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Chapter 2

METHOD

This chapter presents research methods and procedures that the

researcher use in conducting the survey, which covers the research design,

research subjects, research instrument, data gathering procedure and data

analysis, used in the study.

Research Design

The research use descriptive-correlation quantitative approach.

Correlational research examines the relationship between two variables,

performing correlational studies is accomplished to set up what the affect of

one on the opposite might be and how that influences the connection (Klazema,

2014). The study look at the needs to research the impact of the utilization of

Social Networking sites on the students’ academic performance and with the

use of survey questionnaire.

Research Participants

The target population of the study are the 122 4th year students of UM

Digos College who have enrolled Eng 51 (Language Research) subject

specifically the class 1203, 1217, 1220 during the second semester of the

school year 2016-2017. By using the complete sampling method, it was

identified that the 4th year English major students’ population suited to the

ideal sample size of the study. The respondents’ population is presented in the

table 1.
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Table 1. Distribution of Respondents


Respondents Frequency Percentage (%)
Subject Code Number of Students
1203 50 41%

1217 42 34%

1220 30 25%

TOTAL 122 100%

Research Instruments

A well-constructed – adopted questionnaire from the study of Soohyun

Kim (2011) entitled “Effects of Internet Use on Academic Achievement” is

used to get the desired information from the students. The questionnaire

consisted of questions and the elicited responses from the respondents about

their utilization on Social Networking Sites.

The following scale is provided for respondent reference.

Numerical Range of Verbal Descriptive Meaning


Scale Means Description

4 3.28 – 4.00 High This means that the


Language Research
students utilize SNS
more than 4 times a day.

3 2.52 – 3.27 Moderate This means that the


Language Research
students utilize SNS 3 to
4 times a day.

2 1.76 – 2.51 Low This means that the


Language Research
students utilize SNS 1 to
2 times a day.
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1 1.00 – 1.75 Very low This means that the


Language Research
students do not utilize
SNS in a day.

To measure the level of academic performance on Language Research

course, a scale is used as reference:

Percent Grade Scale Meaning

1.5 – 1.00 95 - 100 excellent

2.1 – 1.6 89 - 94 very good

2.6 – 2.2 84 - 88 good

3.5 – 2.7 75 – 83 fair

Below 3.5/ 5.0 74 below Needs


improvement/failed

Based on the National Assessment Standards of the National

Educational training and research Center (NETRC).

Data Gathering Procedure

This section presents the steps in the process of writing the research

paper.

1. Seeking permission to conduct study. The researcher asked

permission from the Assistant Vice President of the University of Mindanao

Digos College to Conduct Study.

2. Selection of respondents. The researcher seek approval to the

registrar’s office to have the names of the officially enrolled regular 4th year

English majors of UM Digos College.

3. Administration of Questionnaire. The researcher asked the AVP of


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UM Digos College to distribute questionnaire regarding the impact of the usage

of Social Networking Sites on the academic performance. The researcher

personally distributes and administers the questionnaire to the respondents. The

researcher personally retrieves the survey questionnaire after it was answered.

Statistical Treatment of Data

This section presents the statistical tools used in the study.

Mean. This was use to determine level of utilization of Social

Networking Sites and the Academic Performance of 4th year English majors of

UM Digos College.

Pearson r. This was used to determine the significant relationship

between the use of social networking sites and the academic performance of the

4th year English major students of UM Digos College in answer to sub

problem number 3.