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2 Types of Joints

A. Longitudinal Joint
B. Transverse Joint

*Contraction Joints

*Expansion Joints

* Construction Joints

Longitudinal Joints

-Required in pavement wider than 16 ft.

Transverse Joint

-Shall be placed whenever the placing of the concrete is suspended.

Expansion Joints
-Consist of a joint filler, generally 1 inch thick, that allows the pavement to compress and expand.

Contraction Joints
-A sawed transverse joint normally placed every 18 ft to control cracking due to pavement contraction caused by shrinkage
and temperature fluctuation.

A dowel Bar assembly called a “basket” before paving at the location of the contraction joints.

Construction Joint
-Joint provided at location where concrete work stop temporary.

Reinforcement of Joints
-Steel reinforcement for concrete pavement joints are specified to prevent the widening of cracks produced by
thermal contraction or expansion.

Sub- grade (existing soil)


The foundation of the structure on which the sub-base is laid.
Strength and durability of the road depends on the sub- grade. Normally compacted and sometimes stabilize by the
addition modifiers.

Sub-base (Optional)
When the bearing capacity of soil is poor and the intensity of traffic is high, an additional layers is provided
between the soil and the sub- grade.
Concrete Proportion
-The fundamental rule to obtain good concrete is the proper selection of cement aggregate and water.

For Concrete pavement type 1 and type 2 cement is used.

Type 1 – Fairly high C3S content for good early strength development.
Type2 – Moderate sulfate resistance (applied in structures exposed to sol or water containing sulfate ions).
Water for concrete must be clean, free from acid, alkali and oil. Avoid using water that contains large amount of
sulfate. For strong, sound and durable concrete, one must use proper aggregate that have a similar properties.
Laguna State Polytechnic University

Santa Cruz Campus

College of Engineering

REPORT ON HIGHWAY ENGINEERING

Construction Joint
Reinforcement of Joints
The Subgrade and Subbase for Concrete Pavement
Concrete Proportions

Submitted by:

Guevarra, Melchizedek E.

BSCE – 4E

Submitted to:

Engr. April Joy Macatangay