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COMPOSITE SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF ADVANCED SHIPBOARD


ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

by
CLIFFORD ALAN WHITCOMB

10 B. S. Engineering, University of Washington . ..


OO~ (1984)
Submitted to the Department of f D TC
OCEAN ENGINEERING
in Partial Fulfillment of the SEP 0 11992
fl
Requirements for the Degrees of

NAVAL ENGINEER A
0 and
MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
AND COMPUTER SCIENCE

at the
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

May 1992

© Clifford Alan Whitcomb


The author hereby grants to MIT and to the U. S. Government
permission to reproduce and to distribute copies
of this document in whole or in part.

Signature of Author. ui h
fDepament of Ocean Engineering, May 1992

C f yProfessor James L. Kirtley,4f.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer


Science
Thesis Supervisor

CrofssoFA. Douglas Carni eI


Department of Ocean Engineering
Thesis Reader

Accepted by: A. Ibugk--amchael, 9 =-


Departmental Graduate Committ-
Department of Ocean Engineerir
Thk do,:unent has beeni approve
for public release and sa1 its
922 09
92-24095
distribution is unlimitedl
COMPOSITE SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF ADVANCED SHIPBOARD
ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
by
CLIFFORD ALAN WHITCOMB
oft Submitted to the Department of Ocean Engineering
,. :" MayDegrees
on the
t i ,lor 8, 1992ofinNaval fulfillment
partialEngineer andofMaster
the requirments
of Science

* '.. . :i e ectrical Engineering and Computer Science

Abstract
S4uAvability improvement techniques such as equipment separation, redundancy,
and arrangement form an integral part of the ship design strategy. The development of
tools which can perform assessments of survivability features along with the feasibility,
benefits, and costs of such features is required. The ability to evaluate systems in the early
or conceptual stages of design is most important to provide the highest potential pay off. A
methodology is proposed to perform survivability analyses of composite naval shipboard
electrical power distribution systems. The methodology allows the system designer to
quantify survivability of various system arrangements, architectures, and control rules.
The methodology is coded as an additional capability to an existing system reliability and
availability analysis program. The additional analysis sections provide new capabilities for
the specific investigation of electric distribution system design alternatives. A method to
quantify incremental acquisition and combat effectiveness costs of providing improved
survivability is provided. Reliability and availability analysis capabilities are presented. A
conceptual naval shipboard electrical power distribution systems is analyzed to demonstrate
the techniques employed. For the purposes of this thesis, the data input is specific for
electrical distribution systems, but any distributed, interconnected system whether it is an
electrical, mechanical, or fluid system could be analyzed with this program.

Thesis Advisor: Dr. James L Kirdey, Jr.


Tide: Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

2
Acknowledgements

The author would like to acknowledge the assistance provided by the many people
who helped make this thesis possible. First of all, Professor Kirtley, who not only taught
me a better way to think about solving problems, but who also allowed me to delve into an
area of study which interested me. My thanks go also to Dr. Marija Ilic of the MIT LEES
laboratory for the introduction into the electrical systems control area through her new
courses at MIT. The efforts of Professor Carmichael of the Ocean Engineering department
are also greatly appreciated.
Many thanks go to the tireless efforts of my Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
advisor, Dr. Deborah Allinger, who made this a great learning experience and ensured that
this was a useful area of research. Thanks, too, to Andre Schor and Frank Leong of CSDL
for invaluable help in the building and debugging of my computer code. Thanks also to
John Sweeney, Education Director of CSDL, for introducing me to the research
possibilities there.
I would never have made it this far in my education without the inspiration and
support from the people around me who shaped my life. My entire family, from my
mother, Sophie, to all of my sisters, Janice, Sara, Ellen, and Emilie, give me love and
support always, as does my aunt Jinny Warfield. Many thanks to my grandparents, Ralph
and Clara Whitcomb for their love and support. I would also like to thank my future wife,
Jennifer Davies, for all of her understanding, love, and support while I spent time on my
studies. And to my two best friends, Brian Maher and David Willett, thanks for being
there always. It was great to be back home to go to school. I would also like to recognize
my advisor from the University of Washington, Amy Maki, who always knew I would
make it here where I wanted to be, at MIT.
And most of all, thanks to my mentors, my father, Ralph W. Whitcomb, Jr, my
uncle Bob Warfield, and Dr. Hurd Willett of MIT. Their inspiration and guidance will be
with me always. I only wish they could be here so I could extend them my deepest thanks.
They will be a part of me always. Accesinn For
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3
Table of Contents

Abstract .......................................................................................... 2
Acknowledgements ............................................................................. 3

1. Introduction ................................................................................. 7
Objective ................................................................................... 7
Background ............................................................................ 8
Existing Analysis Tools .............................................................. 9
Program Development ................................................................ 10
2. Survivability Concepts 12
Motivation 12
System Architectures .................................................................. 15
Conventional Systems ...................................................... 16
Advanced Concept Systems .................................................... 18
3. BEAVER Methodology Development ................................................... 23
Development Philosophy ............................................................ 25
Methodology Employed .............................................................. 25
Monte Carlo Usage .......................................................... 26
Fault Tree Structure ......................................................... 27
Control Strategies ................................................................ 27
Damage Events ................................................................... 28
Survivability Determination ............................................... 30
Affordability .................................................................. 30
4. BEAVER Program Operation ............................................................ 31
Program Overview ................................................................... 32
Subroutine Descriptions ............................................................ 35
MAIN Routine ................................................................ 35
RCABLE ..................................................................... 37
READIT ........................................................................... 38
LINEUP ..................................................................... 39
CSTAT ........................................................................ 39
DAMAGE .................................................................... 40
POWERPATH .............................................................. 41
HKLOAD .................................................................. 42
REPSURV ........................................................................ 43
Control Implementation Example
POWERCI-IK ................................................................ 44
5. Analysis Method ........................................................................... 48
Input File Formation ................................................................. 48
Equipment data specification ............................................... 55
Equipment Spares Policy ................................................... 59
Logical Interconnection Diagram .................................................. 59
Fault Tree Formation .................................................................. 64
Control Implementation ............................................................ 66
Program Operation ................................................................... 67

4
6. Outstanding Issues and Conclusions .............................
71
Outstanding Issues ...................................................... 71
Conclusions ............................................................. 72
References...................................................................... 73
Appendix A. Input Files....................................................... 75
Appendix B. Output File......................................................... 81
Appendix C. BEAVER Source Code.............................................. 98
Appendix D. Include Files...................................................... 183
List of Figures

Figure 1. Existing DDG-51 Arrangement [Gibbs & Cox] 17


Figure 2. Typical DDG-51 Hull Cross Section
[NAVSEA 05Z] 17
Figure 3. Conceptual Zonal Electrical Power System
[Gibbs & Cox] 20
Figure 4. Conceptual Zonal Hull Cross Section
[NAVSEA 05Z] 21
Figure 5. Zone Division and Load Distribution Diagram 22
Figure 6. Blast Magnitude as a Function of Distance from
the Blast Center. 29
Figure 7. The BEAVER Program 31
Figure 8. Basic BEAVER Flow Chart. 32
Figure 9. Simplified Conceptual Naval Shipboard
Electrical Distribution System. 49
Figure 10. System Interconnection Diagram
for Zones I - 3 and 9. 51
Figure 11. System Interconnection Diagram
for Zones 3 - 5 52
Figure 12. System Interconnection Diagram
for Zones 5 - 7. 53
Figure 13. System Interconnection Diagram
for Zones 7 & 8. 54
Figure 14. Partial Input File for Equipment Type
Assignment. 55
Figure 15. Partial Input File for Equipment-Type
to Equipment-Number Mapping. 56
Figure 16. Logical Interconnection Diagram
of Distribution System. 60
Figure 17. Top Level of the Logical Interconnection
Diagram. 61
Figure 18. Logical Interconnection Diagram for Zone 6. 62
Figure 19. Logical Interconnection Diagram for Zone 9. 63
Figure 20. Partial Logical System Structure as Listed
in the Input File. 65
Figure 21. Sample Partial BEAVER Output Files. 67
Figure 22. Survivability Cost Index Output. 69

6
Chapter 1. Introduction

Survivability improvement techniques such as equipment separation, redundancy,


arrangement, and control system architectures form an integral part of the ship design

strategy. Tools which can rapidly and conveniently perform assessments of survivability
features, including system control, along with the feasibility, benefits, and cost of such
features are required. Of particular importance is the capability to evaluate systems in the
early, conceptual stages of design even before ship construction specifications are
available, since it is at this point of development when the highest potential pay off can be
realized.

Objective

The objective of this thesis is to develop a methodology for evaluating conceptual


level electrical power distribution system designs for multiple attributes such as
survivability, reliability, and availability with the emphasis on the quantification of the
system survivability. Included in this methodology is the ability to perform evaluation of
potential control strategies for a given system. A secondary objective is to implement this

methodology in a computer program. The program should also include the ability to

evaluate affordability by quantifying the incremental cost of providing improved

survivability, reliability, and availability.

7
Background

Electrical distribution system reliability analyses are performed by commercial


utilities on large, complex, interconnected systems. These analyses result in the
determination of reliability indices for given system configurations. The analyses are

generally concerned with either system adequacy or security. Adequacy refers to the
existence of enough system facilities to provide energy to meet demand and the existence of

properly connected distribution system components to supply the generated power to the
desired loads. Adequacy is associated with the static conditions which do not include

system disturbances. Security deals with the system's transient response to internal
disturbances or perturbations such as the loss of generation or transmission facilities. Most
of the probabilistic evaluation techniques currently available deal with system adequacy
assessment.[Ref 1]

Electrical power distribution system reliability is the probability that the system can

provide sufficient power under given operating conditions over time. Survivability can be
considered as reliability under large system stress over an extremely short time period. The

analysis of the two concepts is therefore similar in nature, and the same methods can be
used to evaluate them.

Since reliability and survivability are associated with random events, they are best
evaluated using probability theory. Either analytical or simulation methods can be used in

system assessments. Analytical techniques, such as Markov modeling, use models to


represent the systems and mathematical solutions to evaluate them. Monte Carlo methods,

on the other hand, simulate the actual system processes and the random nature of the

system behavior for evaluation.[Ref 1]

8
Existing Analysis Tools

Survivability analyses can currently be performed on ships and ship systems using

tools such the Ship Survivability Model (SVM) and the Computer Aided Design of

Survivable Distributed Systems (CASDiS) programs.[Ref 16-19] These applications are


available at the Carderock Division of the Naval Surface Warfare Center (CDNSWC) and
the Annapolis Detachment of CDNSWC (AD/CDNSWC).

The SVM evaluates ship survivability as a function of vulnerability and


susceptibility using a comprehensive probabilistic assessment of the types of attack, the

location of the hit, the damage from the hit, and the effect on the ships' systems including
the integrity of the hull. It utilizes an extensive and often classified description of the ship
construction, the types of attack, the effects of the various weapons, and the damage which
can be expected for each type of hit. The output of this type of comprehensive analysis is

assumed to be available for proper distribution system analysis using the methods
described in this thesis. In the absence of this type of information, damage from hits is
estimated using simple rules with the capability to add more extensive damage models to

the thesis model by changing or replacing program modules.

The CASDiS program is a deterministic evaluation tool which also incorporates a


detailed ship design specification for both the ship construction and the system logical and
physical arrangement. It is intended to provide a method to allow survivability assessment

of distributed systems at the detailed and contract design levels to meet Navy contractual

specifications. The damage extent is input by the user and the resulting system alignment is
evaluated automatically. Although damage and survivability are best analyzed as

probabilistic events, the program has no probabilistic assessment capability since this is not

necessary to meet Navy contract specification.

9
Program Development

The new methodology is coded as an enhancement to an existing reliability,


maintainability, and survivability (RMA) analysis program called GATOR. GATOR was
developed as a large system RMA analysis program for the U. S. Navy at the University of
Florida in 1984. The new analysis package is named BEAVER1 . The development of
BEAVER is a direct response to the U.S. Navy's proposed new concept Advanced
Electrical Distribution System (AEDS) to be implemented in future ship designs. The need
for increased overall ship affordability, reliability, and survivability drive the requirements
for the electrical distribution system changes.

The niche that BEAVER occupies is complementary to programs such as SVM and
CASDiS. Acting as a powerful preprocessor, the BEAVER program is intended to provide
a design tool which is used in the early stages of design at the conceptual level. It does not
require the large overhead of ship construction detail specification, only a general
specification of arrangement in relation to major ship survivability design aspects such as
watertight bulkheads and decks. The program is designed as a desk top personal

computer, or PC, compatible application to allow easy access for the system designer.

Series of alternate distribution structures and contro' schemes can be quickly evaluated to
allow trade offs to be made to aid in early system design selection decisions.

A primary innovation of BEAVER is its capability to perform dynamic


reconfiguration with respect to either damage or normal operation. The program can not
only assesses the damage impact on the system and all subsystems, but it can also
reconfigure the system according to the control strategy input by the user (e.g., the user
designates certain circuit breakers as controllable elements in the system). As a

1 Since the GATOR was named after the University of Florida mascot, this program was named for the
MIT mascot, the beaver.

10
consequence of this feature, the user can rapidly determine whether a proposed control
strategy does, in fact, improve system survivability. Thus, series of alternate distribution
structures can be quickly evaluated to allow trade-offs to be made in early system design

selection decisions thereby driving the design towards a balancedconfiguration.

The ability to include probabilistic damage assessment is an enhancement which

incorporates an important aspect of survivability design. Because the user may choose to
create a damage scenario either deterministically or through Monte Carlo sampling, the
evaluation results from BEAVER can be ported to either CASDiS or SVM type
applications, respectively, in the f.ial design stages when the system is required to meet
explicit specifications. The enhancement contribution may not be fully realized, however,
until a method can be determined to apply probabilistic evaluation techniques to the
contractual specification. When detailed design is complete, the systems can then be
analyzed with both SVM and CASDiS type applications to refine the system design to meet

the specific application in the final ship design.

11
Chapter 2. Survivability Concepts

Survivability is defined as the capacity of a ship to absorb damage and maintain


mission integrity. It is a function of susceptibility and vulnerability. Susceptibility is thc
degree to which a ship system is open to effective attack due to one or more inherent
weaknesses. Susceptibility can be affected by changing such things as radiated noise,

threat warning, or tactics. Vulnerability is the characteristic which causes a system to


suffer degradation as a result of the effects of an attack. Vulnerability is affected by
concepts such as component redundancy, location, and damage protection. The
survivability analysis put forth in this thesis deals only with the investigation and evaluation
of system vulnerability as it affects survivability.

Motivation

The United States Navy has long been aware of the importance of sur-ivabiity in
ship design and operation. The Uni .d States Congress enacted Public Law 95-485 on
Navy Shipbuilding Policy due to the concern for the ability of combatant ships to withstand

battle damage. U. S. Navy policy on survivability was put forth in a Chief of Naval
Operations Instruction 9070 in response to this Puolic Law.[Ref 16] The major objectives
of this instruction are to implement definitive policy which emphasizes the need for

incorporating survivability features into the ship design, to establish mirImum levels of
ship survivability for use in ship design specifications, and to provide a basis for

developing affordability and mission effectiveness measures for implementation throughout


the ship design, procurement, ard operational stages.

12
Combatant ships are expected to perform in battle, sustain damage, and survive.

The total ship must be designed to withstand damage which can occur for many threat
scenarios. The ability to effect major survivability improvements becomes more difficult

once the basic design trade offs have been accomplished and the decisions have been made
early in the design process. A "forward fit" strategy is important to achieve the best pay off
in system design. Incorporation of survivability features early in the design stages can

assist in ensuring an affordable balance of desired features in each new ship class design.

System modularity in physical packaging and arrangement are aspects which are frequently
analyzed for survivability. Just as important is the organization of the control architecture
which is often left to the tying together of the distributed components after the system is
designed and laid out. By direction, "survivability shall be considered a fundamental

design requirement of no less significance than other ship characteristics such as weight
and stability margins, maneuverability, structural integrity, and combat systems
capability".[Ref 16]

A U. S. Navy Survivability Review Group (SRG), which met after the USS
STARK incident, concluded that survivability can be improved with the incorporation of

many considerations including redundancy and separation in the arrangement of distributed

systems. Several of the findings apply directly to many existing distributed systems [Ref
16]:

o Provide redundancy and separation of selected vital spaces and vital

components and equipment whenever ship size permits.

o Establish formal arrangement design standards for essential survivability


features.

13
o Require horizontally and vertically separated and redundant cable paths

where need is identified by deactivation diagram analysis.

o Utilize distributed processing, distributed systems, and local control to

improve ship survivability.

o Use functional deactivation diagram analysis to ensure that survivability is

designed into all combat systems for all new ship designs.

o Separate vital redundant auxiliary machinery that supports mission


capability so that at least 50% of the capacity will survive a single weapon hit.

o Provide separated, redundant sources of supply and distributive systems,

complete from source to user, for all hull, mechanical, and electrical (HM&E)
support that is vital to the operation of the combat systems.

o Require survivability analyses be performed, against selected design

threats, for all vital systems during all Naval Sea Systems Command
(NAVSEA) conducted design phases.

o Require survivability analyses be performed as part of detail design for all


vital systems.

As a result of the SRG findings, some of the survivability design features of the U.
S. Navy destroyer, the USS ARLIEGH BURKE (DDG-5 1), were reviewed. Several
improvements in the architecture of distributed systems were proposed including the layout

of the electrical distribution system, the rearrangement of cable ways, and a reduction of the
number of distribution cables. These improvements are specified to result in more

affordable system with reduced vulnerability. The AEDS concept proposal is a result of

14
this review. A review of conventional electric distribution system architecture is presented
along with the major characteristics of the AEDS in the context of system survivability.

System Architectures

Although many shipboard systems, such as electrical distribution, fire protection,


combat systems, and other support services, are distributed throughout the ship, the

arrangement of conventional systems is usually based upon functional consideration,


convenience, or system integration compromise. These systems must be designed to
handle casualties not only due to equipment failure, but for fire, flooding, shock, or
weapon hit as well. System protection must be balanced with the need for ship survival.

The scope of the problem includes not only reconfiguration of the electric plant,
which can take from seconds to minutes, but the restarting of the loads which lost power.

If the power was lost to the combat system, the components must be re-energized, the
system must be reconfigured, and the detection, identification, tracking, and engagement of
threat targets must be recommenced. Thus a casualty to the electrical distribution system
can leave the ship and crew vulnerable to attack with no chance for an offensive capability.

It is this type of scenario that the electrical distribution system designers must
consider when designing survivable distribution systems. This includes a change in the
architecture of the system arrangement and incorporation of automated prioritized load
shedding, system reconfiguration, and availability of alternate uninterruptible power
sources. The incorporation of survivability concepts leads to a change in design concepts
from conventional arrangements to the design of distributed systems, such as the AEDS,
which can sustain damage and continue to provide the services necessary for mission
continuation, albeit at reduced capability.

15
Conventional Systems

Circuit isolation and system reconfiguration are handled by a variety of means,

some of which are invoked automatically and some manually. Isolation is most commonly
handled by selective tripping of circuit breakers. Trip points are set to shed load to isolate
the fault with the least effect to the overall system. Load shedding is a predetermined

function of the way the system is configured for the desired initial reaction to the casualty.
Vital loads are set to remain on line at the expense of non-vital loads. The electrical

operator must manually reconfigure the system once the initial response is complete.

Reconfiguration can be accomplished automatically to some extent by the use of

automatic bus transfer (ABT) switches. The ABTs are connected to one bus with an
alternate power source, generally another generator supplied bus, available for transfer in
the event of a casualty. Manual bus transfer (BT) switches are more commonly used. The
electrical operator manually transfers power to the alternate bus as required.
Reconfiguration can also be performed by placing an alternate generator on line to get

power to the downed bus. This requires the operator to check for clearance of the faulted
condition and to realign of the electric plant to redistribute loading.

A typical a.angement of a conventional electrical distribution system is depicted in


figure 1. The system uses three 2500 KW gas turbine generators (GTG) as power
sources. The system is a single zone with a radial architecture. The BT indicates a typical
connection method for allowing transfer of power to alternate buses. There are 114 BT on
the current DDG-51 arrangement. This provides two possible paths to each vital load. The

system can be run in parallel or split plant as desired. Operational rules provide guidance
on the plant configuration used for a given situation.

16
... 2 . I. ,= ,".0S

Figure 1. Existing DDG-51 Arrangement [Gibbs & Cox]

A typical cable routing scheme is pictured in figure 2 for a hull cross section. The

main buses are horizontally separated port and starboard and vertically separated by two

deck levels. Many other buses are run through other parts of the ship to supply load
power. There are a total of 594 feeder cables supplying power to various loads.

TRANSFEiF

DDG-51'S ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


CABLES CROSSING ZONES
" MAINS - 2
" FEEDER CABLES
THIS ZONE: AFT - 72, FWD - 66
ALL SHIP ZONES - S94

Figure 2. Typical DDG-51 Hull Cross Section [NAVSEA 05Z]

17
Survivability is addressed by the horizontal and vertical separation of main bus
cables and the physical separation of the generators. This arrangement is vulnerable to
damage due to the number of cables traversing the ship at many levels and the large number
of BT switches which must be controlled manually to maintain power continuity.
Practically any hit on the ship will produce some cable damage which will lead to loss of
loads.

Advanced Concept Systems

The U. S. Navy's near term 2 AEDS concept consists of redesigning the electric

power system arrangement including cable layout, zonal distribution, and control system

architectures. The far term concept proposes the application of an automated control

capability. These new system configuration concepts need to be analyzed to quantify the

reliability and survivability costs and benefits. Affordability can be quantified as a measure
of both acquisition and combat effectiveness costs of alternative designs. This includes the
effects of system zone division, power source and distribution equipment arrangement, and

communication, command, and control (C3 ) data bus system architecture design including

the effects of the implementation of automated control.

Rearranging the system improves affordability in several areas. The layout scheme
can reduce the number and length of cable runs which reduces the initial acquisition cost.

The cable reduction also saves weight which allows ship size and power requirements to be
reduced. The ship size and power reduction improves both acquisition and life cycle costs.

2 Near term development is within 5 to 10 years with far term extending beyond.

18
The incorporation of a zone concept improves ship producibility which reduces shipbuilder
basic construction cost, thus reducing acquisition cost. Producibiity is enhanced since
cables can be installed within the production zones as they are outfitted. As the ship is
assembled from the zone modules, the majority of the cables are then connected between

modules rather than strung through the ship after the hull is completely erected.

The proposed arrangement, along with the new control system architecture and the
implementation of automated control, provides increased electrical power system

survivability during casualty events. Distributing the electric system power generation

components throughout the ship provides a physical separation which prevents single hits
from knocking out the entire system. Providing a control hierarchy which is capable of
system control at a zone level as well as the whole ship level supports this physical
arrangement. Reducing the number and length of power distribution cables reduces the
probability of distribution system interruption due to cable damage. Automation of control

allows for improved power continuity during casualty events.

The AEDS is based on the concept of a distributed architecture which consists of

arranging systems considering separation and redundancy. The use of ABT switches

rather than manual BT switches improves casualty response to power outages. The

operation of the electrical distribution system remains virtually the same with manual
paralleling of generators and switching of major bus ties. The redistribution of the power
by arrangement of cables and load centers (LC) improves overall system survivability by
physical arrangement alone. Far term architectures include provisions for automated
paralleling of generators, automated switching of bus tie breakers, and the use of
uninterruptible power sources (UPS) to supply vital loads during casualty operations. The
UPS is implemented as a battery energy storage system (BESS) which supplies interim
power for a short time on the order of 10 minutes while the electric distribution system is

being reconfigured to allow normal powering of the vital loads.

19
Figure 3 is a simplified diagram of the conceptual electrical distribution system.
The system is characterized by the zonal distribution with zones separated by watertight
bulkheads. Each zone has only 4 penetrations for main bus power. Each zone also has 2
load centers, each fed from 2 sources. This creates a doubly redundant source of power to
each zone. The ABT switches to the vital loads reconfigure power automatically to
maintain power continuity. Manual BT switches can be used whenever the automated
function can be deemed unnecessary. The system can be operated with all sources in
parallel or in split plant depending on the mode desired.

~~TYPICAL 5wITI A ps

S
LTG ~ ~ ATO

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I8 0

UNES@taitNTS OSCvi £83iU TIESsq ks

Of MA? 91i OP SNIP ASS LOCAT U = 233


PIATPCIN. LOOS CRWTUS AM0 ICTIE UftsuoAaa
SIDE A LOCA
TES O TE0E l" IS?PlATV

Figure 3. Conceptual Zonal Electrical Power System [Gibbs & Cox]

The arrangement of the cable penetrations and the load centers is shown on figure
4. Physical separation of cables and load centers is maintained, however, there are no
feeder cables penetrating the watertight bulkheads. Components within the zone are all

20
powered from load centers within the same zone. The drastic reduction in the number of
cables which are run between watertight compartments greatly reduces the chance of a
casualty in one zone affecting the power flow to the other zones. Damage effects can be
contained in individual zones rather than affecting systems outside watertight zone
boundaries.

MAIN MAIN
(BUS TIE)

LOAD CENTER

------- -- TRANSFER

LOAD 1

PROPOSED DDV ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


CABLES CROSSING ZONES
* MAINS - 2
* FEEDER CABLES-0

Figure 4. Conceptual Zonal Hull Cross Section [NAVSEA 05Z]

Zonal load level and location of watertight bulkheads is depicted in figure 5. The

loading indicates the maximum KW load in each zone. The zones are separated by
watertight bulkheads.

21
66 3)4 300 81 820 li4 6 60

TOTAL CONNECTED 60 HZ LOAD (AMPS) 450V-3PH


FOR DISTRIBUTION

Figure 5. Zone Division and Load Distribution Diagram

The proposed distribution system implementation appears to be more survivable


than the conventional system based on the arrangement differences, but is it the best

arrangement? What are the key features which make this zone concept more survivable?

How do control strategy differences affect survivability? Are there ways to refine the
solution to further improve the system? What is the most cost effective way to provide

improved survivability? These and other questions can be answered with the aid of an

analysis tool which can measure the survivability of alternative distribution system

arrangements.

22
Chapter 3. BEAVER Methodology Development

The program development is concerned with applying a probabilistic method to


evaluate distribution system survivability in the event of a casualty to the ship. The
evaluation consists of determining a survivability index for a given system design given a
damage distribution. The analysis is an adequacy assessment to determine if there are
enough assets to supply power and if there are continuous transmission paths to supply
power to the loads. The evaluation does not analyze the stability of the system during
transient states, but assumes the system can reach a stable steady state condition without the
transients causing additional detrimental system effects.

The affordability issue is addressed by considering the system acquisition costs,


combat effectiveness costs, and survivability indices resulting from the analyses of alternate
system designs. Acquisition cost is an estimate of the component procurement and
installation costs. Combat effectiveness cost is an estimated index associated with the cost
of load outages on the overall combat capability of the ship. Load outages are measured
from the system alignment resulting from the known casualty events. The outages can be
grouped into areas such as fire control, weapons, life support, propulsion, or any other
ship systems which can be logically grouped together. Combining these costs with the
survivability indices of the alternate system designs provides a quantitative measure of the

incremental cost of providing improved survivability. RMA affordability determinations

are made in the same way.

The current survivability assessment tools, the SVM and CASDiS programs, use

extensive system descriptions to analyze the survivability of a particular system

23
arrangement. These methods are useful in the final stages of system design when the ship
and associated systems are well defined and details are generally known. These programs

are also preferred for conversion of existing system design since the ship being converted

generally has the detailed specifications available. BEAVER has been developed for
relatively convenient system design trade offs at the conceptual level. The new program is
a modification to an existing RMA evaluation program originally named GATOR.

GATOR was used by the Naval Underwater Systems Center (NUSC) to evaluate
the BSY-I submarine combat system RMA. The program was modified in 1988, and
renamed DISE, by the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) to handle fault tolerant
system RMA. DISE has been recently used to evaluate some of the CSDL unmanned
underwater vehicle (UUV) systems and some National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA) space station systems. The BEAVER program modification to
GATOR, the new subroutines of which are listed in Appendix C, includes survivability
analysis using either static or dynamic system reconfiguration capabilities.

The original GATOR program was designed as a FORTRAN coded simulation tool
to analyze large, complex systems for RMA attributes. It has additional capabilities to
perform phased missions, priority classification of repairs, and general resource sharing.
Although originally designed for use on large computer systems, it has successfully been
converted to PC system use. The size of the system to be analyzed is limited only by the
ability of the memory of the computer system to handle the array dimensions. The program
employs a general fault tree structure and a Monte Carlo method to simulate the random
nature of failure events. [Ref 20]

24
Development Philosophy

The guiding philosophy in the development of BEAVER was to keep as much of


the underlying code and structure of GATOR and DISE intact, to complete the survivability
and reconfiguration routines in a modular form for use in either DISE or GATOR, and to
utilize as much of the original input file structure as possible. Both the GATOR and DISE
programs have proved that the methodologies employed are sound and well tested. Using

the same structure in the BEAVER implementation saves verificati,,n time for some of the
new analysis techniques. Using existing structure saves a great deal of effort as well by
not reinventing the wheel, since the GATOR RMA analysis methodology is quite well
suited to the survivability analysis methodology required. The combined package of RMA
and survivability analyses also offers a convenient environment to evaluate systems for
multiple attributes with a single input file. Thus the BEAVER program logic and
methodology remains the same as the GATOR program. The conversion of the code to C
or Pascal language, which is well suited to tree structuring and linked lists, was not

considered to maintain compatability with existing code.

Methodology Employed

The methodology uses a fault tree structure as a basis for evaluation. The system to

be analyzed is represented as a logical construction of subsystems which are connected in


series or parallel and organized to represent actual system functional connectivity. As
components fail, the effect on the entire system is evaluated. Statistics are compiled over

multiple system operations, or missions, on either an event driven time scale basis for
RMA analysis or a single instantaneous event basis for survivability analysis.

25
The reconfiguration control portions of the program are meant to provide various
information and control capability to the system designer. The development of a structure
which can be used in many different scenarios is considered more important than
implementing and testing specific control rules. The actual control strategies incorporated
into the system design are to be determined by the user by adjusting the source code to
access the system status and control features provided by BEAVER. The source code
programming should only involve the rules which determine the handling of system faults
and not the ability of the program to detect, isolate, and reconfigiire components.

Monte Carlo Usage

Monte Carlo methods are employed for the RMA analysis routines to simulate the
non deterministic nature of equipment failure. The existing RMA analysis is event driven.
The program determines if the next event is a component failure or repair. A component is
selected randomly based on it's relative probability of having a transition as a function of
overall system rate. The component is then processed as either a failure or repair.

The survivability analysis program has the ability to use a Monte Carlo analysis
method to simulate the probabilistic nature of a damage event. Monte Carlo analysis is
used in BEAVER since the GATOR program, used as the basis for 3EAVER development,
incorporates a fault tree structure and a the Monte Carlo method. The distribution of the
damage profile is determined by the user since damage events can be described in many
different distributions for many different scenarios. Monte Carlo methods are not required
for survivability analysis to allow BEAVER to be employed as an evaluation tool useful in
determining survivability in a U. S. Navy contractual deterministic sense. In the

26
deterministic case, the region of damage is defined by the user by indicating downed

equipment in the input file.

Fault Tree Structure

The fault tree structure is built up from individual pieces of equipment. The
individual components are grouped logically to form subgroups as series or parallel

combinations. The subgroups are then grouped into a complete fault tree with the
individual pieces of equipment as leaves at the bottom of the branches leading up to the
final system combination at the top. The concept is similar to the building of the system
deactivation diagrams used in current survivability analyses.

When a particular component transitions, either from up to down, for the damage or
load shed type events, or from down to up, for putting components back into system use,

the effect of the failure is traced through it's subgroup through to the top system node to

determine if the system is operational. In the case of survivability analysis, the system
status is noted after each damage event. The RMA analyses use multiple missions, each for

a predetermined length of time, to estimate a value for individual component, subgroup,

and overall system reliability and availability as a percent of the time spent in failure or in

operation.

Control Strategies

The control implementation capability is important in determining overall system

performance. For example, a control strategy could be defined as follows. After a casualty

event is processed, check the powering of all ship loads. If sufficient power is not

27
available to supply all loads within all disjoint regions, then determine a system alignment,
using a predetermined set of rules, which can provide adequate power. In the event that no
system alignment can be found which provides for adequate powering of all loads, perform
load shedding by priority to attempt to achieve an alignment which provides power for all
vital loads. Any event which results in a system alignment which provides sufficient
powering of all defined loads within normal system operating parameters would then be
considered as survivable.

For an investigation of automatic control implementation, the control system could


be assumed to function to manipulate all of the system controls, including generator
paralleling, as necessary to create an alignment which provides adequate powering. The
real considerations associated with the actual automated system reconfiguration need not be
addressed in this portion of the analysis. The reconfiguration processes required to achieve
a survivable system alignment can be tracked to provide input to a separate analysis of what
a control system would need to implement, such as automated paralleling of generators, to
perform the transitions automatically.

Damage Events

The survivability analysis allows for multiple, simultaneous equipment failures.


Each mission is represented as a single damage event. The algorithm differs from the RMA
type of analysis in that the system status is not recorded until all damaged equipment effects

have been evaluated. Survivability is evaluated over many single damage events with the

determination made as to the percent of trials which the system survived.

The determination of which equipment has failed due to damage is made based on
the region of the damage extent and a comparison of blast interaction strength to the level of

28
shielding provided for the equipment. The damage interaction can be a function of weapon
type, warhead size, hit location, component protection, and many other factors. Since a
damage event can be described using one of many different damage distributions depending
on the type of interaction, the BEAVER program provides a modular routine which can be
modified to more accurately describe various damage events. The current distribution is
modeled as a simple spherical region of interaction.

The blast magnitude is modeled as an exponentially decaying function, as shown in


figure 6. Actual blast functions vary widely with many different variables, so this
representation is simply meant to portray a unitless "magnitude" of the blast and the decay
of the magnitude with distance from the blast center. The actual functional form of the blast
can be modeled by real distributions if that information is available. The parameters which
characterize this exponential can be modified in the input file as desired.

last Strength Exponential Decay


120

t
Ln 60
90

0 10 20 30 40 50

Dstance Trom Blast C2enter

Figure 6. Blast Magnitude as a Function of Distance from the Blast Center.

29
Survivability Determination

Survivable events are defined by the user by the logical arrangement of the system.
The survivability determination is made by determining if the system has sufficient power

capability to supply connected loads within desired operating parameters. The up and
down status of components, subgroups, and the system node are kept by the system. The
number of survivable trials is converted to a percent survivability by dividing by the total

number of trials to provide the survivability index.

The survivability of individual components can be used to indicate particularly


culpable individuals. By logically arranging subgroups into the same organization as the
ship systems, the survivability of each functional subsystem, such as fire control or
propulsion for example, can be tracked. Tracking these subgroups can lead to

determination of combat effectiveness indices from the percent survivability of the

subgroups.

Affordability

The affordability of a system is measured by the acquisition cost of the system

components. Dividing the survivability and combat effectiveness indices by the total
system or subsystem cost can be used as an indicator of the incremental cost of providing
improved survivability and combat effectiveness. Although this is not a complete cost
analysis, it is a useful indicator which can be used to make a relative comparison of
alternative systems.

30
Chapter 4. BEAVER Program Operation

The BEAVER program modification to GATOR includes survivability analysis and


dynamic system reconfiguration capabilities. The combined package of RMA and survivability

analyses offers a convenient environment to evaluate systems for multiple attributes with a
single input file. Figure 7 illustrates the complete BEAVER/GATOR combination program.

The program operation is summarized in the Program Overview section with specific
subroutine descriptions and data structure details in the proceeding sections.

yAnalysis Output File


deterministic or
Monte Carlo A- equipment status

n'single or percent survivability


Input File multiple runs system/subsystem

SurvIvabllity/Reliablity
switch
Reliability Analysis Output File
Monte Carlo . RMA data
multiple missions equipment "hit lists"

Figure 7. The BEAVER Program

31
Program Overview

Figure 8 illustrates the basic BEAVER flowchart. Four major new subroutines,
I[NEUP, DAMAGE, POWERPATH, and CHKLOAD, have been added to the GATOR
program, and the original MAIN routine has been substantially modified to allow the user to
exercise the various options. Notice that the user can deterministically provide the damage
profile through the subroutine LINEUP or can use Monte Carlo sampling in the DAMAGE

subroutine. All functions are selected for use in the input data file.

Program Flow

rinoe

ck~ fiePo~n~
I aresn
Reporti t amoe orhl radius
EqipetaI damaeb
01 rA T fIle) dee eh# strngth Powerchk
. ms ! detrmine* lod and
ramage omponen i source sorus
Irsco~lures sysem

IK
Loop for predeterminedl number
of missions

Report results when done...

Figure 8. Basic BEAVER Flow Chart.

Equipment data such as component mean time between failure (MTBF), mean time to

repair (MITR), repair priority, cost estimates, component blast protection hardness, source or

load power level, and location is arranged in the input data file. The program reads the input
data file and puts together the tree structure. For survivability analysis, the hit location and

32
damage extent parameters along with the equipment locations must be specified. All points are
referenced to the forward perpendicular (x = 0), the centerline (y = 0), and the ship baseline (z
= 0). All components except for cables are input as single (x,y,z) points. Cables have two
points, an origin and a termination. The cable is then considered as a straight line between the
two points. It is not necessary for program operation for the components and the cable end
points to terminate at coincident points.

The LINEUP routine takes the initial system lineup and sets up the equipment for
program runs. A new routine named CSTAT, for control status, is called by LINEUP each
time a piece of equipment is switched off. The CSTAT routine is necessary to allow equipment
to be switched off without it being considered a failure or damage event. A note listing each
piece of equipment which has been switched off before the survivability analysis begins is sent
to the output file. After LINEUP, the program then invokes POWERPATH which traces the
beginning tree structure to provide an array of all the sequential power piths from the loads to
the sources. This array is important in testing system power path continuity and isolating
system faults since the tree structure does not provide this information directly.

The program then determines the extent of the damage. The survivability analysis
required development of a new algorithm to allow for multiple, simultaneous equipment
failures. This is coded in DAMAGE. Each mission is represented as a single damage event.
The determination of which equipment has failed due to damage is made based on the region of
the damage extent. If a Monte Carlo simulation is used, the damage extent is calculated as a
given volume for each particular run. The distribution of the damage extent can be determined
by the user in the formation of the damage distribution profile programmed into the application.
The current algorithm produces a set of damage radii creating spherical volumes uniformly
distributed between a minimum and maximum radius as input by the user. More physically
descriptive damage profiles can be programmed if data is available.

33
Any equipment within the damage region, which has a damage interaction that exceeds
the hardness level of the component, is marked as failed and the tree structure is evaluated for

the net effect on the entire system. This is a straight forward determination for all point located
pieces, but the cables are stored as straight line segments. If any portion of the line is within
the damage region, the entire cable is failed. The cable radius to blast center location
calculation is performed by finding the distance from the hit point to the cable line. If the
distance is less than the damage radius and the blast magnitude at the interaction radius is
greater than the cable shielding value, the cable is failed. All possible cable orientations are
checked to ensure the proper distance to the line segment is found.

When Monte Carlo sampling is used, survivability is evaluated over many single
damage events with the determination made as to the percent of trials in which the system
survived. The program loops through a prescribed number of trials, resetting the system after
each hit. Statistics are kept after each trial as to the status of equipment, subgroups, and the
system node as to whether they are up or down. If the system remains up, the trial is
considered survivable. The total number of survivable trials is divided by the total number of
trials to determine a percent survivability.

For the deterministic case, the damage extent is fully described before evaluation by
specifying which components are damaged by switching them off in the input file. The
program then runs through one evaluation and lists which components are up or down and
whether the system and any indicated subsystems survived overall. A feel for the survivability
of the system can be obtained by moving the damage region around and recording the result.

Once the system has been damaged and the effect has been accounted for in the fault

tree evaluation, the POWERCHK routine is called. POWERCHK handles the evaluation of the
power system. It invokes CHKLOAD to determine which loads are powered, which

34
generators are paralelled, and the loading on each generator. POWERCHK exists as an
example of where a control algorithm would be placed. The code currently contains only a test
for the powering status of the loads and the loading level of the generators. The load warnings
indicate whether or not loads should be powered or that they cannot be powered due to system
damage. The power source warnings indicate which generators are overloaded.

The program data is converted to output information in the RESURV subroutine. This
section calculates the percent survivability statistics for each component and subsystem. The
set of subsystems to be tracked can be identified in the input file. All components and
subsystems have data tabulated as the default setting.

Subroutine Descriptions

The set of subroutines developed for BEAVER are presented in detail. These routines
splice into the DISE program at CSDL, as well as GATOR. The differences are minor and the
structure used by GATOR is maintained. The new versions of the MAIN and the READIT
routines should be used in place of the GATOR versions to ensure compatibility. Any
programmers familiar with the GATOR algorithms should have no problem combining the
BEAVER and GATOR programs.

MAIN Routine

The Main routine controls the program looping and administrative functions. Calls to
open and close files, initialize variables and arrays, read in data, process events, generate
reports, and close files are performed. The data file is read in and the radius from the hit center
to each of the components is calculated as the simple distance between two points in space.

35
The distance from the hit location to a cable is handled differently. Cables are modeled as line
segments and are input by noting both end points. RCABLE calculates the closest point on the

line segment to the hit location so damage determinations can be made correctly.

The program then flows into a loop which is performed once for each mission as
specified in the input file. IN1TAL is called to initialize the system for evaluation. LINEUP is
called after INITAL to allow for equipment to be turned off before analysis begins. The setting
of the survivability switch "SURVIVE" in the input file causes the loop to skip over the RMA
analysis routines to the DAMAGE routine. This is where the system is damaged and the effect

of the damage is determined for the rest of the system. POWERCHK is then invoked and the
assessment and realignment of the system is performed as specified in the control strategy.

The single phase of the survivability assessment causes the PCHANG routine to

terminate the mission. During RMA analysis, each event must be processed and the time tested
for potential phase changes. Survivability determination is made using only one event per
mission. The looping is done over a number of missions to determine the survivability indices.

At the end of each mission, the statistics are closed out. The components which were
damaged are noted as failed components. When the total number of missions has been

completed, the analysis run is complete and the REPSURV reports the survivability of the

system and the incremental cost of survivability. The output is made to a file named
"BEAVER TALE". If consecutive runs of the program are to be made, it is suggested that the

output files be renamed before they are overwritten during subsequent runs.

The program is currently configured to analyze one hit location point at a time. A

looping program control arrangement to distribute damage impact points in a realistic


distribution around the ship structure would provide a more complete survivability assessment.
At this point, the program operation is proved as a single point hit algorithm.

36
RADIUS (number of parts) - keeps a fist of the hit center to component radius for each
piece of equipment. The value for cables is found in the RCABLE subroutine.

RCABLE

Cables are input as straight line segments. Since the minimum distance from the blast

center to the cable will be the damage interaction point, the cable to blast center must be
calculated using a geometrical distance in three dimensional space from a point to a line
segment. RCABLE finds this distance and assigns it to the cable. CX, CY and CZ together

with the 1 or 2 index are the end points of the cable. HIX, HITy, and HITZ are the blast
center locations.

AA = CX2 - CXI
BB = CY2 - CYI
CC = CZ2 - CZ1
C
TTT = AA* (HITX-CX1) +BB* (HITY-CYI)+CC* (HITZ-CZ1)
TT = TTT/(AA**2+BB**2+CC**2)
C
XX = AA * TT + CXl
YY = BB * TT + CYl
ZZ = CC * TT + CZ1
C
13050 IF ( XX .GE. CX) .AND. (XX .LE. CX2 ) GOTO 13100
GOTO 13300
13100 IF ( YY .GE. CYI ) .AND. ( YY .LE. CY2 ) GOTO 13200
GOTO 13300
13200 IF ( ZZ .GE. CZ1 ) .AND. ( ZZ .LE. CZ2 ) GOTO 13400
13300 CXX = CXl
CYY = CYl
CZZ = CZl
RADSQ = (HITX-CXX)**2+ (HITY-CYY)**2+ (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RADI = SQRT(RADSQ)
CXX = CX2
CYY = CY2
CZZ = CZ2

37
RADSQ = (HITX-CXX)**2+ (HITY-CYY)**2+ (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RAD2 = SQRT (RADSQ)
IF ( RAD2 .GT. RADI ) THEN
RADIUS ( I ) = RADI
ELSE
RADIUS ( I ) = RAD2
ENDIF
GOTO 13500
C
13400 CXX = XX
CYY = YY
CZZ = ZZ
RADSQ = (HITX-CXX)**2+ (HITY-CYY)**2+ (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RAD = SQRT (RADSQ)
RADIUS ( I ) = RAD

READIT

Subroutine READIT simply reads in the data from the input file, counts certain pieces
of types of equipment, and sums up system cost. There are several arrays built in this

subroutine which are of general importance.

EQTYPE(number of parts) - This array contains the BEAVER type code for each

piece of equipment. Note that this is the new BEAVER implementation of equipment
type which is different from the GATOR equipment type. EQTYPE is ,,ed as a flag to

differentiate types of system components for handling as necessary, such as for


retrieving the second data point for a cable or for finding controllable components in the

power path.

EQDATA(number of parts) - This array holds all the information in fields 3 through
12 of the input file equipment data matrix. Chapter 5 has a detailed description of the

EQDATA fields.

38
HITDATA(6) - Contains the hit location, strength, distribution parameters, and decay
constant. Chapter 5 has a more detailed explanation of the information in this array.

SOURCE (number of sources), LOAD (number of loads), BREAKER (number of


breakers), CABLE (number of cables), CABINET (number of load centers),
BUSTIE (number of bus tie breakers), ABT (number of automatic bus transfer

switches), ALTSRC (number of alternative or backup emergency power sources) -


These arrays contain the equipment number, EQUIPNO, assigned to each of the

members of the array. The EQUIPNO is assigned in the input file. The arrays provide
a way to find any of the given components in the tree structure.

LINEUP

The function of subroutine LINEUP is to initialize the system to the line up described in

the input file. This includes checking the initial status flag in the EQDATA array and setting the

UP flag to 1 to indicate that the equipment is off as directed by the input file. CSTAT is called

to perform the actual setting of the UP flag. The system rate, for RMA analysis, is also

adjusted so this routine could be useful in an RMA implementation of the new code
capabilities. The rate is not used by the survivability analysis.

CSTAT

CSTAT is an important rewrite of the original GATOR STAT code. Its function is to

change the state of a component from on to off (UP flag from 0 to 1) or from off to on (UP

flag from 1 to 0). It then evaluates the effect on the rest of the system by tracing through the
tree and putting down any subgroups fed from the component which had its state changed.

39
The major difference from the STAT routine is that the CSTAT routine does not adjust the
system rate, nor does it keep track of the component and subgroup failure statistics since the on

off transitions are not failures, but intended state changes.

DAMAGE

DAMAGE finds the blast damage region and determines whether or not the component

survives the interaction. Calls are made to subroutines DFAIL and STAT and to the BAKST
routines to place the component out of commission and check the effect on the status of the rest

of the system. All components with radius less than the blast radius are tested for potential

damage.

The main function is to determine the damage extent and decide which equipment has
failed. The Monte Carlo determination of the damage radius is found by calling a random

number generator subroutine RAND. This number is multiplied times the difference in the

maximum and minimum radius of the blast as input by the user. The fractional distance is then
added to the minimum radius to obtain the damage radius. The individ;. l pieces of equipment
are then tested to find if they are within the blast damage region. If they are beyond the damage

region, they are not processed for any type of damage event.

Components which are within the damage radius are compared to the blast magnitude at

the radius from the blast center. The SHIELD value input for the component, I, in the
EQDATA array is compared to the HTMAG level at the component RADIUS(I)

40
SHIELD = EQDATA( I, 7)

HTMAG = HTMAGO * EXP((-I) * DF * RADIUS(I)

HTMAGO is the hit blast magnitude at zero radius with DF being the exponential decay
factor. Both of these values are input in the EQDATA array. If the hit blast magnitude
HTMAG is greater then the shielding level for the component, SHIELD, then the component is
failed. Otherwise it is left intact.

HrrDAM (number of parts) - keeps track of which components were directly

damaged by the hit. This helps determine if components were damaged, failed, or
simply switched off by the user or a control algorithm.

POWERPATH

This routine traverses the tree structure and builds a sequential ordering of the tree

elements to allow for isolating system power continuity disruptions. The data in the tree
structure must be input as described in chapter 5 to ensure correct component sequencing. The

output is the PWRPATH array which can be accessed to find downed components in the path
from the load to source or source to load. This search through this array while checking the
UP status, H1TDAM status, and the desired control of breakers can help determine if breaker

control will reapply power or not. All ABT loads show two power paths for each source since

they are connected to allow switching to an alternate bus. Isolation of faults to a specific

downed component can also be determined by examining this array. Note that the array is built
showing all potential power continuity paths found by searching the entire tree whether

components are on or off. The status of each component must be checked to determine if

41
continuity exists in the current system configuration. The array SRCPATH is the column
reverse ordering of PWRPATH to facilitate checking of source to load continuity for
investigation of generator loading.

PWRPATH (number of paths found, number of parts) - this array holds the
sequential component path from the loads to the sources. A zero entry terminates the
list. The array is organized with the load number in the first column and the power
source at the end of the string in the right hand column just before the last zero in the
row.

SRCPATH (number of paths found, number of parts) - this array holds the sequential

component path from the sources to the loads. A zero entry terminates the list. The
array is organized with the source number in the first column and the load at the end of

the string in the right hand column just before the last zero in the row.

CHKLOAD

This subroutine traverses the tree only along paths which have no downed pieces of

equipment or subgroups along the way from the load to the source. All loads are checked as

input from the LOAD array. An array, GENLOAD, is built to keep track of which loads are
powered. The row index is the SOURCE number and the column index is the LOAD number.
A one is placed in the matrix if a load is found to be powered from a particular source. A zero
entry means no source, i, was found for that load, j. By summing along columns, the user can

determine which loads are not powered due to the zero sum total. The LOADWN array keeps

track of unpowered loads for processing by the control system

In this implementation of CHKLOAD, the PLLCHK array keeps track of the column

sums. A one in PLLCHK(I) for LOAD(I) indicates that the load, I, is powered by only one

42
source A number greater than one indicates the multiplicity of the sources supplying that load.
This indicates that generators are lined up in parallel to this load, so the overall loading of the
paralleled generators is adjusted to reflect the shared load. The generator loading is kept in the

SRCLD array. The overload level of any generators is kept in the OVRLD array.

GENLOAD (number of sources, number of loads) - keeps track of load to source


connectivity for determination of which loads are not powered and which generators are
paralleled. Entries are l's and 's only to indicate that a load is powered from that
source or not.

SRCLD (number of sources) - contains the load level of the sources.

PLLCHK (number of loads) - used as the column sum indicator of the GENLOAD
matrix to determine paralleled generators and to calculate shared load.

LOADWN (number of loads) - keeps track of the loads are down and should be up as

indicated by system connectivity and desired on/off status..

OVRLD (number of sources) - holds the amount of over load on the source, if any.

REPSURV

This routine simply gathers the data from the survivability runs and outputs the results

to the screen and the output file, BEAVER TALE. Suvivability indices are calculated as a
percent of survivable trials divided by the total number of trials. These indices are then divided

by the total system cost to allow comparison with other trial results for alternative systems to
find an incremental cost of providing a certain relative level of survivability. The subsystem to

be tracked for output can be specified in the input file. If no set of equipment and subgroups is
specified, then the entire system data is output.

43
Control Implementation Example: POWERCHK

This routine is where the system reconfiguration decisions are made. This routine is

coded as an example of a potential control strategy. Other strategies would have to be coded in
its place using the arrays and subroutines provided. The example is described to show a

possible use of BEAVER in evaluating reconfigurable systems for survivability.

In POWERCHK, CHKLOAD is invoked to find the loads which are not powered, the

generators which are paralleled, and the loading on the generators. Once CHKLOAD returns

with this information, POWERCHK attempts to put all loads which are not currently on line,
back on line by checking POWERPATH to find which lines are potential alternate paths. If no

path is found, a message is output as to why the load could not be powered. If an alternate
path is found, the controllable component's state is changed to allow powering. The routine
must loop back to invoke CSTAT for each controlled component, one at a time, so that the

effect on the rest of the system can be recorded. CHKLOAD must then again be invoked to
determine the result on the load powering and source loading. In this implementation,
paralleling of generators is not allowed since no automated paralleling is being evaluated. To
test the effect of automated paralleling, the routine would just have to be allowed to control the
tie breakers between the generators. The pseudo code which follows implements the control of

ABT protected loads to ensure these vital loads are powered before any load shed decisions

have to take place.

44
/* FIND THE LOAD AND SOURCE STATUS */
10 CALL CHECKLOAD
DO 20 I = 1, NUMBER OF LOADS
/* THE LOAD IS OK IF LOADWN(I) .EQ. 0 */
IF <LOADWN(I) .EQ. 0> GOTO 20
ELSE IF <POWERPATH CHECK FROM LOAD(LOADWN(I)) TO
ANY SOURCE(J) INDICATES AN ABT IS UP> .AND.
<ALL OTHER COMPONENTS IN THE POWERPATH ARE UP>

/* SHUT BREAKER EQDATA(ABT,8 .OR. 9) FOUND FROM


POWERPATH CHECK. NOTE THAT THE ACTUAL EQDATA FIELD
BEING USED AS THE ARRAY INDEX HERE IS A REAL NUMBER */

THEN <CALL CSTAT( EQDATA(ABT, 8 .OR. 9), 0

CALL SYSSTATS

/* GO BACK TO CHKLOAD TO RE EVALUATE THE SYSTEM LOADING.

THE LOAD(LOADWN(I)) SHOULD NOT BE IN LOADWN(I) SINCE


IT WAS CHECKED FOR POWER PATH CONTINUITY */

GOTO 10>

ELSE <OUTPUT WHY THE LOAD(LOADWN(I)) IS DOWN


WHETHER IT IS SWITCHED OFF, DAMAGED, OR
HAS A PATH DISCONTINUITY>
20 CONTINUE
/* ALL LOADS AT THIS POINT SHOULD EITHER BE POWERED OR THE
REASON FOR THE OUTAGE SHOULD BE KNOWN. NOW CHECK FOR
GENERATOR OVERLOADING AND POTENTIAL LOAD SHED NECESSITY.
AT LEAST ALL LOADS ARE ACCOUNTED FOR SO LOAD SHED CAN
TAKE THEM ALL INTO CONSIDERATION BY PRIORITY IN
SHEDDING LOAD. */

45
Once all of the loads have been checked, the generator loading is checked. The loads
are checked before the generator loading to prevent the shedding of high priority loads before
all the potential power paths are evaluated. Since paralleling of generators not initially
paralleled is not allowed, the only way to alleviate the situation is to shed load. This should be

done on a priority basis by queuing up loads by priority for shedding. General sorting and
queuing subroutines are available in the original GATOR code. Loads are shed one at a time
with the usual calls to CSTAT, SYSSTATS, and CHKLOAD to redetermine the state of the

system after each load shed. This is continues until all loads which can be powered are
powered within generator capacities.

DO 30 I = 1, NUMBER OF SOURCES

/* THE SOURCE IS OK IF OVRLD(I) .EQ. 0 */

IF <OVRLD(I) .EQ. 0> GOTO 30


ELSE
DO 40 J = 1, NUMBER OF LOADS
IF
<SRCPATH CHECK FROM SOURCE(OVRLD(I)) TO
ANY LOAD(J) INDICATES LOAD(J) IS UP> .AND.
<ALL OTHER COMPONENTS IN THE SRCPATH ARE UP>
THEN
<ADD THE LOAD(J) TO A PRIORITIZING QUEUE
BY COMPARING THE SHED PRIORITY IN
EQDATA(EQDATA(LOAD(J), 8), 4) TO THE
SAME PRIORITY FIELD FOR ANY OTHER BREAKERS
FOUND IN THIS LOOP>
40 CONTINUE
/* SHED THE LOAD AT THE TOP OF THE QUEUE SINCE IT HAS
THE LOWEST PRIORITY. COULD CREATE A SECOND LEVEL
CHECK TO FIND ANY LOADS WHICH HAVE EQUAL PRIORITY

46
AND SHED ONLY THE ONE WHICH WILL SOLVE THE
OVERLOAD CONDITION. ANY LOAD JUST SHED WILL NOT
BE FOUND ON THE NEXT PASS BACK DOWN SINCE IT WILL
HAVE BEEN SHUT OFF BY THE LOAD SHED. */

<CALL CSTAT( LOAD(POINTED TO BY QUEUE), 1

CALL SYSSTATS

/* GO BACK TO CHKLOAD TO RE EVALUATE THE SYSTEM LOADING.


THIS SHOULD KEEP ON LOOPING UNTIL ALL OVERLOADS ON
THE GENERATORS HAVE BEEN SOLVED AND ALL LOADS WHICH
CAN BE POWERED ARE NOW POWERED. */

GOTO 10>
30 CONTINUE

47
Chapter 5. Analysis Method

The details of how a system survivability analysis is performed using BEAVER is


presented with the use of an example. This chapter is intended to provide a detailed example to
illustrate the formulation of an analysis. The system layout must be converted to a suitable
form for input before then the program can be run to determine system survivability
characteristics. For the example, a distribution system arrangement is converted from a one

line diagram to a logic diagram format for analysis. The actual characteristics of the system are
summarized in the Survivability Concepts chapter of this thesis, with figure 3 depicting the

one line diagram.

Input File Formation

The formation of the input file consists of gathering parameter data, organizing the
logical subgroups, and building the fault tree. A commented input file example is included in

Appendix A. Most of the data fields are self explanatory with the exception of the specification
of equipment parameters and the forr ation of the fault tree structure. The first step is to

convert the system arrangement into a form which can be input.

Figure 9 shows a simplified partial version of the conceptual naval shipboard electrical

power distribution system architecture shown in figure 3.

48
Simplified Two Zone Diagram

Figure 9. Simplified Conceptual Naval Shipboard Electrical Distribution System.

A System Implementation Diagram (SID) is formed from the one line diagram. It
consists of identifying all individual pieces of equipment with a unique number label. This
includes all power sources, loads, cables, and connection components such as switchboards,
circuit breakers, and load centers. The SID for figure 9 is shown in detail in figures 10
through 13. The locations of all the components should be noted on the diagram for ease of
translation into data input file form. The location data can be found by matching the equipment
position relative to the watertight bulkheads from figure 3. The number labels on the figures
indicate equipment numbers by type for reference on these drawings only. These numbers are
not input to the input file.

49
The labels are abbreviations for the type of component. The shading indicates the level
above baseline (ABL) for the components. The heavy dashed lines indicate watertight
bulkheads, which coincide with zone boundaries in this layout

ABT Automatic Bus Transfer switch

B Breaker

BT Bus Tie breaker

C Cable

G Generator

L Load

LC Load Center cabinet

50
System Interconnection Diagram KEY

28 ft ABL VA

21 ft ABL
14ftABL J

Zone1 7 ft ABL El
1i M Mrn-r-I-e M n - on

C103 C104

C108 Cl17
011T5

C107 Cl16
,101 C102
0114

C106 E109 110 1

C -7
C105 Cll
/Cl 13

073 33
C74

Figure 10. System Interconnection Diagram for Zones 1 - 3 and 9.

51
C73 Zone 3C74

C71 C72

C6

BT3G3BT

C67 C68

C3 4 C"4
Mill- M -= - - il
Ml Ml il ilMil MllMl = Ml
rM 5
Figure 11. System Interconnection Diagram for Zones 3 - 5

52
A Zone 4A

C43 044

5
Elm M w M M M M M M M M M M M
6
U7 L9
LB
C47 055
041 0C5304
C1B14 B16B1C4

C52

C3050 0I-
51

06

C353
Zone 6A
-M- M- -M =- - - -
MM=MMa

C20 C21

7
NoM M- M M M M M M M M MM m =0

C18B C19

C6

C2 C3

CC3

Figure 13. System Interconnection Diagram for Zones 7 & 8.

54
Equipment data specification

Equipment specification consists of identifying the characteristics of equipment types


and assigning an equipment to a particular type. Data specification is entered in two places, the

RMA data section at the top of the input file, and the survivability data section at the end of the
input file. The division is necessary to allow commonality between GATOR and BEAVER
program use. The characteristics of GATOR equipment types are input in the data section near
the top of the input file. The data must be specified for a survivability analysis even if the
RMA analysis is not performed. Here, the equipment type consists of assigning a number to
each unique type along with a list of specific data including the type name, MTBF, MTTR, and
repair priority.

For purposes of the example, the SID shown in figures 10 to 13 is used. The type 1

equipment named power source lists the characteristics of the generators. The individual

generators identified as equipment numbers 1, 2, and 3 on the SID have their GATOR
specification data listed in the type I assignment row of the input file. Similarly, equipment

types 2 through 8 list characteristics for the other general types of equipment. Figure 14

illustrates that portion of the input file for a system with 8 different types of equipment.

Eq Type # Eq Type Name MTBF MTTR

1 POWER SOURCE 025000. 6.


2 BREAKER 005000. 1.
3 LOAD CENTER 010000. 1.
4 BUS TIE 005000. 2.
5 FCS LOAD 003000. 2.
6 AUX LOAD 001000. 4.
7 ABT 003000. 3.
8 CABLE 008000. 2.

Figure 14. Partial Input File for Equipment Type Assignment.

55
An assignment section then maps all the individual equipment numbers to a specific
type. Individual pieces of equipment are mapped to the type by specifying unique component

numbers for each type of component. The list of numbers following the equipment type
column indicates the equipment which have been assigned to that general type. The component

numbers are the ones designated on the SID. Figure 15 shows the mapping for the 96 total
pieces of equipment.

Eq Type # Equipment Identification Number

1 1 2 3
2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2 14 15 16 17 18 93 94 95 96
3 19 20 21 22
4 23 24 25 26
5 27 28 29
6 30 31 32
7 33 34
8 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
8 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
8 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
8 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
8 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84
8 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

Figure 15. Partial Input File for Equipment-Type to Equipment-Number Mapping.

The BEAVER equipment specification data for the survivability analysis is input in the

matrix at the bottom of the file. This matrix consists of 12 columns by as many rows as there
are individual pieces of equipment, plus one row for the specification of the data input

termination flag: "9999". The first column indicates the BEAVER equipment specification

type, summarized in table 1. The BEAVER equipment specification types are different from the
GATOR types listed above for the RMA data section input. The BEAVER types are included

56
to allow the program to know what components are sources, loads, breakers, and cables since
each must be processed differently.

Table 1. uqipment Type List


Type Number
Emergency power source 1
Power source 2

Breaker
Cable 4
5
nent cabinet 6
Bus tie 7
Automatic Bus Tie (ABT) 8

The second column is the individual equipment number as assigned previously in the
RMA data section so that the program can refer back to the data listed there. The use of the

next ten columns depends on the type of equipment specified. Table 2 summarizes data fields
3 - 8 for each type of equipment. Column 9 is used to indicate the level of blast protection,
relative to the hit strength, to be placed on the component. It is a relative number based on the
hit description in the format described in chapters 3 and 4. Column 12 is used to indicate the

acquisition cost of the component. The costs are summed up at run time. The cable cost field
is listed as a per length unit so that a total cost of the cable length is determined.

Columns 10 and 11 are used by equipment to indicate either a control breaker in the
component path or a cascade for breaker control. For loads, the breaker in column 10 would

be the breaker which controls power to the load. For sources, the column 10 breaker indicates
the breaker which applies the power to the bus.

57
Table 2. EQDATA Array Equipment Type Data Field Summary
Type Data Field Column Number
Number
3-$ 6 -7 8
I x, y, z not used not used not used
coordinates of
equipment
location _______

2 location max power iniial status not 1se


3 load power initial status not use
4 priority initial status not use
5 x, Y,z coordinates of other cable e point
6 not used not u-snot
used
7 not used initial status not used
8 not used not used not used

The ABT uses these fields to indicate which two breakers control the power from each
bus. Note that the ABT breakers should be operated as an exclusive-or type of construction

since there should never be power coming in simultaneously from two buses. This should be

reflected in the initial status field of the EQDATA input for the breakers noted in the ABT
fields. A user could program a control algorithm to enforce this during run time to ensure
proper control rules for the ABTs are followed.

Breakers use these fields to indicate when a cascade effect is required for the control of
the system. For example, if the generator goes down, then breaker indicated in column 10

should open to simulate the trip which should occur in a real system. When this breaker
opens, the two port and starboard breakers pointed to by the main generator bus breaker should

also be opened from a cascade effect.

58
Equipment Spares Policy

The input file key phrase "UNLIMITED SPARES" is necessary for the GATOR RMA
analysis and indicates that each piece of equipment has unlimited spares on board for
replacement In general, the repair of defective parts is not performed unless the repair server
is enabled. Spares policy is not important for survivability analysis unless the analysis is to
move, via a phase shift, to a mission phase where RMA is performed and repair is allowed.

This type of analysis might be desired if some estimated casualty repair time can be input as the
MTFR for each piece of equipment, and the recovery of the system were to be simulated after a
damage event as a time dependent analysis. Spare replacement is not performed in this
analysis, nor was it tested in this version of BEAVER for use in phased trials.

Logical Interconnection Diagram

Once the system equipment has been identified and labelled, it must be arranged

logically to show system interrelationships. Figure 16 depicts a simplified Logical


Interconnection Diagram (LID). This type of drawing helps the user translate the information

into the form necessary for reading into and evaluation by the program's fault tree structure.

59
Illustrative Example

VFgrl.Loial
I roi D m1 oon Sytm

Figure 17.the systerasbenectonigras


ca oDsurib'on ifaly rsubysem--f

Zone Non Vital, Aft Zone Vital, Fwd Zone Vital, and Fwd Zone Non Vital--have survived.
Continuing downward, each subsystem has its own requirements in terms of smaller
subgroups and equipment.

60
Logical Interconnection Diagram

System Node
155

Subgroup Subgroup Subgroup Subgroup


154 152 137 153

27 28 2932 30 31

To the rest of the diagram for zones 6 and 9

Figure 17. Top Level of the Logical Interconnection Diagram.

61
Zone 6
90
92 1788

Load Cente

62 6
Zone 9
79
E
81 1477

778

80 71

63 70

599

58 78

42 44

4740 41

38 39

50 CaleID36 37

Breaker EJ 4
Load EM
49 Power Source
35

Figure 19. Logical Interconnection Diagram for Zone 9.


63
Fault Tree Formation

Once each piece of equipment is identified with a unique number and mapped to an
equipment type, the system is formed by organizing the components into subgroups. The
subgroup specification section begins in the section following the equipment-to-type map,
immediately following the key phrase "SYST". The number following the SYST key word is
the system number. This number is significant in that it tells the program the number of the
final system block at the top of the tree. This number is determined after the tree is formed.

The subgroup specification matrix consists of as many rows as there are subgroups.
The number of columns in the matrix depends on the number of components in each subgroup.
Subgroups should be organized either as logical groups of individual components which are to
be tracked together for data information or as logical groups for convenience of building up the
tree. The first column indicates how many of the items listed in the right hand columns 3 - 13
of the same row, must be active for the survival of the subgroup. The second column is the
subgroup number. The right hand columns 3 - 13 are the individual component numbers or
subgroup numbers which are grouped into the subgroup number indicated in the second
column.

The tree is formed in the input file from the user's translation of the LID. The system is
built by combining equipment into subgroups. The subgroups are then organized into larger
subgroups until the top of the system is reached. An example input list is reproduced in figure
20 to show how these requirements are listed in the input file. The full list is in the input file in
Appendix A.

64
SYST 155
3 100 4 35 1
3 101 7 46 2
3 102 10 51 3
3 103 39 37 6
4 104 40. 38 36 5
2 105 45 9
3 106 48 47 8
2 107 52 12
3 108 54 53 11
2 109 103 100
2 110 104 100
2 111 105 101
2 112 106 101
5 145 27 81 13 80 144
5 146 20 67 66 65 143
5 147 28 77 15 76 146
3 148 144 73 93
4 149 146 75 74 94
1 150 148 149
2 151 33 150
5 152 151 78 14 79 29
1 153 131 132
1 154 145 147
4 155 153 154 137 152

Figure 20. Partial Logical System Structure as Listed in the Input File.

In this figure, the system is #155, and every other intermediate subgroup is some

number between 100 and 154. The leftmost integer in each line is the subgroup requirement;

e.g., Subgroup #100 requires three equipments numbered as 1, 35, and 4, whereas Subgroup
#150 requires only 1 of two smaller subgroups 148 or 149. The 3 of 3 indicated for subgroup

# 100 indicates a series connection of equipments numbered 1,35, and 4. The 1 of 2

requirement for subgroup 150 for subgroups numbered 148 and 149 implies a parallel

relationship between the parent, subgroup 150, and the children, subgroups 148 and 149.

The ordering of items, either components or subgroups, in columns 3 - 13 is important


when sequentiality of the components is to be formed in the POWERPATH subroutine. The

tree components and subgroups are read in and investigated from the leftmost column to the

65
rightmost column in the subgroup row. When the LID structure is input to this data section,
the rightmost columns should contain the items at the bottom of the subgroup structure. For

example, the ordering of subgroup #100 is such that the power source is at the very bottom of
the tree branch. The sequential ordering of the component listing should be the power source
#1 to the right, the cable # 34 to its left, and the breaker #4 in the leftmost column, column
number 3 of the list. If a subgroup is to be included in with a string of components, the
subgroup should go in the rightmost column. The ordering of parallel subgroups does not
matter.

The entire system is made up of these series and parallel connections all the way from
the bottom, where individual pieces of equipment make up the leaves, to the very top, where

the system node is made up of connections of the lower subgroups, as branches, into one final
goal.

Control Implementation

In order to implement control algorithms, the user must encode the strategy into the
BEAVER FORTRAN source code. The variability and complexity of control schemes is such

that a generic control programming capability is neither easily implemented nor particularly
desirable. The POWERCHK pseudo coded example in Chapter 4 can be used as a guide for

the use of some of the data structures provided in the basic BEAVER code. The development
of a "library" of basic potential control schemes may eventually be useful, but most

implementations are rather specific and require unique coding to simulate the control.

66
Program Operation

For deterministic survivability analysis, the program runs through once and outputs the
system status down to the equipment level. For the Monte Carlo type analysis, the program
loops through a specified number of times and outputs a percentage survivability result down
to the equipment level. For coverage of the entire ship, either of the two analysis methods

require moving the hit location around manually over multiple analyses.

Figure 21 gives a sample of some of the survivability output information provided by


BEAVER. The full output file is located in Appendix B. In this case, Monte Carlo sampling
was invoked to provide the damage profile, and five trials were run.

Partial Equipment Survivability Output for Single Trial


LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.
LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.
LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.
SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

Partial Survivability Output File for Multiple Trials

CO¢PONENT/BLOCK SURVIVABILITY (IN PERCENT)


FOR 5 SURVIVABILITY TRIALS.

BLOCK # 1: 100.00 PERCENT.


BLOCK # 2: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 3: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 27: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 29: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 30: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 31: .00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 32: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 101: 40.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 102: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 103: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 137: .00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 153: 20.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 154: 100.00 PERCENT.
BLOCK # 155: .00 PERCENT.

Figure 21. Sample Partial BEAVER Output Files.

67
The first part of the output shows the results of the system checks from POWERCHK.

Had the reconfiguration pseudo code from Chapter 4 been implemented, the load to source
power path continuity would have been checked first to determine if any ABT switching

would have reconected load 32. If not, then the load would remain unpowered. The code
could also have output where the faults occurred to assist in damage isolation. The algorithm
would then proceed to check the overload of generator number 3 to find the loads to shed to

correct the condition. The load priority would have found the loads to shed one at a time until
the overload cleared. System survivability would have been improved if some of the loads

could have been powered from alternate paths without overloading the generators. The load
survivability in this case would be improved since load shed is now controlled by a connection
priority determined by the system rather than by waiting for circuit overloads to trip breakers

on protective action.

The second part of the output gives a survivability index for each subgroup of the

system as both a percent survivability and a percent survivability divided by the total system
cost. Since the system node #155 requires 4 of 4 subsystems 137, 152, 153, and 154 to
surv; - . -, it has 0.00 %survivability due to subgroup 137 being down for all trials.
Investigation of the output file along with a tree search would show th. ! eqt 1 ment which

caused subgroup 137 to be down. Multiple runs could be made at different shielding levels to
determine if this would help to mitigate the problem. Relocation of critical equipment could
also help. These numbers would have to be summed over many hit trials around the ship to
determine an overall survivability index.

68
The cost indices are shown in figure 22. These were obtained by dividing the

survivability percentage by the total cost of the system, then multiplying by 10,000 to bring the
numbers up to a better range to work with. Since the highest survivability is 100%, the 6.8
index is the best a subsystem or component can do. Any number less than this is relatively less

effective in providing survivability with zero being the worst case. As in the percentage
indices, the actual cost indices should be summed over a distribution of hits around the ship to
determine system survivability. The numbers obtained here for cost indices would have to be
compared to other systems since they provide only a relative index.

EQUIPMENT # 1 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8


EQUIPMENT # 2 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 3 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 8 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
EQUIPMENT # 9 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
EQUIPMENT # 10 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 31 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 32 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 101 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
GROUP # 102 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 103 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 137 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 152 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 153 SURV COST INDEX: 1.4
GROUP # 154 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 155 SURV COST INDEX: .0

Figure 22. Survivability Cost Index Output.

Combat effectiveness indices could be interpreted from the subsystem survivability

indices. For example the indices for the four subgroups making up the system node 155 could
be defined as indicating propulsion and combat systems powering.

69
Load Zone Subgroup

Propulsion Vital 6 137

Propulsion Non Vital 6 153

Carbat Systems Vital 9 152


Ccrmbat Systems Non Vital 9 154

The loss of these systems, as indicated by the survivability indices, could be given a
weighting factor in a figure of merit calculation to determine a separate index for comparison to
other systems. The weighting would account for the importance of the subsystem power loss
to various aspects of combat capability such as mobility or offensive and and defensive

capabilities. The weighting assigned and the effect on combat capability would have to be
determined by the warfare specialists interpreting the survivability results.

70
Chapter 6. Outstanding Issues and Conclusions

The benefits of distributed systems will only become obvious when the entire system
and its control are considered as an entire working unit. The static survivability analyses
performed on many current systems will not be able to effectively evaluate the merits of
advanced controlled systems, especially those controlled by expert systems and automated
controllers. Development of tools such as BEAVER will become more necessary as integrated
control architecture distributed systems of all types from electrical distribution to normal ship
operation and damage control are incorporated into new designs.

Another benefit from this type of combined system and controls evaluation capability is
the ability to analyze the entire system as it will be implemented. Approaching optimal system
design will become more efficient when the operational capabilities can be simulated rather
than depending on worst case scenarios and high end estimates of performance. This
capability would also allow the coordinated design and evaluation of systems and their controls
from the outset rather than designing the system and placing the controls around to connect the
parts together.

Outstanding Issues

The aspects of reconfiguration and control simulation for the BEAVER program have
only just begun and are still under development. In general, any specific control rules and
algorithms desired would have to be encoded in FORTRAN and added to the existing source
code for a use in a particular system since broad generalities in control system implementation
are not common. The BEAVER program does not need the reconfiguration capability to
perform either the survivability or reliability analyses, but the overall program structure is
present to allow incorporation of different control algorithms.

The RMA analysis capabilities of the GATOR program are enhanced with the addition
of the ability to turn off equipment before analysis begins for two reasons. First, the system
evaluator can now input the system once as a logical construction and simply line up the
equipment for the given analysis. The current GATOR implementation requires reconfiguring

71
the entire input file to accomplish analysis of different configurations of the same basic system.
The second capability is the ability to perform conditional reliability analysis with given
equipment in a failed state. This type of analysis is useful for "what if" analysis of systems in
a degraded state to begin with.

The incorporation of the reconfiguration capability to the RMA analysis would provide
useful results in analyzing complete systems including the controls. The issues which differ
from the survivability assessment are the repair and reconfiguration of equipment depending on
longer term rules and operational phases. Not only would control systems have to be modeled,
but perhaps operational rules as well.

Conclusions
The BEAVER program provides a convenient and efficient analysis environment for
evaluation of distributed system reliability and survivability at the conceptual design level,
including the ability to incorporate the evaluation of the control system. The inclusion of an
affordability analysis capability provides data necessary to perform cost indexing of alternative
system arrangements. Benefits of this methodology and approach include:

- Allows evaluation of systems complete with control as implemented in the actual


system configuration.

* Conceptual level design tool which allows early design level trade offs.

* Ship geometry independent to reduce analysis overhead.

*Applicable to any distributed system for ship design process flexibility and
commonality.

• PC based operation for user convenience.

72
References

[1] IEEE Tutorial Course, Reliabili w Assessment of Co osite Generation and


Systems, Course Text 90EH031 1-1-PWR, New York, 1989.
[2] IEEE Tutorial Course, Distribution Automain, Course Text 88EH0280-8-PWR, New
York, 1988.

[31 Laverki, E. and E. J. Holmes, Elcticiy Network Distribution Design, IEE Power
Engineering Series 9, Peter Peregrinus, Ltd., London, UK, 1989.
[4] Gonen, T., Electric Power Distribution System Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York,
NY, 1986.
[5] McCormick, N., Reliability and Risk Analysis, Academic Press, New York, NY, 1981.
[6] 10th International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Subject Area: 4. Operation and
Control in Public Supply Systems, IEE Conference Publication No 305, 1989.
[7] 10th International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Subject Area: 6. Design and
Planning of Public Supply Systems, IEE Conference Publication No 305, 1989.
[8] Tinney, W. and C. E. Hart, Power Flow Solution by Newton's Method, IEEE
Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Volume PAS-86, No. 11, November 1967.
[9] Luenberger, D., Introduction to Dynamic Systems, Wiley and Sons, New York, NY,
1979.
[10] Larsen, R. and M. L. Marx, An Introduction to Mathematical Statistics and its
AmicationL Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1981.
[11] Wertz, J. and W. J. Larson, Space Mission Analysis and Design, Kluwer Academic
Publishers Norwell, MA, 1991.
[12] Stagg and El-Abiad, Computer Methods in Power System Analysis
[13] Stevenson, W. D., Elements of Power System Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 1982.
[ 14] Bergen, A. R., Power Systems Analysis, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1986.

[15] Debs, A., Power System Operation and Control, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1987.
[16] Windsor, G. B., The Fundamentals of Ship Survivability Analysis and Design, Naval
Postgraduate School Thesis, March, 1989.
[17] David Taylor Research Center, SVM User's Manual (Confidential), SVM Version 10,
1984.

[18] Fulton, J. P., Introduction of the Fast SVM (Confidential), David Taylor Research
Center, 1988.

73
[19] Fairhead, D. L. and S. L. Cohen, A Computer Modelfor Damage Tolerance Analysis,
Naval Engineers Journal, September, 1988.
[20] Allinger, D. F., and A. L. Schor, Enhancements to the GATOR Large System Reliability
Estimator Version 2. (Not for public release), CSDL-R-2106, Charles Stark Draper
Laboratory, December 1988.

74
Appendix A. Input Files
COMMENTED BEAVER INPUT FILE: SOME DATA REMOVED TO SHORTEN THE FILE.

NOTE: THESE COMMENTS ARE FOR EDIFICATION ONLY AND CAN NOT APPEAR IN ANY ACTUAL FILE.

THE FIRST ENTRY IS THE SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS SWITCH "SURVIVE".


SURVIVE - 1 SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS IS PERFORMED. SURVIVE - 0 RMA ANALYSIS IS PERFORMED.

THE NEXT LINE IS THE ANALYSIS RUN IDENTIFIER (NAME) AS READ BY THE PROGRAM.

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY 5/7/92

INPUT PARAMETERS FOR:

1. NUMBER OF MISSIONS
2. NUMBER OF MISSIONS BETWEEN PRINTOUT OF DATA TO OUTPUT FILE (FOR RMA ONLY)
3. LOWEST GROUP NUMBER

NOTE: THE LOWEST GROUP NUMBER DOES NOT NEED TO BE THE NEXT NUMBER AFTER THE HIGHEST
EQUIPMENT NUMBER, BUT THE EQUIPMENT NUMBERS USED TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL EQUIPMENT CANNOT
EXCEED THE LOWEST GROUP NUMBER.

4. NUMBER OF STANDARD DEVIATIONS (RMA ONLY)


5. NUMBER OF PHASE TYPES (ALWAYS I FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS)
6, 7, 8, 9. FOUR SEEDS FOR THE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR

00005 0005 100 1.96 1 113524955 1332347639 1332347639 113524955

THE NEXT LINE IS FOR RMA PHASE IDENTIFICATION. THERE SHOULD ALWAYS BE AT LEAST A 1 IN THE
FIRST COLUMN FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS SINCE THERE IS ONLY ONE PHASE. THE SECOND NUMBER
IS THE DURATION OF THE PHASE. IT IS USED FOR RMA ONLY.

1 00100.

THIS NEXT NUMBER IS THE PRINTOUT OPTION. IT IS ONLY FOR RMA ANALYSIS.

THE NEXT LINE IS FOR THE REPAIR SERVER. A 1 TURNS THE SERVER OFF, A 0 TURNS THE SERVER ON.
THE SERVER SHOULD BE LEFT OFF FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS.

THIS NEXT LINE IS FOR THE NUMBER OF STAGES IN THE ERLANG SERVICE DISTRIBUTION (RMA ONLY).

THIS NEXT SET OF DATA IS DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER 5.

1. EQUIPMENT TYPE
2. EQUIPMENT NAME
3. MTBF
4. MTTR
5. DUTY CYCLE FACTOR (RMA ONLY)
6. REPAIR PRIORITY (RMA ONLY)

1 POWER SOURCE 025000. 6. 1. 1


2 BREAKER 005000. 1. 1. 1
8 CABLE 008000. 2. 1. 1

75
EQUIPMENT TYPE TO EQUIPMENT NUMBER MAPPING AS DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER 5.

1 1 2 3
2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2 14 15 16 17 18 93 94 95 96
3 19 20 21 22
4 23 24 25 26
5 27 28 29
6 30 31 32
7 33 34
8 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
8 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
8 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
8 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
8 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84
8 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

UNLIMITED SPARES KEY WORD FOR RMA ANALYSIS.

UNLIMITED SPARES

SYSTEM INTERCONNECTION DEFINITION LIST. DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER 5.

SYST 155
3 100 4 35 1
3 101 7 46 2
3 102 10 51 3
3 103 39 37 6
4 104 40 38 36 5
1 153 131 132
1 154 145 147
4 155 153 154 137 152

EQDATA DATA ARRAY AS DESCRIBED IN CHAPTER 5.

2 1 450.00 0.00 10.00 1800.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 4.0 0.00 5550.00
2 2 290.00 0.00 10.00 1800.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 7.0 0.00 5550.00
3 28 100.00 10.00 30.00 1400.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 15.0 0.00 7900.00
3 29 100.00 0.00 40.00 400.00 0.00 0.00 80.00 14.0 0.00 6700.00
5 92 255.00 -10.00 20.00 260.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
9999

HIT DATA FOR DAMAGE ROUTINE.

1. X LOCATION
2. Y LOCATION
3. Z LOCATION
4. MINIMUM RADIUS OF HIT DESIRED.
5. MAXIMUM RADIUS OF HIT DESIRED.
6. DIMENSIONLESS HIT BURST MAGNITUDE.
7. HIT DECAY FACTOR TO ADJUST HIT RANGE PROFILE.

260.00 20.00 25.00 28.00 38.00 180.00 0.05

THESE NEXT FIELDS INDICATE THE SUBSYSTEMS DESIRED FOR ANALYSIS OUTPUT. A BLANr LINE
INDICATES THAT ALL COMPONENT AND GROUP INFORMATION IS TO BE OUTPUT.

76
1 2 3 27 28 29 30 31 32 137 152 153 154 155

FOR FORMATTING INFORMATION FOR THE ACTUAL INPUT FILE, REFER TO THE EXAMPLE FILE PROCEEDING
THIS PAGE, OR CHECK THE READIT SUBROUTINE CODE IN THE BEAVER SOURCE FILE.

77
1
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY 5/7/92
1 113524955 1332347639 1332347639 113524955
00005 0005 100 1.96
1 00100.

4
1
1
1 POWER SOURCE 025000. 6. 1. 1
2 BREAKER 005000. 1. 1. 1
3 LOAD CENTER 010000. 1. 1. 1
4 BUS TIE 005000. 2. 1, 1
5 FCS LOAD 003000. 2. 1. 1
6 AUX LOAD 001000. 4. 1. 1
7 ABT 003000. 3. 1. 1
8 CABLE 008000, 2. 1. 1

1 1 2 3
2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2 14 15 16 17 18 93 94 95 96
3 19 20 21 22
4 23 24 25 26
5 27 28 29
6 30 31 32
7 33 34
8 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
8 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
8 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
8 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
8 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 P4
8 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92

UNLIMITED SPARES
SYST 155
3 100 4 35 1
3 101 7 46 2
3 102 10 51 3
3 103 39 37 6
4 104 40 38 36 5
2 105 45 9
3 106 48 47 8
2 107 52 12
3 108 54 53 11
2 109 103 100
2 110 104 100
2 111 105 101
2 112 106 101
2 113 107 102
2 114 108 102
4 115 44 24 43 41
4 116 50 23 49 42
2 117 115 109
2 118 116 110
1 119 212 117
1 120 112 118
2 121 68 119
2 122 55 120
5 123 56 57 58 25 59
5 124 69 70 71 26 72
2 125 124 113
2 126 123 114
1 127 122 126
1 128 121 125
2 129 82 127

78
2 130 83 128
6 131 30 92 16 91 21 129
6 132 31 88 18 87 22 130
4 133 95 84 21 129
5 134 96 85 86 22 130
1 135 133 134
2 136 34 135
5 137 32 90 17 89 136
2 138 123 122
1 139 114 138
2 140 60 139
2 141 124 121
1 142 113 141
2 143 64 142
5 144 19 63 62 61 140
5 145 27 81 13 80 144
5 146 20 67 66 65 143
5 147 28 77 15 76 146
3 148 93 73 144
4 149 94 74 75 146
1 150 148 149
2 151 33 150
5 152 29 79 14 78 151
1 153 131 132
1 154 145 147
4 155 153 154 137 152

2 1 450.00 0.00 10.00 1800.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 4.0 0.00 5550.00
2 2 290.00 0.00 10.00 1800.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 7.0 0.00 5550.00
2 3 165.00 0.00 10.00 1800.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 10.0 0.00 5550.00
3 27 100.00 -10.00 40.00 600.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 13.0 0.00 8900.00
3 28 100.00 10.00 30.00 1400.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 15.0 0.00 7900.00
3 29 100.00 0.00 40.00 400.00 0.00 0.00 80.00 14.0 0.00 6700.00
3 30 255.00 -10.00 20.00 650.00 0.00 0.00 60.00 16.0 0.00 5600.00
3 31 255.00 10.00 10.00 850.00 0.00 0.00 60.00 18.0 0.00 3900.00
3 32 255.00 0.00 20.00 400.00 0.00 0.00 80.00 17.0 0.00 9800.00
4 4 370.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 5.0 6.0 600.00
4 5 370.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 6 370.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 7 280.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 8.0 9.0 500.00
4 8 280.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 9 280.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 10 145.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 11.0 12.0 500.00
4 11 145.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ?0.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 12 145.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 430.00
4 13 105.00 -10.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
4 14 105.00 10.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
4 15 105.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
4 16 260.00 -10.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
4 17 260.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
4 18 260.00 10.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 630.00
6 19 120.00 -10.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 1250.00
6 20 120.00 10.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 1250.00
6 21 265.00 -10.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 1250.00
6 22 265.00 10.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 90.00 0.00 0.00 1250.00
7 23 290.00 -14.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 3250.00
7 24 290.00 14.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 3250.00
7 25 165.00 -14.00 20.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 3250.00
7 26 165.00 14.00 10.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 3250.00
8 33 120.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 93.0 94.0 4000.00
8 34 265.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 95.0 96.0 4000.00
4 93 120.00 0.00 40.Ou 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 1850.00
4 94 120.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 1850.00
4 95 265.00 0.00 20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 1850.00

79
20.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 40.00 0.00 0.00 1850.00
4 96 265.00 0.00
450.00 0.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 35 370.00 0.00 10.00
370.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 36 370.00 0.00 10.00
370.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 37 370.00 0.00 10.00
10.00 370.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 38 370.00 -14.00
370.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 39 350.00 14.00 10.00
370.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 40 350.00 -14.00 20.00
350.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 41 320.00 14.00 10.00
350.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 42 320.00 -14.00 20.00
320.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 43 290.00 14.00 10.00
290.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 44 280.00 14.00 10.00
280.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 45 280.00 0.00 10.00
290.00 0.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 46 280.00 0.00 10.00
280.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 47 280.00 0.00 10.00
280.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 48 280.00 -14.00 10.00
320.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 49 290.00 -14.00 20.00
290.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 50 280.00 -14.00 20.00
165.00 0.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 51 145.00 0.00 10.00
145.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 52 145.00 0.00 10.00
145.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 53 145.00 0.00 10.00
145.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.(%, 50.00
5 54 145.00 -14.00 10.00
280.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0., 50.00
5 55 265.00 -14.00 20.00
265.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.k 50.00
5 56 235.00 -14.00 20.00
20.00 235.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.0 50.00
5 57 200.00 -14.00
200.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 58 165.00 -14.00 20.00
165.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 59 145.00 -14.00 20.00
145.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 60 135.00 -14.00 20.00
135.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 61 120.00 -14.00 20.00
120.00 -14.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 62 120.00 -14.00 20.00
120.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 63 120.00 -14.00 40.00
145.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 64 135.00 14.00 10.00
135.00 14.00 10.00 60,00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 65 145.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 14.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 66 120.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 67 120.00 14.00 30.00
280.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 68 265.00 14.00 10.00
265.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 69 235.00 14.00 10.00
235.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 70 200.00 14.00 10.00
200.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 71 165.00 14.00 10.00
165.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 72 145.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 0.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 73 120.00 -10.00 40.00
120.00 0.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 74 120.00 0.00 40.00
120.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 75 120.00 0.00 30.00
105.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 76 120.00 10.00 30.00
100.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 77 105.00 10.00 30.00
40.00 120.00 0.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 78 105.00 0.00
105.00 0.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 79 100.00 0.00 40.00
120.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 80 105.00 -10.00 40.00
105.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 81 100.00 -10.00 40.00
265.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 82 265.00 -10.00 20.00
265.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 83 265.00 10.00 10.00
265.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 84 265.00 0.00 20.00
20.00 265.00 0.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 85 265.00 0.00
10.00 265.00 10.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 86 265.00 0.00
260.00 10.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 0.10 50.00
5 87 265.00 10.00 10.00
10.00 260.00 10.00 10.00 60.00 0.00 f'.00 50.00
5 88 255.00 10.00
20.00 265.00 0.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 89 260.00 0.00
20.00 260.00 0.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 90 255.00 0.00
20.00 265.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 91 260.00 -10.00
20.00 260.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
5 92 255.00 -10.00
9999
20.00 25.00 28.00 38.00 180.00 0.05
260.00

80
Appendix B. Output File
-= BEAVER WITH SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS ==
MAY 7, 1992 ==
= CLIFF WHITCOMB (FOR MIT THESIS) WITH ==
== CHARLES STARK DRAPER LABORATORY ==
SYSTEM SCIENCES DIVISION ==
CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02139 ==

***** BEAVER TALE WAS CREATED ON 05/07/92 AT 23:22:28 *


1

RUN ID: ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY 5/7/92

NO. OF MISSIONS: 5
MISSIONS BETWEEN SHORT PRINTS: 5
LOWEST GROUP NUMBER: 100
NO. OF STD. DEVIATIONS: 1.9600
NO. OF PHASE TYPES: 1
SEED NO. 1 : 113524955
SEED NO. 2 : 1332347639
SEED NO. 3 : 1332347639
SEED NO. 4 : 113524955

MISSION TIME LINE


PHASE NO. TYPE DURATION CUM. TIME
1 1 100.0C 100.00

REPORT OPTION SELECTED : 4

SERVER STATUS CODE: 0=OPER. 1=NOT OPER.

PHASE TYPE SERVER STATUS


1 1

NO. STAGES OF SERVICE: 1

EQUIPMENT TYPES AND PARAMETERS


TYPE NAME MTTF MTTR DUTYCYCLE REP. PRIORITY
1 POWER SOURCE 25000. 6.00 1.00 1
2 BREAKER 5000. 1.00 1.00 1
3 LOAD CENTER 10000. 1.00 1.00 1
4 BUS TIE 5000. 2.00 1.00 1
5 FCS LOAD 3000. 2.00 1.00
6 AUX LOAD 1000. 4.00 1.00
7 ABT 3000. 3.00 1.00
8 CABLE 8000. 2.00 1.00 1

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY 5/7/92

EQUIP-TYPE EQUIP-NUMBER MAP


TYPE NAME EQUIPMENT NUMBERS OF THIS TYPE
1 POWER SOURCE 1 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 BREAKER 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2 BREAKER 14 15 16 17 18 93 94 95 96 0
3 LOAD CENTER 19 20 21 22 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 BUS TIE 23 24 25 26 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 FCS LOAD 27 28 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 AUX LOAD 30 31 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

81
7 ABT 33 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 CABLE 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
8 CABLE 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
8 CABLE 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
8 CABLE 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
8 CABLE 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84
8 CABLE 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 0 0
UNLIMITED SPARES

CONFIGURATION OF SYSTEM

SYSTEM NAME: SYST


SYSTEM GROUP NO: 155

GROUP CONFIGURATIONS

GROUP: 100 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 4 35 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


GROUP: 101 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 7 46 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 102 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 10 51 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 103 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 39 37 6 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 104 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 40 38 36 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 105 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 45 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 106 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 48 47 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 107 REQUIRES 2 OP MEMBERS: 52 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 108 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 54 53 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 109 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 103 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 110 REQ .RES 2 OF MEMBERS: 104 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: Il1 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 105 101 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 112 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 106 101 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 113 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 107 102 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 114 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 108 102 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 115 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 44 24 43 41 0 0 0 0 0 0
rROUP: 116 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 50 23 49 42 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 117 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 115 109 0 0 0 0 C 0 0
GROUP: 118 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 116 110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 119 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 11 117 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 120 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 112 118 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 121 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 68 119 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 122 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 55 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 123 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 59 25 58 57 56 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 124 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 72 26 71 70 69 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: -5 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 124 113 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 126 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 123 114 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GIOUP: 127 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 122 126 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 128 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 121 125 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 129 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 82 127 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 130 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 83 128 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 131 REQUIRES 6 OF MEMBt RS: 30 92 16 91 21 129 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 132 REQUIRES 6 OF MEMBERS: 31 88 18 87 22 130 0 0 0 0
0,wj?: 133 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 9C 84 21 129 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 134 REOUIRES 5 C. MEMBERS: 96 85 86 22 130 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 135 REQUiRES I OF MEMBERS: 133 134 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 136 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 34 135 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 137 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 32 90 17 R9 136 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 138 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 123 122 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 129 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 114 138 0 0 0 C 0 C 0 0
GROUP: 140 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 60 139 0 0 0 0 0 0 u 0
GROUP: 141 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 124 121 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

82
GROUP: 142 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 113 141 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 143 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 64 142 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 144 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 19 63 62 61 140 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 145 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 27 81 13 80 144 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 146 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 20 67 66 65 143 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 147 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 28 77 15 76 146 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 148 REQUIRES 3 OF MEMBERS: 93 73 144 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 149 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 94 74 75 146 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 150 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 148 149 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 151 REQUIRES 2 OF MEMBERS: 33 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 152 REQUIRES 5 OF MEMBERS: 29 79 14 78 151 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 153 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 131 132 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 154 REQUIRES 1 OF MEMBERS: 145 147 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GROUP: 155 REQUIRES 4 OF MEMBERS: 153 154 137 152 0 0 0 0 0 0

EQDATA I DATA FIELDS 1 - 10

1 450.00 .00 10.00 1800.00 .00 .00 50.00 4.00 .00 5550.03
2 290.00 .00 10.00 1800.00 .00 .00 50.00 7.00 .00 5550.00
3 165.00 .00 10.00 1800.00 .00 .00 50.00 10.00 .00 5550.00
4 370.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 5.00 6.00 600.00
5 370.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
6 370.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
7 280.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 8.00 9.00 500.00
8 280.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
9 280.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
10 145.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 11.00 12.00 500.00
11 145.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
12 145.00 .00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 430.00
13 105.00 -10.00 40.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
14 105.00 10.00 40.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
15 105.00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
16 260.00 -10.00 20.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
17 260.00 .00 20.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
18 260.00 10.00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 .00 .00 630.00
19 120.00 -10.00 40.00 .00 .00 .00 90.00 .00 .00 1250.00
20 120.00 10.00 30.00 .00 .00 .00 90.00 .00 .00 1250.00
21 265.00 -10.00 20.00 .00 .00 .00 90.00 .00 .00 1250.00
22 265.00 10.00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 90.00 .00 .00 1250.00
23 290.00 -14.00 20.00 .00 .00 .00 50.00 .00 .00 3250.00
24 290.00 14.00 10.00 .00 .00 .00 50.00 .00 .00 3250.00
25 165.00 -14.00 20.00 .00 1.00 .00 50.00 .00 .00 3250.00
26 165.00 14.00 10.00 .00 1.00 .00 50.00 .00 .00 3250.00
27 100.00 -10.00 40.00 600.00 .00 .00 50.00 13.00 .00 8900.00
28 100.00 10.00 30.00 1400.00 .00 .00 50.00 15.00 .00 7900.00
29 100.00 .00 40.00 400.00 .00 .00 80.00 14.00 .00 6700.00
30 255.00 -10.00 20.00 650.00 .00 .00 60.00 16.00 .00 5600.00
31 255.00 10.00 10.00 850.00 .00 .00 60.00 18.00 .00 3900.00
32 255.00 .00 20.00 400.00 .00 .00 80.00 17.00 .00 9800.00
33 120.00 .00 40.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 93.00 94.00 4000.00
34 265.00 .00 20.00 .00 .00 .00 30.00 95.00 96.00 4000.00
35 370.00 .00 10.00 450.00 .00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
36 370.00 .00 10.00 370.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
37 370.00 .00 10.00 370.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
38 370.00 -14.00 10.00 370.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
39 350.00 14.00 10.00 370.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
40 350.00 -14.00 20.00 370.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
41 320.00 14.00 10.00 35u.00 14.00 10.00 60.OC .00 .00 50.00
42 320.00 -14.00 20.00 350.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
43 290.00 14.CO 10.00 320.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
44 280.00 14.00 10.00 290.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
45 280.00 .00 10.00 280.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
46 280.00 .00 10.00 290.00 .00 10.00 60.00 .0 .00 50.00
47 280.00 .00 10.00 280.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 0 .00 50.00

83
280.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
48 280.00 -14.00 10.00
320,00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
49 290.00 -14.00 20.00
290.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
50 280.00 -14.00 20.00
165.00 .00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
51 145.00 .00 i0.00
145.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
52 145.00 .00 i0.00
145.00 -14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
53 145.00 .00 10.00
145.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
54 145.00 -14.00 10.00
280.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
55 265.00 -14.00 20.00
265.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
56 235.00 -14.00 20.00
235.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
57 200.00 -14.00 20.00
200.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
58 165.00 -14.00 20.00
165.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
59 145.00 -14.00 20.00
145.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
60 135.00 -14.00 20.00
135.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
61 120.00 -14.00 20.00
120.00 -14.00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
62 120.00 -14.00 20.00
120.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
63 120.00 -14.00 40.00
145.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
64 135.00 14.00 10.00
135.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
65 145.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 14.00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
66 120.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
67 120.00 14.00 30.00
280.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
68 265.00 14.00 10.00
265.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
69 235.00 14.00 10.00
10.00 235.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
70 200.00 14.00
10.00 200.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
71 165.00 14.00
165.00 14.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
72 145.00 14.00 10.00
120.00 .00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
73 120-00 -10.00 40.00
120.00 .00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
74 120.00 .00 40.00
120.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
75 120.00 .00 30.00
105.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
76 120.00 10.00 30.00
100.00 10.00 30.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
77 105.00 10.00 30,00
40.00 120.00 .00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
78 105.00 .00
40.00 105.00 .00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
79 100.00 .00
120.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
80 105.00 -10.00 40.00
105.00 -10.00 40.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
81 100.00 -10.00 40.00
265.00 -14.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
82 265.00 -10.00 20.00
265.00 14.00 10.00 60.03 .00 .00 50.00
83 265.00 10.00 10.00
265.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
84 265.00 .00 20.00
265.00 .00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
85 265.00 .00 20.00
265.00 10.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
86 265.00 .00 10.00
260.00 10.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
87 265.00 10.00 10.00
260.00 10.00 10.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
88 255.00 10.00 10.00
265.00 .00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
89 260.00 .00 20.00
260.00 .00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
90 255.00 .00 20.00
265.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
91 260.00 -10.00 20.00
260.00 -10.00 20.00 60.00 .00 .00 50.00
92 255.00 -10.00 20.00
.00 .00 .00 40.00 .00 .00 1850.00
93 120.0C .00 40.00
.00 1.00 .00 40.00 .00 .00 1850.00
94 120.00 .00 40.00
.00 .00 .00 40.00 .00 .00 1850.00
95 265.00 .00 20.00
.00 1.00 .00 40.00 .00 .00 1850.00
96 265.00 .00 20.00

84
TRANSPOSE OF POWER PATH CONTINUITY ARRAY

27 27 27 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 32
81 81 81 77 77 77 79 79 79 79 79 79 92 92 92 88 88 88 90 90 90 90 90 90
13 13 13 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 14 16 16 16 18 18 18 17 17 17 17 17 17
80 80 80 76 76 76 78 78 78 78 78 78 91 91 91 87 87 87 89 89 89 89 89 89
19 19 19 20 20 20 33 33 33 33 33 33 21 21 21 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34
63 63 63 67 67 67 93 93 93 94 94 94 82 82 82 83 83 83 95 95 95 96 96 96
62 62 62 66 66 66 73 73 73 74 74 74 55 55 59 68 68 72 84 84 84 85 85 85
61 61 61 65 65 65 19 19 19 75 75 75 48 50 25 45 44 26 21 21 21 86 86 86
60 60 60 64 64 64 63 63 63 20 20 20 47 23 58 9 24 71 82 82 82 22 22 22
54 59 59 52 72 72 62 62 62 67 67 67 8 49 57 7 43 70 55 55 59 83 83 83
53 25 25 12 26 26 61 61 61 66 66 66 7 42 56 46 41 69 48 50 25 68 68 72
11 58 58 10 71 71 60 60 60 65 65 65 46 40 54 2 39 52 47 23 58 45 44 26
10 57 57 51 70 70 54 59 59 64 64 64 2 38 53 0 37 12 8 49 57 9 24 71
51 56 56 3 69 69 53 25 25 52 72 72 0 36 11 0 6 10 7 42 56 7 43 70
3 55 55 0 68 68 11 58 58 12 26 26 0 5 10 0 4 51 46 40 54 46 41 69
0 48 50 0 45 44 10 57 57 10 71 71 0 4 51 0 35 3 2 38 53 2 39 52
0 47 23 0 9 24 51 56 56 51 70 70 0 35 3 0 1 0 0 36 11 0 37 12
0 8 49 0 7 43 3 55 55 3 69 69 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 10 0 6 10
0 7 42 0 46 41 0 48 50 0 68 68 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 51 0 4 51
0 46 40 0 2 39 0 47 23 0 45 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 3 0 35 3
0 2 38 0 0 37 0 8 49 0 9 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
0 0 36 0 0 6 0 7 42 0 7 43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 5 0 0 4 0 46 40 0 46 41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 4 0 0 35 0 2 38 0 2 39 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 35 0 0 1 0 0 36 0 0 37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 0 0 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

TRANSPOSE OF SOURCE PATH CONTINUITY ARRAY

3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3
51 46 35 51 46 35 51 46 35 51 46 35 46 35 51 46 35 51 46 35 51 46 35 51
10 7 4 10 7 4 10 7 4 10 7 4 7 4 10 7 4 10 7 4 10 7 4 10
11 8 5 12 9 6 11 8 5 12 9 6 8 5 11 9 6 12 8 5 11 9 6 12
53 47 36 52 45 37 53 47 36 52 45 37 47 36 53 45 37 52 47 36 53 45 37 52
54 48 38 64 68 39 54 48 38 64 68 39 48 38 54 68 39 69 48 38 54 68 39 69
60 55 40 65 69 41 60 55 40 65 69 41 55 40 56 83 41 70 55 40 56 83 41 70
61 56 42 66 70 43 61 56 42 66 70 43 82 42 57 22 43 71 82 42 57 22 43 71
62 57 49 67 71 24 62 57 49 67 71 24 21 49 58 87 24 26 21 49 58 86 24 26
63 58 23 20 26 44 63 58 23 20 26 44 91 23 25 18 44 72 84 23 25 85 44 72
19 25 50 76 72 68 19 25 50 75 72 68 16 50 59 88 68 83 95 50 59 96 68 83
80 59 55 15 64 69 73 59 55 74 64 69 92 55 82 31 83 22 34 55 82 34 83 22
13 60 56 77 65 70 93 60 56 94 65 70 30 82 21 0 22 87 89 82 21 89 22 86
81 61 57 28 66 71 33 61 57 33 66 71 0 21 91 0 87 18 17 21 84 17 86 85
27 62 58 0 67 26 78 62 58 78 67 26 0 91 16 0 18 88 90 84 95 90 85 96
0 63 25 0 20 72 14 63 25 14 20 72 0 16 92 0 88 31 32 95 34 32 96 34
0 19 59 0 76 64 79 19 59 79 75 64 0 92 30 0 31 0 0 34 89 0 34 89
0 80 60 0 15 65 29 73 60 29 74 65 0 30 0 0 0 0 0 89 17 0 89 17
0 13 61 0 77 66 0 93 61 0 94 66 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 90 0 17 90
0 81 62 0 28 67 0 33 62 0 33 67 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 90 32 0 90 32
0 27 63 0 0 20 0 78 63 0 78 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32 0 0 32 0
0 0 19 0 0 76 0 14 19 0 14 75 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 80 0 0 15 0 79 73 0 79 74 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 13 0 0 77 0 29 93 0 29 94 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 81 0 0 28 0 0 33 0 0 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 27 0 0 0 0 0 78 0 0 78 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 14 0 0 ' 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 79 0 0 79 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29 0 0 29 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

85
HIT LOCATION IS 260.00 20.00 25.00

I - 1 RADIUS = 191.64
I = 2 RADIUS - 39.05
I - 3 RADIUS - 98.23
I = 4 RADIUS - 112.81
I = 5 RADIUS = 112.81
I = 6 RADIUS - 112.81
I - 7 RADIUS - 32.02
I = 8 RADIUS - 32.02
I = 9 RADIUS = 32.02
I = 10 RADIUS - 117.69
I = 11 RADIUS = 117.69
I = 12 RADIUS = 117.69
I = 13 RADIUS = 158.59
I = 14 RADIUS = 156.04
I = 15 RADIUS = 156.36
I = 16 RADIUS = 30.41
I = 17 RADIUS = 20.62
I = 18 RADIUS = 18.03
I = 19 RADIUS = 143.96
I = 20 RADIUS = 140.45
I = 21 RADIUS = 30.82
I = 22 RADIUS = 18.71
I = 23 RADIUS = 45.62
I = 24 RADIUS = 34.07
I = 25 RADIUS = 101.02
I = 26 RADIUS = 96.36
I = 27 RADIUS = 163.48
I = 28 RADIUS = 160.39
I = 29 RADIUS = 161.94
I = 30 RADIUS = 30.82
I = 31 RADIUS = 18.71
I = 32 RADIUS = 21.21
I = 33 RADIUS = 142.21
I = 34 RADIUS = 21.21
I = 35 RADIUS = 112.81
I = 36 RADIUS = 112.81
I = 37 RADIUS = 111.18
I = 38 RADIUS = 115.24
T = 39 RADIUS = 91.44
I = 40 RADIUS = 96.34
I = 41 RADIUS = 62.14
I = 42 RADIUS = 69.14
I = 43 RADIUS = 34,07
I = 44 RADIUS = 25.71
I = 45 RADIUS = 25.71
I = 46 RADIUS = 32.02
I - 47 RADIUS = 32.02
I = 48 RADIUS = 39.76
I = 49 RADIUS = 45.62
I = 50 RADIUS = 39.76
I - 51 RADIUS = 98.23
I - 52 RADIUS = 116.13
I = 53 RADIUS = 117.69
I = 54 RADIUS = 120.02
I = 55 RADIUS = 34.73
I = 56 RADIUS = 34.37
I - 57 RADIUS = 42.50
I . 58 RADIUS - 69.14
I = 59 RADIUS = 101.02
I . 60 RADIUS = 120.02
i = 61 RADIUS = 129.64
I = 62 RADIUS = 144.07

86
I = 63 RADIUS - 143.96
I = 64 RADIUS - 116.13
I = 65 RADIUS = 116.13
I = 66 RADIUS = 140.13
I = 67 RADIUS - 140.22
I = 68 RADIUS - 16.91
I - 69 RADIUS - 16.16
I = 70 RADIUS = 29.77
I = 71 RADIUS = 62.14
I = 72 RADIUS = 96.36
I = 73 RADIUS = 142.21
I = 74 RADIUS = 141.51
I = 75 RADIUS = 140.45
I = 76 RADIUS = 140.45
I = 77 RADIUS = 155.40
I = 78 RADIUS = 142.21
I = 79 RADIUS = 157.00
I = 80 RADIUS = 143.96
I = 81 RADIUS = 158.59
I = 82 RADIUS = 30.82
I = 83 RADIUS = 16.91
I = 84 RADIUS = 21.21
I = 85 RADIUS = 21.21
I = 86 RADIUS = 18.71
I = 87 RADIUS - 18.03
I = 88 RADIUS = 18.03
I = 89 RADIUS = 20.62
I = 90 RADIUS = 20.62
I = 91 RADIUS = 30.41
I = 92 RADIUS = 30.41
I = 93 RADIUS = 142.21
I = 94 RADIUS = 142.21
I = 95 RADIUS = 21.21
I = 96 RADIUS = 21.21

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 25 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 26 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 94 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 99 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS 32.45 FEET.

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 27

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 28

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 29

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 30


LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 31
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 32

87
GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW - SOURCE #, COL - LOAD #

.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
1.0 1.0 1.0 .0 .0 .0

PLLCHK( 1) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 2) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 3) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 4) = .00

PLLCHK( 5) = .00

PLLCHK( 6) = .00

LOAD 4, EQUIPMENT # 30 NOT POWERED.

LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.

LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.

SRCLD( 1) = .00

SRCLD( 2) = .00

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

SRCLD( 3) = 2400.00

LOAD 30 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 25 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 26 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 94 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 96 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS 32.72 FEET.

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 27

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 28

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 29

FOUND SOURCE # 3

88
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 30
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 31
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 32

GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW = SOURCE #, COL = LOAD #

.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
1.0 1.0 1.0 .0 .0 .0

PLLCHK( 1) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 2) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 3) - 1.00

PLLCHK( 4) = .00

PLLCHK( 5) = .00

PLLCHK( 6) = .00

LOAD 4, EQUIPMENT # 30 NOT POWERED.

LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.

LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.

SRCLD( 1) = .00

SRCLD( 2) = .00

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

SRCLD( 3) = 2400.00

LOAD 30 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD RE.

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 25 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 26 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 94 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 96 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS 28.42 FEET.

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 27

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 28

FOUND SOURCE # 3

89
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 29

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 30

FOUND SOURCE # 2

FOUND SOURCE # 1

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 31


LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 32

GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW = SOURCE #, COL LOAD #

.0 .0 .0 1.0 .0 .0
.0 .0 .0 1.0 .0 .0
1.0 1.0 1.0 .0 .0 .0

PLLCHK( 1) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 2) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 3) - 1.00

PLLCHK( 4) = 2.00

PLLCHK( 5) = .00

PLLCHK( 6) = .00

LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.

LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.

SRCLD( 1) = 325.00

SRCLD( 2) = 325.00

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

SRCLD( 3) = 2400.00

LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 25 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 26 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 94 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

S KITCHING EQUIPMENT # 96 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS 31.95 FEET.

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 27

90
FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 28

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 29

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 30


LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 31
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 32

GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW = SOURCE #, COL = LOAD #

.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
1.0 1.0 1.0 .0 .0 .0

PLLCHK( 1) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 2) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 3) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 4) = .00

PLLCHK( 5) = .00

PLLCHK( 6) = .00

LOAD 4, EQUIPMENT # 30 NOT POWERED.

LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.

LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.

SRCLD( 1) = .00

SRCLD( 2) = .00

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

SRCLD( 3) = 2400.00

LOAD 30 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 25 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 26 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 94 OFF BEFORE ANP'YSIS.

SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # 96 OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.

91
THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS 37.03 FEET.

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 27

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 28

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 29

FOUND SOURCE # 3

LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 30


LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 31
LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD 32

GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW = SOURCE #, COL = LOAD #

.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
.0 .0 .0 .0 .0 .0
1.0 1.0 1.0 .0 .0 .0

PLLCHK( 1) - 1.00

PLLCHK( 2) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 3) = 1.00

PLLCHK( 4) = .00

PLLCHK( 5) = .00

PLLCHK( 6) = .00

LOAD 4, EQUIPMENT # 30 NOT POWERED.

LOAD 5, EQUIPMENT # 31 DAMAGED.

LOAD 6, EQUIPMENT # 32 NOT POWERED.

SRCLD( 1) = .00

SRCLD( 2) = .00

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED BY 600.00 KW.

SRCLD( 3) = 2400.00

LOAD 30 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

LOAD 32 NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.

SOURCE( 3) IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.

92
THE SURVIVABILITY OF EACH EQUIPMENT (IN PERCENT)
FOR 5 SURVIVABILITY TRIALS.

EQUIPMENT # 1: 100.00 PERCENT.


EQUIPMENT # 2: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 3: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 4: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 5: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 6: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 7: 40.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 8: 40.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 9: 40.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 10: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 11: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 12: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 13: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 14: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 15: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 16: 20.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 17: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT f 18: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 19: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 20: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 21: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 22: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 23: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 24: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 25: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 26: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 27: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 28: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 29: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 30: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 31: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 32: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 33: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 34: .00 PERCENT.
FQUIPMENT # 35: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 36: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 37: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 38: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 39: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 40: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 41: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 42: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 43: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 44: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 45: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 46: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 47: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 48: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 49: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 50: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 51: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 52: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 53: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 54: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 55: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 56: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 57: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 58: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 59: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 60: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 61: 100.00 PERCENT.

93
EQUIPMENT # 62: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 63: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 64: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 65: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 66: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 67: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 68: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 69: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 70: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 71: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 72: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 73: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 74: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 75: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 76: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 77: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 78: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 79: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 80: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 81: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 82: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 83: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 84: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 85: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 86: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 87: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 88: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 89: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 90: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 91: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 92: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 93: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 94: 100.00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 95: .00 PERCENT.
EQUIPMENT # 96: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 100: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 101: 40.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 102: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 103: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 104: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 105: 40.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 106: 40.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 107: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 108: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 109: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 110: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # Ill: 40.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 112: 40.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 113: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 114: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP t 115: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 116: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 117: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 118: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 119: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 120: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 121: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 122: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 123: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 124: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 125: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 126: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 127: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 128: .00 PERCENT.

94
GROUP # 129: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 130: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 131: 20.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 132: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 133: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 134: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 135: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 136: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 137: .00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 138: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 139: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 140: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP I 141: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 142: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 143: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 144: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 145: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 146: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 147: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 148: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 149: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 150: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 151: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 152: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 153: 20.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 154: 100.00 PERCENT.
GROUP # 155: .00 PERCENT.

THE COST OF THE SYSTEM IS $ 147060.00

EQUIPMENT # 1 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8


EQUIPMENT # 2 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 3 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 4 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 5 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 6 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 7 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
EQUIPMENT # 8 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
EQUIPMENT # 9 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
EQUIPMENT # 10 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 11 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 12 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 13 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 14 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 15 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 16 SURV COST INDEX: 1.4
EQUIPMENT # 17 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 18 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 19 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 20 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 21 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 22 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 23 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 24 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 25 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 26 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 27 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 28 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 29 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 30 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 31 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 32 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 33 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 34 SURV COST INDEX: .0

95
EQUIPMENT # 35 SURV COST INDFX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 26 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT 37 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT 28
3 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 39 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 40 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 41 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 42 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 43 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 44 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 45 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 46 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 47 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 48 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 49 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT 4 50 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 51 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 52 sURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 53 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 54 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 55 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 56 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 57 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 58 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 59 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # c0 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 6± SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 62 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 63 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 64 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT I 65 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT 4 66 SURV COST INDEX: C.8
EQUIPMENT # 67 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 68 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 69 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 70 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIf' NT # 71 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIt 'Ti# 72 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 73 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT k 74 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 75 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 76 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 77 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 78 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 79 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 80 SUmV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 81 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT 4 82 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 83 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 84 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 85 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 86 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 87 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 88 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 89 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 90 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 91 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 92 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 93 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT t 94 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
EQUIPMENT # 95 SURV COST INDEX: .0
EQUIPMENT # 96 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 100 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 101 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7

96
GROUP # 102 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 103 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 104 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 105 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
GROUP # 106 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
GROUP # 107 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP t 108 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 109 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 110 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # ill SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
GROUP # 112 SURV COST INDEX: 2.7
GROUP # 113 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 114 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 115 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 116 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 117 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 118 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 119 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 120 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 121 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 122 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 123 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 124 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 125 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 126 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 127 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 128 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 129 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 130 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 131 SURV COST INDEX: 1.4
GROUP # 132 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 133 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 134 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 135 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 136 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 137 SURV COST INDEX: .0
GROUP # 138 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 139 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 140 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 141 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 142 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 143 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 144 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 145 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 146 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 147 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 148 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 149 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 150 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 151 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 152 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 153 SURV COST INDEX: 1.4
GROUP # 154 SURV COST INDEX: 6.8
GROUP # 155 SURV COST INDEX: .0

97
Appendix C. BEAVER Source Code
C
C -5/7/92
C==- - GATOR 2.0 -
C---- INITIAL RELEASE: JUNE 14,1984
C
C-- - BEAVER -
C==
= MAJOR REVISION: MAY 1992
C
C- THE ENHANCEMENTS HERE ARE FOR THE SURVIVABILITY FUNCTION
ADDED TO THE GATOR PROGRAM. IT IS INTENDED TO BE AN ADDED
C= FEATURE WHICH IS SELECTED AS AN ANALYSIS IN THE INPUT
C--- FILE. THE ANALYSIS ADDS SOME LINES TO THE EXISTING -
C= PROGRAM, BUT MOST OF THE ADDITION IS IN THE
C--- SUBROUTINES ADDED AS OF THE MOD DATE.
C
C- NOTE: THIS VERSION IS SET UP TO NEED DIMENSIONING
C-- OF ARRAY LENGTHS IN ARRAYDIM.INC
C
C UP(I) = 0 > NO FAILURE
C = 1 => FAILURE

C.
C
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- SET I/O UNITS
C
INPUT = 7
OUTPUT = 11
CONSOL = 9
AUXl = 8
AUX2 = 3
AUX3 = 12
C
CALL OPENF
C
C----- ZERO OUT ARRAYS NOT INITIALIZED IN INITAL
C
CALL ZZERO
C
C----- PRINT HEADER
C
CALL HEADER
C
C----- READ IN THE INPUT DATA
C
CALL READIT
C

98
C ----- INITIALIZE STATISTICS ACROSS THE MISSIONS
C
NEVENT = 0
NFT = 0
NREP = 0
NTFALS = 0
ISAVE = 0
C
PFT = 0.0
RSQ = 0.0
RSUM = 0.0
SFT = 0.0
SFT2 = 0.0
C
C ----- SET NUMBER OF SCREEN LINES FOR "PAUSING" THE RUN
C
LINES = 20
NEWSCR = LINES * MISSPR
C
CALL POWERPATH
C
C ----- CALCULATE THE RADIUS FROM THE HIT LOCATION TO EACH COMPONENT.
C ----- SKIP THE RADIUS CALCS IF THE SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS ISN'T
C ----- GOING TO BE RUN.
C
IF ( SURVIVE .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 88
C
C ----- GET THE HIT COORDINATES AND GET THEM READY FOR USE.
C
C
HITX = HITDATA(i)
HITY = HITDATA(2)
HITZ = HITDATA(3)
WRITE(OUTPUT, 9699)HITX, HITY, HITZ
WRITE(CONSOL, 9699)HITX, HITY, HITZ
9699 FORMAT(/'HIT LOCATION IS ',3F8.2/)
C
C ----- FIND THE RADIUS FROM THE HIT TO THE COMPONENT FOR EACH OF
C THE PIECES OF THE SYSTEM.
C
DO 40 I = 1, NPARTS
C
C ----- IF THE EQuipment TYPE READ IN IS A CABLE ( le 5 ) THEN THE
C ----- DISTANCE TO THE CLOSEST POINT MUST BE CALCULATED CONSIDERING
C .....- BOTH END POINTS AND THE ORIENTATION OF THE LINE SEGMENT TO THE
C ----- HIT POINT.
C
IF ( EQTYPE( I ) .EQ. 5 ) THEN
CX1 = EQDATA (I,l)
CYl = EQDATA (1,2)
CZ1 = EQDATA (1,3)
CX2 = EQDATA (1,4)
CY2 = EQDATA (1,5)
CZ2 = EQDATA (1,6)
C
CALL RCABLE (I)
C
C ----- RCABLE SETS THE RADIUS (I) ARRAY VALUE FOR THE CABLES.

99
C
GOTO 38
ELSE
CXX = EQDATA (1, 1)
CYY =EQDATA (U,2)
CZZ = EQDATA (1,3)
END IF
C
RADSQ (HITX-CXX)**2+(HITY-~CYY)**2+
=
& (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RAD = SQRT (RADSQ)
RADIUS ( I )=RAD
C
38 WRITE(OUTPUT, 13600) I, RADIUS(I)
13600 FORMAT('I -',14,1 RADIUS - 1,F1O.2)
40 CONTINUE
GOTO 89
C
C----------------------------------------------------------------------
C------- ST A RT OF S I MU L ATIO N -----------
C----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
88 WRITE (OUTPUT,90120)
89 WRITE (CONSOL,90110)
C
90 DO 10000 MNO =1,NMISS
C
C--------- INITIALIZE FOR EACH M4ISSION
C
CALL INITAL
NTRIAL = 0
C
C
CALL LINEUP
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C------- TO0P OF E VE NT LOO0P -------------
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C--------- UPDATE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION;
C--------- GENERATE NEXT EVENT TIME, TYPE AND BLOCK
C
100 CONTINUE
C
C--------- THIS LINE BRANCHES FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
C
IF (SURVIVE .EQ. 1) GOTO 7000
C
CALL GENVNT (K,BLK)
C
NEVENT = NEVENT + 1
ISAVE = UP(ISYS)
C
C------- BRANCH ON EVENT CODE E1=DETECTED FAILURE 2=REPAIR
C 3=PHASE CHANGE]
C
GO TO (1000, 2000, 3000), K
C

100
C CASE SYSTEM STATUS TRANSITION HANDLING:
C
C 1 UP -> UP: DO => NOTHING
C 2 UP -> DOWN: DO => BAKST1 -> BAKST2
C 3 DOWN -> UP: DO => BAKST3
C 4 DOWN -> DOWN: DO => BAKST3 -> BAKST1
C--------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FAILURE OF EQUIPMENT NUMBER BLK
C
1000 CALL FAIL(BLK)
CALL STAT(BLK,1)
GOTO 100
C
C----- REPAIR EQUIPMENT NUMBER BLK (BLK = SRVBLK IN THIS CASE)
C
2000 CALL REPAIR (BLK)
CALL STAT (BLK, 0)
GOTO 100
C
C ----- SECTION WHICH CONTROLS THE SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS.
C ----- UPON RETURNING FROM THE DAMAGE ROUTINE, THE SINGLE PHASE
C----- OF THE MISSION CAUSES PCHANG TO TERMINATE THE MISSION
C----- AND CLOSE OUT THE STATISTICS. THE PROGRAM WILL THEN
C------ CONTINUE TO LOOP UNTIL THE SPECIFIED NUMBER OF MISSIONS
C----- IS EVALUATED.
C
7000 NEVENT=NEVENT+1
ISAVE=UP (ISYS)
C
C
CALL DAMAGE
C
C
CALL POWERCHK
C
C----- PHASE CHANGE EVENT
C
3000 CALL PCHANG
IF ( .NOT. DONE ) GOTO 100
CALL SYSSTATS
C
C--------------------------------------------------------------------------
C----- E N D 0 F E V E N T L 0 0 P
C--------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- CLOSE OUT STATISTICS FOLLOWING THE END OF CURRENT MISSION
C
DO 4000 I = 1,NEQT
IF ( SPARES(I) .EQ. 0 ) NSNOT(I) = NSNOT(I) + 1
N3(I) = N3(I) + SPARE1(I) - SPARES(I)
4000 CONTINUE
C
DO 4100 I = 1,NPARTS
IF ( NUMFAL (I) .NE. 0 ) N2(I) = N2(I) + 1
IF ( UP(I) .NE. 0 ) CDWNTM(I) = CDWNTM(I)
& + TIME - DWNTME(I)

101
NI(I) = NI(I) + NUMFAL(I)
DUM = DURMIS - CDWNTM(I)
TI(I) = TI(I) + DUM
SST1(I) = SST1(I) + DUM * DUM
4100 CONTINUE
c
DO 4200 I = LOWGRP,NBLKS
IF (NUMFAL(I) .NE. 0 ) N2(I) = N2(I) + 1
IF (UP(I). NE. 0 ) CDWNTM(I) = CDWNTM(I)
& + TIME - DWNTME(I)
N1(I) = N1(I) + NUMFAL(I)
DUM = DURMIS - CDWNTM(I)
T1(I) = TI(I) + DUM
SST1(I) = SST1(I) + DUM * DUM
4200 CONTINUE
C
C ..... -SWITCH TO SKIP SOME ANALYSIS NOT NEEDED
C
3600 IF ( SURVIVE .EQ. 1 ) GOTO 9000
C
C----- COMPUTE SYSTEM RELIABILITY AND AVAILABILITY
C AND PRINT OUT EVERY 'MISSPR' MISSIONS
C
IF ( MNO .EQ. NMISS ) GOTO 5000
IF (MOD(MNO,MISSPR) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 10000
C
5000 RMNO = 1.0 / FLOAT(MNO)
R = 1.0 - FLOAT(NFT) * RMNO
A = T1(ISYS) / DURMIS * RMNO
S = SQRT( R * (1 - R) * RMNO
C
SNSDEV = NSDEV * S
LLIM = R - SNSDEV
ULIM = R + SNSDEV
WRITE (CONSOL,90010) NNO,R,S,A
WRITE (OUTPUT,90020) MNO,R,S,LLIM,ULIM,A
C
IF ( MNO .EQ. NMISS ) GOTO 10000
IF ( MOD(MNO,NEWSCR) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 10000
WRITE (CONSOL,90025)
PAUSE
C
9000 IF ( SURVIVE .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 10000
C
C ----- MISSION EVALUATION. SNUMFAL IS THE SURVIVABILITY
C ----- ANALYSIS NUMBER OF FAILURES
C
C
DO 9200 I = 1, NBLKS
TSNUMFAL = SNUMFAL (I)
SNUMFAL(I) = TSN.MFAL + FLOAT(NUIWAL(I))
9200 CONTINUE
c
10000 CONTINUE
C

C------- END OF SIMULATION


C -----------------------------------------------------------------------

102
C
WRITE (CONSOL,90030) NTFALS,NEVENT
WRITE (CONSOL,90025)
PAUSE
C
CONTINUE
C
C ----- SWITCH OVER THE NORMAL REPORT FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
C
11010 IF ( SURVIVE .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 11020
C
C ----- REPSURV IS THE REPort for SURVivability analysis SUBROUTINE
C
11012 CALL REPSURV
11014 GOTO 12500
C
C----- GENERATE FINAL SIMULATION REPORT
C
C----- PRINT OUT SYSTEM FIRST FAILURE INFORMATION
C
11020 IF ( KOPT.LT.5 ) GOTO 12000
IF ( NFT.GT.1 ) GOTO 11200
IF ( NFT.EQ.1 ) GOTO 11100
WRITE ( AUX3,90040)
GOTO 12000
C
11100 WRITE ( AUX3,90050) TFFT(1)
GOTO 12000
C
11200 DPR = 1.0 / FLOAT(NFT)
ATBF = SFT * DPR
STDBF = SQRT( ( SFT2 - SFT * SFT *DPR )/(NFT 1))
WRITE ( AUX3,90060) ATBF,STDBF,NFT
C
CALL HSORT(TFFT,NFT)
C
WRITE ( AUX3, 90070)
CPROB 0.0
C
DO 11300 KK = 1,NFT
CPROB = CPROB + DPR
WRITE ( AUX3,90080) KK,CPROB,TFFT(KK)
11300 CONTINUE
C
C----- GENERATE FINAL SIMULATION REPORT
C
C
12000 CALL REPORT
c
C
12500 CONTINUE
c
C----- CLOSE I/O UNITS
C
CALL CIOSEF
c
STOP
C

103
90010 FORMAT(' MISSION : ',16,' RELIABILITY: ',F7.4,' +/- ',E10.4,
& ' AVAILABILITY: ',F7.4)
90020 FORMAT(T6,16,TI5,F7.4,T25,ElO.4,T37,F7.4,T47,F7.4,
& T57,F7.4)
90025 FORMAT(' < HIT RETURN TO CONTINUE >l)
90030 FORMAT(/,' ** SIMULATION COMPLETED ! ** I,
& /' NO. OF FAULTS:',I10,' NO. OF EVENTS PROCESSED:',I10)
90040 FORMAT(' NO SYSTEM FAILURES OCCURRED')
90050 FORMAT(' ONE FAILURE OCURRED AT : ',F20.10,' HOURS')
90060 FORMAT(/,TI0,'MEAN TIME BETWEEN FAILS : ',T35,F20.5,
1 /,TIO, 'STANDARD DEVIATION : ',T35,F20.5,
2 /,TIO,'NO. OF FAILS : ',T40,I10,/)
90070 FORMAT(' NO. CUM. PROB. TIME OF FIRST FAILURE',/)
90080 FORMAT(' ',16,' ',FIO.5,8X,F12.2)
90110 FORMAT(' ** SIMULATION STARTED... ')
90120 FORMAT(' PAGE BREAK',/,T5,'MISSIONS',TI6,'RELIAB',T27, 'STD DEV',
& T39,'LO LIM',T49,'UP LIM',T59, 'AVAIL')
C
END
C

104
C
C
C
c
SUBROUTINE BAKST1
C 02/29/88

C PURPOSE: TRAVERSES DOWNWARD FROM SYSTEM NODE THRU FAILED PATHS;


C COUNTS NO. OF CULPABLE EQUIPMENTS AT BOTTOM OF NETWORK;
C SETS FLAGS (SYSDWN) FOR SUBSEQUENT ROUTINE (BAKST2) TO
C "NAVIGATE" BY. IN BAKST STACK POINTER MOVES DOWN
C A VERTICAL BRANCH (FROM A GROUP TO ITS MEMBERS) TO ITS
C END AND THEN MOVES HORIZONTALLY (WITHIN A GROUP).
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER SP
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C ------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP - I?
NBAD =0
BLK = ISYS
OPNTME = TIME
C
C----- NOTE THAT SYSTEM DWNTME IS MARKED HERE
C
1000 CONTINUE
C
C----- SFT FLAG FOR THIS BLOCK
C
SYSDWN(BLK) = 1
IBEG = RSTAR(BLK)
IEND = RSTAR(BLK+I) - 1
IND = IBEG
C
C----- NOTE THAT IEND+1 - IBEG = # ARCS LEAVING BLK GOING DOWNWARD
C
C----- BLOCK IS AN EQUIPMENT
C
IF ( IBEG .LE. IEND ) GOTO 1300
NBAD = NBAD + 1
C
C----- THE NUMBER OF CULPABLE EQUIPMENTS IS COUNTED HERE
C
GOTO 1600

105
C
C----- BLOCK IS A GROUP
C
C----- CHECK FOR COMPLETION OF HORIZONTAL MOVE
C
1300 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1600
C
C----- RECALL THAT RARC MOVES FROM TOP DOWN!
C
TBLK = RARC(IND)
IF ( UP(TBLK) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1900
IF ( SYSDWN(TBLK) .EQ. 1 ) GOTO 1900
SP = SP + 4
IF ( SP .GT. LEN12 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,1400)
WRITE (CONSOL,1400)
1400 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE BAKST1')
CALL ERRKDE (9, SP, LEN12)
ENDIF
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAK(SP-2) = IBEG
STAK(SP-1) = IEND
STAK(SP) = IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 1000
C
C----- UPWARD RETRACE
C
1600 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK - STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
C----- INCREMENT INDEX OF ARC'S TAIL TO CONTINUE HORIZONTAL MOVE
C
1900 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1300
C
END
C

106
C
C **************************************

C
c
SUBROUTINE BAKST2
C 02/29/88
C ........-
C PURPOSE: TRAVERSES FROAM SYSTEM NODE ALONG FLAGS (SYSDWN) SET IN
C BAKSTI. (SEE COMMENTS ON STACK POINTER IN BAKST1);

C ADDS I/NBAD TO HIT LIST OF CULPABLE EQUIPMENTS.


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLAL<ATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER SP
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- IADFLG IS USED TO MARK EQUIPMENTS ALREADY UPDATED
C IN THE RELIABILITY HIT LIST
C
DO 10 I = 1,NPARTS
IADFLG(I) = 0
10 CONTINUE
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP= 0
BLK = ISYS
IF (NBAD .GT. 0) RNBAD = 1.0 / NBAD
C
1000 CONTINUE
IBEG = RSTAR(BLK)
IEND = RSTAR(BLK+I) - 1
IND = IBEG
C
C----- BLOCK IS AN EQUIPMENT
C
IF ( IBEG .LE. IEND ) GOTO 1300
C
C----- ADD I/NBAD TO RELIABILITY HIT LIST
C
IF ( IADFLG(BLK) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1600
IADFLG(BLK) = 1
SYSCRT(BLK) = SYSCRT(BLK) + RNBAD
GOTO 1600
C
C----- BLOCK IS A GROUP

107
C
1300 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1600
TBLK - RARC(IND)
IF (SYSDWN(TBLK) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1900
SP = SP + 4
IF C SP .GT. LEN12) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,1400)
WRITE (CONSOL,1400)
1400 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE BAKST2')
CALL ERRKDE(10,SP,LEN12)
ENDIF
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAJc(SP-2) = IBEG
STAK(SP-1) = IEND
STAK(SP) = IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 1000
C
C----- UPWARD RETRACE
C
1600 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
C----- INCREIV2NT INDEX OF ARC'S TAIL
C
1900 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1300
C
END
C

108
C ***********************************************************************

C
C-- SBOTEBKT32/29/88
C

C PURPOSE: TRAVERSES FROM SYSTEM NODE ALONG FLAGS (SYSDWN) SET IN


C BAKST1. CLOSES OUT EXISTING TIME AVERAGES FOR
C AVAILABILITY HIT LIST WITH EXISTING NBAD AND RESETS
C FLAGS (SYSDWN) ALONG THE WAY.
C (SEE COMENTS ON STACK POINTER IN BAKST1)
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C------ FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER SP
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP = 0
BLK = ISYS
C
C----- THE TIME DURING WHICH THE SYSTEM IS UNAVAILABLE
C IS DIVIDED AMONG ALL CULPRIT EQUIPMENTS
C
IF (NBAD .GT. 0) DELAV = ( TIME - OPNTME ) / NBAD
C
1000 CONTINUE
C
C----- RESET FLAG FOR THIS BLOCK
C
SYSDWN(BLK) = 0
IBEG = RSTAR(BLK)
IEND = RSTAR(BLK+I) - 1
IND = IBEG
C
C----- BLOCK IS AN EQUIPMENT
C
IF ( IBEG .LE. IEND ) GOTO 1300
AVCUM(BLK) = AVCUM(BLK) + DELAV
IF ( SPARES(TYPE(BLK)) .LE. 0 )
& AVSPAR(BLK) = AVSPAR(BLK) + DELAV
GOTO 1600
C
C----- BLOCK IS A GROUP
C

109
1300 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1600
TBLK = RARC(IND)
IF (SYSDWN(TBLK) .EQ. 0) GOTO 1900
SP = SP + 4
IF (SP .GT. LEN12) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,1400)
WRITE (CONSOL,1400)
1400 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE BAKST3')
CALL ERRKDE(11,SP,LEN12)
ENDIF
STAK(SP-3) - BLK
STAK(SP-2) - IBEG
STAK(SP-1) - IEND
STAK(SP) - IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 1000
C
C----- UPWARD RETRACE
C
1600 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
C
TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
C----- INCREMENT INDEX OF ARC'S TAIL
C
1900 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1300

END
C

110
C ***********************************************************************

C
SUBROUTINE CHKLOAD
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: TRAVERSES DOWNWARD FROM LOAD NODES THRU ALL PATHS


C TO DETERMINE WHICH LOADS ARE POWERED, WHERE THE POKER
C CONES FROM, AND WHAT THE LOADING IS ON THE GENERATORS
C
C
C
C CALLED IN: POWERCHK
C------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C------ FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER SP
C
C------ END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C
C ----- ZERO THE ARRAYS
C
100 DO 1000 I = 1, NUMSRC
DO 1010 J = 1, NUMLD
GENLOAD(I,J) = 0.0
1010 CONTINUE
1000 CONTINUE
C
DO 1020 I = 1, LEN17
SRCLD(I) = 0.0
OVRLD(I) = 0.0
1020 CONTINUE
C
C ---- LOADWN USED TO INDICATE LOADS WHICH ARE OK, BUT ARE NOT POWERED
C AS INDICATED BY THE LACK OF FINDING A CONTINUOUS POWER PATH
C ----- FROM THE SOURCE TO THE LOAD.
C
DO 1030 I = 1, LEN18
PLLCHK(I) = 0.0
LOADWN(I) = 0
1030 CONTINUE
C
DO 9973 J=1,NUMD
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP = 0

111
BLK = LOAD (J)
C
WRITE(CONSOL, 90910) BLK
WRITE(OUTPUT, 90910) BLK
90910 FORMAT('LOOKING FOR ALL SOURCES FOR LOAD ',14)
IND = FSTAR(BLK)
BLK = ARC (IND)
C
C IF THE LOAD'S PARENT SUBGROUP IS DOWN, DON'T BOTHER TO CHECK
C
IF (UP(BLK) .EQ. 1) GOTO 9973
C
C
9910 CONTINUE
IBEG = RSTAR(BLK)
IEND = RSTAR(BLK+l) - 1
IND = IBEG
C
C----- BLOCK IS AN EQUIPMENT, SO GO TO 9960
C
IF ( IBEG .LE. IEND ) GOTO 9930
C
GOTO 9960
C
C----- BLOCK IS A GROUP
C
C ----- CHECK FOR COMPLETION OF HORIZONTAL MOVE
C
9930 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 9960
C
TBLK = RARC(IND)
C
C
C ----- IF BLK IS DOWN, NO PATH FROM LOAD TO SOURCE HERE, SO TRY
C ----- ANOTHER PATH...
C
IF ( UP(TBLK) .EQ. 1 ) THEN
GOTO 9990
ELSE
ENDIF
C
SP SP + 4
IF ( SP .GT. LEN12 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9940)
WRITE (CONSOL,9940)
9940 FORMAT(I' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE CHKLOAD')
CALL ERRKDE(10,SP,LEN12)
ENDIF
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAK(SP-2) = IBEG
STAK(SP-1) = IEND
STAK(SP) = IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 9910
C
C----- UPWARD RETRACE
C
9960 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 9999

112
c
C
C ----- IF THE BLK IS DOWN, GO ON TO CHECK OTHER EQUIPMENT
C
IF ( UP(BLK) .EQ. 1 ) THEN
GOTO 9972
ELSE
ENDIF
C
DO 9971 I=I,NLUMSRC
IF (BLK .EQ. SOURCE(I)) THEN
WRITE (CONSOL,90900) BLK
WRITE (OUTPUT, 90900) BLK
90900 FORMAT(/'FOUND SOURCE # ',14/)
GENLOAD(I,J) = 1.0
ELSE
ENDIF
9971 CONTINUE
C
9972 TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
C----- INCREMENT INDEX OF ARC'S TAIL
C
9990 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 9930
9999 CONTINUE
C
9973 CONTINUE
C
C
C ----- BUILD AN ARRAY TO FIND THE LOAD LEVEL FOR EACH SOURCE
C
DO 1100 I = 1, NUMSRC
TEMP = 0.0
DO 1110 J = 1, NUMLD
SRCLD(I) = TEMP + GENLOAD(I,J) * EQDATA(LOAD(J),4)
TEMP = SRCLD(I)
1110 CONTINUE
1100 CONTINUE
C
C ----- BUILD AN ARRAY TO CHECK IF ANY OF THE GENERATORS ARE
C ----- PARALLELED
C
DO 1300 J - 1, NUMLD
TEMP = 0.0
DO 1310 I = 1, NUMSRC
PLLCHK(J) = TEMP + GENLOAD(I,J)
TEMP = PLLCHK(J)
1310 CONTINUE
1300 CONTINUE
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 1500)
1500 FORMAT(/'GENERATOR/LOAD MATRIX: ROW = SOURCE #, COL = LOAD 'I)

113
DO 1510 I = 1, NUMSRC
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1520) (GENLOAD(I,J),J=I,NUMLD)
1520 FORMAT(6F7.1)
1510 CONTINUE
C
DO 1600 J = 1, NUMLD
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1610) J, PLLCHK(J)
1610 FORMT(/'PLLCHK(,I4,') = ',F8.2)
1600 CONTINUE
C
C ----- THIS SECTION DETERMINES THE LOADING OF EACH GENERATOR BY
C ----- CONSIDERING THE SHARED LOAD ON PARALLELED MACHINES
C
DO 1700 J = 1, NUMLD
C
C ----- IF THE PARALLEL CHECK MATRIX HAS A 0.0 ENTRY, THEN THE
C ----- INDICATION IS THAT THE LOAD IS NOT POWERED BY ANY OF THE
C ----- SOURCES AVAILABLE, SO FIND OUT WHY.
C
IF(PLLCHK(J) .EQ. 0.0) THEN
GOTO 3000
C
C AN ENTRY OF 1.0 INDICATES THAT THE LOAD IS POWERED BY
C JUST ONE SOURCE, SO THE GENERATOR LOADING DUE TO THAT
C LOAD IS OK, SO LOOP THROUGH AND CHECK OTHER LOADS.
C
ELSE IF (PLLCHK(J) .EQ. 1.0) THEN
GOTO 1700
C
C ANY ENTRY GREATER THAN 1.0 INDICATES MULTIPLE POWER
C SOURCES POWERING A LOAD. THE NUMBER IN THE MATRIX
C IS THE NUMBER OF POWER SOURCES CONNECTED IN PARALLEL.
C THIS SECTION REDUCES THE LOADING ON ANY GENERATOR SO
C THAT THE SHARED LOAD IS REFLECTED IN THE LOADING.
C
ELSE
DO 2100 I = 1, NUMSRC
SRCLD(I)=SRCLD(I)-GENLOAD(I,J)*(EQDATA(LOAD(J),4)-
& EQDATA (LOAD (J), 4)/PLLCHK(J))
2100 CONTINUE
GOTO 1700
ENDIF
C
3000 IF ( UP( LOAD(J) ) .EQ. 0 ) THEN
LOADWN( J ) = LOAD (J)
WRITE (OUTPUT, 3900) J, LOAD (J)
3900 FORMAT(/'LOAD ',14,', EQUIPMENT # ',14,' NOT POWERED.')
ELSE IF (HITDAM(LOAD(J)) .EQ. 1) THEN
WRITE(OUTPUT, 3800) J, LOAD(J)
3800 FORMAT(/'LOAD ',14,', EQUIPMENT # ',14,' DAMAGED.')
ELSE
WRITE(OUTPUT, 3850) J, LOAD(J)
3850 FORMAT(/'LOAD ',14,', EQUIPMENT # ',14,' SWITCHED OFF.')
ENDIF
C
1700 CONTINUE
C
C ----- NOW CHECK THE SOURCES FOR OVERLOAD

114
C
DO 1400 I = 1, NUMSRC
c
C ----- IF THE SOURCE POWER AVAILABLE IS LESS THAN THE LOADING,
C ----- THEN THE GENERATOR IS OK.
C
IF (EQDATA(SOURCE(I),4) .GE. SRCLD(I)) THEN
GOTO 1420
C
C ----- IF THE GENERATOR IS OVERLOADED, THEN MARK THE OVERLOAD LEVEL
c
ELSE
OVRLD(I) = SRCLD(I) - EQDATA(SOURCE(I), 4)
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1430) I, OVRLD (I)
1430 FORMAT(/'SOURCE(',14,') IS OVERLOADED BY ',FB.2,' KW.')
ENDIF
C
1420 WRITE(OUTPUT, 1410) I, SRCLD(I)
1410 FORMAT(/'SRCLD(',I4,') = ',F8.2)
1400 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
C
END
C

115
C ***********************************
C************************************
C************************************
C
SUBROUTINE CLOSEF
C 03/07/88
C --------------------- --------------
C PURPOSE: CLOSES INPUT AND OUTPUT FILES
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
INTEGER AUXi, AUX2, AUX3, CONSOL,OUTPUT
COMMON / UNIT / INPUT, OUTPUT, CONSOL, AUXI, AUX2, AUX3
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
CLOSE (UNIT = INPUT)
CLOSE CUNIT = OUTPUT)
C CLOSE (UNIT - AUX1
C CLOSE (UNIT - AUX2
C CLOSE (UNIT = AUX3
C
RETURN
END
C

116
C ***********************************************************************

SUBROUTINE CSTAT (BLK, RF)


C 4/8/92

C PURPOSE: EVALUATES THE CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE. THE


C STRUCTURE IS REPRESENTED AS A NETWORK, PARTS
C BEING THE SOURCES AND THE SYSTEM NODE BEING THE SINK.
C AFTER A CONTROL ACTION TO THE BLOCK POINTED TO BY "BLK"
C THIS ROUTINE IS CALLED. THE EFFECT OF THE CHANGE IS
C TRACED THROUGH THE NETWORK.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: ERRDKE
C NOTE: IN THIS SUBROUTINE THE STACK POINTER IS NOW TRACING
C FROM THE BOTTOM UP. IF A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT IS SHARED
C BY SEVERAL GROUPS (RESOURCE SHARING), THE POINTER
C PROVIDES BOTH HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL TRACING.
C IT STARTS AT THE EQUIPMENT LEVEL, MOVES TO THE HIGHEST
C VERTICAL LEVEL AFFECTED BY THE CURRENT FAILURE OR REPAIR
C EVENT, THEN MOVES HORIZONTALLY TO THE NEXT GROUP AFFECTED.
C WHEN THERE IS NO BOTTOM-UP RESOURCE SHARING, THE STACK
C POINTER IS SUPERFLUOUS IN THIS SUBROUTINE.
C ............
C
C ----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER RF, SP
C
C END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C_-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP = 0
C
C----- EVENT TYPE: RF = 0/1 -> SWITCH ON/ SWITCH OFF BLOCK
C
1000 IF ( RF.EQ.0 ) GOTO 1100
c
C----- SWITCH BLOCK OFF
C
UP(BLK) = 1
C
GOTO 1200
C
C----- SWITCH BLOCK ON
C
1100 UP(BLK) = 0
C

117
C ----- START TRACING THE EFFECT OF THE EVENT INVOLVING THIS
C BLOCK ON THE REST OF THE SYSTEM
c
C----- SET ARC INDICES
C
1200 IBEG = FSTAR(BLK)
IEND = FSTAR(BLK+I) - 1
IND = IBEG
c
1300 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1600
TBLK = ARC (IND)
TBLKGR = TBLK - LOWGRP + 1
IF ( RF .EQ. 0) GOTO 1400
C
NOUP (TBLKGR) = NOUP (TBLKGR) - 1
IF ( UP(TBLK) .EQ. 1 ) GOTO 1700
IF ( NOUP(TBLKGR) .GE. NONEED(TBLKGR) ) GOTO 1700
GOTO 1500
C
1400 NOUP(TBLKGR) = NOUP(TBLKGR) + 1
IF ( UP(TBLK) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1700
IF ( NOUP(TBLKGR) .LT. NONEED(TBLKGR) ) GOTO 1700
C
C---- THIS CODE PERFORMS THE CONVERSION WITHOUT RESETTING DWNTNE.
C
1500 SP SP + 4
IF ( SP.GT.LEN12 ) CALL ERRKDE (8,SP,LEN12)
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAK(SP-2) = IBEG
=
STAK(SP-1) IEND
STAK (SP) = IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 1000
C
1600 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
C
TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
1700 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1300
C
C
END
c

118
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C
SUBROUTINE DAMAGE
C
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: CONTROLS COMPONENT DAMAGE AND EVALUATION


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C ----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C ----- NUMber DAMaged
C
INTEGER I, NUMDAM
C
C ----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C ----- INITIALIZE
C
I =0
NUMDAM = 0
C
C ----- DETERMINE THE RADIUS OF THE DAMAGE EXTENT.
C ----- THE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR USES SEED3. RMAX IS THE MAXIMUM
C ----- RADIUS WHICH IS CONSIDERED FOR THE EVENT. IT IS USER INPUT
C ----- FROM THE INPUT FILE. IT IS USUALLY SOME PERCENTAGE OF THE
C ----- LBP OF THE SHIP SUCH AS 15% (WHICH IS THE DAMAGE LENGTH
C ----- CRITERIA FOR SHIP DESIGN). THIS ROUTINE IS SIMPLE NOW, BUT
C ---- IF IT IS DETERMINED THAT A MORE COMPLETE DAMAGE CALCULATION
C ----- IS TO BE USED, THIS CAN BE EXPANDED.
C
C ----- THIS ORIGINAL
C ----- VERSION ASSUMES UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED DAMAGE RADII.
C
RMIN = HITDATA(4)
RMAX = HITDATA(5)
10 R - RAND (SEED3)
RDAM = RMIN + R * (RMAX - RMIN)
C
WRITE(OUTPUT, 90802) RDAM
WRITE(CONSOL, 90802) RDAM
90802 FORMAT(/'THE DAMAGE RADIUS IS ',F8.2,' FEET.'/)
C
C
C ----- THIS ROUTINE COMPARES THE RADIUS OF EACH
C ----- COMPONENT TO THE RADIUS TO THE HIT, AND IF WITHIN THE HIT
C ----- REGION, SET THE UP FLAG TO 1 (DAMAGED) IF THE SHIELDing VALUE

119
C ----- IS EXCEEDED. HiT MAGnitude 0 (zero) IS THE MAXIMUM MAGNITUDE
C .....- OF THE BURST AS INPUT BY THE USER. Decay Factor IS USED TO
C ----- ALLOW A VARIABILITY IN THE BLAST MAGNITUDE WITH DISTANCE.
C
HTMAGO = HITDATA(6)
DF = HITDATA(7)
C
DO 200 I = 1, NPARTS
C
IF ( RADIUS(I) .GT. RDAM ) GOTO 200
C
C ----- SHIELDing VALUE FOR THE COMPONENT IS AS INPUT. THE HiT
C ----- MAGnitude IS FOUND AT EACH RADIUS FROM THE HIT TO THE
C ----- COMPONENT. THE SHIELDING VALUE IS COMPARED TO THE HIT
C ----- MAGNITUDE TO DETE4INE IF THE COMPONENT WILL BE PUT DOWN.
C
SHIELD = EQDATA(I, 7)
HTMAG = HTMAGO * EXP( (-l) * DF * RADIUS (I)
IF (HTMAG .LE. SHIELD) GOTO 200
C
C ----- IF THE COMPONENT IS HIT DAMaged, MARK IT AS SUCH TO KEEP
C ----- TRACK OF THE COMPONENTS WHICH ARE DOWN DUE TO HIT AND WHICH
C ----- ARE DOWN DUE TO CONNECTION COMPONENT DAMAGE.
C
HITDAM(I) = 1
CALL FAIL(I)
CALL STAT (I,i)
CALL SYSSTATS
200 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
C
END
C
C
C ***********************************************************************

C
C
SUBROUTINE ERRKDE (KODE, NUM, ITEST)
C 5/5/92
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: PRINTS OUT ERROR MESSAGES AS DETECTED.
C CALLED IN: BAKST1, BAKST2, BAKST3, FILE, READIT, REMOVE, STAT.
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
INTEGER AUXi, AUX2, AUX3, CONSOL, OUTPUT
COMMO0N / UNIT / INPUT, OUTPUT, CONSOL, AUX1, AUX2, AUX3
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,100) KODE
100 FORMAT(' ** BEAVER RUNTIME ERROR NO: 1,13,1 DETECTED **
C
GOTO (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15), KODE
C
1 WRITE (OUTPUT, 101) ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,101) ITEST
101 FORMT(' * MORE THAN ',16,' VDC EQUIPMENTS**)

120
GOTO 999
C
2 WRITE (OUTPUT, 102) NUM, ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL, 102) NUM, ITEST
102 FORMAT(' *** EQUIPMENT TYPE NO. 0,16,' > ',16,/,
& ' *** IN EQUIPMENT TYPE DEFINITION')
GOTO 999
C
3 WRITE (OUTPUT,103) NUM,ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,103) NUM,ITEST
103 FORMAT(' *** EQUIPMENT TYPE NO. ',16,' > ',16,/,
& ' *** IN EQUIPMENT TYPE/EQUIPMENT NUMBER DEFINITION')
GOTO 999
C
4 WRITE (OUTPUT, 104) NUM, ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,104) NUM,ITEST
104 FORMAT(' *** EQUIPMENT NO. ',16,' > ',16,/,
& *** IN EQUIPMENT TYPE/EQUIPMENT NUMBER DEFINITION')
GOTO 999
C
5 WRITE (OUTPUT,105) NUM,ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,105) NUM,ITEST
105 FORMAT(' *** GROUP NO. ',17,' > ',I6,' ***S)
GOTO 999
C
6 WRITE (OUTPUT,106) ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,106) ITEST
106 FORMAT(' *** NO. OF ARCS > ',16,' (REDIMENSION) ***')
GOTO 999
C
7 WRITE (OUTPUT,107) NUM
WRITE (CONSOL,107) NUM
107 FORMAT(' *** SUBSYSTEM NO. ',16,' NOT CONNECTED TO SYSTEM ***I)
GOTO 999
C
8 WRITE (OUTPUT,108)
WRITE (CONSOL,108)
108 FORMAT(' *** STACK TOO LARGE IN SUBROUTINE STAT ***')
GOTO 999
C
9 WRITE (OUTPUT, 109)
WRITE (CONSOL,109)
109 FORMAT(' *** STACK TOO LARGE IN SUBROUTINE BAKST1 ***')
GOTO 999
C
10 WRITE (OUTPUT,110)
WRITE (CONSOL,110)
110 FORMAT(' *** STACK TOO LARGE IN SUBROUTINE BAKST2 ***t)
GOTO 999
C
11 WRITE (OUTPUT,111)
WRITE (CONSOL,111)
111 FORMAT(' *** STACK TOO LARGE IN SUBROUTINE BAKST3 ***')
GOTO 999
C
12 WRITE (OUTPUT,112)
WRITE (CONSOL,112)
112 FORMAT(' *** STACK TOO LARGE IN SUBROUTINE GSTAT ***')

121
GOTO 999
C
13 WRITE (OUTPUT,113) NUM,ITEST
WRITE (CONSOL,113) NUM,ITEST
113 FORMAT(' *** GROUP NO. ',I7,' < ',I6,' ***)
GOTO 999
C
14 WRITE (OUTPUT,114) NUM
WRITE (CONSOL,114) NUM
114 FORMAT(' *** SERVICE QUEUE CAPACITY OF ',16,' EXCEEDED ***')
GOTO 999
C
15 WRITE (OUTPUT,115)
WRITE (CONSOL, 115)
115 FORMAT(' *** ATTEMPT TO REMOVE ITEM FROM EMPTY QUEUE ***')
C
999 WRITE (CONSOL,1000)
WRITE (CONSOL,1010) KODE
WRITE (CONSOL,1000)
WRITE (CONSOL,1020)
PAUSE
C
CALL CLOSEF
STOP
C
1000 FORMAT ( '- -------------------------------------------- -
1010 FORMAT('*** BEAVER: DAM!, RUNTIME ERROR NO: ',13,' DETECTED ***')
1020 FORMAT(' < HIT RETURN TO CONTINUE > ')

END
C
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C
C
SUBROUTINE FAIL (BLK)
C 02/29/88
C ------------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: HANDLES FAILED PARTS, THEIR REPAIR OR FILING
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- UPDATE FAILURE COUNT AND EVENT RATE
c
NTFALS = NTFALS + 1
RATE - RATE - LAM(TYPE(BLK))
C
C----- SPARES EXHAUSTED - INCREMENT NUMBER OF OUTAGES
C
IF ( SPARES(TYPE(BLK)) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 500

122
NOSPRE(TYPE(BLK)) = NOSPRE(TYPE(BLK)) + 1
RETURN
C
C----- SPARES AVAILABLE - FOUR POSSIBILITIES:
C
C----- CASE 1: SERVER NOT WORKING DURING THIS PHASE -> FILE PART
C
500 IF ( SRVOP .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1000
C
C----- CASE 2: SERVER NOT IDLE NOW -> FILE PART
C
IF ( REMSTG .GT.0 ) GOTO 1000
C
C----- CASE 3: PART NOT REPAIRABLE DURING THIS PHASE -> FILE IT
C
IF ( MU(TYPE(BLK),PHASE) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 1000
C
C----- CASE 4: BEGIN SERVICE ON THE PART; ADJUST REPAIR RATE;
C ----- NOTICE THAT THE PART IS NOT SPECIFICALLY PLACED
C IN A DESIGNATED POSITION
C
SRVMU = MU(TYPE(BLK),PHASE)
RATE = RATE + SRVMU * NSTAG
REMSTG = NSTAG
SRVBLK = BLK
RTIME = TIME
RETURN
C
C----- FILE PART WAITING FOR REPAIR IN THE QUEUE
C
1000 IPOINT = FQFRST
C
CALL REMOVE (FQ, IPOINT)
C
PRT (IPOINT) = BLK
RMS(IPOINT) = NSTAG
C
CALL FILE (SQ,IPOINT,3)
RETURN
C
END
C

123
C ***********************************************************************

SUBROUTINE FILE (Q,REC,OPT)

C 02/26/88

C PURPOSE: INSERTS THE RECORD POINTED TO BY THE VARIABLE "REC"


C IN THE LIST DESCRIBED IN THE VECTOR "Q" ACCORDING
C TO THE OPTION "OPT":
C 1 - FILE IN LAST PLACE
C 2 - FILE IN FIRST PLACE
C 3 - FILE IN ASCENDING PRIORITY, LAST WITHIN CLASS
C 4 - FILE IN ASCENDING PRIORITY, FIRST WITHIN CLASS
C CALLED IN: FAIL, PCHNG, REPAIR
C CALLS TO: ERRKDE
C NOTE 1: THIS SUBROUTINE WAS ALTERED WHEN ASKING ABOUT THE
C REPAIR PRIORITY OF FAILED COMPONENTS (12/10/87).
C NOTE 2: A LOWER VALUED PRIORITY MEANS A MORE CRITICAL EQUIPMENT.
C NOTE 3: IN OPT 3 EQUIPMENTS ARE FILED IN ASCENDING ORDER OF
C PRIORITY AND LAST WITHIN A PRIORITY CLASS. IN THIS
C OPTION AN EQUIPMENT IS ADVANCED FROM THE BACK FORWARD
C AS LONG AS ITS PRIORITY IS LESS THAN THAT OF THE ELEMENT
C IT IS COMPARED WITH. THIS PROCEDURE INSURES THAT THE
C ELEMENT WILL BE FILED LAST WITHIN ITS OWN PRIORITY CLASS.
C NOTE 4: IN OPT 4 AN EQUIPMENT IS STILL FILED IN ASCENDING
C PRIORITY BUT IS PLACED FIRST WITHIN ITS CLASS. THUS THE
C EQUIPMENT IS STARTED AT THE FRONT AND ADVANCED TOWARDS
C THE BACK OF THE QUEUE. THIS INSURES THAT THE EQUIPMENT
C WILL BE PLACED FIRST WITHIN ITS OWN PRIORITY CLASS.
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C ----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER BPOINT, OPT, POINT, REC, Q
DIMENSION Q(3)
C

C
C----- INCREMENT LIST COUNT
C
NINLST = NINLST + 1
IF ( NINLST .GT. MAXLST ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT, 25)
WRITE (CONSOL, 25)
25 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE FILE')
CALL ERRKDE (14,NINLST,0)
ENDIF
IF ( Q(3) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 50

C----- THE FIRST ELEMENT TO ENTER THE QUEUE

124
C
Q(1) = REC
Q(2) = REC
Q(3) = 1
SUCC (REC) = 0
PRED(REC) = 0
GOTO 9999
c
50 GOTO (1000,2000,3000,4000),OPT
A A
C A A

C ----- Q(2) Q(1) Q(2) Q(1)


C
C----- FILE THE ELEMENT IN LAST PLACE
C
1000 PRED(REC) = Q(2)
SUCC(REC) = 0
SUCC(Q(2)) = REC
Q(2) = REC
GOTO 5000
c
C----- FI-E THE ELEMENT IN FIRST PLACE
C
2000 PRED(REC) = 0
SUCC(REC) = 0(1)
PRED(Q(1)) = REC
Q(1) = REC
GOTO 5000
C
C----- FILE THE ELEMENT IN ASCENDING PRIORITY, LAST WITHIN CLASS
C
3000 IF ( PRI(TYPE(PRT(REC))) .GE. PRI(TYPE(PRT(Q(2))))
& GOTO 1000
POINT = Q(2)
C
C----- ADVANCING FROM THE BACK FORWARD!!!!
C
3100 POINT - PRED(POINT)
C
C----- WHEN POINT = 0 YOU HAVE GONE BEYOND THE BOUNDS OF THE QUEUE.
C
IF ( POINT .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 2000
IF ( PRI(TYPE(PRT(REC))) .LT. PRI(TYPE(PRT(POINT)))
& GOTO 3100
C
C----- HERE IS WHERE REC IS INSERTED
c
BPOINT = SUCC(POINT)
SUCC(REC) = BPOINT
PRED (REC) = POINT
SUCC (POINT) = REC
PRED (BPOINT) = REC
GOTO 5000
C
C----- FILE THE ELEMENT IN ASCENDING PRIORITY, FIRST WITHIN CLASS
c
4000 IF ( PRI(TYPE(PRT(REC))) .LE. PRI(TYPE(PRT(Q(1))))
& GOTO 2000
POINT = Q(1)

125
C
C --- ADVANCING FROM FRONT TO BACK! !!!
C
4100 POINT = SUCC(POINT)
C
C----- WHEN POINT = 0 YOU HAVE GONE BEYOND THE BOUNDS OF THE QUEUE.
C
IF ( POINT .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1000
IF ( PRI(TYPE(PRT(REC))) .GT. PRI(TYPE(PRT(POINT)))
GOTO 4100
C
C----- HERE IS WHERE REC IS INSERTED
C
BPOINT = PRED (POINT)
SUCC (REC) = POINT
PRED(REC) = BPOINT
SUCC (BPOINT) = REC
PRED (POINT) = REC
5000 Q(3) = Q(3) + 1
C
9999 RETURN
END
C

126
C ***********************************************************************

C
C
SUBROUTINE GENVNT (EVENT, BLK)
C 10/03/88
C---
C PURPOSE: UPDATES THE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION AND THE
C ASSOCIATED EVENT RATE; GENERATES THE NEXT EVENT TIME,
C THE EQUIPMENT INVOLVED AND THE TYPE OF EVENT:
C 1 - FAILURE
C 2 - REPAIR
C 3 - PHASE CHANGE
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: RAND
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER EVENT
C
REAL*8 RATELO
C
DATA RATELO /1.OD-8/

C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS


C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- UPDATE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION AND EVENT RATE
c
P(1) = 0.0
DO 20 I = 1,NPARTS
P(I+I) = P(I)
IF ( UP(I) .EQ. 0 ) P(I+I) = P(I+I) + LAM(TYPE(I))
20 CONTINUE
P(NP2) = RATE
C
C----- TEST FOR A TOO LOW EVENT RATE
C
IF ( RATE .GE. RATELO ) GOTO 40
WRITE (CONSOL,9000) RATE,TIME
GOTO 60
C
C----- ADVANCE SIMULATION CLOCK ASSUMING AN EXPONENTIAL RELATIONSHIP,
C I.E., R = EXP(-RATE*TIME)
C
40 R = RAND(SEED1)
TIME = - ALOG(R) / RATE + TIME
IF ( TIME .LT. PHTIME(PHI) ) GOTO 80
C
C------ EVENT IS PHASE CHANGE IF EITHER RATE IS TOO LOW OR

127
C PREDICTED TIME EXCEEDS NEXT PHASE CHANGE BOUNDARY
C
60 TINE = PHTIME(PHI)
EVENT = 3
GOTO 1000
C
C----- FIND EQUIPMENT INVOLVED (IF ANY) THROUGH A BINARY SEARCH
C OVER THE PART FAILURE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION; COMPARING
C P(M) TO Z IS THE ESSENCE OF SAMPLING FOR THE FAILED PART
C OR DETERMINING A REPAIR EVENT.
C
80 R = RAND (SEED2)
Z = R * P(NP2)
C
MLO = 1
MHI = NP2
100 M= (MLO + MHI) /2
IF (MHI - MLO .LE. 1) GOTO 400
IF (P(M) - Z ) 200,500,300
C
200 MLO =M
GOTO 100
C
300 MHI = M
GOTO 100
C
400 M = MLO
500 CONTINUE
C
C------ EVENT IS REPAIR IF M>NPARTS
C
IF ( M .LE. NPARTS) GO TO 600
BLK = SRVBLK
EVENT = 2
GOTO 1000
C
C----- EVENT IS FAILURE, PROVIDED THE EQUIPMENT IS OPERATIONAL
C
600 CONTINUE
C
C----- -CHECK IF EQUIPMENT IS OF VPRIABLE DUTY CYCLE TYPE
C
IVDCTM = IVDC (TYPE (M))
IF ( IVDCTM .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 900
C
C----- IF EQUIPMENT IS DORMANT, RESAMPLE WITH TIME ADVANCE
C
R = RAND (SEED3)
IF ( R .GT. VDC(IVDCTM,PHASE) ) GOTO 40
C
900 EVENT = 1
BLK = M
C
1000 RETURN
C
9000 FORMAT(' EVENT RATE ',E1O.3,' IS TOO SMALL AT TIME = ',F10.3)
C
END

128
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C ******************************************************************** **
C
C- C SUBROUTINE HEADER 569
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: PRINTS PROGRAM IDENTIFICATION HEADER


C CALLED IN: MAIN

INTEGER AUXI, AUX2, AUX3, CONSOL, OUTPUT


CMMON / UNIT / INPUT, OUTPUT, CONSOL, AUX1, AUX2, AUX3
C
C---- LOCAL VARIABLES FOR THE TIME AND DATE STAMP
C
INTEGER HOUR, MIN, SECONDS, M, DD, YY
C
C ---- END OF LOCAL VARIABLES
C
C ------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 90020)
90020 FORMAT (/
1,8X, ',/
2,8X,-- BEAVER WITH SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
3,8X,,-- MAY 7, 1992
4,8X,'- CLIFF WHITCOMB (FOR MIT THESIS) WITH =',/
5, 8X, = CHARLES STARK DRAPER LABORATORY -', /
6,8x, '=- SYSTEM SCIENCES DIVISION
7,8X,'= CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02139
8, 8X,' - ')
C

C---- PRINT OUT THE DAY AND TIME THIS FILE WAS RUN
C
CALL DATE (MM,DD,YY)
CALL TIME (SECONDS)
C
HOUR = SECONDS / 3600
DUMMY = HOUR * 3600
SECONDS = SECONDS - DUMMY
MIN = SECONDS / 60
DUMMY = MIN * 60
SECONDS = SECONDS - DUMMY
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,90300) MM, DD, YY, HOUR, MIN, SECONDS
90300 FORMAT(/,' ***** BEAVER TALE WAS CREATED ON ',
& 12.2,2('/l,I2.2),l AT ',12.2,2(':',I2.2),'
C
RETURN
END
C

129
C

SUBROUTINE HSORT (B,N)


C 02/29/88

C PURPOSE: SORTS LIST B IN ASCENDING ORDER


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C NOTE: "IT" IS INTEGER AND USED AS TEMPORARY
C STORAGE FOR B(.) WHICH IS FLOATING POINT!
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
DIMENSION B(N)
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
DO 50 I = 2,N
J= I
25 K=J/ 2
IF (B(J) .LT. B(K) ) GOTO 50
IT = B (K)
B (K) = B (J)
B(J) = IT
J=K
IF ( J .GT. 1 ) GOTO 25
50 CONTINUE
C
I =N
100 IF I .LT. 1) RETURN
IT = B(1)
B (1) = B (I)
B(I) = IT
I=I-1
J= 1
K= 2* J
110 IF (K .GT. I) GOTO 100
IF ( K .LT. I .AND. B(K) .LT. B(K+I) ) K = K + 1
IF ( B(J) .GT. B(K) ) GOTO 100
IT = B(J)
B (J) = B (K)
B(K) - IT
J=K
K=2* J
GOTO 110
C
END
C

130
C
C
SUBROUTINE INITAL
C 02/29/88

C PURPOSE: INITIALIZES LINKED LISTS AND STATISTICS


C FOR EACH MISSION.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: SET
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C---------------------------------------------------------------------
C
NINLST = 0
PHI = 1
PHASE = PHZ(PHI)
SRVOP = PHSRV(PHASE)
REMSTG = 0
SRVBLK = 0
RTIME = 0.0
TIME = 0.0
DONE = .FALSE.
C
FQFRST = 1
FQLAST = MAXLST
FQNUM = MAXLST
SQFRST = 0
SQLAST = 0
SQNUM = 0
C
C----- INITIALIZE AVAILABLE SPARES BY EQUIPMENT TYPE
C
DO 1000 I = 1,NEQT
SPARES(I) = SPARE1(I)
1000 CONTINUE
C
C----- INITIALIZES VARIABLES RELEVANT TO BOTH PARTS AND GROUPS
C
DO 2000 I = 1,NBLKS
CDWNTM(I) = 0.0
DWNTME(I) = 0.0
NUMFAL(I) = 0
SYSDWN(I) = 0
UP(I) = 0
2000 CONTINUE
C
C----- INITIALIZES VARIABLES RELEVANT ONLY TO GROUPS OF EQUIPMENTS
C
DO 2500 I = 1,NGROUP

131
NOUP (I) =NOOFF (1)

2500 CONTINUE
C
C------- INITIALIZE LIST VARIABLES
C
DO 3000 I = 2,MXLST
SUCC(I-1) = I
PRED(I) = I-1
3000 CONTINUE
C
SUCC(MAXLST) = 0
PRED(1) = 0
C
C------- INITIALIZE PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION AND EVENT RATE
C
P~i) 0.0
DO 4000 I = 1,NPARTS
P(I+1) = P(I) + LAM(TYPE(I))
4000 CONTINUE
P(NP2) = P(NP1)
RATE = P(NP2)
C
C------- VARIABLES IN THE INITIAL PHASE ARE INITIALIZED IN SET
C
CALL SET
C
RETURN
END
C

132
C
C *******t***************************************************************

C
C
SUBROUTINE LCABLE (BLK)
C 5/6/92
C-
C PURPOSE: DETERMINES CABLE LENGTH FOR COST ESTIMATE.
C CALLED IN: READIT
C CALLS TO:
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
CX1 = EQDATA(BLK, 1)
CY1 = EQDATA(BLK, 2)
CZ1 = EQDATA(BLK, 3)
CX2 = EQDATA(BLK, 4)
CY2 = EQDATA(BLK, 5)
CZ2 = EQDATA(BLK, 6)
C
AA = CX2 - CX1
BB = CY2 - CY1
CC = CZ2 - CZ1
C
CBLENGTH = SQRT(AA**2 + BB**2 + CC**2)
C
RETURN
C
END
C

133
C
C
SUBROUTINE LINEUP
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: CHECKS THE EQDATA() STATUS FIELD TO SET THE UP FLAGS


C ACCORDING TO THE DESIRED LINE UP. UP(EQUIPNO) IS SET
C TO 1 IF THE DESIRED STATUS FLAG IS SET TO 1.
C A DESIRED STATUS OF "1" IS OFF, AND OF "0" IS ON.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
c
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER ONOFF
C
C ----- ONOFF IS THE STATUS FIELD OF THE EQDATA ARRAY
C
ONFLAG = 0.0
ONOFF = 5
C
C ----- GET THE DESIRED STATUS FLAG FOR THE EQUIPMENT AND SET THE
C ----- UP FLAG EQUAL TO 1 IF DESIRED STATUS IS OFF.
C
C
DO 100 I = 1, NPARTS
EQCODE = EQTYPE( I )
GOTO ( 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 ), EQCODE
C
C ----- ALTERNATE DC POWER SOURCE
C
10 ONFLAG = rQDATA(I,ONOFF)
GOTO 100
C
C ----- POWER SOURCE
C
20 ONFLAG = EQDATA(I,ONOFF)
GOTO 90
C
C ----- LOAD
C
30 ONFLAG = EQDATA(I,ONOFF)
GOTO 90
C
C BREAKER
C
40 ONFLAG = EQDATA(l,ONOFF)
GOTO 90
C

134
C --- CABLE CANNOT BE CONTROLLED
C
50 GOTO 100
C
C CABINET CANNOT BE CONTROLLED
C
60 GOTO 100
C
C ----- BUS TIE
C
70 ONFLAG = EQDATA(I,ONOFF)
GOTO 90
C
C ABT LINE UP CONTOLLED BY THE WAY IT IS PUT IN THE INPUT FILE
C ----- NOT BY A DYNAMIC PROCESS.
C
80 GOTO 100
C
90 IF (ONFLAG .EQ. 0.0) GOTO 100
C
C ----- MAKE CALLS TO ADJUST SYSTEM RATE
C ----- AND SET UP(I) = 1. ADJUST THE SYSTEM RATE SINCE THE
C ----- COMPONENT IS BEING TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE.
C
RATE = RATE - LAM(TYPE(I))
C
C ----- CSTAT IS THE SAME AS STAT EXCEPT THAT NO STATISTICS ARE
C ----- KEPT AS TO THE DOWN TIME OF THE COMPONENT SINCE IT IS IN
C ----- A Controlled STATus STATE.
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 500) I
WRITE(CONSOL, 500) I
500 FORMAT(/'SWITCHING EQUIPMENT # ',14,' OFF BEFORE ANALYSIS.'/)
C
CALL CSTAT(I, 1)
CALL SYSSTATS
C
C
100 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
C
END
C

135
C ***********************************************************************

c
SUBROUTINE OPENF
C 3/20/92

C PURPOSE: OPENS INPUT AND OUTPUT FILES - UPDATED FOR BEAVER


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C--------------------------------------------------------------------------

INTEGER AUXI, AUX2, AUX3, CONSOL, OUTPUT


COM4ON / UNIT / AUX2, AUX3
INPUT,OUTPUT,CONSOL, AUX1,
C
C--------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
OPEN ( UNIT = INPUT, FILE = 'BEAVER.IN', STATUS = 'OLD'
OPEN ( UNIT - OUTPUT, FILE = 'BEAVER TALE', STATUS 'NEW'
C OPEN ( UNIT = AUX1, FILE = 'BEAVER.AX1', STATUS = 'NEW'
C OPEN ( UNIT = AUX2, FILE = 'BEAVER.AX2', STATUS 'NEW'
C OPEN ( UNIT = AUX3, FILE = 'BEAVER.FTF', STATUS = 'NEW'
C
RETURN
END
C

136
C ***********************************************************************

C SUBROUTINE PCHANG2/98 2/29/88

C PURPOSE: SERVICES THE CHANGE OF PHASE EVENT


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: FILE, REMOVE, SET
C NOTE: THE LAST POSITION OF THE FREE QUEUE IS DESIGNATED
C THE IN-SERVICE POSITION.
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER POINT
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INCREMENT THE PHASE INDEX
C
PHI = PHI + 1
C
C----- CHECK FOR END OF MISSION FLAG (PHZ = 0)
C
IF ( PHZ(PHI) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 500
DONE = .TRUE.
GOTO 9999
C
C----- MISSION CONTINUES
C
500 PHASE = PHZ (PHI)
C
C----- RECONFIGURE FOR THIS PHASE TYPE
C
CALL SET
C
C----- CHECK FOR SERVER STATUS CHANGE
C
IF ( SRVOP .EQ. PHSRV(PHASE) ) GOTO 4000
C
C----- CHANGE SERVER STATUS AND ASSESS CURRENT STATUS
C
SRVOP = PHSRV(PHASE)
IF ( SRVOP .NE. 0) GOTO 2000
C
C----- TURN SERVER ON AND LOOK FOR A SERVICEABLE PART
C
IF ( SQNUM .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 9999

137
POINT = SQFRST
1000 K = TYPE(PRT(POINT))
IF ( MU(K,PHASE) .GT. 0.0 ) GOTO 1100
1050 POINT = SUCC (POINT)
IF ( POINT .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1000
GOTO 9999
C
C----- EQUIPMENT IS REPAIRABLE
C
1100 CALL REMOVE (SQ,POINT)
CALL FILE (FQ,POINT, 1)
C
IF ( SPARES(K) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 1150
C
C----- SPARES NO LONGER AVAILABLE; INCREMENT SPARE OUTAGE COUNTER
C
NOSPRE (K) NOSPRE(K) + 1
GOTO 1050
C
C----- SPARES STILL AVAILABLE
C
1150 SRVMU = MU(K,PHASE)
RATE - RATE + SRVMU * NSTAG
REMSTG = RMS (POINT)
SRVBLK = PRT(POINT)
RTIME = TIME
GOTO 9999
C
C----- TURN SERVER OFF; ANY PART IN SERVICE IS RETURNED
C TO THE SERVICE QUEUE FROM THE LAST POSITION OF
C THE FREE QUEUE- THE SO-DESIGNATED IN-SERVICE POSITION.
C
2000 .F ( REMSTG .EQ. 0) GOTO 9999
C
C-- ** THE NEXT LINE IS LOGICALLY INCONSISTENT:
C ** IT SHOULD BE POINT = FQLST !!!!
C
POINT = FQFRST
CALL REMOVE (FQ, POINT)
PRT (POINT) = SRVBLK
RMS(POINT) = REMSTG
CALL FILE (SQ,POINT,4)
C
C----- CLEAN OFF SERVER
C
SRVBLK = 0
REMSTG = 0
RATE = RATE - SRVMU * NSTAG
GOTO 9999
C
C----- SERVER STATUS REMAINS THE SAME
C
4000 IF ( SRVOP .NE. 0 ) GOTO 9999
C
C----- SERVER REMAINS ON
C
IF ( REMSTG .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 4250
IF ( MU(TYPE(SRVBLK),PHASE) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 4200

138
C
C----- EQUIPMENT IS BEING REPAIRED; THE PROGRAM MUST ACCOUNT
C FOR POSSIBLE CHANGE IN REPAIR RATE DUE TO THE PHASE
C CHANGE. THIS IS ACCOUNTED FOR BY THE VARIABLE X.
C
X = MU (TYPE (SRVBLK) ,PHASE) - SRVMU
RATE = RATE + X * NSTAG
SRVMU = MU (TYPE (SRVBLK) ,PHASE)
GOTO 9999
C
C----- PART BECOMES NON-REPAIRABLE DUE TO PHASE CHANGE; IT IS
C ROTATED BACK INTO THE SERVICE QUEUE FROM THE FREE QUEUE.
C
4200 RATE = RATE - SRVMU * NSTAG
C
C-- ** THIS IS THE SAME LOGICAL INCONSISTENCY AS ABOVE !!
C
POINT = FQFRST
CALL REMOVE (FQ, POINT)
PRT(POINT) = SRVBLK
RMS(POINT) = REMSTG
CALL FILE (SQ,POINT, 4)
4250 IF ( SQNUM .LE. 0 ) GOTO 9999
C
POINT = SQFRST
4300 K TYPE(PRT(POINT))
IF (MU(K,PHASE) .GT. 0.0 ) GOTO 4400
4350 POINT = SUCC (POINTY
IF ( POINT .NE. 0 ) GOTO 4300
REMSTG = 0
GOTO 9999
C
C----- EQUIPMENT IS REPAIRABLE
C
4400 CALL REMOVE (SQ,POINT)
CALL FILE (FQ,POINT,I)
C
IF ( SPARES(K) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 4450
C
C----- SPARES NO LONGER AVAILABLE; INCREMENT SPARE OUTAGE COUNTER
C
NOSPRE(K) = NOSPRE(K) + 1
GOTO 4350
C
C----- SPARES STILL AVAILABLE
C
4450 SRVMU = MU(K,PHASE)
RATE = RATE + SRVMU * NSTAG
REMSTG = RMS (POINT)
SRVBLK = PRT(POINT)
RTIME = TIME
C
9999 RETURN
END
C

139
C
C
SUBROUTINE POWERCHK
C 5/2/92

C PURPOSE: TO BUILD AN ARRAY OF LOAD TO SOURCE POWER PATHS FOR


C ALL POSSIBLE PATHS IN THE SYSTEM.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C CALL CHKLOAD TO DETERMINE WHICH LOADS ARE NOT POWERED,
C WHICH GENERATORS ARE PARALLELLED, AND GENERATOR LOADING.
C
CALL CHKLOAD
C
C CHECK THE LOADS WHICH WERE NOT POWERED. IF THE LOADING IS
C CHANGED, THEN GO BACK TO THE BEGINNING OF THE SUBROUTINE TO
C REDO THE LOADING CHECK. MAKE SURE THAT ANY COMPONENT
C RECONFIGURATION IS PROPERLY ACCOUNTED FOR USING THE STAT
C ROUTINES, ETC. THE LOADS ARE CHECKED BEFORE THE SOURCES
C TO PREVENT LOAD SHEDDING OF HIGH PRIORITY LOADS.
C
DO 4000 J = 1, NUMLD
C
C ----- IF THE LOAD NUMBERED J IS OK, IT'S ENTRY IN LOADWN IS 0.
C
IF ( LOADWN(J) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 4000
C
WRITE(OUTPUT, 4100) LOADWN(J)
4100 FORMAT(/'LOAD ',14,' NOT POWERED, BUT IT SHOULD BE.')
4000 CONTINUE
C
DO 5000 I - 1, NUMSRC
C
C ----- IF THE GENERATOR IS NOT OVERLOADED, SKIP OVER IT
C
IF ( OVRLD(I) .EQ. 0.0 ) GOTO 5000
WRITE(OUTPUT, 5100) I
5100 FORMAT(/'SOURCE(',14,') IS OVERLOADED AND NEEDS ATTENTION.')
5000 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
C
END
C

140
C
C
SUBROUTINE POWERPATH
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: TO BUILD AN ARRAY OF LOAD TO SOURCE POWER PATHS FOR


C ALL POSSIBLE PATHS IN THE SYSTEM.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C ----------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER SP, TEMPATH, PATH, FLAGI, FLAGBLK
C
DIMENSION TEMPATH(LEN17*LEN23, LEN08), FLAGI (LEN15),
1 FLAGBLK(LEN15), LCHK(LEN17*LEN23),
2 TSRCPATH ( ((LEN18-LEN23) +2*LEN23) *LEN17, LEN08)
C
NROWCT = 0
C
DO 2700 I = 1, ((NUMLD-NUMABT)+2*NUMABT)*NUMSRC
DO 2710 J = 1, NPARTS
TSRCPATH (I, J) = 0
2710 CONTINUE
2700 CONTINUE
C
DO 1000 J=1,NUMLD
C
C----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP = 0
K= 0
1=0
PATH = 1
C
DO 1005 NN = 1, NPARTS
DO 1015 N - 1, NUMSRC*NUMABT
TEMPATH (N,NN) - 0
1015 CONTINUE
1005 CONTINUE
C
DO 1025 N - 1, NUMSRC*NUMABT
LCHK(N) = 0
1025 CONTINUE
C
DO 1035 N - 1, LEN15
FLAGBLK(N) = 0
FLAGI(N) = 0
1035 CONTINUE

141
C
BLK - LOAD (J)
C
C WRITE(CONSOL, 90910) BLK
C WRITE (OUTPUT, 90910) BLK
C90910 FORMAT('BUILDING STRINGS FOR LOAD ',14)
C
IND = FSTAR(BLK)
BLK = ARC (IND)
C
C
1010 CONTINUE
IBEG = RSTAR(BLK)
IEND = RSTAR(BLK+I) - 1
IND = IBEG
C
C----- BLOCK IS AN EQUIPMENT, SO GO TO 1060
C
IF" ( IBEG .LE. IEND ) GOTO 1030
C
GOTO 1060
C
C----- BLOCK IS A GROUP
C
C ----- CHECK FOR COMPLETION OF HORIZONTAL MOVE
C
1030 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1060
C
TBLK = RARC (IND)
C
IF (TBLK .LE. LEN08) GOTO 1080
C
C
NEEDBEG = RSTAR(TBLK)
NEEDEND = RSTAR(TBLK+1)
IF (NONEED(TBLK-LOWGRP+I) .LT. (NEEDEND-NEEDBEG)) THEN
K = K+I
FLAGBLK( K ) = TBLK
FLAGI( K ) I
ELSE
ENDIF
C
1080 SP =SP + 4
IF ( SP .GT. LEN12 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,1040)
WRITE (CONSOL,1040)
1040 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE POWERPATH')
CALL ERRKDE(10,SP,LEN12)
ENDIF
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAK(SP-2) = IBEG
STAK(SP-1) = IEND
STAK(SP) = IND
BLK - TBLK
GOTO 1010
C
C----- UPWARD RETRACE
C

142
1060 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1099
C
IF (BLK .GT. LEN08) GOTO 1072
C
C
I = I+l
TEMPATH( PATH, I ) = BLK
DO 1071 M = 1, NUMSRC
IF (BLK .EQ. SOURCE(M)) THEN
PATH = PATH + 1
ELSE
ENDIF
1071 CONTINUE
C
1072 TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
IF (BLK .EQ. FLAGBLK( K )) THEN
I = FLAGI( K
K = K-1
ELSE
ENDIF
C
C
C----- INCREMENT INDEX OF ARC'S TAIL
C
1090 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1030
C
1099 CONTINUE
C
C
NROWS = 0
DO 2000 L = 1, NUMSRC*NUMABT
LCHK( L ) = 0
DO 2001 LL = 1, NPARTS
LCHK( L ) = LCHK( L ) + TEMPATH( L, LL)
2001 CONTINUE
IF (LCHK( L ) .NE. 0) NROWS = NROWS + 1
2000 CONTINUE
C
C
DO 2500 L = 2, NUMSRC*NUMABT
LL = 1
2200 IF (TEMPATH( L, LL ) .NE. 0) GOTO 2500
TEMPATH( L, LL) = TEMPATH( L-1, LL
LL = LL+1
IF (LL .GT. NPARTS) GOTO 2500
GOTO 2200
2500 CONTINUE
C
DO 3000 L = 1, NROWS
DO 3010 LL - 1, NPARTS
PWRPATH(NROWCT+L, LL) = TEMPATH(L, LL)

143
3010 CONTINUE
3000 CONTINUE
C
NROKCT = NROWCT+NROWS
C
C
1000 CONTINUE
C
NNN = ((NUMLD-NUMABT) + 2*NUMABT) *NUMSRC
C
C ----- CREATE AN IMAGE OF PWRPATH FOR USE IN A SEARCH FOR CONTINUITY
C FROM SOURCE TO LOAD FOR LOAD SHED INVESTIGATION.
C
DO 9000 I - 1, NNN
DO 9010 J = 1, NPARTS
IF (PWRPATH(I, NPARTS-J+1) .NE. 0) THEN
TSRCPATH(I,J) = PWRPATH(I, NPARTS-J+1)
ELSE
GOTO 9010
ENDIF
9010 CONTINUE
9000 CONTINUE
C
DO 9050 I = 1, NNN
K= 1
DO 9060 J = 1, NPARTS
IF (TSRCPATH(I,J) .NE. 0) THEN
SRCPATH(I,K) = TSRCPATH(I,J)
K=K+ 1
ELSE
GOTO 9060
ENDIF
9060 CONTINUE
9050 CONTINUE
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 5950)
5950 FORMAT (/'TRANSPOSE OF POWER PATH CONTINUITY ARRAY'/)
C
DO 5000 J 1, NPARTS
1
NOTHING = 0
DO 5010 N = 1, NNN
NOTHING = NOTHING + PWRPATH(N,J)
5010 CONTINUE
IF (NOTHING NE. 0) THEN
WRITE (CONSOL, 5900) (PWRPATH(I, J) ,I=1,NNN)
WRITE (OUTPUT, 5900) (PWRPATH (I, J) ,I=l,NNN)
5900 FORMAT (2413)
ELSE
GOTO 5555
ENDIF
C
5000 CONTINUE
C
5555 WRITE (OUTPUT, 8950)
8950 FORMAT(/'TRANSPOSE OF SOURCE PATH CONTINUITY ARRAY')
C
DO 8500 J = 1, NPARTS
NOTHING = 0

144
DO 8510 N = 1, NNN
NOTHING = NOTHING + SRCPATH (N, J)
8510 CONTINUE
IF (NOTHING .NE. 0) THEN
WRITE (CONSOL,8900) (SRCPATH(I,J),I=1,NNN)
WRITE (OUTPUT,8900) (SRCPATH(I,J),I=1,NNN)
8900 FORMAT (2413)
ELSE
GOTO 8000
ENDIF
C
8500 CONTINUE
C
8000 RETURN
C
END
C
C ***********************************************************************
C
C
C
FUNCTION RAND (SEED)
C 02/25/88
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: GENERATES A RANDOM NUMBER
C CALLED IN: GENVNT
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
INTEGER A, BI5, B16, FHI, P, SEED, XALO, XHI
C
DATA A/16807/,B15/32768/,B16/65536/,P/2147483647/
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
XHI = SEED / B16
XALO = ( SEED - XHI * B16 ) * A
LEFTLO = XALO / B16
FHI = XHI * A + LEFTLO
K = FHI / B15
SEED = (( (XALO - LEFTLO*B16) - P) + (FHI-K*B15) * B16 ) + K
IF ( SEED .LT. 0) SEED = SEED + P
RAND = FLOAT(SEED) * 4.656612875E-10
RETURN
END

145
C ******** **************************************************************

C
C
SUBROUTINE RCABLE (I)
C 4/15/92

C PURPOSE: FINDS THE CLOSEST COORDINATE FROM THE HIT TO THE CABLE.
C SINCE THE CABLE IS CONSIDERED A LINE, THE FORMULA OF THE
C DISTANCE FROM A POINT TO A LINE IS USED WITH A CHECK
C TO SEE IF IT IS PERPENDICULAR. THE CASE WHERE THE
C LINE SEGMENT IS LOCATED SUCH THAT AN END POINT IS
C CLOSEST IS CONSIDERED AND PROPERLY ACCOUNTED FOR.
C
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C------------------------------------------------------------------------
c
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
AA = CX2 - CX1
BB = CY2 - CY1
CC = CZ2 - CZ1
C
TTT = AA* (HITX-CX1)+BB* (HITY-CY1)+CC* (HITZ-CZ1)
TT = TTT/(AA**2+BB**2+CC**2)
C
XX = AA * TT + CX1
YY = BB * TT + CY1
ZZ = CC * TT + CZ1
C
13050 IF ( XX .GE. CX1 ) .AND. (XX .LE. CX2 ) GOTO 13100
GOTO 13300
13100 IF ( YY .GE. CYI ) .AND. ( YY .LE. CY2 ) GOTO 13200
GOTO 13300
13200 IF ( ZZ .GE. CZ1 ) .AND. ( ZZ .LE. CZ2 ) GOTO 13400
13300 CXX CX1
CYY CYl
CZZ CZ1
RADSQ = (HITX-CXX)**2+ (HITY-CYY)**2+
& (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RADI = SQRT(RADSQ)
CXX = CX2
CYY = CY2
CZZ - CZ2
RADSQ (HITX-CXX) **2+ (HITY-CYY) **2+
=
8 (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RAD2 = SQRT(RADSQ)
IF ( RAD2 .GT. RADI ) THEN
RADIUS ( I ) = RADI
ELSE
PADIUS ( I ) = RAD2

146
ENDIF
GOTO 13500
C
13400 CXoc = XX
Cyy = yy
czz = ZZ
RADSQ = (HITX-CX) **2+ (HITY-CYY) **2+
£ (HITZ-CZZ)**2
RAD = SORT (RADSQ)
RADIUS ( I )=RAD
C

13500 RETURN
C

147
C ***********************************************************************

C SUBRO)UTINE READIT
C
C- 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: READS IN USER SUPPLIED INFORMATION.


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: ERRDKE, SSORT
C NOTE: INPUT FORMAT IS SIMILAR TO TIGER'S.
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER BUFF(10), GN, NM(4)
INTEGER JQ, KQ, J, I, SP
C
DATA IBLANKI' '/
C
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
c
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INITIALIZE COUNTERS
C
MAXLST = LENl
NARC =0
NBLKS = 0
NEQT = 0
NGRCHG = 0
NPARTS = 0
NVDC = 0
C
C ----- READ IN THE CODE SWITCH FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
C ----- SURVIVE = 1 PERFORM SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
C ----- SURVIVE = 0 DO NOT PERFORM SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
C
READ ( INPUT,91002 ) SURVIVE
WRITE( OUTPUT, 91002) SURVIVE
91002 FORMAT (12)
C
C----- INPUT SIMULATION PARAMETERS
C
READ (INPUT,90000) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,90010) N5MS
C
READ (INPUT, 90020) NMISS,MISSPR, LOWGRP,NSDEV, NPT,
& SEED1, SEED2, SEED3, SEED4
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,90040) NMISS, MISSPR, LOWGRP, NSDEV,NPT,

148
& SEED1, SEED2, SEED3, SEED4
C
C
C
C----- READ IN MISSION PROFILE ( TIME LINE
C
K= 0
C
1000 READ (INPUT,90050) ( PHZ(K+J),PHTIME(K+J), J = 1,5
C WRITE (OUTPUT,90050) ( PHZ(K+J),PHTIME(K+J),J = 1,5
K=K+ 5
IF ( PHZ(K-4).NE.0 ) GOTO 1000
NPHASE = K - 5
C
C----- ACCUMULATE PHASE DURATIONS TO CONVERT INTO PHASE ENDING TIMES
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 90070)
DURMIS = 0.
K= 1
C
1010 IF (PHZ(K) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1020
DURMIS = DURMIS + PHTIME(K)
WRITE (OUTPUT, 90080) K, PHZ (K) ,PHTIME (K) ,DURMIS
PHTIME (K) = DURMIS
K=K+ 1
GOTO 1010
C
C----- INPUT REPORT OPTIONS
C
1020 READ (INPUT,90090) KOPT
WRITE (OUTPUT,90100) KOPT
C
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90110)
C
C----- INPUT SERVER STATUS FOR DIFFERENT PHASE TYPES
C
READ (INPUT,90090) ( PHSRV(I), I=1,NPT
IF ( KOPT.LT.4 ) GOTO 1100
C
DO 1050 I = 1,NPT
WRITE (OUTPUT, 90120) I,PHSRV(I)
1050 CONTINUE
C
1100 READ (INPUT,90130) NSTAG
C
IF ( NSTAG.LE.0 ) NSTAG = 1
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90140) NSTAG
C
C----- START EQUIPMENT PARAMETER INPUT BY TYPE
C
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90150)
C
2000 READ (INPUT,90160) I,NM,X,Y,U,IPRI
IF ( I.EQ.0 ) GOTO 2999
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 )
1 WRITE (OUTPUT,90170) I,NM,X,Y,U,IPRI
PRI (I) = IPRI
IF ( U.EQ.0.0 ) U = 1.0

149
IF ( U.GE.0.0 ) GOTO 2050
U = 1.0
C
C ----- READ VARIABLE DUTY CYCLE INFO IF U<0
C
NVDC - NVDC + 1
IF ( NVDC.GT.LEN04 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT, 2025)
WRITE (CONSOL,2025)
2025 FORMAT(/' ERROR FOUND IN SUBROUTINE READIT')
CALL ERRKDE (1,NVDC,LEN04)
ENDIF
IVDC(I) = NVDC
READ (INPUT,90180) ( VDC(NVDC,K), K = 1,NPT
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90190) I,NM,
& ( VDC(NVDC,K), K =1,NPT
C
2050 CONTINUE
C
IF ( I.GT.LEN07 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,2025)
WRITE (CONSOL,2025)
CALL ERRKDE(2,I,LEN07)
ENDIF
NEQT = MAX0 (NEQT, I)
C
DO 2080 J = 1,4
NAME(I,J) = NM(J)
2080 CONTINUE
c
LAM(I) = 0.0
IF ( X.NE.0.0 ) LAM(I) = 1.0 / X * U
IF ( Y.GE.0.0 ) GOTO 2200
C
C ----- READ VARIABLE MTTR CARD
C
READ (INPUT,90200) ( MU(I,J), J = 1,NPT
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 )
1 WRITE (OUTPUT,90210) I,NM, ( MU(I,J), J = 1,NPT
C
C
DO 2150 J = 1,NPT
IF ( MU(I,J).LE.0.0 .OR. MU(I,J).GE.9998.0 ) GOTO 2120
MU(I,J) = 1.0 / MU(I,J)
GOTO 2150
2120 MU(I,J) = 0.0
2150 CONTINUE
GOTO 2000
C
2200 DO 2250 J = 1,NPT
IF ( Y.EQ.0.0 .OR. Y.GE.9999.0 ) GOTO 2220
MU(I,J) = 1.0 / Y
GOTO 2250
2220 MU(I,J) = 0.0
2250 CONTINUE
GOTO 2000
C
C----- END EQUIPMENT PARAMETER INPUT

150
C
2999 CONTINUE
C
C --- START EQUIPMENT TYPE-TO-NUMBER MAP INPUT
C
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90220) NMS
4000 READ (INPUT,90230) I,BUFF
IF ( I.EQ.0 ) GOTO 4900
IF ( I.GT.LEN07 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,2025)
WRITE (CONSOL,2025)
CALL ERRKDE (3,I,LEN07)
ENDIF
IF ( KOPT.GE.4) WRITE (OUTPUT,90240) I,
& ( NAME(I,J), J = 1,4 ),BUFF
J=1
4200 IF ( BUFF(J).EQ.0 ) GOTO 4000
IF ( BUFF(J).GT.LEN08 ) CALL ERRKDE (4,BUFF(J),LEN08)
NPARTS = MAXO (NPARTS,BUFF (J))
TYPE(BUFF(J)) = I
J=J+ 1
IF ( J.LE.10 ) GOTO 4200
GOTO 4000
C
C----- END EQUIPMENT TYPE-TO-NUMBER MAP INPUT
C
4900 CONTINUE
LOWGRP = MAXO (LOWGRP,NPARTS + 1)
C
NP1 = NPARTS + 1
NP2 = NPARTS + 2
C
C----- READ IN SPARES POLICY
C
READ (INPUT,90250) IUNLIM
IF ( IUNLIM .NE. IBLANK ) GOTO 5100
C
IF ( KOPT .GE. 4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90260)
C
C ----- NEED TO HAVE NO SPARES FOR THE SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS
----- SO MAKE ALL SPARES AVAILABLE EQUAL TO ZERO.

DO 5000 I = 1, NEQT
READ (INPUT,90270) L,K
IF ( K .EQ. 0 ) K = I
SPARE1(K) = L
IF ( KOPT .GE. 4
& WRITE (OUTPUT,90280) K,( NAME(K,J), J = 1,4 ),SPARE1(K)
5000 CONTINUE
GOTO 5200
C
C----- UNLIMITED SPARES
C
5100 CONTINUE
DO 5150 I = 1, NEQT
SPAREl(I) = 999999
5150 CONTINUE
C

151
IF ( KOPT .GE. 4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90290)
C
5200 CONTINUE
C
C------ INPUT SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
C
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90300)
C
READ (INPUT,90310) ISYSNM, ISYS
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90320) ISYSNM,ISYS
C
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 ) WRITE (OUTPUT,90350)
C
C----- START GROUP CONFIGURATION INPUT
C
7000 READ (INPUT,90360) NR,GN, ( BUFF(I),I = 1,10
IF ( KOPT.GE.4 .AND. GN.NE.0 )
& WRITE (OUTPUT,90370) GN,NR,( BUFF(I), I = 1, 10
IF ( NR.EQ.0 ) GOTO 7999
C
C----- INPUT VARIABLE GROUP REQUIREMENTS BY PHASE ( IF NR < 0
C
IF ( NR. GT. 0 ) GOTO 7050
C
NGRCHG = NGRCHG + 1
GRPCHG(NGRCHG) = GN
READ (INPUT,90090) ( GRPREQ(NGRCHG,I), I = 1, NPT
IF ( KOPT .GE. 4 )
1 WRITE (OUTPUT,90380) GN,( GRPREQ(NGRCHG,I), I = 1, NPT
NR =I
C
7050 IF ( GN .GT. LEN15 ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT,2025)
WRITE (CONSOL,2025)
CALL ERRKDE( 5,GN,LEN15)
ENDIF
IF ( GN .LT. LOWGRP ) THEN
WRITE (OUTPUT, 2025)
WRITE (CONSOL,2025)
CALL ERRKDE (13,GN,LOWGRP)
ENDIF
GCOUNT = GN - LOWGRP + 1
NONEED (GCOUNT) = NR
NBLKS = MAXO(NBLKS,GN)
C
C----- ESTABLISH THE HIERARCHICAL RELIABILITY FAULT TREE OF THE
C SYSTEM BY FORMING THE FUNCTIONS ARC, RARC, FSTAR, AND
C RSTAR. ARC AND FSTAR MOVE FROM THE BOTTOM UP;
C RARC AND RSTAR MOVE FROM THE TOP DOWN.
C
DO 7100 I = 1,10
IF ( BUFF(I) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 7000
NARC = NARC + 1
IF ( NARC.GT.LEN10 ) CALL ERRKDE(6,NARC,LEN10)
ARC (NARC) = GN
RARC(NARC) = BUFF(I)
RSTAR(GN) = RSTAR(GN) + 1
FSTAR(BUFF(I)) = FSTAR(BUFF(I)) + 1

152
NOOFF (GCOUNT) = NOOFF (GCOUNT) + 1
c
C ----- Ni AND N2 TEMPORARILY HOLD THE TAILS AND HEADS
C OF THE GROUP-MEMBER ARCS PRIOR TO SORTING
C
N1(NARC) = BUFF(I)
N2(NARC)- = GN
7100 CONTINUE
GOTO 7000
C
C
C----- END GROUP CONFIGURATION INPUT
C
7999 CONTINUE
NGROUP = NBLKS - LOWGRP + 1
c
C
C----- END GROUP CONFIGURATION INPUT
C
C ADD SWITCH TO JUMP OVER HANDLER WHICH READS IN SURVIVABILITY
C DATA WHEN RELIABILITY-ONLY RUNS ARE DESIRED.
C
9700 IF ( SURVIVE .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 9790
c
C ----- INITIALIZE SOME COUNTERS
c
KQ = 10
KC = 10
EQUIPNO = 0
EQCODE = 0
NUMLD= 0
NUMSRC = 0
NUMCBL = 0
NUMCAB = 0
NUMABT = 0
NUMBKR = 0
NUMBT = 0
NUMALT = 0
COSTEQ = 0
COSTTL = 0
C
C ----- READ IN THE DATA FOR THE COMPONENT LOCATION
C ----- AND COMPONENT DATA. EQDATA() HOLDS THIS INFO.
C
9705 COSTTL = COSTTL + COSTEQ
READ ( INPUT, 90400 ) EQCODE, EQUIPNO,
& ( EQTEMP(JQ), JQ = 1,KQ
90400 FORMAT (214, 1OF8.2
C
C ----- INDICATES THE END OF THE INPUT DATA
C
IF ( EQCODE .EQ. 9999 ) GOTO 9790
C
IF ( EQCODE .LE. 0 ) GOTO 9705
C
C ----- KEEP AN ARRAY OF EQUIPMENT TYPES
c
EQTYPE ( EQUIPNO ) = EQCODE

153
c
GOTO (9710, 9720, 9730, 9740, 9750, 9760,9770,9780), EQCODE
C
C
C CODING OF THE EQuipment CODE:
C
C EQCODE = 1 ALTERNATE DC POWER SOURCE DATA
C EQCODE = 2 POWER SOURCE DATA
C EQCODE = 3 LOAD DATA
C EQCODE = 4 BREAKER DATA
C EQCODE = 5 CABLE DATA
C EQCODE = 6 CABINET DATA
C EQCODE = 7 BUS TIE DATA
C EQCODE = 8 ABT DATA
C
C
c
C ----- EQCODE = 1 IS FOR ALTERNATE OR EMERGENCY POWER SOURCES SUCH
C .... AS UPS, BATTERIES, OR FUEL CELLS.
C
9710 NUMALT=NUMALT+1
ALTSRC (NUMALT) = EQUIPNO
DO 9715 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP (JQ)
9715 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP (KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C ----- EQCODE OF 2 INDICATES A SOURCE DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE SOURCE. THE NEXT
C NUMBER INDICATES THE MAX POWER AVAILABLE. THE NEXT FIELD IS
C ----- THE INITIAL STATUS OF THE SOURCE. THE LAST F7ELD INDICATES
C ----- THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE SOURCE.
C ----- THE SOURCE () ARRAY KEEPS TRACK OF SOURCE RATINGINFORMATION.
C
9720 NUMSRC=NUMSRC+1
SOURCE (NUMSRC) = EQUIPNO
DO 9725 JO = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP(JQ)
9725 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP(KC)
GOTO 9705
c
C EQCODE OF 3 INDICATES A LOAD DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE LOAD. THE NEXT
C ----- NUMBER INDICATES THE POWER REQUIRED. THE LOAD () ARRAY
C ----- KEEPS TRACK OF THE LOAD RATING INFORMATION.
c
9730 NUMLD=NUMLD+1
LOAD(NUMLD) = EQUIPNO
DO 9735 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) - EQTEMP(JQ)
9735 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP(KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C EQCODE OF 4 INDICATES A BREAKER DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE BREAKER. THE NEXT

154
C ----- NUMBER INDICATES THE PRIORITY LEVEL FOR SELECTIVE TRIPPING
C ----- DECISIONS. THE LAST TWO FIELDS INDICATE THE INITIAL AND
C ----- CURRENT STATUS OF THE BREAKER RESPECTIVELY.
C ---- THE BREAKER() ARRAY KEEPS TRACK OF THE BREAKER INFORMATION.
C
9740 NUMBKR=NUMBKR+1
BREAKER(NUMBKR) - EQUIPNO
DO 9745 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP (JQ)
9745 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP (KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C ----- EQCODE OF 5 INDICATES A CABLE DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF ONE END OF THE CABLE.
C ----- THE NEXT THREE NUMBERS ARE THE COORDINATES OF THE OTHER END.
C ----- THE TWO ENDS INDICATE A LINE SEGMENT WHICH MUST HAVE DISTANCE
C ---- TO ANY POINT ALONG THE CABLE FOR DAMAGE CHECK.
C
9750 NUMCBL=NUMCBL+l
CABLE (NUMCBL) = EQUIPNO
DO 9755 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP(JQ)
9755 CONTINUE
CALL LCABLE (EQUIPNO)
COSTEQ = CBLENGTH*EQ-.EMP (KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C ----- EQCODE OF 6 INDICATES A CABINET DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE CABINET. THE NEXT
C ----- THREE NUMBERS ARE NOT USED. THE CABINET () ARRAY
C ----- KEEPS TRACK OF THE CABINET INFORMATION.
C
9760 NUMCAB=NUMCAB+1
CABINET(NUMCAB) = EQUIPNO
DO 9765 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP(JQ)
9765 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP (KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C EQCODE OF 7 INDICATES A BUS TIE DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE BUS TIE. THE NEXT
C ----- NUMBER IS NOT USED. THE NEXT FIELD INDICATES THE INITIAL STATUS
C ----- OF THE BUS TIE. THE LAST FIELD INDICATES THE CURRENT STATUS
C ----- OF THE BUS TIE. THE BUSTIE() ARRAY
C ----- KEEPS TRACK OF THE LOAD RATING INFORMATION.
C
9770 NUMBT=NUMBT+1
BUSTIE(NUMBT) = EQUIPNO
DO 9775 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP (JQ)
9775 CONTINUE
COSTEQ - EQTEMP(KC)
GOTO 9705
C
C ----- EQCODE OF 8 INDICATES AN ABT DATA FIELD. THE FIRST THREE
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE X, Y, AND Z LOCATION OF THE ABT. THE NEXT

155
C .... NUMBER INDICATES THE BUS ALIGNMENT OF THE ABT.
C ----- THE ABT () ARRAY KEEPS TRACK OF THE ABT
C ----- INFORMATION.
C
9780 NUMABT=NUMABT+1
ABT(NUMABT) = EQUIPNO
DO 9785 JQ = 1,KQ
EQDATA(EQUIPNO, JQ) = EQTEMP(JQ)
9785 CONTINUE
COSTEQ = EQTEMP (KC)
GOTO 9705
C
9790 CONTINUE
C
C ----- OUTPUTTING EQDATA ARRAY
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9692)
9692 FORMAT(/'EQDATA I DATA FIELDS 1 - 10'/)
DO 9690 I = 1, NPARTS
WRITE(OUTPUT, 9695) I,(EQDATA(I,J), J=1,10)
9695 FORMAT(' ',14,' ',10F8.2)
9690 CONTINUE
C
C ----- READ IN THE HIT DATA. THE FIRST THREE NUMBERS
C ----- INDICATE THE X, Y, Z COORDINATES OF THE HIT. THE NEXT TWO
C ----- NUMBERS ARE THE MIN AND MAX RADIUS OF THE HIT.
C
READ( INPUT, 90500 ) ( HITDATA(JQ), JQ = 1,KQ
90500 FORMAT (9F8.2
C
NDISP = 0
12000 READ( INPUT, 90505 ) BUFF
90505 FORMAT(1014)
J= 1
12020 IF ((BUFF(J).EQ.0).AND.(NDISP .EQ. 0)) THEN
DISPALL = 1
GOTO 12900
ELSE IF ((BUFF(J).EQ.0).AND.(J .EQ. 1)) THEN
GOTO 12900
ELSE IF (BUFF(J).EQ.0) THEN
GOTO 12000
ELSE
ENDIF
C
NDISP = NDISP + 1
BLKDISP(NDISP) = BUFF(J)
C
J=J+ 1
IF (J .LE. 10) GOTO 12020
C
GOTO 12000
C
12900 CONTINUE
C
C
C----- REORDER THE ARC LIST IN THE ASCENDING ORDER OF THE ORIGINAL
C RARC LIST (I.E., Ni)
C

156
CALL SSORT( ARC,N1,NARC)
C
C------- REORDER THE RARC LIST IN THE ASCENDING ORDER OF THE ORIGINAL
C ARC LIST (I.E., N2)
C
CALL SSORT (RARC, N2, NARC)
C
C------- CLEAR THE USED PORTION OF THE Ni AND N2 ARRAYS BEFORE REUSE
C
DO 9800 I1 1, NARC
N1((1) =0
N2(I) =0
9800 CONTINUE
C
C------- TRANSFORM FSTAR AND RSTAR BASED ON THE ARC COUNT
C
ITF = FSTAR(1)
ITR = RSTAR(1)
FSTAR(1) = 1
RSTAR(l) = 1
C
DO 9900 I = 1,NBLKS
ITFi = FSTAR(I+1)
ITR. = RSTAR(I+l)
FSTAR(I+l) = FSTAR(I + ITF
RSTAR(I+1) = RSTAR(I) + ITR
ITF = ITFi
ITR = ITRi
9900 CONTINUE
C
C
RETURN
C
90000 FORMAT (4X, 19A4)
90010 FORMAT(/,lx,75('/'),//,1OX,lRUN ID:',19A4)
90020 FORMAT (15, 15, 5,F5.0,14, 4112)
90040 FORMAT(/,5X, 'NO. OF MlISSIONS:', T40,I12,
1 /,5X, 'MISSIONS BETWEEN SHORT PRINTS:',T40,I12,
2 I,5X, 'LOWEST GROUP NUMBER:', T40,I12,
3 /,5X,'NO. OF STD. DEVIATIONS:', T40,F12.4,
4 /,5X,'NO. OF PHASE TYPES:', T40,I12,
5 /,5X,'SEED NO. 1 ',T40,I12,
6 /,5X,'SEED NO. 2 ',T40,I12,
7 /,5X,'SEED NO. 3 :', T40,I12,
8 /,5X,'SEED NO. 4 :', T40,I12)
90050 FORMAT(5(2,F8.0))
C90060 FORMAT (1X,5(I2,F8.0))
90070 FORMAT(/,T1O,'MISSION TIME LINE',/,T1O,'PHASE NO.',
& T27,'TYPE',T37,'DURATION',T51, 'CUM. TIME')
90080 FORMAT(T1O,I5,T25,I5,T35,F1O.2,T50,F1O.2)
90090 FORMAT (2014)
90100 FORMAT(/,10X,'REPORT OPTION SELECTED : 1,15,/)
90110 FORMAT(/,T10,'SERVER STATUS CODE: 0=OPER. 1=NOT OPER.',//,
& T35,'SERVER STATUS',T10,1PHASE TYPE')
90120 FORMAT(T15,I4,T35,I4)
90130 FORMAT(20X,I4)
90140 FORMAT(/,T1O,'NO. STAGES OF SERVICE:',T40,I11)
90150 FORMAT(/,lx,75(1/'),//,1OX, 'EQUIPMENT TYPES AND PARAMETERS',!,

157
1 1X, 'TYPE NAt4E',10X, 'MTTF MTTR',6X, 'DUTYCYCLE',
2 1 REP. PRIORITY')
90160 FORMAT(14,4A4,FlO.0,2F4.0,I4)
90170 FORMAT(1X,I4,4A4,F1O.0,F8.2,5X,F6.2,3X,I10)
90180 FORMAT(20F4.0)
90190 FORMAT(' EQUIP TYPE',I5,4A4,/,' DUT CYC:',(10(2X,F6.4,2X),/))
90200 FORMAT (20F4. 0)
90210 FORMAT(' EQUIP TYPE',I5,4A4,/,
& I VAR REP:',(10(F7.2),/,10(F7.2)))
90220 FORMAT(/,lx,75('/') ,//,19A4//1X,'EQUIP-TYPE EQUIP-NUMBER MAP',
& /1X,'TYPE NAME',14X,
& 'EQUIPMENT NUMBERS OF THIS TYPE')
90230 FORMAT (1114)
90240 FORMAT (lX, 14,liX, 4A4,l10I4)
90250 FORMAT(A4)
90260 FORMAT(/,lx,75('/'),//,T1O,'SPARES PROVISIONING POLICY',/,
& T10,' NO. ',T20,' EQUIP NAME ',T39,'SPARES')
90270 FORMAT (214)
90280 FORMAT (Tl0, 15, T20, 4A4, T40,I15)
90290 FORMAT(' UNLIMITED SPARES')
90300 FORMAT(/,lx,75('I'),//,T1O, 'CONFIGURATION OF SYSTEM',!)
90310 FORMAT (A4, 4X, 14)
90320 FORMAT(T1O, 'SYSTEM NAME: 1,T31,A4,
1 /TlO,'SYSTEM GROUP NO:',T30,I5,/,TlO,/)
90330 FORMAT (A4, 8X, 14)
90350 FORMAT(/,lx,75('/'),//,T1O, 'GROUP CONFIGURATIONS',!)
90360 FORMAT (12I4)
90370 FORMAT(' GROUP: ',15,' REQUIRES',14,' OF MEMBERS: ',l15)
90380 FORMAT(' GRP:',I5,' REQ: ',2015,/,10X,20I5)
C
END
C

158
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C ***********************************************************************
C
SUBROUTINE REMOVE (Q, REC)
C 10/03/88
C---
C PURPOSE: REMOVES THE RECORD REC FROM THE LIST Q
C CALLED IN: FAIL, PCHANG, REPAIR
C CALLS TO: ERRIKDE
C------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER REC, Q
DIMENSION Q()
C
C----- END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- DECREMENT LIST COUNT
C
NINLST = NINLST - 1
IF (Q(3) .LE. 0 ) CALL ERRKDE (15,0,0)
IF ( REC. NE. Q(1) ) GOTO 1200
0(1) = SUCC(Q(1))
IF ( Q(1) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1100
Q(2) = 0
GOTO 5000
C
1100 PRED(Q(1)) = 0
GOTO 5000
C
1200 IF ( REC .NE. Q(2) ) GOTO 1400
Q(2) = PRED(Q(2))
IF ( Q(2) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1300
Q(1) = 0
GOTO 5000
C
1300 SUCC(Q(2)) = 0
GOTO 5000
C
1400 SUCC(PRED(REC)) = SUCC(REC)
PRED(SUCC(REC)) = PRED(REC)
5000 Q(3) = Q(3) - 1
C
RETURN
END
C

159
C
C
C
C
SUBROUTINE REPAIR (BLK)
C 02/29/88

C PURPOSE: CHECKS IF ANYTHING IS REPAIRABLE WITHIN THE PHASE


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: FILE, REMOVE
C NOTE: IN THE PRESENT SET-UP ONLY ONE STAGE OF REPAIR CAN BE
C DONE/EVENT. THE MOST POPULAR CASE IN A REPAIR SCENARIO
C IS A ONE-STAGE REPAIR IN WHICH CASE REMSTG IS EITHER 1
C OR 0. OTHER CASES CAN BE CONSIDERED THOUGH.
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- DECREMENT THE NUMBER OF STAGES OF SERVICE COMPLETED
C
REMSTG = REMSTG - 1
IF ( REMSTG .GT. 0 ) RETURN
C
C ----- END OF SERVICE NOW - COLLECT STATS
C
SPARES (TYPE (BLK)) = SPARES (TYPE (BLK)) - 1
NREP = NREP + 1
RT = TIME - RTIME
RSUM = RSUM + RT
RSQ = RSQ + RT * RT
C
C----- ADJUST SYSTEM EVENT RATE
C
RATE = RATE - SRVMU * NSTAG + LAM(TYPE(BLK))
C
C----- RETURN IF SERVICE QUEUE IS EMPTY
C
IF ( SQNUM .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
C
C----- SEARCH QUEUE FOR A PART REPAIRABLE IN THIS PHASE;
C RETURN IF NONE FOUND
C
IPOINT - SQFRST
100 K - TYPE(PRT(IPOINT))
IF ( MU(K,PHASE) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 200
IPOINT - SUCC(IPOINT)
IF (IPOINT .NE. 0 ) GOTO 100
RETURN
C
C----- PART REPAIRABLE; REMOVE IT FROM QUEUE AND PLACE IN SERVICE
c
200 CALL REMOVE (SQ, IPOINT)

160
CALL FILE (FQ, IPOINT,1)
C
C----- NOTE AGAIN THE SO-DESIGNATED POSITION OF IN-SERVICE REPAIR.
C
IF ( SPARES(K).GT. 0 ) GOTO 300
C
C----- SPARES ARE EXHAUSTED; INCREMENT NUMBER OF SPARE OUTAGES
C
NOSPRE (K)= NOSPRE (K) + 1
IPOINT - SUCC(IPOINT)
IF (IPOINT .NE. 0 ) GOTO 100
RETURN
C
C----- SPARES STILL AVAILABLE; ADJUST SYSTEM EVENT RATE
C
300 SRVMU = MU(K,PHASE)
RATE = RATE + SRVMU * NSTAG
REMSTG = RMS (IPOINT)
SRVBLK = PRT (IPOINT)
RTIME = TIME
C
RETURN
END
C

161
C
C
C
C
SUBROUTINE REPORT
C 03/16/88

C PURPOSE: GENERATES AND PRINTS FINAL REPORT


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: SORT
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C------- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C---------------------------
C ----- BASIC SYSTEM REPORT
C---------------------------
C
R1 MISS = 1.0 / FLOAT(NMISS)
RDURMS = 1.0 /DURMIS
IF ( N1(ISYS). LE. 0) GOTO 100
RNISYS = 1.0 / FLOAT(N1(ISYS))
C
100 UTINE = TIUSYS) * P.NMISS
AV = UTIME * RDUPMS
SDTIM = DURMIS -UTIME

RB = 1.0 - FLOAT(N2(ISYS)) * RNMAISS


SMTTF = -1.0
IF ( NTFALS .GT. 0 ) SMTTF = DURMIS * NMISS NTFALS
SMTBF = -1.0
NSUC = NMISS - N2(ISYS)
IF ( N1(ISYS) .GT. 0) SMTBF = T1(ISYS) * RN1SYS
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9000) NMISS, NSUC, RB, AV, UTIME, SDTIM, DUPMIS,
& Ni (ISYS)S!TIBFSMTTF, NTFALSNEVENT
C
C------------------------------
C------- MAJOR SUBSYSTEM REPORT
C------------------------------
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9020)
C
DO 125 I = 1,NSSYS
UTIME = T1(ISSYS(I)) * PNMISS
AV = UTIME * RDURMS
DTIME = DURMIS - UTIME
RB = 1.0 - FLOAT(N2(ISSYS(I))) * RNMISS
X = NI(ISSYS(I)) * P14ISS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9030) ISSNAM(I),ISSYS(I),X,DTIME,RB,AV
125 CONTINUE

162
C
IF (KOPT .LT. 1) GOTO 1000
C
C - ------------ ------ i-i-- ----------------
C----- RELIABILITY REPORT FOR PARTS AND GROUPS
C------------------------------------------------
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9040)
c
KWROT = 0
DO 150 I = 1,NPARTS
IF ( NI(I) .LE. 0) GOTO 150
UTIME = T1(I) * RI5SS
AV = UTIME * RDURMS
DTIME = DURMIS - UTIME
RB = 1.0 - FLOAT(N2(I)) * RNMISS
X - N1(I) * RNMISS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9050) I,TYPE(I), ( NAME(TYPE(I),J), J = 1,4),
X, DTIME, RB,AV
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF (MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 150
IF ( I .GE. NPARTS ) GOTO 150
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9040)
150 CONTINUE
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9060
C
KWROT = 0
DO 175 I = LOWGRP,NBLKS
IF ( N1(I) .LE. 0 ) GOTO 175
UTIME = T1(I) * RNMISS
AV = UTIME * RDURMS
DTIME = DURMIS - UTIME
Rb = 1.0 - FLOAT(N2(I)) * RNMISS
X = N1 (I) * RNMISS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9070) I,X,DTIME,RB,AV
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF (MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 175
IF ( I .GE. NBLKS ) GOTO 175
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9060
175 CONTINUE
C
C----------------------------------
C----- CRITICAL EQUIPMENT REPORT
C----------------------------------
C
C----- RELIABILITY HIT LIST BY EQUIPMENT NUMBER
C
1000 IF ( KOPT .LT. 3 ) GOTO 2000
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9080)
C
IF ( N1(ISYS) .GT. 0 ) GOTO 1100

163
WRITE (OUTPUT,9090)
GOTO 2000
C
1100 HOLDER = 100.0 * RNSLS
DO 1200 I = 1,NPARTS
DX(I) = HOLDER * SYSCRT(I)
1200 CONTINUE
C
C----- SORT BY PERCENT OF UNRELIABILITY, THEN PRINT OUT
C
CALL SORT (DX, KPTR, NPARTS)
C
KWROT = 0
DO 1210 I = 1,NPARTS
KPTRI = KPTR(I)
IF ( DX(KPTRI) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 1210
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9100) KPTRI,TYPE (KPTRI),
( NAME(TYPE(KPTRI),J), J = 1,4), DX(KPTRI)
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF (MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0) GOTO 1210
IF ( I .GE. NPARTS ) GOTO 1210
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9080)
1210 CONTINUE
C
C----- RELIABILITY HIT LIST BY EQUIPMENT TYPES;
C----- -AGGREGATE RELIABILTY HIT DATA BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT
C
DO 1220 I = 1,NEQT
DX(I) = 0.0
1220 CONTINUE
C
DO 1230 I = 1,NPARTS
DX(TYPE(I)) = DX(TYPE(I)) + HOLDER * SYSCRT(I)
1230 CONTINUE
C
C----- SORT BY CRITICALITY, THEN PRINT OUT
C
CALL SORT (DX, KPTR, NEQT)
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9110)
C
KWROT = 0
DO 1240 I = 1,NEQT
KPTRI = KPTR(I)
IF ( DX(KPTRI) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 1240
WRITE (OUTPUT,9120) KPTRI,
( NAME(KPTRI,J), J = 1,4), DX(KPTRI)
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF (MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1240
IF (I .GE. NEQT) GOTO 1240
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9110)
1240 CONTINUE
C
C----- AVAILABILITY HIT LIST BY EQUIPMENT NUMBERS
C

164
RDENOM = 100.0 / ( SDTIM * NMISS
DO 1250 I = 1,NPARTS
DX(I) = AVCUM(I) * RDENOM
1250 CONTINUE
C
C----- SORT BY CRITICALITY, THEN PRINT OUT
C
CALL SORT (DX, KPTR, NPARTS)
C
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9130)
C
KWROT = 0
DO 1260 I = 1,NPARTS
KPTRI = KPTR(I)
IF ( DX(KPTRI) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 1260
SPARX = AVSPAR (KPTRI) * RDENOM
WRITE (OUTPUT,9140) KPTRI,TYPE(KPTRI),
( NAME(TYPE(KPTRI),J), J = 1,4), DX(KPTRI),SPARX
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF (MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0) GOTO 1260
IF ( I.GE.NPARTS ) GOTO 1260
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9130)
1260 CONTINUE
C
C----- AVAILABILITY HIT LIST BY EQUIPMENT TYPES;
C----- AGGREGATE AVAILABILTY HIT DATA BY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT
C
DO 1270 I = 1,NEQT
CX(I) = 0.0
DX(I) = 0.0
1270 CONTINUE
C
DO 1290 I = 1,NPARTS
CX(TYPE(I)) = CX(TYPE(I)) + AVSPAR(I) * RDENOM
DX(TYPE(I)) = DX(TYPE(I)) + AVCUM(I) * RDENOM
1290 CONTINUE
C
C----- SORT BY CRITICALITY, THEN PRINT OUT
C
CALL SORT (DX, KPTR, NEQT)
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT, 9150)
C
KWROT = 0
DO 1300 I = 1,NEQT
KPTRI = KPTR(I)
IF ( DX(KPTRI) .LE. 0.0 ) GOTO 1300
WRITE (OUTPUT,9160) KPTRI,
& ( NAME(KPTRI,J), J = 1,4), DX(KPTRI),CX(KPTRI)
KWROT = KWROT + 1
IF ( MOD(KWROT,50) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1300
IF ( I .GE. NEQT ) GOTO 1300
WRITE (OUTPUT,9010) NMS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9150)
1300 CONTINUE

165
C
C -- --------
C -- SPARES REPORT
C -- --------
C
WRITE (OUTPUT,9170) NMS
C
DO 1310 I = 1,NEQT
ICX(I) = 0
CX(I) = 0.0
1310 CONTINUE
C
C------- AGGREGATE NUMBER OF FAILS (ICX) BY TYPE
C
DO 1320 I = 1,NPARTS
ICX(TYPE(I)) = ICX(TYPE(I)) +N1(I)
1320 CONTINUE
C
DO 1330 1 = 1,NEQT
DX (I) = NSNOT (I) * RNMI SS
IF ( ICX(I) .GT. 0)
& CX(I) = FLOAT(NOSPRE(I)) /FLOAT(ICX(I))
1330 CONTINUE
C
CALL SORT (CX, KPTR, NEQT)
C
Do 1340 I = 1,NEQT
XPTRI = KPTR(I)
SU = N3(KPTRI) * RNMISS
WRITE (OUTPUT,9180) KPTRI, ( NAME(KPTRI,J),J 1,4),
& CX(KPTRI) ,DX(KPTRI) ,SU,SPARE1 (KPTRI)
1340 CONTINUE
C
C----------------------------
C------- REPAIR TIMES REPORT
C----------------------------
C
2000 IF (KOPT .LT. 2) GOTO 3000
IF (NREP .LE. 0) GOTO 2500
REPM = RSUM / NREP
REPSTD = SQRT( ( RSQ -(RSUM*RSUM / WREP) )/(NREP -1

2500 WRITE (OrTPUT,9190) NMS,REPM,REPSTD,NREP


C
3000 RETURN
C
C
9000 FORMAT(/,1OX,'BASIC SYSTEM REPORT',/
1 /,1OX,'NUMBER OF MISSIONS: ',T40,I12,
2 /,10X,'NUMBER OF SUCCESSFUL MISSIONS:',T40,I12,
3 /,1OX,'RELI.ABILITY: ',T40,F12.4,
4 /,1OX,'AVAILABILITY: ',T40,F12.4,
5 /,1OX, 'UPTIME/MISSION: ',T40,F12.2,
6 /,10X,-DCOqNTIME/MISSION: ',T40,F12.2,
7 /,1OX,'MISSION DURATION ',T40,F12.2,
8 /,1OX, 'NUMBER OF FAILURES: ',T40, 112,
9 I,1OX,'MTB MISSION FAILURES: -,T40,F12.2,
A /,1OX,SYSTEM MTTF: ',T40,F12.2,
B /,1OX,'NUMBER OF FAULTS: ',T40,I12,

166
C /,1OX,'NUMBER OF EVENTS: I,T40,I12
C
9010 FORMAT(' PAGE BREAK',/,1OX,'MODEL IDENT: 1,19A4)
C
9020 FORMAT(/,T10, 'MAJOR SUBSYSTEM REPORT',//,T1O,
& 'SUBSYSTEM GROUP ',

& 'FAILS/MISS DWNTME/MISS RELIAB AVAIL')


C
9030 FORMAT(T14,A4,T21,I4,T29,F7.3,T38,F13.4,4X,2F9.4)
C
9040 FORMAT(/, lOX, 'EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY REPORT',//,
& 5X,'EQUIPMENT:1,17X,' FAILS/ DWNTME/',/,5X,
& 'NO TYPE NAM1
& 'MISSION MISSION RELIAB AVAIL '
C
9050 FORMATclX,2I6,5X,4A4,F7.3,2X,F9.4,2X,2F9.4)
C
9060 FORMAT(/, lOX, 'GROUP RELIABILITY RE T,!!, 5X,
& 'GROUP NUMBER ',
& 'FAILS/MISS DWNTME/MISS RELIAB AVAIL '
C
9070 FORMAT(8X,I6,8X,F7.3,3X,F13.4,2F13.4)
C
9080 FORMAT(//,15X,'RELIABILITY HIT LIST',
& 1 BY EQUIPMENT NUMBER',//,T16,'EQUIP NO.',T26,'EQUIP TYPE',
& T39,' NAME',T50,' PCT. OF UNRELIABILITY '
C
9090 FORM~AT(10X,'NO SYSTEM FAILURES OCCURRED')
C
9100 FORMAT (lOX, 2110, 4X, 4A4, 5X, 3F10.4)
C
9110 FORMAT(//,15X,'RELIABILITY HIT LIST',
& ' BY EQUIPMENT TYPE',//,T14,'EQUIP TYPE',T39,
& 1 N,7AME1,T50,' PCT. OF UNRELIABILITY')
C
9120 FORMAT (lOX, 110, 14X, 4A4, 5X, 3FI0.4)
C
9130 FORMAT(//,5X, 'AVAILABILITY HIT LIST',
& ' BY EQUIPMENT NUMBER',//,T40,1 TOTAL PCT. SPARES PCT.',/,
& T5, 'EQUIP NO.',T16, 'EQUIP TYPE',T29,
& 'NAME',T40,' UNAVAIL. UNAVAIL.')
C
9140 FORMAT (lX, 2110,4X,4A4, 2F10.4)
C
9150 FORMAT(//, 5X, 'AVAILABILITY HIT LIST',
& ' BY EQUIPMENT TYPE',//,T40,' TOTAL PCT. SPARES PCT.',/,
& T5,'EQUIP TYPE',T29,
& 'NAME',T40,' UNAVAIL. UNAVAIL.')
C
9160 FORMAT (lX, 110, 14X, 4A4, 2F10.4)
C
9170 FORMAT(' PAGE BREAK',/,15X,' ID: ',19A4,//,15X,
& 'SPARES UNAVAILABILITY & UNRELIABILITY BY EQUIPMENT TYPE',
& //,15X,'SORTED ON RATIO OF NO. OF OUTAGES/NO. OF FAILS',//,
& T5, 'EQUIP TYPE',T18, 'NAME',T34, 'OUT/FAIL',T45,
& l'RfEL',T52,'USE/MISS',T63, $ALLOWED')
C
9180 FORMAT(5X,I5,5X,4A4,2F9.4,F9.4,1X,I10)

167
C
9190 FORMAT(' PAGE BREAK',/,15X,' ID: 1,19A4,//,15X,
& 'REPAIR TIME STATISTICS',//,
& T15,'MTBR:', T35,F9.4,/,
& T15,'STD DEV:1, T35,F9.4,/,
& T15,1NUMBER.OF REPAIRS:',T35,19)
C
END
C

168
C ***********************************************************************

C
SUBROUTINE REPSURV
C 5/6/92

C PURPOSE: PRODUCES SURVIVABILITY REPORT


C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO:
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1000)
1000 FORMAT(/'THE SURVIVABILITY OF EACH EQUIPMENT (IN PERCENT)')
C
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1100) NMISS
1100 FORMAT('FOR ',14,' SURVIVABILITY TRIALS.'!)
C
RNMISS = FLOAT(NMISS)
DO 1200 I = 1, NBLKS
SURVPCT(I)=(1.0-SNUMFAL(I)/RNMISS)*100.0
1200 CONTINUE
C
IF (DISPALL .EQ. 1) GOTO 1399
C
DO 2000 I = 1, NDISP
WRITE(OUTPUT, 2900) BLKDISP(I), SURVPCT(BLKDISP(I))
2900 FORMAT('BLOCK # ',T15,I4,': ',T45,F7.2,' PERCENT.')
2000 CONTINUE
GOTO 9000
C
1399 DO 1300 I = 1, NPARTS
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1400) I, SURVPCT(I)
1400 FORMAT(' EQUIPMENT # ',T15,I4,': ',T45,F7.2,' PERCENT.')
1300 CONTINUE
C
DO 1500 I = LOWGRP, NBLKS
WRITE(OUTPUT, 1600) I, SURVPCT(I)
1600 FORMAT(' GROUP # ',T15,I4,': ',T45,F7.2,' PERCENT.')
1500 CONTINUE
C
WRITE(OUTPUT, 2100) COSTTL
2100 FORMAT(/'THE COST OF THE SYSTEM IS $',F12.2/)
C
IF (DISPALL .EQ. 1) GOTO 2399
C
DO 2700 I = 1, NDISP
WRITE(OUTPUT, 2800) BLKDISP(I), (10000.*SURVPCT(B:-KDISP(I ) )/COf.TTL
2800 FORMAT('BLOCK # ',T15,14,'SURV COST INDEX: ',T45,F6.1/)
2700 CONTINUE

169
GOTO 9000
C
2399 DO 2300 I = 1, NPARTS
WRITE(OUTPUT, 2400) I, (10000.*SURVPCT(I))/COSTTL
2400 FORMAT(l EQUIPMENT # ',T15,I4,'SURV COST INDEX: ',T45,F6.1/)
2300 CONTINUE
C
DO 2500 I = LOWGPP, NBLKS
WRITE(OUTPUT, 2600) I, (10000.*SURVPCT(I) )/COSTTL
2600 FORMAT(' GROUP # ',T15,I4,'SURV COST INDEX: ',T45,F6.1/)
2500 CONTINUE
C
9000 RETURN
C
END
C

170
C
C
C
C
SUBROUTINE SET
C 12/04/89

C PURPOSE: CHANGES THE SET OF SUBSYSTEMS INCLUDED IN THE SYSTEM,


C AT MISSION PHASE BOUNDARIES.
C CALLED IN: INITAL, PCHANG
C CALLS TO: STAT
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM. INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C
C----- HANDLE VARIABLE REQUIRMENT GROUPS, IF APPLICABLE
C
IF ( NGRCHG.LE.0 ) GOTO 1300
C
DO 1050 I = 1,NGRCHG
IGRPCH = GRPCHG(I)
IGROUP = IGRPCH - LOWGRP +1
C
C ----- CHANGE NUMBER NEEDED BY GROUP FOR CURRENT PHASE TYPE
C
NONEED(IGROUP) = GRPREQ(I,PHASE)
C
C ----- CHECK GROUP STATUS
C
IF ( UP(IGRPCH) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1025
C
C ----- CASE 1: GROUP UP -> REMAINS UP
C
IF ( NOUP(IGROUP) .GE. NONEED(IGROUP) ) GOTO 1050
C
C ----- CASE 2: GROUP UP -> BROUGHT DOWN BY NEW REQUIREMENTS
C
CALL STAT(IGRPCH,I)
GOTO 1050
C
C ----- CASE 4: GROUP DOWN -> REMAINS DOWN
C
1025 IF ( NOUP(IGROUP) .LT. NONEED(IGROUP) ) GOTO 1050
C
C ----- CASE 3: GROUP DOWN -> BROUGHT UP BY NEW REQUIREMENTS
C
CALL STAT(IGRPCH,0)
C
1050 CONTINUE
1300 CONTINUE
C

171
RETURN
END
C

172
C
C
SUBROUTINE SORT (B,PT,N)
C 02/29/88
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: SORTS THE INDEX LIST PT(*) TO REFLECT A DESCENDING
C ORDER IN THE UNMODIFIED LIST B(*)
C CALLED IN: REPORT
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
INTEGER PT
DIMENSION B(N), PT(N)
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- CREATE INITIAL PT(*) LIST
C
DO 10 I = 1,N
PT(I) = I
10 CONTINUE
C
C----- FORM THE HEAP
C
DO 30 I = 2,N
JL= I
J = PT(I)
20 KL=JL / 2
K = PT(KL)
IF ( B(J).GT.B(K) ) GOTO 30
PT(KL) = J
PT(JL) = K
JL = KL
J = PT(JL)
IF ( JL.GT.1 ) GOTO 20
30 CONTINUE
C
I =N
100 IF ( I.LT.1 ) RETURN
C
C----- PUT 1-ST ELEMENT OF HEAP AT BEGINNING OF SORTED ELEMENT SECTION
C
IT = PT(1)
PT(1) = PT(I)
PT(I) = IT
I =I-1
JL = 1
KL= 2
J = PT(1)
K = PT(2)
C
C----- PUSH NEW TOP MEMBER BACK INTO PROPER PLACE IN HEAP
C
110 IF ( KL. GT. I ) GOTO 100
KLI = KL + 1
KP1 = PT(KL1)
IF ( KL1.GT.I .OR. B(K).LT.B(KPI) ) GOTO 120

173
K = KPI
KL = KU
120 IF ( B(J) .LE. B(K) ) GOTO 100
PT(JL) = K
PT(KL) = J
JL = IQ
KL = 2 * JT,
IF ( IQ GT. I) GOTO 100
J PT (JL)
K =PT(KL)
GOTO 110
C
END
C

174
C ***********************************************************************

C
SUBROUTINE SSORT (A,B,N)
C 02/29/88

C PURPOSE: SORTS LIST B(*) IN ASCENDING ORDER AND


C PERFORMS SAME INTERCHANGES IN LIST A(*).
C CALLED IN: READIT
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
INTEGER A, B
DIMENSION A(N), B(N)
C
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- INITIALIZE INTERVAL AT FULL RANGE
C
JMP = N
C
C------ NO INTERCHANGES ENCOUNTERED; HALVE THE INTERVAL
C
10 JMP =JMP 2
IF ( JMP.LT.1 ) RETURN
IEND = N - JMP
C
C------ INTERCHANGES ENCOUNTERED; RESET FLAG; MAINTAIN INTERVAL
C
20 ISW = 0
C
DO 100 I = 1,IEND
J= I + JMp
IF ( B(1).LE.B(J) ) GOTO 100
ITEMP = B(I)
B(I) = B(J)
B(J) = ITEMP
ITEMP = A(I)
A(I) = A(J)
A(J) = ITEMP
ISW =1
100 CONTINUE
IF ( ISW ) 10,10,20
C
END
C

175
C
SUBROUTINE STAT (BLK, RF)
C 03/07/88
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: EVALUATES THE CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE FUNCTION. THE
C STRUCTURE FUNCTION IS REPRESENTED AS A NETWORK, PARTS
C BEING THE SOURCES AND THE SYSTEM NODE BEING THE SINK.
C AFTER A CHANGE OF STATE IN THE BLOCK POINTED TO BY "BLK"
C THIS ROUTINE IS CALLED. THE EFFECT OF THE CHANGE IS
C TRACED THROUGH THE NETWORK AND STATISTICS AT EACH BLOCK
C ENCOUNTERED ARE UPDATED.
C CALLED IN: MAIN, SET
C CALLS TO: ERRDKE
C NOTE: IN THIS SUBROUTINE THE STACK POINTER IS NOW TRACING
C FROM THE BOTTOM UP. IF A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT IS SHARED
C BY SEVERAL GROUPS (RESOURCE SHARING), THE POINTER
C PROVIDES BOTH HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL TRACING.
C IT STARTS AT THE EQUIPMENT LEVEL, MOVES TO THE HIGHEST
C VERTICAL LEVE AFFECTED BY THE CURRENT FAILURE OR REPAIR
C EVENT, THEN MOVES HORIZONTALLY TO THE NEXT GROUP AFFECTED.
C WHEN THERE IS NO BOTTOM-UP RESOURCE SHARING, THE STACK
C POINTER IS SUPERFLUOUS IN THIS SUBROUTINE.
C-------------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE.INC
C
C----- LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
INTEGER RF, SP
C
C END OF LOCAL DECLARATIONS
C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C ----- INITIALIZE THE STACK POINTER
C
SP = 0
C
C----- EVENT TYPE: RF = 0/1 -> REPAIR / FAILURE OF BLOCK
C
1000 IF ( RF.EQ.0 ) GOTO 1100
C
C----- FAIL THIS BLOCK - START DOWNTIME STATISTICS
C
UP(BLK) = 1
DWNTME (BLK) = TIME
NUMFAL(BLK) - NUMFAL(BLK)+I
GOTO 1200
C
C----- REPAIR THIS BLOCK - CLOSE OFF DOWNTIME STATISTICS
C

176
1100 UP(BLK) = 0
CDWNTM(BLK) = CDWNTM(BLK) + ( TIME - DWNTME(BLK)
DWNTME(BLK) = TIME
c
C----- START TRACING THE EFECT OF THE EVENT INVOLVING THIS
C BLOCK ON THE REST OF THE SYSTEM
C
C----- SET ARC INDICES (NOTE THE USE OF FSTAR, WHEREAS RSTAR
C IS USED IN BAKST1, 2, 3)
C
1200 IBEG = FSTAR(BLK)
IEND = FSTAR(BLK+) - 1
IND = IBEG
c
1300 IF ( IND .GT. IEND ) GOTO 1600
TBLK = ARC (IND)
TBLKGR = TBLK - LOWGRP + 1
IF ( TBLK .LT. 0 ) GOTO 1700
C
C----- THE PREVIOUS LINE APPEARS TO BE A RELIC FROM GSTAT!
C
IF ( RF .EQ. 0) GOTO 3400
C
NOUP(TBLKGR) = NOUP(TBLKGR) - 1
IF ( UP(TBLK) .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1700
IF ( NOUP(TBLKGR) .GE. NONEED(TBLKGR) ) GOTO 1700
GOTO 1500
C
1400 NOUP(TBLKGR) = NOUP(TBLKGR) + 1
IF ( UP(TBLK) .EQ. 0 ) GOTO 1700
IF ( NOUP(TBLKGR) .LT. NONEED(TBLKGR) ) GOTO 1700
C
1500 SP =SP + 4
IF (SP.GT.LEN12 ) CALL ERRKDE (8,SP,LEN12)
STAK(SP-3) = BLK
STAK(SP-2) = IBEG
STAK(SP-1) = IEND
STAK(SP) = IND
BLK = TBLK
GOTO 1000
C
1600 IF ( SP .EQ. 0 ) RETURN
c
TBLK = BLK
IND = STAK(SP)
IEND = STAK(SP-1)
IBEG = STAK(SP-2)
BLK = STAK(SP-3)
SP = SP - 4
C
1700 IND = IND + 1
GOTO 1300
C
END
C

177
C

C SUBROUTINE SYS STATS


C
C- 11/21/89

C PURPOSE: IN THIS SUBROUTINE WE ESTABLISH SYSTEM STATUS TRANSITION


C CASES AND HANDLE ACCORDINGLY.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C CALLS TO: BAKST1, BAKST2, BAKST3
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM. INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C ---- WE HAVE TO PUT IN THE CORRECT FILE CALLS TO THE
C COMMON BLOCKS, ETC.
C
C--------------------------------------------------------
C CASE SYSTEM STATUS TRANSITION HANDLING:
C
C 1 UP ->UP: DO => NOTHING
C 2 UP -> DOWN: DO => BAKST1 -> BAKST2
C 3 DOWN ->UP: DO => BAKST3
C 4 DOWN -> DOWN: DO => BAKST3 -> BAKST1
C-------------------------------------------------------
C
IF ( ISAVE .NE. 0 ) GOTO 1100
C
C----- CASE 1: SYSTEM HAD BEEN UP BEFORE THIS FAILURE (ISAVE=0)
C AND WAS NOT BROUGHT DOWN BY IT (UP(ISYS)=O)
C
IF ( UP(ISYS) .EQ. 0) GOTO 2000
C
C----- CASE 2: SYSTEM HAD BEEN UP BEFORE THIS FAILURE (ISAVE=0)
C AND WAS BROUGHT DOWN BY IT (UP(ISYS) .NE. 0)
C
CALL BAKSTI
CALL BAKST2
C
C----- GENERATE FIR. ' FAILURE TIME FILE (IF APPLICABLE AND
C REQUIRED). THIS FILE IS UPDATED ONLY AT THE FIRST SYSTEM
C FAILURE WHICH OCCURS IN A MISSION. SUBSEQUENT FAILURES
C WITHIN THE SAME MISSION ARE NOT COUNTED FOR THIS PURPOSE.
C
IF (NUMFAL(ISYS) .GT. 1 ) GOTO 2000
NFT = NFT + 1
C
IF ( KOPT.LT.5 ) GOTO 2000
GOTO 2000
C
C------ CASE 4: SYSTEM HAD BEEN DOWN BEFORE THIS FAILURE (ISAVE.NE.0)

178
C AND REMAINED DOWN FOLLOWING IT (UP(ISYS) .NE. 0)
C----- MISSION CONTINUES EVEN THOUGH IT IS ABORTED STATUS.
C ----- SEQUENCE BAKST3-BAKSTI IS USED TO TRACK THE CHANGE
C IN SYSTEM CONFIGURATION.
C
1100 CALL BAKST3
IF ( UP(ISYS) .NE. 0) CALL BAKST1
GOTO 2000
2000 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
END
C

179
C ****************************************************** *****************

C
SUBROUTINE ZZERO
C 4/23/92
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C PURPOSE: ZEROES OUT ALL THE ARRAYS NOT RESET IN INITAL.
C CALLED IN: MAIN
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
C ----- FILE ARRAYDIM.INC CONTAINS THE MAXIMUM ARRAY DIMENSIONS AND
C FILE DECLARE.INC CONTAINS GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C
INCLUDE ARRAYDIM.INC
INCLUDE DECLARE. INC
C
C -----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
DO 100 I = 1,LEN07
IVDC(I) = 0
LAM() = 0.0
C
DO 50 J = 1,LEN02
MU(I,J) = 0.0
50 CONTINUE
C
N3(I) 0
NOSPRE(I) 0
NSNOT(I) 0
PRI (I) = 0
SPARE1 (I) 0
100 CONTINUE
C
DO 200 I = 1,LEN08
AVCUM(I) = 0
AVSPAR(I) = 0
SYSCRT(I) = 0.0
TYPE(I) = 0
EQTYPE(I) = 0
RADIUS(I) = 0.0
RADTOHIT(I) = 0.0
HITDAM(I) = 0
HITDATA(I) = 0.0
EQTEMP(I) = 0.0
200 CONTINUE
C
DO 300 I = 1,LEN10
ARC(I) = 0
RARC(I) = 0
300 CONTINUE
C
DO 500 I = 1,LEN05
PHZ(I) = 0
PHTIME(I) = 0.0
500 CONTINUE
C
DO 600 I = 1,LEN02

180
PHSRV (I) = 0
600 CONTINUE
C
DO 800 I = 1,LEN06
GRPCHG(I) = 0
800 CONTINUE
C
DO 900 I = 1,LEN04
DO 850 J = 1,LEN02
VDC(I,J) = 0.0
850 CONTINUE
900 CONTINUE
C
DO 1000 I = 1,3
FQ(I) = 0
SQ(I) = 0
1000 CONTINUE
C
DO 1100 I = 1,LEN11
PRT(I) = 0
RMS(I) = 0
1100 CONTINUE
C
DO 1200 I = 1,LEN12
STAK(I) = 0
1200 CONTINUE
C
DO 1300 I = 1,LEN13
FSTAR(I) = 0
RSTAR(I) = 0
1300 CONTINUE
C
DO 1400 I = 1,LEN14
NONEED(I) = 0
NOOFF(I) = 0
TEMPUP(I) = 0
1400 CONTINUE
C
DO 1500 I = 1,LEN15
SST1(I) = 0.0
T1(I) = 0.0
UP(I) = 0
SNUMFAL(I) = 0.0
1500 CONTINUE
C
DO 1600 I = 1,LEN16
N1(I) = 0
N2(I) = 0
1600 CONTINUE
C
DO 1700 I = 1,19
NMS(I) = 0
1700 CONTINUE
C
DO 1800 I = 1,LEN08
DO 1850 J = 1,9
EQDATA(I,J) = 0.0
1850 CONTINUE

181
1800 CONTINUE
c
DO 1900 I = 1, LEN17
SOURCE (I) = 0
1900 CONTINUE
C
DO 2000 I = 1, LEN18
LOAD (I) 0
2000 CONTINUE
C
DO 2100 I = 1, LEN19
BREAKER(I) = 0
2100 CONTINUE
C
DO 2200 I = 1, LEN20
CABLE(I) = 0
2200 CONTINUE
c
DO 2300 I = 1, LEN21
CABINET(I) = 0
2300 CONTINUE
C
DO 2400 I = 1, LEN22
BUSTIE(I) = 0
2400 CONTINUE
C
DO 2500 I = 1, LEN23
ABT(I) = 0
2500 CONTINUE
C
DO 2600 I = 1, LEN24
ALTSRC(I) = 0
2600 CONTINUE
C
DO 2700 I - 1, ((LEN18-LEN23)+2*LEN23)*LEN17
DO 2710 J = 1, LEN08
PWRPATH(I,J) = 0
SRCPATH (I, J) = 0
2710 CONTINUE
2700 CONTINUE
C
RETURN
C
END

182
Appendix D. Include Files
C FILE ARRAYDIM. INC
C
C
C----- THE FOLLOWING ARRAY DIMENSIONS ARE CUSTCMIZED
C FOR << ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM SURVIVABILITY 5/6/92 >>
C
C DIMENSION DESCRIPTION
C
C LEN01 = NUMBER OF PARTS PLUS TWO (NP2)
C LEN02 = NUMBER OF PHASE TYPES (NPT)
C LEN03 = NUMBER OF SUBSYSTEMS (NSSYS)
C LEN04 = MAXIMUM OF VARIABLE REQUIREMENTS (NVDC,NCOV,NISOL)
C LEN05 = NUMBER OF PHASES PLUS FIVE (NPHASE + 5)
C LEN06 = NUMBER OF GROUPS WITH VARYING
C REQUIREMENTS (NGRCHG)
C LEN07 = NUMBER OF EQUIPMENT TYPES (NEQT)
C LEN08 = NUMBER OF PARTS (NPARTS)
C LEN09 = MAXIMUM NUMBER OF FIRST SYSTEM FAILURES
C OVER ALL MISSIONS (NMISS)
C LEN10 = NUMBER OF ARCS (NARC), I.E. GROUP-TO-
C MEMBER CONNECTIONS
C LEN1I = ALLOWABLE NUMBER OF ITEMS IN QUEUE
C (MAXLST)
C LEN12 = FOUR TIMES THE ALLOWABLE NUMBER OF
C LEVELS IN NETWORK
C LENI3 = NUMBER OF BLOCKS PLUS ONE (NBLKS + 1)
C LEN14 = NUMBER OF GROUPS (NGROUP)
C LENI5 = NUMBER OF BLOCKS
C (NBLKS = LOWGRP - 1 + NGROUP)
C LENI6 = MAXIMUM OF NUMBER OF ARCS (NARC) AND
C NUMBER OF BLOCKS (NBLKS)
C LEN17 = NUMBER OF POWER SOURCES (NUMSRC)
C LEN18 = NUMBER OF LOADS (NUMLD)
C LENI9 = NUMBER OF BREAKERS (NUMBKR)
C LEN20 = NUMBER OF CABLES (NUMCBL)
C LEN21 = NUMBER OF CABINETS (NUMCAB)
C LEN22 = NUMBER OF BUS TIES (NUMBT)
C LEN23 = NUMBER OF ABT (NUMABT)
C LEN24 = NUMBER OF ALTERNATE DC SOURCES (NUMALT)
C
PARAMETER ( LEN01 = 98, LEN02 = 1, LEN03 = 1,
1 LEN04 = 1, LEN05 = 10, LEN06 = 1,
2 LEN07 = 8, LEN08 = 96, LEN09 = 1,
3 LENI0 = 166, LENII = 5000, LEN12 = 60,
4 LEN13 = 156, LEN14 = 56, LENI5 = 155,
5 LEN16 = 166, LEN17 = 3, LEN18 = 6,
6 LEN19 = 19, LEN20 = 58, LEN21 = 4,
7 LEN22 = 4, LEN23 = 2, LEN24 = 1)
C

183
C DECLARE.INC
C - - - ----- - - - -
C ---- 5/6/92 ----
C - - - ----- - - - -
C GLOBAL DECLARATIONS:
C - - - - - - - - - - -
C
C INCLUDING NEW VARI.ABLES FOR SURVIVABILITY ANALYSIS.
C
INTEGER ARC, FSTAR, GRPCHG, GRPREQ, PHSRV, PHZ, IVDC, KPTR,
1 PP.ED, PRI, PRT, RARC, P145, RSTAR,SPARE1,
2 SPARES, STAN, SUCC, TEMPUP, TYPE, UP
INTEGER FQ, PHASE, PHI, PEMSTG, SEEDi, SEED2, SEED3,
1 SEED4, SQ, SRVBLK, SRVOP, IND, SRCPATH
INTEGER AUXi, AUX2, AUX3, CONSOL, OUTPUT, EQTYPE
INTEGER BLK, FQFRST, FQLAST, FQNUM, SQFRST, SQLAST, SONUM,
1 TBLK, HITDAM, ALTSRC, DISPALL, BLKDISP, PWRPATH
C
INTEGER SURVIVE, COSTCODE, EQCODE, NUMSRC, NUMLD, NUNALT,
1 NUMBKR, NUMCBL, NUMCAB, NUMBT, NUMABT, EQUIPNO,
2 SOURCE, LOAD, BREAKER, CABINET, ABT, BUSTIE, CABLE
C
REAL*4 LAM, MU
REAL*4 LLIM, NSDEV, CBLENGTH
C
REA,*8 RATE
C
LOGICAL DONE
C
C-----------------------------------------------------------------------
C
DIMENSION ARC (LENlO), AVCUM(LENO8) ,AVSPAR(LENO8),
1 CDWNTM(LEN15), CX(LENO7),DWNTME(LEN15),
2 DX(LENO8), FSTAR(LEN13) ,GRPCHG(LENO6),
3 GRPREQ (LENO6,LENO2), IADFLG (LENO8),
4 ICX(LENO7)
c
DIMENSION IVDC(lenO7), KPTR(len08), LAM(LENO7),
1 MU (LENDO7, LENO2) ,
2 N1(LEN16), N2(LEN16), N3(LENO7),
3 NAME(LENO7,4), NONEED(LEN14),
4 NOOFF(LEN14) ,NOSPRE (LENO7), NOUP (LEN14)
C
DIMENSION NSNOT(LENO7) ,NUMFAL(LEN15), P (LEN0l),
1 PHSRV (LEN02),
2 PHTIME(LENO5), PHZ(LENO5), PRED(LEN11),
3 PRI(LENO7), PRT(LEN11), RARC(LEN1O),
4 RMS(LEN11), RSTAR(LEN13),SPARE1(LENO7)
C
DIMENSION SPARES (LENO7), SST1 (LENiS), STAK(LEN11),
1 SUCC(LEN11) ,SYSCRT(LENO8) ,SYSDWN(LEN15),
2 Ti (LENiS) ,TEI.WUP (IEN14),
3 TYPE(LENOB), UP(LEN15),
4 VDC (LENO4,LENO2)
C
DIMENSION FQ( 3 ), NMS( 19 ), SOC 3
C
DIMENSION EOTYPE(LENO8), EQDATA(LENO8, 9), RADIUS(LENO8),

184
1 RADTOHIT (LENO8), HITDAM(LENO8), EQTEMP(LENOB),
2 HITDATA(LENO8), BLKDISP(LENO8)
C
DIMENSION SOURCE (LENi7), LOAD (LENi8), BREAKER (LENi9),
1 CABLE(LEN2O), CABINET(LEN21), BUSTIE(LEN22),
2 ABT(LEN23), ALTSRC(LEN24)
C
DIMENSION SURVPCT (LENi5), SNUNFAL (LENiS),
1 GENLOAD (LENi7,LEN18), SRCLD (LENi7),
2 PLLCHK(LEN18), LOADWN (LEN18), OVRLD (LENi7),
3 PWRPATH ( ((LENi8-LEN23) +2*LEN23) *LENi7, LENOB),
4 SRCPATH CC(LENi8-LEN23) +2*LEN23) *LENi7, LENO8)
C
CMMN / /ARC, AVCUM, AVSPAR, CDWNTM, CX, DWNTME,
1 NUMLD, DX, FSTAR, GRPCHG, GRPREQ, IADFLG,
2 IVDC, KPTR, LAM, SOURCE, EQTYPE,
3 MU, Ni, N2, N3, NAME, NOOFF,
4 NONEED, NOSPP.E, NOUP, NSNOT, NTJMFAL, P,
5 PHSRV,PHTIME, PHZ, PRED, PRI, HITDATA,
6 PRT, RARC, RMS, RSTAR, SPAREl, SPARES,
7 SSTi, STAX, SUCC,SYSCRT,SYSDWN, Ti,
8 TYPE, UP, VDC, EQDATA
C
COMMON / / NUMCBL, NUMCAB, NUMBT, TEMPUP,
1 AET, CABLE, CABINET, BUSTIE, ICX,
2 NUMBKR, BREAKER, HITDAM, NUMSRC, NDISP,
3 HITX, HITY, HITZ, CXl, CY1, CZi,
4 CX2, CY2, CZ2, SNUMFAL, SURVIVE, COSTCODE,
5 LOAD, RDAM , EQCODE, RADIUS, BLKDISP,
6 DISPALL, GENLOAD, SRCLD, PLLCHK, LOADWN, OVRLD
C
COMMON / / ALTSRC, PWRPATH, COSTTL, COSTEQ, CBLENGTH,
1 SRCPATH, MNO, NUMABT
C
COMMON /IVAR / FQ, IQEND, ISYS, KOPT,LOWGRP,MAXLST,
1 MISSPR, NBAD, NBLKS, NEQT,NEVENT,NGRCHG,
2 NGROUP,NINLST, NMISS, NMS, NP1, NP2,
3 NPARTS,NPHASE, NPT, NREP, NSSYS, NSTAG,
4 NTFALS, NVDC, PHASE, PHI,REMSTG, SEEDi,
5 SEED2, SEED3, SQ, SRVBLK, SRVOP, NFT,
6 ISAVE, SEED4,IUNLIM, IPRI
C
COMMON /RVAR / DONE, DURMIS, LLIM, OPNTME, NSDEV, RATE,
I RSQ, RSUM, RTIME, SRVMU, TIME
C
COMMON /UNIT /INPUT, OUTPUT, CONSOL, AUXi ,AUX2, AUX3, MRK1 , MRK2
C
C
EQUIVALENCE (FQ(i) ,FQFRST), (FQ(2) ,FQLAST), (FQ(3) ,FQNUM),
1 (SQ(1),SQFRST), (SQ(2),SQLAST), (SQ(3),SQNUM)
C
C - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
C END OF GLOBAL DECLARATIONS
C - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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