Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

“Abolitionists in the Abolitionist Movement”

William Lloyd Garrison: ​He was best known for the publishment of “The Liberator”
newspaper. He also founded the American Anti-Slavery Society, a society that demanded for the
racial equality for African Americans.

Samuel Eli Cornish: ​He ​was an American Presbyterian minister, ​abolitionist​, publisher, and
journalist. He ​established the American Anti-Slavery Society, the American Moral Reform
Society, the New York City Vigilance Committee, and the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery
Society.

Frederick Douglass: ​He was known for escaping slavery when he was 21 and he is an
incredibly talented writer and orator​. He also published an anti-slavery newspaper called, “North
Star”. ​"Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass" is a document that described his experience
as a slave.

Sojourner Truth:​​ She was a slave that escaped in the 1826, an African-American abolitionist,
and women's rights activist. At a women's rights convention in Ohio in 1851, she gave one of her
most famous speeches called "Ain't I a Woman."

Harriet Tubman: ​She was one of the most famous conductors of the underground railroad. She
went to slave-holding states and helped the slaves escape with the use of the underground
railroad.

David Walker: ​Having experienced slavery and racism, he wrote a pamphlet in 1829 called
“​Walker's Appeal, in Four Articles; Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the
World, but in Particular, and Very Expressly, to Those of the United States of America”​ that
urged African Americans to fight for freedom and equality. The Massachusetts General Colored
Association, was an organization that David Walker was part in that opposed to slavery and
racism.

Benjamin Lundy: ​He opposed slavery years before the American Civil War since he was raised
by Quaker parents. In 1815 he organized the Union Humane Society, an antislavery association,
in ​Ohio​. In 1821, he began publishing the anti-slavery newspaper, “​Genius of Universal
Emancipation​.”
Grimké Sisters: ​Two early and prominent activists for abolition and women's rights, Sarah
Grimke and Angelina Grimke Weld.​ In 1836, Angelina wrote a pamphlet, “​An Appeal to the
Christian Women of the South​”, in which she urged people to go against slavery. After, Sarah
followed with ​An Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States​.

Harriet Beecher Stowe: ​She is best known for the novel, “​Uncle Tom's Cabin” that accelerated
the abolitionist movement. She also wrote novel called, “The Mayflower”.

Elijah Parish Lovejoy: ​American ​newspaper​ editor, that died by a pro-slavery mob. He died for
printing multiple anti-slavery material that led to the American Civil War. He became editor of
the ​St. Louis Observer​.

Henry “Box” Brown: ​He shipped himself in a wooden box from Virginia to Philadelphia,
where slavery had been abolished.

Wendell Phillips: ​American abolitionist and social reformer, became the antislavery
movement's most powerful orator. He sacrificed social status to join the anti-slavery movement.

Blassingame, John W: ​He is best known for the creation of his book in 1972, “The Slave
Community”. He is also an editor for the abolitionist and author, Frederick Douglass, papers.

John Brown: ​He is the Abolitionism’s Fiery Crusade that led his followers to kill 5 pro-slavery
settlers, in Kansas. ​The territory became known as “Bleeding Kansas.”

John Woolman: ​He was a British-American Quaker leader and abolitionist. ​In 1754 Woolman
published ​Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes​. Over time, and working on a
personal level, he individually convinced many Quaker slaveholders to free their slaves.

Henry David Thoreau: ​He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the
Fugitive Slave Law​ while praising the writings of ​Wendell Phillips​ and defending the abolitionist
John Brown​. Thoreau's philosophy of ​civil disobedience​ later influenced figures such as ​Leo
Tolstoy​, ​Mahatma Gandhi​, and ​Martin Luther King Jr.

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper: ​ She began her career as a public speaker and political activist
after joining the ​American Anti-Slavery Society​ in 1853.​ ​She fought for African Americans,
women’s right, and other social causes.
Oren Burbank Cheney: ​He was elected as the only delegate to attend the ​1852 Free Soil Party
Convention​ in ​Pittsburgh​ from Maine, a convention that opposed the expansion of slavery in the
U.S. He would publish anti-slavery pieces in his newspaper.

William and Ellen Craft: ​The Crafts lectured publicly about their escape with their published a
written account, ​Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; Or, The Escape of William and Ellen
Craft from Slavery​. One of the most interesting of the many ​slave narratives​ published before the
American Civil War​, their book reached wide audiences in Great Britain and the United States.

Arthur and Lewis Tappan: ​Formed the American Anti-Slavery Society and supported Foreign
Anti-Slavery Society. ​Lewis Tappan financially supported ​The Emancipator​, an abolitionist
newspaper.

Henry Highland Garnet: ​ ​A public speaker, he urged black Americans to take action and claim
their own destinies. One of the founders of the American Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (AFAS)