Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 434

# ﻿568, funy~solv',edl problems with r,e:al-wQ,rid app'lication

## INe _ _ p rab!lem 5, Ir,ellaltt- rgl t,OI

COmp'Ultelr science -

IPerf'ecl for pre-test Ireview

Us'e with these' courses: :l' Beginn~ng Unear AIQebra lmear Algebra yf Ad.,anced

Linear AI,gebra Adw!llAII~' otiIa ed E~Qlneering .;1 ~uanllwlve A~at SIS

- i '~I

',I((~RA'\'\,'-UIIE I.

~C\lo '.01"'Iii SL l.lRH san fnlliu~11eo lL,.klwtd lJ~(J ~ _ _'" U:..tm.

l,.olld n Mlldrrd ~h::." .. 1 ( II,: :\tlL n i\I~Qnlre. NC'I-'t IkUu

~"JU:111 "'Ul&"llX"~ S);d1'lC} rnky iarof.ih"!

'1.1 InmndJu~'i!ll1i1l

~ .2 mf'

t" ~ ES t_

L7 t

Ve~Ua 11'1 :It"

[ _'~ t[nJllCf)' Pmdil.:!J'

I . 'ted ,.,,[o:~!' :Hy~,11:L'I'H. 'lin • Clll"'I;,~ 111 llit"

'~~!tJ---C m RJ ,~9pl1tiitlcel'n5'. i~lk, Ntnatiml CIDm,pf~ NUlntbus

V~_ [W' _

II

,2

-,

Allebtll If' NJltrliCles: :2" ~ I~U(Jdlj!!:tiDlI

12 'h;fl~~~'

,2;_.!, ,hi' trbl. _d~JiIg~ gdl S~lIll1r -J~Jfrtl,t~~h,n

:t~, S,l!tIILITIIlion S,mbo~

as ",,' irlx MiII.ti:pltJ~ol'll

2.6 1r1~"e O,r I , I~,f'am.'!!

l~" . ""Ii!lDtI!' ~1'Mfie_

,1,8 :f/c!Mrs, iilir M: m:e~" J;ol~n;omi~m . in ~t 1iI~ 2!~'9IlMfMibl'e ( " ilJMin,p!L -) '!"-I;m;: - I

I 'III) S,eeiWl iWe:-, o'F Sq,~ 'rJctlm:~ l~U Co,"s'~cx. :t_trloo:s

,2.12 fU ~L]f\L~

&yderm's: .f IU'llea'r E'qIEilIIiU'D,nlfSll 3.1 ~mod~~i 0111,

l .. 2: I".e: D~AiVlJit1, • Soil'uli O~

3..31 Equi-' IDtlU: S,._ ~-. E1em:enmfimj' 'O~rodon_i '.4 '5.ru11 Sc;lUft' S. -l~ 100F' ,Li,not Iq.gmn . .3"S S')'.~l ~Ml!l: ml lMmguJm madEdic'~otI Fooo J,~O, G ussUm _'. imW;atJiol

3.1 Ec~t1I'1 Mllmca,. l~fW I['m ~ial~ 'Forrml,R::-w Eq,l!livl,llJ:n~ li,.' CrlatlM'bm EllimimattGn. M ml1 fio:l':lJn:llD:IJ'~n

,l~ :dam:_ 'Eq;urmn ~f ,: :,Jiml iO' hl~~l' E~1:!@ns

·I.U) 1-' _ '~ms, Ilf L~II\--- Eq,WU10mialndl Ul!t~ l~omtl~eli:l)M of '~'IiI- ,

COlpvr1lhtei:il IllrlaJl

III' "Q

''l I~ll

~,

61' 61 '1],

76

o

Vector' 'S;pac ~'s J .it:!

111&1 UI I il I U' H·' ~~'I mn, ~~, [.

I. 'I I' ,

U,

[MAPTIER"

I-'.Inear' 1- . ,pplngs,

'.I

, .1'

,2(11) ,20'7

""U 2~l,

I'nln,sr' PIflD,d'ad: Spac'als" all1thDIII:n'a~i'I" .1 In' 1.2

Ie L 1,1\'111 1

[[HIAPrER 8,

leHAIPrIER 1.0

ID- Ilmdnall~_ ~n -

Dlil'lln"_:_ 11:zati'Dlu li:g 'nr ~_. lUi 5 ,Ind IEille'.,-=dBJ:5, QU

[,amiliA/Ileal IFa'rllill~ ~o I ~ftl- _H -1'1 \II Ull' ~o.], UII- .

nil.'

~O., 110. -,

10,' ,

10.

L:lliear FUl'lIct1'111111ls and. Ih,! D,ual. S:p'lce U.I ~'1. II

"I

101

3·" 0- ..

..

_II ,_"~.

l[tHIA,PTE:I I, 1,,1,

A'PllNtD[~

(l.;li'n .'111" lOp a:rall!Il1S IDDI :1'111'\111'1" 'illlld'Uld, 5ps,ICI'5, U,J Illnrmdlmlim

~_ iII,£"!i! ,,", ,A" uirft~ ~. til:"'l;

~.!!O ji'~J,:H ''''''l''''''-' 'lO!

n,J, An_~'fW Bel _D '€,J nd IC. -;~ial rulll.-:' '

~ J .41 ':c~lr.. JdJ,IJIfU' i, "p:m~D:,~ :tS 1- -,: - - " ~~ and UIiIW'J Opc'~,tOi r '

~ ].Ii tOl1fi_;D, rum II ,and Ulidmuy' 'IlDtriccs )'991

~ 3.1 10000gl,!~,r Oli1hmnonual, BiIi!ii. ,', ,001

~ 3.' PO' l~i~~~ 'Dlinilll:' d '1liv,e l~tQ:m ~ ,1,' ,Din _pnnlb'.ntlnl11, and C~nmm - I ~_I.W_, rn~, I'nnff Pmdil!tt ~ " :m

,113.:10" c~fI.'d l1IiX1'tEm

~ ~ .i!I, ",,£ti -,"til DWlI 5,paCl£ ~ '~J A;m:ll]h~llatl:fti

'II ]1.' i1i~ ~ 0_ '~, UIiIi __ '_ M~Hifti-'

t_lill~i'ln,ear~, IQw.,dr,atli,t, ,aln dl M,eil'imitil'nl ,.'l'im s IllJ ~nl1mdu mL n

~ ,2.2 B;i.mr - OIfmS

,~:2.3 lHJme,;u onns nnd M m~e$l '112, " lUtunruliil1gBn ij]~ fb __ ~12.' Z~{m.mdric Bihn~tW" F~nru 'QltIliilrnti:l:(lPIlS 112. ItCi~d '!iymjlU~'lrit SUintar _'~nm:~ '_' of wni'~, ~12." U~mIlll~ Fo:~, MUlllti'~i'nla,r P'mldUids Ai! Im~tmod\~I;I~O!l 1\,.2 BiIIllJnmr M. "iln _I MId ''(lmSQr IPtmdUil~ A.Ji A111i::nrtmn-' MuilliliEJ ~~,pj ::_!U;d . -'~m-- Proi --, , 31," 3611 36 '!fIi1,'''I'IC,' I~ ~' ~ )76 ,]'16 ,3'1' 31 178, J'II 3_2 ,(1.'1,5 ,lens ~,I:S ·~Ur6 1.1 nn c ,0 's m , Spatia Ve tors rY!.1J ,,~ U'i 1fM~~\ .It me' QotdDfil Oo~ \n'h:r, l'5Ii'U' 1$ bj P'1~il.Qt fI h~, of lIumbtni nd

IDe: tG)lkll' h< b) mr..1ill of eenain IObJrtIS In ~~lC \\~ dl~ 1~ U.I,~ ~aj bfJm..

",'!'WItlC Ibt' ~ i. flllllliiw 'J,i11l1 ~ ,t!fern~'lIrlll1 proptfl.~ II!!It 'Chc Ilrlil or rr-.lI nlllMllbcn:. IOn the Gi.ha' h:md. v..-e \!i;'U JIi!\o;n fI'I'Operil5 ef rhe tleld orClmlplc\ rUlfllbct~~ dmOt~iJ h::.,' ("

(If 'It m.no" !'hi:! C ~ of' eur mIl'TI'hcT deb re cal 101:1 hat Jt'Ij' .

\111: '&iIl feSID' ~hn In ~ ch.J.p16 to lIecr~ I.I.bl)'!>.t ek'lIDdlhl comt [~.IiIi~ R W'lrl then

(Ill \11 opt' ~ Of.! 1')1') uppl)r 10 11.1,.,,(11"1' \Ii ~t cn'r1e5 tonne' ifroflftl ISnm.e W"b4rrn.ry htM K

14S. I t!1. I~)

!'loll hJ•

lid umber ••.•

'I' er \ 'riO

I~\t-; phys rd'~imm:lili~' _ _'ch::____. -~m.ptmnm:~m.d' ,~)~ _ ~n~y ~lTI ilfUwi!Ji'i"', 'n~~~~ii~ml;$, em'I, :!.lR"-framln:!, by ~ - I nWJ1ibcll1l,an(j, =~: e~lI,e.d,.mJJan. On Un: l'thu:1mmrt 1Hl1fe Dl'C, 150 '1[WUfi1"icj~~ iWt!:b , ~ _::_:.-_ '~=!Xit)~. Ibll -c:~ ~ _ , __ 'Ih "lmagni~ll!d!I!'i"" -,"~ «~!~rl'·'. t'lh - ~. ,Wl'B'rillies., wh_im ICiln Ix'! rcpmd~tI~~ 'f:m:v,i_~' _-;- ') hti~qtM,- 1jhlnC:lli0~ ~d,cm~tjlilg rm,g -.c'---"~"ill:llflC'r~ ,peinl 10. L~d, " 'nol']. NfilW \I.,. - ,- ;~ lite - _ _=_ lis _m,11C ---'-, wilb t'be ~ ,_ - _ III! whB'lZi I -I tlu:' ,_ in - imDJ ' - - _ ~ft'SC:i'lld. ~r 11i1'~ U'r,Dt ~ '!:If l~m:wn'~. S-~p--:: ~ 'lhI0'rilllll Qi!'lb _C'i, _HI :R~' t "Men, ,IS,Ule niF-eRftG po inl10 r~r It 'YImLQ:RI m sed ,'0. Thm I!:,~ 1I.W1!lJr IS 'I1In ~q;llLd,r d ::-tominedb, I~ ICiRrrd_~EID~~~ rO'f i - - nIPIJJflt" ,m1il or:ice ~ - - ~ ,--, wm im_JI(D 'Oil opmIli _ "'fl:lllflldlnmA and, _ lar :muIlMl!,1JIi.'iI]~Glt., tbat arc, :ss.wkd mth \1: ,LQ ,!if;' nJ:' *lhI.ItiiIJl1 orllt ~'O~I 0'.'1 nm!l dt,1:' rW~mjcmdrop' -,-~ ILbc;. 'I~mli IH . ndl tk' eodpa!!iirf - (inht ~fd\Cn'" ON ~ -~I1'"wr CU iI5 1- ,mrJI ,r' 1$ oownal. ~! Ce' g..~Jh~.d.

t: ~t11~ j.lwvnJ "~nr; -~_:J '~~ lUI + '",' i ~'.' dl 11 'I or ~Ire [i<lr3Jl'Il!'I--I;mm ml:'l'llGd by 'UI mid -. _"'.mKrm ftc, ~f I~a. ,b. ~~_d If~l.ll i r'~ ,aN the ~mJfoinl uf (hI: ".01'5 III Md] "'. lh.e'll . . 0 + ~'. h If. C Irl" '!hI! ntIp;!~m ID:f 'the itlCdi.IB lUI \r. TIt _ .' P", it,_, ,W'J.: , ""rumi 1'1 Fils. l .. l.i[a,

.. '.~

fl~~ !~'__Ii__" -J,illf_J)l~MdQH~ llh,tl pr.M1!~i!: ,~g I~,r - ~~tor g by._ ~! ~'Ium.k; JJ 1;S;I.m. _d 11)- 1!TlIlilllp¥ri1 du:' - ,pi1U_ o:r II by t md fE't 'nmg, 'lillie '.:_R difitc~'inn 'if', , » 0 ar '~h~ 'oppo:!i~~ 'mmcriJDfll ilf· -e ~l At l it (tli. b, e) ,_ lh~ ~fLpain,'I' a;F m~ '~[iJr ILhm-8 ,(,t-Q. M, ell i~ 'the irnlliJOIUl ,m ' 'me '''qlnf t:_::,

l1\miClIP~if: - piGllfi:d, w 'Flili~ 1, .. ,I:tir)~

~w '" I m,~, \\i'l:' i:_pmr, 'Ih~ II ~: r III "11:1~ L ,~,u. /J~ r) ail" .~UI' II - ~u. 11" c), MORm!IR'~ ~ '.:~IJ dlc ~~d, trip~1: 1(0'. it. e), ~r~1 fil lulK . 1[11 in.1 ,g;ri!.l~IOr ~'_pendi!'iig upot" 'i- i!Rt~fl:bl:liocn.. We' !B~~i~ ~J'S, '~bO"1 ,d e4'l~ml n.I¥p_!Il " . .(.I'~,. ,lJl •• " • a-!ll~ IfjII:R-1 fliJ~, ,r.J11I'~E f. Un, 'IN" ~. m n -I tic!~ I~! ' R!I.~ [me ~~n!' '\~~i in ail I . Illed ~lLII \.~~ r ,(~n ~ .611

1.2. _: _ . =U, II.~ IR~

ne ~ (t'r JI,~4\f1~I~flra1lm 1I11!1m~. dn La h)1 tl,;l. IH'ld'led-!IJH1,rt. '.-_ tp31i.QIbtl'".tu,1Ic'ln Rill.

u ::; f-al_ 0l' •••• a ... )

__ ]ed_ pDlnl 'M: '~,. Thc m.'Wmh .'!J~ iii' lMI~td ~~icMiffl'rliflW • MmptJM~lt.'. ,Mm.n-, Oli ~l ; 't!fl~ ICDlflr;'. ~ -_ i:f. Yi1~ IlIhaJ _ i ng 11111: I ~ _ .. "" Ij, • .~:'C LISt' tbe lftm. ~'~-,dll' tb 'lhe et ,tn~· o:f R.

Earn-I· '1.11

,m.1l .. ~. 'I n

t ~'L.". ·~ltd _ t"ljJ ~·s ¥-.o

- d,

-II = ~-'I

, .~- led 1Ihii: " _c, I,

:N.ow :W1PPO- ~ U~' ,Q.lil!~ '-_~~I!J~ ,f.'I.,Ioi:!! ••••• ~ in R'" - ~' __ I 1.'_ 1." "'~' 1m. R .. \\e ,e,iU1

ml!lfjll'ly dJ! 'V«]' , by iiIlD~ mo. -_mting '.' 'I " _ ': ~.h"-m ,_ . d' l.Y' ii\l::_Yl.bQI1 .. _::. ,pmd",~, 1m f{rintj me

''''' ~tlll'

i'Xl m·' II~I

~~J L~' Ii'J ~ ~:!, •. I; _' ,t I d ~ ~ I. -'- 9JL rbm,

u ~=~2"2E.!.'I1 '(-j,.-, 9, U.-I,:~I '1'~ = 0(21 7.( ),7f ..... '1~ n4,. 2·-,. -' 51 -r!=r-nn. ',~n I-L'I . .,.JI'.

~[Ii - ,~ , •• t!.. - ~ -5. lO~,S) = ~ ~ ..,2. -II')

[-] [-5]

1 - Ii!.

I ) -2 I

'I'l' ~u .. rl K·.=' tl ~ IUT - , , t,· , itu .. [I~ ~ Jill' - ,tl:.
,0
~jli} II + 0. = H" ,'~ " ~ .. ~ Lin Jl,i' - J!t - - Ir'rl'.
I[ii il~ U , I~- " == 101, (,;r,ii" (a'll~ ~ r{t'~1i
(nr u r-,r "'. ~Vm~ 'hr=III, 'We ~u-~ (hi:! rU'imf Ill'F ~ W J u.n~1 ~ -,ta' 21, wh~ 'it MUIf.m:l!D m I' ,emll..~ ,0' m1trti~

tPNhl''im1 .UJ •

.; u~~c U' amd f1I,~\:'~ ~ in ,1'1' rml' 'iilII,bidl U -= t'l' er 1!11[' D.o~g '_J~JI'f m R. "nn:lur~' ~li!'t!1,,-,

m'llt',pi.e'·'fl,F f '.0 •. !.l ItS said 'iljl be: ~'h.~ .:rOJlh! Q- 'f¥Jpii:d.'tfJ dJ'~lll()n', ! " :eeotdm' ,. mIDI' t 'I"

I,· lOUr _ (,I'~ 'E,II) PRnn-

. 0'111. idn ,Mb 1~W1' "llf"ft! u _:l["!!' I mI 11IIi;

I = ~"'I' !IJ~ •••• i 'oil'

" d~afutd - .(J*,fl' .~dl ~

- b)'

1Ci''Ii .,," •.

-,.-

111 ;l~ ,ri' r LollJill1rn,1M by m!.dli;pl- in- ,~~djD'- ~{j~.If!~ AUild_"J1TI~ph'mml1i~111, ,,_u.rt.:.llu.! , ,~ .,. IMnii ,~I . _ _ _:" 1(.1 E),lI' 1::" ~mrn;PlJa,r far"'N~M.mIQ"JI I'dmir II-I _U~ 'il, u--m:. . ~ ~ :r ~ , i!l' ::= 'I.

IHntIC- 11~9,

t'U W, Ii' = U ....... 2. :n. Ir' 1("; 5. - i ~i I' .._ [I" '.41 l1I1u:

~.If' = ,Ifol,~ ....... ~~1 ll .... I'1

',.. ! - M" I Z to"

ThIlHl a _ ' dJ &1,' "nnh:og~.,

[ ,21] [ ,3']

r,Il!)1 La ~,.,. ~ UId f\' - -:~ Thmt III -r '61-) +

-0fI, -1

"

r·;JI '1.2', • ",,~, I!MI If' ~ (&1. ~ -: \ol~ tNrd .

u.

-II)

..., In' :11: = II (tI 10 m" .:::; I

:0- :·e ~pmL~, ,g:f Ibf ~ III -~ _t ~f:11 :R" OJ; 'J. hi ''''''''f;ml ~. U,) I(lift -

. II ::.'.=RiDl, 1.2= fQl' lim)1 "'~ c , ,"~ I~. ~ I '0 I.~, :d,!

(:111 (/[11"~ f'I' Mr - U - W ' tf· W,

'~Ii I I[Mi) i r - t(;g' '. l[l)~

~.r, in R: flii) ,~, r = ~. rI.

1[i't")1 u·~' ~ fli. ,W ,rJ' , ,U ~,'O m' I~ ~ D.

'.rmlC' film f~J~ _ ,,,, '!ifnn',' - ~ml ",,_.___~ ,t ~l!U'" fktm, lIil, II. I p' ·-tbm m un '11Umf ·p;rmIlKt·,It)! ('iii), Ad l~'~" u· (iI") = ,ttl;lJ· u - I(f-!' u~ It~ - ~)I

"iI'III,._,.,,_ ""I' i .... " ~~ ~ rim

II"I~-I ,. .,,,.,'" :n so _ ~'!l!! .'. O'I!!:! UIIl!n'! _11_

11B' _,- _= lR,1I -~-"d11 ~I[_i iW !IlJ.Kfil!liam, o,r 'lIIIlN1ar l!HI'dJi1i n, ~ II' II" 'lIFI'Iillli'P1,i - titDtid elm IPhld1lLfli .

u' "'II)" iL~ £ ~'drd~1J ,~4fGr:iJ.

1ib~.~'~ ~f'/~t~ ~~, V«lmr~dIl'lIRJI·~dl= .. u_,~ .p ~ i 11','1 - !b'i. .bllp ,"t·,~ Itf U 1:1 ( l' tlz •.. " .• ,tJ.). 'lhe'lll

I u ../iN ~ Jiii

1lw . ., D~I islmlllc lIlIru - :.:'roo1' '1Ir 'm' ill m of.' ~,-_I_ =- -= ' IG'fme: ~ompmmtsl Dr u Thus, !I~ !. I. IIndi .fd ~ 01 ·jr· .-.d al'Atyil r, = (1

Ai ~ ':i . ted! mt 'ft\1- r d' l,g] = I I}"'" Cq!!!ii:v!lld!~'. if ,0 .. U -= I .. Q-.J'¥ liIlnJt'I1\'I' ~~IIQf f' m

R~ .• dll' w.~m

J._ _ 1._1_1 . .-l. ~~_ l)

i:'~' = t ro~ ~I'ifi' • .

lbcr ,rJJ' mn· !!Lrncdl b

ail . II .I = U - 11'1 -l( -:11 ~ ,t. , ~ \t 'tan d1. __ th - rth •. -_, Ill.

Vl.e h= _ kdm\-

"iLh '111~ 1

t -_, 1 Il'.4di

J;lr.!. r ~ \(r11 ~ll

_ i1, - - I;' - _' _ru __ lId

;;;:; .' ·Ui

."

,~ -

,

=~ 1.,41.S~

__ B. lite ,~pdJ_

'!I'

,. - .. .: I" oJ I

I

:It,~ _ D' BdiKm dL:din: '_ ~ -: , be-_m

- -nrf'IIl' ,Y' '= lie.", ",z, •••• ~,I,":'~ vi~- _ ,

- R\ -', I '[ II

... ' _ -', po 'ft', ~n I,~

II1gm tl En tht po,in' " " ',. r~. • .•

Il fti nI,

·IIWilll'lli'!l' lI'I!I'IIii!I~.IIl~1

~. U " 'I

€I im!CI:i~ nd lh!:

·aol 'I:.' - ~ )1 ••• ,~I_~", -P'II'

- I'. Ql Ifl.'1,. - DIP, '1'JP~ •••

111 r=P{!li ..

II'wmm.

11 l~

I = l '~~ 0;_

"='1 'III

II ,.

. ,Ii - 111',,,1 ~ i'"

1 . ,

, ilLra L

\' -

'. ' ::: - -lj, t ~,~ 'I~ ~ PH. 1. h d

d ~ht d· - ~,hn~ '~p'an

~.

Itfm'

,-'6- (Ii L €llil

I r

-I

JI

'I' ...

-, = -1,• l

,." f; I.' -2.

mc;' . ml P' 'on ,

l

R

l~DUili . fun JFn If': 1)1 _ R- L ~-Ul'lil in R, '

FU)I ~ f"~f')I. F~,t,~lll. •. . ~tll

III' f Flrr}-icl:',· OW \' __ I

,dFU) _1[1", I [,~11 ~ dF. 111,')1]

~I ill' ill' '. ." UI

ItO

\fJ

~ mllJ_ 1,.".

J_

,:., '

'_R··. Ilk '-''Or ,_, ~Oi,., r

In 'E. I

I . t = ClJ. I'· III ~ iU. J Ii -= In be' • 'P'V_S _:_ 11 111 ijh, n -

nd

. , J ....",

.. .... 8V

u

h~- .• Thm

ca,,, u~,hl _._.

:JI II . ,~: ',::

fl
rill u
I~ iJJ - ,IL

1"'liIJ1

[~: :: ::]

,e ~1 ·11 _ _c1!llUl die' -~ "--naf 'rf _ 1e dt .

o 211

r

_ r{'Jn~.;

[:

= - I· _ !.;, I, -_

j - k. 111- - __ •

. ,foil ~

k. i, =,J --JI

,·,111. __

- R~

n .' .

1(11)1 The· ~ ~EM y . . rt b an.1 b) . I ~ J 1'hc.'. chI II _, 'l'Oe or ~he "lh1pT -, 111i .... 1I1'1,I1.'

u -I t.

"""t!' .. - .w_·J!11 .L __

U, Il'. ~- ' •

tz

Iii]

'~i;i~; b~1

we RQ«": 'Iilmtillf: V;c'ti!:G:JiS n.ll. iti ;i!; ~1 (anD righj;.;ha!mded S)'iSt~11iI1, :m;q'!1 dowl' ilL1e' f.ll','I)owi!l]~I rm:mil'~iiI: ,glv~: die' :mpjmH ,o:r,,", x ill':

IJ:~ )[ :r~~ ' .... : 111~llllllll sin,f}

1;7 VO!'lWLIJ(,- UMBERS

De sel: ij:f,c-o~14:J1 I1llmbersis dfR'Gtefi '1lIJ' 'C, If{!mm:n~ ,fI, IC'(Impl~munb« is d, loAkIfdilpaiir ~~. b) !IlJ re.aJ' 'llllilMbers ~:e:re ,eqlJlia'l i~y. adliiiU(UII iIm1 mu1upljcal(jol!l ,amdelliAed lIS foUiNi's.::

(a, b) ~ ~c." iJ if!lRod 1!111I1~ ~f a'El: can~ b. d td

(~~. b~ + (1':,(1) := ~~ .... C:, l"i' + d'~

l(o,.,M 'I{c, ,til' == (ac -I!~~ ,rpj to kl'

Wtiik~tify Ihc,rtlI~i nIlI:1~1:'i!II 'Wilfh, 1lIt~ ,q,lli!1in1plex O'lIlIlIbcr ~,a" I)', that Is.:

,(,I ,~ "$t,O)1 'in.~,,; Ir Fm" .. 'k,'11l:i :sl:n"'~ 'dt-:-, "-',--cf-"iF,,"fmtdi"~~- "liliA, ,-,-'!,iot-;I-" c;-'i"~- ""f'-,--,,~ :c'ico_, ,- -- 1'1---- .... ,., • .11 .~ ... ..i'':'('', ':"''', .~ n'1!! ,," r--~""'~"'--' --""'" __ C ''''It''''"Ii\!!,_KI!,,",, "L _ . _.,..,.,n ""-''''' m,~!Jp 1~.1",1il ... ,!)COllI! Ilt!_m~""""" ;JR-I~~n'~ ~il !ll:n. 'ro~po.l.m:'l~ tlJat ~~, ~'= J'=T' nifl· ~,""'C~I~'m[im .. ,:;;;.:tJ + .ut .• wheRl ~'!!!!. a:r,::~: il:1lId:b .c hn z ,~m ,""U'I~:,.-d. !ltipodi,,,£'I_y, illIm ,wllln(~ ij'JI~~i'.fQryiT 1M~n.'r ~fz., ilS, fMJ:!!:. i~~mrm'i~nt i!J1tmn (,]1" '''']'' [lin, r~L Ilbe.: StUn. ,gM!prodi:i.c~' of mmplex inumllil« z =-a-; hi :and w ~:~ + Ii QD 1H: derived !by jn~ply lw;jnB~I)e' QOml1nuGU1"'e' au I~.bllltiw. Ilw-rs u~1 f. . .:- -~: :. +w = ,~~, -+ ,h.l) {~' rM = !;I +- ~. +- n.~ + .rJj = . ,a -+ II'J' + ((' + d)i .m = (l.l '+ bd, .. + tit) == l1.e ..L ,6cf + tldt + .i-r-·=. 1!l'Jt' - btl) + . be + ml)ii We a~:lm deine th:!! Itf~.(J'1i'e lilf'.~ a.nd ~!l~Li.oB1 in C b)l -l:·:;;:;: -L: Wa,ll'mh1a;: TI:1c lM!t~ ,f ~s:cmin;g ~ bas M iI!iG',IJ:'tri'OO1~llip 'I!l;~ml~tZr ·m.·I'he ... (:C~~r Ii := 1[11, 0, 011 1m S~~iOIilI.(i , h ~;! ~. h2! 'W ~~ . _I -.-~.=: n:r . ~ ... -~:. ·:1·"" it;~~'I~~1 .fi!" z ... I~' = (2+ 3i~ .: (S - :l!',,,,,, :2 <I- s + If - .;]i. "'" '1 + f t:~ ~ Ij] + ,lfl(.$ -l~1 - LrQ + rus;~ ~.\I-i ~'IJf: "" 16 ... 1 U

'!ro. .5 ~.ll IIj ~ ·li)l~. ~ 11]1 4. = II'll 4 I'~

-c:~-;;:::::::;;.. :E::::J~~=--·-t

;;;, - 2 +.31[ I i: -~I}U = ~tfll 11.1\1.1, ij.

lot""'· 4~ - = QI = '!;m a~d II!!;;:;;: oIB+"4 =.flj

ft~W1!l1~m~c 1~lln~~l~!:$lEt ~ .: ~ ~cm;~d by ft'iU!!. 'gIJi a I~~> t\$ial~~,o~I!II,)!~Ih~ '~IJQIf~;~ InJU~I'.S! C' ean hi! ~~,ted by 'poD"ifli:!l lurn tb~ IP'llttU::. :S~dIJmHy, we rti:i ~j! pll,lirll: It~.! bJ' in 1I1!1~' pl'r:unc 1n....,~eJll lllf! 'Mn~p~w: ~ym.'lJl!t ,C] + III ,B :S:bmml im ,Fig.. :14{b!)~ hi. SlIclil.a cue, ~I,~ IctU::: dl:smnee ,trwm lite ~rl,m ,fj ~} I!b~ ~!Iftr! :;:, 'T~: phuu~ V;lijlh mhr~ ~~i!~!W~t~{}~ is i;!~I~~1 ~hi; f:t1mtj,I(j."t',{(Jm~'" j!1L'5I. b1re. ~~ [11lme lJl!·premmtiflIKi!iimlltd fhf: A'If.lf Ii.'~e.

I[C1JlU:';. l

~ .I: VI·CTr(iUtS IN I{:-'"

The 5el o"f;~JllI"'liUJTC!i.~f'~!llilllpil]~. In!iJllilOO:i$. d~i];Ql~ by ,e""'. is! caned ,ct1mp/~r: IrJ~e. l'ilSl ;~i§.iri.·~ rea.iI C"~, l11e !!1gm~ny orc ~ ,~a!lccl ~~~i er '~WS!' 'Iht l!);lm'QIl~ of'C ~'egned ;,.'Wlg1'8. ud, "~~' oddi1liI':lD in C' ~. ~llll' mLclt1plii~liolll {lEI (;11 ~ :W,"',U1iII b)' ·~:rl'· %;2 •••..• ZII]= lu~" ':::l" • " ., :fi'"JI wLlere !(!]).~ .Zj.lii'". :iDld ~. IPc1oq:M ,C. IEntnp'le 11 .• 1:0\ 'Cal];5iiJil3l:·!ft.l¢toll'i, II! ~ rJ:+:3~·. 4, -~, 3] m:t! """ m.l ~ 21, ~i, ii: ~1l;!.ll ~llIlcj. 1i'hm ~I 1- It! "'" [~. +~i. I!, -.J:, lJ + 1.1' ... ~i. .:'i".~. - &Ii .e:::: ((!Ii,. ~.. ." + ,'\~. '1 - '6.i] €s· ~ll~lI. ::: I:~ ~ - 2i)ll;2 + .30. ,(5 - 2j1,1[~ - ·~1. 1[5 - 2.r')['J.lill ~ 1~,11ii + U L It! - ni. I~ 5, ~ 611 Cmi;l;idCii ~'on I'I'~I~,~, li·2 ••••• z·iI!l·WlId!.li ~ [w'u. w~. ,,, .. , 1II,"w] ~1iI1'~' Th~ tkjJ I!i!:r filttfJ'rpmJAln {)f.~ IlM 117 ls ,d~~,U~1 ;e!nd ,!kFiIil~d ro,T . . EUlm~ 1i.~·O. 'CooiiLilcr:'I'1'Ct~1Ii """ 12 + lIl, 4 - i, 1"" ~l\I !If!d f'.~ I~\ -,*i, '1. ~ - Zil ijUI (;". 1111;111 fI - ""'" p: +]r'~i- 4ij + C4- ;ijj:~n + rJ + :!)iJr~ =2ii) (1 o~, 3It)('31 + ,,ilii) + (01, - ~l( -Sf)·· fl' '*' SI~.'I, + 2J" ~ ,=6,+ Uii'nl +{~,~ = ,;!0l1 ~ (2..,y, 2ti;ii) ~ ~g;+ 11'9i U' 'NI' =: 12. + Jll:!: + :Ioli - ~l~ "if- !J ~ ~i12: =. 4! + !ii' + HI + I ~9 =, 2l' _, 64· D IIi'W;; _,64 ,:;;:, .~ 'F'Ij-~- - -,} I""'" w"fl. ..... ,-ki""'~ a -rnrjii~s ~r ,-tlEl:'1' .. .A'di1,·- -,- !ltal- f:i1!'llIt"":Uli1"';~-il-:md dO~ ~'.i"ll j< •• Iillll' ~~!li '_'._L!l~ I,.I!~ !!~!!IIJ .. i!(l_.pll! H_. __ !l'C_. , w..! __ ,_nm!, ~ !IJ _. __ ----IJ--~-."O:--, ' '. !¥' ........... ~, _~ l~oo1~~. ~'I}11!fJlfJ/. &«::1i4@71 If.-Spu~_. Th~!~t~1 L2fuT R1'I I3IJ~ hO:lds ('Ol" ,e· if '!!!o~ m'pl~e .u . 11,1 := ,t) 'I' ~y It· iii = nr.~' IOn~h~ 'uibk ~, ·lIt!: St~;wan mequ.:B!1ity fn~omm II~l'J 3Jii_d Mill_kn'w\ i~eqiW~il:}l' {TheIJRm 11 .. 4·~i,m;e true' fOI1C"'w'ilh no cibDl'li~' 1 ..•. 00. D~rnliIlil,g' whi~ ~r~· 'roUowi_ng ¥~ttMrs;:;,\I!~ e(f~aj~ U.i·"';: L2.,.3~, ilJ .~ (2.3 •. 1). ~:l ~ (ru, ].1)~ l.r. Let .tp:::qi!, ~j. 'H~ It = t-l,.ilil.'4~', h' = (0. 5., ~~h. Fhlid: (I'~) Jl!I - 4~', (b) ,21o! + 3ill -$Ijii,f.

IVltril ~_'JTII 'lh~ sc~ ililgjit~I,~~iill!t1 oulI!;I,l~, l1lie \i<~lM ~iltl~~

(!'II) 30' - (1):= 3U" ~.," II') -.i! ~1,O,'4) ~ lb, -2'11" 3) -+- L I~, ~I, -lI.!i) :;::;f'i:H:, -21" ,-~ l~1 ~i!I} 21j + ~!l .... :5w ,;;;: ~4 ..... 14.21· I~ -9, n. l~jl -I (O, -:l:S" ,;fO:JI = I-51 .. -3ij!.M,)

[ 5] I[ 'I]; [' l']

~I"l, t~t u = J. r.= -~, ,w ==1' : . fi!ild:

__".;4 :~ 1=2

- -. ,_, I ,-

'Ia) '011- :~"

1',iIJ') -Ju °1· ,411:' - ' "'.

,r.:tg trmf«m '!be;~alar lIiJ!UIIti.~~tc:a~ion, Intll :then the !"~1J)_1 add~tioi,,:

I[ 5] .[=1] [')~] [ "']: [~7]

'1,,), !~~ 1.I1 ~ !lJil .~ II = 2 '~'~ !5. 1- - ~ii., II = ''',s.'

I ,-4 , 1 . -lU ,,-~ .. . -24

,(,I;i')' =2b + il:~ .... 3~' ~ ['~~::] +. [;ci]'I-' [1.~. ,] ~ [~T~]

II' 8 , 21

- - -

- - - - - -

~ = :l!. j - - _ J'!

:Ml,I!lIl I~lte l~inot,tU' "'qWlti~n1. ~i'nin~ Jt ~ ·2', J':: l.

t&i) ,!,~ mlll~pl~ Iby Ibe:, ~Jltr' :1., '1~>liilli!liIIil1 (4, .~<11= (,!.r. 3.i1.». l1rt.i;l], :5C1 ~"jli!iIl1d.1!IT1;g tfliUiCiii I~Ul!lt'I; ,cad] gi_her'II'Q obmin

41=h.

Sol,w 'ihe: ~~iU:fi.i;; ~[l' :lfiik! j' ;2, ~. ~ 1'1-.

1.1. '~lnm' lIt!!!1 ~Ktor ~1I ~ (t -2. ::5;), as: allnear ~iillMlbhJtatj,~l1: of'lM 'Vrt't10l"1!l r~1 """ u. ~" 1 ~l ,~ """ fIJ ... 2. 3)" ill) """ fl. -.1., i!)~

\'I~'wzrnil, '10 ~~, Un ~.~ f!JJi1llJl Ie' = ;1;./. f-~IIU: +- .;1~~ w.ilh .~,J'. ,:' ,;JS jtCIJ unki,Km'lru, i"iFU\I,'1l 'ha ... 'C!

[. _ f]1 _. ii -[' ~ ]C' ~ j' [~' i.]T +: -[ _ ~ -] ._[ -!~~::: ! -].

. S II . I, , l , .,~, ,.II: "IF j~ ,.'

(.fI' i.'!!: m!::frT ~"'-!l'I1Ik'n'lu write '~~IR)t'!i ~,'!i.\lI{iJ'iiUl:.I~~ ,(!;!il IrrM'!oi 'i\rbtm r(:ITn!'ni-n~ If~ !.w,ul!l'biQ .• ,~,) &I. i!.';';Jftt~iu.lm,g IC.GftriCl tqll:it~ 'ell c- '11 Iilitm"t~t Lll tJiliililiin

~+. Jf·+·~""1 f II ~)j_ !:;;:: .... :

it' -v- ~~, =i' .: = 5~

,11:+ J' :g .... ii p-~.= -l 1),= ,::: ---, .~

Ifi. °F-ti li-.;::; J-~=-3 S: - 'Ull

In. 'Irrrill~ IIJ = ~;2. -,S, 3) as iii. Imear' oo.J:I!r'b.ination o.:ru',II ~ 0, -J, 1). iIJ:~. ~ ,(2" =;j" ~ I:), III """. ft -5. jJ!.

Wlindi(J~ tqui''I;'itkm ~m. gf Irm~ ~.UI1i!i~ omdJ _Il, ~J~ f;il'!'''

[--i .•• ]- =;t[ ---~ -] +.f -[ _~']- + ~[- _,~]-Cl -l -~:: ~::~ .~]

j!, ~ _ ~::__ - ~_ _ "_1 . h - ~'ji, 1~

kt Ih~·~pofilllin,Bi ,n~a, ,~W11 to 'cllr;ih ~ha' m'oMam

:s·t 2~_+ 1:;::; .~

-:b: - 4:lr - 5.E ::= ~.~ :t~ - ;11 + 1:;: ~;

Jf_ + 2,}: +: ;:1 ,2y-a'= II -.:5+:5~ = -il

:t + ,ZY+.li:= 1: ~ ~. ;,!= = ,I, O=·J,

Th~ ~ G:qt:uI'lDot!n.o:t· + 1[Dy "*" ik·~ 1. n:n~colts ,1hM.~' s)'S!tm ~ :[10< !lGl:IitI~lI- 111:1U5 , un._l'!liJ~ be writ!.~ ~'Ii hnlillll' ~1III.bmari~,!lI!F lbim ~LtmI ~~. i!.I].liIj .•

1'Io~ 1'1'i!!J'Jtio'JIIIl'ID'i. ~D,nftlJ'~"''''' 'I':m':l':lJl',nrnN.1iJ Ii 'li-Tr-V l""'acRe1vll' lirl'ol iDeO. ,IIV II '~.~k"f~'I10~,.~ IIP;.""",,,," , _ .... ,_ .• ' U,1";1111: •• 'V~'J ·_in L.ilI" I .11" li'!i .. .1,"·1, ·11101'1 n

1.'.. :Fi;nn,d ~' . Ir)' '"'lOCOO!

la~l ~ .. ,(2., .... ,~,!i!·l' :lun;li ~~ ",", nl" 2- .... J;,

,(h}, ~~, ,(,4.::i..-J, S" - il)1 ~.L' "". 1'2, ,6,. ~ II., -4. :"~.

M!ilI~~I~ Ilie:lI!ti:~diLl!l! ~i~e!lr1!.UJJ ~

~~~, ~~ • !J' -2(lil,) - ~[!] +i5{ -Ji], 11f! - M} - Hi, = - U

'(~)~l U' .~:;:: 13 + U+J -2'li'- 11:.;;;: ""~

'I .• II. 'Let ,I>' ;;;;;: (S. 4, I~. l" ~. r.l. ~~., l )~W :;;;_ fl. ~:l, ll. 'tIhidn pair: ~r '~-tii'S, lf3!R:Yi, :~ pil1~l1d$~U;IW' (~!lqg~::!J~f I!iJl[Jd fhc:~,t. :IJ&~I, ()f e~n ~. '~f Ii ~!~~ ~.9'. FhuJ If, 00 ~fI~u U' a1ildv .,,"~Q!'tIwD.f)llI1Il. v;1llere: {.t!!'} fJ': ,t~. k. -Jl'iII_rfId r. :'::' nt -$. ~~i

"bJ' ~ ~ It2"n, ---4, 'I. ,51 itlmllt = t6.. -.I . l.. '7. !t)~

CiJ!iI'IfrHICrC! ~ , I'.~t ~. tl tQoo~tf,l O. nnl3! I~hm $91'o1~ r~1t' k. '~:0I1' I~' l!l'~ u.2)i- Jl~--':~H -3·141), '''''-Sf -1.0. ~I:I ~S\t~ M~:;, n. ti:k.;;· ~.2. Hj<) IV·.f' :12: - J:k - 1:2·1-'7' 10k 0::: 1 + 7, lI!~!!!lk' + 1",,· (I, ,C!lr i '= -t Pi· .' iTI .;1 III - j'l!... ." 'Il!e .'. mHiI~' ''IlIe" II ~ ,;lJri!t'1: '_-['IY luul,~ ;;;::l11J'!!l '";1 !iq~!'IB L_' ~tl1l)'~ ' .. __ 1_.:._!I:!:g •.. _. cl'! O~bI'~: '" UJ,nr. l~~) IIIN'~!·~ fl,~~ l =~:n~~ ... (-4.)~ = ''J'..;I. 144+ ~.iJ1'''''' 1.!!'jJ}" ~I tlrlll = ,,ji'iij = 11 ~,b) U~{' "'" !!l!. 4' '~ ..6. 64· +- 4Q· ~ :I:lti 1I~ U'll;= ,J:IIl6. 1:7 !i .:Il. R~td~1 (hm [l<m'ltfJ$1';jn~' a InOHCfO vector ,!~ ~ tLirliidifllg Il~ lutigiJ;C .. unil: 'li'1:C1.ur ~ m iUlil~ ~t'!e' dWGtiWl ,~, iU, wbell8

~ ~

1I~~j~

. ~I~~

NOI'1n:mri~~ ~ql I t= (~", ~~. (_b'l ~ "'" ,[.:t. -,t -1, E), tel' '1'\" ~ I~,,~. s= !),

I(t'i) Fl,~t find I~ijll- ,~,,::; ./15 = :!L 'Thm, dMde ,co1cli ~~u:y u'f ~ Iby i, jj~~iDjng ,~ = (~~ ~ j), ,(l;!) :I1J'tm;; 11.'j'~ = '\II' I. + . =I' 'I + . "'" ~';~. Tb~ll

. (' 4, ~2. ~J I)

r,- - - ~,~-' ,

~ ,~' ,m' ,./9] . ,,fij ,

't!!!') '~:Qte aw. ~f :3lid iiIl't}!' iP~i.m:e:II'1'uilli;pl.e ofl;1! will: tba,~' lhe ,~ loomW.bzM:~ H~I'k':~ ~ATSi..ltn!!ll~ip'i)' 1I1'~ I'~ ''0 "_!.:~-M fmcIiillW"" ~it 1£, ~~, t~oo ,~( "'" .I~~' ~.{".8 •. -30). lll.~.

~.iI2., Lell: :~f= U! -1" -0 Wild, I' ~ (3:. "" 7), IFi1nd:

La' CQs,O, .• ~ ijll 'is !~b~ Mg..re' bti~; ~ ;u"d1 ~';

I~,~'~ p~Oj(iIl., :d. ~bt:. pmJ~!«r:J of.l;I m11'® ~r.:,

'(01:) d{;u •. ti)\, tilw (Iiil;1~t l~lUI !l !!Ind. c.

fitiit fmd lI"!I; = l- U +18: ~'g}~ ullin,! ~ 'I + 9 +1]6,;;;;. 2i'i." ~'I"rn~ """'9·'" I,d! +49':;;;; 7~" ,.~

JI ~I. •. ~ i!'5j

till) OO.Ii'l!' = -- """--=="""=.

mil I~,[li ~./M'

It~). . ,ce··' , ,', . :;~~"_!j ,:;::,!.! ]i.'. ':"', =: (' ~ !6 LU). (~2 38. 1.3)) V" ~{,M, 1J)111l1~!,Je1 74.~··A, II 111~'1~,' 74' - '74' 37' 7.:i!: .'

(~) d~i_ I!~)':::;' ni'J - I~ 11- It( -2. -'1 - j.) II .~ J4, t"'l:9 Till' = 'lli::!'.

'1.,,~3\.. Pr-me Th~J .~I ,1.: ,Pm lLflYIM • e, ~l,' in, 'R;jj :EI'm.~1 ,t ~i'IJ :1::

(~ 1 (,!i' +- .u) . '~!'=' til • W + ,.;' . w., {tiO {tu}. 1iJ' = .~(~ .. tI ••

~'lv !~ . I" ":l!:: 0\, Q!l~1 .~ • ,!I .= i tiff u :;:: ill,

U) Silll~ JI:jI +~ - h" f [I,U' u~ .. ~., .... ,. U" + lL'",t,

'I~' . ~i) "!'i7 '(i!l,' 1~1,)i.!'~ +- '[u.~,. 1)1!ii~ + > •• of (I~ '. j),,,j'1011'iI

~ '~:i~~+ {il"i\ + 1i'j\~,W:!+~,. +,11'11"'111 + "jIj'Hl,;;

hJ'I.l'l.'. -ii' i;izn':!i '*' .. " + ,M •. !\:.J ... 1~~I'IL1~ r!:,!~\:..l:··"· oft> tllo;.l!I~) =,tj'tr'+·l'· w

{Ii} Sil1l('~ br = (kaI'I,.'WOl' •••• ~:..) ..

{kg,}!. 11)= bllJ!l'I, +h.1:~. + .... + kIt.!!lJ:!! ;; khiilt'J ~u-,,~, .,.. ... + il';,it,,~ = k{u· ~,)

[iih t .. '111 ~ !'l'I~~ 'Ir\!l~ Hi -+ijJ"r:~ = i;I~' -~~~,!"" V",~il= !i;.i'

(low, :S~Def: ,~J bJ rnO!li'lI1!;:-gp~ii\;'1l fb'r '~lliI::b ~, ,lUId ;Stnool'he ~wn W' gn:!!!~~li~ !'iiro'l filmnbm lie!. :Miiffi,'ja.l'Jiil;\C.

.. 1 ~,_ 1 • . ~ ill

~ ',1<1= I'll TII!i';;!.,.- ••• TiII'\!j ~ I I

F'l!'Nu:ntil~. !, • i1 = 0 iff rfj = !II f~t ~b i, Il~rll:iSi. i!ffi' oN ."'" l

filit lY Ile':ll "tim1m' I. lL'Iid 'Usin!:!!! ~ 11.2~ '¥'<'t' 1~1l:

11 ':: ~IU , ,1:1), (UI + U ') 0:::: i::I~~ . ;~ I' 4- "lrbr < II) '* ,~. r~ - II ij:llf~~wl .,j.. l(1f . I'jIJ' 1~I:nil1

lei ,~' "'" U.r.'iIl~" ,f; "'" 2(i!.i: ,~)\ c g II.l"r1i'he!l" for ,~e:I'l' '\~Iw: or t: 'fl~= +,hl + C :!: o, 'fIII3 ~ I1mi: Ik !lplwnuit Pllyn~ftl13!~ Cmficn 1iL11!.~~ ~ 1ltU1~(s. 'iI1lffi. 1~,IJ:es, dtu ~IMI d~mirmm. nl ::ii;;_~ ~. 4Ql:'.~ (I ot", r.",;dtmlJ\y, ,~ ~i,11q" •. frihu.'l:

!,'~~, ~;; Th«l~!n l.iiI, (M Iml1l!~ll!lidl: I~ + lltll' .:: Ilull + II,,!!I i

B~ 'Ilut: ~hw.i\lft lfitq!!iltl illY .... dt Qhh~~itie.'l; 'I\i:ffb;e: '~rJfQ&I.QI~

t~ 1" !~n:lJ := u~ 11'-. 'V'~I " ,!,~' 4" 11lI) = h~ • J~J + :2i~;lI! • I)} + ~IJ- - -!l',~ :5. IIw/n:! + .l:tllj'lln li~ + nl,1,ll:t ;; {~II.lU~ T ~I~I~ 'fb'kif.l;g W': ~~~ :m@!. !:If 'b(jih !:iild~ ~i.e~ 1~1Ic: ~l~ iMqualil,Y.

~.I6. Il'''ifid fkc ve:ct(l!f it. f~rnliJ)1~iy,4L1~ th.c: d~c~ ]~~Se.gm~t p:Q filii ~~PQtn,~,::

tt.!~ PH i, ~l! .", ud ,(X,ti. !I '. ~-5~ kI Ill. ~,h,I' ptz, l •. .....(i~ -5)1 OOJJ Qt1, ~I.i 4" -) liD R'.

~~'J' '~-!'!"~ = Q - P ~ U~ - 1. I .... (-2~, -5.- ~I']I ~ fS.!li. -'\lI]

(iI:i) ,Iii ~ ~. ~ Q - p.= [1 =2. 1 ~ 3.4+ 6,-Ili-.3,) :·lj,-.2, 1I11,~Jl]

l.'I'. Ifi:ml 0111' ~nilth:m~jil1~ I~rplam:' fI in R,"" ~llat:P&'i~ 1mttn'l1gh po. -4." ',-:2} nil i : :1l;(!fsa1m 1j := r.i~, S. ~6. ~3].

'llle c:eeR"ititITii\!; uf ~ lUJb~ nfim.'~ ,,,!fHaft UtI:! ~mtI]J.m.enJs o'f'lhc oo~ ,,""Iurru, Thus.m '«iUOltIOOlll'l.rn' ~~<j 'Or(~ J(@i!ml:l', .f. 5~, -Ib:m = h~ = k. :5,!!!b,)ti~ f in.- .~~uatioo IOO! ,ol::itliok .~ -2:6. 'bus,~ elI!.11Il~oCl of ,fl' i;s; 1_;r,'1 .+ ~-::: _, IlU"J - j.f,.."" -J6.

~I.'UJ~ fi;ud ;3<J!!i ,e![!l3juol'l ~f~lle ,!.~ /I' ~QI R~~Il!a1 IConi:llim; p(~. ~3. ~,) ~: !lS ~~:I!gT, ttl ld:l~ p:bm~ Hi det~l'iI11Iicmlld by tbe '~1~1i{\"1 1" - 6, + :5;: ;::;; ".

~.I~lOIDQi.i, H'am,Lf:J' illili·.pR:T.dfl'<li1 if JIM !:ffiib :if'lh~lrm!Jf;l'Mr~ di~1l~ ~II'C' fWfil~~lo[iililltljW1l!'lej,ttTJiIliliS1lG ,.;I'~Qn • Il:il'I,'mCEa[i ~1.UlU:illfTIll~lf N' I~ of-he fOmi'll b = !lJ.p+ ~~ ~ Jr, S~"$li.tu • .l: r Iru·.Q,lltls e.ql!~ to ,~ i "" I, liIien an 'cqU!1fu:1in !lIiI' H is:b - 6 ,+.j~ =: I. 1 ;,1 9'. f'i nd :!1ll~~~C oo,p,m:en!a'~iDJli of ~~c· n1l1e' l. i-l'IIR,"· plssmg tl1lmu,gh Ft~\. -:2, ~'i,11 ~in me' Idli~]6'n '!iJfl'l ~ [20 :5. = 1; '!!i,~! i:i~' l i(.:'fiUliiSlii, uf' UI~ ~i1~~ . .ttl', I' W~ ~lili'dy wbe~h ~ler,~ '~*;e'l 'onl IIU re~ ""~!OO8i, 1iMIs.'Il"t ona;,-in, J!I,~ :;::. ~+ 21', X";!i =: ~,~ 'if- ..I!'i, ~~j "'" J -7i', i~~=! 41- i~ 'iJJ' ~.= Irr.r;l+ 2t, -l +~t, .3 - 'il't, 1 + ig{~ :I.lm,. L.~I' C' be mh~ {.'Yr\~: J."V) = (i1.1t· ..... J. i 1• l~'+ 5) in :Jrl'" wiblim iJ11l ::5- ~' ~ 4. till) Find. Irn: .pgiru ,p m C' l.C@rn,3~ndi!JB 'W f :il" WJ F~ thil; ~~i'- Ji~ pom~ ,ct ,mil V~ pu:ml Q' {!If C. ,~tl find, th~ ~]ill' I~,jil '1~!it~r Tw: ,~ '!;\!!!f'o'!Ili' r wm-n ~ = 2. ,(~) :Su!_l~tiI~;w:;~' = J iIUlllFitt1, to ~t P -/(2·1 = (111.4. :8:, tit :(hl) 'illD!ti pimHdLii' t nm.gmiWm ,t;;::, (jlil' ~ =.;. 1:ID~i;'l G =f~fi'-I,I);,_,.t,!l', SJ lind Q ~ .""' .. F{:\ll} = If [~, 11). fi.4,.,!'W I, If,,) 'J'Dkme Idm""lIli~ Giff"(,ll, 111m' is, :O~ ~h ,~iTI~.iil 'ilif l' ,fl. 'Ill 'ftI!'IIml :Ii i\'~ V iWlt ~J;IiIiI.()~ Il\;l·lihll' ~a'!i~: SPll'M.!L,'\'ECTORS (VE,CTOH IN II~) ~jk NOI1E,_rIIDiN~ C~RDSS PrIlO,Dt.JI£T ~,.l~., L~ u ":::? :2. ,_ "J,il+~k., 1:1' ~ .3ii, + J .~ 2;Ik~w= i =1= S~' + 11k. IFhd~ l"~JJ 'dlc e~ffi'dCl'lo~~ lqiili~, ji.k,jw!: lib I~M ~1~JlfIiI'eDlS, ,~ffl V~I~:iQ 18~', I[aJ' Addl ~~iidij:pf;.~~~t"ID~; >101';;' ~=ji- ~j - :2!\. If,l'I) fin;~ IfKl.rf~m'I llbc ~~r m~d.lili'l l,idti!)ll!, ~Id, ~bcl\l' ~;" '!r Ctl~t ~i~;ilm'~ ~i. ~·lil"j -I- ;'l:w '::-" r4i, ~ ,lij +ll!J; + (=9ii + .3Ji . " bk)+ (4jj 4> ll1ij + 'Il:.k~ "": -II +- f1jl + 2.6k. (el' MI.I ~iipi)! ~~Iildlnill: ~mici"®.Ui! ~ ~"Iliadd:. 'I .• n.. F:indlrhco ([:l~OiIc:m~11 ~fU!id(!i1ll ~F m~ 11~1W!; I~l l'IlIirQu~d,! ~hc: lImil!L~ PO , ~t 2~. '!llId ,(Xl. S.=6): I[h~' ~~JllainU1li: lM pc!rn~ ~ ~ •. ~ .• 4) ·Wld. '~Mi~;liV U~ IlfllZ 1~1wc' Ji gi.~l Iby' ~ ~jj;(l.hm ~1l t .~,Y 11" '1'.:';;: 1,5. ~!'l) fln:! lin~lli == pQ 'r:; t2 - P II L 2. """'~] ~ E + :lj, - ~k 1lI.m l.O~ I: (,I' + 1, ~ + 2. -SI'+lW= ~r + UJ+ ,(21 '*" 31ij';' I( ...;S, -+ l,)k dl) S~ilCt: i. .. .'ii~~miliimlu to H. tile' :~illl1! l i!l; iIil n~ ':o;a~Iill~~m, as t~ mlmlBl lilmeTor 1'4"" ] i +- £ij. +- 11k !D 1'1'. '111~~ 1J:$., LtG: S lbellae ,surfuu ~ + 2}"!= US ill I,ll .

11 . .fI~1 lFi'I'KI'IIl~' u(l!f:IJwd \1~~iltrN(Jl:.:y.;) !iIl 'Uw mlf.lllXi· S. I'~'~I fa'oo Ilbe, ImI,gml p~rt: ti LIJJS ~t h IlQlru 1'(I.l,ll.

N~.Ji,.~}:; f'1Ii1+,i",rJI +~(;iIl;,

""~ .... ",,,r,' I:" :r.? m_ .,. ... 'n~'!":1 .l......:; ..... li ..... ~ 'U'~inn F"'x _" .t) n;l' :?;O;:!' - ',liic. ~.' ,_' ti'O_. '",,'_""_ ""II"""". ~'". jf'~" I"'~ "",,,, I!!:I" ,,,-" "'- ~!!" .. -,".,.,-, , '--'.':;"- ~,-.-, _ - "'; ,";II ~ ~ - _ ......

F~ =;.

F' ';;:;' ~' .... -'L. 2:T - ~y'T-'"

j[b~, Nllz, ,., iI = Yll"+ t'b1 + :~JJ + Jjk,., ~~'l Th~ ·Mf!T.!~I, t~ .• 'Sllfilal' ,,'t ,a,'11 'me PU:ifi~. (?' is:

Ji!!1Pl = NiU " 2, :l) = ~~ + II~j + ~II

IYI'IID~'N = 2i + 3,; 4- :nt.i~ olSG 'Ii(fI:m1Lt1 till it D't P'. Thil!S M 1~~iMI of lr 'hM'~ r~,til, 2.::( +. 5y + 2i '= !!"; S!J~'lit1J~ p inJih'i !II1;~!i"Q!] to' ,~g, i:= ~. 'I1iIWi~;J Il:mgtm!piJ,g"~ .It tliI' 5i ~'U ,p ifj, h + 5,\1 " - ~ :=:118.

1.14. 1E .. ~!mu:tlbl:i:!:foUm<!il:ifl! dd't'mljmUInIlN,ruI1d IM~ti!ll\\!: of delJmui![W~ls (Iff IlJrdil!l ~~'

If,ttj (I,) ~ ~ : ~ ~ U) I; -~, II· (Iirui) I~:i I

'lbl m, ~I:!: ~ I. (ii~ ~I; =~ I· (i~) ~.~:, :.~ i

LJ~ I: ~ ~ 'I ;;;:; (fa - tit; ood -'If! ~, t ':;; hi!' - tJd. Thus:

.It:' '~,!i ,f ,~'

'l~ll ~I~) ~"ol' _, ~O= If, Ui,11 eli -+ 4;;;lj~ (lLii) ~tl·"f- 1:5 =1.

,(,i!i,), (~}!tI - :b~ I K, Vil,- ~IS - leo:! ""'. -29. 1~.!1~ -if( -+ t.2:z: -4,.

'11.l:f!. L.~u = 1:i ~ Jj ... ,4k., ~ ~ li+ ,jl - lk.. '.v = Ii: + ~m T lk.

Finru::k ((J) ,til K 1'1. ,(hi) ~~ .)l' W

I(~JI u~ [; -3 _~]Ilto S,M. J~ ~ ~::: (~~ .• 1.)11+ U::! +,4 ~i + ~i +' '~'t ~ 111+ HIJi'+ I il'lI!

I(~;II USIli in -~, ~]Itl! ,s,£! ,; ~ w ;;;; '''':~' ~ ~j)}i + 1{,{Ii .... lij,l;ii ... flQ'", lJriI·;g ~l9'j ... ~~ ... [lit

:~,lj~ Find!l;!')r. fl,wiaro..: ~tll ~, == 0.,2".] ,.:l1:E:: (,4, S,IIi}; (lJ}1 Ui::::: ~ ... 4. 7"ll, ~~:: (6, ~5 .. 2,1.

I(tll'~ Iij'g [! .~ :]1 I~til ,g.~~' X ~I :=: I Jl.~ I S. 12 ~ fI, ,5 ~ ~ = l~~. 6.-1]

",)IU:I;C. [-: _~' i:l {01:!;e-1 .Ill'! ~I;;;; 1['14 + 115,. liS·+ :~" 20'-i!l;l!,] ~ ~~. 2:6, -22J

'1~.2'7. Find. ~ urnt: 'l;~t~nuamw;goMru w :tI-= [1.3.4}an~ W= [;2. 4 .. =5], IflbliJl hilt) iii ,~ i\l, ,"~~i,c1JJ is ~nI~i!IaillIID :Eilid w.

"fb!urnt'j' B _:_~,] gi,~ I'!O! !;I' = [-J:5 +'2'b1,S+ 5. -~ -,61.]..,..; ~9. W3.-1i~ t.!~!aJI:i~ ",)('!!J.' iEi ad: fI= '~","'~., lJ,j.J»i, =il::!J, It.:)

I,J'I., ~ .u '= 'tal,·(1!. iI'li:3) ,aDd iLl = ,(hi'" b1• jI),~Joo' u)t tI = (a:Oib1 ~'''l,ba. allbii ,-, 1f.I~,~. a'I,l;il-' u~,b'~),

p~; ..

~llIl ~t ~ I~; i!!, !~Iilh~1 !)g, M ~ I:l [1b~1~11 ~~~i]I]:

~.i)ll :11'1 x. ~~I:' ",",' (.~.!I m ,r~:"'[i· jj.~=(':r.I • ~~~'(U~~·.!i< i~d~ility'l,

~,ll) W~ :~iili'e

1!.Ii· ~JJ W Il'} - "'Qi{£llb;l -. !itltr~~ +!tc;lJ ;Q~,f.!I-,r;!I~b!l',il +~~Cg,!,bl ,_ at~:II)1

= jJ fj-:L _ ill' fj- U- + .... '1lI,r. _ IJ ii' i; .a, ~ ,;...i:... - fln'" .1.,. - 1lJI, ' .. h~."';l - I'-!!;' ~"'1-"'J!I';O! "11',Olor;"l "IF' '-I'~~Il'l, '~:li";.!~'!'~-

ni1S Ii' l!l ~1 if! ~r1il:OSC:Jn~JI'I(I ,,., :Similru;~, ,u '!!!: rolf! erfl~Qnni ]01 :r}J,

('11) '~b~o

~'" ,~ !'E:l: - "'~tb;'1 .... ,~l,~';)i -i"("_j,D, .... tII~l\!J)~' ~liIIllbo~, ..... rJ~,~i r (I~,~

t,~· ~)(f,' 1:') - %!.i • :t'"f ,~ (oi ~i -I- gjJ(bi' bj ~,~ ... 1li1ibll +~~'~.i ,Cj~lI;'1~1 {2,}

EX~iH' !Iil~ 1),,-'!1i 'rilh]~lwxl !lkles fif'« L) 11M {:2J ,!!t_Il1~'bfu:j~e!ll In~ :ilik'1i!l.tilt)'.

C'OM,~rx. !If ~MB:ERS~ \PICTnOns: IIN(;1i

;~~.. S\!lp~ ,i! ,;:::: ,S + ,3,r.alld, W= 2; ~ ~. lP.Lndl: ,ttill) ,!: + w,. ,(ib) :t' ~ ~!1, ,{,,') ,i'W.

~ ~- o.!Il..,;, .. ~ - filii"''' Ii' I ~-. I .1." ',rll' '/" I 1·...;&l.'·· .. Jm. . I" ""'-, _ .• _,_..i_.-!I: :i': ..b ,I.. 'I!,;I'~. !11,:"'" '~""!lH~ ' __ '.,I!;<'" '!Jill a,,g .. ~oI' ~~!!!i!i:i:l" ''1\''"..1,1-'" - ~ w.mJl"~ Iie~ Ii U111 ",I"", i:l!W.NWIiI y.i!)[ID ~ T til'"

(,u) !: + W =:l j'j: +- J~) + '~2, - 4~J=. '11' - ~

,(b) ~ - II.' = (S, , j/j - (2, -!ilI'ill "'" 5.111.;:; ~2 +~I ~.J'" 1

(~) ,m! "'" ($~, :~'.fDt2: ,,,,,,. 41) '_ 1,0 ""', Mi '~. 1:iI~ = 'I 0 ~ 114:r + 1,2 =: '22, =14j 1,;,;1ij. Si~pliify. (aJ ,(5, + 3fJ(2 - 'mi' !(hl) (4. _~;{};z. (c). fl: + 2.ijl. ,~", (5 +Jrr2,-11~= ~'O'+,~-3~i-2,IF =31 - n! fb) f~ - 31')1 ;;;:0 ~ISI- :iiAi +9.~ = 1 =24i (~) 0 +r llill); =: rn + 6iI ... ~lfl-t ~t]1 '= I ~ 6,j' '"", II::! .... I!i~ - ~'I ~ - ,:l!:J 1,-,'_ 'iii,'I,._ ,~'- -~','1ii; .• (- .i!,J" ,rt.,> ,iii r/] ;, ell f· .~~9 Iii!!, ,~:i .;;)11 ..:!I i;::,![m,p~I.I::r.', ''I,;1!'i!I ,~·,.,I. r., 'I"f'jl if".,I.~ ",I" ... ") r. ~ ;0 " '. ~ , till') ,fJ = 'I, i~ = j~'r,r' .= '[,= r ,~I '::. -i, r = ~' .. l)(i!) :::: (-U(-" I:} = ~, r~j p = (l")fC) ~ UX,O ~ I. jfi ~ tt")(fl) ~ UXl~) ~ J:li - -'l. ,r ~l = ''''1, ,~= i !::o 1. '(oi:') llJ'iIi[Il,S. fI·~ II tll:ld ~ :;,;;, j~+I' """'1(rf!'r:= "1ft"", 1. !IIi\;. [~'~p!l!Jm1 R b,v 41~ ~~ 'I.b~ rem_allu~r ~ ~!:jI =l~ = -1. 11_...'i).' \2_">. rr.i·u:lll~~ M-pl'~; ,--:--"I:I!"-:bl! ~~r--. .. '" ,-r.o:k", i\":lli-- ":c-. _ _ ~'AIY . m . g ~]lJ-,!Pl! _ "",_ ",,,,,,II ~!; !!!,_""' J.",,_~~l];g" ({l:, "+4i., 1 - 51., 14,. + .i~. -]- i, ,rb) 6. -J.'i ~~, -Ii. f"J} 6 -+ -:fI: -= 6 ~ ·41', ~s1 1 ,+ 5f., 'm - >1~ I.. '-=') ... t "". -3d" "., {b~ i = ,6,. =J = -3.. ,~n~, ~~i ..... i.fJ' ~ 'liJi.. (NiM'e Ilw I~t; ~~I!plt! of!!! ,~~ 'fll.lm~ 'iii 'tIi(lllrip~ 1).liImba. 'lltl'!ilhc WI\l,~I.~~ ·~f,~ P\IN; ln1ll,S!1n;ry IO'll.lrohru' ~, tI1~ I'K:B~!I;' or lhe '~n-!,'iQit'! ,~um~!,,): 11..13. 'find;;i: 00(1, I;! W~lll ;: == l + .;'l.i. ~t ,~ '''''''Ii! + li.~ 1I~ .~: ~ ,~ -+ f?!iliildi·g ~' .~ ~ ,.,r~ Ii ':!Ii,~ '0"', pJf;' c '2 ~ 'U ,I~~. ",,11m. 1}1 r- ~ • , ,J +..1i1i' TeI:!Iii'lDpl iiI'!- a tIltac:lwm ~lrw '!il\f cOl1lpb:'l1 :nulTims. 'mllhtip~ !NUThI1l_U~' and dlmamimltIl' b) it;. i~ e(,;dJ~~m (iiF ~b~ (~oCf!Bmii'!~~r. ::! - 11. a - 1t).j'5 - 30 - J I; -.;UI :11" W --= --II..-. i::::!'--=---==~~ S + 3~~5 + 1Uli;,' - 3tl 34 ]4· j;::l, 1,],5" :'m"ill:fQ,T WiJY !;)grnJm~]\ ni!i'm~~ z, 1I,T 'E C, (, ~)I ;;):' + ~M =; 4- 1'j;,~ (ij,) :i'l"":=: :i1i,,! I(;i~il ~ ;;;;;;, r, Suppoo.e :. "'" ~~. 4' ,lJ1 run! ~'.!g II? + ,Jj wbel!e fl, b, .c, ,d 'E It (nl ,!.~ n: ~ 1,~I: hi) t~ -t (:fiji "" (~ +- r' + lli"+ d)~ "'" ~fl'" ~ 1 ,- (h .t- it); = iii, ..... .::- - In - Ji - ~I~ ~ bi) .;. Ik - d~l- B· ~. tiiJI .ffi' = I~I -+ bii(r +dl~1 = ,~ ~ jf'.tf.F"Gid~)1 "" (~- hd) - Ilad , 1~'tI - ,(~ -IJ4(,~. - elfJ= ~'. l1iii I ; = iI1 +hr ~,~ - ~.i "" f~-' (~b1:t,~ (J +.~}! ,,,,, ,: 'i .l'~ f*!M;l! f{}!1 ~ eftmJlr~x fii[jftb~fS t:. ~' E C., t~l~ ~ ~;::~ I wi· I)' ~~!)I ~f ~jiFi: !: Ji:5; r~i2 ti:l,,,,!)f~j t:'~v~lj.';)~ 0;;' (:=l(W!1i) = 1:::11~~Il~~l~ nic :!iqUft ~I' of ibibilil S.j~liI, 81i1n~$ m1 lib!:; desirtd K,smt,

l.Ji1. .Pi:'ill'I;Il;:~ 1P0li iliUY 'tL.~a:eX :[lllIRlbers =, "' € C. I~ + 'w~ := ~'I + I'wl"

~!JPPM£ .: = ·fJ + lJi wul! ~ ~ t: !- dl' wb~ ~, ,i1" >!!'.,d 'E_ C{m:iiid~~'th(!: '~,~~r.s ir.! - ~;:J'.II) 1IDd. IJ ·-1,;" ,~) lin iR~. NDtC: niliru~,

I;:' + wI = !l~ + I"} + (b'=" lJ)il = l(u +'f)~ +~,~ +d):l: = II V.!! + C'. Ii +,dU = ~~;,l".!~ ,B~ M~nwS:k~~ intQUl!!tliLy CP:ro1)~ tElii", u,1o'l -&-"0 ~ mlfll + ~,t'~II •. :w:J ~

I;;: ... wj W!i <t ~ ,:5 ,I]!.! Ii' II!~U i;1 ,- ~[Ac1

lJ& Jrnl~d !i!'w dDt produl:ru; I:l' .1= :~~d! n- ~.whel'e.': «Lj), ~~' = C 1 - 2i,l +'fl~ 1[[1::;;;: {4, + .2i, 5 - ,,~. ~b~1 H:;.., I(J - 2$., ,"ti, ~ + I~l'i ., - {5 ..j...i. 2; ~ 3~i1' 2:!,. 1t!~'~1 ~~J; ~I;lJ]~g{l~1! ~:r lhcl ~nd:VO::lllf lip~r !l'il '~ I~, lpil;f!d~ tal ~. ,lf = (! ... :l~",+ ,U)I + {J ··r I~(~ - fiji, 0;;::;: 'i~. - .:ill:~:~ - 211,+ (3, -+ ii(~ +!l'J;,jJ - .... -I;'[li -+ 9' + 2J!i ... !J 4- l~H I' , ti' :::;;:; ~,IlI...L..liM I - :21]1 . (5 = 6t,Hj ~~ iJ ·r4 -+ 2i)(.m +2f;i."r,. (:!i.~ 16i!(3, =" n _. BJi +- 9' - Ui = 9 = ~l; tll) ~ . .r "",·il, -lrn~ + OT '{~mY::--j;l -+- t I + '&iX7 + 2'.11' ~ fl- ~)(S ~.l) -+ (,4'1)12,·+ ltl + 1~1 + ,5/)(1 .~ ,Zl) :;;; l(I ... ;lS; I"!,j' = ~':!i - it] _.lJ).-(J~. Jil(~ -+ (7 +2i%.r:b-'~J~1 (5, l)i(l + ];~.) + (l - :., (-411) + n -4- .~~)(:I ,- t¥1 ~211l- ~'~iII Jfi oo~b ~SC'i!S,. t· • tJl:;:. '.,., n~ l!iu:ldsi '~ ill ;gcnml. a5i ~!l:fI, UI li'mlide:I1iI1 I. At). 1,,39,.1L~ u == e7.,,_ :U, :2 -+ S:O IUtdv~ ~I + 1.=<3 = ,6i), _Flm:d~ ,iJ;!'JI~ ,r~ ,4 ~ U')' 2'tu: {cr! (J, ~ iJ~ (d)~' . r,;, Ir·d ~u~ ,ill'l_j ~,!;'II. tal u+ ~ "" f;1 - :iU +- ~J + J, 2: +:!it -l-"M· = (8 ~ jl. -'I ~,~ ~~J Jl~~ = H~Ii-, .o1Jj:l. 4.j T' HW') 0::;;: (4, +·1 •. n" .... I;'®I$ 4:11

~r;)U' .,_ .ijl' """, (} + ~ "'-l- ,f',. -'Yl- 1RJ + ],(- + ru?l) = ,[4+.li, -U - 150 (,tl) if·;g 1[1 ~ 2~)+ (2 -+ 5:i ("";,~~!~fj

.~ t i- 2J)U - Ii) -Ii- (2 + ~fHj- 3 7- M) "'" S - 9'j - ,lfi - 3r = -EM -111

~C!) ~1i~1"'" J"~ +,~~!:~~ +:2:!:+ j::l!= ,.JU!:!'nd ~~U= ifJl 1- ~2 +1-3)l+'1-6i=· Jil

I.a. '~fm'\~~rror:my !II'~~_.Q:ffi U,. l; ,~tll and a_~f :!I~I:n:r' ,Z; E C. €i.], U· r =~,nir (!-j"),. Itt =~,li' " v).

I~~iil ~. ' 'l!lCi,l = ~'!l' r).

(H Using lib!: i~ni.es l~r '!he !l;Q!:IjQ@~,

~, ;a ~;r.;:1 iIr ";!.oll,l;:"~ •. ", 'f-i!~1!1 =WI,Zi + 'w~.il + _ .. + ~I;'::r.i

== ipr.;:1 t-~::(J: -+- +. -4- fJ;iiZjj ~ ·gl~1 + ijiW';l + .... +~ .. :K'" """ ~~'. >II'

~~i1, :Sj~e ~ "" 't!:'I' ~~ •••.• '=.11),

(a)I'1'l = '~I iill,+ :;:!:ijl~ 4o ••• + ~~~~, ==-(:[I"!I 40 ~ii~ + ... ,' ... :;.w",,) ~ ~I,j.i', r.) iCom~ will1ill ~ile!D ]1.,2, ~~ 'vw."!1~.1ri iR".~!

(~ii~ U~<:IIl.S (0 <ludl (in,

.~ .i!ll. L!:I.!,j ':,. (1. -.2,4). j,' ;a fl.,. :5,. :1 >~ !!II = (i. I, .... 3 I •. Fioo:.

fa)' Jirll'~ lr: (h) ~u + lel1' - ,~:. '~~11 ri' ~'. It, IW'. ~ , kl;

~~) 4D .~. Jilt, VI' !f(u. ~~l,

iiA., t~e.t ,Ei """ Ii .l. -,2,}, t'''' ij3" --1 l. 4,}, .Mid .Ii: ~ -l. ~~) fl~ '" ~II'. ~I un!" (l,~ +i;U. ,ku III

(b) VtliF,I.M'! m~u '!iii: ~.c.n~" ,iilmil U!I.i "'"' ~m ~ ffill'm ·[11·

I Ai.. fiilHl:l:" am!,_'Ii I!Ilhe~;

(el) (,t, _'i',. 11.,;::; IJI - ::!, Ii, '.

.1 •• a~Wri'I:~r~·::;;: 'f2. $) as f!iJ ~MCQ!J]lhhmtioo gf l)! ~ ~udlt~whmc: 1[!liU II.~ ,;;;;i; H • ,~) tlitJid I!!~ ;;;; (~. 3 J: Itb), ~t ,,,,,fl. -Ili} !ft!di ~t,.l! "".,(l. -]~. find l :&0 dml!1 ffirrll 1":iIm> oitlh~;COO);id, wflm: '(~~I 'li = (11, k.-1(l. t'.::::. ~o(l, -;,1,-~}\. '!!!~ III .= (~'. k i -:I,. 2)" v "'" ~:~ .,-]. 2. lt~ 't.e'~ u ~ (~., 1., ,Ii: -~ 2, -2}. u U. ok. -3·, kJ, "". 1.51.. ili'iQrll'h~ "'~~~I'" .r· i.i!llmfMIlt!;:Ii;wiii d~~f~t~, 'll~ii~ k;gm.¢M P;{}. f'OJ 1ni: ~t~rl!llti'>: 11(.I.~!!"t:J, 31. =7)1 :m:d. ~l, -(i. -.~) hI. R.J~ IVl'~ P(, 11, -8, -~'" 6~ ~Rdll?U, -~ ,Z, -4) ill R~. 1$2;. fi.l~d gntqu;,U'~n,ljnh~ hy~qllmll'" H Iii'll I,i! lUI:

li~} ·rn'!lItainsp\l.:2, ._)., :;n ~il!!"pmm!!'11 Uli' ~.::::: ~.2, :1,-S. 6J;

(b~ ~~iJl!'! P\l, -'1.1 . .5}.!md . ., ': pim!~1jlc1 wZlrn ' ... ~::!!. +- S:lij ·-·1~iIJ = !I.

L~.. find 1}pa_I'Ml~trf~ 'represell~lioolil 'of'lI'Ie llliIe: lill {Rt4I ~ IlofiI.~IP~:iL~ 1:~{!:llgh fMPuifl~ flU" :~'. ! .. ~)'l!!n~Q(:l, -.:5. 1." -9)i

,(Jj'~ :~ lihmilaLli .p(.I. I., Lljl mw is. F~ioolMr' I~Q the hypi!rp1:!mettl +·~i(IJ' +iIb..:l- &':4=.:5.>

!,!'D\tTII ,~. ~I 'V, ,Per 'iI[':.£!i,D'1>l: ~·\!·E--'~~'fi~ l~ :D,i),,; I~lk :!U.M.t.],f:if:-.· ..... ~~ ~J~;r_nA,~ ". ~. II:'U,~~ 'I!j _ ~j~ Vl.~ _~l!! ~ J.~ -Jl-- .~~I._.- _~_ ~l"

~,!S, fi!'!i! m.~ ~i\l,!!!~itm 'iJ:f!h~ P~Q·~ S:

~~) withn~~ N= .3li- ·4ji + ;S:k: :i.fid O"fiif1.Wltin~ .~ IWint PO, 2. -3'~~ (hi ~1'!dllc:l m .>k 't.,~ - ~.-=. .II ,~ 'Im"!iI~:nln3: 11M point ",,2', -J, J,).

1.M.fiM Ithe (I~~) ~C!u~!in!:'!l iI;'lr ilm Ii~ 1.;

·j.rJ}!hml)lgli. lft!~ ~i!l~Pf2:. 5, ~),) !Ubil,,, I!l'!~ dJ.re'Cltiiliin, iU)f'IP - ,011:1= 5j ·Im ilk;:; {.b~ P=lJmliNbai lt~ I'J~ p1!u~ ,h ~ ))'.+ 1~ =~. and a:miaJlIill!. ~l. -$,.1~ 1,,si!..C"tI:I'lJ.ida:r· file: fQUOVii!IT.g "nil!' em, .1,] "r~ 0 :s r ;::. 'I: ~l~ll """ fi = rj + (11= l~ ,~tW~ Ind, ~li~'j»lrn~ P un C ,~~d'~ng! m " ... ,2. ,,"b~ Find ~eM!dLi~I~bu QI !!.fId~ t~nii),l!~ ~1'Q", l{.r~ find ~~!.l!git ti:llil;ij~t .';~rn' T I! ,t~, t,'ruifle: C 'wlM:!n1 ~4 2~ ClliAP,l] ~.~S9. eo--Q..'iikln'.!!i nlwlirllg boojil WMllC ~ ~ioo ,!!~ Mli:: f Is-.ji~ by R(t, """ ~~i +~m +j:jk, [Th~ ,V~1 "" ,d~~ I~ .mdJ II: .() == ,~WV1.fdi d~!~~ ~~iL~ly~ 1~1l): w!~iry runrll ;:I;I1:~I~mn:O~l ~:i' .lit] Wbi:n ,== .I.W (;!l) puril[~~!~f/i~ ''''cI~ilY.!!l ' ,~~ i'l~"i1." l(dfll la.i.,.'~lnJiM,~ ·G'f'I1'. il.':ty" FHnd ~(lil lfll,j]1Il.11' ~'wN and ~I~ WJl8eM plli1!11ili .t1' :000 ·e.il.iiib iSill~ llilt ~hlil! ~NiW.I poiln: t~l ~f[t!~ w;l' +- 3y;:·.;; .2.G !uidi pornt f:f ~I.l,l): ~l ·5t!rRiot ;~+ )~y! - ,; .""'. l 001 .~pm,lm, ~l ..... ,~:. ~I!. l.'~. F:imlttic v.t!I~.t,' ,v of Itllt ,111;'H:aIlIiIQPi:pe~1 I~ 'IlrJl dU;l"~~11 ~. li'.iI'I' W~ (dlPft'ib:lmLi I, JOO. (~)~~m n. ,tilt :1.1>11.. FiM ,ill Illill'lri:~til!l" ~ mfhllliSOilIIIl 1&: ~l :1';0;: r II, 2. 3] :E!Jt~I"~ :;:; IU • ~ W .2J: (IJ) ,1l=U -,JI .·1k~~w.:::; lid -Jj-L em' .~ x I' = -.:(1' JiI f,ij ~hl ~ .iO:.t"f ~ (I rbr !limy '!i'~ollqil ~ (.::) ~bt,~I;';;, ('.= tltJ! :!Ii' 1;,11 =. lit '" ~ki~~1 l~djI' !i' ~,~. !lit) ,:;, (t~ ~ .1 .+ III ~I) {ti,~ ~tH·~)I.X il := ~I' ~ ii) + (M' )to; ,r.rb, Ir_n t~l!i.-.r I') :.c"1 ,1 •. ""n!!l ... {" • W~1l COMPLEX HllJMB"ER~ ~.06. ~mtp~~flt: ((l~) ,(,~ ~·1!}t9+ 211).; i . .Qi. La ~.~ ,2 ~$, ifldi ~' =7 + jl'. f·illdi:

fa) L' + w:: O'j) 4~"" I(,C-) ·1,1~: rd) ~', w. I~"l~ ,i;;~. II will.

lA S~tlif:!:ol~

tal Ill:~· ;"",M~+j)1 c,b) ~m:: = !t:f ~ i',Il (If) !i!"- 0 'imP1i:e5 ~.~ fI 'Oli' '!'I' -'ijl

',,""lECTORS IN ,e'!

[I.'m', _~' ~ ~ U+ 7,_ 2:·- 6j} '!'md 1.1""" ~S - 2t ,3, -J). Fi~d~

(ul 1Ioj'" il' I@l, [3. + :ij~1 (eJ ll.r.i + I['~ + ':ijD tjl ,1;1 '!, (oI!') II!I'~~ mum I,r;i'lil.

1.11. '~7 Fi!'9n, ""~0i!'Sf!-, ,I\I.~; im! C":

(i;ll I,~'" r) • 'n' ·'i • ~~, ... 1;1 '!ill, (eli!) !o!1 .I~M + oj':::l - "iii + 1ioI" v.

I.n. ~ IilhlIIt·ilic: ;OOI'lJ'! ill 'IE~ s::l'llil~~~' [cil!l@W.lnS ~~:

'[HI] :Po~ ·my ~M ~ llil.!'U :e: O~ Iliad IIJ~~ := 0 Itn" 1ImIlI,!Mt~~ir If = G" lN~] f!IJf ,::my ~(lr Il .~ 1mmp1~~IU:um'l)~ L 111no!'1 ~ ~II~~I.

fN;l!1 IF:o~ '!I!n~ ~~~ u. Vid lI; II" + !ll 'So (IIMII + 11J:l!1.

IJU, (iI) I~~]. ~~6, 4):, (j'I~ -~j1r.f!ii .J'll:.

Itob) ~~"I .• J5'~; {fj ./H:

1 .• 4:.1. IColumn '~rGOOi'5) [til ~-ru, 1. -t!2)~ (i) ~-.j .l61-~J: ,~)~·n\. ~21'" ~W';;

(d) Jii,,_'Q;~~l' =[S/ll,.,Jll:mt. If.i, ~~ - l(g) =-11., = =:1. =~ I ~I~

~.Q, (!Ill I -13. -I., ~,l.·i.jiS:, Q'J:, l{boJ' t:l~. -2-9, 12.1;,-, -.~l};, {~J -i~ ,~d) o}9!l" A.

(~l -iiV, (f) ~

I."", l~;' If~!~. ~/mh (h,(! .~. -~, t}~ t~l 1~1'/Jijj. -4~, ~1fD)1 I ,A!, I~) 110; n, ,~,'rI

l.5ID.\ ,tt'l~ !~); tb I' 1: ~cll ~

~,.511, 'tl1~ !1 .... ~- 'I , "'!)'. 2:]; ":hi)1 1[2. ~" 'fI, -10]

11

JI.'53., ~~) [U + 1, -li -+ 2., 61' + :1,-'11 f. + 2,1; P)' II~t + I. ,~t -+ I, (jt + l -:Flt +- ],1;

L:S4!. ~a) ~2Jj+ ~31k~ (Ib; Jii!-6j -1.0:"'; I~d' -Jill, -1:.2" jj;': (If.! .. 12J.m~ ,ti'!i

'11.51. l1.J ,p = 1'(,2) '= &:l, = 4J +k: '~' (!= Fti)jI :;: ~~Ik, ,V == ·ff!!':; Ij~i = :~~ 4- 1~

t~), l' = tliii ~'2J1 T k)j./':!I

1! ill. (<?}'i +- ,i m ~k; ,~,b)'li ',' J]H- ,2k, ,',!,,~ ~,;M) :~!, - . 6;j

~ ,163." (o) 21 + 1,3m ·• ... 21lk~ (1\1) -2,1I - .2,~· + 3"HI.~ tal J j i - li'~J - ,5 ,

1JiI5~. (~l [5. S, =6J; 'f.b I [2. ~ 7. It td ;[~:7. ~U~, ~]i

i~ 16.1. ~a) ]·4!l': (,~l'll

mlrili. tal rr, I. ~j)j~~ tb'~! ('U + 1:1J ~1!k'/JHij

1~,i66. fa,l :SO ~ j;5~; tb} ~16 -,301;;. ,M ~t4 '7 ';I',l')i; Cd} l.n +:m~ 1M ·~·2 ~·l~
:2','
1.',7" ((ll' -~~:: (h) ~(~ +'21~): 'i~). -I,.i\-W; IW~ ~i'(~ ]~1
~:a~ ~flJ' g,-V: ~~,), :2,'-]9,1. .(i,':~ ii.a~-I - ·HJ1= '(,dj, l ·sr, '7 __ , ,~i; ~il') ,a. ,~' .!~ i 101. (a')1 (6 +- ~\l, .s~ Hh1~ (I.!~ (,.--;iJ + .2lt.. l2: - .ti.~l"; (c) ,~---;~ - ~ U, --4, - J,~J~

(Jl) n -$- :~w ',!Il') - ':i1'11. ~- ~4 1geba. 0 - .' atnces ~ ~~l!"r ill;\' -5tienl~~!1iii~ lind tt1~t'bmi(:: Q,~liQ~, ~i!ffl~dI 'O~ t:b~. Tib~~ ~trie~ rrmy~' IC'IM .. "4.i I lld'lS-l!!I:Wr mlil'~ !Of clMU!QlI'i, "'bie:.A:!' ~cfi ~Ifl!' dq;mi!!ll!!! 011 fWO!U.b~~'JM, ~ilb~ wh!rl ~'" h rill' ewdt I!:m~ d~p~d:ed c.!l BIlly laUil~ 5tib.n.."rip~l~ Spt~Jm arl.in_~ ,~¥ao,u; M~ m~if 501ul10100 l lllplj,J Jj m>I~ b~ ~',rndc:lll~1y ,i]],W'~J;iS-iUW ru£1iI1S 'tine ~g!OO,~' iI:'If IiMIIil::es. ,1FUJ:'iil'ifr.mDre~ O!f!rIIl'[O dsbi8~ hjll-'tl 1I.r.mcl.lu.1hi In bilI~f cupLers,. such as "'cmmge ,ot IbHSISO"'. iJ,htil:~rlnii:l£r\llEllDlii~iD1L~""" ;~d '"'qtwdml1.tt1 , ,nrm·"' o::m"~ ~~~by !ihe~mnmm$ ~~JU:JtI~r ~,t;!,}. On me odl«' hElI~. ~l:lladll~H'm '_D1~IH ~r II i bru piil!~cnilldl.il!,tl!f. illiD!'iI!,ji:l'l ,g,ivl!;lI 1M :bCW iw~h~ ~im~ ~,~,~~ ~f ~l~~ :mhmOOA

r Iii: il:_lli CI!L lin (jiLU'lmilmiC"LW \\I~!iI. WlnC Froml :ml;1l£: mi~i' Ili!UE :-cd. '~Ield K,,_ ~'e~~ ,or lit ,tH\'!' IIII~ ... ~ "'Hld~ l l' _,r.I:l~!\I\''1'L 'Nolhi"r: ~A1i!l!il '1:!,IOS1~ if dl~ ~,giJ_~1!' .~g_I1l__l',~ m~mt K 'IS t!iil:l re.!.llII~1d- R.

M \,fRI, f!:.';;

\ mil P \ ~k'C (jI fl·ld K Of. slrA:pl,¥., ,g: !U.!'!!'Ilcl~ jJ' (W!JeIil« ,is g,mpl~cil) ~, u ~~gtI1l.m'U-1 01£ :sooJm,

r~'~ in ~ :rdl~ilWm! lmr:m:

['O'II~ ]

at~

.

• - -Ii ~

1~1iI!11

[Q'li '~'n

I-, = ,1'I~l~~

",".Ii ••• ,

_ ~I .a...'l:

._ ." tl'-hr ].

, .•• a~

... II •••

•• _ 1IiI' __

[t9I!i! ]

6'l!1I!

•• iI.

tl Ii '.

,,'It!: 1~1,LJ1 1I'1t- f,"L~lIiu,"fIt '~!J~ tall~-dLh~ ij~i,U1WY ,or ,i'''itJ(~rl!{mr~ D-RJ!!3J'S in tliGUl i od ~lwu,J., 'We :m:'!lIJC1:I~Y

'!.;TI • ~llI,;h h'U.ilI'I:\ by simpl,)!, 'wfillillla·.4 ::;;; [iUjJl!.

·;l\ m..o.atm ",':iJh m; ,litiifl!¥S and ill OO~WiIirul. D 'call~dwr. m: by ,g . .Iliiattlix,wrine.._m m x n. 1'he!pH IO,F~'ES,D~ ud 1,1' ii call1cd :the-sal!!' of'iJ:l1l: mam. Thm mi:ri~~,A:and 1JMt eql1a1.wriml'l.A~ 1.!Frlley 'liliQc\l1e me:!litIiIIIII~ Si22 :IliM ~li'iI!fl.:~djng el~'li1s .am ~lIIat li'IiiIHl dlE~e:qIJlii:lJiity oQ:f :I;wo til! ~ iii ;mDrnees Is l~iGI\~letu[",.j .9. i!I'~tM1, of mJJ eq~ann!!:,c1l" Illle:~' each e'O~diilll,:g pair' '!;If,ele~~:,

, A. mtUlii:!l with Qliil:y atic ,MW ~9 ftl~m 101 ~JW m~r~bt er fI'J\"i1 ·hi.octoF, 1l]Q:(J ill rooml}!; WitUml tOnll,), ImleQOIll!iIlIln niS

cal'l(;'.d ., ,[:i!llilJllWl ml':lU'.~'t m OlJlw:n~ ·1~'er1;l\l""".m~lri)t W1'U)li6 ~~fi!!1'i!i.,~ aUZl;:n!I!l i~ iC41:100 .:l!, ~~. m.(D:J.<Ly aDdUlm u~anybe, oom:ntd. [by ID.

Matnic~s whM!: .er-lm.e,s, am ;aU re::tI.litrlmbe:rs aJIe caMed! m1~matrn'Ce"j ,a1ldI.rn'e said to iIlIe' Ulntr.lil"es Q¥i'l' .It .I\~Mmir!.gousl~". 'm3mC'.es·~bm:e !!'{lmell· .am all, ~-omp19 IlU:tWlims I~re al~e!d c~mplex' 1I.~'fjtrci:C:~undl :mJ[~ ~mftill UI' i~ •• 'Ii .. ", 'Ii ,1';,' 'F 'C' . TlI.," .1'-n 'W~!1 heilHii1iili~~ I~ Ciic --;-~...;ly"~1;. 'Ii .If- :-. ~~, ,~.~ '--'-:iIBJI, --:mi." 8

. m. fnc.'C" O\~, H!l~ .~~ __ ttl __ . ~)' ~=_em.~ 'I'l'1'-'1! S_C~'! ~',!J iI~1t@ l;Q.mI'L_ I'flii:!, .('~.,

;!i:'+ J' i'= J.,

:3:..:1 .~~ATl:.ltX: AJ)n:UIO.N ,AND -: CALd M,trltl1P,U.C.!t.:rlll,ON!

Ld AI =: li\li#~ "Wld.1' = [& .~ be· Mo'!l!'Ul:IDOe6 ""ilhlhe smlI1lLf! ,~ioo. '~ m' .l< ,I'll 'milbi~·i. nil: ~m o:fl.!' wuil ,8: •. wtliLt~1l A' +-1" is the n!!liUriX Q't!tilIl!ld iby p)daiil~(g ri.iD~~!lt[il1g 'C~~[ilbJ hlllrl!,cf l~nJ11', l'h~~ liS.

'~,I~,;!'I + i.,~:Ji .] .th +!t.

<iOn ,fJI!

~.§ ..

'.a1bo +h·

I!!'tfl _.

Thelrmibxf'-1 of me m9trl~X .• ~ ~ ;II ~Cl~r to. wcii~en k - A 'IU ;ififfim.p~~" .M. ~ w.e mam)l. ·,ob!:aiued b,!!! mulri.pl~i fiB: ~b: ·efEl:1~r!t td'lf by k.That is.

.mu ,w'.ii.:!!

".. kll!l']~

m ~. ~~.I

" ~ Ii • Ii ."

."' ka1:iM _

(A"*" jfJJ 1[' -,,!ii' , ~a~ .. 0"

(h) .AI ~ D =£1 '- ... =iI~

~iii) AI -, ,- _) - Il~AI~ .~ = II, IU' J A, IJ I' ,£

I{vl i(;,ll + II)' .::: I~ , ' lA'B.

Ih"il ~t ''")AI = _ (v~il (tJt' ~~ == t( . :!il~.

I[Yr,j i'i) t· A =d.

Fe"i!!Ui,feS 'fitll III rnilh~~ W, ml\a:1 .~ d0es 'iikU ,~tllJ.n dR rUlkir of Ute 'fi!iW!If.i~ca.f,~'htiU .~. i1:~ u:s.1nl! 1['lIfm ,)1 land, ,t ~ i i,~. w tw Ill, WI

··I_..JI = 2.A.

mruI so 'Oil

IJu: pNOf'tlf 1 ~eumT1ll. 'II In:dJU£l: ,tlJ l~nH th j h ,Y-a!'lJics ,on' L 'o:r .. " h mEiN leq;l!Ia1ian

. '~rMl. (S~I Prubl~tn 12.1.,

I Ib:;.enci 'tf:i ~imlillmil ~E-.- :-0 "I'!k:"""~~--:--, :2 ~I il'!'OF :nt.rlm - ,''''>~, ~"'~-:--I 'I ~ ,r ..... ,'t1-c'"jlI-- ~''''' 1'-'" ~ 1"11..

, _ , e, __ . ._ ~ '~._ tee. !I ~!p,;uKID'l ~. ~ ~I _ __ _ I."" ~lltKi\ilmm II. ~ ,~ _ C-:""f " U] I, ... !.I!I'c

1_ '01:' '_I~ti ns Ifbli" ngtri~ Rm)' be \~tln'IUI ,I, IJnI!md1rl! Iti·m (I' *C:' ,m~Jllidilll opcmtrm

"'i1 . iIlmli.

2041 :

l!ar~m. ' ilkfinc' -_1M nud tllp1iwUOn. ;m ~'1111 ~ ~~I{oC l~' lir.sl Idtnwlu ' : Ih~ JiUml1wl ran ,~ - Iml E (tAl: l[ll.n_ ,_ pi II ICUCf ,1pmJL

'\I;~j~k~ _ ,In la1ge1nallC' 1 .. !t~le, 118\1o'lirimL1 '(Be ietl~r .:. 11Iell~I_-lI!rd" • n

Ii!

I:/r,iIJ~

Wi-l

,ba3 ttl!!: :FDUDW~n;a nmamm\B- FU5t \\'G HI - i -/(-'J. obliDmln"

/(11)

Th~Jl 1:', = 2; m/~,t), Oiaiinilil:I/i(l'J'1 '" dd Ibn m/U )!. cb=- [llJllal

.If I ~I : In!)

"-p,' I

'- I • I ,.

I

" ], I.' dl Ib t _ lh, P

I( I ~I ' /11:2) ,/(~'l

1: J"t"), = /{t'l'd' 1~'II:i ~ - I~' (II I, ~n ' "l)1

(_,

Ii

I: u 6f - ~tJ'l

I

...

='_.-

_'._

... u.{?]

Ii' (or, I I ImDirriiJl, I Tht p--,- , -__:i fiB. '"

I'

'Ii =

m.LI h .. ~

1&1 Iii. -I. l{ ~~] -l~ .. I

~ " - '~ til' (kIn 1ft m _ mlJill pili ·lmlfll g'l tcl'Cll'D!

_ ·Holt 0:1: S1i!P,po" If = [a ] _ d " = ("1/,1] aN M.Iltri,e ~ (b,t lR DiumkT' !Dr' ,ool~ rolF II - ) cqjU31 UII ~c' lIlfumKr lo,r '1'10"., il!if B,~ '. ;I' is an. "J P' nlIttm :and IJ' 01, I f) )I: ,l1:li !lTUlirri... nm die' pmdlK~ All :lI ~he m -. ~ rmuritM; 'wD ~ . •. iJ~£Iy 'ls (lmi l'liW b, row rjp~~iQ _ the ,tlb IfII''''"' 1i)IIi' by' '*c'ilib 'iCoIWIm, ,of ". 11hat

- ..

wh ": ..

"fh.e ,mdtL ~ ,AB ,'_, defined il A lEampLIU

(' ~~md,.fB J,~,~' _ [~ _~] mt,l- [; ~~ -,~]

~~, i'l1i$,2 :!!I 2.:mdI,J liS .2 '. b - -- ~',fS g ~I -- I dB 1$- 2 ~ 'mtil 1'0 ill ,- - Ih; ~I ~r

11M ;pm&.rtt m_~ . AI. nmll~pl~! I~ I tl1:I'! MW I'~. -;: I C\f' by ,ac:1'I c -1unm 'I'Jr".

[2] [1']' -[ -_-]-

"., -2,' _1Ii1 .

. , ' ~.

'[ 11? -j ,~~._,]'I 1 -~"

SA = [,5 +- n.l. UJj'_':2 . ].' -= [131 3]

. I (lfi I - ' : ... !6-

l1ur'~'IIMmliliJ;l~ J I~', llmt I1It1Di!l.mu1'lplit'.atnm. i ' rL1: 117';111\1 ~j,w~ ~~C:'." I,rodu '~" ill I d ,IJiII of 'Imllri ~- IMC~1 III 1- .' IqWl~. ,tfI',o-~"" • .aIm .1.1 I ' ,pille ~'.1Ii d _ _ __ i~ ItJim _ ,rnllQ\\lln : ,_,p.M1- .~

;-- -~mml 1.J::, lsI"'. I~ C 'M' m - [!Il ,TiI11&'fi, wh - - - - 11 'pi'tidu -:-. ~, ,m sums : -~, rdCfinOOl:

€iJ {JlI8)C = A{le, (iD~Jartl!l!il ~).

€ll!i'J Air ill - _ Ie) -~tJ' A'(" ('11:8 dim1bU'IJ'VI1: I!!I", J ~m,) fBi + C)\4i - ,i~, I('A, ~lnsJn w5Ilnlnuji\'t :Ii.Jw~.

IV) i(AI = f,bI)8' = . (~Bl" wl~cn: i 1_ -

, n·e ,2]'

[1: ,2' :];;::::[~ '~]

s _I ,)

II -J. _~ = [ _,I]

Inl

Q •

~"",' ·'r:' -:--1'

UK 't _ mnI __

m' I Jill,· S)' - .-t" Ii' .

nlll M l)" = ,t

ilJ;' 1M - ~ I( Iv Ilh~ Il'nm' I,

I( ~jn l.tA,' ~ f

I, \' II l"·Sl,J,;;;;,' ,. r

ill ,I --:--c-du ,I II tk ,-- -0 LI~I 0 the -lmDSDQ, . .:. iC __ s,.". bm Lnl me

,1.1

[

' .. _1.']

-.:I,

[-, -I :]

= = illl!1"= -= "' =,"_,=""_, = = '" ="' =,=-_

Ln ,;II ;:; lQ JI be, _ H",~ _mil,. ilu:' -..: -ltIJl ur, II fIJ' rllfJ ~I1J ,or A' ,oo~L 0_ ~ Idmtl'r, ~1Iib the ,mmt ~m,l'S1 ~'ha~ ~

- ""m, '-M

Tht lm~' oJ 1111. ""ntUlI mtA). [S,w' sum lo:r ithc dtq1D 11E:I~k_nmd,.

Imr(A) =I:I'J~ : ,pi)) = 0'),) , •• .r' Q -

-_ IhKlRml 10":,: 1iI];JpOE'1i =: (1'11 d I' = '[ {ll ~- '!'''$qU!D'e :rrmtri-'" I .t i ' _I c -'-" Then,: U I iJ(~1 + Ii - tn1d) , ml). (UII) '1r(,i:I'll - '111( .. 0. l[i~)1 '111:1A) = t'mA,)., (IV} '~B ....- '01'1:.01,). l.dl :- 8' b.uhe mmllX'iI - m:lIB in 11.:.:1· !i!!LW~ __ ' 2 .. 6, Th~ ,101 _ __ ,'0'_' A =- n~,lo '1~ iIi!1A~ t, -,.:::.., Id!ll: ,cui of S' Ili.3", -itt Old R>{B~ 2; l$, .... _ = I

utA : B)I 31 - I + 1 ~ :S,. BtliU ~ 2 -' • rn' ~:. l11A:r)1 = ~ - -- ., 1Il'~

b1..mS)1 ·5 + 'II - 35, ~ "'RI. I11IA';;:;; :~r' - 3011- 3~ -31

_ ,P,,~',l!r1(:! rum 1YmM!m " :,

tfilJ' ,D) Iidd ~ + • m. 'Fw:tfi!:-I'mIlI~ Iflffil-- - c'AI· :BI~. dlr h~' W'e' "ut

the"" u.m Jt1:ll'Iily,.~r ,fmit nwn ~ Id'_IUnfil'~ ~~ or ,""p~" I:, t '~'.~W_~ ~Iri~ wi,h ~ '" .n~ d1JGl ~ -.UJ rc~:whml. lbl! licJnmy mal'rii:!l: ,I B· ,lmiD I!:HI1£' ~-II - II 1111 t ~_~~ '!lIr - -n"~LtruIe', ~~ oix

?lttj)~' ri~_r!~y. :1 If S' i ' ,ttq, #11' 1I ~~ lhJ:J!I B~~ = '~B' :::. II.

f'(l'!" Im$' cal__-: I. Ilhe nwri'llll Uml ,eo;l'.DlIit5, I. ff _. di'gMUIiIl od 0' , llscwl'~·l!I·~ is adl~dl du'!l -C'lJll)F m~m IOOR~IlKI:I~din 'to 'ine Ka:JQ!f • O,~~ bE I(U},..I - .' ,/11)1 ;; '111Bi~ Ii ~mll'I'u,P~111:1 - ,iii Im;lUl~ __ ' 'b)lIIlll£1 '~'. :-1:- mam I: 1/ ts equiv;!lM':nl: lEI lIuLl Di,1~il!l- AI by iIJ:m __l_r [~ '0,',1 101] n II 0 . 0-01 [' J [5 iQ, 0] : ~, o , I s "... 10 ~,t __ Ill 1_'!Iii :;; I. 1'1 I ;: Irlgl IRI -- ~' -- - nd - lIfWi11q: ,:em'r ~~ - f 1(',)" ::E -1IIn"_. U_ [! [~, ~][ I, -41] == [ - l[ I . '] ,!-J 1, -J ,;., ' ',_ .... Ill_. n m, [ 7 ~-]- [I ~] ,[1 I~J [ ~ I I ] tAl :2 _ -2 I bl I - I -, [-'I ~] ·r: 2] __ if I .] [0' 01] l~rA)1 -- I'll " I ... 41 II 'II' ,L _8,1 A. '1I:!ftI,n~n;I\P!: - J- ~ _I' , !IUO ~ ,rm __ Ib/.- lilT d1 ,. _-Ill.'· " m--_ "1 S'~I B~MB2~ == utI', ['hI - 11IJ! = Il UlI-U'1n-_. 'til m Itb;i:' ] i 1']- = ,r 1 0] " tl,~ , [2' 'I " n--,~I lI~·~ I~ , '~ •• , imr'D«I , 1 liII .... p r ' ,., 1 ." .111 iii ubi --, -" """1" d -[i ] -I • Z ;;;;: -2. I1C!i:' L~J' 10. 1-' . mol, AI' IImlml -~[ - ~'r ~ t m\ mib~" 'Lf i -~cr :), [ . -9 _] _ -~.- __ - '\\'rh~h [ ~ - -- dt ~_. ~7 Z". [,"II ['n ~~ ] [, 1.:1 ~:: 1 :~} u " "1"111 I""> ., .... , I b.il I( J rub ' 0" } , 1- IJ if 'B" ,'. AB' ,="', If_ w', nlUlW I(QU J "'II~ ... '. ' , , M-:nu', 'I" Oml • I . "1JI-, 2.11. I.cl.t [_' ,l '[-3 I[ J lr, .. ",~~ '-, ""11~' ~11~P_,. ~ ,i!I;:. -} ~1uI11"I m~ 11)" ~ .. Id I, t. , ' , "'til. ,o~ ). ~.J = ~,,, I • 1'1 ." ~. U 1= trl.r'. )~, r I' [, U]r' ". ,] [I n 0] 4' , u. ~ I 0 I . -, - ~ " II "':: u~ bJ Q [I I O. I /'. 1 ~~ or I I' '-'\. ,~. 1 Thai I~. ~hr: foil I r\\ iJlI Lei ': ~1IlI:1lII,~WIC A'. WI j " If .f A J' - - IJr.lI._ I' - ~ It! r omt I Mr ~ [Ji dAr _, Aj' A'., me _"'Ii"I'."'II~ , ....... , ...... "' ..... , [ 1f1· 'i· ~' = II AI t ;t = I. ILhal ; • i', " -I I [ I -I -II '] ,I, ] 11 'Ii I ~ • • II I '- -I, II '1.1 I~ • , . ilI~ 1I'B I. ,"" ~ Thug I 'h h - . ,.][ ~' I[ ~ .• . _m_m A'. . lhe .. • ..._ .... 1& ... - -r ... -..__ .. _- - ...... _-_ .. - L. '--_In _ into m ImlJilllk't U'II. ~nr '\II [I -2' 0 I' 1 [L "':\2.. - ~ I i-~91 [I - ' - .. r ! :~'-~-::~J J ,~ - .. ~ oil !; - ~ - - -- ~ - --.I " - 161 8u - u B 1 Iv ... I;;;;:, I., .I ~ B : ,_ -= [ ~~:: _I lid !!I • III _ 1u!J1 ,ft -I' llel 'nd ~Ir to dDt, Inumh: p, ,", ,~,o" [ H'II rr •• " = ~r J'I n·:~ .. oi II ••• til t JjJ!. Thr ,- - ~ 'OJ llie _ -; 1:' ,'iIUluF I fr,: I: I:· f ,~'Prdbl~m 2, ' l' 1M - _'1"1 l U ':_' dl1l~OI1- I "~m '__: _ UI' it nb', lhlW' _ -- Ih '~lrULm ,_ of,' _ li'I'mlLl, , -'-d lh . _ _J'e pLac' .- 11MI~U1mll]f . .... _ -. --i_LIi...._ .-.III ~. _11.1._-1_1 - -.,.. ~- ,_ ~ .. ~ L ,i. ... , ~r j , A - r ~ t I ,,; n Ih. oIi"'!I .. ....-.I_'__.L_ -.II .Ii .......... _--..-1 i_ 1"'~lJ . J.iI [1, .... 'r~ R =:: ,4 ~- B' ,:) [ ~II I -,~J [ ,0:]/ ~ - 'I menl, Rlli!:'li' 'I mu II. ~in lilb) 111:1-, Thl 2.2. '_ iruI Jr. '.~. t_ he ,[' 'J [- _ 1 I] [ 'I .: " ~ _ - ~ lr 3 . WIn:I~ _ [ ,] [ ~. .I, ':, " = _ '," . ~ 1 t; ,~' ]1 ,:;, ) .:.1 m,I~:I~. "I' = - :: I I. I." ~'_ I. :2, ,. I _ , - di.j +'1 ~1fi!!~M~_11 V~ thl!ll!f , ...... - , _- -,,_ .. --- .. _.. I ' , l bJI ["_'" -11.7 • [ 5]1 .1 l' '.~'J._I' -I I . . -, If I -.11 •• -[ ~l -], , ""'- 2' ,_~ I!Imlnl. : in -I Ill1 ' ,,;), U rJ) r' ,'- • 1)1 2.t. ~I [~: _~I] - [2 IB- _, I ' '1 .!I' " g ' .. [-.~_ "][2 lUI ,Z, -I 1-2 (/1'1 nd .. '& '",~w Hi - r- ~II"] [i -I 0 11 2.". I --:_ B . , - -,1, ,'11_"1 l_iI II' _ [II 2] _ _ [( ] .,1 ;;;;:; . J 41 . _nr,ll -1 ... t • - -=- l,'J~ (.6't : 'Ld "':'~.~" B ==- Ilh II. !Ii - I • J.U. k1 " I~ ]. B """ III, ~ d ,It rt;iI. I'll' = I ~ 11L _ 4, I[ -,m 'p' l 2'.U. IPt- _, Idt~ ,(loen _ U . AS D,' It cq JI. [ [ Z -3] :;:; ,--=" -5 6,_ • . ihc' - _ M tn, - ~ ,AI : ,o:hhc mamkn: I. -~,. I___:_ ~ i!'. '_ Ij!If~!ll _ .1'1 "'lI. - .' Id'Sl, !,-- , • I JI Po , .. J J.! FB!R, OF ~ I ,nu " 52] -In _I (tl1' ~, ,= 'I'. 'L.c- If (,~, r .tJ- , ~ IJ-l l." - ~Q) U HJ 'fi 1m. .I ~h·- i,_,,, l)' == },. r • 1.,11,1'., 1[-, .. 1" _,I :1_,,] [-U ,2] • '-.:I ,8:; _1-_' _I _ ~: '- - SR\ mille IItI 'lIeT. ~_,. mili'l,in fB= [=~,_ Ihcon:m [ 10 0] 1 0 o I (all - [. ~l I[ 21 1.11 , ,-9J I fl· III '1m'· M ~ II II iPlT C" 1 I] '::JI • cI i -. ~'n ~ - : I - I 10 ."' II 1. :1 ~ -I· .:::;;;;r ...._~. II: li. •• t' 1 -~" '"') r-~ [ n ;] ,~ -1 -I 81 I A 11.1 =8-18' I - ILGBAA OF "'I '\-flUl .• ~ D,~A'II.II' -'1l0iii: cc'~""IiII;I'" 2',11., 'Il.' b]- ..,.' 0 . I '1 B [~ -]. :lell. ,- jt A;I di~_- ,- J.5)1 d I == "" 1(11 .All. A'" S'l,. ( 1"'1 -:t. ,.' mutOJill!1 i'II'.'11 - ... 0. ~'_ - ,) I h - ']- ~'7 -.. - 2. - ..,ft._ "111_ ... _III .,IIi_IiI, *_11 .._·_,...·"1!11 11"''111'' I 'I! I 'Ii!l'!I!"IIiI!'1I • I ., . B-[ I -,]. " 0- ;, -s -' -:inll . .. . 1 ~ ~ _J lri. _ Ii_ -!lU-W c' A. dnm,. - 1,,'1 =. d [ IiJ b]- d -- - -b (I' .. [,~ - I -ii' = • 'In I' ,J : t, ,] II, - -r-!II ~ .... ---- ........ -.----- I HJUI! 2]1 A=[ _~,] ,!101. rin njJ()- _ J I ,"- P ! ;;;: I(Oi, .... ~. l l, I~L\\~~- • I( Ttnu, d I UI'I _ -, Iftl • 11 t"lU iI! _l {fin n..t - 1--·_ "!IiI!""'IiIf!'J'I.' !II • !iii" .... ' •• M!ljl!lliilf~ .,IIiII:II 52 , II'P.' "t, L.--------~-----,' ~ __ ~,. [:ru a'· 1'1 [_£fl. " o III III ·U _I If'_ .' , , ·t =. ~] I' [, ] _~, _-']. D [~' ~~I] I ,_' IJ. I ,CO -'._ " • [-W ,1]-- J, I , flf it. 'Irs . fI, . ~ I "' ". ] "' .. JII. " , - ,B. , L .. .:..' ,"_17., 1--, . . ~ '"' ..... . _,=" ";l!il'= '" -e",= '''~u ",=,e'= " [2 -s -~J [1 ]. 4] [1 -:~] ~~n ,oi 1 ..... - 1(11)1 B ,(} I , . h"~ (' 0 -I , ,1 -i -II - , I_' [l -5] [' :;]. ~I [6, '] Pralfmu. 2.50-1.52 :retel' I ., '- m,'I:-I] , - _) ] _'11 II _. • 11 .. _ ", !ll"l!'>1l 1I!!!L.5f _lj ··i" iil :UT.. _ . ,{oJ A U wli,ffl~'blc, ~H~r ir iff IS ~nlib'lt "" ~ ,o~ !I.iil (l'r i~'C!"J.!(In _:nd 'tft!'l'lli~~ c.om.:m1f~t. 'Il~ll: i tA'I')-~ = I{A -1)lf fro) I'r ".;II - '. . rtru II'WN IAf I'nliHl,1lAlnmn. Uw11 ..., l!I' _ '~in,,_-~ .. :: !~.:.: ~ Lt:1 '- 'dm,sll t .2. ~l !mil IJ - d' 1 ~:s. i'JJ~ ind: br~ ..lB. ~'~'. II. ~b~ III - ,. y.;hm: f~ rj =,~ , ,,- , f~<1 _nd B ~ [II 1.] lei, I'~ ,S ,2._', ,f ~~,tr.:l!J 'Ii -guLu ~~, ~, ~lidUll (:;' a', M.~ ~'~)"= [,r;, 2:~] tb~,= '[ W 4] u .lS_" O-Q [s :1] .,' _ ~1,tLti A - _ 0 Il _. fnld Ilnrnm'Dns 11/ 'n "\\hirh ", ~ .. ,;:u- .. _: UriM p~)- mbJI· 'ta)' Itlf~:;:;; r - "~ 1,10,• I(b~ ~!r}I;;,; r - _5, ~Ir t "I 'III' :;;;;!"r - ... "'!IiiiI!~"'JJ'II!I !J1.,"IiI" 1-!I!II~!Ii""--'''' • Ii . iLcllJ II. I[PIJt' . In I("~ 80 = iB. 2' .. iFmdl ~. ,"'- .: 'n: __ 1_1 II ~"J d-L 1 1 h~ ,..I [ .' ~5] j --: z. t,III' wmm .• ~&~ I I Jl"Vo,~ • P"ho a I, -"II 1 ~"l~ I. -. U tHJ I L n, U ;[ -1]. - [I :].c [~ \ a Z.T~I Wl'lcl h lof 'I : .. o~[,m,anJ I ,I: I)D, ' ,-)I 1- !!Ii! ! ',",' 10' "ii' I ... Itio u ] Icc,!; - - . -1 ~ 'Ij ~, J_ ' W.!Io l'tt. LUJ\P'3 J{!I]I .... ;/1_,. 81 = II ['! . I I - '] 2:~- I~· U:U. l.a l :z Il n ,Z ,~, D 0 Ii-"i--r--~ I1t I " .... J lit I )' (c.II~ Find UJ" ~n' 11:i!.U(!I!., ~~J __ lbm ~Ii ~' IU ~ ~. b :Ii! dnI tu1 !&'W\I~'" [.:1 1lI, V~'" M It -ill - _ -, I .. M!~, :PWLKlfldlllhc: f0Uovr- nwn~- m:L1u ~n~onw' ~'iliIlW'!l: ~1.~~k m:ufti!!O ~i~h I'!'IMI~ ~b , ~~IIT~ :! 0 (Ii 10 [I I ~] I(]I 0 I ID ,- ~ [: ~] ... - lUI I iJ u 4 0 U n 0 I fll J 0 ID ~, D '" 0 0 It 'b ,1,;-\ .,.'UtJ90 _ Vl"= U/.~'I.wdI~· "" IJ: ~ -;.'!b1 _ -lnl!a IljfV.i'lL'- V~~ I ,di;;~d .d Lhc ~~,(ih~~lUmtu,!l:Ir I!.o '!he' mm!~11 I[lf ' -: I or ~ b tJJ~-1 ~·II. ~, du! If" = IJI1fI'l'J~ U!t)~ l ,I~ 'Supj;WI:Y:' lU -d : -_ III~ ,dt.l - ~ ":h:~'lR' ,~~ - b'kte' lie ~ ,~::: tJu. _ l'lI' - d.l~~'IIIJI f 1/., ~, ~'": ft I 'f ' . , = d~ j A'~ , B~). ,U1) ~U' - d~ ,u ). IUn~ ~IN II n.1 t .Nl,· .. fjl p., - ~'~ :2J ,~_n- '~=I-- I III ,'-'UI,',tmD'1 IJ ' ',,~ '_ ,RI, ..... ,. R: ,I " 1] ""'~ • -:J ' .1 ' I,'. tl'U rr. : -.22J. 'I-Il.'_: -'.-II-J , 'J ~U. -. n:~ -1.53,. -3 ~~ , ~.5.;ooo ~ ~ U.l: 1. --,II, (-.-1, f' ..... ;; 10. - ,Ii -_I. l-ll,.... I '. 4. 1,'.0) ~,C"t U I. ~ ~ ~ . O. -5,; - U. '. I, "~ J" - • -u, I' 1. Ir~ till. ""]. (n 2. -6, -I. ,- I a - ,,- iii! I] -_-,~rtiP _ I{lfJ ~-' I. 10. =:11 :~ '-:'1. r ~ f'I'-.': ,U _ III. t -I: !. -S. J. ~ 1.:2. -.~ f~" t 0,. ~~, _", I. -~. - . II JI-~_., ..... U. l: ~.' ,I I' lOI,I. ~. :I~ e - [_. 2~ 0.0) ~~ hlj [2- J~ 1.5]., (-" -J~ ,I -511 II. -'I'; 0, J (-2. • tl. ~J . " • J'- t. (" 6,1 .. ~s. (C'~ 'ifr ut" U.D.; ~'. - JI • [I 2. 'I O •• 1: 0,,0 • ...:1 :I'.M. AD wries.k_ IlU d Il2rmJ, ~ be 0 m bi: ~ I_' -;- _ " - ~ ~n ._-;:_ --I ,milltD mw;t be' I to H' I!K!:D~ 'inr ~ln I[il!l II (l'll~. .IJI ~ L!Ob. I,ll .~ , It~~ 1] f- ,,-wi~l :z.~~~ h~ I Rm~. ~ B C ~(rI'" _ r ,d C - J(~ - A"J :2...~ I' 14. J,: ].),)1. C tl.l~ -,J,II) :1.. n. (-l l[~ -, I: ~.IJ. rb) UJ '. ,'a/.5,: '2'1- S. -lie 51: I' '1 ~Gli ~I/JM.2/.JM" JI/Jii; D. -2. ' e • 'Jl_'~ ': 113. ,-r~ • -J'lJii1. -U.Ji1i) (II I fm/.Jli" l!/Jii, I/J1'ii 11"~ l. Q •... ·~l __ ~ 3/_ ,_'2~ ~2/Jij. J/Jn~ 1,'"'. ~if'1 ~/~ntl L_~I Ii ~f,I tt") - c r: -I~" - Af') :2.'~, iIi~B, C 1_\1; AI: Ilm!:! kI'I",~ ~ I!:!d K~ :m\\~i I[CJ.fImmlJ. s~ ~~ .~~. ~ _~ __ 'tl;ilJd, _ tNI~,~ ,UId ~1Io~ rmm:h n.diI JilI1i I~ >!:ooh!ln""_),, 1[.', C liRilr ~ 100 Ift~11 '-jtiUlll, ilr c IIJ po 1I!dC!. I; .l'l· •• ( .J m}y. II.' ,&j n '~ _ ~L(Ift 1] IMe- , .. IlL.,._,1lI .1 • .1'. , •. J .,~. - J:' It; 0" 1I.I!Ie- QII r _ _ i [~,.l:. 3) t_ I 1~1'~ -lllt = 16 lllUl R. J " - 9 1IlI'1i I Q!I1'r !d I IU'Zi; , I. _".·····!l1I'II ...... " .1i1i1 .... :lII •• I •••• ".'''!l3l1!!l11It The I' J I -l '1_]1 - nor raM 1 __ - [ ~,. 1'1 _! ~]I J = 2, _l I -_ 1 I Ii ., _' I ~~ - _- ,M I _,~] _' I "01' J~ (i:r~ elf :'_J ,I!I!,; S;-=>G:,~Iy: (:~) ~,If 1& 01• thm ·dJ.' ~qwul 0:'111 -_ ~o ~!~0Il. (.) ~r ,b ,_, 0'. 'tJRn 'I'W1f)1 '\ -~, ,Kif u = fkl.,'i .... ! ) in l~ L ' 'IU~'I:OIL 1i1!J.e foUoN'lq *mRm .:.ppH _. lei: be _' sys 11m'll or!E '-' cquMil- tIUt,~ gins " mmWltIJ. ~u 'lr b- 0" dmDl IIlIm .," tr:m t ' JIUI~O l(iJI ~fi'b.= 01• ~ ,l.maybe"de1~1~I£inmld!~ _l~ 'I!b_WJ-~' ',m!!::' J~,~I!~I_~~(!lr litE tun. PIn U):oo.~ "mlll '[h~,:("_~ tMm'th~d,g~t' ~UBiliOl1J ~ml"_,-'uldolfl1i': - ,*- ' .. Wloo"C1llidj_nl, , - nill OO~ fAml ._1 'fIl, - iMl ~ II~I m KW 1111 _,'Ill'll "Iii of IIll.c 'dc:gmmue cquI~:ii) :_. " -" Ilel: L '_~I ~1ml1~ lin--' G- -- mlUII .. 1liimeat:i- 'lme 'ill!' M<ml:' 'illfilhe >ooc'ml1t!rn:1ll10r L II. nilE, laD, :-"':1 n' If«mliq ~-n' -_DId:n or ~ ~ qua Ib.e' li'l'S!U ~ ill, twi'tll, ,IIU;lll.rt!' ~fti;ci!:n~ [~br ~';QI'Ip~, r'J ,lUld j _', - di,; lRilmg, '~UWfi-" ~Ii\~'l!r. i 1:1, the tqWi.ticml, !Teo_1ft" lOP l_'~TION' c- - <'da' ~lI~ J.Jstbn, 13,,3~1 n'li m lilft_ r!M(Ull~i0:m m",' unkD= , __ ' ~ i _' ~'e Unmlr req,Wl~itJn ri_ 'tn_oed by mlj,dliplymg [hi ,m ~t Qm b)' ,oomlWlH t"11.l"~I" •• ,CjII' ~cmi~'I,. JrmI llm" ddm: Lh~ atmU.iiQ, 'ecr"[IIi~ Sp!ci:_ -1I~. h!~ 1 _' ;~bd\1Uowing UJI, __ '~iJW1Utm: 11'1_1'11 t. : __ --J~a!I, I/~ I!,'UJ'I,'Iilllnll'lltIn ,of' J: cqumiOM in'iJ1c' - ifilnt 'Onc ml'Ii _ .. i!I,,'~ I(Pml1cm 3,.~j.J" dmllD:Yc ]uUon, ilfi Il~ sy,SIle'm: '3.2 ~I ~ - ; ~ L, _ mtU1ian liJif' Ilbe' Un: _ _ "cfll11bimtion 1. .it- VII. lihftl l.. ,I Im_ ~ '0 l.. , -, r i 1-' ' .• 1.11 , -r J .5~ J - I' _,_ L,Iii - ... - .!I._ '_,_, II. -I ' I III I:U:: 11IlIJ'I0Wilu ' 1UiK" .-~~ n£lil 10 I, -= '('I, - "-""I:' il'" 1 - • '~ '1ll1 mY'! _ u; • __ 'nl ' ' ,I[EI]I an,d ( JI) - .:_ ,~_~ '0,1 ~ "'1'0_' _",han -" £'1" ,I, "'I I" ~m mu'I-',1e' Qr i - ~f We "'~ _ ,Ir'" <10, - - ""I •• l!. 1'_ -,' p r!!.!!.o-" - ,II:., ""I of lin- - -- t, ~:-! '*e 5IlI'I1' 1£-1 -' '-t • [ - -_IP' . M in,'M· ,d ·.:_Fibed iJ I !if DI~ t -n =h/B' @hL - n 'of r:Mr ~. lIn. ,I O~ b~1 b 11],. llmm ,aT ::::::!! II ,- lu 'm1i~ m~· I ·,-10 - - II, -; ,_ ·th - 'lui __ n 0 - ~ - k 6, I' JI II.a I • tnt, 1'fK! - - I .. n n '.tllUHII~iid _011 '_I~ I ,,- .t - - ./i . .. II"'_ III ..... II. ·~3]1 -. u i. .11 - ="-"-1 ~ - I: • " 91• l'lDs, tbt, r _ eml (.l " Jms . n·' ._111. tWc· - :_' -':r'. ,dtl,! ~"";f ... "" ..... ;1 _~ lh , thl '.o:iUlilD J,,[I: Ifll' _,tim .ee n~ ~ _ err ~,\WII '1!I~llt -gmmt'~I~ni!3ll' 1~1!md.· H, L,I _nd It: in't\ll, ,W1'kft~~ ~;lfJ _ uaUivll' -filiioll. ,_ n: Fm~1 BilwnaUon~ Mul~i,IJ _ chi m:lUlI!lionl.b), ,'lln __ tm1, lQ dun ~lt= ~ri~ IOOC1~ [C1II3i ,or 0M' ~ .' -- 1m li,\~£S, 01 ~ cbi Dill" • .::.=:_~ ,~tn dJ ~ '~"'OI IIKfJl.mrl.ami ~~ IDhanl, 1!Ie\\' ,~t\Wiifml ,I. lau __ ,nlrr _t~- PM' ~B~. '_1- -~,"1111 .~~]jti!M1,) '>i:I~t\l:'t r~f liB: tI~~ HI! dH' ftl"W iftlLlltum ,I. iw~~~oh IGofn;13En,nl)r one: I~ In). JU'Mtilt!~ lIb'_, ,,-IIIIe.- of Ih-e' WMOWfi into ,~glr lm.~ origiMl cqlI.mtiQ~. Mild 'I-Clm -:-'1" 'tD 'olmtin 'Iht "'Iu:c lO'l" lb~' ItJdltiIi IlIim~. Pm A O'f.f\lprimm JJ-- -I be ,a,p1i~d 'I.o-y '_till C~~ ~f inCl"qlnn 1ft In!)'1 ~- ~I"", u:miqul;\'; I ~~uliiim. bli ]!i' b I __ e, Ilhl"~! 'etd,mttDn. £. win h'de nd Pm1 IEIi, WlIII _-~ ,,1)'. 1EH:.I!IlP _-, 3~::;, II .!1LiqIx 1(: ~!W~ 'fk' . ~I .\!.r~ .b = 3~' ~ .~ £r:= ',- J .:4\1' :$

1:bc 1IIn~ .I' ~ mu1l.iplc 1.1 111:)1 .... 1 amI~, bf.2 ~,

,\ fIjIf[ • ,!ill •

W~IM'iII1 m]iIoiC die ~~tiQl'i, rtn ·.~_~_iJljp , . l1:li 2!. W!CI,·ru, Jil!u~)'g.2 in1D'OM!J '~~e!o:~ I K!l'O'~' .~' '. ~_- ~tn.l. 1

iI1mI ! = -:11" , .= 1, _' Ibc' _ III :::; f .... J .. l~' ~ _m!il urn _ _ ,~Wi! _ !1Iir UM: ~ftn nr. W'Iliqpc: !!!\d!!!Iio~ 'it ~~p"f4d.,

Iirial, ,'I',fl . -]/~- ~;~ ~~ [M~, ~itll "_ ~,,~,y,g~Hl _ '~(m IIJ 11iII~ pDlJIl 1-I,.,a:t.1 _

1- ~' ' _ ~-, ,'_ :.:.'a..fNOIIUIl_ilq~c~, (a'll I", ,~¥C!I1C!' '~11

I..~; eX ..... 3,' 4, t-l: -:2): ~~ III ,5,

Will' 'I:m .. ~ Jl IIiIv.m Ih:' requeDnI, ~I mlJblp.~n. ,[ I by :z ,PId,..:.dt .'. U _ t,]" Imn tis. by f~ dtf' ~' , tal K~ + fJ. no- - _ 'lib .0 ,dqmm~ Itqntlcn

lib: _,'_ ':::;:1 I,]

- bj;'b -:__ 'I, MDmQ .1 b ~J. Dr, -'G;~ -, ed ~ ~: I,~ bu M .1IWti-am 11111.1 U u;pr:elrf'J. IUlCl!'

'~/t ... 2Jl- .... JJ6· .:.J~., ~~~_lJ'jcaDy. a' ~_ -_, ~n~~'I:(Uo- U), dlCl' ~:_ iD _ ~. 1 !ii~)

(bl)- ~~, ,~ .~

W, -hmrr- ,_ rMm m.:, 1- .

I~I!I~ ,L ., U~ .... ~:. 1llh ,tl:! _

l.n ,~ .... JJ' -~,

f,~ -:h,-!t it! ,a -.:.

-!liiil~L .~- L I ..... 2 II' \lI'U:l - ~ ~I' -

- l~ IIi'Iq lion

; Mil' _. nUC'llIllmRt or'!W1!utlio- 'oI!.W~fl. oo~ '~I'~ rim m 'Ill{ -2)1 = -1/6 = "'}Il- - J ~Gm~c n'. Il'lnl I'ln

1·1,

1.,

:1-

.till 'J - 2.1'" ,

5.11.... .I;' ~ ].t. - 1

"'],'" J'" - !lJ

-41

,-

- J, = I

-:1+1

I.~-

n

II

--

, ..

,]

I unkn -WTlI 1 _

-r

~~II~I

".;;;;: I

lrilmlutw;~r~ v."!il: uilHljil!ll!E~ .II! = 4, in - ] Ilhc: 1J1'Wi~.1 !iliqdliO:M ilO' , ' (Ilil the :uiwlpIM iaftl

hll - ,1r~ .. ka = 1,7'

:itz - If] ~ .... 1

7' J = l'

Vi,'c thJl':lft h"~ Ill-' pl=_~ ~ dle: 'new ~ ~.-uatlQD. 1\111;1.-., ~_"

,..-' ~'."'h

, '·'.J~I - ~ "Ii 71 - 11"1 - - D!I '~ S ], ,I =I.r~ .: 6,

-nt11, "lAO qW'li~DIi1I'· I~~ .If' W:' ,'d d1eo r ~_:: liQlII!II!~"own i!lil ' chcqU;\~ref1n, ~tIHr m.ilan 'me fi_~ i·' liD lib i!iB~t ortt~, ~eJitd~ftlg ~O\!\l'I ~I.~ ,pl'Kr«ijn ~Uftl'i~ The' !ead~.I' '(lW,I\\S, ." I'be ~1e:m"X •• "'iI,. ~"'~

~Ul:dl piufJ\I' ',-hb: mil IUU:H)'i1u:r ~n\_lIKIwn:. .~ mLt, I, ,-- Imlledfiwri!es.

~~y ,~--. gt-. WIll, hJt" I J-}ttJ;;,.,m ,:. . J}'Jl{"'~ l!~ ,r:~'rIQ:nQI'Lli ~ '*1' : ftlJIOVI,j_ng ,Iilll'l'lml:

guo 'II + ,1tlI'u~r: '~'~ Xl -i!-.tlI'l""'JII ' ••• "IlI'1 -'.iII'= ,,~

U'1J:.fh : ~:lIJ m ~~, I ... - ; 'l~"....rliil = lI:l~

1\1 IU, ~,':"I .. I,i'l

'w.lfr~ I <h .('. ... dmm If' :: ,,"

n~,. Jo n

011 .deI ufi'kfrlmVifi

I"~,~, ,. =" "R._-, I till - 11ft!! .' L :I!I '1I"iIfI .. ~><; , oo"-Mlirl1' !l'z -" . u1u '''i~~,' "M., '1111.-,

I,' ,. ~!~., _ ~_, as mg_ iJ" "''''II'I'~'!o¥!~~' Wi _. ·I'I.!IL. " ~(!l!,_IIU I!Dmn-l'-~ ~ ~!.C'li! ~K1

ts!OIil . lI1ll'llU ·tl:r'lUIB.

hil' 11"": n; .', a:1, ~ ,,(berg N 11T'Ift~ IntI: ",,fi Ih~", .q;wJ:[! f:I 1"I\g \\'e' __ ~ __jjbinFI'Y 'p . 'It! 'I"DI ~:bll:. -,. flW '\l - -llf ,WId ,hoe Y'R qll 1y [II 'lib!: Lr' piw '.. " - .le~ " ! ob'L2~!III~q; "LGI:un~ ohhe!ii,,"HI1.

~ .L. "'II" Jl.

] = II - '1'.1 I \JI ;; J: -:- ~.~~I!t! _

= 1- .'h .d

,'I

or

= 1- ·h.

_ d. '

't

:1'2- 1M

=11

I '

- ,I _

-,,'" "2-' . !I'.

'1". = l ] S . • - :1., ,,, S. II II' __:__ IpuUcuL :_1,01 - - __ '_:: -~ndl U~I ~ - I __ " = I

~-:"

Pllnl b, I . ;-' ~ , Melil in' ". . ,cd il, . ~ ~.n ).,4,. I ~mwngJ)l!1 WI' rw_,o,m;I~, 'i'¥1! Ih. IlJloriittitm fv I ',m All \\1hleJh h _ ' 1011. _ •

. J IIIIIln'lIill:OIIiI"ifr;pit lW,in~ i!tc fim mI.'o· m ~Ift Ilhc, ' ~em 'wW~II1ID IiU]'~1 ~_Rk_: (.iilCh In~1'~ k' .II)"

1~'Ig!) ;na:ng~ 501 iLIl!a;: ,1111 ,O~, I _I, • ~ iii'~ _:_'~ .tcR~II£,;1 Irq fm' III I lIhl: - . _I, 'unt~1 .11:1

_ ~M'Il1, ~. R_mN ~C __ -_J~i:eilll iD,~ __ ' I "~lj.gn.

1',&) Use ~n QI II ~m! 100' 1~lmmLt!j=' II fiom, 1 ~.ti .' "aap;, IIhc I;~. iii!. 11 .. t il!i. I Cui I;. ~,:

iIolUJ'II- - "'I~:I + (l~I:J- • I - L ,QI~ :::::II "II

a~,,j'h- 1tJ'~IIiI' ;:;; ~

. h,~ l:'11 I ·~.I!I'C!t I 'l'IlIl~' 'e(Uh!lDI !Ml<,- dtc, -:c ~ i!!!Iu ;#:' (J~d .1/,1 ItL- -tu tJ]-:flnI:~!ft

"r • ,- 1i'i!MROU ~oo!.mcm m ,Ml!r 1.~Ciift odmr' thane: ' '. I!.,

(,I!i')1 ~, -:= - - n~ ~W!J'lioill t.

IU:) 'l:f1 hal, ,,~ fem '.1 - r- 'k-l + ... -, 'it. -61 ',",~1h,:I' O. 'th~n

SliO,

SQO ,~ k,1 : ..• , iII';.. = IO-rifl. I" a mullJpmc D"-'.~'hlIf- .Jinl"lhm _kU'

The ,~f,l. - 1M rtrm Oltll I&. room .~ !9.

up!: R~ chI: EI~:fIiI'I S~. ' li~- --~Jt [IN'~ 'II~~ '_ b-,,~ :[~~d b, _J (bel 'rq_ Elf) I ,-_c!l!tdiin '*~ :Fur:;1 ~-.wui n.

IO:-dlpltl::: Frnrulyj II.JK' '. 1 I._OIl 'II ' ddu~w II~o Iri;mpW !lilt _''C'Il;!:IlI1 Ib:m\ 'OF' -~I:l!~~ 'et}u.1Jjtt- wrdJ liU.l' S01UJ'_D L.:.luD:ihud ill_lmnas MIl im9D:S'Jllad ,_,·tcm

in_'] K __ . ': i!I'_«' 111' - ~_ EI~M' -iln :S~~p tl1lJ Ail'goridtm l.::!'.

(U fib_ r",]lUi: IIIImlM m' fin (1&)1 . ".mll'ed '. mfii'ipllrr.

Ice,Ltc t,. liy .... un,tJI ,a't ~L,

Tht, \\ _Jd wuid, 'r:mmoM if aU ilfg:t .~ _1a_Q' '~~ urt ~I l~ ilnC,i~"

,'I'

"II

z, : l.l; l.J.

, , "

If- - )l.~' L'

..

'I!,:

L:

L,:

'1- L'

,~. YiJ.

11Ii ~ II:P' :fie~",

:1.;1:

. , ,.

.. - .. -

'U 12

't,rn

=11,

- ' .... -,

- r¥i- Ii ...... iI-

• ''''''"!lUll' _ lOinu,

U ...... ],.,-

, I~, 0_' ~~1!lQ'11ilq1ll tillM .. ,_ -. I In, !M:: can - lilfli,g~, "'mn.~d '[mWUllll:"". '111" ,fol'il:fUm if(rrr'dft

1\~.1I' UJ (,;U

(,J) U·~ (jf)

(3"')1

R1:;pL - _' L:2 'bl ,ZL I ill

Rt:;pl' ~ t] Ir lLI ,L ,l.-J 1~re;,'1 rc ,1..'1 h' ',t~ ,U,

Thail, ~~ 'IlStM~' ~rc dOwri, Ill" ,numlla of -~_ 'Illftt- cc'-mJ I~' _uo_J_ '~ ,,~' _ ,I')' dilq" wliia 'IJDmr.lmioo - QOJihm ItOI &~ 1m". _ Oll!t_v '\em Ie ,ck:rwm d\!: M'W cqUJI~flM. ;m.d,~' ~lMll' ,~_ _ n,E'iOl!l 'Wlmg lIlbe. -,-, 11liInJKT _::_ 1Il1C O",lin--,- 'C"Qnupom,(Ii!lil-S, r",_1m11 ,mn wmlh ,1- "~ pnmc. ~lUtrr e _ell ',' I ectWI on i ':, ' -1lE~ llliili ,-' 'b!~ iliDr wMn ~bttltll pullJ'(! ~". IIlL -, ~1\oIlm~rf=-, 0:' '_:", .I~n Ih.1J )rll!lldcd 1[111" [I~ cq;oJt Dn.l

lbl:' ~ I!D 'Erumgl!l!lnr [tiD ~~ ,of' 'cquuo~ , If 'I , (2;").' -dj I],'" JI the' mt;m'R,rs Wlil!h 'lEIC ~ - o;~1

rr-m ~'" ltlir pri_,.,'J'l~n ' "',:I!lk!wtutin _~ ," - _e 'Ci , Jiu-

IRimgrJt: I" IN -J ,~q:lml!iD- 'nod U~ k' in~~hf.lsed; _,' U!I' I~ illl m,llftZ, n 'mflfili j~nm p~~~

IlJEml Iltilii - ,- cuIr ' ;Q«Im,liihd 'In Om f:bm1ll1i, by litrIJ;Jl, rc - LLm~nltk' f;\W 1q-~ti:!1n I m~~ '!lura changing iba!ll' " ,:- 'ouz.

IQ~:- __ , I, ,., ~I" CI liM: ~I1 - , '~ JJ )~ - J m

!r5.r~""&-~ h 8}'-U: .,

\\G; boa me l~l9IJ 'b)! G~ , di~

,fbrl AI ~ i" __ Ihm_l _lDI'Il)1 Wc' IIJiii! m ,taeiEl\ca:mr I of J n til, ~ L I ~ II'lJ~" 18 oRS:R l'D

IC!~U]l Ii'MnlliM ~ond J 'imlll, Ium 1M: <fIIliJf!Ull,r,q ··UW 11, Thtl' ~~r f~1]

C ~, ~~gll' P,_ 1~ )" tH liIDdlllhu. "',-.1" . i- 11-01 ,'~. th~, i:S. "'IRe,M' I~ 'bl!! -Xu - 11.: .. ""

fl) ~liIlllr!Y ,'~ ~ OIt'lm\!ltiplkl -: III -1 ,md II Ull !.~ ihU I'i" "IRtp~ '" LJ bf -3t r ..,. t ..

cI JJ!-!:~ ~ ,-:3:~,2

..I ::t1~-l~ ~ I )-.2;' 2

m' C Ill]rd if~- is -::_ ~ ~ ~I: Hii II!! IrmdtlV!!C' .n~ Ktlt.na

b'" -'_) 111\1',,,.

:r+lt2:+m'l - ,Un 'dlr 'fplJav;~m -: b Ek .~.-

+ ,41 + 4r.i' - 3d

, I

:a == ~ - Ili. " =,2, . la, ;; :: g

,>_' _~:ml I .I, in ~be . - _ 1-n LI _e pi In 1 n!II:tr 1[0

ilNm '1M Iil~1 tCq, 1'" ll. Thj (;It' I _ - ~'~ Ul:G

"14

(eu ~]

,111 ,." ~ ...... lIjI'iI'). •

The ~l'IKi"" ~,'tw. '''!I •••.• ,U'~_._~hh ,_E'iI: mmu: ~g~U~~' I. 'IrtZClf1-' i£l~mDil!ii in ImlClr '~C' ~, 1lUW.l. DR ~- ~ ~d

like!' ,1i~~la 'if or Ih~ et:hc~Ol'II IIII'mrrul

IEBm,t.' 3~! - Th!;; ~!11~~8 I[l';, JIl fth~ll ~Im ",-II IPn_ ~,b!li"rC'~ C1 _1ft!!:
-
.. I~ OJ ,
), U I l
.4 0 !Ii i() 0 tJ) 1 2:
10' n n if!l II f!
I' 0 U 0 I~ (II 0 otrscnl: 'lrutJ ~hl!' IiI'U1P' '~(111 !>1JIUIImiI •• ,_· ... l.~".I(~.

nobll~. tt IH!.' Ij!U~

'-', mJtn)1; -I is _ j,jJ, ~0' I~ ~n - ~Il n,mm "111 m' LI ~8, 1Ii tG\l~~loq tftmfl'll, Uiil~ i '~,it III :QJ:L";'Iin:~ dl-e' ~'e p.=-_fl~·nU7lJ ' ,lit ;}J1(J ~1~~ =d.r rt s.i!:Ii5;~, t,hCJ troflu\ial!ll 'ddl~i _ m II EYm' 11U"WpGrI'It5.,

0,1 '. JI, p""ln Cl '~H' IIUlm~a.m1 I:nLry11 l~ ",~qtl3~ hI I.

Il4, ~-=_h ~(I, i Ih~ :n:I~1 u, nl~1 rnlnl hf! t ' COIUftUll

n; mg,J Oil' rlE'till'Nf!CC I~Y!~ M ~b~~nn nmtF' iii

cch~;It1n If TTl' Ilhtn: IITiId[ be zer b~I' • Ilhr ph/ttl, f'ifl_ , _- MfI'LC J fnn:n.' _-. ;1I'niOm IlUtiI ~msu ~w;d I IPmpclily 3)11 rp~IPfrty n,jli·

n ~ UM ~n:lJI1~ 10 0:11 uy' I/c.I! ~iI-d [(1,1:' ~dmfli1.y rl'l3'mM, I i!I\I'F mLltnw IIi MY Q[lO",1 - I lfi ifIm.

1fi:[J~ HIi m _ - 'mic~ lFrrml • , tM:t 'm :::-

ni:!;$,~I lei 1~2)1. ,bUll ~n, mIItn!ll, in ,lOW II 'IMm m~' S. 'be' UfO . ibl:r\~ Ib~ pi\r~_~, 1 J I oCD~ ,0 0 (, 001 s ~] IT 2 m]. r CD :3, I , 4] 2 0< (II IiII 0 [I (D'I -~'- U .. . .. 0 10 I (II '11' III 0(0 0 II 0' - 1i1X: '1ffitmII n-Irt,. 1- '~Im ~~l1m I~ Df H1 lflX 111111 Ii1iNI' en'! Oml, '11miXlOmil III (fb; f!ll :Jm" _ll ~' mtm __ ~imn.~, i1 - ~, nul '_ ,Ifl, P~i)' 1(011 J. !dun :I!'. d'Mm:' 'lJ 111W,n:um 'lImlJY ~ .... 'C' 1m:: '_ 11;'l1:\l: i!ll d1c' l~lrd ml'lmu'!~ lh:'firs:lnwlr~ hi 111_ - i'IU,m!! ~1IiIKn:m rMm..~~c 11m liIS'-II1~mnt~- 't ) M'IPfDpalf(__Il.lb:It" -' __ iC',II"" _ '1.\1 ~ rIDl eqwl ItO, m ,IlftIil diH.'RI ,:;Ifl!l' , ~I ,M'IfID,;, d:'ho\1e Idle P''o -Ii. '. _AF. l1 ,m _v ""F,qU~QtJ5. 1[1E1J (~J;ruum:;lmn~t ,ki.16tdlgij~,~' ~ R, --, ~,Th ~_J' ~ Wflinm' , "lmmtCTtun -, R, ~i IV. OF r .... R~ - 1,' .... I~jl_ trns)~ R~l:a,c. tp "t~ ~ ,1110 -ro m~l:ti,lc .ill;, g,f i~if. 1l1~ ~Ui~ [k II!olli1:lt~ , 'iR·~l~~: R~ ib~ iR~ I( ~. ¢ 'I)'U or .,. ", -OJ· If," IE~~ U'nw AirIIU~iij}ml : Ilq'l!a~l:!RW!t RJ 'b)! thr.' sum of 'mUir.llEpl<c. I~ or!J ~l ""I ,!lnd ~b~~r. ThUio ma,f k 1.\rtll1lm , '_ "·ID_'I~."" .. 1IlI 1..'1.1' Lt!!I .. 11- '.. ..Il.R + II, _. • • • _,vw: ..... ' .1'11, IllIl" -~ -. n_v' ,~ __ ~ ,If ... in ·2D11d IE 11 IRil1Y bi: ,- 0 - d - ''''Rp' ~ "" • hl!M1im.~ 'hJ ,a1\;'O.id 'fI. __ -J 0Jl 'when. 'II: '1be~1 '-'m m j!liit~ ~) 'wc M;!)I_PpZy~. J ,Wlil ~E..l in mire ,-mp .• 't1'tJ ls, we ~ -'i,1)' Ilh.:::' lroll~ownlm:i ,oJXmrilm! I[E] · ... IUi, , . "'i!jo ~I I n~ A m-·IiJ:. A is ':__:__[id, 1.0 'I..:' ffl~~r (l'!'J(lk:::I~A' 11\0 ~. I'U'lftIll: It }!rmf..ft A - tj' i'r I' Pn Er,;e ~I\W rmrn AI'1Iy ~1J~i.!: Dr 10lamry RJW- -;- 'I U.In 11'1'11 '1111: ,e::: ~iIa1 I ~ 1m I.1D Idlrkm ,m;lIfI:I. •. 11 ~~ ,~tlI t.f!d ,ifn, ed:"tl~m /fum 'Df.f. Dt, rtdh"~"Vlg fill' 'I_"~ 'gle' Mwlb. !iln - :_, _~~m, 31~_~: 5"l_-:- ~ "_, ::= II~,,] _ i1d B' :: 'I.,b".] __ . I'i)\¥ t,qu .,_ em «k~k'Ull IllUIllrit:!I: - 'w!lh [~percllu p~\i'flil Mm- ~~;I • Gi~ •••• iJ:r1• ,u.d. 'u I • l!'~ r' ••• b , n~ __ A' ,0000d I' ~.~'ID!t _ IllIllmk-J:' ,:fl( U'~ IRl!!'!, ~Nd . , r = s. and 'lfti!' 'pil!!O'I omeJ ~. jn ItI!I-=· _file -:-~!iioMl lIlw is. il -- ,i".il -1-··· .J. - .' ".II_m_. _m, .J,,'7'·: :~". _1)1 mnn1 . ..t." row 'G'!IlpD-mtim~ U!l,~ IUfttqu~ nm~ri.l m lllJW ';mct!!Wf~_ :~ml '111:1: :pmutrl of d1c ,tJ:tKn!C dl_lrf!mU. ~1(i'1 t be :po. 'Ip!mn, itQ' !Ch ~u cor ·iI" The UruqE' IMm~ rn Th~O'~ ].1 L" ,~,a] rmdt" mw - _Iltlntcfll,ftwm, @f _. 'Usms Ibil' _.kq 'theGfWiIS. ~ !Co til ~ em Ig.· d.:: bj'lI01J) ,of l~bCl' mrdI, I!.l,r j!J ~Im, :D . [If n:i 1'1'Kl .m')'L_ ·~r ,- :~_l!. II _ wriQ~1 l['ajll)k(A ),' iJ eq!!m I'~O ~i; mumoouJf Ii' 'Ji:i - In, f li:'Cne:) ~ fo:ml, iOr·A. 11te ._o is _, "''!,tll)' [mpmm~E [J'lJ1JPC:fIJ ,~r : lmgM]!; g(, ~din s e a the dn~t'xt IT!l 'Wlllirjl ~,!: ·ou.l:r'iJ; l ~ it '"ci~1 ~_ I~flri'i~: ~nl mQ~ j1tr~.·_ ~I D,r' OO~, '1I1'1fIc d"fm~~ o!'!s ,fmdl llj,l '1M' : _me I1I!mm. ..oil -"'I""I'~ "illi' ........ .-. .... ' .. ,'.' , 7' ,',II) ',.iII._ I ..... C' '. dC,1 ~ !'; 1!I~!I!1t 11 ',Iii', j • ;nn. '1[, I~ 1;1n:d 111-: ~ column "Tilth, f:i ~---;- ~By, LmJI ,d'- __ -.: Lh~W1UI hI I 10 Th is, II.: n -- luJ1~ _ J l!ll oo'fumn 1'1' (,h) . i~ Q; btl _ 01,." ~,2}1~' fiji - R ·JI I' I "'I iii I Ir' . Rlliliark. ~ ~ "f1.tJ~ l!bllcwd~g m.ilu'bL."!' m 'ill$~ 1(»)') [;s ~~G:'" rtf!~. m~1:.!i~':

nr~i .miliJ'·'~!J· ~ .dt:Tuoo

m-=--·· =...... I.

~Vl pi.w.t

!If.IM~ 1. 'Oil!: OOL!!~~ ~~l1lG t:ll!~ ~jlm'~ I$i ~'!l'~ J(&D by ~q1~~,~ b)' -,r~i'.'~'J li'iI'I!,RI This wDt!1ld fj¥'tiim .. ~jJ<1~ '~!f uJl illfI~ ~~~ilfi ~ i[!migu~1)' rnW~¢TIl .. "-\.!f~~rilf:f3:1!ri J~.4, l[lBimk.ijij!i!ff.c1I ,KRtm.iml'iiJIE~)~ TIlic iillPlij' :Iii ,[I, ~I'rniirllx "r C(l:tril':.!'l. Q'!JI! (tl1l:i' ; r'" ~~ The 0iIJ1F1!!~ if:, iIlMi ~ elu";i;ri[~ka~ ,r"(lg Qf.A'. SI1::P '~,; (i:iI') W~ row' ·.~~nill@; .~Q ~M; 1'fI:n ~~~ ~1ilfil;,' II.) ~'hJJ]t~~j'y ~ j!,~ I~O~~ ~ R, ib;' ll~~~. (b) {Us.;::' ~ ~ I ro OOiMim G~ ~ .Ih~ pi~fbL'.' '1Fill'1 ' s - 1. r - .2 ••••• 2. ]: ~"'Ii'hfI~ ilOc it11"1,j11;r..~ 'thIl:!J ~~J~i.1'm -Ilf. R • R _, 'R ~ 'I, ''II ~'I"'l - - '""'d"~' -- -- - - '--'i/, - _',J" T"~ -' ~_~ 8b:ip,_!:i, 2: 00 r- :1. [~~ t S!i~,I!I' ~ 'rtl ~ rows: It-i. iI\l'r-l •• ; , • Rl; S~, 1:" (tJfi~ 'row relinm,~$jtI lilt;:· :6n~ pjVo; M:il.~1~" I.) Multiply R.~ by ~ lflllit'

n~ ~5: ~ ~I~;;rtii!.-~' ,tiJf!ill! ~r ,A~,~r:h'I!IUIl1 :lA. w!lfiilrn '1.-* 1Ii1&'i:lixl' ;1iI~~ 11i'il 'W'fu. 'flti(l bri~ilil, !LB~~1ii1)fi Q;f' dws ,~18'OronlJfll ts ~i:'it: ro '~m~ ~':u!i~r. ~~. ;!I "B1.!!~p;1~irrutifirr.. ij1ruJjhil!:EIiI~

Alil!liIIiait.i'i!~ Alb']:tDrnlliiullI,].4 :~,'iJ"S; .1L'IxM;'ttI_ii.': ph~ 'IIDW !by roW ifro-mll ~Ix "~~lmTil !ill' trn"nt;..,. 'iliaf!l !i~'!Iii!mIl! ~ (,,cl[lJtiJi fDimTll, i'igh1 'ttl ~dij..

~ :!ll.~l.'I1l!q!j,'Q !1~rhkm. w.~il:'!I :apJ;ili:L'l;!d! m am ~1I.I!fim_I!fiI[i£.'il.IlIlIiiIAm M of:u. ~~tJiJiI.'!Jir':lill~il[ 'l..".qmJ]&rcru1i~. ~ ~il'i~i;"~IJlf 'ii1~I,; ~~!U~,~ '~.:Iil'!i:ine 0011' '~IJ~ pm.1"!lII: ]'!!~~!;'!-""'I1$l,~ am 'nlliit: ~.,.' iliiDL"lit ili'Ix: 'Will<11-.n-1n "!lip- W:rUJiln~~: we !:IDlllfl~Ni~..,.' 'i!,!Il!l'!~ a[!b!l~Bl;m Gni'mimu~i;'illl ,~ ~ ih"ln,~,,~ Flro~!i!L Spei?.1tiI'Diily: g,~~g(!' A ~,JIii~,lOfill'b-iD 3.3 '. Flh1~ IQ'g. ilftflow 1!.."<1['ilfi plrVt1it. WIJ~lij~~ fru:l~l Url~ tlilJ~ R!I~! .R'j ~I;JM1, S1J~ 'II! ,(A.I~i!!oridJm "3 ... 401. P'IlIl!i~)s! ablJ.'IM: §~'b ~vt," ''''''ll.m~l1Ig 'hiffi iEJ,e ~tro__imI row Rro ii11', l11!~~ t~ ~~. ;;!~~til11i1li. ~[hlfl:1N:!L IGlif'!ik~~p,j. ~llil~' ,111m row ]~,um~!:l$ ~ Iifii:Ihi';:, to itij ~w i'oiiifi!jjljilen!i fOftliL "]I'Iw ,dJfr'eJ~~ ~ jlJh~!.t'G>!I~~JanLm rll"Nl u,'fi_ 'OO:Iilllx~!J,w ,<ItilUJ ;a'~ ~ pi'Vtti~ illi it W!J~ H:=;; W8.)' &J:JL'!!1'~Lll t1:!1il11iQ'l;;!, R'1 dawriL A:[I:!lxrIlig,'b '~Kll-S--l$frden :~ k c:l!:liifF 'ttl, SIJJi:e !01~'Wl rtfIrld'tjj'go'lllm~\, :I!i: 'h1: iiITme[l~ I~" ,r:frF~iiJuJ~ '~~JE!i! ii.h.~ ~~B,Si! auu!i!.iim ,!!I[mili:.Jtium, ,[l;I#OiJlnlJ~tl. [ n l -3, ~ ~] 'Ex_~~~!:! ;ttl e- C~;~' ~.~ miMn,,; A. ~ -4 !ill ~~ J;j'J'49'~~ (;'oj)1 Uoo A_1'!!mIii1~iI;n 1j..ll ibZi red1'~A tu :IlI1l w,;~ fJllrrn. rl)} IIJEIi:! AI',aJiiiliihl"ill ]_4 to tn:n:th~ '~no~ Al ~ 'iDi :r..wr,'f ~i11T.!i~ fmJ;l, ,u._- [I ,2 ... 0 0 D, 0 ht 101m llE ~_ ~- [~ - :I ~] - [~ .2 ,..,j J 0 :2 01 P Q (I ~, 0 10 10 10 - '1ulti;p1,), R~ ". l ~ 1J1 - 11,_ , pili' It 1111;' - _ - . "ILl! ~,., ;] [~ 'lI 'Ill ;] ' .. I, ,2' I{ill 10 Q ~ IIJ' ~ l'hi , ,'i'iI', ~::,o;: IEDmp,- 112. (,lI') t n [I I -1 '] [' -J 14] [I ,I I ~ID' =:] "- l 2 1 ~' 1- _IU 'IIJI • I I 0 • -,OJ 01 2 1111 0, 0 0 . . . . ...... ' ... R~jn~' 1M Irow _lliKDl (orm Ul tmM of _~-._ ~m or ~I iW=-:- cqwlWm '1m WD m rf~ " '-~'Imwn., 'Thi1 . -- (1iIR ,1m> 1'Q'lJ, U I l11'it1~1 HII ' 'T;, -" 113 I.I!I~ FiBl' mtuao,: ~t . _-gJ'IIIft: i::d Irnll1l1i~ ,U 'Id 'HI1tr - I~ n [ I I -!! ,~ ]-:- [ ~ II -l .~I ~ 3'] .1, -I 1 ..... nI ~_ 1 s ~ ~:5 _I) ~ I - Iplb>!l _ ... :1 '~'I = ~'" r I) - ';I'~ ~ -:1 "' l -1 - J~!.mrm.J 'D~ ~ "I IIdld Ail' R: d.il:: 1111" , '\amhi fC'JII~~~ 1_]' [1 1 -5 -- 0 -I;t U _ ~ -~ , oJ,] rn ~ -7 -S (II 01 I-~ l:tun _ II\m nad I"· 'hDlW Ell, fimlldlG ftJW' ~L _1 rll_ ~ ~/ • .Ii -e dw. ~h.1I,DI lfan ,-kNd~ 1~1l1! I . _ [be; ~,- M S!I.lIUII - ~ -II _ - -IJy, Il- - minlllllJ~- 'oF '1M' ft -:1_ n~. ~dl!, _~ ~11!i:' '" - -,~t~ I;:qW1liiO:f!.I o.l~ - - !Il(.lI' L) 01;111 - -~ 'W _dl __ flO' I l~~ ThB ~hi:" :.- 100 -1u1'-~ '1= [; ~: ~ 1] [' ,1 ; 10] - U ,2, s -~ , ... 0 I -J, ~ -] -: -. "_I_ In '!IIIIiIiiI!"'1 -~ _, U ~ll ,2 ' - [~ "i -I!] - [~ ~~ til 0] [' , 0(1 ~] ~ -) ~ I -I, "'- : ~ () -~ _Ill n II . IlIi 0 II U II lib. ~'I.e . -1C'HI 'm llile ~JiI - mildfollli _ ,2~ .~, = -1, : = J. m. 'li"q!'!!I",~1~" flc-; ... ~ - iI1 ~ f' ._ ~. t ,"- n_J~ ~!itJj me' 0Z- e1lon f"m1 lor .'it ,Ire;ull~~ Ddt -tid ~~ j i~!l! ~1ut~ "io!J . Imtlquc. Ul(e U Ii. -c- - ,~IJ 'Wi Dmn:guw I) I.,. 'ftrls, - he U~.1 gi\1~ lM RJI -m ICl1iKfition ,il\1-c llhe_'~~~lCl1lee Mid llnu-IUll:nl! ,'of SO~Ull.'ifllDl (!o ,. 1m 'Ilrtifi~lW' ,~,Wi1:I I 1Wtm: . ~1rI.!: 'f]1jQ:n 0 "lim milk ~rl" m.lulJil. ThuRml 3~8: COilSttk,. J!)I!UI"1"fI1 o'rUm:~ l~qlmtilJlU' in '" wikliTDlilji!1!S "\1'itl<! Q,usmmled' n1IfI'll"i!. M ~ [~ .• o\I'.li· TilteD! ((I) Y~U[iflD if,:m.d on!~' 'l nmTd"A~;;::;;; 'mmk~ ~!~. (IJ) The il1 lion i~ mtiq.1U ir· - - !: onl,)! if - - 1.'1 ~ = n. (0. (II ••••• ' lQi~ il, wm. ~ F ill 'mr -, I «hlJilr~K!1 If ~ f d: -;-- b~. _'NW. Ill'Im h - , :pi 'I: Io:r , bu-' Ifml ,of .A.. - It -fi~c' ~_ -"111~' rnn.!C-~l~ IO_rw~~, '!!Ilul: ~I'MJ :r~mIiS IiIIY.AI land M hm." 'tM ~ pnro6-. M41 hmKC mnk~A" =' m_nk~A'n'" Thr1i: pOO'V~ - ItQl'). -- _'Iwhm ir.ood Ohm if- - «l\"man 'fQ- -.1 11'10 IRir ''W!ft~mlf .. Di " ",rcooJdi_ngliy •. ~ = mn.kI(A ~I - IlUn.k( I _, I. ThL 'plmfiG ("')~ ~ilrlc 1tI-.~ ~f'ro'''I:~J.1 A It'iwl :::11 ~hI2m1 ~nJIf:!1I (j,r.~ J!Jp~T'Ur;d ',m.ltn!!, . ., 'tlit~, .wJ ec'lliIM, 'bJ'lm Ii!If A. , , n llw'- ~_J_JO_ , mmtll, - _ - I '.2 'f [- 1;1 1 b .. . . b l: - r f =- l '. I.~, II ~ ..... ;., ... -Hiii- :~,.:~:: .. _tip - __ the 111:1'11 H l! HI, m ' C II r - II • !llhoB. Il'IF ,~I' _ m inllilni,1/e If JIIH n bier Qf ~Iu.t ons - Im_- __ ifle. "=B:lrunlj, ' m I , ~I \ ~ \ \\ H H'~ h fD I IJ - = (J. Ihen IF= Ir=~,i-'~"'~- .rIC'A,rl'= •.• -IIfj' J ~ k l,~ itt: 3. . '6.1 ~I ~= .: en£. I [I 21 ,·l .~"'=[_~ - , -~] 11- ~ ] 16 I "I; I. -;!I;j 1IiI: it = 1',;'- f, .- JI ,;; 'Iii '!I, ~--~~~ IRlemuk.\\'e ,~I!ms~ ~I' Themem131,'91 ,d. ' mm USll'lt, MJp' us '(nI' fi~ lhl!! RI'~1:11ul,~d I, ~Wlm '_~' ThaI ~ . h;:Ji'nS 'n, ,-in~ tlI' - ,~mt'ir;:nI' nmtriJt JiI' t~ n:nt u!'iWlll3i _lilY _ _ jcr lhaJ1l HlI\\~r!~' 'the ~ ctiR'.dI,,r. 1l!m. Wlt~ '\\C, re ",~-f;! l'be nJj~_:, .'!ili' ,eHm i.cnm Qllt(n:i~ ,,,~,. _ Ull -,. wnp1l!il J .. 141. we miIIJ'II: 'hie' ,I 'ill R limll ib¥ {iQ1,ll:! ~ill 1~li.iiit:·mi!i!lilll If"Cf':, !M r~PiI'lir~ me~ "ihfJM d,snL_~ 11 I:j , ~nd 'Lft=' ,~iPC' o,r ;hi~, ~~u. !.~D' 'OP ILL ,,1n, liQ"T~IONiJ>' J.'~D! r.'lyJ\IR 110'~lr,~l\\IDMu~ (r~ 't y 10i, The l&ifL~ em (3.2:) OrU1IL ~ li:qwtiiJDS frR31 ~ ... ri[[MI 'd1 run ' 'n,s \I~lIr GlIwni • [~ Dn ]11 [~'QI! ]~ [,tiI.iII 1 [IlL 1 ~, :~ +-'2 ~:: o. .. .'. ,~~. ", ': _,!!IIIII! _ 1I,!'I~ _ 11-", b II _-=-1 Ulun ,\'rumr ifill!! K"II' ,- aidl tOI be ,- lin., CD 'hlo'l'QltOI',Hlif"" '~l!!III!lIU'1 .' "";I' • , •• ~ I tnl Kill i'hht!1r ~1st bn OIt. u} ••••• Q"" ,m :slJd~ ItI'miI r: ,~ u~ui !lII~U,l • •• - 0'1.1-- : ,I.,·'muuill!i~!' tim' ,famr:m1i ',stCL'ml (,)'2,)o'r ~.r G'qootimu:, illMlllllm dtov~, lequ~ l.c:JmI\'Kll1T fqlLllulnl h3\~e! : s.ol00.MI1 j1r 'd. IDMY ir ~e ~tum!Q 'i:elmr (lilt" Ii:DnstllJD ~ _, ~~n:= __ - ~~!Trd'_m.~.HtUJj !!'If dm' ~Q!hurm ' 'i'r Ithl' NC'f'fiCiim~nmli!liL We _~'Q lhil I ~mrl!tioll rmtna1ly. L ,-em. ]\oIM)~ . ~~m _:-: ,I' o:r Ihl'! D iM\D31i J1I ' bM ,OJ . o[min rr ,oml ~m;[yif lJ .~ ~inw oomhiruu liftn of ~ 1':~~lWm It'!! ,of d:le I~ _. tic i:(:"1 ma~ .~I. ul=t1.-I.U _.~!I'S .. 'W'_"Wirite f' =n,~ -I~J ,-:u,l!, 'witb l!i!nimCWor,Mi,l"j.:' ,amII'*-~ M' :firnd 1(hr,"~NI!:lIDl,)~Jlm,o:Fbnm' ~Mo, ",,1iIit:h 1l'I"e' . :h~C'. S;p«ib'U:)I" w' 1m w.rita [ I] [~] [:11] [,1] -'~' _ = .'~ I J' ,2 : - ~ _ knma (1111~.~~dinl limmlts ~ I U') 1- dl !C!Jl~~~' yi~ltb m~ [(!U_'_'.;tjn ~,!i!lirW)OO _ !'iIClQl' .~~ , 1: = .~ + 1J·.... :::::;-2 -+]I-~ ::;:= 51 rtlfnm~:Jio~~ 1~1ii\"~~~~_~~ ~"t!' I!w\:'t', wri11m 'thel 'II\'~lifl-:-, rn R~' m'h.lDlIl1J15" Iln,iir n ,'. dwn e' er 110 IfimII'~ ~~!!It -- ,~-'m'IOrUliar 'cq --thn . ,bm If'!l:J. OllIa WIl 31)1'~' r~m 'dt· ;.:tC:IL '~IIL _ fIj Ir!!'JI df~tly ~liII' '~ l5yltlml' (ii"l!i). - _I -~ ':= soh,;; me ,~~~,_I!9iI-,' _LilM ,of' 1If:! '-, I.flii ~ ~d!J.! ilfHl *~~~'rnl ~'L1"Khl'l \IiI'fmm. n~ , Jlil- -- [ l' -ur- 2::' =: II, .' - ,_ ,' .. , - -~' ,iJ.I!33'__ ~ ~ - ~'f I Z:':: _"-1::- ~J S:-UJi 3.111, I. ill \VIi\! '!he '«!.M. I!'I ~ -:, 'I, I Q~ , I II~ ~nmimu 1'1 ~ f-11Ild die Git~ ~ '-,- farm 'We - .JI.' JI, - . ...:'-= ""'11.... ,.". ,;:: =9 11, 10)"; I" B " '_,~ ml," ,k-,kl, I~r -h.tlilm =<4. :; -2..: ". s,~ -,_I, I - .;lUI -luI .JiII~ I[~~ - __ rim 1iII~ Vlt' 1M II:' -::::0 (l ,]; " ' Ii L_=- 1~~~lPQ glr of : l,'f -: - :t:= .(I, :' n' _,,. + :: z:t 1'1 .24 :R ndI Mhi: ~UL 1- 1: I) 1m1loif ~maJ 'fqOIllO , I!rf WI!fIIljn -, - "' I - ""~ ':.u,. _ I ~Ilf~ 11M' 'J'~~ I'llii , ~-lM llmL ~ b;J!i'~ of ,2;1.,"" : = ~ ... ~1' ;: c _II :2f - ,2::' 'I !; =-1 0'- ), '~_~_n ftml ~ediOJil, ~ J4i~ IlJim1 lh~ ,dil~, ~ijfitfii.tf)1 'findUi':1 U· t' iMi !iiiC~!I)n. iIJ - ~,QI' • _ •• ~]I nd I1P ~ (b~" ..... ' ,~~I 'i n RI!! i' -, dtEi_d b,_' F~O.n:'. ".no, III mull, [1'1 aM" • d u) ~, ,,,,,,Jll- If,g~1 lir Ith~ir dJ . pRlidlllifll It ' I' :::: n Su- ,~ -:..: .'I: ~IJI. U;;i •••• " UI. illi RIi, ,- ni RIlftZUiO,aiM' -, ,mmt_ ,!u]'lo1 \'«rnl':!l., 11~', :_UIS ,_d Th_,_lo Ct._, ,OJl' ~~rtll m R~. libm' i-, .lILn --~ - -. to ''NiIii~c' I~ 1:[1, ~IK3r ~n:In'&ini:ltittJll o:r ul.~· _._ .u. .. , whifh' 'i~~ .: '~tcd iJn 'dtt n:~ I'~. = 1.1.n. '1 " Iq : I - ], + 2 D. .• I-I. _"~ ~, .'h1: ,1n,' ~ ' .... ', i" If 11·- - -- I~- -1 . , I _ UI, 91 !Ill, ~'ne;;u' ~"'I' _ , - ~JI' ( • T '-1 t~- ~·.t -91 u, J.l'J I t. -]. 2~ ~ r, _'. n III ~ '1- 1 - ,- - - - ~ .. ~' . - ~. _- .~. ~. r· u__ l!l_IJl • Ii' U. "(" M~fI'h. ~i7 • J u~· tI'~ Ii}. !lce I, -dl u:.. : ' - .I'J~ r· u ,,!:.-..-- = I'l 0' .~ :no __ 's I tJ!1 _' (f UII r ,< ,~I, Tb_ - -=1 , -~. ,- J: 0' . TtIal. \, . ~ - : 1'11:- [CHAP. ] 'le:l: ~ be ~c ~me:m~, :ml'Ul!iOd I'Jf' ' mOS_Gou, I.' slmD AI' - m" ,QiIlIfJ '!luI"" ~,' ~h~lllb' "lIIebJn form of U~i:l' k 0 - 1m - - I syi1finl' , I I !f Ir~ '~, '-'I_bt . leI I~E 10 ,rl~.," ••• UJ be lh - ~liI,tij)M (I' 11_, b}1 :~ J'i,Q-:-m ~ fl'F' Ute: ,~ 110 _rL:bll I~l!!.!lll 'to I f'r _ ".' n-IrR:." C:Dnsmn~ll :amj, Ole ~lllll rme W'ri' '''~~ ,eqwilO 0,. TIwI dSM ,n' = • ,Wldl tJ!i1!: \~~m'!i -'~,. til •••• ,I U'., f'om-, 'b _. I !l!!f "V - -_\ ,,"_n"~c, lieU '1ft0' m~mIl SOI~tiMI ;nt mL, [¥ 00\1_ ~~ " ~,~ . _ ,t! ~.-_ 'j 'ThmR"ll'll 3.1,2 'Ern1)' Ii ' I WI onc -,I h 111- L 1t;1flIl ~~tbI:' ~r_ ~m Ittl ' "',R~-_ /"111)1 -:2/'1 '1.1"' I tJ ~I 1~;p!mf~M!im, _M .1(, '-!it;:.'-' hl - - 11:;1 -- ,4 ~J = 0 :1', -3~_, ,.:z.:.:, = 0 &, - 611~ - 4i', ~ 0 I~ + bJ - li:rJ • U. - I~ J = 0 h; 1- ,;;~, - SI:j J:'!!I - b" = 01 5 _II ~Oj': ... III' cr, ,~I-I - .w" Il' • ,. ,';~ llitc' (!I ~ 'opeRlRDI. MIR~cc tJ', - '51! -.1. .... -~ - 1m "R£f~-oo'.t],~ -,~ , L .. 4"" =1 :btl-I £1J.iiii!~1 II!! cel~1 . -,CO-fml I L~ ~ \1' - ~. ~" i!:!'I,; ,hctme dmlll ur =J~ Th~ ~-- ~f _~ ~ ~'~lotd _I roll!!lJ ' II ~ :sa &'! ~. I_. _ o~ .T" = o. . I~ nil'. I )'idi;b, ~ :._olutim:nl,fll 11~2, I, 0, lil'.IIJi~. ~l~ ,- _~:!I = [l' • ..jill =- ,I, .. ~ :;; iIl' - -k~n li~uti- If, M I" mlutl,' ",:' = fil. 0.11. ,~. '0,. U M1~, - I~, "eIi - Ii Jr~ :;::;I' i -I,~ ~k-~tuiJ,~ )!lir:: I~: l~tu,l:n UJI IiiI" -2~ I. -,2~. I. ~, ~ li'ftwn u~ ~ ... !., II. (II. 0.0'\ Jo': = ("11'. 0.3. II, Ill. ~~ ;;;:: I( 1.0 .... 111). n renll!: ~ I' I~r, R!mllriit= .. , .~-:I:Ulio~ p.f 11l1c,1IM in IE mrqpl~ J. ~,H, _ n be \Vli1.1Il, in Ib~ [fUm (lIJII' In~l N,;: 11:1 - , II. O.lflI.'Ol '~71.IGiI'. 3. l, (JI)I "1-1. 01, _~I. 0, U = 1-2., ,- "b - ,k. fJ' ~ IJI -le" I~. ('~ wliemlW. iii" t: ;am; ,wmtml]\ aim;lrun D:bserv~ U1a'~ rEhi' ~p1fiCfl _lion ~. ~ _thin, muN) 'lkIII 'lihll '~m!I1ldnC (CiIIm iD',£, ltIJ:: IB;fn.rmll· ~l.!Im~n 'under the .r:1iI0JCiI: fir p:Hmnmrs ,,= ItI' • .I:!!l = ,",. I' , -c. ~~ ,,,1 11.ii!,.i.F1iii" - -. - .~.. 'iiI'ii....., I - = HI 1\ ....... _'i il_, ,., .,!!-. __ " • ---Ji! , ~'~!IOl!U V _ ~!ili__,,--!r cq,Wlrw{l ~ ~II' ... ", U '" ~ "!!"!I!'I 'lUI£' (jlC,rlfltt.~ l' - I 2., - ~1::~ 1 h .... SJ"+ l&l = j' , 2lr'l., .... , -;: = (JI ~ - JJr" • rk' - 01 . I'll • I r_I./ . "elIl r . fUlLR '0- * SI£M ~ ;;;;;; I ~_ W ~ ~tli'l c_ \ .; , ' e ~n 111:- III J hn~ - -'t ,R, . iI R).. l::! REf! . , 3, 'cfelN; IIII';r ~_:-J __ . ftIITopmmilm;s ,'n, ~ '~ ~] II 0 e.l~ Rep IRlIltI~r - '.', R1• ~[ I ~] [ I I (I -mi ' f nm1 Iprovali linl '. ' B = I. 'to- - -- I! ,- ~ 11- ... I • __ ,n mm;l~p'lic lj· I •• v,,-' OIU 'P _e 'II .Ii_ . 1'- P " ._ 11'1. IJ _."..,..,.. ... 011.111 ~ .......... "'._,.,- ..... '. I p. 3J -,nd ~ " II IiTD P 10 . ~ I, O]~F' I, I i]-G I 21 ~ e 0] .. ,., .... , ]~ , ,II II -I -I II Z I D 1 I 01 ., I I 0 (I -!I 1, ti I 'rof, rmm: . '·'It Ul~ , 'ft'd __ Ull 'e -" C r 0'-11 2; :]-G • 1iJ' -u _:] I ~ ,f.... ,g -E 1 't 0' 01 0 I • i!I 'II '0 16 _II .. ·-ity ___ 1m Ii MIfi!il :m f ·iD·~~ f -I • lID '._ --II [-u 2 ~] I 0 I , -1 -I '[0 Ilb. F In " I I"I"P, till: fhH . n;y ~, _ - " , , - [-!I III 1_ • I l1b ro,II'~ PI' t~i:Q:rc:rn [ ~ 1_,- ,F, - _ ~ D 01 :] ", II II • 11-' ~lII~mip:lyin - Th m 'In IN !.lIE m ~n ,~rllh -ml Til foU '" '"I-C~ I, Ii. Ithe - _l-~~ nk,Ull)' ~-lnL. p,l'lr, "'--~Rm J,. - 'II~ du: n;l'l] ..... , \'olnn IJ1 N ~ 11111 , n~ 11- 1II11ittllD, BJ'ftc")l '.111 I(hl!:! II11'~q 11 ,or PI 'Iir! .:1- , ,l1lMlri R - at J ,= t II. II , 2. . .' I · .. n~:~U!m~tlJ'!I; are ~U~d r.m;dtlpii~~'. SQ.mctime£!, '~ keep, Im:£'ko:f tlw~ tlililwllpl.im ·h)lm.eaf:l~of the folrlowmg !~~r 'l!'i;a:rn;!li\:l~tl .. man:il!: t~ 1(1 II) {I II>' ~nl'.1l' I. 0. I~ 0 .1. - ='"!!!I -m:n 0 Q "'Iii'!'" I ~m,",2 ~~' .. ~ -m~.,"_~ 'rn Tliua,t 'is, ,L 1m I, '!S' ol'll~ ~i8igo~!l!I. rO'~ :a'~1f: 'Illile; d'ia,gfI:n31" ~d.Ih~ ·[I~~ir .. 'g iliJf f!1.e 'ImfU~Li"li!M' .m{\! as: ilS u~~ ~IOiW~lm dia:Ii\m~1. 1111!i abU¥~I1W~ri:;!! - L ,~ 'fhlrtr!:l1!1&t!Il!t'!' ~m~ Ii} obWiin(l~ i~!1I AI!~D!il:l!!m 1.0 £i1 .... e."I :U9 tile tCla."l.9idl~,u fBdmuat!tliR Of!i'UCib u .m1u.~ A. Nam~ly! l':biH~II~m J~10: let A :be iaJ 001L'1itl!lsulm- ma1Jilil 'filial itImI'~ brolJ,gh~ 'ifiliQ 'Iri.gulufom U ~li1J,g ,oilly row. '1!dd!i~i,u ~QI1US. Then II t;;;;I l.U~ w'bHeL iis: 'Ilic' r~bG'iv~ 'I:O-~l! 1lri1li1!'Ui~ ~mii!,wi'{1'i II "-,, 'on n!he: di4;genai!. and II ~.~ arlal up~ Ilriiil!lilgtilR1i' :111l'1lnl)!!Mtll Ii1U' "s: I~nr tbg, di,p,goru!l!. "1!q,1~ II" ~y ~B~ +}I~": l'~r is, ( 1 0 t] [1 :I: -:] L=-: l 'Dr al1dl u= : :1: -~ m ~ We' CillI"~: ~'~I ~I Ute 'mnm:~ ~3.:t·~,~ bi.l .~ d~ ~li~~ (If !M mlikt!ipliern in .!he' .<i:ho\'l;lIc:Il'eIlLellWy ~' O:P~~(rM .• 1i[2~, U ~ fhe trii!ntgu~~ flIlfJ'!l ~d'". CU~[~ a WIliIPutu !i!l:gm:!ithm .M •. LeI:. q.rj') ,d\enotl.': 'I~e' i!UlIIm:mg Ume Oef the a:lg0riilihm ii"l;Sl a ~nm",."j~l. of ~he; size: Il' ·ilf dl~ .i:nput &a.m. ('The: limrnnnl C~~)i:!i: :!lQ!ne1imsc.!!!illed 'UI.!: tml.e' .([..'t)Jl1:pJl!Jdry !1l:l' §:imp~(y 't~.e~ ,rom,lm,}' ,QlIr (Iooi al!!u.Ditmll ~I'.ru F.r,e.q~r::l'illtillf. C~nl !i~b" ~m 'll~mt:l!n_ O'rm!i![~Ucations amI liii;i"fj~iQIU. ~,n0d, ro,y 1M. linn d~ 11'01 rCOO...fIi me :IIIWiiI~1 o:f',~Id:itiQflS: ;.$I.dl S"u~:n-Mliml!'! sm~ '~q ma~e mR~:i! less~ime: UI' b.emrf',

[l~'l..!if,"'§ ~ '_ blri1ll'U;-~ ,.1

,,- -, .t = ~l" ••• ",~J '

W~P!' Ili ls ~'IJ~ of ,I!tJWllioJil~.

Oa!i,I!J:if: ,om,e,r :Iaand" :sup~iiloi,li i!W'C ,!ij[~)l haw ~hti: fi,lit1liii~~n A = l·U. ~rllieG!,_ 1:c, 'Malii8illLkirm::1ib,e Si~!n. ~ooOOi ,wu!Jy if!pply th~oowo~roti!llm.~ in H,!~:glgudlt.m tre:mlf!~ 1b):1 .,~ m:mi~ ,,t) to 'the Im'lUIlm 'O!:~Qr JJ.io ~l:iisa.~, IfI~ 1!'lfiilQ' 'wm,~~xit'¥ ~~

Cll:1)~'~'~

Of l~~!Ii' •. t'ij' ,~~,I!bf:: fBel~rizW(m A~ ~t Urequitl"fl ~ 'o:clgimll!tl~Ji:lffir.1!l l;\lbam' ("'(111) ~ ~ ,~l.'tb115 :!i!rilil1g rna,' I~ ,gaJmed ~ firstt'nwn;g tile .1..U m.,.1JJr:iwi:O~ wih!lto a, IiiILQigl.: S!y,~~l. ~-ii ilif.'O'olvedl. :f!lu"'~""~. 'Ibeire uesil~u~()fl.\l. Ulh:Jstmted I~h.m.'l,., 'W:~~re ~. ,l.lJ 'tacooriwi.(ftl i~ IiI~AlI.

Sgp~ 'f(Jf a: S!ii\i~ :nrtutr;jll'!, .oJ .: ~ ll~edt~D ~h~~he' ~'!illl~T!I

~~tOO'lY' for ~ ~~~ of ,~,i:WeNt1I: 'OO'lll'St;aln: V~~l'S", ~BI' 8:J, ••.•• Bw A'Ifil:h :~uppo.se' Mme Ii)lltbe lJj dep~ltdi_I~~~nl ;iht:5Ql~~1l ~rdlJ;i' ~~t~~ o~.lni~~ t;,ihU~~ u~ni ~~'tli~~,~~~~' ,I~ ~-d1. ,II :~!(,' :it'i~ mO'I'II! 'elileLmt !:I) :fi_m~ !lind 1I1l!~ r. ur~G!'OfI~(!i!!r.n of ,~'. and 1~~f;!1'!0 \IS¢ 'W!I~ ifuClUT1liZilU!1l11i ~9' '!la'hl'll!'l!H !rI~1n ~ ~.d:i :Il~'B.,

~\"+ 2itl+ Jl: =k~

~'i:' -J)! + 3!' =kf.l

- M -+rn'~l}1 + 2:: ::;;;; kJ

ALr =11.

.11

~QjlPU~ :W:-". f'Mn, to _s~Lv" !he ~~--:S~~ (hre~ um~ wbQ~ fj' ~, eqruall, i~.m H •• BJ.' s; ,Funh~~~s!lJ!'~ liJ:11 "'l" [L L I,m, :Md ~MW-:!'<:li

'1~~ """ Bli + ~ ({m};:;; t l:,

io-'>'hi;:f,C ,,'i ~5i 11~f;l-,,'hniii'J!I~r.4X .... BJ• H~1"r! it ~'i I~ ,~m~im-l kl6mt:,~btIiiTlih~l.U i~~:ox! !i'lf A8;ndiDcn~ Hit': lU faeIDrimlio.~~Q lsd~","!,i'i 'flu:: ~~ fw ,~~I~ ~r1.h_~B"~, rims ~,o; ~ in Ip,rohle'm 3,A'2.~

'UNE;\l1 :mQiUAr.lnN~! SOl.tlnONS.! ~:2 g.vSrrIlJtIS,

~U:,. D~tlm[1rfile wb~~~ @~~, ,Of''I11C rQ~lowms eqp3tigas i!l; ~iJl@al-;

.a.11 il:+ 7;1' - ~3'Z = W~, '(b) l:' + ,it)' + ell = log 5"

(11) N,g.,i.!!!~ Ibc' ~~t y:ui ~ IU!lIQ_~ is' ,~f~~!!d! i!lcp. (lil ,,~. !!iR~' i':l, I!:, .;mjJJ.l~ S ru<:1ili ~i.!~lM'l\'!.

ioJ i\;5 it~s,i~ nile roo1' utL~~ j~. y. :.,.. k. ~if~ ,of thtti Icam, .~ il ~ oo~ :al~' ,~~jl]ioo. "-~ro ~~.mIrI(!I k '~j; ill c01'ISnlnt. the: '~Uiiti~il III 'liR.alr i~1 'ike Uii~,~, ;iF. ,t;!.