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568, funy~solv',edl problems with r,e:al-wQ,rid app'lication

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COmp'Ultelr science -

IPerf'ecl for pre-test Ireview

Us'e with these' courses: :l' Beginn~ng Unear AIQebra lmear Algebra yf Ad.,anced

Linear AI,gebra Adw!llAII~' otiIa ed E~Qlneering .;1 ~uanllwlve A~at SIS

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1;7 VO!'lWLIJ(,- UMBERS

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(~~. b~ + (1':,(1) := ~~ .... C:, l"i' + d'~

l(o,.,M 'I{c, ,til' == (ac -I!~~ ,rpj to kl'

Wtiik~tify Ihc,rtlI~i nIlI:1~1:'i!II 'Wilfh, 1lIt~ ,q,lli!1in1plex O'lIlIlIbcr ~,a" I)', that Is.:

,(,I ,~ "$t,O)1

'in.~,,; Ir Fm" .. 'k,'11l:i :sl:n"'~ 'dt-:-, "-',--cf-"iF,,"fmtdi"~~- "liliA, ,-,-'!,iot-;I-" c;-'i"~- ""f'-,--,,~ :c'ico_, ,- -- 1'1---- .... ,., • .11 .~ ... ..i'':'('', ':"''', .~ n'1!! ,," r--~""'~"'--' --""'" __ C ''''It''''"Ii\!!,_KI!,,",, "L _ . _.,..,.,n ""-''''' m,~!Jp 1~.1",1il ... ,!)COllI! Ilt!_m~""""" ;JR-I~~n'~ ~il !ll:n.

'ro~po.l.m:'l~ tlJat ~~,

~'= J'=T'

nifl· ~,""'C~I~'m[im .. ,:;;;.:tJ + .ut .• wheRl ~'!!!!. a:r,::~: il:1lId:b .c hn z ,~m ,""U'I~:,.-d. !ltipodi,,,£'I_y, illIm ,wllln(~ ij'JI~~i'.fQryiT 1M~n.'r ~fz., ilS, fMJ:!!:. i~~mrm'i~nt i!J1tmn (,]1" '''']'' [lin, r~L Ilbe.: StUn. ,gM!prodi:i.c~' of mmplex inumllil« z =-a-; hi :and w ~:~ + Ii QD 1H: derived !by jn~ply lw;jnB~I)e' QOml1nuGU1"'e' au I~.bllltiw. Ilw-rs u~1 f. . .:- -~:

:. +w = ,~~, -+ ,h.l) {~' rM = !;I +- ~. +- n.~ + .rJj = . ,a -+ II'J' + ((' + d)i

.m = (l.l '+ bd, .. + tit) == l1.e ..L ,6cf + tldt + .i-r-·=. 1!l'Jt' - btl) + . be + ml)ii

We a~:lm deine th:!! Itf~.(J'1i'e lilf'.~ a.nd ~!l~Li.oB1 in C b)l

-l:·:;;:;: -L:

Wa,ll'mh1a;: TI:1c lM!t~ ,f ~s:cmin;g ~ bas M iI!iG',IJ:'tri'OO1~llip 'I!l;~ml~tZr ·m.·I'he ... (:C~~r Ii := 1[11, 0, 011 1m S~~iOIilI.(i ,

h

~;! ~. h2!

'W ~~ . _I -.-~.=: n:r .

~ ... -~:. ·:1·"" it;~~'I~~1 .fi!"

z ... I~' = (2+ 3i~ .: (S - :l!',,,,,, :2 <I- s + If - .;]i. "'" '1 + f

t:~ ~ Ij] + ,lfl(.$ -l~1 - LrQ + rus;~ ~.\I-i ~'IJf: "" 16 ... 1 U

'!ro. .5 ~.ll IIj ~ ·li)l~. ~ 11]1 4. = II'll 4 I'~

-c:~-;;:::::::;;.. :E::::J~~=--·-t

;;;, - 2 +.31[ I i: -~I}U = ~tfll 11.1\1.1, ij.

lot""'· 4~ - = QI = '!;m a~d II!!;;:;;: oIB+"4 =.flj

ft~W1!l1~m~c 1~lln~~l~!:$ lEt ~ .: ~ ~cm;~d by ft'iU!!. 'gIJi a I~~> t\$ial~~,o~I!II,)!~Ih~ '~IJQIf~;~ InJU~I'.S! C' ean hi! ~~,ted by 'poD"ifli:!l lurn tb~ IP'llttU::. :S~dIJmHy, we rti:i ~j! pll,lirll: It~.! bJ' in 1I1!1~' pl'r:unc 1n....,~eJll lllf! 'Mn~p~w: ~ym.'lJl!t ,C] + III ,B :S:bmml im ,Fig.. :14{b!)~ hi. SlIclil.a cue, ~I,~ IctU::: dl:smnee ,trwm lite ~rl,m ,fj ~} I!b~ ~!Iftr! :;:, 'T~: phuu~ V;lijlh mhr~ ~~i!~!W~t~{}~ is i;!~I~~1 ~hi; f:t1mtj,I(j."t',{(Jm~'" j!1L'5I. b1re. ~~ [11lme lJl!·premmtiflIKi!iimlltd fhf: A'If.lf Ii.'~e.

I[C1JlU:';. l

~ .I: VI·CTr(iUtS IN I{:-'"

The 5el o"f;~JllI"'liUJTC!i.~f'~!llilllpil]~. In!iJllilOO:i$. d~i];Ql~ by ,e""'. is! caned ,ct1mp/~r: IrJ~e. l'ilSl ;~i§.iri.·~ rea.iI C"~, l11e !!1gm~ny orc ~ ,~a!lccl ~~~i er '~WS!' 'Iht l!);lm'QIl~ of'C ~'egned ;,.'Wlg1'8. ud, "~~' oddi1liI':lD in C' ~. ~llll' mLclt1plii~liolll {lEI (;11 ~ :W,"',U1iII b)'

·~:rl'· %;2 •••..• ZII]= lu~" ':::l" • " ., :fi'"JI wLlere !(!]).~ .Zj.lii'". :iDld ~. IPc1oq:M ,C.

IEntnp'le 11 .• 1:0\ 'Cal];5iiJil3l:·!ft.l¢toll'i, II! ~ rJ:+:3~·. 4, -~, 3] m:t! """ m.l ~ 21, ~i, ii: ~1l;!.ll ~llIlcj. 1i'hm ~I 1- It! "'" [~. +~i. I!, -.J:, lJ + 1.1' ... ~i. .:'i".~. - &Ii .e:::: ((!Ii,. ~.. ." + ,'\~. '1 - '6.i]

€s· ~ll~lI. ::: I:~ ~ - 2i)ll;2 + .30. ,(5 - 2j1,1[~ - ·~1. 1[5 - 2.r')['J.lill ~ 1~,11ii + U L It! - ni. I~ 5, ~ 611

Cmi;l;idCii ~'on I'I'~I~,~, li·2 ••••• z·iI!l·WlId!.li ~ [w'u. w~. ,,, .. , 1II,"w] ~1iI1'~' Th~ tkjJ I!i!:r filttfJ'rpmJAln {)f.~ IlM

117 ls ,d~~,U~1 ;e!nd ,!kFiIil~d ro,T . .

EUlm~ 1i.~·O. 'CooiiLilcr:'I'1'Ct~1Ii """ 12 + lIl, 4 - i, 1"" ~l\I !If!d f'.~ I~\ -,*i, '1. ~ - Zil ijUI (;". 1111;111 fI - ""'" p: +]r'~i- 4ij + C4- ;ijj:~n + rJ + :!)iJr~ =2ii)

(1 o~, 3It)('31 + ,,ilii) + (01, - ~l( -Sf)·· fl' '*' SI~.'I, + 2J"

~ ,=6,+ Uii'nl +{~,~ = ,;!0l1 ~ (2..,y, 2ti;ii) ~ ~g;+ 11'9i

U' 'NI' =: 12. + Jll:!: + :Ioli - ~l~ "if- !J ~ ~i12: =. 4! + !ii' + HI + I ~9 =, 2l' _, 64· D IIi'W;; _,64 ,:;;:, .~

'F'Ij-~- - -,} I""'" w"fl. ..... ,-ki""'~ a -rnrjii~s ~r ,-tlEl:'1' .. .A'di1,·- -,- !ltal- f:i1!'llIt"":Uli1"';~-il-:md dO~ ~'.i"ll j<

•• Iillll' ~~!li '_'._L!l~ I,.I!~ !!~!!IIJ .. i!(l_.pll! H_. __ !l'C_. , w..! __ ,_nm!, ~ !IJ _. __ ----IJ--~-."O:--, ' '. !¥' ........... ~, _~

l~oo1~~. ~'I}11!fJlfJ/. &«::1i4@71 If.-Spu~_. Th~!~t~1 L2fuT R1'I I3IJ~ hO:lds ('Ol" ,e· if '!!!o~ m'pl~e .u . 11,1 := ,t) 'I' ~y

It· iii = nr.~'

IOn~h~ 'uibk ~, ·lIt!: St~;wan mequ.:B!1ity fn~omm II~l'J 3Jii_d Mill_kn'w\ i~eqiW~il:}l' {TheIJRm 11 .. 4·~i,m;e true' fOI1C"'w'ilh no cibDl'li~'

1 ..•. 00. D~rnliIlil,g' whi~ ~r~· 'roUowi_ng ¥~ttMrs;:;,\I!~ e(f~aj~

U.i·"';: L2.,.3~, ilJ .~ (2.3 •. 1). ~:l ~ (ru, ].1)~

l.r. Let .tp:::qi!, ~j. 'H~ It = t-l,.ilil.'4~', h' = (0. 5., ~~h. Fhlid: (I'~) Jl!I - 4~',

(b) ,21o! + 3ill - $Ijii,f.

IVltril ~_'JTII 'lh~ sc~ ililgjit~I,~~iill!t1 oulI!;I,l~, l1lie \i<~lM ~iltl~~

(!'II) 30' - (1):= 3U" ~.," II') -.i! ~1,O,'4) ~ lb, -2'11" 3) -+- L I~, ~I, -lI.!i) :;::;f'i:H:, -21" ,-~ l~1 ~i!I} 21j + ~!l .... :5w ,;;;: ~4 ..... 14.21· I~ -9, n. l~jl -I (O, -:l:S" ,;fO:JI = I-51 .. -3ij!.M,)

[ 5] I[ 'I]; [' l']

~I"l, t~t u = J. r.= -~, ,w ==1' : . fi!ild:

__".;4 :~ 1=2

- -. ,_, I ,-

'Ia) '011- :~"

1',iIJ') -Ju °1· ,411:' - ' "'.

,r.:tg trmf«m '!be;~alar lIiJ!UIIti.~~tc:a~ion, Intll :then the !"~1J)_1 add~tioi,,:

I[ 5] .[=1] [')~] [ "']: [~7]

'1,,), !~~ 1.I1 ~ !lJil .~ II = 2 '~'~ !5. 1- - ~ii., II = ''',s.'

I ,-4 , 1 . -lU ,,-~ .. . -24

,(,I;i')' =2b + il:~ .... 3~' ~ ['~~::] +. [;ci]'I-' [1.~. ,] ~ [~T~]

II' 8 , 21

- - -

- - - - - -

~ = :l!. j - - _ J'!

:Ml,I!lIl I~lte l~inot,tU' "'qWlti~n1. ~i'nin~ Jt ~ ·2', J':: l.

t&i) ,!,~ mlll~pl~ Iby Ibe:, ~Jltr' :1., '1~>liilli!liIIil1 (4, .~<11= (,!.r. 3.i1.». l1rt.i;l], :5C1 ~"jli!iIl1d.1!IT1;g tfliUiCiii I~Ul!lt'I; ,cad] gi_her'II'Q obmin

41=h.

Sol,w 'ihe: ~~iU:fi.i;; ~[l' :lfiik! j' ;2, ~. ~ 1'1-.

1.1. '~lnm' lIt!!!1 ~Ktor ~1I ~ (t -2. ::5;), as: allnear ~iillMlbhJtatj,~l1: of'lM 'Vrt't10l"1!l r~1 """ u. ~" 1 ~l ,~ """ fIJ ... 2. 3)" ill) """ fl. -.1., i!)~

\'I~'wzrnil, '10 ~~, Un ~.~ f!JJi1llJl Ie' = ;1;./. f-~IIU: +- .;1~~ w.ilh .~,J'. ,:' ,;JS jtCIJ unki,Km'lru, i"iFU\I,'1l 'ha ... 'C!

[. _ f]1 _. ii -[' ~ ]C' ~ j' [~' i.]T +: -[ _ ~ -] ._[ -!~~::: ! -].

. S II . I, , l , .,~, ,.II: "IF j~ ,.'

(.fI' i.'!!: m!::frT ~"'-!l'I1Ik'n'lu write '~~IR)t'!i ~,'!i.\lI{iJ'iiUl:.I~~ ,(!;!il IrrM'!oi 'i\rbtm r(:ITn!'ni-n~ If~ !.w,ul!l'biQ .• ,~,) &I. i!.';';Jftt~iu.lm,g IC.GftriCl tqll:it~ 'ell c- '11 Iilitm"t~t Lll tJiliililiin

~+. Jf·+·~""1 f II ~)j_ !:;;:: .... :

it' -v- ~~, =i' .: = 5~

,11:+ J' :g .... ii p-~.= -l 1),= ,::: ---, .~

Ifi. °F-ti li-.;::; J-~=-3 S: - 'Ull

In. 'Irrrill~ IIJ = ~;2. -,S, 3) as iii. Imear' oo.J:I!r'b.ination o.:ru',II ~ 0, -J, 1). iIJ:~. ~ ,(2" =;j" ~ I:), III """. ft -5. jJ!.

Wlindi(J~ tqui''I;'itkm ~m. gf Irm~ ~.UI1i!i~ omdJ _Il, ~J~ f;il'!'''

[--i .•• ]- =;t[ ---~ -] +.f -[ _~']- + ~[- _,~]-Cl -l -~:: ~::~ .~]

j!, ~ _ ~::__ - ~_ _ "_1 . h - ~'ji, 1~

kt Ih~·~pofilllin,Bi ,n~a, ,~W11 to 'cllr;ih ~ha' m'oMam

:s·t 2~_+ 1:;::; .~

-:b: - 4:lr - 5.E ::= ~.~ :t~ - ;11 + 1:;: ~;

Jf_ + 2,}: +: ;:1 ,2y-a'= II -.:5+:5~ = -il

:t + ,ZY+.li:= 1: ~ ~. ;,!= = ,I, O=·J,

Th~ ~ G:qt:uI'lDot!n.o:t· + 1[Dy "*" ik·~ 1. n:n~colts ,1hM.~' s)'S!tm ~ :[10< !lGl:IitI~lI- 111:1U5 , un._l'!liJ~ be writ!.~ ~'Ii hnlillll' ~1III.bmari~,!lI!F lbim ~LtmI ~~. i!.I].liIj .•

1'Io~ 1'1'i!!J'Jtio'JIIIl'ID'i. ~D,nftlJ'~"''''' 'I':m':l':lJl',nrnN.1iJ Ii 'li-Tr-V l""'acRe1vll' lirl'ol iDeO. ,IIV II '~.~k"f~'I10~,.~ IIP;.""",,,," , _ .... ,_ .• ' U,1";1111: •• 'V~'J ·_in L.ilI" I .11" li'!i .. .1,"·1, ·11101'1 n

1.'.. :Fi;nn,d ~' . Ir)' '"'lOCOO!

la~l ~ .. ,(2., .... ,~,!i!·l' :lun;li ~~ ",", nl" 2- .... J;,

,(h}, ~~, ,(,4.::i..-J, S" - il)1 ~.L' "". 1'2, ,6,. ~ II., -4. :"~.

M!ilI~~I~ Ilie:lI!ti:~diLl!l! ~i~e!lr1!.UJJ ~

~~~, ~~ • !J' -2(lil,) - ~[!] +i5{ -Ji], 11f! - M} - Hi, = - U

'(~)~l U' .~:;:: 13 + U+J -2'li'- 11:.;;;: ""~

'I .• II. 'Let ,I>' ;;;;;: (S. 4, I~. l" ~. r.l. ~~., l )~W :;;;_ fl. ~:l, ll. 'tIhidn pair: ~r '~-tii'S, lf3!R:Yi, :~ pil1~l1d$~U;IW' (~!lqg~::!J~f

I!iJl[Jd fhc:~,t. :IJ&~I, ()f e~n ~. '~f Ii ~!~~

~.9'. FhuJ If, 00 ~fI~u U' a1ildv .,,"~Q!'tIwD.f)llI1Il. v;1llere: {.t!!'} fJ': ,t~. k. -Jl'iII_rfId r. :'::' nt -$. ~~i

"bJ' ~ ~ It2"n, ---4, 'I. ,51 itlmllt = t6.. -.I . l.. '7. !t)~

CiJ!iI'IfrHICrC! ~ , I'.~t ~. tl tQoo~tf,l O. nnl3! I~hm $91'o1~ r~1t' k.

'~:0I1' I~' l!l'~ u.2)i- Jl~--':~H -3·141), '''''-Sf -1.0. ~I:I ~S\t~ M~:;, n. ti:k.;;· ~.2.

Hj<) IV·.f' :12: - J:k - 1:2·1-'7' 10k 0::: 1 + 7, lI!~!!!lk' + 1",,· (I, ,C!lr i '= -t

Pi· .' iTI .;1 III - j'l!... ." 'Il!e .'. mHiI~' ''IlIe" II ~

,;lJri!t'1: '_-['IY luul,~ ;;;::l11J'!!l '";1 !iq~!'IB L_' ~tl1l)'~ ' .. __ 1_.:._!I:!:g •.. _. cl'! O~bI'~: '" UJ,nr.

l~~) IIIN'~!·~ fl,~~ l =~:n~~ ... (-4.)~ = ''J'..;I. 144+ ~.iJ1'''''' 1.!!'jJ}" ~I tlrlll = ,,ji'iij = 11 ~,b) U~{' "'" !!l!. 4' '~ ..6. 64· +- 4Q· ~ :I:lti 1I~ U'll;= ,J:IIl6.

1:7

!i .:Il. R~td~1 (hm [l<m'ltfJ$1';jn~' a InOHCfO vector ,!~ ~ tLirliidifllg Il~ lutigiJ;C .. unil: 'li'1:C1.ur ~ m iUlil~ ~t'!e' dWGtiWl ,~, iU, wbell8

~ ~

1I~~j~

. ~I~~

NOI'1n:mri~~ ~ql I t= (~", ~~. (_b'l ~ "'" ,[.:t. -,t -1, E), tel' '1'\" ~ I~,,~. s= !),

I(t'i) Fl,~t find I~ijll- ,~,,::; ./15 = :!L 'Thm, dMde ,co1cli ~~u:y u'f ~ Iby i, jj~~iDjng ,~ = (~~ ~ j), ,(l;!) :I1J'tm;; 11.'j'~ = '\II' I. + . =I' 'I + . "'" ~';~. Tb~ll

. (' 4, ~2. ~J I)

r,- - - ~,~-' ,

~ ,~' ,m' ,./9] . ,,fij ,

't!!!') '~:Qte aw. ~f :3lid iiIl't}!' iP~i.m:e:II'1'uilli;pl.e ofl;1! will: tba,~' lhe ,~ loomW.bzM:~ H~I'k':~ ~ATSi..ltn!!ll~ip'i)' 1I1'~ I'~ ''0 "_!.:~-M fmcIiillW"" ~it 1£, ~~, t~oo ,~( "'" .I~~' ~.{".8 •. -30). lll.~.

~.iI2., Lell: :~f= U! -1" -0 Wild, I' ~ (3:. "" 7), IFi1nd:

La' CQs,O, .• ~ ijll 'is !~b~ Mg..re' bti~; ~ ;u"d1 ~';

I~,~'~ p~Oj(iIl., :d. ~bt:. pmJ~!«r:J of.l;I m11'® ~r.:,

'(01:) d{;u •. ti)\, tilw (Iiil;1~t l~lUI !l !!Ind. c.

fitiit fmd lI"!I; = l- U +18: ~'g}~ ullin,! ~ 'I + 9 +1]6,;;;;. 2i'i." ~'I"rn~ """'9·'" I,d! +49':;;;; 7~" ,.~

JI ~I. •. ~ i!'5j

till) OO.Ii'l!' = -- """--=="""=.

mil I~,[li ~./M'

It~). . ,ce··' , ,', . :;~~"_!j ,:;::,!.! ]i.'. ':"', =: (' ~ !6 LU). (~2 38. 1.3)) V" ~{,M, 1J)111l1~!,Je1 74.~··A, II 111~'1~,' 74' - '74' 37' 7.:i!: .'

(~) d~i_ I!~)':::;' ni'J - I~ 11- It( -2. -'1 - j.) II .~ J4, t"'l:9 Till' = 'lli::!'.

'1.,,~3\.. Pr-me Th~J .~I ,1.: ,Pm lLflYIM • e, ~l,' in, 'R;jj :EI'm.~1 ,t ~i'IJ :1::

(~ 1 (,!i' +- .u) . '~!'=' til • W + ,.;' . w., {tiO {tu}. 1iJ' = .~(~ .. tI ••

~'lv !~ . I" ":l!:: 0\, Q!l~1 .~ • ,!I .= i tiff u :;:: ill,

U) Silll~ JI:jI +~ - h" f [I,U' u~ .. ~., .... ,. U" + lL'",t,

'I~' . ~i) "!'i7 '(i!l,' 1~1,)i.!'~ +- '[u.~,. 1)1!ii~ + > •• of (I~ '. j),,,j'1011'iI

~ '~:i~~+ {il"i\ + 1i'j\~,W:!+~,. +,11'11"'111 + "jIj'Hl,;;

hJ'I.l'l.'. -ii' i;izn':!i '*' .. " + ,M •. !\:.J ... 1~~I'IL1~ r!:,!~\:..l:··"· oft> tllo;.l!I~) =,tj'tr'+·l'· w

{Ii} Sil1l('~ br = (kaI'I,.'WOl' •••• ~:..) ..

{kg,}!. 11)= bllJ!l'I, +h.1:~. + .... + kIt.!!lJ:!! ;; khiilt'J ~u-,,~, .,.. ... + il';,it,,~ = k{u· ~,)

[iih t .. '111 ~ !'l'I~~ 'Ir\!l~ Hi -+ijJ"r:~ = i;I~' -~~~,!"" V",~il= !i;.i'

(low, :S~Def: ,~J bJ rnO!li'lI1!;:-gp~ii\;'1l fb'r '~lliI::b ~, ,lUId ;Stnool'he ~wn W' gn:!!!~~li~ !'iiro'l filmnbm lie!. :Miiffi,'ja.l'Jiil;\C.

.. 1 ~,_ 1 • . ~ ill

~ ',1<1= I'll TII!i';;!.,.- ••• TiII'\!j ~ I I

F'l!'Nu:ntil~. !, • i1 = 0 iff rfj = !II f~t ~b i, Il~rll:iSi. i!ffi' oN ."'" l

filit lY Ile':ll "tim1m' I. lL'Iid 'Usin!:!!! ~ 11.2~ '¥'<'t' 1~1l:

11 ':: ~IU , ,1:1), (UI + U ') 0:::: i::I~~ . ;~ I' 4- "lrbr < II) '* ,~. r~ - II ij:llf~~wl .,j.. l(1f . I'jIJ' 1~I:nil1

lei ,~' "'" U.r.'iIl~" ,f; "'" 2(i!.i: ,~)\ c g II.l"r1i'he!l" for ,~e:I'l' '\~Iw: or t: 'fl~= +,hl + C :!: o, 'fIII3 ~ I1mi: Ik !lplwnuit Pllyn~ftl13!~ Cmficn 1iL11!.~~ ~ 1ltU1~(s. 'iI1lffi. 1~,IJ:es, dtu ~IMI d~mirmm. nl ::ii;;_~ ~. 4Ql:'.~ (I ot", r.",;dtmlJ\y, ,~ ~i,11q" •. frihu.'l:

!,'~~, ~;; Th«l~!n l.iiI, (M Iml1l!~ll!lidl: I~ + lltll' .:: Ilull + II,,!!I i

B~ 'Ilut: ~hw.i\lft lfitq!!iltl illY .... dt Qhh~~itie.'l; 'I\i:ffb;e: '~rJfQ&I.QI~

t~ 1" !~n:lJ := u~ 11'-. 'V'~I " ,!,~' 4" 11lI) = h~ • J~J + :2i~;lI! • I)} + ~IJ- - -!l',~ :5. IIw/n:! + .l:tllj'lln li~ + nl,1,ll:t ;; {~II.lU~ T ~I~I~ 'fb'kif.l;g W': ~~~ :m@!. !:If 'b(jih !:iild~ ~i.e~ 1~1Ic: ~l~ iMqualil,Y.

~.I6. Il'''ifid fkc ve:ct(l!f it. f~rnliJ)1~iy,4L1~ th.c: d~c~ ]~~Se.gm~t p:Q filii ~~PQtn,~,::

tt.!~ PH i, ~l! .", ud ,(X,ti. !I '. ~-5~ kI Ill. ~,h,I' ptz, l •. .....(i~ -5)1 OOJJ Qt1, ~I.i 4" -) liD R'.

~~'J' '~-!'!"~ = Q - P ~ U~ - 1. I .... (-2~, -5.- ~I']I ~ fS.!li. -'\lI]

(iI:i) ,Iii ~ ~. ~ Q - p.= [1 =2. 1 ~ 3.4+ 6,-Ili-.3,) :·lj,-.2, 1I11,~Jl]

l.'I'. Ifi:ml 0111' ~nilth:m~jil1~ I~rplam:' fI in R,"" ~llat:P&'i~ 1mttn'l1gh po. -4." ',-:2} nil i : :1l;(!fsa1m 1j := r.i~, S. ~6. ~3].

'llle c:eeR"ititITii\!; uf ~ lUJb~ nfim.'~ ,,,!fHaft UtI:! ~mtI]J.m.enJs o'f'lhc oo~ ,,""Iurru, Thus.m '«iUOltIOOlll'l.rn' ~~<j 'Or(~ J(@i!ml:l', .f. 5~, -Ib:m = h~ = k. :5,!!!b,)ti~ f in.- .~~uatioo IOO! ,ol::itliok .~ -2:6. 'bus,~ elI!.11Il~oCl of ,fl' i;s; 1_;r,'1 .+ ~-::: _, IlU"J - j.f,.."" -J6.

~I.'UJ~ fi;ud ;3<J!!i ,e![!l3juol'l ~f~lle ,!.~ /I' ~QI R~~Il!a1 IConi:llim; p(~. ~3. ~,) ~: !lS ~~:I!gT, ttl ld:l~ p:bm~ Hi det~l'iI11Iicmlld by tbe '~1~1i{\"1 1" - 6, + :5;: ;::;; ".

~.I~lOIDQi.i, H'am,Lf:J' illili·.pR:T.dfl'<li1 if JIM !:ffiib :if'lh~lrm!Jf;l'Mr~ di~1l~ ~II'C' fWfil~~lo[iililltljW1l!'lej,ttTJiIliliS1lG ,.;I'~Qn • Il:il'I,'mCEa[i ~1.UlU:illfTIll~lf N' I~ of-he fOmi'll b = !lJ.p+ ~~ ~ Jr, S~"$li.tu • .l: r Iru·.Q,lltls e.ql!~ to ,~ i "" I, liIien an 'cqU!1fu:1in !lIiI' H is:b - 6 ,+.j~ =: I.

1 ;,1 9'. f'i nd :!1ll~~~C oo,p,m:en!a'~iDJli of ~~c· n1l1e' l. i-l'IIR,"· plssmg tl1lmu,gh Ft~\. -:2, ~'i,11 ~in me' Idli~]6'n '!iJfl'l ~ [20 :5. = 1; '!!i,~!

i:i~' l i(.:'fiUliiSlii, uf' UI~ ~i1~~ . .ttl', I' W~ ~lili'dy

wbe~h ~ler,~ '~*;e'l 'onl IIU re~ ""~!OO8i, 1iMIs.'Il"t ona;,-in,

J!I,~ :;::. ~+ 21', X";!i =: ~,~ 'if- ..I!'i, ~~j "'" J -7i', i~~=! 41- i~ 'iJJ' ~.= Irr.r;l+ 2t, -l +~t, .3 - 'il't, 1 + ig{~

:I.lm,. L.~I' C' be mh~ {.'Yr\~: J."V) = (i1.1t· ..... J. i 1• l~'+ 5) in :Jrl'" wiblim iJ11l ::5- ~' ~ 4. till) Find. Irn: .pgiru ,p m C' l.C@rn,3~ndi!JB 'W f :il"

WJ F~ thil; ~~i'- Ji~ pom~ ,ct ,mil V~ pu:ml Q' {!If C.

,~tl find, th~ ~]ill' I~,jil '1~!it~r Tw: ,~ '!;\!!!f'o'!Ili' r wm-n ~ = 2.

,(~) :Su!_l~tiI~;w:;~' = J iIUlllFitt1, to ~t P -/(2·1 = (111.4. :8:, tit

:(hl) 'illD!ti pimHdLii' t nm.gmiWm ,t;;::, (jlil' ~ =.;. 1:ID~i;'l G =f~fi'-I,I);,_,.t,!l', SJ lind Q ~ .""' .. F{:\ll} = If [~, 11). fi.4,.,!'W I,

If,,) 'J'Dkme Idm""lIli~ Giff"(,ll, 111m' is, :O~ ~h ,~iTI~.iil 'ilif l' ,fl. 'Ill 'ftI!'IIml :Ii i\'~ V iWlt ~J;IiIiI.()~ Il\;l·lihll' ~a'!i~:

SPll'M.!L,'\'ECTORS (VE,CTOH IN II~) ~jk NOI1E,_rIIDiN~ C~RDSS PrIlO,Dt.JI£T ~,.l~., L~ u ":::? :2. ,_ "J,il+~k., 1:1' ~ .3ii, + J .~ 2;Ik~w= i =1= S~' + 11k. IFhd~

l"~JJ 'dlc e~ffi'dCl'lo~~ lqiili~, ji.k,jw!: lib I~M ~1~JlfIiI'eDlS, ,~ffl V~I~:iQ 18~', I[aJ' Addl ~~iidij:pf;.~~~t"ID~; >101';;' ~=ji- ~j - :2!\.

If,l'I) fin;~ IfKl.rf~m'I llbc ~~r m~d.lili'l l,idti!)ll!, ~Id, ~bcl\l' ~;" '!r Ctl~t ~i~;ilm'~

~i. ~·lil"j -I- ;'l:w '::-" r4i, ~ ,lij +ll!J; + (=9ii + .3Ji . " bk)+ (4jj 4> ll1ij + 'Il:.k~ "": -II +- f1jl + 2.6k.

(el' MI.I ~iipi)! ~~Iildlnill: ~mici"®.Ui! ~ ~"Iliadd:.

'I .• n.. F:indlrhco ([:l~OiIc:m~11 ~fU!id(!i1ll ~F m~ 11~1W!; I~l l'IlIirQu~d,! ~hc: lImil!L~ PO , ~t 2~. '!llId ,(Xl. S.=6):

I[h~' ~~JllainU1li: lM pc!rn~ ~ ~ •. ~ .• 4) ·Wld. '~Mi~;liV U~ IlfllZ 1~1wc' Ji gi.~l Iby' ~ ~jj;(l.hm ~1l t .~,Y 11" '1'.:';;: 1,5.

~!'l) fln:! lin~lli == pQ 'r:; t2 - P II L 2. """'~] ~ E + :lj, - ~k 1lI.m

l.O~ I: (,I' + 1, ~ + 2. -SI'+lW= ~r + UJ+ ,(21 '*" 31ij';' I( ...;S, -+ l,)k

dl) S~ilCt: i. .. .'ii~~miliimlu to H. tile' :~illl1! l i!l; iIil n~ ':o;a~Iill~~m, as t~ mlmlBl lilmeTor 1'4"" ] i +- £ij. +- 11k !D 1'1'. '111~~

1J:$., LtG: S lbellae ,surfuu ~ + 2}"!= US ill I,ll .

11 . .fI~1 lFi'I'KI'IIl~' u(l!f:IJwd \1~~iltrN(Jl:.:y.;) !iIl 'Uw mlf.lllXi· S. I'~'~I fa'oo Ilbe, ImI,gml p~rt: ti LIJJS ~t h IlQlru 1'(I.l,ll.

N~.Ji,.~}:; f'1Ii1+,i",rJI +~(;iIl;,

""~ .... ",,,r,' I:" :r.? m_ .,. ... 'n~'!":1 .l......:; ..... li ..... ~ 'U'~inn F"'x _" .t) n;l' :?;O;:!' - ',liic. ~.' ,_' ti'O_. '",,'_""_ ""II"""". ~'". jf'~" I"'~ "",,,, I!!:I" ,,,-" "'- ~!!" .. -,".,.,-, , '--'.':;"- ~,-.-, _ - "'; ,";II ~ ~ - _ ......

F~ =;.

F' ';;:;' ~' .... -'L. 2:T - ~y'T-'"

j[b~, Nllz, ,., iI = Yll"+ t'b1 + :~JJ + Jjk,., ~~'l Th~ ·Mf!T.!~I, t~ .• 'Sllfilal' ,,'t ,a,'11 'me PU:ifi~. (?' is:

Ji!!1Pl = NiU " 2, :l) = ~~ + II~j + ~II

IYI'IID~'N = 2i + 3,; 4- :nt.i~ olSG 'Ii(fI:m1Lt1 till it D't P'. Thil!S M 1~~iMI of lr 'hM'~ r~,til, 2.::( +. 5y + 2i '= !!"; S!J~'lit1J~ p inJih'i !II1;~!i"Q!] to' ,~g, i:= ~. 'I1iIWi~;J Il:mgtm!piJ,g"~ .It tliI' 5i ~'U ,p ifj, h + 5,\1 " - ~ :=:118.

1.14. 1E .. ~!mu:tlbl:i:!:foUm<!il:ifl! dd't'mljmUInIlN,ruI1d IM~ti!ll\\!: of delJmui![W~ls (Iff IlJrdil!l ~~'

If,ttj (I,) ~ ~ : ~ ~ U) I; -~, II· (Iirui) I~:i I

'lbl m, ~I:!: ~ I. (ii~ ~I; =~ I· (i~) ~.~:, :.~ i

LJ~ I: ~ ~ 'I ;;;:; (fa - tit; ood -'If! ~, t ':;; hi!' - tJd. Thus:

.It:' '~,!i ,f ,~'

'l~ll ~I~) ~"ol' _, ~O= If, Ui,11 eli -+ 4;;;lj~ (lLii) ~tl·"f- 1:5 =1.

,(,i!i,), (~}!tI - :b~ I K, Vil,- ~IS - leo:! ""'. -29. 1~.!1~ -if( -+ t.2:z: -4,.

'11.l:f!. L.~u = 1:i ~ Jj ... ,4k., ~ ~ li+ ,jl - lk.. '.v = Ii: + ~m T lk.

Finru::k ((J) ,til K 1'1. ,(hi) ~~ .)l' W

I(~JI u~ [; -3 _~]Ilto S,M. J~ ~ ~::: (~~ .• 1.)11+ U::! +,4 ~i + ~i +' '~'t ~ 111+ HIJi'+ I il'lI!

I(~;II USIli in -~, ~]Itl! ,s,£! ,; ~ w ;;;; '''':~' ~ ~j)}i + 1{,{Ii .... lij,l;ii ... flQ'", lJriI·;g ~l9'j ... ~~ ... [lit

:~,lj~ Find!l;!')r. fl,wiaro..: ~tll ~, == 0.,2".] ,.:l1:E:: (,4, S,IIi}; (lJ}1 Ui::::: ~ ... 4. 7"ll, ~~:: (6, ~5 .. 2,1.

I(tll'~ Iij'g [! .~ :]1 I~til ,g.~~' X ~I :=: I Jl.~ I S. 12 ~ fI, ,5 ~ ~ = l~~. 6.-1]

",)IU:I;C. [-: _~' i:l {01:!;e-1 .Ill'! ~I;;;; 1['14 + 115,. liS·+ :~" 20'-i!l;l!,] ~ ~~. 2:6, -22J

'1~.2'7. Find. ~ urnt: 'l;~t~nuamw;goMru w :tI-= [1.3.4}an~ W= [;2. 4 .. =5], IflbliJl hilt) iii ,~ i\l, ,"~~i,c1JJ is ~nI~i!IaillIID :Eilid w.

"fb!urnt'j' B _:_~,] gi,~ I'!O! !;I' = [-J:5 +'2'b1,S+ 5. -~ -,61.]..,..; ~9. W3.-1i~ t.!~!aJI:i~ ",)('!!J.' iEi ad: fI= '~","'~., lJ,j.J»i, =il::!J, It.:)

I,J'I., ~ .u '= 'tal,·(1!. iI'li:3) ,aDd iLl = ,(hi'" b1• jI),~Joo' u)t tI = (a:Oib1 ~'''l,ba. allbii ,-, 1f.I~,~. a'I,l;il-' u~,b'~),

p~; ..

~llIl ~t ~ I~; i!!, !~Iilh~1 !)g, M ~ I:l [1b~1~11 ~~~i]I]:

~.i)ll :11'1 x. ~~I:' ",",' (.~.!I m ,r~:"'[i· jj.~=(':r.I • ~~~'(U~~·.!i< i~d~ility'l,

~,ll) W~ :~iili'e

1!.Ii· ~JJ W Il'} - "'Qi{£llb;l -. !itltr~~ +!tc;lJ ;Q~,f.!I-,r;!I~b!l',il +~~Cg,!,bl ,_ at~:II)1

= jJ fj-:L _ ill' fj- U- + .... '1lI,r. _ IJ ii' i; .a, ~ ,;...i:... - fln'" .1.,. - 1lJI, ' .. h~."';l - I'-!!;' ~"'1-"'J!I';O! "11',Olor;"l "IF' '-I'~~Il'l, '~:li";.!~'!'~-

ni1S Ii' l!l ~1 if! ~r1il:OSC:Jn~JI'I(I ,,., :Similru;~, ,u '!!!: rolf! erfl~Qnni ]01 :r}J,

('11) '~b~o

~'" ,~ !'E:l: - "'~tb;'1 .... ,~l,~';)i -i"("_j,D, .... tII~l\!J)~' ~liIIllbo~, ..... rJ~,~i r (I~,~

t,~· ~)(f,' 1:') - %!.i • :t'"f ,~ (oi ~i -I- gjJ(bi' bj ~,~ ... 1li1ibll +~~'~.i ,Cj~lI;'1~1 {2,}

EX~iH' !Iil~ 1),,-'!1i 'rilh]~lwxl !lkles fif'« L) 11M {:2J ,!!t_Il1~'bfu:j~e!ll In~ :ilik'1i!l.tilt)'.

C'OM,~rx. !If ~MB:ERS~ \PICTnOns: IIN(;1i

;~~.. S\!lp~ ,i! ,;:::: ,S + ,3,r.alld, W= 2; ~ ~. lP.Lndl: ,ttill) ,!: + w,. ,(ib) :t' ~ ~!1, ,{,,') ,i'W.

~ ~- o.!Il..,;, .. ~ - filii"''' Ii' I ~-. I .1." ',rll' '/" I 1·...;&l.'·· .. Jm. . I" ""'-, _ .• _,_..i_.-!I: :i': ..b ,I.. 'I!,;I'~. !11,:"'" '~""!lH~ ' __ '.,I!;<'" '!Jill a,,g .. ~oI' ~~!!!i!i:i:l" ''1\''"..1,1-'" - ~ w.mJl"~ Iie~ Ii U111 ",I"", i:l!W.NWIiI y.i!)[ID ~ T til'"

(,u) !: + W =:l j'j: +- J~) + '~2, - 4~J=. '11' - ~

,(b) ~ - II.' = (S, , j/j - (2, -!ilI'ill "'" 5.111.;:; ~2 +~I ~.J'" 1

(~) ,m! "'" ($ ~, :~'.fDt2: ,,,,,,. 41) '_ 1,0 ""', Mi '~. 1:iI~ = 'I 0 ~ 114:r + 1,2 =: '22, =14j

1,;,;1ij. Si~pliify. (aJ ,(5, + 3fJ(2 - 'mi' !(hl) (4. _~;{};z. (c). fl: + 2.ijl. ,~", (5 +Jrr2,-11~= ~'O'+,~-3~i-2,IF =31 - n!

fb) f~ - 31')1 ;;;:0 ~ISI- :iiAi +9.~ = 1 =24i

(~) 0 +r llill); =: rn + 6iI ... ~lfl-t ~t]1 '= I ~ 6,j' '"", II::! .... I!i~ - ~'I ~ - ,:l!:J

1,-,'_ 'iii,'I,._ ,~'- -~','1ii; .• (- .i!,J" ,rt.,> ,iii r/] ;, ell f· .~~9 Iii!!, ,~:i .;;)11

..:!I i;::,![m,p~I.I::r.', ''I,;1!'i!I ,~·,.,I. r., 'I"f'jl if".,I.~ ",I" ... ") r. ~ ;0 " '. ~ ,

till') ,fJ = 'I, i~ = j~'r,r' .= '[,= r ,~I '::. -i, r = ~' .. l)(i!) :::: (-U(-" I:} = ~,

r~j p = (l")fC) ~ UX,O ~ I. jfi ~ tt")(fl) ~ UXl~) ~ J:li - -'l. ,r ~l = ''''1, ,~= i !::o 1.

'(oi:') llJ'iIi[Il,S. fI·~ II tll:ld ~ :;,;;, j~+I' """'1(rf!'r:= "1ft"", 1. !IIi\;. [~'~p!l!Jm1 R b,v 41~ ~~ 'I.b~ rem_allu~r ~

~!:jI =l~ = -1.

11_...'i).' \2_">. rr.i·u:lll~~ M-pl'~; ,--:--"I:I!"-:bl! ~~r--. .. '" ,-r.o:k", i\":lli-- ":c-.

_ _ ~'AIY . m . g ~]lJ-,!Pl! _ "",_ ",,,,,,II ~!; !!!,_""' J.",,_~~l];g"

({l:, "+4i., 1 - 51., 14,. + .i~. -]- i, ,rb) 6. -J.'i ~~, -Ii.

f"J} 6 -+ -:fI: -= 6 ~ ·41', ~s1 1 ,+ 5f., 'm - >1~ I.. '-=') ... t "". -3d" "., {b~ i = ,6,. =J = -3.. ,~n~, ~~i ..... i.fJ' ~ 'liJi..

(NiM'e Ilw I~t; ~~I!plt! of!!! ,~~ 'fll.lm~ 'iii 'tIi(lllrip~ 1).liImba. 'lltl'!ilhc WI\l,~I.~~ ·~f,~ P\IN; ln1ll,S!1n;ry IO'll.lrohru' ~, tI1~ I'K:B~!I;' or lhe '~n-!,'iQit'! ,~um~!,,):

11..13. 'find;;i: 00(1, I;! W~lll ;: == l + .;'l.i. ~t ,~ '''''''Ii! + li.~ 1I~ .~: ~ ,~ -+ f?!iliildi·g ~' .~ ~ ,.,r~

Ii ':!Ii,~ '0"', pJf;' c '2 ~ 'U

,I~~. ",,11m. 1}1 r- ~ • , ,J +..1i1i'

TeI:!Iii'lDpl iiI'!- a tIltac:lwm ~lrw '!il\f cOl1lpb:'l1 :nulTims. 'mllhtip~ !NUThI1l_U~' and dlmamimltIl' b) it;. i~ e(,;dJ~~m (iiF ~b~ (~oCf!Bmii'!~~r.

::! - 11. a - 1t).j'5 - 30 - J I; -.;UI :11" W

--= --II..-. i::::!'--=---==~~

S + 3~~5 + 1Uli;,' - 3tl 34 ]4· j;::l,

1,],5" :'m"ill:fQ,T WiJY !;)grnJm~]\ ni!i'm~~ z, 1I,T 'E C, (, ~)I ;;):' + ~M =; 4- 1'j;,~ (ij,) :i'l"":=: :i1i,,! I(;i~il ~ ;;;;;;, r, Suppoo.e :. "'" ~~. 4' ,lJ1 run! ~'.!g II? + ,Jj wbel!e fl, b, .c, ,d 'E It

(nl ,!.~ n: ~ 1,~I: hi) t~ -t (:fiji "" (~ +- r' + lli"+ d)~

"'" ~fl'" ~ 1 ,- (h .t- it); = iii, ..... .::- - In - Ji

- ~I~ ~ bi) .;. Ik - d~l- B· ~.

tiiJI .ffi' = I~I -+ bii(r +dl~1 = ,~ ~ jf'.tf.F"Gid~)1

"" (~- hd) - Ilad , 1~'tI - ,(~ -IJ4(,~. - elfJ= ~'.

l1iii I ; = iI1 +hr ~,~ - ~.i "" f~-' (~b1:t,~ (J +.~}! ,,,,, ,:

'i .l'~ f*!M;l! f{}!1 ~ eftmJlr~x fii[jftb~fS t:. ~' E C., t~l~ ~ ~;::~ I wi· I)' ~~!)I ~f ~jiFi: !: Ji:5;

r~i2 ti:l,,,,!)f~j t:'~v~lj.';)~ 0;;' (:=l(W!1i) = 1:::11~~Il~~l~

nic :!iqUft ~I' of ibibilil S.j~liI, 81i1n~$ m1 lib!:; desirtd K,smt,

l.Ji1. .Pi:'ill'I;Il;:~ 1P0li iliUY 'tL.~a:eX :[lllIRlbers =, "' € C. I~ + 'w~ := ~'I + I'wl"

~!JPPM£ .: = ·fJ + lJi wul! ~ ~ t: !- dl' wb~ ~, ,i1" >!!'.,d 'E_ C{m:iiid~~'th(!: '~,~~r.s ir.! - ~;:J'.II) 1IDd. IJ ·-1,;" ,~) lin iR~. NDtC: niliru~,

I;:' + wI = !l~ + I"} + (b'=" lJ)il = l(u +'f)~ +~,~ +d):l: = II V.!! + C'. Ii +,dU = ~~;,l".!~ ,B~ M~nwS:k~~ intQUl!!tliLy CP:ro1)~ tElii", u,1o'l -&-"0 ~ mlfll + ~,t'~II •. :w:J ~

I;;: ... wj W!i <t ~ ,:5 ,I]!.! Ii' II!~U i;1 ,- ~[Ac1

lJ& Jrnl~d !i!'w dDt produl:ru; I:l' .1= :~~d! n- ~.whel'e.': «Lj), ~~' = C 1 - 2i,l +'fl~ 1[[1::;;;: {4, + .2i, 5 - ,,~. ~b~1 H:;.., I(J - 2$., ,"ti, ~ + I~l'i ., - {5 ..j...i. 2; ~ 3~i1' 2:!,.

1t!~'~1 ~~J; ~I;lJ]~g{l~1! ~:r lhcl ~nd:VO::lllf lip~r !l'il '~ I~, lpil;f!d~

tal ~. ,lf = (! ... :l~",+ ,U)I + {J ··r I~(~ - fiji,

0;;::;: 'i~. - .:ill:~:~ - 211,+ (3, -+ ii(~ +!l'J;,jJ - .... -I;'[li -+ 9' + 2J!i ... !J 4- l~H

I' , ti' :::;;:; ~,IlI...L..liM I - :21]1 . (5 = 6t,Hj ~~ iJ

·r4 -+ 2i)(.m +2f;i."r,. (:!i.~ 16i!(3, =" n _. BJi +- 9' - Ui = 9 = ~l;

tll) ~ . .r "",·il, -lrn~ + OT '{~mY::--j;l -+- t I + '&iX7 + 2'.11'

~ fl- ~)(S ~.l) -+ (,4'1)12,·+ ltl + 1~1 + ,5/)(1 .~ ,Zl) :;;; l(I ... ;lS;

I"!,j' = ~':!i - it] _.lJ).-(J~. Jil(~ -+ (7 +2i%.r:b-'~J~1

(5, l)i(l + ];~.) + (l - :., (-411) + n -4- .~~)(:I ,- t¥1 ~211l- ~'~iII

Jfi oo~b ~SC'i!S,. t· • tJl:;:. '.,., n~ l!iu:ldsi '~ ill ;gcnml. a5i ~!l:fI, UI li'mlide:I1iI1 I. At).

1,,39,.1L~ u == e7.,,_ :U, :2 -+ S:O IUtdv~ ~I + 1.=<3 = ,6i), _Flm:d~

,iJ;!'JI~ ,r~ ,4 ~ U')' 2'tu: {cr! (J, ~ iJ~ (d)~' . r,;, Ir·d ~u~ ,ill'l_j ~,!;'II.

tal u+ ~ "" f;1 - :iU +- ~J + J, 2: +:!it -l-"M· = (8 ~ jl. -'I ~,~

~~J Jl~~ = H~Ii-, .o1Jj:l. 4.j T' HW') 0::;;: (4, +·1 •. n" .... I;'®I$ 4:11

~r;)U' .,_ .ijl' """, (} + ~ "'-l- ,f',. -'Yl- 1RJ + ],(- + ru?l) = ,[4+.li, -U - 150 (,tl) if·;g 1[1 ~ 2~)+ (2 -+ 5:i ("";,~~!~fj

.~ t i- 2J)U - Ii) -Ii- (2 + ~fHj- 3 7- M) "'" S - 9'j - ,lfi - 3r = -EM -111

~C!) ~1i~1"'" J"~ +,~~!:~~ +:2:!:+ j::l!= ,.JU!:!'nd ~~U= ifJl 1- ~2 +1-3)l+'1-6i=· Jil

I.a. '~fm'\~~rror:my !II'~~_.Q:ffi U,. l; ,~tll and a_~f :!I~I:n:r' ,Z; E C. €i.], U· r =~,nir (!-j"),. Itt =~,li' " v).

I~~iil ~. ' 'l!lCi,l = ~'!l' r).

(H Using lib!: i~ni.es l~r '!he !l;Q!:IjQ@~,

~, ;a ~;r.;:1 iIr ";!.oll,l;:"~ •. ", 'f-i!~1!1 =WI,Zi + 'w~.il + _ .. + ~I;'::r.i

== ipr.;:1 t-~::(J: -+- +. -4- fJ;iiZjj ~ ·gl~1 + ijiW';l + .... +~ .. :K'" """ ~~'. >II'

~~i1, :Sj~e ~ "" 't!:'I' ~~ •••.• '=.11),

(a)I'1'l = '~I iill,+ :;:!:ijl~ 4o ••• + ~~~~, ==-(:[I"!I 40 ~ii~ + ... ,' ... :;.w",,) ~ ~I,j.i', r.) iCom~ will1ill ~ile!D ]1.,2, ~~ 'vw."!1~.1ri iR".~!

(~ii~ U~<:IIl.S (0 <ludl (in,

.~ .i!ll. L!:I.!,j ':,. (1. -.2,4). j,' ;a fl.,. :5,. :1 >~ !!II = (i. I, .... 3 I •. Fioo:.

fa)' Jirll'~ lr: (h) ~u + lel1' - ,~:. '~~11 ri' ~'. It, IW'. ~ , kl;

~~) 4D .~. Jilt, VI' !f(u. ~~l,

iiA., t~e.t ,Ei """ Ii .l. -,2,}, t'''' ij3" --1 l. 4,}, .Mid .Ii: ~ -l. ~~) fl~ '" ~II'. ~I un!" (l,~ +i;U. ,ku III

(b) VtliF,I.M'! m~u '!iii: ~.c.n~" ,iilmil U!I.i "'"' ~m ~ ffill'm ·[11·

I Ai.. fiilHl:l:" am!,_'Ii I!Ilhe~;

(el) (,t, _'i',. 11.,;::; IJI - ::!, Ii, '.

.1 •• a~Wri'I:~r~·::;;: 'f2. $) as f!iJ ~MCQ!J]lhhmtioo gf l)! ~ ~udlt~whmc: 1[!liU II.~ ,;;;;i; H • ,~) tlitJid I!!~ ;;;; (~. 3 J:

Itb), ~t ,,,,,fl. -Ili} !ft!di ~t,.l! "".,(l. -]~.

find l :&0 dml!1 ffirrll 1":iIm> oitlh~;COO);id, wflm: '(~~I 'li = (11, k.-1(l. t'.::::. ~o(l, -;,1,-~}\.

'!!!~ III .= (~'. k i -:I,. 2)" v "'" ~:~ .,-]. 2. lt~

't.e'~ u ~ (~., 1., ,Ii: -~ 2, -2}. u U. ok. -3·, kJ,

"".

1.51.. ili'iQrll'h~ "'~~~I'" .r· i.i!llmfMIlt!;:Ii;wiii d~~f~t~, 'll~ii~ k;gm.¢M P;{}. f'OJ 1ni: ~t~rl!llti'>:

11(.I.~!!"t:J, 31. =7)1 :m:d. ~l, -(i. -.~) hI. R.J~

IVl'~ P(, 11, -8, -~'" 6~ ~Rdll?U, -~ ,Z, -4) ill R~.

1$2;. fi.l~d gntqu;,U'~n,ljnh~ hy~qllmll'" H Iii'll I,i! lUI:

li~} ·rn'!lItainsp\l.:2, ._)., :;n ~il!!"pmm!!'11 Uli' ~.::::: ~.2, :1,-S. 6J;

(b~ ~~iJl!'! P\l, -'1.1 . .5}.!md . ., ': pim!~1jlc1 wZlrn ' ... ~::!!. +- S:lij ·-·1~iIJ = !I.

L~.. find 1}pa_I'Ml~trf~ 'represell~lioolil 'of'lI'Ie llliIe: lill {Rt4I ~ IlofiI.~IP~:iL~ 1:~{!:llgh fMPuifl~ flU" :~'. ! .. ~)'l!!n~Q(:l, -.:5. 1." -9)i

,(Jj'~ :~ lihmilaLli .p(.I. I., Lljl mw is. F~ioolMr' I~Q the hypi!rp1:!mettl +·~i(IJ' +iIb..:l- &':4=.:5.>

!,!'D\tTII ,~. ~I 'V, ,Per 'iI[':.£!i,D'1>l: ~·\!·E--'~~'fi~ l~ :D,i),,; I~lk :!U.M.t.],f:if:-.· ..... ~~ ~J~;r_nA,~ ". ~. II:'U,~~ 'I!j _ ~j~ Vl.~ _~l!! ~ J.~ -Jl-- .~~I._.- _~_ ~l"

~,!S, fi!'!i! m.~ ~i\l,!!!~itm 'iJ:f!h~ P~Q·~ S:

~~) withn~~ N= .3li- ·4ji + ;S:k: :i.fid O"fiif1.Wltin~ .~ IWint PO, 2. -3'~~ (hi ~1'!dllc:l m .>k 't.,~ - ~.-=. .II ,~ 'Im"!iI~:nln3: 11M point ",,2', -J, J,).

1.M.fiM Ithe (I~~) ~C!u~!in!:'!l iI;'lr ilm Ii~ 1.;

·j.rJ}!hml)lgli. lft!~ ~i!l~Pf2:. 5, ~),) !Ubil,,, I!l'!~ dJ.re'Cltiiliin, iU)f'IP - ,011:1= 5j ·Im ilk;:; {.b~ P=lJmliNbai lt~ I'J~ p1!u~ ,h ~ ))'.+ 1~ =~. and a:miaJlIill!. ~l. -$,.1~

1,,si!..C"tI:I'lJ.ida:r· file: fQUOVii!IT.g "nil!' em, .1,] "r~ 0 :s r ;::. 'I:

~l~ll """ fi = rj + (11= l~

,~tW~ Ind, ~li~'j»lrn~ P un C ,~~d'~ng! m " ... ,2.

,,"b~ Find ~eM!dLi~I~bu QI !!.fId~ t~nii),l!~ ~1'Q",

l{.r~ find ~~!.l!git ti:llil;ij~t .';~rn' T I! ,t~, t,'ruifle: C 'wlM:!n1 ~4 2~

ClliAP,l]

~.~S9. eo--Q..'iikln'.!!i nlwlirllg boojil WMllC ~ ~ioo ,!!~ Mli:: f Is-.ji~ by R(t, """ ~~i +~m +j:jk, [Th~ ,V~1 "" ,d~~ I~ .mdJ II: .() == ,~WV1.fdi d~!~~ ~~iL~ly~ 1~1l): w!~iry runrll ;:I;I1:~I~mn:O~l ~:i' .lit] Wbi:n ,== .I.W

(;!l) puril[~~!~f/i~ ''''cI~ilY.!!l ' ,~~ i'l~"i1." l(dfll la.i.,.'~lnJiM,~ ·G'f'I1'.

il.':ty" FHnd ~(lil lfll,j]1Il.11' ~'wN and ~I~ WJl8eM plli1!11ili .t1' :000 ·e.il.iiib iSill~ llilt ~hlil! ~NiW.I poiln: t~l ~f[t!~ w;l' +- 3y;:·.;; .2.G !uidi pornt f:f ~I.l,l):

~l ·5t!rRiot ;~+ )~y! - ,; .""'. l 001 .~pm,lm, ~l ..... ,~:. ~I!.

l.'~. F:imlttic v.t!I~.t,' ,v of Itllt ,111;'H:aIlIiIQPi:pe~1 I~ 'IlrJl dU;l"~~11 ~. li'.iI'I' W~

(dlPft'ib:lmLi I, JOO. (~)~~m n. ,tilt

:1.1>11.. FiM ,ill Illill'lri:~til!l" ~ mfhllliSOilIIIl 1&: ~l :1';0;: r II, 2. 3] :E!Jt~I"~ :;:; IU • ~ W .2J:

(IJ) ,1l=U -,JI .·1k~~w.:::; lid -Jj-L

em' .~ x I' = -.:(1' JiI f,ij

~hl ~ .iO:.t"f ~ (I rbr !limy '!i'~ollqil ~

(.::) ~bt,~I;';;, ('.= tltJ! :!Ii' 1;,11 =. lit '" ~ki~~1

l~djI' !i' ~,~. !lit) ,:;, (t~ ~ .1 .+ III ~I) {ti,~ ~tH·~)I.X il := ~I' ~ ii) + (M' )to; ,r.rb, Ir_n t~l!i.-.r I') :.c"1 ,1 •. ""n!!l ... {" • W~1l

COMPLEX HllJMB"ER~ ~.06. ~mtp~~flt:

((l~) ,(,~ ~·1!}t9+ 211).;

i . .Qi. La ~.~ ,2 ~ $, ifldi ~' =7 + jl'. f·illdi:

fa) L' + w:: O'j) 4~"" I(,C-) ·1,1~: rd) ~', w. I~"l~ ,i;;~. II will.

lA S~tlif:!:ol~

tal Ill:~· ;"",M~+j)1 c,b) ~m:: = !t:f ~ i',Il (If) !i!"- 0 'imP1i:e5 ~.~ fI 'Oli' '!'I' -'ijl

',,""lECTORS IN ,e'!

[I.'m', _~' ~ ~ U+ 7,_ 2:·- 6j} '!'md 1.1""" ~S - 2t ,3, -J). Fi~d~

(ul 1Ioj'" il' I@l, [3. + :ij~1 (eJ ll.r.i + I['~ + ':ijD tjl ,1;1 '!, (oI!') II!I'~~ mum I,r;i'lil.

1.11. '~7 Fi!'9n, ""~0i!'Sf!-, ,I\I.~; im! C":

(i;ll I,~'" r) • 'n' ·'i • ~~, ... 1;1 '!ill, (eli!) !o!1 .I~M + oj':::l - "iii + 1ioI" v.

I.n. ~ IilhlIIt·ilic: ;OOI'lJ'! ill 'IE~ s::l'llil~~~' [cil!l@W.lnS ~~:

'[HI] :Po~ ·my ~M ~ llil.!'U :e: O~ Iliad IIJ~~ := 0 Itn" 1ImIlI,!Mt~~ir If = G" lN~] f!IJf ,::my ~(lr Il .~ 1mmp1~~IU:um'l)~ L 111no!'1 ~ ~II~~I.

fN;l!1 IF:o~ '!I!n~ ~~~ u. Vid lI; II" + !ll 'So (IIMII + 11J:l!1.

IJU, (iI) I~~]. ~~6, 4):, (j'I~ -~j1r.f!ii .J'll:.

Itob) ~~"I .• J5'~; {fj ./H:

1 .• 4:.1. IColumn '~rGOOi'5) [til ~-ru, 1. -t!2)~ (i) ~-.j .l61-~J: ,~)~·n\. ~21'" ~W';;

(d) Jii,,_'Q;~~l' =[S/ll,.,Jll:mt. If.i, ~~ - l(g) =-11., = =:1. =~ I ~I~

~.Q, (!Ill I -13. -I., ~,l.·i.jiS:, Q'J:, l{boJ' t:l~. -2-9, 12.1;,-, -.~l};, {~J -i~ ,~d) o}9!l" A.

(~l -iiV, (f) ~

I."", l~;' If~!~. ~/mh (h,(! .~. -~, t}~ t~l 1~1'/Jijj. -4~, ~1fD)1 I ,A!, I~) 110; n, ,~,'rI

l.5ID.\ ,tt'l~ !~); tb I' 1: ~cll ~

~,.511, 'tl1~ !1 .... ~- 'I , "'!)'. 2:]; ":hi)1 1[2. ~" 'fI, -10]

11

JI.'53., ~~) [U + 1, -li -+ 2., 61' + :1,-'11 f. + 2,1; P)' II~t + I. ,~t -+ I, (jt + l -:Flt +- ],1;

L:S4!. ~a) ~2Jj+ ~31k~ (Ib; Jii!-6j -1.0:"'; I~d' -Jill, -1:.2" jj;': (If.! .. 12J.m~ ,ti'!i

'11.51. l1.J ,p = 1'(,2) '= &:l, = 4J +k: '~' (!= Fti)jI :;: ~~Ik, ,V == ·ff!!':; Ij~i = :~~ 4- 1~

t~), l' = tliii ~'2J1 T k)j./':!I

1! ill. (<?}'i +- ,i m ~k; ,~,b)'li ',' J]H- ,2k, ,',!,,~ ~,;M) :~!, - . 6;j

~ ,163." (o) 21 + 1,3m ·• ... 21lk~ (1\1) -2,1I - .2,~· + 3"HI.~ tal J j i - li'~J - ,5 ,

1JiI5~. (~l [5. S, =6J; 'f.b I [2. ~ 7. It td ;[~:7. ~U~, ~]i

i~ 16.1. ~a) ]·4!l': (,~l'll

mlrili. tal rr, I. ~j)j~~ tb'~! ('U + 1:1J ~1!k'/JHij

1~,i66. fa,l :SO ~ j;5~; tb} ~16 -,301;;. ,M ~t4 '7 ';I',l')i; Cd} l.n +:m~ 1M ·~·2 ~·l~
:2','
1.',7" ((ll' -~~:: (h) ~(~ +'21~): 'i~). -I,.i\-W; IW~ ~i'(~ ]~1
~:a~ ~flJ' g,-V: ~~,), :2,'-]9,1. .(i,':~ ii.a~-I - ·HJ1= '(,dj, l ·sr, '7 __ , ,~i; ~il') ,a. ,~' .!~ i 101. (a')1 (6 +- ~\l, .s~ Hh1~ (I.!~ (,.--;iJ + .2lt.. l2: - .ti.~l"; (c) ,~---;~ - ~ U, --4, - J,~J~

(Jl) n -$- :~w ',!Il') - ':i1'11. ~- ~4

1geba. 0

- .'

atnces



~ ~~l!"r ill;\' -5tienl~~!1iii~ lind tt1~t'bmi(:: Q,~liQ~, ~i!ffl~dI 'O~ t:b~. Tib~~ ~trie~ rrmy~'

IC'IM .. "4.i I lld'lS-l!!I:Wr mlil'~ !Of clMU!QlI'i, "'bie:.A:!' ~cfi ~Ifl!' dq;mi!!ll!!! 011 fWO!U.b~~'JM, ~ilb~ wh!rl

~'" h rill' ewdt I!:m~ d~p~d:ed c.!l BIlly laUil~ 5tib.n.."rip~l~ Spt~Jm arl.in_~ ,~¥ao,u; M~ m~if 501ul10100

l lllplj,J Jj m>I~ b~ ~',rndc:lll~1y ,i]],W'~J;iS-iUW ru£1iI1S 'tine ~g!OO,~' iI:'If IiMIIil::es. ,1FUJ:'iil'ifr.mDre~ O!f!rIIl'[O dsbi8~ hjll-'tl 1I.r.mcl.lu.1hi In bilI~f cupLers,. such as "'cmmge ,ot IbHSISO"'. iJ,htil:~rlnii:l£r\llEllDlii~iD1L~""" ;~d '"'qtwdml1.tt1 , ,nrm·"' o::m"~ ~~~by !ihe~mnmm$ ~~JU:JtI~r ~,t;!,}. On me odl«' hElI~. ~l:lladll~H'm '_D1~IH ~r II i bru piil!~cnilldl.il!,tl!f. illiD!'iI!,ji:l'l ,g,ivl!;lI 1M :bCW iw~h~ ~im~ ~,~,~~ ~f ~l~~ :mhmOOA

r Iii: il:_lli CI!L lin (jiLU'lmilmiC"LW \\I~!iI. WlnC Froml :ml;1l£: mi~i' Ili!UE :-cd. '~Ield K,,_ ~'e~~ ,or lit ,tH\'!' IIII~ ... ~ "'Hld~ l l' _,r.I:l~!\I\''1'L 'Nolhi"r: ~A1i!l!il '1:!,IOS1~ if dl~ ~,giJ_~1!' .~g_I1l__l',~ m~mt K 'IS t!iil:l re.!.llII~1d- R.

M \,fRI, f!:.';;

\ mil P \ ~k'C (jI fl·ld K Of. slrA:pl,¥., ,g: !U.!'!!'Ilcl~ jJ' (W!JeIil« ,is g,mpl~cil) ~, u ~~gtI1l.m'U-1 01£ :sooJm,

r~'~ in ~ :rdl~ilWm! lmr:m:

['O'II~ ]

at~

.

• - -Ii ~

1~1iI!11

[Q'li '~'n

I-, = ,1'I~l~~

",".Ii ••• ,

_ ~I .a...'l:

._ ." tl'-hr ].

, .•• a~

... II •••

•• _ 1IiI' __

[t9I!i! ]

6'l!1I!

•• iI.

tl Ii '.

,,'It!: 1~1,LJ1 1I'1t- f,"L~lIiu,"fIt '~!J~ tall~-dLh~ ij~i,U1WY ,or ,i'''itJ(~rl!{mr~ D-RJ!!3J'S in tliGUl i od ~lwu,J., 'We :m:'!lIJC1:I~Y

'!.;TI • ~llI,;h h'U.ilI'I:\ by simpl,)!, 'wfillillla·.4 ::;;; [iUjJl!.

·;l\ m..o.atm ",':iJh m; ,litiifl!¥S and ill OO~WiIirul. D 'call~dwr. m: by ,g . .Iliiattlix,wrine.._m m x n. 1'he!pH IO,F~'ES,D~ ud 1,1' ii call1cd :the-sal!!' of'iJ:l1l: mam. Thm mi:ri~~,A:and 1JMt eql1a1.wriml'l.A~ 1.!Frlley 'liliQc\l1e me:!litIiIIIII~ Si22 :IliM ~li'iI!fl.:~djng el~'li1s .am ~lIIat li'IiiIHl dlE~e:qIJlii:lJiity oQ:f :I;wo til! ~ iii ;mDrnees Is l~iGI\~letu[",.j .9. i!I'~tM1, of mJJ eq~ann!!:,c1l" Illle:~' each e'O~diilll,:g pair' '!;If,ele~~:,

, A. mtUlii:!l with Qliil:y atic ,MW ~9 ftl~m 101 ~JW m~r~bt er fI'J\"i1 ·hi.octoF, 1l]Q:(J ill rooml}!; WitUml tOnll,), ImleQOIll!iIlIln niS

cal'l(;'.d ., ,[:i!llilJllWl ml':lU'.~'t m OlJlw:n~ ·1~'er1;l\l""".m~lri)t W1'U)li6 ~~fi!!1'i!i.,~ aUZl;:n!I!l i~ iC41:100 .:l!, ~~. m.(D:J.<Ly aDdUlm u~anybe, oom:ntd. [by ID.

Matnic~s whM!: .er-lm.e,s, am ;aU re::tI.litrlmbe:rs aJIe caMed! m1~matrn'Ce"j ,a1ldI.rn'e said to iIlIe' Ulntr.lil"es Q¥i'l' .It .I\~Mmir!.gousl~". 'm3mC'.es·~bm:e !!'{lmell· .am all, ~-omp19 IlU:tWlims I~re al~e!d c~mplex' 1I.~'fjtrci:C:~undl :mJ[~ ~mftill UI' i~ •• 'Ii .. ", 'Ii ,1';,' 'F 'C' . TlI.," .1'-n 'W~!1 heilHii1iili~~ I~ Ciic --;-~...;ly"~1;. 'Ii .If- :-. ~~, ,~.~ '--'-:iIBJI, --:mi." 8

. m. fnc.'C" O\~, H!l~ .~~ __ ttl __ . ~)' ~=_em.~ 'I'l'1'-'1! S_C~'! ~',!J iI~1t@ l;Q.mI'L_ I'flii:!, .('~.,

;!i:'+ J' i'= J.,

:3:..:1 .~~ATl:.ltX: AJ)n:UIO.N ,AND -: CALd M,trltl1P,U.C.!t.:rlll,ON!

Ld AI =: li\li#~ "Wld.1' = [& .~ be· Mo'!l!'Ul:IDOe6 ""ilhlhe smlI1lLf! ,~ioo. '~ m' .l< ,I'll 'milbi~·i. nil: ~m o:fl.!' wuil ,8: •. wtliLt~1l A' +-1" is the n!!liUriX Q't!tilIl!ld iby p)daiil~(g ri.iD~~!lt[il1g 'C~~[ilbJ hlllrl!,cf l~nJ11', l'h~~ liS.

'~,I~,;!'I + i.,~:Ji .] .th +!t.

<iOn ,fJI!

~.§ ..

'.a1bo +h·

I!!'tfl _.

Thelrmibxf'-1 of me m9trl~X .• ~ ~ ;II ~Cl~r to. wcii~en k - A 'IU ;ififfim.p~~" .M. ~ w.e mam)l. ·,ob!:aiued b,!!! mulri.pl~i fiB: ~b: ·efEl:1~r!t td'lf by k.That is.

.mu ,w'.ii.:!!

".. kll!l']~

m ~. ~~.I

" ~ Ii • Ii ."

."' ka1:iM _

(A"*" jfJJ 1[' -,,!ii' , ~a~ .. 0"

(h) .AI ~ D =£1 '- ... =iI~

~iii) AI -, ,- _) - Il~AI~ .~ = II, IU' J A, IJ I' ,£

I{vl i(;,ll + II)' .::: I~ , ' lA'B.

Ih"il ~t ''")AI = _ (v~il (tJt' ~~ == t( . :!il~.

I[Yr,j i'i) t· A =d.

Fe"i!!Ui,feS 'fitll III rnilh~~ W, ml\a:1 .~ d0es 'iikU ,~tllJ.n dR rUlkir of Ute 'fi!iW!If.i~ca.f,~'htiU .~. i1:~ u:s.1nl! 1['lIfm ,)1 land, ,t ~ i i,~. w tw Ill, WI

··I_..JI = 2.A.

mruI so 'Oil

IJu: pNOf'tlf 1 ~eumT1ll. 'II In:dJU£l: ,tlJ l~nH th j h ,Y-a!'lJics ,on' L 'o:r .. " h mEiN leq;l!Ia1ian

. '~rMl. (S~I Prubl~tn 12.1.,

I Ib:;.enci 'tf:i ~imlillmil ~E-.- :-0 "I'!k:"""~~--:--, :2 ~I il'!'OF :nt.rlm - ,''''>~, ~"'~-:--I 'I ~ ,r ..... ,'t1-c'"jlI-- ~''''' 1'-'" ~ 1"11..

, _ , e, __ . ._ ~ '~._ tee. !I ~!p,;uKID'l ~. ~ ~I _ __ _ I."" ~lltKi\ilmm II. ~ ,~ _ C-:""f " U] I, ... !.I!I'c

1_ '01:' '_I~ti ns Ifbli" ngtri~ Rm)' be \~tln'IUI ,I, IJnI!md1rl! Iti·m (I' *C:' ,m~Jllidilll opcmtrm

"'i1 . iIlmli.

2041 :

l!ar~m. ' ilkfinc' -_1M nud tllp1iwUOn. ;m ~'1111 ~ ~~I{oC l~' lir.sl Idtnwlu ' : Ih~ JiUml1wl ran ,~ - Iml E (tAl: l[ll.n_ ,_ pi II ICUCf ,1pmJL

'\I;~j~k~ _ ,In la1ge1nallC' 1 .. !t~le, 118\1o'lirimL1 '(Be ietl~r .:. 11Iell~I_-lI!rd" • n

Ii!

I:/r,iIJ~

Wi-l

,ba3 ttl!!: :FDUDW~n;a nmamm\B- FU5t \\'G HI - i -/(-'J. obliDmln"

/(11)

Th~Jl 1:', = 2; m/~,t), Oiaiinilil:I/i(l'J'1 '" dd Ibn m/U )!. cb=- [llJllal

.If I ~I : In!)

"-p,' I

'- I • I ,.

I

" ], I.' dl Ib t _ lh, P

I( I ~I ' /11:2) ,/(~'l



1: J"t"), = /{t'l'd' 1~'II:i ~ - I~' (II I, ~n ' "l)1

(_,

Ii

I: u 6f - ~tJ'l

I

...

='_.-

_'._

... u.{?]

Ii' (or, I I ImDirriiJl, I Tht p--,- , -__:i fiB. '"

I'

'Ii =

m.LI h .. ~

1&1 Iii. -I. l{ ~~] -l~ .. I

~ " - '~ til' (kIn 1ft m _ mlJill pili ·lmlfll g'l tcl'Cll'D!

_ ·Holt 0:1: S1i!P,po" If = [a ] _ d " = ("1/,1] aN M.Iltri,e ~ (b,t lR DiumkT' !Dr' ,ool~ rolF II - ) cqjU31 UII ~c' lIlfumKr lo,r '1'10"., il!if B,~ '. ;I' is an. "J P' nlIttm :and IJ' 01, I f) )I: ,l1:li !lTUlirri... nm die' pmdlK~ All :lI ~he m -. ~ rmuritM; 'wD ~ . •. iJ~£Iy 'ls (lmi l'liW b, row rjp~~iQ _ the ,tlb IfII''''"' 1i)IIi' by' '*c'ilib 'iCoIWIm, ,of ". 11hat

- ..

wh ": ..

"fh.e ,mdtL ~ ,AB ,'_, defined il A lEampLIU

(' ~~md,.fB J,~,~' _ [~ _~] mt,l- [; ~~ -,~]

~~, i'l1i$ ,2 :!!I 2.:mdI,J liS .2 '. b - -- ~',fS g ~I -- I dB 1$- 2 ~ 'mtil 1'0 ill ,- - Ih; ~I ~r

11M ;pm&.rtt m_~ . AI. nmll~pl~! I~ I tl1:I'! MW I'~. -;: I C\f' by ,ac:1'I c -1unm 'I'Jr".

[2] [1']' -[ -_-]-

"., -2,' _1Ii1 .

. , ' ~.

'[ 11? -j ,~~._,]'I 1 -~"

SA = [,5 +- n.l. UJj'_':2 . ].' -= [131 3]

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