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Executive Summary

In this report we tried to express the overall activities that we have done in the internship
period, the challenges we have faced during performing our work and the solution taken are
included, In addition to this the task we have been executed the procedure we have been using
and while performing our work gain knowledge in terms of practical and theoretical skills and
also the report contain apparent ship is important to increasing interpersonal communication skill
leadership skill entrepreneurship skill etc.

In this report the following main points are involved:

 Brief history of the company


 the main products or services of the company
 In which section of the company I have been working in
 How does the work flow in the section look like?
 how good you have been in performing my tasks
 what challenges you have been facing while performing my task
 General experience we got from internship
 General benefit we got during internship period

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

First and for most, I praise the Almighty God, for his mercy, love and care enable me to be
alive stay the internship during the practical study.

Next I would like to extend my greatest gratitude to Adama science and Technology for
providing this opportunity, and all coordinators who take their time to adjust the internship.
Besides, I would like to say thanks for the hosting company Dire Dawa Telecommunition
Water, Mine and Energy office, for its acceptance and to assist me during the internship
period specially E/r Dawit manager of the office and Ato Aneley the supervisor of 4 sections
for giving data and general idea of the project also I would like to say thanks for workers
specially Ato Mesfin for the general idea and Daniel for your advise or show me the way
how to write internship report. In addition to this I would like to acknowledge my beloved
family for supporting me in every need.

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List of acronyms
VPN; Virtual private network
VAST; Very Small Aperture Terminal

MPLS; Multi Protocol Labeled Switch


FWT; Fixed wireless terminal
CDMA; code division multiple access

IP; internet protocol


RAN; radio access network
MSAG; Multi-service access gate way
PSTN; Public switch telephone network

CN; core network

GSM; global system for mobile


LTE; long term evolution
SIM; subscriber identity module

BSS; Base Station Subsystem

TRAU; Trans coding Rate and Adaptation Unit

BTS ;Base Transceiver station

NSS: Network Switching Sub System

MSC; Mobile Switching Center

VLR; Visitor Location Register

GMSC; Gateway Mobile Switching Center

HLR; Home Location Register

IMEI; International Mobile Station Equipment Identity

RF; radio frequency

LOS; line of sight


WDM; Wavelength Division Multiplexing
CWDM: Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing

DWDM: Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing


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TABLE OF CONTENT
CONTENT PAGE
EXCUTIVE SUMMERY ...........................................................................................................i
ACKNOLODGMENT ............................................................................................................. ii
LIST OF ACRONOMY .......................................................................................................... iii
CHAPTER 1.................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.1 The objectives of the internship are: ................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.2 BACKGROUND ...................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
1.3 Service .................................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
CHAPTER 2.................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2. Management, training and employee information .................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.1 The Major duty assigned to perform ................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.2 Orientation with the responsibility of job: ........................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.3 The role of supervisor in the given assignment: .................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.4 Qualities developed which allowed succeeding in daily duties: ......... Error! Bookmark not defined.
CHAPTER 3.................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Specific job information ............................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.1 Core network ........................................................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.1.1 What is core network means? .......................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.1.2 Function of core network? ................................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.1 GSM Mobile (prepaid/postpaid) ....................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2 Mobile Station (MS) .......................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2.1 Base Station Subsystem (BSS) ........................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2.2 Base Transceiver station (BTS) ....................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2.3 Base Station Controller (BSC) ......................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2.4 Network Switching Sub System (NSS): ........................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.2.2.5 Mobile Switching Center (MSC) ..................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.3 TRANSMISSION ..................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.3.1 MICROWAVE TRANSMISSION ........................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
3.3.2 Optical Fibers (Fiber Optics) Transmission ........................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
Chapter 4....................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Reflection and Conclusion ............................................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.
4.1 Recommendation ................................................................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Reference ....................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
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