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SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


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sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

1 Which of the following physical 5 Diagram 3.1 shows the reading of a A


quantities matched with the correct pair of vernier callipers when the
SI unit? jaws are closed. Diagram 3.2 shows
Physical quantity SI unit the reading obtained when it is used
to measure internal diameter of a test
A Time Minute tube.
B Mass Kilogram

C Length Kilometer

D Force Joule B
Diagram 3.1 Diagram 3.2
Calculate the internal diameter of the
2 Diagram 1 shows a box with test tube.
dimension 8 cm × 5 cm × 6 cm. A 1.83 cm C 1.98 cm
B 1.97 cm D 2.03 cm

6 Diagram 4 shows the scale of a


micrometer screw gauge.

Diagram 1 Diagram 4
Calculate the volume of the box, in m3. What is the reading of the
A 240 C 2.4 × 10–2 micrometer screw gauge showed?
B 2.4 D 2.4 × 10–4 A 3.23 mm C 3.73 mm
B 3.27 mm D 3.77 mm
3 Diagram 2 shows a graph of P
against Q. 7 X, Y and Z in Table 1 are instruments
for measuring lengths. The D
sensitivity of the instruments X, Y
and Z in ascending order are
X Metre rule

Y Micrometer screw gauge

Z Vernier calipers
Table 1
Diagram 2
A X, Y, Z C Y, Z, X
Given that the gradient of the graph 10 A micrometer screw gauge used to
B X, Z, Y D Z, Y, X
is –b and a is the intercept on y-axis. measure the thickness of a book for
The relationship between P and Q is five times. The readings are 5.28
8 Which of the following is not a
represented by the equation mm, 5.32 mm, 5.33 mm, 5.35 mm
vector quantity?
b and 5.37 mm. The relative deviation
A Force C Velocity
A Q = a – bP C P=a– P B Power D Momentum
of the measurement is
b A 0.11% C 2.1%
Q B 0.45% D 11%
B Q=a– D P = a – bQ
11 A car accelerated from 10 km h –1 to
4 640 nanometer is equivalent to
40 km h–1 in 10 seconds. What is the
A 6.4 × 10–4 C 6.4 × 10–9
–7 acceleration of the car, in m s–2?
B 6.4 × 10 D 6.4 × 10–11
A 0.5 m s–2 C 3.0 m s–2
–2
B 0.8 m s D 5.0 m s–2

9 Which of the following graphs obeys 12 Which of the following factors can
the equation y = 2x + 4? influence the inertia of an object?
A Size of the object
© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 62 SULIT
SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

B Mass of the object


C Weight of the object
D Velocity of the object

13 Diagram 5 shows a section of a B


ticker tape which represent the
motion of a trolley down an inclined
runway. Diagram 8
What is the average velocity of the
car?

Diagram 5 A 1.33 m s–1 C 20.0 m s–1


The vibration of ticker-timer is 50 B 16.7 m s–1 D 250 m s–1
Hz. Calculate the acceleration of the
trolley. 19 Diagram 9 shows a spring without
C
A 33.3 cm s –2 C 111.6 cm s –2 load and when the spring is loaded
B 55.6 cm –2
D 138.9 cm s –2 with a 10 N weight.

14 A long distance runner ran from


location W to location Z along the
path shown in Diagram 6.

D
Diagram 9
Diagram 6 Assume the spring obeys Hookes
Calculate the displacement of the law. What is the value, l if the elastic
long distance runner from W to Z. constant is 200 N m-1?
A 8m C 32 m A 5.0 cm C 25.0 cm
B 23 m D 38 m B 24.0 cm D 30.0 cm

15 Diagram 7 shows a displacement- 20 Diagram 10 shows a boy pulling a


time graph of a car moving in a box with a rope.
straight line.
16 A bullet of 20 g is fired from a gun
of 3.0 kg. The speed of the bullet is
60 m s–1. Calculate the speed of
recoil of the gun.
A 0.40 m s–1 C 400 m s–1
B 2.5 m s–1 D 9000 m s–1

17 Which of the following systems will Diagram 10


give the greatest acceleration on an Assume there is no frictional force,
Diagram 7 object of mass m? what is the acceleration of the box?
Which of the following graphs A A 1.69 m s–2 C 4.00 m s–2
–2
represents the motion of the car? B 3.63 m s D 7.63 m s–2
A B
21 Diagram 11 shows a manometer
C containing mercury of density 1.36 ×
104 kg m–3 is connected to a gas supply.
D

18 Diagram 8 shows the velocity-time


graph for a moving car.

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 63 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

24 Diagram 14 shows a reservoir 28 Diagram 16 shows a boy throw a


supplying water to a water tank in a bowling ball. The bowling ball
house. moving forward and spinning.
Spinning of the ball causes it curves
to one side.

Diagram 11
What is the pressure of the gas?
[Gravitational field strength, g =
10 N kg–1, atmospheric pressure = Diagram 16
76 cm Hg] What physical principle can be used
A 92.5 kPa C 120 kPa to discuss the situation above?
B 114 kPa D 133 kPa Diagram 14
A Archimedes’ principle
What is the pressure of the water B Pascal’s principle
22 Diagram 12 shows a ship floating on supplying to the water tank? C Bernoulli’s principle
the surface of the sea water. [Density of water = 1000 kg m–3] D Pressure law
A 5.0 × 105 Pa C 5.8 × 105 Pa
5
C 5.5 × 10 Pa D 6.0 × 105 Pa 29 Diagram 17 shows an aluminium bar
of 150 °C immersed in water at 27 °C.
25 Diagram 15 shows a simple mercury
barometer used to measure gas
pressure.

Diagram 12
If the mass of the ship is 50 000 kg,
what is the volume of the ship which
is submerged in sea water?
Diagram 17
[Gravitational field strength =
10 N kg–1, density of sea water = What is the temperature of the water
1 050 kg m–3] and the aluminium bar when achieve
A 47.6 m3 C 52.5 m3 thermal equilibrium?
B 50.0 m3 D 210 m3 [Specific heat capacity of water =
Diagram 15 4200 J kg–1 °C–1, specific heat
23 Diagram 13 shows the dam of a What is the pressure of the gas capacity of aluminium = 900 J kg–1
reservoir. trapped in the barometer? °C–1, mass of water = 2.0 kg, mass of
[Density of mercury = 13.6 g cm –3, aluminium bar = 1.0 kg]
gravitational field strength = 10 N kg–1, A 32 °C C 39 °C
atmospheric pressure = 75.0 cm] B 35 °C D 52 °C
A 4.35 × 104 Pa C 1.02 × 105 Pa
B 5.85 × 104 Pa D 1.46 × 105 Pa 30 Which of the following graphs best
describe the relationship between the
26 The physical principle used by a gas volume, V and the absolute
Diagram 13 hydraulic system is temperature, T for a fixed mass of
Why the wall of the dam has to be A Archimedes’ principle gas at constant pressure?
thicker at bottom? B Pascal’s principle A
A To lower the centre of gravity of C Bernoulli’s principle
the dam. D Charles’ law
B To sustain the greater pressure of
the water. 27 What is the concept used in the
C To increase the surface area calibration of a thermometer?
exerted by atmospheric pressure. A Thermal conductivity
D To decrease the speed of water B Thermal equilibrium
flow down if the water volume C Specific latent heat
excess the capacity of the dam D Specific heat capacity B

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 64 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

37 Diagram 19 shows two capillary


tubes containing 5 cm mercury
column and gas trapped in it.

B
C

Diagram 19
Given the atmospheric pressure is 76
cm Hg and the temperature is
constant, what is the value of l, in
C
unit of cm?
D A 28 cm C 32 cm
B 29 cm D 34 cm

38 A good heat conductor material has


A high specific heat capacity.
B low specific heat capacity.
D C high specific latent heat.
D low specific latent heat.

31 Diagram 18 shows a graph of water 39 A plane mirror has the following


cooling from gas to solid. characteristics of image except
A virtual
B upright
C diminished
D laterally inverted
34 How much heat is required to change
1.5 kg of ice at 0°C to water at 50°C? 40 Diagram 20 shows an object located
[Specific latent heat of fusion = 3.36 at focal point, F of a convex lens.
× 105 J kg–1, specific heat capacity of
water = 4.20 × 103 J kg–1 °C–1]
A 340 kJ C 819 kJ
Diagram 18 B 546 kJ D 1.70 × 107 J
Which of the following stages does
the water exist in the form of solid 35 An electric heater of 55 W is
immersed in 500 g of oil. If the Diagram 20
and liquid?
A QR C ST specific heat capacity of the oil is What is the characteristic of the
B RS D TU 2 100 J kg–1 °C–1, what is the image formed?
minimum time required by the A Real, inverted, diminished
32 200 g of hot water at 80 °C and 50 g electric heater to rise the temperature B Real, upright, magnified
of cold milk at 5 °C are mixed. What of the oil from 25 °C to 80 °C? C Virtual, inverted, diminished
is the final temperature of the A 477 s C 1 240 s D Virtual, upright, magnified
mixture? B 1 050 s D 1 530 s
A 55 °C C 65 °C 41 Diagram 21 shows a light beam
B 60 °C D 75 °C 36 A trapped air has volume 500 cm3 at travelling through a glass to the air.
27 °C. What is the volume of the gas
33 Which of the following graphs does if it is heated to temperature 100 °C
not obey Charles’ law? at constant pressure?
A A 135 cm3 C 622 cm3
3
B 420 cm D 1 850 cm3
Diagram 21

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 65 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

The refractive index of the glass can A 5 cm C 15 cm 48 What is the image which is produced
be represented by B 10 cm D 20 cm by a converging lens on a screen?
1 sin p A Real and inverted
A sin s C sin s 45 Diagram 23 shows a light beam B Real and upright
sin s passed through a glass block. C Virtual and inverted
sin q
sin p D Virtual and upright
B D sin r

42 Diagram 22 shows a graph of image


distance, v against object distance, u
of a convex lens. 49 What is the concept used in optical
fibre?
Diagram 23 Rajah 23
A Refraction
What is the critical angle of the B Diffraction
glass? C Interference
A 23.3° C 32.1° D Total internal reflection
B 26.5° D 42.0°
50 Diagram 24 shows the formation of
46 When a light ray passes through a image from a convex lens.
glass block, the speed of light
Diagram 22 change from 3.00 × 108 m s–1 to 1.88
× 108 m s–1. What is the refractive
What is the focal length, F of the
index of the glass block?
lens?
A 0.62 C 1.60
A 1.0 cm C 20 cm
B 1.48 D 1.70
B 10 cm D 40 cm
Diagram 24
43 A boy stands 3.0 m in front of a Which of the following optical
plane mirror. What is the distance instruments produces image that has
between the boy and his image in the same characteristics of image
47 An object placed at 20 cm from a
mirror? formed in Diagram 24?
concave lens with focal length of
A 1.5 m C 4.5 m
15 cm. A virtual image is produced. A A camera
B 3.0 m D 6.0 m
What is the linear magnification of B A magnifying lens
the image? C An astronomical telescope
44 A concave mirror has a focal length
A 0.43 C 2.33 D A photocopying machine
of 10 cm. Which of the following
B 0.57 D 3.00
object distances can produce an
image that is real, inverted, and
magnified?

4531/2 SECTION A [60 marks]


FIZIK Answer all the questions in this section.
KERTAS 2
2 jam 30 minit

1 Diagram 1 show an escalator in a shopping complex. The


difference in height between the two levels is 5.0 m.

Diagram 1
© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 66 SULIT
SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

(a) What  is  the gain  in  potential  energy   of  a  shopper  of


weight 500 N?

[2 marks]
(b) At certain time, shoppers of total weight 1 830 N are on
the escalator and the escalator takes 12 seconds to move
the shoppers to the next floor.  What is the power of the
escalator at that time?

[2 marks] Diagram 3
(a) What is meant by a unit of length?
2 Diagram 2 shows a ball A moving from point P to point T. ______________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) Explain why the ‘feet’ of the student is not an accurate
unit of length.
______________________________________________
[2 marks]
(c) Suggest a suitable apparatus for the student to measure
the width of the lab and the unit use.
______________________________________________
[2 marks]
Diagram 2 4 Diagram 4.1 shows a manometer used to measure the
pressure of gas in a tank.
(a) If ball A moves with a constant velocity from point P to
point Q, what is the acceleration of ball A from point P
to point Q?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) Explain what happens to the velocity of ball A when it
passes from R and S.
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
[1 mark h]
Diagram 4.1
(c) Given that the velocity of ball  A  at point R is 5 m s –1
(a) (i) Compare the pressure of gas and the atmosphere
and it takes 4 seconds to reach point  S. Calculate the
pressure.
velocity of ball  A  at  S  if it passes point  R  and  S  with
_________________________________________
acceleration of –0.5 m s–2.  [1 mark]
(ii) What is the pressure of gas?
[Atmosphere pressure = 76 cm Hg]

[3 marks]
[3 marks]
3 In lab, a student used his feet as a unit of length to measure
the width of the lab. (b) Diagram 4.2 shows a structure of an aeroplane.

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 67 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

[2 marks]
(c) Calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of ice.

Diagram 4.2
(i) Mark with ‘X’on Diagram 4.2, the area which has
the lowest pressure. [3 marks]
[1 mark]
(d) Determine   the   mass   of   ice   melted   due   to   the   heat
absorbed form the surroundings.
(ii) Name the principle involved.
_________________________________________
[1 mark]

5 Diagram 5 shows two apparatus set-up prepared by a student


to find the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. The only [1 mark]
difference between set A and set B is set B is connected to a
power supply but set A is not. Two beakers are put under the
filter funnels to collect the water from the melting ice.

6 Diagram 6.1 shows a mirror put at a sharp corner of a road


so that drivers are able to see the oncoming cars on the blind
side of the corner.

Diagram 6.1
(a) What is the type of mirror used?
______________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) State the reason why this type of mirror is used.
Diagram 5 ______________________________________________
Readings obtained from the experiment are given below [1 mark]
(c) In Diagram 6.2, F is the focal point and C is the centre
Mass of water collected in set A = 8.2 g
of curvature of a mirror.
Mass of water collected in set B = 64.8 g
Power of heater = 70 W
Duration of heating = 5 minutes
(a) What is meant by latent heat?
______________________________________________
[1 marks]
(b) Calculate the energy supplied by the heater.

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 68 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

[4 marks]
(d) Diagram 7.1 shows a light ray traveling from substance
W  to substance  X  whereas Diagram 7.2 shows a light
ray traveling from substance X to substance Y.

Diagram 6.2 Diagram 7.1 Diagram 7.2


(i) What are meant by real image and virtual image? (i) What is meant by law of refraction?
_________________________________________ _________________________________________
[2 marks] [1 mark]
(ii) Complete the ray diagram in Diagram 6.2 to show (ii) Complete the ray diagrams in Diagram 7.1 and 7.2
the position of the image formed. above.
[3 marks] [4 marks]
(iii) State three characteristics of the image formed.
1.________________________________________ 8 Diagram 8 shows a hydraulic system. The small piston and
2.________________________________________ the big piston have cross-sectional area of 0.15 m 2 and 0.5
3.________________________________________ m2 respectively.
[3 marks]

7 Table 1 shows the critical angles for three different


substances.
Substance Critical angle

W 37°

X 40°

Y 42°
Diagram 8
Table 1 A force of 45 N is used to press the small piston downwards.
(a) What is meant by critical angle? (a) Calculate
______________________________________________ (i) the pressure on the small piston.
[1 mark]
(b) State   the   relationship   between   critical   angle,   c   and
refractive index, n of a substance.
______________________________________________ [2 marks]
[1 mark]

(ii) the maximum mass, m which can be lifted by the


(c) Calculate   the   refractive   index   of   the   following force of 45 N. (Assume that the mass of small
piston and the big piston can be ignored)
substances. jisim maksimum, m yang boleh diangkat oleh daya 45 N itu.
(i) X, (ii) Y.

[3 marks]

(b) Name the principle used in your calculation.
______________________________________________

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 69 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

[1 mark] (ii) State  one  assumption   you   have   made   in   your


(c) (i) The small piston moves 10 cm downwards when it calculation.
is being pressed. What is the distance, h moved by _________________________________________
the big piston? [1 mark]
(d) Various force, F are exerted on the small piston. Sketch
a graph of h against F.

[2 marks]
[3 marks]

SECTION B [20 marks]


Answer one the questions in this section.

9 Diagram 9 shows two identical blocks floating in two


different liquids. 10 Diagram 10.1 shows the position of a fish in s sea as seen
by a fisherman. While Diagram 10.2 shows the condition of
the light rays after passing through the lens.

Diagram 9
(a) What is meant by density?
[1 mark] Diagram 10.1 Diagram 10.2
(b) (i) Compare the buoyant force acting on the blocks (a) (i) What is meant by refractive index?
when it is immersed in liquid P and liquid Q, the [1 mark]
portion of the block immersed and the density of (ii) State the common characteristics for the situations
the   liquids.     Hence,   deduce   the   factors   which in   Diagram   10.1   and   Diagram   10.2.   Relate   the
affect   the   buoyant   force   acting   on   the   blocks common   characteristics   to   construct   a   physics
immersed in a liquid and how the factors relate to concept. Name the concept.
each other. [5 marks]
[5 marks] (b) A periscope can be made by using two different types
(ii) Name   the   physics   principle   that   explains   the of material. Explain the physics concepts  involved in
situation. these two types of periscopes with the aid of diagrams.
[1 mark] [4 marksh]
(c) By using physics concept, explain how a hot­air balloon (c) You  are  given  lens  S  and  lens  T  of   focal   length  of  
able to move upwards . 20  cm  and  60  cm   respectively  as  shown   in  Diagram
[3 marks] 10.3 to construct a simple astronomical telescope.
(d) You are asked to suggest a design of a submarine that
can dive deep into the sea and also float back to the sea
surface safely.
Your suggestions should include the following aspects.
(i) The characteristics of the material used to make
the hull of the submarine.

(ii) The mechanisme which allows the submarine to
dive. 
[10 marks]

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 70 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


Lekat logo
sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

Diagram 10.3 (ii) Explain how to construct a telescope with normal


[2 marks] adjustment by using the lenses given and others
(i) Compare the characteristics of lens  S  and  T  and apparatus that can be found in a laboratory.
identify which lens is used as the objective lens (iii) Suggest   the   modifications   that   can   be   made   to
and eyepiece. improve the image formed by the telescope.
[10 marks]

SECTION C [20 marks]


Answer one the questions in this section.

11 Diagram 11.1 shows a graph plotted of forces between


P 100 380 High Extension
solid particles against distance of separation between
particles.
Q 15 000 280 Low Compression

R 10 000 270 High Compression

S 1 000 550 Low Compression

T 10 000 280 Low Extension

Table 2
Analyse each characteristic of the spring in the Table
2 and determine which spring is most suitable for the
Diagram 11.1
purpose.
(a) (i) What is meant by elastic limit of a spring? [10 marks]
[1 mark]
(c) Diagram 11.3 shows two identical springs with a force
(ii) Mark the elastic limit in Diagram 11.1 and hence
constant of 50 N cm–1. The spring is compressed when
explain   the   forces   that   exist   between   the
a block with a mass of 20 kg is placed on it.
molecules when an external force acting on the
molecules.
[5 marks]
(b) Diagram  11.2 shows a weighing machine used in a
factory   to   measure   the   weight   of   raw   materials   in
tonne.  A spring is placed under the pan to return the
pan to its original position.

Diagram 11.3
Calulate  
(i) the compression of the spring in m.
[2 marks]
(ii) the elastic potential energy in the spring.
Diagram 11.2 [2 marks]
As an engineer, you are assigned to select one of the
springs listed in Table 2 to be used in the weighing 12 (a) Diagram 12 shows a hole is dug on a block of ice so
machine for the purpose mentioned. that the middle part is empty. Hot water of 99 °C is
Force Weight of Rate of Type of
Spring then poured into the hole until all the ice melts. 
constant/ cm–1 spring/ N rusting spring

© Navision (M) Sdn. Bhd. (690640-P) 71 SULIT


SULIT 4531/1

NAMA: _______________________________________________ TINGKATAN: ______________


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sekolah
di sini FINAL YEAR EXAMINATION
This question paper consists of 50 questions. Each question is followed by four options A, B, C and D.
4531/1
FIZIK Choose the correct answer for every question.
KERTAS 1
1 jam 15 minit

Specific heat
Mate- Melting Density/ Rate of
capacity/
rial point/ °C kg m–3 rusting
J kg–1 °C–1

W 580 1 100 2 040 High

X 340 1 300 3 000 High

Y 770 2 000 5 280 Low

Low
Z 210 1 500 10 533

Table 3
From the characteristics in Table 3, decide which one
Diagram 12
is the most suitable material for making a cooking pot.
(i) What is meant by heat capacity?
Explain your choice.
[1 mark]
[10 marks]
(ii) If   the  mass  of   the   ice   is  8.4  kg,  calculate   the
mass of hot water needed to melt all the ice at 0
°C. (Specific latent heat of fusion = 3.3 × 105 J
kg–1, specific heat capacity of water = 4.20 × 103
J kg–1 °C–1)
[4 marks]
(b) Sketch a graph of the change in temperature against
time for the heating of ice from solid state to gas state.
Hence,   explain   the   changes   that   occur   in   the
arrangement of the molecules during heating by using
the kinetic theory.
[5 marks]
(c) You are assigned to study the characteristics of some
material to select a most suitable material for making
a cooking pot.

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