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A Critical Analysis

DepEd Advisory No. 258 Series 2016 Dated September 19, 2016
In Compliance with DepEd Order No. 8, 2013

LOVE FOR MARINE LIFE


COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL PROGRAM

A. Overview of DepEd Advisory No. 258 Series 2016 Dated September 19, 2016

To inculcate respect for the country’s rich marine life among the youth, the
Department of Education will be undertaking a comprehensive school program
targeting grade-school students.The three-year educational program dubbed,
“Love for Marine Life,” was developed by DepEd and will be taught to students in
Grade 3 and 4 at 40 public and private schools.The “Love for Marine Life”
program entails three components focusing on knowledge, emotions and
interaction. DepEd regional director Carolino Mordeno said that it is important for
students to learn about marine life, especially since the Visayan Sea is rich in
marine resources.
The knowledge level will include curriculum preparation and workshops and
development of teaching materials including a workbook for students that will
tackle the importance of marine life and how diversified it is in the Philippines.The
workbook will also teach students how they can preserve marine life in their own
little way.Also part of the advocacy program is a teacher-training manual that will
guide participating teachers on how to present the curriculum to their
pupils.School visits, “Love of Marine Life” advocacy-based contests such as
essays and on-the-spot paintings, and massive information dissemination will be
part of the program’s emotional and interactive level.

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B. My Conceptual Framework for the Critical Analysis PapeR

DepEd Order No.8, 2013


Policy Guidelines on
Regulating the Issuance of
DepEd Advisories

DepEd
R.A 7611 Article XII,
Advisory 258
Strategic Section 2
Love of Marine of the 1987
Environment
Life School Constitution
al Plan
Program

OCEAN
GOALS

FRESH AQUA CONSER- RE-


TOURISM FISHERY
WATER CULTURE VATION CREATION
CONSER-VATION

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DepEd Order No.8, Series of 2013 is the Policy Guidelines Regulating the
Issuance of the DepEd Order. And within this DepEd Order comes the DepEd
Advisory 258, Series of 2016 which is the Love of Marine Life School Program.
That aims to:
1. Advocate the awareness, proper care and education on marine flora and
fauna of the Philippines;
2. provide venues for learners and their families to learn more about the
diverse creatures under the sea; and
3. provide an avenue to the learners to understand their part in taking care
of the marine life to help in its conservation and propagation.
Continuing the implementation of this DepEd Advisory can result to the ocean
goals such as fresh water which is the result of prevention and significantly
reducing marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities,
including marine debris and nutrient pollution. Aquaculture that contributes
significantly to the country's food security, employment and foreign exchange
earnings. Tourism, conservation of marine life, fishing industry that
provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and
markets and recreation of coastal.

C. Stakeholders Involved in the Successful Implementation of the DepEd


Order

C.1. Teachers
 Curriculum preparation and workshops and development of teaching
materials including a workbook for students that will tackle the importance
of marine life and how diversified it is in the Philippines.
 Educate students about complex environmental issues are preparing them
to be good stewards for the environment.
 Educate the students the needs to conserve the marine biodiversity
through massive awareness programs.

C.2. Parents
 Motivate and support their children in their environmental activities that
help them to get to know the marine life.
 Help their children refine their characters and gain a proper sense of their
role and responsibility in taking good care of the properties of the ocean.
 They can influence their children in conservation of the marine biodiversity
by being a role model to them.

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C.3. Schools
 Develop a practical plan of action that may inspire students to appreciate
the marine life and to be responsible citizens.
 Study simple techniques by which students can be involved in looking after the
marine life.
 Provide an opportunity to teachers from various parts of the country, to stay
together and interact with each other and with local students, fostering love of
marine life.

C.3. Marine Conservation Philippines


 Is a registered NGO dedicated to preserve and protect coastal resources
in the Philippines through education, volunteerism and research. They
engage local communities and policy makers and work to ensure solutions
that will benefit both man and nature in the long run.

C.4. Save the Philippine Seas

 SPN is an independent movement that aims to protect the country’s rich


but highly threatened marine resources. They have innovative information
education campaigns and community-based projects. Volunteers get to
teach marine biology courses or even learn about it while actually helping
our sea turtles and the sharks.

D. Legal Basis/Basis for the Implementation of the DepEd Order

RA 7611
Strategic Environmental Plan (SEP) for Palawan Act

Known as a comprehensive frame-work for the sustainable development


of Palawan compatible with protecting and enhancing the natural resources and
endangered environment of the province. It shall serve to guide the local
government of Palawan and the government agencies concerned in the
formulation and implementation of plans, programs affecting the environment and
natural resources of Palawan.
SEP as its general philosophy, the sustainable development of Palawan, which is
the improvement in the quality of life of its people in the present and future
generations through the use of complementary activities of development and
conservation that protect life-support ecosystems and rehabilitate exploited areas
to allow upcoming generations to sustain development growth.

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1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Article XII, Section 2

“All lands of the public domain, waters, minerals, coal, petroleum, and other
mineral oils, all forces of potential energy, fisheries, forests or timber, wildlife,
flora and fauna, and other natural resources are owned by the State. With the
exception of agricultural lands, all other natural resources shall not be alienated.
The exploration, development, and utilization of natural resources shall be
under the full control and supervision of the State. The State may directly
undertake such activities, or it may enter into co-production, joint venture, or
production-sharing agreements with Filipino citizens, or corporations or
associations at least sixty per centum of whose capital is owned by such
citizens. Such agreements may be for a period not exceeding twenty-five
years, renewable for not more than twenty-five years, and under such
terms and conditions as may be provided by law. In cases of water rights
for irrigation, water supply, fisheries, or industrial uses other than
the development of water power, beneficial use may be the measure and limit of
the grant.

“The State shall protect the nation’s marine wealth in its archipelagic
waters, territorial sea and exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use
and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens.
“The Congress may, by law, allow small-scale utilization of natural
resources by Filipino citizens, as well as cooperative fish farming, with
priority to subsistence fishermen and fish-workers in rivers, lakes, bays,
and lagoons.”

E. Benefits Deserved from the Successful Implementation of the DepEd


Advisory

E.1. To the Filipino Learner

 Provide an avenue to the learners to understand their part in taking care of


the marine life to help in its conservation and propagation.
 Provide venues for learners and their families to learn more about the
diverse creatures under the sea
 Advocate the awareness, proper care and education on marine flora and
fauna of the Philippines

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E.2. To the Learner’s Community

 Conserve at coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and


international law and based on the best available scientific information
 Sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid
significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and
take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive
oceans.
 Regulate harvesting and end over fishing, illegal, unreported and
unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement
science-based management plans.

E.3. To the Philippines as a Nation

 Increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least
developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources,
including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and
tourism
 Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their
resources.
 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through
enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

E.4. To the World as a Community

 Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer


marine technology in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the
contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing
countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed
countries
 Conserve at coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and
international law and based on the best available scientific information
 Regulate harvesting and end over fishing, illegal, unreported and
unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement
science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the
shortest time feasible

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F. Social Issue/s or Problem/s Being Address by the Successful
Implementation of the DepEd Order

1. Destruction of Habitat and Coral Reefs

The majority of reef loss or damage is not deliberate. Coral reefs are being
degraded by an accumulation of stresses arising from human activities. In simple
terms, stresses can be grouped by the actions of people extracting material from,
and placing materials upon, coral reefs. Overfishing, pollution and coastal
development top the list of chronic stressors. In many situations chronic stresses
are overwhelming the resilience, (or the capacity for self-repair), of reef
communities. Some coral reefs are covered with sand, rock and concrete to
make cheap land and stimulate economic development. Others are dredged or
blasted for their limestone or to improve navigational access and safety. In
addition to this, long-term changes in the oceans and atmosphere (rising sea
temperatures and levels of CO2), and acute stresses from highly variable
seasons, severe storms, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions also affect coral
reefs.
Keeping the coral reefs healthy is another major buzz topic right now. A focus on
how to protect the coral reefs is important considering coral reefs support a huge
amount of small sea life, which in turn supports both larger sea life and people,
not only for immediate food needs but also economically.

Solution by the DepEd Advisory:


Provide an avenue to the learners to understand their part in taking care of the
marine life to help in its conservation and propagation. Introduces students to
the wonders of the coral reef.

2. Plastic Pollution

According to the study, the Philippines placed third with a little over 1 billion
pounds of plastic dumped in the ocean in 2010. China topped the study, dumping
nearly 5 billion pounds of plastic in the ocean. Indonesia, which dumped nearly 2
million pounds of plastic is the second worst offender.
Plastic is the workhorse material of the modern economy. It often moves through
global supply chains and supports global companies. And while plastic products
can have short useful lives, the longevity of plastic molecules themselves means
that plastic waste travels far across borders and into our common high seas. We
need a global approach to mitigating pollution from plastic waste—an approach

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that considers region-specific solutions that will prevent this waste from entering
the ocean in the first place.
Solution by the DepEd Advisory:
Students will be introduced to some of the innovative and creative way
individuals, communities and organizations are tackling the problem of plastic
pollution.

3. Threatened and Endangered Species

Until recently, humankind seemed to view the ocean as a source of infinite


resources. Its vast size and depth and unexplored frontiers made the ocean
appear invulnerable to overexploitation. The truth is that the populations of many
species are decreasing at an unsustainable rate, and the number of species
listed as endangered from marine life families such as whales, dolphins, dugong,
salmon, seabirds, sea turtles, and sharks to name a few, are on the rise. The
threats to marine species are difficult to perceive because marine animals are not
as visible as animals on land. But unfortunately, marine creatures are equally, if
not more, vulnerable to problems such as habitat destruction and
overexploitation. Shallow water animals that breathe air, like turtles, manatees,
dugongs, and whales are often hit by boats and caught in fishing gear. Species
such as turtles that lay their eggs on land often lose their nurseries due to coastal
development. Animals that have taken millions of years to evolve, that are
invaluable to all ecosystems, have and continue to vanish from places where
they once flourished.
Solution by the DepEd Advisory:
Advocate the awareness, proper care and education on marine flora and fauna of
the Philippines. Students will discover some key information about what makes
the endangered species unique and why is it important

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Closure

The oceans are one of Earth’s greatest gifts to humans, beautiful and valuable
ecosystems teeming with life that provide everything from fresh food to careers
for the millions that would otherwise be out of work. These seas that we are so
dependent on may seem perfectly healthy, but not everything is as it appears.
The oceans are like a slowly wilting flower that has been beaten down over the
years and is now shedding its last petals. If something is not done soon to fix the
mess that humanity has made, then it will be too late to save some of the
irreplaceable species that make lives easier each and every day. Marine life
conservation is a method that is working to save some of those petals. This type
of conservation works to save species of the ocean and the aquatic habitats in
which they reside. This essay will cover the topics of what marine life
conservation is, what will happen if action to save the ocean is not taken, and
possible solutions to the problem of pollution in the seas. While the mistakes of
the past will always affect the future, there is still time to create a better outcome,
and it starts with being educated on the issue at hand.
There is a reason why marine life conservation is considered so important, and it
is because of how essential oceans are to the existence of every creature on this
planet. Oceans are a huge source of oxygen for organisms everywhere and are
very helpful in the processes of both storing and capturing carbon dioxide
(“Marine Species”). As if providing half of the oxygen that humans breathe is not
enough, they go on to make available other essential and vital resources for
existence such as nourishment, medicines, and support for the costal economies
of the world (“Protecting Oceans and Coasts”).
That’s why the Department of Education made this Love of Marine School
program allows a deeper understanding and ownership of the world we live in
especially our ocean and its marine life.
Teaching kids about the importance of the ocean and marine conservation as
they are the future that can help make a change. Being able to educate in my
chosen field to a generation that can make a difference is a privilege. Planting
the seed at a young age allows their curiosity and questions to grow into
knowledge and with knowledge comes change.

And as a future educator it is our vision to create enjoyment and


awareness of the Marine Environment at an early age, imprinting a
sense of ownership and protectiveness that can be carried with them
into the future as responsible adults, all of which is vital for our future
sustainability.

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