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Countryside Baptist Church, Pasig City

Baptist Ministerial Seminary

Sunday Seminary Lecture on The Church Covenant

Lesson 3: Church Covenant, Paragraph 1 (part 2)

October 15, 2017

Having been led, as we believe, by the Spirit of God to receive the Lord Jesus Christ as our Saviour, and on the profession of our faith, having been baptized in the name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, we do now in the presence of God, angels, and this assembly, most solemnly and joyfully enter into covenant with one another, as one body in Christ.

Institution of Baptism: Matthew 28.18-20

Foundational Focus: Christs exaltation and universal authority as risen Lord (v. 18) Major Proposition: teach all nations = make disciples of all nations

teach all nations = make disciples of all nations This is the only imperative verb in

This is the only imperative verb in the following components

.only one command-action with

The main occupation of the church in relation to the world is to make disciples of Christ Connecting Activities: Three participles surround the major propositionin the following components .only one command-action with (a) Going , ‘ having gone ’ =

(a)

Going, having gone= This is the assumed motion of disciple-making (Evangelism)

(b)

Baptizing them, baptizontes= an going mandate

 

The subject: Those who are made disciplesthem , ‘ baptizontes ’ = an going mandate   The Formula-Name: ‘ of the Father

The Formula-Name: ‘ of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit ’ of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit

Each of the Persons is given His distinct

.Note: of the Father, Son and

Holy

.Each carries the article

The Three however, are constituted in one = the Name

(c)

Teaching them = present participle = an ongoing occupation

 

Note: The teaching is the activity resulting from baptism, not that of qualifying for baptism Beware: This is often reversed where doctrinal qualification is required before baptism is administered Lordly Promise: Christs abiding presence in His Church = I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. The mission of the Church as here defined is envisioned to the unalterable until the end It is the presence of Christ in His Church that guarantees the completion of this mission in the world Christianity must spread by an internal necessity or it has already decayed; for one of Jesus commands is to teach all he commands. Failure to disciple, baptize and teach the peoples of the world is already itself one of the failures of our own discipleship. D.A. Carson NT Teachings on Baptism

Acts 2.41 The ones baptized were those who received the Word Those baptize were deemed added to the community (church)

Those baptize were deemed added to the community (church) Galatians 3.27 ‘ as many of you
Those baptize were deemed added to the community (church) Galatians 3.27 ‘ as many of you
Those baptize were deemed added to the community (church) Galatians 3.27 ‘ as many of you
Those baptize were deemed added to the community (church) Galatians 3.27 ‘ as many of you

Galatians 3.27

as many of you ’ connects to the previous ‘ you are all sons of as many of youconnects to the previous you are all sons of God through faith

have put on Christ ’ = identified with Christ in a visible, or declarative way have put on Christ= identified with Christ in a visible, or declarative way

Romans 6.3

This is Paul’ s answer to the logic of looseness in life on account of grace s answer to the logic of looseness in life on account of grace

It is compatible with the identification of the believer with Christ signified in baptism Ephesians 4:4, 5answer to the logic of looseness in life on account of grace Baptism is part of

Baptism is part of the oneness of the churchbeliever with Christ signified in baptism Ephesians 4:4, 5 Being baptized implies being one with the

Being baptized implies being one with the faith-identity of the church Colossians 2.124:4, 5 Baptism is part of the oneness of the church Some analogy with OT circumcision

Some analogy with OT circumcision is connectedone with the faith-identity of the church Colossians 2.12 Baptism identifies with the death of Christ

Baptism identifies with the death of Christ and is a sign of our completeness in Him Summary Teachings Summary Teachings

1. All disciples of Christ are assumed baptized

2. The efficacy of baptism is oriented to the reality of faith in the gospel

3. Baptism identifies the disciple with Christ and His saving death-resurrection

4. Baptism incorporates the baptized into the church and unites with its faith.

Believer Baptism: Only those who make a credible personal profession of faith should be baptized

1. Faith-baptism sequence in the NT

faith should be baptized 1. Faith-baptism sequence in the NT In John the .Lk. 3.8 In

In John the

.Lk. 3.8

In the institution of1. Faith-baptism sequence in the NT In John the .Lk. 3.8 In the actual apostolic .Mt.

In the actual apostolicin the NT In John the .Lk. 3.8 In the institution of .Mt. 28.18-20 .Ac. 2.41;

.Mt. 28.18-20

.Ac. 2.41; 8.36ff; 10.47f; 16.31-34

2. Significance of baptism = the initiating/covenanting ordinance of confessed discipleship

3. Covenant and believer baptism

(a)

Covenant promises/blessings in the NT are spiritual and redemptive (Heb. 8.7ff)

(b)

Covenant favor in the NT is acquired by regeneration, and not by generation (Jn. 1.12-13)

(c)

The covenant seal of baptism is administered to every individual regenerate (Acts 2.38)

(d)

Membership in the church is by voluntary entry and covenant fellowship (Acts. 9.26)

Validity of Baptism Issue: What constitutes a valid baptism in terms of the administrator? False Ground: Lineage of legitimate baptism It is based on a very unscholarly treatment of historical

It is based on a very unscholarly treatment of historical .no ‘ primary .mere presumptions It

.no primary

.mere presumptions

It leads to a very flimsy and man-oriented base of assurance of validitytreatment of historical .no ‘ primary .mere presumptions What if somewhere along the line, one is

What if somewhere along the line, one is proved to be trace back infallibly? Proposed Synthesis : Proposed Synthesis:

Key Scriptures:

John 4.1,2 = The disciple baptizing were doing so on behalf of Christ Acts 19.1ff = The gospel-message provided the basis of valid baptism

.How can anyone

1 Cor. 1.13ff = The prior claim of the gospel over baptism; who baptized is not the all- important issue Eph. 4.5 = Baptism has its connection with the community of faith (cf. Acts. 9.26)

1. The credible profession of the gospel candidate/administrator constitutes the essential validation of baptism

2. Under normal circumstances, the administrator will be gospel-church with its representative acting for it

3. There are abnormal circumstances without the presence of any gospel-church/minister

where the essential validation (# 1) may be

eunuch

.e.g. Philip baptizing the Ethiopian

4. The ultimate question is in whose namethe baptism is validly administered whose disciples the parties are