Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

Rosa Mystica or Mystic Rose is a title of Mary in Catholic Marian devotion.

It is found in the Litany of

Loreto in reference to the Rose of Sharon, an allegorical belief that focuses on the Virgin Mary as
Mediatrix intercessor. A devotional image enshrined at the Maria Rosenberg church in Waldfischbach-
Burgalben, Germany, features an 1138 painting of Mary, featuring three roses, with thirteen roses,
allegedly connecting to the 13 July feast day associated with the Marian title. Maria Crocifissa di Rosa
"Mary crucified of the Rose" was the religious name of Paolina Francesca di Rosa (1813–55), founder of
the Handmaids of Charity. A 1947 Marian apparition to religious nurse Pierina Gilli in Montichiari, Italy is
associated with the Rosa Mystica. The devotion is tolerated in Italy and it is known for its most common
religious iconography, an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary bearing three roses in her breast, symbolising
prayer, penance and expiation.


The Madonna Della Strada is the patroness of the Society of Jesus. Its founder, Ignatius of Loyola, was
said to have been protected by the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary during battle in his service as
a soldier.

Our Lady, Star of the Sea is an ancient title for the Virgin Mary. The words Star of the Sea are a
translation of the Latin title Stella Maris.

The title has been in use since at least the early medieval period. Originally arising from a scribal error in
a supposed etymology of the name Mary, it came to be seen as allegorical of Mary's role as "guiding
star" on the way to Christ. Under this name, the Virgin Mary is believed to intercede as a guide and
protector of seafarers in particular, the Apostleship of the Sea, and many coastal churches are named
Stella Maris or Star of the Sea.


In the 5th century, during the reign of Pope Sixtus III, the town of Genazzano, about 30 miles (48 km)
south of Rome, had contributed a large portion of its revenue for the Roman basilica now known as
Santa Maria Maggiore. In appreciation, a church, called Santa Maria, was built in Genazzano and was
later entrusted to the Augustinian Order in 1356.[1] The Genazzano church became a popular place of
pilgrimage. Numerous cures were said took place there. The Augustinian friars were invited to minister
to the spiritual needs of the pilgrims. They continue to serve there to this day.

The term Black Madonna or Black Virgin refers to statues or paintings of the Blessed Virgin Mary in
which she, and often the infant Jesus, are depicted with black or dark skin. The Black Madonna can be
generally found in Catholic and Orthodox countries.

The statues or paintings are mostly wooden but occasionally stone, often painted and up to 75 cm (30 in)
tall. They fall into two main groups: free-standing upright figures or seated figures on a throne. The
pictures are usually icons which are Byzantine in style, often made in 13th- or 14th-century Italy. There
are about 400-500 Black Madonnas in Europe, depending on how they are classified. There are at least
180 Vierges Noires in France, and there are hundreds of non-medieval copies as well. Some are in
museums, but most are in churches or shrines and are venerated by devotees. A few are associated with
miracles and attract substantial numbers of pilgrims.


The picture of Mother Thrice Admirable ("Mater ter Admirabilis" in Latin) was donated by a teacher in
1915. It was painted in 1898 by Luigi Crosio for the Swiss printing house Kunzli Brothers, who produced
prints of the image under the title "Refuge of Sinners".[4]

The students renamed the picture "Mother Thrice Admirable", a title used by Father Jakob Rem, SJ, at
the Colloquium Marianum in Ingolstadt, in 1604.[6] It has been associated with specific pieces of Roman
Catholic Marian art. The spiritual center of the Marian colloquium of 1604 at Ingolstadt was a copy of
the icon of Our Lady Salus Populi Romani, and father Rem desired to know which of the invocations from
the litany of Loreto would please her most. He reported that after meditation, the title Mother Thrice
Admirable was revealed to him.

The 1898 Refugium Peccatorum Madonna by the Italian artist Luigi Crosio was purchased by the
Schoenstatt Sisters in Switzerland in 1964 and has since been called the Mother Thrice Admirable
Madonna, a key symbol of the Schoenstatt movement.