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Certificate of Approval

This is to certify that the work contained in this thesis entitled

“Development of Basic Fault Detection and Rectification

System Using Condition Monitoring Techniques”

was carried out by

Muhammad Saqib Raza Rabbani

Under our supervision and that in our opinion, it is fully adequate, in scope
and quality, for the degree of MS Mechanical Engineering from Pakistan
Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS).

Approved By:


Supervisor: Zahid Iqbal

Verified By:

Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering


11. Conclusion & Recommendations
The above project focuses on the rotary machinery problem such as rotary imbalance.
The project started by the development of a data acquisition system for detection and
correction of rotary imbalance of machines using condition monitoring. The data
acquisition system includes the accelerometers and rotary encoder attached with
Arduino Mega 2560 board. An algorithm was developed using Matlab software for
calculation of correction masses in order to save time. The software uses vector method
of balancing. The system was first tested on a dummy apparatus made of Perspex to
evaluate the technique and data acquisition system. In the second phase of the project,
an investigative has been performed on the dynamic balancing machine MM 340 in the
Mechanics of Machine lab. The investigation showed that the data filters in the
machine were not working properly and software could not interpret the coming data.
Therefore, in order to reuse the machine, some modifications in the machine were also
performed. Initially, the results were not satisfactory. But the FFT of the vibration data
of the machine showed that amplitude of vibration by the unbalance was much less than
the vibration noise due to other faults in the machine like looseness and misalignment
etc. Therefore, it was found that when a mass of 500 gram was attached as unbalance
mass, machine produced periodic vibrations. This vibration data was then used to
perform the static and dynamic balancing of the machine. Counter weight method is
recommended for static balancing and vector method is recommended for the dynamic

Future Recommendations
Following recommendations are made for this project

• Better accelerometers can be used in the data acquisition system for the more
accurate value of the vibration data
• The roller supports of the dynamic balancing machine should be replaced with
proper rotary bearing to reduce bearing related faults.
• Innovative and robust fixture should be used to attach the rotary encoder to the
shaft of the machine.