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Composite Materials

Dr. S. Kamran Afaq

Composite Materials
OUTLINE

• Introduction Week-1

• Mechanical Behavior
Week-2,3
• Laminated Composite Materials

• Analysis and Design Week-4,5

• Sandwich Structures
Week-6
• Manufacturing Processes
Composite Materials
OUTLINE

• Laminate Analysis Algorithm

• Sizing of Laminate
• Introduction to Mathematica

• Validation with ANSYS

Composite Materials
OUTLINE

• Laminate Analysis Algorithm

• Sizing of Laminate
• Introduction to Mathematica

• Validation with ANSYS

Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
To replace the classical transmission shaft made of universal carden joint
and intermediary thrust bearing as shown below:

With a solution consisting of a long shaft made of carbon/epoxy, with the

following dimension:

Boundary Conditions

Max. Rotational Speed = N = 4000 rpm

Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
Boundary Conditions

Max. Rotational Speed = N = 4000 rpm

Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
To replace the classical transmission shaft made of universal carden joint
and intermediary thrust bearing as shown below:
Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
To replace the classical transmission shaft made of universal carden joint
and intermediary thrust bearing as shown below:

With a solution consisting of a long shaft made of carbon/epoxy, with the

following dimension:

Boundary Conditions

Max. Rotational Speed = N = 4000 rpm

Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
Design a composite tube for a 10 bar internal pressure.

Boundary Conditions

One end is fixed, other is sliding joint

Strain in the tube has to be less than 0.1% to avoid micro-fracture that
Introduction Mechanical Behavior Laminate Theory Analysis & Design Sandwich Structures Manufacturing/Application

Composite Materials

Design Problem
A Telegraph Mast of glass/Epoxy ( Vf = 60% ), having;

3 layers at 90°.