-
àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè). ñòâî ïî ïðîáëåìàì ìåæäóíàðîäíîãî ðàçâèòèÿ (ÑØÀ).
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AID — 27 — AK

AID air inlet damper øèáåð ïîäà÷è âîçäóõà AI&O annual inspection and overhaul åæåãîäíûé
(íàïð. â óãëåðàçìîëüíóþ ìåëüíèöó). îñìîòð è êàïèòàëüíûé ðåìîíò.
AID automatic internal diagnostics àâòîìàòè÷å- AIP activity implementation plan ïëàí ðåàëèçàöèè
ñêîå îáíàðóæåíèå íåèñïðàâíîñòåé. ðàáîò.
AIDN Association Internationale du Droit Nucléaire AIP American Institute of Physics Àìåðèêàíñêèé
ôð., Ìåæäóíàðîäíàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî çàêîíîäàòåëü- ôèçè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò.
ñòâó â îáëàñòè ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè (ïî ÿäåðíîìó ïðà- AIP approval in principle îäîáðåíèå â ïðèíöèïå.
âó). AIPA accident initiation and progression analysis
AIEE American Institute of Electrical Engineers àíàëèç âîçíèêíîâåíèÿ è ðàçâèòèÿ àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ.
Àìåðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò èíæåíåðîâ-ýëåêòðèêîâ. AIR average injection rate ñðåäíèé ðàñõîä ïðè
AIF American Industrial Forum Àìåðèêàíñêèé íàãíåòàíèè (íàïð. âîäû, âîçäóõà).
ïðîìûøëåííûé ôîðóì, ÀÏÔ. AIRP air intake, recirculation, and purification çà-
AIF Atomic Industrial Forum Àòîìíûé ïðîìûø- áîð, ðåöèðêóëÿöèÿ è î÷èñòêà âîçäóõà.
ëåííûé ôîðóì (ÑØÀ). AIRP Association Internationale de Radioprotection
AIFSR Associazione Italiana di Fisica Sanitaria e ôð., Ìåæäóíàðîäíàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ðàäèàöèîííîé çà-
Protezione contro le Radiazioni èò., Èòàëüÿíñêàÿ àññî- ùèòû (Ôðàíöèÿ, ñì. IRPA).
öèàöèÿ ïî ñàíèòàðèè è ðàäèàöèîííîé çàùèòå. AIRP Associazione Italiana di Protezione contro
AIG ammonia injection grid ñïåöèàëüíàÿ ðåøåò- Radiazioni èò., Èòàëüÿíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ðàäèàöè-
êà äëÿ âïðûñêà âîäíîãî ðàñòâîðà àììèàêà â ãàçî- îííîé çàùèòû.
âûé ïîòîê (îáåñïå÷èâàåò õîðîøåå ïåðåìåøèâàíèå AIRS advanced instrumentation for reflooding
ðåàãåíòà ñ äûìîâûìè ãàçàìè äî ïðîõîäà èõ ÷åðåç studies óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûå êîíòðîëüíî-èçìåðè-
ñëîé êàòàëèçàòîðà). òåëüíûå ïðèáîðû äëÿ èçó÷åíèÿ ïðîöåññîâ ïðè
AIG antitrust and indemnity group ãðóïïà ýêñïåð- ïîâòîðíîì çàëèâå àêòèâíîé çîíû (â ñëó÷àå àâàðèè
òîâ ïî âîïðîñàì àíòèòðåñòîâñêîãî çàêîíîäàòåëü- ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ñòâà è âîçìåùåíèþ óáûòêîâ. AIS accumulator injection system ñèñòåìà âïðûñêà
AIGS auxiliary inerting gas subsystem âñïîìîãà- òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ èç ãèäðîåìêîñòè (ïðè àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ).
òåëüíàÿ ïîäñèñòåìà ñîçäàíèÿ ñðåäû èíåðòíîãî ãàçà AIS adiabatically isolated system àäèàáàòè÷åñêè
(íàïð. íà óãîëüíîì ñêëàäå). èçîëèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà.
AIHA American Industrial Hygiene Association AIS advanced isotope separation óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîìûøëåííîé ñàíè- âàííûé ìåòîä ðàçäåëåíèÿ èçîòîïîâ.
òàðèè. AIS Association of Industrial Standards Àññîöèà-
AIHX auxiliary intermediate heat exchanger âñïî- öèÿ ïðîìûøëåííûõ ñòàíäàðòîâ (ÑØÀ).
ìîãàòåëüíûé ïðîìåæóòî÷íûé òåïëîîáìåííèê. AISC American Institute of Steel Construction Àìå-
AIJ activities implemented jointly ïðîåêòû ñîâ- ðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò ïî ðàçðàáîòêå ñòàëüíûõ êîí-
ìåñòíîãî îñóùåñòâëåíèÿ (íàïð. ñîêðàùåíèÿ âû- ñòðóêöèé.
áðîñîâ ïàðíèêîâûõ ãàçîâ). AISE Association of Iron and Steel Engineers Àññî-
AIM abnormal incident manual ðóêîâîäñòâî ïî öèàöèÿ èíæåíåðîâ-ñòàëåïëàâèëüùèêîâ.
äåéñòâèÿì ïåðñîíàëà (ÀÝÑ) ïðè ëèêâèäàöèè èíöè- AISI American Iron and Steel Institute Àìåðèêàí-
äåíòîâ. ñêèé èíñòèòóò èíæåíåðîâ-ñòàëåïëàâèëüùèêîâ.
AIM alarm indicator monitor äàò÷èê àâàðèéíîãî AISSP automated information system security plan
îïîâåùåíèÿ (íàïð. ñëóæáû äîçèìåòðè÷åñêîãî êîí- ñõåìà îáåñïå÷åíèÿ áåçîïàñíîñòè íà ÀÝÑ íà áàçå àâ-
òðîëÿ). òîìàòèçèðîâàííîé èíôîðìàöèîííîé ñèñòåìû.
AIM avalanche-induced migration ìèãðàöèÿ (÷àñ- AIT augmented inspection team 1) ðàñøèðåííàÿ
òèö), âûçâàííàÿ ëàâèííûì ïðîöåññîì. ãðóïïà ïî ïðîâåäåíèþ èíñïåêöèé; 2) ãðóïïà ïî
AIME American Institute of Metallurgical Engineers ïðîâåäåíèþ èíñïåêöèè íà ÀÝÑ c ðàñøèðåííûìè
Àìåðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò èíæåíåðîâ-ìåòàëëóðãîâ. ïîëíîìî÷èÿìè.
AIMS advanced integrated maintenance system AIT autoignition temperature òåìïåðàòóðà ñàìî-
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà êîìïëåêñíîãî òåõ- âîñïëàìåíåíèÿ è ñàìîâîçãîðàíèÿ (íàïð. óãëÿ ïðè
íè÷åñêîãî îáñëóæèâàíèÿ è ðåìîíòà. õðàíåíèè íà ñêëàäå ÒÝÑ).
AIMS automatic isotopic measurement system AITS action item tracking system ñèñòåìà ñîïðî-
ñèñòåìà àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî èçìåðåíèÿ ðàäèîíóêëèä- âîæäåíèÿ âûïîëíÿåìîãî ïóíêòà (íàïð. ïðîãðàììû).
íîãî ñîñòàâà èçîòîïîâ. AIWM American Institute of Weights and Measures
AIN Associazione Italiana Nucleare èò., ßäåðíîå Àìåðèêàíñêèé èíñòèòóò ìåð è âåñîâ.
îáùåñòâî Èòàëèè. AK acknowledge 1) äîïóñêàòü; 2) ïðèçíàâàòü;
AINSE Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and 3) ïîäòâåðæäàòü (íàïð. ïîëó÷åíèå ñîîáùåíèÿ);
Engineering Èíñòèòóò ïî ïðîáëåìàì ÿäåðíîé íàóêè 4) âûðàæàòü ïðèçíàòåëüíîñòü (íàïð. ðåäàêòîðó,
è òåõíèêè Àâñòðàëèè. ðåöåíçåíòó è äð.).
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AK — 28 — ALJ

AK acknowledgement 1) ïðèçíàíèå; 2) ïîäòâåð- ALC accelerated life test óñêîðåííîå èñïûòàíèå


æäåíèå; 3) áëàãîäàðíîñòü; 4) êâèòèðîâàíèå. íà äîëãîâå÷íîñòü.
aKa also known as èçâåñòíûé òàêæå êàê ... ALC activated lignite coke àêòèâèðîâàííûé ëèã-
AL accredited laboratory ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, àêêðåäè- íèòîâûé êîêñ (íàïð. äîáàâëÿÿåòñÿ â èçâåñòü-
òîâàííàÿ íà ïðîâåäåíèå ñîîòâåòñòâóþùèõ èñïûòà- ïóøîíêó ïðè î÷èñòêå äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ îò îêñèäîâ
íèé (ïðè íàëè÷èè íåîáõîäèìîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, ïåð- ñåðû íà âûõîäå èç òîïêè êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì
ñîíàëà è äð.). êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
AL action level 1) óðîâåíü ñðàáàòûâàíèÿ (ñèñ- ALC automatic level control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðå-
òåì çàùèòû); 2) óðîâåíü äåéñòâèé, óðîâåíü ïðèíè- ãóëèðîâàíèå óðîâíÿ (íàïð. âîäû â áàðàáàíå ïàðîâî-
ìàåìûõ ìåð (â ñëó÷àå àâàðèè). ãî êîòëà, áàêå-õðàíèëèùå è äð.).
AL airlock 1) øëþçîâàÿ êàìåðà, ãåðìîøëþç; ALC automatic light control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ðåãó-
2) ñàíïðîïóñêíèê íà ÀÝÑ; 3) âîçäóøíàÿ ïðîáêà ëèðîâêà îñâåùåííîñòè (íàïð. ùèòà óïðàâëåíèÿ
(íàïð. â òðóáîïðîâîäå). ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
AL Alaska Àëÿñêà (øòàò ÑØÀ). ALC automatic load control 1) àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå
AL alert level 1) àâàðèéíûé óðîâåíü (çàãðÿçíå- óïðàâëåíèå íàãðóçêîé; 2) àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðåãóëè-
íèÿ, â áàêå è äð.); 2) ñèãíàëüíûé óðîâåíü (ïðåäó- ðîâàíèå íàãðóçêè.
ïðåæäåíèå îá îïàñíîñòè, íàïð. çàãðÿçíåíèÿ îêðó- ALC auxiliary loop cooler âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé îõëà-
æàþùåé ñðåäû). äèòåëü öèðêóëÿöèîííîé ïåòëè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
AL amendment list ïåðå÷åíü ïîïðàâîê (íàïð. ALCATOR òåðìîÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð òèïà «Òîêà-
ê äîãîâîðó, çàêîíîïðîåêòó è äð.). ìàê» (Ìàññà÷óñåòñêîãî òåõíîëîãè÷åñêîãî èíñòè-
AL Ames Laboratory Ýéìñêàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ (Óíè- òóòà ÑØÀ).
âåðñèòåòà øòàòà Àéäàõî, ÑØÀ). ALCP area local control panel ìåñòíûé ùèò óïðàâ-
AL analytical laboratory àíàëèòè÷åñêàÿ ëàáîðà- ëåíèÿ (íàïð. äëÿ îáùåñòàíöèîííûõ óñòðîéñòâ òîï-
òîðèÿ. ëèâîïîäà÷è è õèìâîäîî÷èñòêè ñ ïîñòîÿííûì ïåð-
AL analytical limit àíàëèòè÷åñêèé ïðåäåë (íàïð. ñîíàëîì; äëÿ ìàçóòîíàñîñíîé, êîìïðåññîðíîé è
êîíöåíòðàöèè âðåäíûõ âåùåñòâ â àòìîñôåðå, îïðå- ýëåêòðîëèçåðíîé, îáñëóæèâàåìûõ îáõîä÷èêàìè).
äåëÿåìîé ñ ïîìîùüþ èçìåðèòåëüíûõ ïðèáîðîâ). ALD acoustic leak detection îáíàðóæåíèå òå÷è
AL authorized limit ñàíêöèîíèðîâàííûé ïðåäåë ñ ïîìîùüþ àêóñòè÷åñêîé ñèñòåìû.
(íàïð. âìåøàòåëüñòâà îïåðàòîðà â óïðàâëåíèå ALE annual limit on exposure ïðåäåë ãîäîâîé
ÿäåðíûì ðåàêòîðîì ïî èçìåðÿåìîé âåëè÷èíå èçëó- äîçû îáëó÷åíèÿ.
÷åíèÿ, óñòàíàâëèâàåìîé èëè îôèöèàëüíî ïðèíÿ- ALEAP aging and life extension program ïðîãðàì-
òîé ðåãóëèðóþùèì îðãàíîì). ìà îöåíêè ñòàðåíèÿ è ïðîäëåíèÿ ñðîêà ñëóæáû
AL automatic loading àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå íàãðóæå- îáîðóäîâàíèÿ.
íèå. ALEXCC Aging and Life Extention Coordinating
A/L automatic loading àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå íàãðóæå- Committee Êîîðäèíàöèîííûé êîìèòåò ïî ïðîáëå-
íèå. ìàì ñòàðåíèÿ è ïðîäëåíèÿ ñðîêà ñëóæáû îáîðóäî-
ALA accident localization area çîíà ëîêàëèçàöèè âàíèÿ (ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ, ÇËÀ. ALF additional letdown flow äîïîëíèòåëüíûé ïî-
Ala Alabama Àëàáàìà (øòàò ÑØÀ). òîê èëè ðàñõîä äëÿ ðàçáàâëåíèÿ (íàïð. äëÿ î÷èñòêè
ALAP as low as possible íàñòîëüêî íèçêî, íà- òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ïåðâîãî êîíòóðà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòî-
ñêîëüêî âîçìîæíî. ðà, îïåðàòèâíîãî èçìåíåíèÿ êîíöåíòðàöèè áîðíîé
ALAP as low as practicable 1) ìèíèìàëüíî âîç- êèñëîòû è äð.).
ìîæíûé (óðîâåíü ðèñêà, äàëüíåéøåå ñíèæåíèå êîòî- algo algorithm àëãîðèòì.
ðîãî íåöåëåñîîáðàçíî ñ ñîöèàëüíîé, ýêîíîìè÷åñêîé è ALHR average linear heat rating ñðåäíåå ëèíåé-
äðóãèõ òî÷åê çðåíèÿ); 2) òåõíè÷åñêè äîñòèæèìûé íîå òåïëîâûäåëåíèå (íàïð. â òîïêå êîòëà).
íèçêèé óðîâåíü (ïðèíöèï îãðàíè÷åíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ALI annual limit of intake ïðåäåë ãîäîâîãî ïî-
ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ âåùåñòâ â îêðóæàþùóþ ñðåäó). ñòóïëåíèÿ (íàïð. ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ âåùåñòâ â îðãà-
ALARA as low as reasonably achievable 1) íà- íèçì).
ñòîëüêî íèçêî, íàñêîëüêî ðàçóìíî äîñòèæèìî; ALIP annular linear induction pump èíäóêöèîí-
2) ðàçóìíî äîñòèæèìûé íèçêèé óðîâåíü (ïðèíöèï íûé íàñîñ ñ êîëüöåâûì êàíàëîì è ëèíåéíûìè õà-
ðàäèàöèîííîé áåçîïàñíîñòè). ðàêòåðèñòèêàìè.
ALARP as low as reasonably practicable 1) íà- ALISIA assessment of liquid salts for innovative
ñòîëüêî ìàëî, íàñêîëüêî ýòî ïðàêòè÷åñêè îñóùåñò- applications îöåíêà âîçìîæíîñòåé èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ
âèìî; 2) òàê ìàëî, íàñêîëüêî ýòî ïðàêòè÷åñêè îñó- ðàñïëàâîâ ñîëåé äëÿ èííîâàöèîííûõ ïðîåêòîâ
ùåñòâèìî. ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ.
ALATA as low as is technically achievable òåõíè- ALJ administrative law judge ñóäüÿ ïî âîïðîñàì
÷åñêè äîñòèæèìûé íèçêèé óðîâåíü. àäìèíèñòðàòèâíîãî ïðàâà.
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alk — 29 — AMA

alk alkali ùåëî÷ü. ALTR automatic life testing and recording àâòîìà-
alk alkalinity ùåëî÷íîñòü. òè÷åñêèå èñïûòàíèÿ íà äîëãîâå÷íîñòü ñ çàïèñüþ
alky alkalinity ùåëî÷íîñòü. ðåçóëüòàòîâ.
alky alkylation àëêèëèðîâàíèå. ALTV auxiliary loop isolation valve êëàïàí îòñå÷å-
ALM administration and logistics manager çàìåñ- íèÿ âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî êîíòóðà ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíî-
òèòåëü äèðåêòîðà ïî àäìèíèñòðàòèâíûì âîïðîñàì ãî ðåàêòîðà.
è ìàòåðèàëüíî-òåõíè÷åñêîìó ñíàáæåíèþ. ALVIS atomic laser vapor isotope separation ðàçäå-
alm alarm 1) òðåâîãà; 2) ñèãíàë òðåâîãè, àâà- ëåíèå èçîòîïîâ âûïàðèâàíèåì ñ ïîìîùüþ ëàçåðà.
ðèéíàÿ [ïðåäóïðåäèòåëüíàÿ] ñèãíàëèçàöèÿ; 3) ñèã- ALWR advanced light-water reactor óñîâåðøåí-
íàëèçàòîð; äàò÷èê; 4) ïðåäóïðåæäàòü îá îïàñíî- ñòâîâàííûé ëåãêîâîäíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð.
ñòè. ALWR-URD Advanced Light-Water Reactor-Utilities
ALMR actinide-burning liquid-metal reactor æèä- Requirements Document Äîêóìåíò, îïðåäåëÿþùèé
êîìåòàëëè÷åñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð äëÿ ñæèãàíèÿ òðåáîâàíèÿ ýêñïëóàòèðóþùèõ îðãàíèçàöèé ê ðàçðà-
àêòèíèäîâ. áîò÷èêàì óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ ëåãêîâîäíûõ ÿäåð-
ALMR advanced liquid-metal reactor ïåðñïåêòèâ- íûõ ðåàêòîðîâ.
íûé [óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé] ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ aly alloy 1) ñïëàâ; 2) ëåãèðóþùèé ýëåìåíò.
æèäêîìåòàëëè÷åñêèì òåïëîíîñèòåëåì. AM access manway ëþäñêîé õîäîê.
ALMS auxiliary liquid metal system âñïîìîãàòåëü- AM accident management óïðàâëåíèå àâàðèåé
íàÿ ñèñòåìà æèäêîãî ìåòàëëà (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà (ìåðû è ìåðîïðèÿòèÿ, ïðåäïðèíèìàåìûå â ïðîöåñ-
ñ æèäêîìåòàëëè÷åñêèì òåïëîíîñèòåëåì). ñå ëîêàëèçàöèè è óñòðàíåíèÿ ïîñëåäñòâèé àâàðèè
ALN adaptive learning network ñèñòåìà àäàïòèâ- íà ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ).
íîãî îáó÷åíèÿ (íàïð. îïåðàòîðîâ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). AM actuating mechanism èñïîëíèòåëüíûé ìåõà-
ALPHGR average linear planar heat generation íèçì.
rate ñðåäíÿÿ ëèíåéíàÿ ìîùíîñòü ýíåðãîâûäåëåíèÿ AM administration and maintenance àäìèíèñòðè-
(íàïð. â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ðîâàíèå è óïðàâëåíèå.
ALPR Argonne Low Power Reactor ÿäåðíûé ðå- AM aging mitigation çàìåäëåíèå ïðîöåññîâ ñòà-
àêòîð ìàëîé ìîùíîñòè Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ðåíèÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ.
ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ. AM airlock module øëþçîâàÿ êàìåðà.
ALR air-to-liquid ratio ñîîòíîøåíèå ðàñõîäîâ AM airmail àâèàïî÷òà.
âîçäóõà è æèäêîé ñðåäû (íàïð. â òîïêå êîòëà ñ AM air mass âîçäóøíàÿ ìàññà.
öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). AM ammeter àìïåðìåòð.
alr alarm 1) òðåâîãà; 2) ñèãíàë òðåâîãè. AM amplitude modulation àìïëèòóäíàÿ ìîäóëÿ-
ALRR Ames Laboratory Research Reactor èññëå- öèÿ.
äîâàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Ýéìñêîé ëàáîðàòî- AM asset management ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ äëÿ
ðèè (Óíèâåðñèòåò øòàòà Àéäàõî, ÑØÀ). ïîâûøåíèÿ ðåíòàáåëüíîñòè.
ALS accident localization system ñèñòåìà ëîêàëè- A.M. air mail âîçäóøíîé ïî÷òîé.
çàöèè àâàðèé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. A.M. Associate Member ÷ëåí-êîððåñïîíäåíò
ALSI aluminum silicon alloy àëþìèíèåâîñèëèêî- (êàêîé-ë. îðãàíèçàöèè).
íîâûé ñïëàâ. Am ammonium àììîíèé (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ
ALSS airlock support subsystem âñïîìîãàòåëü- ïðè èçãîòîâëåíèè ïîðîøêà äèîêñèäà óðàíà).
íàÿ ñèñòåìà øëþçîâîé êàìåðû (íà ÀÝÑ). am above-mentioned âûøåóïîìÿíóòûé.
ALT accelerated life test óñêîðåííîå èñïûòàíèå am ammeter àìïåðìåòð.
íà äîëãîâå÷íîñòü. am amplitude àìïëèòóäà.
alt alterations èçìåíåíèÿ. a.m. ante meridiem ëàò., [before noon] äî ïîëó-
alt alternant ìåíÿþùàÿñÿ âåëè÷èíà. äíÿ.
alt alternate 1) âàðèàíò; 2) ïåðåìåííûé; 3) ïå- a/m above mentioned âûøåóïîìÿíóòûé.
ðèîäè÷åñêè èçìåíÿòüñÿ; 4) ÷åðåäîâàòüñÿ; 5) ïåðå- A/M automatic/manual ïåðåêëþ÷àòåëü ðåæèìîâ
ñòàâëÿòü. ðàáîòû ñ àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî íà ðó÷íîå.
alt alternation 1) ÷åðåäîâàíèå; 2) ïåðèîäè÷åñêèå AM1 air mass 1 conditions ñòàíäàðòíûå óñëî-
èçìåíåíèÿ; 3) ïîëîâèíà öèêëà (íàïð. êîëåáàíèÿ); âèÿ ñ õàðàêòåðíîé âîçäóøíîé ìàññîé íàä óðîâíåì
ïîëóïåðèîä. ìîðÿ.
alt alternative 1) âàðèàíò; 2) àëüòåðíàòèâà; AMA American Management Association Àìåðè-
3) àëüòåðíàòèâíûé; 4) âûáîð àëüòåðíàòèâû. êàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ìåíåäæìåíòó (íàïð. ïðîá-
alt altitude âûñîòà. ëåì ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèÿ ìåòîäîâ óïðàâëåíèÿ).
altn alteration 1) èçìåíåíèå; 2) ïðåîáðàçîâàíèå; AMA assessment methodology approval óòâåðæ-
3) ïåðåäåëêà; ïåðåñòðîéêà; 4) ïåðåìåíà; 5) ìîäèôè- äåíèå ìåòîäîëîãèè îöåíêè (íàïð. ïðîåêòà, ðåçóëü-
êàöèÿ. òàòîâ ðàáîòû, èçìåðåíèé è äð.).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

A-MACT — 30 — AMS

A-MACT advanced maximum achievable control AMG aging management guidelines íîðìû è ïðà-
technology ïåðåäîâàÿ ìàêñèìàëüíî äîñòèæèìàÿ âèëà ïî óïðàâëåíèþ ñòàðåíèåì ìàòåðèàëîâ (äëÿ
òåõíîëîãèÿ êîíòðîëÿ. ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ).
AMAD activity median aerodynamic diameter ñðåä- AMI automatic motion inhibit çàïðåò íà àâòîìàòè-
íèé àýðîäèíàìè÷åñêèé äèàìåòð ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî ÷åñêîå ïåðåìåùåíèå (ñòåðæíåé ñèñòåìû óïðàâëå-
àýðîçîëÿ. íèÿ è çàùèòû â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AMASS automated material accounting statistics AMIA accident management information assess-
system àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ó÷åòà (ÿäåð- ment îöåíêà èíôîðìàöèè, íåîáõîäèìîé äëÿ óïðàâ-
íûõ) ìàòåðèàëîâ. ëåíèÿ àâàðèÿìè íà ÀÝÑ.
amb ambient 1) îêðóæàþùèé; 2) ÿâëÿþùèéñÿ AMIR absorber materials irradiation rig óñòàíîâêà
ïàðàìåòðîì îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (íàïð. òåìïåðàòó- äëÿ îáëó÷åíèÿ ïîãëîùàþùèõ ìàòåðèàëîâ.
ðà); 3) âíåøíèé, íàðóæíûé; 4) îáòåêàþùèé (íàïð. AML Argonne Metallurgical Laboratory Àðãîíí-
ïîòîê). ñêàÿ ìåòàëëóðãè÷åñêàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ (ÑØÀ).
AMC acceptable means of compliance ïðèåìëå- AMM aging mitigation methods ìåòîäû çàìåäëå-
ìûå ìåòîäû óñòàíîâëåíèÿ ñîîòâåòñòâèÿ. íèÿ ïðîöåññîâ ñòàðåíèÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ.
AMC Association of Management Consultants Àñ- AMMS automated maintenance management sys-
ñîöèàöèÿ êîíñóëüòàíòîâ ïî ïðîáëåìàì óïðàâëå- tem àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ òåõíè÷å-
íèÿ. ñêèì îáñëóæèâàíèåì è ðåìîíòîì (íàïð. íà ÀÝÑ).
AMC average manufacturing cost ñðåäíÿÿ ñòîè- AMP accident management procedures èíñòðóê-
ìîñòü èçãîòîâëåíèÿ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. öèè ïî óïðàâëåíèþ àâàðèÿìè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
AMCA Air Movement Contractors Association Àñ- AMP accident management program ïðîãðàììà
ñîöèàöèÿ ôèðì-ðàçðàáîò÷èêîâ âåíòèëÿöèîííîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ àâàðèåé íà ÀÝÑ (ïëàíû è ìåðû ïî ïîä-
îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (ÑØÀ). ãîòîâêå ÀÝÑ è ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåãî îïåðàòèâíîãî è
AMCF alkali metal-cleaning facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ òåõíè÷åñêîãî ïåðñîíàëà ÀÝÑ ê ïðèíÿòèþ ýôôåê-
îáðàáîòêè ùåëî÷íûõ ìåòàëëîâ. òèâíûõ äåéñòâèé íà ïëîùàäêå ïî ïðåäîòâðàùå-
AMCS alarm multiplexer communication system ñèñ- íèþ èëè ñìÿã÷åíèþ ïîñëåäñòâèé òÿæåëûõ àâà-
òåìà ìóëüòèïëåêñîðíîé àâàðèéíîé ñèãíàëèçàöèè ðèé).
(ñ óñòðîéñòâîì óïëîòíåíèÿ ñèãíàëîâ èëè êàíàëîâ). AMP active medium propagation ðàñïðîñòðàíå-
AMD alpha-activity median diameter ñðåäíèé äèà- íèå àêòèâíîé ñðåäû.
ìåòð ÷àñòèö ñ àëüôà àêòèâíîñòüþ. AMP automated mitigation procedures ïðîöåäóðû
AMDEL Australian Mineral Development Laboratories àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî óìåíüøåíèÿ ðûíî÷íîãî ïîòåíöèà-
Ëàáîðàòîðèè ïî ðàçðàáîòêå ìèíåðàëüíûõ ðåñóðñîâ ëà (íàïð. êîíêóðåíòíîãî ðûíêà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè è
Àâñòðàëèè. ìîùíîñòè).
AMDL Advanced Machine Development Laboratory AMPIC Atomic and Molecular Processes Informa-
Ëàáîðàòîðèÿ ðàçðàáîòêè óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ tion Center Èíôîðìàöèîííûé öåíòð ïî àòîìíûì è
öåíòðèôóã (Îóê-Ðèäæñêîé Íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðà- ìîëåêóëÿðíûì ïðîöåññàì (ÑØÀ).
òîðèè ÑØÀ). AMR automatic message recording àâòîìàòè÷å-
AME airlock/manupulator element øëþçîâàÿ êà- ñêàÿ ðåãèñòðàöèÿ ñîîáùåíèé (íàïð. î íàðóøåíèÿõ
ìåðà ñ ìàíèïóëÿòîðîì (íàïð. íà ÀÝÑ). íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ, â ýíåðãîñèñòåìå è äð.).
AME automatic measuring equipment àâòîìàòè- AMR automatic meter reading àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå
÷åñêîå èçìåðèòåëüíîå îáîðóäîâàíèå. ñ÷èòûâàíèå ïîêàçàíèé ñ÷åò÷èêîâ ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè.
AMES Aging Materials European Strategies èññëå- AMRA Automatic Meter Reading Association Àññî-
äîâàíèÿ è îöåíêà ïðîöåññîâ ñòàðåíèÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ öèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ñ÷èòûâàíèÿ ñ àâòîìàòè÷å-
(â ðàìêàõ ñòðàòåãèé Åâðîïåéñêèõ îðãàíèçàöèé). ñêèõ èçìåðèòåëüíûõ ïðèáîðîâ (ÑØÀ).
AMES aging materials evaluation and study îöåí- AMRS alarm monitoring and reporting system ñèñ-
êà è èññëåäîâàíèå ñòàðåíèÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ. òåìà êîíòðîëÿ è îïîâåùåíèÿ îá àâàðèÿõ.
AMES [European Network on] Aging Materials Eva- AMS accident management strategy ñòðàòåãèÿ
luation and Studies Åâðîïåéñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ïî îöåíêå è óïðàâëåíèÿ àâàðèåé íà ÀÝÑ.
èñïûòàíèÿì ñòàðåíèÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ (äëÿ ÿäåðíûõ ðå- AMS accident management system ñèñòåìà
àêòîðîâ). óïðàâëåíèÿ àâàðèåé (ìåðû è ìåðîïðèÿòèÿ, ïðåä-
AM/FM automated mapping/facilities management ïðèíèìàåìûå â ïðîöåññå ëîêàëèçàöèè äëÿ óñòðàíå-
óïðàâëåíèå ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèìè îáúåêòàìè ñ èñïîëü- íèÿ ïîñëåäñòâèé àâàðèè ñ öåëüþ ïðåäîòâðàùåíèÿ
çîâàíèåì îöèôðîâàííûõ ãåîãðàôè÷åñêèõ êàðò, íà ïåðåõîäà àâàðèè â òÿæåëóþ àâàðèþ è ñìÿã÷åíèÿ
êîòîðûõ ïðåäñòàâëåíû ìåñòà ðàñïîëîæåíèÿ è òèïû ïîñëåäñòâèé, à òàêæå âîçâðàòà ÀÝÑ â êîíòðîëè-
îïîð, ËÝÏ, ïîäñòàíöèé è ýëåêòðîñòàíöèé. ðóåìîå ñîñòîÿíèå ïî áåçîïàñíîñòè).
AMG accident management guidance ðóêîâîäñò- AMS admission mode selection âûáîð ðåæèìà
âî ïî óïðàâëåíèþ àâàðèÿìè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ïîäâîäà ïàðà èëè ãàçà.
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AMS — 31 — ANLAD ANL

AMS aerial monitoring system ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ ïåðåðàáîòêó, õðàíåíèå è óäàëåíèå îòõîäîâ ñ ïðåä-
âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû. âàðèòåëüíûì îáåçâðåæèâàíèåì).
AMS allegations management system ñèñòåìà ANEC American Nuclear Energy Council Àìåðè-
ðàññìîòðåíèÿ çàÿâëåíèé (íàïð. ñîòðóäíèêîâ ÒÝÑ êàíñêèé ñîâåò ïî ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè.
èëè ÀÝÑ). ANEP advanced nuclear electric propulsion óñî-
AMS authorization for material substitution ðàçðå- âåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñóäîâàÿ ÿäåðíî-ýíåðãåòè÷åñêàÿ
øåíèå íà çàìåíó ìàòåðèàëà (ïðè èçãîòîâëåíèè îò- óñòàíîâêà.
âåòñòâåííûõ êîìïîíåíòîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ). ANERI Advanced Nuclear Equipment Research
AMSAC [anticipated transient without scram] miti- Institute Íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé èíñòèòóò ïî
gating system actuation circuitry ñõåìà çàïóñêà [ñõåìà ðàçðàáîòêå óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîãî ÿäåðíîãî îáîðó-
ïðèâåäåíèÿ â äåéñòâèå] ñèñòåìû óìåíüøåíèÿ ðà- äîâàíèÿ (ßïîíèÿ).
äèîàêòèâíûõ âûáðîñîâ [âûáðîñîâ ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ANF actinide nitride fuel ÿäåðíîå òîïëèâî íà
âåùåñòâ] ïðè îæèäàåìûõ ïåðåõîäíûõ ðåæèìàõ áåç îñíîâå íèòðèäà àêòèíèäà.
àâàðèéíîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ANF actinide nitride fueled (ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð)
AMSB accelerator molten salt breeder èíèöèèðó- ñ òîïëèâîì íà îñíîâå íèòðèäà àêòèíèäà.
åìûé óñêîðèòåëåì ðåàêòîð-ðàçìíîæèòåëü íà ðàñ- ANFC Advanced Nuclear Fuel Corporation Êîðïî-
ïëàâàõ ñîëåé. ðàöèÿ ïî ïðîèçâîäñòâó óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîãî òîï-
AMSTS Association of Managerial, Scientific and ëèâà äëÿ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ.
Technical Staff Àññîöèàöèÿ óïðàâëåí÷åñêîãî, íàó÷íî- ang angle 1) óãîë; 2) óãîëîê (âèä ïðîôèëÿ);
ãî è òåõíè÷åñêîãî ïåðñîíàëà (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). 3) ðàñïîëàãàòüñÿ ïîä óãëîì; îáðàçîâûâàòü óãîë.
AMT alternate minimum tax àëüòåðíàòèâíûé ang angular óãëîâîé.
ìèíèìàëüíûé íàëîã. anh anhydrous áåçâîäíûé.
amt amount 1) êîëè÷åñòâî; âåëè÷èíà; 2) ñòå- ANI American Nuclear Insurers Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ
ïåíü; 3) ñóììà; èòîã; 4) äîçà (íàïð. îáëó÷åíèÿ). êîìïàíèÿ ïî ñòðàõîâàíèþ äåÿòåëüíîñòè, ñâÿçàííîé
AMTD activity median thermodynamic diameter ñ ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèåé.
ñðåäíèé òåðìîäèíàìè÷åñêèé äèàìåòð ðàäèîàêòèâ- ANI authorized nuclear inspector àòòåñòîâàííûé
íîãî àýðîçîëÿ. [óïîëíîìî÷åííûé] èíñïåêòîð ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñ-
AMU aqueous makeup 1) äîáàâêà âîäû; 2) ïîä- íîñòè.
ïèòî÷íàÿ âîäà êîòëà; 3) äîáàâî÷íàÿ âîäà. ANIM Association of Nuclear Instrument Manufac-
amu atomic mass unit àòîìíàÿ åäèíèöà ìàññû turers Àññîöèàöèÿ èçãîòîâèòåëåé ïðèáîðîâ äëÿ
1,6605 . 10–27 êã. ÿäåðíîé òåõíèêè.
AMWD average molecular weight distribution ANL Argonne National Laboratory Àðãîííñêàÿ
ñðåäíåå ìîëåêóëÿðíî-ìàññîâîå ðàñïðåäåëåíèå. íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ (îñíîâíûå ðàçðàáîò-
AN air-natural-cooled ñ åñòåñòâåííûì âîçäóø- êè âêëþ÷àþò òåðìîÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð òèïà «Òîêà-
íûì îõëàæäåíèåì. ìàê» ñ ìàãíèòíûì óäåðæàíèåì äåéòåðèé-äåéòåðè-
AN atomic number àòîìíîå ÷èñëî; àòîìíûé íî- åâîé ïëàçìû, âíóòðèðåàêòîðíóþ [âíóòðèçîííóþ]
ìåð. óñòàíîâêó äëÿ îáëó÷åíèÿ îáðàçöîâ, ãåíåðàòîð
AN average number ñðåäíåå ÷èñëî. áûñòðûõ íåéòðîíîâ, ãèäðàâëè÷åñêèé êîíòóð äëÿ
A/N as needed íàñêîëüêî ýòî íåîáõîäèìî, ïî èññëåäîâàíèÿ âèáðàöèé, çàùèòíóþ êàìåðó äëÿ èñ-
íåîáõîäèìîñòè. ñëåäîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà ïîñëå îáëó÷åíèÿ, èì-
an annual ãîäè÷íûé; ãîäîâîé; åæåãîäíûé. ïóëüñíûé âûñîêîïîòî÷íûé èñòî÷íèê íåéòðîíîâ,
a/n, a.n. above-named âûøåíàçâàííûé, âûøå- ïåòëþ äëÿ èñïûòàíèé êîìïîíåíòîâ àêòèâíîé
óêàçàííûé, âûøåóïîìÿíóòûé. çîíû áûñòðûõ ðåàêòîðîâ-ðàçìíîæèòåëåé ñ æèäêî-
ANA Australian Nuclear Association ßäåðíàÿ àñ- ìåòàëëè÷åñêèì òåïëîíîñèòåëåì, óñîâåðøåíñò-
ñîöèàöèÿ Àâñòðàëèè. âîâàííóþ óñòàíîâêó ñèíõðîòðîííîãî èçëó÷åíèÿ,
óñòàíîâêè äëÿ èñïûòàíèÿ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ýëå-
ANAO Australian National Audit Office Íàöèîíàëü-
ìåíòîâ íà ðàçðûâ è îáëó÷åíèÿ îáðàçöîâ â ÿäåðíîì
íîå àóäèòîðñêîå óïðàâëåíèå Àâñòðàëèè.
ðåàêòîðå, òàíäåìíûé ëèíåéíûé óñêîðèòåëü òÿ-
ANB assistant navigation block âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé
æåëûõ èîíîâ, ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíóþ òåðìîÿäåðíóþ
íàâèãàöèîííûé áëîê (íàïð. äëÿ ðîáîòîâ-ìàíèïóëÿ-
óñòàíîâêó äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ ýëåêòðîìàãíèòíûõ
òîðîâ íà ÀÝÑ).
ýôôåêòîâ â ïåðâîé ñòåíêå, óïðîùåííûé òåðìî-
ANDIN Associazione Nazionale di Ingegneria Nuc- ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð òèïà «Òîêàìàê», ðàáîòàþùèé
leare èò., Íàöèîíàëüíàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ðàçðàáîòêå â íåïðåðûâíîì ðåæèìå è äð., ðàñïîëîæåíà îêîëî
ÿäåðíûõ òåõíîëîãèé (Èòàëèÿ). ã. ×èêàãî, øòàò Èëëèíîéñ, ÑØÀ).
ANDRA Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des ANL automatic noise limiter àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
Déchets Radioactifs ôð., [National Radioactive Waste Ma- îãðàíè÷èòåëü øóìîâ.
nagement Agency] Íàöèîíàëüíîå àãåíòñòâî Ôðàíöèè ANLAD ANL Accelerator Division Îòäåë óñêîðè-
ïî îáðàùåíèþ ñ ðàäèîàêòèâíûìè îòõîäàìè (âêëþ÷àÿ òåëåé Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ.
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ANL/EPR — 32 — AOFA

ANL/EPR Argonne National Laboratory Experimental ANSTO Australian Nuclear Science and Techno-
Power Reactor ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíûé ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèé logy Organization Îðãàíèçàöèÿ ïî ÿäåðíîé íàóêå è
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Àðãîííñêîé íàöèíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòî- òåõíèêå Àâñòðàëèè.
ðèè ÑØÀ. ANTEC Annual Technical Conference åæåãîäíàÿ
ANL-W Argonne National Laboratory-West ôèëèàë òåõíè÷åñêàÿ êîíôåðåíöèÿ.
Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè, ðàñïîëîæåí- ANTM automatic noise-temperature meter àâòî-
íûé íà òåððèòîðèè Àéäàõñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé òåõíè- ìàòè÷åñêèé èçìåðèòåëü øóìîâîé òåìïåðàòóðû
÷åñêîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ, äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ èññëåäî- (íàïð. â ìàøçàëàõ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
âàíèé è ðàçðàáîòîê ïî èñïîëüçîâàíèþ è õðàíåíèþ AO abnormal occurrence àâàðèéíîå ñîáûòèå.
ïëóòîíèÿ íà ÿäåðíîì ðåàêòîðå íóëåâîé ìîùíîñòè. AO analog output 1) àíàëîãîâûé âûâîä; 2) àíà-
anlz analyzer àíàëèçàòîð. ëîãîâûé âûõîä; 3) àíàëîãîâûå âûõîäíûå äàííûå.
ANN artificial neural network èñêóññòâåííàÿ íåé- AO antioxidant àíèòîêñèäàíò, ïðîòèâîîêèñëè-
ðîííàÿ ñåòü (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ äëÿ ðàçðàáîòêè òåëüíàÿ äîáàâêà.
ìíîãîïàðàìåòðè÷åñêîé ïðîãðàììû ñ öåëüþ îïòè- AO auxiliary operator ïîìîùíèê îïåðàòîðà
ìèçàöèè ïðîöåññîâ ãîðåíèÿ óãëÿ â òîïêå êîòëà, (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); îïåðàòîð âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî
ñèñòåì ïîääåðæêè îïåðàòîðîâ ÀÝÑ è äð.). îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (ÀÝÑ).
ann annunciator óñòðîéñòâî îïîâåùåíèÿ. AO axial offset îñåâîé ïåðåêîñ (íàïð. àêòèâíîé
ANO Association of Nuclear Operators Àññîöèà- çîíû ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà, ðîòîðà òóðáè-
öèÿ îðãàíèçàöèé, ýêñïëóàòèðóþùèõ ÀÝÑ. íû è äð.).
ANOVA analysis of variance model 1) ïðîâåðêà a.o. account of çà ñ÷åò êîãî-ë.
ìîäåëè îïðåäåëåíèÿ ðàçáðîñà ðåçóëüòàòîâ èçìåðå- a.o. and others è äðóãèå.
íèé èëè èñïûòàíèé; 2) àíàëèç ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì a/o account of çà ñ÷åò êîãî-ë.
ìîäåëè îïðåäåëåíèÿ ðàçáðîñà ðåçóëüòàòîâ èçìåðå- AOA angle of arrival óãîë ïðèõîäà (íàïð. ëó÷à).
íèé èëè èñïûòàíèé. AOA area of applicability îáëàñòü ïðèìåíåíèÿ.
ANPA Agenzia Nazionale per la Protezione dell’Am- AOAC Association of Official Analytical Chemists
biente èò., Àãåíòñòâî ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðå- Àññîöèàöèÿ õèìèêîâ-àíàëèòèêîâ, ðàáîòàþùèõ â
äû (Èòàëèÿ). ãîñóäàðñòâåííûõ îðãàíèçàöèÿõ (ÑØÀ).
ANPR advance notice of proposed rulemaking çà- AOB any other business ðàçíîå (ïóíêò ïîâåñò-
ðàíåå ïîñëàííîå óâåäîìëåíèå ýêñïëóàòèðóþùèì êè äíÿ ñîâåùàíèÿ è äð.).
îðãàíèçàöèÿì îòíîñèòåëüíî ïðåäïîëàãàåìûõ èçìå- AOC air-cooled overhead condenser êîíäåíñàòîð
íåíèé ïðîöåäóðû ðàçðàáîòêè ïðàâèë (íàïð. ïî ñ âîçäóøíûì âåðõíèì îõëàæäåíèåì.
îò÷åòíîñòè, àíàëèçó àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèé íà AOC areas of concern âîïðîñû, âûçûâàþùèå
ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ è äð.). îçàáî÷åííîñòü îáùåñòâåííîñòè (íàïð. çàãðÿçíåíèå
ANR Association of Neutron Radiographers Àññî- îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû, ðàçâèòèå ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãåòèêè,
öèàöèÿ êîìïàíèé è îðãàíèçàöèé, çàíèìàþùèõñÿ ââîç â ñòðàíó îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà
âîïðîñàìè íåéòðîííîé ðàäèîãðàôèè. è äð.).
ANR automatic noise reduction àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå AOC augmented operator capability ïîâûøåííûå
øóìîïîäàâëåíèå. âîçìîæíîñòè îïåðàòîðà áëî÷íîãî ùèòà óïðàâëåíèÿ
ANRE Agency of Natural Resources and Energy (íàïð. ïî àíàëèçó àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèé íà ÒÝÑ
Àãåíñòâî ïî ïðèðîäíûì ðåñóðñàì è ýíåðãèè (Ìèíè- èëè ÀÝÑ è ïðèíÿòèÿ àäåêâàòíûõ ðåøåíèé).
ñòåðñòâà ýêîíîìèêè, òîïëèâà è ïðîìûøëåííîñòè AOC automatic overload circuit ñõåìà àâòîìàòè-
ßïîíèè). ÷åñêîé çàùèòû îò ïåðåãðóçîê.
ANS advanced numerical simulation ÷èñëåííîå AOC axial offset control 1) êîíòðîëü àêñèàëüíîãî
ìîäåëèðîâàíèå ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïåðåäîâûõ ìåòî- ñìåùåíèÿ (íàïð. òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê ÿäåðíî-
äîâ. ãî ðåàêòîðà); 2) êîíòðîëü îñåâîãî ïåðåêîñà (íàïð.
ANS American National Standard Àìåðèêàíñêèé ðîòîðà òóðáèíû).
íàöèîíàëüíûé ñòàíäàðò. AOD ammonia-on-demand äîáàâêà àììèàêà ïî
ANS American Nuclear Society Àìåðèêàíñêîå òðåáîâàíèþ (íàïð. ïðè ñîñòàâëåíèè ðàñòâîðà íóæ-
ÿäåðíîå îáùåñòâî. íîé êîíöåíòðàöèè äëÿ äåíèòðèôèêàöèè äûìîâûõ
ANSC American National Standards Committee ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ).
Àìåðèêàíñêèé êîìèòåò íàöèîíàëüíûõ ñòàíäàðòîâ. AOFA advanced overfire air óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí-
ANSI American National Standards Institute Àìå- íàÿ ïîäà÷à âîçäóõà â âåðõíþþ ÷àñòü òîïêè (îáåñïå-
ðèêàíñêèé Íàöèîíàëüíûé èíñòèòóò ñòàíäàðòèçà- ÷èâàåòñÿ âîçìîæíîñòü ðàáîòû ãîðåëîê ïðè ñóáñòå-
öèè. õèîìåòðè÷åñêîì ñîîòíîøåíèè (ìåíüøå åäèíèöû,
ANSSC American Nuclear Society Standard Com- SR<1) òîïëèâîâîçäóøíîé ñìåñè áåç ïîòåðè ãîðþ÷èõ
mittee Êîìèòåò ñòàíäàðòîâ àìåðèêàíñêîãî ÿäåðíîãî è çàùèòà ýêðàíîâ òîïêè êîòëà ïëåíêîé âîçäóõà
îáùåñòâà. îò êîððîçèè â óñëîâèÿõ âîññòàíîâèòåëüíîé ñðåäû).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

AOG — 33 — APA

AOG acid fractionator off-gas êèñëûé îòõîäÿùèé AOV air-operated valve êëàïàí ñ ïíåâìîïðèâî-
èëè îòðàáîòàâøèé ãàç ôðàêöèîíèðóþùåé êîëîí- äîì.
íû. AOV automatically operated valve àâòîìàòè÷å-
AOG acid off-gas êèñëûé îòõîäÿùèé èëè îòðà- ñêèé êëàïàí.
áîòàâøèé ãàç. AP access permit ðàçðåøåíèå íà äîñòóï (íàïð.
AOG augmented off-gas óñêîðåííûé ïîòîê îò- íà ÿäåðíûé îáúåêò).
õîäÿùåãî èëè îòðàáîòàâøåãî ãàçà. AP access permitee ëèöî, ïîëó÷èâøåå ðàçðåøå-
AOI abnormal operating instruction èíñòðóêöèÿ íèå íà äîñòóï (íàïð. íà ÿäåðíûé îáúåêò).
ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè (íàïð. ýíåðãîáëîêà, ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- AP access permited ðàçðåøåííûé äîñòóï (íàïð.
òîðà) â àâàðèéíûõ ðåæèìàõ. íà ÿäåðíûé îáúåêò).
A-OK all OK 1) «âñå ñèñòåìû èñïðàâíû»; AP accreditation panel ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ ïî âî-
2) «âñå ñèñòåìû ðàáîòàþò íîðìàëüíî». ïðîñàì àêêðåäèòàöèè.
AONB areas of outstanding natural beauty çîíû AP acquisition phase 1) ýòàï ïîãëîùåíèÿ (íàïð.
îñîáîé ïðèðîäíîé ïðèâëåêàòåëüíîñòè (íàïð. â Âå- ýíåðãîêîìïàíèé); 2) ýòàï ïðèîáðåòåíèÿ (íàïð. îáî-
ëèêîáðèòàíèè íàõîäÿòñÿ ïîä êîíòðîëåì ìåñò- ðóäîâàíèÿ â ðàìêàõ êîíòðàêòà).
íûõ âëàñòåé). AP activation product ïðîäóêò àêòèâàöèè.
AOO anticipated operational occurrence ïðîãíîçè- AP administrative procedure 1) ìåòîäèêà ïðîâå-
ðóåìîå ýêñïëóàòàöèîííîå ñîáûòèå íà ÀÝÑ. äåíèÿ àäìèíèñòðàòèâíîé ðàáîòû; 2) îðãàíèçàöèîí-
AOP abnormal operating procedure ïîñëåäîâà- íûå ìåðîïðèÿòèÿ (íàïð. ïðîâîäèìûå íà ÀÝÑ â ñëó-
òåëüíîñòü [ïðîöåäóðà] âûïîëíåíèÿ îïåðàöèé ïðè ÷àå àâàðèè).
ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ íàðóøåíèÿõ íà ÀÝÑ. AP alkaline permanganate ïåðìàíãàíàò ùåëî÷è
AOP automatic overfrequency protection àâòîìà- (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ äëÿ äåçàêòèâàöèè îáîðóäîâà-
òè÷åñêàÿ çàùèòà îò ïîâûøåíèÿ ÷àñòîòû, àâòîìàòè- íèÿ ÀÝÑ).
÷åñêîå îãðàíè÷åíèå ïîâûøåíèÿ ÷àñòîòû. AP all-purpose îáùåãî íàçíà÷åíèÿ.
AOP automatic overvoltage protection àâòîìàòè- AP American Patent ïàòåíò ÑØÀ.
÷åñêàÿ çàùèòà îò ïîâûøåíèÿ íàïðÿæåíèÿ, àâòîìà- AP annulus pressurization 1) ñîçäàíèå èçáûòî÷-
òè÷åñêàÿ çàùèòà îò ïåðåíàïðÿæåíèÿ, àâòîìàòè÷å- íîãî äàâëåíèÿ â êîëüöåâîì êàíàëå; 2) ãåðìåòèçà-
ñêîå îãðàíè÷åíèå ïîâûøåíèÿ íàïðÿæåíèÿ. öèÿ êîëüöåâîãî êàíàëà.
AOP auxiliary oil pump âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé ìàñëî- AP aperture 1) àïåðòóðà; 2) ñêâîçíîå îòâåðñòèå;
íàñîñ (íàïð. ñèñòåìû ñìàçêè èëè ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ 3) ââîä; 4) äèàôðàãìà.
òóðáèíû). AP application [applied] program ïðèêëàäíàÿ
AOPS asynchronous operation of power system ïðîãðàììà.
àñèíõðîííûé ðåæèì ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêîé ñèñòå- AP aqueous polishing âîäíî-ýêñòðàêöèîííàÿ äî-
ìû. î÷èñòêà (ñòî÷íûõ âîä).
AOR abnormal occurrence report îò÷åò ïî ýêñ- AP ash pit çîëüíèê, øëàêîâûé êîìîä, çîëîâîé
ïëóàòàöèîííûì íàðóøåíèÿì íà ÀÝÑ. áóíêåð (óñòðîéñòâî ïîä òîïêîé êîòëà, ãäå ïðîèñ-
AOR areas of research îáëàñòè èññëåäîâàíèÿ; õîäèò ãðàíóëèðîâàíèå, îõëàæäåíèå âîäîé è ñìûâ
îñíîâíûå íàïðàâëåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé. øëàêà â ñèñòåìó ãèäðîçîëîøëàêîóäàëåíèÿ).
a/or and/or è/èëè. AP associate professor àäúþíêò-ïðîôåññîð.
AORMS automated off-site radioactivity monitoring AP atomic power àòîìíàÿ [ÿäåðíàÿ] ýíåðãèÿ.
system àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ìîíèòîðèíãà AP authority to pay ïîëíîìî÷èå íà ïðîâåäåíèå
óðîâíÿ ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè âíå ïëîùàäêè ÀÝÑ. ïëàòåæà.
AORS abnormal occurrences reporting system AP authority to purchase ïîëíîìî÷èå íà ïîêóïêó.
1) ñèñòåìà ñîîáùåíèé îá àâàðèéíîé ñèòóàöèè (íà AP-600 Advanced Passive 600 MWe design óñî-
ÀÝÑ); 2) ñèñòåìà îïîâåùåíèÿ î íåøòàòíûõ ñèòóà- âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ïðîåêò ðåàêòîðíîé óñòàíîâêè
öèÿõ íà ÀÝÑ. ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ìîùíîñòè 600 ÌÂò ñ ïàññèâíîé ñèñ-
AOS alternative operating scenarios àëüòåðíàòèâ- òåìîé áåçîïàñíîñòè ôèðìû Westinghouse.
íûå ðàáî÷èå ñöåíàðèè. A.P. authority to purchase àì. ïîëíîìî÷èÿ íà ïî-
AOT action outage time äîïóñòèìàÿ ïðîäîëæè- êóïêó.
òåëüíîñòü îòêëþ÷åíèÿ (íàïð. îòâåòñòâåííîãî îáî- A&P actual and predicted ðåàëüíîå è ðàñ÷åòíîå
ðóäîâàíèÿ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). èëè ïðîãíîçèðóåìîå çíà÷åíèå.
AOT allowable [allowed] outage time äîïóñòèìàÿ ap apex 1) âåðõóøêà; 2) âåðøèíà (íàïð. óãëà,
ïðîäîëæèòåëüíîñòü îòêëþ÷åíèÿ (íàïð. îòâåñòâåí- êàðüåðû); 3) âûñøàÿ òî÷êà; 4) âåðõíÿÿ ÷àñòü.
íîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). a.p. axial pitch îñåâîé øàã.
AOTA absorber open test assembly èñïûòàòåëü- APA Administrative Procedure Act Çàêîí î ïðî-
íàÿ [ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíàÿ] òåïëîâûäåëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà öåäóðå ïðèíÿòèÿ àäìèíèñòðàòèâíûõ ðåøåíèé
ñ ïîãëîùàþùèì ñòåðæíåì áåç îòðàæàòåëÿ. (ÑØÀ).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

APA — 34 — API

APA advanced plutonium assembly óñîâåðøåí- APDA Atomic Power Development Association
ñòîâàííàÿ óðàí-ïëóòîíèåâàÿ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùàÿ Àññîöèàöèÿ ñîäåéñòâèÿ ðàçâèòèþ àòîìíîé [ÿäåð-
ñáîðêà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. íîé] ýíåðãåòèêè.
APA Alaska Power Administration Ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîå APDMS axial power distribution monitoring system
óïðàâëåíèå øòàòà Àëÿñêà (ÑØÀ). ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ ìîùíîñòè ïî âû-
APPA American Public Power Administration Ýíåð- ñîòå àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ãåòè÷åñêîå óïðàâëåíèå ÑØÀ. APDPR accelerated program of development of
APAC Australian Partnership for Advanced Compu- power reforms ïðîãðàììà óñêîðåííîãî ðàçâèòèÿ è
ting Ïàðòíåðñòâî Àâñòðàëèè ïî ðàçðàáîòêå ïåðñïåê- ðåôîðì â îáëàñòè ýíåðãåòèêè.
òèâíûõ [ïðîäâèíóòûõ] ñðåäñòâ âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé APELL awareness and preparedness for emergen-
òåõíèêè è óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûì ìåòîäàì âû÷èñ- cies at local level îñâåäîìëåííîñòü è ãîòîâíîñòü ê àâà-
ëåíèé. ðèéíûì ñèòóàöèÿì íà ìåñòíîì óðîâíå.
APASE Association for Applied Solar Energy Àññî- APEX accelerator fuel producer and fission pro-
öèàöèÿ ïî ïðàêòè÷åñêîìó èñïîëüçîâàíèþ ñîëíå÷- duct exterminator ëèíåéíûé óñêîðèòåëü äëÿ âîñïðî-
íîé ýíåðãèè (ÑØÀ). èçâîäñòâà äåëÿùèõñÿ ìàòåðèàëîâ è òðàíñìóòàöèè
APC administrative and project control àäìèíèñò- ïðîäóêòîâ äåëåíèÿ.
ðàòèâíûé êîíòðîëü è óïðàâëåíèå ðåàëèçàöèåé ïðî- APEX Argonne Plasma Engineering Experiment ýê-
åêòà. ñïåðèìåíòàëüíûé òåðìîÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Àðãîíí-
APC air pollution control êîíòðîëü çàãðÿçíåíèÿ ñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ äëÿ èññëåäî-
âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû. âàíèÿ âçàèìîäåéñòâèÿ ïëàçìû ñî ñòåíêîé.
APC Alabama Power Company Ýíåðãîêîìïàíèÿ APF agglomerate particle fluidization îæèæåíèå
øòàòà Àëàáàìà (ÑØÀ). [ôëþèäèçàöèÿ] àãëîìåðàòà ÷àñòèö (íàïð. â òîïêå
APC argon purge cart ñïåöèàëèçèðîâàííàÿ òå- êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
ëåæêà ñ óñòàíîâêîé äëÿ ïðîäóâêè îáîðóäîâàíèÿ àð- APFA accelerator pulsed fast critical assembly
ãîíîì. èíèöèèðóåìàÿ óñêîðèòåëåì èìïóëüñíàÿ êðèòè÷å-
APC automatic phase control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñêàÿ ñáîðêà íà áûñòðûõ íåéòðîíàõ (ÑØÀ).
ïîäñòðîéêà ÷àñòîòû. APFBC advanced pressurized fluidized bed com-
APC automatic pile control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå óï- bustion óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ìåòîä ñæèãàíèÿ òîï-
ðàâëåíèå ÿäåðíûì ðåàêòîðîì. ëèâà â êèïÿùåì ñëîå ïîä äàâëåíèåì (îïòèìàëüíûé
APC automatic power control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðå- äèàïàçîí ðàáî÷èõ òåìïåðàòóð â ñèñòåìå î÷èñòêè
ãóëèðîâàíèå ìîùíîñòè (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ãàçà 400–900 °C).
APCA Air Pollution Control Association Àññîöèà- APFBC-CC advanced pressurized fluidized bed
öèÿ ïî áîðüáå ñ çàãðÿçíåíèåì àòìîñôåðû (ÑØÀ). combustion — combined cycle óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé
APCD air pollution control device óñòðîéñòâî êîí- ìåòîä ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà â êèïÿùåì ñëîå ïîä äàâ-
òðîëÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ âîçäóõà. ëåíèåì — êîìáèíèðîâàííûé öèêë.
APCE air-pollution control equipment îáîðóäîâà- APFC automatic phase and frequency control àâòî-
íèå äëÿ êîíòðîëÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ âîçäóõà. ìàòè÷åñêîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå ÷àñòîòû è ôàçû.
APCEF advanced power conversion experimental APFC automatic power and frequency control àâòîìà-
facility óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíàÿ òè÷åñêîå ðåãóëèðîâàíèå ÷àñòîòû è ìîùíîñòè, ÀÐ×Ì.
óñòàíîâêà ïî ïðåîáðàçîâàíèþ ýíåðãèè. APFCS automatic power factor control system àâ-
APCS automated passage control system àâòîìà- òîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ êîýôôèöèåí-
òèçèðîâàííàÿ êîíòðîëüíî-ïðîïóñêíàÿ ñèñòåìà (íàïð. òà ìîùíîñòè.
íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). APFR automatic power factor regulator àâòîìàòè-
APCS automatic power control system ñèñòåìà ÷åñêèé ðåãóëÿòîð êîýôôèöèåíòà ìîùíîñòè.
àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ìîùíîñòè. APGC ambient pressure gas cycle öèêë ãàçîòóð-
APCS automatic pressure control system àâòîìà- áèííîé óñòàíîâêè ñ êàìåðîé ñãîðàíèÿ àòìîñôåðíî-
òè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ äàâëåíèÿ. ãî äàâëåíèÿ.
APCT air pollution control technology òåõíîëîãèÿ APH air preheater âîçäóõîïîäîãðåâàòåëü.
êîíòðîëÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû. APHA American Public Health Association Àìåðè-
APD air particulate detector äåòåêòîð àýðîçîëåé. êàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ çäðàâîîõðàíåíèÿ.
APD air pollution division îòäåë ïî áîðüáå ñ çà- APHR air preheater âîçäóõîïîäîãðåâàòåëü.
ãðÿçíåíèåì àòìîñôåðû. API air pollution index ïîêàçàòåëü çàãðÿçíåííîñ-
APD alkaline permanganate decontamination ùå- òè âîçäóõà.
ëî÷íî-ïåðìàíãàíàòíàÿ äåçàêòèâàöèÿ (îáîðóäîâàíèÿ API air preheater inlet âõîä â âîçäóõîïîäîãðåâà-
íà ÀÝÑ). òåëü íà ÒÝÑ.
APD axial power distribution ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ìîù- API American Petroleum Institute Àìåðèêàíñêèé
íîñòè ïî âûñîòå àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. èíñòèòóò íåôòè.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

API — 35 — APS

API antecedent precipitation index ïðåäïîëàãàå- ÿâêà (íàïð. íà ïîëó÷åíèå ïàòåíòà èëè ðàçðåøåíèÿ
ìûé ïîêàçàòåëü îñàæäåíèÿ ÷àñòèö (íàïð. íà îñàäè- íà ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ÀÝÑ).
òåëüíûõ ýëåêòðîäàõ ýëåêòðîôèëüòðà ÒÝÑ). appl applied ïðèêëàäíîé.
API applied programs interface èíòåðôåéñ ïðè- appr approximate 1) ïðèáëèçèòåëüíûé, ïðèáëè-
êëàäíûõ ïðîãðàìì (äëÿ âçàèìîäåéñòâèÿ ñ îáùåé æåííûé; 2) áëèçêèé; 3) àïïðîêñèìèðîâàòü.
ïàìÿòüþ). approx approximately ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî.
APIC automatic power input controller àâòîìàòè- approxn approximation 1) àïïðîêñèìàöèÿ, ïðè-
÷åñêèé ðåãóëÿòîð ïîòðåáëÿåìîé ìîùíîñòè. áëèæåíèå; 2) ïðèáëèæåííàÿ âåëè÷èíà; 3) ïðèáëè-
APIS autoprompting inspection system ñèñòåìà æåííàÿ ôîðìóëà; 4) ïðèáëèçèòåëüíîå ñîîòâåòñòâèå;
êîíòðîëÿ (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ ýíåðãîáëîêà) ñ èñ- 5) óïðîùåíèå.
ïîëüçîâàíèåì ïîäñêàçêè èëè êîíñóëüòàöèè â àâòî- APPS alternating polarity power supply ýëåêòðîïè-
ìàòè÷åñêîì ðåæèìå. òàíèå îò èñòî÷íèêà çíàêîïåðåìåííîé ïîëÿðíîñòè.
APL allowable power limit äîïóñòèìûé ïðåäåë ïî Appx, appx appendix ïðèëîæåíèå; äîïîëíåíèå.
ìîùíîñòè. APQS American Productivity and Quality Center
APL applied physics laboratory ëàáîðàòîðèÿ Àìåðèêàíñêèé öåíòð ïðîáëåì ïîâûøåíèÿ ïðîèçâî-
ïðîáëåì ïðèêëàäíîé ôèçèêè. äèòåëüíîñòè è êà÷åñòâà ïðîäóêöèè.
APL authorized possession limit ñàíêöèîíèðî- APR advanced passive reactor óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
âàííûé ïðåäåë âëàäåíèÿ (íàïð. ÿäåðíûìè ìàòåðè- âàííûé [ïåðñïåêòèâíûé] ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ ïàñ-
àëàìè â ñîîòâåòñòâèè ñ ãàðàíòèÿìè ÌÀÃÀÒÝ). ñèâíîé ñèñòåìîé áåçîïàñíîñòè.
AP&L Allied Power and Light Company Êîìïàíèÿ APR advanced product release âûïóñê óñîâåð-
ïî ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèþ è îñâåùåíèþ. øåíñòâîâàííîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ.
AP&L Arkansas Power and Light Company Êîìïà- APR annual percentage rate ïðîöåíòíàÿ ñòàâêà
íèÿ ïî ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèþ è îñâåùåíèþ øòàòà Àð- â ãîäîâîì èñ÷èñëåíèè.
êàíçàñ (ÑØÀ). APR automatic pressure relief àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
APLE Association of Public Lighting Engineers ñáðîñ äàâëåíèÿ.
Àññîöèàöèÿ èíæåíåðîâ ïî îñâåùåíèþ îáùåñòâåí- APRANSA Australian Radiation Protection and
íûõ ìåñò (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). Nuclear Safety Agency Àãåíòñòâî ïî ðàäèàöèîííîé
APLHGR average planar linear heat generation rate çàùèòå è ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè Àâñòðàëèè.
óñðåäíåííàÿ ñêîðîñòü [èíòåíñèâíîñòü] ëèíåéíîãî òåï- APRF Aberdeen Pulsed Reactor Facility èìïóëüñ-
ëîâûäåëåíèÿ (â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). íûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð â Àáåðäèíå (Øîòëàíäèÿ).
APM air particulate monitor ìîíèòîð [óñòðîéñòâî APRM average power range monitor óñòðîéñòâî
êîíòðîëÿ ñîäåðæàíèÿ] òâåðäûõ ÷àñòèö â âîçäóõå. êîíòðîëÿ óñðåäíåííîãî çíà÷åíèÿ ìîùíîñòè ÿäåð-
APM assistant plant manager çàìåñòèòåëü äèðåê- íîãî ðåàêòîðà â ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîì äèàïàçîíå.
òîðà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ. APRM average power range monitoring êîíòðîëü
APM assistant program manager ïîìîùíèê ðó- óñðåäíåííîãî çíà÷åíèÿ ìîùíîñòè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòî-
êîâîäèòåëÿ ïðîãðàììû. ðà â ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîì äèàïàçîíå.
apmt appointment 1) íàçíà÷åíèå; 2) äîëæíîñòü; APROSS advanced process simulation software
3) ìåñòî. óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ñðåäñòâ ïðîãðàììèðî-
APO air preheater outlet âûõîä èç âîçäóõîïîäî- âàíèÿ äëÿ ìîäåëèðîâàíèÿ òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèõ ïðîöåñ-
ãðåâàòåëÿ íà ÒÝÑ. ñîâ (ïðåäñòàâëÿåò ñîáîé áàçó äàííûõ äëÿ õðàíåíèÿ
APP atomic power plant àòîìíàÿ ýëåêòðîñòàí- íàáîðà òèïîâûõ òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèõ õàðàêòåðèñòèê
öèÿ, ÀÝÑ. è èõ ñîîòíîøåíèé, à òàêæå ïåðåìåííûõ [ïàðà-
APP auxiliary power plant 1) âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ñè- ìåòðîâ] ñîñòîÿíèÿ è äð.).
ëîâàÿ óñòàíîâêà; 2) óñòàíîâêà äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ ñîá- APRS automatic production record system àâòî-
ñòâåííûõ íóæä ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè. ìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà ðåãèñòðàöèè ïðîèçâîäèòåëü-
app apparatus 1) ïðèáîð; 2) àïïàðàò; 3) àïïàðà- íîñòè.
òóðà; 4) îáîðóäîâàíèå; 5) óñòðîéñòâî; óñòàíîâêà. APRV atmospheric pressure relief valve áûñòðî-
app approximate ïðèáëèçèòåëüíûé, ïðèáëèæåí- äåéñòâóùèé êëàïàí ñáðîñà äàâëåíèÿ â àòìîñôåðó.
íûé. APS accident-prone situation àâàðèéíî-îïàñíàÿ
APPA American Power Plant Association Àìåðè- ñèòóàöèÿ.
êàíñêàÿ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ. APS Advanced Photon Source óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
APPA American Public Power Association Àññî- âàííàÿ óñòàíîâêà ñèíõðîòðîííîãî èçëó÷åíèÿ (Àð-
öèàöèÿ àìåðèêàíñêèõ ãîñóäàðñòâåííûõ ýíåðãåòè- ãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ).
÷åñêèõ êîìïàíèé. APS aerodynamic particle sizer âðåìÿïðîëåòíîå
appl application 1) ïðèìåíåíèå, èñïîëüçîâàíèå; óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ èçìåðåíèÿ ðàçìåðà ÷àñòèö (íàïð.
2) ïðèëîæåíèå; 3) ïîäâîä; 4) íàíåñåíèå (ïîêðû- â äèàïàçîíå 0,504–3,05 ìèêðîí) è èõ êîíöåíòðàöèé
òèÿ); 5) ïðèêëàäíàÿ çàäà÷à èëè ïðîãðàììà; 6) çà- äî è ïîñëå ýëåêòðîôèëüòðà ÒÝÑ.
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APS — 36 — ARAC

APS after primary settling (î÷èñòêà ñòî÷íûõ âîä) APX Automated Power Exchange Àâòîìàòèçèðî-
ïîñëå ïåðâè÷íîãî îñàæäåíèÿ âçâåøåííûõ ÷àñòèö. âàííàÿ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêàÿ áèðæà (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
APS air plasma spraying âîçäóøíî-ïëàçìåííîå A.Q., a.q. any quantity 1) ïðîèçâîëüíîå êîëè÷å-
íàïûëåíèå (ïîêðûòèé). ñòâî; ëþáîå êîëè÷åñòâî; 2) ïðîèçâîëüíàÿ âåëè÷èíà.
APS alternate protection system äóáëèðóþùàÿ AQ, aq aqueous âîäíûé (íàïð. ðàñòâîð êàêî-
ñèñòåìa çàùèòû (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ãî-ë. âåùåñòâà, òåïëîíîñèòåëü è äð.).
APS American Physics Society Àìåðèêàíñêîå AQCD air quality criteria documents äîêóìåíòû ïî
ôèçè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî. êðèòåðèÿì êà÷åñòâà âîçäóõà.
APS arc protection system ñèñòåìà äóãîâîé çà- AQCR air quality control region ðàéîí êîíòðîëè-
ùèòû (íàïð. ÿ÷ååê êîìïëåêòíîãî ðàñïðåäóñòðîé- ðóåìîãî êà÷åñòâà àòìîñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà.
ñòâà). AQG/WPNS Atomic Question Group/Working Party
APS Arizona Public Service Company Êîìïàíèÿ on Nuclear Safety ðàáî÷àÿ ãðóïïà ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñ-
ïî îêàçàíèþ êîììóíàëüíûõ óñëóã øòàòà Àðèçîíà íîñòè Ñïåöèàëüíîé ãðóïïû ýêñïåðòîâ ïî ïðîáëåìàì
(ÑØÀ). ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãåòèêè (Åâðîïåéñêîãî ñîþçà).
APS atomic power station àòîìíàÿ ýëåêòðîñòàí- AQI air qauity index ïîêàçàòåëü êà÷åñòâà âîç-
öèÿ, ÀÝÑ. äóõà.
APS automatic protection system àâòîìàòè÷å- AQL acceptable quality level äîïóñòèìûé óðî-
ñêàÿ ñèñòåìa çàùèòû. âåíü êà÷åñòâà.
APS axial power shape àêñèàëüíûé ïðîôèëü AQL average quality level ñðåäíèé óðîâåíü êà÷å-
ýíåðãîâûäåëåíèÿ (â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- ñòâà.
òîðà). AR absorber rod ïîãëîùàþùèé ñòåðæåíü (ñèñ-
APS auxiliary power supply ïèòàíèå ñîáñòâåííûõ òåìû óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
íóæä (ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè). AR accelerator research èññëåäîâàíèå óñêîðèòå-
APS auxiliary power system âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ëåé.
ñèñòåìà ýíåðãîïèòàíèÿ. AR acid rain êèñëîòíûé äîæäü.
APSA automatic particle size analyzer àâòîìàòè- AR activity ratio îòíîøåíèå àêòèâàöèé.
÷åñêèé àíàëèçàòîð ðàçìåðîâ òâåðäûõ ÷àñòèö (íàïð. AR alarm response ðåàãèðîâàíèå íà àâàðèéíóþ
â âûáðîñàõ ÒÝÑ). ñèãíàëèçàöèþ.
APSC Alabama Public Service Commission Êîìèñ- AR annual report 1) ãîäîâîé îò÷åò; 2) ãîäîâîé
ñèÿ ïî êîììóíàëüíîìó îáñëóæèâàíèþ øòàòà Àëà- îáçîð.
áàìà (ÑØÀ). AR annual returns îò÷åòíûå äàííûå çà ãîä.
APSC Arkansas Public Service Commission Êî- AR as-received â ñîñòîÿíèè ïîñòàâêè.
ìèññèÿ ïî êîììóíàëüíîìó îáñëóæèâàíèþ øòàòà AR assembly and repair ñáîðêà è ðåìîíò.
Àðêàíçàñ (ÑØÀ). AR at-reactor 1) ïðèðåàêòîðíûé; 2) îáîðóäîâà-
APSR axial power shaping rod ñòåðæåíü ôîðìè- íèå, ðàñïîëîæåííîå íà ïëîùàäêå ÀÝÑ.
ðîâàíèÿ àêñèàëüíîãî ýíåðãîâûäåëåíèÿ (â àêòèâ- AR attack rate ñêîðîñòü [èíòåíñèâíîñòü] êîððî-
íîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). çèè (íàïð. ïðè àáðàçèâíîì èñòèðàíèè äî 2 ìì/ãîä,
APSRA axial power shaping rod assembly ñáîðêà ïðè ôîñôàòíîé êîððîçèè èëè ïðè íàâîäîðîæèâà-
ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé äëÿ ôîðìèðîâàíèÿ àêñè- íèè ñâûøå 10 ìì/ãîä).
àëüíîãî ýíåðãîâûäåëåíèÿ (â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíî- AR audit report îò÷åò î ðåçóëüòàòàõ ïðîâåðêè;
ãî ðåàêòîðà). îò÷åò î ðåçóëüòàòàõ ðåâèçèè.
APT accelerator production of tritium ïðîèçâîäñò- AR automatic reclosing àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ïîâòîð-
âî òðèòèÿ íà óñêîðèòåëå. íîå âêëþ÷åíèå, ÀÏÂ.
APT automatically programmed tools àâòîìàòè÷å- AR automatic restoration àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå âîñ-
ñêè ïðîãðàììèðîâàííûå ñðåäñòâà. ñòàíîâëåíèå (íàïð. ýëåêòðîñíàáæåíèÿ, ñèíõðîííîé
APTR advanced pressure tube reactor óñîâåðøåí- ðàáîòû ýëåêòðè÷åñêîãî ãåíåðàòîðà è äð.).
ñòâîâàííûé êàíàëüíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð. a/r at the rate of ... , ñî ñêîðîñòüþ ...
APU Air Pollution Unit Îòäåë ïî áîðüáå ñ çàãðÿç- A/R against all risks ïðîòèâ âñåõ ðèñêîâ.
íåíèåì âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû (Àãåíòñòâà ïî çàùèòå A/R availability/reliability ãîòîâíîñòü-íàäåæíîñòü.
îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû, ÑØÀ). Ar Archimedes number ÷èñëî Àðõèìåäà.
APU auxiliary power unit 1) âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé áëîê ar area 1) ó÷àñòîê; 2) ïëîùàäü; 3) ïðîñòðàíñò-
ïèòàíèÿ; 2) âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ñèëîâàÿ óñòàíîâêà. âî; 4) îáëàñòü; ñôåðà; 5) çîíà; 6) ðàéîí; 7) ïîâåðõ-
APWG action plan work group ðàáî÷àÿ ãðóïïà ïî íîñòü; 8) ñå÷åíèå; 9) ïðîèçâîäñòâåííîå ïîìåùåíèå;
ðàçðàáîòêå ïëàíà ìåðîïðèÿòèé. 10) ïðîìûøëåííàÿ ïëîùàäêà íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ; 11) îá-
APWR advanced pressurized water reactor ïåð- ëàñòü ïðèìåíåíèÿ.
ñïåêòèâíûé èëè óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ÿäåðíûé ARAC Acid Rain Advisory Committee Êîíñóëüòà-
ðåàêòîð ñ âîäîé ïîä äàâëåíèåì. òèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî êèñëîòíûì äîæäÿì (ÑØÀ).
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ARAM — 37 — ARMF

ARAM automatic rate adjustment mechanism Argonaut Argonne nuclear assembly for university
ìåõàíèçì àâòîìàòè÷åñêîé êîððåêòèðîâêè òàðèôîâ training ÿäåðíàÿ ñáîðêà äëÿ ó÷åáíûõ öåëåé Àðãîíí-
(íàïð. íà ýíåðãîíîñèòåëè). ñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ).
ARAVS auxiliary and radwaste area ventilation sys- ARI Air Refrigeration Institute Èíñòèòóò ïðîáëåì
tem âåíòèëÿöèîííàÿ ñèñòåìà âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ ïîìå- êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèÿ âîçäóõà è õîëîäèëüíîé òåõíè-
ùåíèé è ó÷àñòêà ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ íà ÀÝÑ. êè (ÑØÀ).
ARBOR Argonne Boiling Water Reactor êèïÿùèé ARI all-rods-in âñå ñòåðæíè (ñèñòåìû óïðàâëå-
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáî- íèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà) ââåäåíû â àê-
ðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ). òèâíóþ çîíó.
ARC alarm response card ôîðìóëÿð ó÷åòà ðåàãè- ARI alternate rod insertion ââîä äóáëèðóþùèõ
ðîâàíèÿ íà àâàðèéíóþ ñèãíàëèçàöèþ. ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé (â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ïðè
ARC Alliance Research Center Êîðïîðàòèâíûé àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð (êîìïàíèè «Áýáêîê ýíä ARI American Refrigeration Institute Àìåðèêàí-
Âèëêîêñ», ÑØÀ). ñêèé èíñòèòóò õîëîäèëüíûõ óñòàíîâîê.
ARC Australian Research Council Ñîâåò ïî íàó÷- ARI auxiliary rod injection ââîä âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ
íûì èññëåäîâàíèÿì Àâñòðàëèè. ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé (â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ïðè
ARC automatic ratio control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ðå- àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ãóëèðîâàíèå (ñî)îòíîøåíèÿ. ARIANR automatic retrieval of incidents affecting
ARC automatic remote control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå nuclear reactors àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ âûáîðêà èç áàçû äàí-
äèñòàíöèîííîå óïðàâëåíèå. íûõ èíöèäåíòîâ, âëèÿþùèõ íà áåçîïàñíîñòü ÿäåðíûõ
ARC auxiliary relay cabinet øêàô ïðîìåæóòî÷- ðåàêòîðîâ (íàïð. ïðè àíàëèçå ïðè÷èí àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ).
íûõ ðåëå. ARI-ATWS automatic rod injection-anticipated
ARCC Acid Rain Coordination Committee Êîîðäè- transient without scram ñèñòåìà ââîäà ðåãóëèðóþùèõ
íàöèîííûé êîìèòåò ïî êèñëîòíûì äîæäÿì (ÑØÀ). ñòåðæíåé â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ïðè îæèäàåìûõ ïåðå-
ARCH advanced rapid coal hydrogasification óñî- õîäíûõ ðåæèìàõ áåç îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
âåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ãàçèôèêàòîð äëÿ óñêîðåííîé ARIE actual routine inspection effort ðåàëüíûé
ãàçèôèêàöèè óãëÿ. îáúåì òåêóùåé èíñïåêöèîííîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè (íà
ARD age-related degradation óõóäøåíèå õàðàê- ÿäåðíîì îáúåêòå â ñèñòåìå ãàðàíòèé ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
òåðèñòèê îáîðóäîâàíèÿ â ðåçóëüòàòå ïðîöåññà ñòà- ARIS automated reactor inspection system àâòî-
ðåíèÿ. ìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ýêñïëóàòàöèîííîãî îáñëå-
ARD airborne radiometrics âîçäóøíàÿ ðàäèîìåò- äîâàíèÿ èëè êîíòðîëÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ðèÿ (ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ àýðîçîëåé). Ariz Arizona Àðèçîíà (øòàò ÑØÀ).
ARD automatic reactor depressurization àâòîìà- Ark Arkansas Àðêàíçàñ (øòàò ÑØÀ).
òè÷åñêîå ñíèæåíèå äàâëåíèÿ â êîðïóñå ÿäåðíîãî ARL acceptable reliability level ïðèåìëåìûé óðî-
ðåàêòîðà (íàïð. â ñëó÷àå ïîíèæåíèÿ óðîâíÿ âîäû âåíü íàäåæíîñòè.
â êîðïóñå ïðè àâàðèè). ARL Australian Radiation Laboratory Ðàäèàöèîí-
ARDA analog recording dynamic analyzer àíàëî- íàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ Àâñòðàëèè (Ìèíèñòåðñòâà çäðà-
ãîâûé ðåãèñòðèðóþùèé äèíàìè÷åñêèé àíàëèçàòîð. âîîõðàíåíèÿ).
ARDA Atomic Research and Development Authori- ARL average run lengths ñðåäíÿÿ ïðîäîëæèòåëü-
ty Óïðàâëåíèå ïî èññëåäîâàíèÿì è ðàçðàáîòêàì íîñòü èñïûòàíèé.
â îáëàñòè ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè (Ìèíèñòåðñòâî ýíåðãå- ARM aqueous reprocessing methods ìåòîäû õè-
òèêè ÑØÀ). ìè÷åñêîé ðåãåíåðàöèè îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîï-
ARDE automated diagnostics for rotating equipment ëèâà èç âîäíîãî ðàñòâîðà, âîäíûå ïðîöåññû ðåãåíå-
àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà äèàãíîñòèêè âðàùàþ- ðàöèè îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà (èçâëå÷åíèå
ùåãîñÿ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (íàïð. ðîòîðà òóðáèíû). óðàíà è ïëóòîíèÿ æèäêîñòíîé ýêñòðàêöèåé, ôëî-
AREE Annual Review on Energy and the Environ- êóëÿöèåé, èîíîîáìåíîì ïîñëå ðàñòâîðåíèÿ ñ èñïîëü-
ment Åæåãîäíûé îáçîð èññëåäîâàíèé ïî ýíåðãåòèêå çîâàíèåì àçîòíîé êèñëîòû).
è îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäå (Àãåíòñòâà ïî çàùèòå îêðó- ARM area radiation monitor óñòðîéñòâî çîííîãî
æàþùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ). ðàäèàöèîííîãî êîíòðîëÿ.
ARM auxiliary refueling machine âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé
AREP accelerated rural electrification program
ìåõàíèçì ñèñòåìû ïåðåãðóçêè òîïëèâà íà ÀÝÑ.
ïðîãðàììà óñêîðåííîé ýëåêòðèôèêàöèè ñåëüñêîé
ARMF advanced reactivity measurement facility
ìåñòíîñòè.
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ óñòàíîâêà äëÿ èçìåðåíèÿ ðå-
ARF airborne release fraction äîëÿ âûõîäà àýðî-
àêòèâíîñòè.
çîëåé (íàïð. ïëóòîíèÿ).
ARMF Advanced Reactivity Measurements Facility
arg argument 1) àðãóìåíò, äîêàçàòåëüñòâî; âûâîä;
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ óñòàíîâêà äëÿ èçìåðåíèÿ ðå-
2) ðàññóæäåíèå; 3) àðãóìåíò ôóíêöèè, íåçàâèñèìàÿ
àêòèâíîñòè (êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñáîðêà Àéäàõñêîé íàöèî-
ïåðåìåííàÿ; 4) ïàðàìåòð; 5) äèñêóññèÿ; ñïîð. íàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ).
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ARMP — 38 — ARTS

ARMP Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Pro- ARPS Australian Radiation Protection Society
gram Ïðîãðàììà èçìåðåíèÿ àòìîñôåðíîãî èçëó÷å- Àâñòðàëèéñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî ïðîáëåìàì ðàäèàöèîí-
íèÿ (ÑØÀ). íîé çàùèòû.
ARMS area radiation monitoring system ñèñòåìà ARR accounting rate of return ðàñ÷åòíàÿ íîðìà
çîííîãî ðàäèàöèîííîãî êîíòðîëÿ. ïðèáûëè.
ARMS area radiological monitoring system ñèñòå- ARR airborne release rate ñêîðîñòü âûõîäà àýðî-
ìà çîííîãî ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ. çîëåé (íàïð. ïëóòîíèÿ).
ARMS aerial radiological measurement and survey ARR Armour Research Reactor èññëåäîâàòåëü-
ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêèå èçìåðåíèÿ è îáñëåäîâàíèå âîçäóõà. ñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ áðîíåâîé çàùèòîé (Èëëè-
ARO all-rods-out âñå ñòåðæíè (ñèñòåìû óïðàâ- íîéñêèé òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò, ÑØÀ).
ëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà) èçâëå÷åíû èç ARR arrangement 1) ðàçìåùåíèå; êîìïîíîâêà;
àêòèâíîé çîíû. 2) ìîíòàæ; 3) èñïîëíåíèå; 4) ñõåìà; 5) óñòðîéñòâî;
ARO at a rate of ... 1) ñî ñêîðîñòüþ ... ; 2) ñ ðàñ- 6) óñòàíîâêà; 7) ïðèñïîñîáëåíèå; 8) àãðåãàò;
õîäîì ... 9) ñòðóêòóðà; 10) êëàññèôèêàöèÿ; 11) îðãàíèçàöèÿ;
ARO at rate of ñ ðàñõîäîì èëè äåáèòîì. 12) ïëàíèðîâêà; 13) êîíôèãóðàöèÿ; 14) ðàñïîëîæå-
AROT against rotation â ñòîðîíó, ïðîòèâîïîëîæ- íèå; 15) ñõåìà ðàñïîëîæåíèÿ; 16) íàëàäêà; ïðèãîí-
íóþ âðàùåíèþ. êà; 17) ñîãëàøåíèå; 18) äîãîâîðåííîñòü.
ARP accelerated requalification program ïðîãðàì- ARR Association for Radiation Research Àññîöèà-
ìà óñêîðåííîé ïåðåêâàëèôèêàöèè ïåðñîíàëà (íà öèÿ ïî ðàäèàöèîííûì èññëåäîâàíèÿì (Âåëèêîáðè-
ÀÝÑ). òàíèÿ).
ARP access responsible party ñòîðîíà, îòâåòñò- arrgt arrangement ñì. ARR.
âåííàÿ çà äîñòóï (íàïð. ê ñåòÿì ïåðåäà÷è ýëåêòðî- ARRR Aerotest Radiography and Research Reactor
ýíåðãèè, òðóáîïðîâîäàì ïðèðîäíîãî ãàçà è äð.). ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ ðàäèîãðàôè÷å-
ARP acid rain program ïðîãðàììà ñíèæåíèÿ ñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ).
âðåäíîãî âîçäåéñòâèÿ íà ýêîñèñòåìó, ïðèðîäíûå ARRS airborne radioactivity removal system ñèñòå-
ðåñóðñû è íàñåëåíèå â ðåçóëüòàòå âûïàäåíèÿ êèñ- ìà îòâîäà ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ àýðîçîëåé (èç ïîìåùåíèé
ëîòíûõ äîæäåé. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ARP Advisory Review Panel Êîíñóëüòàòèâíàÿ ARS advanced record system óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí-
ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ (íàïð. äëÿ îêàçàíèÿ ïîìîùè â âî- íàÿ ñèñòåìà ðåãèñòðàöèè (íàïð. äàííûõ è ñîáûòèé
ïðîñàõ ëèöåíçèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ). íà ÀÝÑ).
ARP alarm response procedure ïðîöåäóðà ðåàãè- ARS air return system ñèñòåìà âîçâðàòà âîçäóõà
ðîâàíèÿ íà àâàðèéíóþ ñèãíàëèçàöèþ. (ïîñëå î÷èñòêè).
ARP annunciator response procedure ïðîöåäóðà ARS airborne radiometric survey ðàäèîìåòðè÷å-
ðåàãèðîâàíèÿ íà ñèãíàëû àâàðèéíîãî îïîâåùàòåëÿ. ñêîå îáñëåäîâàíèå îêðóæàþùåé âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû
ARPI absolute rod position indication èíäèêàöèÿ äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ êîíöåíòðàöèè ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ
èñòèííîãî ïîëîæåíèÿ ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé àýðîçîëåé.
(â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ARS alarm reporting system ñèñòåìà îïîâåùå-
ARPI analog rod position indication àíàëîãîâàÿ èí- íèÿ îá àâàðèÿõ è àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèÿõ (íà ÀÝÑ).
äèêàöèÿ ïîëîæåíèÿ ñòåðæíåé (ñèñòåìû óïðàâëåíèÿ ARS amplified response spectrum óñèëåííûé
è çàùèòû â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ñïåêòð îòêëèêà.
ARPI analog rod position indicator àíàëîãîâûé ARSAP advanced reactor severe accident program
èíäèêàòîð ïîëîæåíèÿ ñòåðæíåé (ñèñòåìû óïðàâ- ïðîãðàììà èññëåäîâàíèé òÿæåëûõ àâàðèé óñîâåð-
ëåíèÿ è çàùèòû â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- øåíñòâîâàííûõ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ.
òîðà). ART aerosol release and transport âûáðîñ è ïåðå-
ARPM additive risk projection model àääèòèâíàÿ íîñ àýðîçîëåé.
ìîäåëü ïðîãíîçèðîâàíèÿ ðèñêà (ðàñ÷åò ðèñêà â ART anticipatory reactor trip óïðåæäàþùåå îò-
ïðåäïîëîæåíèè î òîì, ÷òî îáëó÷åíèå ïðèâîäèò êëþ÷åíèå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ê ðèñêó, ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíîìó äîçå îáëó÷åíèÿ). ART automatic remote test àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå äèñ-
ARPS activity release to the primary system âû- òàíöèîííîå èñïûòàíèå.
õîä ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè â ïåðâûé êîíòóð ÿäåðíîãî ART automatic remote testing ïðîâåäåíèå àâòî-
ðåàêòîðà. ìàòè÷åñêîãî äèñòàíöèîííîãî èñïûòàíèÿ.
ARPS advaced radioisotope power system óñîâåð- art article 1) èçäåëèå; ïðîäóêò; 2) ñòàòüÿ èëè
øåíñòâîâàííûé ðàäèîèçîòîïíûé èñòî÷íèê ýíåð- ïóíêò (íàïð. äîãîâîðà, ñîãëàøåíèÿ); 3) ñòàòüÿ (ïóá-
ãèè. ëèêàöèÿ).
ARPS afterheat removal passive system ñèñòåìà art artificial èñêóññòâåííûé.
ïàññèâíîãî îòâîäà òåïëîâûäåëåíèé èç àêòèâíîé ARTS anticipatory reactor trip system ñèñòåìà
çîíû ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. óïðåæäàþùåãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
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ARTS — 39 — ASC

ARTS automated radioactive waste tracking system AS auxiliary steam ïàð äëÿ ñîáñòâåííûõ íóæä
ñèñòåìà àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííîãî ó÷åòà ðàäèîàêòèâ- ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè.
íûõ îòõîäîâ. as asymmetrical àñèììåòðè÷íûé, íåñèììåòðè÷-
ARV atmospheric release valve êëàïàí ñáðîñà íûé (íàïð. ðåæèì ðàáîòû ïàðîãåíåðàòîðà).
ïàðà â àòìîñôåðó (íà ÒÝÑ). a/s alongside óñòàíîâêà áîê î áîê (íàïð. îáîðó-
ARV automatic relief valve àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé ïðå- äîâàíèÿ è äð.).
äîõðàíèòåëüíûé êëàïàí. A/S air supply 1) ïîäà÷à âîçäóõà; 2) ïðèòîê âîç-
ARVI assessment of reactor vessel integrity îöåí- äóõà; 3) êîëè÷åñòâî ïîäàâàåìîãî âîçäóõà.
êà öåëîñòíîñòè êîðïóñà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà (ïîñëå A/S analyzer/simulator òðåíàæåð ñ âûäà÷åé ðå-
àâàðèè). çóëüòàòîâ ñòàæèðîâêè ïåðñîíàëà ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ.
ARY all risks yield äîõîäíîñòü (íàïð. ýíåðãåòè- A.S. Academy of Sciencies Àêàäåìèÿ íàóê.
÷åñêîãî ïðîåêòà) ïðè âñåõ ðèñêàõ. A.S. American Standard àìåðèêàíñêèé ñòàíäàðò,
AS absorption spectroscopy àáñîðáöèîííàÿ ñòàíäàðò ÑØÀ.
ñïåêòðîñêîïèÿ. ASA Acoustics Society of America Àìåðèêàíñêîå
AS accident severity òÿæåñòü àâàðèè (íàïð. ÿäåð- àêóñòè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî.
íîãî ðåàêòîðà îïðåäåëÿåòñÿ ñòåïåíüþ ïîâðåæäåíèÿ ASA American Standards Association Àìåðèêàí-
òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê è ïîòåðè öåëîñòíîñòè ñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ñòàíäàðòàì.
çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè, âåëè÷èíû âûáðîñîâ ðàäèîàê- ASA assessment of safety analysis îöåíêà ðå-
òèâíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ â îêðóæàþùóþ ñðåäó è äð.). çóëüòàòîâ àíàëèçà ïî áåçîïàñíîñòè (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî
AS advanced system 1) ìîäèôèöèðîâàííàÿ ñèñ- ðåàêòîðà).
òåìà; 2) óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà; 3) ïåðñïåê- ASA atmospheric sound absorption ïîãëîùåíèå
òèâíàÿ ñèñòåìà, ðåàëèçîâàííàÿ íà áàçå ïîñëåäíèõ çâóêà â àòìîñôåðå.
òåõíè÷åñêèõ è òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèõ äîñòèæåíèé. ASA Atomic Scientists’ Association Àññîöèàöèÿ
AS Agreement State ñòðàíà-ó÷àñòíèê äîãîâîðà ó÷åíûõ, ðàáîòàþùèõ â îáëàñòè ÿäåðíîé ôèçèêè
èëè ñîãëàøåíèÿ. (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
AS air speed 1) ñêîðîñòü ïîäà÷è âîçäóõà (íàïð. ASA automatic spectrum analyzer àâòîìàòè÷å-
ïðè âîçäóøíîì îõëàæäåíèè); 2) âîçäóøíàÿ ñêî- ñêèé àíàëèçàòîð ñïåêòðà.
ðîñòü. ASAP as soon as possible êàê ìîæíî ñêîðåå.
AS air staging ñòóïåí÷àòàÿ ïîäà÷à âîçäóõà ASAT alternative systematic approaches to training
(íàïð. ïðè ìàëîòîêñè÷íîé ñõåìå êîíöåíòðè÷åñêî- àëüòåðíàòèâíûå ñèñòåìíûå ïîäõîäû ê ìåòîäàì
ãî ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà, äâóõ- èëè òðåõñòóïåí÷à- ïîäãîòîâêè (íàïð. îïåðàòîðîâ ÀÝÑ).
òîì ñæèãàíèè òîïëèâà). ASB as-built êàê ôàêòè÷åñêè ïîñòðîåíî (ïî-
AS air supply 1) ïîäà÷à âîçäóõà; 2) ïðèòîê âîç- ñòàâêà îáîðóäîâàíèÿ íåïîñðåäñòâåííî ñ çàâîäà-
äóõà; 3) êîëè÷åñòâî ïîäàâàåìîãî âîçäóõà. èçãîòîâèòåëÿ).
AS Amalgamated Society Îáúåäèíåííîå îáùå- ASB ash-storage bin çîëîâîé áóíêåð (íà ÒÝÑ).
ñòâî. ASBEM Auxiliary and Service Building Exhaust
AS analytical simulator òðåíàæåð äëÿ àíàëèçà Monitoring äîïîëíèòåëüíûé è ðåãëàìåíòèðîâàííûé
(íàïð. àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèé, ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñïû- òåõíè÷åñêèì îáñëóæèâàíèåì êîíòðîëü ðåñóðñà
òàíèé è äð.). ñòðîèòåëüíûõ êîíñòðóêöèé ÀÝÑ.
AS appraisal system ñèñòåìà îöåíêè (íàïð. êîí- asbr absorber 1) àáñîðáåð (óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ ïî-
ñòðóêöèè, ïðîåêòà, òåõíè÷åñêîé áåçîïàñíîñòè ãëîùåíèÿ âåùåñòâà èç ñìåñè ãàçîâ ñ ïîìîùüþ æèä-
è äð.). êîñòè âî âñåì îáúåìå àáñîðáåíòà); 2) ïîãëîòèòåëü
AS austenite steel àóñòåíèòíàÿ ñòàëü. (âåùåñòâî); 3) ïîãëîùàþùèé ñòåðæåíü (ñèñòåìû
AS automatic sprinkler àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé ðàçáðûç- óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); 4) ïî-
ãèâàòåëü. ãëîùàþùèé ôèëüòð.
AS automatical stabilization àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñòà- ASC advanced steam cycle óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí-
áèëèçàöèÿ (íàïð. íàïðÿæåíèÿ, ÷àñòîòû, ýëåêòðè- íûé ïàðîâîé èëè ïàðîñèëîâîé öèêë.
÷åñêîãî òîêà). ASC air staged combustion ñæèãàíèå òîïëèâà ñî
AS automatically stabilized ñ àâòîìàòè÷åñêîé ñòà- ñòóïåí÷àòîé ïîäà÷åé âîçäóõà, ñòóïåí÷àòîå ñæèãàíèå
áèëèçàöèåé (íàïð. íàïðÿæåíèÿ, ÷àñòîòû ýëåêòðè- (ïóòåì ñîçäàíèÿ ïåðâè÷íîé çîíû ñ íåäîñòàòêîì
÷åñêîãî òîêà è äð.). êèñëîðîäà è çîíû äîæèãàíèÿ ñ èçáûòêîì âîçäóõà;
AS auto sequential ñ àâòîìàòè÷åñêè çàäàííîé â çàâèñèìîñòè îò òîïëèâà è êîíñòðóêöèè êîòëà
ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòüþ (íàïð. âûïîëíåíèå êàêèõ-ë. îáðàçîâàíèå îêñèäîâ àçîòà ñíèæàåòñÿ íà 10–40%).
îïåðàöèé). ASC automatic selectivity control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ
AS auxiliary spray âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé âïðûñê ðåãóëèðîâêà èçáèðàòåëüíîñòè.
(íàïð. òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- ASC automatic sensitivity control àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ
òîðà). ðåãóëèðîâêà ÷óâñòâèòåëüíîñòè.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

ASCC — 40 — ASMS

ASCC Alaskan System Coordination Council Êîîð- ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigera-
äèíàöèîííûé Ñîâåò ýíåðãîñèñòåìû øòàòà Àëÿñêà tion and Air-Conditioning Engineers Àìåðèêàíñêîå îá-
(ÑØÀ). ùåñòâî èíæåíåðîâ ïî îòîïëåíèþ, îõëàæäåíèþ è
ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers Àìåðè- êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèþ âîçäóõà.
êàíñêîå îáùåñòâî èíæåíåðîâ-ñòðîèòåëåé. ASI adverse system interaction 1) íåàäåêâàòíîå
ASCI Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ñèñòåìû ñ ýëåìåíòàìè; 2) íåàäåê-
Ñòðàòåãè÷åñêàÿ èíèöèàòèâà óñêîðåííîé ðàçðàáîò- âàòíîå âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ñèñòåì.
êè ïðîãðàìì è ñðåäñòâ âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêè ASI axial shape index êîýôôèöèåíò îñåâîãî ðàñ-
(Ïðîãðàììà Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ). ïðåäåëåíèÿ (íàïð. ýíåðãîâûäåëåíèé â àêòèâíîé
ASCII American Standard Code for Information çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
Interchange Àìåðèêàíñêèé ñòàíäàðòíûé êîä äëÿ ASIS American Society for Industrial Security Àìå-
îáìåíà èíôîðìàöèåé. ðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ áåçîïàñíîñòè
ASCOT Assessment of Safety Culture in Organiza- â ïðîìûøëåííîñòè.
tions Team ãðóïïà îöåíêè êóëüòóðû áåçîïàñíîñòè ASIWPCA Association of State and Interstate
â ÿäåðíûõ îðãàíèçàöèÿõ (ÌÀÃÀÒÝ). Water Pollution Control Administrators Àññîöèàöèÿ
ASD adjustable speed drive ïðèâîä ñ ðåãóëèðóå- øòàòíûõ è ìåæøòàòíûõ àäìèíèñòðàòîðîâ ïî ïðîá-
ìîé ñêîðîñòüþ âðàùåíèÿ. ëåìàì îõðàíû âîäíûõ ðåñóðñîâ (ÑØÀ).
ASD alarm sequence display âèäåîãðàììà ïîñëå- ASL approved suppliers list ïåðå÷åíü óòâåðæäåí-
äîâàòåëüíîñòè ñîîáùåíèé (îïåðàòîðó). íûõ ïîñòàâùèêîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ (íàïð. ïðè ñîãëàñî-
ASD allowable stress design ðàñ÷åò äîïóñêàåìûõ âàíèè êîíòðàêòà).
íàïðÿæåíèé. ASLAB Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board
ASD antracene scintillation dosimeter àíòðàöåíî- Àïåëëÿöèîííàÿ êîìèññèÿ ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè
âûé ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûé äîçèìåòð. è ëèöåíçèðîâàíèþ (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëè-
ASD atmospheric steam dump 1) ñáðîñ ïàðà ïðè ðîâàíèþ, ÊßÐ ÑØÀ).
àòìîñôåðíîì äàâëåíèè; 2) ñáðîñ ïàðà â àòìîñôåðó. ASLABP Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel
ASDEX Axially Symmetric Divertor Experiment ýêñ- Êîìèññèÿ ñîâåòà ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè è ëèöåí-
ïåðèìåíòàëüíûé òîêàìàê ñ àêñèàëüíî-ñèììåòðè÷- çèðîâàíèþ (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ,
íûìè îòêëîíÿþùèìè ïåðåãîðîäêàìè, òîêàìàê ñ ÊßÐ ÑØÀ).
àêñèàëüíî-ñèììåòðè÷íûì äèâåðòîðîì (Èíñòèòóò ASLAP Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Panel
ôèçèêè ïëàçìû èì. Ìàêñà Ïëàíêà, Ãåðìàíèÿ). Ïàíåëü (ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ) ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíî-
ASE American Stock Exchange Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ ñòè è ëèöåíçèðîâàíèþ (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãó-
ôîíäîâàÿ áèðæà. ëèðîâàíèþ, ÊßÐ ÑØÀ).
ASEP accident sequence evaluation program ïðî- ASLB Atomic Safety and Licensing Advisory Board
ãðàììà àíàëèçà ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòè ñîáûòèé ïðè Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè
àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ. è ëèöåíçèðîâàíèþ (Êîìèññèè ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëèðî-
ASES American Solar Energy Society Àìåðèêàí- âàíèþ, ÊßÐ ÑØÀ).
ñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî ïðîáëåìàì ñîëíå÷íîé ýíåðãèè. AS/LNCFS air staging/low-NOx concentric firing
asf. and so forth è òàê äàëåå. system ñòóïåí÷àòûé ââîä âîçäóõà è ìàëîòîêñè÷íàÿ
ASFTS auxiliary systems functional test stand ñõåìà êîíöåíòðè÷åñêîãî ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà.
ñòåíä äëÿ èñïûòàíèÿ âñïîìîãàòåëüíûõ ñèñòåì íà ASM advanced servomanipulator óíèâåðñàëüíûé
ðàáîòîñïîñîáíîñòü. ñåðâîìàíèïóëÿòîð.
ASG auxiliary steam generator âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé ASM American Society for Metals Àìåðèêàíñêîå
[äîïîëíèòåëüíûé] ïàðîãåíåðàòîð. îáùåñòâî ìåòàëëîâåäåíèÿ.
asgd assigned 1) íàçíà÷åííûé; 2) ïðåäíàçíà- ASM algebraic stress model àëãåáðàè÷åñêàÿ
÷åííûé. ìîäåëü ìåõàíè÷åñêèõ íàïðÿæåíèé (íàïð. äëÿ ðàñ-
asgmt assignment 1) óñòàíîâëåíèå; 2) íàçíà÷å- ÷åòîâ è ïðîåêòèðîâàíèÿ òîïêè êîòëà ñ öèðêóëè-
íèå; 3) ðàñïðåäåëåíèå (ðåñóðñîâ); 4) çàäàíèå (íàïð. ðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
îáúåìà ðàáîò, çíà÷åíèé âåëè÷èí); 5) ïðèñâàèâàíèå; ASM anion selective membrane àíèîíîîáìåííàÿ
6) ïåðåóñòóïêà (íàïð. ëèöåíçèè, ïðàâ íà ðåçóëüòà- ìåìáðàíà.
òû ðàáîò è äð.); 7) ïðåäíàçíà÷åíèå. ASM auger scanning microscopy ðàñòðîâàÿ îæå-
ASGT asymmetric steam generator transient àñèì- ìèêðîñêîïèÿ.
ìåòðè÷íûé íåñòàöèîíàðíûé ðåæèì ðàáîòû ïàðî- ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ãåíåðàòîðà. Àìåðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî èíæåíåðîâ-ìåõàíèêîâ.
ASGTPTF asymmetric steam generator transient ASMS alarm and status management system ñèñ-
protective trip function ôóíêöèÿ îòêëþ÷åíèÿ ïî çàùè- òåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ ñîñòîÿíèåì îáîðóäîâàíèÿ ýëåê-
òå â àñèììåòðè÷íîì íåñòàöèîíàðíîì ðåæèìå ðàáî- òðîñòàíöèè è ñèãíàëèçàöèåé î íàðóøåíèÿõ ðåæè-
òû ïàðîãåíåðàòîðà. ìîâ ðàáîòû.
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ASNT — 41 — ASV

ASNT American Society for Non-Destructive Tes- ASSE American Society of Safety Engineers
ting Àìåðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî íå- Àìåðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî èíæåíåðîâ ïî òåõíèêå
ðàçðóøàþùèì ìåòîäàì èñïûòàíèé. áåçîïàñíîñòè.
ASNT Australian School of Nuclear Technology ASSESS analytic system and software for evalua-
Âûñøàÿ øêîëà ÿäåðíûõ òåõíîëîãèé Àâñòðàëèè. ting safeguards and security ñèñòåìà àíàëèçà è ïðî-
a.s.o. and so on è òàê äàëåå. ãðàììíîå îáåñïå÷åíèå äëÿ îöåíêè ãàðàíòèé è áåçî-
ASP accepted stores procedure ïðèíÿòàÿ ìåòî- ïàñíîñòè (õðàíåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà).
äèêà õðàíåíèÿ (íàïð. äîêóìåíòîâ, îòðàáîòàâøåãî ASSET assessment of safety significance event
ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà è äð.). team ãðóïïà ïî îöåíêå âàæíîñòè ñîáûòèÿ ñ òî÷êè
ASP accident sequence precursor ñîáûòèå-ïðåä- çðåíèÿ áåçîïàñíîñòè íà ÀÝÑ (â ðàìêàõ ãàðàíòèé
øåñòâåííèê àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ. ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
ASP administrative site procedure 1) îðãàíèçàöèÿ Assn association 1) àññîöèàöèÿ; 2) îáùåñòâî;
àäìèíèñòðàòèâíî-õîçÿéñòâåííîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè íà 3) îáúåäèíåíèå; 4) îðãàíèçàöèÿ.
ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ; 2) îðãàíèçàöèÿ ìåðîïðèÿòèé, ïðîâî- assn association çàâèñèìîñòü; ñâÿçü.
äèìûõ íà ÒÝÑ èëè ÀÝÑ â ñëó÷àå àâàðèè. ASSP acoustics, speech and signal processing
ASP auxiliary shutdown panel ðåçåðâíàÿ ïàíåëü ñèñòåìà îáðàáîòêè àêóñòè÷åñêèõ øóìîâ, ðàñïîçíà-
óïðàâëåíèÿ àâàðèéíûì îñòàíîâîì ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. âàíèÿ ðå÷è è ñèãíàëîâ (íà ÀÝÑ).
ASPE Advanced System for Process Engineering asst assistant 1) ïîìîùíèê; 2) ðåôåðåíò; 3) àñ-
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ðàçðàáîòêè òåõíî- ñèñòåíò.
ëîãè÷åñêèõ ïðîöåññîâ. asst assorted 1) ñîðòèðîâàííûé; 2) êëàññèôè-
ASPIS Activation and Spectrometers in Shields öèðîâàííûé.
óñòàíîâêà äëÿ àêòèâàöèîííîãî è ñïåêòðîìåòðè÷å- assy assembly 1) ñáîðêà; ìîíòàæ; 2) óçåë;
ñêîãî àíàëèçà ñî ñïåöèàëüíûìè çàùèòíûìè ýêðà- 3) êîìïîíîâêà; 4) òåïëîâûäåëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà ÿäåðíî-
íàìè (Öåíòð ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè â Óèíôðèòå, ãî ðåàêòîðà; 5) àãðåãàò; 6) óñòàíîâêà; 7) íàáîð; êîì-
Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). ïëåêò; 8) ñîâîêóïíîñòü; 9) ñõåìà; 10) êîíñòðóêöèÿ.
ASPRS American Society of Photogrammetry and AST advanced secondary treatment ãëóáîêàÿ âòî-
Remote Sensing Àìåðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî ïðîáëå- ðè÷íàÿ äîî÷èñòêà (ñòî÷íûõ âîä).
ìàì ôîòîãðàììåòðèè è äèñòàíöèîííîãî ñ÷èòûâà- AST Agency for Science and Technology Àãåíò-
íèÿ. ñòâî ïî íàóêå è òåõíèêå (ßïîíèÿ).
ASQC American Society for Quality Control Àìåðè- AST ammonia solution tank áàê ðàñòâîðà àììèà-
êàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî êîíòðîëþ êà÷åñòâà. êà (ñèñòåìû î÷èñòêè äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ íà ÒÝÑ).
ASQS American Society of Quality Specialists Àìå- ASTERISM archive for source term information
ðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî êîíòðîëþ êà- and systems models àðõèâ äàííûõ ïî èñòî÷íèêàì
÷åñòâà. ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè è ìîäåëÿì ñèñòåì.
ASR absorbing safety rod ïîãëîùàþùèé ñòåð- ASTI applied science and technology index óêàçà-
æåíü ñèñòåìû óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- òåëü ïî ïðèêëàäíûì íàóêàì è òåõíèêå (ÑØÀ).
òîðà. ASTM American Society for Testing Materials Àìå-
ASR automatic send and receive àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ ðèêàíñêîå îáùåñòâî ïî èñïûòàíèÿì ìàòåðèàëîâ.
ïåðåäà÷à è ïðèåì. ASTM American Standard Test Method Àìåðè-
ASR automatic speech recognition àâòîìàòè÷å- êàíñêèé ñòàíäàðòíûé ìåòîä ïðîâåäåíèÿ èñïûòà-
ñêîå ðàñïîçíàâàíèå ðå÷è (íàïð. â ñèñòåìå äîïóñêà íèÿ.
íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). ASTP accelerated service test program ïðîãðàì-
ASR auxiliary shutdown room ðåçåðâíûé ùèò ìà óñêîðåííûõ ýêñïëóàòàöèîííûõ èñïûòàíèé.
óïðàâëåíèÿ àâàðèéíîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ASTPO Accident Source Term Program Office
ASRS anion self-regenerating suppressor ïîäàâè- Óïðàâëåíèå ïî ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîãðàììû îïðåäåëå-
òåëü ñàìîðåãåíåðàöèè àíèîíèòà (íàïð. â èîíîîáìåí- íèÿ èñòî÷íèêîâ ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî âûáðîñà ïðè àâà-
íîì ôèëüòðå). ðèè íà ÀÝÑ.
ASS additional scram system äîïîëíèòåëüíàÿ ASTRAM Advisory Committee on the Safe Trans-
ñèñòåìà áûñòðîãî îñòàíîâà ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî port of Radioactive Material Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò
ðåàêòîðà. ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ áåçîïàñíîñòè ïðè òðàíñïîðòèðîâêå
ASS assistant shift supervisor ïîìîùíèê íà÷àëü- ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
íèêà ñìåíû (íà ÀÝÑ). ASU air separation unit âîçäóõîðàçäåëèòåëüíàÿ
ASS auxiliary steam system âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ ïà- óñòàíîâêà.
ðîâàÿ ñèñòåìà. ASV American Standard Version âàðèàíò ñòàí-
ASSC alternative safe shutdown capability ðåçåðâ- äàðòà ÑØÀ.
íàÿ âîçìîæíîñòü áåçîïàñíîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ASV automatic self-verification àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
ðåàêòîðà. ñàìîêîíòðîëü.
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ASW — 42 — ATL

ASW Association of Scientific Workers Àññîöèà- ATC advanced technology center öåíòð ðàçðàáîò-
öèÿ íàó÷íûõ ðàáîòíèêîâ (ÑØÀ). êè ïåðñïåêòèâíûõ [óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ] òåõíî-
AT acceptance tag ÿðëûê ïðèåìî÷íûõ èñïûòà- ëîãèé.
íèé. ATC advanced telerobotic control ìîäåðíèçèðî-
AT acceptance test ïðèåìî÷íîå èñïûòàíèå. âàííîå óïðàâëåíèå ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì òåëåðîáîòîâ.
AT accumulator tank 1) ãèäðîåìêîñòü (êîìïåí- ATC air to close çàïèðàþùèé âîçäóõ.
ñàòîðà äàâëåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); 2) áàê-íàêî- ATC anion trap column ôèëüòð äëÿ óëàâëèâàíèÿ
ïèòåëü. ïðîñêîêà àíèîíèòà (íàïð. ñèñòåìû âîäîïîäãîòîâ-
AT action time 1) ðàáî÷åå âðåìÿ, âðåìÿ ðàáîòû êè íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
(íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ); 2) âðåìÿ ñðàáàòûâàíèÿ (íàïð. ATC annual total cost îáùèå ãîäîâûå ðàñõîäû.
çàùèòû, ðåëå); 3) ñðîê äåéñòâèÿ (íàïð. êîíòðàêòà). ATC available transit capacity 1) ðàñïîëàãàåìàÿ
AT advanced treatment ãëóáîêàÿ äîî÷èñòêà (íàïð. òðàíçèòíàÿ ìîùíîñòü; 2) ðàñïîëàãàåìàÿ òðàíçèò-
ñòî÷íûõ âîä). íàÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü (íàïð. ËÝÏ, òðóáîïðîâîäà).
AT after treatment ïîñëå îáðàáîòêè. ATCS active thermal control system ñèñòåìà àê-
AT air temperature òåìïåðàòóðà âîçäóõà. òèâíîãî òåðìîðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ.
AT American terms Àìåðèêàíñêèå òåõíè÷åñêèå ATCS automatic train control system àâòîìàòè÷å-
óñëîâèÿ, òåõíè÷åñêèå óñëîâèÿ ÑØÀ. ñêàÿ ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ ïîñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòüþ îïå-
AT anticipated transients îæèäàåìûå ïåðåõîä- ðàöèè (íàïð. ïóñêà òóðáèí, ïåðåãðóçêè ÿäåðíîãî
íûå ðåæèìû (íàïð. ó÷èòûâàåìûå â ïðîåêòå ïðî- òîïëèâà íà ÀÝÑ).
öåññû, ïðîòåêàþùèå íà ÀÝÑ ïðè âïóñêå õîëîäíîé ATD advanced technology development ðàçðàáîò-
âîäû â àêòèâíóþ çîíó ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà, èçâëå÷å- êà ïåðñïåêòèâíîé òåõíîëîãèè.
íèè ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé èç àêòèâíîé çîíû, ATD American Table of Distances for Storage of
ïîâûøåíèè äàâëåíèÿ è äð.). Explosives Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ òàáëèöà áåçîïàñíûõ ðàñ-
AT apparent time èñòèííîå âðåìÿ. ñòîÿíèé äëÿ õðàíåíèÿ âçðûâ÷àòûõ âåùåñòâ.
AT assessment team ãðóïïà ýêñïåðòîâ ïî îöåí- ATD average temperature difference ñðåäíÿÿ ðàç-
êå (íàïð. ïðîåêòà, ðåçóëüòàòîâ ðàáîòû, èçìåðå- íîñòü òåìïåðàòóð, ñðåäíèé ïåðåïàä òåìïåðàòóð.
íèé è äð.). ATDM asynchronous time division multiplexing
AT attemperation water âîäà, èñïîëüçóåìàÿ äëÿ àñèíõðîííîå ìóëüòèïëåêñèðîâàíèå ñ ðàçäåëåíèåì
ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ òåìïåðàòóðû ïàðà. âðåìåíè.
AT auxiliary transformer òðàíñôîðìàòîð ñîáñò- ATE automatic test equipment àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå
âåííûõ íóæä (ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). èñïûòàòåëüíîå îáîðóäîâàíèå.
at atmosphere 1) àòìîñôåðà; 2) ñðåäà. ATF Accelerator Test Facility óñòàíîâêà ñ èññëå-
A/T action time ñì. AT. äîâàòåëüñêèì óñêîðèòåëåì ÷àñòèö (Áðóêõåéâåí-
A&T assembly and test ñáîðêà è èñïûòàíèÿ. ñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ).
A&TP assembly and test pit øàõòà äëÿ ïðîâåäå- ATF acceptance test facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ ïðî-
íèÿ ñáîðêè è èñïûòàíèé (ýëåìåíòîâ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- âåäåíèÿ ïðèåìî÷íûõ èñïûòàíèé.
òîðà). ATF Advanced Toroidal Facility ñòåëëàðàòîð-òîð-
ATA advanced test accelerator óñîâåðøåíñòâî- ñàòðîí (Îóê-Ðèäæñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ,
âàííûé èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé óñêîðèòåëü ÷àñòèö. ÑØÀ).
ATA Advanced Test Accelerator óñîâåðøåíñòâî- ATH artificial time history èñêóññòâåííûé ãðàôèê
âàííûé óñêîðèòåëü ÷àñòèö (Íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðà- èçìåíåíèÿ ïðîöåññà âî âðåìåíè (íàïð. äëÿ ïðîâåäå-
òîðèÿ èì. Ëîóðåíñà â Ëèâåðìîðå, ÑØÀ). íèÿ èñûòàíèé).
ATAF advanced test accelerator facility óñòàíîâêà ATHEANA a technique for human event analysis
ñ óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûì èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèì óñêî- ìåòîä àíàëèçà ñîáûòèÿ, ñâÿçàííîãî ñ ÷åëîâå÷åñêèì
ðèòåëåì ÷àñòèö. ôàêòîðîì.
ATBF average time between failures ñðåäíåå âðå- ATHOS analysis of thermal-hydraulics of steam
ìÿ íàðàáîòêè íà îòêàç. generators àíàëèç õàðàêòåðèñòèê òåðìîãèäðàâëè-
ATBM average time between maintenance ñðåä- ÷åñêèõ ïàðîãåíåðàòîðîâ.
íèé ìåæðåìîíòíûé ïåðèîä. ATIG Alternative Technology Information Group
ATC adiabatic toroidal compressor àäèàáàòíûé Èíôîðìàöèîííàÿ ãðóïïà ïî àëüòåðíàòèâíûì ýíåð-
òîðîèäàëüíûé êîìïðåññîð. ãåòè÷åñêèì òåõíîëîãèÿì (Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãå-
ATC advanced technical ceramics óñîâåðøåíñò- òèêè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè).
âîâàííûå êåðàìè÷åñêèå ìàòåðèàëû äëÿ òåõíè÷å- ATIS automatic terminal information service ñèñ-
ñêèõ öåëåé (íàïð. èñïîëüçóþòñÿ äëÿ êîìïîíåíòîâ òåìà èíôîðìàöèîííîãî îáåñïå÷åíèÿ ÷åðåç òåðìè-
è çàùèòíûõ ïîêðûòèé ëîïàòîê òóðáèí, ýëåìåí- íàëû.
òîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà ñ ãðàôèòî- ATL ambient temperature limits ïðåäåëû ïî îêðó-
âûì çàìåäëèòåëåì è äð.). æàþùåé òåìïåðàòóðå (íàïð. â ìàøçàëå ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
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ATLAS — 43 — ATWS-RPT

ATLAS advanced test loop and simulator óñîâåð- ATRS assembly test recording system 1) ñèñòåìà
øåíñòâîâàííàÿ èñïûòàòåëüíàÿ ïåòëÿ öèðêóëÿöè- ðåãèñòðàöèè ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñïûòàíèé òåïëîâûäåëÿþ-
îííîãî êîíòóðà è èìèòàòîð ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ùåé ñáîðêè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà; 2) ñèñòåìà ðåãèñòðà-
ATLAS Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator Sys- öèè ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñïûòàíèé èçäåëèÿ â ñáîðå.
tem òàíäåìíûé ëèíåéíûé óñêîðèòåëü òÿæåëûõ ATS advanced tubesheet sleeve óñîâåðøåíñòâî-
èîíîâ Àðãîííñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè âàííàÿ ãèëüçà äëÿ òðóáíîé äîñêè (íàïð. ïàðîãåíåðà-
ÑØÀ. òîðà).
atm atmosphere 1) àòìîñôåðà; 2) ñðåäà. ATS advanced turbine systems ïåðñïåêòèâíûå
ATO authority to operate îïåðàòèâíûé óïîëíî- òóðáèííûå óñòàíîâêè.
ìî÷åííûé. ATS air turbine starter âîçäóøíûé òóðáîñòàðòåð.
ATOC analyzer of total organic carbon àíàëèçàòîð ATS allowance tracking system ñèñòåìà âûäà÷è,
îáùåãî ñîäåðæàíèÿ îðãàíè÷åñêîãî óãëåðîäà. ðåãèñòðàöèè è îòñëåæèâàíèÿ ðàçðåøåíèé, âûäà-
ATOG abnormal transient operating guidelines âàåìûõ Àãåíòñòâîì ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû
ðóêîâîäñòâî ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè ÀÝÑ â ïåðåõîäíîì ÑØÀ íà âûáðîñ äèîêñèäà ñåðû.
ðåæèìå, íå ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåì óñòàíîâëåííûì íîð- ATS automated test system 1) àâòîìàòèçèðîâàí-
ìàì. íàÿ ñèñòåìà èñïûòàíèé; 2) àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ
ATOG anticipated transient operating guideline èñïûòàòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà.
ðóêîâîäñòâî ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè ÀÝÑ â îæèäàåìîì ATS automated troubleshooting system àâòîìàòè-
ïåðåõîäíîì ðåæèìå. çèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà äèàãíîñòèêè.
ATP acceptance test plan ïëàí ïðîâåäåíèÿ ïðè- ATS automatic transfer system ñèñòåìà àâòîìà-
åìî÷íûõ èñïûòàíèé. òè÷åñêîé ïåðåäà÷è (íàïð. äàííûõ, ñîîáùåíèé è äð.).
ATP acceptance test procedure ìåòîäèêà ïðîâå- ATSP Advanced Turbine Systems Program Ïðî-
äåíèÿ ïðèåìî÷íûõ èñïûòàíèé. ãðàììà ñîçäàíèÿ ïåðñïåêòèâíûõ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ
ATP acceptance test program ïðîãðàììà ïðîâå- ãàçîòóðáèííûõ è ïàðîãàçîâûõ óñòàíîâîê (ÑØÀ).
äåíèÿ ïðèåìî÷íûõ èñïûòàíèé. ATSR Argonne Thermal Source Reactor ÿäåðíûé
ATP authorization to proceed ñàíêöèîíèðîâàíèå ðåàêòîð-èñòî÷íèê òåïëîâûõ íåéòðîíîâ Àðãîííñêîé
äåéñòâèé (íàïð. â àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèÿõ íà ÀÝÑ, íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ).
â ñëó÷àå ñòèõèéíûõ áåäñòâèé è äð.). ATT automatic test tool ïðîãðàììíîå ñðåäñòâî
ATP authorized test procedure óòâåðæäåííàÿ àâòîìàòè÷åñêîãî òåñòèðîâàíèÿ.
ìåòîäèêà ïðîâåäåíèÿ èñïûòàíèé. ATT automatic turbine tester àâòîìàòèçèðîâàí-
ATR advanced test reactor óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí- íûé êîìïëåêñ äëÿ èñïûòàíèÿ òóðáèíû.
íûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ èñïûòàíèé, attd attached 1) ïðèêðåïëåííûé; 2) ïðèëàãàå-
èñïûòàòåëüíûé óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ÿäåðíûé ðå- ìûé (î äîêóìåíòàöèè).
àêòîð. attemp attemperator 1) ïàðîîõëàäèòåëü; 2) ðå-
ATR advanced thermal reactor óñîâåðøåíñòâî- ãóëÿòîð òåìïåðàòóðû, òåðìîðåãóëÿòîð.
âàííûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð íà òåïëîâûõ íåéòðîíàõ. ATTU ATWS [anticipated transient without scram]
ATR annual total revenue îáùèé ãîäîâîé äîõîä automatic transmitter trip unit áëîê îòêëþ÷åíèÿ äàò÷è-
ïðåäïðèÿòèÿ. êà â óñëîâèÿõ îæèäàåìûõ [ïðîãíîçèðóåìûõ] ïåðå-
ATR assembly test recording 1) ðåãèñòðàöèÿ õîäíûõ ðåæèìîâ áåç àâàðèéíîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî
ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñïûòàíèé òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåé ñáîðêè ðåàêòîðà.
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà; 2) ðåãèñòðàöèÿ ðåçóëüòàòîâ èñ- Atty attorney àäâîêàò, ïîâåðåííûé.
ïûòàíèé èçäåëèÿ â ñáîðå. Atty Gen. Attorney General ìèíèñòð þñòèöèè.
ATR automatic test equipment àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå ATV all-terrain vehicle âåçäåõîä.
èñïûòàòåëüíîå îáîðóäîâàíèå. ATW Accelerator for Transmutation of Waste óñêî-
ATRAM adiabatic tubular reactor with axial mixing ðèòåëü äëÿ òðàíñìóòàöèè ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ
àäèàáàòè÷åñêèé òðóá÷àòûé ðåàêòîð ñ ïåðåìåøèâà- (Ëîñ-Àëàìîññêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ).
íèåì ñðåäû â ïðîäîëüíîì íàïðàâëåíèè. ATW accelerator transmutation of nuclear waste
ATRC Advanced Test Reactor Critical (Facility) òðàíñìóòàöèÿ ÿäåðíûõ îòõîäîâ ñ ïîìîùüþ óñêîðè-
óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííàÿ êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñáîðêà (Àéäàõ- òåëÿ.
ñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ òåõíè÷åñêàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ATWS anticipated transients without scram îæè-
ÑØÀ). äàåìûå [ïðîãíîçèðóåìûå] ïåðåõîäíûå ðåæèìû áåç
ATRC Advanced Training and Readiness Center àâàðèéíîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
Öåíòð ïîâûøåíèÿ êâàëèôèêàöèè è ïîäãîòîâêè ATWS-RPT anticipated transient without scram —
ïåðñîíàëà ÀÝÑ (ÑØÀ). recirculation pump trip îòêëþ÷åíèå ðåöèðêóëÿöèîí-
ATRCE advanced test reactor critical experiment íîãî íàñîñà â óñëîâèÿõ îæèäàåìûõ [ïðîãíîçèðóå-
êðèòè÷åñêèé ýêñïåðèìåíò íà óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí- ìûõ] ïåðåõîäíûõ ðåæèìîâ áåç àâàðèéíîãî îñòàíîâà
íîì èñïûòàòåëüíîì ÿäåðíîì ðåàêòîðå. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
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ATWT — 44 — AWC

ATWT anticipated transients without trip îæèäàå- AVDS automatic vacuum deposition system àâòî-
ìûå [ïðîãíîçèðóåìûå] ïåðåõîäíûå ðåæèìû áåç ìàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà òåðìîâàêóóìíîãî îñàæäåíèÿ.
àâàðèéíîãî îòêëþ÷åíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. avg average 1) ñðåäíåå çíà÷åíèå; 2) ñðåäíèé;
AU angström unit àíãñòðåì, Å, 10–10 ì. óñðåäíåííûé; 3) óñðåäíÿòü.
AU auxiliary unit âñïîìîãàòåëüíàÿ óñòàíîâêà. AVI adjustable voltage inverter ðåãóëèðóåìûé
a.u. arbitrary units ïðîèçâîëüíûå åäèíèöû (èç- èíâåðòîð íàïðÿæåíèÿ.
ìåðåíèÿ). AVLIS atomic vapor laser isotope separation ðàç-
a.u. atomic unit àòîìíàÿ åäèíèöà, ÀÅ. äåëåíèå èçîòîïîâ âûïàðèâàíèåì ñ ïîìîùüþ ëàçå-
AUC ammonium-uranyl-carbonate àììîíèé-óðàíèë- ðîâ.
êàðáîíàò [óðàíèë êàðáîíàòà àììîíèÿ] (íàïð. èñïîëü- AVMDS automated vibration monitoring and diag-
çóåòñÿ äëÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà). nostic system àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà êîíòðî-
AUDIT automatic unattended detection inspection ëÿ è äèàãíîñòèêè âèáðàöèè (íàïð. âðàùàþùèõñÿ
transmitter àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé äàò÷èê äëÿ îáñëåäîâà- ýëåìåíòîâ óãëåðàçìîëüíîé ìåëüíèöû, ðîòîðà òóð-
íèÿ ïîìåùåíèé ÀÝÑ. áèíû è äð.).
AUEA auxiliary utility equipment area çîíà ðàçìå- AVR automatic voltage regulator àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé
ùåíèÿ âñïîìîãàòåëüíîãî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáîðóäî- ðåãóëÿòîð íàïðÿæåíèÿ, ÀÐÍ.
âàíèÿ (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). AVR automatic volume recognition àâòîìàòè÷å-
aug augmentation 1) óâåëè÷åíèå; 2) ïðèðîñò; ñêîå ðàñïîçíàâàíèå ðå÷è (íàïð. â ñèñòåìå äîñòóïà
3) èíòåíñèôèêàöèÿ (íàïð. òåïëîîáìåíà). íà ñïåöèàëüíûå îáúåêòû).
AUO auxiliary unit operator ïîìîùíèê îïåðàòîðà AVSS automated vendor selection system àâòî-
ýíåðãîáëîêà (íà ÀÝÑ). ìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà âûáîðà ôèðìû-ïîñòàâ-
AUP automatic underfrequency protection àâòî- ùèêà.
ìàòè÷åñêàÿ çàùèòà îò ïîíèæåíèÿ ÷àñòîòû, àâòî- AVT all-volatile treatment 1) îáðàáîòêà òåïëîíî-
ìàòè÷åñêîå îãðàíè÷åíèå ñíèæåíèÿ ÷àñòîòû. ñèòåëÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà ââåäåíèåì ñïåöèàëüíûõ
AUP automatic undervolatge protection àâòîìàòè- ëåòó÷èõ äîáàâîê; 2) ãèäðàçèí-àììèà÷íûé âîäíî-
÷åñêàÿ çàùèòà îò ïîíèæåíèÿ íàïðÿæåíèÿ, àâòîìà- õèìè÷åñêèé ðåæèì (â ñèñòåìå âîäîïîäãîòîâêè íà
òè÷åñêîå îãðàíè÷åíèå ñíèæåíèÿ íàïðÿæåíèÿ. ÒÝÑ).
AUPuC ammonium-uranyl-plutonyl carbonate àì- AVT(O) all-volatile treatment (oxidizing) ãèäðà-
ìîíèé-óðàíèë-ïëóòîíèë-êàðáîíàò, ñïîñîá ïîëó÷å- çèí-àììèà÷íûé (îêèñëèòåëüíûé) âîäíî-õèìè÷å-
íèÿ ïîðîøêà (U,Pu)O2 èç àììîíèé-óðàíèë-ïëóòî- ñêèé ðåæèì.
íèë-êàðáîíàòà (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ äëÿ èçãîòîâ- AVT-to-OT [all-volatile treatment to oxygen treat-
ëåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà). ment] ïåðåõîä îò ãèäðàçèí-àììèà÷íîãî ê êèñëîðîä-
aut automatic àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé. íîìó âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêîìó ðåæèìó.
AUTOSEP automated ion-exchange system for AVT(R) all-volatile treatment (reducing) ãèäðà-
rapid separation of plutonium from impurities àâòîìàòè- çèí-àììèà÷íûé (âîññòàíîâèòåëüíûé) âîäíî-õèìè-
çèðîâàííàÿ èîíîîáìåííàÿ óñòàíîâêà äëÿ áûñòðîãî ÷åñêèé ðåæèì.
îòäåëåíèÿ ïëóòîíèÿ îò ïðèìåñåé. AVV atmospheric vent valve êëàïàí ñáðîñà ñðå-
aux auxiliaries 1) âñïîìîãàòåëüíîå îáîðóäîâà- äû â àòìîñôåðó.
íèå; 2) ñîáñòâåííûå íóæäû (ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). AW acid waste êèñëûå ñòîêè.
aux. auxiliary 1) âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé ìåõàíèçì; AW actual weight èñòèííûé âåñ.
2) ïîìîùíèê; 3) âñïîìîãàòåëüíûé. AW adjourn workshop çàâåðøåíèå ðàáîòû ñåìè-
AV annular velocity ñêîðîñòü ïîòîêà â êîëüöå- íàðà.
âîì çàçîðå. AW, a.w. atomic weight àòîìíûé âåñ.
av atomic volume àòîìíûé îáúåì. a/w actual weight èñòèííûé âåñ, ôàêòè÷åñêèé
av availability 1) ãîòîâíîñòü (ïåðèîä âðåìåíè, âåñ.
â òå÷åíèå êîòîðîãî ñèñòåìà ñïîñîáíà âûïîëíÿòü AWBA Advanced Water Breeder Applications Pro-
ïðåäíàçíà÷åííûå ôóíêöèè); 2) êîýôôèöèåíò ãîòîâ- gram Ïðîãðàììà ðàçðàáîòêè óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííîãî
íîñòè; 3) ðàáîòîñïîñîáíîñòü; 4) ïðèãîäíîñòü; 5) íà- ëåãêîâîäíîãî ðåàêòîðà-ðàçìíîæèòåëÿ (Ëàáîðàòî-
ëè÷èå; 6) äîñòóïíîñòü. ðèÿ ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãåòèêè Áåòòèñà, ÑØÀ).
av average 1) ñðåäíåå çíà÷åíèå; 2) ñðåäíèé; AWC absolute worst case àáñîëþòíî íàèõóäøèé
óñðåäíåííûé; 3) óñðåäíÿòü. ñëó÷àé (íàïð. ïðè ðàñ÷åòå àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèé).
AVB anti-vibration bar àíòèâèáðàöèîííûé ñòåð- AVWC all-volatile water chemistry ãèäðàçèí-àì-
æåíü. ìèà÷íûé âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêèé ðåæèì.
AVC automatic voltage control àâòîìàòè÷åñêîå AWC alternative water chemistry àëüòåðíàòèâíûé
ðåãóëèðîâàíèå íàïðÿæåíèÿ. âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêèé ðåæèì.
AVDR axial velocity-density ratio îòíîøåíèå ñêî- AWC available water capacity 1) çàïàñ äîñòóïíîé
ðîñòè îñåâîãî ïîòîêà ê ïëîòíîñòè. âëàãè; 2) ïîëåçíàÿ âëàãîåìêîñòü.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

AWCC — 45 — BA

AWCC active well coincidence counter (íåéòðîí- AZEP advanced zero emission program/project
íûé) àêòèâíûé êîëîäåçíûé ñ÷åò÷èê ñîâïàäåíèé ïðîãðàììà èëè ïðîåêò ïî óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûì
(ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì èçîòîïíîãî èñòî÷íèêà). ìåòîäàì ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà ñ íóëåâûìè âûáðîñàìè.
AWD adjoint-weighted detector ñîïðÿæåííî-âçâå- AZS automatic zero set àâòîìàòè÷åñêàÿ óñòàíîâ-
øåííûé äåòåêòîð (íàïð. äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ ïëîòíî- êà íóëÿ.
ñòè ïîòîêà ÷àñòèö ïî íàâåäåííîé â ïîëå èçëó÷åíèÿ
ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè, øóìîâ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà è äð.).
AWG American Wire Gage Àìåðèêàíñêèé ñîðòà-
ìåíò ïðîâîäîâ.
AWM air and waste management îáðàùåíèå ñ îò-
B
õîäàìè è çàùèòà âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû. B arbitrary dimension ïðîèçâîëüíàÿ ðàçìåðíîñòü.
AWMA Air & Waste Management Association B bandwidth 1) øèðèíà ïîëîñû ÷àñòîò; 2) øè-
Àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì îáðàùåíèÿ ñ îòõîäàìè è ðèíà ñïåêòðà ñèãíàëà.
çàùèòû âîçäóøíîé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ). B bar áàð (åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ äàâëåíèÿ, 105
AWP actual working pressure äåéñòâèòåëüíîå Í/ì2).
ðàáî÷åå äàâëåíèå. B barometric pressure áàðîìåòðè÷åñêîå äàâëå-
AWP automatic withdrawal prohibit çàïðåò íà àâ- íèå.
òîìàòè÷åñêîå èçâëå÷åíèå ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé B beam 1) áàëêà; 2) ïåðåêëàäèíà; 3) áàëàíñèð;
èç àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. 4) ïó÷îê, ëó÷.
a.w.p. actual working pressure èñòèííîå ðàáî÷åå B bit áèò.
äàâëåíèå. B boiler êîòåë.
AWPS active water purification station ñòàíöèÿ ïî B boron áîð (íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â ñèñòåìå áîð-
î÷èñòêå çàðàæåííîé âîäû. íîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AWRA American Water Resources Association B coefficient depended on fuel êîýôôèöèåíò, çà-
Àìåðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî âîäíûì ðåñóðñàì. âèñÿùèé îò òîïëèâà.
AWRC Australian Water Resources Council Ñîâåò B ratio of throat diameter to pipe diameter îòíîøå-
ïî âîäíûì ðåñóðñàì Àâñòðàëèè. íèå äèàìåòðà ïðîõîäíîãî ñå÷åíèÿ ê äèàìåòðó òðó-
AWRE Atomic Weapons Research Establishment áû èëè òðóáîïðîâîäà.
Íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð ïî ðàçðàáîòêå B bulletin áþëëåòåíü, ñâîäêà.
ÿäåðíîãî îðóæèÿ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). B magnetic induction ìàãíèòíàÿ èíäóêöèÿ.
AWS American Welding Society Àìåðèêàíñêîå B buckling 1) ìàò. ëàïëàñèàí, îïåðàòîð Ëàïëà-
îáùåñòâî ïî ïðîáëåìàì ñâàðêè. ñà; 2) ïåðåêàøèâàíèå; 3) ïðîãèá; 4) ïðîäîëüíûé
AWSF alpha waste storage facility õðàíèëèùå èçãèá.
îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà, ñîäåðæàùåãî àëü- B2 buckling ëàïëàñèàí.
ôà-÷àñòèöû. B2g geometric buckling ãåîìåòðè÷åñêèé ëàïëà-
AWT adiabatic wall temperature àäèàáàòè÷åñêàÿ ñèàí (ïàðàìåòð, õàðàêòåðèçóþùèé ãåîìåòðèþ àê-
òåìïåðàòóðà ñòåíêè. òèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AWT advanced waste treatment ïåðñïåêòèâíàÿ B2m material buckling ìàòåðèàëüíûé ëàïëàñèàí
òåõíîëîãèÿ ïåðåðàáîòêè îòõîäîâ (íàïð. ïðîèçâîäñòâ (ïàðàìåòð, õàðàêòåðèçóþùèé ñîñòàâ è ñòðóêòó-
ñ ÿäåðíûì òîïëèâíûì öèêëîì). ðó àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
AWT advanced wastewater treatment ãëóáîêàÿ Bu moisture fraction äîëÿ âëàãè.
äîî÷èñòêà ñòî÷íûõ âîä. b barn áàðí (âíåñèñòåìíàÿ åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ
AWT advanced wind turbine óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàí- ñå÷åíèé ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêöèé).
íàÿ âåòðîòóðáèíà. BA battery 1) àêêóìóëÿòîð; àêêóìóëÿòîðíàÿ
AWT alkaline water treatment ùåëî÷íîé âîäíî- áàòàðåÿ; 2) ãðóïïà óñòðîéñòâ; 3) êîìïëåêò.
õèìè÷åñêèé ðåæèì (íàïð. âåëè÷èíà pH êîíäåíñà- BA beam axis îñü ëó÷à èëè ïó÷êà.
òà òóðáèíû íå ïðåâûøàåò 9,3). BA bell alarm ñèãíàë òðåâîãè, àâàðèéíàÿ ñèãíà-
AWTF Aging Waste Tank Farm õðàíèëèùå îòðà- ëèçàöèÿ.
áîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà (ÑØÀ). BA bottom ash òîïî÷íàÿ çîëà (ïûëåóãîëüíîãî
AWU atomic weight unit åäèíèöà àòîìíîé ìàññû. êîòëà).
AWWA American Water Works Association Àìå- BA burnable absorber âûãîðàþùèé ïîãëîòè-
ðèêàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì âîäîñíàáæå- òåëü (ïîãëîùàþùèé íåéòðîíû ìàòåðèàë, èñïîëü-
íèÿ. çóåìûé äëÿ ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ðåàêòèâíîñòè ÿäåðíî-
AWWA Australian Water and Wastewater Associa- ãî ðåàêòîðà).
tion Àññîöèàöèÿ Àâñòðàëèè ïî ïðîáëåìàì âîäû è BA bus address àäðåñ øèíû.
î÷èñòêå ñòî÷íûõ âîä. BA business activities ïðåäïðèíèìàòåëüñêàÿ
ax axis îñü. äåÿòåëüíîñòü.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BA — 46 — BATEA

BA byte address àäðåñ áàéòà. íî ìåíÿþùåìñÿ ÿâëåíèè); 9) ýëåêòðè÷åñêèé ìîñò;


B/A basic acid ratio ñîîòíîøåíèå îñíîâíûõ è 10) óðàâíîâåøèâàòü, ïðèâîäèòü â ðàâíîâåñèå;
êèñëîòíûõ êîìïîíåíòîâ (íàïð. â ìèíåðàëüíîé ÷àñ- 11) áàëàíñèðîâàòü; 12) âçâåøèâàòü; 13) ïîäûòîæè-
òè óãëÿ). âàòü; 14) íåéòðàëèçîâàòü; 15) óäîâëåòâîðÿòü (íàïð.
B/A budget authority áþäæåòíî-ôèíàíñîâîå ïîòðåáíîñòü â ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè è òåïëå); 16) ïðî-
óïðàâëåíèå. òèâîïîñòàâëÿòü.
Ba Baharah number ÷èñëî Áàõàðàõà (õàðàêòå- BAMT boric acid mixing tank áàê äëÿ ïîäãîòîâêè
ðèçóåò ñîäåðæàíèå ñàæè â âûáðîñàõ äûìîâûõ ãà- ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîðíîãî ðåãóëè-
çîâ ÒÝÑ). ðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
BAAS British Association for the Advancement of BAP branch arm piping òðóáîïðîâîä ñ îòâåòâëå-
Science Áðèòàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ñîäåéñòâèÿ ðàçâè- íèåì.
òèþ íàóêè. BAPE branch arm piping enclosure îãðàæäåíèå
BABT boric acid batching tank áàê ïðèãîòîâëå- òðóáîïðîâîäà ñ îòâåòâëåíèåì.
íèÿ ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû óïðàâëå- BAPL base assembly parts list ïåðå÷åíü îñíîâ-
íèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). íûõ óçëîâ (êîíñòðóêöèè).
BAC binary analog conversion ïðåîáðàçîâàíèå èç BAPL Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory Ëàáîðàòî-
äâîè÷íîé ôîðìû â àíàëîãîâóþ. ðèÿ Áåòòèñà ïî ïðîáëåìàì ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè (ÑØÀ).
BAC biological activated carbon áèîëîãè÷åñêè BAPMoN Background Air Pollution Monitoring Net-
àêòèâèðîâàííûé óãîëü. work ñåòü ñòàíöèé ìîíèòîðèíãà ôîíîâîãî çàãðÿçíå-
BAC boiler as calorimeter ìåòîä îïðåäåëåíèÿ íèÿ àòìîñôåðû.
ÊÏÄ êîòëà è ñâîéñòâ òîïëèâà ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì BAPS baseline air-pollution station áàçèñíàÿ ñòàí-
êîòëà â êà÷åñòâå êàëîðèìåòðà. öèÿ èçìåðåíèÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ âîçäóõà.
BAC boric acid concentrator óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ ïðè- bar barometer áàðîìåòð.
ãîòîâëåíèÿ ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîð- bar barometric áàðîìåòðè÷åñêèé (î äàâëåíèè).
íîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). bar barrel 1) âòóëêà; 2) ãèëüçà; 3) öèëèíäð âû-
BAC bus accessory compartment âñïîìîãàòåëü- ñîêîãî äàâëåíèÿ ïàðîâîé òóðáèíû, âûïîëíåííûé
íûé øèííûé îòñåê (íàïð. ðàñïðåäåëèòåëüíîãî áåç ãîðèçîíòàëüíîãî ðàçúåìà; 4) âòóëêà íàñîñà;
óñòðîéñòâà, ÐÓ). 5) áàðàáàí ëåáåäêè; 6) áàðàáàí; áî÷êà; 7) öèëèíäð;
BACM best available control measure íàèëó÷øèé 8) îáå÷àéêà; 9) áàððåëü.
èìåþùèéñÿ ñïîñîá êîíòðîëÿ èëè óïðàâëåíèÿ. barr barrier 1) áàðüåð; 2) ýêðàí; ïåðåãîðîäêà;
BACT best available control technology íàèëó÷- 3) ïîìåõà; ïðåïÿòñòâèå.
øàÿ èç èìåþùèõñÿ òåõíîëîãèé êîíòðîëÿ. BART best available retrofit technology íàèëó÷-
BAEA British Atomic Energy Authority Áðèòàíñêîå øàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèÿ ñóùåñòâóþ-
óïðàâëåíèå ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè. ùèõ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ óñòàíîâîê ñ ó÷åòîì óñòàíîâ-
BAERE British Atomic Energy Research Establish- ëåííûõ íîðì âûáðîñîâ (íàïð. ïðèìåíåíèå íîâûõ
ment Áðèòàíñêèé íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð òåõíîëîãèé ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà, î÷èñòêè äûìî-
ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè. âûõ ãàçîâ, óñòàíîâêà áîëåå âûñîêèõ äûìîâûõ
BAF bioaccumulation factor êîýôôèöèåíò áèî- òðóá è äð.).
íàêîïëåíèÿ (íàïð. ðàçëè÷íûõ âåùåñòâ, âêëþ÷àÿ BAST boric acid storage tank áàê-õðàíèëèùå
ðàäèîàêòèâíûå, â òêàíÿõ îðãàíèçìà). ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (â ñèñòåìå áîðíîãî ðåãó-
BAF biological aerated filter âåíòèëèðóåìûé áèî- ëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ëîãè÷åñêèé ôèëüòð. BAT backup auxiliary transformer ðåçåðâíûé
BAF bottom of active fuel íèæíÿÿ ÷àñòü àêòèâ- òðàíñôîðìàòîð ñîáñòâåííûõ íóæä ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè.
íîãî òîïëèâà òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà ÿäåðíî- BAT best available technology íàèëó÷øàÿ èç
ãî ðåàêòîðà. èìåþùèõñÿ òåõíîëîãèé.
BAG bottom ash granulator íèæíèé ãðàíóëÿòîð BAT boric acid transfer òðàíñïîðò áîðíîé êèñëî-
çîëû (ðàçðåæåííûé ïó÷îê ýêðàííûõ òðóá, ðàñïîëî- òû (â ñèñòåìó áîðíîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðå-
æåííûé â ïîäîâîé ÷àñòè òîïî÷íîé êàìåðû íàä øëà- àêòîðà).
êîâîé âîðîíêîé è ïðåäíàçíà÷åííûé äëÿ ãðàíóëèðîâà- BAT boric acid treatment îáðàáîòêà ñ èñïîëüçî-
íèÿ øëàêà, îáðàçóþùåãîñÿ ïðè ñãîðàíèè òîïëèâà). âàíèåì áîðíîé êèñëîòû.
BAL bottom ash losses ïîòåðè ñî øëàêîì, ïîòå- BAT bottom ash temperature òåìïåðàòóðà òîïî÷-
ðè ñ òîïî÷íîé çîëîé. íîé çîëû (ïûëåóãîëüíîãî êîòëà).
bal balance 1) ðàâíîâåñèå; ñîñòîÿíèå ðàâíîâå- bat battery 1) àêêóìóëÿòîð; àêêóìóëÿòîðíàÿ
ñèÿ; 2) êîìïåíñèðîâàòü; 2) áàëàíñèðîâêà; 3) âåñû; áàòàðåÿ; 2) ãðóïïà óñòðîéñòâ; 3) êîìïëåêò.
4) èòîã; 5) îñòàòîê, ðàçíîñòü; 6) ïðîòèâîâåñ; 7) ñèì- BATEA best available technology economically
ìåòðèÿ; 8) áàëàíñ (ñèñòåìà ïîêàçàòåëåé, õàðàêòå- achievable ýêîíîìè÷åñêè ðåàëèçóåìàÿ íàèëó÷øàÿ
ðèçóþùèõ ñîîòíîøåíèå èëè ðàâíîâåñèå â ïîñòîÿí- èç èìåþùèõñÿ òåõíîëîãèé.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BAWTR — 47 — BCC

BAWTR Babcock & Wilcox Nuclear Development BBRR Brookhaven Beam Research Reactor èññëå-
Center Test Reactor èñïûòàòåëüíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàê- äîâàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ âûâîäèìûìè ïó÷-
òîð öåíòðà ÿäåðíûõ ðàçðàáîòîê ôèðìû «Áýáêîê ýíä êàìè íåéòðîíîâ Áðóêõåéâåíñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé
Âèëêîêñ». ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ).
BB back balance ïðîòèâîâåñ. BBS battery backup system ðåçåðâíàÿ ñèñòåìà
BB backbone 1) îñíîâà, ñóòü; 2) ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ ýíåðãîïèòàíèÿ íà áàçå àêêóìóëÿòîðíûõ áàòàðåé.
ëèíèÿ ñâÿçè; 3) ñèñòåìîîáðàçóþùèé (íàïð. î ñåòè BBS building block system ñèñòåìà íà áàçå ñòàí-
ýíåðãîñèñòåìû). äàðòíûõ ìîäóëåé (íàïð. ãàçîòóðáèííàÿ óñòàíîâêà
BB ball bearing øàðèêîïîäøèïíèê. è äð.).
BB bearing back çàäíÿÿ ïîâåðõíîñòü âêëàäûøà BBS bulletin board system ýëåêòðîííàÿ äîñêà
(ïîäøèïíèêà). îáúÿâëåíèé.
BB best best î÷åíü õîðîøî. BC back corona îáðàòíàÿ êîðîíà (ÿâëåíèå ïðî-
BB Bethe-Born approximation ïðèáëèæåíèå Áåòå- áîÿ ñëîÿ ïûëè íà îñàäèòåëüíûõ ýëåêòðîäàõ ýëåê-
Áîðíà. òðîôèëüòðà íà ÒÝÑ, âûçûâàþùèå âûáðîñ ïîëîæè-
BB Big Bug âàæíàÿ ïåðñîíà. òåëüíûõ èîíîâ â ìåæýëåêòðîäíûé ïðîìåæóòîê,
BB blade back 1) ñïèíêà ëîïàòêè (íàïð. ãàçîâîé êîòîðûå íåéòðàëèçóþò îòðèöàòåëüíî çàðÿæåí-
òóðáèíû); 2) ñïèíêà ëîïàñòè (íàïð. âåíòèëÿòîðà). íûå ÷àñòèöû ïûëè).
BB building block 1) æèëîé êâàðòàë (ãîðîäà); BC balanced current óðàâíîâåøåííûé òîê.
2) ñòðóêòóðíûé ýëåìåíò (íàïð. êîíñòðóêöèè, ñõåìû). BC basic control (mode) îñíîâíîé ðåæèì óïðàâ-
B.B. Blue Book Ñèíÿÿ êíèãà (ñáîðíèê îôèöè- ëåíèÿ.
àëüíûõ äîêóìåíòîâ ÑØÀ). BC beam collimator êîëëèìàòîð ëó÷à.
B&B Biomass and Bioenergy Áèîìàññà è áèî- BC beginning of cycle íà÷àëî òîïëèâíîé êàìïà-
ýíåðãèÿ (æóðíàë). íèè (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
B&B blackouts and brownouts ïîëíîå èëè ÷àñ- BC bias current òîê ñìåùåíèÿ.
òè÷íîå íàðóøåíèå ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèÿ (îñíîâíûìè BC binary code äâîè÷íûé êîä.
ïðè÷èíàìè â ðÿäå ñòðàí ÿâëÿþòñÿ óñòàðåâøåå BC binary counter äâîè÷íûé ñ÷åò÷èê.
îáîðóäîâàíèå, íåäîñòàòîê ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ ìîùíî- BC birth certificate ñâèäåòåëüñòâî î ðîæäåíèè.
ñòåé è òîïëèâà è íåàäåêâàòíàÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðà BC bistable circuit ñõåìà ñ äâóìÿ óñòîé÷èâûìè
òðàíñïîðòà òîïëèâà). ñîñòîÿíèÿìè.
bb broadband 1) øèðîêàÿ ïîëîñà (÷àñòîò); BC board of control óïðàâëåíèå (ïîäðàçäåëåíèå
2) øèðîêîïîëîñíûé. îðãàíèçàöèè); ïðàâëåíèå.
b.b. backbone 1) îñíîâà; 2) ñóùíîñòü; 3) êàðêàñ; BC boundary condition ãðàíè÷íîå óñëîâèå, êðàå-
4) ïðîäîëüíûé áðóñ. âîå óñëîâèå (â çàäà÷å).
b.b. to break bulk íà÷èíàòü ðàçãðóçêó. BC branch chief ðóêîâîäèòåëü ïîäðàçäåëåíèÿ.
b&b bed and breakfast óñëîâèÿ ïðîæèâàíèÿ â BC Building Code ñòðîèòåëüíûå íîðìû è ïðàâè-
ãîñòèíèöå ñ ïðåäîñòàâëåíèåì áåñïëàòíîãî çàâòðàêà ëà (ÑØÀ).
(«íî÷ëåã è çàâòðàê»). BC bulk cargo 1) íàñûïíîé ãðóç; 2) íàëèâî÷íûé
b&l board and lodging óñëîâèÿ ïðîæèâàíèÿ â ãðóç.
ãîñòèíèöå («íî÷ëåã è ïèòàíèå»). BC bus clock ñèíõðîíèçàöèÿ øèíû.
BBC building block concept àãðåãàòèðîâàíèå; BC bus connection ñîåäèíåíèå øèíû.
ìîäóëüíûé ïðèíöèï ïîñòðîåíèÿ. BC bus controller êîíòðîëëåð øèíû.
BBF biased burner firing ñæèãàíèå òîïëèâà ñ BC bypass circuit áàéïàñ; îáâîäíîé êîíòóð;
ïåðåðàñïðåäåëåíèåì ïîòîêà âîçäóõà ïî ÿðóñàì øóíòèðóþùàÿ ñõåìà.
(ãîðåëêè íèæíåãî ðÿäà ðàáîòàþò ñ íåäîñòàòêîì bc base connection îñíîâíîå ñîåäèíåíèå.
âîçäóõà, à ãîðåëêè âåðõíåãî ðÿäà — ñ èçáûòêîì b.c. between centers ðàññòîÿíèå ìåæäó öåíòðàìè.
âîçäóõà). BCA benefit-cost analysis àíàëèç çàòðàò è ðåçóëü-
BBL, bbl barrel 1) âòóëêà; 2) ãèëüçà; 3) öèëèíäð òàòîâ, àíàëèç ðåíòàáåëüíîñòè.
âûñîêîãî äàâëåíèÿ ïàðîâîé òóðáèíû, âûïîëíåí-
BCB boiler continuous blowdown íåïðåðûâíàÿ
íûé áåç ãîðèçîíòàëüíîãî ðàçúåìà; 4) âòóëêà íàñî-
ïðîäóâêà êîòëà (íåïðåðûâíîå óäàëåíèå èç öèðêóëÿ-
ñà; 5) áàðàáàí ëåáåäêè; 6) áàðàáàí; áî÷êà; 7) öè-
öèîííîãî êîíòóðà êîòëîàãðåãàòà êîòëîâîé âîäû
ëèíäð; 8) îáå÷àéêà; 9) áàððåëü (ìåðà æèäêîñòè
ñ öåëüþ ïîääåðæàíèÿ çàäàííîãî êà÷åñòâà).
è ñûïó÷èõ òåë: àíãë. = 169,65 ë. ; àìåð. = 159 ë. ;
íåôòÿíîé = 159 ë.). BCB British Consultants Bureau Áðèòàíñêîå êîí-
BBL/D barrels per day áàððåëåé â ñóòêè. ñóëüòàòèâíîå áþðî (âêëþ÷àåò îêîëî 250 ôèðì
BBN backbone network 1) ñèñòåìîîáðàçóþùàÿ Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè).
ñåòü (íàïð. ýíåðãîñèñòåìû); 2) ìàãèñòðàëüíàÿ ëè- BCC battery charge controller óñòðîéñòâî ðåãóëè-
íèÿ ñâÿçè. ðîâàíèÿ çàðÿäêè àêêóìóëÿòîðíûõ áàòàðåé.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BCC — 48 — BDA

BCC body-centered cubic îáúåìíî-êîíöåíòðèðî- BCPCT best conventional pollutant control techno-
âàííàÿ êóáè÷åñêàÿ (íàïð. î ðåøåòêå ñòàëåé, îáû÷- logy íàèëó÷øàÿ èç òðàäèöèîííûõ òåõíîëîãèé êîí-
íî ïðèìåíÿåìûõ äëÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ êîòëîâ è ñîñó- òðîëÿ çàãðÿçíÿþùèõ âåùåñòâ.
äîâ ïîä äàâëåíèåì). BCRA British Carbonization Research Association
BCCS bottoming cycle cogeneration system óñòà- Áðèòàíñêàÿ êîêñîõèìè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ.
íîâêà ñ ïðåäâêëþ÷åííûì öèêëîì ñèñòåìû êîìáè- BCS blowdown cleanup system ñèñòåìà î÷èñòêè
íèðîâàííîé âûðàáîòêè òåïëîâîé è ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ïðîäóâî÷íîé âîäû (íàïð. áàðàáàíà ïàðîâîãî êîòëà).
ýíåðãèè (ïàð âûðàáàòûâàåòñÿ ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì BCS boron control system 1) ñèñòåìà áîðíîãî ðå-
èñòî÷íèêà îòáðîñíîãî òåïëà è ðàñøèðÿåòñÿ â ãóëèðîâàíèÿ (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); 2) ñèñòåìà áîð-
òóðáèíå äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà ðàáîòû èëè ãåíåðèðîâà- íîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
íèÿ ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè). BCS both-coated sides ñ äâóñòîðîííèì ïîêðû-
BCCW boiler chemical clean waste îòõîäû ïîñëå òèåì.
õèìè÷åñêîé î÷èñòêè êîòåëüíûõ àãðåãàòîâ. BCS British Computer Society Áðèòàíñêîå îá-
BCD binary-coded data äàííûå â äâîè÷íîì êîäå. ùåñòâî ïî âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêå.
BCD boron concentration distribution ðàñïðåäåëå- BCT body-centered tetragonal îáúåìíî-êîíöåí-
íèå êîíöåíòðàöèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (íàïð. òðèðîâàííàÿ òåòðàãîíàëüíàÿ (íàïð. î ñòðóêòóðå
ïðè åå ïîäà÷å ïî òðóáîïðîâîäó â ñèñòåìó ïåðâîãî êðèñòàëëîâ ìåòàëëà).
êîíòóðà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BCUPO British Civil Uranium Procurement Organi-
BDA boron dilution analysis àíàëèç êîíöåíòðà- zation Áðèòàíñêàÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ
öèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (íàïð. ïðè åå ïîäà÷å óðàíîì ãðàæäàíñêèõ ÿäåðíûõ óñòàíîâîê.
ïî òðóáîïðîâîäó â ñèñòåìó ïåðâîãî êîíòóðà ÿäåð- BCURA British Coal Utilization Research Associa-
íîãî ðåàêòîðà). tion Áðèòàíñêàÿ Àññîöèàöèÿ ïî èññëåäîâàíèþ ïðî-
BCD burst can detection êîíòðîëü ãåðìåòè÷íî- áëåì èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ óãëÿ.
ñòè îáîëî÷åê (òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ýëåìåíòîâ ÿäåð- BD base diameter îñíîâíîé äèàìåòð, äèàìåòð
íîãî ðåàêòîðà). îñíîâíîé îêðóæíîñòè.
BCD burst can detector óñòðîéñòâî êîíòðîëÿ BD baseline document äîêóìåíò, îòâå÷àþùèé
ãåðìåòè÷íîñòè îáîëî÷åê (òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ýëå- òðåáîâàíèÿì çàÿâêè íà ïîêóïêó åäèíèö ñîêðàùå-
ìåíòîâ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). íèÿ âûáðîñîâ (íàïð. ïàðíèêîâûõ ãàçîâ) è ñîäåðæà-
BCD burst cartridge detection îáíàðóæåíèå ïî- ùèé åæåãîäíûé ïðîãíîç íà âûáðîñû áåç ðåàëèçà-
âðåæäåííûõ êàññåò. öèè ïðîåêòà â òå÷åíèå ïåðèîäà êðåäèòîâàíèÿ â
BCD burst cartridge detector äåòåêòîð ïîâðåæ- ñðàâíåíèè ñ ïðåäïîëàãàåìûì ïðîåêòîì.
äåííûõ êàññåò. BD binary digit äâîè÷íûé ñèìâîë; äâîè÷íûé ðàç-
BCDR back-corona discharge reactor ðåàêòîð êî- ðÿä; äâîè÷íûé çíàê [öèôðà]; äâîè÷íàÿ åäèíèöà, áèò.
ðîííîãî ðàçðÿäà (íàïð. ýëåêòðîôèëüòðà íà ÒÝÑ). BD block-diagonal áëîê-äèàãîíàëüíûé (íàïð. î
BCEM Bureau of Community Environmental Mana- äåêîìïîçèöèè, ðàçëîæåíèè).
gement Áþðî ïî óïðàâëåíèþ ïðîáëåìàìè çàùèòû BD blowdown 1) èñòå÷åíèå òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ (ÿäåð-
îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû â íàñåëåííûõ ïóíêòàõ (ÑØÀ). íîãî ðåàêòîðà); 2) âîçìóùåíèå (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòî-
BCGD basic crack growth diagram áàçîâàÿ äèà- ðà); 3) ïðîäóâêà (íàïð. áàðàáàíà ïàðîâîãî êîòëà);
ãðàììà òðåùèíîñòîéêîñòè. 4) ñáðîñ êîíäåíñàòà èç òóðáèíû; 5) ÷àñòè÷íûé ñáðîñ
BCI binary-coded information èíôîðìàöèÿ â äâî- îáîðîòíîé âîäû.
è÷íîì êîäå. BD bulk density íàñûïíîé âåñ.
BCI British Coal Industry Áðèòàíñêàÿ óãîëüíàÿ bd 1) board 1) ïàíåëü; 2) ïóëüò; 3) êîììóòàòîð;
ïðîìûøëåííîñòü. 4) äîñêà; 5) ïëèòà; 6) êàðòîí; 7) óïðàâëåíèå; 8) ñî-
BCL beginning of core life íà÷àëî ñðîêà ñëóæáû âåò; 9) äåïàðòàìåíò; 10) êîìèññèÿ; 11) äèðåêöèÿ;
àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. 12) ìèíèñòåðñòâî.
BCM Baltic Council of Ministers Ñîâåò ìèíèñòðîâ bd boundary 1) ãðàíèöà; 2) ïðåäåë; 3) ýêðàí;
ñòðàí Áàëòèéñêîãî ðåãèîíà (ïî ðåøåíèþ ýíåðãåòè- 4) áàðüåð; 5) ðàçäåëèòåëüíàÿ ñòåíêà; 6) ïîâåðõíîñòü
÷åñêèõ ïðîáëåì). [ãðàíèöà] ðàçäåëà; 7) ãðàíè÷èòü.
BCMS boron concentration measurement system bd bundle 1) ïó÷îê; 2) ñâÿçêà; 3) óçåë; 4) ñâÿçû-
ñèñòåìà èçìåðåíèÿ êîíöåíòðàöèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé âàòü â óçåë.
êèñëîòû ñèñòåìû áîðíîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ (ÿäåðíîãî b/d brought down ñíèæåíî.
ðåàêòîðà). b.d. bone-dry àáñîëþòíî ñóõîé.
BCO basis for continued operation îñíîâàíèÿ B/D barrels per day ÷èñëî áàððåëåé â ñóòêè.
(íàïð. ðàñ÷åòû è äð.) äëÿ ïðîäîëæåíèÿ ýêñïëóàòà- BDA background data analysis 1) àíàëèç õàðàê-
öèè (îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, ýíåðãîáëîêà). òåðèñòèê ôîíà (íàïð. îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû); 2) àíà-
BCP basic control program îñíîâíàÿ óïðàâëÿþ- ëèç èñõîäíîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, ñèñ-
ùàÿ ïðîãðàììà. òåìû è äð.).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BDAT — 49 — BEI

BDAT best demonstrated available technology BDPS boric dilution protection system ñèñòåìà çà-
íàèëó÷øàÿ ïîäòâåðæäåííàÿ ñòàòèñòè÷åñêèìè äàí- ùèòû ïåðñîíàëà ïðè ðàçáàâëåíèè áîðíîé êèñëîòû
íûìè òåõíîëîãèÿ. äëÿ ïðèãîòîâëåíèÿ ðàñòâîðà íåîáõîäèìîé êîíöåí-
BDB balanced-draft boiler êîòåë ñ óðàâíîâåøåí- òðàöèè (ñ öåëüþ åå êîíòðîëèðóåìîãî èçìåíåíèÿ
íîé òÿãîé, òîïêà êîòîðîãî ðàáîòàåò ïîä ðàçðåæåíè- â òåïëîíîñèòåëå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
åì (áåç íàääóâà â òîïî÷íîé êàìåðå, íà âõîäå â ñèñ- BDT best demonstrated technology íàèëó÷øàÿ
òåìó óñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ äóòüåâûå âåíòèëÿòîðû, òåõíîëîãèÿ ñ ïîäòâåðæäåííûìè õàðàêòåðèñòè-
à íà âûõîäå — äûìîñîñû). êàìè.
BDBA beyond-the-design basis accident çàïðîåêò- BDT brittle-to-ductile transition ïåðåõîä èç õðóï-
íàÿ àâàðèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà (àâàðèÿ, âûçâàííàÿ êîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ â ïëàñòè÷íîå ñîñòîÿíèå.
èñõîäíûìè ñîáûòèÿìè èëè îòêàçàìè ñèñòåì áåçî- BDTT brittle-to-ductile transition temperature òåì-
ïàñíîñòè, êîòîðûå íå ó÷èòûâàþòñÿ äëÿ ïðîåêò- ïåðàòóðà ïåðåõîäà èç õðóïêîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ ê ïëàñ-
íûõ àâàðèé). òè÷íîìó ñîñòîÿíèþ.
BDBE beyond-design-basis event çàïðîåêòíîå BDU basic display unit îñíîâíîå óñòðîéñòâî îòî-
ñîáûòèå íà ÀÝÑ. áðàæåíèÿ èíôîðìàöèè.
BDC baseline design criteria áàçîâûå ïðîåêòíûå BDV, bdv breakdown voltage ïðîáèâíîå íàïðÿ-
êðèòåðèè. æåíèå, íàïðÿæåíèå ïðîáîÿ.
BDC block data composer ôîðìèðîâàòåëü áëîêà BE back end (of nuclear fuel cycle) çàâåðøàþ-
äàííûõ. ùàÿ [êîíå÷íàÿ] ñòàäèÿ ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâíîãî öèê-
BDD binary digital data äâîè÷íûå öèôðîâûå äàí- ëà, çàâåðøàþùàÿ [êîíå÷íàÿ] ñòàäèÿ ßÒÖ (îòðà-
íûå; öèôðîâûå äàííûå â äâîè÷íîì êîäå. áîòàâøèå òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèå ñáîðêè èç ÿäåðíîãî
BDE blowdown equipment îáîðóäîâàíèå ïðîäóâ- ðåàêòîðà ñîîòâåòñòâåííî íàïðàâëÿþòñÿ â ïðî-
êè (áàðàáàíà ïàðîâîãî êîòëà). ìåæóòî÷íûå õðàíèëèùà íà ïëîùàäêàõ ÀÝÑ, íà
BDE beyond demonstrable effect 1) íåäîêàçóå- ïåðåðàáîòêó èëè îáîãàùåíèå â íà÷àëüíîé ñòàäèè
ìûé ýôôåêò; 2) íåäîêàçóåìîå ÿâëåíèå; 3) íåÿâíûé ßÒÖ ñ ïîñëåäóþùèì îêîí÷àòåëüíûì çàõîðîíå-
èëè íåî÷åâèäíûé ýôôåêò, íåÿâíîå èëè íåî÷åâèäíîå íèåì).
ÿâëåíèå. BE best estimate íàèëó÷øàÿ îöåíêà; íàèëó÷-
BD/ECC blowdown/emergency core cooling ïðî- øèé ðàñ÷åò, ðàñ÷åò â íàèëó÷øåì ïðèáëèæåíèè.
äóâêà/àâàðèéíîå îõëàæäåíèå àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåð- BE binding energy ýíåðãèÿ ñâÿçè.
íîãî ðåàêòîðà. BE bounding event ñâÿçàííîå ñîáûòèå.
BDF bed drain flow ðàñõîä ÷åðåç äðåíàæè ñëîÿ Be Beaufort number áàëë ïî øêàëå Áîôîðòà
(òîïêè êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). (îöåíêè ñèëû âåòðà).
BDF boiler derating factor êîýôôèöèåíò ñíèæå- BEA best estimate analysis 1) àíàëèç, âûïîëíåí-
íèÿ ìîùíîñòè êîòëà. íûé íà îñíîâå íàèëó÷øèõ ðàñ÷åòîâ; 2) àíàëèç íàè-
BDFTSIG brushless doubly fed twin stator induc- ëó÷øåãî ïðèáëèæåíèÿ.
tion generator àñèíõðîííûé ãåíåðàòîð ñ äâóìÿ âåò- BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis Áþðî àíàëèçà
âÿìè ñòàòîðà. ýêîíîìè÷åñêîé ýôôåêòèâíîñòè (íàïð. ïðîåêòîâ
bdg building 1) çäàíèå; ñîîðóæåíèå; 2) ñòðîè- è äð.).
òåëüñòâî; 3) ñáîðêà; ìîíòàæ; 4) ñòðîåíèå. BEAMA British Electrical and Allied Manufacturers’
BDH bone-dry humidity íóëåâàÿ âëàæíîñòü, àá- Association Áðèòàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïðîèçâîäèòåëåé
ñîëþòíî ñóõîå ñîñòîÿíèå. ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêîãî è ñìåæíîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ.
BDHT blowdown heat transfer 1) òåïëîîáìåí ïðè BEBC Big European Bubble Chamber êðèîãåííàÿ
ïðîäóâêå (íàïð. áàðàáàíà ïàðîâîãî êîòëà); 2) òåïëî- ïóçûðüêîâàÿ êàìåðà (ðàçðàáîòêà Åâðîïåéñêîãî
îáìåí ïðè èñòå÷åíèè (íàïð. òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ïðè àâà- ñîâåòà ÿäåðíûõ èññëåäîâàíèé, ÖÅÐÍ).
ðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BEC beginning-of-equilibrium cycle íà÷àëî ðàâíî-
BDHTT blowdown heat transfer test èñïûòàíèÿ âåñíîãî òîïëèâíîãî öèêëà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
â óñëîâèÿõ òåïëîîáìåíà ïðè èñòå÷åíèè (òåïëîíîñè- BEC broad economic categories øèðîêèå ýêîíî-
òåëÿ ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà äëÿ îöåíêè ìè÷åñêèå êàòåãîðèè.
áåçîïàñíîñòè). BEF best-estimate flow ðàñõîä (ñðåäû) íà îñíîâå
BDL below detection limit âåëè÷èíà íèæå ïðåäå- íàèëó÷øèõ îöåíîê.
ëà îáíàðóæåíèÿ. BEFAST Behavior of Spent Fuel Assemblies during
BDM basic decision model îñíîâíàÿ ìîäåëü ïðè- Extended Storage Ïðîãðàììà èññëåäîâàíèé ïîâåäå-
íÿòèÿ ðåøåíèé. íèÿ îáëó÷åííûõ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê ÿäåðíî-
BDP breakdown pressure äàâëåíèå ðàçðûâà. ãî ðåàêòîðà â ïåðèîä äëèòåëüíîãî õðàíåíèÿ (â ðàì-
BDPM battery-operated digital pressure monitor êàõ ãàðàíòèé ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
öèôðîâîé ìîíèòîð äàâëåíèÿ ñ ïèòàíèåì îò àêêó- BEI Bureau of Economic Investigations Áþðî ýêî-
ìóëÿòîðíûõ áàòàðåé. íîìè÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé (íàïð. ÑØÀ).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BEIA — 50 — BG

BEIA biomedical and environmental information BF bed filler íàïîëíèòåëü ñëîÿ (òîïêè êîòëà
analysis àíàëèç èíôîðìàöèè ïî áèîìåäèöèíå è çàùè- ñ êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
òå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (íàïð. ïîñëå àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ). BF binary function äâîè÷íàÿ ôóíêöèÿ.
BEIR biological effects of ionizing radiation áèîëî- BF biological filter áèîëîãè÷åñêèé ôèëüòð, áèî-
ãè÷åñêîå âîçäåéñòâèå èîíèçèðóþùåãî èçëó÷åíèÿ. ôèëüòð (ñîîðóæåíèå äëÿ áèîõèìè÷åñêîé î÷èñòêè
BEIRC Committee on the Bilogical Effects of Ioni- ñòî÷íûõ âîä ïóòåì ôèëüòðàöèè èõ ÷åðåç ñïåöè-
zing Radiation Êîìèòåò ïî èññëåäîâàíèþ áèîëîãè÷å- àëüíî ïîäãîòîâëåííûé çåðíèñòûé èëè ñèíòåòè÷å-
ñêîãî âîçäåéñòâèÿ èîíèçèðóþùåãî èçëó÷åíèÿ. ñêèé êðóïíîáëî÷íûé ìàòåðèàë ïðè åñòåñòâåííîé
BELOCA best estimate loss-of-coolant accident àýðàöèè).
óòî÷íåííûé ðàñ÷åò àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà ñ ïî- BF biomass fuel òîïëèâî èç áèîìàññû.
òåðåé òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ. BF boiler fittings ãàðíèòóðà êîòëà (äåòàëè òðó-
BEM balanced energy mix ñáàëàíñèðîâàííàÿ áîïðîâîäîâ íàïð. àðìàòóðà, òðîéíèêè, øòóöåðû è
ñòðóêòóðà ýíåðãåòèêè (íàäåæíîñòü ïîñòàâîê, ýêî- äð., ñëóæàùèå äëÿ çàêðûòèÿ îòâåðñòèé âî âíåø-
ëîãè÷åñêàÿ ñîâìåñòèìîñòü, êîíêóðåíòîñïîñîáíîñòü íèõ îãðàæäåíèÿõ òîïêè è ãàçîõîäîâ êîòëà, à òàê-
è äð.). æå äëÿ ÷àñòè÷íîãî èëè ïîëíîãî ïåðåêðûòèÿ ãàçî-
BEM best estimated model ìîäåëü íàèëó÷øåé õîäîâ è âîçäóõîïðîâîäîâ).
îöåíêè (ìîäåëü, ïîñòðîåííàÿ ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïà- BF bubble flow 1) ïóçûðüêîâûé ðåæèì äâóõ-
ðàìåòðîâ ïî êðèòåðèþ ìèíèìèçàöèè ðàñõîæäåíèé ôàçíîãî ïîòîêà, ïóçûðüêîâûé ðåæèì òå÷åíèÿ (â íå-
ñ äîñòîâåðíûìè äàííûìè). ïðåðûâíîé æèäêîé ôàçå ðàññðåäîòî÷åíû îòäåëü-
BEM boundary element method ìåòîä ãðàíè÷íûõ íûå ïóçûðüêè ïàðà, ðàçìåðû êîòîðûõ çàâèñÿò îò
ýëåìåíòîâ. ìàññîâîé ñêîðîñòè, òåïëîñîäåðæàíèÿ è äàâëåíèÿ);
BEP break-even point 1) çíà÷åíèå íóëåâîãî 2) áàðáîòèðóþùèé ïîòîê.
ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî áàëàíñà; 2) òî÷êà áåçóáûòî÷íîñòè BF bulk factor êîýôôèöèåíò óïëîòíåíèÿ (íàïð.
(íà ãðàôèêå). óãëÿ â áóíêðå íà ÒÝÑ).
BEPO British Experimantal Pile Operation èññëåäî- B/F brought forward ïåðåíåñåíî ñ ïðåäûäóùåé
âàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè. ñòðàíèöû.
BER boiling experimental reactor ýêñïåðèìåí- bf boiler feed ïîäà÷à (âîäû èëè òîïëèâà) â êîòåë.
òàëüíûé êèïÿùèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð. B&F bleed-and-feed ïîäïèòêà è äðåíèðîâàíèå
BES basic energy sciences ôóíäàìåíòàëüíûå èñ- (êîíòóðà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ñëåäîâàíèÿ ïî ýíåðãåòèêå. BFB bubbling fluidized bed ïóçûðüêîâûé êèïÿ-
BES British Ecological Society Áðèòàíñêîå ýêîëî- ùèé ñëîé.
ãè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî. BFBC bubbling fluidized bed combustion ñæèãàíèå
BES Bulk Electricity System Îáúåäèíåííàÿ ýíåðãî- òîïëèâà â ïóçûðüêîâîì êèïÿùåì ñëîå òîïêè êîòëà.
ñèñòåìà, ÎÝÑ. BFM boiler-feed mains ïèòàòåëüíûé òðóáîïðî-
BESA British Electrical Systems Association Áðè- âîä êîòëà.
òàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ ñèñòåì. BFP back flow preventer îáðàòíûé êëàïàí.
BESA British Engineering Standards Association BFP boiler-feed pump ïèòàòåëüíûé íàñîñ êîòëà.
Áðèòàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ñòàíäàðòîâ ïî ìàøèíî- BFP built-for-purpose âñòðîåííûé (íàïð. êîí-
ñòðîåíèþ. òðîëëåð èëè äðóãîå óñòðîéñòâî) äëÿ âûïîëíåíèÿ
BESS battery energy storage system ñèñòåìà õðà- êîíêðåòíîé çàäà÷è.
íåíèÿ ýíåðãèè ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì àêêóìóëÿòîðíûõ BFS billing feasibility study èññëåäîâàíèå öåëåñî-
áàòàðåé. îáðàçíîñòè èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ ñèñòåìû áèëëèíãà (íàïð.
BEST basic extractive sludge treatment îáðàáîòêà ñ ïîìîùüþ ñìàðò-êàðò è äð.).
òâåðäûõ îñàäêîâ ïðóäà-îõëàäèòåëÿ ùåëî÷íûì BFS Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz íåì., Ôåäå-
ýêñòðàãèðîâàíèåì. ðàëüíîå àãåíòñòâî ïî ðàäèàöèîííîé çàùèòå (Ãåðìà-
BETRA British Export Trade Research Association íèÿ).
Áðèòàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî èçó÷åíèþ ýêñïîðòíûõ BFTF breached fuel test facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ
ðûíêîâ. èññëåäîâàíèÿ ïîâðåæäåííûõ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ
BETTA British Electricity Trade and Transmission ýëåìåíòîâ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
Agreement Ñîãëàøåíèå î òîðãîâëå (ïîñòàâêàõ) è BFTF Breached Fuel Test Facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ
ïåðåäà÷å ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè. èñïûòàíèÿ òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà íà ðàçðûâ
BEU Biomass Experimental Unit ýêñïåðèìåíòàëü- (Àðãîííñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ).
íàÿ óñòàíîâêà äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ áèîìàññ (Òèõîîêå- BG background 1) ôîí; 2) ïðåäïîñûëêà; 3) èñ-
àíñêàÿ ñåâåðî-çàïàäíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ). õîäíûå äàííûå; 4) ïîäãîòîâêà, êâàëèôèêàöèÿ;
BeV; bev billion electron volts, gigaelectronvolt 5) çàäíèé ïëàí.
ãèãàýëåêòðîí-âîëüò, ÃýÂ, 109 ýÂ. BG breeding gain èçáûòî÷íûé êîýôôèöèåíò
BF base fuse îñíîâíîé [ïëàâêèé] ïðåäîõðàíèòåëü. âîñïðîèçâîäñòâà ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà.
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BG — 51 — BIS

BG British Government Áðèòàíñêîå ïðàâèòåëü- BHWR boiling heavy water reactor êèïÿùèé
ñòâî. òÿæåëîâîäíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð.
bg bevel gear êîíè÷åñêàÿ çóá÷àòàÿ ïåðåäà÷à. BI back ionization îáðàòíàÿ èîíèçàöèÿ.
BGA between-group analysis ìåæãðóïïîâîé àíà- BI 1) beginning inventory ïåðâè÷íàÿ èíâåíòàðè-
ëèç (íàïð. êîìïîíåíòîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, ñîîòíîøå- çàöèÿ (èìåþùèõñÿ ÿäåðíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ â ðàìêàõ
íèÿ òðåáîâàíèé ðàçëè÷íûõ ãðóïï äëÿ äèàãðàììû ãàðàíòèé ÌÀÃÀÒÝ); 2) íà÷àëüíîå êîëè÷åñòâî
çàâèñèìîñòè ýëåìåíòîâ ñèñòåìû è äð.). ÿäåðíîãî ìàòåðèàëà (íà ÀÝÑ).
BGD boiler gas duct ãàçîâûé òðàêò êîòëà. BI boron injection áîðèðîâàíèå âîäíîãî òåïëîíî-
bgd billions of gallons per day ìëðä. ãàëëîíîâ ñèòåëÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà, ââåäåíèå ðàñòâîðà áîð-
â ñóòêè. íîé êèñëîòû (ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
BG&E Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Êîì- Bi Biot criterion êðèòåðèé êðàåâîãî ïîäîáèÿ
ïàíèÿ ïî ãàçî- è ýëåêòðîñíàáæåíèþ øòàòà Áàëòè- (÷èñëî Áèî, õàðàêòåðèçóåò ñâÿçü ìåæäó ïîëåì
ìîð (ÑØÀ). òåìïåðàòóð â òâåðäîì òåëå è óñëîâèÿìè òåïëî-
BGGR Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor ãðà- îòäà÷è íà ïîâåðõíîñòè).
ôèòîâûé èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð BICEP British Industrial Cooperative Experimental
Áðóêõåéâåíñêîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ). Pile èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Âåëèêî-
BGL British Gas-Lurgi ôèðìà «Áðèòèø Ãýç Ëóð- áðèòàíèè äëÿ ñîâìåñòíûõ ïðîìûøëåííûõ èññëåäî-
ãè» (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). âàíèé.
BGPG biomass gasification and power generation BIEE British Institute of Electrical Engineers Áðè-
âûðàáîòêà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè â ïðîöåññå ãàçèôèêàöèè òàíñêèé èíñòèòóò èíæåíåðîâ-ýëåêòðèêîâ.
áèîìàññû. BIF basic flow 1) îñíîâíîé ïîòîê; 2) îñíîâíîé
BGS bulk gas sampler ïðîáîîòáîðíèê îáùåãî êî- ðàñõîä; 3) îñíîâíîå íàïðàâëåíèå.
ëè÷åñòâà ãàçà. B-IGCC biomass-integrated gasification combined
BGT bulk gas tester îïðåäåëèòåëü îáùåãî êîëè- cycle êîìáèíèðîâàííûé öèêë ïðîèçâîäñòâà ýëåêòðî-
÷åñòâà ãàçà. ýíåðãèè ñ âíóòðèöèêëîâîé ãàçèôèêàöèåé áèîìàññû.
bgy billions of gallons per year ìëðä. ãàëëîíîâ Big Ten Critical Assembly êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñáîðêà
â ãîä. (Ëîñ-Àëàìîññêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ).
BH boilerhouse êîòåëüíàÿ (çäàíèå èëè ÷àñòü BIIL basic impulse insulation level îñíîâíîé óðî-
çäàíèÿ, â êîòîðîì ðàçìåùàåòñÿ êîòåëüíàÿ óñòà- âåíü ïðî÷íîñòè èçîëÿöèè ïðè èìïóëüñíîé íàãðóçêå.
íîâêà). BIL basic insulation level îñíîâíîé óðîâåíü ïðî÷-
BH Brinell hardness òâåðäîñòü ïî Áðèíåëëþ. íîñòè èçîëÿöèè.
b.h. band head ãîëîâà ïîëîñû (â ñïåêòðàëüíîé billi ïèêî, 10–12.
ëèíèè). BIMET bi-metallic components áèìåòàëëè÷åñêèå
BHA brief hazard analysis àíàëèç îïàñíîñòè, âû- ýëåìåíòû îáîðóäîâàíèÿ.
ïîëíåííûé ïî ñîêðàùåííîé ïðîãðàììå. BINE Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering Ïå-
BHC baghouse catch flow êîëè÷åñòâî òâåðäûõ êèíñêèé èíñòèòóò ÿäåðíîé òåõíèêè.
÷àñòèö, óëîâëåííûõ â ðóêàâíîì ôèëüòðå èç äûìî- Biogran (granulated sludge) ãðàíóëèðîâàííûé
âûõ ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ. øëàì.
BHC building heating characteristic îòîïèòåëüíàÿ BIOMOVS Biosphere Model Validation Study Ïðî-
õàðàêòåðèñòèêà çäàíèÿ (ïîòåðè òåïëà, îòíåñåí- ãðàììà èññëåäîâàíèé ïî ïðèìåíèìîñòè áèîñôåð-
íûå ê 1 ì3 îáúåìà çäàíèÿ, ïóòåì òåïëîïåðåäà÷è è íûõ ìîäåëåé (äëÿ èçó÷åíèÿ ïåðåíîñà ðàäèîíóêëè-
èíôèëüòðàöèè â òå÷åíèå îäíîãî ÷àñà ÷åðåç íàðóæ- äîâ íà áîëüøèå ðàññòîÿíèÿ).
íûå îãðàæäåíèÿ ïðè ðàçíîñòè òåìïåðàòóð âíóò- BIPS billion instructions per second ìëðä. îïåðà-
ðåííåãî è íàðóæíîãî âîçäóõà â 1 °C). öèé â ñåêóíäó.
BHD bulkhead 1) ïåðåãîðîäêà; 2) ïîäïîðíàÿ BIPS Brayton Isotope Power System ýíåðãåòè÷å-
ñòåíêà. ñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà èçîòîïîâ
BHEP basic human error probability îñíîâíàÿ â Áðàéòîíå (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ).
âåðîÿòíîñòü îøèáêè îïåðàòîðà (íàïð. ùèòà óïðàâ- BIPV building integrated photovoltaic system ôîòî-
ëåíèÿ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). ýëåêòðè÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà, èíòåãðèðîâàííàÿ â ñòðóê-
BHP brake horsepower ýôôåêòèâíàÿ ìîùíîñòü òóðó êîììóíàëüíîãî îáñëóæèâàíèÿ çäàíèé.
â ë. ñ. BIR boron injection recirculation ðåöèðêóëÿöèÿ
BHRA British Hydraulic Research Association Áðè- ïðè âïðûñêå ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ïðè àâàðèè
òàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî ãèäðîìåõàíè÷åñêèì èññëå- ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
äîâàíèÿì. BIR British Institute of Radiology Áðèòàíñêèé
BHSE British Hygiene and Safety Executive Áðè- ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò.
òàíñêèé èñïîëíèòåëüíûé êîìèòåò ïî ïðîìûøëåí- BIS board of inspection and survey óïðàâëåíèå
íîé ñàíèòàðèè è áåçîïàñíîñòè. òåõíè÷åñêîãî êîíòðîëÿ è íàäçîðà.
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B.I.S. — 52 — BMS

B.I.S. Bank for International Settlements Áàíê BLS Bureau of Labor and Statistics Áþðî ïî ïðîá-
ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ ðàñ÷åòîâ. ëåìàì òðóäîóñòðîéñòâà è ñòàòèñòèêè (ÑØÀ).
BISO BISO coated fuel particle äâóõñëîéíûé òèï BLSR boundary layer suction at root îòñîñ ïîãðà-
êåðàìè÷åñêîãî ïîêðûòèÿ ìèêðîòâýëîâ (òåïëîâûäå- íè÷íîãî ñëîÿ â êîðíå ëîïàòêè òóðáèíû.
ëÿþùåé ñáîðêè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BLT build-lease-transfer ñòðîèòåëüñòâî, àðåíäà (ýíåð-
BIST boron injection surge tank áàê ñèñòåìû ââî- ãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà), ïåðåäà÷à (ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè).
äà ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû [áîðíîãî êîíöåíòðàòà] BLTC bottom loading transfer cask òðàíñïîðòíûé
íà ÀÝÑ (íàïð. ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). êîíòåéíåð äëÿ çàãðóçêè òîïëèâà â íèæíåé ÷àñòè
BIST built-in self-test âñòðîåííàÿ ñèñòåìà ñàìî- ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
êîíòðîëÿ. BLWR boiling light water reactor êèïÿùèé ëåãêî-
BIT boron injection tank áàê äëÿ ââîäà ðàñòâîðà âîäíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð.
áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BM ball mill øàðîâàÿ ìåëüíèöà (íàïð. ñèñòåìû
BIT Bradford Institute of Technology Òåõíîëîãè- òîïëèâîïîäà÷è íà ÒÝÑ).
÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò â Áðåäôîðäå (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). BM bending moment èçãèáàþùèé ìîìåíò.
BIT British Institute of Welding Áðèòàíñêèé èí- BM bill of materials ñïèñîê ìàòåðèàëîâ (íàïð. ñî-
ñòèòóò ñâàðêè. ãëàñíî ñïåöèôèêàöèè).
BIT built-in testing âñòðîåííûé êîíòðîëü. BM boron measurement èçìåðåíèå êîíöåíòðà-
BITE built-in test equipment 1) âñòðîåííàÿ àïïà- öèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîðíîãî ðå-
ðàòóðà êîíòðîëÿ; 2) âñòðîåííàÿ èñïûòàòåëüíàÿ ãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
àïïàðàòóðà. BM Bureau of Mines Ãîðíîðóäíîå óïðàâëåíèå
bkr breaker 1) äðîáèëêà; 2) âûêëþ÷àòåëü; (ÑØÀ).
3) íàðóøåíèå (íàïð. íîðì, òðåáîâàíèé îáñëóæèâà- B/M bill of materials ñïèñîê ìàòåðèàëîâ (íàïð.
íèÿ èëè ðàáîòû îáîðóäîâàíèÿ); 4) íàðóøèòåëü ñîãëàñíî ñïåöèôèêàöèè).
(íàïð. íîðì, ïðàâèë, çàêîíîâ è äð.). BMASR Bureau of Military Application of Scientific
BL biomass liquid áèîìàññà â æèäêîì âèäå. Research Áþðî ïî ïðèìåíåíèþ íàó÷íûõ èññëåäîâà-
B/L bill of landing òðàíñïîðòíàÿ íàêëàäíàÿ. íèé â âîåííûõ öåëÿõ (ÑØÀ).
bl barrel áàððåëü (ìåðà æèäêîñòè è ñûïó÷èõ BMCI Bureau of Mines correlation index ïîïðàâî÷-
òåë: àíãë. = 169,65 ë.; àìåð. = 159 ë.; íåôòÿíîé = íûé êîýôôèöèåíò Ãîðíîðóäíîãî óïðàâëåíèÿ (ÑØÀ).
159 ë.). BMCR, B-MCR boiler maximum continuous rating
bl bilateral äâóñòîðîííèé. 1) ìàêñèìàëüíàÿ äëèòåëüíàÿ íàãðóçêà êîòëà;
BLBE beyond-licensing-basis event ñîáûòèå íà 2) ìàêñèìàëüíî äîïóñòèìàÿ íàãðóçêà êîòëà.
ÀÝÑ çà ïðåäåëàìè óñëîâèé äåéñòâèÿ ëèöåíçèè (íå BMD basic decision model îñíîâíàÿ ìîäåëü ïðè-
ïðåäóñìîòðåííîå ëèöåíçèåé). íÿòèÿ ðåøåíèé.
BLC backlay cladding çàùèòíîå ïîêðûòèå èëè BMD bottom mud discharge íèæíÿÿ âûãðóçêà
ïëàêèðîâêà ñ ïîäëîæêîé. îñàäêà (èç ôèëüòðà).
Bldg building çäàíèå; ñîîðóæåíèå. BMEP brake mean effective power ñðåäíÿÿ ýô-
bldg building 1) çäàíèå; ñîîðóæåíèå; 2) ñòðîè- ôåêòèâíàÿ òîðìîçíàÿ ìîùíîñòü, ñðåäíÿÿ ýôôåê-
òåëüñòâî; 3) ñáîðêà; ìîíòàæ; 4) ñòðîåíèå. òèâíàÿ ìîùíîñòü òîðìîæåíèÿ.
bldn blowdown 1) ïðîäóâêà (íàïð. áàðàáàíà ïà- BMEP brake mean effective pressure ñðåäíåå ýô-
ðîâîãî êîòëà); 2) èñòå÷åíèå (íàïð. òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ôåêòèâíîå äàâëåíèå òîðìîæåíèÿ.
ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BMEWS ballistic missile early warning system ñèñ-
BLG base-load generation âûðàáîòêà [ãåíåðà- òåìà ðàííåãî îïîâåùåíèÿ î ïîëåòå áàëëèñòè÷åñêîé
öèÿ] ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè ïðè ðàáîòå ýëåêòðî- ðàêåòû (íàïð. íà ÿäåðíûé îáúåêò).
ñòàíöèè â áàçîâîì ðåæèìå. BMI Battelle Memorial Institute Áåòòåëüñêèé ìå-
BLGP base-load generating plant ýëåêòðîñòàí- ìîðèàëüíûé èíñòèòóò (ÑØÀ).
öèÿ, ðàáîòàþùàÿ â áàçîâîì ðåæèìå. BMP best management practice íàèëó÷øàÿ òåõ-
BLIP Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer óñòàíîâ- íîëîãèÿ óïðàâëåíèÿ.
êà äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà èçîòîïîâ íà ëèíåéíîì óñêîðè- BMRR Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor
òåëå Áðóêõåéâåíñêîé ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ). ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð äëÿ ìåäèöèíñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé
BLIS baffle/liner interface seal ãåðìåòè÷íîå Áðóêõåéâåíñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè ÑØÀ.
óïëîòíåíèå ñòûêà îòðàæàòåëüíîé ïëèòû è òðóáû BMS balanced magnetic switch ñáàëàíñèðîâàí-
êàìåðû ñãîðàíèÿ (ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû). íîå ìàãíèòíîå ðåëå, ãåðêîí.
BLODI block-diagram 1) áëîê-ñõåìà; 2) ñêåëåò- BMS boiler management system ñèñòåìà óïðàâëå-
íàÿ ñõåìà; 3) ñòðóêòóðíàÿ ñõåìà; 4) ãèñòîãðàììà. íèÿ êîòëîàãðåãàòîì (äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ áåçîïàñíîãî âå-
BLP basket loading pool áàññåéí çàãðóçêè êîðçè- äåíèÿ òîïî÷íîãî ïðîöåññà è ïîìîùè îïåðàòîðó ïðè
íû àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ïîäãîòîâêå òîïëèâà è ïðè ïóñêå è îñòàíîâå òîïî÷-
blr boiler êîòåë. íûõ óñòðîéñòâ è èõ çàùèòû îò ïîâðåæäåíèÿ).
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BMS — 53 — BOD

BMS boron management system ñèñòåìà óïðàâ- ìíîãîëó÷åâîé ëèíåéíûé ýëåêòðîñòàòè÷åñêèé êâàä-
ëåíèÿ ââîäîì ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû â àêòèâíóþ ðóïîëüíûé óñêîðèòåëü ïðîòîíîâ, ìíîãîöåëåâîé
çîíó (ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ìàãíèòíûé ñïåêòðîìåòð, ñèëüíîôîêóñèðóþùèé
BMS boron measurement system ñèñòåìà èçìåðå- ñèíõðîòðîí, óñòàíîâêó ñ èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèì óñêî-
íèÿ êîíöåíòðàöèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (â ñèñ- ðèòåëåì ÷àñòèö è äð.).
òåìå áîðíîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). BNMS British Nuclear Medicine Society Áðèòàí-
BMU basic memory unit îñíîâíîé áëîê ïàìÿòè. ñêîå îáùåñòâî ÿäåðíîé ìåäèöèíû.
BMU Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz bnr burner 1) ãîðåëêà; 2) ôîðñóíêà; 3) êàìåðà
und Reactorsicherheit íåì., Ôåäåðàëüíîå ìèíèñòåðñò- ñãîðàíèÿ.
âî ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû, îõðàíå ïðèðîäû BNRPB British National Radiation Protection Board
è ÿäåðíîé áåçîïàñíîñòè (Ãåðìàíèÿ). Íàöèîíàëüíîå óïðàâëåíèå ïî ðàäèàöèîííîé çàùè-
BN board of notification óïðàâëåíèå ïî óâåäîì- òå Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè.
ëåíèþ (íàïð. î ââåäåíèè â äåéñòâèå íîâûõ íîðì, BNUOS Balancing and Use of System Charges ñáî-
ïðàâèë è äð.). ðû çà áàëàíñèðîâàíèå è èñïîëüçîâàíèå ñèñòåìû.
BN-600 (áûñòðûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð-ðàçìíîæè- BNWL Battelle Pacific North-West Laboratory
òåëü Áåëîÿðñêîé ÀÝÑ; âòîðîé ïî ìîùíîñòè ðåàê- Òèõîîêåàíñêàÿ ñåâåðî-çàïàäíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ Èí-
òîð â ìèðå (ïåðâûì ÿâëÿåòñÿ Super Phenix, Ôðàí- ñòèòóòà Áýòòåëà (ÑØÀ).
öèÿ); ðåàêòîð ñ íàòðèåâûì òåïëîíîñèòåëåì, BNX British Nuclear Export Executive Áðèòàíñêèé
òðåõïåòëåâîé, áàññåéíîâîãî òèïà, íàñîñû ðåàêòî- èñïîëíèòåëüíûé êîìèòåò ïî ýêñïîðòó ÿäåðíûõ
ðà è öèðêóëÿöèîííûå íàñîñû ïîãðóæåíû â áîëüøîé ìàòåðèàëîâ.
îáúåì (áàññåéí) æèäêîãî íàòðèÿ; íîìèíàëüíàÿ BO between overhauls ìåæðåìîíòíûé ïåðèîä.
òåïëîâàÿ ìîùíîñòü ðåàêòîðà — 560 ÌÂò, â ïðî- BO blackout 1) äëèòåëüíûé ïåðåðûâ èëè íàðóøåíèå
öåññå ðàáîòû íàðàáàòûâàåò òîïëèâî). ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèÿ (îñíîâíûìè ïðè÷èíàìè â ðÿäå ñòðàí
BNCDST British National Committee on Data for ÿâëÿþòñÿ óñòàðåâøåå îáîðóäîâàíèå, íåäîñòàòîê ýíåð-
Science and Technology Áðèòàíñêèé íàöèîíàëüíûé ãåòè÷åñêèõ ìîùíîñòåé è òîïëèâà, íåàäåêâàòíàÿ
êîìèòåò ïî íàó÷íî-òåõíè÷åñêîé èíôîðìàöèè. èíôðàñòðóêòóðà òðàíñïîðòà òîïëèâà); 2) ñèñòåì-
BNC-IEC British National Committee of Internatio- íàÿ àâàðèÿ; 3) âðåìåííàÿ ïîòåðÿ ÷óâñòâèòåëüíîñòè.
nal Electrical Commision Áðèòàíñêèé íàöèîíàëüíûé B.O. buyer’s option ïî âûáîðó èëè óñìîòðåíèþ
êîìèòåò Ìåæäóíàðîäíîé Ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêîé êî- ïîêóïàòåëÿ.
ìèññèè. b.o. branch office îòäåëåíèå êîìïàíèè, ôèðìû.
BNCT boron neutron capture therapy ìåòîä ëó÷å- B/O budget overlay ïåðåðàñõîä áþäæåòà.
âîé òåðàïèè, èñïîëüçóþùèé ýôôåêò çàõâàòà íåé- B&O bulletin and order áþëëåòåíü è ðàñïîðÿæå-
òðîíîâ áîðîì. íèå.
BNEC British Nuclear Energy Conference Áðèòàí- Bo Boltzmann criterion êðèòåðèé Áîëüöìàíà
ñêàÿ êîíôåðåíöèÿ ïî ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè. (êðèòåðèé ðàäèàöèîííîãî òåïëîîáìåíà, ñîîòíîøå-
BNES British Nuclear Energy Society Áðèòàíñêîå íèå ìåæäó òåïëîñîäåðæàíèåì ãàçîâ è òåïëîâûì
ÿäåðíî-ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîå îáùåñòâî. ïîòîêîì íà ïîâåðõíîñòè îãðàæäåíèÿ).
BNF British Nuclear Forum Áðèòàíñêèé ÿäåðíûé b.o. back order îáðàòíûé ïîðÿäîê; â îáðàòíîì
ôîðóì. ïîðÿäêå.
BNFL British Nuclear Fuels Limited Áðèòàíñêàÿ BOC beginning of cycle íà÷àëî òîïëèâíîé êàì-
ôèðìà, çàíèìàþùàÿñÿ ïðîáëåìàìè ÿäåðíîãî òîï- ïàíèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ëèâà. BOC bottom of conduit íèæíÿÿ ÷àñòü òðóáîïðî-
BNFP Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant çàâîä ïî ïåðå- âîäà.
ðàáîòêå îòðàáîòàâøåãî òîïëèâà (îòðàáîòàâøèõ BOC bottom of core íèæíÿÿ ÷àñòü àêòèâíîé
òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê) â Áýíâèëë (ÑØÀ). çîíû (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
BNI balance of nuclear island ÿäåðíîå îáîðóäîâà- BOCA Building Official Code Association Àññîöèà-
íèå ÀÝÑ. öèÿ ïî ðàçðàáîòêå îôèöèàëüíûõ íîðì è ïðàâèë
BNIST Bureau National d’Information Scientifique [ñòàíäàðòîâ] â îáëàñòè ñòðîèòåëüñòâà (ÑØÀ).
et Technique ôð., Íàöèîíàëüíîå áþðî íàó÷íî-òåõíè- BOD barrels of oil per day ÷èñëî áàððåëåé íåôòè
÷åñêîé èíôîðìàöèè (Ôðàíöèÿ). â ñóòêè.
BNL Berkeley Nuclear Laboratories ÿäåðíûå ëàáî- BOD biochemical oxygen demand áèîõèìè÷åñêîå
ðàòîðèè â Áåðêëè (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). ïîòðåáëåíèå êèñëîðîäà.
BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory Áðóêõåéâåí- BOD biological oxygen demand áèîëîãè÷åñêîå
ñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ ÑØÀ (îñíîâíûå ïîòðåáëåíèå êèñëîðîäà, ÁÏÊ (êîëè÷åñòâî êèñëîðî-
ðàçðàáîòêè âêëþ÷àþò Íàöèîíàëüíûé áàíê ÿäåð- äà, âûðàæåííîå â ìã/ë, íåîáõîäèìîå äëÿ áèîõèìè÷å-
íûõ äàííûõ, êîëëàéäåð [óñêîðèòåëü íà âñòðå÷- ñêîãî îêèñëåíèÿ îðãàíè÷åñêèõ âåùåñòâ, íàõîäÿ-
íûõ ïó÷êàõ] ðåëÿòèâèñòñêèõ òÿæåëûõ èîíîâ, ùèõñÿ â âîäå).
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boe — 54 — BPHA

boe barrels of oil equivalent áàððåëü íåôòÿíîãî BP back-pressure ïðîòèâîäàâëåí÷åñêàÿ (íàïð.


ýêâèâàëåíòà, 6600 ÌÄæ. òóðáèíà).
BOEC beginning-of-equillibrium cycle íà÷àëî ðàâ- BP band of performance äèàïàçîí çíà÷åíèé õà-
íîâåñíîãî òîïëèâíîãî öèêëà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ðàêòåðèñòèê.
BOL beginning of life íà÷àëî òîïëèâíîé êàìïà- BP barometric pressure áàðîìåòðè÷åñêîå äàâëå-
íèè (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). íèå.
BONI balance of nuclear island ÿäåðíîå îáîðóäî- BP base plate îïîðíàÿ ïëèòà; ôóíäàìåíòíàÿ
âàíèå ÀÝÑ. ïëèòà.
BONUS boiling nuclear superheat reactor êèïÿ- BP base point îñíîâíîé îðèåíòèð.
ùèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ ïåðåãðåâîì ïàðà. BP batch processing ïàêåòíàÿ îáðàáîòêà äàí-
BONUS-CX boiling nuclear superheat critical expe- íûõ.
riment ýêñïåðèìåíò ïðè êðèòè÷åñêèõ óñëîâèÿõ íà BP bed plate îïîðíàÿ ïëèòà; ôóíäàìåíòíàÿ
êèïÿùåì ÿäåðíîì ðåàêòîðå ñ ïåðåãðåâîì ïàðà. ïëèòà.
BOO build-own-operate ñòðîèòåëüñòâî, âëàäåíèå, BP below proof íå îòâå÷àþùèé òåõíè÷åñêèì
ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ (ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà). òðåáîâàíèÿì èëè óñëîâèÿì.
BOOS burners out of service îòêëþ÷åííûå [íå- BP biopellets (mechanically dewatered and dried
èñïîëüçóåìûå] ãîðåëêè òîïêè êîòëà. granular sludge) ìåõàíè÷åñêè îáåçâîæåííûé è îñó-
BOOT build-own-operate-transfer ñòðîèòåëüñòâî, øåííûé ãðàíóëèðîâàííûé øëàì.
âëàäåíèå, ýêñïëóàòàöèÿ (ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà), BP blast pressure äàâëåíèå äóòüÿ (â òîïêå êîò-
ïåðåäà÷à (ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè èëè îáúåêòà â ïîëüçîâàíèå). ëà).
BOP balance of payments ïëàòåæíûé áàëàíñ. BP, bp boiling point òî÷êà [òåìïåðàòóðà] êèïåíèÿ.
BOP balance-of-plant 1) íåÿäåðíîå îáîðóäîâà- BP British Patent ïàòåíò Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè.
íèå ÀÝÑ; 2) íåîñíîâíîå îáîðóäîâàíèå ÒÝÑ. BP budgetary policy áþäæåòíàÿ ïîëèòèêà.
BOPSSAR balance-of-plant standard safety analy- BP burnable poison âûãîðàþùèé ïîãëîòèòåëü
sis report ñòàíäàðòíûé îò÷åò ïî àíàëèçó áåçîïàñíî- (íåéòðîíîâ â àêòèâíîé çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ñòè íåÿäåðíîãî îáîðóäîâàíèÿ ÀÝÑ. bp back pressure ïðîòèâîäàâëåíèå.
BOR by own resources çà ñ÷åò ñîáñòâåííûõ bp barometric pressure áàðîìåòðè÷åñêîå äàâëå-
ñðåäñòâ (íàïð. ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ îáú- íèå.
åêòîâ ïðåäïðèÿòèåì). bp below proof íå îòâå÷àþùèé òåõíè÷åñêèì
BORAX boiling reactor experiment ýêñïåðèìåí- òðåáîâàíèÿì.
òàëüíûé êèïÿùèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð. bp boiler pressure äàâëåíèå â êîòëå.
BORAX Boiling Reactor Experiment ñåðèÿ èññëå- bp bypass 1) áàéïàñ, îáâîä; 2) îáâîäíàÿ òðóáà;
äîâàòåëüñêèõ êèïÿùèõ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ (Àð- 3) îáõîäíîé [ïåðåïóñêíîé] êàíàë; 4) ïåðåïóñêíîé
ãîííñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ). êëàïàí; 5) øóíò; 6) øóíòèðîâàòü.
BORE beryllium oxide reactor experiment ýêñïåðè- bp by-product ïîáî÷íûé ïðîäóêò.
ìåíòàëüíûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ çàìåäëèòåëåì íà B/P bills payable âåêñåëÿ ê îïëàòå; êðåäèòíàÿ
îêñèäå áåðèëëèÿ. çàäîëæåííîñòü.
BOS balance of system ñîâîêóïíîñòü êîìïîíåí- B&P budget and reporting áþäæåò è îò÷åòíîñòü.
òîâ, íåîáõîäèìûõ äëÿ ïðåîáðàçîâàíèÿ âûõîäíîé BPA Bonneville Power Administration Àäìèíè-
ìîùíîñòè ìîäóëÿ ôîòîýëåêòðè÷åñêèõ ýëåìåíòîâ ñòðàöèÿ [Óïðàâëåíèå] ýíåðãîêîìïàíèè Áîííåâèëü
â ïîëåçíóþ ýëåêòðè÷åñêóþ ýíåðãèþ. (ÑØÀ).
BOS basic operating system áàçîâàÿ îïåðàöèîí- BPCTCA best practicable control technology cur-
íàÿ ñèñòåìà. rently available íàèëó÷øàÿ ïðàêòè÷åñêè äîñòèæèìàÿ
BOS blow-off system ñèñòåìà îáäóâêè (íàïð. ïî- òåõíîëîãèÿ óïðàâëåíèÿ èëè êîíòðîëÿ.
âåðõíîñòåé íàãðåâà êîòëà). BPD boost pressure difference ïåðåïàä äàâëåíèÿ
BOS bus-organized structure øèííàÿ ñòðóêòóðà íàääóâà.
(íàïð. ðàñïðåäóñòðîéñòâà ÒÝÑ). BPD burst pin detecting îáíàðóæåíèå ïîâðåæ-
BOT Board of Trade Òîðãîâàÿ ïàëàòà (ÑØÀ). äåííîãî ñòåðæíåâîãî òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà
BOT Board of Trade ìèíèñòåðñòâî òîðãîâëè. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
BOT build-operate-transfer ñòðîèòåëüñòâî, ýêñï- BPD burst pin detector äåòåêòîð ïîâðåæäåííîãî
ëóàòàöèÿ (ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà), ïåðåäà÷à ñòåðæíåâîãî òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà ÿäåðíîãî
(ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè èëè îáúåêòà â ïîëüçîâàíèå). ðåàêòîðà.
BOT build-own-transfer ñòðîèòåëüñòâî, âëàäåíèå bpd barrels per day ÷èñëî áàððåëåé â äåíü.
(ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà), ïåðåäà÷à (ýëåêòðîýíåð- BPFM bypass flow module ìîäóëü áàéïàññèðîâà-
ãèè èëè îáúåêòà â ïîëüçîâàíèå). íèÿ ïîòîêà.
BP back pressure ïðîòèâîäàâëåíèå (íàïð. íà BPHA benzolphenylhydroxylamine áåíçîëôåíèë-
âûõëîïå òóðáèíû). ãèäðîêñèëàìèí.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BPI — 55 — BRDRC

BPI beam purity indicator èíäèêàòîð îöåíêè ÷èñ- BPWR burnable poison water reactor âîäî-âîäÿ-
òîòû íåéòðîííîãî ïó÷êà (ñîäåðæàíèå òåïëîâûõ è íîé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ âûãîðàþùèì ïîãëîòèòåëåì.
ðàññåÿííûõ íåéòðîíîâ, ãàììà-èçëó÷åíèÿ è âêëàäà BPWS blanked position withdrawal sequence ïî-
ïàðíîãî ðîæäåíèÿ ÷àñòèö). ñëåäîâàòåëüíîñòü âûâîäà ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé
BPID book-physical inventory difference äîêóìåí- èç àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
òàëüíîå ðàñõîæäåíèå ìåæäó ó÷åòíûì è íàëè÷íûì BR basic requirements îñíîâíûå òðåáîâàíèÿ;
êîëè÷åñòâîì ÿäåðíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ (â ðàìêàõ ãàðàí- òðåáîâàíèÿ ïî ñòàíäàðòó.
òèé ÌÀÃÀÒÝ). BR boiling range 1) îáëàñòü êèïåíèÿ; ãðàíèöà
BPM best practical means íàèëó÷øèå èìåþùèå- êèïåíèÿ; 2) ïðåäåëû êèïåíèÿ.
ñÿ ñðåäñòâà. BR book of reference ñïðàâî÷íèê.
BPN breakdown pulse noise øóìîâîé èìïóëüñ- BR branch 1) îòâîä; 2) ïàòðóáîê; øòóöåð; 3) ðó-
èíäèêàòîð íàðóøåíèÿ â ðàáîòå (íàïð. âåíòèëÿòî- êàâ; 4) òðîéíèê; 5) âåòâü; 6) îòâåòâëåíèå (íàïð.
ðà, òóðáèíû è äð.). ê îòäåëüíîìó ïîòðåáèòåëþ èëè çäàíèþ èëè òåï-
BPNL Battelle Pacific National Laboratory Áåò- ëîïðîâîä îò ðàñïðåäåëèòåëüíîé è ìàãèñòðàëüíîé
òåëüñêàÿ òèõîîêåàíñêàÿ íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòî- òåïëîâîé ñåòè äî óçëà ïðèñîåäèíåíèÿ ìåñòíîé
ðèÿ (ÑØÀ). ñèñòåìû ïîòðåáèòåëÿ òåïëà); 7) îòâåòâëÿòüñÿ;
BPO burst pin detection îáíàðóæåíèå ïîâðåæ- 8) ôèëèàë, îòäåëåíèå; 9) îòðàñëü (ïðîìûøëåííî-
äåííîãî ñòåðæíåâîãî òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà ñòè).
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. BR breeder reactor ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð-ðàçìíîæè-
BPP biomass power plant ýíåðãîóñòàíîâêà, ðàáî- òåëü, áðèäåð.
òàþùàÿ íà òîïëèâå èç áèîìàññû. BR breeding ratio êîýôôèöèåíò âîñïðîèçâîäñò-
BPR beryllium physics reactor ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð âà ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà.
äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèé ôèçè÷åñêèõ ïðîöåññîâ ñ îêñèäîì BR bridge 1) ìîñò; 2) ïîðîã (íàïð. çíà÷åíèé âå-
áåðèëëèÿ, èñïîëüçóåìîãî â êà÷åñòâå çàìåäëèòåëÿ. ëè÷èí); 3) èçìåðèòåëüíûé ìîñò.
BPR boiling-point rise ïîâûøåíèå òåìïåðàòóðû BR bulk resistance îáúåìíîå ñîïðîòèâëåíèå.
êèïåíèÿ. BR burn rate èíòåíñèâíîñòü ãîðåíèÿ.
BPR burnable poison rod êîìïåíñèðóþùèé ñòåð- BR burning rate 1) ñêîðîñòü ãîðåíèÿ; 2) óäåëü-
æåíü ñ âûãîðàþùèì ïîãëîòèòåëåì ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. íàÿ òåïëîâàÿ íàãðóçêà.
BPRA burnable poison rod assembly ñòåðæíåâàÿ Br Brinnell number ÷èñëî òâåðäîñòè [òâåðäîñòü]
ñáîðêà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà ñ âûãîðàþùèì ïîãëîòè- ïî Áðèíåëëþ.
òåëåì. br breakage 1) îáðûâ; 2) ðàçðûâ; 3) àâàðèÿ;
BPT best practicable technology íàèëó÷øàÿ ïðàê- íåèñïðàâíîñòü; ïîëîìêà; 4) îòêàç îáîðóäîâàíèÿ;
òè÷åñêè äîñòèæèìàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ. 5) äðîáëåíèå, èçìåëü÷åíèå (íàïð. óãëÿ, òâåðäûõ
BPT bus-bar protective tubing çàùèòíàÿ òðóáà îòõîäîâ è äð.).
äëÿ ýëåêòðè÷åñêèõ øèí. b.r. bank rate ó÷åòíàÿ ñòàâêà áàíêà.
BPTM bus-bar protective tubing material ìàòåðèàë b.r. boiling range ñì. BR.
äëÿ èçãîòîâëåíèÿ çàùèòíûõ òðóá äëÿ ýëåêòðè÷å- B/R bills receivable âåêñåëÿ ê ïîëó÷åíèþ.
ñêèõ øèí. BRA British Robot Association Àññîöèàöèÿ Âåëè-
BPTS basic principles training simulator 1) òðå- êîáðèòàíèè ðàçðàáîò÷èêîâ ðîáîòîâ.
íàæåð äëÿ îòðàáîòêè îñíîâíûõ ìåòîäîâ (íàïð. BRAB Building Research Advisory Board Êîíñóëü-
óïðàâëåíèÿ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ); 2) îñíîâíûå ïðèíöèïû ïî- òàòèâíûé ñîâåò ïî èçûñêàíèÿì â îáëàñòè ñòðîèòå-
ñòðîåíèÿ òðåíàæåðà. ëüñòâà (ÑØÀ).
BPU basic processing unit îñíîâíîé áëîê îáðà- BRB Building Research Board Ñîâåò ïî èçûñêà-
áîòêè (ñèãíàëîâ, äàííûõ); öåíòðàëüíûé ïðîöåññîð. íèÿì â îáëàñòè ñòðîèòåëüñòâà (ÑØÀ).
BPV boiler pressure vessel êîðïóñ êîòëà èëè BRC below regulatory concern íå ïîäëåæàùèé
ïàðîãåíåðàòîðà ïîä äàâëåíèåì. ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ; íèæå ïðåäåëà ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ.
BPV bypass valve îáâîäíîé [ïåðåïóñêíîé] êëàïàí. BRC Breeder Reactor Corporation Êîðïîðàöèÿ ïî
B&PV boiler and pressure vessel êîòåë èëè ïàðî- ÿäåðíûì ðåàêòîðàì-ðàçìíîæèòåëÿì (ÑØÀ).
ãåíåðàòîð è êîðïóñ ïîä äàâëåíèåì. BRC building reconstruction costs çàòðàòû íà ðå-
BPVA boiler pressure vessel accreditation ñåðòèôè- êîíñòðóêöèþ çäàíèÿ.
êàöèÿ êîðïóñà êîòëà, ðàáîòàþùåãî ïîä äàâëåíèåì. BRC burn rate criterion êðèòåðèé èíòåíñèâíîñòè
BPVC Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Êîä [íîð- ãîðåíèÿ.
ìû è ïðàâèëà] ïî êîòëàì, ïàðîãåíåðàòîðàì è êîðïó- BRD boiler run dry ðàáîòà êîòëà áåç âïðûñêà
ñàì ïîä äàâëåíèåì, Êîòëîíàäçîð. âîäû.
BPVC Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Êî- BRDRC Bently Rotor Dynamics Research Corpora-
ìèòåò ïî êîòëàì, ïàðîãåíåðàòîðàì è êîðïóñàì ïîä tion Êîðïîðàöèÿ Áåíòëè ïî èññëåäîâàíèÿì äèíàìè-
äàâëåíèåì, Êîòëîíàäçîð. êè ðîòîðîâ òóðáèí (ÑØÀ).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BRE — 56 — BSW

BRE British Regulation of Energy Êîìèññèÿ ïî ðå- BSD burst slug detection êîíòðîëü ãåðìåòè÷íî-
ãóëèðîâàíèþ â îáëàñòè ýíåðãåòèêè Âåëèêîáðèòà- ñòè îáîëî÷åê òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ýëåìåíòîâ ÿäåðíî-
íèè. ãî ðåàêòîðà.
BRE Building Research Establishment Íàó÷íî-èñ- BSEPP boiler steam-electric power plant 1) ýíåðãî-
ñëåäîâàòåëüñêèé èíñòèòóò ïî ñòðîèòåëüñòâó (Âåëè- áëîê ñ ïàðîâûìè êîòëàìè; 2) ýëåêòðîñòàíöèÿ ñ
êîáðèòàíèÿ). ýíåðãîáëîêàìè ñ ïàðîâûìè êîòëàìè.
BRER board on radiation effects research îòäåë BSF bulk shielding facility ÿäåðíàÿ óñòàíîâêà ñî
èññëåäîâàíèé ðàäèàöèîííûõ âîçäåéñòâèé. ñïëîøíûì ýêðàíèðîâàíèåì.
brev. brevet ñâèäåòåëüñòâî; ïàòåíò. BSI British Standards Institution Áðèòàíñêîå óï-
brk brake òîðìîç. ðàâëåíèå ïî ñòàíäàðòàì.
brk broken 1) ðàçáèòûé; ðàçðóøåííûé; 2) ëî- BSL basic safety limit îñíîâíîé ïðåäåë ïî áåçî-
ìàíûé (î ëèíèè); 3) ïðåðûâèñòûé; 4) ðàçäðîáëåí- ïàñíîñòè (íà ÀÝÑ).
íûé (îá óãëå). BSLD Building Service Legislation Directory Èí-
Bros. Brothers (â íàçâàíèÿõ êîìïàíèé). ñòðóêöèÿ ïî ïðèìåíåíèþ çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâà â îá-
BRP Bureau of Radiation Protection Óïðàâëåíèå ëàñòè îáñëóæèâàíèÿ çäàíèé (êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèå,
ïî ðàäèàöèîííîé çàùèòå. îòîïëåíèå, ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèå è äð., ÑØÀ).
BRR Battelle Research Reactor èññëåäîâàòåëü- BSME Bachelor of Science áàêàëàâð.
ñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Òèõîîêåàíñêîé ñåâåðî-çà- BSME Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engi-
ïàäíîé ëàáîðàòîðèè èíñòèòóòà Áýòòåëà (ÑØÀ). neering ñòåïåíü áàêàëàâðà ïî ñïåöèàëüíîñòè èíæå-
BRS boron recovery system ñèñòåìà ðåãåíåðàöèè íåðà-ìåõàíèêà èëè èíæåíåðà-òåïëîòåõíèêà.
ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (íà ÀÝÑ). BSO basis safety objectives îñíîâíûå öåëè áåçî-
BRS boron recycle system ñèñòåìà ïîâòîðíîãî ïàñíîñòè (íà ÀÝÑ).
èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ áîðíîé êèñëîòû (íà ÀÝÑ). BSO bleed steam oxidation ïðîöåññ îêèñëåíèÿ
BRV boiler relief valve ïðåäîõðàíèòåëüíûé äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ ïàðîì èç íåðåãóëèðóåìîãî îòáîðà
ñáðîñíîé êëàïàí êîòëà (óñòðîéñòâî, îáåñïå÷èâàþ- òóðáèíû ÒÝÑ (ýôôåêòèâíîñòü î÷èñòêè îò äèîêñèäà
ùåå óäàëåíèå ÷àñòè ïàðà èç êîòëà ïðè ïîâûøåíèè ñåðû ñîñòàâëÿåò 98% ïðè äîñòàòî÷íî íèçêèõ îò-
äàâëåíèÿ âûøå äîïóñòèìîãî). íîøåíèÿõ æèäêîñòü — ãàç).
BRWM Board on Radioactive Waste Management BSR Board of Standards Review of the American
Ñîâåò ïî ïðîáëåìàì óïðàâëåíèÿ ðàäèîàêòèâíûìè National Standards Institute Ñîâåò ïî ýêñïåðòèçå ñòàí-
îòõîäàìè. äàðòîâ Àìåðèêàíñêîãî èíñòèòóòà ñòàíäàðòîâ.
BS back scattering îáðàòíîå ðàññåÿíèå. BSR bulk shielding ratio îòíîñèòåëüíûé îáúåì
B.S., b.s. balance-sheet ñâîäíûé áàëàíñ. ñïëîøíîãî ýêðàíèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
BS biomass solid áèîìàññà â òâåðäîì âèäå. BSR bulk shielding reactor ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñî
BS black start 1) ïóñê ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè èç ïîë- ñïëîøíûì ýêðàíèðîâàíèåì.
íîñòüþ îáåñòî÷åííîãî ñîñòîÿíèÿ; 2) àâòîíîìíûé BSS Basic Safety Standards îñíîâíûå ñòàíäàðòû
ïóñê ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè (áåç ýëåêòðîïèòàíèÿ îò ÌÀÃÀÒÝ ïî ïðîáëåìàì áåçîïàñíîñòè (çàùèòà ïðî-
ïîñòîðîííåãî èñòî÷íèêà, íàïð. äèçåëü-ãåíåðàòî- òèâ èîíèçèðóþøåãî èçëó÷åíèÿ, áåçîïàñíîñòü èñ-
ðîâ). òî÷íèêîâ èçëó÷åíèÿ).
BS both sides ñ îáåèõ ñòîðîí. BSS British Standard Specification òåõíè÷åñêèå
BS bottom settling äîííûé îñàäîê, îòñòîé. óñëîâèÿ ïî Áðèòàíñêîìó ñòàíäàðòó; áðèòàíñêàÿ
BS British Standard Áðèòàíñêèé ñòàíäàðò. ñòàíäàðòíàÿ ñïåöèôèêàöèÿ.
BS Bureau of Standards Áþðî ñòàíäàðòîâ BST blowdown suppression tank áàê ñèñòåìû
(ÑØÀ). ñáðîñà [ñíèæåíèÿ] äàâëåíèÿ ïðè èñòå÷åíèè òåïëî-
B/S bistable áèñòàáèëüíûé, ñ äâóìÿ óñòîé÷è- íîñèòåëÿ (â ñëó÷àå àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
âûìè ñîñòîÿíèÿìè. BST boron storage tank áàê-õðàíèëèùå ðàñòâî-
b.s. both sides ñ îáåèõ ñòîðîí. ðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîðíîãî ðåãóëèðîâà-
B&S beams and stringers ïîïåðå÷íûå è ïðîäîëü- íèÿ íà ÀÝÑ).
íûå áàëêè (êîíñòðóêöèè). bst ballast 1) áàëëàñò (íàïð. ìàòåðèàëû, èñ-
BSA burst spectrum analyzer ñïåêòðîàíàëèçàòîð ïîëüçóåìûå â æåëåçíîäîðîæíîì ïîëîòíå äëÿ îïîðû
èìïóëüñîâ. øïàë, îñîáåííî íà ñïåöèàëüíûõ ïóòÿõ òðàíñïîðòè-
BSC Balancing and Settlement Code Íîðìû è ðîâêè êðóïíîãàáàðèòíûõ ãðóçîâ íà ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèå
ïðàâèëà áàëàíñèðîâàíèÿ (ïî ñòàòüÿì áþäæåòà) îáúåêòû); áàëëàñòíûé ñëîé; 2) áàëëàñòíîå òîïëèâî;
è óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ (ïëàòåæåé). 3) áàëëàñòíàÿ íàãðóçêà.
BSC British Safety Council Ñîâåò ïî áåçîïàñíîñòè BSW bottom sediment and water äîííûé îñàäîê
Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè. è âîäà (íàïð. â åìêîñòè ñ æèäêèì òîïëèâîì, óðî-
BSD British Standard Dimension ðàçìåð ïî Áðè- âåíü îñàäêà õàðàêòåðèçóåò ñòåïåíü çàãðÿçíåíèÿ
òàíñêîìó ñòàíäàðòó. òîïëèâà).
.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BT — 57 — b.v.

BT batch testing ãðóïïîâûå èñïûòàíèÿ. BTU Board of Trade Unit åäèíèöà ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé
BT bench test ñòåíäîâûå èñïûòàíèÿ. ýíåðãèè ìèíèñòåðñòâà òîðãîâëè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè
BT boiling transition ïåðåõîäíûé ðåæèì ñ êèïå- (1 êÂò . ÷).
íèåì. BTU boiler/turbine unit áëîê êîòåë — òóðáèíà.
B.T. berth terms ëèíåéíûå óñëîâèÿ (î ïîãðóçêå BTU British thermal unit Áðèòàíñêàÿ òåïëîâàÿ
è âûãðóçêå). åäèíèöà, ÁÒÅ (0,252 êêàë, 1,06 êÄæ).
bt bitumen áèòóì. BU balance unit óðàâíèâàþùåå óñòðîéñòâî.
B/T British tariffs ñâîä áðèòàíñêèõ òàðèôîâ. BU banking-up 1) îáâàëîâàíèå (íàïð. çäàíèé
B/T burning and/or transmutation âûæèãàíèå ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè, ðàñïîëîæåííûõ îêîëî áàññåéíîâ
[ñæèãàíèå] è/èëè òðàíñìóòàöèÿ (ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îõëàæäàþùåé âîäû); 2) îáâàëîâûâàíèå (îòñûïêà
îòõîäîâ). âàëèêîâ, íàñûïåé èëè äàìá âîêðóã ïëîùàäè, ïðåä-
BTB boiler tube bank ïó÷îê èñïàðèòåëüíûõ òðóá íàçíà÷åííîé äëÿ çàïîëíåíèÿ âîäîé èëè îñàäêîì);
ïàðîâîãî êîòëà (èñïàðèòåëüíàÿ ïîâåðõíîñòü íàãðå- 3) ïåðåâîä êîòëà â ãîðÿ÷èé ðåçåðâ.
âà, ïîäêëþ÷åííàÿ â âèäå ñèñòåìû êîíâåêòèâíûõ BU basic unit 1) îñíîâíîé áëîê; 2) îñíîâíîé
òðóá ê áàðàáàíó êîòëà). ýëåìåíò.
BTC British Transport Commission Áðèòàíñêàÿ BU boiler unit êîòëîàãðåãàò.
êîìèññèÿ ïî òðàíñïîðòó. BU burnup, burn-up âûãîðàíèå; ãëóáèíà âûãî-
btc before top center äî âåðõíåé ìåðòâîé òî÷êè. ðàíèÿ.
BTDR burner turndown ratio äèàïàçîí ðåãóëèðî- B/U backup 1) ðåçåðâ; 2) ðåçåðâíîå îáîðóäîâà-
âàíèÿ íàãðóçîê ãîðåëêè (äëÿ ãàçîâûõ è ìàçóòíûõ íèå; 3) äóáëèðîâàíèå; 4) ðåçåðâèðîâàíèå; 5) ðåçåðâ-
ãîðåëîê ýòà âåëè÷èíà ìîæåò ñîîòâåòñòâåííî ñî- íûé ýíåðãîáëîê; 6) îáðàòíàÿ çàñûïêà (íàïð. òðóáî-
ñòàâëÿòü 10:1 è 5:1). ïðîâîäà ïîñëå ðåìîíòà); 7) äóáëèðóþùèé àãðåãàò;
BTF blowdown test facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ ïðîâå- 8) ïðîòèâîòîê (íàïð. â êàíàëèçàöèîííîì êîëëåê-
äåíèÿ èñïûòàíèé íà èñòå÷åíèå òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ (ïðè òîðå, âûçâàííûé ëèâíåâûìè âîäàìè, â ôèëüòðàõ
àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). è äð.).
BTF Blowdown Test Facility ñòåíä äëÿ èññëåäîâà- Bu Buger criterion êðèòåðèé Áóãåðà (êðèòåðèé
íèé òåðìîãèäðàâëèêè ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ (Êàíàäà). ïîãëîùàòåëüíîé ñïîñîáíîñòè òîïî÷íîé ñðåäû).
BTF boiler tube failure ïîâðåæäåíèå òðóá êîòëà. BUCS bore ultrasonic control system ñèñòåìà
BTFRP/CCIP Boiler Tube Failure Reduction Pro- óëüòðàçâóêîâîãî êîíòðîëÿ ðàñòî÷êè ðîòîðà òóð-
gram/Cycle Chemistry Improvement Program êîìïëåêñ- áèíû.
íàÿ ïðîãðàììà ñíèæåíèÿ ïîâðåæäåíèé òðóá êîòëà BUD buried undeground distribution ïîäçåìíàÿ
çà ñ÷åò óëó÷øåíèÿ âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà ðàñïðåäåëèòåëüíàÿ ñåòü (íàïð. êàáåëåé, òðóáîïðî-
(ðàçðàáîòêà Ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî èíñòèòóòà âîäîâ).
ÑØÀ íà áàçå ðåçóëüòàòîâ, ïîëó÷åííûõ â áîëåå, bur burner 1) ãîðåëêà (óñòðîéñòâî, îáåñïå÷è-
÷åì 100 ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ îðãàíèçàöèÿõ). âàþùåå ââîä â òîïêó ãàçîîáðàçíîãî, æèäêîãî èëè
BTI boiler thermal input òåïëîâîå ïîòðåáëåíèå ïûëåâèäíîãî òîïëèâà è íåîáõîäèìîãî äëÿ åãî
êîòëà. ñæèãàíèÿ âîçäóõà, èõ ñìåøåíèå è ñâîåâðåìåííîå
BTN Brussels tariff nomenclature Áðþññåëüñêàÿ âîñïëàìåíåíèå); 2) ôîðñóíêà; 3) êàìåðà ñãîðàíèÿ
òàðèôíàÿ íîìåíêëàòóðà. (òîïêè êîòëà).
BTP backfit test program ïðîãðàììà èñïûòàíèé BUS build-up specimen êîìïîçèòíûé ìàòåðèàë
ñ íåçíà÷èòåëüíîé [ìàëîîáúåìíîé] ìîäèôèêàöèåé (ñ óñòàíîâëåííîé òîëùèíîé ñëîåâ).
îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. BUSS backup scram system ðåçåðâíàÿ ñèñòåìà
BTR blade thickness ratio îòíîñèòåëüíàÿ òîëùè- áûñòðîãî îñòàíîâà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà ïðè àâàðèè.
íà ñå÷åíèÿ ëîïàòêè (íàïð. òóðáèíû). Butex dibutil carbitol extraction ìåòîä ïåðåðàáîò-
BTR boiler thermal rating òåïëîâàÿ ìîùíîñòü êè îòðàáîòàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà ýêñòðàêöèåé
êîòëà. ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì äèáóòèëêàðáèòîëà.
BTR burner turndown ratio äèàïàçîí ðåãóëèðîâà- BV back voltage îáðàòíîå íàïðÿæåíèå.
íèÿ íàãðóçîê ãîðåëêè (äëÿ ãàçîâûõ è ìàçóòíûõ BV balanced voltage óðàâíîâåøåííîå íàïðÿæå-
ãîðåëîê ýòà âåëè÷èíà ìîæåò ñîîòâåòñòâåííî ñî- íèå.
ñòàâëÿòü 10:1 è 5:1). BV bias voltage íàïðÿæåíèå ñìåùåíèÿ.
BTRS boron thermal regeneration system ñèñòåìà BV blast volume ðàñõîä äóòüÿ (íàïð. â òîïêå
òåðìè÷åñêîé ðåãåíåðàöèè ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû êîòëà).
(íà ÀÝÑ). BV block valve 1) êëèíîâàÿ çàäâèæêà; 2) áëî÷-
BTSA bolt torque stress analyzer àíàëèçàòîð ìå- íûé êëàïàí; 3) îòñå÷íîé êëàïàí.
õàíè÷åñêèõ íàïðÿæåíèé, âîçíèêàþùèõ â ðåçóëü- BV breakdown voltage íàïðÿæåíèå ïðîáîÿ èëè
òàòå êðóòÿùåãî ìîìåíòà íà áîëòàõ (íàïð. êðåïëå- ðàçðóøåíèÿ.
íèÿ ðîòîðà òóðáèíû). b.v. by volume ïî îáúåìó.
.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

BVC — 58 — Cd

BVC building ventilation characteristic âåíòèëÿöè- ÑØÀ ïî ýêñïëóàòàöèè ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêîãî îáîðó-


îííàÿ õàðàêòåðèñòèêà çäàíèÿ ( ðàñõîä òåïëà íà äîâàíèÿ.
âåíòèëÿöèþ, ïðèõîäÿùèéñÿ íà 1ì3 îáúåìà çäàíèÿ bx box 1) êîðïóñ; êîðîá; 2) êîæóõ; 3) âêëàäûø
â ÷àñ ïðè ðàçíîñòè òåìïåðàòóð âíóòðåííåãî è íà- ïîäøèïíèêà; 4) êàìåðà, áîêñ; 5) ÿùèê; 6) ñïåöè-
ðóæíîãî âîçäóõà â 1 °C). àëüíî âûäåëåííûé òåêñò (íàïð. â òåõíè÷åñêèõ äàí-
BV/H bed volumes per hour ðàñõîä (èîíèòíîãî íûõ, ïóáëèêàöèÿõ).
ôèëüòðà) â îòíîñèòåëüíûõ îáúåìàõ â ÷àñ.
BW bandwidth 1) øèðèíà ïîëîñû ÷àñòîò; 2) øè-
ðèíà ñïåêòðà ñèãíàëà.
BW braided wire ïðîâîä â îïëåòêå.
BW bulk weight íàñûïíîé âåñ, âåñ åäèíèöû
Ñ
îáúåìà. C arbitrary dimension ïðîèçâîëüíàÿ ðàçìåðíîñòü.
B/W backwash 1) îòìûâêà [ïðîìûâêà] îáðàò- C calorie êàëîðèÿ (åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ òåïëî-
íûì ïîòîêîì, îáðàòíàÿ ïðîìûâêà; 2) âçðûõëåíèå òû, 4,1868 Äæ).
ôèëüòðà; 3) îáðàòíûé ïîòîê. Ñ capacitance åìêîñòü; åìêîñòíîå ñîïðîòèâëå-
b.w. butt-welded ñâàðåííûé âñòûê. íèå.
b.w. by weight ïî âåñó. C capacitor ýëåêòðè÷åñêèé êîíäåíñàòîð.
B&WSSAR Babcock & Wilcox Standard Safety C capacity 1) îáúåì; 2) åìêîñòü; 3) ìîùíîñòü;
Analysis Report ñòàíäàðòíûé îò÷åò ôèðìû Babcock & 4) ïðîèçâîäèòåëüíîñòü; 5) óñòàíîâëåííàÿ ìîùíîñòü
Wilcox ïî àíàëèçó áåçîïàñíîñòè (ÀÝÑ). (ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè); 6) ïðîïóñêíàÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü;
BWA British Waterworks Association Áðèòàíñêàÿ 7) ãðóçîïîäúåìíîñòü; 8) âûðàáîòêà; 9) âûõîä ïðî-
àññîöèàöèÿ ïî âîäîïðîâîäíûì ñîîðóæåíèÿì. äóêöèè; 10) âìåñòèìîñòü; 11) ðàñõîä.
BWEA British Wind Energy Association Áðèòàí- C carbon 1) óãëåðîä; 2) õèìè÷åñêè ÷èñòûé óãîëü;
ñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî âåòðîýíåðãåòèêå. 3) ñëîé íàãàðà (íàïð. â êàìåðå ñãîðàíèÿ); 4) ãðàôèò.
BWETPA British Water Effluent Treatment Plant C Celcius (centigrade) ãðàäóñû ïî Öåëüñèþ.
Association Áðèòàíñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ ïî óñòàíîâêàì C coefficient 1) êîýôôèöèåíò; 2) êîíñòàíòà, ïî-
äëÿ âîäîïîäãîòîâêè è î÷èñòêè ñòî÷íûõ âîä. ñòîÿííàÿ âåëè÷èíà; 3) èíäåêñ; 4) ìíîæèòåëü.
BWF building wake factor êîýôôèöèåíò, ó÷èòû- C compound nucleus ñîñòàâíîå ÿäðî.
âàþùèé âðåìÿ áîäðñòâîâàíèÿ æèëüöîâ äîìà (äëÿ C compressor êîìïðåññîð, íàãíåòàòåëü.
ðàñ÷åòà ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ ïîòðåáíîñòåé çäàíèÿ). C concentration 1) êîíöåíòðàöèÿ (âåëè÷èíà);
BWG Birmingham wire gauge áèðìèíãåìñêèé 2) êîíöåíòðàöèÿ (ïðîöåññ), êîíöåíòðèðîâàíèå; 3) ñãó-
ïðîâîëî÷íûé êàëèáð. ùåíèå; 4) îáîãàùåíèå; 5) ñîñðåäîòî÷åíèå, ñîñðåäîòî-
BWIP basalt waste isolation plant óñòàíîâêà äëÿ ÷åííîñòü (íàïð. ïðîìûøëåííûõ îáúåêòîâ â ðåãèîíå);
èçîëÿöèè ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ â áàçàëüòîâûõ 6) ñîãëàñîâàíèå (íàïð. ïëàíîâ, ïðîåêòîâ).
ïîðîäàõ. C configuration 1) êîíôèãóðàöèÿ (íàïð. ìàãíèò-
BWR boiling water reactor êèïÿùèé ÿäåðíûé ðå- íîãî ïîëÿ, ïðè êîòîðîé èîíèçèðîâàííûå ÷àñòèöû
àêòîð, ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð íà êèïÿùåé âîäå (ñ âîäíûì îñòàþòñÿ â îïðåäåëåííîé îáëàñòè òåðìîÿäåðíîãî
çàìåäëèòåëåì è òåïëîíîñèòåëåì, ïàð íåïîñðåäñò- ðåàêòîðà áîëüøîé ïðîòÿæåííîñòè; íåèçìåíÿåìàÿ
âåííî ãåíåðèðóåòñÿ â àêòèâíîé çîíå, ïàðîâîäÿíàÿ â òå÷åíèè îïðåäåëåííîãî âðåìåíè ñõåìà ðàñïîëîæå-
ñìåñü îõëàæäàåò àêòèâíóþ çîíó è çàìåäëÿåò â íåé íèÿ ñòåðæíåé); ôîðìà; 2) î÷åðòàíèå; 3) êîíñòðóê-
íåéòðîíû, òîïëèâî — îáîãàùåííûé îêñèä óðàíà). öèÿ; 4) êîìïîíîâêà; 5) ñòðóêòóðà.
BWROG Boiling Water Reactor Owners Group ãðóï- C cost ñòîèìîñòü; çàòðàòû.
ïà âëàäåëüöåâ êèïÿùèõ ÿäåðíûõ ðåàêòîðîâ (ÑØÀ). C Coulomb êóëîí, Êë.
BWRVIP Boiling Water Reactor Vessels and Inter- C Curie êþðè (åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ àêòèâíîñ-
nals Program Ïðîãðàììà ðàçðàáîòêè êîðïóñîâ è òè, 3,7 . 1010 Áê).
âíóòðèêîðïóñíûõ óñòðîéñòâ äëÿ êèïÿùèõ ÿäåðíûõ C degrees centigrade (Celsius) ãðàäóñû Öåëüñèÿ.
ðåàêòîðîâ (Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ). C units conversion constant êîíñòàíòà, ó÷èòûâà-
BWST borated water storage tank àâàðèéíûé áàê þùàÿ ðàçìåðíîñòü.
çàïàñà ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû íà ÀÝÑ. C* solids related attrition coefficient êîýôôèöèåíò
BWST borated water supply tank àâàðèéíûé áàê èñòèðàíèÿ òâåðäûìè ÷àñòèöàìè (íàïð. â òîïêå
ïîäà÷è ðàñòâîðà áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîðíîãî êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ íà ÀÝÑ). Cd on dry basis fuel carbon ñîäåðæàíèå óãëåðîäà
BX base exchange îñíîâíûé îáìåí. íà ñóõóþ ìàññó òîïëèâà.
BX NEC type ac flexible armored cable êàáåëü â Cd drag coefficient for single particle êîýôôèöèåíò
ãèáêîé ìåòàëëè÷åñêîé òðóáå äëÿ ñèñòåì ýëåêòðî- ñîïðîòèâëåíèÿ èëè òîðìîæåíèÿ äëÿ îäèíî÷íîé
ïèòàíèÿ ïåðåìåííîãî òîêà, âûïîëíåííûé â ñîîò- ÷àñòèöû (íàïð. â òîïêå êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì
âåòñòâèè ñ òðåáîâàíèÿìè Íàöèîíàëüíûõ ïðàâèë êèïÿùèì ñëîåì).
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Cdaf — 59 — CAA

Cdaf on dry ash free basis fuel carbon ñîäåðæàíèå CA constant amplitude ïîñòîÿííàÿ àìïëèòóäà.
óãëåðîäà íà ñóõóþ áåççîëüíóþ ìàññó òîïëèâà. CA constant attenuation ïîñòîÿííàÿ çàòóõàíèÿ.
Ceff collection/removal efficiency ýôôåêòèâíîñòü CA construction authorization ðàçðåøåíèå íà
óëàâëèâàíèÿ/óäàëåíèÿ (íàïð. ëåòó÷åé çîëû íà ÒÝÑ). ñòðîèòåëüñòâî (íàïð. ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîãî îáúåêòà).
Cf carbon content in fly ash ñîäåðæàíèå íåñãî- CA contract administration êîíòðîëü èñïîëíåíèÿ
ðåâøåãî óãëåðîäà â çîëå òîïëèâà, íåäîæîã òîïëèâà êîíòðàêòà.
â óíîñå. CA contract authorization óòâåðæäåíèå êîíòðàê-
Cf cleanliness factor ñòåïåíü ÷èñòîòû (ïîâåðõíî- òà (íàïð. íà ñòðîèòåëüñòâî ÀÝÑ íà ïðàâèòåëüñò-
ñòè). âåííîì óðîâíå, íà óðîâíå ðóêîâîäñòâà ôèðìû, íà
Ci concentration of species in the impinger êîíöåí- ïðèîáðåòåíèå èëè ïîñòàâêó îáîðóäîâàíèÿ è äð.).
òðàöèÿ ÷àñòèö â óñòðîéñòâå äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ çà- CA control air èìïóëüñíûé âîçäóõ (íàïð. ïíåâ-
ïûëåííîñòè äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ. ìàòè÷åñêîé ñèñòåìû ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ).
Cin concentration at inlet êîíöåíòðàöèÿ ÷àñòèö CA control area 1) ñàíèòàðíî-çàùèòíàÿ çîíà
íà âõîäå (íàïð. â ýëåêòðîôèëüòð íà ÒÝÑ). (òåððèòîðèÿ âîêðóã ÀÝÑ èëè äðóãîãî ÿäåðíîãî
Cm mass flow of species ìàññîâûé ðàñõîä ÷àñ- îáúåêòà, íà êîòîðîé äåéñòâóåò ðåæèì îãðàíè-
òèö. ÷åííîé õîçÿéñòâåííîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè, çàïðåùà-
CODA êîíöåíòðàöèÿ îêòàäåöèëàìèíà (ïîâåðõ- åòñÿ ïîòîÿííîå è âðåìåííîå ïðîæèâàíèå ëþäåé,
íîñòíî-àêòèâíîãî âåùåñòâà, ïðèìåíÿåìîãî äëÿ ïî- à òàêæå ïðîâîäèòñÿ ðàäèàöèîííûé êîíòðîëü);
âûøåíèÿ ýôôåêòèâíîñòè çàùèòû ìåòàëëîâ îò 2) çîíà íàáëþäåíèÿ (çîíà íà ÀÝÑ, â êîòîðîé
êîððîçèîííî-ýðîçèîííîãî âîçäåéñòâèÿ òåïëîíîñè- âåäåòñÿ êîíòðîëü çà óñëîâèÿìè îáëó÷åíèÿ ïåðñî-
òåëÿ â ïàðîâîäÿíûõ êîíòóðàõ ÒÝÑ è ÀÝÑ). íàëà áåç ïðèíÿòèÿ ñïåöèàëüíûõ ìåð ïî çàùèòå
Cout concentration at outlet êîíöåíòðàöèÿ ÷àñòèö è áåçîïàñíîñòè); 3) çîíà äèñïåò÷åðñêîãî óïðàâëå-
íà âûõîäå. íèÿ (ýíåðãîñèñòåìû).
Cp coefficient of performance of heat pump plant CA control assembly óïðàâëÿþùàÿ ñáîðêà ÿäåð-
ÊÏÄ òåïëîíàñîñíîé óñòàíîâêè, ÊÏÄ ÒÍÓ. íîãî ðåàêòîðà.
Cp gas specific heat òåïëîåìêîñòü ãàçà. CA controlled area êîíòðîëèðóåìàÿ çîíà (çîíà
Cp pitot tube correction factor ïîïðàâî÷íûé êîýô- íà ÀÝÑ, â êîòîðîé òðåáóþòñÿ èëè ìîãóò ïîòðåáî-
ôèöèåíò íà òðóáêó Ïèòî. âàòüñÿ ñïåöèàëüíûå ìåðû çàùèòû è áåçîïàñíîñòè
Cpba heat capacity of bottom ash òåïëîåìêîñòü äëÿ êîíòðîëÿ óðîâíÿ îáëó÷åíèÿ, ïðåäîòâðàùåíèÿ
øëàêà. èëè îãðàíè÷åíèÿ óðîâíÿ ïîòåíöèàëüíîãî îáëó÷å-
Cpfa heat capacity of fly ash òåïëîåìêîñòü ëåòó÷åé íèÿ).
çîëû, òåïëîåìêîñòü óíîñà. CA cooling air îõëàæäàþùèé âîçäóõ, âîçäóõ
Cq coefficient of discharge 1) êîýôôèöèåíò ðàñ- äëÿ îõëàæäåíèÿ; îõëàæäàþùèé âîçäóøíûé ïîòîê.
õîäà; 2) êîýôôèöèåíò èñòå÷åíèÿ. CA corrective actions êîððåêòèðóþùèå ìåðû.
Cr as-mined or as-fired fuel carbon ñîäåðæàíèå CA country activities íàöèîíàëüíûå ìåðîïðèÿ-
óãëåðîäà íà ðàáî÷óþ ìàññó òîïëèâà. òèÿ (íàïð. ïî ðåàëèçàöèè ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ ïðî-
Ct thermal capacitance óäåëüíàÿ òåïëîâàÿ åì- ãðàìì, ïðîåêòîâ è äð.).
êîñòü, óäåëüíàÿ òåïëîåìêîñòü. CA critical area 1) îáëàñòü ïðåäåëüíûõ ïàðàìåò-
Ct total carbon îáùåå ñîäåðæàíèå óãëåðîäà â ðîâ èëè ðåæèìîâ; 2) êðèòè÷åñêàÿ çîíà (íàïð. ñîîðó-
òîïëèâå. æåíèÿ è ïîìåùåíèÿ íà ÀÝÑ, â êîòîðûõ ðàçìå-
c centi- ñàíòè-, ñ, 10-2. ùàþòñÿ îòíîñÿùèåñÿ ê áåçîïàñíîñòè ñèñòåìû è
c combustibles ãîðþ÷èå âåùåñòâà, ãîðþ÷àÿ ÷àñòü îáîðóäîâàíèå, ãåðìåòè÷íîñòü ñîîðóæåíèé è ïîìå-
òîïëèâà. ùåíèé îáåñïå÷èâàåò ðàáîòîñïîñîáíîñòü ïîñëåä-
c specific heat óäåëüíàÿ òåïëîåìêîñòü. íèõ â ñëó÷àå ïðîåêòíîé àâàðèè).
c. copyright àâòîðñêîå èëè èçäàòåëüñêîå ïðàâî. CA critical assembly êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñáîðêà ÿäåð-
c. current density ïëîòíîñòü ýëåêòðè÷åñêîãî òîêà. íîãî ðåàêòîðà (ñáîðêà, â êîòîðîé ìîæåò ïîääåðæè-
cp specific heat at constant pressure óäåëüíàÿ òåï- âàòüñÿ ñàìîïðîèçâîëüíàÿ óïðàâëÿåìàÿ öåïíàÿ ðå-
ëîåìêîñòü ïðè ïîñòîÿííîì äàâëåíèè. àêöèÿ; ïðåäíàçíà÷åíà äëÿ ðàáîòû íà ìîùíîñòè,
cv specific heat at constant volume óäåëüíàÿ òåï- óðîâåíü êîòîðîé íå òðåáóåò ïðèíóäèòåëüíîãî
ëîåìêîñòü ïðè ïîñòîÿííîì îáúåìå. îõëàæäåíèÿ ñðåäû è íå îêàçûâàåò âëèÿíèÿ íà åå
CA charge amplifier ýëåêòðîìåòðè÷åñêèé óñèëè- íåéòðîííî-ôèçè÷åñêèå õàðàêòåðèñòèêè).
òåëü. C/A current account òåêóùèé ñ÷åò.
CA circular arc äóãà îêðóæíîñòè. C.A. commercial agent òîðãîâûé àãåíò.
CA cleaning air î÷èùàþùèé âîçäóõ. Ca Cauchy number ÷èñëî Êîøè.
CA common area îáùàÿ îáëàñòü (íàïð. èññëåäî- ca circa ëàò., [about] îêîëî, ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî.
âàíèé, ïàìÿòè è äð.). CAA Clean Air Act Çàêîí î ÷èñòîòå àòìîñôåðíî-
CA concerted actions ñîãëàñîâàííûå äåéñòâèÿ. ãî âîçäóõà (ÑØÀ).
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CAA — 60 — CAES

CAA Clean Air Act Çàêîí î ÷èñòîì âîçäóõå (â Âå- CACH Controlled Atmosphere Chamber êàìåðà
ëèêîáðèòàíèè ñóùåñòâîâàëî äâà çàêîíà, êîòîðûå äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ ìåòîäîâ îáíàðóæåíèÿ óòå÷êè íà-
âíà÷àëå ðåãóëèðîâàëè âûáðîñû äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ ïðî- òðèÿ èç ñèñòåìû òåïëîíîñèòåëÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà
ìûøëåííûõ è áûòîâûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ, à çàòåì è âû- (Èíæåíåðíî-òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèé ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèé öåíòð,
ñîòó äûìîâûõ òðóá. Â íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ îíè îáúå- ÑØÀ).
äèíåíû â Çàêîí î êîíòðîëå çàãðÿçíåíèé — Control CACS containment air cooling system ñèñòåìà
of Pollution Act.  ÑØÀ äåéñòâóþò äâà çàêîíà — îõëàæäåíèÿ âîçäóõà â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíî-
îäèí ðåãóëèðóåò âîïðîñû ìåæøòàòíîãî ïåðåíîñà ãî ðåàêòîðà.
çàãðÿçíåíèé, ñîãëàñíî äðóãîìó ââîäÿòñÿ íàöèîíàëü- CACS core auxiliary cooling system âñïîìîãàòåëü-
íûå ñòàíäàðòû âçàìåí ñòàíäàðòîâ îòäåëüíûõ íàÿ ñèñòåìà îõëàæäåíèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî
øòàòîâ). ðåàêòîðà.
CAA computer aided analysis êîìïüþòåðíûé CACW core auxiliary cooling water system âñïîìî-
àíàëèç. ãàòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà ïîäà÷è âîäû äëÿ îõëàæäåíèÿ
CAA control air compressor êîìïðåññîð ïîäà÷è àêòèâíîé çîíû ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
èìïóëüñíîãî âîçäóõà (íàïð. ïíåâìàòè÷åñêîé ñèñ- CAD cash against documents ìåòîä ïëàòåæà çà
òåìû ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ). òîâàðû, êîòîðûå äîëæíû áûòü ýêñïîðòèðîâàíû.
CAAA Clean Air Act Amendments Äîïîëíåíèÿ CAD complete all details ïîëíîñòüþ çàïîëíèòü
ê Çàêîíó î ÷èñòîòå àòìîñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà (ÑØÀ). (íàïð. àíêåòó, ïðèãëàøåíèå íà êîíôåðåíöèþ è äð.).
CAAB corrective action assessment board ãðóïïà CAD computer-aided design ñèñòåìà êîìïüþòåð-
îöåíêè èçìåíåíèé (âíîñèìûõ â êîíñòðóêöèþ èëè íîãî ïðîåêòèðîâàíèÿ.
òåõíîëîãè÷åñêóþ äîêóìåíòàöèþ). CAD computer-assisted diagnosis àâòîìàòèçèðî-
CAAS criticality accident alarm system ñèñòåìà âàííàÿ äèàãíîñòèêà; àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííîå îáíàðó-
àâòîìàòè÷åñêîé ñèãíàëèçàöèè î âîçíèêíîâåíèè æåíèå íåèñïðàâíîñòåé.
êðèòè÷íîñòè (ñàìîïîääåðæèâàþùåéñÿ öåïíîé ðåàê- CAD containment atmosphere dilution ðàçáàâëå-
öèè äåëåíèÿ). íèå àòìîñôåðû â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíîãî ðå-
CAB combustion analysis basics îñíîâû àíàëèçà àêòîðà.
ïðîöåññîâ ñæèãàíèÿ òîïëèâà. CAD contract award date äàòà çàêëþ÷åíèÿ êîí-
cab cabinet 1) øêàô; 2) ñòîéêà; 3) êîðïóñ; òðàêòà.
4) êîæóõ; 5) îòñåê; 6) îòäåëåíèå. CADAE computer-aided design and engineering
CAC cash and carry ïðîäàæà òîâàðîâ çà íàëè÷- ñèñòåìà êîìïüþòåðíîãî ïðîåêòèðîâàíèÿ è êîíñòðó-
íûé ðàñ÷åò áåç äîñòàâêè. èðîâàíèÿ.
CAC coal ash characteristics õàðàêòåðèñòèêè CADD computer-aided drafting and design ïðî-
çîëû óãëÿ. öåññ ïîäãîòîâêè ïðîåêòà è ïðîåêòèðîâàíèå ñ ïîìî-
CAC Comfort-Air Collector ïåðåíîñíîé êîìíàò- ùüþ ÝÂÌ.
íûé êîíäèöèîíåð âîçäóõà (ñ êîíäåíñàòîðîì, òåï- CADDET Center for the Analyses and Dissementa-
ëîâûì íàñîñîì è êîìïðåññîðîì ñî ñïèðàëüíûì çìå- tion of Demonstrated Energy Technologies Öåíòð àíà-
åâèêîì, ðàçðàáîòêà ôèðìû Heat Controller, ÑØÀ). ëèçà è ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèÿ àïðîáèðîâàííûõ ýíåðãåòè-
CAC containment atmosphere control êîíòðîëü àò- ÷åñêèõ òåõíîëîãèé (ÑØÀ).
ìîñôåðû â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. CADM compartment air distribution monitoring
CAC control air compressor êîìïðåññîð ïîäà÷è êîíòðîëü ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ âîçäóõà ïî ó÷àñòêàì
èìïóëüñíîãî âîçäóõà (íàïð. ïíåâìàòè÷åñêîé ñèñ- (íàïð. ïûëåïðîâîäîâ ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ñïåöèàëü-
òåìû ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ). íûõ äàò÷èêîâ ðàñõîäà óãîëüíîé ïûëè íà ÒÝÑ).
C&C claims and compensation ïðåòåíçèè [ðåêëà- CADU control and display unit óñòðîéñòâî óïðàâëå-
ìàöèÿ] è êîìïåíñàöèÿ. íèÿ è èíäèêàöèè (íàïð. ïóëüò, ùèò, ïàíåëü è äð.).
C&C coal and coke óãîëü è êîêñ. CAE compressor air extraction îòáîð âîçäóõà èç
C&C computer and communications ñðåäñòâà âû- êîìïðåññîðà (íàïð. ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû äëÿ îõëàæäåíèÿ
÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêè è ñâÿçè. äåòàëåé, ïîäâåðãàþùèõñÿ âîçäåéñòâèþ âûñîêèõ òåì-
C&C consistency and comprehesiveness âñåñòî- ïåðàòóð, óïëîòíåíèÿ è îõëàæäåíèÿ ïîäøèïíèêîâ ðî-
ðîííîñòü (íàïð. àíàëèçà, èññëåäîâàíèÿ) è ñîñòîÿ- òîðà, ïîäà÷è ñæàòîãî âîçäóõà â êëàïàíû è äð.).
òåëüíîñòü (íàïð. îöåíîê). CAE corrective action evaluation îöåíêà êîððåê-
C&C cooperation and codependence âçàèìîäåé- òèðóþùèõ ìåð (ïåðñîíàëà ÀÝÑ ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíî-
ñòâèå è âçàèìíàÿ îòâåòñòâåííîñòü (íàïð. îñíîâíûå ãî ðåàêòîðà).
çàêîíû ïðèðîäû, ïðèíöèïû ôóíêöèîíèðîâàíèÿ CAER community awareness and emergency res-
ñóáúåêòîâ õîçÿéñòâåííîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè è äð.). ponse îñâåäîìëåííîñòü íàñåëåíèÿ è ïðîòèâîàâà-
CAC-CR Canadian Advisory Committee on Coal ðèéíûå äåéñòâèÿ â ñëó÷àå àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ.
Research Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò Êàíàäû ïî èñ- CAES compressed air energy storage àêêóìóëè-
ñëåäîâàíèÿì â óãîëüíîé ïðîìûøëåííîñòè. ðîâàíèå ýíåðãèè ñæàòîãî âîçäóõà.
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CAES — 61 — CAMR

CAES compressed air energy storage íàêîïèòåëü CAL confirmatory action letter «ãîðÿ÷àÿ» êëàâèøà.
ýíåðãèè ñæàòîãî âîçäóõà. CAL confirmatory action letter öèðêóëÿð, ïîä-
CAES-G/T compressed air energy storage-gas tur- òâåðæäàþùèé ïðèíÿòèå àäåêâàòíûõ ìåð.
bine ãàçîâàÿ òóðáèíà ñ íàêîïèòåëåì ýíåðãèè ñæàòî- CAL corrective action letter öèðêóëÿð ïî âûïîëíå-
ãî âîçäóõà. íèþ êîððåêòèðóþùèõ ìåð [ìåðîïðèÿòèé] íà ÀÝÑ.
CAET corrective action evaluation team ãðóïïà Cal California Êàëèôîðíèÿ (øòàò ÑØÀ).
îöåíêè âíîñèìûõ èçìåíåíèé èëè ìåðîïðèÿòèé ïî cal calculation âû÷èñëåíèå; ðàñ÷åò.
ñîâåðøåíñòâîâàíèþ (íàïð. ïðîåêòà, êîíñòðóêöèè, cal calibration 1) ïîâåðêà; 2) ãðàäóèðîâêà; 3) êà-
òåõíè÷åñêîé äîêóìåíòàöèè). ëèáðîâêà; 4) àòòåñòàöèÿ.
CAF chemical analysis facility óñòàíîâêà äëÿ ïðî- cal calorie êàëîðèÿ (åäèíèöà èçìåðåíèÿ òåïëî-
âåäåíèÿ õèìè÷åñêèõ àíàëèçîâ. òû, 4,1868 Äæ).
CAFB coupled air-fluidized bed äâîéíîé êèïÿ- calth thermochemical calorie òåðìîõèìè÷åñêàÿ
ùèé ñëîé, îæèæàåìûé [ôëþèäèçèðóåìûé] âîçäó- êàëîðèÿ.
õîì (òîïêè êîòëà ñ êèïÿùèì ñëîåì). CALTECH, Caltech California Institute of Techno-
CAFEE critical assembly fuel element exchange logy Êàëèôîðíèéñêèé òåõíîëîãè÷åñêèé èíñòèòóò
çàìåíà òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà íà êðèòè÷å- (ÑØÀ).
ñêîé ñáîðêå. Caltech «Òîêàìàê» Êàëèôîðíèéñêîãî òåõíîëî-
CAFIS computer-aided fault isolation system àâòî- ãè÷åñêîãî èíñòèòóòà (ÑØÀ).
ìàòèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà îáíàðóæåíèÿ íåèñïðàâíî- CALUTRON California University Cyclotron öèêëî-
ñòåé. òðîí Êàëèôîðíèéñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà (ÑØÀ).
CAFTA computer-aided fault tree analysis àâòîìà- calutron êàëþòðîí (ýëåêòðîìàãíèòíûé ñåïà-
òèçèðîâàííûé àíàëèç íà îñíîâå ìåòîäà äåðåâà îò- ðàòîð èçîòîïîâ).
êàçîâ. CAM checkout and maintenance ïðîâåðêà è òåõ-
CAGR commercial advanced gas-cooled reactor íè÷åñêîå îáñëóæèâàíèå.
ïðîìûøëåííûé óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé ãàçîîõëàæ- CAM computer-aided manufacture àâòîìàòèçèðî-
äàåìûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð. âàííîå ïðîèçâîäñòâî.
CAHE core auxiliary heat exchanger âñïîìîãàòåëü- CAM computer-aided manufacturing àâòîìàòèçè-
íûé òåïëîîáìåííèê àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâîì.
C&HP chemistry and health physics çàùèòà îò CAM containment atmospheric monitoring êîíò-
âîçäåéñòâèÿ îïàñíûõ õèìè÷åñêèõ âåùåñòâ è èîíè- ðîëü àòìîñôåðû â ïîìåùåíèÿõ çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè
çèðóþùåãî èçëó÷åíèÿ. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CAI common alarm indicator èíäèêàòîð ñáîðíûõ CAM continuous air monitor äàò÷èê íåïðåðûâíî-
àâàðèéíûõ ñèãíàëîâ. ãî êîíòðîëÿ îêðóæàþùåãî âîçäóõà.
CAI computer-aided [computer-assistant] inspec- CAM continuous air monitoring íåïðåðûâíûé
tion àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííûé êîíòðîëü. êîíòðîëü îêðóæàþùåãî âîçäóõà.
CAI computer-aided [computer-assistant] instruc- CAMA Control and Automation Manufacturers As-
tion àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííîå îáó÷åíèå (íàïð. îïåðàòî- sociation Àññîöèàöèÿ ôèðì, ïðîèçâîäÿùèõ ñðåäñòâà
ðîâ ÀÝÑ). àâòîìàòèçàöèè è óïðàâëåíèÿ.
CAIP Clean Air Implementation Plan ïëàí âíåäðå- CAMAC computer-aided measurements and cont-
íèÿ ìåðîïðèÿòèé ïî ÷èñòîòå àòìîñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà rol (ñèñòåìà) ÊÀÌÀÊ (óíèôèöèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà
(ïðèíÿò â ðÿäå ðàçâèòûõ ñòðàí â ïåðèîä 70–80-õ àâòîìàòèçèðîâàííûõ ñðåäñòâ èçìåðåíèÿ, êîíòðî-
äëÿ îöåíêè èñòî÷íèêîâ è êîíöåíòðàöèé çàãðÿçíè- ëÿ è óïðàâëåíèÿ).
òåëåé àòìîñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà, âîçäåéñòâèÿ íà îêðó- CAMCAT Catalog of Gamma Rays and Alpha Partic-
æàþùóþ ñðåäó è çäîðîâüå íàñåëåíèÿ, à òàêæå ñîîò- les from Radioactive Decay Êàòàëîã äàííûõ ïî ãàììà-
âåòñòâóþùèõ ñðåäñòâ êîíòðîëÿ). èçëó÷åíèþ è àëüôà-÷àñòèöàì, îáðàçîâàâøèìñÿ â ðå-
CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule ìåæøòàòíîå ïðåä- çóëüòàòå ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî ðàñïàäà (ÑØÀ).
ïèñàíèå îòíîñèòåëüíî îáåñïå÷åíèÿ ÷èñòîòû àòìî- CAMEL component and material evaluation loop
ñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà (Àãåíòñòâà ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþ- ïåòëÿ äëÿ èññëåäîâàíèÿ [îöåíêè] ýëåìåíòîâ îáîðó-
ùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ). äîâàíèÿ è ìàòåðèàëîâ (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CAIRS Canadian Institute for Radiation Safety Èí- CAMP continuous air monitoring program ïðîãðàì-
ñòèòóò ïî ïðîáëåìàì ðàäèàöèîííîé áåçîïàñíîñòè ìà íåïðåðûâíîãî ìîíèòîðèíãà êà÷åñòâà âîçäóõà.
Êàíàäû. CAMP control and monitor panel ïóëüò [ùèò, ïà-
CAIS Center for Advanced International Studies íåëü] êîíòðîëÿ è óïðàâëåíèÿ.
Öåíòð ïåðñïåêòèâíûõ ìåæäóíàðîäíûõ èññëåäîâà- CAMR Clean Air Mercury Rule ïðåäïèñàíèå
íèé (ÑØÀ). Àãåíòñòâà ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ îò-
CAL computer-aided learning êîìïüþòåðíîå îáó- íîñèòåëüíî ñíèæåíèÿ ýìèññèè ðòóòè â îêðóæàþ-
÷åíèå. ùóþ ñðåäó ñ âûáðîñàìè ÒÝÑ.
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CAMS — 62 — CAS

CAMS containment atmospheric monitoring system âàííîñòüþ] ïðîåêòà è íîðìîé ïðèáûëè èëè êîýô-
ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ àòìîñôåðû â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå ôèöèåíòîì îêóïàåìîñòè).
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. C&PP Coal and Power Program Ïðîãðàììà ÑØÀ
CAMS continuous air monitoring system ñèñòåìà ïî ýôôåêòèâíîìó èñïîëüçîâàíèþ óãëÿ äëÿ ïðîèç-
íåïðåðûâíîãî ìîíèòîðèíãà ñîñòîÿíèÿ âîçäóøíîé âîäñòâà ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè è òåïëà.
ñðåäû. capy capacity ñì. cap.
Can. Canada Êàíàäà. CAQ conditions adverse to quality 1) óñëîâèÿ, íå-
CAN-DECON ìåòîä äåçàêòèâàöèè ðåàêòîðîâ áëàãîïðèÿòíûå äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ êà÷åñòâà; 2) óñëî-
òèïà CANDU (Êàíàäñêèé òÿæåëîâîäíûé óðàíîâûé âèÿ, íåáëàãîïðèÿòíûå äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ íåîáõîäè-
ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð). ìîãî ïàðîñîäåðæàíèÿ ïðè êèïåíèè.
CANMET Canada Center for Mineral and Energy CAR condenser air removal óäàëåíèå âîçäóõà èç
Technology Öåíòð ðàçðàáîòêè ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ è êîíäåíñàòîðà (òóðáèíû).
ñûðüåâûõ òåõíîëîãèé Êàíàäû. CAR corrective action recommendations ðåêîìåí-
CANDU Canadian deuterium-uranium reactor Êà- äàöèè ïî êîððåêòèðóþùèì äåéñòâèÿì è ìåðàì
íàäñêèé òÿæåëîâîäíûé óðàíîâûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàê- (ïðè àâàðèè íà ÀÝÑ).
òîð. CAR corrective action report 1) îò÷åò î âíåñåíèè
CANDU-BLW CANDU Boiling Light Water (reac- èçìåíåíèé; 2) çàÿâêà íà âíåñåíèå èçìåíåíèé.
tor) ëåãêîâîäíûé êèïÿùèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð òèïà CAR corrective action request çàïðîñ î êîððåêòè-
CANDU. ðóþùèõ äåéñòâèÿõ.
CANDU-PHW CANDU Pressurized Heavy Water CARAMEL ïëàñòèí÷àòûå òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèå
(reactor) ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ òÿæåëîé âîäîé ïîä äàâ- ýëåìåíòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà íà îñíîâå äèîêñèäà
ëåíèåì òèïà CANDU. óðàíà.
Canstor Canadian storage õðàíèëèùå îòðàáî- CARC containment air recirculation and cooling
òàâøåãî ÿäåðíîãî òîïëèâà â Êàíàäå. îõëàæäåíèå è ðåöèðêóëÿöèÿ âîçäóõà â çàùèòíîé
CAOC constant axial offset control 1) íåïðåðûâ- îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
íûé êîíòðîëü àêñèàëüíîãî ñìåùåíèÿ (íàïð. òåïëî- CARS condenser air removal system ñèñòåìà óäà-
âûäåëÿþùèõ ñáîðîê ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà); 2) íåïðå- ëåíèÿ âîçäóõà èç êîíäåíñàòîðà (òóðáèíû).
ðûâíûé êîíòðîëü îñåâîãî ïåðåêîñà (íàïð. ðîòîðà CARS containment atmosphere recirculation sys-
òóðáèíû). tem ñèñòåìà ðåöèðêóëÿöèè âîçäóõà â àòìîñôåðå
CAP Canadian Association of Physicists Àññîöèà- çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
öèÿ ôèçèêîâ Êàíàäû. CARS containment atmosphere release system
CAP continuous audit program ïðîãðàììà íåïðå- ñèñòåìà îòâîäà âûáðîñîâ èç àòìîñôåðû çàùèòíîé
ðûâíîãî êîíòðîëÿ. îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CAP corrective action plan ïëàí êîððåêòèðóþ- CAS cast alloy steel ëåãèðîâàííàÿ ñòàëü äëÿ
ùèõ ìåð [ìåðîïðèÿòèé] íà ÀÝÑ. èçãîòîâëåíèÿ ëèòûõ äåòàëåé (íàïð. ðîòîðîâ òóðáè-
CAP corrective action program ïðîãðàììà ïî âû- íû).
ïîëíåíèþ êîððåêòèðóþùèõ ìåð [ìåðîïðèÿòèé] íà CAS central alarm station öåíòðàëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà
ÀÝÑ. àâàðèéíîé ñèãíàëèçàöèè.
cap capacity 1) îáúåì; 2) åìêîñòü; 3) ìîùíîñòü; CAS chemical addition system ñèñòåìà äîáàâêè
4) ïðîèçâîäèòåëüíîñòü; 5) óñòàíîâëåííàÿ ìîùíîñòü õèìè÷åñêèõ ðåàãåíòîâ (íàïð. ñèñòåìû âåäåíèÿ
(ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè); 6) ïðîïóñêíàÿ ñïîñîáíîñòü; âîäíî-õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ).
7) ãðóçîïîäúåìíîñòü; 8) âûðàáîòêà; 9) âûõîä ïðî- CAS circuits and systems 1) ñõåìû è ñèñòåìû;
äóêöèè; 10) âìåñòèìîñòü; 11) ðàñõîä. 2) êîíòóðû è ñèñòåìû.
cap. capacitance åìêîñòü, åìêîñòíîå ñîïðîòèâ- CAS coal handling system ñèñòåìà òîïëèâîïîäà-
ëåíèå. ÷è (íàïð. íà ÒÝÑ, âêëþ÷àåò ïîäñèñòåìû ðàçãðóçêè
CAPEF Complilation of Air Pollutant Emission Fac- óãëÿ, ðàçáîðêè øòàáåëÿ, ïåðåñûïêè, äðîáëåíèÿ è
tors Ïåðå÷åíü îñíîâíûõ ôàêòîðîâ ïî âûáðîñàì çà- ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ óãëÿ).
ãðÿçíèòåëåé âîçäóõà, ñîñòàâëÿåìûé Àãåíòñòâîì ïî CAS Commission for Atmospheric Sciences Êîìèñ-
çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ). ñèÿ ïî ìåòîäàì èçó÷åíèÿ àòìîñôåðû (ÑØÀ).
CAPES containment atmosphere purge exhaust CAS Committee of Assurance for Supply Êîìè-
system ñèñòåìà ïðîäóâêè àòìîñôåðû â çàùèòíîé òåò ïî îáåñïå÷åíèþ ïîñòàâîê (â ðàìêàõ ãàðàíòèé
îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ÌÀÃÀÒÝ).
CAPEX capital expenditures èíâåñòèöèè â îñíîâ- CAS compressed air system ñèñòåìà ïîäà÷è ñæà-
íîé êàïèòàë. òîãî âîçäóõà.
CAPM capital asset pricing model ìîäåëü îïðåäå- CAS containment annunciator subpanel ñïåöèàëè-
ëåíèÿ öåí íà îñíîâíîé êàïèòàë (íà îñíîâå ëèíåé- çèðîâàííûé ùèò îïîâåùåíèÿ î ñîñòîÿíèè çàùèò-
íîé çàâèñèìîñòè ìåæäó ñòåïåíüþ ðèñêà [ðèñêî- íîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
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cas — 63 — CBDH

cas casing 1) îáîëî÷êà; 2) êîæóõ; 3) îáøèâêà; cat catalogue êàòàëîã.


4) êîðïóñ; 5) áàê. cat catalyst êàòàëèçàòîð.
cas casualty 1) íåñ÷àñòíûé èëè ñìåðòåëüíûé cat catalytic êàòàëèòè÷åñêèé.
ñëó÷àé; 2) ïîñòðàäàâøèé â ðåçóëüòàòå íåñ÷àñòíîãî cat cathode êàòîä.
ñëó÷àÿ; 3) àâàðèÿ. cat cation êàòèîí.
CASE Citizens Association for Sound Energy Àññîöèà- CATD corrective action tracking document äîêó-
öèÿ ãðàæäàí çà íàäåæíîå ýíåðãîñíàáæåíèå (ÑØÀ). ìåíò ïî êîíòðîëþ âûïîëíåíèÿ êîððåêòèðóþùèõ
CASE coordinating agency for supplier evaluation ìåð (íà ÀÝÑ).
îðãàíèçàöèÿ-êîîðäèíàòîð ïî îöåíêå ïîñòàâùèêà CATE ceramic applications in turbine engines ïðî-
(îáîðóäîâàíèÿ). ãðàììà (ÑØÀ) ïî èñïîëüçîâàíèþ êåðàìèêè äëÿ èç-
CASS cast aluminium stainless steel ëèòàÿ àëþ- ãîòîâëåíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ ãàçîòóðáèííûõ äâèãàòåëåé.
ìèíèåâàÿ íåðæàâåþùàÿ ñòàëü. CAT-OX catalytic oxidation êàòàëèòè÷åñêîå îêèñ-
CASSIOPEE Consortium d’Assistance Opératio- ëåíèå.
nelle aux Pays de l’Europe de l’Est ôð., Êîíñîðöèóì CATT controlled avalanche transit time âðåìÿ ïå-
ïî ñîäåéñòâèþ ñòðàíàì Âîñòî÷íîé Åâðîïû â îðãà- ðåíîñà èëè ïðîëåòà ÷àñòèö, îïðåäåëÿåìîå ëàâèí-
íèçàöèè îáðàùåíèÿ ñ ðàäèîàêòèâíûìè îòõîäàìè íûì ïðîöåññîì.
(Ôðàíöèÿ). CAWC Central Advisory Water Committee Ãëàâíûé
CAST Center for the Applications of Sciences and èëè öåíòðàëèçîâàííûé êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò
Technology Öåíòð ïî âíåäðåíèþ äîñòèæåíèé íàóêè ïî ïðîáëåìàì âîäû.
è òåõíèêè (ÑØÀ). CB carbon bearing óãëåðîäñîäåðæàùèé (íàïð.
CASTOC crack growth behavior of low alloy steel ãàç).
for pressure boundary components under transient LWR CB carbon black ñàæà.
operating conditions õàðàêòåð èçìåíåíèÿ ïîäðàñòà- CB circuit breaker àâòîìàòè÷åñêèé âûêëþ÷àòåëü.
íèÿ òðåùèí íèçêîëåãèðîâàííûõ ñòàëåé êîìïîíåí- CB coal blending óñðåäíåíèå óãëåé (äëÿ äîñòèæå-
òîâ, ðàñïîëîæåííûõ â ãðàíèöàõ êîíòóðà ÿäåðíîãî íèÿ îäíîðîäíîñòè ïî ñîäåðæàíèþ ñåðû, òåïëîòå ñãî-
ðåàêòîðà, íàõîäÿùèõñÿ ïîä äàâëåíèåì â óñëîâèÿõ ðàíèÿ, âëàæíîñòè, ðàçìîëîñïîñîáíîñòè è äð.).
íåñòàöèîíàðíûõ ðåæèìîâ ðàáîòû ëåãêîâîäíûõ ðå- CB conduction band çîíà ïðîâîäèìîñòè.
àêòîðîâ. CB containment building çäàíèå (ïîìåùåíèå) çà-
CASTOR òåõíîëîãèÿ ñæèãàíèÿ ÑÎ2 â õèìè÷å- ùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ñêèõ öèêëàõ. CB control board 1) ïóëüò óïðàâëåíèÿ; 2) ïðè-
CAT center for advanced technologies öåíòð ðàç- áîðíàÿ äîñêà; 3) ùèò êîíòðîëüíî-èçìåðèòåëüíûõ
ðàáîòêè ïåðñïåêòèâíûõ òåõíîëîãèé. ïðèáîðîâ.
CAT chemical addition tank åìêîñòü äëÿ ââîäà õè- CB control building ïîìåùåíèå ãëàâíîãî ùèòà
ìè÷åñêèõ ðåàãåíòîâ (íàïð. ñèñòåìû âåäåíèÿ âîäíî- óïðàâëåíèÿ (íàïð. ãàçîòóðáèííîé óñòàíîâêè, ÿäåð-
õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà, äåñóëüôóðèçàöèè äûìîâûõ íîãî ðåàêòîðà).
ãàçîâ íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). CB control button êíîïêà óïðàâëåíèÿ.
CAT clean air technology òåõíîëîãèÿ ÷èñòîãî CB core baffle îòðàæàòåëü àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåð-
âîçäóõà. íîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CAT component acceptance test ïðèåìî÷íûå èñ- CBA cost benefit analysis 1) àíàëèç äîõîäíîñòè;
ïûòàíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. àíàëèç ðåíòàáåëüíîñòè; 2) àíàëèç ýêîíîìè÷åñêîé
CAT computer aided teaching îáó÷åíèå (íàïð. ýôôåêòèâíîñòè; 3) àíàëèç çàòðàòû — âûãîäû.
ïåðñîíàëà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ) ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì êîìïüþòåð- CBAS coal blending automatic system àâòîìàòè-
íûõ òåõíîëîãèé. ÷åñêàÿ ñèñòåìà óñðåäíåíèÿ óãëåé.
CAT computer-aided testing àâòîìàòèçèðîâàí- CBAST concentrated boric acid tank áàê çàïàñà
íûé êîíòðîëü, êîíòðîëü ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì êîìïüþ- êîíöåíòðèðîâàííîé áîðíîé êèñëîòû (ñèñòåìû áîð-
òåðíûõ òåõíîëîãèé. íîãî ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CAT computer-assisted trading àâòîìàòèçèðî- CBC coal-to-busbar cost ïîëíàÿ ñòîèìîñòü âû-
âàííàÿ ñèñòåìà òîðãîâëè (íàïð. êâîòàìè íà âûáðîñ ðàáîòêè [ãåíåðàöèè] ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè íà óãîëüíîé
äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà). ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè.
CAT construction appraisal team ãðóïïà ïî îöåí- CBD continuous blowdown íåïðåðûâíàÿ ïðîäóâ-
êå (êà÷åñòâà) ñòðîèòåëüñòâà. êà (íàïð. êîòëà ïóòåì íåïðåðûâíîãî óäàëåíèÿ èç
CAT crack arrest temperature òåìïåðàòóðà ïðå- öèðêóëÿöèîííîãî êîíòóðà êîòëîâîé âîäû ñ öåëüþ
êðàùåíèÿ ðîñòà òðåùèíû. ïîääåðæàíèÿ åå çàäàííîãî êà÷åñòâà).
CAT crack arrest technology òåõíîëîãèÿ ïðåêðà- CBDH cogeneration-based district heating òåïëî-
ùåíèÿ ðàçâèòèÿ òðåùèíû. ôèêàöèÿ (öåíòðàëèçîâàííîå òåïëîñíàáæåíèå íà
CAT crack arrest test èñïûòàíèå íà ïðåêðàùå- áàçå êîìáèíèðîâàííîé âûðàáîòêè òåïëà è ýëåê-
íèå ðàçâèòèÿ òðåùèíû. òðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CBECS — 64 — CC

CBECS Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption CBV containment building ventilation âåíòèëÿöèÿ
Survey Îáçîð ýíåðãîïîòðåáëåíèÿ êîììåð÷åñêèìè çäàíèÿ çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
çäàíèÿìè (ñòàòèñòè÷åñêèé îáçîð, ïåðèîäè÷åñêè ÑÑ calibration curve ãðàäóèðîâî÷íàÿ êðèâàÿ.
ïîäãîòàâëèâàåìûé Óïðàâëåíèåì ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîé CC carbon content ñîäåðæàíèå óãëåðîäà (íàïð.
èíôîðìàöèè ÑØÀ). ðàçëè÷íîå â ðàçëè÷íûõ ìàðêàõ ñòàëåé).
CBECS control building environmental control sys- CC carbon cycle óãëåðîäíûé öèêë (öèêë òåðìî-
tem ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ àòìîñôåðû â ïîìåùåíèè ÿäåðíîé ðåàêöèè ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì óãëåðîäà Ñ-12
ãëàâíîãî ùèòà óïðàâëåíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. â êà÷åñòâå êàòàëèçàòîðà).
CBI Confederation of British Industry Êîíôåäåðà- ÑÑ cation conductivity óäåëüíàÿ ïðîâîäèìîñòü
öèÿ áðèòàíñêèõ ïðîìûøëåííûõ ôèðì. H-êàòèîííèðîâàííîé ïðîáû.
CBL conceptual baseline îáîñíîâàíèå êîíöåï- CC center-to-center ìåæöåíòðîâîå ðàññòîÿíèå.
öèè (íàïð. ïðîåêòà, ïðîãðàììû è äð.). CC central computer öåíòðàëüíàÿ ÝÂÌ.
CBM capacity benefit margin çàïàñ ïî ïðîïóñê- ÑÑ central control öåíòðàëüíûé ïóëüò óïðàâëå-
íîé ñïîñîáíîñòè (íàïð. òðóáîïðîâîäà, ËÝÏ, ïîääåð- íèÿ.
æèâàåìûé ïî òåõíè÷åñêèì ïàðàìåòðàì èëè ýêî- CC climate change èçìåíåíèå êëèìàòà.
íîìè÷åñêèì ñîîáðàæåíèÿì). CC climate issues ïðîáëåìû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ èçìå-
CBM circuit breaker manufacturer ôèðìà-èçãîòî- íåíèåì êëèìàòà.
âèòåëü âûêëþ÷àòåëåé. CC Closed City Çàêðûòîå àäìèíèñòðàòèâíî-
CBM cold-blast mains ãëàâíûé âîçäóõîïðîâîä òåððèòîðèàëüíîå îáðàçîâàíèå (ñ îñîáûì ðåæèìîì
õîëîäíîãî äóòüÿ (êîòëîàãðåãàòà). ôóíêöèîíèðîâàíèÿ è ñïåöèàëüíûìè óñëîâèÿìè
CBM condition-based maintenance òåõíè÷åñêîå ïðîæèâàíèÿ ãðàæäàí íà òåððèòîðèè ðàñïîëîæå-
îáñëóæèâàíèå ñ ó÷åòîì ñîñòîÿíèÿ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. íèÿ ÿäåðíûõ îáúåêòîâ âîåííîãî è ãðàæäàíñêîãî íà-
CBM constant boiling mixture ñìåñü, êèïÿùàÿ çíà÷åíèÿ).
ïðè ïîñòîÿííîé òåìïåðàòóðå. CC cloud chamber êàìåðà Âèëüñîíà.
CBNM Central Bureau for Nuclear Measurements CC coal classification êëàññèôèêàöèè óãëåé.
Öåíòðàëüíîå áþðî ÿäåðíî-ôèçè÷åñêèõ èçìåðåíèé CC coal conditioner äðîáèëêà íåáîëüøîé ìîù-
(ÑØÀ). íîñòè, óãîëüíûé êîíäèöèîíåð (ðàñïîëîæåí ìåæäó
CBP condensate booster pump áóñòåðíûé êîí- ïèòàòåëåì óãëÿ è ãîðåëêîé, ïðîäóâàåòñÿ ãîðÿ÷èì
äåíñàòíûé íàñîñ. âîçäóõîì, êîòîðûé óäàëÿåò âëàãó èç ñâåæåðàçäðîá-
CBR commercial breeder reactor ïðîìûøëåííûé ëåííîãî óãëÿ).
ðåàêòîð-ðàçìíîæèòåëü, ïðîìûøëåííûé áðèäåð. CC coal conveyors óãîëüíûå êîíâåéåðû (íàïð.
C-B-R chemical, biological, radiological õèìè÷å- ñèñòåìû òîïëèâîïîäà÷è íà ÒÝÑ).
ñêèå, áèîëîãè÷åñêèå è ðàäèîëîãè÷åñêèå (íàïð. î CC coal cracking 1) äðîáëåíèå óãëÿ; 2) êðåêèíã
ôèëüòðàõ). óãëÿ.
CBRD continuous boiler run dry äëèòåëüíàÿ ðà- ÑÑ coarse control ãðóáàÿ ðåãóëèðîâêà.
áîòà êîòëà áåç âïðûñêà âîäû (òàêîé ðåæèì ïîçâî- CC cold criticality êðèòè÷íîñòü ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà
ëÿåò îñóùåñòâëÿòü ïóñê êîòëà îäíîâðåìåííî ñ â õîëîäíîì ñîñòîÿíèè (îòñóòñòâèå ãåíåðèðîâàíèÿ
ãàçîâîé òóðáèíîé èëè ïîñëå åå ïîëíîãî íàãðóæå- òåïëà), õîëîäíàÿ êðèòè÷íîñòü (ñîçäàíèå óñëîâèé
íèÿ). öåïíîé ðåàêöèè ïðè îòñóòñòâèè ãåíåðèðîâàíèÿ
CBS containment building spray îðîøåíèå çàùèò- òåïëà).
íîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà [âïðûñê òåïëîíî- CC combined carbon ñâÿçàííûé óãëåðîä.
ñèòåëÿ] (ïðè àâàðèè). ÑÑ combined cycle êîìáèíèðîâàííûé öèêë
CBSC coal blending and stage combustion óñðåä- (íàïð. ñ ãàçèôèêàöèåé óãëÿ è äð.).
íåíèå óãëåé è ñòóïåí÷àòîå ñæèãàíèå (íàïð. äëÿ ñíè- CC combustion catalyst êàòàëèçàòîð ãîðåíèÿ
æåíèÿ îáðàçîâàíèÿ îêñèäîâ àçîòà è ñíèæåíèÿ íå- (1) ïðèñàäêà ê òîïëèâàì, óëó÷øàþùàÿ èõ ãîðåíèå;
ñãîðåâøåãî óãëåðîäà [ìåõàíè÷åñêîãî íåäîæîãà]). 2) ïðèñàäêà ê òîïëèâàì äëÿ ñíèæåíèÿ îòëîæåíèé
CBSR coupled breeding superheating reactor ðå- â êàìåðå ñãîðàíèÿ).
àêòîð-ðàçìíîæèòåëü ñ ÿäåðíûì ïåðåãðåâîì. CC combustion chamber 1) òîïî÷íàÿ êàìåðà;
CBSS Council of the Baltic Sea States Ñîâåò ñòðàí 2) êàìåðà ñãîðàíèÿ (ïåðâàÿ ïî õîäó ãàçîâ ÷àñòü
Áàëòèéñêîãî ðåãèîíà (ïî ðåøåíèþ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ òîïî÷íîé êàìåðû, â êîòîðîé ïðîèñõîäèò ãîðåíèå
ïðîáëåì). îñíîâíîé ìàññû òîïëèâà è ãäå ðàñïîëîæåíà çîíà
CBT Chicago Board of Trade ×èêàãñêàÿ òîðãîâàÿ ìàêñèìàëüíûõ òåìïåðàòóð ïðîäóêòîâ ñãîðàíèÿ).
ïàëàòà (ÑØÀ). CC common cause îáùàÿ ïðè÷èíà (íàïð. àâà-
CBT computer based training òåõíè÷åñêîå îáó÷å- ðèè ïðèìåíèòåëüíî ê àíàëèçó áåçîïàñíîñòè íà
íèå ïåðñîíàëà ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì êîìïüþòåðîâ. ÀÝÑ).
CBT continuous blowdown tank áàê äëÿ íåïðå- CC complete combustion ïîëíîå ñãîðàíèå òîïëè-
ðûâíîé ïðîäóâêè. âà (â òîïêå êîòëà).
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CC — 65 — CCB

ÑÑ component check ïðîâåðêà êîìïîíåíòîâ CC cost classification êëàññèôèêàöèÿ ñîñòàâëÿ-


(íàïð. íà ñîîòâåòñòâèå òåõíè÷åñêèì óñëîâèÿì, þùèõ çàòðàò (íàïð. íà ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè â çàâèñè-
êîìïëåêòíîñòè ïîñòàâêè è äð.). ìîñòè îò ïðèðîäû çàòðàò — ïîñòîÿííûå, ïåðå-
ÑÑ component cooling îõëàæäåíèå êîìïîíåíòîâ ìåííûå, à òàêæå îò âèäà ñæèãàåìîãî òîïëèâà, åãî
(íàïð. àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ñòîèìîñòè, ìåòîäîâ ñæèãàíèÿ, î÷èñòêè äûìîâûõ
CC computer center âû÷èñëèòåëüíûé öåíòð. ãàçîâ, íà âûðàáîòêó è ðàñïðåäåëåíèå ýëåêòðîýíåð-
CC concentrate and confine (system) ñèñòåìà óäà- ãèè è äð.).
ëåíèÿ ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ îòõîäîâ ïîñðåäñòâîì èõ êîí- CC cost code êîä êàòåãîðèè èëè êëàññèôèêà-
öåíòðàöèè [êîíöåíòðèðîâàíèÿ] è ãåðìåòèçàöèè â öèè çàòðàò.
êîíòåéíåðàõ. CC critical concentration êðèòè÷åñêàÿ êîíöåíò-
ÑÑ conductivity cell êîíäóêòîìåòðè÷åñêàÿ ÿ÷åé- ðàöèÿ (íàïð. êîíöåíòðàöèÿ äåëÿùåãîñÿ ìàòåðèàëà
êà, ÿ÷åéêà äëÿ èçìåðåíèÿ ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ïðîâîäè- êîíêðåòíîãî èçîòîïíîãî ñîñòàâà, ïðè êîòîðîé ãî-
ìîñòè ðàñòâîðà. ìîãåííàÿ äåëÿùàÿñÿ ñðåäà äàííîé ãåîìåòðè÷åñêîé
ÑÑ confidence coefficient äîâåðèòåëüíûé óðî- ôîðìû ÿâëÿåòñÿ êðèòè÷åñêîé).
âåíü. CC cross-check âçàèìíàÿ ïðîâåðêà.
CC configuration control 1) êîíòðîëü êîìïëåêò- CC cross-compound äâóõâàëüíûé (íàïð. ðîòîð
íîñòè ïîñòàâêè îáîðóäîâàíèÿ; 2) êîíôèãóðàöèîí- òóðáèíû).
íîå óïðàâëåíèå (íàïð. ÿäåðíûì ðåàêòîðîì èçìåíå- CC cross correlation âçàèìíàÿ êîððåëÿöèÿ, êðîññ-
íèåì êîíôèãóðàöèè òîïëèâà, îòðàæàòåëÿ, òåïëî- êîðåëëÿöèÿ.
íîñèòåëÿ èëè çàìåäëèòåëÿ). ÑÑ cubic centimeter êóáè÷åñêèé ñàíòèìåòð.
CC congestion costs çàòðàòû, ñâÿçàííûå ñ ïåðå- cc complex-conjugate êîìïëåêñíî-ñîïðÿæåííûé.
ãðóæåííîñòüþ èëè ïåðåãðóçêîé. c/c center-to-center ìåæöåíòðîâîå ðàññòîÿíèå.
CC connecting circuit ñõåìà ñîåäèíåíèé. c/c concentric êîíöåíòðè÷åñêèé.
CC conservative components êîíñåðâàòèâíûå C&C calibration and checkout êàëèáðîâêà (íàïð.
ïðèìåñè (íàïð. ïðèìåñè, íå èçìåíÿþùèå ñâîåãî õè- îáðàáîòêà îòâåðñòèé äëÿ ïîâûøåíèÿ òî÷íîñòè
ìè÷åñêîãî ñîñòàâà ïðè ïåðåíîñå âäîëü âîäîòîêà). èõ ôîðìû è ðàçìåðà) è ïîâåðêà (îïðåäåëåíèå ïî-
CC conservative «culture» ñîçäàíèå â îáùåñòâå ãðåøíîñòè ñðåäñòâ èçìåðåíèÿ è óñòàíîâëåíèå èõ
àòìîñôåðû ïîíèìàíèÿ âàæíîñòè âîïðîñîâ ýêîíî- ïðèãîäíîñòè äëÿ êîíêðåòíûõ öåëåé ñ ïðèâëå÷åíè-
ìèè ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè. åì ìåòðîëîãè÷åñêèõ îðãàíèçàöèé).
CC containment and compartments çàùèòíàÿ îáî- C&C comparable and compatible ñðàâíèìûå è
ëî÷êà è ïîìåùåíèÿ [áîêñû] ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ñîâìåñòèìûå (íàïð. îá èñïîëüçóåìûõ äàííûõ, ðå-
CC containment and constuctions çàùèòíàÿ îáî- çóëüòàòàõ èñïûòàíèé è äð.).
ëî÷êà è êîíñòðóêöèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. C&C computer and communications ñðåäñòâà âû-
ÑÑ continuity criteron êðèòåðèé íåïðåðûâíîñòè. ÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêè è ñâÿçè.
CC continuous current ïîñòîÿííûé òîê. C&C contractors and consultancies ïîäðÿä÷èêè è
CC control circuit 1) ñõåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ; 2) êîí- êîíñóëüòàíòû.
òóð ðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ. cca circa ëàò., [above] ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî, îêîëî.
CC control computer óïðàâëÿþùàÿ ÝÂÌ. CCA clean coal ash çîëüíîñòü îáîãàùåííîãî
CC control console ïóëüò [ùèò, ïàíåëü] óïðàâëå- óãëÿ.
íèÿ. CCA contract change authorization ðàçðåøåíèå íà
CC control curtain ðåãóëèðóþùèé çàùèòíûé âíåñåíèå èçìåíåíèé â êîíòðàêò.
ýêðàí ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. CCA cross-correlation analysis âçàèìíî-êîððåëÿ-
CC cooperation [cooperative] committee êîìèòåò öèîííûé [êðîññ-êîððåëÿöèîííûé] àíàëèç.
ïî ñîòðóäíè÷åñòâó. CCAS Common Collection and Processing System
CC core catcher ëîâóøêà ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ ìàòå- ñèñòåìà ñáîðà è îáðàáîòêè ýíåðãåòè÷åñêîé èíôîð-
ðèàëîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû, îáðàçóþùèõñÿ â ðåçóëüòàòå ìàöèè øèðîêîãî ïðîôèëÿ (Óïðàâëåíèÿ ýíåðãåòè-
àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ÷åñêîé èíôîðìàöèè ÑØÀ).
CC core components ýëåìåíòû àêòèâíîé çîíû CCAS containment cooling actuation signal ñèãíàë
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà (âêëþ÷àþò òîïëèâî â âèäå íà ñðàáàòûâàíèå ñèñòåìû îõëàæäåíèÿ çàùèòíîé
òàáëåòîê, ñòåðæíåé è äð., òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèå îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ñáîðêè, ïîãëîùàþùèå ýëåìåíòû, èñòî÷íèêè íåé- CCB chemical cleaning building ïîìåùåíèå äëÿ
òðîíîâ è äð.). ïðîâåäåíèÿ õèìè÷åñêîé î÷èñòêè (íà ÀÝÑ).
CC Corporate center Êîðïîðàòèâíûé öåíòð CCB coal combustion byproducts ïðîäóêòû, îáðà-
(ôóíêöèîíàëüíîå ïîäðàçäåëåíèå îòâåòñòâåííîå çóþùèåñÿ ïðè ñæèãàíèè óãëÿ.
çà îáùèå ôóíêöèè óïðàâëåíèÿ è êîíòðîëÿ). CCB combined-circulation boiler êîòåë ñ êîìáèíè-
CC correction for continuity ïîïðàâêà íà íåïðå- ðîâàííîé öèðêóëÿöèåé (ïðÿìîòî÷íûé êîòåë ñâåðõ-
ðûâíîñòü. êðèòè÷åñêîãî äàâëåíèÿ, â ïîâåðõíîñòÿõ íàãðåâà
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CCB — 66 — CCGT

êîòîðîãî äîïîëíèòåëüíî îðãàíèçîâàíà ïðèíóäè- CCD continuous decantation íåïðåðûâíîå äåêàí-


òåëüíàÿ öèðêóëÿöèÿ ñïåöèàëüíûì ïåðåêà÷èâàþ- òèðîâàíèå (îòäåëåíèå òâåðäûõ âåùåñòâ îò æèäêî-
ùèì íàñîñîì, âêëþ÷àåìûì íà âðåìÿ ïóñêà èëè ñòè ñëèâîì æèäêîñòè).
ïðè ïîíèæåííûõ íàãðóçêàõ èëè ðàáîòàþùèì CCD corona current density ïëîòíîñòü òîêà êîðî-
íåïðåðûâíî). íû ýëåêòðîôèëüòðà íà ÒÝÑ (îòíîøåíèå òîêà êîðî-
CCB continuous cover blade ëîïàòêà òóðáèíû ñ íû ê îáùåé äëèíå êîðîíèðóþùèõ ýëåêòðîäîâ èëè
ïîñòîÿííûì ïðîôèëåì. ê ïîëíîé ïîâåðõíîñòè îñàäèòåëüíûõ ýëåêòðîäîâ).
CCB controlled circulation boiler ïàðîâîé êîòåë CCD countercurrent decantation ïðîòèâîòî÷íîå
ñ ïðèíóäèòåëüíîé öèðêóëÿöèåé. äåêàíòèðîâàíèå.
CCB country-by-country basis (àíàëèç) íà îñíîâå CCD credit cards details ïîäðîáíûå äàííûå ïî
ðàññìîòðåíèÿ ïðîáëåìû ïî ñòðàíàì. êðåäèòíîé êàðòå.
CCBP coal combustion by-products ïîáî÷íûå CCDF complementary cumulative distribution func-
ïðîäóêòû, îáðàçóþùèåñÿ ïðè ñæèãàíèè óãëÿ. tion äîïîëíèòåëüíàÿ êóìóëÿòèâíàÿ ôóíêöèÿ ðàñ-
CCC cause consequence chart êàðòà ïðè÷èí è ïðåäåëåíèÿ.
ïîñëåäñòâèé (îòêàçîâ). CCDP conditional core damage probability óñëîâ-
CCC clean coal combustion ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîå íàÿ âåðîÿòíîñòü ïîâðåæäåíèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåð-
ñæèãàíèå óãëÿ (ñ íèçêèì óðîâíåì âûáðîñîâ çàãðÿç- íîãî ðåàêòîðà.
íèòåëåé àòìîñôåðû). CCE Consulting Commitee Euratom Êîíñóëüòàòèâ-
CCC coal classification code êîä êëàññèôèêàöèè íûé êîìèòåò Åâðîïåéñêîãî ñîîáùåñòâà ïî àòîìíîé
óãëåé (íàïð. ïî çîëüíîñòè, ïðîöåíòíîìó ñîäåðæà- ýíåðãèè.
íèþ óãëåðîäà, ñîäåðæàíèþ ëåòó÷èõ è äð.). CCE-Fission Consulting Commitee Euratom-Fission
CCC code-to-code comparison ñðàâíåíèå ðåçóëü- Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî âîïðîñàì ÿäåðíîãî äå-
òàòîâ, ïîëó÷åííûõ ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ðàçëè÷íûõ ëåíèÿ Åâðîïåéñêîãî ñîîáùåñòâà ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè.
ïðîãðàìì ðàñ÷åòà. CCET catalyst circulation enhancement technology
CCC Community Coordination Center öåíòð êîîð- òåõíîëîãèÿ óñêîðåíèÿ öèðêóëÿöèè êàòàëèçàòîðà
äèíàöèè îáùåñòâåííîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè (íàïð. ïî çà- (íàïð. â òîïêå êîòëà ñ öèðêóëèðóþùèì êèïÿùèì
ùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ïðè ñòðîèòåëüñòâå ïðî- ñëîåì ïóòåì óäàëåíèÿ ëèøíèõ ïóçûðüêîâ èç êèïÿ-
ìûøëåííûõ îáúåêòîâ â ÑØÀ). ùåãî ñëîÿ ñ óâåëè÷åíèåì ñêîðîñòè öèðêóëÿöèè êà-
CCC conventional coal combustion ñõåìà èëè òåõ- òàëèçàòîðà íà 50 %).
íîëîãèÿ òðàäèöèîííîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëÿ. CCF common-cause failure îòêàç ïî îáùåé ïðè-
CCCG closed cycle coal gasification âíóòðèöèêëî- ÷èíå (íàïð. ïî ìåòîäîëîãèè îöåíêè áåçîïàñíîñòè
âàÿ ãàçèôèêàöèÿ óãëÿ. íà ÀÝÑ).
CCCS closed-circuit cooling system ñèñòåìà îõ- CCFA common-cause failure analysis àíàëèç îò-
ëàæäàþùåé âîäû çàìêíóòîãî êîíòóðà. êàçîâ ïî îáùåé ïðè÷èíå.
CCCS core components cleaning system ñèñòåìà CCFL countercurrent flow limit òî÷êà çàõëåáûâà-
î÷èñòêè ýëåìåíòîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- íèÿ ïîòîêà â àêòèâíîé çîíå (ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî
òîðà. ðåàêòîðà).
CCCS core components conditioning system ñèñòå- CCFL counter-current flow limitation îãðàíè÷åíèå
ìà êîíäèöèîíèðîâàíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû ïðîòèâîòîêà.
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. CCFP conditional containment failure probability
CCCW closed cycle cooling water îõëàæäàþùàÿ óñëîâíàÿ âåðîÿòíîñòü îòêàçà ñèñòåìû îõëàæäåíèÿ
âîäà çàìêíóòîãî öèêëà. çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CCD cable circuit diagram ñõåìà ðàñïîëîæåíèÿ CCG coal combustion and gasification ñæèãàíèå è
êàáåëåé (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). ãàçèôèêàöèÿ óãëÿ.
CCD cause-consequence diagram êàðòà ïðè÷èí CCG constant current generator ýëåêòðè÷åñêèé
è ïîñëåäñòâèé (íàïð. îòêàçîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ íà ÒÝÑ, ãåíåðàòîð ïîñòîÿííîãî òîêà.
ÀÝÑ). CCGC containment combustible gas control êîíò-
CCD charge-coupled device ïðèáîð ñ çàðÿäîâîé ðîëü îáðàçîâàíèÿ ãîðþ÷åãî ãàçà â ïîìåùåíèÿõ çà-
ñâÿçüþ, ÏÇÑ. ùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CCD closed-cycle drying çàìêíóòàÿ ñóøêà òîïëè- CCGCR closed-cycle gas-cooled reactor ãàçîîõ-
âà (ñèñòåìà èíäèâèäóàëüíîé ñóøêè òîïëèâà, â êî- ëàæäàåìûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ çàìêíóòûì öèêëîì.
òîðîé èñïîëüçîâàííûé ñóøèëüíûé àãåíò è îáðàçóþ- CCGD cyclic crack growth diagram äèàãðàììà
ùàÿñÿ ïðè èñïàðåíèè âëàãà ñáðàñûâàþòñÿ â êîòåë). öèêëè÷åñêîé òðåùèíîñòîéêîñòè.
CCD coarse control damper øèáåð ãðóáîãî ðåãó- CCGR cyclic crack growth rate ñêîðîñòü ðîñòà
ëèðîâàíèÿ. òðåùèí ïðè öèêëè÷åñêîì íàãðóæåíèè.
CCD contingency constrained dispatch ðàñïðåäå- CCGT closed-cycle gas turbine ãàçîòóðáèííàÿ
ëåíèå íàãðóçêè ñ ó÷åòîì âîçìîæíûõ îãðàíè÷åíèé. óñòàíîâêà çàìêíóòîãî öèêëà.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CCGT — 67 — CCSP

CCGT combined-cycle gas turbine 1) ãàçîâàÿ òóð- CCP core component pot áàê ñ ýëåìåíòàìè àê-
áèíà, èñïîëüçóåìàÿ â êîìáèíèðîâàííîì öèêëå; òèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
2) ïàðîãàçîâàÿ óñòàíîâêà, ÏÃÓ. CCP credit card payments îïëàòà ïî êðåäèòíîé
CCI cladding-coolant interaction âçàèìîäåéñòâèå êàðòå.
ìàòåðèàëà îáîëî÷êè òåïëîâûäåëÿþùåãî ýëåìåíòà CCP critical channel power êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ìîù-
ñ òåïëîíîñèòåëåì ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. íîñòü êàíàëà (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CCI coal combustion modeling ïðîãðàììà ìîäå- CCPI Clean Coal Power Initiative Èíèöèàòèâà Ìè-
ëèðîâàíèÿ ãîðåíèÿ óãëÿ (â òîïêå êîòëà). íèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ â îáëàñòè ýêîëîãè÷å-
CCI core-concrete interaction âçàèìîäåéñòâèå ñêè ÷èñòîãî ïðîèçâîäñòâà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè èç óãëÿ.
ðàñïëàâà êîìïîíåíòîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû ñ áåòîíîì çà- CCR combined cycle repowering ìîäåðíèçàöèÿ
ùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ýëåêòðîñòàíöèè íà áàçå òåõíîëîãèé êîìáèíèðîâàí-
CCI customer curtailment index ïîêàçàòåëü íåäî- íîãî öèêëà.
îòïóñêà ýíåðãèè ïîòðåáèòåëÿì. CCR component change rate ÷àñòîòà çàìåíû ýëå-
CCI cycle chemistry improvement óëó÷øåíèå âîä- ìåíòîâ (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ êîòëà, ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòî-
íî-õèìè÷åñêîãî ðåæèìà (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). ðà ïî óñëîâèÿì áåçîïàñíîñòè).
CCIF computer-to-computer interface èíòåðôåéñ CCR countercurrent regeneration ïðîòèâîòî÷íàÿ
ìåæìàøèííîé ñâÿçè. ðåãåíåðàöèÿ (íàïð. ôèëüòðà ñìåøàííîãî äåéñò-
CCJ Combined Cycle Journal Æóðíàë ïî ïðîáëå- âèÿ, ÔÑÄ).
ìàì êîìáèíèðîâàííîãî öèêëà. CCRC core component receiving container êîíòåé-
CCL Climate Change Levy íàëîãîîáëîæåíèå â íåð äëÿ ïðèåìà ýëåìåíòîâ àêòèâíîé çîíû â ñëó÷àå
ðàìêàõ ðåàëèçàöèè ïðîãðàììû ïî èçìåíåíèþ êëè- àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ìàòà (íàëîã íà ïðîìûøëåííîñòü çà èñïîëüçîâàíèå CCRS computerized cable routing system êîìïüþ-
íåâîçîáíîâëÿåìûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ ýíåðãèè, ÿâëÿåòñÿ òåðèçèðîâàííàÿ ñèñòåìà ïðîêëàäêè êàáåëÿ.
îäíîé èç ìåð ïî ñòèìóëèðîâàíèþ èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ CCS carbon (C02) capture and storage óëàâëèâà-
âîçîáíîâëÿåìûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ ýíåðãèè). íèå è õðàíåíèå äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà (òåõíîëîãèè
CCM central control and monitoring öåíòðàëèçî- âêëþ÷àþò óëàâëèâàíèå äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà èç âñåõ
âàííûå ñðåäñòâà óïðàâëåíèÿ è êîíòðîëÿ. ãàçîâûõ ïîòîêîâ â òîïêå êîòëà, òðàíñïîðòèðîâà-
CCM climate change mitigation ñìÿã÷åíèå ïî- íèå ïî òðóáîïðîâîäàì èëè â òàíêåðàõ è õðàíåíèå
ñëåäñòâèé èçìåíåíèÿ êëèìàòà. â ãëóáîêèõ âîäîíîñíûõ ñîëÿíûõ ïëàñòàõ).
CCM coal combustion modeling ìîäåëèðîâàíèå CCS commitment control system ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ
ïðîöåññà ãîðåíèÿ óãëÿ (â òîïêå êîòëà). îáÿçàòåëüñòâ (íàïð. ïî êîíòðàêòó, êðåäèòàì è äð.).
CCN consensus on common needs ñîãëàñîâàííîå CCS component control system ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ
ìíåíèå ïî îáùèì ïîòðåáíîñòÿì (íàïð. â îáëàñòè ýëåìåíòîâ (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ êîòëà, ÿäåðíîãî ðå-
ýíåðãîðåñóðñîâ). àêòîðà).
CCN contract change notice óâåäîìëåíèå î âíå- CCS component cooling system ñèñòåìà îõëàæäå-
ñåíèè èçìåíåíèé â êîíòðàêò. íèÿ êîìïîíåíòîâ (íàïð. êîòëà, ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CCN Country Control Number êîíòðîëüíûé íî- CCS condensate clean-up system ñèñòåìà î÷èñò-
ìåð ãîñóäàðñòâà (ñîãëàñíî ñïåöèôèêàöèè òðåáîâà- êè êîíäåíñàòà íà ÒÝÑ.
íèé ê ñèñòåìå ó÷åòà ÿäåðíûõ ìàòåðèàëîâ â ðàì- CCS condensate cooling system ñèñòåìà îõëàæ-
êàõ ãàðàíòèé ÌÀÃÀÒÝ). äåíèÿ êîíäåíñàòà íà ÒÝÑ.
CCOD critical crack-opening development ðàçâè- CCS containment cooling system ñèñòåìà îõëàæ-
òèå êðèòè÷åñêîé òðåùèíû. äåíèÿ çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè (ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CCOD critical crack-opening displacement ðàñïðî- CCS contractor claims settlement óðåãóëèðîâàíèå
ñòðàíåíèå êðèòè÷åñêîé òðåùèíû. ñïîðíûõ âîïðîñîâ ñ ïîäðÿä÷èêîì.
CCOS Consultative Committee on Outage Statistics CCSEM computer controlled scanning electronic
Êîíñóëüòàòèâíûé êîìèòåò ïî ó÷åòó âðåìåíè íà- microscopy êîíòðîëèðóåìàÿ êîìïüþòåðîì ñêàíèðó-
õîæäåíèÿ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ óñòàíîâîê íà òåõíè÷å- þùàÿ ýëåêòðîííàÿ ìèêðîñêîïèÿ (íàïð. äëÿ àíàëè-
ñêîì îáñëóæèâàíèè è ðåìîíòå (Êàíàäà). çà óãîëüíîé çîëû).
CCP centrifugal charging pump öåíòðîáåæíûé CCSI communication-computer system integration
ïèòàòåëüíûé íàñîñ. èíòåãðàöèÿ ñèñòåì ñâÿçè è âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõ-
CCP chemical control procedure ïðîöåäóðà õèì- íèêè.
êîíòðîëÿ (íà ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). CCSIO communication-computer system integra-
CCP coal cracking process 1) ïðîöåññ äðîáëåíèÿ tion office îòäåë èíòåãðàöèè ñèñòåì ñâÿçè è âû÷èñ-
óãëÿ; 2) ïðîöåññ êðåêèíãà óãëÿ. ëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêè.
CCP combined cycle plant 1) óñòàíîâêà ñ êîìáè- CCSP contractor claims settlement program ïðî-
íèðîâàííûì öèêëîì; 2) ïàðîãàçîâàÿ óñòàíîâêà, ãðàììà óðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ ñïîðíûõ âîïðîñîâ ñ ïîä-
ÏÃÓ. ðÿä÷èêîì.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CC-SPCC — 68 — CCWS

CC-SPCC clean coal-supercritical pulverized coal CCTL core component test loop ïåòëÿ öèðêóëÿ-
combustion ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòàÿ òåõíîëîãèÿ ñæèãà- öèîííîãî êîíòóðà äëÿ èñïûòàíèé êîìïîíåíòîâ àê-
íèÿ óãîëüíîé ïûëè â òîïêå êîòëà ïðè ñâåðõêðèòè- òèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
÷åñêîì äàâëåíèè (íàïð. ñèñòåìà âêëþ÷àåò êîòåë CCTL Core Component Test Loop ïåòëÿ öèðêóëÿ-
íà ñâåðõêðèòè÷åñêèå ïàðàìåòðû ïàðà, òóðáèíó öèîííîãî êîíòóðà äëÿ èñïûòàíèé êîìïîíåíòîâ àê-
ñ âûñîêèì ÊÏÄ, óñòàíîâêó äåñóëüôóðèçàöèè äû- òèâíîé çîíû áûñòðûõ ðåàêòîðîâ-ðàçìíîæèòåëåé ñ
ìîâûõ ãàçîâ, ìàëîòîêñè÷íûå ãîðåëêè [ãîðåëêè æèäêîìåòàëëè÷åñêèì òåïëîíîñèòåëåì (Àðãîííñêàÿ
ñ íèçêèì âûõîäîì îêñèäîâ àçîòà], âûñîêîýôôåê- Íàöèîíàëüíàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ).
òèâíóþ ñèñòåìó óëàâëèâàíèÿ òâåðäûõ ÷àñòèö CCTR controlled cycling tank reactor õèìè÷åñêèé
ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì òêàíåâûõ ôèëüòðîâ è äð.). ðåàêòîð ñ ðåãóëèðóåìûì öèêëîì.
CCSS centrifugally cast stainless steel íåðæàâåþ- CCTV close circuit television çàìêíóòàÿ ñèñòåìà
ùàÿ ñòàëü, ïîëó÷åííàÿ öåíòðîáåæíûì ëèòüåì. âèäåîíàáëþäåíèÿ (íàïð. íà ÿäåðíûõ îáúåêòàõ).
CCSW component cooling service water òåõíè÷å- CCU combined cleaning unit óñòàíîâêà êîìáèíè-
ñêàÿ âîäà äëÿ îõëàæäåíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ (íàïð. îáîðó- ðîâàííîé î÷èñòêè (íàïð. äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ ÒÝÑ îò äè-
äîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). îêñèäà ñåðû è îêñèäîâ àçîòà).
CCT clean coal technology òåõíîëîãèÿ ýêîëîãè- CCU component cooling unit óñòðîéñòâî äëÿ îõëàæ-
÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëÿ. äåíèÿ êîìïîíåíòîâ (îáîðóäîâàíèÿ ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
CCT-I Clean Coal Technology-I Ïðîåêò-I ïî òåõ- CCU condensate clean-up êîíäåíñàòîî÷èñòêà, ÊÎ.
íîëîãèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëåé CCU containment cooling unit ñèñòåìà îõëàæäå-
(ðàçðàáîòêà óñòðîéñòâ êîíòðîëÿ çàãðÿçíåíèÿ íèÿ çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû, óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûõ ìåòî- CCVT coupling capacitor voltage transformer åì-
äîâ ïðîèçâîäñòâà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèè, îáîãàùåíèå êîñòíûé òðàíñôîðìàòîð íàïðÿæåíèÿ.
óãëåé, ïðîìûøëåííîå ïðèìåíåíèå). CCW closed cooling water âîäà çàìêíóòîé ñèñòå-
CCT-II Clean Coal Technology-II Ïðîåêò-II ïî ìû îõëàæäåíèÿ.
òåõíîëîãèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëåé CCW component cooling water âîäà äëÿ îõëàæ-
(âíåäðåíèå â ïðàêòèêó ðåêîìåíäàöèé ñîâìåñòíîãî äåíèÿ êîìïîíåíòîâ (íàïð. ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
äîêëàäà (îò÷åòà) ñ öåëüþ äåìîíñòðàöèè òåõíîëî- CCW compound cooling water âîäà êîìáèíèðî-
ãèé ñíèæåíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ïðåäøåñòâåííèêîâ êèñëîò- âàííîé ñèñòåìû îõëàæäåíèÿ.
íûõ äîæäåé, äèîêñèäà ñåðû è îêñèäîâ àçîòà). CCW condenser circulating water öèðêóëèðóþ-
CCT-III Clean Coal Technology-III Ïðîåêò-III ïî ùàÿ âîäà êîíäåíñàòîðà; âîäà, öèðêóëèðóþùàÿ â
òåõíîëîãèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëåé êîíäåíñàòîðå.
(â äîïîëíåíèå ê öåëÿì Ïðîåêòà-II, ðàçðàáîòêà CCW condenser cooling water îõëàæäàþùàÿ âî-
òåõíîëîãèé ïîëó÷åíèÿ ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî òîï- äà êîíäåíñàòîðà.
ëèâà èç ðÿäîâûõ óãëåé). CCW counterclockwise ïðîòèâ ÷àñîâîé ñòðåëêè.
CCT-IV Clean Coal Technology-IV Ïðîåêò-IV ïî òåõ- CCWS closed cooling water system çàìêíóòàÿ
íîëîãèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëåé (ðàçðà- ñèñòåìà âîäÿíîãî îõëàæäåíèÿ.
áîòêà ýíåðãåòè÷åñêè ýôôåêòèâíûõ è ýêîíîìè÷åñêè CCWS component cooling water system ñèñòåìà
êîíêóðåíòîñïîñîáíûõ òåõíîëîãèé äëÿ òåõíè÷åñêîãî ïîäà÷è âîäû äëÿ îõëàæäåíèÿ êîìïîíåíòîâ (íàïð.
ïåðåâîîðóæåíèÿ èëè çàìåíû ñóùåñòâóþùèõ ýíåðãå- àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà).
òè÷åñêèõ óñòàíîâîê ñ ó÷åòîì çíà÷èòåëüíîãî ñíèæå- CCWS component cooling water system ñèñòåìà
íèÿ âûáðîñîâ äèîêñèäà ñåðû è îêñèäîâ àçîòà). îõëàæäåíèÿ ýëåìåíòîâ (íàïð. íà ÀÝÑ çàìêíóòûé
CCT-V Clean Coal Technology-V Ïðîåêò-V ïî òåõ- êîíòóð íèçêîãî äàâëåíèÿ äëÿ ïåðåäà÷è òåïëà â
íîëîãèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëåé (ðàç- ñèñòåìó òåõíè÷åñêîãî âîäîñíàáæåíèÿ îò ýëåìåíòîâ
ðàáîòêà òåõíîëîãèé äëÿ íîâûõ èëè ñóùåñòâóþùèõ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, êîòîðûå ñâÿçàíû ñ ïåðåðàáîòêîé ïî-
ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ óñòàíîâîê ñ öåëüþ ïîâûøåíèÿ ýô- òåíöèàëüíî ðàäèîàêòèâíûõ æèäêîñòåé; ÿâëÿåòñÿ
ôåêòèâíîñòè è óëó÷øåíèÿ ýêîëîãè÷åñêèõ õàðàêòå- áàðüåðîì ìåæäó ðàäèîàêòèâíûìè ñèñòåìàì è îêðó-
ðèñòèê). æàþùåé ñðåäîé; ðàáîòàåò ïðè áîëåå íèçêîì äàâëå-
CCT Common Community Tariff òàðèô Åâðîïåé- íèè, ÷åì ñèñòåìû, îòâîäÿùèå òåïëî îò ñèñòåìû
ñêîãî ñîîáùåñòâà. òåõíè÷åñêîãî âîäîñíàáæåíèÿ, âêëþ÷àåò öåíòðîáåæ-
CCTD Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Äåìîí- íûå íàñîñû, òåïëîîáìåííèêè, óðàâíèòåëüíûé ðåçåð-
ñòðàöèîííûé ïðîåêò èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ òåõíîëîãèé ýêî- âóàð, ñîåäèíèòåëüíûå òðóáîïðîâîäû; èñïîëüçóåòñÿ
ëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ñæèãàíèÿ óãëÿ äëÿ ïðîèçâîäñòâà íà âñåõ ðåæèìàõ ðàáîòû ÀÝÑ, ïîäàåò âîäó íà îõëàæ-
ýíåðãèè (íà ñóììó 2.5 ìëðä. äîëë., ôèíàíñèðóåìûé äåíèå íàñîñîâ ñèñòåìû îòâîäà îñòàòî÷íûõ òåïëî-
Àãåíòñòâîì ïî çàùèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÑØÀ). âûäåëåíèé, øòàòíûõ è àâàðèéíûõ ïèòàòåëüíûõ
CCTF cylindrical core test facility èññëåäîâàòåëü- íàñîñîâ è èõ ýëåêòðîäâèãàòåëåé, îïîðíûõ êîíñòðóê-
ñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð ñ öèëèíäðè÷åñêîé àêòèâíîé öèé êîðïóñà ðåàêòîðà, êîíäåíñàòîðîâ èñïàðèòåëÿ
çîíîé. áîðíîãî êîíöåíòðàòà, ïðîõîäêè â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå
.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CCX — 69 — CDE

äëÿ âûñîêîòåìïåðàòóðíûõ ñðåä è äðóãîãî îáîðóäî- CD critical defect 1) êðèòè÷åñêèé äåôåêò (îáîðó-
âàíèÿ). äîâàíèÿ); 2) îïàñíàÿ íåèñïðàâíîñòü.
CCX Chicago Climate Exchange ×èêàãñêàÿ êëè- CD current density 1) ïëîòíîñòü ïîòîêà; 2) ïëîò-
ìàòè÷åñêàÿ áèðæà (ÑØÀ). íîñòü ýëåêòðè÷åñêîãî òîêà.
CCZ controlled combustion zone 1) ïåðåæèì òî- CD Customs Directive òàìîæåííàÿ äèðåêòèâà.
ïî÷íîé êàìåðû êîòëà; 2) çîíà ðåãóëèðóåìîãî ãîðå- C/D cooldown ðàñõîëàæèâàíèå.
íèÿ (íàïð. â ñëîåâîé òîïêå êîòëà). Cd cadmium, êàäìèé, Cd (õèìè÷åñêèé ýëå-
CCZ customs control zone çîíà òàìîæåííîãî ìåíò, íàïð. èñïîëüçóåòñÿ â ñîñòàâå ðåãóëèðóþùèõ
êîíòðîëÿ, ÇÒÊ. ñòåðæíåé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà áëàãîäàðÿ âûñîêîé
CD cable duct êàáåëüíûé êàíàë, êàáåëåïðîâîä. ñïîñîáíîñòè èçîòîïà 113Cd ïîãëîùàòü íåéòðîíû).
CD calendar day êàëåíäàðíûé äåíü. cd center distance ìåæöåíòðîâîå ðàññòîÿíèå.
CD calibration device 1) ãðàäóèðîâî÷íàÿ àïïàðà- CDA career development activity ñèñòåìà ìåð ïî
òóðà; 2) êàëèáðîâî÷íîå óñòðîéñòâî. ñòèìóëèðîâàíèþ ñîòðóäíèêîâ çàíèìàòü áîëåå âû-
CD capacitor discharge ðàçðÿä êîíäåíñàòîðà. ñîêèå äîëæíîñòè.
CD carryover detection îïðåäåëåíèå óíîñà æèä- CDA Civil Defence Administration Óïðàâëåíèå
êîñòè (â âèäå âîäÿíûõ êàïåëü) ñ ïàðîì â ïðîöåññå ãðàæäàíñêîé îáîðîíû (ÑØÀ).
êèïåíèÿ. CDA containment depressurization actuation ñðà-
CD certain day 1) íàçíà÷åííûé äåíü (íàïð. ïåðå- áàòûâàíèå ñèñòåìû ñáðîñà äàâëåíèÿ â çàùèòíîé
ãîâîðîâ ïî êîíòðàêòó); 2) óñòàíîâëåííûé äåíü îáîëî÷êå ïðè àâàðèè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
(íàïð. ïðîâåäåíèÿ îïðåäåëåííûõ ìåðîïðèÿòèé). CDA Contract Disputes Act Çàêîí îá óðåãóëèðî-
CD certificate of deposit äåïîçèòíûé ñåðòèôèêàò. âàíèè ñïîðíûõ âîïðîñîâ è ðàçíîãëàñèé ïî êîíòðàê-
CD characteristic data õàðàêòåðèñòè÷åñêèå äàí- òó (ÑØÀ).
íûå. CDA controlled diffusion airfoil ðåãóëèðóåìàÿ
CD classification of defects êëàññèôèêàöèÿ äå- äèôôóçîðíîñòü (íàïð. êîìïðåññîðà ãàçîâîé òóð-
ôåêòîâ èëè íåèñïðàâíîñòåé. áèíû).
CD closing date 1) äàòà çàâåðøåíèÿ (íàïð. ðà- CDA core disruptive accident àâàðèÿ ñ ðàçðóøå-
áîòû êîíôåðåíöèè); 2) îêîí÷àòåëüíûé ñðîê ïîä- íèåì àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ãîòîâêè (îò÷åòà); 3) ñðîê ãîòîâíîñòè (íàïð. âû- CDB central data bank öåíòðàëüíûé áàíê äàí-
ïîëíåííîãî çàêàçà); 4) äàòà çàêðûòèÿ (íàïð. íûõ.
âûñòàâêè); 5) ïîñëåäíèé ñðîê (íàïð. ïðåäñòàâëå- CDB central data base öåíòðàëüíàÿ áàçà äàí-
íèÿ äîêóìåíòàöèè, ïðîåêòà, ïîäà÷è çàÿâîê è äð.). íûõ.
CD component development ðàçðàáîòêà êîìïî- CDB characteristic data bank áàíê õàðàêòåðèñòè-
íåíòîâ îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. ÷åñêèõ äàííûõ.
CD concurrent development ïàðàëëåëüíàÿ ðàçðà- CDBA containment design-basis accident ïðîåêò-
áîòêà (íàïð. ïðîåêòà íåñêîëüêèìè îðãàíèçàöèÿìè). íàÿ àâàðèÿ â çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
CD condensate demineralizer 1) áëî÷íàÿ îáåññîëè- CDC center for disease control öåíòð êîíòðîëÿ
âàþùàÿ óñòàíîâêà, ÁÎÓ; 2) êîíäåíñàòîî÷èñòêà, ÊÎ; çàáîëåâàíèé ñðåäè íàñåëåíèÿ, ïðîæèâàþùåãî â
3) îáåññîëèâàþùèé ôèëüòð êîíäåíñàòîî÷èñòêè. ðàéîíå ðàñïîëîæåíèÿ ÀÝÑ (íàïð. â ðåçóëüòàòå
CD condenser 1) êîíäåíñàòîð (òóðáèíû); 2) êîì- ðàäèîàêòèâíîãî îáëó÷åíèÿ).
ïðåññîð. CDC computer design code êîìïüþòåðíàÿ ïðî-
CD configuration-dependent îïðåäåëÿåìûé êîí- ãðàììà, êîä.
ôèãóðàöèåé (íàïð. õàðàêòåðèñòèêè ìàãíèòíîãî CDCF Community Development Carbon Fund Óãëå-
ïîëÿ, ïåðâîé ñòåíêè òåðìîÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà, ðå- ðîäíûé ôîíä ðàçâèòèÿ Åâðîïåéñêîãî Ñîîáùåñòâà.
ãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà è äð.). CDCR Cornell Dual Core Reactor èññëåäîâàòåëü-
CD contract definition ðàçðàáîòêà îñíîâíûõ ïî- ñêèé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð Êîðíåëüñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà
ëîæåíèé äîãîâîðà èëè êîíòðàêòà. ñ äâóìÿ àêòèâíûìè çîíàìè (ÑØÀ).
CD control damper ðåãóëèðóþùàÿ çàñëîíêà; ðå- CDCS central data collection system öåíòðàëüíàÿ
ãóëèðóþùèé øèáåð (ïîâîðîòíàÿ èëè âûäâèæíàÿ ñèñòåìà ñáîðà è õðàíåíèÿ äàííûõ.
ìåòàëëè÷åñêàÿ êîíñòðóêöèÿ äëÿ ÷àñòè÷íîãî èëè CDD charge density distribution ðàñïðåäåëåíèå
ïîëíîãî ïåðåêðûòèÿ ñå÷åíèÿ âîçäóõîâîäà èëè ãàçî- ïëîòíîñòè çàðÿäà (íàïð. ÷àñòèö â ýëåêòðîôèëüòðå
õîäà êîòëà). íà ÒÝÑ), ÐÏÇ.
CD cooldown ðàñõîëàæèâàíèå. CDD cooling degree-day ãðàäóñîäåíü [ãðàäóñî-
CD core damage ïîâðåæäåíèå àêòèâíîé çîíû ñóòêè] ñ îòðèöàòåëüíîé òåìïåðàòóðîé íàðóæíîãî
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà (ñóùåñòâåííîå èçìåíåíèå ãåî- âîçäóõà.
ìåòðèè âñëåäñòâèå ÷ðåçìåðíîãî ïåðåãðåâà ñ ìîù- CDE condensate demineralization effluent ñòîêè
íûì âûáðîñîì ðàäèîàêòèâíîñòè è ïðåâûøåíèåì ñèñòåìû îáåññîëèâàíèÿ êîíäåíñàòà (íàïð. òóðáî-
êðèòåðèåâ, óñòàíîâëåííûõ äëÿ ïðîåêòíîé àâàðèè). àãðåãàòà).
.
Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CDF — 70 — CDS

CDF core damage frequency ÷àñòîòà ïîâðåæäå- CDP central data processor öåíòðàëüíûé ïðîöåñ-
íèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. ñîð.
CDF cumulative damage function èíòåãðàëüíàÿ CDP compressor discharge bleed air port êàíàë
[êóìóëÿòèâíàÿ] ôóíêöèÿ ïîâðåæäåíèÿ. äëÿ îòâîäà âîçäóõà, îòáèðàåìîãî îò êîìïðåññîðà
CDF cumulative distribution function èíòåãðàëü- (ãàçîâîé òóðáèíû).
íàÿ [êóìóëÿòèâíàÿ] ôóíêöèÿ ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ. CDP condensate pump discharge 1) ïðîèçâîäè-
CDFC The Commonwealth Development Finance Cor- òåëüíîñòü êîíäåíñàòíîãî íàñîñà; 2) íàãíåòàòåëü-
poration Êîðïîðàöèÿ äëÿ ôèíàíñèðîâàíèÿ ýêîíîìè- íûé ïàòðóáîê êîíäåíñàòíîãî íàñîñà.
÷åñêîãî ðàçâèòèÿ ñòðàí Áðèòàíñêîãî ñîäðóæåñòâà. CDP contract definition phase ýòàï ðàçðàáîòêè
CDFGR coefficient of downward flue gas recircula- îñíîâíûõ ïîëîæåíèé êîíòðàêòà.
tion êîýôôèöèåíò ðåöèðêóëÿöèÿ äûìîâûõ ãàçîâ CDP control and display panel ïóëüò [ïàíåëü,
â íèç ãîðåëêè èëè òîïêè êîòëà. ùèò] èíäèêàöèè è óïðàâëåíèÿ.
CDFR commercial demonstration fast reactor ïðî- CDP core damage probability âåðîÿòíîñòü ïî-
ìûøëåííûé äåìîíñòðàöèîííûé ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð âðåæäåíèÿ àêòèâíîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
íà áûñòðûõ íåéòðîíàõ. CDPA Civil Defence Preparedness Agency Óïðàâ-
CDIP ceramic dual-in-line package êåðàìè÷åñêèé ëåíèå ãðàæäàíñêîé îáîðîíû (ÑØÀ).
êîðïóñ ñ äâóõðÿäíûì ðàñïîëîæåíèåì âûâîäîâ. CDPS central data processing system öåíòðàëü-
CDL carbon dioxide laser ëàçåð íà äèîêñèäå óãëå- íàÿ ñèñòåìà îáðàáîòêè äàííûõ, öåíòðàëüíûé ïðî-
ðîäà. öåññîð, ÖÏ.
CDL coal-derived liquid 1) æèäêîå òîïëèâî, ïî- CDPUC Connecticut Department of Public Utility
ëó÷àåìîå ïðè ãàçèôèêàöèè óãëÿ; 2) æèäêîå òîïëè- Control Óïðàâëåíèå ïî ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ â îáëàñòè
âî, ïîëó÷àåìîå ïðè ïåðåðàáîòêå óãëÿ. êîììóíàëüíîãî îáñëóæèâàíèÿ øòàòà Êîííåêòèêóò
CDL configuration deviation list ïåðå÷åíü äîïóñòè- (ÑØÀ).
ìûõ îòêëîíåíèé êîíôèãóðàöèè (íàïð. õàðàêòåðèñ- CDR chemical dosing room ïîìåùåíèå äîçèðîâà-
òèêè ìàãíèòíîãî ïîëÿ, ïåðâîé ñòåíêè òåðìîÿäåð- íèÿ õèìðåàãåíòîâ (íàïð. ñèñòåìû âîäîïîäãîòîâêè
íîãî ðåàêòîðà, ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé ÿäåðíîãî íà ÒÝÑ).
ðåàêòîðà è äð.). CDR cogeneration deferral rates ñïåöèàëüíûå äèñ-
CDM central data management 1) óïðàâëåíèå êîíòíûå ñòàâêè, ïðåäëàãàåìûå êðóïíûì ïîëüçîâà-
öåíòðàëüíîé áàçîé äàííûõ; 2) öåíòðàëèçîâàííîå òåëÿì, êîòîðûå èìåþò ïîòåíöèàëüíûå âîçìîæíîñòè
óïðàâëåíèå áàçîé äàííûõ. äëÿ ãåíåðèðîâàíèÿ ìîùíîñòè íà ñîáñòâåííûõ óñòà-
CDM clean development mechanism ìåõàíèçì íîâêàõ êîìáèíèðîâàííîé âûðàáîòêè ýëåêòðîýíåð-
ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ðàçâèòèÿ (â ðàìêàõ ñîêðà- ãèè ñ èñïîëüçîâàíèåì ïàðà, òåïëà èëè äðóãèõ âèäîâ
ùåíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ïàðíèêîâûõ ãàçîâ ïî ïðîãðàì- ýíåðãèè, ïðîèçâîäèìîé â êà÷åñòâå ïîáî÷íîãî ïðî-
ìàì ÎÎÍ). äóêòà äðóãîãî ïðîöåññà.
CDMP clean development mechanism projects CDR conceptual design report çàêëþ÷åíèå ïî
ïðîåêòû íà áàçå ìåõàíèçìà ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî êîíöåïòóàëüíîìó ïðîåêòó.
ðàçâèòèÿ (â ðàìêàõ ñîêðàùåíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ïàðíèêî- CDR conceptual design requirement òðåáîâàíèå
âûõ ãàçîâ ïî ïðîãðàììàì ÎÎÍ; ïåðâûì ïðîåêòîì ê êîíöåïòóàëüíîìó ïðîåêòó.
áûë Brazil Nova Gerar Landfill Gas to Energy Pro- CDR CO2-D2O reactor òÿæåëîâîäíûé ÿäåðíûé
ject, çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííûé â 2004 ã.; â íàñòîÿùåå ðåàêòîð, îõëàæäàåìûé óãëåêèñëûì ãàçîì.
âðåìÿ îôèöèàëüíî çàðåãèñòðèðîâàíî îêîëî 850 ïðî- CDR core damage risk ðèñê ïîâðåæäåíèÿ àêòèâ-
åêòîâ, íàìåòèëàñü òåíäåíöèÿ äèâåðñèôèêàöèè ïî íîé çîíû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
òåõíîëîãèÿì è ãåîãðàôèè îáúåêòîâ). CDR corona discharge reactor ðåàêòîð êîðîííîãî
CDMR clean development mechanism registry ðå- ðàçðÿäà (ýëåêòðîôèëüòðà íà ÒÝÑ).
åñòð ìåõàíèçìà ýêîëîãè÷åñêè ÷èñòîãî ðàçâèòèÿ CDRG Catastrophic Disaster Response Group Ãðóï-
(ñòàíäàðòèçèðîâàííàÿ áàçà äàííûõ íà ýëåêòðîí- ïà ðåàãèðîâàíèÿ íà êàòàñòðîôè÷åñêèå ðàçðóøåíèÿ
íûõ íîñèòåëÿõ ïî ó÷åòó ñåðòèôèöèðîâàííûõ åäè- (Ìèíèñòåðñòâà ýíåðãåòèêè ÑØÀ).
íèö ñîêðàùåíèÿ âûáðîñîâ ïàðíèêîâûõ ãàçîâ). CDRL contractual data requirements list ïåðå÷åíü
CDN corporate data network êîðïîðàòèâíàÿ ñåòü òðåáîâàíèé ê óñëîâèÿì êîíòðàêòà.
äàííûõ. CDS cask decontamination station óñòàíîâêà äëÿ
CDP Carbon Disclosure Project Ïðîåêò ïî êîí- äåçàêòèâàöèè êîíòåéíåðîâ ñ îòðàáîòàâøèì ÿäåð-
ôèäåíöèàëüíîìó ñáîðó äàííûõ îò ïðåäñòàâèòåëåé íûì òîïëèâîì.
êðóïíîãî áèçíåñà îòíîñèòåëüíî ýìèññèè ïàðíèêî- CDS central distribution system öåíòðàëüíàÿ ðàñ-
âûõ ãàçîâ (Âåëèêîáðèòàíèÿ). ïðåäåëèòåëüíàÿ ñèñòåìà.
CDP cask decontamination pit øàõòà äëÿ äåçàê- CDS circulating dry scrubber 1) àáñîðáåð ñ öèðêó-
òèâàöèè êîíòåéíåðîâ ñ îòðàáîòàâøèì ÿäåðíûì ëèðóþùèì ñëîåì; 2) ñóõîé àáñîðáåð ñ çàìêíóòûì
òîïëèâîì. öèêëîì.
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CDS — 71 — CECM

CDS component disassembly station óñòàíîâêà CEA Commissariat al’Energie Atomique Êîìèññà-
äëÿ ðàçáîðêè ýëåìåíòîâ òîïëèâíîé êàññåòû ÿäåðíî- ðèàò ïî ïðîáëåìàì ÿäåðíîé ýíåðãèè (Ôðàíöèÿ).
ãî ðåàêòîðà. CEA Computer Experts Association Àññîöèàöèÿ
CDS conceptual design study àíàëèç òåõíè÷åñêî- ñïåöèàëèñòîâ ïî âû÷èñëèòåëüíîé òåõíèêå (ÑØÀ).
ãî çàäàíèÿ íà ïðîåêòèðîâàíèå. CEA control element assembly óïðàâëÿþùàÿ
CDS condensate demineralization subsystem óñòà- êàññåòà ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
íîâêà äëÿ î÷èñòêè êîíäåíñàòà. CEA Council of Economic Advisers Ñîâåò êîíñóëü-
CDT cold drawn tube õîëîäíîòÿíóòàÿ òðóáà. òàíòîâ ïî ýêîíîìè÷åñêèì âîïðîñàì ÑØÀ, Ýêîíî-
CDU central display unit öåíòðàëüíûé äèñïëåé ìè÷åñêèé Ñîâåò ïðè ïðåçèäåíòå ÑØÀ.
(íàïð. â ïîìåùåíèè ùèòà óïðàâëåíèÿ ÒÝÑ, ÀÝÑ). CEAA Canadian Environmental Assessment Act Çà-
CDV capacitor discharge vaporization èñïàðåíèÿ êîí Êàíàäû î ïðîâåäåíèè ýêîëîãè÷åñêîé ýêñïåðòè-
ïðè ðàçðÿäå ýëåêòðè÷åñêîãî êîíäåíñàòîðà. çû (äî íà÷àëà ñòðîèòåëüñòâà ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ îáú-
CDV contractor decision verification ïðîâåðêà ðå- åêòîâ, êîòîðûå ìîãóò îêàçàòü âîçäåéñòâèå íà
øåíèé ïîäðÿä÷èêà (íàïð. ïî óñëîâèÿì êîíòðàêòà îêðóæàþùóþ ñðåäó).
è äð.). CEAC control element assembly calculator 1) ñèñ-
CE carbon equivalent óãëåðîäíûé ýêâèâàëåíò. òåìà êîìïüþòåðíîãî ðàñ÷åòà óïðàâëÿþùåé êàññåòû
CE collecting [collection] electrode îñàäèòåëüíûé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà; 2) àíàëèçàòîð óïðàâëÿþùåé
ýëåêòðîä (çàçåìëåííûé ýëåêòðîä ýëåêòðîôèëüò- êàññåòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
ðà, íà êîòîðîì îñàæäàåòñÿ îñíîâíàÿ ìàññà óëîâ- CEADS control element assembly drive system ñè-
ëåííîé ëåòó÷åé çîëû íà ÒÝÑ). ñòåìà ìåõàíèçìà ïðèâîäà ñòåðæíåé ñèñòåìû óïðàâ-
CE combustion engineering òîïî÷íàÿ òåõíèêà; ëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà.
òåïëîòåõíèêà. CEAL Cambridge Electron Accelerator Laboratory
CE Combustion Engineering, Inc. ôèðìà «Êîì- Ëàáîðàòîðèÿ óñêîðèòåëÿ ýëåêòðîíîâ Êåìáðèäæ-
áàñ÷í ýíæèíèðèíã», çàðåãèñòðèðîâàííàÿ êàê êîð- ñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà (ÑØÀ).
ïîðàöèÿ (ÑØÀ). CEAS Center for Environmental Assessment Servi-
CE concept evaluation îöåíêà êîíöåïöèè (íàïð. ces Öåíòð ïî îöåíêå ñîñòîÿíèÿ îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû
ðàçâèòèÿ ýíåðãîïðåäïðèÿòèÿ, ïðîåêòà, ïðîãðàì- (ÑØÀ).
ìû è äð.). CEBAF Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Fa-
CE concurrent engineering ïàðàëëåëüíàÿ ðàçðà- cility óñêîðèòåëü ýëåêòðîíîâ íåïðåðûâíîãî äåéñòâèÿ
áîòêà ïðîäóêòà è òåõíîëîãèè åãî èçãîòîâëåíèÿ. (ÑØÀ).
CE conductivity element êîíäóêòîìåòðè÷åñêàÿ CEC California Energy Commission Ýíåðãåòè÷å-
ÿ÷åéêà, ÿ÷åéêà äëÿ èçìåðåíèÿ ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ïðî- ñêàÿ êîìèññèÿ øòàòà Êàëèôîðíèÿ (ÑØÀ).
âîäèìîñòè ðàñòâîðà. CEC cation exchange capacity êàòèîíîîáìåííàÿ
CE containment environment ñðåäà ïîìåùåíèé åìêîñòü.
çàùèòíîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. CEC chemical energy conversion ïðåîáðàçîâàíèå
CE cost-effective ýêîíîìè÷åñêè ýôôåêòèâíûé õèìè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè â äðóãèå âèäû ýíåðãèè (íàïð.
(íàïð. äåÿòåëüíîñòü ïðåäïðèÿòèÿ, ìåòîä, òåõíî- â ýëåêòðè÷åñêóþ, òåïëîâóþ è äð.).
ëîãèÿ, îáîðóäîâàíèå è äð.). CEC Citizens Energy Council Ñîâåò ãðàæäàí ïî
CE cost effectiveness ýôôåêòèâíîñòü çàòðàò. îáñóæäåíèþ âîïðîñîâ ïðè ñòðîèòåëüñòâå ýíåðãåòè-
CE cost estimate îöåíêà ñòîèìîñòè (íàïð. ïðîâå- ÷åñêèõ îáúåêòîâ (ÑØÀ).
äåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé, ïðîåêòà è äð.). CEC Coal Experts Commission Êîìèòåò ýêñïåðòîâ
CE counting efficiency ýôôåêòèâíîñòü ñ÷åòà. ïî óãëþ (ÑØÀ).
CE cation exchange êàòèîííûé îáìåí, êàòèîíè- CEC Commission of the European Communities Êî-
ðîâàíèå (èîíèðîâàíèå ñ öåëüþ çàìåíû êàòèîíîâ, ìèññèÿ åâðîïåéñêèõ ñîîáùåñòâ.
íàõîäÿùèõñÿ â âîäå, íà êàòèîíû, êîòîðûìè êàòè- CEC common emission control 1) êîíòðîëü âû-
îíèò çàðÿæåí ïðè ðåãåíåðàöèè). áðîñîâ îò íåñêîëüêèõ èñòî÷íèêîâ; 2) êîíòðîëü íå-
C/E calculation/experiment ðàñ÷åò è ïðîâåäåíèå ñêîëüêèõ âèäîâ âûáðîñîâ (íàïð. äèîêñèäà ñåðû è
ýêñïåðèìåíòà. îêñèäîâ àçîòà ñ äûìîâûìè ãàçàìè ÒÝÑ).
C/E cost/effectiveness ñîîòíîøåíèå çàòðàòû— C.E.C.A. Communità europea del carbone e dell’ac-
ýôôåêòèâíîñòü. ciaio èò., Åâðîïåéñêîå îáúåäèíåíèå óãëÿ è ñòàëè,
CEA Cambridge Electron Accelerator óñêîðèòåëü ÅÎÓÑ.
ýëåêòðîíîâ Êåìáðèäæñêîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà (ÑØÀ). CECFM coupled environment corrosion fatigue mo-
CEA Canadian Electrical Association Ýëåêòðîýíåð- del ìîäåëü êîððîçèîííîé óñòàëîñòè ïîä âîçäåéñòâè-
ãåòè÷åñêàÿ àññîöèàöèÿ Êàíàäû. åì îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû.
CEA Central Electricity Authority Öåíòðàëüíîå CECM coupled environment crevice model ìîäåëü
ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêîå óïðàâëåíèå (Âåëèêîáðèòà- ðàçâèòèÿ ùåëåâîé êîððîçèè ïîä âîçäåéñòâèåì
íèÿ). îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû.
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CECO — 72 — CEOC

CECO cost estimate change order èíñòðóêöèÿ CEGB Central Electric Generating Board Öåíòðàëü-
èëè ðàñïîðÿæåíèå ïî âíåñåíèþ èçìåíåíèé â îöåí- íûé ñîâåò ïî ïðîèçâîäñòâó [ãåíåðèðîâàíèèþ] ýëåê-
êè ñòîèìîñòè (íàïð. ïðîâåäåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé, ïðî- òðîýíåðãèè Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè (íîâîå íàçâàíèå).
åêòà è äð.). CEHA contact equipment handling area çîíà êîí-
CECP Cost Estimating Computer Program êîìïüþ- òàêòà ïðè îáðàùåíèè ñ îáîðóäîâàíèåì (íà ÀÝÑ).
òåðíàÿ ïðîãðàììà äëÿ ðàñ÷åòà çàòðàò (ïåðâîíà÷àëü- CEIDS Consortium of Electrical Infrastructure for Digital
íî ðàçðàáîòàíà Êîìèññèåé ïî ÿäåðíîìó ðåãóëèðî- Society Êîíñîðöèóì ðàçâèòèÿ èíôðàñòðóêòóðû ýëåêò-
âàíèþ ÑØÀ äëÿ ðàñ÷åòà çàòðàò ïî âûâîäó èç ðîòåõíè÷åñêèõ ñðåäñòâ äëÿ ïîääåðæêè «öèôðîâîãî
ýêñïëóàòàöèè ÀÝÑ ñ ëåãêîâîäíûìè ÿäåðíûìè ðåàê- îáùåñòâà» (ñîçäàí â 2001 ã., óïðàâëÿåòñÿ ñîâìåñòíî
òîðàìè äî ìîìåíòà ïðåêðàùåíèÿ äåéñòâèÿ ëè- Ýëåêòðîýíåðãåòè÷åñêèì èíñòèòóòîì è Èíñòèòó-
öåíçèè). òîì ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêèõ èííîâàöèé, ÑØÀ).
CECS containment environmental control system C.E.I.I. Comitato elettrotecnico italiano èò., Èòà-
ñèñòåìà êîíòðîëÿ àòìîñôåðû â ïîìåùåíèÿõ çàùèò- ëüÿíñêèé êîìèòåò ïî ýëåêòðîòåõíèêå.
íîé îáîëî÷êè ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. C.E.I.I. Commissione elettrotecnica internazionale
CED cladding expansion detector äåòåêòîð ðàñ- èò., Ìåæäóíàðîäíàÿ ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêàÿ êîìèñ-
øèðåíèÿ îáîëî÷åê (òåïëîâûäåëÿþùèõ ýëåìåíòîâ ñèÿ, ÌÝÊ.
ïðè ðåçêèõ èçìåíåíèÿõ ïàðàìåòðîâ â àêòèâíîé CEI/IEC Safety Requirements for Electrical Equip-
çîíå ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà). ment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use
CED customer energy demand 1) ñïðîñ ïîòðåáè- Òðåáîâàíèÿ ïî áåçîïàñíîñòè, ðàçðàáîòàííûå Ìåæ-
òåëÿ íà ýëåêòðîýíåðãèþ; 2) ðàñõîä ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé äóíàðîäíîé ýëåêòðîòåõíè÷åñêîé êîìèññèåé äëÿ
ýíåðãèè ïîòðåáèòåëåì. ýëåêòðîîáîðóäîâàíèÿ ïðè ïðîâåäåíèè èçìåðåíèé,
CEDB component event data bank áàíê äàííûõ êîíòðîëå è èñïîëüçîâàíèè â ëàáîðàòîðíûõ óñëîâèÿõ.
ïî îòêàçàì îáîðóäîâàíèÿ. CEL Cambridge Electric Light Company Êîìïàíèÿ
CEDM control element drive mechanism ìåõàíèçì ïî ýëåêòðîñíàáæåíèþ è îñâåùåíèþ ã. Êåìáðèäæ
ïðèâîäà ðåãóëèðóþùèõ ñòåðæíåé ÿäåðíîãî ðåàê- (ÑØÀ).
òîðà. CEL carbon equilibrium loop ðàâíîâåñíûé óãëå-
CEDMCS control element drive mechanism control ðîäíûé öèêë.
system ñèñòåìà óïðàâëåíèÿ ìåõàíèçìàìè ïðèâîäîâ CEL comparative environmental law ñðàâíèòåëü-
ñòåðæíåé ñèñòåìû óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÿäåðíîãî íîå ïðàâîâåäåíèå [çàêîíîäàòåëüñòâî] ïî âîïðîñàì
ðåàêòîðà. îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû.
CEDS control element drive system ñèñòåìà ïðè- CEM Canada’s electricity market ðûíîê ýëåêòðè-
âîäîâ ñòåðæíåé ñèñòåìû óïðàâëåíèÿ è çàùèòû ÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè Êàíàäû.
ÿäåðíîãî ðåàêòîðà. CEM comprehensive emergency management îá-
CEEA Communauté Europénne de l’Énergie Ato- ùåå ðóêîâîäñòâî â àâàðèéíûõ ñèòóàöèÿõ (íàïð. ïðè
mique ôð., Åâðîïåéñêîå ñîîáùåñòâî [îáúåäèíåíèå] ôîðñ-ìàæîðíûõ îáñòîÿòåëüñòâàõ íà ÀÝÑ ñ ó÷àñòè-
ïî àòîìíîé ýíåðãèè, ÅÂÐÀÒÎÌ. åì ìåñòíûõ è âûøåñòîÿùèõ îðãàíîâ).
CEEC Central and Eastern Europe Countries ñòðà- CEM continuous emissions monitoring íåïðåðûâ-
íû öåíòðàëüíîé è âîñòî÷íîé Åâðîïû. íûé ìîíèòîðèíã âûáðîñîâ.
CEED Council for Energy Efficiency Development CEMR Center for Energy and Mineral Resources
Ñîâåò ïî ðàçðàáîòêàì â îáëàñòè ýíåðãîýôôåêòèâ- Öåíòð ïî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèì è ìèíåðàëüíûì ðåñóðñàì
íîñòè [ïîâûøåíèÿ ýôôåêòèâíîñòè èñïîëüçîâàíèÿ (ÑØÀ).
ýíåðãèè] (ÑØÀ). CEMS continuous emissions monitoring system
CEEPIF Central and Eastern European Power Indu- ñèñòåìà íåïðåðûâíîãî ìîíèòîðèíãà âûáðîñîâ ÒÝÑ.
stry Forum Ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèé ôîðóì ñòðàí Öåíòðàëü- CEMSIS cost effective modernization of systems
íîé è Âîñòî÷íîé Åâðîïû. important to safety ýêîíîìè÷åñêè ýôôåêòèâíàÿ ìî-
CEF critical experimental facility ýêñïåðèìåíòàëü- äåðíèçàöèÿ ñèñòåì âàæíûõ äëÿ áåçîïàñíîñòè ÀÝÑ.
íûé êðèòè÷åñêèé ñòåíä. cent center 1) öåíòð; ñåðåäèíà; 2) ïóíêò;
CEF Critical Experimental Facility ýêñïåðèìåíòàëü- 3) ÿäðî; 4) èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèé öåíòð; 5) ïóíêò
íàÿ êðèòè÷åñêàÿ ñáîðêà (Îóê-Ðèäæñêàÿ íàöèîíàëü- óïðàâëåíèÿ; 6) öåíòð óïðàâëåíèÿ.
íàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ, ÑØÀ). cent central 1) öåíòðàëüíûé, ñðåäíèé; 2) îñíîâ-
CEFM coupled environment fracture model ìîäåëü íîé; 3) ãëàâíûé; 4) âàæíåéøèé.
ðàçðóøåíèÿ ïîä âîçäåéñòâèåì îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû. CEO chief executive officer 1) ãëàâíûé óïðàâëÿ-
CEG cost of electricity generation ñòîèìîñòü ïðî- þùèé; 2) ãëàâíûé ñïåöèàëèñò.
èçâîäñòâà [ãåíåðàöèè] ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè. CEOC county emergency operating center îïåðà-
CEGB Central Electricity Generating Board Öåí- òèâíûé öåíòð óïðàâëåíèÿ îêðóãà â ÷ðåçâû÷àéíûõ
òðàëüíîå ýíåðãîóïðàâëåíèå Âåëèêîáðèòàíèè (ñòà- [àâàðèéíûõ] ñèòóàöèÿõ, îêðóæíîé öåíòð óïðàâëå-
ðîå íàçâàíèå). íèÿ ÷ðåçâû÷àéíûìè [àâàðèéíûìè] ñèòóàöèÿìè.
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Copyright ОАО «ЦКБ «БИБКОМ» & ООО «Aгентство Kнига-Cервис»

CEOG — 73 — CET

CEOG Combustion Engineering Owners Group CERES Coalition for Environmentally Responsible
Ãðóïïà âëàäåëüöåâ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ îáúåêòîâ êîì- Economies Îáúåäèíåíèå îòðàñëåé ïðîìûøëåííî-
ïàíèè Combustion Engineering. ñòè, îòâåòñòâåííûõ çà çàãðÿçíåíèå îêðóæàþùåé
CEP clean energy plan ïëàí ðàçâèòèÿ ýêîëîãè÷å- ñðåäû (ÑØÀ).
ñêè ÷èñòûõ òåõíîëîãèé ïðîèçâîäñòâà [ãåíåðàöèè] CERI Center for Environmental Research Informa-
ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè (íàïð. ïëàí, ïðåäëîæåííûé tion Èíôîðìàöèîííûé öåíòð ïî èññëåäîâàíèÿì â
Ïðåçèäåíòîì ÑØÀ Á. Îáàìà, óâåëè÷åíèÿ ïðîèçâîä- îáëàñòè îõðàíû îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ).
ñòâà ýëåêòðè÷åñêîé ýíåðãèè íà áàçå íåòðàäèöèîí- CERL Central Electricity Research Laboratories
íûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ ýíåðãèè íà 10% è 25% ê 2012 è Öåíòðàëüíûå íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêèå ýíåðãåòè-
2025 ãã., ñîîòâåòñòâåííî, ñ ðàçìåðîì èíâåñòèöèé ÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè (ÑØÀ).
ïîðÿäêà 150 ìëðä. äîëë.). CERL Construction Engineering Research Labora-
CEP comprehensive energy plan êîìïëåêñíûé tory Íàó÷íî-èññëåäîâàòåëüñêàÿ ëàáîðàòîðèÿ ïî ñòðî-
ïëàí ðàçâèòèÿ ýíåðãåòèêè. èòåëüñòâó (ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèõ îáúåêòîâ).
CEP condensate electric pump êîíäåíñàòíûé CERM Center for Energy Resources Management
ýëåêòðîíàñîñ, ÊÝÍ. Öåíòð ïî óïðàâëåíèþ ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèìè ðåñóðñàìè
CEP condensate extraction pump ýëåêòðîíàñîñ (ÑØÀ).
äëÿ îòâîäà êîíäåíñàòà. CERMET ceramic and metal ìåòàëëîêåðàìè÷å-
CEP corrosion evolutionary path ïóòü ðàçâèòèÿ ñêèé (î ïîêðûòèè, ÿäåðíîì òîïëèâå è äð.).
êîððîçèè. CERMS continuous emission rate monitoring sys-
CEPCON Central European Power Conference tem ñèñòåìà íåïðåðûâíîãî êîíòðîëÿ ìîùíîñòè âû-
Êîíôåðåíöèÿ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ýíåðãåòèêè äëÿ ñòðàí áðîñîâ ÒÝÑ.
Öåíòðàëüíîé Åâðîïû. CERN Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucle-
CEPEX Central European Power Exhibition Ýíåðãå- aire ôð., [European Center for Nuclear Research]
òè÷åñêàÿ âûñòàâêà ñ ó÷àñòèåì ñòðàí öåíòðàëüíîé Åâðîïåéñêèé ñîâåò ÿäåðíûõ èññëåäîâàíèé, ÖÅÐÍ
Åâðîïû. (Æåíåâà, Øâåéöàðèÿ).
CEPM coupled environment pitting model ìîäåëü CERT candidate evaluation, certification, and selec-
ðàçâèòèÿ ïèòòèíãîâîé êîððîçèè ïîä âîçäåéñòâèåì tion record ïðîòîêîë îöåíêè, ñåðòèôèêàöèè è âûáî-
îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû. ðà âîçìîæíîãî âàðèàíòà (íàïð. îáîðóäîâàíèÿ, ìå-
CEQ Council on Environmental Quality Ñîâåò ïî êà- òîäà, óñòàíîâêè è äð.).
÷åñòâó îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû (ÑØÀ). CERT center for research and technology öåíòð ïî
CER certified emission reduction ñåðòèôèöèðî- ïðîâåäåíèþ èññëåäîâàíèé è ðàçðàáîòêå íîâûõ òåõ-
âàííîå ñîêðàùåíèå âûáðîñîâ (íàïð. ïàðíèêîâûõ íîëîãèé.
ãàçîâ). CERT constant-extension-rate tensile ïðî÷íûé íà
CER Commission for Energy Regulation Êîìèñ- ðàñòÿæåíèå ïðè ïîñòîÿííîé ñêîðîñòè óäëèíåíèÿ.
ñèÿ ïî ðåãóëèðîâàíèþ â îáëàñòè ýëåêòðîýíåðãå- CERT constant-extension-rate test èñïûòàíèå ïðè
òèêè. ïîñòîÿííîé ñêîðîñòè ðàñòÿæåíèÿ.
CER complete engineering release âûïóñê ïîëíî- CERT Council of Energy Resources Tribes Ñîâåò
ãî êîìïëåêòà èíæåíåðíûõ ðàçðàáîòîê. êîìïàíèé [ãðóïï] ïî ýíåðãåòè÷åñêèì ðåñóðñàì
CER CO2 emission reduction ñíèæåíèå ýìèññèè (ÑØÀ).
äèîêñèäà óãëåðîäà. CES critical experiment station óñòàíîâêà ïî ïðî-
CER critical experiment reactor ÿäåðíûé ðåàêòîð âåäåíèþ êðèòè÷åñêèõ ýêñïåðèìåíòîâ.
äëÿ ïðîâåäåíèÿ êðèòè÷åñêèõ ýêñïåðèìåíòîâ. CESA Canadian Engineering Standards Association
CERA Cambridge Energy Research Associates Àññîöèàöèÿ òåõíè÷åñêèõ ñòàíäàðòîâ Êàíàäû.
Àññîöèàöèÿ îðãàíèçàöèé ïî ïðîâåäåíèþ ýíåðãåòè- CESSAR Combustion Engineering Standard Sa-
÷åñêèõ èññëåäîâàíèé ïðè óíèâåðñèòåòå â ã. Êåì- fety Analysis Report ñòàíäàðòíûé îò÷åò ïî àíàëè-
áðèäæ (ÑØÀ). çó áåçîïàñíîñòè êîìïàíèè Combustion Engineering
CERA Cambridge Energy Research Association (ÑØÀ).