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# Program Name Source Content

## 1.3 Pritchett Clock Repair Shop Excel QM Breakeven Analysis

1.4 Pritchett Clock Repair Shop Excel QM Goal Seek
2.1 Expected Value and Variance Excel Expected Value and Variance
2.2 Binomial Probabilities Excel Binomial Probabilities
3.1 Thompson Lumber Excel QM Decision Table
3.5 Bayes Theorem for Thompson Lumber Example Excel Bayes Theorem
4.1 Triple A Construction Company Sales Excel QM Regression
4.2 Jenny Wilson Realty Excel QM Multiple Regression
4.3 Jenny Wilson Realty Excel QM Dummy Variables - Regression
4.4 MPG Data Excel QM Linear Regression
4.5 MPG Data Excel QM Nonlinear Regression
4.6 Solved Problem 4-2 Excel Regression
5.1 Wallace Garden Supply Shed Sales Excel QM Weighted Moving Average
5.2 Port of Baltimore Excel QM Exponential Smoothing
5.3 Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand Excel Trend Analysis
5.4 Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand Excel QM Trend Analysis
5.6 Turner Industries Excel Regression
6.1 Sumco Pump Company Excel QM EOQ Model
6.2 Brown Manufacturing Excel QM Production Run Model
6.3 Brass Department Store Excel QM Quantity Discount Model
7.2 Flair Furniture Excel Linear Programming
7.4 Holiday Meal Turkey Ranch Excel Linear Programming
7.6 High note sound company Excel Linear Programming
8.1 Win Big Gambling Club Excel Linear Programming
8.3 Fifth Avenue Industries Excel Linear Programming
8.5 Top Speed Bicycle Company Excel Linear Programming
8.6 Goodman Shipping Excel Linear Programming
9.1 High note sound company Excel Linear Programming
9.2 Manufacturing Example Excel Linear Programming
10.1 Executive Furniture Company Excel QM Transportation
10.2 Birmingham Plant Excel QM Transportation
10.3 Fix-It Shop Assignment Excel QM Assignment
11.2 Harrison Electric IP Analysis Excel Integer programming
11.4 Bagwell Chemical Company Excel Integer programming
11.5 Simkin, Simkin and Steinberg Excel Integer programming
11.7 Great Western Appliance Excel Nonlinear programming
11.8 Hospicare Corp Excel Nonlinear programming
11.9 Thermlock Gaskets Excel Nonlinear programming
11.10 Solved Problem 11-1 Excel 0-1 programming
13.1 Crashing General Foundry Problem Excel Crashing
14.1 Arnold's Muffler Shop Excel QM Single Server (M/M/1) system
14.2 Arnold's Muffler Shop Excel QM Multi-Server (M/M/m) system
14.3 Golding Recycling, Inc. Excel QM Constant Service Rate (M/D/1)
14.4 Department of Commerce Excel QM Finite population queue
15.2 Harry's Tire Shop Excel Simulation (inventory)
15.3 Generating Normal Random Numbers Excel Random #s and Frequency
15.4 Port of New Orleans Barge Unloadings Excel Simulation (waiting line)
15.5 Three Hills Power Company Excel Maintenance Simulation
16.4 Three Grocery Example Excel Markov Analysis
16.5 Accounts Receivable Example Excel Fundamental Matrix & Absorbing States
17.1 ARCO Excel p-Chart Analysis
Module
M1.1 AHP Excel
M5.1 Matrix Multiplication Excel
- Regression

Rate (M/D/1)

## ix & Absorbing States

Pritchett Clock Repair Shop

Breakeven Analysis
Enter the fixed and variable costs and the selling price in the data area.

## Data Cost-volume analysis

Rebuilt Springs 12
Fixed cost 1000 10
Variable cost 5 8
Revenue 10 6

\$
4
2
Results 0
Breakeven points 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Units 200 Costs Revenue Units
Dollars \$ 2,000.00

Graph
Units Costs Revenue
0 1000 0
400 3000 4000
Pritchett Clock Repair Shop

Breakeven Analysis
Enter the fixed and variable costs and the selling price in the data area.

Data
Rebuilt Springs
Fixed cost 1000
Variable cost 5
Revenue 10.71
Volume (optional) 250

Results
Breakeven points
Units 175
Dollars \$ 1,875.00

## Volume Analysis@ 250

Costs \$ 2,250.00
Revenue \$ 2,678.57
Profit \$ 428.57

Graph
Units Costs Revenue
0 1000 0
350 2750 3750
x P(x) xP(x) (x-mean)squared*P(x)
10 0.2 2 54.45
20 0.25 5 10.5625
30 0.25 7.5 3.0625
40 0.3 12 54.675

26.5 122.75
Mean Variance
The Binomial Distribution
n= 5
p= 0.5
r= 4

## Cumulative probability P(r<_) 0.9688

P(r) 0.1563
Thompson Lumber
Decision Tables
Enter
Enter the
the profits
profits or costs in the main body of the data table. Enter probabilities in the first row
if
if you
you want
want to compute
compute the
the expected
expected value.
value.
Data Results
Favorable Unfavorable
Profit Market Market EMV Minimum Maximum Hurwicz
Probability 0.5 0.5 coefficient 0.8
Large Plant 200000 -180000 10000 -180000 200000 124000
Small plant 100000 -20000 40000 -20000 100000 76000
Do nothing 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum 40000 0 200000 124000

## Expected Value of Perfect Information

Column best 200000 0 100000 <-Expected value under certainty
40000 <-Best expected value
60000 <-Expected value of perfect information

Regret
Favorable MUnfavorable Market Expected Maximum
Probability 0.5 0.5
Large Plant 0 180000 90000 180000
Small plant 100000 20000 60000 100000
Do nothing 200000 0 100000 200000
Minimum 60000 100000
Bayes Theorem for Thompson Lumber Example

## Probability Revisions Given a Positive Survey

Posterior
State of Nature P(Sur.Pos.|state of nature) Prior Prob. Joint Prob. Probability
FM 0.7 0.5 0.35 0.78
UM 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.22
P(Sur.pos.)= 0.45

## Probability Revisions Given a Negative Survey

Posterior
State of Nature P(Sur.Pos.|state of nature) Prior Prob. Joint Prob. Probability
FM 0.3 0.5 0.15 0.27
UM 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.73
P(Sur.neg.)= 0.55
Triple A Construction Com SUMMARY OUTPUT

## Sales (Y)Payroll (X) Regression Statistics

6 3 Multiple R 0.833333
8 4 R Square 0.694444
9 6 Adjusted R 0.618056
5 4 Standard E 1.311011
4.5 2 Observatio 6
9.5 5
ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 1 15.625 15.625 9.090909 0.039352
Residual 4 6.875 1.71875
Total 5 22.5

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%
Intercept 2 1.742544 1.147747 0.31505 -2.838077
Payroll (X) 1.25 0.414578 3.015113 0.039352 0.098947
Significance F

## Upper 95%Lower 95.0%

Upper 95.0%
6.838077 -2.838077 6.838077
2.401053 0.098947 2.401053
SELL PRICE SF AGE
35000 1926 30
47000 2069 40
49900 1720 30
55000 1396 15
58900 1706 32
60000 1847 38
67000 1950 27
70000 2323 30
78500 2285 26
79000 3752 35
87500 2300 18
93000 2525 17
95000 3800 40
97000 1740 12

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.81968
R Square 0.67188
Adjusted R Sq 0.61222
Standard Erro 12156.3
Observations 14

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 2 3328484242 1.66E+09 11.26195 0.002179
Residual 11 1625532901 1.48E+08
Total 13 4954017143

## CoefficientsStandard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%

Upper 95.0%
Intercept 60815.4 12741.04143 4.773193 0.000578 32772.6 88858.29 32772.6 88858.29
SF 21.9097 5.140482535 4.262184 0.001338 10.59556 33.22381 10.59556 33.22381
AGE -1449.34 398.282471 -3.638983 0.003895 -2325.957 -572.7293 -2325.957 -572.7293
Upper 95.0%
SELL PRI SF AGE X3(Exc) X4(Mint) Condition
35000 1926 30 0 0 Good
47000 2069 40 1 0 Excellent
49900 1720 30 1 0 Excellent
55000 1396 15 0 0 Good
58900 1706 32 0 1 Mint
60000 1847 38 0 1 Mint
67000 1950 27 0 1 Mint
70000 2323 30 1 0 Excellent
78500 2285 26 0 1 Mint
79000 3752 35 0 0 Good
87500 2300 18 0 0 Good
93000 2525 17 0 0 Good
95000 3800 40 1 0 Excellent
97000 1740 12 0 1 Mint

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.947618
R Square 0.89798
Adjusted R 0.852637
Standard E 7493.777
Observatio 14

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 4 4.45E+09 1.11E+09 19.80444 0.000174
Residual 9 5.05E+08 56156698
Total 13 4.95E+09

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0% Upper 95.0%
Intercept 48329.23 8713.307 5.5466 0.000358 28618.36 68040.1 28618.36 68040.1
SF 28.2138 3.473758 8.121981 1.96E-05 20.35561 36.07199 20.35561 36.07199
AGE -1981.41 298.0139 -6.648716 9.39E-05 -2655.564 -1307.256 -2655.564 -1307.256
X3(Exc) 16581.32 6089.81 2.722798 0.0235 2805.216 30357.43 2805.216 30357.43
X4(Mint) 23684.62 5324.635 4.448122 0.001605 11639.46 35729.78 11639.46 35729.78
Automobile Weight vs. MPG SUMMARY OUTPUT

## MPG (Y) Weight (X1) Regression Statistics

12 4.58 Multiple R 0.86288
13 4.66 R Square 0.74456
15 4.02 Adjusted R 0.71902
18 2.53 Standard E 5.00757
19 3.09 Observatio 12
19 3.11
20 3.18 ANOVA
23 2.68 df SS MS F Significance F
24 2.65 Regression 1 730.909 730.909 29.14802 0.000302
33 1.70 Residual 10 250.7577 25.07577
36 1.95 Total 11 981.6667
42 1.92
Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%
Intercept 47.6193 4.813151 9.89359 1.75E-06 36.89498 58.34371
Weight (X1 -8.24597 1.527345 -5.398891 0.000302 -11.64911 -4.842833
Lower 95.0%Upper 95.0%
36.89498 58.34371
-11.64911 -4.842833
Automobile Weight vs. MPG SUMMARY OUTPUT

## MPG (Y) Weight (X1) WeightSq.(X2) Regression Statistics

12 4.58 20.98 Multiple R 0.9208
13 4.66 21.72 R Square 0.8478
15 4.02 16.16 Adjusted R 0.8140
18 2.53 6.40 Standard E 4.0745
19 3.09 9.55 Observatio 12
19 3.11 9.67
20 3.18 10.11 ANOVA
23 2.68 7.18 df SS MS F Significance F
24 2.65 7.02 Regression 2 832.2557 416.1278 25.0661 0.000209
33 1.70 2.89 Residual 9 149.411 16.60122
36 1.95 3.80 Total 11 981.6667
42 1.92 3.69
Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%
Intercept 79.7888 13.5962 5.8685 0.0002 49.0321
Weight (X1 -30.2224 8.9809 -3.3652 0.0083 -50.5386
WeightSq.( 3.4124 1.3811 2.4708 0.0355 0.2881
Significance F

## Upper 95%Lower 95.0%

Upper 95.0%
110.5454 49.0321 110.5454
-9.9062 -50.5386 -9.9062
6.5367 0.2881 6.5367
Solved Problem 4-2

## Advertising (\$100) Y Sales X

11 5
6 3
10 7
6 2
12 8

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.9014
R Square 0.8125
Adjusted R Square 0.7500
Standard Error 1.4142
Observations 5

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 1 26 26 13 0.036618
Residual 3 6 2
Total 4 32

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
Intercept 4 1.5242 2.6244 0.0787 -0.8506 8.8506 -0.8506 8.8506
Sales X 1 0.2774 3.6056 0.0366 0.1173 1.8827 0.1173 1.8827
Upper 95.0%
Wallace Garden Supply Shed Sales
Forecasting Weighted moving averages 3 period moving average
Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Enter
Enter
weights
weights in
in INCREASING
INCREASING order
order from
from top
top to
to
bottom.
bottom.
Data Error analysis
Period Demand Weights Forecast Error Absolute Squared
January 10 1
February 12 2
March 13 3
April 16 12.16667 3.833333 3.833333 14.69444
May 19 14.33333 4.666667 4.666667 21.77778
June 23 17 6 6 36
July 26 20.5 5.5 5.5 30.25
August 30 23.83333 6.166667 6.166667 38.02778
September 28 27.5 0.5 0.5 0.25
October 18 28.33333 -10.33333 10.33333 106.7778
November 16 23.33333 -7.333333 7.333333 53.77778
December 14 18.66667 -4.666667 4.666667 21.77778
Total 4.333333 49 323.3333
Average 0.481481 5.444444 35.92593
Bias MAD MSE
SE 6.796358
Next period 15.3333333
Port of Baltimore
Forecasting Exponential smoothing
Enter
Enter alpha
alpha (between
(between 00 and
and 1)
1) then
then enter
enter the
past
past demands
demands inin the
the shaded
shaded area.
area.

Alpha 0.1
Data Error Analysis
Period Demand Forecast Error Absolute Squared
Quarter 1 180 175 5 5 25
Quarter 2 168 175.5 -7.5 7.5 56.25
Quarter 3 159 174.75 -15.75 15.75 248.0625
Quarter 4 175 173.175 1.825 1.825 3.330625
Quarter 5 190 173.3575 16.6425 16.6425 276.97281
Quarter 6 205 175.0218 29.97825 29.97825 898.69547
Quarter 7 180 178.0196 1.980425 1.980425 3.9220832
Quarter 8 182 178.2176 3.782382 3.782382 14.306417
Total 35.95856 82.45856 1526.5399
Average 4.49482 10.30732 190.81749
Bias MAD MSE
SE 15.950653
Next period 178.595856
Midwestern Manufacturing

## Time (X) Demand (Y)

1 74
2 79
3 80
4 90
5 105
6 142
7 122

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.8949096
R Square 0.8008632
Adjusted R 0.7610359
Standard E 12.432389
Observatio 7

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 1 3108.0357 3108.036 20.10837 0.0064933
Residual 5 772.82143 154.5643
Total 6 3880.8571

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95% Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
Intercept 56.71429 10.50729 5.39762 0.00295 29.70445 83.72412 29.70445 83.72412
Time (X) 10.53571 2.34950 4.48424 0.00649 4.49613 16.57530 4.49613 16.57530
Upper 95.0%
Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand
Forecasting Regression/Trend analysis
If
If this
this is
is trend
trend analysis
analysis then
then simply
simply enter
enter the
the past
past demands
demands inin the
the demand
demand column.
column. If If this
this is
is
causal
causal regression
regression then
then enter
enter the
the y,x
y,x pairs
pairs with
with yy first
first and
and enter
enter aa new
new value
value of
of xx at
at the
the
bottom
bottom in in order
order to
to forecast
forecast y.
y.

## Data Error analysis

Period Demand (y) Period(x) Forecast Error Absolute Squared
1993 74 1 67.25 6.75 6.75 45.5625
1994 79 2 77.78571 1.214286 1.2142857 1.47449
1995 80 3 88.32143 -8.321429 8.3214286 69.24617
1996 90 4 98.85714 -8.857143 8.8571429 78.44898
1997 105 5 109.3929 -4.392857 4.3928571 19.29719
1998 142 6 119.9286 22.07143 22.071429 487.148
1999 122 7 130.4643 -8.464286 8.4642857 71.64413
Total 0.00 60.071429 772.8214
Intercept 56.7142857 Average 0.00 8.5816327 110.4031
Slope 10.5357143 Bias MAD MSE
SE 12.43239
Next period 141 8
Correlation 0.89491
Year Quarter Sales X1 Time Period
X2 Qtr 2 X3 Qtr 3 X4 Qtr 4
1 1 108 1 0 0 0
2 125 2 1 0 0
3 150 3 0 1 0
4 141 4 0 0 1
2 1 116 5 0 0 0
2 134 6 1 0 0
3 159 7 0 1 0
4 152 8 0 0 1
3 1 123 9 0 0 0
2 142 10 1 0 0
3 168 11 0 1 0
4 165 12 0 0 1

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.99718
R Square 0.99436
Adjusted R 0.99114
Standard E 1.83225
Observatio 12

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 4 4144.75 1036.188 308.6516 6.03E-08
Residual 7 23.5 3.357143
Total 11 4168.25

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
Intercept 104.104 1.332194 78.14493 1.48E-11 100.954 107.2543 100.954 107.2543
X1 Time Pe 2.3125 0.16195 14.27913 1.96E-06 1.92955 2.69545 1.92955 2.69545
X2 Qtr 2 15.6875 1.504767 10.4252 1.62E-05 12.12929 19.24571 12.12929 19.24571
X3 Qtr 3 38.7083 1.530688 25.28819 3.86E-08 35.08883 42.32784 35.08883 42.32784
X4 Qtr 4 30.0625 1.572941 19.11228 2.67E-07 26.34308 33.78192 26.34308 33.78192
Sumco Pump Company
Inventory Economic Order Quantity Model
Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area
area

Data
Demand rate, D 1000
Setup cost, S 10
Holding cost, H 0.5 (fixed amount)
Unit Price, P 0
Inventory: Cost vs Quantity
Results
Optimal Order Quantity, Q* 200 12
Maximum Inventory 200
10 Setup cost
Average Inventory 100
Holding cost
Number of Setups 5 8
Cost (\$) Total cost
Holding cost \$50.00 6
Setup cost \$50.00 4

## Unit costs \$0.00 2

Total cost, Tc \$100.00 0
Order Quantity (Q)

## Q Setup cost Holding cosTotal cost

25 400 6.25 406.25
40 250 10 260
55 181.8182 13.75 195.5682
70 142.8571 17.5 160.3571
85 117.6471 21.25 138.8971
100 100 25 125
115 86.95652 28.75 115.7065
130 76.92308 32.5 109.4231
145 68.96552 36.25 105.2155
160 62.5 40 102.5
175 57.14286 43.75 100.8929
190 52.63158 47.5 100.1316
205 48.78049 51.25 100.0305
220 45.45455 55 100.4545
235 42.55319 58.75 101.3032
250 40 62.5 102.5
265 37.73585 66.25 103.9858
280 35.71429 70 105.7143
295 33.89831 73.75 107.6483
310 32.25806 77.5 109.7581
325 30.76923 81.25 112.0192
340 29.41176 85 114.4118
355 28.16901 88.75 116.919
370 27.02703 92.5 119.527
Brown Manufacturing
Inventory Production Order Quantity Model
Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. You
You may
may have
have to
to do
do some
some work
work to
to enter
enter the
the daily
daily production
production rate.
rate.
Data
Demand rate, D 10000 Inventory: Cost vs Quantity
Setup cost, S 100
Holding cost, H 0.5 (fixed amount) 12
Daily production rate, p 80
10
Daily demand rate, d 60
Unit price, P 0 8 Setup cost

Cost (\$)
Holding cos
Results 6 Total cost
Optimal production quantity, Q* 4000 4
Maximum Inventory 1000
Average Inventory 500 2
Number of Setups 2.5
0
Holding cost 250 Order Quantity (Q)
Setup cost 250

Unit costs 0

## Q Setup cost Holding cosTotal cost

1000 1000 62.5 1062.5
1333.333 750 83.33333 833.3333
1666.667 600 104.1667 704.1667
2000 500 125 625
2333.333 428.5714 145.8333 574.4048
2666.667 375 166.6667 541.6667
3000 333.3333 187.5 520.8333
3333.333 300 208.3333 508.3333
3666.667 272.7273 229.1667 501.8939
4000 250 250 500
4333.333 230.7692 270.8333 501.6026
4666.667 214.2857 291.6667 505.9524
5000 200 312.5 512.5
5333.333 187.5 333.3333 520.8333
5666.667 176.4706 354.1667 530.6373
6000 166.6667 375 541.6667
6333.333 157.8947 395.8333 553.7281
6666.667 150 416.6667 566.6667
7000 142.8571 437.5 580.3571
7333.333 136.3636 458.3333 594.697
7666.667 130.4348 479.1667 609.6014
8000 125 500 625
8333.333 120 520.8333 640.8333
8666.667 115.3846 541.6667 657.0513
ction
ction rate.
rate.

s Quantity

Setup cost
Holding cost
Total cost
Brass Department Store
Inventory Quantity Discount Model

Data
Demand rate, D 5000
Setup cost, S 49
Holding cost %, I 20%

## Range 1 Range 2 Range 3

Minimum quantity 0 1000 2000
Unit Price, P 5 4.8 4.75

Results
Range 1 Range 2 Range 3
Q* (Square root formula) 700 714.4345083118 718.18484646
Order Quantity 700 1000 2000

## Holding cost \$350.00 \$480.00 \$950.00

Setup cost \$350.00 \$245.00 \$122.50

## Total cost, Tc \$25,700.00 \$24,725.00 \$24,822.50 minimum

Optimal Order Quantity 1000
=

\$24,725.00
Flair Furniture

## Left Hand Right Hand

Tables Chairs Side Side Slack
Objective function 70 50 4100
Carpentry 4 3 240 <= 240 0
Painting 2 1 100 <= 100 0

Solution Values 30 40
Holiday Meal Turkey Ranch

## Left Hand Right Hand

Brand 1 Brand 2 Side Side Surplus
Objective function 2 3 31.2
Ingredient A 5 10 90 >= 90
Ingredient B 4 3 48 >= 48 0
Ingredient C 0.5 0 4.2 >= 1.5 2.7

## Solution Values 8.4 4.8

High note sound company

CD PlayersReceivers
Value 0 20
Total
Profit 50 120 2400

## Used Sign Available

Electrician hours 2 4 80 <= 80
Audio technician hours 3 1 20 <= 60
Win Big Gambling Club

## 1 minute newspaper 30 second 1 minute

TV spots ads radio spots radio spots
Solution 1.96875 5 6.20689655 0
Variables X1 X2 X3 X4
Audience reached per ad 5000 8500 2400 2800
Maximum TV 1
Maximum Newspaper 1
Maximum 30-second radio 1
Maximum 1 min. radio 1
Cost per ad 800 925 290 380
Radio dollars 290 380
Radio spots 1 1
RHS
67240.302
1.96875 <= 12
5 <= 5
6.2068966 <= 25
0 <= 20
8000 <= 8000
1800 <= 1800
6.2068966 >= 5
Fifth Avenue Industries

## Number Selling Monthly Monthly Material

Variety (X) price minimum demand (yards) silk polyester cotton
All silk 6400 6.7 6000 7000 0.125 100%

## All polyester 14000 3.55 10000 14000 0.08 100%

Poly-cotton
blend 1 16000 4.31 13000 16000 0.1 50% 50%
Poly-cotton
blend 2 8500 4.81 6000 8500 0.1 30% 70%

## Material Cost Available Used

Silk 21 800 800
Polyester 6 3000 2175
Cotton 9 1600 1395

## Total Profit 160020

Top Speed Bicycle Company
Transportation
Enter
Enter the
the transportation
transportation costs,
costs, supplies
supplies and
and demands
demands in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then go
go to
to
TOOLS,
TOOLS, SOLVER,
SOLVER, SOLVE on the menu bar at the top.
If
If SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not aa menu
menu option
option in
in the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu then
then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, ADD-INS.
ADD-INS.

Data
COSTS New York Chicago Los AngeleSupply
New Orleans 2 3 5 20000
Omaha 3 1 4 15000
Demand 10000 8000 15000 33000 \ 35000

Shipments
Shipments New York Chicago Los AngeleRow Total
New Orleans 10000 0 8000 18000
Omaha 0 8000 7000 15000
Column Total 10000 8000 15000 33000 \ 33000

## Total Cost 96000

Goodman Shipping

Max
Percent percent
Item loaded loaded Value (\$) weight (lbs)
1 0.333333 1 22500 7500
2 1 1 24000 7500
3 0 1 8000 3000
4 0 1 9500 3500
5 0 1 11500 4000
6 0 1 9750 3500

## Weight Capacity 10000

High note sound company

CD PlayersReceivers
Value 0 20
Total
Profit 50 120 2400

## Used Sign Available

Electrician hours 2 4 80 <= 80
Audio technician hours 3 1 20 <= 60
Manufacturing Example

mower blower
variable-> 100 200
Total profit
profit 30 80 19000

used available
labor hours 2 4 1000 < 1000
steel (lbs) 6 2 1000 < 1200
snowblower engines 1 200 < 200
Executive Furniture Company
Transportation Enter
Enter the
the transportation
transportation costs,
costs, supplies
supplies and
and demands
demands in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area.
Then
Then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, SOLVER, SOLVE on the menu bar at the top.
If
If SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not aa menu
menu option
option in
in the
the Tools
Tools menu
menu then
then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, ADD-INS.
ADD-INS.

Data
COSTS Albuquerq Boston Cleveland Supply
Des Moines 5 4 3 100
Evansville 8 4 3 300
Fort Lauderdale 9 7 5 300
Demand 300 200 200 700 \ 700

Shipments
Shipments Albuquerq Boston Cleveland Row Total
Des Moines 100 0 0 100
Evansville 0 200 100 300
Fort Lauderdale 200 0 100 300
Column Total 300 200 200 700 \ 700

## Total Cost 3900

ded
ded area.
area.

OLS,
OLS, ADD-INS.
ADD-INS.
Birmingham Plant
Transportation
Enter
Enter the
the transportation
transportation costs,
costs, supplies
supplies and
and demands
demands in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area.
Data Then
Then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, SOLVER,
SOLVER, SOLVE
SOLVE on on the
the menu
menu bar
bar at
at the
the top.
top.
If
COSTS DetroitIf SOLVER
Dallasis
SOLVER is not aa menu
notNew York option
menu in
in the
the Tools
Tools menu
Los AngeleSupply
option menu then
then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, ADD-INS.
ADD-INS.
Cincinnati 73 103 88 108 15000
Salt Lake 85 80 100 90 6000
Pittsburgh 88 97 78 118 14000
Birmingha 84 79 90 99 11000
Demand 10000 12000 15000 9000 46000 \ 46000

Shipments
Shipments Detroit Dallas New York Los AngeleColumn Tot
Cincinnati 10000 0 1000 4000 15000
Salt Lake 0 1000 0 5000 6000
Pittsburgh 0 0 14000 0 14000
Birmingha 0 11000 0 0 11000
Column Tot 10000 12000 15000 9000 46000 \ 46000

## Total Cost 3741000

Fix-It Shop Assignment

## Fix-It Shop Assignment

Assignment
Enter
Enter the
the assignment
assignment costs
costs in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then go
go to
to TOOLS,
TOOLS, SOLVER,
SOLVER,
SOLVE
SOLVE onon the
the menu
menu bar
bar at
at the
the top.
top.
If
If SOLVER is not a menu option in the Tools menu then go to TOOLS, ADD-INS.
If
If SOLVER is not an addin option then reinstall Excel.
Data
COSTS Project 1 Project 2 Project 3
Adams 11 14 6
Brown 8 10 11
Cooper 9 12 7

Assignments
Shipments Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Row Total
Adams 0 0 1 1
Brown 0 1 0 1
Cooper 1 0 0 1
Column Total 1 1 1 3

Total Cost 25
Harrison Electric IP Analysis

Chandeliers Fans
Solution 5 0
Total
Profit 7 6 35
Used Sign Limit
wiring hours 2 3 10 < 12
assembly hours 6 5 30 < 30
Bagwell Chemical Company

value 44 20

## profit 85 1.5 3770

used sign available
ingredient a 30 0.5 1330 <= 2000
ingredient b 18 0.4 800 <= 800
ingredient c 2 0.1 90 <= 200
Simkin, Simkin and Steinberg

## Stock Company Name Invest Return Cost

1 Trans-Texas Oil 0 50 480
2 British Petroleum 0 80 540
3 Dutch Shell 1 90 680
4 Houston Drilling 1 120 1000
5 Texas Petroleum 1 110 700
6 San Diego Oil 1 40 510
7 California Petro 0 75 900

## Total 360 2890

Limit 3000

Bound
Texas Constraint 2 >= 2
Foreign oil constraint 1 <= 1
California Constraint 1 = 1
Great Western Appliance

## Microtoast Self-clean Total

Number 0 1000 1000 < 1000
Profit 0 271000 \$ 271,000.00

## used Sign capacity

Hours 0.5 0.4 400 < 500
Hospicare Corp
x1 x2
value 6.066259 4.100253

## terms x1 x1^2 x1*x2 x2 x2^3 1/x2

values 6.066259 36.79949 24.87319 4.100253 68.93374 0.243887
total
revenue 13 6 5 1 248.846

constraint 1 2 4 90 < 90
constraint 2 1 1 75 < 75
constraint 3 8 -2 40.3296 < 61
Thermlock Gaskets

x1 x2
value 3.325326 14.67227
total
cost 5 7 119.3325

constraints
x1 x1^2 x1^3 x2 x2^2
value 3.325326 11.05779 36.77076 14.67227 215.2756 Total
Constraint 1 3 0.25 4 0.3 136.0122 > 125
Constraint 2 13 1 80 > 80
Constraint 3 0.7 1 17 > 17
0-1 integer Program

x1 x2 x3
values 1 1 0
total
maximize 50 45 48 95
Limit
constraint 19 27 34 46 < 80
22 13 12 35 < 40
1 1 1 2 < 2
Crashing General Foundry Problem
YA YB YC YD YE YF YG YH XST XA XB XC XD XE XF XG XH XFIN
Values 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 3 3 7 7 6 10 12 12
Minimize cost 1000 2000 1000 1000 1000 500 2000 3000
A crash max. 1
B crash max. 1
C crash max. 1
D crash max. 1
E crash max. 1
F crash max. 1
G crash max. 1
H crash max. 1
Due date 1
Start 1
A constraint 1 -1 1
B constraint 1 -1 1
C constraint 1 -1 1
D constraint 1 -1 1
E constraint 1 -1 1
F constraint 1 -1 1
G constraint 1 1 -1 1
G constraint 2 1 -1 1
H constraint 1 1 -1 1
H constraint 2 1 -1 1
Finish constraint -1 1
Totals
5000
0 < 1
0 < 2
1 < 1
0 < 1
0 < 2
0 < 1
2 < 3
0 < 1
12 < 12
0 = 0
2 > 2
3 > 3
2 > 2
4 > 4
4 > 4
3 > 3
5 > 5
5 > 5
6 > 2
2 > 2
0 > 0
Arnold's Muffler Shop
Waiting Lines M/M/1 (Single Server Model)
The
The arrival
arrival RATE
RATE and
and service
service RATE
RATE both
both must
must be rates and use the same time unit. Given
aa time
time such
such as
as 10
10 minutes,
minutes, convert
convert it
it to
to aa rate
rate such
such as
as 66 per
per hour.
hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate (l) 2 Average server utilization(r) 0.666667
Service rate (m) 3 Average number of customers in the queue(L q) 1.333333
Average number of customers in the system(L) 2
Average waiting time in the queue(Wq) 0.666667
Average time in the system(W) 1
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P0) 0.333333

Probabilities
Number Probability Cumulative Probability
0 0.333333 0.333333
1 0.222222 0.555556
2 0.148148 0.703704
3 0.098765 0.802469
4 0.065844 0.868313
5 0.043896 0.912209
6 0.029264 0.941472
7 0.019509 0.960982
8 0.013006 0.973988
9 0.008671 0.982658
10 0.005781 0.988439
11 0.003854 0.992293
12 0.002569 0.994862
13 0.001713 0.996575
14 0.001142 0.997716
15 0.000761 0.998478
16 0.000507 0.998985
17 0.000338 0.999323
18 0.000226 0.999549
19 0.000150 0.999699
20 0.000100 0.999800
Arnold's Muffler Shop
Waiting Lines M/M/s
The
The arrival
arrival RATE
RATE and
and service
service RATE
RATE both must be rates and use the same time unit. Given
aa time such
such as
as 10
10 minutes,
minutes, convert
convert it
it to
to aa rate
rate such
such as
as 66 per
per hour.
hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate (l) 2 Average server utilization(r) 0.33333
Service rate (m) 3 Average number of customers in the queue(L q
) 0.08333
Number of servers(s) 2 Average number of customers in the system(L) 0.75
Average waiting time in the queue(Wq) 0.04167
Average time in the system(W) 0.375
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P0) 0.5
Probabilities
Number Probability Cumulative Probability
0 0.500000 0.500000
1 0.333333 0.833333
2 0.111111 0.944444
3 0.037037 0.981481
4 0.012346 0.993827
5 0.004115 0.997942
6 0.001372 0.999314
7 0.000457 0.999771
8 0.000152 0.999924
9 0.000051 0.999975
10 0.000017 0.999992
11 0.000006 0.999997
12 0.000002 0.999999
13 0.000001 1.000000
14 0.000000 1.000000
15 0.000000 1.000000
16 0.000000 1.000000
17 0.000000 1.000000
18 0.000000 1.000000
19 0.000000 1.000000
20 0.000000 1.000000

Computations
n or s (lam/mu)^nCumsum(n-term2 P0(s)
0 1
1 0.666667 1 2 0.33333
2 0.222222 1.666667 0.3333333333 0.5
3 0.049383 1.888889 0.0634920635 0.5122
4 0.00823 1.938272 0.0098765432 0.51331
5 0.001097 1.946502 0.0012662235 0.51341
6 0.000122 1.947599 0.0001371742 0.51342
7 1.16E-05 1.947721 0.000012835 0.51342
8 9.68E-07 1.947733 1.05569378546059E-06 0.51342
9 7.17E-08 1.947734 7.74175442671098E-08 0.51342
10 4.78E-09 1.947734 5.12020795417393E-09 0.51342
11 2.9E-10 1.947734 3.08313597240581E-10 0.51342
12 1.61E-11 1.947734 1.70369367459144E-11 0.51342
13 8.25E-13 1.947734 8.69753527569206E-13 0.51342
14 3.93E-14 1.947734 4.12575391282828E-14 0.51342
15 1.75E-15 1.947734 1.82757648408783E-15 0.51342
16 7.28E-17 1.947734 7.59282983727312E-17 0.51342
17 2.85E-18 1.947734 2.96998446015785E-18 0.51342
18 1.06E-19 1.947734 1.09750556974159E-19 0.51342
19 3.71E-21 1.947734 3.84311714656988E-21 0.51342
20 1.24E-22 1.947734 1.27871411410371E-22 0.51342
21 3.92E-24 1.947734 4.05275511573853E-24 0.51342
22 1.19E-25 1.947734 1.22628006974231E-25 0.51342
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Rho(s) Lq(s) L(s) Wq(s) W(S)

## 0.666667 1.333333 2 0.666667 1

0.333333 0.083333 0.75 0.041667 0.375
0.222222 0.009292 0.675958 0.004646 0.337979
0.166667 0.001014 0.667681 0.000507 0.33384
0.133333 0.0001 0.666767 5E-05 0.333383
0.111111 8.8E-06 0.666675 4.4E-06 0.333338
0.095238 6.94E-07 0.666667 3.47E-07 0.333334
0.083333 4.93E-08 0.666667 2.46E-08 0.333333
0.074074 3.18E-09 0.666667 1.59E-09 0.333333
0.066667 1.88E-10 0.666667 9.39E-11 0.333333
0.060606 1.02E-11 0.666667 5.11E-12 0.333333
0.055556 5.15E-13 0.666667 2.57E-13 0.333333
0.051282 2.41E-14 0.666667 1.21E-14 0.333333
0.047619 1.06E-15 0.666667 5.3E-16 0.333333
0.044444 4.36E-17 0.666667 2.18E-17 0.333333
0.041667 1.69E-18 0.666667 8.47E-19 0.333333
0.039216 6.22E-20 0.666667 3.11E-20 0.333333
0.037037 2.17E-21 0.666667 1.08E-21 0.333333
0.035088 7.17E-23 0.666667 3.59E-23 0.333333
0.033333 2.26E-24 0.666667 1.13E-24 0.333333
0.031746 6.82E-26 0.666667 3.41E-26 0.333333
0.030303 1.97E-27 0.666667 9.84E-28 0.333333
Garcia-Golding Recycling
Waiting Lines M/D/1 (Constant Service Times)
The arrival RATE and service RATE both must be rates and use the same time unit. Given
a time such as 10 minutes, convert it to a rate such as 6 per hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate (l) 8 Average server utilization(r) 0.666667
Service rate (m) 12 Average number of customers in the queue(L q) 0.666667
Average number of customers in the system(L) 1.333333
Average waiting time in the queue(Wq) 0.083333
Average time in the system(W) 0.166667
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P0) 0.333333

## Waiting cost/hour \$ 60.00

Waiting cost/trip \$ 5.00
Department of Commerce
Waiting Lines M/M/s with a finite population
The
The arrival
arrival rate
rate is
is for
for each
each member
member of
of the
the population.
population. IfIf they
they go
go for
for service
service every
every 20
20 minutes
minutes then
then enter
enter 33 (per
(per
hour).
hour).
Data Results
Arrival rate (l) per
customer 0.05 Average server utilization(r) 0.436048
Service rate (m) 0.5 Average number of customers in the queue(L q) 0.203474
Number of servers 1 Average number of customers in the system(L) 0.639522
Population size (N) 5 Average waiting time in the queue(Wq) 0.933264
Average time in the system(W) 2.933264
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P0) 0.563952
Effective arrival rate 0.218024

Probabilities
Probability, Cumulative Arrival
Number, n P(n) Probability Number waiting rate(n)
0 0.5639522 0.56395218 0 0.25
1 0.2819761 0.84592827 0 0.2
2 0.1127904 0.9587187 1 0.15
3 0.0338371 0.99255583 2 0.1
4 0.0067674 0.99932326 3 0.05
5 0.0006767 1 4 0
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1.7732
Sum term Sum term Decum
Term 1 1 Term 2 2 term 2 P0(s)
1 1 1 1 0.7732
0.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 0.2732 0.563952
0.2 1.7 0.0732
0.06 1.76 0.0132
0.012 1.772 0.0012
0.0012 1.7732 0
Harry's Tire Shop NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as the ones in the bo
Probability
Range Cumulative Tires Random Simulated
Probability (Lower) Probability Demand Day Number Demand
0.05 0 0.05 0 1 0.677241 4
0.1 0.05 0.15 1 2 0.420156 3
0.2 0.15 0.35 2 3 0.065286 1
0.3 0.35 0.65 3 4 0.632466 3
0.2 0.65 0.85 4 5 0.581532 3
0.15 0.85 1 5 6 0.536907 3
7 0.019936 0
8 0.199542 2
9 0.621411 3
10 0.043117 0
Average 2.2
Results (Frequency table)
Tires
Demanded Frequency Percentage Cum %
0 2 20% 20%
1 1 10% 30%
2 1 10% 40%
3 5 50% 90%
4 1 10% 100%
5 0 0% 100%
10
same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.
Generating Normal Random Numbers NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as the

## Random number Value Frenquency Percentage

34.3372563914 26 2 1.0%
36.5912471737 28 1 0.5%
32.3592075875 30 2 1.0%
43.5760789063 32 4 2.0%
33.7108914232 34 14 7.0%
41.9163793568 36 24 12.0%
43.8660984539 38 26 13.0%
34.2118673649 40 36 18.0%
39.2804651007 42 26 13.0%
46.7601184293 44 23 11.5%
48.0908853862 46 20 10.0%
49.6516756942 48 10 5.0%
42.1439289525 50 7 3.5%
37.6257934431 52 4 2.0%
34.3827929296 54 1 0.5%
38.2158985686 56 0 0.0%
33.8298652942 200
38.0772737485
38.7854551555
27.177409661
38.1130864586
39.0062845078
43.9857831023
50.0322970988
40.3299016749
41.1898305317
38.7287207838
48.7529486394
33.5907743206
41.2774719483
44.6000025112
31.8695628484
38.8094927847
35.0015906614
35.2653900725
33.6578198054
43.8278656012
39.4183550257
34.2873835597
41.5564165139
38.5554545983
33.9307915883
42.5979298851
37.8613872087
42.0736707157
34.9545684289
29.0996340997
39.2814812216
36.7742932835
39.0908931555
41.2683939674
40.778229128
40.4265818911
31.1434135354
44.5790169292
39.582735294
37.5784643064
40.4604743921
32.9121563831
40.3338967298
45.8913167743
44.2454973384
34.5292605553
44.7995651544
44.027899546
39.97858951
36.9807449136
46.0070836594
39.0582237142
35.6162207537
34.994912505
36.8581784167
41.4728615007
34.8445403611
42.1124467913
43.9898661892
34.4467623098
44.7626346059
50.4244544701
44.4480618976
39.5404383641
38.7481143692
36.5492631032
37.1398975919
31.0651801773
35.2770552625
44.4122975023
37.604261062
34.370266939
46.1200959112
44.8544682452
37.8893232322
46.0034355185
51.8310202571
32.0283790098
22.0916099724
42.6611131913
41.8499616485
38.2118115174
44.4208421148
36.0735892325
32.217566736
41.7579555177
42.929367066
47.0688582351
41.9459694469
40.4328410899
45.2788212546
48.4786170423
47.7943844126
35.7690081608
33.9672175328
35.5638357261
34.2100255652
42.3784247648
41.7398953612
41.4194894473
36.8771882061
36.9007791222
38.8078856722
34.6910511876
43.8981608388
38.0346557721
41.7350295253
39.2899091307
40.2989900888
40.3522406863
39.0959378429
39.351092964
25.6454796495
37.4918447413
46.4664772719
51.6753023488
42.9521993216
45.618639758
41.0660886855
37.3166899604
39.3902542582
48.8237300511
42.7759210226
42.7374347435
41.5446278616
44.9957859408
37.6284820103
41.0073396166
42.0766809321
42.684540945
34.2029049674
43.6753172244
32.203669539
42.7347777052
38.9589818773
31.1104455378
41.305063319
37.6094024471
38.2448858407
35.5476503465
37.2537140409
35.6662624325
48.9854090217
37.8061151917
44.3536739607
38.4103445975
39.2666335577
42.3640978946
33.1918417265
39.6069467991
33.7284237358
33.335280486
48.8249467594
36.7492532191
37.8226795901
37.3884141207
36.7778319397
39.3037569813
34.3641788426
39.6232645181
44.0302215353
45.9796016373
37.93593987
52.8879707999
44.7723410944
45.1726117807
44.6354321838
46.5082038817
47.4962359742
34.6580057174
37.4698026565
41.0619089651
38.8130612322
47.7757089486
39.2768084522
38.7564926512
34.3514487089
41.0870642656
39.2991332392
42.5177180027
43.8722867765
39.4583528399
29.9088523325
ay not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.
Port of New Orleans Barge Unloadings NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be t

Total to
Previously Random be Random Possibly
Day delayed number Arrivals unoaded Number unloaded Unloaded
1 0 0.327648 2 2 0.4455 3 2
2 0 0.069442 0 0 0.39796 3 0
3 0 0.147892 1 1 0.215792 3 1
4 0 0.529871 3 3 0.175751 2 2
5 1 0.032786 0 1 0.61733 3 1
6 0 0.01083 0 0 0.863028 4 0
7 0 0.032087 0 0 0.214766 3 0
8 0 0.665146 3 3 0.360213 3 3
9 0 0.177792 1 1 0.335855 3 1
10 0 0.598789 3 3 0.444474 3 3

## Barge Arrivals Unloading rates

Demand Probability Lower CumulativeDemand Number Probability Lower Cumulative
0 0.13 0 0.13 0 1 0.05 0 0.05
1 0.17 0.13 0.3 1 2 0.15 0.05 0.2
2 0.15 0.3 0.45 2 3 0.5 0.2 0.7
3 0.25 0.45 0.7 3 4 0.2 0.7 0.9
4 0.2 0.7 0.9 4 5 0.1 0.9 1
5 0.1 0.9 1 5
pearing here may not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.

Unloading
1
2
3
4
5
Three Hills Power NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as

Time Time
Breakdown Random between Time of repairperso Random Repair
number number breakdowns breakdowns n is free Number Repair time ends
1 0.95347742 3 3 3 0.21711776 1 4
2 0.5617968 2 5 5 0.30026611 2 7
3 0.08719661 1 6 7 0.84111061 3 10
4 0.61649226 2.5 8.5 10 0.65267486 2 12
5 0.34868981 2 10.5 12 0.4424582 2 14
6 0.25413166 1.5 12 14 0.43512656 2 16
7 0.8072424 2.5 14.5 16 0.13487917 1 17
8 0.20246928 1.5 16 17 0.43418715 2 19
9 0.55680077 2 18 19 0.67657201 2 21
10 0.30246271 2 20 21 0.234192 1 22

## Demand Table Repair times

Time betwee Probability Lower Cumulative Demand Time Probability
0.5 0.05 0 0.05 0.5 1 0.28
1 0.06 0.05 0.11 1 2 0.52
1.5 0.16 0.11 0.27 1.5 3 0.2
2 0.33 0.27 0.6 2
2.5 0.21 0.6 0.81 2.5
3 0.19 0.81 1 3
g here may not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.

## Lower CumulativeLead time

0 0.28 1
0.28 0.8 2
0.8 1 3
Three Grocery Example

State Probabilities
American Food S Food Mart Atlas Foods
Time #1 #2 #3 Matrix of Transition Probabilities
0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.1
1 0.41 0.31 0.28 0.1 0.7 0.2
2 0.415 0.314 0.271 0.2 0.2 0.6
3 0.4176 0.3155 0.2669
4 0.41901 0.31599 0.265
5 0.419807 0.316094 0.264099
6 0.4202748 0.3160663 0.2636589
Accounts Receivable Example

1 0 0 0
P= I:0 = 0 1 0 0
A:B 0.6 0 0.2 0.2
0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2

-0.3 0.8

## F = (I - B) inverse 1.37931 0.344828

0.517241 1.37931

FA = 0.965517 0.034483
0.862069 0.137931
ARCO Quality Control

## Number of samples 20 Enter

Enter the
the sample
sample size
size then
then enter
enter the
the number
number of
of defects
defects in
in
Sample size 100 each
each sample.
sample.

Data Results
# Defects % Defects Total Sample Size 2000
Sample 1 6 0.06 Total Defects 80
Sample 2 5 0.05 Percentage defects 0.04
Sample 3 0 0 Std dev of p-bar 0.019596
Sample 4 1 0.01
Sample 5 4 0.04 Upper Control Limit 0.098788
Sample 6 2 0.02 Center Line 0.04
Sample 7 5 0.05 Lower Control Limit 0
Sample 8 3 0.03
Sample 9 3 0.03
Sample 10 2 0.02
Sample 11 6 0.06
Sample 12 1 0.01
Sample 13 8 0.08
Sample 14 7 0.07
Sample 15 5 0.05
Sample 16 4 0.04
Sample 17 11 0.11 Above UCL
Sample 18 3 0.03
Sample 19 0 0
Sample 20 4 0.04

Graph information
Sample 1 0.06 0 0
Sample 2 0.05 0 0
Sample 3 0 0 0
Sample 4 0.01 0 0
Sample 5 0.04 0 0
Sample 6 0.02 0 0
Sample 7 0.05 0 0
Sample 8 0.03 0 0
Sample 9 0.03 0 0
Sample 10 0.02 0 0
Sample 11 0.06 0 0
Sample 12 0.01 0 0
Sample 13 0.08 0 0
Sample 14 0.07 0 0
Sample 15 0.05 0 0
Sample 16 0.04 0 0
Sample 17 0.11 0 0
Sample 18 0.03 0 0
Sample 19 0 0 0
Sample 20 0.04 0 0
AHP n= 3
Hardware Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector Consistency vector
Sys.1 1 3 9 Sys.1 0.6923 0.7200 0.5625 0.6583 2.0423 3.1025 Lambd
Sys.2 0.3333 1 6 Sys.2 0.2308 0.2400 0.3750 0.2819 0.8602 3.0512 CI
Sys.3 0.1111 0.1667 1 Sys.3 0.0769 0.0400 0.0625 0.0598 0.1799 3.0086 CR
Column Total 1.4444 4.1667 16

Software Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector
Sys.1 1 0.5 0.125 Sys.1 0.0909 0.0769 0.0943 0.0874 0.2623 3.0014 Lambd
Sys.2 2 1 0.2 Sys.2 0.1818 0.1538 0.1509 0.1622 0.4871 3.0028 CI
Sys.3 8 5 1 Sys.3 0.7273 0.7692 0.7547 0.7504 2.2605 3.0124 CR
Column Total 11 6.5 1.325

Vendor Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector
Sys.1 1 1 6 Sys.1 0.4615 0.4286 0.6000 0.4967 1.5330 3.0863 Lambd
Sys.2 1 1 3 Sys.2 0.4615 0.4286 0.3000 0.3967 1.2132 3.0582 CI
Sys.3 0.1667 0.3333 1 Sys.3 0.0769 0.1429 0.1000 0.1066 0.3216 3.0172 CR
Column Total 2.1667 2.3333 10

Factor Hard. Soft. Vendor Hardware Software Vendor Priority Wt. sum vector
Hardware 1 0.125 0.3333 Hardware 0.0833 0.0857 0.0769 0.0820 0.2460 3.0004 Lambd
Software 8 1 3 Software 0.6667 0.6857 0.6923 0.6816 2.0468 3.0031 CI
Vendor 3 0.3333 1 Vendor 0.2500 0.2286 0.2308 0.2364 0.7096 3.0011 CR
Column Total 12 1.4583 4.3333

## n RI Hardware Software Vendor Priority

2 0.00 Sys.1 0.658 0.087 0.497 0.231
3 0.58 Sys.2 0.282 0.162 0.397 0.227
4 0.90 Sys.3 0.060 0.750 0.107 0.542
5 1.12
6 1.24
7 1.32
8 1.41
onsistency vector
3.0541
0.0270
0.0466

3.005543075
0.0028
0.0048

3.0539
0.0269
0.0464

3.0015
0.0008
0.0013
Matrix Multiplication

A= 1 2 3 B= 2 1
1 2 0 1 1
3 2

AxB = 13 9
4 3

Matrix Inverse

## A= 2 1 A-inverse= 1.5 -0.5

4 3 -2 1

Matrix Determinant

A= 3 4 det(A)= -10
4 2