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Bantawan, Eunice B.

October 29,2018

1. The pressure gage on a 2.5 m3 oxygen tank reads 500 kPa. Determine the amount of oxygen in the
tank if the temperature is 28 °C and the atmospheric pressure is 97 kPa.

Given:
Volume=2.5 m3
Pgage=97kPa
Oxygen = 500 kPa
m=?

PV=mRT
Pabs = Pgage + Patm
= 500 + 97
Pabs = 597 kPa

m= PV/RT
m = (597 kPa)(2.5 m3)/(0.2598 KJ/Kg-K)(301 K)
m = 19.08 Kg

2. A 400 L rigid tank contains 5 kg of air at 25 °C. Determine the reading on the pressure gage if the
atmospheric pressure is 97 kPa.

Assumptions :At specified conditions, air behaves as an ideal gas.


Properties
The gas constant of air is
R = 0.287 kPa m3/kg K (Table A-1).
Analysis
Treating air as an ideal gas, the absolute pressure in the tank is determined from

P = mRT / V
= (5 Kg x 0.287kPa m3/Kg K x 298 K) / (0.4 m3)
= 1069.1 kPa

Pgage = P – P atm
= 1069.1 – 97
Pgage = 972.1 kPa
3. A 1 m3 tank containing air at 25 °C and 500 kPa is connected through a valve to another tank
containing 5 kg of air at 35 °C and 200 kPa. Now the valve is opened , and the entire system is
allowed to reach thermal equilibrium with the surroundings, which are at 20°C. Determine the
volume of the second tank and the final equilibrium pressure of air.

Let the two tanks be represented by A and B as shown in the figure below.

Given
Volume of the tank A, VA = 1 m3
Temperature of air in tank A, TA = 25 oC = 298 K
Pressure of air in tank A, PA = 500 kPa
Mass of air in tank B, mB = 5 kg
Temperature of air in tank B, TB = 35 oC = 308 K
Pressure of air in tank B, PB = 200 kPa
Surrounding temperature, Tsurr = 20 oC = 293 K

Assuming, at given conditions air behaves as an ideal gas.


For air, gas constant R = 0.287 kJ/kmol K
From ideal gas equation, mass of air in tank A is determined by

mA =

mA = 5.846 kg

Volume of the tank B can be determined from

VB =

=
= VB = 2.21 m3

Now, when the valve is opened


V = VA + VB
= 1+ 2.21
= 3.21 m3
Total mass of air
m = mA + mB
= 5 + 5.846
= 10.846 kg

P = mRT/V

P = (10.846x0.287x293)/3.21

P= 284.13 kPa

4. The pressure in an automobile tire depends on the temperature of the air in the tire. When the
air temperature is 25°C, the pressure gage reads 210 kPa. If the volume of the tire is 0.025 m Cube,
Determine the amount of air in the tire that must be bled off to restore pressure to its original value
at this temperature . Assume the atmospheric pressure is 100 kPa.

Given:
T1 = 25 °C + 273 = 298 K
Pgage = 210 kPa
V = 0.025 m3

Required:
P = P2 – P1 , When T2 = 50 °C + 273 = 323 K
Find m = m1 – m2

A. Pabs = Pgage + Patm


= 210 +100
= 310 kPa

PV = mRT
m = P1V / RT1
= (310 kPa x 0.025 m3 ) / (0.287 KJ/Kg.K x 298 K)
m = 0.09062 Kg

B. P2 = mRT2 / V
= (0.09062 Kg x 0.287 KJ/Kg K x 323 K ) / (0.025 m3 )
= 336 kPa

P = 336 – 310
= 26 kPa

C. T3 = T2 = 323 K
P3 = P1 = 310 kPa

m3 = P3V / RT3
= (310 kPa x 0.025 m3 ) / (0.287 KJ/Kg.K x 323 K)
m = 0.09062 – 0.08360
= 0.007018 Kg