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Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
NORTHERN MINDANAO COLLEHES, INC.
Atega Street, Barangay 11 Poblacion, Cabadbaran City
8605 Agusan del Norte, Philippines

TEACHING GUIDE
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN PERSON
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Subject

NOVEMBER 19-22, 2018


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Date

A. CONTENT / TOPIC : DOING PHILOSOPHY

I. CONTENT STANDARD : The learner understands the meaning and process of doing philosophy

II. PERFORMANCE STANDARD : The learner reflects on a concrete experience in a philosophical way

III. LEARNING COMPETENCIES :


(PPT11/12-Ib-1.2 )
1.2. Recognize human activities that emanated from deliberate reflection
Objectives: Identify the 3 levels of inquiry.
Discuss the beginnings of philosophical inquiry.
(PPT11/12-Ib-1.3)
1.3Realize the value of doing philosophy in obtaining a broad perspective on life.
Objectives: Discuss philosophizing as discipline of questioning, liberation, and personhood.
B. PRESENTATION OF LESSON

LESSON PROPER DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4

1. INTRODUCTION  Review the previous  Review the previous  Review the


discussion on the discussion on the 3  Review: What is the Philosophical
definition of levels of inquiry. Give beginning of beginnings of inquiry
philosophy? one example. philosophical inquiry? through wonder.
1. Common sense
2. Scientific Inquiry (This time, a learner
Thumbs Up and 3. Philosophical will be able to see the
Thumbs Down Inquiry value of doing
philosophy. That this
Ask the students to will give him the
thumb up if they think opportunity to see
the statement is true things in broad
and thumb down if the perspectives.)
statement is false.

1. Everyone is a
philosopher.
2. Children can
philosophize.
3. Questioning leads to
philosophizing.
4. Mentally disturbed
people philosophize.
5. There are times that
people answer in non -
philosophical ways.

 Introduce the topic


objective:
Define the three levels of
inquiry

2. MOTIVATION (5 mins) Video Clip (4:30minutes) Motivation (Know yourself) Ask:


https://youtu.be/ExVh4wL70yc Was there a time where you
Activity: 1. Ask the students to have wronged a person
Ask the learners write 2-3 principles in their because of your assumption
Picture analysis What did you observed in the lives? or judgement?
video?
The teacher will present a What have you realized
mathematical equation to As we all know magic uses because of that experience?
stimulate the students tricks but with that we ponder,
curiosity. ask, curious and wonder.

“1+1=0” Like, we wonder how come


that the word “proud” picked
Ask: by Angel Locsin known by the
1.What do you observe in the magician as it shown in the
equation? video.
2. Do you think it’s correct?
Why or why not. Like the crowd being amazed
and bewildered when the
magician revealed the word
written in the confetti is the
same as Vice Ganda picked.

3. INSTRUCTION/DELIVERY Discuss “Why Become a Cite: Discuss the Philosophical Discuss the following:
Philosopher?: On Attaining “All men by nature desire to Reflection The discipline of Questioning,
a Comprehensive Outlook know.” – Aristotle The discipline of Liberation
in Life and The discipline of
…. Because man is always Personhood.
Define the three levels of searching for truth.
inquiries.
Discuss the following
1. Common Sense - a basic concepts:
ability to perceive, a. Wonder
understand, and judge things b. Doubt
that are shared by (common c. Limiting situations
to) nearly all people without d. Metaphysical
need for debate. Uneasiness

2. Scientific- Based on or
characterized by the methods
and principles of science.

3. Philosophical - relating or
devoted to the study of the
fundamental nature of
knowledge, reality and
existence.

4. PRACTICE (5- 7 mins) The time you started asking Activity “Opinion Mo” Explain how you understand
those questions, you already Group the class to two. Each the following quotations:
Situational / Questions have the sense of wonder, a group should have their own 1.” He who has a WHY to live
Puzzles childlike wonder about leader to summarize their for can bear almost any HOW”
everything. We do not tend to opinion all about the issue of – Friedrich Nitzsche
1. The teacher will present 3 bother ask questions that are summary execution to the 2. “Those who do not move do
situations/questions. just simple yet too hard or drug addicts and pushers. not notice his chains”- Rosa
2. The students will expect to difficult to answer. Like for And each group will give their Luxemburg
show different ways in example: “Who am I?” opinion if they are favor or not 3. “Madaling maging tao,
answering questions. Asking this question in its real after the leaders presents mahirap magpakatao”
essence seems too hard for their summary.
us to answer…
Situation #1
In a one-half sheet of paper.
There was an airplane crash, Answer the question…
every single person on board “who am I?”. Give at least 3-5
died, but yet two people sentences. (5-7minutes)
survived. How is this
possible? Ask:
Ask at least 3-5 learners to
recite their answers.
Situation #2
According to Plato,
What goes up and never Philosophy begins in “wonder”
comes down? – the sense of puzzlement
and perplexity.

Situation #3 Ask the learners the questions


1. How did the magician
Imagine you are in a sinking do that?
row boat surrounded by 2. Why do we need to
sharks. What you will do? suffer?
3. Why can’t I be the no.
Ask: 1 in the class?

1. What strategies or
ways did you use to answer
the questions

5. ENRICHMENT Now that you have Man is a questioning being. Questions are part and parcel
understood the 3 levels of And got no “definite answers” of human existence. Its
inquiry, that’s why we always wonder inevitability is acknowledged
and keep on searching especially in times when a
(Ask) answers. person searches for the
meaning of life. This very act
1.In what situations do you leads him to progress rather
apply philosophical inquiries? than stagnation and arresting
of growth. Questions are part
and parcel of human
existence. Its inevitability is
acknowledged especially in
times when a person
searches for the meaning of
life. This very act leads him to
progress rather than
stagnation and arresting of
growth.

6. EVALUATION (5-7 minutes) Reflection: Write a reflection on the


significance of question to
The class will be divided into When can you say that you one's life in your journal?
8 groups and each group “wonder” and why?
should make a scenario to
show each level of the
philosophical inquiry.

Prepared by: Submitted to:

BRIAN REYES GANGCA ENGR. EVA M. OLOFERNES


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Subject Teacher Basic Education Principal