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Annexure-III

DYE PENETRANT TESTING PROCEDURE


(Chloride Can for 750 kg batch)
1) SCOPE:
This procedure covers the liquid penetrant examination by solvent removable penetrant process using color
contrast technique for detecting surface discontinuities of base metal & weldment required by the
applicable code & PO specifications.

2) APPLICABLE CODES & STANDARDS:


This procedure covers the requirements as per the latest edition of:
a) ASME Sec V, Articles 1, 6 & 24.
b) ASME sec VIII Div. I Appendix 8.

3) APPROVED PENETRANT MATERIALS:


The dye, developer & cleaner (all of same make) used for DP test shall be of reputed brands like
Magnaflux, P Met, Flawguide, Orion & NDT and shall be of spray type conforming to the specifications
given in ASME sec V. Dye need not be spray type. It can be applied using paint brush. Penetrant material
shall be as per Article 6 of Sec.V. Halogen content shall not be more than 1% by weight.

4) SURFACE PREPARATION:
Surface & adjacent areas within 1" to be examined shall be dry & free of all dirt, grease, lint, scale, welding
flux etc. that can obscure surface openings or otherwise interfere with the examination. Typical cleaning
agents that may be used are detergents, organic solvents, descaling solutions & paint removers.

5) PRE CLEANING:
The parts or areas of parts to be inspected shall be clean & dry before the penetrant is applied. Area under
examination shall be thoroughly cleaned with the cleaner from the same group of penetrant materials.
Cleaning shall be by spraying or brushing and wiping with a lint free cloth. Any traces of lint shall be
removed. Drying shall be accomplished by exposure to ambient temperature & a drying time of min 30
seconds shall be provided.

6) TEMPERATURE LIMITS:
The temperature of the penetrant materials & the surface of the part to be examined shall not be below
10°C or above 52°C throughout the examination period. Temperature may be measured with 50°C
thermal chalk.

7) PENETRANT APPLICATION:
Apply the penetrant to the weld face side to be examined. During dwell time (10 min.), if necessary, the
penetrant may be re-applied in case the first coat gets dried up. If the surface to be examined is large
enough to preclude completeexamination within 10 minutes of developer application, the examination
shall be performed in increments. If the penetrant dwell time exceeds the max. of 10 mins., then, testing
shall be repeated from pre cleaning stage.

8) APPLICATION OF DEVELOPER ON THE OTHER SIDE:


Apply developer on the other side of the weld to check for any through and through defects.
Interpretation & evaluation of the discontinuity indications shall be carried out after developer time of
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Annexure-III

min. 10 minutes & max. 60 minutes. A minimum light intensity of 100 ft candles (1000 lux) is required to
ensure adequate sensitivity during examination & evaluation of indications.

9) REMOVAL OF EXCESS PENETRANT:


After the required penetrant dwell time, excess penetrant on the face side shall be removed as far as
possible by wiping with a dry, clean cloth (lint free) repeating the operation until most traces of
penetrant have been removed. All traces of lint shall be removed. Flushing the surface with cleaner
following the application of penetrant & prior to developing is prohibited. The part surface shall be
allowed to dry by normal evaporation & a drying time of minimum 30 seconds shall be allowed prior to
application of developer.

10) APPLICATION OF DEVELOPER ON THE WELD FACE SIDE:


Application of developer on the face side to check surface defects shall be by spraying to assure
complete coverage with a thin & even film. Developer shall be applied as soon as possible after
removal of excess penetrant but within 10 minutes maximum. Interpretation & evaluation of the
discontinuity indications shall be carried out after developer time of min. 10 minutes & max. 60 minutes.
A minimum light intensity of 100 ft candles (1000 lux) is required to ensure adequate sensitivity during
examination & evaluation of indications.

11) INTERPRETATION & EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS:


a) Final interpretation shall be made within 10 to 60 minutes after the application of developer.
b) Interpretation & evaluation of indications shall be as per ASME Sec VIII Div. I Appendix 8.
c) Only indications with major dimensions greater than 1/16" (1.6mm) are to be considered as
relevant.
d) A linear indication is one having a length greater than three times the width.
e) A round indication is one of circular or elliptical shape with the length equal to or less than three
times the width.
f) Any questionable or doubtful indications shall be re-examined to determine whether or not they are
relevant.
g) Any adjacent indication separated by less than the major dimension of the smaller shall be
assessed as a single continuous indication.

12) ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA:


The following acceptance standards shall apply unless specified otherwise:
All surfaces to be examined shall be free from:
a) Any relevant linear indications.
b) Relevant round indications with dimensions > 3/16" (4.8mm).
c) Four or more relevant round indications in a line separated by 1/16" (1.6mm).

13) POST EXAMINATION CLEANING:


Post examination cleaning shall be carried out as soon as practical with a cloth soaked with cleaner.

14) REPORTING:
Liquid Penetrant examination report shall be prepared and submit to purchaser for review.

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