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Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Índice
Índice ..................................................................................................................... 3
1. Intercambiadores .................................................................................................. 4
Gráfica 1.1: Intercambiador de doble tubo a equicorriente ............................................................4
Gráfica 1.2: Intercambiador de doble tubo a contracorriente .........................................................5
Gráfica 1.3: Intercambiador carcasa y tubo 1-2n..........................................................................6
Gráfica 1.4: Intercambiador flujo cruzado ambos fluidos sin mezclar ..............................................7
Gráfica 1.4: Intercambiador flujo cruzado con un fluido mezcla y otro sin mezclar............................8
2. Diagramas Psicrométricos....................................................................................... 9
Gráfica 2.1: Diagrama Psicrométrico ASHRAE ..............................................................................9
Gráfica 2.2: Diagrama Psicrométrico ASHRAE para bajas temp. ................................................... 10
Gráfica 2.3: Diagrama Psicrométrico Mollier .............................................................................. 11
3. Propiedades de los principales refrigerantes .............................................................12
Tabla 3.1: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-717.............................................. 12
Tabla 3.2: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-22 ............................................... 13
Tabla 3.3: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-134a ............................................ 14
Tabla 3.4: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717 ....................... 15
Tabla 3.5: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717....................... 16
Tabla 3.6: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717........ 17
Tabla 3.7: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22 ......................... 18
Tabla 3.8: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22 ........................ 19
Tabla 3.9: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22 ......... 20
Tabla 3.10: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a.................... 21
Tabla 3.11: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a ................... 22
Tabla 3.12: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a .... 23
Gráfica 3.1: Diagrama p-h del R-717 ........................................................................................ 24
Gráfica 3.2: Diagrama p-h del R-22 .......................................................................................... 25
Gráfica 3.3: Diagrama p-h del R-134a ...................................................................................... 26
Gráfica 3.4: Diagrama p-h del R-404A ...................................................................................... 27
Gráfica 3.5: Diagrama p-h del R-407C ...................................................................................... 28
Gráfica 3.6: Diagrama p-h del R-410A ...................................................................................... 29
4. Tuberías y accesorios para refrigerantes ..................................................................30
Tabla 4.1: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberías comerciales de cobre para refrigerantes.............. 30
Tabla 4.2: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberías comerciales de acero para refrigerantes.............. 30
Gráfica 4.1: Ábaco de Moody ................................................................................................... 31
Tabla 4.3: Coeficiente K de pérdida de presión en válvulas y accesorios........................................ 32
Tabla 4.4: Longitudes equivalentes (m) de pérdida de presión en válvulas y accesorios .................. 33
Tabla 4.5: Velocidades máximas recomendadas (m/s) en depósitos de separación líquido/vapor...... 34
Gráfica 4.2: Variación de la presión asociada a la variación de temperatura de saturación en
refrigerantes.......................................................................................................................... 34

3
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

3. Propiedades de los principales refrigerantes


Tabla 3.1: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-717
R-717, NH3, Amoniaco
t P ρl vg hl hg sl sg
(°C) (kPa) (kg/ m³) (m³/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg·K) (kJ/kg·K)
-50 40.8 702.1 2.6289 -24.7 1391.2 0.094 6.440
-48 45.9 699.7 2.3565 -16.0 1394.6 0.133 6.399
-46 51.5 697.4 2.1169 -7.2 1397.9 0.172 6.358
-44 57.6 695.0 1.9057 1.5 1401.3 0.211 6.319
-42 64.3 692.6 1.7191 10.3 1404.5 0.249 6.281
-40 71.7 690.2 1.5539 19.2 1407.8 0.287 6.243
-38 79.7 687.7 1.4073 28.0 1411.0 0.324 6.206
-36 88.4 685.3 1.2769 36.9 1414.1 0.362 6.170
-34 97.9 682.8 1.1607 45.8 1417.2 0.399 6.134
-32 108.2 680.3 1.0570 54.7 1420.3 0.436 6.099
-30 119.4 677.8 0.9642 63.6 1423.3 0.473 6.065
-28 131.5 675.3 0.8810 72.6 1426.3 0.510 6.032
-26 144.6 672.8 0.8062 81.5 1429.2 0.546 5.999
-24 158.6 670.3 0.7390 90.5 1432.1 0.582 5.967
-22 173.8 667.7 0.6784 99.5 1434.9 0.618 5.935
-20 190.1 665.1 0.6237 108.6 1437.7 0.654 5.904
-18 207.6 662.6 0.5742 117.6 1440.4 0.689 5.874
-16 226.3 660.0 0.5294 126.7 1443.1 0.725 5.844
-14 246.4 657.3 0.4888 135.8 1445.7 0.760 5.814
-12 267.9 654.7 0.4518 144.9 1448.2 0.795 5.785
-10 290.8 652.1 0.4182 154.0 1450.7 0.829 5.757
-8 315.2 649.4 0.3875 163.2 1453.1 0.864 5.729
-6 341.2 646.7 0.3596 172.3 1455.5 0.898 5.701
-4 368.9 644.0 0.3340 181.5 1457.8 0.932 5.674
-2 398.3 641.3 0.3106 190.8 1460.1 0.966 5.647
0 429.6 638.6 0.2892 200.0 1462.2 1.000 5.621
2 462.6 635.8 0.2695 209.3 1464.3 1.034 5.595
4 497.7 633.1 0.2514 218.6 1466.4 1.067 5.569
6 534.8 630.3 0.2348 227.9 1468.4 1.100 5.544
8 573.9 627.5 0.2195 237.2 1470.3 1.133 5.519
10 615.3 624.6 0.2053 246.6 1472.1 1.166 5.494
12 658.9 621.8 0.1923 256.0 1473.9 1.199 5.470
14 704.9 618.9 0.1802 265.4 1475.5 1.232 5.446
16 753.3 616.0 0.1691 274.8 1477.2 1.264 5.422
18 804.2 613.1 0.1587 284.3 1478.7 1.297 5.399
20 857.8 610.2 0.1491 293.8 1480.1 1.329 5.376
22 914.0 607.2 0.1402 303.3 1481.5 1.361 5.353
24 972.9 604.3 0.1320 312.9 1482.8 1.393 5.330
26 1034.8 601.3 0.1243 322.5 1484.0 1.425 5.307
28 1099.5 598.2 0.1171 332.1 1485.1 1.456 5.285
30 1167.4 595.2 0.1104 341.8 1486.2 1.488 5.263
32 1238.3 592.1 0.1042 351.5 1487.1 1.520 5.241
34 1312.5 589.0 0.0984 361.2 1488.0 1.551 5.219
36 1390.0 585.8 0.0930 371.0 1488.7 1.582 5.198
38 1470.9 582.6 0.0879 380.8 1489.4 1.613 5.176
40 1555.3 579.4 0.0831 390.6 1489.9 1.645 5.155
42 1643.3 576.2 0.0786 400.5 1490.4 1.676 5.134
44 1735.1 572.9 0.0745 410.5 1490.7 1.707 5.113
46 1830.6 569.6 0.0705 420.5 1491.0 1.737 5.092
48 1930.0 566.3 0.0668 430.5 1491.1 1.768 5.071
50 2033.5 562.9 0.0634 440.6 1491.1 1.799 5.050
52 2141.0 559.4 0.0601 450.8 1491.0 1.830 5.029
54 2252.8 556.0 0.0570 461.0 1490.8 1.860 5.008
56 2368.9 552.4 0.0541 471.2 1490.5 1.891 4.988
58 2489.4 548.9 0.0514 481.6 1490.0 1.922 4.967
60 2614.5 545.2 0.0488 492.0 1489.4 1.952 4.946
62 2744.2 541.6 0.0464 502.4 1488.6 1.983 4.926
64 2878.7 537.8 0.0441 513.0 1487.7 2.014 4.905
66 3018.1 534.1 0.0419 523.6 1486.6 2.044 4.884
68 3162.5 530.2 0.0398 534.3 1485.4 2.075 4.863
70 3312.0 526.3 0.0379 545.0 1484.1 2.105 4.842
Fuente: Tillner-Roth, Harms-Watzenberg, and Baehr, Eine neue Fundamentalgleichung fur Ammoniak,
DKV-Tagungsbericht 20:167-181, 1993.

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Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.2: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-22


R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano
t P ρl vg hl hg sl sg
(°C) (kPa) (kg/ m³) (m³/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg·K) (kJ/kg·K)
-50 64.5 1435.4 0.3236 143.6 383.2 0.773 1.847
-48 71.4 1429.7 0.2943 145.8 384.1 0.783 1.842
-46 78.9 1423.9 0.2682 147.9 385.1 0.793 1.837
-44 87.0 1418.2 0.2448 150.1 386.0 0.802 1.832
-42 95.8 1412.4 0.2239 152.3 387.0 0.812 1.827
-40 105.2 1406.5 0.2051 154.5 387.9 0.821 1.822
-38 115.4 1400.7 0.1882 156.7 388.9 0.831 1.818
-36 126.3 1394.8 0.1729 159.0 389.8 0.840 1.813
-34 138.0 1388.9 0.1592 161.2 390.7 0.849 1.809
-32 150.5 1382.9 0.1467 163.4 391.6 0.859 1.805
-30 163.9 1376.9 0.1354 165.6 392.5 0.868 1.801
-28 178.2 1370.9 0.1252 167.9 393.4 0.877 1.797
-26 193.5 1364.8 0.1159 170.1 394.3 0.886 1.793
-24 209.7 1358.7 0.1074 172.4 395.2 0.895 1.789
-22 227.0 1352.6 0.0997 174.6 396.1 0.904 1.786
-20 245.4 1346.4 0.0926 176.9 396.9 0.913 1.782
-18 264.8 1340.1 0.0862 179.2 397.8 0.922 1.779
-16 285.5 1333.8 0.0802 181.4 398.6 0.931 1.775
-14 307.4 1327.5 0.0748 183.7 399.5 0.939 1.772
-12 330.5 1321.1 0.0698 186.0 400.3 0.948 1.769
-10 354.9 1314.7 0.0652 188.3 401.1 0.957 1.765
-8 380.6 1308.2 0.0610 190.6 401.9 0.966 1.762
-6 407.8 1301.6 0.0571 193.0 402.7 0.974 1.759
-4 436.4 1295.0 0.0535 195.3 403.5 0.983 1.756
-2 466.5 1288.3 0.0502 197.6 404.2 0.991 1.753
0 498.1 1281.6 0.0471 200.0 405.0 1.000 1.750
2 531.4 1274.8 0.0442 202.4 405.7 1.009 1.748
4 566.2 1268.0 0.0416 204.7 406.4 1.017 1.745
6 602.8 1261.0 0.0391 207.1 407.2 1.025 1.742
8 641.1 1254.0 0.0368 209.5 407.8 1.034 1.739
10 681.2 1247.0 0.0347 211.9 408.5 1.042 1.737
12 723.1 1239.8 0.0327 214.3 409.2 1.051 1.734
14 766.9 1232.6 0.0308 216.8 409.8 1.059 1.731
16 812.7 1225.2 0.0291 219.2 410.5 1.067 1.729
18 860.5 1217.8 0.0275 221.7 411.1 1.076 1.726
20 910.3 1210.3 0.0260 224.2 411.7 1.084 1.724
22 962.3 1202.7 0.0246 226.6 412.2 1.092 1.721
24 1016.4 1195.0 0.0232 229.1 412.8 1.101 1.719
26 1072.7 1187.2 0.0220 231.7 413.3 1.109 1.716
28 1131.3 1179.3 0.0208 234.2 413.8 1.117 1.714
30 1192.3 1171.2 0.0197 236.8 414.3 1.126 1.711
32 1255.6 1163.1 0.0187 239.3 414.7 1.134 1.709
34 1321.4 1154.8 0.0177 241.9 415.2 1.142 1.706
36 1389.8 1146.3 0.0168 244.5 415.6 1.150 1.704
38 1460.6 1137.8 0.0159 247.2 415.9 1.159 1.701
40 1534.1 1129.0 0.0151 249.8 416.3 1.167 1.699
42 1610.3 1120.2 0.0143 252.5 416.6 1.175 1.696
44 1689.3 1111.1 0.0136 255.2 416.9 1.184 1.693
46 1771.1 1101.8 0.0129 257.9 417.1 1.192 1.691
48 1855.7 1092.4 0.0122 260.6 417.3 1.200 1.688
50 1943.3 1082.7 0.0116 263.4 417.5 1.209 1.685
52 2034.0 1072.9 0.0110 266.2 417.6 1.217 1.683
54 2127.7 1062.7 0.0105 269.1 417.7 1.225 1.680
56 2224.6 1052.3 0.0099 271.9 417.7 1.234 1.677
58 2324.7 1041.7 0.0094 274.8 417.7 1.242 1.674
60 2428.1 1030.7 0.0090 277.8 417.6 1.251 1.671
62 2534.9 1019.3 0.0085 280.8 417.5 1.260 1.667
64 2645.2 1007.6 0.0081 283.8 417.3 1.268 1.664
66 2759.0 995.5 0.0076 286.9 417.0 1.277 1.661
68 2876.4 982.9 0.0072 290.0 416.6 1.286 1.657
70 2997.7 969.8 0.0068 293.2 416.1 1.295 1.653
Fuente: Wagner W., Marx V. y Prob A. , A New Equation of State for Chlorodifluoromethane covering the
entire fluid region from 116 K to 550 K at pressures up to 200 MPa, Int. J. Refrig, 16:373, 1993.

13
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.3: Propiedades del líquido y vapor saturados para el R-134a


R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano
t P ρl vg hl hg sl sg
(°C) (kPa) (kg/ m³) (m³/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg·K) (kJ/kg·K)
-50 29.5 1446.3 0.6056 135.7 367.6 0.741 1.780
-48 33.1 1440.6 0.5436 138.2 368.9 0.752 1.777
-46 37.0 1434.9 0.4891 140.6 370.2 0.763 1.774
-44 41.4 1429.2 0.4410 143.1 371.5 0.774 1.770
-42 46.1 1423.5 0.3985 145.6 372.7 0.785 1.767
-40 51.2 1417.7 0.3608 148.1 374.0 0.796 1.764
-38 56.9 1411.9 0.3273 150.7 375.3 0.806 1.761
-36 62.9 1406.1 0.2975 153.2 376.5 0.817 1.759
-34 69.6 1400.2 0.2709 155.7 377.8 0.828 1.756
-32 76.7 1394.3 0.2471 158.2 379.1 0.838 1.754
-30 84.4 1388.4 0.2258 160.8 380.3 0.849 1.751
-28 92.8 1382.4 0.2067 163.3 381.6 0.859 1.749
-26 101.7 1376.5 0.1895 165.9 382.8 0.869 1.747
-24 111.4 1370.4 0.1739 168.5 384.1 0.880 1.745
-22 121.7 1364.4 0.1600 171.1 385.3 0.890 1.743
-20 132.8 1358.3 0.1473 173.6 386.5 0.900 1.741
-18 144.7 1352.1 0.1358 176.2 387.8 0.910 1.740
-16 157.4 1345.9 0.1254 178.8 389.0 0.921 1.738
-14 170.9 1339.7 0.1160 181.4 390.2 0.931 1.736
-12 185.4 1333.4 0.1074 184.1 391.4 0.941 1.735
-10 200.7 1327.1 0.0995 186.7 392.7 0.951 1.733
-8 217.1 1320.8 0.0924 189.3 393.9 0.961 1.732
-6 234.4 1314.3 0.0858 192.0 395.1 0.971 1.731
-4 252.9 1307.9 0.0798 194.6 396.2 0.980 1.729
-2 272.4 1301.4 0.0743 197.3 397.4 0.990 1.728
0 293.0 1294.8 0.0693 200.0 398.6 1.000 1.727
2 314.8 1288.1 0.0646 202.7 399.8 1.010 1.726
4 337.9 1281.4 0.0603 205.4 400.9 1.019 1.725
6 362.2 1274.7 0.0564 208.1 402.1 1.029 1.724
8 387.9 1267.9 0.0528 210.8 403.2 1.039 1.723
10 414.9 1261.0 0.0494 213.6 404.3 1.048 1.722
12 443.3 1254.0 0.0463 216.3 405.4 1.058 1.721
14 473.2 1246.9 0.0434 219.1 406.5 1.068 1.720
16 504.6 1239.8 0.0407 221.9 407.6 1.077 1.720
18 537.5 1232.6 0.0383 224.7 408.7 1.087 1.719
20 572.1 1225.3 0.0360 227.5 409.7 1.096 1.718
22 608.3 1218.0 0.0338 230.3 410.8 1.106 1.717
24 646.2 1210.5 0.0318 233.1 411.8 1.115 1.716
26 685.8 1202.9 0.0300 236.0 412.8 1.125 1.716
28 727.3 1195.2 0.0282 238.8 413.8 1.134 1.715
30 770.6 1187.5 0.0266 241.7 414.8 1.143 1.714
32 815.9 1179.6 0.0251 244.6 415.8 1.153 1.714
34 863.1 1171.6 0.0237 247.5 416.7 1.162 1.713
36 912.4 1163.4 0.0224 250.5 417.6 1.172 1.712
38 963.7 1155.2 0.0211 253.4 418.5 1.181 1.712
40 1017.1 1146.7 0.0200 256.4 419.4 1.190 1.711
42 1072.8 1138.2 0.0189 259.4 420.3 1.200 1.710
44 1130.7 1129.5 0.0178 262.4 421.1 1.209 1.710
46 1190.9 1120.6 0.0169 265.5 421.9 1.219 1.709
48 1253.6 1111.5 0.0159 268.5 422.7 1.228 1.708
50 1318.6 1102.3 0.0151 271.6 423.4 1.237 1.707
52 1386.2 1092.9 0.0143 274.7 424.1 1.247 1.706
54 1456.3 1083.2 0.0135 277.9 424.8 1.256 1.705
56 1529.0 1073.4 0.0128 281.1 425.4 1.266 1.704
58 1604.5 1063.2 0.0121 284.3 426.0 1.275 1.703
60 1682.8 1052.9 0.0114 287.5 426.6 1.285 1.702
62 1763.8 1042.2 0.0108 290.8 427.1 1.294 1.701
64 1847.9 1031.3 0.0102 294.1 427.6 1.304 1.700
66 1934.9 1020.0 0.0097 297.4 428.0 1.314 1.699
68 2025.0 1008.3 0.0091 300.8 428.3 1.323 1.697
70 2118.2 996.3 0.0086 304.3 428.6 1.333 1.695
Fuente: R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic
Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from 170 K to 455 K and
Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994.

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PROPIEDADES TERMODINÁMICAS DEL FREÓN 12 (R12)

Vapor Húmedo

Volumen específico Entalpía Entropía


m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg K
Vapor Líquido Líquido Vapor
Líquido Sat Evap. Evap. Vapor Sat Evap.
Sato Sat Sato Sato
T,ºC p,MPa vI vI, v, hl hl, h, sI sI, s,
-90 0,0028 0,000 608 4,414 937 4,415545 - 43,243 189,618 146,375 - 0,2084 1,0352 0,8268
-80 0,0062 0,000 617 2,137728 2,138345 - 34,688 185,612 150,924 - 0, 1630 0,9609 0,7979
-70 0,0123 0,000 627 1,126 654 1,127280 -26,103 181,640 155,536 -0,1197 0,8940 0,7744
-60 0,0226 0,000 637 0,637 274 0,637 910 -17,469 177,653 160,184 -0,0782 0,8334 0,7552
-50 0,0391 0,000 648 0,382457 0,383 457 -8,772 173,611 164,840 - 0,0384 0,7779 0,7396
-40 0,0642 0,000 659 0,241 251 0,241 910 -0,000 169,479 169,479 - 0,0000 0,7269 0,7269
-30 0,1004 0,000 672 0,158703 0,159 375 8,854 165,222 174,076 0,0371 0,6795 0,7165
-20 0,1509 0,000 685 0,108 162 0,108 847 17,800 160,810 178,610 0,0730 0,6352 0,7082
-10 0,2191 0,000 700 0,075 946 0,076 646 26,851 156,207 183,058 0,1079 0,5936 0,7014
0 0,3086 0,000 716 0,054 673 0,055 389 36,022 151,376 187,397 0,1418 0,5542 0,6960
10 0,4233 0,000 733 0,040 180 0,040 914 45,337 146,265 191,602 0,1750 0,5165 0,6916
20 0,5673 0,000 752 0,030 028 0,030 780 54,828 140,812 195,641 0,2076 0,4803 0,6879
30 0,7449 0,000 774 0,022 734 0,023 508 64,539 134,936 199,475 0,2397 0,4451 0,6848
40 0,9607 0,000 798 0,017373 0,018171 74,527 128,525 203,051 0,2716 0,4104 0,6820
50 1,2193 0,000826 0,013 344 0,014 170 84,868 121,430 206,298 0,3034 0,3758 0,6792
60 1,5259 0,000 858 0,010253 0,011 111 95,665 113,443 209,109 0,3355 0,3405 0,6760
70 1,8858 0,000 897 0,007 828 0,008 72S 107,067 104,255 211,321 0,3683 0,3038 0,6721
80 2,3046 0,000 946 0,005 875 0,006 821 119,291 93,373 212,665 0,4023 0,2644 0,6667
90 2,7885 0,001 012 0,004 246 0,005 258 132,708 79,907 212,614 0,4385 0,2200 0,6585
100 3,3440 0,001 113 0,002 790 0,003 903 148,076 61,768 209,843 0,4788 0,1655 0,6444
110 3,9784 0,001 364 0,001 098 0,002 462 168,059 28,425 196,484 0,5322 0,0742 0,6064
112 4,1155 0,001 792 0,000 005 0,001797 174,920 0,151 175,071 0,5651 0,0004 0,5655

Volumen específico Energía interna Entalpía Entropía


m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg K
Líquido
Líq Sat Vapor Sat Líq Sat Vapor Sat Evap. Vapor Sat Líq Sat Vapor Sat
Sato
p,MPa T,ºC vI vI, u, ug hf hfg hg sf sg
0,06 -41,42 0,6578 257,5 -1,29 153,49 -1,25 170,19 168,94 - 0,0054 0,7290
0,10 - 30,10 0,6719 160,0 8,71 158,15 8,78 165,37 174,15 0,0368 0,7171
0,12 -25,74 0,6776 134,9 12,58 159,95 12,66 163,48 176,14 0,0526 0,7133
0,14 -21,91 0,6828 116,8 15,99 161,52 16,09 161,78 177,87 0,0663 0,7102
0,16 -18,49 0,6876 103,1 19,07 162,91 19,18 160,23 179.41 0,0784 0,7076
0,18 -15,38 0,6921 92.25 21,86 164,19 21,98 158,82 180,80 0,0893 0,7054
0,20 -12,53 0,6962 83,54 24,43 165,36 24,57 157,50 182,07 0,0992 0,7035
0,24 -7,42 0,7040 70,33 29,06 167,44 29,23 155,09 184,32 0,1168 0,7004
0,28 -2,93 0,7111 60,76 33,15 169,26 33,35 152,92 186,27 0,1321 0,6980
0,32 1,11 0,7177 53.51 36,85 170,88 37.08 150,92 188,00 0,1457 0,6960
0,40 8,15 0,7299 43,21 43,35 173,69 43,64 147,33 190,97 0,1691 0,6928
0,50 15,60 0,7438 34,82 50,30 176,61 50,67 143,35 194,02 0,1935 0,6899
0,60 22,00 0,7566 29,13 56,35 179,09 56,80 139,77 196,57 0,2142 0,6878
0,70 27,65 0,7686 25,01 61,75 181,23 62,29 136.45 198,74 0,2324 0,6860
0,80 32,74 0,7802 21,88 66,68 183,13 67,30 133,33 200,63 0,2487 0,6845
0,90 37,37 0,7914 19,42 71,22 184,81 71,93 130,36 202,29 0,2634 0,6832
1,00 41,64 0,8023 17,44 75,46 186,32 76,26 127.50 203,76 0,2770 0,6820
1,20 49,31 0,8237 14,41 83,22 188,95 84,21 122,03 206.24 0,3015 0,6799
1,40 56,09 0,8448 12,22 90,28 191,11 91.46 116,76 208.22 0,3232 0,6778
l,60 62,19 0,8660 10,54 96,80 192.95 98,19 111,62 209,81 0,3329 0,6758

Tablas - Carlos J Renedo - 10


Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.4: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717
h (kJ/kg), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 3312.0 -21.8 21.9 66.2 110.9 156.2 201.9 248.1 294.9 342.5 391.0 440.6 491.8 1527.4 1565.6 1600.6
65 2947.8 -22.1 21.6 65.9 110.7 155.9 201.6 247.9 294.8 342.4 390.9 440.6 491.9 1508.5 1547.2 1582.3 1615.1
60 2614.5 -22.4 21.3 65.6 110.4 155.7 201.4 247.7 294.6 342.3 390.8 440.6 1528.7 1564.1 1596.8 1627.8
55 2310.3 -22.7 21.1 65.4 110.2 155.4 201.2 247.5 294.5 342.2 390.8 440.6 1510.0 1545.7 1578.5 1609.5 1639.0
50 2033.5 -22.9 20.8 65.2 110.0 155.2 201.0 247.4 294.3 342.1 390.7 1527.2 1560.2 1591.1 1620.5 1648.9
45 1782.3 -23.2 20.6 65.0 109.8 155.1 200.9 247.2 294.2 342.0 390.7 1508.7 1541.8 1572.7 1602.0 1630.2 1657.6
40 1555.3 -23.4 20.4 64.8 109.6 154.9 200.7 247.1 294.1 341.9 1523.4 1554.3 1583.5 1611.6 1638.7 1665.3
35 1350.8 -23.6 20.3 64.6 109.4 154.8 200.6 247.0 294.0 341.8 1504.8 1535.8 1565.0 1592.9 1619.9 1646.2 1672.1
30 1167.4 -23.7 20.1 64.5 109.3 154.6 200.5 246.9 293.9 1517.3 1546.5 1574.3 1601.1 1627.2 1652.8 1678.1
25 1003.5 -23.9 20.0 64.3 109.2 154.5 200.4 246.8 293.9 1498.8 1528.0 1555.6 1582.3 1608.2 1633.6 1658.6 1683.3
20 857.8 -24.0 19.8 64.2 109.1 154.4 200.3 246.7 1509.4 1537.0 1563.5 1589.2 1614.4 1639.1 1663.6 1688.0
15 728.8 -24.1 19.7 64.1 109.0 154.3 200.2 246.6 1490.8 1518.3 1544.7 1570.2 1595.2 1619.7 1644.0 1668.0 1692.0
10 615.3 -24.2 19.6 64.0 108.9 154.2 200.1 1499.7 1525.9 1551.3 1576.0 1600.3 1624.4 1648.2 1671.9 1695.5
5 516.0 -24.3 19.5 63.9 108.8 154.2 200.1 1481.0 1507.2 1532.4 1556.9 1581.0 1604.8 1628.4 1651.8 1675.2 1698.6
0 429.6 -24.4 19.5 63.9 108.7 154.1 1488.4 1513.5 1537.8 1561.7 1585.3 1608.6 1631.8 1654.9 1678.1 1701.2
-5 354.9 -24.4 19.4 63.8 108.7 154.1 1469.5 1494.5 1518.7 1542.4 1565.8 1588.9 1611.9 1634.8 1657.6 1680.5 1703.5
-10 290.8 -24.5 19.4 63.7 108.6 1475.6 1499.7 1523.2 1546.3 1569.2 1592.0 1614.6 1637.3 1659.9 1682.6 1705.4
-15 236.2 -24.6 19.3 63.7 108.6 1456.7 1480.6 1503.9 1526.9 1549.6 1572.1 1594.5 1617.0 1639.4 1661.9 1684.4 1707.0
-20 190.1 -24.6 19.3 63.7 1461.5 1484.7 1507.5 1530.0 1552.3 1574.5 1596.7 1618.9 1641.2 1663.5 1685.9 1708.4
-25 151.5 -24.6 19.2 63.6 1442.4 1465.5 1488.1 1510.4 1532.5 1554.6 1576.5 1598.5 1620.5 1642.6 1664.8 1687.1 1709.6
-30 119.4 -24.7 19.2 1446.3 1468.7 1490.9 1512.8 1534.6 1556.4 1578.2 1600.0 1621.9 1643.9 1666.0 1688.2 1710.5
-35 93.1 -24.7 19.2 1427.0 1449.3 1471.3 1493.1 1514.7 1536.3 1557.9 1579.5 1601.2 1623.0 1644.9 1666.9 1689.0 1711.3
-40 71.7 -24.7 1430.0 1451.8 1473.4 1494.9 1516.3 1537.7 1559.1 1580.6 1602.2 1623.9 1645.7 1667.6 1689.7 1711.9
-45 54.5 -24.7 1410.6 1432.3 1453.8 1475.1 1496.3 1517.6 1538.8 1560.1 1581.5 1603.0 1624.6 1646.3 1668.2 1690.3 1712.5
-50 40.8 1412.8 1434.1 1455.3 1476.4 1497.5 1518.5 1539.7 1560.9 1582.2 1603.6 1625.2 1646.9 1668.7 1690.7 1712.9
Fuente: Tillner-Roth, Harms-Watzenberg, and Baehr, Eine neue Fundamentalgleichung fur Ammoniak, DKV-Tagungsbericht 20:167-181, 1993.

15
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.5: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717
s (kJ/kg·K), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 3312.0 0.087 0.279 0.464 0.645 0.820 0.990 1.157 1.319 1.479 1.636 1.792 1.948 4.967 5.073 5.168
65 2947.8 0.088 0.279 0.465 0.646 0.821 0.992 1.158 1.321 1.480 1.638 1.794 1.950 4.957 5.068 5.166 5.255
60 2614.5 0.088 0.280 0.466 0.647 0.822 0.993 1.159 1.322 1.482 1.639 1.796 5.063 5.164 5.256 5.340
55 2310.3 0.089 0.281 0.467 0.648 0.823 0.994 1.160 1.323 1.483 1.641 1.797 5.057 5.162 5.257 5.343 5.423
50 2033.5 0.090 0.282 0.468 0.648 0.824 0.995 1.161 1.324 1.484 1.642 5.160 5.258 5.346 5.428 5.506
45 1782.3 0.090 0.282 0.469 0.649 0.825 0.995 1.162 1.325 1.485 1.643 5.158 5.259 5.350 5.434 5.513 5.588
40 1555.3 0.091 0.283 0.469 0.650 0.825 0.996 1.163 1.326 1.486 5.260 5.354 5.441 5.521 5.597 5.670
35 1350.8 0.091 0.283 0.470 0.650 0.826 0.997 1.164 1.327 1.487 5.262 5.359 5.448 5.531 5.608 5.682 5.752
30 1167.4 0.092 0.284 0.470 0.651 0.827 0.998 1.164 1.328 5.364 5.456 5.541 5.620 5.695 5.766 5.835
25 1003.5 0.092 0.284 0.471 0.651 0.827 0.998 1.165 1.328 5.370 5.465 5.552 5.633 5.709 5.782 5.852 5.919
20 857.8 0.093 0.285 0.471 0.652 0.828 0.999 1.165 5.474 5.563 5.647 5.725 5.799 5.871 5.939 6.005
15 728.8 0.093 0.285 0.471 0.652 0.828 0.999 1.166 5.484 5.576 5.662 5.742 5.818 5.891 5.960 6.028 6.093
10 615.3 0.093 0.285 0.472 0.653 0.828 0.999 5.590 5.678 5.761 5.838 5.912 5.983 6.052 6.118 6.182
5 516.0 0.093 0.286 0.472 0.653 0.829 1.000 5.605 5.696 5.780 5.860 5.936 6.008 6.078 6.145 6.211 6.274
0 429.6 0.094 0.286 0.472 0.653 0.829 5.715 5.802 5.884 5.961 6.035 6.106 6.175 6.241 6.306 6.369
-5 354.9 0.094 0.286 0.472 0.653 0.829 5.735 5.825 5.909 5.988 6.064 6.137 6.207 6.275 6.340 6.404 6.467
-10 290.8 0.094 0.286 0.473 0.653 5.850 5.936 6.018 6.095 6.170 6.241 6.310 6.377 6.442 6.506 6.568
-15 236.2 0.094 0.286 0.473 0.654 5.876 5.965 6.049 6.129 6.205 6.278 6.349 6.417 6.483 6.548 6.611 6.672
-20 190.1 0.094 0.286 0.473 5.996 6.083 6.165 6.243 6.318 6.390 6.460 6.527 6.593 6.657 6.720 6.781
-25 151.5 0.094 0.287 0.473 6.030 6.119 6.203 6.284 6.360 6.434 6.506 6.575 6.642 6.707 6.771 6.833 6.894
-30 119.4 0.094 0.287 6.158 6.245 6.327 6.406 6.482 6.555 6.626 6.694 6.761 6.826 6.889 6.951 7.012
-35 93.1 0.094 0.287 6.199 6.289 6.374 6.455 6.533 6.608 6.680 6.751 6.819 6.885 6.950 7.013 7.075 7.135
-40 71.7 0.094 6.336 6.424 6.508 6.588 6.665 6.739 6.811 6.881 6.949 7.015 7.079 7.142 7.204 7.264
-45 54.5 0.094 6.386 6.477 6.564 6.647 6.726 6.802 6.876 6.947 7.017 7.084 7.150 7.214 7.277 7.339 7.399
-50 40.8 6.535 6.624 6.709 6.791 6.870 6.946 7.019 7.090 7.159 7.227 7.292 7.356 7.419 7.481 7.541
Fuente: Tillner-Roth, Harms-Watzenberg, and Baehr, Eine neue Fundamentalgleichung fur Ammoniak, DKV-Tagungsbericht 20:167-181, 1993.

16
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.6: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-717
v (m³/kg), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 3312.0 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0018 0.0018 0.0408 0.0435 0.0459
65 2947.8 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0018 0.0018 0.0446 0.0476 0.0503 0.0528
60 2614.5 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0018 0.0522 0.0553 0.0581 0.0608
55 2310.3 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0018 0.0575 0.0609 0.0642 0.0672 0.0701
50 2033.5 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0674 0.0711 0.0745 0.0778 0.0810
45 1782.3 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0017 0.0747 0.0789 0.0829 0.0866 0.0902 0.0937
40 1555.3 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0880 0.0925 0.0968 0.1009 0.1048 0.1087
35 1350.8 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.0017 0.0984 0.1036 0.1085 0.1132 0.1177 0.1222 0.1265
30 1167.4 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.1165 0.1222 0.1276 0.1328 0.1379 0.1429 0.1477
25 1003.5 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.0016 0.1315 0.1381 0.1444 0.1505 0.1563 0.1621 0.1677 0.1733
20 857.8 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.1569 0.1642 0.1713 0.1781 0.1848 0.1913 0.1978 0.2041
15 728.8 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.0016 0.1790 0.1877 0.1959 0.2040 0.2118 0.2194 0.2270 0.2344 0.2418
10 615.3 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.2155 0.2253 0.2348 0.2440 0.2530 0.2619 0.2707 0.2793 0.2879
5 516.0 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0016 0.2489 0.2606 0.2718 0.2827 0.2935 0.3040 0.3144 0.3247 0.3348 0.3449
0 429.6 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.3031 0.3166 0.3296 0.3425 0.3550 0.3675 0.3797 0.3919 0.4040 0.4160
-5 354.9 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.3548 0.3711 0.3868 0.4023 0.4174 0.4324 0.4472 0.4619 0.4764 0.4909 0.5053
-10 290.8 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.4379 0.4571 0.4759 0.4943 0.5125 0.5304 0.5482 0.5659 0.5835 0.6010 0.6184
-15 236.2 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.0015 0.5206 0.5441 0.5671 0.5897 0.6120 0.6340 0.6559 0.6775 0.6991 0.7205 0.7419 0.7632
-20 190.1 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.6528 0.6813 0.7092 0.7368 0.7641 0.7911 0.8179 0.8446 0.8712 0.8977 0.9240 0.9503
-25 151.5 0.0014 0.0014 0.0015 0.7898 0.8254 0.8604 0.8948 0.9289 0.9627 0.9963 1.0297 1.0629 1.0960 1.1290 1.1619 1.1948
-30 119.4 0.0014 0.0014 1.0092 1.0533 1.0969 1.1399 1.1827 1.2251 1.2673 1.3093 1.3512 1.3930 1.4346 1.4762 1.5177
-35 93.1 0.0014 0.0014 1.2458 1.3023 1.3579 1.4130 1.4676 1.5219 1.5759 1.6296 1.6832 1.7367 1.7900 1.8432 1.8964 1.9494
-40 71.7 0.0014 1.6270 1.6991 1.7704 1.8411 1.9113 1.9812 2.0509 2.1203 2.1896 2.2587 2.3277 2.3966 2.4654 2.5341
-45 54.5 0.0014 2.0557 2.1503 2.2438 2.3365 2.4287 2.5205 2.6119 2.7030 2.7940 2.8847 2.9754 3.0659 3.1563 3.2466 3.3368
-50 40.8 2.7547 2.8791 3.0025 3.1252 3.2473 3.3691 3.4904 3.6115 3.7324 3.8532 3.9738 4.0942 4.2146 4.3349 4.4551
Fuente: Tillner-Roth, Harms-Watzenberg, and Baehr, Eine neue Fundamentalgleichung fur Ammoniak, DKV-Tagungsbericht 20:167-181, 1993.

17
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.7: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22
h (kJ/kg), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2997.7 144.7 155.6 166.6 177.7 189.1 200.6 212.3 224.3 236.7 249.5 262.9 277.2 430.0 441.6 452.2
65 2701.6 144.6 155.5 166.5 177.7 189.0 200.5 212.2 224.3 236.7 249.5 263.0 277.5 423.8 435.5 446.0 456.0
60 2428.1 144.5 155.4 166.4 177.6 188.9 200.4 212.2 224.2 236.7 249.6 263.2 429.4 439.9 449.8 459.3
55 2175.7 144.4 155.3 166.3 177.5 188.8 200.4 212.1 224.2 236.7 249.6 263.3 423.4 433.9 443.7 453.0 462.1
50 1943.3 144.3 155.2 166.2 177.4 188.8 200.3 212.1 224.2 236.7 249.7 428.0 437.7 446.9 455.9 464.7
45 1729.8 144.2 155.1 166.2 177.3 188.7 200.3 212.1 224.2 236.7 249.7 422.1 431.7 440.8 449.7 458.3 466.9
40 1534.1 144.1 155.1 166.1 177.3 188.6 200.2 212.0 224.2 236.7 425.9 434.9 443.6 452.1 460.5 468.9
35 1355.3 144.1 155.0 166.0 177.2 188.6 200.2 212.0 224.2 236.7 420.0 429.0 437.5 445.9 454.2 462.4 470.6
30 1192.3 144.0 154.9 166.0 177.2 188.6 200.1 212.0 224.2 423.1 431.6 439.8 448.0 456.1 464.1 472.2
25 1044.3 144.0 154.9 165.9 177.1 188.5 200.1 212.0 224.2 417.4 425.7 433.8 441.8 449.8 457.7 465.6 473.6
20 910.3 143.9 154.8 165.9 177.1 188.5 200.1 212.0 419.9 427.9 435.8 443.6 451.4 459.1 467.0 474.8
15 789.6 143.9 154.8 165.8 177.1 188.4 200.1 211.9 414.2 422.1 429.8 437.5 445.1 452.8 460.4 468.1 475.9
10 681.2 143.8 154.7 165.8 177.0 188.4 200.0 416.3 423.9 431.4 438.9 446.4 454.0 461.5 469.2 476.9
5 584.3 143.8 154.7 165.8 177.0 188.4 200.0 410.6 418.1 425.5 432.9 440.2 447.6 455.0 462.5 470.1 477.7
0 498.1 143.7 154.7 165.7 177.0 188.4 412.4 419.6 426.8 434.1 441.3 448.6 456.0 463.4 470.9 478.4
-5 421.9 143.7 154.7 165.7 176.9 188.4 406.7 413.8 420.9 428.0 435.1 442.3 449.5 456.8 464.1 471.6 479.1
-10 354.9 143.7 154.6 165.7 176.9 408.1 415.1 422.0 429.0 436.0 443.1 450.3 457.5 464.8 472.2 479.7
-15 296.3 143.7 154.6 165.7 176.9 402.5 409.3 416.1 423.0 429.9 436.8 443.8 450.9 458.1 465.4 472.7 480.2
-20 245.4 143.6 154.6 165.7 403.7 410.3 417.0 423.8 430.6 437.5 444.4 451.5 458.6 465.9 473.2 480.6
-25 201.5 143.6 154.6 165.6 398.1 404.6 411.2 417.8 424.5 431.2 438.1 445.0 452.0 459.1 466.3 473.6 481.0
-30 163.9 143.6 154.6 399.0 405.4 411.9 418.4 425.1 431.8 438.5 445.4 452.4 459.5 466.6 473.9 481.3
-35 132.0 143.6 154.5 393.4 399.7 406.1 412.5 419.0 425.5 432.2 438.9 445.8 452.7 459.8 466.9 474.2 481.5
-40 105.2 143.6 394.1 400.4 406.6 413.0 419.4 425.9 432.6 439.3 446.1 453.0 460.1 467.2 474.4 481.8
-45 82.9 143.6 388.6 394.7 400.9 407.1 413.4 419.8 426.3 432.9 439.6 446.4 453.3 460.3 467.4 474.6 481.9
-50 64.5 389.2 395.2 401.3 407.5 413.7 420.1 426.6 433.1 439.8 446.6 453.5 460.5 467.6 474.8 482.1
Fuente: Wagner W., Marx V. y Prob A. , A New Equation of State for Chlorodifluoromethane covering the entire fluid region from 116 K to 550 K at pressures up to 200 MPa, Int. J.
Refrig, 16:373, 1993.

18
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.8: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22
s (kJ/kg·K), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2997.7 0.769 0.817 0.863 0.908 0.952 0.995 1.037 1.079 1.120 1.162 1.204 1.248 1.693 1.725 1.754
65 2701.6 0.770 0.818 0.864 0.909 0.953 0.995 1.038 1.080 1.121 1.163 1.205 1.249 1.682 1.716 1.745 1.772
60 2428.1 0.770 0.818 0.864 0.909 0.953 0.996 1.038 1.080 1.122 1.164 1.206 1.706 1.736 1.763 1.789
55 2175.7 0.771 0.818 0.865 0.910 0.954 0.997 1.039 1.081 1.123 1.165 1.208 1.696 1.727 1.755 1.781 1.806
50 1943.3 0.771 0.819 0.865 0.910 0.954 0.997 1.039 1.081 1.123 1.165 1.717 1.746 1.773 1.798 1.821
45 1729.8 0.771 0.819 0.865 0.910 0.954 0.997 1.040 1.082 1.124 1.166 1.708 1.737 1.764 1.790 1.814 1.837
40 1534.1 0.771 0.819 0.866 0.911 0.955 0.998 1.040 1.083 1.125 1.729 1.756 1.782 1.806 1.830 1.853
35 1355.3 0.772 0.820 0.866 0.911 0.955 0.998 1.041 1.083 1.125 1.720 1.748 1.774 1.799 1.823 1.846 1.868
30 1192.3 0.772 0.820 0.866 0.911 0.955 0.999 1.041 1.083 1.740 1.767 1.792 1.816 1.839 1.861 1.883
25 1044.3 0.772 0.820 0.866 0.912 0.956 0.999 1.042 1.084 1.732 1.759 1.784 1.809 1.832 1.855 1.877 1.899
20 910.3 0.772 0.820 0.867 0.912 0.956 0.999 1.042 1.751 1.777 1.802 1.826 1.849 1.871 1.893 1.914
15 789.6 0.772 0.820 0.867 0.912 0.956 0.999 1.042 1.744 1.771 1.796 1.820 1.843 1.866 1.888 1.909 1.930
10 681.2 0.773 0.820 0.867 0.912 0.956 1.000 1.764 1.789 1.814 1.837 1.860 1.882 1.904 1.925 1.946
5 584.3 0.773 0.821 0.867 0.912 0.956 1.000 1.757 1.783 1.808 1.832 1.855 1.877 1.899 1.921 1.942 1.963
0 498.1 0.773 0.821 0.867 0.912 0.957 1.777 1.802 1.826 1.850 1.873 1.895 1.917 1.938 1.959 1.979
-5 421.9 0.773 0.821 0.867 0.913 0.957 1.771 1.797 1.821 1.845 1.868 1.891 1.913 1.934 1.955 1.976 1.997
-10 354.9 0.773 0.821 0.867 0.913 1.792 1.817 1.841 1.864 1.887 1.909 1.931 1.952 1.973 1.994 2.014
-15 296.3 0.773 0.821 0.868 0.913 1.787 1.812 1.837 1.861 1.884 1.906 1.928 1.950 1.971 1.992 2.012 2.033
-20 245.4 0.773 0.821 0.868 1.808 1.833 1.857 1.881 1.903 1.926 1.948 1.969 1.990 2.011 2.031 2.052
-25 201.5 0.773 0.821 0.868 1.804 1.830 1.854 1.878 1.901 1.924 1.946 1.968 1.989 2.010 2.031 2.051 2.071
-30 163.9 0.773 0.821 1.827 1.852 1.876 1.900 1.922 1.945 1.967 1.989 2.010 2.031 2.051 2.072 2.092
-35 132.0 0.773 0.821 1.824 1.850 1.875 1.898 1.922 1.944 1.967 1.989 2.010 2.031 2.052 2.073 2.093 2.113
-40 105.2 0.773 1.848 1.874 1.898 1.922 1.945 1.967 1.989 2.011 2.033 2.054 2.075 2.095 2.115 2.135
-45 82.9 0.773 1.847 1.873 1.898 1.922 1.946 1.968 1.991 2.013 2.035 2.056 2.077 2.098 2.118 2.139 2.159
-50 64.5 1.873 1.899 1.923 1.947 1.970 1.993 2.016 2.038 2.059 2.081 2.102 2.122 2.143 2.163 2.183
Fuente: Wagner W., Marx V. y Prob A. , A New Equation of State for Chlorodifluoromethane covering the entire fluid region from 116 K to 550 K at pressures up to 200 MPa, Int. J.
Refrig, 16:373, 1993.

19
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.9: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-22
v (m³/kg), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2997.7 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0010 0.0078 0.0085 0.0091
65 2701.6 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0010 0.0083 0.0091 0.0098 0.0105
60 2428.1 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0099 0.0107 0.0114 0.0120
55 2175.7 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0107 0.0116 0.0124 0.0131 0.0138
50 1943.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0126 0.0135 0.0143 0.0151 0.0158
45 1729.8 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0138 0.0148 0.0157 0.0165 0.0173 0.0181
40 1534.1 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0162 0.0172 0.0182 0.0191 0.0200 0.0208
35 1355.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0179 0.0190 0.0201 0.0211 0.0221 0.0230 0.0239
30 1192.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0210 0.0222 0.0234 0.0245 0.0255 0.0265 0.0275
25 1044.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0233 0.0247 0.0260 0.0272 0.0284 0.0296 0.0307 0.0318
20 910.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0275 0.0290 0.0304 0.0318 0.0331 0.0344 0.0357 0.0369
15 789.6 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0308 0.0325 0.0341 0.0357 0.0372 0.0387 0.0401 0.0416 0.0430
10 681.2 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0366 0.0385 0.0403 0.0420 0.0437 0.0454 0.0470 0.0486 0.0502
5 584.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0414 0.0436 0.0456 0.0477 0.0496 0.0515 0.0534 0.0553 0.0571 0.0589
0 498.1 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0496 0.0520 0.0543 0.0566 0.0588 0.0610 0.0632 0.0653 0.0675 0.0696
-5 421.9 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0567 0.0595 0.0623 0.0649 0.0676 0.0701 0.0727 0.0752 0.0777 0.0801 0.0826
-10 354.9 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0686 0.0718 0.0749 0.0780 0.0811 0.0841 0.0870 0.0900 0.0929 0.0958 0.0987
-15 296.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0794 0.0833 0.0870 0.0907 0.0943 0.0979 0.1014 0.1049 0.1084 0.1118 0.1153 0.1187
-20 245.4 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0972 0.1017 0.1061 0.1105 0.1147 0.1190 0.1232 0.1274 0.1315 0.1356 0.1397 0.1438
-25 201.5 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.1143 0.1198 0.1251 0.1303 0.1355 0.1407 0.1457 0.1508 0.1558 0.1608 0.1658 0.1707 0.1757
-30 163.9 0.0007 0.0007 0.1421 0.1486 0.1550 0.1613 0.1676 0.1738 0.1800 0.1861 0.1923 0.1983 0.2044 0.2105 0.2165
-35 132.0 0.0007 0.0007 0.1700 0.1780 0.1859 0.1937 0.2015 0.2091 0.2168 0.2244 0.2319 0.2394 0.2469 0.2544 0.2619 0.2693
-40 105.2 0.0007 0.2151 0.2250 0.2348 0.2444 0.2540 0.2635 0.2730 0.2825 0.2919 0.3012 0.3106 0.3199 0.3293 0.3386
-45 82.9 0.0007 0.2625 0.2750 0.2873 0.2995 0.3116 0.3237 0.3357 0.3476 0.3595 0.3714 0.3832 0.3950 0.4068 0.4186 0.4303
-50 64.5 0.3396 0.3554 0.3710 0.3865 0.4019 0.4173 0.4326 0.4478 0.4630 0.4782 0.4933 0.5084 0.5235 0.5386 0.5537
Fuente: Wagner W., Marx V. y Prob A. , A New Equation of State for Chlorodifluoromethane covering the entire fluid region from 116 K to 550 K at pressures up to 200 MPa, Int. J.
Refrig, 16:373, 1993.

20
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.10: Entalpía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a
h (kJ/kg), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2118.2 136.5 148.9 161.5 174.3 187.2 200.4 213.9 227.6 241.7 256.2 271.3 287.2 443.3 456.3 468.7
65 1891.0 136.4 148.8 161.4 174.2 187.2 200.4 213.8 227.6 241.7 256.3 271.4 287.3 434.9 447.9 460.2 472.0
60 1682.8 136.3 148.8 161.3 174.1 187.1 200.3 213.8 227.6 241.7 256.3 271.5 439.7 451.8 463.4 474.8
55 1492.3 136.2 148.7 161.3 174.1 187.1 200.3 213.8 227.6 241.7 256.3 271.5 431.5 443.5 455.0 466.2 477.3
50 1318.6 136.2 148.6 161.2 174.0 187.0 200.2 213.7 227.5 241.7 256.4 435.4 446.7 457.7 468.6 479.4
45 1160.5 136.1 148.6 161.2 174.0 187.0 200.2 213.7 227.5 241.7 256.4 427.3 438.6 449.4 460.1 470.7 481.3
40 1017.1 136.1 148.5 161.1 173.9 186.9 200.2 213.7 227.5 241.7 430.5 441.2 451.7 462.2 472.6 483.0
35 887.5 136.0 148.5 161.1 173.9 186.9 200.1 213.7 227.5 241.7 422.6 433.2 443.5 453.7 463.9 474.2 484.5
30 770.6 136.0 148.4 161.0 173.8 186.9 200.1 213.6 227.5 425.2 435.4 445.4 455.5 465.5 475.6 485.8
25 665.8 135.9 148.4 161.0 173.8 186.8 200.1 213.6 227.5 417.4 427.4 437.3 447.1 457.0 466.9 476.8 486.9
20 572.1 135.9 148.3 161.0 173.8 186.8 200.1 213.6 419.6 429.3 438.9 448.6 458.3 468.0 477.9 487.9
15 488.7 135.9 148.3 160.9 173.7 186.8 200.0 213.6 411.9 421.4 430.8 440.3 449.8 459.4 469.1 478.9 488.8
10 414.9 135.8 148.3 160.9 173.7 186.8 200.0 413.7 422.9 432.2 441.5 450.9 460.4 470.0 479.7 489.6
5 349.9 135.8 148.3 160.9 173.7 186.7 200.0 406.1 415.1 424.2 433.3 442.5 451.8 461.2 470.8 480.4 490.2
0 293.0 135.8 148.2 160.9 173.7 186.7 407.5 416.4 425.3 434.3 443.4 452.6 462.0 471.4 481.1 490.8
-5 243.5 135.8 148.2 160.8 173.7 186.7 400.0 408.7 417.4 426.2 435.1 444.2 453.3 462.6 472.0 481.6 491.3
-10 200.7 135.7 148.2 160.8 173.7 401.2 409.7 418.3 427.0 435.9 444.8 453.9 463.1 472.5 482.1 491.7
-15 164.0 135.7 148.2 160.8 173.6 393.8 402.1 410.5 419.1 427.7 436.5 445.4 454.4 463.6 473.0 482.5 492.1
-20 132.8 135.7 148.2 160.8 394.7 402.9 411.2 419.7 428.2 437.0 445.8 454.8 464.0 473.3 482.8 492.4
-25 106.5 135.7 148.2 160.8 387.4 395.5 403.6 411.8 420.2 428.7 437.4 446.2 455.2 464.3 473.6 483.1 492.7
-30 84.4 135.7 148.2 388.1 396.1 404.1 412.3 420.6 429.1 437.7 446.5 455.5 464.6 473.9 483.3 492.9
-35 66.2 135.7 148.1 381.0 388.7 396.6 404.5 412.7 421.0 429.4 438.0 446.8 455.7 464.8 474.1 483.5 493.1
-40 51.2 135.7 381.5 389.2 397.0 404.9 413.0 421.2 429.7 438.3 447.0 455.9 465.0 474.2 483.7 493.2
-45 39.1 135.7 374.5 382.0 389.5 397.3 405.2 413.2 421.5 429.9 438.4 447.2 456.1 465.2 474.4 483.8 493.3
-50 29.5 374.9 382.3 389.8 397.5 405.4 413.4 421.7 430.0 438.6 447.3 456.2 465.3 474.5 483.9 493.4
Fuente: R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from
170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994.

21
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.11: Entropía del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a
s (kJ/kg·K), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2118.2 0.738 0.793 0.846 0.897 0.947 0.996 1.045 1.092 1.140 1.187 1.234 1.283 1.738 1.774 1.808
65 1891.0 0.739 0.793 0.846 0.897 0.948 0.997 1.045 1.093 1.140 1.188 1.235 1.284 1.720 1.758 1.792 1.824
60 1682.8 0.739 0.793 0.846 0.898 0.948 0.997 1.046 1.094 1.141 1.188 1.236 1.741 1.776 1.808 1.839
55 1492.3 0.739 0.794 0.846 0.898 0.948 0.998 1.046 1.094 1.141 1.189 1.237 1.724 1.760 1.793 1.824 1.854
50 1318.6 0.739 0.794 0.847 0.898 0.949 0.998 1.046 1.094 1.142 1.189 1.744 1.777 1.809 1.839 1.869
45 1160.5 0.739 0.794 0.847 0.899 0.949 0.998 1.047 1.095 1.142 1.190 1.727 1.762 1.794 1.824 1.854 1.883
40 1017.1 0.740 0.794 0.847 0.899 0.949 0.999 1.047 1.095 1.143 1.746 1.779 1.810 1.840 1.869 1.897
35 887.5 0.740 0.794 0.847 0.899 0.949 0.999 1.047 1.095 1.143 1.730 1.763 1.795 1.825 1.854 1.883 1.911
30 770.6 0.740 0.795 0.848 0.899 0.950 0.999 1.048 1.096 1.748 1.780 1.811 1.840 1.869 1.897 1.925
25 665.8 0.740 0.795 0.848 0.899 0.950 0.999 1.048 1.096 1.733 1.766 1.797 1.827 1.856 1.884 1.912 1.939
20 572.1 0.740 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.950 0.999 1.048 1.751 1.782 1.813 1.842 1.871 1.899 1.927 1.954
15 488.7 0.740 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.950 1.000 1.048 1.736 1.768 1.799 1.829 1.858 1.886 1.914 1.941 1.968
10 414.9 0.740 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.950 1.000 1.754 1.786 1.816 1.845 1.874 1.902 1.929 1.956 1.983
5 349.9 0.741 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.950 1.000 1.741 1.772 1.803 1.832 1.861 1.889 1.917 1.945 1.972 1.998
0 293.0 0.741 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.950 1.759 1.790 1.820 1.849 1.878 1.906 1.933 1.961 1.987 2.014
-5 243.5 0.741 0.795 0.848 0.900 0.951 1.746 1.777 1.808 1.837 1.866 1.894 1.922 1.950 1.977 2.004 2.030
-10 200.7 0.741 0.795 0.848 0.900 1.765 1.796 1.826 1.855 1.883 1.912 1.939 1.967 1.994 2.020 2.047
-15 164.0 0.741 0.795 0.849 0.900 1.753 1.784 1.814 1.844 1.873 1.901 1.929 1.957 1.984 2.011 2.037 2.064
-20 132.8 0.741 0.795 0.849 1.773 1.803 1.833 1.863 1.891 1.920 1.948 1.975 2.002 2.029 2.055 2.081
-25 106.5 0.741 0.796 0.849 1.762 1.793 1.823 1.853 1.882 1.911 1.939 1.966 1.994 2.021 2.048 2.074 2.100
-30 84.4 0.741 0.796 1.783 1.814 1.844 1.873 1.902 1.930 1.958 1.986 2.013 2.040 2.067 2.093 2.119
-35 66.2 0.741 0.796 1.773 1.804 1.835 1.865 1.894 1.923 1.951 1.979 2.007 2.034 2.061 2.087 2.114 2.140
-40 51.2 0.741 1.796 1.827 1.857 1.886 1.916 1.944 1.972 2.000 2.028 2.055 2.082 2.108 2.135 2.161
-45 39.1 0.741 1.788 1.819 1.850 1.880 1.909 1.938 1.967 1.995 2.023 2.050 2.077 2.104 2.131 2.157 2.183
-50 29.5 1.812 1.843 1.874 1.904 1.933 1.962 1.990 2.018 2.046 2.074 2.101 2.127 2.154 2.180 2.206
Fuente: R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from
170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994.

22
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 3.12: Volumen específico del líquido subenfriado y el vapor sobrecalentado para el R-134a
v (m³/kg), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

t (°C)
tsat (°C) P (kPa) -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
70 2118.2 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0009 0.0097 0.0105 0.0112
65 1891.0 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0009 0.0105 0.0114 0.0123 0.0130
60 1682.8 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0125 0.0134 0.0143 0.0151
55 1492.3 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0009 0.0137 0.0148 0.0157 0.0166 0.0174
50 1318.6 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0163 0.0173 0.0183 0.0193 0.0201
45 1160.5 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0009 0.0180 0.0192 0.0203 0.0214 0.0224 0.0233
40 1017.1 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0213 0.0226 0.0238 0.0249 0.0260 0.0270
35 887.5 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0238 0.0252 0.0266 0.0279 0.0291 0.0303 0.0314
30 770.6 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0283 0.0298 0.0313 0.0327 0.0340 0.0354 0.0366
25 665.8 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0318 0.0336 0.0353 0.0369 0.0384 0.0400 0.0414 0.0429
20 572.1 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0380 0.0400 0.0418 0.0436 0.0454 0.0471 0.0487 0.0504
15 488.7 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0008 0.0432 0.0455 0.0476 0.0497 0.0517 0.0537 0.0557 0.0576 0.0595
10 414.9 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0520 0.0546 0.0570 0.0594 0.0617 0.0639 0.0662 0.0684 0.0705
5 349.9 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0008 0.0599 0.0628 0.0657 0.0685 0.0712 0.0738 0.0765 0.0791 0.0816 0.0842
0 293.0 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0728 0.0762 0.0794 0.0827 0.0858 0.0889 0.0920 0.0950 0.0981 0.1011
-5 243.5 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0008 0.0848 0.0889 0.0928 0.0966 0.1004 0.1041 0.1078 0.1114 0.1150 0.1186 0.1222
-10 200.7 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.1044 0.1091 0.1137 0.1183 0.1228 0.1272 0.1316 0.1359 0.1402 0.1445 0.1488
-15 164.0 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.1235 0.1293 0.1349 0.1404 0.1458 0.1512 0.1565 0.1618 0.1671 0.1723 0.1775 0.1827
-20 132.8 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.1544 0.1612 0.1680 0.1747 0.1813 0.1878 0.1943 0.2007 0.2072 0.2135 0.2199 0.2262
-25 106.5 0.0007 0.0007 0.0007 0.1859 0.1944 0.2028 0.2110 0.2192 0.2273 0.2354 0.2434 0.2513 0.2593 0.2672 0.2751 0.2829
-30 84.4 0.0007 0.0007 0.2365 0.2470 0.2574 0.2676 0.2778 0.2879 0.2979 0.3079 0.3179 0.3278 0.3377 0.3476 0.3575
-35 66.2 0.0007 0.0007 0.2906 0.3039 0.3171 0.3301 0.3430 0.3558 0.3686 0.3813 0.3939 0.4065 0.4191 0.4317 0.4442 0.4567
-40 51.2 0.0007 0.3780 0.3948 0.4116 0.4282 0.4446 0.4611 0.4774 0.4937 0.5099 0.5261 0.5423 0.5585 0.5746 0.5907
-45 39.1 0.0007 0.4755 0.4975 0.5193 0.5409 0.5624 0.5838 0.6051 0.6263 0.6475 0.6687 0.6898 0.7109 0.7320 0.7530 0.7740
-50 29.5 0.6347 0.6635 0.6921 0.7205 0.7488 0.7771 0.8052 0.8333 0.8613 0.8893 0.9172 0.9452 0.9730 1.0009 1.0287
Fuente: R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from
170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994.

23
PROPIEDADES TERMODINÁMICAS DEL FREÓN 12 (R12)

Vapor sobrecalentado
0,05 MPa 0,10 MPa 0,15 MPa
T v h s v h s v h s
3 3 3
ºC m /kg kJ/kg kJ/kg' K m /kg kJ/kg kJ/kg' K m /kg kJ/kg kJ/kg'K
-20,0 0,341857 181,042 0,7912 0,167701 179,861 0,7401
-10,0 0,356227 186,757 0,8133 0,175222 185,707 0,7628 0,114716 184,619 0,7318
0,0 0,370 508 192,567 0,8350 0,182647 191,628 0,7849 0,119866 190,660 0,7543
10,0 0,384 716 198,471 0,8562 0,189994 197,628 0,8064 0,124 932 196,762 0,7763
20,0 0,398 863 204,469 0,8770 0,197 277 203,707 0,8275 0,129 930 202,927 0,7977
30,0 0,412959 210,557 0,8974 0,204 506 209,866 0,8482 0,134 873 209,160 0,8186
40,0 0,427012 216,733 0,9175 0,211 691 216,104 0,8684 0,139 768 215,463 0,8390
50,0 0,441 030 222,997 0,9372 0,218 839 222,421 0,8883 0,144 625 221,835 0,8591
60,0 0,455017 229,344 0,9565 0,225 955 228,815 0,9078 0,149 450 228,277 0,8787
70,0 0,468 978 235,774 0,9755 0,233 044 235,285 0,9269 0,154 247 234,789 0,8980

0,20 MPa 0,25 MPa 0,30 MPa


T v h s v h s v h s
0,0 0,088608 189,669 0,7320 0,069 752 188,644 0,7139 0,057150 187,583 0,6984
10,0 0,092550 195,878 0,7543 0,073024 194,969 0,7366 0,059984 194,034 0,7216
20,0 0,096418 202,135 0,7760 0,076218 201,322 0,7587 0,062 734 200,490 0,7440
30,0 0,100228 208,446 0,7972 0,079350 207,715 0,7801 0,065 418 206,969 0,7658
40,0 0,103989 214,814 0,8178 0,082431 214,153 0,8010 0,068 049 213,480 0,7869
50,0 0,107710 221,243 0,8381 0,085 470 220,642 0,8214 0,070 635 220,030 0.8075
60,0 0,111397 227,735 0,8578 0,088 474 227,185 0,8413 0,073 185 226,627 0,8276
70,0 0,115055 234,291 0,8772 0,091 449 233,785 0,8608 0,075 705 233,273 0,8473
80,0 0,118690 240,910 0,8962 0,094 398 240,443 0,8800 0,078200 239,971 0,8665
90,0 0,122304 247,593 0,9149 0,097 327 247,160 0,8987 0,080673 246,723 0,8853

0,40 MPa 0,50 MPa 0,60 MPa


T v h s v h s v h s
20,0 0,045836 198,762 0,7199 0,035646 196,935 0,6999
30,0 0,047971 205,428 0,7423 0,037464 203,814 0,7230
40,0 0,050046 212,095 0,7639 0,039214 210,656 0,7452 0,031966 209,154 0,7291
50,0 0,052072 218,779 0,7849 0,040911 217.484 0,7667 0,033450 216,141 0,7511
60,0 0,054059 225,488 0,8054 0,042565 224,315 0,7875 0,034887 223,104 0,7723
70,0 0,056014 232,230 0,8253 0,044184 231,161 0.8077 0,036285 230.062 0,7929
80,0 0,057941 239,012 0,8448 0,045774 238,031 0,8275 0,037653 237,027 0,8129
90,0 0,059846 245,837 0,8638 0,047340 244,932 0.8467 0,038995 244,009 0.8324
100,0 0,061731 252,707 0,8825 0,048886 251,869 0,8656 0,040316 251,016 0.8514
110,0 0,063600 259,624 0,9008 0,050415 258,845 0,8840 0,041619 258,053 0.8700

0,70 MPa 0,80 MPa 0,90 MPa


T v h s v h s v h s
40,0 0,026761 207,580 0,7148 0,022830 205,924 0,7016 0,019744 204,170 0,6982
50,0 0,028100 214,745 0,7373 0,024068 213,290 0,7248 0,020912 211,765 0,7131
60,0 0,029387 221,854 0,7590 0,025247 220,558 0,7469 0,022012 219,212 0,7358
70.0 0,030632 228,931 0,7799 0,026380 227,766 0,7682 0.023062 226.564 0,7575
80.0 0,031843 235,997 0,8002 0,027477 234,941 0,7888 0.024072 233.856 0,7785
90.0 0,033027 243,066 0,8199 0.028545 242,101 0.8088 0.025051 241,113 0,7987
100.0 0,034189 250,146 0,8392 0.029588 249.260 0,8283 0.026005 248,355 0,8184
110.0 0,035332 257,247 0,8579 0.030612 256.428 0,8472 0.026937 255.593 0,8376
120,0 0,036458 264,374 0,8763 0.031619 263,613 0,8657 0.027851 262,839 0.8562
130,0 0,037572 271.531 0,8943 0,032612 270,820 0,8838 0.028751 270,100 0,8745

Tablas - Carlos J Renedo - 11


1,00 MPa 1,20 MPa 1,40 MPa
T v h s v h s v h s
ºC m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg' K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg' K m3/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg'K
50.0 0.018366 210.162 0.7021 0.014483 206.661 0.6812
60.0 0.019410 217.810 0.7254 0.015463 214.805 0.7060 0.012579 211,457 0,6876
70.0 0,020397 225,319 0,7476 0,016368 222,687 0.7293 0.013448 219.822 0.7123
80.0 0.021341 232.739 0.7689 0.017221 230.398 0.7514 0.014247 227,891 0.7355
90.0 0.022251 240.101 0.7895 0.018032 237.995 0.7727 0.014997 235.766 0.7575
100.0 0.023133 247.430 0.8094 0.018812 245.518 0.7931 0.015710 243.512 0.1785
110.0 0.023993 254.743 0.8287 0.019567 252.993 0.8129 0.016393 251.170 0.7988
120.0 0.024835 262,053 0.8475 0,020301 260.441 0.8320 0.017053 258.770 0.8183
130.0 0.025661 269,369 0.8659 0.021018 267.875 0.8507 0.017695 266.334 0.8373
140.0 0.026474 276"99 0.8839 0.021721 275.307 0.8689 0.018321 273.877 0.8558

1,60 MPa 1,80 MPa 2,00 MPa


T v h s v h s v h s
70.0 0.011208 216.650 0.6959 0.009406 213,049 0,6794
80.0 0,011984 225.177 0.7204 0,010187 222,198 0.7057 0.00804 218,859 0.6909
90.0 0.012698 233,390 0.7433 0,010884 230,835 0.7298 0.009406 228.056 0.7166
100.0 0,013366 241,397 0.7651 0,011526 239.155 0,7524 0,010035 236.760 0.7402
110,0 0.014000 249.264 0,7859 0.012126 247.264 0.7739 0,010615 245.154 0.7624
120.0 0,014608 257.035 0,8059 0.012697 255.228 0.7944 0,011159 253,341 0.7835
130,0 0,015195 264,742 0.8253 0,013244 263,094 0.8141 0,011676 261,384 0,8037
140.0 0,015765 272,406 0.8440 0,013772 270.891 0.8332 0,012172 269,327 0,8232
150.0 0,016320 280.044 0,8623 0.014284 278,642 0.8518 0,012651 277,201 0.8420
160.0 0,o¡6864 287.669 0.8801 0.014784 286,364 0,8698 0,013116 285.027 0.8603

2,50 MPa 3,00 MPa


T v h s v h s
90.0 0.006595 219,562 0.6823
100.0 0.007264 229.852 0.7103 0,005231 220,529 0,6770
110,0 0,007837 239.271 0,7352 0.005886 232.068 0,7075
120.0 0.008351 248.192 0.7582 0.006419 242,208 0.7336
130,0 0.008827 256.794 0.7798 0.006887 251.632 0.7573
140,0 0,009273 265.180 0.8003 0.007313 260.620 0.7793
150,0 0,009697 273,414 0,8200 0.007709 269,319 0,8001
160,0 0,010104 281,540 0.8390 0.008083 277.817 0,8200
170.0 0,010497 289.589 0.8574 0.008439 286.171 0.8391
180,0 0.010879 297,583 0.8752 0,008782 294.422 0,8575
190.0 0.009114 302,597 0,8753
200.0 0.009436 310.718 0.8927

Fuente: Termodinámica para Ingenieros, M,cPotter, C.W.Somerton, Ed McGrawHill

Tablas - Carlos J Renedo - 12


Tablas - Carlos J Renedo - 13
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Gráfica 3.1: Diagrama p-h del R-717

24
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Gráfica 3.2: Diagrama p-h del R-22

25
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Gráfica 3.3: Diagrama p-h del R-134a

26
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Gráfica 3.4: Diagrama p-h del R-404A

27
Colección de tablas y gráficas de instalaciones de Frío-Calor

Tabla 4.5: Velocidades máximas recomendadas (m/s) en depósitos de


separación líquido/vapor

Distancia Temperatura de saturación (°C)


Refrigerante Vertical (m) -57 -40 -23 -7 10
0.25 0.33 0.21 0.14 0.10 0.07
R-22 0.61 1.36 0.88 0.61 0.44 0.31
0.91 1.57 1.04 0.72 0.52 0.39
0.25 0.80 0.48 0.31 0.21 0.15
Amoniaco 0.61 3.30 1.99 1.29 0.88 0.64
0.91 3.54 2.17 1.43 0.99 0.71
Nota: La distancia vertical es la distancia en vertical entre la entrada al depósito y la salida del mismo

Fuente: ASHRAE Handbook, Refrigeration Systems and Applications

Gráfica 4.2: Variación de la presión asociada a la variación de


temperatura de saturación en refrigerantes
60
R-717
R-410A
50

R-407C
∆p / ∆T (kPa/K)

40
R-404A R-22

30
R-134a

20

10

0
-40 -20 0 20 40 60
Temperatura de saturación (°C)

34