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NSCP C101-10

NATIONAL
STRUCTURAL
CODE OF THE
PHILIPPINES
2010

VOLUME I
BUILDINGS, TOWERS AND
OTHER VERTICAL STRUCTURES

SIXTH EDITION

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


Suite 713, Future Point Plaza Condominium 1,
112 Panay Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines 1100

Tel. No : (+632) 410-0483


Fax No.: (+632) 411-8606
Email: aseponline@gmail.com
Website: http://www.aseponline.org

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
NSCP C101-10

NATIONAL
STRUCTURAL
CODE OF THE
PHILIPPINES
2010

VOLUME I
BUILDINGS, TOWERS AND
OTHER VERTICAL STRUCTURES

SIXTH EDITION

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


NATIONAL STRUCTURAL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES (NSCP)
C101-10
Volume I
Buildings, Towers and Other Vertical Structures
Sixth Edition, 2010, First Printing

Copyright @ 2010, The Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (ASEP)
All rights reserved. This publication or any part thereof must not be reproduced in any form without the written permission
of the Association Structural Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (ASEP).

ISSN No.: 2094-5477

PUBLISHER

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (ASEP)


Suite 713 Future Point Plaza Condominium
112 Panay Avenue, Quezon City,
1100 Philippines
Telephone Nos. : (+632) 410-0483
Facsimile No. : (+632) 411-8606
E-mail address : aseponline@gmail.com
Website : http://www.aseponline.org

The Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (ASEP) is a professional Association founded in August
1961 to represent the structural engineering community nationwide. This document is published in keeping with the
association’s objectives;

 Maintenance of high ethical and professional standards in the practice of structural engineering;
 Advancement of structural engineering knowledge;
 Promotion of good public and private clientele relationship; and
 Fellowship among structural engineers, and professional relations with other allied technical and scientific
organizations.

Print History

First Edition, 1972


Second Edition, 1982
Third Edition, 1987
Fourth Edition, 1992
Fifth Edition, 2001
Sixth Edition, 2010

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
FOREWORD

For the protection of public life and property, the design of structures and the preparation of structural
plans for their construction have to be controlled and regulated. For almost four decades now, this control has
been exercised in this country by the National Structural Code of the Philippines with the initial publication by the
Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines (ASEP) of the National Structural Code for Buildings. The
current publication of the 6th Edition of NSCP C101-10 for buildings, towers and other vertical structures is the
affirmation of the mandate of the ASEP to continuously update the National Structural Code of the Philippines
with the latest technological developments. While attaining a legal status in its use as a referral code of the
National Building Code, NSCP C101-10 is a publication of high technical value in matters of structural concerns.

The NSCP C101-10 is not only completely new in its technical substance but also in its format. It has
been a product of a sustained effort of ASEP spanning nine years and the fruition of this endeavor has finally
come to reality during my incumbency. It is therefore with a deep feeling of gratitude and pride that I commend
the members of the ASEP Board, the Codes and Standards Committee and the Publicity and Publications
Committee for their accomplishments.

May 2010.

ADAM C ABINALES, F. ASEP


President
Association of Structural Engineers of the
Philippines, 2009-2010

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


PREFACE TO THE NSCP SIXTH EDITION
1. Introduction

ASEP recognizes the need for an up-to-date structural code addressing the design and installation of building
structural systems through requirements emphasizing performance. The new National Structural Code of the
Philippines (NSCP) is designed to meet these needs through various model codes/regulations, generally from the
United States, to safeguard the public health and safety nationwide.

This updated Structural Code establishes minimum requirements for building structural systems using prescriptive
and performance-based provisions. It is founded on broad-based principles that make possible the use of new
materials and new building designs. Also, this code reflects the latest seismic design practice for earthquake resistant
structures.

2. Changes and Developments

In its drive to upgrade and update the NSCP, the ASEP Codes and Standards Committee initially wanted to adopt
the latest editions of American code counterparts. However, for cases where available local data is limited to
support the upgrade, then some provisions and procedures of the NSCP 5th edition were retained.

This NSCP 6th edition is based on the following international codes and references:
a. Uniform Building Code UBC-1997 (adopted for Earthquake Loads)
b. International Building Code IBC-2009 (referenced)
c. American Society of Civil Engineers ASCE7-05
d. American Concrete Institute ACI318-08M
e. American Institute for Steel Construction AISC-05 with Supplementary Seismic Provisions
f. American Iron and Steel Institute AISI S100–2007
g. Reinforced Masonry Engineering Handbook America
h. Concrete Masonry Handbook, 6th Edition

Significant revisions are summarized as follows:


a. Chapter 1 – General Requirements. The following changes are made in this code:
a.1 Section 103 – Classification of Buildings
School buildings of more than one storey, hospitals and designated evacuation centers are
added under the essential facilities category.
a.2 Section 104 – Design Requirements
Deflection of any structural member under the serviceability requirement is deleted. For
concrete and steel materials see Chapter 4 and 5 respectively; new requirements are
added to the design review section.
a.3 Section 105 – Posting and Instrumentation
The provision of installed recording accelerograph is adjusted.

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
b. Chapter 2 – Minimum Design Loads. The changes made in this code are as follows:
b.1 Section 203 – Combination of Loads
The load factor values on wind loads are adjusted together with the inclusion of rain
loads.
b.2 Section 205 – Live Loads
Additional loads are incorporated in the table for minimum uniform and concentrated
loads.
b.3 Section 207 – Wind Loads
Wind load provisions, which were previously based on ASCE7-02, are updated by the
introduction of the Wind Directionality Factor, Kd, based on ASCE7-05. The ANSI
EIA/TIA-222-G is also referenced for wind loads on antennas.
Equations for the gust effect factors for both rigid and flexible structures are introduced.
These include the gust effect factor for antennas, transmission and latticed towers,
poles/posts, masts and transmission lines based on ASCE Manual of Practice No.74
(Guidelines for Electrical Transmission Line Structural Loading).
New formulas are also introduced for the natural frequency and damping ratio.
b.4 Section 208 – Earthquake Loads
Basically, there are no major changes on the earthquake provisions due to the non-
availability of PHIVOLCS-issued spectral acceleration maps for all areas in the
Philippines.
However, ASCE/SEI7-05 is recognized as an alternative procedure in the determination
of the earthquake loads.
b.5 Section 210 and Section 211 – Environmental Loads
New sections on rain loads and flood loads are added.
c. Chapter 3: Specifications for Excavations and Geomaterials. The revisions made in this updated
code are as follows:
c.1 Provisions pertaining to the conduct and interpretation of foundation investigations for
cases involving liquefiable, expansive or questionable soils are adopted;
c.2 The section on footings is amended to incorporate provisions for differential settlement,
design loads and vibratory loads;
c.3 The section on pile foundations is amended to incorporate new provisions on splicing of
concrete piles; and
c.4 The section on special foundations, slope stabilization and materials of construction are
added.
d. Chapter 4: Structural Concrete. The revisions made in this updated code are as follows:
d.1 Section 401 - General Requirements: Design requirements for earthquake-resistant
structures are updated based on ACI 318-08M which mentions the “Seismic Design
Categories (SDCs)” of ASCE/SEI 7-05. However, in the absence of PHIVOLCS-issued
spectral acceleration maps for all areas in the Philippines, the seismic loading procedures
based on ASCE/SEI 7-05 is adopted as an alternative procedure (see Section 208-11).
Therefore, based on the Commentary of ACI 318-08, Seismic Zone 2 (UBC 97) was
adopted in lieu of SDC C (ASCE/SEI 7-05). Similarly, Seismic Zone 4 is adopted in
Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines
lieu of SDCs D, E and F.;
d.2 Section 403 - Materials: New requirements for headed shear stud reinforcement, headed
deformed bars, and stainless steel bars are given with appropriate references to ASTM
standards;
d.3 Section 404 - Durability Requirement: exposure categories and classes, requirements or
concrete by exposure class are adopted to replace the many tables of durability
requirements in Section 404, making it easier to clearly specify the intended application;
d.4 Section 405 - Concrete Quality, Mixing, and Placing: The use of three 100 mm x 200
mm cylinders is adopted as equivalent to the use of two 150 mm x 300 mm cylinders for
determining concrete compressive strength. Due to concern that material properties may
change with time, a 12-month limit is set on historical data used to qualify mixture
proportions and flexural test performance criteria are added to qualify the use of steel
fiber - reinforced concrete as a replacement for minimum shear reinforcement;
d.5 Section 407 - Details of Reinforcement: To avoid the misconception that there is no
minus tolerance on cover values given in the code, “minimum cover” is replaced with
“specified cover” throughout Section 407; Class B lap splices are now required for
structural integrity reinforcement; continuous top and bottom structural integrity
reinforcement are required to pass through the column core; and requirements for
transverse reinforcement confining structural integrity reinforcement in perimeter beams
are clarified;
d.6 Section 408 - Analysis and Design - General Considerations: Provisions are modified to
allow redistribution of positive moments; and a simple modeling procedure for
evaluation of lateral displacements is added;
d.7 Section 409 - Strength and Serviceability Requirements: Strength reduction factors for
compression-controlled sections (other structural members) is reduced from 0.70 to 0.65,
and shear and torsion for shear walls and frames in Seismic Zone 4 is reduced from 0.85
to 0.75, bearing on concrete (except for post-tensioning anchorage zones) is reduced
from 0.70 to 0.65. Strength reduction factors for strut-and-tie models, flexural sections in
pretensioned members, are also added;
d.8 Section 410 - Flexure and Axial Loads: The section on slenderness effects is reorganized
to recognize computer analysis techniques as the primary method of evaluating second-
order effects;
d.9 Section 411 - Shear and Torsion: Code requirements are added to permit the use of
headed stud assemblies as shear reinforcement for slabs and footings. The nominal shear
strength is permitted to be larger for headed stud assemblies than for other forms of slab
and footing shear reinforcement; more stringent limits are placed on the depths of
beams that are exempted from the requirement for minimum shear reinforcement; a new
limit on the depth of hollow core units for which minimum shear
reinforcement could be waived is established; steel fiber-reinforced concrete is added as
an alternative to minimum shear reinforcement; and the upper limit on shear friction
strength is significantly increased for monolithically placed concrete and concrete placed
against intentionally roughened concrete;

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
d.10 Section 412 - Development and Splices of Reinforcement: Provisions are added for the
development length of headed deformed bars; splice length when splicing bars with
different sizes is addressed; and a coating factor of 1.0 for galvanized reinforcement is
added;
d.11 Section 413 - Two-Way Slab Systems: Dimension limits are added for the use of shear
caps; and alternative corner reinforcement arrangement is added for two-way slabs
supported by edge beams or walls;
d.12 Section 414 – Walls: Design provisions for slender wall panels are modified to be more
consistent with the methods used in design practice;
d.13 Section 418 - Prestressed Concrete: The allowable concrete compression stress
immediately after prestress transfer is increased; and requirements for structural integrity
steel in two-way unbonded post-tensioned slab systems are modified;
d.14 Section 420 - Strength Evaluation of Existing Structures: Load factors for determining
the required test load are modified to reflect typical modern load combinations;
d.15 Section 421 - Earthquake-Resistant Structures: This section presents the requirements for
Seismic Resistant Design from ASCE/SEI 7-05, but instead of using the Seismic Design
Categories of ASCE/SEI 7-05, the equivalent Seismic Zones as per UBC 1997 are
specified. Also, new design requirements are added for such seismic zones; new
detailing option is added for diagonally reinforced coupling beams; design yield strength
for confinement reinforcement is raised to 690 MPa to help reduce congestion; and
boundary element confinement requirements is relaxed;
d.16 Section 423 - Anchoring to Concrete: Use of reinforcement in the vicinity of anchors and
ductility requirements for anchors in seismic zones are clarified.
d.17 Section 425 - Alternative Provisions for Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Flexural
and Compression Members: revisions in Appendix B of ACI 318-08M is adopted;
d.18 Section 426 - Alternative Load and Strength Reduction Factors: Revisions in Appendix
C of ACI 318-08M is adopted; and
d.19 Section 427 - Strut-and-tie Models: Appendix A of ACI 318-08M is adopted in its
entirety.
e. Chapter 5: Structural Steel. The revisions made in this updated code are as follows:
e.1 Adopted is an integrated treatment of the Allowable Stress Design (ASD) and the Load
and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) such that the earlier Specification that treated only
the ASD method is retained;
e.2 In lieu of the previous method of analysis, a new method (Direct Analysis Method) is
adopted; and
e.3 The cold formed steel design for building systems and structural members are included.

The chapter on steel design from NSCP 2001 which covered Allowable Working Stress Design (ASD) is
fully updated to address usage, advances in the state of knowledge, and changes in design practice.
f. Chapter 6: Wood
f.1 The provisions in this chapter are refined to incorporate local practices and corrections in
the previous version of the code (NSCP 2001). Referrals are made to the NSCP 2010

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


Vol. III on Housing for relevant provisions concerning single-family dwellings / low-cost
housing;
f.2 Tables from the previous version of NSCP 2001 including the Table containing specie
design information are amended to incorporate the latest updated information/ list of
wood species as provided by the Forest Products Research and Development Institute
(FPRDI);
f.3 A provision that limit the use of wood shear walls and diaphragms is added); and
f.4 A section for Machine Graded Lumber (MGL) is included).
g. Chapter 7: Masonry
g.1 The provisions in this chapter are refined to include local practices and corrections from
the previous version of the code (NSCP 2001); referrals are made to the NSCP 2010 Vol.
III on Housing for relevant provisions concerning single-family dwellings / low-cost
housing;
g.2 Recycled aggregates are defined and provided;
g.3 A section for Seismic Design is added; and
g.4 Additional sections each for Masonry Fireplaces and Masonry Chimneys are included.

This publication of the 6th Edition is a collective effort of the ASEP Board of Directors from 2007 to 2010, from
ASEP’s past presidents Christopher P. T. Tamayo (2007-2008) and Wilfredo S. Lopez (2008-2009) and the ASEP
Codes and Standards Committee whose cooperation made this publication possible.

In addition, the ASEP Codes and Standards Committee is indebted to Philippine Institute of Volcanology and
Seismology (PHIVOLCS) and to Dir. Renato V. Solidum, Ph. D. for his unselfish contribution especially on
Chapters 1 and 2 of this code.

Likewise, our thanks to all ASEP members and other users of the NSCP who have suggested improvements,
identified errors and recommended items for inclusion and omissions. Their suggestions have been carefully
considered.

ASEP also acknowledges the contribution of the industry partners, companies and individuals, who continue to
support ASEP's numerous undertakings.

3. Disclaimer

The reader is cautioned that professional judgment must be exercised when data or recommendations are applied.
The information presented has been prepared in accordance with recognized engineering principles and is for
general information only. This information should not be used or relied upon for any specific application without
competent professional examination and verification of its accuracy, suitability and applicability by a registered
engineer. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liabilities arising from such use.

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

ADAM C ABINALES, M.Eng., F.ASEP, M.PICE WILFREDO S. LOPEZ, M.CM, F.ASEP, M.PICE
ASEP President, 2009-2010 ASEP President, 2008-2009

ANTHONY VLADIMIR C. PIMENTEL, F.ASEP CHRISTOPHER P. T. TAMAYO, F.ASEP, M.PICE


ASEP Vice-President, 2009-2010 and ASEP President, 2007-2008
Managing Director, Codes and Standards Committee

EMILO M. MORALES, MSCE, F.ASEP ROMEO A. ESTAÑERO, Ph. D., F.ASEP


Chairman, Codes and Standards Committee Adviser, Codes and Standards Committee

CODES AND STANDARDS COMMITTEE


GENERAL REQUIREMENTS LOADS AND ACTIONS

CARLOS M. VILLARAZA, F.ASEP CARLOS M. VILLARAZA, F.ASEP


Chairman Chairman
VIRGILIO C. COLUMNA, M.Eng., F.ASEP VIRGILIO C. COLUMNA, M.Eng., F.ASEP
Co-Chairman Co-Chairman
RONALDO S. ISON, F.ASEP, F.PICE BENITO M. PACHECO, Ph. D., F.ASEP
RONWALDO EMMANUEL R. AQUINO, MSCE, M.ASEP CESAR P. PABALAN, F.ASEP
Work Group Members RONALDO S. ISON, F.ASEP
RONWALDO EMMANUEL R. AQUINO, MSCE, M.ASEP
RUTH B. MABILANGAN, MSCE, M.ASEP
Work Group Members
   
EXCAVATIONS AND STRUCTURAL CONCRETE
GEOMATERIALS

MARK ZARCO, Ph.D. JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP, M.PICE


Chairman Chairman
ROY ANTHONY C. LUNA, MSCE WILFREDO S. LOPEZ, M.CM, F.ASEP
Co-Chairman Co-Chairman
JONATHAN R. DUNGCA, Ph.D. ANDRES WINSTON C. ORETA, Ph.D., M.ASEP
MARK K. MORALES, M.Sc. RAMIL H. CRISOLO, M.ASEP
DANIEL C. PECKLEY JR., Ph.D. JUANITO C. CUNANAN, M.ASEP
BRIAN B. TAN, MSCE BLAS N. ESPINOSA, F.ASEP
Work Group Members BERNARDO A. LEJANO, Ph.D., M.ASEP
Work Group Members
ARNEL R. AGUEL, M.ASEP
Resource Person
  ROMEO A. ESTAÑERO, Ph. D., F.ASEP
Adviser
 

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


CODES AND STANDARDS COMMITTEE
STRUCTURAL STEEL WOOD

ANTHONY VLADIMIR C. PIMENTEL, F.ASEP CHRISTOPHER P.T. TAMAYO, F.ASEP


Chairman Chairman
GILBERT B. MAGBUTAY, M.ASEP ALAN C. ABAN, F.ASEP
FREDERICK FRANCIS M. SISON, M.ASEP Co-Chairman
Co-Chairmen RICO J. CABANGON, Ph.D. (FRDI)
ALLAN DERBY A. ALFILER, M.ASEP, M.PICE ACHILLES L. LUARDO
ALLAN B. BENOGSUDAN, MSCE, M.ASEP ROY T. ROQUE
EDGARDO S. CRUZ, M.ASEP Work Group Members
JONATHAN SEVILLA, M.ASEP  
Work Group Members  
 
MASONRY

 
CHRISTOPHER P.T. TAMAYO, F.ASEP  
Chairman  
ALAN C. ABAN, F.ASEP  
Co-Chairman  
LEOPOLDO R. BUENAVENTURA, JR.
JAY EMERSON V. LIM  
Work Group Members  
   

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE
PHILIPPINES
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS (2009-2010)

OFFICERS:

ADAM C. ABINALES, F.ASEP


President
ANTHONY VLADIMIR C. PIMENTEL, F.ASEP
Vice President
MIRIAM LUSICA-TAMAYO, F.ASEP
Secretary
VIRGILIO B. COLUMNA, F.ASEP
Treasurer

DIRECTORS:

ANTONIO A. AVILA
DANILO A. DOMINGO
RONALDO S. ISON, F.ASEP
FREDERICK FRANCIS M. SISON
PEDRO M. TOLENTINO, JR.
VINCI NICHOLAS R. VILLASEÑOR, F.ASEP

WILFREDO S. LOPEZ, F.ASEP


Immediate Past President

COLLEGE OF FELLOWS:

ROMEO A. ESTAÑERO, Ph. D., F.ASEP


Chancellor
JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP
Scribe
CARLOS M. VILLARAZA, F.ASEP
Burser

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE
PHILIPPINES
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS (2008-2009)

OFFICERS:

WILFREDO S. LOPEZ, F.ASEP


President
ADAM C. ABINALES, F.ASEP
Vice President
VIRGILIO C. COLUMNA, F.ASEP
Secretary
VINCI NICOLAS R. VILLASEÑOR, F.ASEP
Treasurer

DIRECTORS:

DANILO A. DOMINGO
RONALDO S. ISON, F.ASEP
JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP
FREDERICK FRANCIS M. SISON
ANTHONY VLADIMIR C. PIMENTEL, F.ASEP
PEDRO M. TOLENTINO, JR.

CHRISTOPHER P. T. TAMAYO, F.ASEP


Immediate Past President

COLLEGE OF FELLOWS:

ROMEO A. ESTAÑERO, Ph. D., F.ASEP


Chancellor
JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP
Scribe

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1
ASSOCIATION OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS OF THE
PHILIPPINES
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS (2007-2008)

OFFICERS:

CHRISTOPHER P. T. TAMAYO, F.ASEP


President
WILFREDO S. LOPEZ, F.ASEP
Vice President
VIRGILIO C. COLUMNA, F.ASEP
Secretary
ELMER P. FRANCISCO
Treasurer

DIRECTORS:

ADAM C. ABINALES, F.ASEP


FERDINAND A. BRIONES
DANILO A. DOMINGO
RONALDO S. ISON, F.ASEP
BERNARDO A. LEJANO, Ph. D.
PEDRO M. TOLENTINO, JR.

JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP


Immediate Past President

COLLEGE OF FELLOWS:

ROMEO A. ESTAÑERO, Ph. D., F.ASEP


Chancellor
JORGE P. GENOTA, F.ASEP
Scribe

Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines


DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS AND HIGHWAYS

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National Structural Code of the Philippines 6 Edition Volume 1