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INTERNATIONAL ISO

STANDARD 15614-3

Fi
rstediti
on
2008-03-15

Specification and qualification of welding


procedures for metallic materials —
Welding procedure test —
Part3:
Fusion welding of non-alloyed and low-
alloyed cast irons
Descriptif et qualification d'un mode opératoire de soudage pour les
matériaux métalliques — Épreuve de qualification d'un mode opératoire
de soudage —
Partie 3: Soudage par fusion des fontes non alliées et faiblement alliées

Reference number
ISO 15614-3:2008(E)

©I
SO 2008
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i © ISO 2008 – Al
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Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................iv
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................v
1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................1
2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................1
3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2
4 Welding processes ................................................................................................................................3
5 Preliminary welding procedure specification .....................................................................................3
6 Welding procedure test .........................................................................................................................3
7 Test piece ...............................................................................................................................................3
7.1 General....................................................................................................................................................3
7.2 Shape and dimensions of test piece ...................................................................................................4
7.3 Welding of test piece .............................................................................................................................4
8 Examination and testing .......................................................................................................................5
8.1 Extent of testing.....................................................................................................................................5
8.2 Location and taking of test specimens ...............................................................................................6
8.3 Non-destructive testing.........................................................................................................................6
8.4 Destructive tests ....................................................................................................................................6
8.5 Acceptance criteria................................................................................................................................7
8.6 Re-testing ...............................................................................................................................................7
9 Range of qualification ...........................................................................................................................7
9.1 General....................................................................................................................................................7
9.2 Qualification related to the manufacturer ...........................................................................................7
9.3 Qualification related to the material.....................................................................................................8
9.4 Qualification common to all welding procedures ............................................................................10
9.5 Qualification specific to processes ...................................................................................................12
10 Welding procedure qualification record form...................................................................................13
Annex A (i ve) Welding procedure qualification record form.........................................................14
nformati
Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................................17

© ISO 2008 – Al
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ii
Foreword
ISO (the InternationalOrgani zati
on forStandardization)is a worldwi de federati
on ofnationalstandards bodi es
(ISO member bodi es).The work ofprepari ng InternationalStandards i s normally carri
ed outthrough ISO
technicalcommi ttees.Each memberbody i nterested i
n a subj ectforwhi ch a technicalcommi ttee has been
established has the ri ghtto be represented on thatcommi ttee.Internationalorgani zati
ons,governmentaland
non-governmental ,i n li
aison wi th ISO, also take part i n the work. ISO col l
aborates cl osely with the
Internati
onalEl ectrotechni calCommi ssi
on (IEC)on al lmatters ofel ectrotechnicalstandardizati
on.

Internati
onalStandards are drafted i
n accordance wi
th the rul
es gi
ven i
n the ISO/IEC Di
recti
ves,Part2.

The mai n task oftechni


calcommi ttees i
s to prepare Internati
onalStandards.DraftInternationalStandards
adopted by the techni calcommi ttees are circulated to the member bodi es for voti
ng. Publ i
cati
on as an
Internati
onalStandard requires approvalbyatl east75 % ofthe memberbodi es casting a vote.

Attenti
on i
s drawn to the possibil
ity thatsome ofthe el ements ofthi
s documentmay be the subj
ectofpatent
ri
ghts.ISO shallnotbe hel d responsi ble fori
denti
fyi
ng anyorallsuch patentri
ghts.

ISO 15614-3 was prepared by the European Commi ttee for Standardizati
on (CEN) Techni calCommi ttee
CEN/TC 121,W elding,in col l
aboration with TechnicalCommi ttee ISO/TC 44,W elding and allied processes,
Subcommi ttee SC 10, Unification of requirements in the field of metal welding, in accordance wi th the
Agreementon technicalcooperati on between ISO and CEN (Vi enna Agreement).

Requests for offi


cial i
nterpretati
ons of any aspect of thi
s part of ISO 15614 shoul d be directed to the
Secretari
atofISO/TC 44/SC 10 vi a yournati
onalstandards body.A compl ete l
isti
ng ofthese bodies can be
found atwww.iso.org.

ISO 15614 consi sts ofthe fol lowing parts,underthe generalti e Specification and qualification of welding
tl
procedures for metallic materials — W elding procedure test:

" Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys

" Part 2: Arc welding of aluminium and its alloys

" Part 3: Fusion welding of non-alloyed and low-alloyed cast irons

" Part 4: Finishing welding of aluminium castings

" Part 5: Arc welding of titanium,zirconium and their alloys

" Part 6: Arc and gas welding of copper and its alloys

" Part 7: Overlay welding

" Part 8: W elding of tubes to tube-plate j


oints

" Part 10: Hyperbaric dry welding

" Part 11: Electron and laser beam welding

" Part 12: Spot,seam and proj


ection welding

" Part 13: Resistance butt and flash welding

i
v © ISO 2008 – Al
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Introduction
Detai
ls ofInternati
onalStandards deal
ing wi
th speci
fi
cati
on and qual
ifi
cati
on ofwel
ding procedures are gi
ven
i
n ISO 15607:2003,Annex A.

W el
ding procedure testsforfl
ash wel
ding are presented i
n ISO 15614-13 and forfri
cti
on wel
ding i
n ISO 15620.

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved v
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 15614-3:2008(E)

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for


metallic materials — Welding procedure test —
Part3:
Fusion welding of non-alloyed and low-alloyed cast irons

1 Scope
This partofISO 15614 specifi
es how a prel
iminary wel
ding procedure speci
fi
cati
on (pW PS)forproducti on and
repairwelding ofnon-al
loyed and l
ow-alloyed casti
rons i
s quali
fi
ed byfusion wel
ding procedure tests.

This partofISO 15614 defines the condi


ti
ons forexecuti
on ofthe weldi
ng procedure tests and the range of
quali
ficati
on forwel
ding procedures forallpracti
calwelding operati
ons wi
thin the range ofa defined li
stof
vari
abl es.

Thi s partofISO 15614 i s appl


icable to allnew welding procedures.However,i tdoes noti nval
idate previ
ous
wel ding procedure tests made to formernati onalstandards orspecifi
cations.W here addi ti
onaltests have to
be carried outto make the qualifi
cati
on technicall
yequivalent,iti
s only necessary to do the addi
tionaltests on
a testpiece made in accordance wi th thi
s partofISO 15614.

Addi
ti
onaltests maybe requi
red byappl
icati
on standards.

This partofISO 15614 i


s appl
icabl
e to wel
ding non-al
loyed and l
ow-al
loyed grey casti
ron casti
ngs accordi
ng
to:EN 1561;EN 1562;EN 1563;and EN 1564.

The pri
nci
ples ofthi
s partofISO 15614 are al
so appl
icabl
e forwel
ding casti
ron to steelorto otherunal
loyed
and l
ow-al
loyed castiron materi
als.

2 Normative references
The followi
ng referenced documents are indispensable for the appl
icati
on of this document. For dated
references, only the edi
ti
on ci
ted appl
ies. For undated references, the latest edi
ti
on of the referenced
document(i ncludi
ng anyamendments)appl i
es.

ISO 783,Metallic materials — Tensile testing at elevated temperature

ISO 6947,W elds — W orking positions — Definitions of angles of slope and rotation

ISO 14175,W elding consumables — Gases and gas mixtures for fusion welding and allied processes

ISO 15607:2003,Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — General rules

ISO 15609-1, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — W elding
procedure specification — Part 1: Arc welding

ISO 15609-2, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — W elding
procedure specification — Part 2: Gas welding

© ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved 1
ISO 15611,Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based
on previous welding experience

ISO 15613,Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification based
on pre-production welding test

EN 571-1,Non destructive testing — Penetrant testing — Part 1: General principles

EN 970,Non-destructive examination of fusion welds — Visual examination

EN 1011-1,W elding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 1: General guidance for
arc welding

EN 1011-8:2004,W elding — Recommendations for welding of metallic materials — Part 8: W elding of cast
irons

EN 1321,Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Macroscopic and microscopic examination of


welds

EN 1561,Founding — Grey cast irons

EN 1562,Founding — Malleable cast irons

EN 1563,Founding — Spheroidal graphite cast irons

EN 1564,Founding — Austempered ductile cast irons

EN 10002-1,Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at ambient temperature

3 Terms and definitions


Forthe purposes ofthi
s document,the terms and defi
niti
ons gi
ven i
n ISO 15607 and the fol
lowi
ng appl
y.

3.1
production welding
anywelding carri
ed outduri
ng manufacture before fi
naldel
iveryto the end user

3.2
joint welding
production weldi
ng used to j
oin components together

3.3
finishing welding
production weldi
ng carri
ed outi
n orderto remove casti
ng defects to ensure the requi
red qual
ityofcasti
ngs

3.4
repair welding
anywel di
ng carri
ed outafterdel
iveryto the end user,i
.e.afterthe producthasbeen i
n servi
ce

2 © ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved
4 Welding processes
W el
ding i
scovered bythe fol
lowi
ng wel
ding processesi
n accordance wi
th ISO 4063:

111 manualmetalarc wel


ding (metalarc wel
ding wi
th covered el
ectrode);shi
elded metalarc wel
ding (USA);

114 sel
f-shi
elded tubul
ar-cored arc wel
ding;

121 submerged arc wel


ding wi
th one wi
re el
ectrode;

131 metali
nertgas wel
ding,MIG wel
ding;gas metalarc wel
ding (USA);

135 metalacti
ve gas wel
ding,MAG wel
ding;gas metalarc wel
ding (USA);

136 tubul
ar-cored metalarc wel
ding wi
th acti
ve gas shi
eld;flux cored arc wel
ding (USA);

141 tungsten i
nertgas wel
ding;TIG wel
ding;gas tungsten arcwel
ding (USA);

15 pl
asma arc wel
ding;

311 oxy-acetyl
ene wel
ding;oxyacetyl
ene wel
ding (USA).

5 Preliminary welding procedure specification (pWPS)


The pW PS shal
lbe prepared i
n accordance wi
th ISO 15609-1 orISO 15609-2.

6 Welding procedure test


The wel
ding and testi
ng oftestpi
eces shal
lbe i
n accordance wi
th Cl
auses 7 and 8.

The wel derorweldi


ng operator,who undertakes the welding procedure testsati
sfactori
lyin accordance wi
th
thi
s partofISO 15614,i
s quali
fi
ed to wel
d withi
n the range ofquali
fi
cati
on according to Clause 9.

7 Test piece

7.1 General

The testpiece shal lcomply wi


th the requi
rements of7.2,7.3,and Fi gure 1.Itcan be castseparatel
y or
removed from the casti
ng/component.Preparati
on ofsuffi
cientl
ylarge testpi
eces i
s bymachining.

W hen the standardi


zed testpi
eces as shown in this partofISO 15614 do notrepresentthe producti
on/j
oint
geometry,the use ofISO 15611 orISO 15613 shal lbe requi
red.

© ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved 3
Di
mensi
onsi
n mi
ll
imetres

Key
1 di
scard
2 i
nspecti
on l
ength

The di mensions shown are for informati


on only and may be adj usted to meet production and testi ng
requirements.The edges ofthe groove shoul
d be smooth rounded.Edge preparati
on ofthe groove and fi
t-up
shallbe asdetai
led i
n the pW PS.

a In accordance wi
th Tabl
e 3 orTabl
e 4.
b a # 5 mm to 15 mm or$ # 5°to 20°.

Figure 1 — Test piece

7.2 Shape and dimensions of test piece

The l
ength ornumberoftestpi
eces shal
lbe suffi
cientto al
low al
lrequi
red tests to be carri
ed out.

Additi
onaltestpieces,orl ongertestpieces than the mi
nimum si
ze,maybe prepared i
n orderto al
low forextra
and/orforretesti
ng testspecimens (see 8.5).

The thi
ckness ofthe testpi
eces shal
lbe sel
ected i
n accordance wi
th 9.3.2.

7.3 Welding of test piece

Preparation and welding oftestpiece(s)shal lbe carri


ed outin accordance wi th a pW PS,and underthe general
conditi
ons ofwel di
ng in production whi ch they shallrepresent.W elding posi
ti
ons and l i
mi tati
ons forthe angle of
slope and rotati
on ofthe testpiece shal lbe in accordance wi th ISO 6947.Iftack wel ds are to be fused i
nto the
fi
naljoint,theyshallbe i
ncl uded i
n the testpiece.

Unless otherwise speci


fi
ed in the purchase orderorcontractrevi
ew,wel
ding and testi
ng ofthe testpi
ece(s)shal
l
be witnessed byan exami ner(orexami ni
ng body).

4 © ISO 2008 – Al
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The welds are preferabl
y to be made i n flat posi
ti
on (PA). Other wel
ding posi
ti
ons shal
l be specifi
ed.
Impl
ementati
on ofthe wel ding shoul
d preferabl
y take accountofthe recommendations i
n EN 1011-8:2004,
Annex B.

8 Examination and testing

8.1 Extent of testing

Testing i
ncludesboth non-destructi
ve testi
ng (NDT)and destructi
ve testi
ng which shal
lbe i
n accordance wi
th the
requirements ofTable 1.Before wel ding,the grooves shallbe subj ectto visualexaminati
on and tested for
surface cracks.

An appl
icati
on standard mayspeci
fyaddi
ti
onaltests,e.g.:

" l
ongi
tudi
nalwel
d tensi
le test;

" bend test;

" corrosi
on tests;

" chemi
calanal
ysi
s;

" i
mpacttest;

" radi
ographyorul
trasoni
c testi
ng;

" hardness test.

NOTE Itis possibl


e thatspecific servi
ce,materialormanufacturing condi
ti
ons requi re more comprehensive testi
ng
than i
s specifi
ed by thi
s partofISO 15614 i n orderto gai
n more i
nformati
on and to avoi
d repeati
ng the wel
ding procedure
testata l
aterdate justto obtai
n additi
onaltestdata.

Implementation ofthe tests as wel


las assessmentofthe testresul
ts are to be undertaken accordi
ng to the
appropri
ate appli
cable standards.

Table 1 — Examination and testing of test pieces

Material group according to ISO/TR 15608


72 71 73 74
Type of test
Spheroi dal Grey
Mall
eable Austempered
graphite cast cast
castiron ducti
le casti
ron
i
ron iron

Vi
sualexami
nati
on accordi
ng to EN 970 X X X X
Penetranttesti
ng accordi
ng to EN 571-1 X X X X
Tensile testatambi enttemperature accordi ng to EN 10002-1 X X Xa X
and ISO 783 wi th round sampl es accordi ng to EN 10002-1
transverse to the weld (requi
rement: determi nation of tensi
le
strength,Rm);othertypesofsampl e can be agreed

Macroscopi
cexami
nati
on transverse to the wel
d X X X X
Tensile testatambi enttemperature according to EN 10002-1 X X X X
and ISO 783 with round sampl es accordi
ng to EN 10002-1 from
the parentmetaloraccordi ng to agreement
a Ifappl
icabl
e.

© ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved 5
8.2 Location and taking of test specimens

The testspeci
mensshal
lbe taken i
n accordance wi
th Fi
gure 2.

Key
1 Area 1 for1 tensil
e testspeci
men
2 Area 2 foradditi
onaltestspeci mens (e.g.fori
mpacttest)
3 Area 3 fortestspeci
men from the parentmetal
4 Area 4 for:
a)1 macro/microscopic testspeci
men,i
frequi
red;
b)1 hardnesstest,ifrequired
5 di
scard 50 mm

Figure 2 — Location of test specimens

8.3 Non-destructive testing

AllNDT i
n accordance wi
th 8.1 and Table 1 shal
lbe carri
ed outon the testpieces pri
orto taki
ng ofthe test
speci
mens.Anypost-weld heattreatmentthatisspeci
fied shal
lbe completed pri
orto NDT.

Vi
sualexami
nati
on shal
lbe carri
ed outaccordi
ng to EN 970 and penetranttesti
ng accordi
ng to EN 571-1.

8.4 Destructive tests

8.4.1 Extent of testing

The extentoftesti
ng shal
lbe as requi
red byTabl
e 1.

8.4.2 Transverse tensile test

Specimens and testi


ng fortransverse tensi
le testi
ng shal
lbe carried outwi th reference to the rel
evantmateri
al
standard.Forwelds with a thi
ckness % 50 mm,the sampl es forthe tensi
le testare taken from one pl ane.W i
th

6 © ISO 2008 – Al
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cknesses W50 mm tests shoul
thi d be made i
n two pl
anes,one somewhatbel
ow the surface and the otheri
n the
middle ofthe seam orthe rootarea.

The tensi
le strength ofthe testspeci
men shal
lbe speci
fi
ed pri
orto testi
ng.

8.4.3 M acroscopic examination

W hen a macroscopic exami nati


on is requi
red, the sample is to be prepared and etched on one si
de i
n
accordance wi
th EN 1321 i
n orderto cl
earl
yshow the fusi
on l
ine and the heat-affected zone (HAZ).

8.4.4 M icroscopic examination

W hen a mi croscopi
c exami nation i
s required, the sampl e is to be prepared and etched on one si de i
n
accordance wi th EN 1321 in orderto cl
early show the fusi
on li
ne,the HAZ mi crostructure,and the wel
d-metal
microstructure.The microscopicexami nati
on shallincl
ude the non-i
nfl
uenced parentmetal .

8.5 Acceptance criteria

A wel
ding procedure i
s qual
ifi
ed i
fthe i
mperfecti
ons i
n the testpi
ece are wi
thi
n the speci
fi
ed l
imi
ts forqual
ity
l
evelC ofEN 1011-8:2004,AnnexA.

8.6 Re-testing

If the test pi
ece fail
s to compl y with any of the requi
rements for visualexami nati
on or penetranttesting
speci fi
ed in 8.5, one further test piece shal lbe welded and subj ected to the same exami nati
on. If thi
s
addi ti
onaltestpiece does notcompl ywi th the requi
rements,the wel
ding procedure has fai
led.

Ifany testspecimen fai l


s to comply with the requirements fordestructi ve testi
ng in accordance with 8.4 but
only due to weldimperfecti ons,two furthertestspeci mens shal lbe obtai ned foreach one thatfai l
ed.The
additi
onaltestspeci mens can be taken from the same testpi ece i fthere is suffi
cientmaterialorfrom a new
testpiece.Each addi ti
onaltestspecimen shal lbe subjected to the same tests as the i ni
ti
altestspecimen that
fai
led.Ifeitherofthe additi
onaltestspeci mens does notcompl y wi th the requirements,the welding procedure
testhas fail
ed.

Ifa tensi
le testspeci
men fai
ls to meetthe requirements of8.4.2,two furthertestspeci
mens shal
lbe obtai
ned
foreach one thatfail
ed.Both shallsati
sfythe requi
rements of8.4.2.

9 Range of qualification

9.1 General

Each ofthe condi


ti
ons gi
ven i
n Cl
ause 9 shal
lbe meti
n orderto compl
ywi
th thi
s partofISO 15614.

Changes outsi
de the ranges speci
fi
ed shal
lrequi
re a new wel
ding procedure test.

9.2 Qualification related to the manufacturer

A qual
ifi
cati
on ofa pW PS by a wel di
ng procedure testaccording to thi
s partofISO 15614 obtai ned by a
manufactureris val
id forwel
ding i
n workshops orsites underthe same techni caland qual
ity controlofthe
manufacturer.

W eldi
ng is underthe same technicaland quality controlwhen the manufacturerwho performed the wel
ding
procedure testretai
ns compl
ete responsi
bil
ityforal lwelding carri
ed outto i
t.

© ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved 7
9.3 Qualification related to the material

9.3.1 Parent material

In orderto mi
nimi
ze the numberofwel
ding procedure tests,materi
algrades shal
lbe grouped as shown i
n
Tabl e 2.

Forspheroi
dalgraphi
te casti
ron,a procedure testcarri
ed outon one grade ofcasti
ron i
sval
id forothertypes.

Forgrey and mal l


eable castirons,the procedure testcarri
ed outon the chosen grade ofcastiron i
s val
id foral
l
grades,whileal owergrade A procedure teston austempered ductile castiron i
s onlyvali
d forthi
s grade ofcast
i
ron used i
n the weldi
ng procedure test.

A separate wel
ding procedure qual
ifi
cati
on shal
lbe obtai
ned foreach casti
ron notcovered by the groupi
ng
system.

8 © ISO 2008 – Al
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ghts reserved
© ISO 2008 – All rights reserved
Table 2 — Range of qualification for spheroidal graphite cast iron

Parent material
Material group Non-homogeneous filler metal Homogeneous/semi-homogeneous filler metal
(ISO/TR 15608)

Greycasti
rons 71 Procedure testforchosen grade i
s val
id foral
lgrades wi
th l
owerstrength i
n thi
s group
Spheroidalcasti
rons (ferri
te type wi
th Procedure testforchosen grade from thi
s group i
s val
id foral lferri
ti
c grades wi
th hi
gherstrength i
n thi
s group
72.2
speci
fi
ed impactresi
stance val ues) up to group 72.1 EN-GJS-400-15,resp.EN-GJS-450-10 i fferriti
c
Spheroi
dalcasti
rons (ferri
te type) 72.1
Spherodi
al cast i
rons (ferri
te/perl
ite The grades EN-GJS-500-7 and EN-GJS-450-10 need to have
72.1 Procedure testforchosen grade is valid for
type) separate procedure tests
al
lgrades with l
owerstrength i
n thi
s group
Procedure testforchosen perliti
c grade from thi
s group i
s val
id
Spheroi
dalcasti
rons (perl
ite type) 72.1
foral
lgradeswi th l
owerstrength down to EN-GJS-600-3
Mal
leabl
e casti
rons 73 Procedure testforchosen grade i
s val
id foral
llowergradesi
n thi
sgroup (see Tabl
e 4)
A procedure teston austempered ductil
e castiron i
s onl
y val
id forthe grade ofcasti
ron used i
n the wel
ding
Austempered ducti
le casti
rons 74
procedure underconsiderati
on ofthe chosen heattreatment

9
9.3.2 Parent material thickness

The qualifi
cati
on of welding procedure test on thi
ckness, t, shal
lincl
ude thi
cknesses i
n the range of
qual
ifi
cati
on given i
n Tabl
es 3 and 4.

Table 3 — Range of qualification for thickness

Test piece thickness,t


Range of qualification
mm

15 % t u 30 3 mm to 2t

t & 30 0,5t to 2t or200 mm,whi


cheveri
sgreater

Table 4 — Range of qualification of thickness for special cases

Thickness of test Range of qualification


Material of test piece piece Remarks
mm mm

3% t u 8 3% t u 8 on u 0,3 %
C mass fracti

8 % t u 12 8 % t u 12 No free carbon yet,butperli


te mass fracti
on
EN-GJMW -360-12 up to 100 % in core regi
on

12 % t u 30 12 % t u 60 In addition,segregati
ons oftempercarbon
in core region

tu3 tu3 on u 0,3 %


C mass fracti

EN-GJMW -400-5 3% t u 5 3% t u 5 No free carbon yet,butperli


te mass fracti
on
up to 100 % in core regi
on
EN-GJMW -450-7
In addition,segregati
ons oftempercarbon
5 % t % 30 5 % t % 60
in core region

Low decarburizati
on,therefore temper
EN-GJMW -550-4 3 % t % 30 3 % t % 60
carbon i
n thi
n secti
ons as well
No decarburi
zati
on,tempercarbon
EN-GJMB-350-10 3 % t % 30 3 % t % 60
segregati
on even i
n thi
nnestsecti
ons

9.4 Qualification common to all welding procedures

9.4.1 Welding processes

The quali
fi
cati
on according to the weldi
ng procedure specifi
cati
on (W PS)i s val
id only forthe weldi
ng process
used i
n the weldi
ng procedure test.In a mul ti
-process procedure test,the qualifi
cation is val
id onl
y forthe
sequence used duri
ng the qual i
fi
cati
on test.

Formul ti
-process procedures,each weldi
ng process maybe approved separatel y ori
n combi nati
on with other
processes. Simil
arly one or more processes may be del eted from an approved W PS provi ded the joint
thi
ckness is wi
thi
n the approved thi
ckness range ofthe rel
evantwel di
ng process(es)to be appli
ed.

9.4.2 Welding positions

W hen nei
theri
mpactnorotherdynami
c tests are speci
fi
ed,wel
ding i
n any one posi
ti
on approves forwel
ding
i
n allposi
ti
ons.

10 © ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved
W hen i
mpacttests and/orotherdynami
c tests are speci
fi
ed fora wel
d,the range ofqual
ifi
cati
on accordi
ng to
Table 5 shal
lbe appl
ied.

W el
ding i
n one wel
ding posi
ti
on qual
ifi
es forotherwel
ding posi
ti
ons accordi
ng to Tabl
e 5.

Table 5 — Welding positions

Range of qualification
Welding position of test piece (ISO 6947)
PA PC PF PE

PA (fl
at) X — — —
PC (hori
zontal
) X X — —
PF (verti
calup) X X X —
PE (overhead) X X X X

9.4.3 Type of joint/weld

A quali
fi
cation establi
shed usi
ng the arrangements shown i
n Fi
gure 1 i
s val
id foral
ltypes ofbuttwel
d (j
oint
and/orfi
nishing weldi
ng).

A weldi
ng procedure testsi
ngl
e si
ded wel
d wi
thoutbacki
ng i
s val
id both forsi
de wel
ding and forwel
ds wi
th
backi
ng.

9.4.4 Filler material

The qual
ifi
cati
on range offi
ll
ermetal
s shal
lmeetthe requi
rements ofthe materi
alsl
isted i
n Tabl
e 2.

9.4.5 Type of current

The quali
fi
cation gi
ven i
s onl
yforthe type ofcurrent(AC,DC,pul
sed current)and pol
ari
ty used i
n the wel
ding
procedure test.

9.4.6 Heat input

W hen i
mpactrequi rements appl
y,the upper l
imi
tofheati
nputqual
ifi
ed i
s 25 % greater than thatused i
n
weldi
ng the testpi
ece.

W hen hardness requi


rements appl
y,the l
owerl
imi
tofheati
nputqual
ifi
ed i
s 25 % l
owerthan thatused i
n
weldi
ng the testpi
ece.

Heati
nputi
s cal
cul
ated i
n accordance wi
th EN 1011-1.

Ifwel
ding procedure tests have been performed atboth a hi
gh and a l
ow heati
nputl
evel
,then al
lintermedi
ate
heati
nputs are al
so qual i
fi
ed.

9.4.7 Preheat temperature

The lowerl
imi
tofqual
ifi
cati
on i
s the nomi
nalpreheattemperature appl
ied atthe startofthe wel
ding procedure
test.

9.4.8 Interpass temperature

The upperl
imi
tofqual
ifi
cati
on i
s the nomi
nali
nterpass temperature reached i
n the wel
ding procedure test.

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved 11
9.4.9 Post-weld heat treatment

Addi
ti
on ordel
eti
on ofpost-wel
d heattreatmenti
s notpermi
tted.

The temperature range val


idated i
s the hol
ding temperature used i
n the wel
ding procedure test' 20 °C unl
ess
otherwise speci
fied.W here required,heati ng rates,cooli
ng rates and holding ti
me shal lbe related to the
product.

9.5 Qualification specific to processes

9.5.1 Process 111

The qualifi
cati
on given i
s forthe di
ameterofelectrode,de,used in the wel
ding procedure test,'de foreach
run,with the excepti
on ofthe rootrun on si
ngl
e side weldi
ng withoutbacki ng buttwelds forwhi ch no si
ze
change is permissi
ble.

9.5.2 Process 121

The qualifi
cation gi
ven i
s restri
cted to the wi
re system used i
n the wel
ding procedure test(e.g.si
ngl
e-wi
re or
multi
ple-wire system).

The qualifi
cation gi
ven forthe fl
ux orwi
re type and combi
nati
on i
s restri
cted to the condi
ti
ons ofthe wel
d
procedure test.

9.5.3 Processes 131,135,136,and 137

The qual i
fi
cati
on gi
ven to the shi
eldi
ng gas is restri
cted to the symbolofthe gas according to ISO 14175.
However, the carbon di oxide vol
ume fracti
on shal lnot exceed 10 % of that used to quali
fy the wel di
ng
procedure test.Shieldi
ng gases notcovered by ISO 14175 are restricted to the nomi
nalcomposition used in
the test.

The quali
fi
cation gi
ven i
s restri
cted to the wi
re system used i
n the wel
ding procedure test(e.g.si
ngl
e-wi
re or
multi
-wi
re system).

9.5.4 Process 141

The qual
ifi
cati
on given to the shi
eldi
ng gas and backi
ng gas i
s restri
cted to the symbolofthe gas accordi
ng to
ISO 14175.Shi el
ding gases notcovered by ISO 14175 are restricted to the nominalcomposi ti
on used i
n the
test.

A wel
ding procedure testmade wi
thouta backi
ng gas qual
ifi
es a wel
ding procedure testwi
th backi
ng gas.

W el
ding wi
th fi
ll
ermateri
aldoes notqual
ifyforwel
ding wi
thoutfi
ll
ermateri
alorvi
ce versa.

9.5.5 Process 15

Qualifi
cati
on of the wel
ding procedure i
s restri
cted to the pl
asma gas composi
ti
on used i
n the wel
ding
procedure test.

The qual
ifi
cati
on given to the shi
eldi
ng gas and backi
ng gas i
s restri
cted to the symbolofthe gas accordi
ng to
ISO 14175.Shi el
ding gases notcovered byISO 14175 are restricted to the nominalcompositi
on quali
fi
ed.

W el
ding wi
th fi
ll
ermateri
aldoes notqual
ifyforwel
ding wi
thoutfi
ll
ermateri
alorvi
ce versa.

9.5.6 Process 311

W el
ding wi
th fi
ll
ermateri
aldoes notqual
ifyforwel
ding wi
thoutfi
ll
ermateri
alorvi
ce versa.

12 © ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved
10 Welding procedure qualification record form
The wel ding procedure qual i
fi
cati
on record (W PQR)i s a statementofthe resul ts ofassessing each testpi ece
incl
udi ng re-tests.The relevantitems l i
sted forthe W PS i n ISO 15609-1 orISO 15609-2 shal lbe i ncl
uded,
togetherwi th detail
s ofany features thatwoul d be rejectabl e by the requi
rements ofClause 8.Ifno rej ectable
features orunacceptabl e testresults are found,a W PQR detai li
ng the wel di
ng procedure testpiece results i
s
qualifi
ed and shal lbe si
gned and dated bythe exami nerorexami ni
ng body.

A W PQR formatshal lbe used to record detai


ls forthe wel
ding procedure and the testresul
ts,i
n orderto
faci
li
tate uni
form presentati
on and assessmentofthe data.

An exampl
e ofa W PQR formati
s shown i
n Annex A.

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved 13
Annex A
(i
nformati
ve)

Welding procedure qualification record form

Welding procedure qualification — Test certificate

Manufacturer’ sW PQR No.: Exami nerorexami


ning body:
Manufacturer: Reference No.:
Address:
Code/testi ng standard:
Date ofwel ding:
Range of qualification
W elding process(es):
Type ofj ointand wel d:
Parentmateri algroup(s)and sub group(s):
Parentmateri althickness (mm):
W eld-metalthi ckness (mm):
Throatthi ckness (mm):
Single run/mul ti
-run:
Outsi de pipe diameter(mm):
Fill
ermateri aldesi gnation:
Fill
ermateri almake:
Fill
ermateri alsi ze:
Desi gnation ofshi elding gas/fl
ux:
Desi gnation ofbacki ng gas:
Type ofwel ding currentand pol ari
ty:
Mode ofmetaltransfer:
Heati nput:
W elding positions:
Preheattemperature:
Interpass temperature:
Post-heati ng:
Post-wel d heattreatment:
Otheri nformati on (see also 8.5):

Certifi
ed thattestwel ds prepared,wel ded and tested sati
sfactori
lyi
n accordance wi
th the requi
rements of
the code/testi
ng standard i
ndicated above.

................................... .................................................. .....................................................................

Locati
on Date ofi
ssue Exami
nerorexami ni
ng body
Name,date and si
gnature

14 © ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved
Record of weld test

Location: Exami nerorexami ning body:


Manufacturer’s pW PS No.: Method ofpreparati on and cl
eani
ng:
Manufacturer'sW PQR No.: Parentmateri alspeci
fi
cation:
Manufacturer: Materialthickness (mm):
W elder’s name: Outside pipe diameter(mm):
Mode ofmetaltransfer: W el
ding posi ti
on:
Jointtype and weld:
W eld preparati
on detai
ls (sketch)*:
Joi
ntdesi
gn W el
ding sequences

Welding details
Run W eldi
ng Si
ze offi
ll
er Current Vol
tage Type of Wi re Travel Heat Metal
process material A V current/ feed speed* i
nput* transfer
polari
ty speed

Fill
ermateri aldesi gnati on and make: Otherinformati on*e.g.:
Anyspeci albaki ng ordryi ng: W eavi ng (maximum wi dth ofrun):
Gas/flux — shi elding: Osci l
lati
on:ampl i
tude,frequency,dwel
lti
me:
— backi ng: Pulse wel ding detai
ls:
Gas flow rate — shi elding: Distance contacttube/workpi ece:
— backi ng: Plasma wel di
ng detail
s:
Tungsten el ectrode type/si ze: Torch angl e:
Detai l
s ofback gougi ng/backing:
Preheattemperature:
Interpass temperature:
Post-heating:
Post-wel d heattreatment:
(ti
me,temperature,method,
heating and cool ing rates*):

................................................................................. ........................................................................................

Manufacturer Exami
nerorexami ni
ng body
Name,date and si
gnature Name,date and si
gnature
*Ifrequi
red.

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved 15
Test results

Manufacturer’
sW PQR No.: Exami nerorexamini
ng body:
Vi
sual: Reference No.*:
Penetrant/magneti
c parti
cle*: Radi ography*:
Ultrasonic*:
Tensile tests Temperature:
Type/No. Yi
eld Tensil
e El
ongati on after Reducti
on of Fracture Remarks
strength,Re strength,Rm fracture,A area,Z locati
on
MPa MPa % %
Requi
rement

Bend tests Formerdi


ameter:
Type/No. Bend angl
e El
ongati
on* Resul
ts

Macroscopic
Examinati
on:

Impact test* Type: Si


ze: Requi
rements:
Temp. Val
ues
Notch l
ocati
on/di
recti
on °C 1 2 3 Average Remarks

Hardness test*(type/l
oad): Locati
on ofmeasurements (sketch*):
Parentmetal:
HAZ:
W el
d metal:

Other tests:
Remarks:
Tests carried outin accordance wi th the
requi
rements of:
Laboratoryreportreference No.:
Testresul ts were (delete as appropri
ate):
acceptabl e;
notacceptabl e.
Testcarried outi n the presence of:
......................................................................................
*Ifrequi
red. Exami nerorexami ni ng body
Name,date and si gnature

16 © ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved
Bibliography

[1] ISO 4063,W elding and allied processes — Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers

[2] ISO/TR 15608,W elding — Guidelines for a metallic materials grouping system

[3] ISO 15614-13,Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — W elding
procedure test — Part 13: Resistance butt and flash welding

[4] ISO 15620,W elding — Friction welding of metallic materials

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved 17
ICS 25.160.10
Pri
ce based on 17 pages

© ISO 2008 – Al
lri
ghts reserved