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67

1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; 1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required;Total area of steel ;

Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required;1: eqn 39; where;

f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; Asc_req =

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Library item - Calcs – short col design

(nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately

symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000

kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; Asc_req =

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Library item - Calcs – short col design

(nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately

symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000

kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

To help control random cracking caused by shrinkage, control joints should be placed between

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

For exterior work on a 4-inch-thick slab, the length and width of the new concrete slab should

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

When Cracking Occurs

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

To help control random cracking caused by shrinkage, control joints should be placed between

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

For exterior work on a 4-inch-thick slab, the length and width of the new concrete slab should

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; Asc_req =

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Library item - Calcs – short col design

(nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately

symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000

kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

column steel required; Asc_req =

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement Total area of

column steel required; Asc_req =

max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms =

0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2

(Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Library item - Calcs – short col design

(nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately

symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000

kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of

beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) /

(f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) =

1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required

OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

To help control random cracking caused by shrinkage, control joints should be placed between

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

For exterior work on a 4-inch-thick slab, the length and width of the new concrete slab should

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

For exterior work on a 4-inch-thick slab, the length and width of the new concrete slab should

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

For exterior work on a 4-inch-thick slab, the length and width of the new concrete slab should

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

When Cracking Occurs

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

Concrete mixtures require water for proper placement and workability. As excess water

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

When shrinkage is impeded or blocked — by supporting soils, granular fill, adjoining structures

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

To help control random cracking caused by shrinkage, control joints should be placed between

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Braced column slenderness check

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Slenderness limit; llimit = 60 b = 24000 mm

Column slenderness limit OK

Short column check for braced columns

Column clear height; lo = 4650 mm

Effect. height factor for braced columns - maj axis; x = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – major axis; lex = x lo = 3.488 m;

Slenderness check; lex/h = 8.72

The braced column is short (major axis)

Effect height factor for braced columns - minor axis; y = 0.75

BS8110:Table 3.19

Effective height – minor axis; ley = y lo = 3.488 m

Slenderness check; ley/b = 8.72

The braced column is short (minor axis)

Short column - axial load and nominal moment only

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

Further, misting the concrete with water a few times a day will help to reduce the rate of

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OKCheck min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

Settlement cracks occur when the ground under the concrete moves. This can be the result of

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

If you have poorly compacted soil, dig it out and replace it with crushed stone before placing the

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting eather conditions such as high wind, hot

temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this step after the concrete has set in order to

assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

eather conditions such as high wind, hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Be sure to complete this

step after the concrete has set in order to assure the coverings do not disturb or leave unwanted

impressions on the new concrete.

evaporation from the surface. It is critical to continue this process for at least the first three days

of curing.

Settlement

poorly compacted soil, the wrong kind of soil (sand), water erosion or tree roots.

concrete. If you have a situation where water drains across the sidewalk, backfill first with

several inches of gravel. Also, avoid planting trees next to a concrete sidewalk to prevent roots

from growing underneath and cracking the concrete.

Drying Shrinkage

evaporates from the concrete slab during the curing process, there is a reduction in volume or

shrinkage that can occur.

or reinforcement within the concrete — tensile stresses develop within the concrete slab. As a

result, these stresses act against the weakest points of the concrete material and cause it to crack.

concrete slabs. These joints create a weak point in the concrete and help guide where cracks will

occur, ensuring they happen in a straight versus jagged line for better overall aesthetics

not exceed 8 to 12 feet in any direction without placement of control joints.

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39;

where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol =

Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2))

= 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided;

Asc_prov = Ascol =

1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast =

Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided

exceeds area of reinforcement

required OK Check min and

max areas of steel

Total area of concrete;

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an

approximately symmetrical

arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load;N =

2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel

required; Asc_req = max ((N -

0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ),

0.4hb/100) = 640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK Check min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OKCheck min and max areas of

steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

Check min and max areas of steel

Total area of concrete; Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

640 mm2

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

Library item - Calcs – short col design (nom mom)

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsItem = ”Example variables 02”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

_exVarsLib = “$(SysLbrDir)RC column design-BS8110-si-engb.lbr”

Eval( if( GetVar(“_exFirstCalculate”, True) == True, "EvalCalcItem(_exVarsLib, _exVarsItem)", "" )) = 0.000

_exFirstCalculate = False

Ultimate loads

Short column supporting an approximately symmetrical arrangement of beams.

Design ultimate axial load; N = 2000 kN

Design

Total area of column steel required; Asc_req = max ((N - 0.35fcuhb) / (f2msfy ), 0.4hb/100) =

2

640 mm

from BS8110: Pt 1: eqn 39; where; f2ms = 0.67

Total area of steel ; Ascol = Dcol2 / 4 2 (Lncol + (Lncol -2)) = 1608.5 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided; Asc_prov = Ascol = 1608 mm2

Area in "tension" face; Ast = Dcol2 / 4 Lncol = 603 mm2

Area of reinforcement provided exceeds area of reinforcement required OK

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