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Práctica de laboratorio No:1

Gases Ideales.
Marcelo Guanoquiza, Joseline Guzmán, Lourdes Lucero

Universidad de Cuenca
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Ingeniería Ambiental

lourdes.lucero@ucuenca.edu.ec

I. INTRODUCCION IV. CÁLCULOS Y TABLAS


En el presente informe se dará a conocer
conceptos fundamentales de la Segunda ley de
Tabla de datos
Newton, a su vez se presentaran cálculos
relacionados con la regresión lineal y variación SP- SP-
de la fuerza con respecto a la aceleración para la ST-1(ºC) ST-2(ºC) ST-3(ºC) 1(mbar) 2(mbar) SP-3(mbar)
demostración del tema en base a la masa. 2,182,687 2,236,986 2,257,135 440,879 490,612 91,812,487
Estos se calcularán mediante dos 2,426,270 2,487,070 2,507,885 474,520 550,742 102,011,288
procedimientos, que serán analizados de manera
2,426,020 2,485,494 2,510,337 641,824 679,131 102,004,257
crítica y demostrativa a través del conocimiento
de conceptos adquiridos con anterioridad. 2,423,310 2,484,712 2,506,884 1,111,636 1,172,556 102,067,963
También se analizarán las causas de los errores 2,425,152 2,484,638 2,507,342 1,122,479 1,188,173 102,062,213
que se presentan frecuentemente en las distintas 2,425,245 2,484,492 2,507,221 1,121,225 1,188,462 102,071,236
prácticas similares a la práctica realizada.
2,426,010 2,484,535 2,507,179 1,110,378 1,173,787 102,070,125

2,424,876 2,484,944 2,506,761 1,090,519 1,160,310 102,070,319


II. OBJETIVOS 2,425,046 2,485,703 2,506,802 1,079,899 1,140,526 102,076,231

 Determinar mediante diferentes 2,425,242 2,485,708 2,506,549 1,071,137 1,137,479 102,069,735

procedimientos la masa calculada y la 2,426,906 2,485,513 2,507,032 1,065,560 1,126,035 102,072,186


masa medida para obtener una 2,425,803 2,485,562 2,507,274 1,065,254 1,117,351 102,078,503
comparación entre ellas. 2,425,841 2,484,609 2,506,104 1,056,277 1,124,128 102,078,709

2,426,184 2,485,592 2,505,996 1,070,080 1,127,300 102,065,937


 Aplicar fórmulas estudiadas con
2,426,634 2,484,349 2,505,945 1,055,003 1,125,149 102,074,511
anterioridad para comprobar la Segunda
ley de Newton, llegando así a los 2,426,275 2,485,320 2,507,005 1,050,547 1,111,764 102,068,147

conocimientos deseados en esta 2,427,500 2,487,107 2,507,415 1,050,807 1,116,669 102,069,918


práctica. 2,427,177 2,485,007 2,507,515 1,038,031 1,107,199 102,067,883

2,426,868 2,485,504 2,506,283 1,050,338 1,117,168 102,080,625

 Obtener el margen de error porcentual 2,426,596 2,486,607 2,507,244 1,046,781 1,117,380 102,078,163

de la masa calculada en comparación 2,427,099 2,485,277 2,507,502 1,043,154 1,121,750 102,062,081


con la masa real para comprobar la 2,427,251 2,486,833 2,507,991 1,053,534 1,112,517 102,070,741
veracidad de la ley del movimiento. 2,427,336 2,485,794 2,507,779 1,035,186 1,102,530 102,069,159
III. MATERIALES
2,426,729 2,486,613 2,508,305 1,051,860 1,120,191 102,064,714
 Computadora con el programa
2,427,368 2,486,851 2,507,590 1,050,860 1,118,739 102,059,720
SCADA-TEGPC Equipo de
comprensión de gases 2,427,226 2,486,681 2,508,503 1,055,538 1,114,730 102,055,354
 Computadora 2,429,032 2,487,543 2,508,579 1,040,855 1,122,694 102,066,112
 Programa SCADA-TEGPC 2,427,394 2,486,581 2,509,089 1,052,658 1,123,647 102,069,888
 Programa Excel
2,429,442 2,487,069 2,510,094 1,049,960 1,123,943 102,068,944
2,428,329 2,486,793 2,510,374 1,050,580 1,110,861 102,067,793

2,428,464 2,485,564 2,512,089 1,049,866 1,116,791 102,065,785

2,429,173 2,486,457 2,513,514 1,042,601 1,108,126 102,072,933

2,427,996 2,486,937 2,512,251 1,053,159 1,122,502 102,073,307

2,427,651 2,487,569 2,513,564 1,062,298 1,127,912 102,071,510

2,428,546 2,487,880 2,514,413 1,049,971 1,119,970 102,066,162

2,429,329 2,487,460 2,515,162 1,042,529 1,123,044 102,072,095

2,427,471 2,486,943 2,515,557 1,063,321 1,124,119 102,071,177

2,428,041 2,487,095 2,515,321 1,060,018 1,121,231 102,075,435

2,428,986 2,486,229 2,515,825 1,052,983 1,124,882 102,073,338

2,428,853 2,487,931 2,516,888 1,057,361 1,122,705 102,079,124

2,428,521 2,488,179 2,516,852 1,061,069 1,129,028 102,068,729

2,428,426 2,486,668 2,516,487 1,063,749 1,132,377 102,069,534

2,427,196 2,486,782 2,516,723 1,066,268 1,134,953 102,075,023

2,427,637 2,485,892 2,517,414 1,058,035 1,143,143 102,076,841

2,428,052 2,486,230 2,517,216 1,067,248 1,135,624 102,071,929

2,429,527 2,486,664 2,517,797 1,066,792 1,134,649 102,074,080

2,427,979 2,486,894 2,517,709 1,069,327 1,125,818 102,073,415

2,428,040 2,486,555 2,517,683 1,067,122 1,135,742 102,080,189

2,428,319 2,486,819 2,518,377 1,049,279 1,117,226 102,059,997

2,429,136 2,487,589 2,518,409 1,067,843 1,131,361 102,072,106

2,428,523 2,488,315 2,517,961 1,077,210 1,139,784 102,078,517

2,427,338 2,486,358 2,519,003 1,072,613 1,145,315 102,089,848

2,427,631 2,487,411 2,518,887 1,069,316 1,137,320 102,078,564

2,429,004 2,486,567 2,518,792 1,079,609 1,154,286 102,073,827

2,429,405 2,487,014 2,519,411 1,082,015 1,146,906 102,076,239

2,427,948 2,487,620 2,518,784 1,075,114 1,144,045 102,078,148

2,427,723 2,487,416 2,519,936 1,047,256 1,113,895 102,061,234

2,427,039 2,488,036 2,518,724 1,059,513 1,127,404 102,064,551

2,428,791 2,487,913 2,519,335 1,067,768 1,136,897 102,063,510

2,427,237 2,487,033 2,519,394 1,069,880 1,133,422 102,070,994

Gráficos
Relación (Temperatura – Presión)
𝒚 = 𝒂𝒙 + 𝒃
𝑦1 =2,4788x 5E-06
𝑦2 = 2,4875x − 5E + 06
𝑦3 = 39,293x + 3E + 06