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 Republic Act 1425 ( Rizal Law) - provides that courses on the life, works and writings of Jose

Rizal particularly his novel Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, shall be included in the
curricula of all schools, colleges and universities, public or private.
 Josè Rizal’s full name as “Josè Protacio Rizal Mercado Y Alonso Realonda”
 Rizal surname is Spanish means, “a field of green wheat”
 Mercado is a Spanish surname which when translated in English means “Market”
 Jose was the 7th among the 11 children of Don Francisco and Dona Teodora.
 He experienced his first sorrow when his younger sister Concepcion died at age 3.
 At age three, he learned the alphabet from his mother.
 At age 8, he wrote his first poem entitled, “Sa Aking mga Kababata”.
 He was influenced by his three uncles—Jose Alberto, Gregorio and Manuel—to excel in the
areas of art, reading and sports.
 My First Inspiration was dedicated to his mother who had taken care of him and taught him his
first lessons.
 Bullying refers to any severe or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or
electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination.
 Cyber-bullying or any bullying done using technology or any electronic means. (Section 2, RA
 Assertion is standing up for one’s rights. It is a profession of one’s rights and putting up defense
when challenged or violated.
 A la Juventud Filipina was Rizal’s winning entry in prose and poetry competition sponsored by
Liceo Artistico-Literario de Manila.
 Junto al Pasig, a zarzuela presented in seven scenes, during the celebration of the Feast of
Immaculate Conception of Mary.
 El Consejo de los Dioses was an allegory which won him major prize but was not awarded to him
because he is an indio.
 Jose Rizal received his bachelor's degree in Arts with highest honors.Taking the first year in
agriculture in the Ateneo.
 Rizal was just in his 3rd year at UST, when his brother Paciano decided that he had to leave the
Philippine and pursue his studies in Madrid, Spain.
 Rizal was a suspect for being the leader of a “subversive” organization Compañero de Jehu
 He was unhappy at this Dominican institution of higher learning because
1. Dominican professors were hostile to him
2. Filipino students were racially discriminated against by the Spaniards
3. The method of instruction was obsolete and repressive.
 Segunda Katigbak was Jose Rizal's First Love
 She was Jose Rizal’s “puppy love” and with her the hero was believed to have had “love
at first sight”. Rizal was 16 years old when one Sunday in 1887 he paid visit to his
maternal grandmother in Trozo. Mariano Katigbak, Segunda’s brother and Rizal’s
classmate who was also in the house, probably had no idea that his friend had been
experiencing “a love at first sight” being bewitched by his alluring sister.
 Josephine Bracken was Jose Rizal's Dear and Unhappy Wife
 In the last days of February 1895, while still in Dapitan, Rizal met an 18-year old petite
Irish girl, with bold blue eyes, brown hair and a happy disposition. She was Josephine
Bracken, the adopted daughter of George Taufer from Hong Kong, who came to Dapitan
to seek Rizal for eye treatment.
 Seiko Usui, also known as O-Sei-San, was a Japanese samurai's daughter.
 O-Sei-San was 23 years old when she first met him. Rizal had moved to a Spanish
Legation in the Azabu district of Tokyo where she regularly worked. She served as his
interpreter during his stay in Japan.
 Rizal stayed in London to finish the annotations of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, he
stayed in the Beckett family's residence which was within walking distance from the
British museum. Gertrude, the oldest of three Beckett girls, was a buxom girl with blue-
eyes, rosy cheeks and brown hair. She fell in love with Rizal as she helped him in doing
paintings and sculptures.
 While in Paris, Rizal met thru Antonio Luna Anglo-Filipino Eduardo Boustead. He stayed
as a guest in their residence and befriended the two pretty daughters of Eduardo. After
having lost Leonor, Rizal entertained the thought of courting other ladies. Rizal and the
ladies used to fence at the studio of Juan Luna. Nellie was described to be a beautiful,
lean, smart and very religious lady. She enjoyed playing sports. Antonio courted Nellie
although she admitted that she was deeply infatuated with Rizal.
 In 1890, Rizal moved to Brussels due to the high cost of living in Paris. He stayed in the
boarding house operated by the Jacoby sisters. It wasn't long before he and Suzanne
became lovers. Rizal however left Brussels and continued with his journey.
 When Rizal was a sophomore at the University of Santo Tomas and was boarding in
the house of Dona Concha Leyva in Intramuros he met Leonor "Orang" Valenzuela, his
next-door neighbor and daughter of Capitan Juan and Capitana Sanday Valenzuela.
She was a tall girl who carried herself with grace and elegance. Rizal was always
welcome at the Valenzuela home. He taught Leonor how to read his letters by
heating them over a lamp or a candle to allow the words to surface.
 Leonor Rivera was a young lady from Camiling, and a cousin of Jose Rizal. Leonor's
father had given room and board in Casa Tomasina, Intramuros for Rizal when the
youth was still starting his third year at the university. In her letters, she signed her
name as "Taimis" in order to hide their intimate relationship from the girl's parents.
 In 1882, when Rizal was a student at the Universidad Central de Madrid, he frequented
the home of Don Pablo Ortiga y Rey, the former city mayor of Manila. He lived with his
son Rafael and his daughter Consuelo. Rizal, though he wasn't a handsome man, had
a great deal of charisma and was gifted with many talents and a deeply noble
 He wrote her a poem entitled A La Senorita C.O. y P. (To Miss C.O.y P.), in which he
expressed his great admiration for the lady. he decided to take a step back for two
reasons: first, he was still engaged to Leonor Rivera at that time; and second, he was
aware of his friend's (Eduardo de Lete) affection for the girl and he did not want to ruin
their friendship over her.
 To the Youth ( Sa Aking Mga Kabata) – first poem of Rizal written in tagalog and had for its
theme love of one’s language. In the poem, he advocated racial equality, liberty and freedom.
 To the Filipino Youth ( A La Juventud Filipina) – Rizal’s first winning poem which he wrote
when he was a senior student at UST.
 In Memories of My Town – written in 1876, Rizal recalls the beauty and peace of Calamba,
which inspired his love of nature and confidence in God.
 My Retreat (Mi Retiro) – literary work of Rizal while exiled in Dapitan. It portrays Rizal’s serene
life and expressed his acceptance of his fate for he believed that justice would prevail in the end.
 My Last Farewell ( Mi Ultimo Adios) – greatest contribution of Philippines to world literature,
written by Rizal on December 29,1896 on the eve of his execution. it was the longest poem ever
written by Rizal. The poem is autobiographical and restates in the most sublime and finest tonal
rhythm Rizal’s unfailing nationalism, patriotism that later inspired Filipinos to act and fight for
change. His friend Mariano Ponce gave it the title of MI ULTIMO ADIOS, as it originally had

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