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You are on page 1of 8

1.“TOWER OF HANOI”

Tower of Hanoi is a puzzle created by the French mathematicians

Edouard Lucas in 1883. The puzzle is framed within a legend. At a

great temple at Benares, there ia a brass plate into which three

vertical pins fixed. At the beginning of time, 64 golden disks were

stacked on one pin in decreasing order of size, with the largest

resting at the bottom of the brass plate. Day and night, so the

legend goes, a priest transfers the disks from one pin to the other

at a constant rate, never allowing any disk to be placed on top of a

smaller one. Once the tower is rebuilt on one of the other two pins,

the universe will end.

Even if the legend were true, there would be no reason to worry.

Allowing one second per move of a disk, the task would take about 600

billion years, or about sixty times longer than the lifetime of the

sun.

number of disks can be calculated as 2n – 1. So two disks required

three moves, three disks required seven moves and so on.

A B C

2.MAGIC TABLE

“ Magic Table” is a clever mind-reading trick based on the binary system, that uses

the 5 tables shown in page 2. The tables are constructed from system that is easily

explain by writing the numbers from 1 through 31 in binary notation. This magic can

be used as induction set before a teacher starts introducing the binary system. The

teacher can also use this magic at the end of the lesson on the binary system to

demonstrate how much fun learning this topic can be.

Objectives :

2

binary system units (i.e. 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ….. ).

2. To introduce the representation of positive integers in the binary system.

3. To provide opportunities for applying simplification strategies in mental arithmetic

Procedure :

1. One student is asked to choose he/her favourite number from 1 through 31.

2. She has to remember the number. The teacher then displays the Magic Table and

ask the student to see whether the number she has chosen is in Table A. This

procedure is repeated for table B, C, D and E.

3. When a number is seen in the table, the teacher has to remember the first number

appears in that table. After all the tables have displayed to the student the teacher

must compute mentally by adding all the first numbers he memorized. The sum to

all these numbers is the number selected by the student.

4. Students who able to notice that the teacher is adding up the first number of

the relevant tables to get the answer will be rewarded.

5. Students later are asked to fill in the blank tables as shown in Figure 1.1 and 1.2 by

using the analogy of balancing sacks of gold of 1g to 31g with weights of 1g, 2g,

4g, 8g and 16g each.

Figure 1.1a

Example : If you want to balance 6g of gold, you need one 2g weight and one 4g

weight(Figure 1.1a) So you write “1” in columns B and C, and “0” in column A as

shown in Figure 1.1. At the sama time you write “6” in Table B (which start

with 2) and another “6” in Table C (which starts with 4) as shown in Figure 1.2.

3

“ MAGIC TABLE “

TABLE A TABLE B

1 3 5 7 2 3 6 7

9 11 13 15 10 11 14 15

17 19 21 23 18 19 22 23

25 27 29 31 26 27 30 31

TABLE C TABLE D

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15 12 13 14 15

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28 29 30 31 28 29 30 31

TABLE E

16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23

24 25 26 27

28 29 30 31

4

BAIK JAHAT

HODOH CANTIK

BODOH

BUAK

MALAS

RENDAH

DIRI

5

LANGKAH:

1. Catat tarikh lahir anda dengan hanya dua digit terakhir untuk

tahun.

Contoh:

a. 25 hb. Jun, 1987 ------------------ 25687

b. 6 hb. Mei, 1988 ------------------ 6588

c. 13 hb. Dis, 1996 ------------------ 131296

Susunkan semula digit-digit dalam mana-mana tertib

58762

besar

58762

25678

33084

3+3+0+8+4

= 18

ketiga dengan sebut “tiga” dan seterusnya mengikut arah

pusingan jam. Gerakan jari sehingga anda sampai ke bulatan

yang sepadan dengan nombor yang anda dapat dilangkah (4)

iaitu 18. Anda akan berada dibulatan ‘BAIK’ apabila sampai ke

nombor berkenaan. Cubalah permainan ini dengan rakan-rakan

anda untuk memahami diri anda dan juga rakan-rakan anda.

SELAMAT MENCUBA

6

4.I AM

???????

A ……………..TEACHER

??????

EXCELLENT LAZY

DISINTERESTED

COMPLACENT

INDIFFERENT

UNAPPROACHABLE

CALCULATIVE

LOW SELF

ESTEEM

7

PROCEDURE :

1. Write down your date of birth. Take only the last two digits of

the year you were born.

Example :

a) 25 th June, 1987 …………….. 25687

b) 6 th May, 1988 ……………… 6588

c) 13th Dec, 1996 ………………. 131296

Rearrange all the digits in any sequence.

58762

3. Take the number with greater value subtract the number with

smaller value.

58762

25678

33084

3+3+0+8+4

= 18

move clockwise to the next box and count 2, next 3 and so on,

till you reach the number you obtained in step (4). If you are

pointing at “excellent”, congratulations ! You are an excellent

teacher. Otherwise, you will have to change your attitudes or

quite being a teacher. Try out this game with your friends and

good luck. Thank you.

Willing to learn new

things

Able to adapt to

(Team Work)

situations

Ready to accept

challenges EXCELLENT

TEACHER

Creative

Work

independently

Able to solve

(weaknesses)

problems

8

5. TANGRAM POLYGON

A tangram is a set of seven three- and four-sided puzzle pieces that can be

combined to form a number of complex shapes.

In 1942, the Chinese mathematicians Fu Traing and Chuan Chih proved that

the seven tangram pieces can form exactly thirteen different convex polygon :

one triangle, six quadrilaterals, two pentagons and four hexagons.

PROCEDURE :

2. Divide the square into seven pieces of different geometry shapes as

shown in the diagram below. x and y are the mid points of the side of

the square.

3. Cut the cardboard into the seven pieces of geometry puzzles that you

obtained in step (3). The seven pieces of geometry puzzles are :

a. two big isosceles triangles

b. two small isosceles triangle

c. one small square

d. one medium isosceles triangle

e. one parallelogram

4. Arrange the tangram pieces to form the other twelve polygon.

14 cm

e

x 14 cm

b a

c

d

b

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