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AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE

MIDTERM EXAMINATION
GENERAL CHEMISTRY

Name: ______________ Date: _______________ Score: _____________

1. Which of the following are poor conductors of heat and electricity?

A) metals B) metalloids C) nonmetals D) alkaline earth elements

2. Which group on the periodic table is known as the alkaline earth metals?

A) group 1A B) group 2A C) group 8A D) group 7A

3. Halogens are good disinfectants. Which of the following is a halogen?

A) N B) O C) Cl D) Fe

4. Why do atomic numbers jump by 15 from left to right in the section of the periodic table shown below?

A) The missing elements have not yet been discovered.

B) The missing elements are all radioactive.

C) The missing elements form the lathanide and actinide series, usually found below the periodic table.

D) The missing elements do not exist.

5. Looking only at the box below, what can you say for certain about the element immediately to the right
of oxygen on the periodic table?

A) The element is a gas. B) The element's name will begin with the letter P.

C) The element's atomic weight will be 18. D) The element will have atomic number 9.

6. Why are both hydrogen and cesium s-block elements, when hydrogen has one electron and cesium
has 55?

A) All blocks contain at least one element from each period.

B) Blocks of elements on the periodic table are based only on an element's valence electrons.

C) The s-block includes only the most reactive elements.

D) They have identical electron configurations.

7. Atoms of elements in group 1 have ____________.

A) one electron in their outermost energy level

B) two electrons in their outermost energy level

C) seven electrons in their outermost energy level

D) eight electrons in their outermost energy level


8. Which of the blocks on the periodic table contains the most elements?

A) s block B) p block C) d block D) f block

9. Where would you expect to find the smallest atoms?

10. Which group on the periodic table is known as the halogens?

A) group 1A B) group 2A C) group 8A D) group 7A

11. What is the frequency of yellow light , which has a wavelength of 5.56 x 10-7m?

A) 1.85 x 1015 Hz B) 1.85 x 1015 m/s C) 5.40 x 1014 Hz D)5.40 x 1014 m/s

12. The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that humans can see is the ________.

A)visible spectrum B)infrared spectrum C)ultraviolet spectrum D)a, b, and c

13. A wavelength of 500 nm is associated with the _______ portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

A) visible B) infrared C) ultraviolet D) microwave

14. Given the below electron dot structure, what further information is required to find the identity of
element X?

A) the number of valence electrons B) the period in which the element is found

C) the number of neutrons D) the electric charge

15. Which of the following statements is true?

A) Each set of d orbitals contains seven orbitals.

B) Each set of d orbitals can hold a maximum of 14 electrons.

C) The first energy level contains only s and p orbitals.

D) All s orbitals are spherically shaped.

16. How many electrons can an orbital contain?

A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4

17. What is the electron configuration for tin (Sn)?

A) [Kr]5s23d103f145p4 B) [Kr]5s23d104d145p4

C) [Kr]5s23d104f145p2 D) [Kr]5s24d105p2

18. What is an electron dot structure?

A) An element symbol surrounded by dots representing its valence electrons.

B) An element symbol surrounded by its innermost electrons.

C) An element symbol with a positive charge.

D) A filled noble gas in brackets plus the remaining electron configuration expressed by filled orbitals.

19. Why does the 4s orbital begin to fill before the 3d orbital?

A)The 4s orbital is lower than the 3d orbital in the aufbau diagram.


B) s orbitals always fill before d orbitals.

C) The 4s orbital is to the left of the 3d orbital in the diagram.

D) The 4s orbital has higher energy than the 3d orbital.

20. Which of the following statements expresses Hund's rule?

A) Electrons in orbitals must possess opposite spins.

B) Single electrons with the same spin must occupy each equal-energy orbital before additional electrons with
opposite spins can occupy the same orbitals.

C) Electrons with the same spin fill all orbitals.

D) P orbitals may contain up to six electrons.

21. Effective nuclear charge is the nuclear charge felt by an electron when both the actual nuclear charge
and the repulsive effects of the other electrons are taken into account.

A. True B. False

22. What theory explains that when certain metals are exposed to light of at least a certain minimum
frequency, electrons are ejected from its surface.

a. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle b. Bohr's theory of the hydrogen atom

c. Aufbau Principle d. Photoelectric Effect

23. To what category does Germanium belongs?

a. Metalloids b. Metal c. Non-metal

24. The electron configuration influences the properties of the elements.

A. True B. False

25. To what category does Tellurium belongs?

a. Metal b. Non-metal c. Metalloids

26. Which theory states that the farther away the electron is from the nucleus, the higher the excited state
is?

a. Bohr's theory of the hydrogen atom

b. Aufbau Principle

c. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

d. Photoelectric Effect

27. Group IA elements have the lowest ionization energies.

A. True B. False

28. Energy levels of orbitals determine the actual arrangement of electrons in atoms. Electrons will fill
first the most stable orbitals.

A. True B. False

29. The f-subshells of transition metals are incompletely filled.

A. True B. False

30. Which of the following quantum numbers describes the orientation of the orbitals?

a. Principal quantum number

b. Angular momentum quantum number

c. Magnetic quantum number


II. Write the complete ground state electron configurations for the following:

1) lithium ________________________________________

2) oxygen ________________________________________

3) calcium ________________________________________

4) titanium ________________________________________

5) rubidium ________________________________________

6) lead ________________________________________

7) erbium ________________________________________

Write the abbreviated ground state electron configurations for the following:

8) helium ________________________________________

9) nitrogen ________________________________________

10) chlorine ________________________________________

11) iron ________________________________________

12) zinc ________________________________________

13) barium ________________________________________

14) polonium ________________________________________

Write the Lewis dot structure of the ff.

1. CBr4

2. NCl3 4. SbCl3

3. C2H5Cl 5. PF5