Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 76

Mar 2017 Vol 28 Issue 12

+ FIREARMS FN 5.56mm MINIMI MK3 H+K 7.62mm H+K 7.62mm G27P ALLIED FORCES COMBINED SPECIAL
+
FIREARMS
FN 5.56mm
MINIMI MK3
H+K 7.62mm
H+K 7.62mm
G27P
ALLIED
FORCES
COMBINED SPECIAL
OPERATIONS
CAMO
EXTRA
HUNGARIAN M1949/82
CAMOUFLAGE
HELICOPTER
PHOTO FOCUS
MI-17 HIP & PZL W-3 SOKÓŁ
HUNGARY: SOTU
HUNGARY: S
POLAND: JW K
POLAND:
GERMAN BUNDESWEHR
23 GEBIRGS JÄGER BRIGADE
COMBATANDSURVIVAL.COM
COOCOOOOOCOCOOOOOOOCOCOCOCOOCCCC
MBMBMBMBMBBMMMMMM
ATATATATATATATATATATANANANANANANANDSDSDSDSD
RRURURURURURURRRRU
VIVIVIVIVIVIVV VAVAVAAL
L.L.C OM
Volume 28 Issue 12 £4.25
Volume 28 Issue 12 £4. 25

BRITAIN’S LEADING INDEPENDENT MILITARY MAGAZINE

[Cover Image : © Carl Schulze]

P52 PAGE 09 Elite Forces - EDELWEISS 2016 Carl Schulze reports from the Austrian Alps
P52
PAGE 09
Elite Forces - EDELWEISS 2016
Carl Schulze reports from the Austrian Alps on Germany’s 23 Gebirgsjäger Brigade
PAGE 17 Firearms 1 - BUNDESWEHR G27P
Carl Schulze reports from Germany on the new in-service 7.62mm
Precision Automatic Ri e
PAGE 24
Allied Forces - ANAKONDA 2016
Bob Morrison reports from Poland on the multinational
Combined Special Operations phase
PAGE 32
Helicopter Focus - PZL W-3 SOKÓ & MI-17 HIP
Bob Morrison points his cameras at a pair of helicopters used by the
Polish Armed Forces
PAGE 38
Pull-out Poster - GRENADE MACHINE GUN
Carl Schulze focuses on a Gebirgsjäger 40mm Granatmaschinenwa e Team
PAGE 41
Special Forces - POLISH JWK
LLLLLISISHHHHHH JWJWJWJWJWJWKKKKKK
Bob Morrison reports on the participants in the Polish-led
ananananants iin ththt e PoPolishshh-l-leded
multinational SOTU air assault
PAGE 48
Kit & Camo - HUNGARIAN SPEC OPS
AAAAARIRIANANANANAN SSSPEPP
CCC OPS
Bob Morrison focuses on a SOTU operator from
eraratotorr frfrfromommm
34 ‘Bercsényi’ Battalion
PAGE 52
Firearms 2 - 5.56mm MINIMI
mmm MIMIMIM NINININIMIMMIMM
MK3
Richard Brown looks at the latest
evolution of the popular FN Herstal Light igigigigigightht
Machine Gun
PAGE 59
Camo Extra -
M1949/82 PATTERN
Bob Morrison focuses on a combat jacket and
ackekeket andd
shelter half in the Hungarian national camo cammo
PAGE 64
Outdoor Gear -
TRIED & TESTED
Mike Gormley eld trials torches, clothing,
thinining,
a Swedish knife and a boot cleaner sponge ongnge
PAGE 70
Footwear -
ABOVE & BEYOND
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences
sponge ongnge PAGE 70 Footwear - ABOVE & BEYOND Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences

Bob Morrison re ects on exceptional experiences with Lowa’s Innox Gore-Tex Mid-Height boots

PAGE 05:
PAGE 05:
PAGE 72:
PAGE 72:

Comms

Security

Gore-Tex Mid-Height boots PAGE 05: PAGE 72: Comms Security COMBAT + SURVIVAL Vicky Lindsay, Magazine Director
Gore-Tex Mid-Height boots PAGE 05: PAGE 72: Comms Security COMBAT + SURVIVAL Vicky Lindsay, Magazine Director

COMBAT

+ SURVIVAL

Vicky Lindsay, Magazine Director EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Bob Morrison, Editor Carl Schulze, Senior Correspondent Gordon
Vicky Lindsay, Magazine Director
EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
Bob Morrison, Editor
Carl Schulze, Senior Correspondent
Gordon Arthur, Far East Correspondent
Mike Gormley, Gear Tester
Robert Shaw, Security Consultant
Ian Young, Scale Models
Neal Molyneaux, Designer
ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT
Moira Spencer, Sales Director
Fran Smith, Admin & Accounts Manager
MARKETING DEPARTMENT
Ciaran Jarosz, Head of Marketing
Daryl Crowther, Marketing Manager
Published by Hit Media Ltd
Printed & Distributed by
Warners Group Publications PLC
The Maltings, West Street, Bourne
PE10 9PH
Subscriptions and Back Issue Orders to:
COMBAT & SURVIVAL Magazine
which is published by:
Hit Media Ltd, 1st Floor Turnbridge Mills,
Quay Street, Hudders eld, HD1 6QT
Tel: (01484) 437319
ISSN: 0955-9841
To Subscribe or order a digital edition
visit www.combatandsurvival.com
Advertising:
moira.spencer@hitmedialtd.com
Editorial: editor@combatandsurvival.com
©Copyright here and abroad of all
material is held by the publishers. No
reproduction repreprodrododoductuctuu ioniononnn is permitted whatsoever
without witwithouhoutt ppriorioriorrrr prior consent in writing.
IMPORTANT: IMPIMPORTORTANTANT:: All individual combat and
personal perpersonsonalall survival sursurvv activities involve risk
of ofoff injury injinjuryury to toto oooo oneself and others and great
care carcacacaree mmustust must bebebe be taken carrying out any
such sucsuchh activities. aactictit vitvitieiee Expert guidance should
be bebe sousoughtght sought anananan and equipment checked for
reliability relreliabiabiliilityty befbefbefe before any activities described
here herheree in iinn are aarere cc carried out. The publishers
cancannotnot cannot accept acac any responsibility for
anyany any ininjurjur injury, death, loss or damage
whiwhicc which may result.
ARTICLES AA AND
PHOTOGRAPHS
will be welcomed and
cc considered for publication.
SS Submission of such shall
bebebe be considered a warranty
thathahah that they are original and do
not notnotnono infringe on the copyright
of ofofo others. oo Unsuitable material
can only be returned if
you include a S.A.E. Loss
or damage is not the
responsibility of COMBAT &
SURVIVAL.
DISCLAIMER: The publishers
makmamakmak make no representations,
endendendendd endorsements, guarantees
orooror or warranties concerning the
propropropro products and/or services
advadvadvadvd advertised within this magazine.
We WeWeWeWe expressly disclaim any and
all allalalallll liability relating to or arising
from frfrfrf the sale, manufacture,
distribution, use or misuse of
such.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 03
CCCCCCCOOOOMMM

comms

The 9mm SIG Sauer P320 has been selected by the US Army in both full- size and compact versions

Comms

I n this issue we bring you the last of our coverage of the ANAKONDA ‘16 exercise phases, concentrating on the closing dynamic demonstration

undertaken by a multinational Special Operations force in front of a party of Distinguished Visitors and Observers. This wide-ranging exercise, the largest conducted on NATO territories since STRONG RESOLVE in 2002, was headed by Poland’s Lieutenant General Marek Tomaszycki who has been the Operational Commander of his

country’s armed forces since 2013.

At almost every exercise event that C&S attended this quietly spoken former Armoured Cavalry of cer, with experience of both the Iraq and Afghanistan operations, was on hand to talk to the media as well as hosting visiting politicians and high ranking of cers from other nations. The general’s media handling team for this

exercise were every bit as professional as their boss and, with the exception of one instance where they had to corral us on health & safety grounds due to the amount of fast-moving heavy vehicles in close proximity, made our life as easy as possible as we endeavoured to bring our readership maximum coverage of these massive manoeuvres. Thank you very much.

Since 1st January the United Kingdom has been lead nation for NATO’s Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF) and, following the 2016 Warsaw Summit held just after ANAKONDA ‘16 ended, the UK has also been lead nation for the NATO Enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) battalion being based in Estonia. C&S will do its level best to provide readers with coverage of both VJTF ‘17 and British Forces units participating in the eFP mission; hopefully the UK MoD defence communications organisation will

the UK MoD defence communications organisation will support us in similar fashion to their Polish colleagues.
the UK MoD defence communications organisation will support us in similar fashion to their Polish colleagues.

support us in similar fashion to their Polish colleagues.

For over a quarter of a century the US Army has been using the Beretta M9 pistol as its standard sidearm but as many of these weapons are fast approaching the end of their life cycle it was decided to seek a replacement. Twelve pistols from eight different manufacturers were entered for the XM17 Modular Handgun System competition in 2016, of which three were down-selected for trials. Just before this issue went to press, it was announced that the 9mm SIG Sauer P320 had been selected in both full-size and compact versions. We will bring you an update in a future issue, but in the meantime to read the company press release go to the combatandsurvival.com website.

One of our advertisers, Lionsgate Films, has sent us a check disc of the John Travolta lm Life On The Line, which will be available for digital download in the UK from 20th February and will go on sale on DVD one week later. Normally this would not be my type of lm, as I am more into documentary-style than action movies, but as there is a powerful underlying message about the perils of maintaining the power grid in the US in the face of the extreme storms and hurricanes that regularly hit this massive country, I decided to give it a go.

Based on real events, its plot revolves around a race against the clock to x miles of high-wire cable before lightning destroys the power grid and everything in its path. In the credits it is announced that in the thirty months between the inception of the movie and its theatrical release, 112 linesmen had died maintaining the grid. In their memory the Fallen Lineman Foundation Organization was founded

BM

- see fallenlinemen.org for more.

John Travolta, left, in Life On The Line

for more. John Travolta, left, in Life On The Line Lt Gen Marek Tomaszycki addressing the
BRITISH ARMY MTP SPECIAL FORCES WEBBING Almost 50% lighter than standard webbing. Almost 50% smaller
BRITISH ARMY MTP SPECIAL FORCES WEBBING Almost 50% lighter than standard webbing. Almost 50% smaller
BRITISH ARMY MTP
SPECIAL FORCES
WEBBING
Almost 50% lighter than standard webbing.
Almost 50% smaller than standard webbing (Pack size)
Cost almost 50% less than standard webbing. From only
£94.95
But still has the same robust quality as the standard
webbing.
Made in the UK.
This webbing is ultra lightweight and will pack away in
its own stu sack attached to the underside of the belt.
The belt is padded for comfort and has a 60 mm quick
release buckle.
The yoke has the standard 6 point fasteners and is
laser cut to take extra molle pouches.
It is available in 2 sizes
Regular to t waist 30” plus, This has 2 utility pouches
and 2 double ammo pouches.
Large to t waist 36” plus, This has 3 utility pouches
and 2 double ammo pouches.
www.militarykit.com
01: Recently the units of Gebirgs jäger brigade 23 were issued with new clothing including
01: Recently the units of Gebirgs jäger brigade 23 were issued with new clothing including
01: Recently the units
of Gebirgs jäger
brigade 23 were
issued with new
clothing including a
cold weather jacket
and the waterproof
Schneetarnanzug
winter camou age
suit
elite forces
02: Using a satellite
picture a platoon
commander from
Gebirgs jäger
bataillon 231 leads
his section during
a counter-attack
against irregular
forces after his
patrol has been
ambushed
02
Report & Images by
01
CARL SCHULZE
EDELWEISS2016
23 GEBIRGSJÄGERBRIGADE MOUNTAIN TRAINING
Fighting in high mountains and over extremely di cult terrain, even in winter
and under Arctic conditions, is one of the core tasks of Germany’s Gebirgs jäger
brigade 23 mountain infantry brigade. The annual EDELWEISS exercises are aimed
at training the units of the brigade in the art of o ensive and defensive mountain
warfare operations. At the start of winter, C&S followed Exercise Edelweiss 2016
for a couple of days to report on this elite formation.
10:27, ROSSKOPF PEAK, 2,449 METRES ABOVE SEA LEVEL, LIZUM/
WALCHEN TRAINING AREA, AUSTRIA, 22ND OCTOBER 2016:
F rom their well-prepared and
camou aged positions the
mountain infantry troops
of C Platoon, 4. Kompanie,
Gebirgs jäger bataillon
232 carefully monitor the area between
the Mölser Sonnenspitze peak (2,496m
above sea level) and the Nördlicher
Schober peak (2,448m above sea level).
peaks and the Tantalerköpfe peaks were
taken by Blue at rst light, and from the
high ground overlooking the whole area
Blue now can monitor the Red positions
on Rosskopf. Suddenly, the sound of the
wind blowing across the snow-covered
rocky ground is drowned by explosions
caused by ash-bangs the umpires are
throwing.
Armed with a 40mm Granat maschinen
waffe (grenade machinegun), a MILAN
anti-tank missile system, two 7.62mm
MG3 machineguns and several 5.56mm
G36 assault ri es, the roughly 30
soldiers assigned to Red Force have
the task of defending the Unbenannte
Scharte gap between the Rosskopf
peak and the Mölser Sonnenspitze
peak in order to prevent enemy troops
from taking the high ground above the
Lager Lizum camp and launching an
attack against the camp from there. It is
already the second attempt of Blue to
take the Rosskopf peak, but owing to
their domination of the high ground Red
were able to repulse the rst one
This time the situation is different. The
Red positions on the Klammspitzen
“Mortar re, take cover!” the platoon
leader shouts, the order being echoed
by his section commanders. “Damn!”
one of the mountain infantrymen
mumbles while he crouches behind a
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 09
Images © Carl Schulze
“THE BLUE AND RED TROOPS STAYED IN THE MOUNTAINS PERMANENTLY, elite forces DEFYING HARSH WEATHER
“THE BLUE AND RED TROOPS STAYED
IN THE MOUNTAINS PERMANENTLY,
elite forces
DEFYING HARSH WEATHER WITH
TEMPERATURES WELL BELOW ZERO,
FOG, STRONG WINDS AND THE FIRST
SNOW OF THE COMING WINTER
SEASON.”
boulder. “They have a Joint Fire Support
Team up there, directing the re of
their mortars against us with pinpoint
accuracy.”
the other the Red positions are cleared
by the Blue troops.
includes peaks up to 2,800m above sea
level.
The mortar re ceases as suddenly as it
began, but now machinegun re can be
heard from the direction of the Mölser
Sonnenspitze. Simultaneously gures
dressed in snow camou age suits can
be seen making their way up from the
Unbenannte Scharte gap towards the
Rosskopf peak.
This attack on Rosskopf Peak was only
one of several offensive operations
conducted by the Blue Forces over
a period of ve days during Exercise
EDELWEISS 2016.
EXERCISE IN NUMBERS
All in all the exercise area extended
210km from its western to its Eastern
edge and 80km from North to South.
It involved some 1,600 German and
Austrian troops as well as 200 wheeled
and tracked vehicles and several
helicopters of the Austrian Armed
Forces.
PARTICIPATING FORCES
“Fire!” orders the platoon leader.
Immediately the soldiers of Red open up
on the troops below. But their defensive
re cannot stop the advance of Blue,
especially as the grenade machinegun
and one of the machineguns have been
taken out by the mortar re. One after
EDELWEISS 2016 was conducted by
the Gebirgs jäger brigade 23 mountain
infantry brigade between the 10th and
24th of October, 2016. While parts of
the training were conducted on public
ground, most took place on local
training areas in Southern Germany,
such as Bodelsberg, Altenstadt, Murnau
and Berchtesgaden, plus on the Lizum/
Walchen Training Area in Austria that
Brigadier Alexander Sollfrank, the
commander of Gebirgs jäger brigade
23, led the exercise in person. In doing
so he was supported by a binational
EXCON, including personnel from the
HQ of Gebirgs jäger brigade 23 and the
Kommando Gebirgskampf (mountain
10 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
03
03

03: While of cially an anti-tank missile, in mountainous terrain MILAN also proves quite effective against forti ed positions- crew wear the new Schneetarnanzug winter camou age suit

04: Air transport support for the German and Austrian mountain infantry forces was provided by Agusta Bell 212 light transport helicopters of the Austrian Kommando Luftunterstützung 05: During the rst Phase of the exercise Blue Forces employed Fennek light armoured reconnaissance vehicles from 2. Kompanie, Gebirgs aufklärungs bataillon

230 to gather

information on the

enemy

06: The Bundeswehr

elds the GTK Boxer

A1 wheeled armoured personnel carrier in four main variants:

section vehicle, ambulance, command post vehicle (as here) and driver training vehicle

07: An Eagle V protected patrol vehicle of Gebirgs aufklärungs bataillon

230 provides cover

for the ground control

station of a LUNA UAV system - vehicle is

tted with the FLW 100

RCWS

08: GTK Boxer A1 wheeled armoured personnel carriers of Gebirgs jäger bataillon

231 patrol on the

Murnau Local Training Area

09: Soldiers of Gebirgs aufklärungs bataillon

230 prepare to launch

a LUNA (Luftgestützte

Unbemannte

Nahaufklärungs-

Ausstattung)

reconnaissance UAV

04
04
warfare command) of the Austrian Army. The EXCON served as higher HQ for the two
warfare command) of the Austrian
Army. The EXCON served as higher HQ
for the two Blue Forces battlegroups
and the Red Forces . The Militär
kommando Tirol (regional command)
of the Austrian Armed Forces assisted
the exercising troops in all kinds of
administrative tasks.
The Blue Forces included two
battlegroups, one formed around
Gebirgs aufklärungs bataillon 230
(mountain reconnaissance battalion)
and the other around Gebirgs jäger
bataillon 233 (mountain infantry
battalion). A mountain rescue force and
most of the umpires were provided by
the German Gebirgs jäger bataillon 231.
05
The Gebirgs aufklärungs bataillon 230
battlegroup included the battalion’s HQ
and HQ & Support Company, plus a
purpose-formed ISR company including
the Hoch gebirgs spähzug (high altitude
mountain reconnaissance platoon), a
reconnaissance platoon equipped with
Fennek light armoured reconnaissance
vehicles, a LUNA (Luftgestützte
Unbemannte Nahaufklärungs-
Ausstattung) reconnaissance UAV
platoon and a human intelligence
platoon. The company was reinforced
by an infantry platoon from Gebirgs
jäger bataillon 231 equipped with GTK
Boxer A1 wheeled armoured personnel
carriers, an EOD Team of Gebirgs
pionier bataillon 8 (mountain engineer
battalion) and a pack animal section of
the Einsatz- und Ausbildungs zentrum
für Tragtierwesen 230 (pack animal
centre) of the Bundeswehr.
The Gebirgs jäger bataillon 233
battlegroup consisted of the
battalion’s 1. Kompanie (Versorgungs-/
Unterstützungs kompanie) HQ and
HQ & Support Company, all its three
mountain infantry companies (2., 3,
06
07
08
and 4. Kompanie) and its 5. Kompanie
(schwere Gebirgs jäger kompanie) re
support company. The battalion was
reinforced by an engineer company
of the Gebirgs pionier bataillon 8
and a platoon of the Einsatz- und
Ausbildungszentrum für Tragtierwesen
230.
09
The Red Forces included Austrian
and German troops and were centred
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 11
elite forces 10 “THE AIM OF THE EXERCISE IS TO TRAIN GEBIRGS JÄGER BRIGADE 23
elite forces
10
“THE AIM OF
THE EXERCISE IS
TO TRAIN GEBIRGS
JÄGER BRIGADE 23
TO CONDUCT THE
ALL-ARMS BATTLE
11
OVER EXTREME
TERRAIN,
INCLUDING HIGH
MOUNTAINOUS
TERRAIN.”
around the reinforced German Gebirgs
jäger bataillon 232 mountain infantry
battalion. The battalion deployed with
its HQ, HQ and Support Company,
including the Hoch gebirgsjäger
zug (high altitude warfare platoon),
4. Kompanie (mountain infantry
company) and elements of 5. Kompanie
( re support company) such as the
mortar platoon and Joint Fire Support
Teams (JFST). The battalion was
reinforced by a mixed platoon from
Gebirgs pionier bataillon 8, including
its cable car component. The Austrian
troops assigned under command of
the German unit included a mountain
infantry company of the Jäger bataillon
24, a platoon from the Tragtier zentrum
(pack animal centre) and the cable car
platoon of Pionier bataillon 2 (engineer
battalion).
Logistic support for Blue and Red
Forces was provided by the Gebirgs
versorgungs bataillon 8 (mountain
logistic battalion). This unit deployed
on the exercise with its HQ and HQ &
Support Company and one of its mixed
logistic companies, including a transport
platoon, a maintenance platoon and a
supply platoon. Limited air transport
capability was provided for the forces
of both sides by Agusta Bell 212 light
transport helicopters of the Kommando
Luftunterstützung (aviation support
command) of the Austrian Armed
Forces
12
the same time stabilising the situation
inside the country, where Irregular
Forces were operating.
CONDUCTED IN
THREE PHASES
The exercise was conducted in three,
partly overlapping, phases. During
Phase I the troops deployed to their
starting locations and force integration
training was conducted in order to
incorporate the assets of the Austrian
Armed Forces participating in the
exercise into the units of Gebirgs jäger
brigade 23.
As part of the EDELWEISS 2016
exercise scenario, Blue Forces were
deployed to the ctitious country of
Obsidia in order to protect its integrity
against attacks by the conventional
forces of a neighbouring state, while at
13
Phase II was a reconnaissance exercise
conducted by the Gebirgs aufklärungs
bataillon 230 battlegroup up to the
21st of October. During this, the
reconnaissance assets gathered vital
information about the enemy and his
plans. This information formed the basis
12 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
IRS company as a monitoring force with 14 a quite large assigned battlespace, the deployment
IRS company as a monitoring force with
14
a quite large assigned battlespace, the
deployment of a Quick Reaction Force
in assistance to reconnaissance assets,
and anti-ambush drills.
Phase III was the actual combat phase
of the exercise. As part of this the
Gebirgs jäger bataillon 233 battlegroup
launched its attack against the Red
positions on the Lizum/Walchen
15
10: A platoon from the
Tragtier zentrum of the
Austrian Army supported
the Red Forces - their
Ha inger horses were
used to supply remote
positions and to
transport heavy weapons
into remote zones
11: Supplies are cross
loaded from Ha inger
16
horses into the cable car
of the Pionier bataillon 2
engineer battalion - both
of these Austrian Army
units participated in the
German Army exercise
12 After his position
has been out anked a
Gebirgs jäger uses the
cover of the reverse
slope to deploy to an
alternative position
13: The cable car platoon
of the Austrian Pionier
bataillon 2 (engineer
battalion) can build
cable car systems up to
a length of 1,800 and with
a payload of up to 3.5
tonnes
14: Equipped with one of
the new 7.62mm Gewehr
G27P precision ri es a
Gebirgs jäger provides
cover for his comrades
who are attacking enemy
positions on the Murnau
Local Training Area
for the offensive
operations conducted
under Phase III.
Training Area in Austria. The phase
began on the 20th of October and the
ghting continued for ve days up to
the 24th. During this period Red fought
a defensive battle along three different
15: Both the German and
the Austrian mountain
warfare forces deployed
their cable car engineer
assets on EDELWEISS
2016 - this picture shows
lines and every time skilfully managed
to disengage before taking up the next
positions.
a German cable car
16: Three members of
an MG3 machinegun
team – middle soldier
carries the weapon with
bipod deployed and
rear soldier carries its
sustained re tripod
17: Gebirgs jäger are
trained for ghting in
high mountains and
extremely dif cult
This third phase only
involved German
troops and was only
conducted on German
soil, as it also served
as the nal part of
the pre-deployment
training of the assets
of the Gebirgs jäger
brigade 23, who in
2017 will deploy on
operation to Mali
under EUTEM Mali
and MINUSMA. In this
phase the training
The Blue attack started from the Navis
valley, at about 1,500m above sea
level, and saw the German Gebirgs
jäger rst securing several peaks that
dominate the area and then continuing
their attack on the Red positions from
the North and West. Among the peaks
were the Tantalerköpfe with a height of
2,757m above sea level.
17
terrain, even in winter
and under Arctic
mainly involved the
deployment of the
The Blue and Red troops stayed in
the mountains permanently, defying
conditions
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 13
elite forces harsh weather with temperatures well below zero, fog, strong winds and the rst
elite forces
harsh weather with temperatures well
below zero, fog, strong winds and the
rst snow of the coming winter season.
During movements, the deployed troops
carried rucksacks containing over 30kg
of kit and carried heavy weapons such
as 40mm Granat maschinen waffe
(grenade machine guns), MILAN anti-
tank missile. The mules of the pack
animal assets delivered 120mm Mörser
‘R’ mortars to their positions and moved
up supplies for the Gebirgs jäger .
Among other means, Red used two
cable car systems set up by German and
Austrian engineers to supply its forces in
the mountains.
18: A machinegun team
equipped with a 7.62mm
MG3 and sustained re
tripod makes their way
up to a position on high
ground in order to allow
them to engage enemy
troops operating below
19: The new waterproof
Schneetarnanzug winter
camou age suit is in
the new (M2015) three-
colour Winter Flecktarn
camou age pattern
20: Rosskopf Peak,
2,449m above sea
level - a 7.62mm MG3
machinegun team
from C Platoon of 4.
Kompanie, Gebirgs
jäger bataillon 232
carefully monitors
the terrain below
During the exercise
my soldiers and
military leaders at
all levels showed
what is needed to
be a Gebirgsjäger;
this includes
looking after your
subordinates and
comra comrades, but also
the the de determination
to to ful ful l your orders,
to to ove overcome the
enviro environment and
to to bea beat the enemy.
During During the exercise
18
the the Sy System Gebirgs
Parallel to all three phases the Gebirgs
versorgungs bataillon 8 (mountain
logistic battalion) exercised its
capabilities, providing real-life support
as well as executing exercise play
related combat service support tasks.
Over the two week period of the
exercise the unit maintained a Brigade
Support Area (BSA), from where it
supplied the participating units with
food, fuel, water and ammunition. The
BSA also served as a maintenance
facility, in which damaged equipment
was repaired before it was returned to
the eld. The BSA was relocated several
times, for example it was set up several
days each at Bodelsberg, Murnau and
Innsbruck.
jäger jäger brigade 23
SYSTEM
w
was trained
entirely, with
GEBIRGSJÄGER-
each of its
combat,
BRIGADE 23
c
combat
su support and
When asked about the
the
co combat service
purpose of the exercise cise
Brigadegeneral
support
assets
Brigadier) Alexander er
working
Sollfrank answered: :
hard in
“The aim of the exercise rcise
order to do
o
is it to train Gebirgs jäger jäger
th their bit to
brigade 23 to conduct uct
su successfully
the all-arms battle over ver
co complete the
extreme terrain, including uding
g
given tasks.”
19
high mountainous terrain. errain.
“DURING THE EXERCISE THE SYSTEM
20
GEBIRGS JÄGER BRIGADE 23 WAS TRAINED
ENTIRELY, WITH EACH OF ITS COMBAT,
COMBAT SUPPORT AND COMBAT SERVICE
SUPPORT ASSETS WORKING HARD ”
14 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
Report & Images by CARL SCHULZE firearms 01: The G27P comes with an RSA-S re
Report & Images by
CARL SCHULZE
firearms
01: The G27P comes
with an RSA-S re ex
sight, a 4x30i RD
optical sight and a
back up iron sight -
it
is also tted with a
bipod and a carrying
sling
02: Together with
a
magazine lled
with 20 rounds
the G27P weighs
5.13kg - with its butt
fully extracted it is
985mm long, 82mm
wide and 213mm
high
01
New Bundeswehr G27P
H&K 7.62MM PRECISION AUTOMATIC RIFLE
By 30th June 2016 the German Armed Forces had received 600 brand new Gewehr
(Ri e) G27P 7.62x51mm Precision Automatic Ri es manufactured by Heckler & Koch.
Together with additional 5.56x45mm MG4 machineguns, also manufactured by H&K,
these weapons were procured as a supplement to the rearms mix elded by the
German Infantryassets. C&S recentlycame across the rst G27P precision automatic
ri es in the eld and seized the opportunity to brief readers on this weapon.
I
n recent years there has been a
growing argument in Germany
about the precision and reliability
of the 5.56x45mm Gewehr G36
assault ri e manufactured by
ministerium (German Ministry of
Defence) met in court to settle the
matter; with the manufacturer winning
the case.
02
Heckler & Koch, the standard assault
ri e of the German Armed Forces.
Report after report was presented and
the subject even reached the state
where H&K and the Verteidigungs
In 2015, however, Ursula von der
Leyen, Germany’s Defence Minister,
declared the days of the 178,000
G36 ri es in German service to be
numbered and initiated the process for
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 17
Images © Carl Schulze
firearms “CAPABILITY-WISE, THE 7.62MM CALIBRE G27P FITS INTO THE WEAPON MIX OF THE INFANTRY SECTION
firearms
“CAPABILITY-WISE, THE
7.62MM CALIBRE G27P
FITS INTO THE WEAPON
MIX
OF THE INFANTRY
SECTION BETWEEN THE
5.56MM G36 ASSAULT
RIFLE AND THE 7.62MM
G28
DMR ”
the procurement of a replacement. On
the other hand, a survey among some
200 soldiers who used the G36 during
operations in Afghanistan surfaced,
which disclosed that they regarded
the weapon as reliable, light and easy
to handle, while at the same time not
having encountered any precision issues
but the damage was done and it looks
like the G36 will be replaced at some
time over the next few years.
04
05
The procurement of the new 7.62mm
G27P precision automatic ri es has
to be viewed against the background
of the G36 affair. In fact, the procure-
ment of the weapon was supposed to
compensate for alleged precision and
reliability issues of the 5.56mm G36 as-
sault ri e. The P in the designation G27P
stands for Präzisionsautomat, meaning
precision automatic weapon in English.
However, the new G27P precision auto-
matic ri e is not a direct replacement for
the 5.56mm G36, as only one or two are
issued at section level.
Quite correctly, our readers might now
assume that the weapon serves as
a designated marksman ri e (DMR),
but this is not really true either as
the German Armed Forces eld the
7.62x51mm Zielfernrohr gewehr (target
telescope ri e) G28, also manufactured
by Heckler & Koch, as their DMR.
Capability-wise, the 7.62mm calibre
G27P ts into the weapon mix of the
18 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
03 03: The Gewehr G27P 7.62x51mm precision automatic ri e has an effective combat range
03
03
03 03: The Gewehr G27P 7.62x51mm precision automatic ri e has an effective combat range of

03: The Gewehr G27P 7.62x51mm precision automatic ri e has

an effective combat range of 600m and

a theoretical rate of

re of 600 rounds per

minute

04: The hand-guard of the G27P features MIL- STD-1913 Picatinny rails at the top and bottom as well as at the left and right sides

05: The back-up iron sights feature a drum type rear sight with settings for 100m, 200m, 300m and 400m

06: The G27 is in service with the Bundeswehr both as a precision automatic ri e and as an automatic sniper

ri e with the Special

Forces - both are marked G27 on the lower receiver

07: A paratrooper from Fallschirmjäger regiment 26 can be seen here with a G27P during exercise COLIBRI IL held in South-Western France in September 2016

08: The front sight element of the back-up iron sights – seen here raised - can be folded away

06 08 HECKLER & KOCH HK417 FAMILY The Gewehr G27P 7.62x51mm precision automatic ri e
06
08
HECKLER & KOCH
HK417 FAMILY
The Gewehr G27P 7.62x51mm precision
automatic ri e is one of two variants
of the weapon in service with the
Bundeswehr, the other being the
Gewehr G27 7.62x51mm automatic
sniper ri e, tted with a 1.5–6x20
sniper scope. The automatic sniper
ri e is elded by the Kommando
Spezialkräfte, the Special Forces of
the Bundeswehr. Both G27 variants are
members of the HK417 family of gas
operated automatic 7.62mm calibre
ri es developed by the Heckler & Koch
in Oberndorf, Germany.
The HK417, in turn, is a further
development of the HK416 family of
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 19
07
07

infantry section between the 5.56mm G36 assault ri e and the 7.62mm G28 DMR, being basically an assault ri e featuring a more powerful calibre than the standard assault ri e and therefore having increased penetration power and offering a higher degree of precision at the receiving end. According to of cial documents the G27P can be effectively employed against targets out to a range of 600 metres.

09 firearms 10 11 gas operated automatic 5.56x45mm calibre ri es that use the Stoner-
09
firearms
10
11
gas operated automatic 5.56x45mm
calibre ri es that use the Stoner-
designed AR system and feature
the short-stroke piston design gas
operating system of the 5.56x45mm
Gewehr G36 assault ri e.
G27P TECHNOLOGY
The G27P precision automatic ri e is
a magazine-fed automatic weapon
that can re single shots and bursts.
According to its Bundeswehr manual,
the gas operated, rotating bolt
weapon consists of the following
main components: The upper receiver
with barrel, back-up iron sight and
add-on parts; the lock; the lower
receiver with add-on parts, including
the trigger mechanism and butt
stock; the cocking handle; the bipod;
the hand guard; the sights (4x30i RD
optical sight and RSA-S re ex sight);
the magazine; and the sling.
The upper receiver, the lower
receiver, the extractable butt stock
20 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
and the hand guard are made of composite materials. The upper and lower receiver are

and the hand guard are made of composite materials. The upper and lower receiver are attached to each other by two bolts. When only the rearward bolt is removed, the forward bolt becomes a joint, allowing the lower receiver to be hinged downwards by 45° - for example, for maintenance purpose or when the weapon is stripped. The magazine, that can hold twenty rounds, is manufactured of transparent plastic.

The lower receiver incorporates the magazine well, houses the trigger mechanism and is tted with the extractable butt stock that can be

“THE FRONT SIGHT OF THE BACK-UP IRON SIGHT, WHICH CAN BE FOLDED DOWN, IS INCORPORATED
“THE FRONT
SIGHT OF THE
BACK-UP IRON
SIGHT, WHICH
CAN BE FOLDED
DOWN, IS
INCORPORATED
INTO THE GAS
PORT.”
14
13
extracted in ve steps out to 80mm.
09: The G27P is tted with
12
a Hensoldt Line 4x30i RD
optical sight - the reticule
can be illuminated
10: The butt of the G27P
can be extracted in ve
steps out to 80mm – there
The trigger mechanism incorporates the
safety catch that features the settings
Safe, Single Shot and Burst. It is used to
lock the weapon when cocked, as well
as to select the ring modes.
is a storage compartment
behind the rubber butt pad
11: The G27P is a member
of the HK417 family and as
such utilises the Stoner-
designed AR system - the
automatic weapon can be
used to re single shots
or bursts.
The upper receiver houses the lock
and cocking handle. The 406mm long
barrel, that features four grooves and
elds, is also mounted in it. The gas port
is mounted on the barrel with the gas
operating system, which can be set for
normal use or when using the weapon
with a silencer, situated above it.
12: The G27P comes with a
Harris HBRMS bipod with
legs that can be adjusted
individually
13: Here the front sight
element of the back-up
iron sights is folded
forwards to avoid
obscuring the optical
sight
14: A ash eliminator is
screwed onto the front of
the 406mm long barrel
which features four
grooves and elds with
right twist
The front sight of the back-up iron
sight, which can be folded down, is
incorporated into the gas port. At the
receiving end of the barrel a thread is
found onto which a ash eliminator is
screwed. A MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail
is situated on top of the upper receiver;
this is used to mount the rear sight of
the back-up iron sights and the 4x30i
RD optical sight. The forward assist
assembly situated at the right rear
of the upper receiver allows manual
engagement of the lock of the weapon.
15: A hex-wrench for
adjusting the gas system
The hand-guard of the G27P features
of the ri e is stored with
two spare batteries for the
sights behind the butt pad
15
MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rails at the
top and bottom as well as at the
left and right side. The rails are used
to t the weapon with additional
sighting equipment such as the Nacht
sicht vorsatz NSV 600 night vision
attachments and the LLM01 laser light
module. It is also used to mount the
assault grip and the Harris bipod.
Among other items, the accessory pack
delivered with the weapon includes
eight magazines, an assault grip, a
carrying case, and a cleaning kit.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 21
firearms 16: A soldier of Gebirgsjäger brigade 23 armed with the G27P - note that
firearms
16: A soldier of
Gebirgsjäger
brigade 23 armed
with the G27P
- note that the
weapon is tted
with an assault
grip which is part
of the standard
accessory kit
17: The centre
mark of the 4x30i
RD optical sight
reticule is set
on 100m - below
it are marks for
300m to 1200m
distances in
hundred metre
steps
16
17
Gewehr G27P
Technical Data
Calibre:
7.62mm x 51
Weight:
4,450g
Weight
empty magazine:
160g
Weight magazine with 20 rounds:
680g
Overall length (butt fully extracted):
985mm
Overall width:
82mm
Height (without sights):
213mm
Length of barrel:
Theoretical rate of re:
Initial velocity (V-0):
406mm (four grooves and elds
with right twist)
600 rounds per minute
786 m/s
E ective combat range:
600m
Sights:
RSA-S re ex sight, 4x30i RD
optical sight and iron back-up
4X30I RD OPTICAL SIGHT AND RSA-S REFLEX SIGHT
As main sight, the G27P is tted with a
4x30i RD optical sight of the Hensoldt
Line by Airbus DS Optronics GmbH.
This sight is mounted onto the MIL-STD-
1913 Picatinny rail on top of the upper
receiver of the ri e. The sight features
a x4 magni cation and a eld of view
of 8°/140m at a range of 1,000m. Due
to its large exit pupil, with a diameter
of 7.5mm, the sight is well-suited for
the use in adverse visibility and twilight.
Its reticule can be illuminated, the
illumination being powered by a single
AA battery.
already in service with the German Army.
The sight is 139mm long, 65mm wide and
76.5mm high. It weighs 600g with battery
and mount.
The sight can be operated together with
night vision attachments such as the
Nacht sicht vorsatz NSV 600, that is
The RSA-S re ex sight is positioned on
top of the 4x30i RD optical sight. This
compact collimator sight also belongs to
the product range of the Hensoldt Line,
of Airbus DS Optronics GmbH. Featuring
a red aiming dot the sight allows the
G27P to be used for close quarter
combat. It is also used for quick reaction
reliable engagement of targets at ranges
out to 200m. The RSA-S re ex sight is
63.5mm long and weighs 100g. As power
supply, the system uses a 3V CR 2032
button cell battery and a solar cell.
22 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
allied forces 01 COMBINED On Thursday 16th June, ten days after the Opening Ceremony in
allied forces 01 COMBINED On Thursday 16th June, ten days after the Opening Ceremony in

allied forces

01
01
COMBINED On Thursday 16th June, ten days after the Opening Ceremony in Warsaw and nine
COMBINED
On Thursday 16th June, ten days
after the Opening Ceremony
in Warsaw and nine days after
multinational Airborne Forces
commenced their Joint Forcible
Entry operation into Poland from
bases in the United States, Germany
and Italy, the last two major Exercise
ANAKONDA phases took place at
the Land Forces Training Centre
near Drawsko Pomorskie. At the
invitation of the Polish MoD, C&S
was on hand to witness both.
L ast month we
looked back at
the impressive
multinational
Combined Arms
DV
Live- Live-Fire Exercise (LFX)
demo demonstration, conducted in
front front of Distinguished Visitors
and and O Observers at the Polish
Land Land Forces Training Centre on
the the m morning of the penultimate
for
day day o of the exercise. Although
the the p participating battlegroup
was was P Polish-led, Albanian,
Amer American, Bulgarian, Lithuanian,
Mace Macedonian, Romanian, and
24 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
24 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

SPECIAL

Swedish units also contributed.

After a brief regrouping of the

party, we were transported

from the tank and artillery ring range about seven kilometres through the forest to the 2,000 metre long airstrip at Oleszno where a temporary village had been assembled near the Eastern end of the runway

the afternoon’s brief but

dynamic demonstration.

All we had been told in advance was that a Polish-led multinational SOTU (Special

Images © Bob Morrison

“THE ACTION THE COVERT SF TEAM’S SNIPERS 01: The Ex ANAKONDA ‘16 Special Operations dynamic
“THE ACTION
THE COVERT SF
TEAM’S SNIPERS
01: The Ex ANAKONDA
‘16 Special Operations
dynamic display was
led by Poland’s JKW
Commando Special
Forces Group
Report & Images by
COMMENCED WITH
BOB MORRISON
02
TAKING OUT THE
AIR DEFENCE
02: The insurgent
militia targets
of the SpecOps
RADAR DISHES ON
raid occupied
BOTH THE LORAD
a headquarters
LAUNCHER AND THE
COMMAND POST
TRUCK WITH ANTI-
MATERIEL RIFLES ”
complex with
barracks block and
communications
building
03: It was crucial
that advanced
communications
equipment and data
records be captured
from this command
node complex
04: The target was
protected by a mobile
SA-8 Gecko long range
air defence system
which posed a major
threat to the airmobile
assault force
05: Short range air
defence was provided
by crew-served
missiles and heavy
machineguns which
also needed to be
eliminated
06: F-16 Fighting
Falcons called in
by a clandestinely
inserted JKW team
took out the long
range air defence
launchers and their
command post
07: As the F-16s
struck Special Forces
snipers concealed in
woods hundreds of
metres away took out
the short range air
defence crews
03
04
05
S
06
07
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 25

OPERATION

Operations Task Unit) would be conducting an air assault exercise to demonstrate a forced entry mission into an area of a friendly country that had been partially overrun by hostile militia assisted by ‘advisers’ from a neighbouring country. In addition to the helicopters and specialist light utility vehicles used for the assault, a covert Special Forces team had been previously clandestinely inserted to provide intelligence and fast air would be on call to neutralise air defences which might otherwise spoil the SOTU’s day.

allied forces From the media pen, about 150 metres distant from the nearest of the
allied forces
From the media pen, about 150 metres
distant from the nearest of the enemy-
held buildings, we were able to see: a
large, white-roofed wooden building
with armed militia and uniformed
personnel guarding it, which looked
like a barracks block; a pair of 40-foot
ISO container of ces with satellite
dishes and antennae atop, which was
clearly a communications hub; and a
group of half a dozen ISO containers
with vehicles outside, which looked
like a logistics base. A few hundred
metres to the North of this complex,
a 6x6 long range air defence missile
(LORAD) launcher could be detected
under camou age nets, a short distance
away from this was a camou aged short
range air defence (SHORAD) position
with both portable launchers and a
08: Mil Mi-24
Hind helicopter
gunships which
ew in at low level
strafed the enemy
defensive positions
– note muzzle
ash of starboard
machinegun
09: This PZL W-3PL
G uszec (Capercaillie)
armed version of the
08
W-3 Sokó (Falcon)
provided airborne
command and control
10: With the air
defences neutralised
a brace of heavily
armed Mil Mi-17 Hip
helicopters swooped
in with multinational
assault teams
11: A SpecOps assault
team fast-ropes from
the lead Hip – close
inspection shows
different uniforms but
no national insignia is
visible
12: As another team
fast-ropes from the
second Mi-17 Hip two
JKW breaching and
assault teams arrive
by vehicle from the
blind side
09
13: Through the fog of
battle an assault team
covered by a Polaris
MRZR-2 machine-
gunner approaches
the communications
complex
14: The assault team
commences clearing
the command node -
satcom dishes have
been disabled and a
captured insurgent
lies on the ground
12
10
26 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
lies on the ground 12 10 26 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 11 twin-barrelled wheeled anti-aircraft gun,
lies on the ground 12 10 26 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 11 twin-barrelled wheeled anti-aircraft gun,
lies on the ground 12 10 26 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 11 twin-barrelled wheeled anti-aircraft gun,
11
11

twin-barrelled wheeled anti-aircraft gun, and behind them on the treeline could be seen a camou aged command post with a radar truck.

The action commenced with the covert SF team’s snipers taking out the air defence radar dishes on both the LO- RAD launcher and the command post truck with anti-materiel ri es and then turning their attention to the SHORAD operators. With these immediate threats neutralised, fast air was then free to completely obliterate (simulated) the

“THE HELIBORNE ASSAULT TEAMS WERE TRANSPORTED BY TWO MIL MI-17 HIP TRANSPORT HELICOPTERS, EACH ARMED
“THE HELIBORNE ASSAULT TEAMS WERE TRANSPORTED BY TWO MIL MI-17 HIP TRANSPORT HELICOPTERS, EACH ARMED
“THE HELIBORNE ASSAULT TEAMS WERE TRANSPORTED BY TWO MIL MI-17 HIP TRANSPORT HELICOPTERS, EACH ARMED
“THE HELIBORNE
ASSAULT TEAMS WERE
TRANSPORTED BY TWO
MIL MI-17 HIP TRANSPORT
HELICOPTERS, EACH
ARMED WITH FOUR ROCKET
PODS AND TWO TWIN
MACHINEGUN PODS ”
13
14
positions to allow the heliborne element
of the SOTU to swoop in and fast-rope
onto the enemy-held command & con-
trol and barracks complex, while vehicle-
borne SF elements raced in from the
forest during the initial confusion.
The heliborne assault teams were
transported by two Mil Mi-17 Hip
transport helicopters, each armed
with four rocket pods and two twin
machinegun pods (see page 34 for
more). As the assault teams went in,
Mil Mi-24 Hind helicopter gunships
gave top cover for the two Hips while
a PZL W-3PL G uszec (see page 32)
provided overall airborne command
and control. A running commentary
was given by a Special Forces
command team to the Distinguished
Visitors and Observers party, in a stand
off to our right, but unfortunately the
sound of the helicopters prevented
us clearly hearing or recording this
so it was not until afterwards that we
discovered precisely which operators
were involved.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 27
Images © Bob Morrison
allied forces 15 15: Another assault team works through the complex looking for High Value
allied forces
15
15: Another assault
team works through
the complex
looking for High
Value Targets and
any equipment of
interest to analysts
16: With the barracks
block neutralised the
JWK team prepares
to withdraw – note
the W-3PL G uszec
hovering in
overwatch
17: The lead Mi-17 Hip
swoops back in to
recover an assault
team – for more on
this helicopter turn
to page 34 of this
issue
18: The assault team
leaves the command
node – the operator
on the extreme
left is escorting a
captured High Value
Target to the landing
helicopter
19: The team has
captured two High
Value Targets who
will be interrogated
later by intelligence
specialists to
glean info on the
insurgency
20: The Polish JWK
team head off on
one their HILUX
utility vehicles as an
MRZR-2 team covers
their rapid departure
21: Demolition
charges (simulated)
destroy equipment
and buildings to
prevent insurgents
making any further
16
use of them
18
19
17
In effect four multiples, each
consisting of two four-man
teams, plus supporting helicopter
and vehicle crews, carried out
the simultaneous assault on
the three distinct areas of the
enemy-held complex. The lead
Hip dropped one multiple near
the communications buildings,
the second Hip dropped another
multiple behind the barracks
building, a third arrived in a pair
of Toyota HILUX SUVs carrying
breaching charges for the doors
and windows, and the forth
arrived on a pair of MRZR-2 Light
Tactical All Terrain Vehicles to
assault the logistics complex.
The primary mission of the raid,
which according to my camera
data was all over in under eight
28 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
primary mission of the raid, which according to my camera data was all over in under
primary mission of the raid, which according to my camera data was all over in under
primary mission of the raid, which according to my camera data was all over in under
minutes, was to destroy hi-tech communications equipment, to capture High Value Targets, to seize documentation
minutes, was to destroy hi-tech communications equipment, to capture High Value Targets, to seize documentation

minutes, was to destroy hi-tech communications equipment, to capture High Value Targets, to seize documentation for analysis, and to demolish logistic assets. Any captured HVTs, for example enemy commanders and foreign military personnel, the latter often referred to as Little Green Men since the Russian annexation of Crimea in which uniformed anonymous troops believed to have been Spetsnaz participated, were to be taken away by the

“THE PRIMARY MISSION OF THE RAID, WHICH ACCORDING TO MY CAMERA DATA WAS ALL OVER
“THE PRIMARY MISSION
OF THE RAID, WHICH
ACCORDING TO MY CAMERA
DATA WAS ALL OVER IN
UNDER EIGHT MINUTES,
WAS TO DESTROY HI-
TECH COMMUNICATIONS
EQUIPMENT, TO CAPTURE
HIGH VALUE TARGETS, TO
SEIZE DOCUMENTATION FOR
ANALYSIS, AND TO DEMOLISH
21
LOGISTIC ASSETS.”
SOTU along with computer
hard drives etc. when they
departed on the helicopters
that delivered them.
20
While we were aware that
Poland’s JWK was lead unit
of the multinational SOTU,
from our vantage point
it was unclear precisely
which nationalities were
participating. For a brief
few minutes afterwards,
however, we had a rare
opportunity to photograph
them up close. Turn to Page
41 for those images.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 29
Images © Bob Morrison

BRAND

www.combatandsurvival.com/shop

Clothing range out now NEW
Clothing range out now
NEW
£ 18 .95 £ 19 .95 £ 12 .95 £ 31 .95
£ 18 .95
£ 19 .95
£ 12 .95
£ 31 .95

* Colour & designs subject to change. All items correct at time of going to press. Visit website for up-to-date merchandise

aviation focus PZLW-3 SOKÓ POLISH ARMY MULTI-PURPOSE HELICOPTER
aviation focus
PZLW-3
SOKÓ
POLISH ARMY MULTI-PURPOSE HELICOPTER
Following the sudden annexation of the Ukrainian territory of Crimea by the Russian Federation in
Following the sudden annexation of the Ukrainian territory of Crimea by the Russian
Federation in 2014 and NATO Alliance nations stepping up their presence in the Baltic
region as an expression of solidarity in case of further Westward expansionism by
the Putin regime, British Armytroops have come into increased contact with the
helicopters of their Polish allies, including the W-3 Sokó and Mi-17 Hip.
I
n this rst of two brief looks
at Polish helicopter types we
are focussing on the PZL W-3
Sokó (Falcon) which, with a
payload of just over two tonnes
and the ability to carry up to a dozen
troops, is classed as being mid-sized
and multi-purpose. Of home-grown
design, originally manufactured by the
PZL (Pa stwowe Zak ady Lotnicze
or State Aviation Factory) plant in
widnik near Lublin, which was bought
by AgustaWestland and is now part of
Leonardo Helicopters, the Sokó sits
mid way between the Lynx and Puma.
for quality and the Soviet Union not
only allowed the widnik facility to
develop its own helicopter design but
also agreed to it using proven Russian-
designed engines. It was originally
planned that the Sokó would be used
to equip other Warsaw Pact nations
with both civil and military helicopters,
but, by the time that series production
commenced in the late 1980s, the Iron
Curtain was close to falling - the Czechs,
however, subsequently procured
military variants and a number of other
overseas military customers were found.
At the time of the helicopter’s inception,
in the 1970s, Poland was part of the
Warsaw Pact and under the Soviet
yoke. Fortunately, Poland’s three state
aviation factories had a reputation
The Polish Army, Poland’s Navy and Air
Force use the type as well, received its
rst batch of W-3 Sokó s in 1993. These
were unarmed transport versions, but
the following year the armed W-3W
version with twin 23mm cannons on the
02
32 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison
01
01
03 0901, which I photographed during the SOTU demonstration at Drawsko Pomorskie last June, is
03
0901, which I photographed during
the SOTU demonstration at Drawsko
Pomorskie last June, is a W-3PL
G uszec.
Another conversion to the W-3WA
batch is the W-3AE, with the E
standing for Ewakuacja or Evacuation
as in MedEvac. A manufacturer’s press
release in 2013 stated two aircraft
would be upgraded with external
lights compatible with night vision
goggles, and new racks to carry medical
equipment.
01: Sokol W-3W with
tailcode 0616 taking off
with Polish air assault
troops during a training
session on the W drzyn
Training area in June
04
2016
02: An air assault
infantry squad
fast-roping from
0616 - this multi-
purpose helicopter
can transport twelve
combat troops or two
tonnes of cargo
03: One of a pair of
specialist W-3AE
MedEvac conversions
05
- tailcode 0911 - seen
recovering a simulated
battle eld casualty
during ANAKONDA 16
04: Tailcode 0905
is from the W-3WA
production batch - note
the twin 23mm cannons
on the lower starboard
side forward of the
pylon
05: There are two rails
under each weapons
pylon capable of
carrying rocket pods
but it is unusual to see
these tted today
06
06: This is the
modernised W-3PL
G uszec (Capercaillie)
variant seen here
supporting the JWK-led
SOTU during ANAKONDA
‘16 at Drawsko
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 33
ANAKONDA ‘16 at Drawsko COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 33 Report by BOB MORRISON starboard side and
ANAKONDA ‘16 at Drawsko COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 33 Report by BOB MORRISON starboard side and

Report by

BOB MORRISON

starboard side and four weapons pylons was introduced (the second W in the designation stands for Wielozadaniowy or Multi-purpose). The two-colour aircraft with the tailcode 0616 is one of these but no armament was carried on the pylons when I photographed it at Wedrzyn last June. The aircraft with the tailcode 0905, also in two-tone camo, is from the next production batch and is designated W-3WA.

Approximately ten years ago the rst of eight W-3WA airframes were modernised with a glass cockpit and digital engine controls, plus upgraded navigation equipment and night vision ying capability. Reclassi ed as the W-3PL G uszec (Capercaillie), these aircraft are intended primarily for Combat Search & Rescue (CSAR) duties and Special Operations Forces support. Although these aircraft still have the four weapons pylons, their twin 23mm cannons have been replaced by a 12.7mm heavy machine gun under the cockpit which one of the two pilots operates. The helicopter with tailcode

by a 12.7mm heavy machine gun under the cockpit which one of the two pilots operates.

Images © Bob Morrison nnnnnn

aviation focus
aviation focus
Images © Bob Morrison n n n n n n aviation focus The primary troop transport

The primary troop transport helicopter of the Polish Armed Forces is the Russian-built Mil Mi-17, designated the Hip by NATO, which is an up-engined and upgraded variant of the Mi-8. In addition to a small number of older Mi-8 Hips,with starboardtail rotors,theArmyhas a squadron of sixteen Mi-17-1V Hips, in three versions, plus two Mi-17AEvariants reconfiguredforthe MedEvac role.

In late 2006 a second batch, factory-

produced to the 1V (i.e. armed) standard, entered service carrying

tailcodes in the 6101 to 6107 sequence. Visually these aircraft are very similar

to the 1989 batch. Finally, a further

batch of ve airframes was procured

in 2010, for ISAF duties in Afghanistan.

These can be distinguished from the earlier Mi-17-1V batches by their tailcodes, in the 6108 to 6112 sequence, and the starboard side forward troop compartment door; the starboard lower sponson is correspondingly shortened and a new air intake cowl is tted above this door.

A twin-engined multi-mission helicopter

capable of transporting 24 troops or a payload of around 3.5 tonnes, the Mi-17-1V Hip is broadly similar in capability to the Westland Sea King HC4 Commando version and originated as the Mi-8 around the same period. The big difference between the two aircraft, however, is the ability to t a pair of triple weapons pylons to which multiple 57mm rocket pods and/or twin 23mm cannon pods can be tted to turn the Russian-built aircraft into a helicopter gunship able of providing re support to its passengers when they dismount or suppressing enemy infantry around an intended landing zone. A door mini- gun operated by the third crewman or loadmaster, starboard side on 6108 to 6112 and port side on earlier aircraft can be tted for close defence when landing.

The aircraft we photographed during the Combined Special Operations dynamic display at Oleszno, 6111 and 6112, were from this last batch with the starboard troop compartment door. The third, 6104, was photographed on

troop compartment door. The third, 6104, was photographed on O n paper the Mi-17-1V eet is

O n paper the Mi-17-1V eet is all assigned to No.1 Air Squadron of 25 Air Cavalry Brigade (Brygada Kawalerii

Powietrznej) but it appears that four of them may be earmarked for Special Forces support. The four oldest of the sixteen airframes (tailcode 601, 602, 603 and 605) date from around 1989 and were originally basic Mi-17 unarmed transport helicopters, but these now appear to have been upgraded to 1V standards with weapons pylons and external cockpit armour. The MedEvac conversions (606 and 607) are from the same batch, but have not been tted with weapons pylons.

34 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

(606 and 607) are from the same batch, but have not been tted with weapons pylons.
(606 and 607) are from the same batch, but have not been tted with weapons pylons.
Report & Images by BOB MORRISON 01: Tailcode 6111 on the ground – two pods

Report & Images by

BOB MORRISON

01: Tailcode 6111 on the ground – two pods each carrying 32x 57mm rockets and
01: Tailcode 6111 on the
ground – two pods each
carrying 32x 57mm
rockets and a twin 23mm
canon pod are tted to
the starboard weapons
pylons
02: Tailcode 6104
during the Wedrzyn
multinational assault
note the mini-gun
04
protruding from the port
side door but no weapons
pylons are tted
03: Seen from the
other side, 6104 has
no starboard troop
compartment door and
note the longer side
sponson with round air
intake
04: There are pylons but
no weapon pods on 6112 –
note starboard door with
mini-gun and armour
shield for the gunner/
loadmaster
05: This is 6104 again
during the same Wedrzyn
demo – the port door
mini-gun is obvious as
are the mounts for the
engine armour plates
05
06: Troops fast-roping
from 6104 the next day
as the aircraft cannot
y with the curved
clamshell doors open
they are often removed
07: From this angle as
6111 takes off the front
and rear appliqué armour
plates protecting crucial
engine components are
quite obvious
06
MILM-17-1VHIP
POLISH ARMY MULTI-MISSION HELICOPTER
07
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 35
01 02
01
02
03
03

consecutive days in Wedrzyn during a demo and then being used for fast- rope training. All three were tted with appliqué cockpit armour and the two later models also had engine protection armoured plates, but 6104 only had mounting brackets. The rear clamshell troop compartment doors were removed on all three.

plates, but 6104 only had mounting brackets. The rear clamshell troop compartment doors were removed on
aviation focus Polish and Canadian air assault troops fast-roping from an Mi-17-1V Hip onto a
aviation focus
Polish and
Canadian air
assault troops
fast-roping from an
Mi-17-1V Hip onto
a rooftop on the
Wedrzyn Training
Area in Poland
during Exercise
ANAKONDA 16
36 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
COMBAT + SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL Images ©
COMBAT + SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL Images ©
COMBAT + SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL Images ©
COMBAT
+ SURVIVAL
38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
38 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Carl Schulze
H&K 40MM GRENADE MACHINE GUN German Army 40mm Granatmaschinenwaffe Team from C Platoon of 4.
H&K 40MM GRENADE MACHINE GUN German Army 40mm Granatmaschinenwaffe Team from C Platoon of 4.
H&K 40MM GRENADE MACHINE GUN German Army 40mm Granatmaschinenwaffe Team from C Platoon of 4.
H&K 40MM GRENADE MACHINE
GUN
German Army 40mm Granatmaschinenwaffe Team from
C Platoon of 4. Kompanie, Gebirgsjägerbataillon 232 on
Exercise EDELWEISS 16 in Austria [© Carl Schulze]

COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 39

4. Kompanie, Gebirgsjägerbataillon 232 on Exercise EDELWEISS 16 in Austria [© Carl Schulze] COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Magazine Save Token It’s been brought to our attention that some readers are having trouble
Magazine Save Token It’s been brought to our attention that some readers are having trouble
Magazine
Save Token
It’s been brought to our attention that some
readers are having trouble getting hold of their
regular issues. Naturally, we can’t have anyone
missing out on their regular dosage of military
know-how. If C&S doesn’t have pride of place
at your local news-agent, simply hand over the
slip displayed here [or a photocopy]to the person
behind the counter. They should be able to order
it for you and your missing issues shouldn’t be
an issue anymore! Of course, C&S also has a
subscription service, with each issue delivered
straight to your door
COMBAT
C&S - Don’t miss out
+ SURVIVAL
To my News-agent,
I wish to receive a copy of Combat
& Survival each month.
Address
Pleas commence with
issue [specify a month] until further
notice.
Postcode
Date
/ /
Signature
Mr
Distributed by Warners Group Publications PLC
a month] until further notice. Postcode Date / / Signature Mr Distributed by Warners Group Publications
Report & Images by special forces BOB MORRISON 01: A Polish Special Forces operator in
Report & Images by
special forces
BOB MORRISON
01: A Polish Special
Forces operator in
the doorway of one
of the Mil Mi-17 Hip
helicopters used in
the display at Drawsko
Pomorskie at the end of
ANAKONDA ‘16
POLISH
JWK
& BROTHERS
COMMANDO SPECIAL FORCES GROUP
At the conclusion of the Combined Special Operations dynamic display which
At the conclusion of the Combined Special Operations dynamic display whicich
capped capped o o ten ten days days of of multinational multinational training training on on Exercise Exercise ANAKONDA ANAKONDA ‘16, ‘16, see see
Page 24, the participants gathered brie y for a team photo. C&S was allowed
to go forward and photograph this elite band of brothers, on the understanding
that we would preserve their anonymity. As a result we are able to to bring
readers some rather rare shots.
T
his year Poland’s Special
Forces Command
(Dowództwo Wojsk
Specjalnych), which is
the fourth branch of the
nation’s Armed Forces, celebrates ten
years in existence. Its current structure
includes ve distinct military units, or
Jednostka Wojskowa, plus an Special
Operations Aviation Squadron
(7 Eskadra Dzia a Specjalnych). As far
as we can determine, JW Agat would
appear to be the Headquarters and
Headquarters Group, JW Formoza, JW
Grom and JW Komandosów are the
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 41
Images © Bob Morrison
special forces “OPERATORS TEAMS OF SF/SO PERSONNEL FROM AMERICA, CROATIA, HUNGARY AND ROMANIA WERE ALSO
special forces “OPERATORS TEAMS OF SF/SO PERSONNEL FROM AMERICA, CROATIA, HUNGARY AND ROMANIA WERE ALSO
special forces “OPERATORS TEAMS OF SF/SO PERSONNEL FROM AMERICA, CROATIA, HUNGARY AND ROMANIA WERE ALSO
special forces
“OPERATORS TEAMS OF SF/SO PERSONNEL FROM AMERICA,
CROATIA, HUNGARY AND ROMANIA WERE ALSO INVOLVED.”
05
03
04
three Sabre Groups, and JW Nil is the
Command Support & Security Group.
teams of SF/SO personnel from
America, Croatia, Hungary and Romania
were also involved.
It was JW Komandosów, the
battalion-strength Commando
Special Forces Group home-based in
Lubliniec, who provided the nucleus
of the multinational Special Operation
Task Unit (SOTU) for the dynamic
demonstration covered on pages 24
to 29 of this issue, and we are pretty
con dent that 7 SOAS provided the
Mil Mi-17 Hip and W-3PL G uszec
helicopters (see pages 32-35). Although
not immediately visually obvious from
our camera location, about 150 metres
from the closest of the action, in
addition to JW Komandosów operators
According to of cial documentation we
were given after the demo, the mission
of JW Komandosów is to: “secure and
assist Polish citizens, regardless of their
whereabouts and the circumstances
42 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison
02: It was only when this SF 02 team climbed out of the lead Mi-17
02: It was only when this SF
02
team climbed out of the lead
Mi-17 that we realised most
operators were Croatian – the
other is American
03: These Croatian Special
Operations Command (OSRH
Zapovjedništvo Specijalnih
Snaga) operators wear M05
Digital Woodland camo – note
sleeve patches
04: Five members of this SF
team are Croatian in M05
camo, three are American
in mostly MultiCam and the
operator with back to camera
is JWK in A-TACS
05: Croatian and American
Special Forces brothers –
close inspection shows the
Green Beret wears MultiCam
ACU rather than the new
Scorpion W2 pattern
06: Other than possibly the
sniper these are all Polish
JWK operators despite the
mix
of MultiCam-derivative
and
A-TACS (left) camou age
patterns
07: We believe this sniper
team wearing British DPM
ghillie suits was from Romania
– US SF major wears the new
Scorpion W2 horizontal camo
pattern
06
08: Polish JWK assault team
members arrive on one of their
HILUX assault vehicles – note
running boards, roof platform
and bumper-mounted winch
09: See caption 10 on
following page
09
07
08
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 43
roof platform and bumper-mounted winch 09: See caption 10 on following page 09 07 08 COMBAT
12 special forces 13 10 11 they are under.” The unit is structured to undertake
12 special forces 13 10 11 they are under.” The unit is structured to undertake
12
special forces
13
10
11
they are under.” The unit is structured to
undertake the full spectrum of military
activities in the Special Operations realm.
Such operations can be conducted
both on land and on Continental waters,
with the core tasks being Direct Action,
Special Reconnaissance and Military
Assistance with WMD Proliferation
Protection and Hostage Rescue
Operations being secondary tasks. JKW
is capable of conducting such missions
either on their own or as part of national
or international campaigns.
144
14
The oldest of Poland’s Special
Operations formations, founded in 1961
around the core of a 6th Pomeranian
Airborne Division recce company
formed in 1957, JWK consists of a
Headquarters, three Combat Teams
(Zespo Bojowy), an Intelligence Cell
and a Logistics Team. ZB Alpha, ZB
Bravo and ZB Charlie all wear WWII
legacy insignia to honour the traditions
of either Polish Resistance formation or,
in the case of ZB Bravo, No.10 (Inter-
Allied) Commando whose No.6 Troop
was formed mostly of Poles. All JWK
operators also wear the bottle green
Commando beret.
Although we reckon all JKW operators
who took part were most likely
members of JB Bravo, as we did not
spot either Miot a (ZB Alpha) or Parasol
(ZB Charlie) insignia, it is notable that
two different types of camou age
uniforms were worn. The majority were
clad in MultiCam pattern uniforms and
equipment, or possibly from the Polish
copy fabric some call CamoGrom, but but it it
was noticeable that what we think were were
the clandestine observation team who ho
initiated the assault, were wearing the he
greener A-TACS pattern and soft hats ats
with face veils.
Once we were allowed up close for a a
few minutes at the end of the display, ay,
44 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison
allowed up close for a a few minutes at the end of the display, ay, 44
09/10: Two views of a JWK operator from Combat Team (Zespo Bojowy) B wearing A-TACS
09/10: Two views of a JWK
operator from Combat Team
(Zespo Bojowy) B wearing
A-TACS camou age shirt
and trousers produced by
Currahee Sp. Ltd
15
“ZB ALPHA, ZB BRAVO
AND ZB CHARLIE ALL
WEAR WWII LEGACY
11: JWK Combat Team B
carries on the traditions of
the WWII No.10 (Inter-Allied)
Commando of which 6 Troop
was almost entirely Polish
INSIGNIA TO HONOUR
THE TRADITIONS OF
12: All operators in this shot
are from JWK – other than the
central soldier who wears
MultiCam the rest all wear
A-TACS camou age
POLISH RESISTANCE
13: Two US Green Berets
arrive by M249-armed Polaris
MRZR-2 – JWK operator on
left has door breaching tools
on his belt behind his left
forearm
14: One of the US Special
Forces MRZR-2 Light Tactical
All-Terrain Vehicles - for an
in-depth feature on the LTATV
see the November 2015 issue
15: The Kotwica (anchor)
was the symbol of the
Polish Resistance in WWII
- the modern JWK badge
incorporates this and the
Special Forces dagger
16: We cannot forget the
Polish OpFor team – all
members of an Air Defence
unit unit – – who who played played the the part part of of
insurgent insurgent militia militia during during the the
SF SF demo demo
just after the M
just after the Mi-17 Hip rotors had
stopped stopped turnin turning, we were able to
tricolour, Croatian Republic and Special Forces
winged dagger patches.
identify identify that that m many of the operators
who who had had fast-roped fast- down from
the the helicopters were
act actually members of
t the Croatian Special
Forces. F These guys
Also on the two helicopters were a few US
Army Green Berets, who were most likely from
the forward-deployed 10th Special Forces
Group based in Germany. This detachment
were were wearing wearing
th the slightly greener
four-colour four-colour M2005 M2005 Digital Woodland
Pattern Pattern (see (see April April 2016 2 Kit & Camo for
more more on on this) this) but but thei their load carriage vests
and and pouches pouches were were mo mostly, though not
exclusively, exclusively, in in three-colour three-c M-2005 Desert
Pattern. Pattern. They They mostly mostly sported national
also had a pair of Polaris MRZR-2 Light Tactical
All-Terrain Vehicles, and four operators used
these to provide re support to two of the
mixed teams who assaulted the enemy complex.
The Americans seemed to be wearing mostly
MultiCam pattern uniforms, and several wore the
SF badge of a sword with three lightning ashes
plus Special Forces quali cation shoulder tabs.
16
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 45
of a sword with three lightning ashes plus Special Forces quali cation shoulder tabs. 16 COMBAT
17 special forces “JWK IS CAPABLE OF CONDUCTING SUCH MISSIONS EITHER ON THEIR OWN OR
17
special forces
“JWK IS CAPABLE OF CONDUCTING SUCH
MISSIONS EITHER ON THEIR OWN OR AS PART OF
NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGNS.”
Two operators who at rst confused me were the
sniper team, clad in what appeared to be British
DPM ghillie suits. As this pair materialised for the
team photo and then quickly vanished without
saying anything I could not ask their identity,
but as Romania was the only one of nine nations
based at Drawsko Pomorskie during ANAKONDA
16 who use this camo pattern I suspect the team
might be from 610 ‘Vultures’ Special Operations
Battalion. The last nationality participating in the
demo was Hungary, and you can see one of their
operators in detail on pages 48-50.
19
18
17: Combat Team B
operators ride off on
their Toyota HILUX –
understandably camera-
shy, after just eight minutes
all the SF teams departed
18: One of the two US Special
Forces MRZR-2 LTATVs races
off behind the JWK HILUX
pair – one of the Americans
con rmed this was a 4x2
variant
19: The operator on the
right talking to a US Army
Green Beret is member of
the Hungarian SOTU – see
Kit & Camo on Page 48 of
this issue
46 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison
kit + camo HUNGARIAN SPECOPS
kit + camo
HUNGARIAN
SPECOPS

34 ‘BERCSÉNYI’ BATTALION

48 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

kit + camo HUNGARIAN SPECOPS 34 ‘BERCSÉNYI’ BATTALION 48 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Article & Images by BOB MORRISON COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 49
Article & Images by BOB MORRISON COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 49

Article & Images by

BOB MORRISON

Article & Images by BOB MORRISON COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 49
Article & Images by BOB MORRISON COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 49
kit + camo Images © Bob Morrison Images © Bob Morrison Once the helicopters had
kit + camo
Images © Bob Morrison
Images © Bob Morrison
Once the helicopters had landed and the dust had
settled at the end of the Combined Special Operations
air assault onto the air eld near Oleszno on the edge
of Poland’s Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area it quickly
became apparent that the fourth multiple, the one
which assaulted the logistics compound supported by
US Green Berets with MRZR-2 LTATVs, had primarily
comprised Hungarian Special Forces operators.
earned a fearsome reputation ghting
the Red Army and was reformed as an
elite airborne unit during the Cold War.
Following the collapse of the Warsaw
Pact, free elections in 1990 and the
restoration of democracy, the Hungarian
Defence Force started to realign with
NATO and 34th Bercsényi Battalion
began to evolve from a light infantry
formation to take on Reconnaissance
and Special Operations roles. As part
of ISAF, Hungary Provideda Provincial
Reconstruction Team from 2006 and in
2008 34th Bercsényi Battalion deployed
to Southern Afghanistan.
F ollowing a hastily arranged
group photo the Hungarian
operators moved off to be
addressed by a brigadier
from the Distinguished
Visitors party and, afterwards, one of
the team kindly agreed to allow us
to photograph him for a Kit & Camo
feature before they were whipped
away. From his insignia it is obvious
that he belongs to 34th Special Forces
Battalion; some reference sources
say Special Operations, but of cial
Hungarian Government documentation
gives the unit’s full name in English
as being Hungarian Defence Forces
34th ‘László Bercsényi Special
Forces Battalion and its Hungarian
abbreviation as MH 34 BL KMZ (i.e.
Különleges M veleti Zászlóalj).The
combat uniform worn by the Hungarian
SF was genuine MultiCam, mostly from
Crye Precision’s own specialist range
of garments; this was con rmed by the
small manufacturer’s tags on the leading
edge of the sleeve pockets. These days,
even close up, it can be quite dif cult
to determine whether either genuine
MultiCam fabric or one of the many
copies is being worn, so it is worth
checking for pocket tags even though
some wearers cut these off. Hungary’s
dedicated SF battalion in its current
format is only around a decade old,
but its roots go back to an elite World
War Two parachute battalion which
The Hungarian SF troops on Exercise
ANAKONDA wore some interesting insignia,
in addition to their national tricolour shield
which was spotted in both full colour and
low visibility versions. Special Forces
shoulder tabs, in either English or Hungarian
(Különleges Erök) were worn by most and
some also sported Airborne tabs. The
battalion’s badge, consisting of a winged
dagger with 34 above and Bercsényi below,
was worn by several operators, as was a round
HUN SOTU (Hungarian Special Operations Task
Unit) patch with the mythical falcon-like Turul
national symbol. Most operators also wore
identi cation numbers preceded by a T.

50 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

Turul national symbol. Most operators also wore identi cation numbers preceded by a T. 50 |
firearms 02 MINIMI M The FN Minimi Mk3 5.56mm Light Machine Gun is arguably the
firearms 02
MINIMI M
The FN Minimi Mk3 5.56mm Light Machine Gun is arguably the pinnacle of LMG/
Support Weapon technology today. It is supremely e ective at what it does, and
it is hard to see how it can be radically improved on, but to fully appreciate the
battle eld signi cance of the Minimi it is important to rst put the machine gun
into some historical context.
T here are many weapons
which will be noted in
military history as force
multipliers on the battle-
eld. However, there are
When Richard J. Gatling created his
rotary barrel multi-shot magazine-fed
weapon it is unlikely he could have
conceived that his invention would lead
the impact of the Gatling’s ‘wall of lead’
was signi cant.
to the blisteringly effective World War
few remaining which saw combat in the
late 18th Century and are still prevalent
II
MG42 or the iconic US M60. In the
in
the military arsenal today. Weapons
systems come and go as the face of
warfare changes, but the soldier-oper-
ated portable machine gun has been
1870s the Gatling gun was truly a force
multiplier. Operated by a hand-cranked
lever, the weapon magazine fed .45 or
.30 calibre rounds at 200 or 400rpm,
crucially discharging at regular intervals
a
major presence in all living memory
allowing for intelligent aimed shot fall by
battle elds and shows no signs of being
a
trained operator. In a world of single
pensioned off.
action revolvers and bolt action ri es
The next major change would be the
combined utilisation of recoil forces
and an improved feed method to allow
for greater sustained re capacity. The
open battle elds of World War One
necessitated such invention and saw
the introduction of the Maxim and the
Vickers belt feed machine guns. Similar
technical creatures, deploying that
latest technology on either side of the
trenches, the Maxim and Vickers were
52 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © FN Herstal and Bob Morrison
01 01: Company photo of the Short Barrel version of the Mk3 Minimi which is
01
01
01: Company photo of the Short Barrel version of the Mk3 Minimi which is is
01: Company photo
of the Short Barrel
version of the Mk3
Minimi which is
is arguably the
pinnacle of LMG/
Support Weapon
technology today
[FN]
02: Elite British
Path nder covering
colleagues on the
drop zone with a
5.56mm Minimi on
Ex. JOINT WARRIOR
13-1 in Scotland –
note blank ring
attachment [BM]
03
amongst the earliest belt feed weapons;
i.e. stripping ri e calibre rounds from
a preloaded belt and using discharge
belt feed GPMG, originally the Belgian
FN MAG, which can still be seen in
widespread use with UK Forces today.
recoil forces to automatically cycle
03: US infantryman
range ring the
M249 version of the
Minimi on a range
in Kuwait in August
2016 – 0f note is the
sustained re role
tripod [US Army:
the mechanism extremely fast. Both
weapons were water-cooled to keep
the barrels functional for longer and
required only a two-man crew. With
a range of out to 600 metres and a
capability to re 10,000 rounds per hour
they soon gained a fearsome reputation
on both sides of the con ict.
Sgt. Angela Lorden]
04: The current Mk3
Minimi family –
Para, Standard and
Tactical [FN]
During the inter-war period
development accelerated, seeing
weapons become more man-portable.
World War Two was arguably the
rst global con ict where the use of
the machine gun was an expectation
and tactics were built around its
deployment. In the UK the Bren
became the stable LMG. A reliable
box-fed weapon in .303 calibre, but
with a weakness as it was fed by a
small magazine which prevented truly
sustained re. In the 1960s the Bren
was replaced by the 7.62mm
In the USA, we saw the development
of the M1919 in .30 calibre. A hugely
successful belt feed machine gun
which saw service in WWII, Korea and
Vietnam and was even retro tted in
.303 calibre to re from Spit res and
Lancasters during WWII. The M1919
would eventually be phased out by
the US in favour of the M60 or ‘Pig’; a
slow re 7.62mm NATO weapon which
is still in common service. On the Axis
side of WWII we saw the advent of the
class-leading MG42. With quick barrel
changes and gas assisted ejection the
MG42’s 1200rpm earned it the American
nickname of the ‘buzz-saw’ due to the
distinctive report from its muzzle. Until
the 1980s the MG42, GMPG and M60
in their later variants were the proli c
LMGs in worldwide use.
All that was required by the late
1970s was the creation of one modern
04
02
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 53

BY RICHARD BROWN

k3

was required by the late 1970s was the creation of one modern 04 02 COMBAT &
firearms 02 “THE MINIMI MK3 HAS SET A NEW BENCHMARK FOR MACHINE GUNS. ITS ADVANCED
firearms 02
“THE MINIMI MK3 HAS SET A NEW BENCHMARK FOR
MACHINE GUNS. ITS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY AND
RETROFITTABLE ENHANCEMENTS HAVE RESULTED
IN A CLASS-LEADING WEAPON SYSTEM”
modular platform which drew on all
that had been learned about machine
guns over the previous 100 years. That
platform was created by FN Herstal and
was called the Mini Mitrailleuse (Mini
Machine gun) or MINIMI for short.
to Special Operations, and vehicle
mounted for medium range suppressing
re.
of 30-round magazines which can be
deployed in the Minimi to allow for
longer range utilisation of the standard
5.56mm NATO round.
The Minimi is fed from a compact box
magazine which contains a belt of
typically 200 rounds. It can also be fed
from a STANAG M4 5.56mm 30-round
magazine - a useful feature which takes
its initiative from the Gatling and Bren.
In the extreme situation that the belt is
expended, or the belt feed mechanism
is damaged, it is reasonable to assume
that there may still be a ready supply
The weapon is equipped with an
optional buffer system in the butt-stock
The Minimi is a 5.56mm NATO belt fed
LMG which was developed in the 1970s,
but did not really see signi cant service
until the early 1980s. Today, it is the pre-
eminent Light Machine Gun in service
being deployed by over 70 countries in
a variety of roles, from Squad Support
which renders it virtually recoilless – a
real asset when punching out well aimed
suppressive burst to 700m or further.
The weapon comes as standard with
capable iron sights, con gured from
300m to 1000m, and a full length upper
Picatinny Picatinny rail rail allows allows for for the the tting tting
07
06
08
09
54 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
0 05 of optics. The cyclic rate of re is of op between betw 700
0 05
of optics. The cyclic rate of re is
of op
between betw 700 and 850rpm dependent
on on weapon w heat, ammunition and
envir environmental conditions.
The The M Minimi is red from an open bolt
and and c cycled by a long-stroke piston
syste system. The ejection is delayed to allow
hot hot c cartridges to cool very slightly and
free free t themselves from the chamber
wall. wall. This is critical to ensure 100%
reliable reliab extraction. The weapon’s open
bolt bolt s system minimises the risk of a
cook cook-off in a super-hot barrel and an
inno innovative system forces air into the
cham chamber during ring to help cooling.
Exce Excess gases, which are vented from
the the weapon, are pushed in an upward
dire direction to avoid disturbing the
grou ground under the platform. This is an
interesting inte feature as in the late 1800s
Gatling Gatl operator teams soon found
they they became magnets for incoming
re and early sniper operations. This
re
is, is, and a continues to be, one of the
05: Right side view of
primary pri threats to an LMG user as
opposing forces attempt to
nullify the force multiplying
effect he brings.
Short Barrel variant
of the Mk3 Tactical
version [FN]
06: Member of 3
Para with 5.56mm
Minimi on Ex. HERRICK
EAGLE ‘06 prior to
deployment to
Helmand Province -
note 200-round box
magazine [BM]
07: Classic Mk2 Para
Minimi with bipod and
butt extended [FN]
08: Mk2 Para Minimi
with typical 100-round
bag magazine [FN]
09: Front/left view of
Short Barrel variant
of the Mk3 Tactical
version [FN]
10: French soldier with
Minimi on Ex. BOAR’S
HEAD ‘12 on Otterburn
– note 100-round
bag magazine, loose
ammunition belt and
modi ed cocking
The Minimi is equipped with a two-
position gas valve – Adverse and
Normal. As with modern assault ri es
like the SIG 516 or HK 416, the Adverse
setting is used in extreme conditions
such as the weapon being badly fouled
by carbon or the mechanism is being
hindered by poor environmental factors.
It is also a useful setting when the
quality of the ammunition is suspect and
cycling bene ts from the extra gas push.
10
lever [BM]
Arguably the most proli c model is the
US M249 SAW. This is the US military
designation of the weapon accepted
into service in the 1980s. This model
has a different heat shield, ash hider,
gas regulator and carry handle; all
speci cations added to ensure that the
weapon was selected. The M249 Para
has a top mounted Picatinny rail and
has the emergency magazine feed unit
removed to save weight. US Special
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 55
feed unit removed to save weight. US Special COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 55 Images © FN

Images © FN Herstal and Bob Morrison

firearms 02 11 12 Operations use a further adapted model designated the Mk46; this weapon
firearms 02 11 12 Operations use a further adapted model designated the Mk46; this weapon
firearms 02 11 12 Operations use a further adapted model designated the Mk46; this weapon
firearms 02
11
12
Operations use a further adapted model
designated the Mk46; this weapon has
several features removed to again save
weight, along with a railed handguard
and a lightweight titanium bipod.
(See MRZR images
on pages 44 and
46, Ed.)
There are two
principle models of Minimi, the Standard
and the Para, with 18.3” and 13.7” barrels
respectively. As the name suggests
the Para is smaller and lighter and was
designed with airborne forces
in mind. It has a shorter
barrel and a rudimentary
collapsible stock. A third
model with telescopic buttstock, the
Tactical, was introduced as part of the
latest Mk.3 family and either barrel
length can be tted.
In 2013 FN incorporated a
number of specialist user
requests into the standard
weapon and released the
de nitive FN Minimi Mk3.
This model consolidates 25+
years of Minimi operation
into one cohesive platform
which offers a real
technical edge
on the
and an adjustable cheek
plate. The new butt is
almost AR platform in
appearance which all
adds to the familiarity
of the user (who will
most likely be an
AR carrier).
competition.
FN have nally
developed a multi-
calibre platform
which can be altered
to re between
5.56mm NATO and
7.62mm NATO rounds.
The Mk3 Tactical
model has a completely
13 redesigned buttstock
which has ve positions
The feed
mechanism of the new
weapon has been enhanced
with revised pawls to hold the
belt in place while loading and the
cocking lever has been redesigned.
On the exterior the Mk3 bene ts from
a revised heat shield and a full triple
rail hand guard for the mounting of
tactical accessories. The bipod is also
redesigned to fully fold away into the
forward grip area leaving the user
with an ultimately more compact and
ergonomic weapon. Smartly, FN have
made most of the new features fully
retro ttable to existing Minimi platforms.
Like Heckler & Koch with their MG4, FN
have taken note of the increased use
of the venerable 7.62mm x 51 round
in current operations. The resurgence
of 7.62mm LMGs brings us back full
56 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
7.62mm x 51 round in current operations. The resurgence of 7.62mm LMGs brings us back full
Images © FN Herstal and Bob Morrison 11: Front/right view of Short Barrel variant of
Images © FN Herstal and Bob Morrison
11: Front/right
view of Short Barrel
variant of the Mk3
Tactical version [FN]
12: British Army Mk2
Para Minimi seen in
2012 with SUSAT tted
[BM]
14
13: New Mk3 folding
bipod and rail-
mounted forward
handgrip [FN]
14: Rear/left view of
Short Barrel variant
of the Mk3 Tactical
version [FN]
circle to the GPMG and M60
era and we shall explore
the 7.62mm model of
Minimi in the next
issue of C&S.
15
15: Optional heat
shield tted to the
latest Mk3 Minimi
model [FN]
The Minimi Mk3
has set a new
benchmark for
Machine Guns. Its
advanced technology
and retro ttable
enhancements have
resulted in a
Richard Brown is an UK-based independent
rearms consultant. He began his career in the
class-leading weapon
system which should see
service for at least the
next 20 years. Where LMG technology will
go beyond the Mk3 is hard to speculate,
as the weapon is so capable. Good news
for current users and those considering
switching to the Minimi.
Foreign O ce, serving overseas and in London,
latterly in a specialist Counter-Proliferation role.
After leaving HMG he worked for 10 years at
Heckler & Koch and then SIG Sauer. Richard has
a
number of international small arms quali cations
and is an active instructor to overseas VIP clients.
He is a member of International Association of
Law Enforcement Firearms Instructors.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 57
Article & Images by BOB MORRISON camo extra 01: This Hungarian People’s Army Border Guard
Article & Images by
BOB MORRISON
camo extra
01: This Hungarian People’s
Army Border Guard combat
jacket in M1949/82 camo,
from the Communist era
and no longer worn but still
considered to be Hungary’s
national camou age, was
borrowed from The Camo
Lounge – see the EW-trading.
com website for more rare
garments
M1949/82 PATTERN
HUNGARY’S NATIONAL CAMO
T his month, in an extra Kit &
Camo feature, we are look-
ing at an interesting vari-
ation of a World War Two
era camou age pattern
which was revived post-war under the
Communist regime and then updated
in the latter stages of the Cold War. The
examples we have focused on were
loaned by the now permanent Camo
Lounge run by East-West Trading.
Back in the middle years of the last decade, Andy
and his team from Essex-based East-West Trading
had a roped-o area in their sales marquee at the
big summer shows like Military Odysseywhere they
would display rare and interesting uniforms to serious
collectors and enthusiasts. Known as the Camo
Lounge, this was an informal meeting place and a
talking shop for all things kit and camo.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 59
Images © Bob Morrison Model: Victoria
02 camo extra 06 03 07 08 04 Hungary Hungary created cre a new camou
02 camo extra 06 03 07 08 04 Hungary Hungary created cre a new camou
02
camo extra
06
03
07
08
04
Hungary Hungary created cre a new
camou age pattern for shelter
camou
ag
halves halves and a coveralls in 1949
this this design de was printed
To set the scene: Just before WWII
the Hungarian Army introduced a
combination shelter half and poncho
from reddish tan heavyweight cotton
overprinted with hard-edged olive green
and terracotta brown shapes to give
a three-colour effect. This Hungarian
M38 pattern is said by some to have
been inspired by Italian M29 camo, but
I remain to be convinced. A quite rare
wartime variation on
this theme has softer
‘spattered’ edges, which
might indicate the
material was sprayed
rather than printed,
and the colours
are more subdued,
but when the now
Communist-controlled
with with both spattered
edges edg and the brighter
colours co of the original
M38.
M
Naturally this new
N
camo c
was designated
M49 M4 pattern and
it it continued co in use,
despite despite various other camo
60 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
05
Images © Bob Morrison Model: Victoria
co in use, despite despite various other camo 60 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL 05 Images ©
02: Chest pocket zip - note the hard spattered edge to the terracotta brown shapes

02: Chest pocket zip - note the hard spattered edge to the terracotta brown shapes

03: Tab and button throat fastening over zip - fastening at foot of zip is similar

04: Dark olive nylon panel over shoulders feels rubber-coated and is waterproof

05: This camo pattern is sometimes called Swirl - jacket back panel is in two halves

06: Sleeve cuffs are plain and slanted lower pockets can be used as hand-warmers

07: Határ rség translates as Border Guard and Magyar K ztársaság is Hungarian Republic

08: Base fabric is reddish khaki - pockets behind zips are of rather crude sack type

09: The 4-section tent pole and pegs - issued one set per pair - comes in a matching pair

10: Epaulette tab on the shoulder is fastened with the standard grey press stud

11: Grey pressed metal stud detail represents crossed ri es surrounded by a wreath

12: Though normally paired, a simple one-man shelter can be made by using a guy cord

13: Rear view when worn as a poncho - the camo print is faded but is identical to jacket

14: Buttoned up as a poncho - temperature was just above freezing hence SnugPak underneath

09 10
09
10

patterns seeing limited service for combat uniform garments, until the introduction of another variant in 1982; this pattern, which saw service until the end of the millennium, is usually referred to as M1949/82. Both the combat jacket and shelter half featured on these pages are made from this later pattern, but as the latter has seen a fair bit of service it is both dirty and faded in comparison with the better treated jacket.

At this point it should be emphasised that despite the optical difference between both,

11
11
14 close inspection shows that the actual colour shapes are 100% identical, though there are
14
close inspection shows that the
actual colour shapes are 100%
identical, though there are minor
differences in the boldness of
the edge spatter. Both garments
are printed on a reddish khaki
base fabric, the colour of which
reminds me of the workshop
coats craftsmen used to wear in
the old days, over which the plain
edged swirling olive green and
spattered edge chocolate brown
colours are printed.
plastic front zipper with weather
baf e behind and long sleeves.
There are simple tabs with grey
pressed metal press studs at the
top and bottom of the zip, there
are simple epaulette straps with
similar studs on each shoulder,
a fth strap with stud is stowed
under the collar for use when it
is raised Mandarin-style and a
separate (not illustrated) hood
can be tted, using hook & loop
tapes. The sleeve cuffs are plain.
Starting with the jacket, this
is of simple shirt-like design
with a full-length, single action,
This garment has four slanted
pockets, two on the chest and
two on the lower front, each
12
13
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 61
15 camo extra 15: Shelter half laid out at with one half folded over -
15
camo extra
15: Shelter half laid out at
with one half folded over
- outer face has just two
colours overprinted
16
side fastened with a similar button. Two
or more shelter halves can be buttoned
together.
16: There are four two-
button tabs on the inner
back face - we have not
found out their use
17
17: Tent pole eyelet, button
and buttonhole pairing
and single chest button
when worn as poncho
18: Reinforced slit for
arms seen from inside - it
fastens with a single alloy
button
fastened by a plastic zipper. On the
upper left sleeve there is a sewn patch
denoting the wearer belonged to the
Border Guard. Internally, the jacket has
a deep panel across the shoulder made
from an olive green nylon fabric with
what feels like a rubber treatment on
one surface to keep water out.
duty or, when linked to others, form a
small tent.
The shelter half, which can double
as a poncho, is similar in concept to
the zeltbahn shelter quarter that the
Germans used through WWII, and the
East Germans continued to use until the
Iron Curtain fell at the end of the 1980s,
when both halves of the country were
reunited. The Hungarian version, which
also originates from the WWII era, is
larger than its Wermacht equivalent
and has two slots for arms rather than
one slot for the head. It’s purpose was
to either keep the wearer dry on sentry
The roughly triangular shape actually
has ve edges and forms a half tepee
with a tent pole hole at the top. The
two long ‘front’ sides, from the apex,
measure approximately 1.4m, the rear
edge touching the ground measures
roughly the same and the two lower
front edges are about 1.0m long.
There are 18 alloy tent peg eyelets in
pairs along the ground edges, seven
bright alloy buttons with buttonholes
alongside down the front edges, and a
single intermediate position alloy button
500mm from the apex on one side with
a corresponding buttonhole on the
other. This last button can be fastened
at the throat when the shelter half is
being worn as a poncho and the arms
can be slipped out through slits each
18
62 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison Model: Victoria

comfort & Survival

OUTDOORGEAR

Images © Mike Gormley unless noted

01
01
KEELA MK1 SF JACKET A s the designation suggests, this is Keela’s offering to the
KEELA MK1 SF JACKET A s the designation suggests, this is Keela’s offering to the
KEELA MK1 SF JACKET

KEELA MK1 SF JACKET

KEELA MK1 SF JACKET A s the designation suggests, this is Keela’s offering to the Special

A s the designation suggests, this is Keela’s offering to the Special Forces community. Off the radar somewhat,

Keela do a great deal for the armed forces and also listen to what they have

to say. I have said before in these pages,

if you want to stay dry

wear Keela.

I have been using Keela kit for many years now, have sometimes been out in some pretty grim weather when using it, and can honestly say it has never let me down. These include a couple of quite notable outings. The SF Jacket comes

64 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

with a lot of features appropriate to the potential user. It is available in various camo pattern variants including this MultiCam-esque type.

Importantly, this jacket has Keela’s System Dual Protection to enable a very good level of moisture control - both yours, on the way out - and ‘sky juice’ trying to get in. I will be concise here - SDP works!

Four good-sized patch pockets, with protected button closures, are on the front of the jacket, along with a small radio/phone pocket with pen keepers and incorporated rank strap. Inside the

BY MIKE GORMLEY

velcro-secured storm ap is a good-sized zipped map pocket. The overall closure

is by velcro storm ap and a chunky YKK

double-ended zip that will close right up to the neck. Under each arm are storm apped and zipped side vents. I really like these for added ventilation when the going gets warm.

The lower arms of a jacket always get

a hammering, especially if you spend

time prone, so this is addressed on the SF jacket with tough reinforcement. The garment has a good stowaway hood - simply rolled up it becomes part of the collar. It is wired and peaked and has a

02
02
03 04
03
04
10 EXPEDITION SOCKS K eela have expanded into the very busy sock market with a
10 EXPEDITION SOCKS K eela have expanded into the very busy sock market with a
10
EXPEDITION SOCKS
K eela have expanded into the very
busy sock market with a very
useful Expedition Sock. These
have some familiar and well respected
names in the list of materials, namely
Merino, Primaloft and Cordura. These
all build a con dence that you have
something good looking after your hard
working feet.
The socks are designed to be Left and
Right footed and have vents woven into
them for added comfort. Coupled with
a
design to both protect your feet and
offer them a warm and dry environment,
you should be able to get on with the
hard work with comfortable feet. I have
worn these a good bit of late, both out
on Dartmoor as well as around home and
at work in various types of footwear.
10: MY KEELA EXPEDITION SOCKS HAVE HAD A FAIR BIT OF USE
AND I FIND THEM TO BE VERY GOOD
11
KEELA MERINO L/S TOP
K eela have joined in the move to-
wards using Merino as a material
for undergarments and socks. It
is
no secret I like Merino, for all the well
documented reasons - especially when
trekking or travelling and not always able
to wash garments for extended periods.
The L/S Merino top has a quarter zip to
give some ventilation and for ease of use.
The zip is thoughtfully protected when
fully up so does not annoy your throat.
Flatlock seams and close t make for
added comfort, especially if load carry-
ing. Generally I am not such a fan of long
sleeved base layers as I nd they restrict
my arms, but in this case it is ne as it is
a
well- tting garment.
11: THE KEELA MERINO L/S TOP IS A GOOD TO WEAR ITEM
FOR THE ACTIVE USER
Images © Mike Gormley unless noted

COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 65

05
05

captive draw cord to pull it in for a good

t and protection. There is a secondary adjustment at the back to adjust the volume. All-in-all a good hood.

01: THE KEELA MK1 SF JACKET IS A FULL SPEC, FEATURE-RICH GARMENT WELL-SUITED TO THE JOB

02: BOTH ARMS HAVE ANGLED POCKETS WITH SECURITY TAGS INSIDE AND REMOVABLE PATCHES FOR ID INSIGNIA

03: ALL THREE FRONT UPPER POCKETS ARE FEATURE RICH

04: ONE CHEST POCKET HAS AN ADDITIONAL COMPASS POCKET AND ALL HAVE FASTENINGS FOR SECURITY LANYARDS

05: THE HOOD IS WELL THOUGHT OUT WITH PLENTY OF ADJUSTMENT ALONG WITH WIRED PEAK - IT ROLLS INTO THE COLLAR WHEN NOT IN USE.

06: THERE ARE VENTILATION ZIPS ON BOTH SIDES OF THE MK1 SF UNDER THE ARMS

07: THERE IS AN INNER MAP / DOCUMENT / PHONE POCKET BEHIND THE STORM FLAP 08: THE MK1 SF IS COMPATIBLE WITH LOAD CARRYING WITH ALL POCKETS STILL ACCESSIBLE 09: CUFFS ARE ADJUSTABLE - NOTE REINFORCEMENT OF LOWER ARM AND CUFF

08
08
09
09

I think the nearest civvy variant to this

in the Keela range is the Munro jacket, which I have worn a lot and always get out if heading for bad weather. My son, Bruce, has an older version of the SF, which I had for a while and passed on - he has had this for ages and I know has used it on many mountain expeditions. So we can testify that, in our experience, these jackets work.

NOTE:
NOTE:

This jacket cannot be bought

online from Keela and you will need to either telephone them or email sales@ to place an order.

06
06
07
07
comfort & Survival 15 12 COLEMAN DIVIDE 250 AND 700 LED TORCHES I have made
comfort & Survival
15
12
COLEMAN DIVIDE 250 AND 700 LED TORCHES
I have made good use of these
torches since I mentioned them
in my heads-up in the issue which
came out just before Christmas, and
by turning the torch head against the
Images © Mike Gormley unless noted

for good reason. Both are good to use and powerful in their own right. As may be obvious, the number designation denotes the power of the light in Lumens which is the rating all lights are now judged by to hopefully give the user a common base for comparison.

Coleman have adopted a battery lock, or battery disconnect, facility into their light range. This is simply done

13
13
14
14

body until the red section shows. For me this seems to be a great idea. As I mentioned before, we have all, I am sure, had a torch turn on when packed in our bergen or daysack, and so when we get

it out to use it the batteries are dead.

Not good. This system averts this. It also prevents battery drain over long-term storage, which for a torch in Summer is common practice. I am sure in the past you have had to consign a torch to the bin because the battery has leaked and destroyed the terminals. As I see it, this should solve that issue.

The 250 is, of course, the smaller torch and has a rear push button to activate the light in high and low power modes. When on, you can use the button to ash codes as well. A good size for hand holding and stowing, so a great all-rounder torch, made from aluminium and sealed against water ingress. It is powered by two AA batteries.

load in the same way, so as to save getting it wrong in the dark.

The Divide 700 is quite chunky, so you need to be both a serious torch user and require the added power this offers over the Divide 250 if you have to carry it far. Both torches have short wrist lanyards.

12: THE DIVIDE 700 SHOWING PRESS BUTTON, LANYARD AND LOCK

13: THE LARGER DIVIDE 700 HAS A GOOD BEAM AND IS ROBUST IN HARSH CONDITIONS

14: ALTHOUGH SMALL THE DIVIDE 250 PACKS A GOOD PUNCH FOR ITS SIZE

15: BOTH THE 250 AND 700 LED TORCHES TO COMPARE SIZE.

16: THE 700 HAS SIX AA BATTERIES - ALL FIT THE SAME WAY FOR EASE OF USE.

16
16

A

signi cant size increase takes us

to

the 700, which looks very similar.

This one has a thumb press button on the torch body and also has the two

power settings. For ash signals you have to use the battery disconnect, which is actually ne. Made in a similar way to the 250, it is also constructed

of aluminium and sealed against water

ingress. This model is powered by six AA batteries. These, very sensibly, all

66 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

22 STORM NON-SCRATCH CLEANER SPONGE U K cleaner company Storm now has a special non-scratch
22 STORM NON-SCRATCH CLEANER SPONGE U K cleaner company Storm now has a special non-scratch
22
STORM NON-SCRATCH
CLEANER SPONGE
U K cleaner company Storm now
has a special non-scratch cleaner
sponge for grubby outdoor kit. I
have been using it to brush up both day
shoes and very grubby boots and, along
with the Storm footwear cleaner liquid,
this works very well.
The sponge is double-sided, with a non-
scratch abrasive side for stubborn dirt
and a soft sponge side to apply cleaner
and wipe off residue. It works well and
is so much better than a rag or plain
sponge - it works great in conjunction
with a scrubbing brush for really dirty
footwear.
22: THE NON-SCRATCH CLEANER SPONGE WORKS WELL
ON DAY SHOES AS WELL AS BOOTS
23: A BEFORE SHOT OF SOME PRETTY GRUBBY ZAMBERLAN BOOTS
24: THE SAME BOOTS AFTER A GOOD CLEAN WITH STORM PRODUCTS
25: THE STORM NON-SCRATCH CLEANER SPONGE AND FOOTWEAR
CLEANER COMBINATION
23
24
25
17
17

MORAKNIL GARBERG MULTIMOUNT KNIFE

 

Y ou get quite a kit of parts when you get one of these knives. As well as the expected belt holster, you also

 

get a robust plastic secondary bracket which can be secured to many things such as MOLLE/PALS systems, or any hard surface (using screws/bolts) so the

a

knife can be positioned ready to use on boats / vehicles / buildings and so on.

it

good credibility.

This is a robust knife and clearly made to be used in many different environments. The knife design is based around a full tang, for good strength throughout, and so gives the user a small hammer on the handle end. The blade is over 3mm thick and is ground for easy sharpening and

 
18
18
20
20

to enable the use of a re striker on the back of the blade.

This knife sits well in the hand and has

tough plastic handle with a hole for

lanyard attachment. It is designed and

made in Sweden, a country renowned for ne hunting knives, which must give

17: THE MORAKNIL GARBERG KNIFE HAS A CLIP-POINT

18: THE MAIN ITEMS IN THIS KNIFE KIT FROM MORAKNIL - FIXING BRACKET, KNIFE AND SHEATH WITH BELT LOOP

19: YOU GET QUITE A LOT IN THE BOX WHEN YOU BUY ONE OF THESE KNIVES

20: THE TOP OF THE TANG PROTRUDES FROM THE HANDLE WHICH MAKES A USEFUL HAMMER TOOL

21: THE SWEDISH GROUND BLADE IS STAINLESS STEEL

19
19
21
21
PRODUCT UK CONTACT TELEPHONE WEB Coleman Coleman coleman.eu/uk Keela Keela keela.co.uk Moraknil Moraknil 01275
PRODUCT
UK CONTACT
TELEPHONE
WEB
Coleman
Coleman
coleman.eu/uk
Keela
Keela
keela.co.uk
Moraknil
Moraknil
01275 845 024
01592 777 000
+46 250 595 000
01773 521 309
morakniv.se
Storm
Storm
stormcare.co.uk
SUBSCRIBE&SURVIVE! FREE SURVIVAL KIT with every 12 Month Subscription courtesy rip tion courtesy of
SUBSCRIBE&SURVIVE!
FREE SURVIVAL KIT
with every 12 Month Subscription courtesy
rip tion courtesy
of militarykit.com worth £16.50!
16
.50!
CLAIM YOUR FREE KIT NOW, ,
INCLUDING:
Re ective Survival Blanket
Magnesium, int and steel restarter
a
rter
SOS Compass
Water Resistant Survival Case
with Signalling Mirror
For many more great products,
visit militarykit.com
PLUS
Save 10% off cover price
Free delivery to your door* *
Sub Rates: 12 Issues
UK: £43.35
Europe (Airmail): £63.45
Worldwide (Airmail): £97.11
To receive your free Survival Kit, just add the
To receive your free Survival Kit, just add the
following for postage and packaging:
UK - Free of charge
Europe - £8.10 Worldwide - £8.60

THREE EASY WAYS TO SUBSCRIBE

order online at

by phone

www.combatandsurvival.com

01484 437319

order by post

fill out and return the coupon

COMBAT & SURVIVAL - LOW PRICE SUBSCRIPTION OFFER (1 YEAR ONLY + FREE GIFT)

YES! Please start my low-price subscription to Combat & Survival for 12 issues and send me my free Survival Kit gift starting my subscription from issue:

Cheque/PO or credit card payment - 1 year (12 issues).

UK £43.35

Europe (Air) £63.45

World (Air) £97.11

 

Please include P&P

UK - FOC

 

Europe - £8.10

Worldwide - £8.60

I enclose a cheque/PO made payable to Hit Media Ltd

 

Or please charge my:

Visa

 

Mastercard

 

Credit Card number: _

_

_

_

/

_

_

_

_

/

_

_

_

_

/

_

_

_

_

Expiry Date: _

_

/ _

_

Card Security Code: _

_

_

Issue No: _

_

Signed:

Date:

Forname:

Surname:

Address:

Tel:

Email:

Postcode:

Please indicate if you do not wish to receive special offers from companies other than Hit Media Ltd or if you are under 18 years of age. All gifts subject to availability. We reserve the right to substitute a gift of a similar value. Please allow 28 days for delivery

Return your completed subscription to: Hit Media Ltd, 1st Floor Turnbridge Mills, Quay Street, Huddersfield, HD1 6QT ALL PAYMENTS IN £ STERLING ONLY, THIS OFFER SUPERCEDES ALL PREVIOUS OFFERS. T&CS APPLY.

footwear A A B B OV OV E E & & B B EYO EYO
footwear A A B B OV OV E E & & B B EYO EYO
footwear
A A B B OV OV E E
& &
B B EYO EYO N N D D
LOWA INNOX
GTX MID
In the main, I undertake
our initial boot reviews by
wearing them, straight
out the box and without
gently breaking in, for a
few weeks of constant
testing before passing
them on to either our
facilitator, ‘Sniper John’,
or occasionally his
signaller son, nicknamed
‘Little John’ to preserve
his anonymity, who will
then beast them long
term and report back
on any issues. However,
these days combat boot
quality is so good that
our tester team seldom
encounter real problems
By BOB MORRISON
out in
the eld.
A s a result of the long term
evaluation process by the
UK MoD procurement
machine to nd suitable
candidates for the next
accidentally broke competition
guidelines. As an independent
publication C&S could have just
ignored the public servants and
done our own thing, but as we
would not like to either hurt our
friends in the industry or unduly
sway what is supposed to be
the chance to run one pair of
lightweight boots not in the
MoD competition, the LOWA
INNOX GTX MID model, pretty
much into the ground over an
extended period. We received
these boots for review in mid-
August 2015 and over the next
a
fair evaluation process, we
ve year UK Forces combat boot
contract, many footwear manufacturers
were reluctant to publicise the models
they were proposing in case they
voluntarily took a back seat for
twelve months, until the AKU
PILGRIM HL GTX boots in MoD
a
year.
One of the advantages of
our sabbatical was that I had
Brown were delivered for review,
the INNOX boots stayed on
my feet almost every day from
before dawn to bedtime.
The lead
image shows
the condition
of the INNOX
GTX MID boots
today and
underneath
how they
looked when
nearly new 17
months before
- the shot
overleaf was
taken in Petra
at around 35C
70 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Images © Bob Morrison
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable surfaces and worn the heels down by driving thousands
to nothing by pounding all imaginable
surfaces and worn the heels down by
driving thousands of miles, I still love
these boots.
If you did not read our original review,
which history shows pretty much
hit the nail on the head, you can do
so in the Footwear section of the
CombatAndSurvival.com website.
These unassuming mid-height new
generation Gore-Tex Performance
Comfort breathable waterproof
membrane boots really have gone
above and beyond the call of duty.
COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 71
and beyond the call of duty. COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 71 During this extended test period
and beyond the call of duty. COMBAT & SURVIVAL | 71 During this extended test period

During this extended test period I took these LOWA boots on every assignment including, among others; SOUTHWEST WADER, on the Cornish Coast; TRIDENT JUNCTURE, held on Spain’s Chinchilla and San Gregorio training areas and the beach at Tróia in Portugal; TRACTABLE and GRIFFIN STRIKE, on Salisbury Plain; SHAMAL STORM, WARRIOR COMPETITION and

SOFEX, in Jordan, with a weekend in Petra in between the last two on my second visit; and ANAKONDA, visiting four different Polish training areas over two weeks. Not content with that, I also wore these boots on Dartmoor and on many beach walks in Devon during my down time, in conditions ranging from deep snow to peat bog to sun-baked dunes to wet shingle and even now, 17 months down the line, I still wear them with jeans when down my local or on CAMRA ale survey trips. I think it is safe to say, even though I have reduced the sole tread to next

security industry TRIDENT “WHY DO NAIVE POLITICIANS WISH TO RID THE UK OF ITS NUCLEAR
security industry TRIDENT “WHY DO NAIVE POLITICIANS WISH TO RID THE UK OF ITS NUCLEAR
security industry
TRIDENT
“WHY DO NAIVE POLITICIANS
WISH TO RID THE UK OF ITS
NUCLEAR UMBRELLA WHEN FACED
WITH AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE
THREAT ENVIRONMENT?”
is therefore more of a deterrence
factor.
DO WE NEED IT?
T he UK Government is
currently under a spotlight
as there was a mis re of
a Trident missile in June
2016 that occurred during
a
routine test, four weeks before
Parliament voted to spend almost
£40 billion on the renewal of the UK’s
nuclear deterrent. When questioned
by journalists the Prime Minister,
Teresa May, de ected the question
as to whether she had known about
the incident and had purposely failed
to mention it to Parliament before the
vote.
Those that claim that we shouldn’t have
nuclear weapons on ethical grounds
and that the resulting humanitarian
catastrophe means we shouldn’t use
them even in extreme circumstances
(in fact Mr Corbyn has stated he could
never push the nuclear button) would
rather just hand over our country
and its population to any totalitarian
aggressor that wanted to force its will
on us and deny us our independence
and democracy. Since Polaris (the
predecessor of Trident) was brought
into service there has always been one
of four Royal Navy missile submarines
on patrol at sea, ready to respond to
any nuclear attack on the UK.
Another argument is that nuclear
weapons aren’t as relevant as a
response to some forms of con ict,
and that argument does have merit
but, just as the IED is the weapon
system of choice for forces seeking to
offset the advantage of strong enemy
conventional forces, so is the threat of
nuclear weapons against an adversary
with huge numbers of conventional
weapons systems and a closing
technological gap. For example, due to
their successful espionage efforts, both
China and Russia have their own stealth
aircraft programmes and can build
larger numbers of these than the UK
can purchase.
The Scottish Nationalist Party are
now demanding “full disclosure” on
what occurred and with both Nicola
Sturgeon and Labour leader Jeremy
Corbyn wishing to politically use the
incident as an excuse to damage the
UK’s military capability by withdrawing
the nation’s independent nuclear
deterrent, this is a serious threat to
our future national security. So why do
naive politicians wish to rid the UK of
its nuclear umbrella when faced with an
uncertain future threat environment?
The reason for using a submarine
as a launch platform is that they are
harder for our enemies to detect, and
therefore neutralise, than other
forms of nuclear delivery
systems such as aircraft
or slow ying cruise
missiles. The
Trident missiles
also have a
longer range
than other delivery
methods and are not
easy to target in a
rst strike, unlike ground-
based missile silos so, even if
our enemies managed to negate
our known forces in an unexpected
rst strike, we would still have
the ability to strike back with a
highly destructive effect. This is
the principle of Mutually Assured
Destruction that might deter a
hostile state from attacking us in
the rst place.
Certain states and terrorists may not
have a nuclear capability at the present
and therefore the use of nuclear
weapons might not be seen
as relevant, but there is
nothing to say that they
won’t acquire them in
the future. They can be
an unpredictable threat,
just look at North Korea.
The Trident renewal programme was
always going to be controversial as the
cost is estimated at £31 billion, which
includes the state of the art submarines
used as the launch platform. This is a
huge cost when conventional military
forces are facing cuts, but if we didn’t
spend the money on Trident we
couldn’t trust a Labour government
to spend the money on conventional
forces anyway as Mr Corbyn isn’t a fan
of any military force.
The UK should keep
its nuclear deterrent.
As former
Chancellor George
Osborne said: “The
new unilateralists of
British politics are a
threat to our future
national security.
In a world that’s
getting more dangerous it would be
disastrous for Britain to throw away
the ultimate insurance policy that
keeps us free and safe.”
By Robert Shaw
There is also the argument that such a
costly system might not be used and
is
therefore a waste of money, but the
deterrent has to be capable (which
comes at a cost) of being credible
to therefore be a deterrent in the
rst place. If you think not using it is
expensive, try the cost of cleaning up
your country if it’s been attacked by
either another state’s nuclear weapons
or a terrorist group using a chemical,
biological or radiological IED because
you couldn’t deter them from doing so.
Since it is generally understood
that future con icts will be
fought as part of a joint,
inter-agency and
multinational
force, one
could argue
that we
don’t need
an independent
nuclear force as
we have allies such as the
USA that could protect us
with theirs. However, an
independent force is always
seen as more unpredictable and
ROBERT SHAW of
LONGBOW SOLUTIONS
is a former British Army
ATO and IEDD/WIS
Operator who is now a
security and intelligence
trainer and consultant.
68 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL
Image © Bob Morrison: Military Scene
a security and intelligence trainer and consultant. 68 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL Image © Bob Morrison:
next issue April'17 Issue On Sale 09th Mar
next issue
April'17
Issue
On Sale
09th Mar

74 | COMBAT & SURVIVAL

Image © Carl Schulze

COMBAT + SURVIVAL
COMBAT
+ SURVIVAL

coming up in c&s

Plus: Product Reviews, Rations, Kit & Camo etc.
Plus: Product Reviews,
Rations, Kit & Camo etc.
c&s Plus: Product Reviews, Rations, Kit & Camo etc. N ext month: Carl Schulze will provide

N ext month: Carl Schulze will provide our primary focus by reporting on the role and composition of 11e Brigade

Parachutiste, France’s elite Airborne Forces, and Bob Morrison will concentrate on a number of Finnish Defence Force subjects ranging from camou age to armoured vehicles. On the rearms side, Richard Brown will continue on the Minimi theme with a look at the latest 7.62mm Mk3 version which, coincidentally, units from 11e Brigade Parachutiste deployed operationally in Afghanistan.

Contents may change subject to operational developments!

11e Brigade Parachutiste deployed operationally in Afghanistan. Contents may change subject to operational developments!