Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 11

IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR THE POPULATION OF SWEDEN

IF CRISIS
OR WAR
COMES

1
Contents
Emergency preparedness
preparedness
Emergency

Your emergency preparedness 5


False information
In the event of a terror attack
6
7
For the population
Home preparedness tips 10
of Sweden
This brochure is being sent to all households in Sweden at
Total defence
Total defence

the behest of the Swedish Government. The Swedish Civil


Sweden's defences 8 Contingencies Agency (MSB) is responsible for its content.
The purpose of the brochure is to help us become better
Attacks against Sweden 12
prepared for everything from serious accidents, extreme
Heightened state of alert 13 weather and IT attacks, to military conflicts.
Many people may feel a sense of anxiety when faced with
Warning systems

Warning systems an uncertain world. Although Sweden is safer than many


other countries, there are still threats to our security and
Important public announcement 14 independence. Peace, freedom and democracy are values that
Emergency alarm 16 we must protect and reinforce on a daily basis.
Shelters 17 Public authorities, county councils and regions, municipalities,
companies and organisations are responsible for ensuring that
society functions. However, everyone who lives in Sweden
This brochure is available to download in several different languages at
dinsäkerhet.se. shares a collective responsibility for our country's security
and safety. When we are under threat, our willingness to help
Questions and answers about the brochure can be found at dinsäkerhet.se. each other is one of our most important assets.

Swedish Civil
If you are prepared, you are contributing to improving the
Contingencies ability of the country as a whole to cope with a major strain.
Agency PEFC/09-31-017

MSB is a central government agency that works to improve Sweden's ability Graphic design and production: Kreab AB
KEEP THIS BROCHURE!
to prevent and manage accidents and emergencies. In the event of a serious Illustrations: Arvid Steen
accident or emergency, we provide support to those who are responsible. Printed by: Stibo Graphic A/S
Publ. no.: MSB1214 - May 2018
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) ISBN: 978-91-7383-836-8
651 81 Karlstad
www.msb.se 3
What would you do if your
everyday life was turned Your emergency
upside down? preparedness
An emergency can result in society not functioning in the Your municipality is responsible for ensuring that services
way we are used to. Climate change may mean that flooding including care of the elderly, the water supply, the fire and
preparedness

preparedness
and forest fires become more common. Incidents in the rest rescure service and schools continue to function, even in the
Emergency

Emergency
of the world may result in shortages of certain foodstuffs. event of a societal emergency. As a private individual, you also
Disruptions to important IT systems may have an impact on have a responsibility. Preparing correctly can enable you to
the electricity supply. In just a short time, your everyday life cope with a difficult situation, regardless of what has caused it.
can become problematic:
In the event of a societal emergency, help will be provided
• The heating stops working.
first to those who need it most. The majority must be
• It becomes difficult to prepare and store food. prepared to cope on their own for some time. The better
• The shops may run out of food and other goods. prepared you are, the greater the opportunity you will also
• There is no water coming from the taps or the toilet. have to help others who do not have the same prerequisites.
• It is not possible to fill up your car.
• Payment cards and cash machines do not work. What is most important is that you have water, food
and warmth and are able to obtain information from the
• Mobile networks and the internet do not work.
authorities and the media. You also need to be able to make
• Public transport and other means of transport are at a standstill. contact with relatives. There are check-lists on pages 10 and
• It becomes difficult to obtain medicines and medical 11 with foodstuffs and items that are good to have at home.
equipment.
Think about what risks may affect you and your local area. Do
Think about how you and people around you will be able you live in an area that is sensitive to landslides or flooding?
to cope with a situation in which society's normal services Is there some sort of hazardous industry or something else in
are not working as they usually do. your area that may be good to know about?

4 5
You can find
more information
at
dinsäkerhet.se

Be on the lookout for false In the event of a terror attack


information Terror attacks may be targetted against individual people or
groups, against the general public or against vital societal
States and organisations are already using misleading functions such as the electricity supply or the transport
information in order to try and influence our values and system. Even though there are many different ways to carry
preparedness

preparedness
how
h
ho w we aact.
ct. The ai
aim
im may be to reduce our rresilience
esilience and out a terrorist attack, there are some pieces of advice that
Emergency

Emergency
willingness
w
willlin
ingn
gnes
gn
neesss to def
defend
e en
e d ourselves. may be applicable in most situations:
• Move to a safe place and avoid large groups of people.
Thee be
Th best
st p
protection
rote
rot cttio
te ion
n ag
agai
against
ains
n t false info
information
orm
rmat atio
ation
ion an
a
and
d ho
host
hostile
stil
st ilee
il
• Call the police on 112 and inform them if you see
propaganda
prop
proppag
agan
anda
anda iiss to
t ccritically
riiti
t ca
call
lly
y appr
appraise
p aisee tthe
he ssource:
ou
ourc
urc
rce:
e:
something important.
• Is tthis
h s fa
hi fact
ctua
ct uall in
ua
factual info
form
rmmat
a io
information ionn or o pini
pi nion
nion
opinion?n? • Warn those who are in danger and help those who are in
• What
Wh at iiss th
thee ai m off tthis
aim information?
hiss in
hi info
form
rmat
rm attio
ion?
n? need of assistance.
• Who
Wh o ha
hass pu put
ut th
this out?
is out??
ut • Put your mobile on silent and do not call anyone who may
• Is tthe
he ssource
ourc
ou trustworthy?
rcee tr
rc trus
ustw
us twor
tw orth
orthy?
th y? be in the danger area. The sound of their phone ringing
• I tthis
Is information
hiss in
hi info
form
fo rmat
rm atio
at ion
io available
n av
avai
aila
ai lab
la ssomewhere
ble so
ble mewhere el else?
lse?? may reveal the location of someone who is hiding.
• Is tthis
h s in
hi information
nfo
form
rmat
rm atio
at ion
ion ne
neww or o old
ld and w why ut tthere
hy is it out att
heere a • Do not call anyone with your mobile unless you have to.
this
th precise
iss p reci
re cise
cise mmoment?
omen
om ent?
en t? If the network is overloaded, it may be difficult for vital
calls to get through.
• Comply with requests from the police, the fire and
rescue service and the authorities.
• Search for information – the best way to counteract • Do not share unconfirmed information online or in any
propaganda and false information is to have done your other way.
homework.
• Do not believe in rumours – use more than one reliable
source in order to see whether the information is cor-
rect.
• Do not spread rumours – if the information does not
appear trustworthy, do not pass it on.

6 7
D t to
Duty t contribute
t ib t to
t Sweden's
S d '
Sweden's defences total defence
In Sweden there is a duty to contribute to total defence. This
Sweden's combined defences are in place to protect the means that everyone who lives here and is between the ages
country, our freedom and our right to live as we ourselves of 16 and 70 can be called up to assist in various ways in the
choose to. All of us have a duty to act if Sweden is threatened. event of the threat of war and war. Everyone is obliged to
contribute and everyone is needed.

The duty to contribute to total defence has three forms:


Total defence
• Conscription into the Armed Forces.
The term 'total defence' denotes all activities that are needed
in order to prepare Sweden for war. Sweden's total defence • Civil conscription into organisations controlled by the
Government.
Total defence

Total defence
consists of military defence and civil defence.
• General national service involves serving in
organisations that must function even in the event of the
Military defence threat of war and war. This means that you continue to
Sweden's military defence consists of the Swedish Armed do your normal job, work in a voluntary organisation or
Forces, including the Home Guard, and a number of other are tasked by Arbetsförmedlingen with performing work
public authorities whose main duty is to support Sweden's that is of particular importance to Sweden's total defence.
military defence. The Armed Forces defend our territory and Those compelled to contributed to Sweden's total defence can
our borders. be given wartime postings. If you are given a wartime posting,
you will have received wartime posting orders or another
form of confirmation from your employer about this.
Civil defence
Civil defence deals with the whole of society's resilience in
For many years, the preparations made in Sweden for the
the event of the threat of war and war. Civil defence is the
threat of war and war have been very limited. Instead,
work that is carried out by central government agencies,
public authorities and municipalities have focused on Follow
municipalities, county councils and regions, private companies what is happening
building up the level of preparedness for peacetime
and voluntary organisations. This work aims to protect the at
emergencies such as flooding and IT attacks. However, as
civilian population and to ensure that, for example, healthcare dinsäkerhet.se
the world around us has changed, the Government has
and the transport system continue functioning in the
decided to strengthen Sweden's total defence. That is why
event of the threat of war and war. In the event
planning for Sweden's civil defence has been resumed. It
of the threat of war and war, Sweden's civil
will take time to develop all parts of it again. At the same
defence also has to be able to support
time, the level of preparedness for peacetime emergencies
the Armed Forces.
is an important basis of our resilience in the event of war.

8 9
Home preparedness tips
Your prerequisites and needs vary, for example, depending on whether you live in the countryside or in a built-up area, in a house or in an apartment. Here are some general home preparedness tips.
Use that which is appropriate for you and those close to you. It is a good idea to share certain things and borrow from one another.

Food Water Warmth Communications


It is important to have extra food Clean drinking water is vital. Allow If the electricity goes off at a In the event of a serious incident, you
at home that provides sufficient for at least three litres per adult per cold time of the year, your home need to be able to receive important
calories. Use non-perishable food day. If you are uncertain about its will quickly become cold. Gather information from the authorities,
that can be prepared quickly, quality, you need to be able to boil together in one room, hang primarily Sveriges Radio's radio
requires little water or can be eaten the water. blankets over the windows, cover station P4. You also need to be able
without preparation. the floor with rugs and build a den to follow how the media are
If the toilet is not working, you can
under a table to keep warm. Think reporting events, remain in contact
take strong plastic bags and place
potatoes, cabbage, carrots, eggs about the risk of fire. Extinguish with relatives and friends and be able
them in the toilet bowl. Good hand
all candles and alternative heating to reach the emergency services in
bread with a long shelf-life, e.g. hygiene is important for avoiding
sources before you go to sleep. Air the event of an emergency.
tortillas, hard bread, crackers, rusks infection.
the room regularly to let in oxygen.
cheese spread, soft whey cheese and a radio powered by batteries, solar
bottles woolen clothes cells or winding
other spreads in tubes
buckets with lids warm all-weather outdoor clothing a car radio
oat milk, soy milk, milk powder
hats, gloves, scarves a list of important telephone
cooking oil, hard cheese Plastic bottles to freeze water in (do
not fill to the top as the bottle will blankets numbers on paper
quick-cook pasta, rice, grains, instant crack if you do) extra batteries/power bank for
mashed potatoes sleeping mats
devices such as mobile phones
precooked lentils, beans, vegetables, mineral water
sleeping bags mobile phone charger that works in
hummus in tins
jerry cans, ideally with a tap, to candles the car.
chopped tomatoes to, for example, collect water in. You can also have
a couple of clean jerry cans that are tea lights
cook pasta in cash in small denominations
filled with water as a reserve. These matches or fire-lighter
tins of bolognese sauce, makerel, are to be stored in a cool, dark place. medicine cabinet and extra medicines
sardines, ravioli, salmon balls, boiled alternative heat sources, e.g. LPG
meat, soup heaters, paraffin heaters. wet wipes

fruit purée, jam, marmelade hand sanitiser

prepared blueberry and rosehip soup,


Learn more about Other nappies and menstrual products
juice or another drink that can be home preparedness spirit stove and fuel paper printouts of information such as
stored at room temperature at
insurance policies, bank details, regis-
dinsäkerhet.se torch, head torch
coffee, tea, chocolate, energy bars, tration certificates
honey, almonds, nuts, nut butter, seeds. batteries fuel in the tank.

10 11
If Sweden is attacked, Heightened state of alert
resistance is required The
The Government
heig
he
Gove
Go
ight
h en
ht
vern
ve
heightened
ened
rnm
rn
ed
ment can
ment
d state
sta t of
ate
can decide
deccid
of alert
de to put
ertt in order
aler
al ord
put the
er to
rder
the country on a
o improve Sweden's
chances
chan
ch ncess of defending
ance deeffen
endi n itself.
d ng its
tself. In
elf. In a heightened
heig
he ghtened state of of alert,
We must be able to rresistesis
esistt va
vari
various
riou
ous ty
type
types
pess off a
attacks
ttac
tt acks
ks d directed
irected
peacetime
peac
pe acet imee laws
etim laws apply,
app
p lyl , but
but other
h r laws
othe
ot law maymay also
als o be used.
lso s d. For
use For
against our countr
country. ry. E
Even
ven
ve n to
today,
oda
day,
y, a
attacks
ttac
tt acks aare
re ttaking
akin
ak ng place
example,
ex
xaam
mpl e, the
ple, he state
the t te can
sta cann requisition
req
equi
uiisi
s tion private
tion pri ate property
r va pro
r pe
pert y that
rty t at is
th is of
against our ITT ssystems
yste
ys temms a and
nd a attempts
ttem
ttemptp s aree be
bein
being
ingg ma
made de to infl
flu-
particular
p rt
pa rticu arr importance
icul imp
mporta tancce to Sweden's
Swede den'n'ss total
tall defence.
tota
to defe
de fenc
nce.
e.
ence us us
usin
using
ingg fa
fals
false
lsee in
information.
nfo
form
rmatatio
ion.
n. W
Wee ma
m
may y al
also
s b bee af
affe
affected
fect
cted
ed b
by y
conflicts in our
our region.
reg
egio on. Potential
Pot
oten
enti
tial
a attacks
att
ttacks
ks include:
incclu
lude
de::
In a heightened
hei
eigh
ghte n d state
t ne atee off alert,
stat
st ale r , thee whole
lert whol
wh olee of society
soc
ocie ty has
iety has to
to
• Cybe
bera
ratt
t accks that
Cyberattacks thaat knock
knoc
kn ock k out
out important
iim
mpoportrtan
antt ITT systems.
sys
yste
tems
ms.. gather
gath
ga er its
ther its collective
col
olle
lectivee forces
ctiv forc
fo es in
rces in order
derr to ensure
orde
or ens uree that
nsur that which
whi ch is
hich is
Total defence

Total defence
• Sabotage ge of
of infrastructure
infr
in fras
astr
t uc
tr uctu re (e.g.
ture (e. g. roads,
e.g. roa
oadsd , bridges,
ds brrid
b g s, airports,
idge
ge air
irpo
port
r s,
rt most
most important
imp por
orta nt functions.
tant fun
unct i nss. In a heightened
c io heigh
eiighte
tene
nedd state
atee of alert,
stat
st alert, you
lert you
railways, electricity
electriccity cables
ity b ess and
cabl
ca and nuclear
nuc
ucle ar power
lear ower stations).
pow sta
t ti
tion
ons)
s). may
may be called
cal
alle d up to
led to help
help inin various
vari
va ouss ways.
riou ways
ways..
• Terror attacks that affectafffe ct a large
fect larrge number
num
umbe berr off people
peo plle or
eopl
important organisations. Information
Info
In form
rmat
atio
ionn about
out thee heightened
abou
ab heig
he ight
hten ed state
ened state of
tate of alert
ertt will
aler
al will be
be
• Attempts to influence Sweden's Swedenen's 's decision
dec
e isisio
ionn makers
make
ma rs or
kers or broadcast
b oa
br o dc astt on radio
dcas rad io and
adio and TV.V Sveriges
TV. Sve
veri gess Radio's
rige Radi
Ra o'ss radio
dio' radi
radio o station
stat
station P4
ion
inhabitants. is the emergency
the eme
m rg rgen channel.
ncy cha
hann
nnelel.
• Severed transport links nkss that result
link res ultt in a shortage
esul sho
hort agee off
rtag
ag
foodstuffs and n other
her goods.
oth gooods
ds.
• Military
Mili
Mi litary attack, for
tary or example
exa
x mp
mplele airstrikes,
airirst
s ri
rike es, rocket attacks
kes ckss or
atttack
at
other
her acts
othe
ot accts off war.
war

If Sweden is attacked by another country, we will


never give up. All information to the effect that
resistance is to cease is false.

12
12 13
13
Important public announcement
Signal 7 seconds – break 14 seconds 7 14 7 14 7 14

Danger over
Unbroken signal 30 seconds 30

Warning systems
Important public announcement Outdoor war
warning
rning
The warning and information system IPA (important pu public
ublic On rare occasions,
O s the
he o outdoor
utdoor warning ng ssystem
y tem iss u
ys used
sed
se d
announcement) is used in emergency situations – for (("Hesa
("
"He
H sa Fredrik"). Fa
Faci
Facilities
ciili
l ti
ties
e for the outdo
outdoor
oor war
warning
arrni
n ng ssystem
ysste
temm
example in the event of emissions of hazardous sub substances,
bstances, aree located in tthe
ar hee m ajor
aj o it
or
majorityi y of
o large
ge bui ilt
lt-u
-up
built-up p ar
a eass an
ea
areas nd
and
fires where there is a risk of explosion, fo
fforest
r stt fi
re firrres
es andd other a round Swe
around ede
den'
n s nu
n'
Sweden's nucl
c ea
cl
nuclear ar po
powe
w r st
power tat
ations
ns.
stations.
natural disasters.

Important public anouncements aree br b oadcast primarily


broadcast If you hear the signal: go indoors, close windows, doors
on Sveriges Radio's radio stations, Sv
S eriges
e Television's TV
Sveriges and ventilation and listen to Sveriges Radio's radio station
channels and SVT's teletext system. IPAs can also be sent P4, which is tasked with providing public information.
as text messages to mobile phones within a specific area.
Warning systems

Warning systems
The outdoor warning system is tested at 15:00 on the first
non-public holiday monday in March, June, September
and December.

14 15
Emergency alarm
Signal 30 seconds – break 15 seconds 30 15 30 15 30 15

Air raid warning


Signal with short bursts for one minute

Danger over
Unbroken signal 30 seconds 30

Emergency alarm Shelters and other


and air raid warning protective spaces
The emergency alarm is a way for th
the
he Government n tto o Shelters can provide protection to the population
announce that there is the imminentt threat of wa
war,
ar,, o
orr th
that
at in the event of war. All shelters and buildings
the country is at war. that contain shelters are marked with a sign.
You do not belong to any specific shelter, you use
If you hear the signal, you have to go indoors immed diate
iaate
tely
immediately ly whichever is nearest.
and listen to Sveriges Radio's radio station P4. Get rea
eady
dy
readyy
to leave home with that which is most important, warm m Find out the location of the shelters that are nearest to
Warning systems

Warning systems
clothes, something to eat and drink and identification docu- where you live and where you are during the daytime. In the
ments. If you have been given a wartime posting, you are to event of an air raid alarm, go immediately to a shelter or, in
proceed immediately to the place you have been instructed an emergency,
emergency to another protective space such as a celler,
celler
to go. tunnel or metro station.

The ai
a
airr raid warning means that you ar a
aree to find shelter
imme ediately, for example an air ra
immediately, rraid
id shelter or the cellar of
the bu
uildi
d ng in which you are located.
building

New ways to warn the population may be applicable.


Keep yourself
up to date by
visiting
dinsäkerhet.se

16 17
Educate yourself! Important notes
Learn to provide first aid. Your knowledge can save lives. Write down important telephone numbers, addresses
If you are the first on the scene after an accident or other
and the closest shelter or other protective space.
serious incident, call SOS Alarm on the emergency number
112. Even if your pay-as-you-go SIM card has no credit, or
your mobile has no SIM card, you can still call 112. SOS
Alarm can provide advice about what to do at the site of the
accident.

Get involved!
Many non-profit organisations and faith communities make
important contributions to our collective security and
preparedness. The voluntary defence organisations have
specific duties as part of Sweden's total defence and offer both
courses and training programmes. In the event of emergencies
and heightened states of alert, their tasks include distributing
important information to Sweden's population. You are
needed and your contribution makes a difference!

You can find


more information
at
dinsäkerhet.se

The purpose of the brochure is to help us become better pre-


pared for everything from serious accidents, extreme weather
and IT attacks, to military conflicts. It is a good idea to talk
about its contents with people around you.

18 19
IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBERS
AND WEBSITES
112
In an emergency situation that requires the immediate assistance
of an ambulance, the fire and rescue service or the police.

113 13
To provide or obtain information about serious accidents or
emergency situations.

114 14
All police matters that are not about crimes or incidents that
are ongoing.

1177
Healthcare advice.

Dinsäkerhet.se
More detailed information about the contents of this brochure.

Krisinformation.se
Emergency information from Sweden's public authorities
collected in one place.

20