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Subject code and name:16CP2201 /Research Methodology Question Bank

UNIT 1 :


1) State any definitions for research? Explain its significance in modern times.

2) What are the objectives of the research?

3) What are the possible motives for doing the research?

4) List out the different types of research.

5) Distinguish between the Research Methods and Research Methodology.

7) Distinguish between the Quantitative and Qualitative Research.

8) Give the significance of the Research.

9) What are the importance of knowing how research is done?

10) List out the steps involved in the research process.

11) What are the criteria of good Research?

12) State the qualities of a good research

13) Define the term induction.

14) What are the problems encountered by Researchers in India?

15) Give the diagrammatic flowchart of the Research Process.

16) List out the research approaches.

14 MARKS:.

1) Briefly describe the different steps involved in a research process.

2)Distinguish between Research methods and Research methodology.

3) Write short notes on:

(1) Design of the research project;

(2) Ex post facto research;
(3) Motivation in research;
(4) Objectives of research;
(5) Criteria of good research;
(7) Research and scientific method.

4)Describe the different types of research.

5) “Empirical research in India in particular creates so many problems for the researchers”. State the
problems that are usually faced by such researchers.
6)“Research is much concerned with proper fact finding, analysis and evaluation.” Do you agree with this
Statement? Give reasons in support of your answer.

7) “Creative management, whether in public administration or private industry, depends on methods of

inquiry that maintain objectivity, clarity, accuracy and consistency”. Discuss this statement and examine
the significance of research”.

8) It is often said that there is not a proper link between some of the activities under way in the world of
Academics and in most business in our country. Account for this state of affairs and give suggestions for

9) Describe the problems encountered by researchers in India.

10) What are the importance of knowing how research is done?Explain



1)What is a Research Problem?

2)How the Research problem is formulated?

3)What are the two main steps involved in formulating the research problem?

4)What are the necessary steps should befollowed by a researcher in selecting a research problem?

5)what is the necessity for defining the problem?

6)Define Literature Review.

7)Define Primary source

8)List out the examples of the primary sources.

9)Define Secondary Sources.

10)List out the examples of the secondary source.

11) How the researchers identify the gap areas from the Literature review?

12) How does one go about developing working hypotheses?

13) What is the critical Literature review?

14)What is the purpose of literature review?

14 marks:

1)How will you formulate the research Problem? Explain

2)What are the importance of knowing how research is done ?Explain

3)Explain the process involved in development of working hypothesis?

4)Write short notes on monograph, patent and treatise.

5)Briefly explain about the literature review and its sources.

6)Explain the primary and secondary sources with necessary examples.

7) What is research problem? Define the main issues which should receive the attention of the researcher
in formulating the research problem. Give suitable examples to elucidate your points.

8) How do you define a research problem? Give three examples to illustrate your answer.

9) What is the necessity of defining a research problem? Explain.

10) Write a comprehensive note on the “Task of defining a research problem”



1)What is a research design?

2)State the important features of the research design.

3)Why research design is needed?

4)What are the important features of a good design?

5)Distinguish between independent and dependent variable.

6)What are the categories involved in research design?

7)Enumerate the three principles of experimental design

8)What is an experimental design and classify the categories of the experimental design.?

9)What is informal experimental design and list out its types.?

10)What is formal experimental design and list out its types?

11) Explain the meaning and significance of a Research design

12)What are the characteristics of a good sample design?

14 Marks:

1)Explain the meaning of the following in context of Research design. (a) Extraneous variables; (b)
Confounded relationship; (c) Research hypothesis; (d) Experimental and Control groups; (e) Treatments.

2) How will you determine the sample designs? Explain

3) Explain some of the important sample designs.

4) Explain the categories of the research design

5) Illustrate the three basic principles of the experimental design.

6) Explain the experimental design and its types in a detailed manner.

7) Briefly explain about the informal experimental design.

8) Explain the types of designs involved in the formal experimental design.

9) Describe some of the important research designs used in experimental hypothesis-testing research

10)“Research design in exploratory studies must be flexible but in descriptive studies, it must minimise
bias and maximize reliability.” Discuss

11) Give your understanding of a good research design. Is single research design suitable in all research
studies? If not, why?

12)Explain the steps involved in developing a research plan

13) Distinguish between: (a) Restricted and unrestricted sampling; (b) Convenience and purposive
sampling; (c) Systematic and stratified sampling; (d) Cluster and area sampling

14) Under what circumstances stratified random sampling design is considered appropriate? How would
you select such sample? Explain by means of an example

15) The following are the number of departmental stores in 15 cities: 35, 17, 10, 32, 70, 28, 26, 19, 26,
66, 37, 44, 33, 29 and 28. If we want to select a sample of 10 stores, using cities as clusters and selecting
within clusters proportional to size, how many stores from each city should be chosen? (Use a starting
point of 10).


1)What are the two types of data used for data collection?

2)What are the methods involved in the collection of primary data?

3)Distinguish between primary and secondary data.

4)List out the chief merits and demerits of the interview method.

5) List out the chief merits and demerits of the data collection through the questionnaires.

6)What are the three main aspects of the questionnaire?

7)What are the data collection methods used in modern times?

8)What are the characteristics of secondary data collection?

9)List out the data processing operations.

10)Categorize the data analysis strategies.

11)What are the important measures used to summarise the survey/research data?

12)Define hypothesis.

13)What are the important parameters used for hypothesis testing?

14 mark:

1)Enumerate the different methods of collecting data. Which one is the most suitable for conducting

enquiry regarding family welfare programme in India? Explain its merits and demerits.

2)Clearly explain the difference between collection of data through questionnaires and schedules.

3) Discuss interview as a technique of data collection.

4) What are the guiding considerations in the construction of questionnaire? Explain.

5) Explain in detail about the methods involved in collection of primary data.

6) Briefly, explain the three main aspects of the data collection through questionnaires.

7) Clearly explain the difference between the collection of data through questionnaires and schedules.

8)Explain about the data processing operations and data analysis strategies in a detailed manner.
9)What are the important statistical measures that are used to summarise the survey/research data?Explain

10)Explain in detail about the hypothesis testing.



1)What are the components of the scientific report?

2)What are the significance of report writing?

3)List out the steps involved in report writing.

4)What does the layout of the report should comprise of?

5)What are the types of the reports?

6)What is a technical report?

7)What is a Popular report?

8)Define Bibliography.

9)Define Footnotes

10)Write the usage of visual aids.

11)What are the importance of effective communication?

14 Marks:

1)Briefly explain about the structure and components of Report writing.

2) Explain the significance of research report and narrate the steps involved in writing a report.

3)Describe, in brief, the layout of a research report, covering all relevant points.

4) Mention the different types of report, particularly pointing out the difference between a technical report
and a popular report

5)Write short notes on Bibliography ,Referencing and footnotes.

6)Explain in detail about the oral presentation.