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Higher education, and in particular technical education, is critical to India’s aspirations of

becoming a major competitive player in the global knowledge economy. The technical education
system is huge and complex, and reforms are imperative. Countrywide policies continue to
identify Good Governance as key to the success of reforms and investments in higher
education.A Learning Forum brought together senior policymakers, leaders and experts from:
five States leading in technical education (Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra
and West Bengal); Ministry of Human Resource Development, Industry, TEQIP National Project
Implementation Unit, and the World Bank. The Forum agreed to nine key governance issues
that are central to Good Governance: (i) a new model of an autonomous institution; (ii) Common
legal framework for governance; (iii) Strategic planning; (iv) Common quality assurance; (v)
Policies for industry/academic collaboration; (vi) Professional development for faculty, leaders
and Boards of Governors; (vii) Optimum utilization of resources (xiii) Mentoring institutions
gaining autonomous status, and (ix) Policy to tackle faculty shortage. Chapter 1 discusses how
this Good Governance agenda depends upon coordinated actions at the faculty, institutional,
state, and central level; including a clear list of how each stakeholder can take action.Chapter 2
of this report contains Generic papers on the principles, challenges and common language of
governance. The chapter reflects upon the issues and attitudes of state legislators and, at the
other extreme, principles for governance of an autonomous institution.Chapter 3 consists of five
State case studies that frankly and succinctly describe the dramatic challenges that the State
governments face to ensure quality, access, inclusiveness, and relevance in technical
education. The case studies documents that these states have strong and positives results from
the last decade of experiments with governance reforms such as, academic and financial
autonomy, block grant funding, faculty assessments, independent quality audits, and devolution
of powers to Institutional Board of Governors. Chapter 4 offers a comparable, succinct and
honest overview of challenges and recent reforms within governance of higher education from
India, China, Europe, Japan, South Korea, U.K., and the U.S. These case studies discuss
global failures and successes from balancing demands for greater institutional autonomy with
the government’s need to direct strategic economic development and enhance participation in
higher education.